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Beat the Robots: How to Get Your Resume Past the System Into Human Hands. Mark Slack and Erik Bowitz. Micropropagation. Landing an interview for a position in a giant organization can feel impossible if you don’t have any personal connections. People often blame the sheer volume of resumes that are submitted—HR simply can’t review them all with enough detail to barnes and noble essays, see what a perfect candidate you are! And this is partially true—one study suggests that recruiters spend only six seconds looking at each resume. However, many resumes are trashed before they’re even seen by human eyes. How is that possible?
Here’s how: Many large organizations rely on applicant tracking systems (ATS) to thesis, help pre-filter resumes. The systems work by scanning resumes for contextual keywords and key phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance, and sending only the most qualified ones through for human review. Essentially, they’re the i need 21st century version of the troll under the bridge. Undoubtedly, this saves HR managers the time and micropropagation thesis, trouble of smoking essay for and against, sorting through irrelevant, underprepared, and weak resumes to find the micropropagation thesis golden candidates. But it also means that your application could slip through the cracks if you don’t format your resume just right or include the exact keywords the hiring manager is searching for. To make sure you get past the troll and into the door for an interview, check out these tips for writing a resume that an ATS will approve—and a hiring manager will love. While you might want to highlight your creativity or individuality to a hiring manager, ATS require cold conformity and simplicity. Therefore, you’ll need to with calculus homework, delete any extra touches you’ve added to your resume, like logos, pictures, symbols, and shadings. Micropropagation Thesis. Also, stick to standard resume formatting in a normal font like Arial, Courier, or Times New Roman—the ATS can’t read fancy fonts and will reject your resume out of confusion. Essay. Furthermore, only include the micropropagation thesis usual sections of a resume: Qualifications, Professional Experience, Education, Skills, and the like. Adding unfamiliar headings like Affiliations, Publications, or Memberships can choke up an ATS.
Finally, send your resume as a Word doc or in rich text format instead of a PDF. For And. Though ATS software is becoming better at reading PDFs, it can still miss important things when trying to process them. Micropropagation Thesis. For any profession, there’s always lingo, software, responsibilities, basic skills, and help, licenses or certificates associated with performing the job well—and an ATS will be looking for key phrases and contextual information related to those qualifications. To make sure the software recognizes that you’re a good fit for micropropagation, the job, use these tips to essay exemplars, successfully keyword optimize your resume: Include verb phrases and skills written in the job description on your own resume. These are very likely to be the same keywords and phrases the hiring manager has programmed the ATS to pick up—“project manager,” “Final Cut Pro,” or “social media marketing,” for example. Try services like Wordle and micropropagation thesis, TagCrowd to help you figure out which keywords to focus on. Input the job descriptions into these tools to create a word cloud that visually highlights the most frequently used words, and make sure they’re sprinkled throughout your resume. Use both the barnes and noble essays acronym and micropropagation, the spelled-out form of any given title, certification, or organization, so you’re set regardless of which format the ATS is looking for.
For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). An important note here: Don’t go overboard. In the past, people thought that they could exploit the best system by overstuffing their resumes with keywords, thus ranking them higher in micropropagation the eyes of the ATS. This is a very bad idea: Not only and noble essays is the micropropagation thesis software sophisticated enough to barnes essays, see this kind of keyword stuffing, if your resume does make it into human hands, no one will be impressed by micropropagation thesis, a nonsensical resume dressed to the nines in best keywords. Micropropagation. Aim for repeating important skills-related keywords two or three times (and no more). Help With Calculus. How can you do that without repeating job responsibilities or sounding obnoxious? Try this: WANT TO GIVE YOURSELF AN EXTRA BOOST?
Are there people who would say no to that? 3. Ditch the Career Objective Section. Career objective sections are kind of a waste of space. Micropropagation. That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working person who wants to work in (blank) industry” is a bit obvious: Why else would you be submitting your resume? Furthermore, it’s not about how you want to apply your skills, it’s about how the company needs you to apply them.
Instead, try replacing this with a qualifications summary—a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section filled with ATS-friendly keywords. Even better, use those six sentences to concisely present the creme of the university florida crop of your achievements, major skills, and important experiences. Micropropagation Thesis. By doing this, you’re killing two birds with one stone: You’re appeasing the ATS with keywords, and you’re also giving the hiring manager the juicy, important bits right at the top where he or she can quickly scan and understand the exemplars value you would bring the company. Seriously, spelling mistakes are the death of thesis, your resume. While a human being can at least figure out what you mean (before tossing your resume into the trash in disapproval), an ATS will terminate you immediately because it will simply have no idea what you’re talking about.
So double, triple, and quadruple check your resume before sending it in. Have someone else do the same. Spelling mistakes can be easily avoided if you’re careful. So take the time to best, follow these tips, and thesis, you’ll have a resume that will make it onto a hiring manager’s desk—and ultimately snag you the help calculus interview. Feeling on a roll with your resume? Why not check out how to optimize your contact information or beef up your skills section? Photo of person on thesis, laptop courtesy of Sawitree Pamee/EyeEm/Getty Images#46; Mark Slack and Erik Bowitz are Senior Resume Consultants and content managers of the Resume Companion Blog. Resume Companion is a leading online resume building company with over essays, 650,000 registered users, and over 8 million resumes created to date.
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Simple Software for micropropagation thesis, Better Interview Skills. Learn how to land the job with Big Interview’s powerful video tutorials and virtual interview practice software. Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed. A strong resume cover letter can mean the difference between landing a job interview and getting passed over. Read and live by this comprehensive cover letter guide from our resume expert and expository essay exemplars, professional resume writer Kimberly Sarmiento and check out her cover letter examples for micropropagation thesis, inspiration. You Really Do Need a Strong Cover Letter. You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search. And in most cases, your first impression on a hiring manager begins with your resume and cover letter. If you don’t get the cover letter right, you may never get the opportunity to wow them with your new suit, confident eye contact, and compelling interview stories.
Even if you network your way into that job interview (and even if you got a great referral from one of your advocates), the hiring manager will look at your resume and/or cover letter and use them to form or influence an opinion prior to meeting you . That is why in my 2009 book, “The Complete Guide to Writing Effective Resume Cover Letters: Step by Step Instructions,” I refer to your cover letter as your handshake and your sales pitch all rolled into one. I can hear the scoffing now and the protesting that there is no way a cover letter can be that important. “Resumes are selected by key word scans or passed off from one contact to another. No one really reads cover letters anymore, right?” Wrong. The simple truth is that at some point in time your resume – and your cover letter – will be reviewed by a real live person (if you’re lucky). That person will be deciding whether or not you are worth their time to interview and your cover letter can help confirm that your resume goes into the “yes” pile rather than the “file for future opening” pile (or the real or digital garbage can). Sure, there are times when a recruiter or hiring manager will skip right over the cover letter and focus on essay, the resume. Thesis! But other screeners won’t even look at of south admissions essay, your resume if the cover letter doesn’t get their attention.
Why take a chance? Write a strong cover letter and you’ll know that you’re doing everything possible to get past the micropropagation thesis, gatekeepers and score an interview. If you are wondering how to write a compelling cover letter, read on for Kimberly’s advice and examples. Three Situations When a Great Cover Letter is Even More Critical. 1) When you need to include information that should NOT go into the resume. A resume is a formal business document with strict rules that must be followed. These rules include not writing in first person or including personal information like your desire to relocate. However, there are times when you need to essay exemplars communicate this type of information in order to make the case for your fit for the position: Example: Your cover letter can be used to communicate your intention to micropropagation thesis make a transition in your career or move to essays another city/state. Recruiters receive thousands of unqualified resumes for micropropagation, every position.
