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book report boggart Disclaimer : All rights to Harry Potter belong to Ms. Proverbs In Essays! J.K. Rowling. The plot of this particular story and titus essay other characters you may not recognize belong to me. In Essays! Summary : The Marauders, Lily and Severus are in their third year. They are about to encounter their worst fears by facing boggarts. . . . A/N: Let's all pretend that the titus essay boys' dormitories are in the west wing and the girls' dormitories are in the east wing.
Oh, and those who has a crush on James Potter (yes, I know you people exist), be very pleased. There is a 4th year high school kid in in essays our school that looks like James Potter from the 5th Harry Potter movie, but with messier black hair. (And yes, he wears glasses) He ALWAYS stares at me though. Childhood Education! (Which is quoting in essays kind of creepy and awkward and weird) It was a beautiful, yet early Monday morning. The sun was out and the clouds were hiding from its harsh rays. The water in the lake looked crystal clear that you could see its many inhabitants swimming. There, swimming in the water were numerous fishes and a. For A Good Man Is Hard! . . . Giant Squid. Yes, a Giant Squid.
For you see, this is no ordinary place. Hogwarts School of Witchcraft and Wizardry is (obviously) not an ordinary place. And on this particular Monday morning, its students are either at breakfast or still waking up their snoozing best friend, like the quoting one happening in the third year Gryffindor boys' dormitory. Third Year Dormitories. Moony, what's Plan B of 'Operation wake up Padfoot.'? asked a third year boy with hazel eyes and windswept hair. Dunno. said Remus Lupin, also known as Moony. But you better hurry Prongs, class starts in. . . Essay Good Man Is! . he glanced at his watch. Proverbs! 30 minutes. If we don't hurry, Professor Alkin will give us a month's detention.
Aha! said James Potter, who had practically ignored Remus. He fished his robes for his wand and said, Accio Sirius! ''. Sirius Black was flown out of bed and landed right next to James, who jumped a few feet. Ouch! That hurt Prongs. Socrates Essay! G' morning Padfoot. Hurry up in getting ready for class. What about breakfast Moony?
Oh yeah, I forgot 'bout that, He looked at James, who nodded in return. Zapper! A house elf wearing only a pillow case appeared. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! What can Zapper do for young masters? Just some chocolate chip cookies please. . . . James then looked at Sirius who was nodding his head and mouthing 'Brownies'. He sighed. And some brownies for dialog write Sirius. Please put them in one of those containers. With two loud pops, Zapper appeared and reappeared with the proverbs in essays sweet breakfast. Thanks Zappy.
Come on guys, Professor Alkin will give you a one eternity's detention if you don't hurry up. said Michaela Owen, the only student that can keep The Marauders' in school. Yeah, yeah. By the way, what are you still doing here? said Sirius. Lily has misplaced her Muggle book. Said Mikey, with a wide grin. I heard that Mike. Where'd you hide it? said Lily, appearing behind one of the papers chairs. Proverbs! Michaela sighed before bringing out a book from under her favourite chair. Here. Essay For A Good Man Is To Find! What do you even like in that thing? This book portrays the story of forbidden love beautifully.
Lily sighed. Some people (or wizards, in this case) will never understand the story of Romeo and Juliet . In Essays! Lils, you are the dialog how to write smartest person I will ever know. Proverbs! My mom can't even understand that book. said Michaela. Good Research Papers! Michaela Owen is a half-blood. Her father is a pure-blood and her mother is a Muggle. When the rest of quoting proverbs in essays, The Marauders' arrived, Lily and Mikey were already outside their DADA classroom. G' mornin' class. said Professor Alkin. Today, we are covering boggarts. The best way to know more about boggarts is to encounter them first hand. Tips Good! Without wands now please, this is the spell to repel boggarts.
Everyone, repeat after me, Riddikulus. Riddikulus. repeated the class. Very good. He walked to a large cabinet on one side of the class and quoting proverbs in essays motioned for them to follow him. In this closet is a boggart I caught a week ago. Now, you know the basics, begin. Titus Essay! He looked at his roster and called out the names of quoting proverbs in essays, his students, starting with Apperson, Maria. When nearly all the class had encountered their fears and turned them into something funny, all that was left were ten students, three Gryffindorsand seven Slytherins.
Very good Angel. Rick Alkin said. He looked at his now messy roster. Snape, Severus. I'd very like to know what Snivelly's fear is. said Sirius. Probably something to clean his hair with. Titus Essay! snickered James. Or something to quoting proverbs in essays, decrease the size of his nose.
Professor Alkin raised his eyebrows at the two boys and turned his attention back to the greasy haired boy, who was dripping with sweat. Tips To Write Good Papers! Snape raised his wand, reluctantly. His vision was blurred from sweat, his greasy hair stuck to proverbs, his very sweaty forehead. The snake, which now sported a blue and pink wig as a result from the Riddikulus spell, stared at Snipe and turned into a tiny bottle. The students, eager to find out to write good research Snivelly's fear, crowded next to their professor. Quoting! It's a bottle of dialog how to, shampoo! said a blonde boy with keen eyesight. Proverbs! Everyone stared at Snipe in disbelief (they were hoping it was shampoo but wasn't expecting it to titus essay, his fear). Everyone laughed, including one Miss Evans, who was covering her laughter behind A History of quoting proverbs in essays, Magic by Bat Hilda Bags hot. The Marauders were a completely different story. They were already making flyers and pamphlets with Snivelly's fear which was to be scattered all over their school.
Even Remus was in their little project. After class, the Gryffindors and Slytherins still can't stop laughing at Severus Snape's fear. When the door to the DADA classroom was closed, a loud laughter erupted from Profesor Alkin. Well, there you have it. The Boggart by . . . me!
I hope you enjoy. For all their fears please visit my profile.
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But you should aim as high as you can, so keep reading to find out what it really takes to quoting proverbs get a perfect score on essay for a good hard to find, the SAT essay. Proverbs! The Difference Between a 6 and an 8. If we asked the College Board what the difference is between a 6 and an 8 SAT essay, they would direct us to their scoring criteria below that describes the difference between the 3 and 4 essays scores in titus essay Reading, Analysis, and Writing (a total score of 8 comes from two readers separately giving your essay a 4 in each of those three areas). We’ve marked the differences between the 3 and 4 criteria in bold. The response demonstrates effective comprehension of the source text. The response shows an understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and important details. The response is proverbs in essays free of substantive errors of fact and essay for a to find, interpretation with regard to the text. The response makes appropriate use of quoting in essays textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating an understanding of the source text. The response demonstrates thorough comprehension of the source text. The response shows an sociology proposals understanding of the text’s central idea(s) and of most important details and how they interrelate, demonstrating a comprehensive understanding of the text. Quoting! The response is free of errors of fact or interpretation with regard to the text.
The response makes skillful use of textual evidence (quotations, paraphrases, or both), demonstrating a complete understanding of the research, source text. A 3 essay demonstrates your understanding of the text’s central ideas, while a 4 essay also shows that you know what the details and proverbs in essays, examples in the text are and how they relate to the central idea . Tips Research Papers! The response offers an effective analysis of the source text and demonstrates an understanding of the analytical task. The response competently evaluates the quoting in essays, author’s use of evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant and sufficient support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses primarily on those features of the titus essay, text that are most relevant to addressing the proverbs, task.
The response offers an insightful analysis of the source text and demonstrates a sophisticated understanding of the analytical task. The response offers a thorough, well-considered evaluation of the author’s use of dialog how to evidence, reasoning, and/or stylistic and persuasive elements, and/or feature(s) of the student’s own choosing. The response contains relevant, sufficient, and quoting proverbs in essays, strategically chosen support for claim(s) or point(s) made. The response focuses consistently on those features of the text that are most relevant to addressing the sociology, task. The 4 essay delves into quoting, the structure of the author’s argument more deeply. Early! The writer not only proverbs in essays states the techniques used in the text, but also thoroughly explains their impact on titus essay, the reader. These explanations are backed up with evidence from the text that enhances the writer’s discussion of the structure of the quoting, text. The response is mostly cohesive and sociology research thesis, demonstrates effective use and control of language. The response includes a central claim or implicit controlling idea.
The response includes an proverbs effective introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a clear progression of ideas both within paragraphs and defence essay, throughout the essay. The response has variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates some precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.
The response shows a good control of the conventions of in essays standard written English and is free of significant errors that detract from the quality of writing. Write! The response is cohesive and demonstrates a highly effective use and command of language. The response includes a precise central claim. The response includes a skillful introduction and conclusion. The response demonstrates a deliberate and quoting proverbs, highly effective progression of defence socrates essay ideas both within paragraphs and throughout the essay. The response has a wide variety in sentence structures. The response demonstrates a consistent use of precise word choice. The response maintains a formal style and objective tone.
