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antigone book report November 15, 2006. Essay. Pride and Power. Characters in for application Antigone. Antigone- She is the oldest daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. Her name in dialogue essay environment Greek means one who is of the opposite opinion (anti = opposite, gnomi = opinion). She is the braver of Oedipus two daughters, and believes that her brother, Polyneices, deserves a proper burial, so she sets out to do just that. Antigone is the one that stays with Oedipus when he is banished, a blind man, from Thebes.
Ismene- She is the youngest daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. Her name in Greek means to linger towards (eis = towards, mene = linger). She warns Antigone that trying to give their brother a proper burial would surely lead to her death and declares that she wants nothing to do with the whole idea. After Antigone is captured by Creon, Ismene states that she helped because she wants to be executed with her sister. Antigone states that she is innocent, and therefore, Ismene is wrinting essays, set free. Dialogue Essay Environment. Creon- He is Jocastas brother and the ruler of Thebes. He is also Haemons father. Creon exiled Oedipus from development research Thebes after Oedipus killed his father and married his mother. Creon also declared that Polyneices would not receive a proper burial because he committed treason against his own city. Creon punishes Antigone to death.
Haemon- He is Creons son. Haemon is supposed to marry Antigone, however, when Creon banishes Antigone to her death, Haemon runs off. He is later found, dead by her side, after committing suicide for his lost love. Polyneices- He is the dialogue essay eldest son of Oedipus and Jocasta. Although he supposedly is the wrinting essays next in dialogue essay line to receive power to the throne, Eteocles takes over to graduate school and banishes Polyneices from Thebes. Polyneices then gathers and environment army and attacks his brother. He ends up killing his brother, and being killed by by charles essay twist, his brother in battle. Eteocles- He is the younger son of essay, Oedipus and Jocasta, and is the younger brother to illustrative Polyneices.
He takes over the throne when he is old enough, and banishes Polyneices from Thebes. When Polyneices attacks Eteocles for the throne, Eteocles kills him, and is killed by environment, same, simultaneously, in battle. (Wikipedia, Antigone) The setting of this tragedy takes place in the city of Thebes. Oedipus, who was supposed to be the ruler of Thebes, was banished by wrinting essays, Creon because he killed his father and married his brother. Creon was the ruler until Oedipus sons were old enough to take the throne. Oedipus was banished from Thebes, when the dialogue environment prophecy of patricide and incest was proven true. Oedipus left Thebes a blind and to buy broken man.
Creon took over the throne because Oedipus two sons, Eteocles and Polyneices, were too young to become rulers. As time passed, and the two sons aged, Eteocles claimed the dialogue essay throne for by charles critical essay oliver twist, himself, exiling his older brother Polyneices. Polyneices then gathered a giant army and attacked Eteocles for the throne. Neither of the two sons won because they both ended up killing each other in battle. Dialogue Essay Environment. Creon then resumes power and declares that Eteocles will have a proper burial; however, Polyneices body will be left for the dogs and vultures to eat, as a punishment for his disgrace. Antigone, Polyneices sister, then learns of such news and decides that she must give her brother a proper burial.
Her sister, Ismene, warns her against the dangers and consequences and illustrative essays to buy states that she will not have any part in helping her sister with her scheme. Antigone then goes to her brothers guarded body and pours dirt and sand over essay environment him, performing the by charles oliver twist proper burial rights. As guards brush the dirt off the essay environment body, she reveals herself willingly. Creon is enraged and imprisons both Antigone and Ismene, who he believes to be an accomplice. Creons son, Haemon, pleads with his father to release Antigone, his bride-to-be. Creon ridicules Haemon for his ridiculous thoughts of freeing Antigone. Haemon then runs off, crushed that his father would treat his so badly. Illustrative. Creon then states that Ismenes innocence is clear and that only dialogue essay environment Antigone should be punished, so he takes Antigone to a cave outside the city and buries her alive.
Teiresias, the blind prophet then warns Creon that the gods are unhappy for the lack of proper burial and that his sons death shall be the wheel punishment. Creon mocks Teiresias, but the chorus reminds Creon that the prophet has never been wrong. Now worried for his sons life, Creon performs the proper burial rituals for Polyneices body. Creon then rushes to free Antigone, but it is too late, she is dead, and Haemon has killed himself for essay environment, her. A broken man, Creon returns to the kingdom only to learn that his wife, Eurydice, has killed herself after learning about her sons death.
Creon is wheel, then lead away by the chorus, lamenting in his own self misery. Dialogue Essay Environment. (BookRags, Antigone) Parados- The chorus enters and rejoices the fact that the war between the two brothers is finally over. They claim that the gods rightfully punished such arrogant boasts and hatred between the two men, and that they really got what was genuinely coming to them. (Pages 7-9, Lines 100-161) Episode I - Creon declares that the body of Polyneices wont be given a proper burial and will be left for the dogs to eat as a punishment. He then states that any person who tries to give the body a burial will be punished by death. He assigns men to dickens essay oliver guard the dialogue body to make sure no one touches it. However, a sandstorm blows dust around and Antigone performs the proper burial rights for her brother. A watchman then goes and wrinting essays tells Creon, who is enraged. (Pages 9-16, Lines 162-331) Stasimon I- The chorus sings about how nothing is more wonderful or terrible than the human race. They sing about how man is cunning and deceitful, and how justice will prevail among those who do wrong. (Pages 16-18, Lines 332-375) Episode II- The watchmen stand on guard and discover that it is Antigone who has gone against the law set by Creon. Environment. They take the girl to Creon who almost cant believe that a girl would do such a thing.
Antigone states that its wrong for of surya essay, her brothers body to be left to just rot, and that he deserved a proper burial too. Ismene then shows up and states that she helped Antigone, but Antigone states that her sister did not help at all and that it was all her fault. Creon tells his men to lock the girls up and make sure they do not get away. (Pages 18- 28, Lines 375- 581) Stasimon II- The chorus is shocked to learn that Antigone would go against the law so willingly. They sing about how such punishment will arise from such a little thing, the spreading of a thin layer of dust over essay the body of Polyneices. The chorus then declares that there is no escape from imminent disaster. Illustrative Essays. (Pages 28-30, Lines 582- 625) Episode III- Haemon enters and pleads with his father not to kill Antigone. Creon claims that Haemon is essay environment, blinded by love and must see that the law is essay house seven, more powerful. Haemon states that he doesnt have any disrespect for his father or for the law, but that its truly unfair to punish Antigone so severely. Dialogue. Creon then states that he is going to take Antigone to by charles dickens essay twist a cave and bury her alive so she can starve. Haemon then states the essay he is not going to be around Antigone when she is killed and runs off. House. (Pages 30-37, Lines 626-780) Stasimon III- The chorus sings about love. How love conquers all battles and how it prevails over everything. Then they weep over the fate of Antigone and how she will never be the bride of Haemon. (Pages 37-38, Lines 781-805) Episode IV- Antigone exchanges conversation with the chorus about essay environment how it unfair that she is being lead to seven her grave.
She states that she didnt do anything wrong, and dialogue that her brother deserved the essay respect that comes from a proper burial. Creon then states that he has no mercy, and dialogue essay environment leads her to her doom. (Pages 38-42, Lines 806-943) Stasimon IV- The chorus laments about how Antigone is of noble blood and how her noble blood is illustrative to buy, being defiled by such a cruel death. Essay Environment. They then reflect upon organizational research how her brothers too, were of essay, noble blood and how their deaths were so miserable. (Pages 42-44, Lines 944-987) Episode V- In this episode, Creon is essay to graduate, warned by the prophet, Teiresias, that the gods are not pleased that he did not give Polyneices a proper burial. He tells Creon that his punishment for not giving a proper burial will be the life of his son.
Creon believes that the prophet is mocking him and disregards his warning. However, Creon then begins to fear for his sons life and gives Polyneices a proper burial and dialogue essay environment sends his men to free Antigone. (Pages 44-50, Lines 988-1114) Stasimon V- The chorus sings about how the gods have the power to cause terrible ruin if you do not heed their warnings. Such as Creon, he should wisely listen to critical oliver twist the blind prophet because he has never been wrong before. (Pages 50-52, Lines 1115-1154) Episode VI- A messenger returns with the news that Antigone was dead, and that Creons son killed himself because of her. Creon is devastated and returns to the kingdom only to learn that his wife has also killed herself because of the loss of her son. Dialogue Essay. Creon is to buy, now completely broken and devastated and doesnt have anything left to dialogue essay live for. (Pages 52-56, Lines 1155-1260) Parados- The chorus leads Creon away in his own self misery. The state that wisdom is a very powerful tool and should be used wisely otherwise the gods will punish you for your actions. (Pages 56- 60, Lines 1261-1353) (Sophocles, Antigone ) A major theme evident within this tragedy is pride. (BookRags, Antigone) Oedipus sons, Eteocles and Polyneices, were both too prideful because they both wanted the power that came from taking over wrinting essays the throne at Thebes. As a result, it led to both of their self-destructions, as they killed each other in a battle for power. Environment. Antigone is too proud to let her brothers body be eaten and essay format destroyed by the dogs and by the vultures. As a result, she goes against the very strict law that Creon placed within Thebes.
In a way, one could argue that it was Antigones excessive pride that led to her own demise and that if she had just followed Creons laws then she wouldnt have been executed. Creons pride for Thebes is what caused Polyneices to be known as such a villain. Environment. If Creon had just buried the body properly, then he could have spared his sons and his wifes lives. Also, Creons pride within his own laws caused him to look past the prophets warning. By the time Creon finally realized that it was the gods who held the highest power, it was too late.
Creon also states that his son is like a slave to Antigone and mocks his son for organizational development research paper, not respecting his power. This causes Haemon to rush off, dejected, and later causes him to commit suicide. It is only after Creon is humbled, that he realizes the grave mistakes he has made. By this time, however, it is essay environment, too late to paper fix anything and dialogue he has lost everything.
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Example dialogue essay about …
Sample Essay Responses and Rater Commentary for the Argument Task. The sample essays that follow were written in response to the prompt that appears below . Dialogue Environment? The rater commentary that follows each sample essay explains how the response meets the criteria for that score. For a more complete understanding of the to graduate, criteria for each score point, see the Analyze an Argument Scoring Guide. In surveys Mason City residents rank water sports (swimming, boating and fishing) among their favorite recreational activities. The Mason River flowing through the city is rarely used for these pursuits, however, and the city park department devotes little of its budget to maintaining riverside recreational facilities. For years there have been complaints from essay environment residents about the quality of the river's water and the river's smell.
In response, the state has recently announced plans to clean up Mason River. Use of the gables, river for water sports is therefore sure to essay environment, increase. The city government should for that reason devote more money in this year's budget to riverside recreational facilities. Write a response in which you examine the stated and/or unstated assumptions of the organizational development research paper, argument. Be sure to explain how the argument depends on the assumptions and what the implications are if the assumptions prove unwarranted. Note: All responses are reproduced exactly as written, including errors, misspellings, etc., if any. While it may be true that the Mason City government ought to devote more money to dialogue essay environment, riverside recreational facilities, this author's argument does not make a cogent case for by charles dickens twist increased resources based on environment, river use.
It is easy to understand why city residents would want a cleaner river, but this argument is rife with holes and assumptions, and thus, not strong enough to lead to increased funding. Citing surveys of city residents, the author reports city resident's love of water sports. It is not clear, however, the scope and validity of that survey. For example, the survey could have asked residents if they prefer using the river for water sports or would like to see a hydroelectric dam built, which may have swayed residents toward river sports. The sample may not have been representative of city residents, asking only those residents who live upon the river. The survey may have been 10 pages long, with 2 questions dedicated to river sports. We just do not know. Unless the format, survey is fully representative, valid, and reliable, it can not be used to effectively back the author's argument. Additionally, the author implies that residents do not use the river for swimming, boating, and fishing, despite their professed interest, because the water is polluted and smelly. While a polluted, smelly river would likely cut down on environment, river sports, a concrete connection between the resident's lack of organizational research paper river use and the river's current state is not effectively made.
Though there have been complaints, we do not know if there have been numerous complaints from essay environment a wide range of people, or perhaps from one or two individuals who made numerous complaints. To strengthen his/her argument, the author would benefit from implementing a normed survey asking a wide range of residents why they do not currently use the river. Building upon the implication that residents do not use the river due to the quality of the of surya, river's water and essay environment, the smell, the author suggests that a river clean up will result in increased river usage. Illustrative Essays? If the river's water quality and smell result from problems which can be cleaned, this may be true. Essay? For example, if the decreased water quality and aroma is caused by pollution by factories along the river, this conceivably could be remedied. Organizational Research? But if the quality and aroma results from the natural mineral deposits in the water or surrounding rock, this may not be true. There are some bodies of water which emit a strong smell of sulphur due to the geography of the area. Environment? This is not something likely to be afffected by a clean-up. Consequently, a river clean up may have no impact upon illustrative essays to buy, river usage.
Regardless of whether the essay environment, river's quality is able to wheel essay, be improved or not, the author does not effectively show a connection between water quality and river usage. A clean, beautiful, safe river often adds to a city's property values, leads to essay, increased tourism and revenue from those who come to take advantage of the river, and a better overall quality of life for wheel residents. For these reasons, city government may decide to invest in improving riverside recreational facilities. However, this author's argument is not likely significantly persuade the city goverment to allocate increased funding. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 6.
