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Essay on Christmas for Children and …
APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to for small kids the social sciences. The Value Of Critical! This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for essay kids you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments.
Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the application, sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page. Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in kids APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The Value Thinking Life! The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Essay Kids! Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and thinking is written on essay on christmas for small kids, a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the write self essay, same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Essay On Christmas For Small Kids! Page format . Page format recommendations in gisela anders APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing.
In-text references . The format of references in for small kids APA format is the essay, foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of on christmas for small kids in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. The Value Of Critical! Use of quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks.
If the quotations used exceed the word limit of kids 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. The Value Life! Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Essay On Christmas Kids! Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . Reference list is application essay a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to essay for small the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and of the web pages are cited in a different way with certain requirements to for small kids each type of a source. You may consider how the of critical in everyday life, basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to essay on christmas for small kids Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for with the text and on christmas for small kids sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the self assessment, paper should also be used.
So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from on christmas kids P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page. Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to get the discount, and request the free add-ons that you need. We know the write essay, feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for essay kids inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant.
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Thousands of students have benefited from essay our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to doing homework the excellence of kids our services and the trust our customers have in us is essay that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Essay Kids! Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of self your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to essay on christmas place your order. References are obligatory in doing homework a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format. The sources are indicated by the last name of an for small author, a year of mary washington publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in essay on christmas for small kids parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Doing Homework! Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924).
2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Essay For Small! Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Writing With! Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of on christmas Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of the value of critical thinking in everyday no author . Essay For Small Kids! In some cases the author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need.
Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in application the course of the essay and essay on christmas for small kids cited in the paper. Application Essay! The references should always be organized in essay on christmas for small kids alphabetical order . This gives an gisela dissertation organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of for small kids work: SUBTITLE.
Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article. Title of Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article.
Name of the anime, web-site. For Small Kids! Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Assessment Essay! Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Aside from essay on christmas kids providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on critics of the sapir-whorf thesis, your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. For Small! Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for succeeding sub-categories. In the APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to marburg use the titles and headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on kids, font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Self Essay! Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required!
Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in essay for small APA format. A “running header” should be placed in mary the right corner at essay kids the top of the critics of the, page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay on christmas kids, essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top.
APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the anders, full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the essay on christmas kids, name of professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. Self Assessment! APA regulations on essay for small kids, abbreviations, tables and write self assessment essay figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is on christmas used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at critics of the thesis the bottom of the for small, page. What to remember with the APA essay writing format.
The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in anime doing a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the essay for small kids, APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the critics of the sapir-whorf, reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to essay on christmas for small kids structure the flow of thoughts throughout the mary application essay, essay.
It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to on christmas for small kids be followed. The format can be adapted depending on of the sapir-whorf thesis, the nature and the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. Kids! As with all documenting styles, the doing, APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and on christmas for small kids citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation.
Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of washington academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from on christmas a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity.
Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is writing important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of for small kids writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is writing with thesis professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.
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Short Essay on Christmas Festival: …
North East news RECAP: Derelict Gateshead flats destroyed in essay, overnight fire. The Chronicle's live breaking news service including Saturday's traffic, travel, weather, sport and more covering Newcastle and the North East. Welcome to The Chronicle’s live breaking news blog for the value of critical Saturday, June 17, 2017. Here are our regular updates throughout the day of all the essay on christmas kids breaking news and sport from across the North East. We will have pictures, video, tweets and of critical in everyday life comments covering the latest Newcastle and North East traffic, weather forecasts, crime and council news too. It’s Tom Eden here and I’ll be keeping you updated on essay for small what’s going on across the North East including the latest on the roads. If you would like to get in touch with us today about any breaking news, here are my details: That#x2019;s it for today#x2019;s live news blog, so here#x2019;s a look back over anime some of the day#x2019;s biggest stories: Wondering whether the weather will stay nice into the evening?
Fear not #x2014; here#x2019;s the Met Office#x2019;s forecast: #x201C;A warm and humid night, especially in on christmas for small, urban areas with shelter from critics thesis any wind. #x201C;Staying fine and dry with mostly clear skies across the region. #x201C;Minimum temperature 12 #xB0;C. Police chief comments on fire deaths. Fifty-eight people are missing and essay presumed dead in the Grenfell Tower disaster, the writing with officer in charge of the investigation said. Metropolitan Police Commander Stuart Cundy warned that the death toll could rise further as he formally identified a first victim as 23-year-old Mohammed Alhajali. #x201C;Sadly, at this time there are 58 people who we have been told were in the Grenfell Tower on the night that are missing, and therefore sadly, I have to assume that they are dead. #x201C;That number 58 may change.
I really hope it won#x2019;t, but it may increase. #x201C;Our focus has been on those that we know were in Grenfell Tower. However, there may be other people who were in there on the night that others were not aware were there. #x201C;That is also an absolute priority for the investigation - to establish who they may be.#x201D; Mr Cundy also appealed to anyone who may have escaped from the building, but has not yet come forward, to make themselves known. Of the 58, he said 30 were confirmed dead. 16 bodies have been recovered from the Tower and taken to a mortuary. Gateshead MP Ian Mearns is essay on christmas, enjoying the sun in Gateshead at one of the hundreds of community events organised around the homework country in memory of murdered MP Jo Cox. 58 people are missing and presumed dead in the Grenfell Tower disaster, Commander Stuart Cundy of the Metropolitan Police has said. It#x2019;s officially the hottest day of year, the kids Met Office has announced: Families in city centre's tallest building reassured.
The landlord of Newcastle city centre#x2019;s tallest building has reassured families over washington application fire safety. Several residents of Bewick Court, the high rise which towers over essay for small John Dobson street , shared their anxieties about the building in gisela anders, the wake of the Grenfell Tower fire. The blaze in West London has so far claimed 30 lives, with authorities warning that figure is likely to rise. Alleged flaws in the building#x2019;s fire safety standards have been revealed in the aftermath of the essay on christmas tragedy, prompting protests. Scrutiny has been particularly focused on the cladding which was applied to it last year, with claims developers used a cheaper, less fire resistant material. Speculation has been rife that a gap between the anime homework cladding and the wall of essay on christmas kids, Grenfell Tower acted as a flume allowing the write assessment fire to spread rapidly.
Jo Cox's widow 'awed' by togetherness. The widower of murdered MP Jo Cox has said he is #x201C;awed#x201D; by for small kids the way in which the UK has embraced his wish for communities to celebrate togetherness on the anniversary of his wife#x2019;s brutal killing. Brendan Cox enjoyed the writing sunshine in Heckmondwike, in West Yorkshire, at one of tens of thousands of events around the country organised as part of on christmas kids, The Great Get Together. Accompanied by the value Mrs Cox#x2019;s parents, Gordon and Jean Leadbeater, and her sister, Kim Leadbeater, Mr Cox joined hundreds of people in on christmas, the green at anime doing, the centre of the town, which is at the heart of her Batley Spen constituency. #x201C;When we first thought about this we were thinking of just bringing some people together.
We didn#x2019;t think it would have anything like the scale and for small the traction that it#x2019;s had. We#x2019;ve been awed by it. #x201C;I think we#x2019;ve had well over 100,000 events with millions of people taking part in the weekend. #x201C;And we got the weather for it, which is a good thing to be able to say. #x201C;Of course it#x2019;s partly about Jo but, actually, I think it#x2019;s tapping into something more important even than that which is writing, a sense that our communities want to come together again.
#x201C;Politics at kids, the moment is so divisive. #x201C;We spend so much time talking about the in everyday areas we disagree with each other on, actually finding a moment like this when we just get together with our neighbours and on christmas kids have a good time in parks like this and streets up and down the of the thesis country, I think is on christmas for small, exactly what we need. #x201C;What Jo#x2019;s killing was designed to gisela dissertation do was to tear our communities apart. #x201C;I can think of on christmas kids, no better response to that than a moment like this that brings our communities together - people from different background, who come from application all different places around here, different faiths. Just moments that don#x2019;t fixate on the differences but focus on essay on christmas those things that we have in common. #x201C;I think as a country we are not good enough at doing that. #x201C;If people feel closer to their communities, that#x2019;s exactly how Jo would want to be remembered.#x201D; The Shields Ferry will be suspended soon, with passengers having to use replacement buses instead of the boat crossing.
Nexus, who run the ferry, have blamed #x2018;an unforeseen resource issue#x2019; and say the crossings will be stopped after the 4.30pm ferry has sailed. A replacement bus service will operate instead of the ferry via the thinking life Tyne Tunnel, calling at both the North Shields and essay on christmas South Shields landings. The replacement buses will depart on the hour and on mary washington application essay the half hour from each ferry landing, the essay for small kids same as the of critical in everyday life normal ferry times from North Shields. From South Shields the buses depart from the bus stop on Ferry Street, outside the BT building, stop number 42S32. From North Shields the buses depart from the bus stop on North Quay at the end of the ferry landing, stop number 41080. The Ferry is expected to essay for small kids resume normal service on Sunday. A Nexus spokesman said: #x201C;Ferry crossings will be suspended from 4.30pm today due to an unforeseen resource issue. #x201C;The last sail from washington essay North Shields will be at 4.30pm. #x201C;Sorry for the inconvenience. Ferry services will be back to normal tomorrow.#x201D; A train has been removed from service:
Photos of the Gateshead fire aftermath. Here#x2019;s a gallery showing the on christmas for small destruction caused by arsonists in Gateshead at a derelict block of anime, flats near to essay on christmas the Redheugh Bridge: Here is the burned aftermath of write self essay, a derelict block of Gateshead flats torched by arsonists on Saturday morning. Arsonists are thought to have started the fire shortly after midnight at on christmas kids, the empty two-storey building and the blaze raged for nearly five hours until firefighters brought the seven burning flats on Tyne Road East under control. Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service said the blaze was started by #x201C;malicious ignition#x201D;, adding that the empty flats near the Redheugh Bridge had been regularly targeted by arsonists and vandals. They said that there was unlikely to be a criminal investigation into the fire as the flats were due to be torn down anyway, but police later confirmed that the incident has been recorded as arson and homework would be investigated. The flames were extinguished by essay kids five fire crews just after 5am, leaving the smouldering remains of a badly-burned building. Kensington council said 110 households had been given temporary accommodation by Friday morning, and added that it was working to find more permanent homes. But the authority#x2019;s latest statement added: #x201C;While we will try do our utmost to ensure those affected remain in washington application, or near the borough, given the number of households involved, it is possible the council will have to explore housing options that may become available in other parts of the capital.#x201D; The latest confirmed death toll has now reached 30, with dozens more deaths expected to be revealed. On Saturday, NHS England said 19 people were being treated in hospital, including 10 in critical care.
Food and other essential items have been brought to centres near the for small scene in west London, but anger has grown towards the local council with helpers criticising the apparent lack co-ordination of thinking, official relief. Dozens of people attended a meeting of the Radical Housing Network, made up of essay for small, different activist groups, in a community centre not far from the burnt-out tower block on Saturday morning to discuss their #x201C;next steps#x201D; in supporting displaced residents. On Friday evening, demonstrators stormed the doing council offices over its handling of the crisis amid concerns that earlier renovation work was linked to the dramatic spread of the blaze. Earlier in the day, Prime Minister Theresa May was greeted with cries of #x201C;coward#x201D; and #x201C;shame on for small kids you#x201D; as she returned to the site after being criticised for not meeting victims in the wake of the tragedy. Fire victims offered housing in of the sapir-whorf thesis, Northumberland. Homeless victims of the Grenfell tower block fire in London have been offered accommodation #x2014; in Northumberland. Northumberland council has issued an #x2018;unconditional offer of essay for small, help#x2019; to their Kensington counterparts, with the promise to find housing for at least two families caught up in the disaster on either a temporary or permanent basis. Reacting to anime the tragedy in the capital, the essay council has offered to house people who were made homeless by the devastating blaze that tore through the tower block on Wednesday.
Leader of the value of critical in everyday, Northumberland County Council Peter Jackson said: #x201C;It may seem that we are a long way from this tragedy but we have at least promised to provide real help in this appalling situation. Our hearts go out to those people who are suffering so much and we have wasted no time to think about what we can do to on christmas kids help. #x201C;Our Council is open and inclusive and homework willing to be there for those in essay on christmas kids, need. Our county has received help in recent times in with thesis, dealing with our flooding event. Here we can see that we can offer a hand of help to another community in need.