The response shows a strong command of the conventions of standard written English and is free or virtually free of errors . The 4 essay is written extremely well , whereas the 3 essay is written fairly well. In addition, the quoting proverbs in essays, 4 essay is organized in a way that positively influences the impact of the writer’s argument, while the 3 is just organized clearly. Socrates Essay! Let’s condense the information above. A perfect 4 essay : is extremely clear is consistent, smooth, and easy to read has few errors is not repetitive in quoting content or language is sufficiently detailed (using evidence from the text) to fully support the writer’s thesis demonstrates that you understand the text and dialog, the author’s claim(s) In other words, you need to excel in every one of these aspects to get a perfect score. Now we’ll look at a sample 8/8/8 SAT essay, and make note of how it fits the criteria above. The prompt (taken from The Official SAT Study Guide ) for the sample essay is as follows: Write an essay in which you explain how Peter S. Proverbs In Essays! Goodman builds an argument to persuade his audience that news organizations should increase the dialog how to write, amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to people in the United States. In your essay, analyze how Goodman uses one or more of the in essays, features listed in the box above (or features of your own choice) to strengthen the logic and titus essay, persuasiveness of his argument. Be sure that your analysis focuses on the most relevant features of the passage. The passage to which this prompt refers appears on pp. 183-185 of The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , or on slightly different pages in proverbs in essays later editions.
You'll need the passage to follow along with the sample essay below. Here’s the essay. Defence Socrates Essay! Read it first, and we’ll have annotations below. In the proverbs, article “Foreign News at a Crisis Point,” Peter S. Goodman eloquently argues the ‘point’ that news organizations should increase the amount of professional foreign news coverage provided to early childhood education people in the United States. Quoting! Goodman builds his argument by using facts and evidence, addressing the counterarguments, and couching it all in persuasive and compelling language. Goodman begins the article by essay question good man is bombarding the quoting in essays, reader with facts and statistics. He states that, according to a census conducted by early observation essays the American Journalism Review, the number of full-time foreign news correspondents in the United States dropped from 307 in proverbs in essays 2003 to 234 in 2011.
In addition, the AJR survey also discovered that “the space devoted to foreign news [in American papers] had shrunk by thesis 53 percent” in the last 25 years. Beginning the article with all of these facts and figures has a couple of proverbs strengtheing effects on Goodman’s argument. First, by starting out with hard evidence, Goodman lays the groundwork of his own credibility. He’s not just writing an write opinion piece – his opinion is backed by the truth. This will bring the readers onboard and make them more likely to proverbs trust everything else he says.
Second, because Goodman presents these facts without much explaining/interpreting, the reader is forced to do the math herself. This engaging of the reader’s mind also ensures that Goodman has the reader’s attention. When the reader does the essay question for a man is, math to find a drop of 73 full-time foreign news correspondents employed by quoting in essays US papers in just 8 short years, she will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. In addition to good research papers employing facts to quoting in essays his argument’s advantage, Goodman also cunningly discusses the counterargument to his position. By writing about how social media and how to write, man-on-the-ground reporting has had some positive impact on the state of foreign news reporting, Goodman heads off naysayers at the pass.
It would have been very easy for Goodman to elide over quoting in essays the whole issue of citizen reporting, but the resultant one-sided argument would have been much less convincing. Instead, Goodman acknowledges things like “the force of social media during the Arab Spring, as activists convened and reacted to changing circumstances.” As a result, when he partially refutes this counterargument, stating the “unease” many longtime profession correspondents feel over the trend of ‘citizen journalism’ feel, the reader is essay question for a to find much more likely to believe him. After all, Goodman acknowledges that social media does have some power. Knowing that Goodman takes the quoting proverbs in essays, power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined, in turn, to take Goodman’s concern about the socrates, limits of social media seriously. The final piece that helps bolster Goodman’s argument that US news organizations should have more professional foreign correspondents is Goodman’s linguistic + stylistic choices. Quoting! Goodman uses contrasts to dialog how to draw the proverbs in essays, reader deeper into his mindset. By setting up the contrast between professional reporters as “informational filters” that discriminate good from bad and amateur, man-on-the-spot reporters as undiscriminating “funnels,” Goodman forces the reader to view the two in opposition and admit that professional filters are to be preferred over funnels that add “speculatio, propaganda, and essay, other white noise” to their reporting. In addition, Goodman drives the reader along toward agreeing with his conclusion in proverbs in essays the penultimate paragraph of the article with the proposals, repetition of the quoting proverbs in essays, phrase “We need.” With every repetition, Goodman hammers even further home the inescapable rightness of his argument. The use of “We” more generally through the article serves to make the readers feel sympathetic towards Goodman and identify with him. By employing the rhetorical techniques of presenting facts, acknowledging the other side, and using persuasive language, Goodman convinces the early education observation essays, reader of his claim.
Here are our notes on what stands out in this essay (general comments are in purple, spelling/grammar errors are highlighted in yellow): Note that not every 8/8/8 essay needs to have exactly the same items in in essays here, nor do you need to argue in exactly the same way. But the essay question for a man is hard to find, elements in this essay make it a standout and demonstrate clear mastery. And now for the million-dollar question: What Makes This SAT Essay an 8 Rather Than a 6? Maybe you get the quoting in essays, theory behind what makes an essay an 8/8/8, but what about in titus essay practice? Read on to find out what distinguishes this particular SAT essay as a perfect 8 in Reading, Analysis, and Writing. SAT graders are big on clarity, and clarity requires precise language and obvious, sound logic.
In this essay, vivid language is used effectively and appropriately: Goodman is described as bombarding the in essays, reader with facts and figures The writer describes Goodman as arguing his point using not just language but persuasive and compelling language : The effect of Goodman’s argument is not just that it convinces the reader, but that the reader…will find herself predisposed to agree with Goodman’s call for more professional foreign news reporting. All of this clear and precise language helps support and explain the author's point (just as Goodman’s language supports his point in the text!) Effective Analysis and Organization. The writer's clarity extends to her logic as well. Sufficient background is given to make it clear the writer read and understood the text. The examples used are clear and logically connected within paragraphs.
The writer also makes sure to identify the what/why/what of the author's argumentative devices: What are the techniques the author used to persuade the reader of his claim? Why did the good hard, author use them? What effect does their use have on the reader? The organization of the essay follows the organization set out in the introduction: the writer first discusses facts and evidence, then the presentation and quoting, refutation of a counterargument, then compelling language. Organization in the essay is aided by transitions between all paragraphs, which create a smooth, consistent argument that is easy to follow. The clarity of the argument and the lack of errors remain consistent from start to finish. The highlighted errors are few and do not detract or distract from the meaning of the essay. Defence Socrates Essay! The wording of the thesis statement in the introduction and the conclusion is similar but not identical, and the description of how Goodman builds his argument is the same.
Dos piezas by Raul Hernandez Gonzalez, used under CC BY 2.0/Cropped from original. Proverbs In Essays! The author uses a variety of words (marked in blue) and sentence structures to convey similar ideas in different ways throughout the essay. For instance, social media , man-on-the-ground (or man-on-the-spot ) reporting , citizen journalism , and essay to find, amateur reporting are all different words and phrases used to describe the same phenomenon of non-professional foreign news correspondents. Another example of this can be found in Paragraph 4. “Knowing that Goodman takes the power of social media seriously will make the reader more inclined…” could easily be the simpler “Goodman takes the proverbs in essays, power of social media seriously, which makes the reader more likely to thesis proposals agree…” This kind of linguistic flourish can be found in most top-scoring SAT Essays. Note that this usage is effective, and SAT vocab words aren't thrown into the essay haphazardly - it's clear, effective writing like what you might read in the New York Times. The essay is long enough to detail 3 complex examples (discussing Goodman’s use of facts and evidence, a counterargument, and vivid language) and include introductory and concluding paragraphs. With the updates to the essay rubric, College Board made it explicit that your essay should have an introduction and conclusion. In The Official SAT Study Guide (March 2016 Beyond) , they also make it clear that shorter essays will receive lower Writing scores (because if you don't write more than a couple of paragraphs, there's not enough writing by which essay graders can accurately judge your writing abilities). But length means nothing if there isn't valuable information filling the space, so long SAT essays also need to quoting proverbs in essays be detailed—this author uses the space to give lots of context for her examples.
Dos and Don’ts for an 8/8/8 SAT Essay. Tips To Write! The key for a perfect score on the SAT essay is to use your time wisely and stay focused on the task. To help you do this, we've compiled tips for things to do (and things to avoid). Writing as much as you can without including repetitive or irrelevant information. Revising the quoting in essays, first and how to, last paragraphs (they stand out in readers’ minds). Making sure you have effective transitions for a seamless essay. Explaining the persuasive effect the author’s argumentative techniques have on the reader.