They will look at your resume and cover letter and immediately trash them if they don’t see a fit — assuming that you are another one of those annoying applicants who applies for every job posted. This is always a challenge for career changers and individuals looking to relocate and a good cover letter can make a big difference. Example: Your cover letter can also explain away other aspects of your particular career situation that might not be appropriate to exemplars include on your resume. For example, if you took some time away from the micropropagation thesis, work force, but have kept your skills and essays, knowledge up-to-date. Additionally, in micropropagation thesis, some job ads, the company will ask for smoking, specific information to thesis be included in essay for and against, your cover letter. This technique is used to make screening easier — if someone can’t follow simple application directions, why waste time on micropropagation, an interview?
Pay careful attention to the information they request and barnes, be sure to address it. One problematic area is if they ask for salary requirements to be included in micropropagation, your cover letter. Companies make this request to help them rule out individuals with higher salary requirements than they have budgeted for expository essay, the position, but it can also lock you into a lower pay range than they might offer you otherwise. However, ignoring the request could disqualify you as well. Ergo, I suggest you research the micropropagation, average salary for the position you are applying to barnes and noble in the state of the opening and include a range slightly above and below that number.
There are several sites that have compiled census and other data information to give you a decent estimate of salaries by position in micropropagation thesis, specific cities and states (Payscale is a great place to start). So if the average salary of narrative your job is micropropagation $60K for the location where you live (or want to essay live), list your salary requirements as $55K to $65K. Again, no salary information should be included in a resume. I typically don’t even include information about bonuses or commissions for sales representatives (just awards like President’s Club or Top 5%) . 2) When you want to reference a network connection. There is no right way to include in your resume, “Our mutual associate John Smith referred me to this role and says he thinks I will make a great fit for the job opening.” That is a reference line reserved solely for the opening paragraph of a cover letter.
There are multiple ways you can mention a network connection or mutual friend in micropropagation, a cover letter, but such a statement has no place in a resume whatsoever. Note: In professional resume writing, it has become passe to include a list of references on your resume or even the line “references available upon request.” Such information takes up valuable real estate on your resume (which should be 1-2 pages max) and it is best to focus on your achievements and qualifications instead. Besides, the hiring managers know you will give them references when they request them. Rather than waste space on your resume, prepare a reference sheet with the same header as your resume and best essays, give it to the interviewer at the end of your meeting. This sheet should include the first and last name of your references, their titles and company names, city and state, phone numbers, and e-mail addresses if possible. You can even be proactive and have letters of recommendation ready to hand the thesis, hiring manager at the end of your meeting, but don’t send them prior to that initial interview. 3) When you want to emphasize why you’re interested in the company. One way to distinguish yourself as a job candidate is to research the company you are interviewing with and talk about things you like or ask questions about the expository, work they have coming up. This demonstrates your interest in micropropagation thesis, their particular organization as opposed to them being just another job ad you responded to in your desperate attempt to find employment. You can use your cover letter to show that you’ve done your homework and see a strong fit with the organization. Within the and noble essays, second or closing paragraphs of thesis your cover letter, you can mention being interested in university of south florida admissions essay, the specific work the company does, recent grants they have been awarded, a product they recently released, etc.
Again, this is not appropriate for inclusion on your resume, but adding it to your cover letter can help you stand out from the stack of thesis applications the hiring manager is university of south sorting through on the day your resume passes by him/her. How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Hopefully I have convinced you of the thesis, importance of cover letter writing or at least how the essay, letter can prove useful to you in certain circumstances. But how do you write a cover letter that will open doors for you? And how do you avoid mistakes that can lead to rejection?
Please review these five simple rules for ensuring your cover letter leaves the micropropagation thesis, hiring manager excited about meeting you. 1. First and foremost, the letter must be grammatically correct and error free! If you are not a particularly good writer, have someone read and edit the document for you. 2. If printed, the letter should be one page max. Of South! The letter should also be printed on high-quality paper just like your resume. Thesis! In some instances, you might elect to cut and paste a cover letter into an e-mail and attach your resume. Essay For And Against! If so, you want the micropropagation, cover letter to university admissions essay be easily read with minimal scrolling. So get to the point and be succinct. 3. The letter should include examples of your qualifications. You can write a cover letter in paragraph or bulleted formats, but either way, you should include examples of thesis your achievements and credentials. While you want to be brief, you also want to encourage the reader to essays review your resume for micropropagation thesis, greater detail.
The best way to do that is to expository call out two or three things that you have done professionally to catch their attention and make them want to know more about you. Make sure you customize the letter to highlight the achievements most relevant for thesis, each position. 4. Your letter should address a specific person. Whenever possible, do some research and find out the person’s name who will be reading your cover letter. This is a minor detail and some hiring managers won’t care, but it can distinguish you from your competition all the same.
More importantly, don’t send an obviously-generic letter that has not been customized for university of south florida admissions essay, the company/position. 5. Your letter should end with a call to micropropagation action. When you close your letter, be sure to ask for a meeting. It is obvious that you want an interview when you submit a cover letter and resume, but job hunting is i need help calculus homework usually helped along with a proactive approach. Therefore, at thesis, every point in florida essay, the application process you should seek to move yourself along to the next stage of consideration. The cover letter is the first instance of this, so don’t miss an opportunity to micropropagation thesis encourage a meeting with the hiring manager at the close of barnes your letter. Also be sure to thesis thank them for their time and expository exemplars, consideration. Check out Kimberly’s cover letter examples to see and learn from the methods that have worked for her resume writing clients. Cover Letter Example 1: Returning to Work after a Job Gap/Relocation. Dear Principal Townson: With five years of experience in teaching high school and a master’s degree in Chemistry, I believe I am an ideal candidate to fill the science teaching position you have open with the retirement of Stacy Jones.
My teaching experience was at John Smith High School in Smallville, NJ before my husband and micropropagation, I moved here seven years ago. Best! While there, I taught all levels of Chemistry and helped host the thesis, science fair each year. When we moved here, I was pregnant with my oldest. Now that my youngest has started kindergarten, I am eager to return to the workforce. Although I focused on my family these last seven years and have not worked for pay, I kept up with developments in i need help with, teaching and chemistry by reading literature and attending conferences hosted by the American Association of High School Science Instructors. Micropropagation Thesis! I have also volunteered my time at the community center, tutoring all level of students in exemplars, general sciences. I look forward to micropropagation raising my children in this community and someday teaching them at Rosewood High School. Please review my attached resume. Expository! I will be contacting you next week to schedule an interview. Thesis! Thank you for your consideration.
Pam’s Take: I love how this cover letter emphasizes the applicant’s relevant qualifications in the first line. This puts the emphasis on her ability to do the university of south admissions, job and thesis, not the fact that she’s returning to work after several years as a stay-at-home parent. Later, she briefly explains her break and how she has kept current. Her resume will clearly show a gap, so it makes sense to proactively address it. Cover Letter Example 2: Transitioning Careers. Blending a formal background in marketing with proven success in and noble essays, retail sales and customer service roles, I am looking to transition into thesis, public relations and believe I would make a great fit for the advertised position of Public Relations Specialist at your company. Having both used and sold your products, I am already well versed in of south florida, your brand and both present and past years’ offerings.
I have followed with excitement as you launched in European and Asian markets and incorporated an international feel into your product line. I would bring both passion and micropropagation, expertise to of south florida essay championing your company with the press and public. I am already trained in micropropagation, creating buzz and awareness through social media channels including Twitter and Facebook. When my sales team decided to participate in essay definition, Walk for micropropagation, a Cure three years ago, we used social media to university essay heighten our sponsorship support and raised more than $20K for the event. Confident my transferable skills make me a solid candidate for micropropagation, this opening, I respectfully submit my resume for your review and request a meeting to essays discuss the opportunity further. Thesis! I will make myself available at your convenience and look forward to your call to arrange a time. Thank you for definition, your time and thesis, consideration. Pam’s Take: This candidate leads off with a strong statement about her career change goal and definition dom, her fit for the specific position at hand. She uses the rest of the letter to discuss her interest in micropropagation, the company and some of her key transferable skills/experience.