This insightful response identifies important assumptions and thoroughly examines their implications. The essay shows that the proposal to spend more on dialogue environment, riverside recreational facilities rests on three questionable assumptions, namely: that the essays to buy, survey provides a reliable basis for budget planning that the river’s pollution and odor are the environment, only reasons for its limited recreational use that efforts to clean the water and remove the odor will be successful. By showing that each assumption is highly suspect, this essay demonstrates the format to graduate school, weakness of the entire argument. Dialogue Essay? For example, paragraph 2 points out that the survey might not have used a representative sample, might have offered limited choices, and might have contained very few questions on essay for application school, water sports. Paragraph 3 examines the tenuous connection between complaints and essay environment, limited use of the river for recreation.
Complaints about water quality and odor may be coming from essay format school only a few people and, even if such complaints are numerous, other completely different factors may be much more significant in reducing river usage. Finally, paragraph 4 explains that certain geologic features may prevent effective river clean-up. Dialogue Essay? Details such as these provide compelling support. In addition, careful organization ensures that each new point builds upon the previous ones. For example, note the clear transitions at illustrative to buy the beginning of paragraphs 3 and essay, 4, as well as the logical sequence of sentences within paragraphs (specifically paragraph 4). Although this essay does contain minor errors, it still conveys ideas fluently. Note the effective word choices (e.g., rife with . Research Paper? . . assumptions and may have swayed residents). In addition, sentences are not merely varied; they also display skillful embedding of subordinate elements. Since this response offers cogent examination of the argument and conveys meaning skillfully, it earns a score of 6. The author of this proposal to increase the budget for essay environment Mason City riverside recreational facilities offers an format to graduate interesting argument but to move forward on dialogue essay environment, the proposal would definitely require more information and thought.
While the correlations stated are logical and probable, there may be hidden factors that prevent the City from diverting resources to wrinting essays, this project. For example, consider the survey rankings among Mason City residents. The thought is that such high regard for water sports will translate into usage. But, survey responses can hardly be used as indicators of actual behavior. Many surveys conducted after the winter holidays reveal people who list exercise and weight loss as a top priority. Yet every profession does not equal a new gym membership. Even the wording of the survey results remain ambiguous and vague. While water sports may be among the residents' favorite activities, this allows for many other favorites. What remains unknown is the priorities of the general public. Do they favor these water sports above a softball field or soccer field?
Are they willing to sacrifice the municipal golf course for essay better riverside facilities? Indeed the survey hardly provides enough information to discern future use of improved facilities. Closely linked to the surveys is the wrinting essays, bold assumption that a cleaner river will result in increased usage. While it is not illogical to dialogue essay, expect some increase, at what level will people begin to use the river? The answer to this question requires a survey to find out the reasons our residents use or do not use the illustrative, river. Is river water quality the primary limiting factor to dialogue essay, usage or the lack of by charles essay docks and piers? Are people more interested in water sports than the recreational activities that they are already engaged in? These questions will help the city government forecast how much river usage will increase and to assign a proportional increase to the budget. Likewise, the author is optimistic regarding the environment, state promise to clean the river. We need to hear the source of the voices and consider any ulterior motives.
Is this a campaign year and the plans a campaign promise from the state representative? What is the timeline for the clean-up effort? Will the state fully fund this project? We can imagine the misuse of funds in renovating the riverside facilities only to watch the new buildings fall into dilapidation while the state drags the wheel essay, river clean-up. Last, the author does not consider where these additional funds will be diverted from. The current budget situation must be assessed to determine if this increase can be afforded. In a sense, the City may not be willing to draw money away from other key projects from road improvements to schools and dialogue essay, education. The author naively assumes that the money can simply appear without forethought on where it will come from. Examining all the wrinting essays, various angles and factors involved with improving riverside recreational facilities, the argument does not justify increasing the essay, budget. While the proposal does highlight a possibility, more information is wheel of surya, required to warrant any action.
Rater Commentary for environment Essay Response Score 5. Each paragraph in illustrative essays to buy, the body of this perceptive essay identifies and examines an unstated assumption that is crucial to the argument. The major assumptions discussed are: that a survey can accurately predict behavior that cleaning the river will, in itself, increase recreational usage that state plans to clean the river will actually be realized that Mason City can afford to dialogue environment, spend more on riverside recreational facilities. Support within each paragraph is both thoughtful and thorough. For example, paragraph 2 points out vagueness in the wording of the survey: Even if water sports rank among the favorite recreational activities of Mason City residents, other sports may still be much more popular. Thus, if the first assumption proves unwarranted, the argument to fund riverside facilities rather than soccer fields or golf courses becomes much weaker. Paragraph 4 considers several reasons why river clean-up plans may not be successful (the plans may be nothing more than campaign promises or funding may not be adequate).
Thus, the weakness of the third assumption undermines the argument that river recreation will increase and wrinting essays, riverside improvements will be needed at all. Instead of dismissing each assumption in isolation, this response places them in a logical order and considers their connections. Note the appropriate transitions between and within paragraphs, clarifying the dialogue essay, links among the assumptions (e.g., Closely linked to the surveys or The answer to this question requires. ). Along with strong development, this response also displays facility with language. Minor errors in punctuation are present, but word choices are apt and sentences suitably varied in pattern and length. The response uses a number of of surya rhetorical questions, but the essay, implied answers are always clear enough to support the points being made. Thus, the response satisfies all requirements for a score of 5, but its development is not thorough or compelling enough for a 6.
The problem with the arguement is the assumption that if the Mason River were cleaned up, that people would use it for water sports and recreation. This is not necessarily true, as people may rank water sports among their favorite recreational activities, but that does not mean that those same people have the financial ability, time or equipment to pursue those interests. However, even if the writer of the arguement is correct in critical dickens essay twist, assuming that the Mason River will be used more by the city's residents, the arguement does not say why the recreational facilities need more money. If recreational facilities already exist along the Mason River, why should the city allot more money to fund them? If the recreational facilities already in existence will be used more in the coming years, then they will be making more money for themselves, eliminating the need for dialogue essay environment the city government to devote more money to them. According to the arguement, the reason people are not using the Mason River for essay house seven water sports is because of the smell and essay, the quality of water, not because the recreational facilities are unacceptable. If the city government alloted more money to the recreational facilities, then the budget is being cut from wrinting essays some other important city project. Also, if the assumptions proved unwarranted, and more people did not use the dialogue essay, river for recreation, then much money has been wasted, not only the of surya essay, money for the recreational facilities, but also the money that was used to clean up the river to dialogue essay environment, attract more people in the first place.
Rater Commentary for house seven gables Essay Response Score 4. This competent response identifies two unstated assumptions: that cleaning up the Mason River will lead to increased recreational use that existing facilities along the river need more funding. Paragraph 1 offers reasons why the first assumption is essay environment, questionable (e.g., residents may not have the necessary time or money for water sports). Similarly, paragraphs 2 and 3 explain that riverside recreational facilities may already be adequate and may, in fact, produce additional income if usage increases. Thus, the response is adequately developed and organizational, satisfactorily organized to show how the argument depends on questionable assumptions. However, this essay does not rise to a score of 5 because it fails to consider several other unstated assumptions (e.g., that the dialogue environment, survey is reliable or that the efforts to clean the river will be successful). Furthermore, the final paragraph makes some extraneous, unsupported assertions of essay its own.
Mason City may actually have a budget surplus so that cuts to essay, other projects will not be necessary, and cleaning the river may provide other real benefits even if it is not used more for water sports. This response is generally free of errors in illustrative, grammar and usage and displays sufficient control of language to support a score of 4. Surveys are created to speak for the people; however, surveys do not always speak for the whole community. A survey completed by Mason City residents concluded that the residents enjoy water sports as a form of recreation. If that is so evident, why has the river not been used?
The blame can not be soley be placed on the city park department. The city park department can only do as much as they observe. The real issue is not the residents use of the river, but their desire for dialogue essay a more pleasant smell and a more pleasant sight. If the city government cleans the river, it might take years for the smell to go away. Essay For Application School? If the budget is changed to accomodate the dialogue essay, clean up of the Mason River, other problems will arise. The residents will then begin to complain about critical essay oliver twist other issues in their city that will be ignored because of the essay, great emphasis being placed on Mason River.
If more money is taken out of the illustrative, budget to clean the river an assumption can be made. This assumption is that the dialogue environment, budget for another part of development paper cit maintenance or building will be tapped into dialogue environment to. In addition, to the budget being used to essay house, clean up Mason River, it will also be allocated in essay, increasing riverside recreational facilites. The government is trying to appease its residents, and by charles dickens essay, one can warrant that the role of the government is to please the people. Dialogue Essay Environment? There are many assumptions being made; however, the government can not make the assumption that people want the organizational development paper, river to be cleaned so that they can use it for recreational water activities. The government has to realize the long term effects that their decision will have on the monetary value of their budget. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 3. Even though much of this essay is tangential, it offers some relevant examination of the dialogue environment, argument’s assumptions.
The early sentences mention a questionable assumption (that the survey results are reliable) but do not explain how the survey might have been flawed. Then the response drifts to irrelevant matters a defense of the development research paper, city park department, a prediction of dialogue essay budget problems and wheel, the problem of pleasing city residents. Some statements even introduce unwarranted assumptions that are not part of the original argument (e.g., The residents will then begin to complain about other issues and This assumption is that the budget for another part of city maintenance or building will be tapped into). Near the end, the dialogue essay, response does correctly note that city government should not assume that residents want to use the river for recreation. Hence, the proposal to increase funding for riverside recreational facilities may not be justified. In summary, the wrinting essays, language in this response is reasonably clear, but its examination of dialogue unstated assumptions remains limited and therefore earns a score of illustrative to buy 3. This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical. First, this statement mentions raking water sports as their favorite recreational activities at the first sentence. Essay? However, it seems to have a ralation between the first sentence and the setence which mentions that increase the quality of the river's water and the river's smell. This is a wrong cause and result to solve the problem. Second, as a reponse to the complaints from residents, the state plan to clean up the to graduate, river.
As a result, the dialogue essay, state expects that water sports will increase. When you look at two sentences, the result is wheel essay, not appropriate for essay the cause. Third, the last statement is the conclusion. However, even though residents rank water sports, the wheel, city government might devote the dialogue, budget to another issue. This statement is also a wrong cause and result. In summary, the statement is not logical because there are some errors in it. The supporting setences are not strong enough to support this issue. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 2.
Although this essay appears to essay, be carefully organized, it does not follow the directions for the assigned task. In his/her vague references to causal fallacies, the writer attempts logical analysis but never refers to dialogue, any unstated assumptions. Furthermore, several errors in grammar and sentence structure interfere with meaning (e.g., This statement looks like logical, but there are some wrong sentences in it which is not logical). Because this response does not follow the directions for the assigned task and contains errors in sentence structure and logical development, it earns a score of 2. The statement assumes that everyone in Mason City enjoys some sort of recreational activity, which may not be necessarily true. The statement also assumes that if the organizational development paper, state cleans up the river, the use of the river for water sports will definitely increase. Rater Commentary for Essay Response Score 1. The brevity of this two-sentence response makes it fundamentally deficient. Sentence 1 states an assumption that is essay environment, actually not present in for application school, the argument, and sentence 2 correctly states an assumption but provides no discussion of its implications.
Although the response may begin to address the essay, assigned task, it offers no development. As such, it is critical dickens oliver twist, clearly extremely brief . Essay Environment? providing little evidence of an illustrative essays organized response and earns a score of 1. Register for the GRE General Test. Get never-before-offered official GRE practice tests, scores within minutes for dialogue essay all three measures and explanations for correct answers! Show schools only the development paper, scores you want them to see only with the ScoreSelect ® option. Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Registration, Test Centers and Dates ¡ Tests and Products. ETS Measuring the Power of dialogue environment Learning. ® Copyright 2017 by Educational Testing Service.
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Whose Fault Is It?: Dialogue …
Sri Chinmoy on the nature and goals of contemplative practice. Sri Chinmoy (1931–2007) has written extensively on the concrete details of contemplative practice as well as its purpose in the wider context of yoga as a system of environment spiritual disciplines leading to God-realization. The paper summarizes his teachings with an emphasis on how contemplative practice is done and how it works in attaining its goals. Sri Chinmoy distinguishes between concentration, meditation and contemplation (the last a term he reserves for highly advanced practice). While not offering a single “technique” but rather a toolbox of many techniques from which the practitioner can choose, he commends a particular basic approach or method while always recognizing the validity of other approaches. On the path of love, devotion and surrender, Sri Chinmoy emphasizes a focus on the heart and dickens, cultivation of aspiration, an inner cry for self-transcendence.
In actual practice, this approach attenuates the ego and essay environment, eventually brings illumination into a person’s entire consciousness. The paper explains how this process relates to samadhi , which is by charles critical dickens essay oliver twist, described, and the difference between samadhi and realization. The paper also touches on the relation between meditation and action and the further goal, beyond God-realization, of “God-manifestation” or integral transformation of the individual, human society and the evolving cosmos. Sri Chinmoy declares, In this world there is only one thing worth having, and that is illumination… The highest illumination is God-realisation. This illumination must take place not only in the soul, but also in the heart, mind, vital and body. God-realisation is a conscious, complete and essay environment, perfect union with God. 1.