#x201C;If many other council#x2019;s across the country could offer similar help then the short term problem of essay on christmas for small kids, finding somewhere for the Grenfell families to live then we will have done something positive to help.#x201D; Gateshead fire 'being treated as a crime' Further to the fire at the derelict flats in Gateshead this morning, A Northumbria Police spokesman has clarified that the incident has been recorded as a crime, meaning there will be some sort of investigation into the blaze. This morning, Tyne and critics sapir-whorf Wear Fire and Rescue Service suggested it was unlikely that they would be looking into it, as no one was in the property and they were scheduled for demolition. A police spokesman said: #x201C;We#x2019;ve classified it as a crime as the fire service say they believe it was started maliciously. #x201C;It will be investigated as arson.#x201D; No bikes allowed on on christmas for small kids replacement buses. Cyclists have been warned that bikes are not allowed on the replacement buses. The Nexus spokesman added: #x201C;We suggest cyclists use the gisela marburg Tyne Tunnel bike shuttle instead #x2013; it#x2019;s in operation whilst the Tyne Pedestrian and Cyclist Tunnels are closed for refurbishment. #x201C;These shuttle buses depart every 30 minutes from the essay on christmas for small kids pedestrian tunnel entrances on Tyne Street, Jarrow, and marburg from Tyne View Terrace, Howdon.#x201D;
The Shields Ferry will be suspended soon, with passengers having to use replacement buses instead of the boat crossing. Nexus, who run the ferry, have blamed #x2018;an unforeseen resource issue#x2019; and say the crossings will be stopped after the 4.30pm ferry has sailed. A replacement bus service will operate instead of the ferry via the Tyne Tunnel, calling at both the essay on christmas for small kids North Shields and South Shields landings. The replacement buses will depart on doing the hour and on the half hour from each ferry landing, the same as the normal ferry times from North Shields. From South Shields the buses depart from the bus stop on Ferry Street, outside the essay kids BT building, stop number 42S32. From North Shields the anime doing buses depart from the bus stop on North Quay at the end of the ferry landing, stop number 41080. The Ferry is expected to resume normal service on essay on christmas Sunday. A Nexus spokesman said: #x201C;Ferry crossings will be suspended from critics sapir-whorf 4.30pm today due to on christmas for small kids an unforeseen resource issue. #x201C;The last sail from critics of the sapir-whorf North Shields will be at 4.30pm.
#x201C;Sorry for the inconvenience. Essay! Ferry services will be back to normal tomorrow.#x201D; Terry Broome discovered the thesis aftermath of the blaze on Saturday morning and posted photos in the Crime Northumberland Facebook group appealing for information. He told The Chronicle: #x201C;I was shocked to see this in my local park this morning when out walking my dog Jake. #x201C;Someone#x2019;s kids must have come home last night (Friday) smelling of smoke and black shoes on. #x201C;Terrible waste of rate-payers#x2019; money which can be better spent in the park and the local council have been doing such a good job with it.#x201D; Ridley Park fire being investigated. A fire started overnight in Blyth#x2019;s Ridley Park is now being investigated by police.
Firefighters were called to the park after an industrial bin was set ablaze in the early hours of Saturday morning outside the bowling green pavilion. A spokeswoman from the Northumberland fire service said: #x201C;We were called at 2.15am and a crew from West Hartford attended. #x201C;There was an on christmas, industrial-sized bin on fire and they used one hose. It was extinguished by washington essay 3.15am.#x201D; Northumbria Police added that they have been made aware of the incident by the fire service and that they were investigating the fire. Anyone with information about the fire is asked to contact Northumbria Police by calling 101. Woman accused of murder allegedly told prison officer 'We stabbed him' Murder accused Lyndsey Harper allegedly told a prison officer #x201C;we stabbed him but I#x2019;m pleading not guilty#x201D;, a court heard. Prosecutors say Harper and essay kids Brian Cahill killed 19-year-old Owen Kerry on Christmas Eve in gisela marburg dissertation, a social club in Cramlington, which they deny. It is alleged Cahill struck the fatal blow but prosecutors claim it was a joint attack by the then-couple.
After being charged with murder, Harper was remanded in for small, custody and was sent to Low Newton prison, in County Durham. Prison officer Melanie Allen told jurors Harper made comments to essay her on December 29 about the alleged attack. Serial thieves jailed for 15 years. Two serial crooks have been jailed for a total of 15 years for essay on christmas for small kids a string of high-value burglaries across Tyneside. Paul Tullin and Martin Flemming brought misery to their victims when they targeted seven homes over a six-month period in Newcastle and Gateshead and stole #xA3;200,000-worth of goods, including a #xA3;38,000 Mercedes car.
The pair smashed their way into anders dissertation, properties while they knew the owners were out for small, before ransacking rooms and making-off with items, including jewellery, computers, safes and even commemorative coins and a National Service medal. Newcastle Crown Court heard the burglars were finally caught after a lengthy and complicated police investigation using ANPR (Automatic Number Plate Recognition) intelligence and cell site analysis. Now, Tullin, 33, of Maud Terrace, West Allotment , has been jailed for seven years and the value of critical in everyday life four months and Flemming, 28, of Waterbeach Place, Slatyford, Newcastle , has been locked-up for on christmas seven years and 10 months after they each pleaded guilty to six counts of dwelling burglary and critics one of theft. Gateshead flats destroyed in essay kids, fire. A block of derelict flats near the Redheugh Bridge in Gateshead were destroyed by write self essay a deliberate fire that raged for nearly five hours. The two-storey building on Tyne Road East went up in flames in the early hours of for small kids, Saturday morning, and write essay the fire service say it was started #x2018;maliciously#x2019;. The seven flats, which were empty and set to be demolished, were set alight shortly after midnight and took firefighters from five fire engines until just after 5am to put out the blaze. Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service said that the essay for small flats have been a popular spot for people to thesis start fires and that this was started by #x201C;malicious ignition#x201D;. They said that there was unlikely to be a criminal investigation into the fire as the on christmas kids flats were due to be torn down anyway. A spokesman for the fire service added: #x201C;There was a fire at a two story block of seven flats that had been awaiting demolition. #x201C;One of the flats was 100 per cent damaged by fire and another one was 20 per cent damaged by fire.
The remaining flats were all 100 per homework cent damaged by water. #x201C;We had three water jets in use, two sets of essay on christmas for small, breathing apparatus and a Cobra #x2014; a machine which shoots out water vapour at high speed and pressure to lower the temperature in gisela, a room very quickly. #x201C;There were five appliances [fire engines] and kids an aerial platform on scene and the value thinking in everyday it was extinguished by 5.05am.#x201D; It#x2019;s a sublime day weather-wise and it#x2019;s the first time in recent memory I#x2019;ve seen an essay for small, all-sun forecast across the region: This is the write self Met Office#x2019;s full prediction: Any early cloud will tend to break and clear during the morning to leave a mostly sunny day. Feeling very warm with a westerly breeze. Maximum temperature 27 #xB0;C. Commenting on the Miss Newcastle competition, Councillor Kim McGuinness, cabinet member for culture, communities and sport, said: #x201C;I feel more passionately about the advancement of on christmas for small, women and girls than almost anything else and this makes me very uncomfortable. It was sexist back when it was relevant, now it is positively antiquated. #x201C;I would never ever criticise anyone that takes part in gisela, an event like this, they#x2019;ve all got such wonderful achievements and attributes outside of their appearance and I feel those are devalued when they are judged on how good they look in a swimsuit.
#x201C;We won#x2019;t be hosting it next year. Essay On Christmas For Small! It is writing thesis, not what we want to be supporting.#x201D; Miss Newcastle organisers 'not welcome' at the Civic Centre. Beauty pageant organisers have been told they are no longer welcome to host Miss Newcastle at the Civic Centre after contestants - many of them teenagers - were dressed as Playboy Bunnies. Critics branded the event #x201C;sexist#x201D; and #x201C;antiquated#x201D; as Newcastle City Council said the event does not #x201C;represent the values#x201D; of the authority.
Miss Newcastle in its current form celebrated its 10th anniversary at the Civic Centre on June 2. The event - which has raised thousands of pounds for charity - saw 20 girls aged between 16 and for small kids 23 compete for the crown and guarantee qualification for Miss England. Organisers Tyne Tees Models chose a Hollywood theme but Playboy Bunny outfits, combined with a swimsuit round, drew criticism. Bosses say they had already made their decision to washington application essay hand over the pageant#x2019;s reins after this year#x2019;s event and new organisers had already said they would not be returning to essay on christmas kids the publicly-owned building. It#x2019;s Tom Eden here on assessment essay this gloriously sunny day, and if you would like to get in touch with any breaking news, here are my details:
Good morning and welcome to The Chronicle#x2019;s live breaking news blog. We will be bringing you regular updates throughout the day of all the breaking news and essay for small sport. We have pictures, video, tweets and comments covering the latest Newcastle and thinking North East traffic, weather forecasts, crime and council news too.
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The Manifesto of Ascendancy for the Modern American Nigger. For eleven days in 2001, two blacks ran our country. Essay Kids? It's their example and their achievement—and not the culture of failure fomented by the leftovers of the Movement—that must set a new agenda for the value in everyday life black Americans. UPDATE: Read the Original Response to This Story, from 2007. Published in essay on christmas kids the December 2006 issue. LET ME TELL YOU SOMETHING ABOUT NIGGERS, the oppressed minority within our minority. Always down. Critics Sapir-whorf Thesis? Always out. Always complaining that they can't catch a break. For Small? Notoriously poor about doing for themselves. Constantly in need of a leader but unable to gisela anders marburg follow in essay on christmas any direction that's navigated by hard work, self-reliance.
And though they spliff and drink and procreate their way onto of critical life welfare doles and WIC lines, niggers will tell you their state of being is no fault of their own. They are not responsible for for small kids their nearly 5 percent incarceration rate and their 9.2 percent unemployment rate. Washington Application? Not responsible for the 11.8 percent rate at kids, which they drop out of high school. For the 69.3 percent of births they create out of wedlock. Now, let me tell you something about my generation of black Americans. We are the inheritors of the Deal forced upon the entrenched white social, political, and legal establishment when my parents' generation won the struggle for civil rights. The Deal: We (blacks) take what is rightfully ours and you (the afore-described establishment) get citizens who will invest the same energy and dedication into raising families and working hard and anime doing being all around good people as was invested in essay for small kids snapping the neck of Jim Crow. In the forty years since the Deal was brokered, since the Voting Rights Act was signed, there have been successes for blacks. But there are still too many blacks in prison, too many kids aggrandizing the thug life, and doing homework way too many African-Americans doing far too little with the for small kids, opportunities others earned for them.
If we as a race could win the centuries-long war against institutionalized racism, why is it that so many of us cannot secure the advantage after decades of freedom? That which retards us is the worst of us, those who disdain actual ascendancy gained by gisela anders way of intellectual expansion and physical toil—who instead value the posture of an urban, a street, a real existence, no matter that such a culture threatens to render them extinct. Them being niggers. I have no qualm about using the word nigger. It is a word. It is in the English lexicon, and essay kids no amount of political correctness, no amputation into the n -word—as if by the castration of a few letters we should then be able to writing conceptualize its meaning without feeling its sting—will remove it from reality. So I say this: It's time for on christmas ascended blacks to wish niggers good luck. Just as whites may be concerned with the good of all citizens but don't travel their days worrying specifically about the well-being of hillbillies from self essay Appalachia, we need to essay on christmas send niggers on the value of critical life, their way. We need to start extolling the most virtuous of ourselves. It is time to celebrate the New Black Americans—those who have sealed the on christmas for small, Deal, who aren't beholden to liberal indulgence any more than they are to the disdain of the hard Right. It is time to praise blacks who are merely undeniable in their individuality and exemplary in their levels of achievement.
This, then, is how the praise begins. We need to mary burn into our collective memory the essay for small, event that marked the beginning of our new timeline: an the value of critical thinking, event from early in this millennium that seemed, for on christmas its moment in time, auspicious but that is now all but forgotten. It was lost in the ash of fires in Over-the-Rhine. Of Critical In Everyday Life? Buried in for small the rubble of 9/11. But I for one will not let it go, won't let it get dumped into gisela anders a potter's field of U. S. politics. On Christmas For Small Kids? It was too important. Far too significant. It was eleven days when two blacks ran America. IF THE SITUATION were just slightly altered, Condoleezza Rice might have been, and would have made, a better Mrs. George W. Anime Homework? Bush than the current Mrs.
George W. Bush. Same as George, Condi's politics are right. Her worldview is for small faith based, courtesy of her reverend pops. A protA f A©gA f A©e of Brent Scowcroft's, she served as a special assistant for national-security affairs to George H. W. Bush, so she was preapproved by Dad. Of Critical In Everyday? And should anyone posit that a woman of color would not be welcome to Thanksgiving dinner in Kennebunkport, well, Bush brother Jeb had married himself a minority, so even that trail was previously blazed. But for G. B. the essay on christmas for small kids, second, much to his credit, his interest in Condi was less about her being a woman, let alone a black woman, and more about her being an accomplished individual. And Dr. Condi is accomplished as hell: a Ph.D. in poli-sci from the thinking life, University of Denver. Former provost of essay on christmas kids, Stanford. At thirty-five, barely a kid in assessment essay Washington years, she was a staffer at essay for small kids, the National Security Council. Write Assessment? She came onto the foreign-policy train wreck that was the early days of G. W. Bush's 2000 campaign.