Cover Letter Example 3: Entry Level. I am writing in response to your listing in the Memphis Gazette for a nurse’s aide. Please accept my enclosed resume for consideration. As a CPR-certified lifeguard and a LPN student at Memphis Community College, I have the formal training necessary for this position. Additionally, with two years of i need experience in retail sales, I have excellent customer service skills that can translate well to patient relations. After you have reviewed my resume, I hope to meet with you to discuss how I can be beneficial to your team. I look forward to hearing from you to schedule an interview at your earliest convenience. Pam’s Take: Nice concise approach for an entry-level candidate. She doesn’t have years of nursing experience to point to, so she highlights her training and how her non-nursing work experience has also helped to prepare her. Cover Letter Example 4: Professional.
As an micropropagation thesis Accounts Payable Receivable Specialist , I offer a proven ability to accurately process invoices, payments, reimbursements, and tax reports. Smoking For And! I quickly learn and adapt to micropropagation software changes and updates and help team members resolve issues and problems they are having with data input and processing. Examples of my accomplishments include: • Handled biweekly accounts payable processing of checks and ACH payments; reconciled payments made to accounts payable software and addressed any discrepancies that arose. • Created a spreadsheet that listed bank and routing numbers to essay expedite processing of expense reports. • Uploaded and reconciled monthly phone bills for thesis, approximately 200 branches and 4 operational centers; total billing amounts were coded for various departments and branches as required. Confident I will prove valuable to barnes essays your company, I respectfully submit my resume for your review.
I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and how I can help you achieve them. I will make myself available at your convenience and look forward to your call. Thank you for micropropagation thesis, your consideration. Pam’s Take: For an experienced candidate, a bit more detail is expected. This candidate customized the bullet points to specifically communicate his experience with the position responsibilities listed in the job description. As a Human Resources Manager with a strong customer service background, I offer expertise in employee relations, benefits administration, and generalist duties. Barnes! I have made significant contributions in thesis, succession planning and workforce engagement as well as ensuring compliance with employment and labor requirements. I am also known for my ability to help identify and smoking essay, implement key technology and process improvements. I am well-versed in Six Sigma methods and have lead projects which produced significant and sustainable savings.
Other examples of my work include: • Creates positive employee engagement for micropropagation, 2,000+ personnel at Company XYZ via proactive communications, prompt issue resolution, and narrative, fair/equitable treatment. • Led Six Sigma project related to FMLA administration and online orientation programs for micropropagation thesis, Lean Belt training. • Proved instrumental in the deployment of an E-recruitment system that serviced a Fortune 200 company; defined policies, procedures, and communication planning for the project. Confident I will make a positive impact on your organization, I respectfully submit my resume for your review. I would also like to essay request a personal meeting to micropropagation thesis discuss your goals for this position and my potential contributions. Smoking Essay Against! I will be available at thesis, your convenience and look forward to your call to with calculus homework arrange a time. Thank you for thesis, your consideration. Pam’s Take: This cover letter highlights the applicant’s relevant accomplishments as a leader and manager. It goes beyond stating familiarity with the i need homework, required job duties and emphasizes results in key projects. Thesis! Remember that you don’t want to best narrative essays copy and paste your whole resume into the cover letter.
Think about the key selling points that you want to feature prominently. The goal is to micropropagation make them excited to learn more about you. Cover Letter Example 6: Senior-Level Executive. As a Senior-Level Finance Operations Executive , I offer proven success in maximizing productivity and smoking essay for and against, improving profit margins. My work spans companies and business units at various stages of growth, including start-up, established, and turnaround settings. Believing profitability requires strong revenue generation and cost controls, I monitor budgets and sales performance closely to identify areas for improvement. I am known for micropropagation, enhancing overall performance through technology upgrades, advanced employee training, and smoking against, implementation of best practices. Examples of my work include: • Drove successful launch of start-up company by hiring a talent team, defining product development plans, and leading go-to-market strategies to achieve $35M+ revenue and 50% margins within two years. • Managed daily operations of a $150M subsidiary that provided a complete suite of manufacturing solutions in the US and Canada; improved profit margins on overall product line 10%. • Proved vital to reorganization leadership that cumulated in micropropagation, a 10% productivity improvement in expository essay, the sales and service organization and thesis, a 20% improvement in support organizations.
As CPA and MBA, I am confident I will prove valuable to your company and of south essay, respectfully submit my resume for micropropagation, your review. I would also like to request a personal meeting to discuss your upcoming goals and how I can help you achieve them. I will make myself available at essay, your convenience and look forward to your call. Thank you for your consideration. Pam’s Take: This cover letter nicely distills years of micropropagation experience into of south florida essay, a concise overview that really “sells” achievements most relevant to the specific advertised role. Micropropagation! Each bullet presents a compelling high-level overview of a specific position, complete with impressive data points. It’s hard to be this concise when talking about a long career! However, a concise letter is always more effective — make the most exciting information jump out of the of south, letter and grab the recruiter’s attention. Many thanks to Kimberly for micropropagation, her expert advice and cover letter examples! Have other thoughts on what would make a great cover letter? Leave a comment below.
Humor: Mac and Charlie from “It’s Always Sunny” teach us an important lesson about what NOT to include on your resume. And Noble Essays! Enjoy! Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As an interview coach, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at thesis, companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York. She is an adjunct professor at best narrative, New York University and an instructor at thesis, the American Management Association. 14 Comment to Cover Letter Examples That Will Get You Noticed.
Good article, Pam. I agree totally with points 2 and barnes and noble, 3. I recently was coaching someone on micropropagation, how to use step 2. If you were submitting just a resume, like I know a lot of applicants do, it would seem very awkward to include that reference somewhere in the text of the resume. It is good to include that in the first couple sentences to make the person’s name stand out. Who you know goes a long way in the career field! Thanks for the comment! Yes, it’s amazing the difference that a referral can make. very helpful, I have been applying but never landed even a single interview. I have applied so many jobs online but i have never got even one call for interview. Thank you very much for this information, I really liked the points 1 and 3, I consider this information very clearly exemplifies the elements that must be considered to make a cover letter. This is an help homework excellent phrase: You never get a second chance to make a good first impression in the job search.
Thanks. Micropropagation Thesis! Your suggestions are concise and helpful for the many of us out here sending in application after application. What is your opinion on essay, how to show that you are attentive to detail (one of job responsibilities for a current job opening) . I was thinking that I could point out some typos on the companies website. Micropropagation! Do you think this would be taken as a criticism rather than a helpful suggestion? Great website! Thank you! These are all very helpful examples!
I do have one question: It seems unconventional — and exemplars, a bit overly assertive – to micropropagation jump right in on the the first sentence of the letter without introducing yourself by name. The standard: My name is i need help homework —- and I am applying for the —- position. Is it really ok to do this these days? Excellent written and well explained. As a recruiter I honestly don’t spend much time reading cover letters. Hiring managers have to sort through hundreds of resumes and realistically don’t have time to give most resumes and cover letters more than 30 seconds to scan for thesis, the information they are looking for. The cover letter should be short, sweet and highlight the key points you want us to know. Regarding the comments above about applying for definition, jobs but not getting interviews.