The purpose of life is to realise the highest Truth, to reveal the highest Truth, and to manifest the essay gables highest Truth. Our earthly existence is the opportunity to dialogue essay, grow and essays to buy, develop both within and without. Inwardly, we grow in our realisation of Truth, and outwardly we grow into the manifestation of our realisation. 3. What is dialogue essay, Yoga? Yoga is the language of of surya essay God. If we wish to environment, speak to God, we have to learn His language… If we wish to see through God’s Eye and feel through His Heart, if we wish to live in God’s Dream and know God’s Reality, if we wish to possess the wheel Breath of God, and finally if we wish to become God Himself, Yoga will beckon us. 4.
Born Chinmoy Kumar Ghose in dialogue, 1931 in the village of Shakpura in Chittagong, East Bengal, Sri Chinmoy was the youngest of seven children in a prosperous and well-educated Kayastha family. 5 He was himself beckoned to format school, the spiritual life at an early age, and years later recalled, “I have known intuitively, since my early childhood, that there is a deeper Self within me.” 6 His parents, Shashi Kumar Ghose and his wife Yogamaya, were orthodox Hindus, observing annual festivals and other customs and practices in a traditional manner. Each of the child’s parents and older siblings was engaged in the practice of dialogue essay prayer and meditation, and in this setting his own spirituality was formed and nourished. The oldest child in the family, Hriday Ranjan, at 21 became a disciple of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother, Mirra Alfassa, leaving home to join their Ashram in Pondicherry when his youngest brother was still an infant. The whole family soon became disciples of Sri Aurobindo and the Mother, and wrinting essays, made the journey from Chittagong to Pondicherry several times. Chinmoy’s childhood was a deeply happy one, spent roaming the countryside and dialogue, exploring the city of Chittagong, where his father worked, when he was not in essay format school, school or in the bosom of his family. This idyllic time came to an end when Chinmoy was eleven. Shashi Kumar died late in 1942 and Yogamaya passed away a year later. In April 1942 on the western front of World War II Asia, Burma had fallen to Japanese forces, which then began to bomb Chittagong and dialogue essay environment, the Bay of Bengal. Severe food shortage developed, leading to famine throughout Bengal in 1943.
7 Under these drastic circumstances, the wheel Mother of the Sri Aurobindo Ashram changed the policy that did not allow children to become residents. With those of his brothers and sisters not already there, Chinmoy joined the essay environment Ashram in July 1944, just before his thirteenth birthday. His six brothers and sisters remained there for the rest of their lives and none ever married. They were a close-knit family of spiritual practitioners. No mind, no form, I only exist; Now ceased all will and wrinting essays, thought. The final end of Nature’s dance,
I am It whom I have sought. 8. In his 14th year, by his own account, he became fully conscious of the spiritual realization attained in his previous lives, saying that, “it was just like turning the pages of environment a book that I had already devoured.” 9 In the wrinting essays years that followed he would expand and solidify this realization, meditating many hours a day. At the same time he continued his studies, excelled in athletics, and wrote poetry and prose. For 8 years he was the essay environment secretary of the well-known Bengali man of letters, Nolini Kanta Gupta, who had been one of Sri Aurobindo’s first disciples and illustrative essays, was Secretary of the Ashram. 10 During this time he translated dozens of Nolini’s essays and articles from essay environment, Bengali into English. 11 After 20 years at the Ashram, Chinmoy travelled to New York in 1964, answering an inner call to share his knowledge with spiritual seekers in the West and later throughout the world. For more than 40 years until his passing in 2007 he gave talks, wrote, composed and performed music, created innovative sports programs, and engaged in dialogue with people from all walks of life while teaching a growing community of disciples. Beginning in 1970 he led meditations for peace at United Nations headquarters in New York 12 and was a strong supporter of the interfaith movement. 13 He became known as an advocate of peace and the exponent of a dynamic spirituality of transformation accepting all areas of human endeavor as venues of spirituality.
His teachings on essay twist contemplative practice are founded on his own inner experience and articulated in his distinctive poetic and philosophical voice. Environment. He draws from the works of his teacher Sri Aurobindo, and also from Sri Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda, with whom his family felt a strong connection and whose influence also permeated the wrinting essays life of the Ashram. 14 Sri Chinmoy powerfully affirms the worldview of these immediate forebears, and essay environment, like them he looks to wrinting essays, the Upani?ads and the Bhagavad Gita as fountainheads of dialogue environment Indian tradition. 15 Allowing for differences of style and by charles critical oliver twist, vocabulary, as well as areas of special focus, we may say that this shared worldview includes the following features: a concept of the Divine as a plentitude of being having many aspects – with form and formless, personal and impersonal, and both within and beyond the world 16 ; pluralism of the yogas or spiritual paths, each of which is a valid approach to dialogue, realization; acceptance of wheel essay evolution as a cosmic progress which unfolds aspiring consciousness from dialogue essay, within matter, taking yoga to be part of this progress; and illustrative essays to buy, acceptance of the manifested world and essay environment, the necessity of service to others, working to to buy, transform not only the individual but society at large. This is, needless to say, the briefest outline of an dialogue essay environment exceedingly rich and nuanced subject, but provides some general context for what follows. The exposition of illustrative contemplative practice given here is based on Sri Chinmoy’s extensive writings and is aided in understanding by my own observation and practice under his guidance as his student since 1971. 17.
Basic elements of contemplative practice. The diverse traditions of yoga include concentration, meditation, prayer, and mantra repetition along with other disciplines that support these contemplative practices. Dialogue. Sri Chinmoy prioritizes meditation but does not recommend any particular technique, and in fact hardly ever uses the by charles critical dickens term “technique.” On one occasion he transposed the word into essay a context far beyond its usual one, saying, “Our technique is the practice of conscious surrender to God’s Will, divine love for God, and constant self-dedication to the Supreme within us. This is the technique which my disciples follow.” 18 He nonetheless explained a good many specific procedures and exercises for meditation, which comprise a toolbox of techniques from which the essay format for application to graduate practitioner can choose (his students have collected many of these in a book called 101 Meditation Techniques from the Writings of Sri Chinmoy 19 ). Each person has his own way of meditating. What actually happens is that sometimes an individual gets from within himself a kind of meditation.
An inner being comes forward and tells the individual to pray or meditate in this or that way, that this or that will help…When you have a teacher, you are extremely lucky, especially if the teacher is a genuine one. If you don’t have a teacher, but you have genuine aspiration, God within you will tell you the correct meditation. Dialogue Environment. 21. The real inner voice that gives true guidance can be recognized because it brings “a feeling of inner joy or peace, where there are no questions or problems or doubts.” 22 While stating that a qualified teacher can be of enormous help to the aspirant, Sri Chinmoy at the same time insistently maintains throughout his writings that ultimately the real Guru, for illustrative essays to buy, everyone, is the Supreme. Concentration is the surest way to reach our goal, whether the goal is God-realisation or merely the dialogue essay environment fulfillment of human desires. A real aspirant sooner or later acquires the power of concentration either through the Grace of God, through constant practice or his own aspiration. When we concentrate, we are like a bullet entering into essay something or we are like a magnet pulling the object of concentration toward us. At that time we do not allow any thought to enter our mind, whether it is divine or undivine, earthly or heavenly, good or bad. In concentration the entire mind has to be focused on a particular object or subject.
25. Simple concentration exercises might be focusing on a candle flame, one’s fingertip, or a word which is repeated. Sri Chinmoy advises, “When you want to essay environment, practice concentration, you should choose something that gives you immediate joy.” 26 Activities requiring practice, discipline and focused attention, such as musical performance or athletics, can also help develop concentration. When we concentrate, we focus our attention on one particular thing…But when we meditate, we feel we have the capacity deep within us to see many things, deal with many things and welcome many things all at the same time. When we meditate, we try to expand ourselves, like a bird spreading its wings. We try to expand our finite consciousness and enter into the universal Consciousness where there is no fear, jealousy or doubt but only essay school, joy, peace and divine power. Meditation means our conscious growth into the Infinite. Dialogue Environment. When we meditate, what we actually do is to enter into a vacant, calm, silent mind and allow ourselves to be nourished by Infinity itself.
When we are in meditation, we only want to commune with God. Seven Gables. 27. Intention is at the core of meditation practice. Why am I meditating? And what am I meditating on? The highest goal of yoga is God-realization and for dialogue essay, all who aspire to this goal, yoga or “the spiritual life” as Sri Chinmoy calls it, is a process of transformation. For Sri Chinmoy, this transformation calls for an ongoing cultivation of positive qualities such as peace, light, joy, and love, as well as the purification of negative qualities which are their opposites. Within this process, each aspirant develops his or her own unique way of meditation suited to his or her disposition and circumstances, as already mentioned. Accordingly the individual practitioner must discern what qualities he or she needs to cultivate at a given moment as well as in the long run, and critical dickens essay oliver, meditate on essay environment these qualities. Thus in Sri Chinmoy’s instructions for meditation, imagination and school, invocation related to dialogue environment, the practitioner’s intention and need are continually mentioned.
Imagination is an important power of thought that can and should be employed in yoga. Sri Chinmoy says, “Imagination is not / A whim of the mind. / It is essay house, a reality in its own right.” 28 One can use imagination to access a sought-for reality in the many realms of consciousness. Thus in describing meditation procedures Sri Chinmoy very often says, “try to feel that…,” encouraging students to invoke a certain image and experience, and dialogue essay, through “feeling” to identify with and assimilate a particular quality found there. To give a few examples from the many meditation procedures Sri Chinmoy has offered, here is house gables, a simple meditation on peace. Dialogue Essay Environment. One should try to feel that as one breathes out, one is breathing out of surya, all of one’s stress, worry, and frustration. Then one should try to feel, as one breathes in, that one is breathing in peace (a good meditation at dialogue essay environment, the end of a working day). If one feels tired, Sri Chinmoy suggests, “Imagine a blue-green forest or field, and feel that you are walking through it. Then, no matter how tired you are, you will feel energized” (in a more elaborate meditation to overcome fatigue one imagines breathing in cosmic energy through the eyes, ears, forehead and to buy, other parts of the body).
29 These meditations, along with many more, engage the individual’s imagination to increase positive or “divine” qualities and to evoke the more advanced experiences towards which contemplative practice is aiming. Sri Chinmoy often speaks of dialogue essay “prayer and meditation” together in one phrase indicating that they are joint practices and observes that many saints have realized God solely through prayer. Essay House Seven. 30 This naturally does not mean petitionary prayer for the fulfillment of ordinary desires, but prayer for those things that will expedite spiritual progress. Dialogue Environment. “If we want to differentiate between prayer and meditation,” Sri Chinmoy says, “prayer is the conscious ascent of the human consciousness and meditation is an wrinting essays invitation to the Infinite or an offering to the Infinite.” 31 A special kind of prayer may appear spontaneously in very high states of meditation when the mind is totally silent and dialogue, “light itself automatically forms its own thoughts and ideas,” which may even be without words. 32. Sri Chinmoy has composed hundreds of wheel of surya essay prayers and upholds the indispensable role of prayer. He often says that the highest prayer is that of Jesus, “Thy Will be done.” Rather than requesting something for oneself or others, one asks that God’s Will be done in God’s own way. At the core of Sri Chinmoy’s philosophy is surrender, and until one unites one’s own will with God’s Will in surrender, there is neither complete oneness nor the fullness of dialogue environment peace. In an wrinting essays early talk he says, “If we can surrender in absolute silence, we shall ourselves become the dialogue essay Reality of the Real, the essay Life of the Living, the Centre of true Love, Peace and essay environment, Bliss. We shall become an wrinting essays incomparable blessing to ourselves.” 33 He comments that while “Everything about love, devotion and surrender is written in the Bhagavad Gita,” these norms are found in many traditions. Dialogue Essay. 34 One might even aver that cross-culturally, in theistic spiritualities that speak of love, surrender or self-offering is likely to assume a prominent place. If you want to make the correct decision, you have to meditate most soulfully for at least ten minutes.
During this time, you must not have any thought – good or bad. The mind has to be completely empty. After meditating for about ten minutes, you will bring tremendous will-power from the paper third eye. Then you will try to uncover your heart chakra. If you feel that there is something covering your heart chakra like a lid, you will just uncover it. Essay. Once you uncover the illustrative heart chakra, you will receive a whisper. That whisper will come in the form of light or in dialogue essay environment, your own language. It will not form a sentence – only one word. The light will be connected with your vision-eye [the third eye] and the connection will be there inside the heart. There we do not form sentences.
But from that one syllable or one word you will be able to correctly get the message and that will be your final and infallible decision. 35. Here one sees again the phenomenon of meaning appearing from the midst of silence, as in the case of the special kind of prayer previously mentioned. Wheel Essay. Given the great importance of discerning God’s Will along with the challenge of doing so in everyday life, Sri Chinmoy has discussed different approaches to the question of knowing the divine Will. In general, it is needful to pray regularly to do God’s Will, which brings us back to prayer and its importance. One should also attend to the messages of the heart rather than those of the mind, as will be explained further below, and again, a qualified teacher can help significantly. Meditation differs from prayer because rather than asking for dialogue essay, anything, one throws oneself into development research paper a sea, as it were, of divine qualities where any and dialogue essay environment, all of one’s needs can be fulfilled.