Thinking of quoting in essays “smart-sounding evidence – analysis of how the author used a personal anecdote is how to write just as viable as a discussion of the author’s use of logos and other rhetorical strategies. Trying to correct every single error – the grammar and quoting in essays, the spelling do not have to defence essay be perfect to score an 8 in proverbs Writing. This doesn't mean that you should just leave sentence fragments all over the place, but it does mean that accidentally leaving off the last letter of a word or making a small subject/verb agreement error won't be the end of the essay question good hard, world (or of your perfect SAT essay score). Spend the extra time trying to write more and develop your points. Quoting! Adding as many vocabulary words as you can – you do need some stylistic flourishes, as noted above, but you shouldn’t overdo it, or your writing will sound clunky. How to Train to Improve Your SAT Essay Score. As I mentioned above, most anyone can train to reliably get a 6 on all sections of the essay, and many can move beyond that to consistently get 8/6/6, 6/6/8, or 8/8/8. Here’s a framework for how to do this: Read through our complete list of SAT essay prompts Memorize a list of persuasive techniques that you can find in most essay prompt articles Start by practicing with extended length time (80 minutes) so you can feel what it takes to get a top-scoring essay. If you’re struggling, you can also split up the different parts of the essay task for practice. For instance, you can practice reading and analyzing articles separately from writing the essay. Find a way to grade your essay.
If you can be objective about your writing , you can notice weak spots, especially if you ran out of time but know what to do (and it'll be good practice for analyzing the passage on the essay!). Otherwise, try to sociology research thesis proposals get help from an English teacher or a friend who’s a better writer. Start narrowing the time down to 50 minutes to mirror the actual test. Looking for a great way to prep? Check out PrepScholar's online prep program. It customizes your prep program to your strengths and weaknesses so you get the quoting in essays, most effective prep possible. Even better, we give detailed essay feedback from a leading SAT instructor. You'll get point-by-point comments on where you're falling short, and how to, how to improve your weak spots to jump up in in essays SAT essay score. Click below to sign up for our 5-day free trial. Have friends who also need help with test prep?
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Essay: EVALUATION OF PROCESS CONTROL AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN WET PROCESSING: A CASE STUDY OF RIVATEX EAST AFRICA LIMITED. This chapter discusses the quoting in essays inspiration for investigating the process control and safety measures in textile wet processing. Due to the diverse nature of wet processing departments, Rivatex East Africa is taken as the representative facility to provide the case study. For this reason, chapter one of this report elaborates the background to the problem of titus essay, safety and process control, problem statement, the aim of the study, specific objectives of the study and the scope of the study. The wet processing department of proverbs, a typical textile factory can be divided into: pretreatment, printing, dyeing and essay to find finishing. The pretreatment stage involves processes like sizing and desizing, scouring, singeing, and sometimes mercerizing. The printing stage starts from the darkroom where the screens are prepared up to proverbs in essays, when the prints are imparted onto the fabrics using the machines.
Dyeing starts as well from the colour kitchen where the recipes are prepared up to when the final shade is obtained on the fabric. Titus Essay! The purpose of finishing is to make sure that the fabric treatments remain permanent even during normal usage by the final consumer. All these processes require materials in quoting proverbs in essays form of chemicals and energy. Most of these processes are done at high temperatures and noise levels. The chemicals, high temperature with noise exposure of the personnel working in this department can have detrimental effects on their performance resulting in high employee turnover and reduced quality of the final product. During the preliminary survey of Rivatex, it was passively noted that wet processing has a high employee turnover, unclear operating procedures for some personnel and a general concern for safety. Childhood Education Observation Essays! This could be externally observed as some electrical cabins had exposure to water and chemical spillage, drainage channels were not properly covered and proverbs in essays fire safety measures and socrates essay equipment had become obsolete in some sections. It was thus found relevant that a study should be carried to establish the current operating procedures and optimize them to secure a conducive and safe working environment for quoting proverbs in essays the wet processing personnel. To assess the process control and safety activities in the wet processing department of Rivatex East Africa Limited in order to titus essay, develop the safest and optimal process control procedures suitable for in essays both man and machines. 1. Appraise the activities at Rivatex East Africa Limited wet processing department and establish the process and write procedure gaps which need future modifications and improvements.
2. Carryout a risk assessment exercise of the wet processing department in quoting proverbs in essays order to establish the risk areas and suggest possible solutions for the future. 3. Tips Good Papers! Suggest optimal standard operating procedures and safety measures for Rivatex wet processing department. 1.4 Justification of the study. With reference to the Kenyan occupational health and safety act of 2007, it is important to quoting proverbs in essays, always evaluate the state of working practices and procedures in research order to ensure maximum productivity. A safe work place reduces occurrence of proverbs in essays, work related accidents, diseases and insurance claims resulting in higher productivity levels and low production costs. (1) This can easily be achieved when the employees are fully aware of the nature of their working environment.
It was thus found necessary to titus essay, carry out an evaluation of the wet processing department in order to establish possible gaps in its procedures which do not comply with the standard operating procedures. After establishment of the gaps, suggestions on how the fill them was suggested considering the guidance obtained from the quoting literature review, OSH ‘act of Kenya 2007, and the Kenya constitution. The Textile Industry involves various functions performed by various departments and persons to convert raw material into final product. Defence Socrates Essay! Failure of Management to plan for the future and to foresee problems have brought about proverbs in essays waste of manpower, of materials, and early education of machine time, all of which raise the processing cost and price that the purchaser must pay. 2.1 Textile wet processes.
In textile wet processes involve applying chemical treatments to the fabric from either knitting or weaving, for the purpose of improving both performance and appearance. The appearance of the quoting proverbs in essays fabric coming from knitting or weaving is defence essay often dirty or pale yellow, unsuitable for making apparels or clothing. It thus becomes necessary for the material to go through the following processes in order to quoting in essays, make it wearable. The textile wet processing department consists: Gray Inspection, Stitching, Mechanical Cleaning , Singeing, Desizing/Scouring, Bleaching, Mercerizing, Dyeing/Printing, and socrates Finishing stages which all work together to obtain a wearable fabric material. 2.1.1 Gray Inspection. The fabric is quoting proverbs in essays checked for inconformity with standards, and all weaving/knitting faults are marked out. Fabric inspection involves three possible steps: perching, burling and mending. Perching is a visual inspection and essay question for a man is to find the name derives from the frame, called a perch, of frosted glass with lights behind and above it. Quoting In Essays! The fabric passes through the perch and is inspected.
Flaws, stains or spots, yamknots and other imperfections are marked. Burling is the removal of yam knots or other imperfections from the fabric. To Write Papers! The faults are then mended and any knots in the material are then pushed to the back. In Essays! Mending is the actual repair of imperfections. Knotting should be done carefully and thoroughly so that the sociology research repair or holes is not visible. After the quoting proverbs in essays goods have been inspected and checked, they are supposed to be classed in the grey room according to quality and stamped. Goods of similar weight, width and construction and the goods which will receive a similar treatment are sewn together, end to end, by circular sewing machines especially constructed for this purpose and each batch is tips to write given a number called lot number.[ ] Stitching should be done using proper stitching thread and seam allowance to avoid stitch marks and quoting proverbs in essays fabric creases at the seam which may lead to essay question man is, improper colour padding.[ ] For heavy fabrics intended for mercerizing and continuous operations, the seam should be wider (15 mm) and quoting in essays stronger. Childhood Education Essays! [ ] The pre-cleaning of quoting, grey fabrics is carried out in for a good hard to find a separate unit just before cropping and shearing operations. Proverbs! The purpose of brushing is to remove the short and loose fibres from the surface of the cloth. It also removes husk particles clinging to the cloth. Brushing is mainly done to fabrics of staple fibre content, as filament yams usually do not have loose fibre ends. Cylinders covered with fine bristles rotate over the fabric, pick up loose fibres, and pull them away by either gravity or vacuum.
The raised fibre ends are cut off during the singeing and shearing operation. Brushing before cropping minimizes pilling. Titus Essay! [ ] 2.1.4 Sizing and proverbs desizing. The old adage that sizing is the heart of thesis proposals, weaving still holds good today given the fact that loom speeds have increased tenfold from those used in quoting in essays shuttle looms. (2) The primary purpose of the sizing process is to obtain the warp threads with minimal deformations that can successfully be woven without major damages which occur during the yarn passage through sliding metal parts of the weaving machine. (3) Sizing thus improves the physical-mechanical parameters of warp threads, thereby reducing warp breakage to a minimum, and achieving the maximum degree of weaving machine efficiency and energy savings. (4) Textile sizing agents are classified into three main types, which include; modified starch, PVA and essay for a good man is acrylic size. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! (5) An environmentally friendly and inexpensive substitute to the widely used poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA) has also been developed from soy proteins for textile warp sizing. (6) The presence of sizing ingredients in the fabric hinders processes, such as dyeing, printing, and finishing. (7) To completely remove starch from a fabric, the childhood education size must be chemically degraded to make it water soluble. Three chemical methods used to degrade starch into water soluble compounds include, Enzymes, Acid Hydrolysis and Oxidation. Proverbs! (8) The desizing process usually employs enzymes for removal of starch-based size because the socrates essay enzyme (amylase) only interacts with the molecules of starch, living the cotton cellulose untouched. Other desizing agents like acids, alkali and oxidation chemicals attack the cotton fibre as well as the starch size. (9) The waxy materials on quoting proverbs the outer surface and lipids, waxes, pectic substances, organic acids, proteins/nitrogenous substances, non-cellulosic polysaccharides, and other unidentified compounds within the research proposals primary wall are responsible for the slightly hydrophobic nature of cotton. (10) Scouring is the essential treatment for the purpose of obtaining a sufficiently hydrophilic fabric. Quoting Proverbs! (11) Typical scouring formulation, comprises of titus essay, caustic (3-8%), surfactant (0.2 – 0.4%), and chelating agent (0.1 – 0.2%), and employs low concentration of surfactant as a wetting agent. Proverbs! (12) . The optimum condition in the scouring machine is at a de-sizing agent to sociology, fabric ratio of 20 g/g fabric, with a temperature of the first de-sizing agent tank of 80 C, a temperature of the proverbs second de-sizing agent tank of 90 o C, and dipping time of fabric of 7 s. According to these conditions, more than 89% of the sizing agent is eliminated and only 3.52 mg/g fabric of titus essay, sizing agent remains in the scoured fabric which is in the acceptable range for feeding to the downstream processes. (13) In order to quoting proverbs in essays, achieve adequate wettability and absorbency using bio-scouring, cellulase + pectinase and cel??lulase + pectinase + protease gives better results than other enzymatic combinations. (10) Bleaching is defined as the removal of unwanted colour from the textile fibres using any of the four major bleaching agents, namely; sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, sodium chlorite and hydrogen peroxide. (14) Hydrogen peroxide, due to its biodegradability with reaction products which are non-toxic and non-dangerous is applicable in strongly alkaline medium has almost entirely replaced the conventional chlorine oxidizing chemicals when it comes to giving the childhood most effective bleaching. Quoting! (15) This process can be done in three main steps, namely; saturating the fabric with the bleaching agent and other necessary chemicals; raising the temperature to the recommended level for the particular textile and maintaining that temperature for necessary duration; and, thoroughly washing and drying the fabric.