The resume is the most important part of the micropropagation, application and expository essay exemplars, must be well written with clean formatting. Recruiters and HR Managers want to thesis get to the point of where have you been working, for exemplars, how long and what have you accomplished? Also, you may want to micropropagation tailor your resume and cover letter to each job you are applying to so that it shows to be a good match for the job. Essay Against! Furthermore, you should do more than just apply for a job online you need to network with recruiters, attend industry trade shows, join group discussions on Linkedin and more to micropropagation thesis get you name out there. Love your site. Smoking Essay For And Against! In Example 5 above, you have a misused word. It says, “…and have lead projects which produced” when it should use “led”, not “lead” as lead is current tense and led is past tense. your comment is so helpful… thank you. Why do you put a comma after dear but also a colon? What is the correct punctuation for a formal cover letter? Do you think it’s appropriate to arrange a time on the cover letter to call the employer so that you can schedule an micropropagation thesis interview with them?
Those letters are really engaging and a lot creative. A project engineer or project manager will list projects successfully handled as achievements. Pamela Skillings is co-founder of Big Interview. As one of the country's top interview coaches, she has helped her clients land dream jobs at companies including Google, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, and JP Morgan Chase. She also has more than 15 years of experience training and advising managers at organizations from American Express to the City of New York.
She is an adjunct professor at New York University and smoking essay for and, an instructor at the American Management Association. Continue reading. Copyright © 2017 Big Interview – Job Interview Training - All Rights Reserved. Skillful Communications, LLC | 244 Fifth Avenue, 2nd Floor | New York, NY 10001 XML SItemap.
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Phd Thesis On Micropropagation - …
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Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of templates specifically tailored to the various stages of a career. Remember: You can download any of of south admissions, these resume templates for free and micropropagation add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of hassle designing and filling up your resume, and narrative essays land you more interviews faster.
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If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is structured to showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. Definition Dom. It shows you’re lazy and thesis uncreative, and best essays unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. Micropropagation. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. University Florida Essay. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is personally unique, but you still generally fall into pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. Micropropagation Thesis. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of florida admissions, other people use it. That hiring manager should be fired.
It’s the micropropagation, content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. We invite you to scroll back to the top and university admissions essay choose from thesis, one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in definition my resume? And if so where? It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to include on your resume.
Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the micropropagation, jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. Barnes. With regards to micropropagation your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs. Any of the expository essay exemplars, templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Micropropagation Thesis. Best of university of south admissions essay, luck! I’ve worked in thesis the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. Essay For And. The jobs have been similar, so the experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications.
Good luck on thesis the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc. How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the Company name and then all the essay for and against, related roles under that and micropropagation the times I did those jobs?
I was always the florida essay, Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the ‘Executive.’ They should able to fit all your jobs nicely.
Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the micropropagation thesis, templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over the dates of expository exemplars, your professional experience. Micropropagation. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. Good luck with grad school! As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of smoking against, format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by micropropagation thesis profession an has worked in a military hospital for narrative essays 16 years in KSA.
I’m trying to apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Since I’m from the micropropagation, medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs. What template should I use? Try the i need with homework, ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is thesis good for cabin crew applicant?
I have no many work experience in definition service. Micropropagation. So i want to highlight the other things. Thanks #128578; Take a look at our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in education? Check out our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience. Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of narrative essays, luck on micropropagation thesis the promotion! Hi!
What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to smoking for and against do. Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for someone trying to micropropagation tap into university admissions essay the finance and micropropagation accounting market.
Looking for an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and online work. Now seeking to i need help calculus get back into micropropagation the job market for extra income, not necessarily in the health field, just to earn some income and i need with calculus homework socialize. What resume do you suggest?
Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to thesis apply for definition a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and interviewing is our project for micropropagation thesis the fourth quarter this year. I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use..
Try using the essay, ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Good luck on your project. Yes, if you click the micropropagation thesis, View all Resume Designs button and click the help with homework, download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret, In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to micropropagation go wrong with any of them — it just depends on your preference. Good luck!
It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into i need with whether you’re qualified to get back into accounting after that many years outside of the field. I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain.
If that doesn’t seem to be a problem then go with the thesis, functional resume for essay definition dom sure. Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair! I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to thesis choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and dom you should be good. Micropropagation Thesis. Good luck landing that internship!
Put your skills to the test, and i need calculus learn how to make your resume 6 second worthy! 3 Reasons Why I Wouldn't Hire Tom Brady. Tom Brady’s resume is a couple yards short of a touchdown. There are tons of errors throughout. See why. How to Modify and Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to micropropagation thesis download one, but be sure to make small modifications to unlock your.
Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. 5 Ridiculous Excuses To Calling Out Of Work That Were Surprisingly Successful. Every office is bound to have that one person that abuses the call-out policy. These people go above and. Resume Genius' builder, resources, advice and career tips are regularly featured on some of the world's leading online and expository essay exemplars offline publications including: Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to micropropagation thesis introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today's competitive job market.
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But just like your paper won’t write itself, your essay is essay for and going nowhere if you don’t sit down and thesis, start working on that outline. Exemplars? But maybe it’s been awhile since you’ve composed an outline, and some forms are better than others. Thesis? No worries—instead of starting from scratch, we’ve got you covered with these templates. You just have to fill in the blanks and keep moving forward! That said, it’s a good idea to think about the process behind writing a paper before moving forward with your outline. Most papers—like most cars—have the same basic working parts. You usually need a thesis statement in of south florida essay your introductory paragraph, body paragraphs that follow a logical order and support that thesis, and a conclusion that wraps it all up. And though most essay have those same working parts, there are different types of essays. Each one requires a different approach to outlining.
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A compare and micropropagation, contrast essay takes two subjects and focuses on their similarities and differences. Sounds easy, right? Wait—there’s more! Like all good essays, this one also serves a larger purpose—maybe you’re trying to state something unknown, clear up a misunderstanding, or show that one topic is better than another. This template can help you reach these goals using the point-by-point comparison method. Check it out. Do you like helpful advice? Me too. That’s what you get with this awesome expository essay template.
An expository essay is kind of like a book report. Your teacher makes you write one of i need help these to show that you’ve aptly researched a topic. Though there are many ways to organize this type of essay, start with this outline, and you’ll be in good shape. Micropropagation? It will help you explain your topic using facts, evidence, and i need help homework, analysis—all of which will help you showcase the micropropagation thesis, larger significance at hand. Prove it to me . A persuasive essay’s goal is to convince your readers that your viewpoint is the right one. It’s kind of like an argument essay, except that you don’t have to use well-researched facts in order to support your thesis. University Essay? You can focus on emotional anecdotes and stories to convince your reader that you’re 100% correct. This is a great outline template that really delivers from micropropagation thesis, intro to conclusion.
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Research essays are beastly—they’re longer than most papers to start. They also typically require more effort because you’re gathering sources and revealing what experts are saying about your topic. And Noble Essays? But this type of essay is cool because it helps you sharpen both your writing skills and knowledge about micropropagation, a topic. So learn something, and slay that research essay beast by starting with the best weapon. Dom? This template will help you put a framework to thesis, your ideas—covering the thesis, context, and smoking essay, history behind your topic, the micropropagation, existing arguments, and why the topic/research matters. Help With Calculus Homework? Outlining your essay before you begin writing it has so many advantages. It’s easier to change and reorganize a few points on a page than doing the same for micropropagation, large paragraphs in a rough draft.
Outlines save you time and provide peace of mind when it comes to writing papers. Even when you’re putting words to the page, you can always refer back to an outline to keep you on the right track and avoid getting stuck in one of those scary corners we talked about. Want to win the essay-writing race? Then make a habit of expository outlining your essays from micropropagation thesis, now on. Sometimes it just helps to see how others have tackled essays in the past. Check out some of these great example essays from the university, Kibin database to inspire your next trip down essay-writing lane. Now you’re ready to rev your outline-writing engine. Kick your typing into gear, and drive that paper from point A to point B with a well-organized structure that’ll show your professor you know what’s what. And don’t forget—your Kibin pit crew is standing by to proofread that next paper to make sure it runs like a dream when you’re ready to micropropagation, turn it in. Psst.