One enters into a larger reality or invites it to enter into one’s own being. …is the essay format to graduate soundless sound. It is the vibration of the Supreme. It is a single, indivisible, ineffable sound. Dialogue Environment. When we hear the soundless sound within, when we identify with it, when we live within it, we can be freed from the critical essay oliver twist fetters of ignorance and realize the Supreme within and without. 36. AUM is God’s sound. Every second God is dialogue environment, creating Himself anew inside AUM. This sound He uses to create the world; this sound He uses to essay, preserve the world; this sound He uses to transform the world. 37.
One of the great feats of essay Indian philosophy is its penchant for development paper, pointing to the unspeakable without naming it… Puru?a is the silence prior to essay, all sound. Isvara , referred to as the “ pranava (o?),” is the closest of to buy all approximations to puru?a and hence an appropriate object of meditation. O? is a “saying” that is dialogue, simultaneously no-saying and illustrative essays to buy, all-saying, the closest sound to silence. 40. the mantra or expressive sound symbol of the brahman in its four domains from the turiya to the external or material plane (i.e., the outward looking, the inward or subtle, and essay, the superconscient causal – each letter A, U, M indicating one of these three in ascending order and wrinting essays, the whole bringing out the fourth state, turiya ); used as an initiating syllable pronounced as a benedictory prelude and sanction. 42. Swami Vivekananda also emphasizes its significance, not only in Raja Yoga , his commentary on Patanjali, but in Bhakti Yoga and elsewhere; in a lengthy 1897 talk on “The Vedanta” he exhorts his listeners to dialogue environment, know that “You are the wrinting essays Om; know the secret of essay environment this Tattvamasi [You are That].” 43 In sum, with this strong current of transmission from India to the West, both an acquaintance with AUM’s meaning and adoption of its use as a mantra in essay format school, meditation practice have now become widespread. 44 For those concerned with yoga as a spiritual discipline today, this ancient mantra has retained its power and applicability.
Aspiration and transcendence of the ego. The key to both prayer and meditation is aspiration. 45 Aspiration is the longing for environment, a higher, deeper, and more fulfilling reality, imaged as a “cry,” a “hunger” or a “flame” mounting within us. Critical Essay Twist. It is the principle of dialogue essay environment self-transcendence innate in all existence. Sri Chinmoy holds that the Godhead Itself, Sat-Cit-Ananda , is always going beyond Its own Infinity, and throughout his writings calls God “the ever-transcending Beyond.” 46 He says, “Brahman, the infinite Consciousness, is always in the process of transcending the limitless expanse of the Beyond.” 47 When the Supreme creates the universe, the illustrative to buy process of the dialogue environment One becoming the many is an expression of God’s own Aspiration, the wrinting essays dynamism of self-transcendence inherent in dialogue, the Divine Itself: “In the world of aspiration, God, who was at the very beginning one, wanted to become many. Wheel Of Surya Essay. When He wanted to become many, He sang the song of self-transcendence. By fulfilling Himself in the world of multiplicity, He offers us the dance of perfection.” 48 Within each of the numberless finite beings in the manifested world, there is unconscious or conscious aspiration.
In the evolutionary worldview mentioned earlier, aspiration is the driving force of all evolution, progress and creativity. In yoga, conscious spiritual aspiration is the “inner urge” that moves contemplative practice forward. There is a Self that is the transcendental Self – the silent Self. When we go deep within, in our highest, most sublime meditation, we discover this Self…The self that we use in essay, our day-to-day life, in our earthly reality, is the essay to graduate school self of the physical world, of the mental and of the environment vital world. Each world has a kind of essay school self.” 49.
Self-realization and God-realization are equivalent because God the One, when immanent in the many, is the individual soul: the atman or jiva . The finite and illusory selves of the physical, vital (emotions and life-energy) and mental existence must be set aside if one is to perceive the essay transcendental Self. One of Sri Chinmoy’s songs, composed in both Bengali and English, gives a condensed expression of this: “ Khudra amire haraite habe brihat amire labhite – I must lose the essay format for application to graduate school little ‘I’ to get the dialogue environment big ‘I.’ ” 50 Because the construction of the limited ego depends to development paper, a great extent on the physical mind, the essay control of thought is indispensable in contemplative practice directed to realization. A poem says: “The physical mind / Not only has the barrier / But also is the barrier itself. / If you want to surmount the physical mind, / Then go to the beautiful garden / Of love-light inside your heart.” 51. The oneness of all existence cannot be seen intuitively or felt through love until the mind’s maintenance of the illusion of separateness has been dismantled. On the path that Sri Chinmoy teaches of love, devotion and surrender, the wrinting essays fastest and most effective way to accomplish this is to enter into dialogue essay the heart and to essay, remain in the consciousness of the heart as much as possible. By “the heart” he means the heart center or chakra that is part of the “subtle body” in many yoga traditions. The heart is where the soul abides and essay environment, possesses the qualities of light, joy, peace, and love naturally because of its proximity to the soul.
Further reflection on essay school the ontology of the heart as the boundary between the world and environment, the transcendent is beyond the scope of this essay, but let us note that the essay to graduate heart is a faculty of knowledge as well as the dialogue environment center of love, affection, and compassion. Sri Chinmoy often refers to the heart as knowing through “feeling” – a special kind of psychic emotion distinct from, and more subtle than, the research paper ordinary emotions of the dialogue essay unillumined vital. But he speaks as well of “the eye of the heart” (an expression also found in Sufism) and wrinting essays, says, for example, “To see the ultimate Truth / We must open / Our heart-eye,” and “The vision / Of the heart-eye / Is unlimited.” 52 Therefore Sri Chinmoy offers an array of meditations intended to focus consciousness on essay the heart, open the wrinting essays heart, and bring the heart’s qualities of love, peace, and joy into the outer being, that is, into the mind, the essay environment vital, and essay, the body. One may imagine that one is a young child, playing spontaneously in essay, a flower garden which is the heart. Or one may visualize a flower in one’s heart, then that one’s heart is itself the by charles critical essay flower, which is opening petal by petal, and dialogue essay environment, then feel that one’s body and by charles oliver, the heart-flower have become co-extensive and that one’s entire body is permeated with the fragrance of the flower. Additionally, one may visualize the sun rising within one’s heart, or the vast sky within one’s heart, 53 images as old as the dialogue essay environment Upani?ads, which speak of the soul as located in the heart ( h?d, h?daya ) on numerous occasions. 54. Contemplative practice attenuates the ego by reducing or removing its components and the supports that energize it, correcting thoughts that reinforce the sense of a separate self divided from others, and instead constantly directing awareness to essay, a larger reality through increased love and essay environment, devotion. It is here that traditional ascetic practices of restraint have a role to play.
If the mind surrenders to the heart – by no means easy to bring about – and receives light and instruction from the soul through the heart, then the emotions, vital energy, and the body can also receive illumination in the course of time. Love may here be defined as the affective awareness or “feeling” of an ontological oneness (oneness meaning unity-in-difference). Devotion intensifies and sweetens love and impels it to action; surrender is an active volitional identification. These three phases of love move towards a more and more complete consciousness of oneness with the Divine that is of surya, already actual in dialogue essay environment, being, but not yet known. In full realization, love and knowledge converge.
The Truth we have seen and felt in meditation, we grow into and become totally one with in contemplation…Contemplation means our conscious oneness with the essay house seven gables infinite, eternal Absolute. Essay Environment. Here the creator and essay for application school, the creation, the lover and the beloved, the environment knower and the thing known, become one. One moment we are the divine lover and God is the Supreme Beloved. The next moment we change roles. In contemplation, we become one with the Creator and illustrative essays to buy, see the whole universe inside us. At that time, when we look at our own existence we don’t see a human being. We see something like a dynamo of peace, light and bliss.
In contemplation, the dialogue environment entire universe and farthest Goal we feel deep inside ourselves. Development Paper. When we are contemplating, we feel that we are holding within ourselves the entire universe with its infinite Light, Peace, Bliss and Truth. There is no thought, no form, no idea; it is all one stream of consciousness. In our highest contemplation we feel that we are nothing but Consciousness itself; we are one with the Absolute. 57. In the foregoing passage it is mentioned three times that in contemplation we “see” or “feel” the dialogue entire universe “inside” ourselves, and seven gables, the description below of nirvikalpa samadhi says that in this state the essay whole universe is seen as a dot inside one’s “vast heart.” Such yogic experiences of expanding into a vast divine consciousness correspond to certain major themes of panentheism: that the world is by charles dickens, within God, that God is essay, more than the world, and essay, that God is conscious. Dialogue Environment. This is not surprising as it is recognized that Indian traditions, which generally acknowledge a possible relation of mystical experience and philosophical construction, house a wealth of panentheistic views and resonances. Especially relevant in this context is that Sri Chinmoy’s own spiritual teacher, Sri Aurobindo, whose philosophy is yoga-based, is considered a panentheist by essays to buy, a number of scholars. 58. Even though contemplation is highly advanced, Sri Chinmoy has offered a visualization that may give some idea of this experience: “Try to environment, imagine a golden being, and feel that he is wrinting essays, infinitely more beautiful than the most beautiful child that you have ever seen on earth. This being is environment, your beloved Lord Supreme.” One then imagines the existence of oneself as the wrinting essays lover and the golden being as the Beloved on the top of a mountain in the Himalayas or at essay, the bottom of the Pacific Ocean, “whichever is easier…” Next, one is instructed to feel one’s self as the Beloved Supreme and to imagine that the golden being is the divine lover. Organizational Development Research Paper. “It is like a game of divine hide-and-seek.
When you become the Supreme Beloved, the divine lover seeks you, and when you become the divine lover, you search for your Beloved Supreme.” 59 Sri Chinmoy’s description of contemplation resembles his account of certain states of samadhi , to which we now turn. In nirvikalpa samadhi we have no mind. We see the essay environment Creator, the Creation and the Observer as one Person. There the object of adoration and essay for application to graduate, the person who is dialogue, adoring become totally one; the Lover and wrinting essays, the Beloved become totally one. We go beyond everything and at the same time we see that everything is real…when we enter into nirvikalpa samadhi , the dialogue essay environment first thing we feel is that our heart is larger than the universe itself…When we are in nirvikalpa samadhi , we see the universe like a tiny dot inside our vast heart.” 62.
Nai, nai, nai, ami ar nai No, no, no! I no longer exist. Shudhu achhe ek chhaya What exists is only a fragile shadow. Sahasa sonali alor jhalake And that, too, has lost its existence-life. Seo je harai kaya In a golden lightening spark. 65. The awakening of the ku??alini and the opening of the chakras may result in experiences like those just described, but no experience as such as is equivalent to realization. There is an enormous difference between samadhi and full realization; one may enter samadhi and then leave it and return to ordinary consciousness, while God-realization is a lasting transformation. In contrast to samadhi , “In realisation, one’s whole consciousness has become inseparably and eternally one with God.” 66. God-realization is not merely an experience, but a conscious and also permanent oneness with the illustrative to buy Supreme, who is and has always been our highest Self. “Self-awareness / And / Conscious oneness with God / Are not / Two different things,” 67 Sri Chinmoy says. The phrase “another God” occurs throughout his writings, and in one poem he asks, “What is dialogue, it like to be another God? / It is like attaining / Not only organizational research, your unattained self / But also your unattainable Self.” 68 One’s entire being including the dialogue environment mind, vital, and essay house gables, body receive this God-consciousness in an integral and irreversible illumination.
In the process of yoga as described by Sri Chinmoy, concentration enables us to lay aside whatever is an impediment, meditation enables us to “see,” “feel,” and then expand and grow into the divine Reality, while contemplation enables us to become that Reality in environment, consciousness. Beyond God-realization lie the further goals of revelation and manifestation. “God-manifestation” – the ever-transcending transformation and divinization of the world – is illustrative to buy, of central importance in Sri Chinmoy’s philosophy. It draws together all aspects of his spiritual vision and ethical concerns, and here only a brief indication can be given. Sri Chinmoy compares realization to touching a tree, and then climbing it and picking the fruit (something he did countless times in his childhood). If I possess the fruit, this is realization. If I take it out and dialogue essay, show it to others, this is revelation. To share the fruit with others so that they eat it themselves and digest it is manifestation 69 . All the wheel of surya varied activities of human life can become ways of dialogue environment sharing the by charles critical dickens fruit with others and can be places of dialogue essay environment contemplative practice. “Meditation in action is manifestation,” Sri Chinmoy says. “God has to occupy one’s mind, and in this state of divine concentration,” one should serve the illustrative world while seeing the Divine in all. 70. The very purpose of dialogue essay environment creation, the divine Play or Lila , is organizational paper, a cosmic progress in which God’s qualities are increasingly assimilated and become more and more concretely present in dialogue essay, the world.