A new commercial bio-bleaching process for cellulose fibres runs enzymatically with arylesterase enzymes (EC 220.127.116.11) and hydrogen peroxide. The enzyme system catalyses the perhydrolysis of propylene glycol diacetate. During the reaction propylene glycol and early childhood education essays peracetic acid as a bleaching agent are formed in situ. (16) After hot bleaching enzymatically pre-treated cotton exhibits similar or even better properties compared to conventionally desized, alkaline scoured and bleached cotton. (17) Studies have also revealed that: increase in temperature increases the quoting in essays rate of bleaching with correspondingly reduction in process time; an increase in concentration of (H2O2) whiteness and weight loss is increases; Hardness of water inversely proportional to whiteness and directly proportional to weight loss; The concentration of peroxide stabilizer is inversely proportional to the whiteness and directly proportional to weight loss. (18) Mercerization is a process named after John Mercer in the year 1884 in which textiles (typically cotton) are treated with 18% to 20% caustic soda at 20 oC to 24 oC to titus essay, improve properties such as fiber strength, shrinkage resistance, luster, and dye affinity. (19) (20) Studies show that the strength of the quoting proverbs in essays mercerised yarn is dialog how to write highly affected by the cylinder normal pressure, warm rinsing temperature and caustic soda bath concentration, while the effect of the cold rinsing temperature is witnessed only for higher qualities of cotton fibers and proverbs yarns contained in the fabric. (21) Mercerization causes considerable tenacity (tensile strength and sociology research thesis proposals elongation) losses of Compact yarns than conventional yarns. Proverbs! (22) In order to titus essay, achieve better mercerization, causticization for improved color yield can be obtained at 14-16% caustic soda concentration. Quoting! (23) Caustic soda can be recovered and reused satisfactorily in most textile plants for the purpose of increasing profits and reducing stream pollution caused by tips to write, effluent discharge. Dyes are substances applied to a substrate to provide color by a process that can alter any crystal structure of the colored substances. (24) Color is the net response of an observer to visual physical phenomena involving visible radiant energy of varying intensities over the wavelength range 400 to 700 nanometers (nm). (25) Dye molecules contain aromatic rings of benzene or naphthalene with conjugated bonds having delocalized ??-electrons between the carbon and other atoms throughout the structure, known as chromophore or colour-donating unit. The wavelength of absorbed light excites an electron from an occupied orbital to the first unoccupied molecular orbital corresponding to visible light, hence producing colour. (26) In addition to quoting proverbs in essays, chromophores, most dyes contain groups known as auxochromes or colour helpers, examples being carboxylic acid, sulfonic acid, amino, and hydroxyl groups. (27) Until the initiation of the synthetic dyes in research proposals the second half of the nineteenth century, all dyes were derived directly from natural sources such as the leaves, flowers, berries, stems or roots of plants, from insects and shellfish, and a number of minerals. (28) The process of applying these dyes to a textile substrate is proverbs in essays known as dyeing, which can be achieved using several techniques and machines depending on the type of dye and textile material under consideration. dyeing includes sticking plants rubbing crushed pigments to fabric, extracting natural dyes from crushed fruits, berries and other plants which are boiled into research thesis proposals, the fabric to give light and water fastness (resistance) into cloth. (29) Conventional Dyeing is quoting often performed using batch, continuous processes and semi-continuous. Batch Dyeing Process. In this process dye is transferred from large volume dye bath to the material over a long duration to achieve exhaustion of the dye using package, beam, beck, winch, jet and jig processing. Quality of color and dye is Temperature dependent, hence, temperature is maintained up to 100 oC to gain good quality of question hard to find, fabric, but further increase can achieve better quality while damaging the yarn or weave used for the substrate. Fiber, Yarn and fabric can be dyed in machines which either holds the proverbs material stationary or circulates. (30)
Continuous dyeing process. This is question for a where a relatively concentrated dye solution is proverbs in essays applied evenly across the entire width of the fabric passing through padding or other means. Padding is followed by subsequent fixation of the essay dye by chemical or thermal means predominantly for quoting woven fabrics. When processing tubular knits, it is recommended that the fabric be subjected to low and uniform tension to research papers, maintaining the desired aesthetics because edge lines can occur if good dye penetration is not obtained or if the proverbs hardness of the pad rolls is not correct. (31) Dyeing with CO2. When carbon dioxide is essay good man is to find heated to above 31??C and pressurized to quoting proverbs in essays, above 74 bar, it becomes supercritical, a state of matter that can be seen as an expanded liquid, or a heavily compressed gas with properties of both a liquid and a gas.
In this way supercritical CO2, has liquid-like densities, which is advantageous for dissolving hydrophobic dyes, and gas-like low viscosities and diffusion properties, which can lead to defence, shorter dyeing times compared to quoting, water. (32) Textile printing is essentially a localized form of dyeing in which colored patterns or designs are confined to a restricted area using; Flatbed screen printing, rotary screen printing, engraved roller printing, Heat transfer printing or Digital printing at very low dyebath to fabric ratios. (33) (34) The process involves applying printing ink or paste or dispersions to titus essay, the fabric, and then fixing to quoting in essays, the fiber by heat or heat and steam. Sociology Thesis! The excess dye is removed from the fabric by quoting proverbs, washing and tips to write research detergent scouring and the fabric is proverbs subsequently dried. The types of dyes used in printing textiles are usually the same classes that confer substantivity to given fiber types by solution dyeing processes, that is, disperse dyes for polyester and disperse/vat dye combinations. Thus, coloration of textiles by pigments containing suitable binders and thickeners is the most used technique for all types of to write, fibres. (35) Screen printing technology presents a large growth opportunity for manufacturers of clothing utilizing plastisol (PVC) and water-based PA/ PU inks used for most printers. These inks have some serious drawbacks such as inferior wash and weather durability, and quoting poor hand feel and tackiness that limit their use in high-end apparel applications. Some of the products contain plasticizers and have other negative environmental effects. Titus Essay! To counter these problems, printing mills have tried silicone inks because of their good washing durability, hand feel, elongation properties and environmental friendliness at the expense of tackiness, high viscosity, stiffness and the inability to create low gloss finishes. (36) Textile digital printing materialized in the 1990s as a prototyping tool for printing small batches of fabric for niche market products. (37)
Finishing in its broad sense is any operation for improving the appearance or usefulness of a fabric after it leaves the loom or knitting machine; including pretreatments such as washing, bleaching and coloration. In wet processing, finishing is used to include all those processes that usually follow coloration for the purpose of quoting proverbs in essays, adding useful qualities to the fabric, ranging from aesthetics and fashion aspects to high performance properties for industrial needs. (38) Most of the conventional methods of sociology research thesis proposals, finish application, such as pad-dry-cure or coating currently being used to impart antimicrobial, anti UV, self-cleaning and quoting in essays Fire resistance finishes, are often accompanied by research, excessive weight add on, loss of feel and drape, poor durability to washing, loss of mechanical strength and quoting most importantly reduced comfort to wearer. (39) 2.2 Process control in the textile wet processes. Figure 2.1: process control activities in wet processing. 2.2.1 Grey inspection Process control parameters and procedures. 2.2.2 Singeing Process control parameters and good man is to find procedures. Burner position, flame height, flame intensity, and speed are the major process control parameters which have to be kept under constant consideration. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! Proper working of guide rollers and expanders, and immediate quenching bath after singeing of cold water to lower down the papers temperature of cloth should also be ensured for consistent quality in singeing. Failure to ensure these controls not only leads to faults, but may also leads to hazards.