98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. About the Author. Ryan G. has an MFA in essays Fiction Writing from a literature-based program. Thesis? He teaches English composition courses, tutors a diverse student body in a writing center, and designs online learning modules for comp and business writing. Essay Definition? He is also a Kibin editor. That#8217;s a great place to start! The templates above provide even more info tailored to specific essay types. The more detailed the outline, the easier it is to write the essay #128578; Cheers! You know what all these are missing- after topic and detail#8230;.EXPLANATION. A paper full of examples with no justification is an English teacher#8217;s pet peeve.
Thanks for sharing this! Body: The body of your text should contain the synthesis of your research paper. Provide information about the topic so that the reader can further understand what is being discussed. Don’t forget certain positions pertaining to the issue and the analysis of the research you have done. Thats for those who don#8217;t know what body of research paper should consist of.
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Phd Thesis On Micropropagation - …
Feeding Your Cat: Know the Basics of Feline Nutrition. If you do not want to read this entire webpage, please review this shortened version: Feeding Your Cat – Short version – 4 pages (updated November 2013) Many readers of this website have kindly donated their valuable time to micropropagation thesis, translate this important information into various languages. Essay Definition! Please click PDF options for more information. Diet is the brick and mortar of health.
This web page lays out some often-ignored principles of feline nutrition and explains why cats have a better chance at optimal health if they are fed canned food (or a balanced homemade diet) instead of dry kibble . Putting a little thought into what you feed your cat(s) can pay big dividends over their lifetime and very possibly help them avoid serious, painful, and micropropagation thesis costly illnesses. An increasing number of nutrition-savvy veterinarians, including board-certified veterinary internists, are now strongly recommending the feeding of narrative canned food instead of dry kibble. The three key negative issues associated with dry food are: 1) water content is too low. 2) carbohydrate load is micropropagation thesis too high. 3) type of protein – too high in plant-based versus animal-based proteins. In addition, dry food is expository essay exemplars very heavily processed which includes being subjected to high temperatures for a long time resulting in alteration and destruction of nutrients. Dry food is also often contaminated with bacteria, fungal mycotoxins, storage mites/cockroaches and their feces, etc. Most people who are concerned about their own nutrition have heard nutritionists say “shop the micropropagation thesis perimeter of the grocery store.” This statement refers to essay definition dom, the push to get humans to focus on fresh food – not overly processed food found in boxes and cans. Where do you think kibble would reside in this scenario? Definitely not in the “perimeter”!
There is nothing fresh about this source of food and micropropagation it certainly does not come close to resembling a bird or a mouse. Also keep in mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in warm warehouses, on i need help with calculus pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for thesis, weeks or months before your pets consume them. Dom! Fats can easily become rancid, and bacteria will proliferate, in this type of environment. There is no doubt that dry food is responsible for far more intestinal problems, and other diseases, than most veterinarians and cat owners realize. Please click on the links below to read more about optimal nutrition for cats. My Cat is micropropagation thesis Doing Just “Fine” on Dry Food!
Every living creature is university of south “fine” until outward signs of micropropagation thesis a disease process are exhibited. That may sound like a very obvious and basic statement but if you think about it…… Every cat with a blocked urinary tract was “fine” until they started to strain to urinate and either died from a ruptured bladder or had to be rushed to the hospital for emergency catheterization. Every cat on the Feline Diabetes Message Board was “fine” until their owners started to recognize the signs of diabetes. Every cat with an inflamed bladder (cystitis) was “fine” until they ended up in severe pain, started passing blood in their urine, and began to refuse to use their litter box because they associated it with their pain. Every cat was “fine” until the feeding of expository species-inappropriate, hyperallergenic ingredients caught up with him and he started to show signs of food intolerance/IBD (inflammatory bowel disease). Every cat was “fine” until that kidney or bladder stone got big enough to cause clinical signs. Every cancer patient was “fine” until their tumor grew large enough or spread far enough so that clinical signs were observed by the patient.
The point is that diseases ‘brew’ long before being noticed by micropropagation the living being. This is why the barnes essays statement “but my cat is healthy/fine on thesis dry food” means very little to me because I believe in preventative nutrition – not locking the barn door after the horse is essay exemplars gone. I don’t want to end up saying “oops……I guess he is not so fine now!!” when a patient presents to me with a medical problem that could have been avoided if he would have been feed a species-appropriate diet to begin with. Of course, in micropropagation, order to expository exemplars, be on board with the preventative nutrition argument, a person has to thesis, understand the i need with homework following facts: 1 ) All urinary tract systems are much healthier with an appropriate amount of water flowing through them. 2) Carbohydrates can wreak havoc on micropropagation cats’ blood sugar/insulin balance. 3) Cats inherently have a low thirst drive and exemplars need to consume water *with* their food. (A cat’s normal prey is.
70 – 75% water – not the very low 5-10% found in dry food.) 4) Cats are strict carnivores which means they are designed to get their protein from meat/organs – not plants. Cats are obligate (strict) carnivores and are very different from dogs in their nutritional needs. What does it mean to be an ‘obligate carnivore’? It means that your cat was built by Mother Nature to micropropagation thesis, get her nutritional needs met by the consumption of a large amount of animal-based proteins (meat/organs) and derives much less nutritional support from plant-based proteins (grains/vegetables). It means that cats lack specific metabolic (enzymatic) pathways and cannot utilize plant proteins as efficiently as animal proteins. It is university admissions very important to remember that not all proteins are created equal. Proteins derived from thesis animal tissues have a complete amino acid profile. (Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins. Think of dom them as pieces of a puzzle.) Plant-based proteins do not contain the full complement (puzzle pieces) of the critical amino acids required by an obligate carnivore. The quality and composition of a protein (are all of the puzzle pieces present?) is also referred to as its biological value . Humans and micropropagation dogs can take the pieces of the essays puzzle in the plant protein and, from those, make the missing pieces.
Cats cannot do this. This is why humans and dogs can live on a vegetarian diet but cats cannot. (Note that I do not recommend vegetarian diets for dogs.) Taurine is one of the most important nutrients present in meat but it is missing from plants. Taurine deficiency will cause blindness and heart problems in cats. The protein in dry food, which is micropropagation often heavily plant-based, is not equal in quality to the protein in best narrative, canned food, which is meat-based . The protein in dry food, therefore, earns a lower biological value score. Because plant proteins are cheaper than meat proteins, pet food companies will have a higher profit margin when using corn, wheat, soy, rice, etc. Andy – 18 years ago as a kitten. He still enjoys his meat! Veterinary nutritionists and thesis pet food company representatives will argue that they are smart enough to know *exactly* what is and noble missing from a plant in terms of nutrient forms and amounts – nutrients that would otherwise be in a meat-based diet. They will then claim that these missing elements are added to their diets to make it complete and balanced to sustain life in an obligate carnivore. Does anyone really think that humans are that smart?
This is the thesis kind of arrogance that has led to fatal errors in florida, the past. Thesis! Not all that long ago (1980s) cats were going blind and dying from heart problems due to this arrogance. Smoking Against! It was discovered in micropropagation thesis, the late 1980s that cats are exquisitely sensitive to essays, taurine deficiency and our cats were paying dearly for humans straying so far from nature in order to micropropagation thesis, increase the help with calculus profit margin of the thesis pet food manufacturers. There are several situations that can lead to a diet being deficient in barnes essays, taurine but one of them is using a diet that relies heavily on plants (grains, etc.) as its source of protein. Instead of lowering their profit margin and going back to nature by adding more meat to the diets, the pet food companies simple started supplementing their diets with synthetic taurine.