Because this transformation is the ultimate goal of format school humans and all life, dedication to dialogue, the process of God-manifestation is an inseparable part of conscious aspiration and contemplative practice in the teachings of Sri Chinmoy. “Realisation is not / The end of the to buy road,” Sri Chinmoy says. “It is only a challenge / On the way to God’s / Perfect Manifestation on environment earth.” 71. In conclusion, all of the contemplative practices described in this essay, from the most basic to critical essay oliver twist, the most advanced, are to be done in the midst of life. Sri Chinmoy strongly holds that meditation and prayer must not be separated from our outer experience. This is because the goal of God-manifestation requires acceptance of the world, and what is not accepted cannot be transformed. He declares, “We have to accept life and then we have to essay, transform it to to graduate school, make it a perfect instrument of God…if we do not accept the world, we can never transform it. Dialogue Essay Environment. If something is imperfect, only by touching it, making it part and parcel of our lives, can we make it perfect.” 72 If we want to make the world better, we have to live in the world. Moreover, seclusion or withdrawal do not help us to progress towards realization – for that what is essay house seven gables, needed is aspiration, self-offering, and love for God. To be sure, every practitioner does need to establish meditation in quietude and can then draw from its reserves of dialogue essay peace and light while immersed in the day’s activities, but as she or he becomes more advanced will develop the capacity to also meditate even while involved in action, and in spite of illustrative essays all distractions and problems. We should not fear the world or reject it because of its darkness and ignorance, but be spiritual heroes as we aspire for our own illumination and work for the common good, dedicating each action to God. As Sri Chinmoy often says, we should “love God the Creator and serve God the creation.”
A fully realized person is constantly united with the inner reality of truth and light and is at environment, all times conscious of essay for application school it, yet this person too is engaged in striving as he or she embraces the challenges of revelation and manifestation. At all stages, contemplative practice builds a bridge between the inner and outer realities. Meditation is dialogue environment, practiced not only in wrinting essays, silence, but eventually also in dialogue, sound. Its outer expression guides and empowers the seeker’s service to the world, without which there can be no transformation. Wheel Of Surya Essay. When the divine qualities of the inner life can be manifested in the outer world, it will then be changed into a world of perfection and fulfillment. See Pedersen 2006 . Sri Chinmoy’s vision of the Divine can be characterized as panentheistic. For succinct statements of the panentheistic perspective see Biernacki 2014 , 3 and Clayton 2010 , 184–85; both refer to Charles Hartshorne’s “classic definition.” See Hartshorne and Reese, eds., 2000 , 16–18. The following account of Sri Chinmoy’s early life is based on his autobiographical writings, including Chinmoy 1992 , 1994 , 1998 and 1996b . Autobiographical passages are also found in dialogue essay environment, many of his other works. For a detailed analysis of the Bengal famine, see Greenough 1982 . He has published excerpts from wrinting essays, his journal of his years with Nolini as A Service-Sun, A Service Flame , Chinmoy 2003a . See, for essay environment, example, Gupta 1970 ; the essays first appeared in English serially in Mother India , 1961–1963. On Sri Chinmoy’s connection with Sri Ramakrishna and Swami Vivekananda, see Pedersen 2011 . As already mentioned, a panentheistic view; see Note 3.
My purpose in wheel of surya, this essay is to give a straightforward summary of Sri Chinmoy’s account of essay environment contemplative practice primarily, with a very condensed statement of the larger worldview in which the practice is illustrative essays to buy, embedded. While much that is essential is drawn together in the anthology on meditation (1978b) and essay environment, his book on samadhi and God-realization (1974e), much else is found throughout his voluminous writings (more than 1500 works), in which poetry is as important as prose for illustrative to buy, virtually any topic under consideration. I have quoted from a wide range of dialogue essay environment these works as needed. These three correspond roughly to the dhara?a , dhyana and samadhi of the development paper Yoga Sutra . For Sri Chinmoy’s discussion of this question, see 1978b, 74–75. Chinmoy 1978b , 108–09. Chinmoy 2015 , 1135–36. Ibid., 54; for a general explanation see 47–58. Moore Gerety 2015 , 415, 420. The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishna 1984 , 404, 653.
Vivekananda 1979 , in Raja Yoga in Collected Works, Vol. 1, 217–220; in dialogue essay, Bhakti Yoga , in Collected Works , Vol. 3, 56–59; “The Vedanta,” Ibid., 426. AUM has also occasioned theological reflection drawing on Western and Christian concepts, such as John G. Wrinting Essays. Arapura’s identification of AUM as the “self-evoking aspect of Brahman” within his interpretation of the Upani?ads as “the Logos ( Vak ) in its self-manifestation – and environment, the Logos is the assurance of organizational development paper both thought and mystical experience; it is that which makes them possible.” “Spirit and Spiritual Knowledge in the Upani?ads.” Arapura 1989 , 78, 66. See Pedersen 2006 , 171–73. Chinmoy 1986 , No. 21. Chinmoy 1982b , No.
4021. Chinmoy 2003 , No. 25, 806; 2002 , No. 30, 095. For a discussion of these and other themes, see Olivelle 2006 . We should bear in mind that in English the terms “contemplation” and “meditation” do not have precise or technical meanings apart from one or another specific religious context.
Clayton 2010 , Stensell and Phillips 2010 , and Murphy 2014 . Philip Clayton comments on the connection of environment spirituality to panentheism: “panentheism fosters its own distinctive spirituality…From yogic practices to Quaker worship, these spiritualities make their own contribution to the storehouse of the world’s spiritual practices.” 2010, 190–91. The Sanskrit word siddhi means “attainment,” “success” or “perfection.” It most often refers to the various supranormal or “occult” powers attainable through the practice of yoga, but can also be used to mean the state of enlightenment or realization attained by wrinting essays, a siddha or spiritually perfected being. Sri Chinmoy almost always uses the term “realization” but chose to use “ siddhi ” in the second sense for the title of this book. Chinmoy 1983a , No. 66. Chinmoy 1983 b, No. 1800. I would like to thank Chidananda Burke, Christopher Key Chapple, Adhiratha Keefe, Jeffery D. Long, Christopher Miller, Mahatapa Palit, Brahmacharini Michelle Rebidoux, Nilima Silver and Swami Yatidharmananda for their helpful comments during the writing of environment this essay. No funding has been received for the research undertaken to do this article.
Kusumita P. Pedersen is the sole author of this article. The author declares that she has no competing interests. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License ( http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ ), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and illustrative essays, reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. Kusumita P. Pedersen 1 Email authorView author's OrcID profile 1. Emerita of Religious Studies St. Francis College Jamaica USA. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. .RIS Papers Reference Manager RefWorks Zotero. .BIB BibTeX JabRef Mendeley. Over 10 million scientific documents at dialogue environment, your fingertips.
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Alexander Pope Pope, Alexander (Poetry Criticism) - Essay. Alexander Pope 1688–1744. Essay Environment. English poet, critic, translator, and essayist. Deemed the critical dickens oliver twist perfecter of the English heroic couplet, Pope is considered the foremost writer of the Augustan Age and one of the most forceful poetic satirists of all time. His verse is viewed as the ultimate embodiment of eighteenth-century neoclassical ideals. These ideals, such as order, beauty, sophisticated wit, and refined moral sentiment, are exemplified throughout his verse, but particularly in such works as An Essay on Criticism (1711) and the mockheroic poem The Rape of the Lock (1712).
Like these works, virtually all of Pope's writings are concerned with the moral, social, and dialogue environment, intellectual state of humanity, which he considered of utmost relevance to his craft. Pope's most controversial work and most often considered his masterpiece, The Dunciad (1728), severely satirizes London writers who Pope believed had unjustly maligned him or who he considered contributors to the dissolution of gables Augustan ideals in England. Although satire, inspired by that of Roman poet Horace, represents much of his literary corpus and dialogue, claim to critical praise, Pope is also highly revered for his monumental translations of Homer's Iliad and Odyssey and for his critical discussions of poetry and aesthetics. Organizational Development Research Paper. Pope was born in London and dialogue, was the only child of a moderately wealthy linen merchant, Alexander, and his second wife Edith. Under the Anglican rule of William of illustrative Orange and Mary Stuart, who ousted the Catholic monarch James II in the year of Pope's birth, Pope's family, like all Roman Catholics living in England at the time, faced numerous restrictions. They were, for example, forbidden by law to practice their religion openly, to hold public office, or to attend public schools and universities. Also enacted at this time was a law prohibiting Catholics from residing within ten miles of London, and so the Popes relocated to nearby Windsor Forest, beside the Thames. Under these circumstances, Pope received his education irregularly through private tutors and Catholic priests but was largely self-taught. By the dialogue essay environment age of twelve, he was already well versed in Greek, Roman, and English literature and diligently emulated the works of his favorite poets.
At this time, though, Pope contracted a tubercular condition from infected milk, which caused permanent curvature of the spine and illustrative essays to buy, severely stunted growth; as a result, he attained a maximum height of only four feet, six inches, and throughout adulthood was so physically disabled that he. required daily care. Environment. Yet, this did not deter Pope from the literary life he sought. By his teens, after voluminous reading of the classics, he had come to regard the heroic couplets of John Dryden as the highest, most sustained form of gables English poetry yet produced, and so he decided to pattern his verse after this Restoration master. During periodic visits to London at this time, Pope met three of Dryden's contemporaries: the poet William Walsh, and dramatists William Wycherley and William Congreve. Through the environment influence of these writers, Pope's manuscript of his early bucolic poems, the Pastorals, captured the critical dickens essay attention of publisher Jacob Tonson, then Britain's leading publisher, and in 1709 the environment Pastorals appeared in Tonson's Poetical Miscellanies. Pope later became friends with Whig writers Joseph Addison and Richard Steele, publishers of the Spectator, and contributed poems and articles to wheel of surya, their journal during the next few years. Pope's growing understanding of the commercial aspects of publishing and his established position as the prominent poet of the age led him to dialogue essay, obtain enough money to render him the first independently wealthy, full-time writer in English history.
Pope's huge financial and literary successes enraged lessfortunate London writers and critics. Due to essay format to graduate, his success, as well as his Catholic religion and essay environment, unpopular Tory politics, Pope attracted abusive critical and personal attack with nearly every new literary venture he began. He closely oversaw the publication of virtually everything he wrote, often editing and reissuing his works in updated and collected volumes. During his later years, Pope began revising his poems in preparation of illustrative essays to buy a complete, edited edition of his works. He died in 1744 of dialogue environment acute asthma and illustrative to buy, dropsy before completing this task.
Pope's first published poetic work, the Pastorals, a series of four poems named after the dialogue essay seasons, is seven gables, consciously affined with the verse of Virgil, Edmund Spenser, John Milton, and Dryden. This sequence was inspired by Pope's youth in Windsor Forest and idealizes shepherd life. An Essay on Criticism is at once a treatise of dialogue essay environment literary theory and working manual of versification. To Graduate School. It is divided into three parts: part one creates a vision of the golden era of dialogue environment art and criticism, part two presents a vision of decay and disorder in literary criticism, and part three puts forth a means of reformation and restoration in literary endeavors, emphasizing in particular the basic precepts of clarity, impartiality, and public responsibility. Composed at the age of twenty-three, this work rendered literary London awestruck, for it displayed not only a precocious mastery of the couplet form but originated a wealth of impeccably expressed eighteenth-century sentiments, including To err is human, to forgive divine and A little learning is of surya, a dangerous thing, which have since become firmly embedded in English and American culture.
The Rape of the essay environment Lock was first published in illustrative essays two cantos in 1712 and essay, expanded to five cantos in seven gables 1714. This work is ostensibly based on a real-life incident that occurred in 1711, when a young man publicly cut a lock of hair from the head of a young, beautiful female relation. The Rape of the Lock was written on the request of a friend to dialogue, heal the estrangement between the two families. Influenced by the fusion of high humor and moralization characteristic of the Spectator, the charming, slightly irreverent depiction of English high society in critical essay oliver twist The Rape of the Lock quickly endeared the poem to readers throughout the dialogue environment country. Eloisa to Abelard (1717) is poem based on a well-known tragic love story between Pierre Abelard, a French philosopher and theologian, and Heloise, a pupil twenty-one years his junior who became his lover, the mother of his child, and development paper, later his secret wife. When her family learned about the relationship, they had Abelard castrated; he became a monk and Heloise became a nun. Pope's poem is written in essay environment the form of a letter from Heloise to Abelard years after their separation and format for application to graduate school, addresses the conflict between love of God and love of man. Until the publication of The Dunciad, Pope had refrained from wholesale refutation of critical and personal attacks, but pent-up anger at being caricatured as an ape, a madman, and a literary scoundrel, as well as growing impatience with what he saw as a widespread profanation of the environment writer's responsibility to society, led him to the tradition of satire which was to become his focus for the remainder of his career.
In the first edition of The Dunciad, Pope designated as his chief victim Lewis Theobald, a writer who had heavily criticized Pope for his emendations and modernizations of Shakespeare. The following year, Pope published The Dunciad, Variorum, which included mock-pedantic footnotes intensifying his attack on the reputations and wrinting essays, abilities of essay a host of London critics and writers. In 1743, Pope expanded The Dunciad to four books and by charles dickens oliver, broadened its satirical scope to encompass the whole of English society, which he believed by then to be near moral collapse: Lo! thy dread Empire, CHAOS is restored; / Light dies before thy uncreating word; / Thy hand, great Anarch! lets the curtain fall; / And Universal Darkness buries all. Essay. An Essay on dickens oliver Man (1734) is a philosophical poem that addresses the nature of humankind, God's design for the world, and the role of dialogue essay environment humankind within this system. Pope incorporated numerous philosophical and theological theories into this work, particularly those of two influential thinkers, Lord Shaftesbury, who believed that man was by nature social and benevolent, and Thomas Hobbes, who believed man was selfish and impelled by wrinting essays, passion and self-preservation.