Management decision here is also important for quoting proverbs in essays selection of tips to write good research papers, machine which reduces the manual control. Oshthoff is one such machine which is having much automatic function and quoting can result consistent singeing quality. (40) 2.2.3 Desizing Process control parameters and procedures. Enzyme concentration, wet pick-up, pH, temperature, reaction time. In desizing process parameters, and manual work should be carried out childhood observation essays, efficiently so that no re-desizing batch would occur, final testing according to QMS should be properly carried out for desizing.
Efficiency of Desizing can be judged by QC of desized fabric which arbitrarily grade desized fabric. It should not be less than 85%. Thus by stricter control during desizing it is possible to achieve 85% desizing efficiency. Using required concentration of enzyme. It has been reported, that optimum concentration of enzyme for this purpose is 0.25% W/V9. Higher concentrations do not increase desizing efficiency to any appreciable extent but simply add to the chemical cost of the operation. Similarly other process parameters like digestion time for enzyme, temp. pH of the process should be maintained carefully. 2.2.4 Scouring Process control parameters and procedures.
Steam pressure, time of proverbs, boiling, caustic alkalinity in process and in effluent. Of the process parameters which need to be controlled here, caustic alkalinity at the time of drain should not be less than 10% of the dialog how to starting concentration in order to maintain impurities in the suspended form. For this purpose a periodic check of alkalinity in the kiering solution is desirable during the course of scouring operation. Quoting Proverbs! Quality Control checks determine efficiency of scouring should be maintained under norms. 2.2.5 Bleaching Process control parameters and procedures. Concentration of bleaching agent, pH, time of reaction, residual Cl2/H2O2 in dialog write drain. Quoting In Essays! Bleaching is carried out either by conventional batch methods using a kier or by semicontinuous pad steam method or by continuous J box system. Record should be kept of each of the wet processes operation in a log book maintained by the department various controls listed should be scrupulously entered.
2.2.6 Mercerizing Process control parameters and procedures. Concentration of caustic, Speed of the mercerization machine, dwell time, pick-up, temperature of mercerizing liquor, residual alkalinity. In mercerizing, an hourly check of the strength of the caustic soda in mercerizing liquor is dialog necessary for quoting proverbs in essays the uniform degree of mercerizing especially for goods meant for tips research subsequent dyeing and for goods mercerized by wet on wet method. All the measures are aimed at obtaining a well mercerized fabric without undue shrinkage and wastage of costly caustic soda thereby enabling the mills to produce quality mercerizes fabric at optimum cost. A well mercerized fabric should not give a Barium Activity number below 135.
Increase in luster % by proverbs in essays, 5-7 units due to mercerization can be considered satisfactory. 2.2.7 Dyeing Process control parameters and procedures. Besides testing of dyestuffs and pigments for their strength before using in dyeing the scope of the laboratory should be further extended to early childhood education observation essays, include cheaper dye combinations and quality of water to be used for dyeing. This can help the department to prevent dyeing problems like; inconsistent shade, blotchy dyeing, filtering, spots, resists, poor washing off, and poor fastness caused by poor water quality. (41) As regards process control while dyeing, checkups of the concentration of chemicals, especially caustic soda and hydrosulphite, temperature of dyeing, the density of the quoting package, time of reversal of cycles, and pump pressure should be taken regularly. 2.2.8 Printing Process control parameters and procedures. The dyestuff and pigments as well as other auxiliaries used in printing should be tested as per the quality manual before accepting them for use in bulk production. Besides this it is always desirable to check the basic cloth for width variation, creases, absorbency, whiteness etc. which would otherwise lead to higher percentage of damages. The desired consistency of the printing paste and its suitability on storage is also an equally important check. Fastness characteristics of the prints should be checked for all the designs as a routine quality control measure.
2.2.9 Finishing Process control parameters and essay for a good man is procedures. Proper selection of finishing ingredients such as starches, gums, resins, catalysts, softeners etc. And it is many a time said that the final finish decides the quality of the fabric for which the consumer pays. In Essays! Comparative evaluation of titus essay, resins and quoting proverbs costly auxiliaries should be critically made before their use in bulk. On the other hand resin finished fabric should be invariably tested for physical properties such as tensile and tear strength, abrasion resistance, wrinkle recovery angle and wash-n-wear or D.P. Ratings as the case may be, whereas chemical test would include nitrogen and formaldehyde determination, resistance to acid or alkali hydrolysis, chlorine retention and subsequent loses on scorching etc. These should conform to the various standards laid down by different authorities. 2.3 Risks and hazards in textile wet processes. The textiles sector contains many hazards and how to write risks to workers, ranging from exposure to proverbs in essays, noise and dangerous substances, to manual handling and working with dangerous machinery. (42) 2.3.1 Risk assessment procedure for early education observation health and safety in wet processing.
The legal requirement for risk evaluation or assessment applies to proverbs in essays, all employers. Thesis! The process for carrying out a risk assessment can be broken down into a series of in essays, steps: (43) Risk assessment is a process to evaluate what chemicals or processes would cause harm at essay question good to find work in terms of frequency of exposure, likelihood and consequence. Based on the assessment results, suitable safety measures could be developed to quoting proverbs, reduce the risks. Step 1 Identifying hazards and those at risk. Looking for defence socrates essay those things at work that have the potential to cause harm, and identifying workers who may be exposed to the hazards. Using workers’ knowledge helps to quoting proverbs, ensure hazards are spotted and workable solutions implemented. Consultation encourages workers to commit themselves to health and safety procedures and research thesis improvements. A risk assessment should cover all workers regardless of whether they are employed on long- or short-term contracts.
Where there are persons employed by another organization on proverbs in essays site, there is a duty on the two employers to cooperate and sociology thesis safeguard the health and quoting safety of workers. Risk assessment should take account of differences in workers, such as by gender, age, or disability. Titus Essay! For example, older employees may learn differently than a younger worker, and also have different concepts of risk due to proverbs, a lack of experience. Tips! Different prevention measures may be required for these worker groups. Work, its organisation and quoting in essays the equipment used should be adapted to the worker, not the other way around. Workers with disabilities should be considered specifically in the risk assessment process. For example, people with disabilities may be subjected to bullying, which can lead to work-related stress. Consultation with workers with disabilities is vital to ensure a risk assessment is appropriate. Step 2 Evaluating and prioritising risks. Evaluate how likely it is titus essay that the hazard will lead to harm or injury, and how severe that injury is likely to be. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! Consider what control measures are in place and whether they are sufficient.
It is essential that the work to sociology, be done to eliminate or prevent risks is quoting prioritised. Defence Socrates! The focus for cost-effective and sustainable risk management should be on collective protection and preventative measures. Step 3 Deciding on preventive action. Identifying the quoting appropriate measures to eliminate or control the risks. List the preventive measures needed in order of priority, then take action, involving the workers and their representatives in the process. Targeting the underlying problems is the most cost-effective method of risk management. Step 4 Taking action. Risk assessment is the sociology research proposals first step to successful risk management.
Put in place the preventive and protective measures through a prioritisation plan (most probably all the problems cannot be resolved immediately) and specify who does what and when, when a task is to be completed, and the means allocated to implement the measures. Interventions should be agreed with the workforce, either directly or through worker safety representatives. Quoting! The agreed solutions should be carefully implemented, monitored and evaluated. The information arising from the risk assessment must be shared with the appropriate persons. Action should be supported by sociology research thesis proposals, appropriate training. Step 5 Monitoring and reviewing.
The assessment should be reviewed at regular intervals to ensure it remains up to date. It has to proverbs, be revised whenever significant changes occur in the organization or as a result of the findings of an accident or ‘near miss’ investigation. 2.3.2 Risk assessment on textile finishing requirements and considerations. Risk assessment on textile finishing requires knowledge of the properties of chemicals and the reactions involved in the concerned chemical processes. Question For A To Find! Due consideration should be given to the factors listed in the following paragraphs. Physical form of the chemicals; the proverbs physical forms of the chemicals used in textile finishing have pronounced effects on the hazards of the chemicals.
For those in the state of gases, vapours, fumes, aerosols, airborne particulates, the risk of entry into the human body as well as the risk of fire and defence essay explosion is increased. It should be noted that aerosol, particulate and powder forms of combustible materials can form explosive/flammable mixtures with oxidizing agents, including air. Chemical changes; if chemical change is involved, the chemical reaction and the products should be studied. The hazards associated with the quoting proverbs in essays chemical reaction as well as hazardous properties of the reactants and products in textile finishing processes should be identified. Dialog! Special attention should be paid to any possible side reactions and by-products.
Temperature and quoting proverbs pressure changes; Many physical and chemical changes may evolve heat, causing a rise in dialog write temperature during the quoting in essays finishing processes. They may result in: formation of hazardous gases, vapours or fumes; pressure increase in the container causing explosion; rapid bubbling causing splashing of hot hazardous fluids; or increase in reaction rate generating even more heat. These effects can be intensified if there is no effective means to dissipate the heat evolved which may result in localised heating and superheating of the reaction mixture. Early Education! It should also be noted that some exothermic reaction initiated by a rise in temperature may auto-accelerate and the reaction rate may become out of control. Scale of the process; the scale of the process determines the amount of hazardous chemicals involved. Change in the scale affects the quoting proverbs in essays heating effect of the operation as well as heat dissipation and pressure change in the system.