This may be all well and good for this particular problem, but how do we know that we are not blindly going along unaware of micropropagation thesis other critical nutrients that are missing from a plant-based diet? Why are nutritionists so arrogant to think that we can safely stray so far from and noble essays what a cat is micropropagation thesis designed by definition dom nature to eat? Also note that synthetic taurine is manufactured from a chemical reaction and all taurine (at least that I know of) comes out of China. Given that country’s horrible track record with regard to food safety, I certainly would not want to depend on thesis taurine from China’s chemical synthesis to meet my cats’ taurine needs. With regard to the overall protein amounts contained in dry versus canned food, do not be confused by university admissions essay the listing of the protein percentages on micropropagation the packaging. At first glance, it might appear that the essay dry food has a higher amount of protein than the micropropagation canned food—but this is best narrative essays not true on a dry matter basis which considers the food minus the water. Micropropagation! Most canned foods, when figured on a dry matter basis, have more protein than dry food. Essay Dom! And remember, even if this was not the case, the percentage numbers do not tell the micropropagation whole story. It is the protein’s biological value that is i need help with calculus homework critical. Let’s ask ourselves the following question: How many cats become ill or die from these species-inappropriate diets yet the patient’s diet is never even questioned as a possible cause of the illness or death? We cannot answer that question definitively but I have no doubt that the thesis answer would be “many”.
Do cats survive on these heavily (synthetically) supplemented plant-based diets? Yes, many of them do. Do cats thrive on these diets? No, they do not. Please pay special attention to the words *survive* versus *thrive* as there is a very big difference between the barnes two states of health. Robbie – hunting his dinner. Fresh vs Highly Processed with Synthetic Supplements. There are two basic ways to meet our nutrient needs: Eat fresh food with a short ingredient list – or at least one that does not resemble a science experiment full of long names that are hard to pronounce. Thesis! Eat highly processed foods that have had much of their nutrient content destroyed or altered, with food chemists ‘fixing’ the narrative deficit with synthetic supplements. This type of unhealthy diet is consumed under the assumption that humans know exactly what was destroyed or altered during processing and what needs to be added back and in what form and amount.
Again, people are simply not that smart. While canned food is not ‘fresh,’ per se, dry food undergoes a harsher processing. It has been cooked at thesis, very high temperatures for a long period of essay definition time. Micropropagation! The extensive cooking required to remove most of the water from the food (70% moisture reduced to essay dom, 5-10% moisture) significantly alters the biological value of the protein sources and damages other vital nutrients. Nutritionists then have to guess which nutrients – in micropropagation thesis, what form and amounts – were destroyed by this cooking process and then try to add them back into the diet. Occasionally ‘real food’ is used instead of synthetic supplements but those long and hard-to-pronounce names on the ingredient list describe chemically synthesized nutrients. Given that humans will never be as smart as nature – we will never know every detail of a cat’s normal prey – it is obvious that there is of south a risk when greed cause humans to micropropagation, stray so far from a cat’s natural diet.
We Are Feeding Cats Too Many Carbohydrates. Note: I have stopped using the term “grain-free” since it has become somewhat meaningless. Many companies (e.g., Blue Buffalo) tout that their products are “grain free” but then they just load up the food with high carbohydrate ingredients like potatoes and peas which are not grains but still contribute a significant carb load (and plant-based protein) to the food. The “grain-free” descriptive has become very deceptive and misleading. In their natural setting, cats—whose unique biology makes them true carnivores–would not consume the high level of carbohydrates (grains, potatoes, peas, etc.) that are in the dry foods (and some canned foods) that we routinely feed them. Essay! You would never see a wild cat chasing down a herd of micropropagation biscuits running across the plains of Africa or dehydrating her mouse and topping it off with corn meal. In the wild, your cat would be eating a high protein, high-moisture, meat/organ-based diet, with a moderate level of fat and with only approximately 1-2 percent of her diet consisting of carbohydrates . Essay! The average dry food contains 35-50 percent carbohydrate calories. Micropropagation! Some of the cheaper dry foods contain even higher levels. This is NOT the diet that Mother Nature intended for university florida, your cat to eat.
Many canned foods, on the other hand, contain approximately less than 10 percent carbohydrates. Please note that not all canned foods are suitably low in carbohydrates. Thesis! For instance, most of the Hill’s Science Diet (over-the-counter) and the Hill’s ‘prescription’ diets are very high in carbohydrates and are not foods that I would ever choose to feed. Cats have a physiological decrease in the ability to utilize carbohydrates due to the lack of specific enzymatic pathways that are present in other mammals, and with they lack a salivary enzyme called amylase. Cats have no dietary need for carbohydrates and, more worrisome is the thesis fact that a diet that is high in carbohydrates can be detrimental to their health as explained below.
With this in mind, it is as illogical to feed a carnivore a steady diet of meat-flavored cereals as it would be to feed meat to a vegetarian like a horse or a cow, right? So why are we continuing to feed our carnivores like herbivores? Why are we feeding such a species-inappropriate diet? The answers are simple. Expository Essay! Grains/potatoes are cheap. Dry food is convenient. Thesis! Affordability and convenience sells. However, is a carbohydrate-laden, plant-based, water-depleted dry food the expository essay exemplars best diet for our cats?
Absolutely not. Obligate carnivores are designed to eat meat/organs – not grains/vegetables – and they need to consume water with their food as explained below. Opie’s pictorial at Feline Urinary Tract Diseases is a ‘must see’ for any cat caregiver who insists on micropropagation thesis feeding dry food. The first paragraph of that page is as follows: If I could have the reader of best narrative essays this webpage take away just one word from micropropagation thesis this discussion, it would be “water.” If your cat is on essay dom a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned (or homemade) food – and thesis no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Water is an extremely important nutrient that contributes to overall health in expository essay exemplars, every living creature. Couple this with the fact that cats do not have a very strong thirst drive when compared to other species, and thesis you will understand why it is smoking for and against critical for them to ingest a water-rich diet. The cat’s lack of a strong thirst drive can lead to low-level, chronic dehydration when dry food makes up the bulk of micropropagation thesis their diet especially if they have any level of kidney insufficiency. A cat’s normal prey contains approximately 70 – 75 percent water.
Dry food only contains 5-10 percent water whereas canned foods contain approximately 78 percent water. Canned foods therefore more closely approximate the natural diet of the cat and are better suited to meet the cat’s water needs. I hear the reader saying: “But my cat drinks a lot of water so dry food is just fine for him!” A cat consuming a predominantly dry food diet does drink more water than a cat consuming a canned food diet, but in the end, when water from all sources is florida admissions added together (what’s in their diet plus what they drink), the micropropagation cat on essays dry food consumes approximately half the amount of water compared with a cat eating canned food. Put another way, a cat on a canned food diet consumes approximately double the amount of water consumed by a cat eating dry food when all sources (food and thesis water bowl) are considered. This is a crucial point when one considers how common kidney and bladder problems are in the cat. Think of canned food as ‘flushing out’ your cat’s bladder several times each day.
Please keep in mind that when your cat starts eating a more appropriately hydrated diet of best canned food, his urine output will increase which is thesis a very good thing for bladder health. Because of this increase in smoking essay against, urine production , litter boxes need to be scooped more frequently or more boxes need to be added to the home. Please see The Litter Box From Your Cat’s Point of micropropagation thesis View for reasons why I strongly feel that clumping litter is the only sanitary choice of narrative essays litter to use for micropropagation, cats. Narrative Essays! Non-clumping litters do not allow you to remove all of the micropropagation urine and are not sanitary litters. Toby – very lean, energetic and athletic on a proper diet. He is expository essay exemplars 18 years old and thesis still runs around like a kitten. Learn How To Read a Pet Food Ingredient Label. For more details regarding pet food ingredient labels, see Commercial Foods. Note: If you are tempted to write to me to ask what food you should feed to your cat, understand that specific advice cannot be provided via email. If someone wants to discuss the essay information contained on micropropagation thesis this site in best, more detail, an micropropagation appointment for essay dom, a phone consultation needs to micropropagation, be set up. Before you get too confused and frustrated when reading this section, I will say at essay dom, the outset: I would much rather see a cat eat any canned food versus any dry food – regardless of thesis quality level of the canned or dry food.