An Essay on Man is generally optimistic in tone, with Pope declaring at the conclusion of the poem: And all our knowledge is, OURSELVES TO KNOW. Dialogue Environment. Since Pope's death, the merit of wrinting essays his literary achievements has been hotly debated. During the second half of the eighteenth century, such critics as Joseph Warton, William Warburton, and essay environment, Samuel Johnson all accorded Pope high status as a gifted versifier, critic, and translator. Yet, none deemed his major poems poetry in its highest form. Such appraisals foreshadowed the prominent nineteenthcentury critical viewpoint, that of Pope as a crafty wordsmith who was oblivious to the highest poetic subjects—the documentation of illustrative essays to buy personal experience and the natural world, subjects with which Romantic poets concerned themselves. Recapitulating this stance near the end of the century, Matthew Arnold asserted that the works of dialogue essay environment Pope and his literary predecessor, Dryden, represented classics of English prose rather than poetry. However, the emergence of new critical methodologies in the twentieth century, along with the publication of development research a complete edition of Pope's works and a resurgence in Augustan literature, has helped vindicate Pope as a classic English poet and widely broadened the public's understanding and dialogue essay environment, appreciation of his works.
Despite having been written during Pope's adolescent and early adult years, such poems as the pastorals, Verses to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady, Windsor-Forest, and Eloisa to for application school, Abelard, have been highly acclaimed since their first appearance as exemplary poems of beauty, human passion, and suffering. The charge that Pope abandoned these concerns to his detriment in later years has been refuted by dialogue environment, modern scholars who emphasize the workings of not only a keen intellect but of a feeling, fully sensitive individual as well. Although these works have been labeled trite or historically unimportant in comparison to Pope's major works, they remain outstanding initial demonstration of the wrinting essays poet's control of meter and language. Undoubtedly Pope's most publicly cherished work is dialogue essay environment, The Rape of the Lock. Celebrated as a masterstroke of English originality in his lifetime and scrutinized as an ethereal curiosity in the nineteenth century, it has, in the present century, attracted profuse, diverse interpretation, from by charles critical dickens essay twist, character analyses to examinations of Pope's political motivations and extensive literary allusions to The Iliad, The Aeneid, and Paradise Lost. Perhaps the approach that has most illuminated this work in relation to dialogue, Pope's others is that which focuses on his concurrent acceptance of and satiration of high English society.
At present, Pope's literary reputation is exceedingly high. He ranks as the unquestioned master of the heroic couplet, and this, combined with his keen satiric and moral sensibility, affords Pope an exalted position as one of the most proficient and powerful versifiers of all time. Access our Alexander Pope Study Guide for Free. Pastorals 1709; published in Poetical Miscellanies: The Sixth Part. Wrinting Essays. An Essay on dialogue environment Criticism 1711. The Messiah 1712; published in the journal The Spectator. * The Rape of the Lock 1712; published in Miscellaneous Poems and Translations.
Windsor-Forest. To the Right Honourable George Lord Lansdown 1713. The Rape of the Lock. An Heroic-Comical Poem. Format School. In Five Cantos 1714. Essay. The Temple of Fame: A Vision 1715.
Eloisa to Abelard 1717; published in The Works of Mr. Alexander Pope. (The entire section is 341 words.) Get Free Access to this Alexander Pope Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this resource and thousands more. Get Better Grades. Our 30,000+ summaries will help you comprehend your required reading to ace every test, quiz, and essay. We've broken down the chapters, themes, and characters so you can understand them on your first read-through.
Access Everything From Anywhere. We have everything you need in one place, even if you're on the go. Download our handy iOS app for development research free. John Dennis (essay date 1711) SOURCE: Reflections Critical and Satyrical, Upon a Late Rhapsody, Call'd, An Essay Upon Criticism, in essay The Critical Works of John Dennis: 1692-1711, Vol. 1, edited by Edward Niles Hooker, The John Hopkins Press, 1939, pp. 396-422. [ Dennis was a minor eighteenth-century writer who is generally esteemed for his literary criticism. However, his several unusually abusive attacks on the character and writings of Pope have largely diminished his posthumous status in the field. In the following excerpt, taken from Dennis's first pamphlet attack on Pope, Reflections Critical and Satyrical, Upon a Late Rhapsody, Call'd, An Essay Upon. (The entire section is 62753 words.) Get Free Access to essay twist, this Alexander Pope Study Guide. Start your 48-hour free trial to dialogue essay, unlock this resource and wheel essay, thousands more. Guerinot, J. V. Pamphlet Attacks on essay Alexander Pope 1711-1744.
New York: New York University Press, 1969, 360 p. Descriptive bibliography of nearly one hundred sixty critical attacks on seven Pope and dialogue essay, his works that appeared during his lifetime. Lopez, Cecelia L. Alexander Pope: An Annotated Bibliography, 1945-1967. Gainesville: University of of surya essay Florida Press, 1970, 154 p. Lists studies about Pope and his works. Tobin, James Edward. Essay Environment. Alexander Pope: A List of Critical Studies Published from 1895 to 1944. New York. Gables. (The entire section is 1940 words.) Alexander Pope Homework Help Questions. In Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock, the rules, as he describes them in essay environment An Essay on development research paper Criticism, would not apply at all because The Rape of the Lock is not serious, but lightly satirical. Alexander Pope's The Rape of the Lock was published in 1712 in two cantos and enlarged to five cantos in 1714. This, the greatest mock-epic poem in English, takes as its model.
The Dunciad is a satiric poem by Alexander Pope in the form of a mock-epic. As with Pope's Rape of the Lock, the satire is achieved by taking many of the formal structures of the classic heroic. Alexander Pope's Essay on Criticism was written by essay, him in 1709 when he was barely twenty years old, and published in 1711. Critical Essay Twist. E on C has become a landmark of criticism in English Literature for two. During the 18th Century, Alexander Pope was known as. . the greatest English poet since John Milton.
And while this impression did not last in essay the Romantic and Victorian eras, this poem shows.
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40 Useful Words and dialogue environment, Phrases for Top-Notch Essays. The secret to a successful essay doesn’t just lie in the clever things you talk about and essays to buy, the way you structure your points. To be truly brilliant, an essay needs to dialogue essay environment, utilise the right language. You could make a great point, but if it’s not intelligently articulated, you almost needn’t have bothered. Developing the language skills to build an argument and to write persuasively is crucial if you’re to write outstanding essays every time. In this article, we’re going to organizational development paper, equip you with the words and phrases you need to write a top-notch essay, along with examples of how to essay environment, utilise them. It’s by no means an development research exhaustive list, and there will often be other ways of using the essay environment words and phrases we describe that we won’t have room to include, but there should be more than enough below to help you make an instant improvement to essay twist, your essay-writing skills – whether you’re a native English speaker or taking your first steps into writing essays in English. Let’s start by looking at language for general explanations of dialogue environment, complex points. Usage : “In order to” can be used to introduce an explanation for the purpose of an argument. Example : “In order to understand X, we need first to illustrative, understand Y.”
Usage : Use “in other words” when you want to express something in environment, a different way (more simply), to make it easier to understand, or to research, emphasise or expand on essay environment, a point. Example : “Frogs are amphibians. In other words, they live on the land and in the water.” Usage : This phrase is another way of saying “in other words”, and can be used in particularly complex points, when you feel that an wheel of surya alternative way of wording a problem may help the reader achieve a better understanding of its significance. Example : “Plants rely on essay, photosynthesis. To put it another way, they will die without the sun.” Usage : “That is” and “that is to say” can be used to add further detail to your explanation, or to be more precise.
Example : “Whales are mammals. That is to say, they must breathe air.” Usage : Use “to that end” or “to this end” in format for application school, a similar way to essay environment, “in order to” or “so”. Example : “Zoologists have long sought to understand how animals communicate with each other. Wheel. To that end, a new study has been launched that looks at elephant sounds and their possible meanings.” Adding additional information to support a point. Students often make the mistake of using synonyms of dialogue essay, “and” each time they want to add further information in support of a point they’re making, or to build an argument. Here are some cleverer ways of doing this. Usage : Employ “moreover” at the start of a sentence to add extra information in essays, support of a point you’re making.
Example : “Moreover, the results of a recent piece of dialogue essay environment, research provide compelling evidence in wrinting essays, support of…” Usage :This is also generally used at the start of a sentence, to add extra information. Example : “Furthermore, there is evidence to suggest that…” Usage : This is used in dialogue, the same way as “moreover” and essays, “furthermore”. Example : “What’s more, this isn’t the only evidence that supports this hypothesis.”
Usage : Use “likewise” when you want to dialogue essay environment, talk about something that agrees with what you’ve just mentioned. Example : “Scholar A believes X. Likewise, Scholar B argues compellingly in of surya essay, favour of essay environment, this point of view.” Usage : Use “similarly” in the same way as “likewise”. Example : “Audiences at the time reacted with shock to essay format for application to graduate, Beethoven’s new work, because it was very different to what they were used to. Similarly, we have a tendency to dialogue essay, react with surprise to wrinting essays, the unfamiliar.” Usage : Use the phrase “another key point to remember” or “another key fact to environment, remember” to introduce additional facts without using the word “also”. Example : “As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and wrinting essays, nature. Dialogue Essay. Another key point to remember is development, that Blake was writing during the essay environment Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.”
Usage : Use “as well as” instead of “also” or “and”. Example : “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” Usage : This wording is used to add an extra piece of information, often something that’s in some way more surprising or unexpected than the first piece of essay for application school, information. Example : “Not only did Edmund Hillary have the honour of being the first to reach the summit of Everest, but he was also appointed Knight Commander of the Order of the British Empire.” Usage : Used when considering two or more arguments at essay environment a time. Example : “Coupled with the literary evidence, the school statistics paint a compelling view of…”
Usage : This can be used to structure an dialogue essay environment argument, presenting facts clearly one after the other. Example : “There are many points in support of this view. Essay To Graduate School. Firstly, X. Dialogue. Secondly, Y. And thirdly, Z. 16. Not to mention/to say nothing of. Usage : “Not to wrinting essays, mention” and “to say nothing of” can be used to add extra information with a bit of emphasis. Example : “The war caused unprecedented suffering to millions of people, not to dialogue essay environment, mention its impact on the country’s economy.”
Words and phrases for demonstrating contrast. When you’re developing an argument, you will often need to present contrasting or opposing opinions or evidence – “it could show this, but it could also show this”, or “X says this, but Y disagrees”. This section covers words you can use instead of the “but” in organizational development research, these examples, to dialogue environment, make your writing sound more intelligent and interesting. Usage : Use “however” to introduce a point that disagrees with what you’ve just said. Example : “Scholar A thinks this.
However, Scholar B reached a different conclusion.” Usage : Usage of this phrase includes introducing a contrasting interpretation of the dickens oliver twist same piece of evidence, a different piece of evidence that suggests something else, or an opposing opinion. Example: “The historical evidence appears to dialogue essay environment, suggest a clear-cut situation. On the other hand, the archaeological evidence presents a somewhat less straightforward picture of what happened that day.” Usage : Used in development paper, a similar manner to “on the other hand” or “but”. Example : “The historians are unanimous in telling us X, an agreement that suggests that this version of events must be an accurate account. Dialogue. Having said that, the development research archaeology tells a different story.” Usage : Use “by contrast” or “in comparison” when you’re comparing and contrasting pieces of evidence. Example : “Scholar A’s opinion, then, is based on dialogue essay, insufficient evidence.
By contrast, Scholar B’s opinion seems more plausible.” Usage : Use this to cast doubt on format for application, an assertion. Example : “Writer A asserts that this was the essay environment reason for what happened. Then again, it’s possible that he was being paid to say this.” Usage : This is used in the same way as “then again”. Example : “The evidence ostensibly appears to point to this conclusion. That said, much of the evidence is essay format for application, unreliable at best.” Usage : Use this when you want to introduce a contrasting idea. Example : “Much of scholarship has focused on this evidence. Yet not everyone agrees that this is the most important aspect of the situation.” Adding a proviso or acknowledging reservations.
Sometimes, you may need to acknowledge a shortfalling in a piece of evidence, or add a proviso. Here are some ways of doing so. Usage : Use “despite this” or “in spite of this” when you want to dialogue essay, outline a point that stands regardless of format, a shortfalling in the evidence. Example : “The sample size was small, but the results were important despite this.” Usage : Use this when you want your reader to consider a point in the knowledge of something else. Example : “We’ve seen that the dialogue methods used in the 19th century study did not always live up to the rigorous standards expected in scientific research today, which makes it difficult to draw definite conclusions. With this in mind, let’s look at wheel of surya essay a more recent study to see how the results compare.” Usage : This means “on condition that”.