Helped mold his malapropism-afflicted worldview into a demicoherent one. After the certification of Bush's election, Dr. Condi got herself easily appointed as national-security advisor. Firsts all the way around. Black America should have been singing hosannas. But Condi was Republican. So never mind.
Never mind she'd spent a lifetime facing down racism. Born in Birmingham at the peak of on christmas kids, race hate, Condi was a schoolmate of the value thinking life, Denise McNair, one of the four little girls bombed to death in September of '63 at the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church. Niggers and old-school shines couldn't abide her. For Small? Same as with Clarence Thomas, they let her politics obfuscate her accomplishments. They stamped her: Not Officially Black. Bloggers tagged her a Sally Hemings for the Twenty-first Century. Left-leaning pundits smeared her with the slurs Aunt Jemima and brown sugar. Julian Bond, reaching deep into the old-school bag of tricks, turned to rhyme to asperse Dr.
Rice's authenticity: Just because they are your skin folks, doesn't mean they're your kinfolks. Then they went back to entertaining themselves with another Wayans-brothers movie. As NSA and confidante, Dr. Condi was with Bush and the real Mrs. Writing With Thesis? Bush as they took some time with an old Yale buddy at Camp David on the last weekend in March of 2001.
Nine-fifteen P.M. on the thirty-first. They got the essay for small, call. A U. S. EP-3E signals recon plane had literally gotten into of critical life a tangle with a People's Liberation Army (read that: Chinese) J-8 interceptor jet off the coast of China. The Chinese jet got shredded by the EP-3E's prop. The American plane, with a crew of twenty-four, was badly damaged. The Chinese jet went down, the pilot most likely killed. The U. S. pilot did better. Managed to land the FUBAR American plane. But he landed the plane on the island of Hainan.
Chinese territory. And the essay kids, Chinese claimed that the Americans had been spying over what were sovereign waters. And the Chinese claimed the plane had landed without permission. And its taillights were out. From the get, this was stacking up to be a slightly dicey situation—China being in possession of twenty-four American servicemen and women and one of our top-tier surveillance planes (and the appropriate U. S. spokespeople went out of their way to note that it was a surveillance plane, not a spy plane).
The People's Republic wasn't exactly our enemy, but it was hardly our close bud, either. Coming into the White House, following the domestic Chinese-spy-scandal scare of the sapir-whorf, late nineties, Bush had shifted the rhetoric re: China. Had dropped the Clinton-era designation of China as a strategic partner for the tough-talk appellation of for small, strategic competitor. The actual meaning of strategic competitor no one in the administration has ever tried to explain, but it struck the appropriately tough-talk chord in the new president's neoconservative base. Though such tough talk ignored the fact that China was a major trading partner that was doing $116 billion in annual business with the U. Anime Doing? S., in millennium bucks. So, then, here was the crux of BushCo's first international incident: Having swung his meat at essay, China, Bush now very much had to be diplomatically shrewd while looking domestically strong in dealing with our strategic competitor.
This clearly required high-mindedness. Bush turned the situation over to the highest mind on his team: Dr. Condi. Condi was a Russia expert. Wasn't this—this Hainan Incident—just some modern-day old-school commie-era nonsense? But that decision, right and critics sapir-whorf thesis plain as it seemed, set up the real conflict of the essay on christmas kids, event. That conflict would not turn out to be the obvious one—U. S. versus China.
It would be us, elevated blacks, versus them, those who not only hold little regard for people of critics sapir-whorf, color but who wish to make niggers of us all. DICK CHENEY and Donald Rumsfeld were, are, old-school relics. Political leftovers of the Nixon-Ford years, they are the Retro Guard, sporting metaphorical wide ties emblematic of the '72 landslide. To appease the base, Bush had given such men seats at his otherwise progressive table. Wedging them in for small kids created multiple fractures across the administration. From the jump, it would be the old against with thesis the new. War hawks against moderates. Those who thought the republic was best governed in essay for small kids secrecy and shadow against those who recalled that the preamble to the Constitution is We the People, not Us the Government. The administration was a case study in unified independence, a group working toward separate objectives rather than individuals working as a team. Cheney and Rumsfeld fronted the hard line of the Hainan Incident—the cadre who saw little to critics sapir-whorf thesis no value in talk and diplomacy and wanted to get with the figurative nuclear option quick as possible.
It was against such a mind-set as much as the Chinese government that Condi would have to navigate. But she would not have to wield her intellect solo. COLIN POWELL was the undisputed superstar of on christmas kids, American politics. His bio was bulletproof. His bona fides undeniable: service in 'Nam. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs. Part of the team that cruised to victory in Gulf War I. Author of the Powell Doctrine, which states that overwhelming force makes an enemy your bee-yotch. When he quit the military, real quick Powell became the the value of critical, Get.
Both parties wanted to snag him, wag him from their standard. Powell went right. Predictably, niggers immediately abandoned him. How could any self-respecting black man want to run from the Liberal Plantation? Never mind that he was a self-made modern American hero who openly espoused the value of affirmative action. Old-schoolers tagged Powell with the usual left-wing racist jabber. Powell was a sellout. In a particularly ugly rant, Harry Belafonte infamously alluded to Powell as being a house nigger. At every opportunity, Powell was hit up with the invectives reserved for black men who succeed by way of intelligence and hard work. (How ironic that while the Left attempted to essay for small kids subjugate Powell with the writing, bullwhip of liberal racism, Bush, who later would be accused by Kanye West of hating blacks, somehow managed to see in Powell a sovereign black man.) As secretary of state in G. W. B.'s first term, Powell would spearhead communications with China during the Hainan Incident while Rice would be the conduit through which all information would flow to the president.
Dr. Condi and Colin. THE ADMINISTRATION went into the Hainan situation thinking the China incident would go down like this: We make denials; they make demands. There's a shadow deal that gets us back our boys and toys in exchange for some tractors and essay a few bushels of wheat. But this wasn't 1957. The Chinese weren't a superpower dying on writing, the vine. For Small? They were more concerned about getting their international propers than they were about quid pro quo. And respect had been a long time coming from the U. The Value Of Critical Thinking In Everyday? S. Most Chinese citizens recalled G. H. W. Essay For Small Kids? Bush being an apologist for the Deng regime after the Tiananmen Square crackdown. And then there was us dropping a bomb right down the Chinese embassy's smokestack in Belgrade during the assessment essay, air war over Kosovo. And, you know, there was that strategic partner/strategic competitor thing.
But Dr. Condi and Colin strategized, surmised that all China was looking for was some contrition. On Christmas For Small? A little humility. Secure in the knowledge that offering regret is different from gisela anders dissertation taking blame, they figured they could show some remorse for the Chinese pilot without turning all of America into a weak sister weeping like she'd just messed her best Sunday dress. On Christmas For Small? Just give a My bad and get the crew home. Dr. Condi and gisela dissertation Colin would not im-mediately get the chance to test their strategy. Forty-eight hours after the on christmas, American plane went down, after just two days of silence from China, the far-right hard-liners lost whatever patience they owned. Of The Sapir-whorf? What little confidence they had that Rice and Powell could end the situation quickly dissipated like a brief, bad smell.
Diplomacy was boring and time-consuming and rarely came with the requisite display of machismo. Though delicatesse was the smarter play over essay on christmas for small kids sanctions, all the Retro Guard cared about was keeping Bush, just twelve weeks in Washington, from critics looking like Jimmy Carter on, say, day 239 of 444 of the Iranian-hostage thing. Sabers got rattled. On Christmas Kids? Tact got kicked to the curb. Cheney stomped around Washington doing a public nix on expressing any regret. Insisted being American meant never having to say you're sorry. Illinois representative Henry Hyde—who is chairman of the House International Relations Committee—referred to the U. S. crew as hostages, which put an ugly public spin on the benign truth. Was consciously counter to Powell's assessment that the crew was merely being detained.
Bush, feeling the pressure to back up all his preelection rhetoric, flinched. Or blinked, in the pop-culture sense of making a quick decision based on of critical life, suspect intelligence. In a Rose Garden appearance, a hardened Bush excoriated the for small, Chinese for not doing the right thing. Self? Insisted that now it is time for our servicemen and women to return home. These were, politically, cold assertions. The hollaback was equally frosty. A day later, Chinese president Jiang Zemin finally responded.
Zemin wanted nothing less than total kowtowing. Wanted the essay kids, U. S. to bear all responsibilities for the collision. Wanted an apology. Wanted concessions. Wanted the U. Critics Of The Thesis? S. to quit its spy flights along the China coast. Forever. And it got real clear the circumstances might not now resolve themselves in a timely manner. Just a few words. For Small? A few words choreographed to create some tough-guy theatrics from critics Bush and the situation had devolved from essay on christmas incident to standoff.
And the loud-voiced whispers as to mary washington application whether Bush had what it took to be a world leader began. Diplomacy was needed. Smarts. Intellect and canny. Bush made another decision. Essay On Christmas For Small? No blink involved. Of The Thesis? As The Washington Post reported, the way forward was made emphatic to all concerned: No more useless posturing. No more Independent Unity.
Cheney was sent out to stump for the tax cuts Bush was shilling. And while Rumsfeld claimed to support the shift toward diplomacy, truthfully he was flatly told to butt out. Dr. Condi and Colin would be given free rein. The moderates had won round one of the administration wars. And for on christmas for small kids the first time in the history of the write essay, U. S.—a history of slavery, of abandoned Reconstruction, overt Jim Crow, and covert soft bigotry—a black woman and a black man were in the position of speaking for on christmas for small America to anders marburg the world. We, collectively—not just black America but all of America that truly bought into for small the bromides of liberty and gisela dissertation justice for all—we had risen. The accomplishment was unmistakable. For seven days running, in the written press and the international media, and doing the rounds in the 24/7 cable-news meat grinder, it was Condi and Colin. They pulled the administration out of a Retro Guard—dug hole. Projected calm and rationality, where just prior there was only ego.
Sticking with their game plan to double-team with poise and savoir faire, they expressed regret over on christmas the loss of the Chinese pilot. Powell followed up his public statements with an international sympathy card sent to the Chinese: a regret letter of his own. Simultaneously, Condi counseled the president to display some humanity. Bush made a public statement that he was sending his prayers to the dead Chinese pilot and his family. By Thursday, April 5, the of critical thinking life, Chinese foreign ministry, if not quite ready to sing kumbayas, acknowledged the U. S.'s new moves were a step in the right direction. At the essay on christmas for small, same time, Powell came with another, stronger statement of write self, lament re: the Chinese pilot's death. And contrary to the hawks' beliefs, the on christmas for small kids, heavens didn't open and the stock market didn't drop and the commies weren't turning our wives and daughters into pleasure girls.
But twenty-four servicemen and women were that much closer to coming home. So close the scavengers could pick up the stink of imminent triumph. Around they came, real late in the game, looking to gain some stature by write self glomming on to the accomplishments of kids, others. Jesse Jackson came knocking. Jesse Jackson, who is president of the Rainbow PUSH Coalition. Critics? He put in a call to Powell offering help.
Offering to add an ecumenical religious component to Powell's efforts. It was really just Jesse looking to shine up his image. It'd been just months since he'd been outed as having fathered a kid with the former head of the essay for small, Rainbow Coalition's Washington, D. C., office, then given the girl tens of thousands of dollars from the Rainbow PUSH coffers as shut up/go away money. Not sure if that's the ecumenical religious component Jesse had wanted to add to the standoff. Powell smartly gave Jesse the go-by. Jesse and his old-school ways, even if they hadn't been offered belatedly and with self-service, were of no use to the New Black American. Victory was at hand. The U. S. crewmen were just days and an official letter of of critical, regret to the Chinese government away from returning home. And you know that homecoming would have been filled with hoopla and pageantry.
The Retro Guard would have to kneel before the superior intellect of the ascended black. Likewise, the Old-School Negroes and on christmas kids their liberal massas would be forced to acknowledge the evolutionary brother and sister. When the images of the homecoming were played and played and played from the morning empty-chat shows through the nightly news to mary washington essay Larry King and his first exclusive primetime interview (with call-ins!) of the crew, all of America would see freedom was won by a black man, a black woman. They would have seen all that. Niggers fucked it up. THE LAST THING recorded by on christmas for small the dash-mounted camera in with thesis the police cruiser was officer Stephen Roach running across an intersection off Republic Street in Cincinnati. Then he enters an alley. Then you can hear a shot being fired.
Beyond that, all you can do is speculate. For Small? And/or take Roach's statements as to critics thesis what led to Timothy Thomas's shooting death. Black kid. Nineteen years old. Troubles with the law. On Christmas For Small? Fourteen outstanding warrants. Thesis? All misdemeanors. In the early-morning hours of April 7, 2001, Thomas was confronted by some cops looking to pop him for those warrants. Thomas ran. Same as he'd run twice before when cops were trying to pop him.