Extent of exposure The extent of exposure to question man is hard, hazardous chemicals is affected by: frequency, duration and mode of exposure; rate of generation and concentration of the in essays hazardous chemicals in the atmosphere; and effectiveness of control and essay for a good man is hard protective measures in minimizing the quoting proverbs exposure. Working environment; the working environment ranging from the containers holding the chemicals to childhood, the general conditions of the workplace is an important aspect in the risk assessment of textile finishing. The following factors should be considered: size and shape of the container where chemical or physical changes take place, especially the headspace in the container and passage for release of pressure; if the container cannot withstand or release the increase in pressure, explosion may occur; presence of nearby ignition source, if explosive/flammable mixtures are encountered; whether processes undertaken or chemicals stored or used are sensitive to air, moisture, temperature or light; and ventilation of the environment. 2.3.3 Prevention measures for occupational hazards. 18.104.22.168 Access to safety and health information.
The Hazard Communication Standard of the Occupational Safety and quoting proverbs in essays Health Act requires that all employees be informed of the hazards associated with the essay good man is to find chemicals they are exposed to quoting proverbs in essays, or could be accidentally exposed to. Essay Man Is! In addition to proverbs in essays, chemical hazards, OSHA requires workers be trained to recognize many other types of hazards. Hazards may include chemical, explosion and fire, oxygen deficiency due to confined spaces, ionizing radiation, biological hazards, safety hazards, electrical hazards, heat stress, cold exposure, and noise. (44) 22.214.171.124 Ensuring a Safe Working environment. Involving employees in the identification of essay for a man is, high risk factors through an in essays approved process to observation essays, improve workplace conditions and safety provides a platform for; enhancing employee motivation and job satisfaction, improving problem solving capabilities, increasing the likelihood that employees will accept changes in the job or work methods, and improving labor relations. (45) 126.96.36.199 Safe operation of machines.
Regardless of the in essays particular risk reduction measures selected for a particular machine, there are some general safe operating rules that must be observed: Avoid working alone in the area so that someone is available to provide or summon assistance in the event of an thesis proposals emergency; Read and adhere to the manufacturer’s operating instructions and warnings. Receive training in proper operation and demonstrate competency to proverbs in essays, an experienced and authorized operator for early childhood each type of task to be conducted before operating independently; Know the quoting proverbs emergency stop/shut-down procedures for the specific machine operated; Inspect machines/equipment prior to each operating shift to ensure that: Points of operation and surrounding areas are clean of debris and other hazards. Shields/guards are in socrates essay place and controls and in essays interlocks or other safety devices are accessible and operating properly (pay attention to research thesis proposals, the point of operation, as well as the area behind, to the side, and above the machine). Quoting In Essays! Machine components are in good working condition (do not use damaged equipment). Labels and warnings are present and legible. Socrates! ‘ Inspect ancillary hazard control devices for proper operation, such as dust collectors used with wood working equipment; Follow the manufacturer’s recommendations for routine cleaning and quoting preventative maintenance. Do not use compressed air for cleaning of debris; Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry while operating machines; Confine long hair, including restraint of ponytails and beards; Wear appropriate work attire and prescribed Personal Protective Equipment, including, at a minimum, safety glasses and socrates essay closed-toed shoes; Ensure unimpeded access to all operating controls, emergency shut-down devices, and electrical panels/shut-offs servicing the equipment; Ensure adequate lighting to safely operate the equipment; and proverbs in essays If a machine is designed to be anchored to the floor, then it must be securely attached. (46)
188.8.131.52 Safe handling of chemicals. Dyes may present hazards to health. The following precautionary measures should be considered: As dyestuff powders may form airborne dust, they should be dispensed under local exhaust ventilation; the choice of low-dusting dyes such as those in granular, dust-suppressed or liquid form can reduce exposure; High-speed mixers should not be started until any dry dye is wetted out and the stirrer blades are covered. The vessels should be fitted with lids to titus essay, prevent emission of aerosols or droplets during high-speed mixing; Walls should have smooth and proverbs impervious surfaces capable of defence socrates, being washed down, and quoting floors should be smooth but non-slippery and essay for a man is hard to find preferably designed with a fall to a channel or drain for easy removal of quoting proverbs, cleansing water. The floors should be properly constructed to fit the type of material stored and to withstand rigorous impact from containers of all kinds.
Dye stores should be well lit and ventilated; Separate storage areas should be provided for dyestuffs and other chemicals, as spillages of chemicals require frequent floor washing operations, which create a moist atmosphere not conducive to the good storage of titus essay, dyes; all dye containers should be kept in good condition. They should be stored on pallets or platforms to facilitate cleaning of the floor. Lids should be kept close all times. Quoting In Essays! The scoop used to transfer powdered dyes should enclose the powder to the greatest practicable extent, i.e., it should have a curved base and a partial canopy; Eating, drinking and socrates essay smoking in the dye store should be strictly prohibited. Workers should wash their hands carefully before eating, drinking, or smoking; Protective clothing including impervious overalls, gloves, head coverings and footwear should be provided to and worn by dye handling workers; Respiratory protective equipment should be provided for use: on the recommendation of the dyestuff manufacturer; where persons are exposed to significant quantities of dust, for example during the cleaning of dye stores or following spillages of dyestuffs; and quoting proverbs when dyestuffs in finely divided powder form (instead of question for a good man is hard to find, ordinary granular form) are being handled. (47) 3.1 Study population. The study will consider a universe of 39 employees working in processing department which include 4 in grey inspection, 2 in dyeing, 4 on stenter, 4 on printing, 2 scouring, 2 mercerizing, 2 screen preparation, 6 design, 5 maintenance , 4 supervisors and 4 managers. 3.2 Sampling design. From the universe of 39 employees, a sample size of 19 employees was selected at random using the stratified sampling techniques to represent the whole department. 3.3 Establishment of the current processes and procedures. So as to get reliable observations, impromptu visits to the factory floor were made and photos of the in essays risk areas which need improvement and modification were obtained.
3.4 Identification of the dialog how to write risky areas and practices. 3.5 Development of proverbs in essays, standard operating procedures. 3.6 Data collection instruments. Questionnaires were used to obtain information regarding the daily operation procedures and safety measures from the sample of write, 20 employees selected systematically based on their specific sections within the processing department. Since some information especially regarding safety is taken to be sensitive in some factories, names and sections of the respondents were held confidential between the researcher and respondents to prevent reprimanding and ensure openness and accuracy in the findings. Interviews through casual discussions were also held to obtain information which could not be obtained using the questionnaires. 3.7 Analysis of findings.
The obtained data and information was analyzed using Microsoft excel spreadsheets. 3.8 Presentation of proverbs in essays, findings. The obtained findings from observations, interviews and questionnaires are presented in question for a comprehensible charts and graphs and sentences. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION. This chapter presents the current process control and safety measures and issues at Rivatex East Africa Limited as obtained from the observations, interviews and quoting proverbs questionnaires. 4.1 Duration of employment. To determine the reliability of the tips research papers information, respondents were asked to state how long they have been working in the department. The information obtained is shown in the table below. Table 4.1: duration of proverbs, personnel employment at REAL wet processing department.
Duration Number of employees. Less than 3 months 1. 6 months to 1 year 2. 2 years and above 16. Total number of respondents 19. Figure 4.1: distribution of employment duration at REAL wet processing department.
Since most the respondents have worked in the department for sociology research thesis more than 2 years, it can be assumed that they are familiar with the daily activities and processes of the department. The information provided will give a representation of what exactly is done by all the employees in the department. 4.2 Training for the job. After establishing the duration of employment, respondents were asked to state if they have ever received specific training from the factory for quoting the tasks they were assigned to dialog write, in the department. Quoting Proverbs! This was to establish if they knew exactly what they is expected from them and how their tasks contribute to the attainment of the organizational objectives and papers goals. The respondents were required to tick a yes for having received training and for not receiving any specific training. The results obtained from the 19 respondents are shown in table below.
Table 4.2: percentage of trained personnel at REAL wet processing. Figure 4.2: percentage distribution of trained personnel. From the questionnaires, 37 % of the respondents said that they have never received any specific training from the factory regarding what they are supposed to do on their daily schedules. Of these 37 %, some said they use the knowledge gained from proverbs their previous experiences to execute their daily their tasks. Some said the how to training would not be very necessary since what they do is very obvious and routine. 63 % of the respondents said they had received training on their specific daily tasks.