You can also say “providing that” or just “providing” to mean the same thing. Example : “We may use this as evidence to essay, support our argument, provided that we bear in house, mind the limitations of the methods used to obtain it.” Usage : These phrases are used when something has shed light on essay, something else. Example : “In light of the evidence from the 2013 study, we have a better understanding of…” Usage : This is by charles twist, similar to “despite this”. Example : “The study had its limitations, but it was nonetheless groundbreaking for dialogue its day.” Usage : This is the to buy same as “nonetheless”. Example : “The study was flawed, but it was important nevertheless.” Usage : This is environment, another way of saying “nonetheless”. Example : “Notwithstanding the essay gables limitations of the methodology used, it was an important study in the development of how we view the workings of the environment human mind.” Good essays always back up points with examples, but it’s going to get boring if you use the expression “for example” every time.
Here are a couple of organizational development, other ways of saying the same thing. Example : “Some birds migrate to avoid harsher winter climates. Swallows, for instance, leave the UK in early winter and fly south…” Example : “To give an environment illustration of wrinting essays, what I mean, let’s look at the case of…” When you want to demonstrate that a point is particularly important, there are several ways of dialogue essay, highlighting it as such. Usage : Used to introduce a point that is wrinting essays, loaded with meaning that might not be immediately apparent. Example : “Significantly, Tacitus omits to tell us the kind of gossip prevalent in essay environment, Suetonius’ accounts of the same period.” Usage : This can be used to mean “significantly” (as above), and it can also be used interchangeably with “in particular” (the example below demonstrates the first of these ways of using it). Example : “Actual figures are notably absent from illustrative essays to buy Scholar A’s analysis.” Usage : Use “importantly” interchangeably with “significantly”.
Example : “Importantly, Scholar A was being employed by X when he wrote this work, and was presumably therefore under pressure to portray the essay situation more favourably than he perhaps might otherwise have done.” You’ve almost made it to the end of the essay, but your work isn’t over wrinting essays yet. You need to end by wrapping up everything you’ve talked about, showing that you’ve considered the dialogue arguments on both sides and reached the most likely conclusion. Wrinting Essays. Here are some words and environment, phrases to help you. Usage : Typically used to research, introduce the concluding paragraph or sentence of an essay, summarising what you’ve discussed in dialogue essay, a broad overview. Example : “In conclusion, the illustrative evidence points almost exclusively to Argument A.” Usage : Used to essay environment, signify what you believe to be the most significant point, and the main takeaway from the essay.
Example : “Above all, it seems pertinent to remember that…” Usage : This is a useful word to use when summarising which argument you find most convincing. Example : “Scholar A’s point – that Constanze Mozart was motivated by financial gain – seems to me to be the most persuasive argument for her actions following Mozart’s death.” Usage : Use in the same way as “persuasive” above. Example : “The most compelling argument is presented by Scholar A.” Usage : This means “taking everything into essay seven account”. Example : “All things considered, it seems reasonable to assume that…”
How many of these words and phrases will you get into your next essay? And are any of your favourite essay terms missing from our list? Let us know in essay, the comments below! 221 Responses to organizational research paper, “40 Useful Words and Phrases for Top-Notch Essays” January 09, 2015 at 8:47 am, Jimmy Tan said: January 23, 2016 at 1:13 am, AN INDIAN said: It is very useful for junior as well as to senior.It is dialogue environment, awesome……………… thanks for essay school this. November 29, 2016 at 9:46 am, Mofasa said: March 10, 2017 at 3:30 pm, Vaibhavi said: May 04, 2017 at 3:54 pm, felix said: September 17, 2017 at dialogue 8:02 am, arjun said:
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For example, ‘As a Romantic, Blake was a proponent of a closer relationship between humans and nature. Another key point to remember is illustrative to buy, that Blake was writing during the Industrial Revolution, which had a major impact on the world around him.” You link these facts incorrectly – they are not a series of essay, points that are additive. Wheel Of Surya. They are causally related, i.e. one is a consequence of the dialogue other. I believe this is better, both logically and stylistically: ‘Romantic writers, including Blake, decried the negative impact of the illustrative essays Industrial Revolution on, amongst other things, society’s connectedness with the natural world. Consequently he foregrounded the importance of improving the relationship between humankind and nature.’ You also lace your examples with contractions and these have no place in academic writing.
September 19, 2016 at 11:18 am, Helena said: March 23, 2017 at essay environment 5:33 pm, Dr. Jim Loving said: You are correct. I have taught writing for 40-plus years, and I find many of these suggestions wordy and unnecessary. For instance, “In order to” can simply to be “To.” June 02, 2015 at 1:48 am, phertauwete said: Thanks so much, I got it. June 05, 2015 at wheel essay 5:17 am, william said: Thank you very much, I’m having my O-level English in about 2 hours now and you really helped me. Dialogue Essay Environment. I’m sure i can score an A now #128512;
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Thanks a lot! It was very helpful for my term end English examination! October 04, 2015 at 4:47 pm, Joanna said: This is helpful! Thanks for sharing! October 06, 2015 at dialogue 10:59 pm, Joe said: Thanks for the list.
I think it would also be helpful to include a list of words to help express the thoughts of the writers being referenced in the essay, for wrinting essays example, “Jacob states that teachers need to consider the learning abilities of all students” or “Williams asserts that reading English texts more often can increase the writing skills of ESL learners”. It sometimes becomes boring to keep saying, “so-and-so states that…” October 12, 2015 at 9:07 am, faiz said: This was useful for dialogue essay environment me. October 14, 2015 at 3:09 am, Lilow W. said:
This article was wonderful. Furthermore, I don’t think my world history grade, as well as my grades in language arts and science, would have been half of wheel of surya, what they are now without it. Environment. All things considered, this was an amazing article and wrinting essays, I recommend it to dialogue, anyone looking to give their essay an elegant twist. October 15, 2015 at 3:41 pm, Ayushi said: Thanks!! Really a very useful list! October 18, 2015 at 3:29 pm, Missy said: Really helpful ……………. Thank you guys. October 19, 2015 at 10:49 am, steven O'Donnell said: I would have also included “in fact”
October 19, 2015 at 9:42 pm, Tom Howell said: *Gasp* As someone who has studied and house, takes a modicum of interest in the English language, and having spent a lifetime writing scientific essays, all I can say is this list of dialogue, cliches will not aid you in your academic pursuits. This is essay for application to graduate school, a categorical list of English don’ts that will undoubtedly be highlight with a sigh, and a comment something along the lines of “Please, no more” – paraphrased of course. Some of these are inescapable and are useful tools, but please use in moderation. If you truly wish to improve your writing, consider the use of dialogue, language in literature you may study as part of your academic endeavours – be it english or technical based. What makes a writing style worthy of note, and what makes it tedious and monotonous? The use of structure, engaging writing styles, and even metaphors can be true keys to essay success. December 07, 2015 at 8:24 am, Jeff B. said: Tom, I must agree.
In my English class such cliches as listed here would be highlighted and returned to the student with an admonition to “please use your own words,” or something to that effect. As I like to joke, “Cliches should be avoided like the essay house plague.” October 20, 2015 at essay environment 8:22 pm, yoursif said: October 22, 2015 at 5:00 pm, nur amira said: thanks it was indeed helpful. November 02, 2015 at 1:11 pm, sania said: really..its very helpful. im unanimous in asserting that how this has engendered an advantageous impact..in my result. November 12, 2015 at 10:59 am, Alex said: This is illustrative, so great… thanks for the A grade. November 16, 2015 at essay environment 1:22 pm, Chala said:
Thanks a lot for essay seven gables this helpful article. One question though: The example given for phrase 12 “Scholar A argued that this was due to X, as well as Y.” has a comma included after “X”, but isn’t a serial comma incorrect in a series of two items? November 21, 2015 at 9:05 pm, Yo said: November 26, 2015 at essay environment 5:29 pm, courage said: thanks very much.very useful we look forward for other posts.
November 29, 2015 at 1:13 am, Joey said: I don’t really feel comfortable using firstly, secondly, thirdly to of surya, introduce new points… does anyone else feel the essay environment same? December 07, 2015 at 7:58 am, Jeff B. said: While some of the suggestions in this article are valuable, I am going to of surya, have to essay environment, agree with Tom Howell about the use of cliches. By Charles Critical Dickens Essay Twist. Many of the phrases suggested (e.g. “To put it another way” and dialogue essay environment, “Another key thing to of surya, remember”) are cliches, and should be avoided in original writing. Another note: this article recommends the use of “In conclusion” to essay environment, introduce the conclusion. My suggestion is to avoid it, and I am not the wheel of surya only one who feels this way. To quote the Writing Center at Harvard University: summary,’ and ‘to sum up.’ These phrases can be. useful–even welcome–in oral presentations. Essay Environment. But. readers can see, by the tell-tale compression of the.
pages, when an essay is about to end. You’ll irritate. your audience if you belabor the essay obvious.” If your readers cannot figure out that from dialogue reading your text that you are presenting your conclusion, then your conclusion has more problems than simply the introduction to it. December 07, 2015 at research 8:03 am, Jeff B. said: Note: In my comment above, I should have specified “for college-level writing… and above.” Further, I will say that sometimes, indeed, “In conclusion” can be a useful phrase, but in environment, many if not most cases it should be avoided. December 07, 2015 at 10:43 am, Jeff B. said: * Assuming, of course, that my “comment above” is organizational research, actually posted after it undergoes “moderation.” Otherwise my note makes no sense… December 07, 2015 at 8:25 pm, pavla said: put (or set) the dialogue essay environment record straight.
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February 12, 2016 at 9:45 am, ORA Admin said: Thank you for essays to buy your comment. It is worth bearing in mind that examiners often consider idioms risky, as when over-used (or mis-used) they can place a candidate at a disadvantage. You are absolutely correct, however, that learning idioms is vital to acquiring fluency in any language – you might enjoy our article on some of the more bizarre idioms in the English language! Best of luck in your studies,
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It’s very important not to get caught up trying to write better American prose. Don’t do any such thing. Just try to dialogue environment, think, Am I saying what I mean? Have I pared away, have I taken away all the words except the ones that say what I mean. And then your writing will be fine. You have the illustrative essays to buy most wonderful writers in America, really great stylists, people like Damon Runyon, and there’s no floweriness, no literary effect, in the work of Damon Runyon, he is as neat as he can possibly be.
One of his stories begins ‘Some parties who do not wish him well have put Maury in some quicklime.’ March 23, 2017 at 5:39 pm, Dr. Dialogue Essay. Jim Loving said: Excellent advice. Many writing students would do well to read Zinsser’s book “On Writing Well.” He emphasizes clarity in illustrative essays to buy, writing, and dialogue essay, no one does it better. May 04, 2016 at 1:43 pm, angielski said: Very useful to have it in one place. Development Paper. Thanks ! May 10, 2016 at 7:57 pm, Cheese said: Hello Oxford Royale community, Thank you for this extremely helpful guide on improving flow using phrases. Dialogue. This has helped me improve, overall, as I have now taken these tips to of surya, my heart.
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Not only my essay but my language has also impproved. October 19, 2016 at 9:45 am, Achyuth said: October 26, 2016 at 4:50 am, Stormy said: Are you kidding. As an environment English professor, these are all overused phrases that I WOULD NOT want my students to use. I teach my students how to be original rather than use cliche phrases. Ugh! Not helpful.
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Above all #128521; Thanks . October 26, 2016 at 4:52 am, Carol said: These cliche phrase will NOT help you write a top-notch essay. Do NOT use these. October 26, 2016 at 11:52 pm, KittyKat300 said: Awesome tips I got a great grade! October 30, 2016 at 1:28 am, lolo said: November 01, 2016 at 1:15 am, sylvia said: this are very helpful, thanks bro : ) November 01, 2016 at 2:41 pm, Julia Jeka said: Great!!
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essays of thoreau Thoreau is much better known as the environment author of Walden and other nature writings than as a political writer. In fact as this this passage from his essay “Walking” (1862) shows, his attitude toward politics was very different from his appreciation of the natural world: “Man and his affairs, church and state—and school, trade and commerce, and manufactures and agriculture—even politics, the most alarming of them all—I am pleased to see how little space they occupy in wheel of surya, the landscape.Politics is but a narrow field, and that still narrower highway yonder leads to dialogue environment it. I sometimes direct the traveler thither. Essay. If you would go to the political world, follow the great road—follow that market man, keep his dust in dialogue, your eyes, and it will lead you straight to it—for it too has its place merely, and does not occupy all space. Illustrative Essays. I pass from it as from a bean field into the forest, and environment it is forgotten. In one half hour I can walk off to format for application school some portion of the earth’s surface where a man does not stand from one year’s end to another and there consequently politics are not, for they are but as the cigar smoke of a man.” How would you characterize Thoreau’s attitude toward politics, toward nature? Why does he find politics to dialogue environment be the most “alarming” of all human affairs?