Backup got called in. Roach was among them. Thomas wasn't armed. Roach had no way of knowing. All the cop knew was that he was doing a foot pursuit in what's plainly one of the most dangerous sections of Cincinnati: Over-the-Rhine. Thomas headed down that dark alley. Ordered to stop, he complied. Made a sudden move for his waistband. Roach fired. Thomas took a single slug to the chest. Died.
Fifteen since '95 was the cry. Timothy Thomas being the fifteenth Cincinnati black man to die during an arrest or shortly after being apprehended by essay the cops. Fifteen since '95 was heard from local Blacktivists hot for justice, for whom vengeance by way of legal recourse would not do: the sapir-whorf thesis, New Black Panthers. Some outfit called the essay, Special Forces. Only things special about them were the white-hatin', Jew-hatin' rants they could call up at a moment's notice.
And did so at a city-council meeting they crashed the day after Thomas got shot. Crashed it along with Thomas's moms. And a couple hundred more whipped-up locals of anime doing, color. They showed up to talk with city officials. There was some white-hatin'. Some Jew-hatin'. Precious little talking. After three hours of contained ranting, the hatin' spilled out into the streets.
Another thousand or so protesters got whipped up and swept along as the Blacktivists made their way to the Cinci police HQ. More screaming! More hatin'! Through the evening and into the night. Fifteen since '95! Rocks thrown. Bottles thrown. Broken glass was hurled at cops. Fifteen since '95! By 1:00 A.M. on Monday, April 9, while Powell and Rice were working to free detained Americans, the Blacktivists had achieved what they were pushing for, the essay for small, typical post-civil-rights-era expression of urban rage when it unilaterally deems itself wronged: burning of businesses.
Looting of mary washington application, businesses. Indiscriminate violence against whites and nonblacks; yanked from cars. Beaten near to death. If a gang of whites had done the same, the screams from the Blacktivists would've been of a roving racist pack. They, the whites, would've been called a lynch mob. But the on christmas kids, rioters were of thinking in everyday, color.
What was begging to be heard by on christmas for small the rampaging mob was some tacit approval from the sapir-whorf thesis, self-appointed HNICs that burning and beating and stealing were the way to go. Approval was given. Kweisi Mfume (real name Frizzell Gray), who was the president and CEO of the NAACP, ranted that Cinci was the belly of the on christmas kids, whale. Al Sharpton—he who is the high self-appointed HNIC of a constituency that no longer exists—demanded the feds take control of doing homework, Cinci's police. Of all America's cops! The Big House of the Liberal Plantation, The New York Times, opined that economic discrimination was at the heart of the on christmas for small, riot (though it failed to explain why poor whites rarely did the same). The Blacktivists of Cinci got what they wanted: some old-school R-Card shysters doing some fire fueling with platitudes and the war cry: Fifteen since '95. On the surface the numbers held up; at the hands of the police, fifteen black men had died since '95. But the thesis, stats didn't reflect fact.
Have you had a chance to meet some of the fifteen poster kids of cop abuse in essay for small Cincinnati? Say hey to Harvey Price, who hacked up his girlfriend's daughter with an ax. She was fifteen. Harvey got shot when he refused to with surrender peaceably. Essay For Small Kids? Went at tactical cops with a knife. Give a yo to Mr. Jeffrey Irons. Confronted for anders stealing a few bucks in toiletries, Irons responded by on christmas for small kids grabbing a cop's gun. Shooting the officer in the hand.
Another officer, options up, looking to avoid worse, shot and killed Irons. Can I get a what-up for Daniel Williams? In February of the value thinking life, '98 Danny flagged down officer Kathleen Conway's cop car. Then he punched her in the face. Then shot her. Four times, .357 Magnum. After all that, Conway managed to fire back—I would safely say in self-defense—killing Williams. The final count of essay on christmas kids, those fifteen since '95? Twelve had threatened arresting officers' lives with some type of weapon before they were killed. Seven of those twelve threatened cops with guns.
Four cops were killed or wounded in making those arrests (in a period when three Cinci cops had been killed in three years). But facts don't serve the cause. And a couple since '95 doesn't make for much of a war cry. Three days of chaos. Nearly $4 million in damage to the city, most of it in predominantly black areas that could ill afford economic downturn. Record levels of homicides, particularly among blacks, as the police, hamstrung by new rules of anime homework, engagement, could no longer effectively protect the very people who had demonized them. The Blacktivists, they would call it victory.
THE NIGHT OF 4/11/01 was the worst of the kids, rioting in Over-the-Rhine. Lowlights included a cop shot, a state of emergency declared. The next day, 4/12/01, while Cinci was still calming down, the detained U. S. crew got loaded onto critics a commandeered Continental Airlines jet. Were flown from Hainan to Guam, Guam to essay for small Hawaii. The patience, the intelligence, of two blacks had set them free. But for Powell and anders dissertation Rice there was no reaction from the greater—or lesser—black community. None from lefty America.
Energy drained by on christmas kids the orgy of application, appeasement it had been forced to offer up over Cincinnati, the essay kids, best the black establishment and the national media could or would toss Dr. Condi and Colin was a collective shrug. Mary? A dismissive act, the effect of which was to minify the kids, significance of their accomplishment. And maybe in early 2001 it didn't matter so much. After averting crisis, there were sure to of critical in everyday be other achievements.
But, you know, things change. Nine-eleven. The towers came down. The Pentagon got opened up. A hole was made in essay kids a field in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. The war in gisela anders dissertation Afghanistan. The war in Iraq. And Hainan was officially forgotten. No more can we allow the crowning moment in our history to live in shadow, just as we cannot allow the deeds of our most accomplished to be overshadowed by the antics of essay on christmas for small, our least ambitious. Near the end of his mortal existence, Dr. Martin Luther King famously queried, Where do we go from here: chaos or community?
Over-the-Rhine was chaos. Gisela Marburg Dissertation? Is this what we choose for kids ourselves? To continue as the thesis, ungodly construct of victim and aggressor? I say there is only one direction for us to travel, the for small kids, path already set. Dr. Condi and Colin are exceptional but not unique. Empirically, Hainan wasn't a one-off. With the pair as way points by which to plot a course, our collective ascension will be assured.
Undoubtedly, knees will jerk over this contention. Writing With Thesis? The Reverends Al and Jesse and all those who judge actions by the single criterion of for small, how they affect the of critical thinking in everyday, remnants of the Movement will ask: These? These two are your ne plus ultra blacks? These two who caved to on christmas for small kids the will of the Right? Powell, whose dog-and-pony show at the UN revealed his true bent? Rice, whose Why We Know Iraq Is Lying for The New York Times showed her lack of spine? These two who sent America off to essay folly in Iraq?
Black America must look to that lost moment and realize that, short of a brother or sister actually being elected president, Hainan was the high-water mark of essay on christmas kids, black political power. And whether Operation Iraqi Freedom is ultimately good and mary application essay right and just, or if it is lousily named and uniformly disastrous, what is essential is that Dr. Condi and essay for small Colin earned for themselves positions from thinking life which to sway public debate. Dr. Condi and Colin personify what niggers have forgotten: All that matters is essay on christmas for small accomplishment. The very pinnacle of ascendancy is the ability to live and work without regard for the sentiments of others and with, as Sister Rand would tell us, a selfish virtue. We came up from slavery to freedom without regard for the Constitution, which gave us nothing, and the plantation masters, who gave us the whip.
We came up from oppression to civil rights without regard for hurled bricks and gisela sicced police dogs. Water hoses. The word nigger. This, then, is my directive: Let us achieve with equal disregard for on christmas kids the limitations of racism and write self the weight of those of us who threaten to drag all of us down with the clinging nature of their eternal victimization. Our preservation is too essential to be stunted by essay for small those unwilling to advance. And in my heart I don't believe all blacks cannot achieve in the absence of gisela anders dissertation, aid any more than I believe the best way to teach a child to run is by forcing him to spend a lifetime on his knees. As long as we remain committed to holding high our individuals of supreme finish, others will be inspired to essay on christmas for small loose themselves of the with thesis, gravity of the waywards and downtroddens. Once free, they will rise. They will drift high toward the attainments of which we are invariably capable; being better fathers and for small husbands and lovers. Essay? Better mothers and essay on christmas kids daughters, sisters and washington essay best friends.
We will rise to the simple obligation of taking care of our own with the kids, same dedication we will give to improving our community and country and with our world. Yes, our influence will extend so. Where do we go from here? The only direction we can. The New Black America will ascend.
THE ORIGINAL RESPONSE TO THIS STORY. Published in the February 2007 issue: In his essay (The Manifesto of Ascendancy for the Modern American Nigger, December), African-American writer, film producer, and director John Ridley argued that rioting in Cincinnati in 2001 overshadowed the apex of essay, African-American leadership in America: the the value thinking in everyday, skilled handling by then–national security advisor Condoleezza Rice and secretary of state Colin Powell of the crash landing of a U.S. surveillance plane in Hainan, China. To Ridley, this demonstrated how an essay for small, emphasis on victimization and urban and street values was holding back the success of ascended blacks, and anime doing homework that it was time for New Black Americans to leave behind those unwilling to advance. Ridley is essay on christmas a genius.
His brave essay is the most poignant and relevant black literary work I have read since Carter G. Woodson's 1933 book about the alienating effects of a Eurocentric education on African-Americans, The Mis-Education of the Negro. As black Americans, our self-inflicted recycled negativity and outright emasculation of our negritude continue to destroy us. Ridley's essay and Woodson's book should both be required reading before anyone can call himself a brother. –L.E. Mackey, Mount Sterling, Ky. I was deeply offended by your decision to publish John Ridley's rant. As a black man with a Ph.D. and no criminal record (no doubt one of the good individuals Ridley would consider ascended), I find his simple division of African-Americans into good blacks and niggers reprehensible.
Moreover, since you guys would never publish a piece dividing other groups into whites versus crackers, Italians versus wops, or women versus bitches, the real question for Mr. Ridley is this: Whose nigger are you? –William Jelani Cobb, Atlanta, Ga. Ridley forgets that ascending requires a number of factors, not just hard work and a positive attitude. Anime Homework? For most of the urban poor, opportunities are simply not available, which ultimately destroys hope. I'd bet every five-year-old in that demographic has goals and dreams (astronaut, fireman, veterinarian). However, years of violence, injustice, underfunded schools, a broken local economy, and government indifference can sap hope and will from the strongest of essay, us all. I would suggest to all who ascend, regardless of race, that when you get there, reach back down and with thesis help a brother up. As a Caucasian who has lived most of his life in the South, I relate to for small kids Ridley's point about chronic underachievers. Anders Marburg Dissertation? He is essay for small correct: Most whites don't give much thought to other whites who won't make an effort when offered opportunities to washington application overcome their circumstances. African-Americans should not be vilified for feeling the on christmas, same way.
– Louis Howell, Jacksonville, Fla. Bravo. Esquire has touched on the core essence of racism. Ridley has brilliantly illustrated how the American culture continues to foster the need for Americans to define their character through the washington essay, debasement of others less fortunate. Essay On Christmas Kids? By the the value of critical life, way, for those of us African-Americans who have ascended, do we get T-shirts so the rest of the world knows to separate us from the others? – Suzanne Descanvelle, New York, N.Y.
As a twenty-nine-year-old African-American, that article had me twisting and rock- ing in my seat. It's like when someone talks about your kid, and you know your kid is bad as hell but you can't say anything. Ridley said what a lot of us think but are afraid to say. – Derek Kelley, West Des Moines, Iowa. Even if we were to accept Ridley's premise that Dr. Rice and essay for small General Powell, solely and without the advice and consent of washington application essay, other members of the administration, achieved the on christmas for small, greatest moment in gisela anders dissertation black America's political history, Ridley's conclusion that this geopolitical masterstroke was undermined by the actions of a few largely disenfranchised blacks some four hundred miles away is irrational and logically indefensible. Even if I were to disparage the Cincinnati protestors (which I'm not prepared to do), even if I agreed with Ridley's assessment that police killing black men was somehow acceptable because those men had records or were otherwise of lesser human caliber, in what way should those men be used to diminish what the author sees as the accomplishments of essay kids, Rice and Powell? The white establishment does not waste its time with such triviality, but it's a shortcoming that far too often seems to hinder members of the black intelligentsia. – Keith Clinkscales, Hartsdale, N.Y. If Ridley wants to complain about established black leadership that is deaf, dumb, and blind, that's fine. Lord knows there is enough criticism to go around.
However, to lower himself to the use of thinking in everyday, a word that has been deployed by whites as a form of essay kids, social and political control of black bodies; a word that has preceded lynchings, rapes, and all sorts of abuses; a word that has been thrown at Ph.D. and janitor and washington application essay jailbird alike is a slap in the face of every black man or woman who has worked all of on christmas for small, his or her life for a day when such a word would no longer exist. Mr. Ridley ought to be ashamed. – Roger Sneed, Mount Pleasant, Mich. I think this Modern American Nigger just ascended himself above further subscriptions.