This includes Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc., canned options. I am so tired of essay definition dom seeing cats suffering tremendously from blocked urethras and other urinary tract diseases because of Man’s love affair with dry food. Try not to drive yourself nuts when picking out a canned cat food. The fact that you are feeding canned food and not dry food is 90% of the battle so just do the best that you can – given the information below, the information on the Commercial Foods page, and micropropagation also the essay definition Cat Food Composition chart linked in the sidebar for future reference. When using that chart, just focus on the first four columns and thesis the last column if you care about calories/can. Exemplars! The first four columns show the caloric distribution which is the best way to analyze food. I ignore the micropropagation thesis dry matter basis columns.
I mentioned above that you should refrain from “driving yourself nuts” but after becoming increasingly frustrated with the commercial pet food industry in essay exemplars, 2003, I started making my cats’ food. Thesis! See Making Cat Food for more information. Essay! I got tired of micropropagation dealing with all of the i need with pros and cons associated with the commercial options and the ‘unknowns.’ However, putting my controlling nature aside, let’s move forward into the commercial pet food world. When reading this section, two words need to be firmly in micropropagation thesis, your mind: composition (the percentage of protein, fat, and carbohydrate in the food) ingredients. Unfortunately, pet food labels are not held to the same standard as human food labels. This means that pet food labels are seriously lacking in usable information when compared to a package of food for help calculus, a human. The “guaranteed analysis” numbers that you find on micropropagation a can of food for barnes and noble, protein, fat, and micropropagation water (moisture) are listed as “minimums” and “maximums” which, by definition, are inaccurate. Plus, the labels never list the carbohydrate amount which is expository essay exemplars very frustrating because we are trying to stay under 10% carbohydrate calories. This makes it impossible to accurately evaluate the food in thesis, terms of composition unless you are willing to call the company and ask for their ‘ typical nutrient analysis ‘ which is data that comes from testing an best essays actual batch of food. During the micropropagation thesis summer of 2012, I spent over 1,000 hours calling.
45 pet food companies to gather data for my Cat Food Composition chart. However, understand that pet food companies can change their formulations at for and against, any point in time so if you desire the thesis most up-to-date information, you will need to smoking essay against, call the thesis individual companies. The ingredient list can help us out – but only in some ways. For instance, if you do not see high carbohydrate ingredients such as grains, potatoes, peas, etc., listed on the label, it is a safe bet that the food is low in carbohydrates. However, if these high carbohydrate ingredients are listed, you have no idea of the amount in expository essay, the food and, therefore, no knowledge of the micropropagation thesis carbohydrate level. Without knowing the actual amount of each ingredient, we have no indication of the impact of the ingredient on the nutritional profile of the food. Only the composition value will answer that question. This is expository why it is important to micropropagation thesis, not just consider the list of ingredients but to university essay, also look at thesis, the Cat Food Composition chart, or call the company for the information. A good example of the above issue is a food like canned Wellness.
At first glance, this food may be dismissed as inappropriate for a carnivore because it contains several high carbohydrate ingredients in the form of fruits and vegetables, including potatoes which are very high in starch (carbohydrate). However, the essays low carbohydrate level (3-5%) tells us that the micropropagation thesis amount of fruits and vegetables is very low. Again, we would like to stay under 10% of calories coming from barnes and noble carbohydrates. Grains and potatoes should be absent from a cat’s diet but, unfortunately, they are cheap so they are included in many commercial cat foods. Think ‘profit margin’. Grains/potatoes are cheaper than meat. Stay away from micropropagation thesis food with gravy and sauces because they usually use high carbohydrate thickeners. Soy contains phytoestrogens and soy also negatively influences the exemplars thyroid gland. Given how common hyperthyroidism is in micropropagation, the cat, soy has no business being in cat food.
Unfortunately, soy is a common ingredient used by many pet food manufacturers – especially Purina – because it enhances their profit margin. When considering allergies , the university of south florida admissions essay ingredient list is useful since we don’t care how much of the offending ingredient is in the food. The bottom line is thesis that we don’t want any of the ingredient to of south florida essay, be present. Fish/seafood, beef, lamb, corn, wheat, and thesis soy tend to be the most hyperallergenic ingredients for the cat – especially fish/seafood. By-products are always a controversial subject but it makes much more sense to feed animal-based by-products to a cat than it does to feed grains or potatoes. Therefore, do not shy away from the more economical foods like Friskies or 9-Lives if you cannot afford the essays more expensive canned foods without by-products. I would much rather see a cat eating an all-by-product canned food than any dry food. This is micropropagation thesis because even the cheaper canned foods have the ‘Big Three’ covered: 1) high in water. 2) usually low in expository essay, carbohydrates.
3) the protein is from animals – not plants. By-products are not necessarily low quality protein sources. In fact, they can be extremely nutritious. However, there is more variability when quality is being considered when compared to thesis, muscle meat. By-products are discussed in more detail on the Commercial Foods page in this section. The higher priced canned foods that I referenced above, have a muscle meat listed as the first ingredient. A muscle meat will be listed as “chicken,” or “turkey,” etc., not “chicken by-products” or “chicken by-product meal,” or “chicken broth” or “liver”.
“Chicken meal” is technically a muscle meat but the term “meal” denotes that it has been rendered (cooked for smoking against, a long time at very high temperatures) and is lower in micropropagation thesis, quality than meat that has not been as heavily processed. A “meal” product is more commonly found in dry foods. By-products can include feet, intestines, feathers, egg shells, etc., which are less nutritious (less biologically valuable/digestible) than meat. Avoid foods listing “liver” as a first ingredient. (Example: Purina’s prescription diet DM canned for feline diabetic patients. There are far better options available that are healthier and not as expensive.) Liver is narrative a very nutritious organ meat – and should be present in small amounts – but it should never be the first ingredient as it is very high in vitamin A and possibly D and you don’t want to feed too much of those vitamins. Liver is cheaper than muscle meat so it will increase a company’s profit margin when used in micropropagation, high amounts. Preservatives are important ingredients that we need to pay attention to.
BHA, BHT, and best narrative essays ethoxyquin are extremely questionable in micropropagation thesis, terms of safety. Please note that Hill’s has always used BHT, and ethoxyquin in many of their products although recently I have noticed that these chemicals have been removed from help with calculus some of their foods. Be sure to check the current labels. Other companies abandoned the thesis practice of using these chemicals as preservatives long ago – opting for i need help with, more natural and safer methods. Also, please take note of micropropagation thesis a recent deceptive move by expository essay exemplars Hill’s whereby they have incorporated into their labeling the word “maize” as a substitute for the word “corn”. Maize IS corn and thesis since this company is well aware of the fact that consumers are becoming more savvy about pet food ingredients, they have decided to try to disguise the corn in essay exemplars, their diets by calling it “maize”. Hill’s is micropropagation hoping that consumers stay ignorant regarding the fact that maize is best narrative essays corn. I do not use products made by Hill’s (including their over-the-counter and micropropagation thesis “Prescription Diets”) since there are always healthier options available.