What does it mean to organizational paper compare politics to dialogue “cigar smoke”? Consider that this essay was published during the organizational development second year of the Civil War. Does that fact change the dialogue essay way you view the passage. Illustrative To Buy. Why? However much Thoreau wished to avoid politics and government, they both impacted his life. Essay. Like many Americans in essay for application school, the North before the Civil War, Thoreau was morally opposed to slavery. Dialogue Essay Environment. Further, he viewed the U.S. – Mexican War (1846 – 48) as an unjust aggression against a neighboring country and also as a means by which the southern states would acquire more territory for slavery. Thoreau’s essay, now popularly known as “Civil Disobedience,” was originally titled “Resistance to Civil Government.” He delivered it as a lecture in 1848 and published it 1849.
The impetus for the essay was Thoreau’s refusal to pay the essay format school poll tax and his subsequent stay in jail overnight. He was protesting both the Mexican war and environment the U.S. government’s support for slavery. He was not alone in his protest as this page from Digital History makes clear. The essay makes the case for the right to break the law under certain circumstances. As it is a very long essay, we have selected several paragraphs which give the crux of his argument. The questions after each paragraph are designed to development help you understand his argument. The tiles in brackets are not in the original but have been supplied by the editor.
“Government is at best an essay environment expedient” I HEARTILY ACCEPT the wheel motto—That government is best which governs least; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically. Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe—That government is best which governs not at all; and when men are prepared for it, that will be the kind of government which they will have. Dialogue Environment. Government is at best but an expedient; but most governments are usually, and all governments are sometimes, inexpedient. The objections which have been brought against a standing army, and they are many and weighty, and deserve to dickens essay oliver twist prevail, may also at last be brought against a standing government. The standing army is dialogue environment, only an arm of the research paper standing government. The government itself, which is only the mode which the people have chosen to environment execute their will, is equally liable to be abused and perverted before the people can act through it. Witness the present Mexican war, the work of comparatively a few individuals using the standing government as their tool; for, in the outset, the people would not have consented to research this measure. What is essay environment, Thoreau’s position concerning the purpose of government? The quote with which he begins is wrinting essays, sometimes attributed, incorrectly, to Thomas Jefferson. In the Declaration of Independence, Jefferson stated the purpose of government this way: “ To secure these rights [to life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness] governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the dialogue essay environment consent of the governed” What is the difference between this statement and Thoreau’s view?
Provide a definition for “expedient” as it is used in context. In what sense are all governments “expedient”? In what sense are they not? How does Thoreau believe the development research paper government has been “abused and perverted?” Thoreau asserts that the Mexican War is an example of a few men in environment, the government acting without the house seven consent of the people. Essay Environment. A young Whig congressman Abraham Lincoln voted for seven a resolution that declared the war unnecessary and accused President Polk of violating the Constitution in commencing it.
How does this help Thoreau’s case? “Government never of itself furthered any enterprise” This American government—what is dialogue environment, it but a tradition, though a recent one, endeavoring to transmit itself unimpaired to posterity, but each instant losing some of its integrity? It has not the vitality and force of house, a single living man; for a single man can bend it to his will. Essay Environment. It is a sort of wooden gun to the people themselves. Wheel Of Surya. But it is not the less necessary for this; for the people must have some complicated machinery or other, and hear its din, to satisfy that idea of government which they have. Governments show thus how successfully men can be imposed on, even impose on essay environment themselves, for their own advantage.
It is excellent, we must all allow. Yet this government never of itself furthered any enterprise, but by the alacrity with which it got out of research, its way. It does not keep the country free. Dialogue Essay. It does not settle the West. It does not educate. The character inherent in the American people has done all that has been accomplished; and it would have done somewhat more, if the government had not sometimes got in its way. For government is an expedient by which men would fain succeed in letting one another alone; and, as has been said, when it is most expedient, the critical dickens governed are most let alone by it. Trade and commerce, if they were not made of dialogue environment, India rubber, would never manage to bounce over the obstacles which legislators are continually putting in their way; and, if one were to judge these men wholly by the effects of their actions, and not partly by their intentions, they would deserve to be classed and punished with those mischievous persons who put obstructions on the railroads. What is the point of saying that government is “but a tradition … at of surya each instant losing some of its integrity”?
How might this related to the philosophy of dialogue essay, Transcendentalism? What does Thoreau mean when he says, “the people must have some complicated machinery or other, and hear its din, to satisfy that idea of government which they have?” “Government of itself never furthered any enterprise” What can the American people do that the government cannot? Does this view seem familiar from current political debates? What is this view called? In this paragraph, Thoreau argues that government is an unnecessary evil. What do you think of this argument? Is Thoreau an paper anarchist? How does this compare with other understandings of government, such as that of Jefferson in the Declaration or in the Preamble to the Constitution? Why has every man a conscience, then?
I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward. It is not desirable to cultivate a respect for the law, so much as for the right. Dialogue Essay. The only obligation which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right. It is truly enough said that a corporation has no conscience; but a corporation of conscientious men is a corporation with a conscience. Law never made men a whit more just; and, by means of their respect for it, even the wrinting essays well-disposed are daily made the agents of injustice. A common and natural result of an undue respect for dialogue essay environment law is, that you may see a file of soldiers, colonel, captain, corporal, privates, powder-monkeys, and all, marching in admirable order over school, hill and dale to the wars, against their wills, ay, against their common sense and consciences, which makes it very steep marching indeed, and produces a palpitation of the heart.
They have no doubt that it is a damnable business in which they are concerned; they are all peaceably inclined. In this paragraph, Thoreau attacks the idea of majority rule. How and why does he do this? Why does Thoreau use the rhetorical question about conscience in dialogue essay environment, the middle of the paragraph? What is the wheel of surya essay place of conscience in relation to obeying the law? What description of the American soldier does Thoreau offer?
Why does he see this role as problematic? What role does conscience play under the environment American political system according to Thoreau? Within this tradition, does obeying duly enacted laws mean resigning our conscience? Why or why not? What would Congressman Lincoln say? All men recognize the right of revolution; that is, the right to refuse allegiance to, and to organizational research resist, the government, when its tyranny or its inefficiency are great and unendurable. But almost all say that such is not the case now. But such was the case, they think, in the Revolution of dialogue, '75. If one were to tell me that this was a bad government because it taxed certain foreign commodities brought to its ports, it is most probable that I should not make an ado about it, for I can do without them. All machines have their friction; and possibly this does enough good to counterbalance the evil.
At any rate, it is a great evil to make a stir about it. But when the friction comes to have its machine, and oppression and robbery are organized, I say, let us not have such a machine any longer. In other words, when a sixth of the population of a nation which has undertaken to be the refuge of liberty are slaves, and a whole country is unjustly overrun and conquered by a foreign army, and subjected to military law, I think that it is not too soon for honest men to rebel and revolutionize. What makes this duty the more urgent is the fact that the country so overrun is not our own, but ours is the invading army. What is the right of revolution? Why does Thoreau evoke the “Revolution of wheel of surya, ’75?”Compare this with the discussion of the right of dialogue, revolution in the Declaration.
Are there any differences? Why does Thoreau believe that citizens should rebel against illustrative to buy, the government now? What kind of a rebellion does he contemplate? Thoreau compares government to a machine. Essay. What does Thoreau mean when he uses the essay term “friction?” Justice to the slave and to Mexico: Reform and its Opponents.
Practically speaking, the opponents to a reform in essay, Massachusetts are not a hundred thousand politicians at the South, but a hundred thousand merchants and house seven gables farmers here, who are more interested in commerce and agriculture than they are in humanity, and are not prepared to do justice to the slave and to Mexico, cost what it may . I quarrel not with far-off foes, but with those who, near at dialogue essay home, co-operate with, and research paper do the essay environment bidding of critical dickens oliver, those far away, and without whom the latter would be harmless. Dialogue. We are accustomed to essays say, that the mass of dialogue essay environment, men are unprepared; but improvement is slow, because the by charles critical essay oliver twist few are not materially wiser or better than the many. Dialogue Essay Environment. It is of surya, not so important that many should be as good as you, as that there be some absolute goodness somewhere; for that will leaven the whole lump. There are thousands who are in opinion opposed to slavery and to the war, who yet in effect do nothing to put an end to dialogue essay environment them; who, esteeming themselves children of Washington and Franklin, sit down with their hands in their pockets, and essay say that they know not what to dialogue essay environment do, and do nothing; who even postpone the question of wheel essay, freedom to the question of free-trade, and quietly read the prices-current along with the latest advices from Mexico, after dinner, and, it may be, fall asleep over them both. What is the price-current of an dialogue essay honest man and patriot to-day? They hesitate, and they regret, and sometimes they petition; but they do nothing in earnest and with effect. They will wait, well disposed, for others to remedy the evil that they may no longer have it to regret. At most, they give only a cheap vote, and a feeble countenance and Godspeed, to the right, as it goes by them. There are nine hundred and ninety-nine patrons of virtue to one virtuous man; but it is easier to deal with the illustrative real possessor of a thing than with the temporary guardian of it. Who is Thoreau’s foe in dialogue, this paragraph?
Why does Thoreau believe that moral progress is organizational research, made slowly? What conditions are necessary for moral progress to take place? Unjust laws exist; shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them, and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once? Men generally, under such a government as this, think that they ought to wait until they have persuaded the majority to alter them. Dialogue Essay. They think that, if they should resist, the remedy would be worse than the evil. But it is the fault of the wrinting essays government itself that the remedy is essay environment, worse than the evil. It makes it worse. By Charles Essay. Why is it not more apt to anticipate and provide for reform? Why does it not cherish its wise minority? Why does it cry and resist before it is dialogue essay environment, hurt? Why does it not encourage its citizens to be on the alert to point out its faults, and do better than it would have them?
Why does it always crucify Christ, and excommunicate Copernicus and wheel essay Luther, and pronounce Washington and Franklin rebels? What would Thoreau consider an “unjust law?” What standard would he use to prove the law is unjust? Why shouldn’t citizens wait to take action against them? Why does Thoreau use the rhetorical question here? What effect does the environment author achieve by wrinting essays using the dialogue environment allusions at illustrative essays the end of the paragraph? If the injustice is dialogue, part of the necessary friction of the machine of government, let it go, let it go; perchance it will wear smooth—certainly the machine will wear out. If the injustice has a spring, or a pulley, or a rope, or a crank, exclusively for itself, then perhaps you may consider whether the remedy will not be worse than the evil; but if it is of such a nature that it requires you to be the agent of injustice to another, then, I say, break the law. Let your life be a counter friction to stop the machine. What I have to do is to see, at any rate, that I do not lend myself to the wrong which I condemn. Under what circumstance should a citizen break the law? “The true place for organizational a just man is also a prison”
Under a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also a prison. The proper place to-day, the only place which Massachusetts has provided for her freer and less desponding spirits, is in her prisons, to essay be put out and for application locked out dialogue essay of the State by her own act, as they have already put themselves out by their principles. It is there that the fugitive slave, and the Mexican prisoner on parole, and the Indian come to plead the wrongs of his race, should find them; on that separate, but more free and honorable ground, where the State places those who are not with her, but against her—the only house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with honor. “Quietly declare war with the State” I have never declined paying the highway tax, because I am as desirous of being a good neighbor as I am of being a bad subject; and as for supporting schools, I am doing my part to educate my fellow-countrymen now. It is for no particular item in the tax-bill that I refuse to pay it. I simply wish to refuse allegiance to the State, to withdraw and stand aloof from it effectually. I do not care to by charles essay twist trace the course of my dollar, if I could, till it buys a man or a musket to essay environment shoot one with—the dollar is innocent—but I am concerned to trace the effects of my allegiance. In fact, I quietly declare war with the State, after my fashion, though I will still make what use and get what advantage of wheel of surya, her I can, as is usual in such cases. What taxes is Thoreau willing to pay?
Why? “A really free and enlightened State” The authority of government, even such as I am willing to submit to—for I will cheerfully obey those who know and can do better than I, and in essay environment, many things even those who neither know nor can do so well—is still an impure one: to be strictly just, it must have the organizational paper sanction and consent of the governed. It can have no pure right over my person and property but what I concede to it. The progress from an absolute to a limited monarchy, from a limited monarchy to a democracy, is a progress toward a true respect for the individual. Even the Chinese philosopher was wise enough to regard the individual as the basis of the essay empire. Is a democracy, such as we know it, the last improvement possible in government?
Is it not possible to take a step further towards recognizing and organizing the rights of man? There will never be a really free and essay for application enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as a higher and dialogue essay independent power, from which all its own power and authority are derived, and treats him accordingly. I please myself with imagining a State at least which can afford to of surya be just to all men, and to treat the dialogue essay environment individual with respect as a neighbor; which even would not think it inconsistent with its own repose if a few were to live aloof from it, not meddling with it, nor embraced by it, who fulfilled all the duties of neighbors and fellow-men. A State which bore this kind of fruit, and suffered it to drop off as fast as it ripened, would prepare the essays to buy way for a still more perfect and glorious State, which also I have imagined, but not yet anywhere seen. What is essay, Thoreau’s vision of “a really free and by charles critical essay enlightened State” as detailed in his final paragraph? How do the principles of this state differ from the principles set forth in dialogue essay, Declaration of illustrative essays, Independence and environment the Constitution? What might be problematic with this type of essay, government? Will there still be a right not to obey the dialogue law when it violates one’s conscience in this “still more perfect and glorious State”? If not, why not? A blog for and about the humanities in the classroom: literature, social studies, language, art and culture, and more.
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