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5 Ways to essay kids, Start Your Resume With a Bang. Everyone tells you that it#8217;s important to mary washington application essay, start your resume with a powerful introduction that makes a strong first impression #8230; #8220;you only have 20 seconds#8221; goes the standard advice. And it#8217;s true. Employers are busy and they get hundreds of resumes for most positions which means standing out is vital. But how do you actually do that? The good news is that it#8217;s not as hard as you might think. I#8217;ve written before about the importance of starting your resume with a strong resume headline. On Christmas Kids. But here are 5 additional ways to start your resume with the doing homework kind of bang that makes it impossible for essay employers to write self essay, ignore you. For Small Kids. If you#8217;re like most people, when it comes time to write a resume, you spend time browsing the the value web looking for ideas. (In fact that#8217;s how you may have come to this website). But it#8217;s a really bad idea and on christmas for small here#8217;s why.
You are not like any of gisela anders dissertation those other people. On our samples page, you#8217;ll find over 50 sample resumes, each one carefully crafted to on christmas kids, communicate the strengths, personality traits, experiences and unique value proposition of writing with one individual an essay kids, individual who is not you . So if you#8217;re spending time looking around the web for resume examples, stop it. Seriously. Stop it! You are amazing.
You have talents, skills and doing homework life experiences that no one else on essay on christmas for small earth has at least not in that unique combination. The Value Of Critical. So instead of looking for things other people have said about themselves, start your resume by telling people exactly what makes you uniquely valuable. Notice I didn#8217;t say #8216;tell people what makes you unique.#8217; The fact that you own the world#8217;s largest collection of essay on christmas for small kids Dr Who figurines makes you unique, but I wouldn#8217;t recommend adding it to your resume. No, unique isn#8217;t enough the phrase I used was #8220;uniquely valuable.#8221; Ask yourself: what combination of skills, experiences and personality traits makes me valuable to my target employers?#8221; When you have the gisela anders marburg dissertation answer, you have the core message that will compel employers to call you in for essay for small interviews. For example, if I was to apply for a position creating an online training program for job seekers, I would want to highlight several things that, in combination, make me a pretty unique candidate: I have 15 years of recruitment experience at of critical in everyday all levels of an essay, organization I have an critics sapir-whorf thesis, in-depth understanding of the on christmas for small kids resume screening and applicant tracking systems used by so many companies today. I have 10 years of experience in curriculum development and training design I have 10 years of washington application essay experience running Blue Sky Resumes and during that time my company has helped thousands of for small job seekers to find new jobs. This outline of my experience is what marketers might call #8216;the product features.#8217; These are the facts about my experience. To make a real impact, I have to illustrate to the value of critical thinking in everyday, the audience why these features will benefit them. I offer a rare combination of hands-on recruitment, training, resume writing and career coaching experience, which means that I have an in-depth knowledge of the hiring process from both sides while also knowing how to essay on christmas, create adult learning programs that really work. Assessment Essay. Do this for essay on christmas kids yourself, and your resume can#8217;t fail to make an immediate impact because it will directly address the core needs of your target employers.
3. Break the Rules if Necessary. When you write your resume, you#8217;re immediately constrained by all kinds of rules that you#8217;ve heard from other people. For example, my favorite is the write assessment #8220;your resume should only on christmas for small, be one page long#8221; rule. Who says? Did all the hiring managers, recruiters and HR managers go to a training course where they were all told this was the rule and not to consider anyone who didn#8217;t follow it?
Of course not! It#8217;s just a thing someone said one day and it got picked up and anime communicated to others and now it causes millions of people around the on christmas kids world to write resumes that are less effective than they could be. The truth is the value of critical thinking in everyday life, that you can#8217;t write a powerful resume that expresses your individuality if you are also following conventions and rules. The two just don#8217;t go together. On Christmas. Notice in my example above that I wrote my value proposition summary in sapir-whorf thesis the first person. Here it is again: I offer a rare combination of hands-on recruitment, training, resume writing and career coaching experience, which means that I have an in-depth knowledge of the hiring process from both sides while also knowing how to create adult learning programs that really work.
Standard resume conventions say this is on christmas kids, wrong that you should never use #8220;I#8221; in your resume. I say that#8217;s rubbish. Sometimes, using #8220;I#8221; is the perfect way to speak directly to the hiring manager with a powerful sales message. This doesn#8217;t mean your resume should be two pages (maybe it should be three? Or one?). Dissertation. Nor does it mean that you must use #8220;I#8221; in your resume.
Far from it. All it means is that you should always make decisions about your resume based on what#8217;s the best sales message for you and not based on essay for small an arbitrary rule designed to life, make everyone conform. Here#8217;s one example of a resume that uses #8220;I#8221; effectively to introduce the candidate to potential employers. On Christmas For Small Kids. Employers are risk averse. Anders Marburg. They want to essay for small, be very sure that they don#8217;t make a mistake when hiring. Therefore, one of the most powerful things you can do is to provide evidence, right upfront in your resume introduction, that you will be a good choice.
I like to do this by gisela anders, using testimonials either from LinkedIn or from performance reviews or reference letters. If you can use the referrer#8217;s name, your pitch will be all the stronger. Essay On Christmas Kids. (See here and write self assessment here for examples). If you#8217;ve ever attended a creative writing class, you#8217;ll know the old adage #8220;show don#8217;t tell.#8221; In creative writing, this refers to the fact that it#8217;s more powerful to show a character#8217;s feelings through action rather than describing those feelings. Essay. (So an author shouldn#8217;t say #8220;he felt sad#8221; but should rather say #8220;tears welled in thinking in everyday life his eyes.#8221;) When I use this phrase in relation to your resume, I am referring to roughly the same thing. Instead of telling people that you#8217;re fabulous, I want you to show them. Imagine being a hiring manager and on christmas for small looking at two resumes one tells and one shows. The #8220;tells#8221; resume begins with the assessment essay following statement: I am a powerful leader who consistently delivers results even in for small kids challenging situations. The #8220;shows#8221; resume starts this way: I have held 3 jobs in the last 10 years and mary washington application essay have always increased sales by at least 50% this is true even in my most recent role where I grew sales 62% despite a general industry downturn. Essay For Small Kids. Which of of the sapir-whorf thesis these two candidates would you be most interested in meeting? (And would you really care that he used the #8220;I#8221; word?
Or if his resume was 3 pages long?). Of course, not everyone can quantify their impact in this way as we don#8217;t all work in sales. But if you think about essay, it hard enough, you can come up with facts about your performance that show rather than tell. For example, perhaps you have outperformed your peers, or won awards, or earned promotions in every one of your jobs. Perhaps you#8217;re the anders marburg dissertation teacher who always goes the extra mile, or the sales associate who gets 100% on mystery shopper visits. The point is, showing will always make a bigger impact than telling and doing it sooner rather than later will help your resume start with a bang. To make an impact, you need to showcase your unique value right at the start of your resume.
Do this and you will find that your resume response rate skyrockets. So before you send another resume out, ask yourself if it really starts with a bang. If it does, you#8217;re already overwhelmed with interview requests. If it doesn#8217;t, use one of these tactics or find your own to make the desired impact. Good luck! And if you’re interested in professional resume help, just shoot me an email with a copy of your resume and I’ll get back to you with feedback and a price quote. The best bit? As a reader of this blog (and therefore clearly a person with impeccable taste!) you are entitled to on christmas kids, claim a 15% discount on our resume writing service. Just mention the blog when you email me. You might also be interested in: Love this article?
Share it! How to critics of the, Write a Killer Resume. Essay On Christmas For Small. About the write Author. Louise co-founded Blue Sky in 2002 after a career as an HR executive. Her industry experience includes music, video games, fashion and advertising. She lived and essay kids worked in the US for many years, but moved back to mary application essay, her native UK in 2012, where she now lives in the Yorkshire countryside.
In addition to her full-time role with Blue Sky, she's a professional artist, so you can imagine why she couldn't answer the 'what do you do with your free time' question! Contact Louise by email. Sign up now to learn our FREE Resume Secrets! Tired of being ignored? Our FREE resume writing e-course will show you how to get your resume noticed with just a few quick and easy changes. Kids. Transform your resume,boost your confidence, and land your dream job with 12 time-tested strategies.
These simple, practical tips are delivered by email and the first one will arrive as soon as you sign up. 8 comments on anime doing homework “5 Ways to Start Your Resume With a Bang” #8220;Which of these two candidates would you be most interested in meeting?#8221; is on christmas for small, grammatically incorrect. With Thesis. Since there are only for small kids, two candidates, the sentence should ready, #8220;Which of these two candidates would you be more interested in meeting?#8221; Thanks Matthew for the correction Duly noted. However, hopefully the point remains a good one #128578; Good points. Thanks for highlighting examples very well. It#8217;s a lot about quantifying, quantifying, quantifying! But not all of us such as writers have been in quantifying careers, what do you do then? Esp. if you are not applying for of critical thinking life a writing position?
Maybe more of a project coordinator etc. On Christmas. etc. If you#8217;re not in write self essay a job that can be quantified, you need to on christmas for small kids, ask yourself #8216;what impact have I made? How would X company or magazine or newspaper or blog be different had they not hired me?#8217; A writer isn#8217;t expected to do anything directly quantifiable, but there are expectations for the job. What are they? Once you have that piece of information, you can describe times you made a similar impact in another setting. Doing. For example, a project coordinator is essay for small kids, expected to deliver things on gisela marburg time, often to tight deadlines. Essay. Have you done that before? If so, when? What happened? What was the result? He or she needs to coordinate the efforts of lots of people, often people who don#8217;t report directly.
Have you done that? How did it turn out? Always the secret is to ask yourself #8216;what is important for success in this job?#8217; Then describe your success at doing that. Self Essay. Good luck! What should I do if I am just getting back to the workforce? I have been a full time mom to three children and essay on christmas kids I am definitely feeling scared and intimidated. I#8217;ve recently written a resume post that I think you may like. Writing With. What do you think? Keen to hear your feedback. Essay For Small Kids. Excuse me. I#8217;m a 15 year old boy, who doesn#8217;t have any previous working experience. what can I do to get my fist job.
Three Popular Articles you will kick yourself for sapir-whorf not reading. Like what you see? Sign up to get our very best stuff sent by on christmas for small, email. Anime. We hate spam so we#039;ll never do it and we#039;ll never share your email address with anyone. is a small team of professional writers and job search experts based in the US and essay the UK. Anders Marburg. We offer one-of-a-kind resumes, smart career advice and fantastic customer service. We love what we do. All Content © 2014 Blue Sky Resumes.
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Essay on Christmas for Children and …
essay drawing Figure 1. Donald Judd, Untitled , 1967. Graphite on paper, 10 3/4 x 13 1/4 inches (27.3 x 33.7 cm) Art © Estate of Donald Judd/Licensed by essay kids VAGA, New York, NY. System, Seriality, and the Handmade Mark in mary Minimal and Conceptual Art. The exhibition Notations: Contemporary Drawing as Idea and Process presents drawings produced by essay seminal American artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and of critical in everyday life Conceptual art, as well as a selection of works by artists of subsequent generations who continue to engage with the aesthetic strategies and procedures of their predecessors. 1 In some cases the drawings on view are self-contained and autonomous, but often they are studies for how to proceed to make a sculpture, an installation, or a site-specific work. The grid, the diagram, and serial ordering (all methods of de-skilling or noncomposition) are regularly employed as foils to subjective decision making. Yet the examination of a broad array of drawings by these practitioners reveals distinctive bodies of work that, far from being impersonal or uniform, are as diverse as the artists are innovative.
While some artists tended to foreground thought and knowledge as the essential components of an artwork, others focused on on christmas kids, the materials themselves with an equal degree of concentration. In both instances the visual and physical allure of their drawings is no less important than the ideas that they convey. Central to the exhibition is the paradoxical compatibility between the use of a priori systems and the individual touch of the artist in an artistic environment that embraced an antiemotive “serial attitude” as something akin to an ethos. 2 Much has been made of the purported purging of authorial intentionality and subjectivity in Minimal and write self assessment Conceptual art, which placed a heightened emphasis on analytic rigor, systematic planning, and serial methodologies. This move is essay on christmas for small kids, often characterized as a “cool” reaction to the “hot” psychologically transparent practices and rhetoric of heroic individualism associated with modernist abstraction in the United States in the post–World War II era. 3 The purported shift from hot to cool—from gestural disclosure to rational, antiauthorial approaches—was, however, never definitive or clear-cut. Drawing, a medium long associated with both the activity of ideation and thesis the manual act of creation, played a central role in essay kids attempts by writing with artists associated with the essay process-based and conceptually rigorous practices of Minimal and Conceptual art to open up established understandings of aesthetic production as well as a generative site for the ongoing negotiation of the relationship between subjective and objective approaches, between touch and measured distance. Drawing thus offers a compelling means through which to reexamine the received narrative of the art of this period. Artists engaged in a variety of strategies and agendas—including Dan Flavin, Eva Hesse, Barry Le Va, and essay Sol LeWitt—readily embraced drawing’s salient attributes—its mobility and essay on christmas kids elasticity, its economy and anders dissertation antimonumental character, its exploratory nature, and its facility for acting as a mediator, translating abstract concepts into form—to produce works that are notational, diagrammatic, and reductive. Often small in scale, delicate, playful, and highly nuanced, these drawings suggest a level of intimacy and direct encounter with the artists’ thoughts and intentions that is kids, less readily apparent in their work in other mediums. Drawing is approached here as a powerful if underrecognized lens through which to write, explore the productive tensions between rational calculation and subjective expression, concept and material form, and for small precision and disorder that animate much of the work on view in this exhibition.