Of these who said had received training, most of them were graduates practicing the profession and others were trained by fellow workers who had left the department for other things. Proverbs! The training from fellow workers was more informal and depends on titus essay the individual’s level of curiosity and interest in in essays a particular process. As the individual picked interest in childhood education observation a particular machine, he is told by the operator what is in essays done and in his absence, the one told what is to be done takes over from the old operator. 4.3 Occurrence of accidents. To justify the need for safety evaluation, the respondents were asked if they have ever witnessed or encountered an accident during the course of their work. This was aimed establishing the proposals major causes of accidents so as to develop the most appropriate measures which can prevent future occurrences. The response obtained is shown in table below. Table 4.3: occurrence of accidents at REAL wet processing. Ever witnessed an accident?
Frequency. Figure 4.3: occurrence of accidents at REAL wet processing. From the questionnaires and quoting interviews, 58 % of the respondents said they have never witnessed of defence, encountered an accident in the department since they started working for the factory. Among these were the new recruits who had spent less than 2 years working for the department. 42 % of the respondents said they have ever witnessed an accident in quoting the department and recommended a need for more safety awareness among the employees. The accidents that were witnessed include: operator’s hand getting clamped between rollers; fingers cut off by a machine handle; explosion of electric motors due to failure; spillage of chemicals to operator’s eyes during application to machines; rolling of fabric rollers due to improper or accidental unwinding from the stands; flames from electrical faults; operators hurt on starting the machine because they were in harm’s way; and operators loosing fingers to falling and moving metals. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Engineering essay, dissertation or piece of coursework that answers your exact question?
There are UK writers just like me on essays hand, waiting to help you. Each of quoting proverbs in essays, us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question. Just complete our simple order form and you could have your customised Engineering work in write your email box, in as little as 3 hours. This Engineering essay was submitted to us by a student in order to help you with your studies. This page has approximately words. If you use part of this page in your own work, you need to provide a citation, as follows: Essay UK, Essay: EVALUATION OF PROCESS CONTROL AND SAFETY PRECAUTIONS IN WET PROCESSING: A CASE STUDY OF RIVATEX EAST AFRICA LIMITED. . Available from: http://www.essay.uk.com/essays/engineering/essay-evaluation-of-process-control-and-safety-precautions-in-wet-processing-a-case-study-of-rivatex-east-africa-limited/ [03-10-17].
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CFA or CPA: Which Qualification is Better? Finance professionals often pursue professional qualifications in order to advance their careers. Certified Public Accountant (CPA) and Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) designations are arguably the proverbs, two most prestigious titles in tips to write good their respective fields. What are the differences, and which one is better? Here is the proverbs, text version for your reference: The CFA and education observation essays CPA titles cannot be compared apple-to-apple because they represent qualification in two different sub-sectors within the general accounting and quoting proverbs in essays finance field. CPA is the “black-belt” in accounting. It is sociology research proposals originally a designation for quoting proverbs in essays public accountants, but non-public accountants, tax accountants and finance professionals seek the CPA title to proof their number crunching expertise. CPA also has statutory rights to sign audit report which makes the title special. CFA, on the other hand, is the gold standard in research finance and quoting in essays investment.
For those who are looking for career as equity analysts, fund managers, and professionals in asset management or hedge fund houses, this is the best title you can get. CFA or CPA: Application Qualification. The CPA license is granted by each of the 55 states or jurisdiction in sociology research thesis the United States. There is proverbs no centralized administrative body and tips to write papers each state has slightly different CPA exam and quoting proverbs licensing requirements. The eligibility criteria for US CPA is the tips to write research papers, highest among all finance related qualifications. Candidates must have at least a 4-year bachelor degree and in most cases, 150 credit hours (equivalent to 5 years of higher education) to sit for proverbs in essays the exam. Because of the for a good man is to find, high barrier of entry and complicated application process, it is quite a challenge for non-US candidates to take the quoting, exam.
CFA is a designation granted by CFA Institute, a global non-profit organization. The institute is based in the US, but there are 3 regional offices and 200 local chapters around the world. Candidates apply through the institute and application is relatively simple. As long as the candidate has a bachelor degree (not necessarily 4 years), this person can sit for essays the exam. The candidate can even take the exam before graduation. CFA or CPA: Exam Content and Format. There are 4 exam sections: Financial Accounting Reporting, Audit Attestation, Regulation and quoting in essays Business Environment Concepts. The exam is 100% computerized consisting of multiple choice questions, task-based simulations (case studies) and written communications. Grading is mostly computerized. You can choose to take the titus essay, 4 parts one at a time, 2 at a time or even 4 at the same time. You can sit for the exam any time in the CPA exam testing window, which is the first 2 months of each quarter and at any prometric centers throughout the US.
There are also testing centers in Japan, Brazil and 4 Middle Eastern countries. The exam format is proverbs in essays much less flexible for CFA. There are 3 levels of exam, and you need to complete one in order to move on to the next. Exam content is focused on financial analysis and portfolio management instead of accounting, audit and titus essay taxation. The exam is in the traditional pencil-and-paper format.
The test is administrated twice a year for quoting Level 1, and once once a year for Level 2 and Level 3. There are many international testing centers for tips to write good CFA exam in major cities and metropolitan areas. CFA or CPA: Time Required to Become Qualified. Most candidates aim to pass the quoting proverbs, CPA exam within a year. Some who have the time and commitment can study all materials within 6 months, take all 4 parts of the exam in for a good to find one go and pass. Most state boards require 1 year of accounting experience before getting the license, and for most states this experience has to be supervised and verified by a US CPA. Although technically candidates can complete the CFA exam within 18 months (Level 1 in December, Level 2 in quoting June, Level 3 in June the year after), most candidates take 4 years to defence complete the exams. It takes much longer to become a CFA than a CPA. 4 years of proverbs, relevant experience is required to get the CFA designation. Your supervisor, who will be verifying your experience, does not need to be a CFA. This adds a lot of flexibility in the process.
When deciding whether to go for defence socrates essay CFA or CPA, the first and foremost consideration is the proverbs in essays, relevancy to defence socrates essay your career. Other than that, CPA has more restrictive education and experience requirement, but once you get qualified, the proverbs, process is much faster. CFA has a lower entry barrier but it takes much longer time to complete. Stephanie chooses to be a CPA only while John is thesis a CPA and proverbs in essays CFA. What’s your choice? CFA vs MBA: Can a Certificate Replace a Degree? Anjani Swetha says. I done my mba – finance and marketing in how to write the year 2010.
I don’t have any work experience. Now I want to pursue cpa exam. Without any work experience, can we study cpa? Please guide me. John / Stephanie says. Hi Anjani, are you planning to work in relevant field (accounting or taxation) after passing the exam? If so it shouldn’t be a problem and you can see which state boards fit your needs (see link below).
Otherwise, as someone with a graduate degree, Massachusetts offer a type of non-reporting license without asking for experience. You can take a look at quoting in essays that as well. Feel free to ask more questions here or on socrates, my facebook page. Good luck! Stephanie. Imprimis, this was very informative for an aspiring accountant about to take his test for entry into quoting proverbs in essays the AFM program at Waterloo. It clears up some misconceptions, reservations and unknowns I had previously.
Secondly, and not as importantly, I must admit I giggled a little at “pubic accountant”. Just a little spelling error. OMG will get it fixed right away! Glad you find the article helpful and (unintentionally) funny #128578; I m CA. I m from India.
I m coming to Boston with my spouse in August, as a dependent visa holder. I want to do job n also pursue further education life CPA or CFA. Please guide me what wil be better option, and can i also get maximum fees required for both CPA and for a good man is to find CFA. John / Stephanie says. Thanks for your note. I am not sure your educational background other than being a CA.
Assuming you don’t have a 4-year or 5-year degree, it is though to get qualified for the CPA exam. More info here: http://ipassthecpaexam.com/indian-bcom-ca-holders-for-us-cpa-exam/ It is easier to get qualified for the CFA exam but the exam itself takes longer and is quite tough. On fees, I would say they cost more or less the same. You can find out the fee estimates here: As to which one is better, I believe this is a decision you need to make for yourself, considering your own educational background and your career aspiration. Thanks for finally talking about CFA or CPA: Which Qualification is Better? – Finance Resume and Career Guide Liked it!
I am an 21 year old Indian desiring to take CFA Level 1 in decmeber 2014. I am a complete newbie to the world of proverbs, finance and titus essay i have no job experience in any Field. I am fairly average when it comes to quoting proverbs in essays studying but i am good with numbers though. Would you suggest that i go through with CFA? and if i should is just reading schewser enough? i wont be taking any classes. John / Stephanie says.
Hi Yash, thanks for your note. I suggest that you take a look at sociology thesis proposals materials of CFA level 1 and see if you are interested enough to study them for an extensive period of time. Note that Level 1 is the easiest (for most people at least). If you don’t find it interesting enough, it may not be a good idea to pursue CFA. Otherwise, I encourage you to give it a try. The other consideration is money. You can check out proverbs our discussion on CFA exam fees and related costs here:
Many candidates self-study so you can do that too. I am fortunate to say that money wont be an issue. the only issues i am facing are these. 1.the work exp. Defence Socrates Essay! – should i go for exams and work ex toghther or just tackle one at a time? 2. lets say i spent 6-7 years to earn my charter, would it be worth it?
i mean would CFA alone be worthy enough to quoting in essays have a good quality of life ? sorry to bother you but i need all the defence socrates, info i can get since this is a mojr decision of my life. John / Stephanie says. That’s good to know Yash. Most people have a full time job while studying for the CFA exam, so it is doable. It does take most of the proverbs in essays, leisure time away so this could be a consideration. Early Childhood Essays! The average number of years required by successful candidates is 4 years, so hopefully you don’t need 6-7 years for that. It will definitely burn me out if it took me that long. On your last question on whether CFA is worth it, it’s really a personal choice. It depends how important you feel like getting the CFA designation is for your career and your life. I would say, for quoting me, it’s high enough for my career.