Industrial Fabrication / Individual Notation. Employing basic forms, industrial materials, and serial repetition, artists associated with Minimalism, such as Donald Judd and Dan Flavin, sought to free art from symbolic emotional content and pretensions about its transcendent quality. While the established narrative of Minimalism emphasizes an mary essay obscuring, even an erasure, of the on christmas artist’s hand through the use of industrial fabrication and readymade materials, the preparatory and anime doing working drawings (necessities given that their art objects were fabricated industrially) produced by these artists reintroduce the hand into the movement’s legacy. 4 By revealing the essay kids idea of the system and the plan for construction, these drawings expose the process of creation and stand as vital counterpoints to the sterile perfection of the standardized industrial Minimalist object. The “literalist” position held by homework Minimalism in the mid-1960s is exemplified by the work of essay kids, Judd, whose 1965 essay “Specific Objects” set out the basic tenets of his approach: creating self-sufficient and the value life self-referential objects based on material specificity. Using industrial materials such as Plexiglas, aluminum, and rolled steel rather than fine art materials, Judd placed his work in a continuum with the mass-produced commodity as opposed to the history of sculpture. The artist employed drawing to work out structure, proportion, and spatial relationships for sculpture but never considered his works on essay on christmas for small kids, paper as anything other than technical instructions, a type of thesis, language used to convey information for the execution of for small kids, standardized three-dimensional forms.
Hand-drawn works providing dimensions and material specifications, such as his untitled drawing of mary essay, 1967 (fig. 1), paradoxically support his decidedly hands-off management style of delegation and kids supervision. 5. While Judd understood his working drawings as necessary supporting material for the creation of his serial sculptural works, drawing played a more essential role in the practice of his Minimalist contemporary Dan Flavin. The artist drew incessantly and for a variety of the value thinking in everyday life, purposes: to on christmas kids, notate an idea or create working drawings for artworks in other media; to make quick renderings of nature; to execute finished presentation drawings for sale; and to commission “final finished diagrams”—drawn in colored pencil on graph paper by his wife, son, and studio assistants—which acted as records of his site-specific fluorescent light installations. 6 The act of drawing increased in importance once Flavin’s practice shifted, around 1963, to making works employing readymade fluorescent lamps bought from the write self essay hardware store and kids installed by technicians. He used commonplace materials (ballpoint pen, office paper) to sketch and document possible arrangements for site-specific installations. Although he tended to downplay the graphic value of these drawings, they were essential to writing with, his practice, existing as residues of on christmas, thought. Flavin was always careful to save and date each of these works on paper in order to record the sequence in write which they were made. Drawing thus became a way of projecting and planning situations and a means of archiving those plans, relating both to the future and to the past.
7. Figure 2. Dan Flavin, Four drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb. 8, 1973; Feb. Essay On Christmas Kids! 12, 1973; Feb. 14, 1973 , 1973. Ballpoint pen on typing paper, 4 sheets, each 8 1/2 x 11 inches (21.6 x 27.9 cm) © 2012 Stephen Flavin / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Four Drawings for the John Weber Gallery, Feb. 7, 1973; Feb.
8, 1973; Feb. 12, 1973; Feb. 14, 1973 (1973; fig. 2) is representative of these working drawings. Rendered in thesis pen on white typing paper, these minimal graphic renderings are composed of essay kids, a series of what Flavin described as “impetuous marks, sudden summary jottings . . . Application! those of for small kids, a kind of intimate, idiosyncratic, synoptic shorthand (by now, mainly my ‘style’).” 8 The four drawings that make up this group were produced over the course of a week.
Flavin scribbled over and rejected the earliest drawing in the series (Feb. 7, 1973), while the word final is written and underlined in his expressive handwriting at the top of the sheet dated February 14, 1973. Memos run all over these pages, supplying information such as color, location, and dimensions. The Value Of Critical! Fluorescent tubes are represented by writing out the name of the color horizontally and vertically (daylight, warm white, cool white, red, yellow, etc.), literally drawing with words. Essay On Christmas! One drawing includes a series of dedications to friends: “to Kay Foster,” “to Donna.” Personal dedications were common in Flavin’s practice, referring not only to friends but also to art historical figures such as Barnett Newman and to political events, as in a 1970s drawing dedicated “to the young woman and men murdered in Kent State and Jackson State Universities and to their fellow students who are yet to be killed.” The inclusion of these personal notes lends Flavin’s work a poetic and anime homework political dimension not normally associated with the technical, industrial look of Minimalism. Drawing proved less well suited to the overall goals of other artists associated with Minimalism, for whom the medium gave undue preference to the conceptual over the physical and temporal experience of their sculptural work and the ambiguities of that experience. The emphasis on the gap between conception and perception, or between the idea of the work and the experience of its physical form, inherent to drawing, troubled artists such as Carl Andre, who rejected a conceptual label for his practice, framing it instead as overtly materialist. 9 The viewer of his floor pieces, exemplary works of Minimalist art, was meant to on christmas, be ambulatory: “My idea of critics sapir-whorf thesis, a piece of essay on christmas for small, sculpture is a road.
That is, a road doesn’t reveal itself at any particular point or from any particular point. . . . Most of my works—certainly the successful ones—have been ones that are in a way causeways—they cause you to make your way along them or around them or to move the spectator over them.” 10 An Andre floor sculpture is intended to provide a phenomenological encounter, extending into critics of the thesis, and articulating its surroundings; viewers can stand on top of and move across his horizontal works and not see them, experiencing a given piece through a tactile rather than an optical relationship. Figure 3. Carl Andre, Blue Lock , 1966. Colored ink and felt-tip pen on graph paper, 8 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (22.2 x 24.8 cm) Gift of Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Art © Carl Andre/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. Given the importance that he placed on both the materiality of the sculptural object and essay the viewer’s spatial encounter with it, Andre was resistant to resolving a given work in a single, fixed image, be it in the form of a preparatory drawing or an installation photograph.
In Blue Lock (1966; fig. 3), for example, he attempted to work against the static properties of drawing in order to convey both the critics of the sapir-whorf conceptual simplicity and the perceptual complexity of the on christmas sculptural work to which it relates. 11 Working on graph paper, he registered his idea for a floor sculpture as both a square and a rectangle made up of repeated rectangular units. Washington Essay! In two adjacent grids he filled the regimented squares of the essay on christmas for small paper with handwritten letters that spell out the in everyday life words lock and blue . Essay On Christmas! Written in all caps, the letters run in gisela multiple directions, suggesting manifold views—the viewer is compelled not only to read across the grids but also to turn the sheet around to essay on christmas kids, view it from mary washington application diverse vantage points. 12. Richard Serra similarly grappled with the disjunction between the fixed nature of the preparatory sketch and the physical experience of his large-scale sculptural work in space and essay for small kids time. Early in his career, the artist produced small working drawings executed in graphite on paper, denoting a process at once notational and projective. Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A. Write Self Assessment! County Museum) (1971; fig.
4) provides a bird’s-eye view of an initial concept for a sculpture made of industrial sheets of steel, one that was destined to remain unrealized. While the drawing offers an overview of the form of the sculpture, it remains unconcerned with the perceptual shifts unfolding over time and the transient experiences of a specific site, which would become a major feature of Serra’s monumental sculptural projects. 13 The artist soon rejected such working drawings altogether, stating: “I never make sketches or drawings for sculptures. I don’t work from an a priori concept or image. Sculptors who work from for small drawings, depictions, illustrations, are more than likely removed from the working process with materials and construction.” 14. Figure 4. Richard Serra, Untitled (Preliminary Drawing for L.A. County Museum) , 1971. Graphite on paper, 17 3/4 x 23 1/2 inches (45.1 x 59.7 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Figure 5. Richard Serra, Titled Arc , 1986. Oil crayon on anime doing homework, paper, 19 x 24 1/2 inches (48.3 x 62.2 cm) © 2012 Richard Serra / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York.
Drawing would remain a fundamental practice for Serra nevertheless. He began to reverse the medium’s traditional role, however, sketching his sculptures after they were completed as a means of thinking through formal problems and essay for small understanding what he sees and encounters. 15 With Tilted Arc (1986; fig. 5), one in write self assessment a series of sketches in notebooks made with oil crayon, drawing becomes a means to revisit a piece, in this case his work of on christmas for small, public art of the same title constructed in 1981 at Federal Plaza in New York. The Value Of Critical Thinking Life! While photographs of the for small sculpture fulfill the roles of documentation and dissemination, Serra’s drawing—consisting of a few bold, black lines in dissertation oil crayon—performs another function, that of distilling his physical experience of the piece on-site.
The process of kids, making the work is palpable: the actions of the of critical life hand, its movement and on christmas for small pressure, are visible and felt on the surface of the paper. Much like the quick notations and personal dedications found in Flavin’s work—which subvert the cold, detached character of his light installations—Serra’s physically expressive and gestural drawing works to destabilize the aggressive character of his monumental sculptural practice. Begun during the mary washington application essay prolonged public hearings and lawsuits relating to Tilted Arc , which would result in the removal and ultimate destruction of the sculpture in 1989, this series of sketches also retains what Yve-Alain Bois has described as a “sense of mourning,” a sober look back at a project that can never again be experienced in real time and space. 16. Prescribed Procedures / Amorphous Results.
By the essay for small late 1960s, the emphasis on materiality and physicality of experience, evinced in both Andre’s and Serra’s distinctive approaches to drawing and sculpture, was pervasive. Gisela Anders Marburg! Many artists attempting to extend or, in some cases, react against the principles of Minimalism explored process, performance, installation, and essay on christmas site-specific approaches to creation. Barry Le Va’s opening up of the boundaries of mary, sculptural experience with his antiformal dispersals of nontraditional materials exemplifies a larger shift away from the essay kids pristine, manufactured look of Minimalism toward an critics thesis exploration of the ways in essay kids which a work of art literally comes into the value of critical, being. The term Process art encompassed practices like Le Va’s, in which the importance of a work of art is understood to lie more in its materiality and how it was made than in the final product. Process-based works frequently took the form of ephemeral actions, such as the performance of common tasks detached from subjectivity, as well as temporary, site-specific installations. Preparatory and presentation drawings are often the only remaining witnesses (besides documentary photographs) to the transient events that these artists enacted and the materials that they engaged with. Figure 6. Essay On Christmas Kids! Barry Le Va, Wash , 1969. Ink on graph paper mounted on paper, 18 1/2 x 22 inches (47 x 55.9 cm) © 2012 Barry Le Va. In 1966 Le Va began producing his distribution pieces, floor-based installations that rejected traditional notions of a strictly ordered composition. Self Essay! These works exploited the properties of everyday materials—felt, chalk, flour, broken glass, mineral oil, iron oxide—and the on christmas for small relative relationships established through loose juxtaposition.
Despite the accidental nature of Le Va’s mutable compositional strategy, drawing remained central to his sculptural practice, in the form of diagrammatic sketches or flexible blueprints that brought order to the formlessness that characterizes his contingent installations. 17 He drew “to be alone with myself,” “to discover and clarify my thoughts,” “to visualize my thoughts,” and “to convince myself some thoughts are worth pursuing.” 18 Certainly one can detect a sense of disegno in his conception of drawing—that is, a projective and anime doing homework idealist belief in kids the medium as uniquely capable of revealing the artist’s mind at work and exposing the mechanism of the creative process. Yet Le Va’s employment of the diagram (a form typically associated with architecture, engineering, and mathematics rather than with art) in works such as Wash (1968; fig. 6), a study for a distribution piece, complicates the romantic idea of write self assessment essay, drawing as an unmediated reflection of the mind of an individual as registered through the autographic mark. His methodical ordering of space on the page belies the accidental appearance and kids unstable dispersal of materials that define his distribution pieces by revealing the in everyday predetermined nature of the essay on christmas kids overall arrangement of the work. Of The Sapir-whorf! 19 Orderly and precise in process and appearance, his works on essay for small kids, paper enact a reversal of the traditional understanding of self assessment, drawing as a flexible site for spontaneous creation.
In Le Va’s case, spontaneity is ultimately deferred onto the unfolding of events occurring in the space of the gallery itself. Wash (1968) exemplifies the generative tension between the random and the orderly that Le Va actively cultivated in his early works. Essay For Small! The drawing includes passages of writing thesis, graph paper on which the artist first mapped out the distribution of pieces of felt and shards of glass. Le Va and essay many of his contemporaries frequently used graph paper, not so much for its look as for its suitability for mary the transfer of ideas into form. As the artist Mel Bochner reasoned, “graph paper reduces the tedious aspects of drawing, and permits the easy and immediate alignment of random thoughts into conventionalized patterns of reading and forming.” 20 Le Va cut up the on christmas for small uniform graph paper into random shapes, repositioned the mary washington application essay fragments atop a sheet of white paper, and connected the kids pieces through a series of colorful stains made using red, black, and gray ink. The artist’s handwritten inscription placed under the drawing makes it clear that the stains are meant to reference specific materials: red or black iron oxide and mineral oil. This diagram was apparently never realized in sculptural form but is related to of the, a series of impermanent installations that Le Va would complete at the Walker Art Center in Minneapolis in 1969. These installations involved minerals in different states of on christmas for small, saturation (wet, damp, and dry) and the value of critical thinking life their potential chemical reactions. Substances were poured directly on essay for small kids, the gallery floor and were allowed to dissolve and run into one another, eventually drying, cracking, and staining over time. 21 The strict formal economy of Le Va’s drawn plan simultaneously contradicts and enhances the flux, flexibility, and physical damage unleashed in the space of the gallery.
Figure 7. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 1973. Graphite on anime doing, paper, 7 5/8 x 11 1/8 inches (19.4 x 28.3 cm) Mildred Lane Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis, Gift of essay for small kids, Mr. and critics sapir-whorf Mrs. Gary Wolff, 2011. © 2012 William Anastasi. Figure 8. William Anastasi, Untitled (Subway Drawing) , 2009. Graphite on paper, 8 x 11 1/2 inches (20.3 x 29.2 cm) © 2012 William Anastasi. William Anastasi’s subway drawings (figs. 7, 8) engage a similar process-driven dynamic—highly prescribed yet open to unforeseen occurrences—while reflecting a very different intention from the deliberate, diagrammatic approach employed by Le Va. Beginning in the late 1960s, Anastasi developed his unconventional series of “unsighted” works—blind drawings, pocket drawings, and subway drawings—as means of essay for small kids, abdicating rather than establishing control by submitting the graphic process to chance.
To create his ongoing series of subway drawings, he sits on a subway train, places a sheet of paper on a board on his lap, takes a pencil in marburg dissertation each hand, rests the points on the paper, closes his eyes, dons headphones to block out essay on christmas kids all ambient sound, and lets the movement of his body in transit determine the composition of each work. Rather than relying on vision, he creates the work by of the thesis assigning himself a simple task and arbitrary limits: each drawing is produced in the time it takes him to get from point A to point B on the subway and is finished when he gets off the essay on christmas for small kids train at a predetermined destination. By drawing blind and incorporating chance, Anastasi subverts the gisela anders dissertation tradition of drawing as a synthesis of vision, knowledge, and manual skill. In carrying out this prescribed act, which is both meditative and absurd, the essay kids artist places his focus squarely on phenomenology. Phenomenological impact became a key aspect in anders dissertation some strains of Minimalist sculptural production in the late 1960s as artists such as Carl Andre, Robert Morris, and Richard Serra were preoccupied not only with the process of production but also with how a work was perceived by the viewer in real time and space.
22 These artists often forced the spectator’s body into essay for small, a confrontation with an object or a visual field as a form of writing, defamiliarization, exhorting viewers to for small kids, become conscious of their own processes of perception in order to see beyond the prevailing conventions of art. Write Self! With Anastasi’s more modest drawings, however, it is not the spectator’s active experience of a sculptural work that is highlighted but that of the artist himself. His body becomes a key instrument in the overall performance, serving as a passive implement that absorbs and records motion. Always consisting of two scribbled clusters of lines that move in all different directions, the subway drawings read as residues of a durational performance and as records of Anastasi’s travels across New York, revealing the temporal experience of the artist. Essay On Christmas! Systematic in approach and detached in procedure, this brand of embodied mark making nevertheless proffers a significant reopening to the bodily subject. Sol LeWitt pushed the process- and systems-based approach to artistic production in still another direction.
Rejecting any focus on the performing body of the artist, he elevated the working through of an idea to a position of anime homework, importance, which he understood as equal to for small kids, that of the resulting work. Though initially associated with Minimal art, LeWitt emerged as one of the leaders of Conceptual art. In his “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art” (1967), which became in effect a manifesto for the movement, he crystallized a radically divergent move in postwar art toward praxis as idea based: “If the artist carries through his idea and makes it into visible form, then all the steps in the process are of importance. The idea itself, even if not made visual, is of critical thinking life, as much a work of on christmas kids, art as any other aesthetic product. Of The Sapir-whorf! All intervening steps—scribbles, sketches, drawings, failed works, models, studies, thoughts, conversations—are of interest.” 23 Given the importance LeWitt placed on the “intervening steps” in the manifestation of an idea, both drawing and language (visual experience and linguistic experience) hold a privileged place in for small his body of anders marburg, work. Figure 9. Sol LeWitt, Three-Part Variations on on christmas for small kids, Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 , 1967. Ink and graphite on paper, 11 3/4 x 23 3/4 inches (29.8 x 60.3 cm) © 2012 The LeWitt Estate / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. Three-Part Variations on Three Different Kinds of Cubes 331 (1967; fig. 9) is a drawing of a series of three-dimensional structures related to concurrent sculptural explorations. LeWitt plotted different permutations on three-cube constructions or, as he wrote at the top of the self essay drawing in essay capital letters: “three three-part variations in which the with thesis top and bottom cube have one side removed (3) while the middle cube is solid (1).” The artist replaced traditional principles of sculptural organization and compositional relational order with a chosen permutational system that can be rationally calculated and for small thus understood by the viewer either mentally or in material form.
The cubes are drawn in isometric perspective (a technique commonly employed in technical or engineering drawings) on a hand-drawn grid. The use of the grid emphasizes the uniformity of the cubes: each cube is two grid squares tall and two grid squares wide. The grid and the technical rendering give the appearance of an ordered sequence intended to provide objective visual information, expressing a universalizing vision of industrial-age perfection based on serial production. With! It appears that LeWitt used this language of essay for small kids, efficiency in order to subvert it, however. 24 The seemingly endless potential for variation implied in his system gives the lie to the fundamental arbitrariness of his concept and the subjective decision making that orders it. He employed the grid, the cube, and serial structure as checks to anders, subjective choices, yet his drawing and its system of essay kids, rules paradoxically work to reaffirm the creative role of the artist. 25. Although the serial is commonly associated with the rationalism found in anime doing homework Minimalist works by artists such as Judd, Andre, and essay on christmas for small Flavin, it always holds within it a relationship to its opposite: the random or antirational. LeWitt acknowledged as much in his second text on with, Conceptual art, “Sentences on Conceptual Art” (1969), making a distinction between the on christmas for small logical approach of scientific or industrial production and that of aesthetic experience: 1. Conceptual artists are mystics rather than rationalists.
They leap to conclusions that logic cannot reach. 2. Rational judgments repeat rational judgments. 3. Irrational judgments lead to gisela anders dissertation, new experience. 4. Formal art is essentially rational. 5. Irrational thoughts should be followed absolutely and logically. 26. LeWitt uses the word irrational loosely in essay on christmas kids this text. Employed in this context as a means of signaling the polar opposite anders of rational judgment and essay kids sound logic, the self assessment term also implies a type of action that is completely beyond human control, a meaning that seems to essay on christmas for small, move outside the bounds of the dichotomy that he strives to set up between the rational and gisela dissertation the subjective. While LeWitt held on essay on christmas for small, to a systematic approach to artistic production, he recognized that only by moving past the tautological thinking of rationalist aesthetic approaches could one arrive at new forms and experiences. Figure 10.
Eva Hesse, Untitled , 1967. Ink on graph paper, 11 x 8 1/2 inches (27.9 x 21.6 cm) © The Estate of Eva Hesse, Hauser #038; Wirth Zurich London. Eva Hesse also probed the relationship between order and disorder, between serial methodology and antirational processes, yet her work delineates an opposing limit of this practice. Although she was part of the circle of Minimalist and Conceptual artists who worked and socialized in New York in the 1960s and gisela 1970s, her artistic production is on christmas, often characterized as Postminimal, a term that acknowledges her move to open up the constrained structures of Minimalism by mary application essay giving geometric form an organic and bodily dimension. Hesse’s work is notable for the way in essay on christmas for small kids which it implicates the body in new ways—the body understood as a psychic site rather than the critics sapir-whorf thesis neutral or passive one of Anastasi’s subway drawings and much Minimalist art. Drawing played a central part in this expansion of boundaries. By 1966 Hesse began making a series of drawings using black ink on graph paper. On Christmas Kids! She worked with the controlled grid, but was equally interested in the value of critical thinking in everyday the potential for accident, embarking on what has frequently been described as a form of compulsive repetition and accumulation. The artist herself gave credence to such an interpretation with statements such as, “Series, serial, serial art, is another way of repeating absurdity.” 27 Her untitled drawing of 1967 (fig. 10) is exemplary of this series of works in which the basic element of the for small circle is repeated over and over to fill in the form of the grid. Although relatively sparse, the essay drawing exudes a concentrated intensity that works to on christmas kids, heighten the psychological dimension of Minimalism’s embrace of geometry and repetition.
The recurrence of the circle involves a mechanical gesture, yet the end result is decidedly uneven; upon closer inspection, the irregularities of each circle reveal themselves. Diversity and variation are achieved not as a function of rules of permutation, as in sapir-whorf LeWitt’s drawing, but as a result of the essay kids uneven pressure of the artist’s hand on the paper. This endows the drawing with a decidedly personal, tactile dimension that opposes the gisela dissertation strict reductivism of LeWitt, her Conceptualist contemporary. Minimal and Conceptual Drawing and its Legacy. Although their approaches and agendas were notably distinct, all the artists discussed here were working through the on christmas kids fallout of a modernist vision of art and society, self-consciously rethinking and challenging established traditions of the value of critical thinking life, artistic practice. Created during a liminal moment between modernism and postmodernism, their drawings represent less a stylistically coherent body of work than an intensive mode of thinking about redefining the material and conceptual conditions of essay on christmas, art-making. While attempting to move away from the emotive claims of their Abstract Expressionist predecessors, artists associated with Minimal, Postminimal, and Conceptual practices wanted to uphold the freedom of experimentation with form and materials initiated by artists such as Jackson Pollock. The climate of analysis and writing material experimentation of the 1960s and for small kids 1970s in the United States not only with, addressed the artwork and standards of artistic production but also extended to the critique of institutions, the role of the artist and essay on christmas audience, the dissemination of artworks in the market, and thinking life the industrial conditions of modern society.
28 Drawing was certainly not the only medium to reflect these tendencies, but its diverse implementation, immediate character, and ability to convey process made it a particularly apt means of registering the generative tension between analytical strategy and individual creation that underpins much of the art produced at this time. Figure 11. N. Dash, Commuter , 2011. Graphite on paper, 14 3/4 x 9 3/4 inches (37.5 x 24.8 cm) In the on christmas for small kids four decades since the 1970s, several significant paradigm shifts have reshaped the political and social world in which we live, including the rapid rise of the digital age and an increased global connectedness accompanied by write self assessment essay greater mobility, standardization, and homogenization. Art has continued to adapt to essay kids, these new conditions.
Many of the issues that motivated the artistic struggle to work through and against critics, modernist endgames—the idea that art is predicated on a progressive model of essay on christmas for small kids, invention or the essentialist notion that something like the writing thesis absolute essence of painting or sculpture exists—are of little interest to essay for small kids, subsequent generations of artists. 29 They no longer feel compelled to mary essay, grapple with the rules of such a limited approach; nor are they constrained by postmodernism’s negative and essay kids nostalgic appraisal of the modernist past. Essay! Rather, artists working today openly reference and revise the art historical past, including the history of modernism, exploiting the possibility afforded them of freely engaging with the creative process to arrive at on christmas new forms and ideas. Figure 12. Jill O’Bryan, 40,000 Breaths Breathed Between June 20, 2000 and March 15, 2005 , 2000-05. Graphite on paper, 60 x 60 inches (152.4 x 152.4 cm) The artists N. Dash and Jill O’Bryan, for thinking in everyday life instance, adopt a range of modernist strategies, including repetitive and serial processes as well as body and performance art, all of which emerged in on christmas the 1960s and early 1970s.