Having said that, there are unemployed CFAs around the world due to sociology research thesis many factors, so the designation cannot guarantee good quality of life. Quoting Proverbs! Cheers, John. I am from India. I am giving cfa level 1 and after finishing all 3 levels. My long term plan is to get the dialog write, CPA as well. I couldn’t find anywhere the career opportunities/advantage for having BOTH the CFA and CPA.
Can you please help me about the quoting proverbs in essays, possible career fields in finance where i can get a advantage of having BOTH the prestigious degrees of finance as well as accounting. John / Stephanie says. Hi Vinit, I won’t say there is a specific job that requires both CPA and CFA qualifications, but it helps you stand out from the early childhood essays, crowd and quoting proverbs in essays get the respect with two strong and complementary skills. But it’s an interesting post topic and we’ll write something on the opportunities in the future. Thanks for the suggestions. John.
PS : i have interest in valuation, equity research, investment banking. John / Stephanie says. Vinit, Will write the post with this in mind. John. This article has been of great help. Thank you.
I am a 30 year old West-African with a bachelor’s degree in accounting and i am currently enrolled for the ACCA exams. I intend to relocate to the USA and i have been thinking of which designation to obtain, CPA or CFA since i found out ACCA is not recognised in the USA. I have also been considering whether to do an MBA or MAcc. in addition to sociology thesis proposals a professional qualification. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! Kindly advise. John / Stephanie says. Hi Bolajokospice, thanks for your note and glad the article is useful.
On whether MBA or Master in Accounting is dialog write better for you, it largely depends on your career aspiration. For example, if you want to go for accounting jobs esp in public accounting and taxation, then Master’s in proverbs in essays accounting makes sense. If you aren’t too sure, or you may want to go into finance, then MBA gives you more flexibility. Good Research Papers! But then try to quoting in essays pick the better MBA programs. Socrates Essay! There are quite a lot of “diploma mills” that churn out MBAs.
Those won’t be appreciated by recruiters and will therefore waste a lot of your time and money. Master’s in accounting tend to have less of this issue but again, pick carefully. Hope it helps! Stephanie. I am a Bachelors of Commerce from India – 3 years and in essays MBA in Finance Banking, with work experience of more than 5 years into Banking and other industries. Now I am pursuing MS – Computer Science and planning to go for childhood education essays CFA or CPA. What is your suggestion? What should I opt for? What do you think can be career prospects for one with CPA and CFA qualified ? In India or outside india.. I’m a fresh graduate, majored in accounting and i just passed both CMA exams but am not certified as I have no work experience and am looking to pursue CPA certification.
Also I recieved some advise that taking PMP along with these certifications would be a plus. Thank you for proverbs in essays your time #128578; Anonymous Accountant says. Great article. Its hard to find good articles comparing the different paths in finance (CPA vs CFA) without some 18-19-year-old “finance major” that looks down on any job deemed lesser than Goldman Sachs. Seeing that I am currently pursuing a CPA, I saw a couple things that were missed that I think are important: 1) The centralized governing body for the CPA exam is the AICPA. They make the test and it is hard to find up to each state to decided on the requirements to sit for quoting proverbs the exam. 2) On the defence socrates essay, topic of most people try to pass in one year… At least in my state, your application of intent to sit for the exam is good for proverbs 2 years, so you have that long to essay question man is pass before submitting a new one. Nationally, your test grades are good for 18 months.
This means that once you have passed your first section you have 18 months to pass the in essays, other three before that first section’s grade expires and you have to retake it. I value the info on your site. Kudos!. Hello.. I want to titus essay ask.. Proverbs In Essays! I am an Indian. And I had given an entrance test in essay for a man is to find bhu for bcom..
And I don’t have much interest in Mba as it had now become a very common course that everyone is pursuing… I want to pursue a professional degree.. And cfa and cpa are the two most interesting that I found… But now I not able to decide whether to quoting proverbs go for cpa or cfa.. And ur content I found out interesting and also good and to write papers helpful as at one place it told the difference between cfa and cpa but pls could you help me to get a correct line.. And I am also worried about the future life also.. That is the comfort life in future.. So what will be better.. And best.. Yogesh Kumar says.
I have completed my CA-inter and left with CA final exams , will i be eligible for CPA/ CFA ?? And i have 3 years of quoting, articleship experience along with that i have 1.9 years of experience. John / Stephanie says. The qualification for CPA and CFA is very different. For CFA (the focus of this site), you should be fine to essay for a man is hard to find get started since you are in the final year of your university. Proverbs! For the working experience, you can accumulate before, during or after the exam. Thesis Proposals! Please note that only full-time positions are considered. These posts should be helpful for your further research: Prajyot Pandit says.
I am a CA and CS from in essays, INDIA. Man Is Hard To Find! Having total work experience of proverbs, 6 years; I have completed my Bachlors degree in Commerce (10+2+3 education format in socrates essay India); whether I am eligible for CPA in USA? further, I may be travelling to USA on dependant visa next year; I would like to quoting proverbs know that post reaching US on dependant VISA while preparing for CPA/CFA, can I apply for write work permit? The perceptive for me/us is employment/job in USA, so which course should I opt for? Further, So far as my work exp.is concerned, I am working in BFSI sector since last 3 years (financial analysis related profile), my experience prior to that includes approx 3 years of exp in Accouting and Auditing. Thanks and Regards.
John / Stephanie says. In the quoting, US people don’t count the secondary school so I believe you have a 3-year bachelor degree. Tips Good Research! I have to quoting proverbs say it’s hard to essay question for a man is to find get qualified with this alone, but it is proverbs in essays possible together with a CA. Please check out this page for sociology proposals details: http://ipassthecpaexam.com/indian-bcom-ca-holders-for-us-cpa-exam/ For CFA, not a problem you are qualified. Dhwani Sanghavi says. I am a qualified Chartered Accountant and have completed my masters. Quoting Proverbs In Essays! Soon I’ll be going to US for MBA and plan to work there for next couple of years.
Should I get additional degree of good research papers, CPA or CFA for same? and which one would be preferred? CA Dhwani Sanghavi. John / Stephanie says. If you are getting the MBA, you may want to focus on that first. It’s a lot of work to go through a program and a certification together. But it is doable. In terms of which one is preferred, it really depends on quoting in essays, which career path you want to dialog how to take as discussed above. There isn’t an absolute best.
Drasti Vora says. I am doing my CA articleship right now, i am also pursuing my graduation which will be complete by next year , i am planning to do cpa in long run , also i have keen interest in audit and in essays international taxation , wat are future scopes for both cfa and titus essay cpa . Quoting Proverbs! I want to work as an public accountant in usa .. John / Stephanie says. Hi Drasti, if it is public accounting you are aspiring to, the CPA license is more appropriate. Sociology Thesis! The only thing for quoting international candidates is that it is somewhat complicated to get qualified. You may want to check out this page and see if it works for you: http://ipassthecpaexam.com/cpa-education-requirements/ I have to childhood education essays say that the proverbs, CPA license doesn’t guarantee or even land you a job in the US, just like as a ACCA member one can’t assume that a job in good papers the UK is quoting proverbs waiting for essay question for a him. Sorry to sound a bit blunt, but it has been a misunderstanding for quoting proverbs in essays quite a few of my readers and I want people to write know the facts #128578; deepika ahuja says. i m frm india i m CA finalist hve qualified Masters in Commerce.
Nw i m interested in Accounting Taxation, dats y i wnt to go fo cpa. Sir Is it Beneficial in India aftr Qualified CPA ?? Thanks for proverbs in essays the article. I am currently doing my masters in finance from Northeastern University and wish to be a financial advisor. I am still trying to decide whether to go a cfa or cfp route. I have no finance experience ( worked in rehab)as I am looking for a career change from being an occupational therapist . I did my BSc OT in India. What would you advise me, as to early childhood education what route to take(CFP vs CFA)? Thanks. Will appreciate your response. Umang Thakkar says. I have just completed my bechlor in commerce from India now I’m planning to quoting go to Australia for master of professional accounting, but i want to pursue Cfa in future so what would be better option Postgraduate in finance or Mpa?
It is essay ohk if i choose MPA n than after I’ll go for Cfa? Please let me know. So are you saying, a 3 year bachelor degree plus 3 years of Internship is not enough to quoting be able to dialog how to write pursue CPA degree? Thought I would comment and say cool theme, did you design it for yourself? Looks really good! CFA® and Chartered Financial Analyst are trademarks owned by CFA Institute.
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