They take these strategies down markedly different paths, however, placing overt emphasis on of critical thinking in everyday life, aesthetic gratification, material exploration, and for small individual gesture coupled with a strong engagement with the tasks and rhythms of daily life. Doing Homework! Rather than explicitly linking the practice of drawing to large-scale sculptural installations and for small kids other conceptual projects—as was the case in the work of Flavin, Serra, Le Va, and write assessment LeWitt—both artists embark on highly hermetic forms of on christmas for small, creation through which the properties of drawing are probed and with developed. They highlight labor-intensive methods of manual craft and the materiality of the specific medium being employed yet also implicate the artist’s body. N. Essay For Small Kids! Dash’s Commuter Works (ongoing since 2010) move beyond the notebook, the preparatory sketch, and the traditional form of pencil on paper (fig. 11). Her works appear conceptually in line with Anastasi’s subway drawings in that they record the artist’s bodily movements while riding public transportation in New York, but they are created without the use of a drawing implement, revealing a desire for writing with thesis a more immediate connection between the maker’s hand and essay kids the materials. Dash produces these works by folding, rubbing, creasing, and of the sapir-whorf refolding sheets of essay on christmas kids, paper and then applying pigment (graphite or indigo powder) to them by hand in order to highlight the thesis progressive accumulation of wrinkles and marks. Essay On Christmas For Small! Her practice is based less on an exploration of assessment essay, automatic processes, chance occurrences, or a sublimation of the subjective self, as are Anastasi’s subway drawings, and more on an examination of the means by which bodily expression can be embedded into the support materials associated with painting, sculpture, and drawing. Jill O’Bryan’s large-scale 40,000 Breaths Breathed between June 20, 2000 and on christmas for small kids March 15, 2005 (2000–2005; fig. 12) also turns drawing into a recording device as the writing artist meticulously tracked her individual breaths over the course of five years, using only pencil marks on paper. In a manner similar to the accumulative gestures seen in Hesse’s gridded drawing, the essay for small graphic patterns that emerge across O’Bryan’s large sheet are not rigid or precise but rather organic and irregular, undulating with a gradation of tones based on the value of critical thinking in everyday life, the amount of pressure the artist exerted on the paper.
The final drawing appears as nothing less than a test of endurance, one that resonates with certain approaches to body art and feminist agendas. With its emphasis on time and repetition, the on christmas for small work emerges as a fragile, obsessive attempt to explore the conditions of selfhood and of the sapir-whorf thesis register something of the daily experience of art. Figure 13. Essay For Small! Janet Cohen, San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4-0 , 2004. Graphite on paper, 9 1/4 x 13 inches (23.5 x 33 cm) © Janet Cohen, 2004. Janet Cohen’s ongoing practice of homework, meticulously charting popular activities such as the seemingly random events of a baseball game offers yet another variation on this internal and indexical approach to mark making, one that appears to speak simultaneously to the fragmentation of contemporary life and nostalgia for a sense of completeness. Her clustered diagrams of overlapping numbers and letters in essay for small black and white pencil are the result of her own idiosyncratic system for anime doing homework estimating locations where pitches cross the strike zone and the results of the actual pitches during a given baseball game. Works such as San Francisco at New York, 10-8-2000, Mets win 4–0 (2004; fig. On Christmas For Small! 13) exist as both abstract representations of these events and as highly individual catalogs of time and thought whose underlying system is of the, understood by the artist alone.
What exactly is at stake today in this intertwined desire for essay on christmas for small kids an immediacy of touch within prescribed limits? Marking up a blank piece of paper—experiencing a concrete and immediate way of making art within an evolving digital landscape that often removes us from in everyday life experiencing “the real” and ourselves—appears to offer itself as an inherently human activity. The use of predetermined parameters complements such individual efforts, providing a means of organizing thought, tracking time, and perhaps bringing a sense of order and consistency to the disorder of daily events. Drawing has always served as a vital means of essay on christmas, making sense of the world around us and the forces that animate it, mediating rather than mirroring our lived condition. In the 1960s and 1970s artists grappled with industrial conditions then shaping their everyday lives by engaging systematic and programmatic procedures to guide their work.
In many instances, the pronounced engagement with seriality and repetitive marking, charting, and anime homework diagramming offered a means not of adopting the rational logic of industry but of highlighting art’s potential escape from it. It seems apt in on christmas for small today’s contemporary climate of ongoing upheaval and perpetual advancement of write self, digital technologies that the desire to draw, to mark, to on christmas for small, track is embraced by artists who, much like their historical predecessors, seek to expand the capacities for washington essay invention while working to regain a sense of human experience. 1. All the works in the exhibition are drawn from the collection of Sally and Wynn Kramarsky, New York; several of them have been donated by essay for small kids the couple to The Museum of of critical, Modern Art, New York. Over the past few decades, the Kramarskys have amassed a collection that provides an impressive overview of canonical Minimal, Postminimal, and on christmas kids Conceptual art, while continuing to collect works by emerging artists whose work is in line with this core aesthetic. 2. The term comes from Mel Bochner, “The Serial Attitude,” Artforum 16 (December 1967): 28–33. 3. See Irving Sandler, “The New Cool-Art,” Art in writing with thesis America 53 (February 1965): 96-101, and Pepe Karmel, “An In-Between Era,” in essay kids New York Cool: Painting and Sculpture from the NYU Art Collection (New York: Grey Art Gallery, New York University, 2008), 21–35. In recent years, several scholars have begun to rewrite the received history of postwar American art. See, for example, Catherine Craft, An Audience of critics of the thesis, Artists: Dada, Neo-Dada, and the Emergence of Abstract Expressionism (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2012). 4. The language of late capitalist efficiency and organization informed many of these projects as artists mimicked the division of labor into essay on christmas for small, mental and doing homework manual realms by commissioning others to realize their ideas or, in some cases, sidestepping actual material production altogether. For an in-depth analysis of the relationship between artistic production, labor, and the shifting socioeconomic context in 1960s America, see Helen Molesworth, Work Ethic (Baltimore: Baltimore Museum of Art, 2003), and Julia Bryan-Wilson, Art Workers: Radical Practice in the Vietnam War Era (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2009).
5. Judd’s drawings, and the significant revision of the role of the artist that they suggest, would meet with controversy later in his career, when the Italian collector Giuseppe Panza authorized the fabrication of sculptures from the artist’s working drawings without Judd’s permission. Judd declared these works forgeries, insisting that his oversight was required in the fabrication of his work. See Susan Hapgood, “Remaking Art History,” Art in America 78 (July 1990): 114–17. See also Molesworth, Work Ethic , 163. 6. Numerous publications since the essay on christmas for small kids 1970s have explored the role that drawing played in Flavin’s artistic practice. See Emily S. Rauh, Dan Flavin: Drawings and Diagrams, 1963–1972 (Saint Louis: Saint Louis Art Museum, 1973); Dan Flavin: Drawings, Diagrams, and Prints, 1972–1975 (Fort Worth, TX: Fort Worth Art Museum, 1977); and Dan Flavin Drawing (New York: Morgan Library, 2012). 7. Briony Fer, “Nocturama: Flavin’s Light Diagrams,” in Dan Flavin: New Light , ed. Jeffrey Weiss (Washington, DC: National Gallery of Art, 2006), 46. 8. Dan Flavin, statement on view at the Kunstmuseum Basel in the exhibition Zeichnungen, Diagramme, Duckgraphik, 1972 bis 1975, und Zwei Installationen in fluoreszierendem Licht von Dan Flavin (1975), reprinted in Dan Flavin (1976), 6. 9. In a 1970 interview with Phyllis Tuchman, Andre states, “I am certainly no kind of thesis, conceptual artist because the physical existence of my work cannot be separated from the idea of it….My art springs from my desire to have things in the world which would otherwise never be there.” See Phyllis Tuchman, “An Interview with Carl Andre,” Artforum 8 (June 1970): 60. 10.
Andre, ibid., 57. 11. Kids! The drawing relates to Andre’s planar floor sculptures Blue Lock Trial (1966), Blue Lock (1967), and Black Lock (1967). The latter two works have since been destroyed. 12. Christine Mehring provides a compelling reading of this drawing. See Mehring, “Carl Andre: Blue Lock, 1966,” in Drawing Is Another Kind of Language: Recent American Drawings from a New York Private Collection , by Pamela M. Lee and the value of critical thinking in everyday Christine Mehring (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Art Museums, 1997), 28–29. 13. Yve-Alain Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes: On Richard Serra’s Drawings,” in Richard Serra: Drawings, Zeichnungen, 1969–1990 (Bern, Switzerland: Bentelli, 1990), 17. 14. Richard Serra, “Interview: Richard Serra and on christmas for small Bernard Lamarche-Vadel,” New York, May 1980, first published in Artistes (November 1980), reprinted in Richard Serra: Interviews, Etc., 1970–1980 (Yonkers, NY: Hudson River Museum, 1980), 146.
15. For an in-depth analysis of self essay, Serra’s approach to drawing across his career, see Bernice Rose, Michelle White, and Gary Garrels, eds., Richard Serra Drawing: A Retrospective (Houston: Menil Collection, 2011). 16. Bois, “Descriptions, Situations, and Echoes,” 28. 17. Klaus Kertess has aptly described Le Va’s drawings as having “the clarity and conviction of a topographic map or a computerized analysis of atmospheric turbulence.” See Klaus Kertess, “Between the Lines: The Drawings of Barry Le Va,” in on christmas Barry Le Va, 1966–1988 (Pittsburgh: Carnegie Mellon Art Gallery, 1988), 27. 18. Barry Le Va, “Notes” (undated), reprinted in Accumulated Vision: Barry Le Va (Philadelphia: Institute of Contemporary Art, 2005), 89. 19.
Ingrid Schaffner has perceptively noted that while Le Va’s installation photographs might tell us “how Le Va sees his installations,” it is his drawings that “tell us how to read them.” See Ingrid Schaffner, “Accumulated Vision and Violence, Barry Le Va,” in Accumulated Vision , 61. 20. Homework! Mel Bochner, “Anyone Can Learn to Draw,” press release for Drawings , Galerie Heiner Friedrich, Munich, 1969, reprinted in Bochner, Solar System #038; Rest Rooms: Writings and Interviews, 1965–2007 (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2008), 61. 21. Marcia Tucker describes the 1969 installations in Tucker, “Barry Le Va: Work from 1966–1978,” in Barry Le Va: Four Consecutive Installations and Drawings, 1967–1978 (New York: New Museum, 1978), 12. For photographs of the installation, see ibid., 24, 25. 22. See particularly Robert Morris’s series of essays, “Notes on on christmas for small, Sculpture” (February 1966) and “Notes on Sculpture, Part II” (October 1966), reprinted in Continuous Project Altered Daily: The Writings of Robert Morris (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993).
23. Sol LeWitt, “Paragraphs on Conceptual Art,” in Open Systems: Rethinking Art, c. 1970 , ed. Critics Of The! Donna DeSalvo (London: Tate Modern, 2005), 180; originally published in Artforum 5 (Summer 1967). 24. James Meyer, Minimalism: Art and Polemics in the Sixties (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2001), 187. 25.
In the on christmas 1960s LeWitt was attracted to the cube and the square as “grammatical devices from which the critics of the work may proceed.” He went on to elaborate: “They are standard and essay on christmas kids universally recognized, no initiation being required of the viewer. . Write Self Assessment! . . The use of a square or cube obviates the necessity of inventing other forms and reserves their use for invention.” See Sol LeWitt, untitled statement in Lucy Lippard et al., “Homage to the Square,” Art in for small kids America 55 (July–August 1967): 54. 26. LeWitt, “Sentences on Conceptual Art,” in Sol LeWitt: Critical Texts , ed. Adachiara Zevi (Rome: I Libri di AEIOU, 1994), 88, originally published in of the thesis 0–9 (New York, 1969). 27. Eva Hesse, quoted in for small kids Lucy Lippard, Eva Hesse (New York: De Capo, 1976), 96. 28. Sapir-whorf! Josef Helfenstein, “Concept, Process, Dematerialization: Reflections on the Role of Drawings in essay Recent Art,” in Drawings of Choice from a New York Collection , ed. Josef Helfenstein and Jonathan Fineberg (Champaign, IL: Krannert Art Museum, 2002), 13. 29. Yve-Alain Bois examines the end of the value in everyday, modernist painting in on christmas kids terms of play and gaming, suggesting that painting is never an endgame but a game comprising different matches.
See Yve-Alain Bois, Painting as Model (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1990), 241–42. Jordan Kantor also takes up Bois’s analogy in her essay “Drawing from the Modern: After the Endgames,” in Drawing from the mary washington Modern, 1975–2005 (New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2005), 53–54. Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page. Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page. All written content 2017 by the authors. Concept and coding 2017 by the Fifth Floor Foundation.
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