Marketing labels such as “ natural, ” or “ premium, ” or “ veterinarian recommended, ” or “prescription” are not necessarily indicative of high quality so please be careful not to fall into that trap. “ Indoor only ” is another meaningless marketing label that is nothing more than an enticing gimmick. This label originally started out in the dry food market but it has now made its way to help calculus homework, canned food labels. Cats did not stop being obligate carnivores just because we put a roof over their heads. If you are thinking about micropropagation feeding any ‘breed-specific’ food, please see this link for some straight-forward comments about the utterly absurd claims that these companies make regarding these diets. A Siamese is no different from Persian or a Maine Coon – or an ‘alley cat’ – when considering optimal dietary composition. Expository Essay! No matter the breed, the cat is micropropagation still an obligate carnivore. Royal Canin was one of the first companies to smoking essay for and against, come out with these breed specific diets as a marketing gimmick. The labels on micropropagation thesis Hill’s over-the-counter products contain a statement that says “Veterinarian Recommended.” Unfortunately, many of my colleagues do, indeed, recommend products made by Hill’s (as well as Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin) and this is a testament to the fact that most veterinarians are not well-versed in proper feline nutrition and smoking essay for and simply defer to micropropagation, these large companies that have huge marketing budgets. These large budgets include substantial sums of money dedicated to sponsoring – including very heavy advertising – our professional meetings and infiltrating veterinary schools to best, get students ‘married’ to micropropagation thesis, their products.
Keep in mind that a large marketing budget does not equate with the manufacturing of high quality or healthy products. Let’s move on to the veterinarian ‘prescribed’ diets which are also known as “therapeutic” or “prescription” diets. “ Prescription/therapeutic diet ” is another label that is certainly not indicative of a high quality diet or one that is necessary. These diets represent an area of the university florida essay commercial cat food industry that is very misleading and, quite frankly, a source of embarrassment for micropropagation, this profession. Many of these very expensive products contain corn, wheat, and soy which have no logical place in smoking essay for and, your cat’s diet. These diets are often very high in carbohydrates and, of course, all of the dry versions are water-depleted . Micropropagation Thesis! Many of them also contain by-products as the main – and often only – source of protein. While by-products can be very nutritious (and this really is the least of my concerns regarding these diets), they are cheaper than muscle meat so one would think that as much as these diets cost, the companies could include some muscle meat, in addition to by-products, for i need calculus, a more consistent source of micropropagation thesis high quality protein. (See by-products on the Commercial Food page for more details.) Study the ingredient list for Hill’s dry i/d while keeping in mind that cats are obligate carnivores. This dry food is essays 29% carbohydrates on a dry matter basis and is, of micropropagation thesis course, water-depleted.
The ingredients are as follows: Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and university of south admissions essay citric acid), Powdered Cellulose, Dried Chicken, Chicken Liver Flavor. The base ingredients and composition mirror those of many dry foods found in thesis, pet stores and essay exemplars supermarkets. Also, this is a very good example of the micropropagation thesis ingredient splitting rule. Best Essays! This rule states that ingredients have to be listed very specifically which works in the pet food manufacturers’ favor.
It allows the grain fractions to be broken up into smaller components which places them lower on micropropagation the list since ingredients are listed by weight. However, when all of the grain fractions are added up, their contribution to the diet (including the protein content) often greatly outweighs the first ingredient . I have asked many times on VIN (Veterinary Information Network – the essay who’s who of veterinary specialists from thesis all over the world) just what makes this diet worthy of being called a “Prescription Diet for Feline Gastrointestinal Health” or, for essay, that matter, what makes it an thesis optimal diet to feed to any cat? I have never received an answer and essays the VIN threads have had Hill’s representatives participating. My questions about the micropropagation thesis quality and composition of their prescription diets are always met with dead silence. It is important to best, note that most of these diets do not have robust clinical feeding studies supporting their safety for micropropagation, long-term feeding or even for use in treating the various diseases they target. On the contrary, we have plenty of evidence to show that feeding water-depleted, high carbohydrate, plant-based diets to carnivores does not honor their carnivorous make-up but, instead, promotes disease in smoking for and against, this species. It is also critical to understand that there is no independent agency overseeing these diets’ medical claims. None.
Zero. Including the FDA. The fox is thesis definitely guarding the essays henhouse and the FDA shows no interest in remedying the situation. The FDA has ‘punted’ the micropropagation responsibility of scrutinizing these diets for university of south essay, efficacy, safety, and suitability to the veterinarian but most veterinarians are very poorly educated in the area of nutrition. This field of study is not emphasized in veterinary schools and the minimal course work that is required, is often taught by micropropagation people who have strong ties to barnes and noble essays, the pet food industry. These are also usually the same people who are advising general practitioners on all matters of nutrition. Micropropagation Thesis! After recognizing this situation, you will see an obvious and very significant conflict of interest. In the end, the members of my profession allow Hill’s, Purina, Iams, and Royal Canin to dictate what ends up in barnes and noble essays, our patients’ food bowls. Here is an excerpt from the “ Veterinarian-Prescribed Diets/OTC Options” paper that I am working on: ‘Prescription Diet’ trademark – marketing tool creates false perception. As an example of the serious lack of regulatory oversight, Hill’s secured trademark status for the term “prescription diet” in 1990 thus reinforcing the perception that, like prescription medications, their diets are subject to intense scrutiny and testing.
However, nothing could be further from the micropropagation thesis truth. There is a strong argument to be made that no trademark protection should be granted for any marketing label containing the word “prescription” given the strong potential to seduce the buyers of these products into expository essay exemplars a false sense of security growing out of the assumption that anything labeled “prescription” has been put through multiple layers of regulatory and micropropagation testing paces. If any product – including food – is allowed to carry a “prescription” label, it needs to be held to the same standards as a prescription medication. With Calculus! Otherwise, the word “prescription” becomes no more than a marketing label, and micropropagation thesis as such, should hold no more credibility than any other marketing slogan. To quote the FDA/CVM Communications Staff Deputy Director: “‘Prescription diet’ is an industry-coined term and holds no legal meaning.” In other words, these diets contain no ingredient that actually requires a prescription. The trademarked term “prescription diet” is essay exemplars simply a clever marketing tool between Hill’s and veterinarians . The sale of micropropagation thesis these diets is restricted (by Hill’s, not by law) to veterinarians only. In return, Hill’s enjoys a boost in perception of expository essay quality brought about by micropropagation this profession’s endorsement of their products. However, this perception of quality is undeserved and this incestuous relationship jeopardizes the essays integrity of our profession. I want to make it clear that probably 99% of micropropagation all veterinarians who ‘prescribe’ these diets truly feel that they are doing the best for their patients. The companies (Hill’s, Purina, Iams, Royal Canin) that manufacture the ‘alphabet’ diets have done a wonderful job marketing their products to smoking for and against, veterinarians, making it difficult to refrain from thesis falling into the trap of using them.
These companies make it very easy for us. If a cat comes in with kidney disease? We can just grab k/d, or NF, or LP without any critical thought. If a cat comes in with a urinary tract problem? Easy – take some c/d off the shelf. Given a veterinarian’s busy schedule and stressful life, one can see just how seductive the use of the essay ‘alphabet’ diets are. However, contrary to what is often believed by both the veterinarian and the client, the ‘therapeutic/prescription’ diets sold in micropropagation, veterinary hospitals are not formulated for optimal health of a carnivore and, in smoking against, many cases, are actually detrimental to the patient’s health.
In addition, they are simply not necessary and do not optimally address the problems they claim to treat. Add to this the very high price tag on these diets and we have what I consider to be a very big ‘black eye’ for the profession. The only time I ever use a prescription diet (canned s/d) is discussed here on the Urinary Tract Health page. Micropropagation! Canned s/d is occasionally used but only temporarily ( 2-4 weeks) pending re-evaluation of the patient. Instead of i need help with calculus homework defaulting to the ‘alphabet’ diets, I can always find an over-the-counter diet or formulate a homemade recipe for my patients that leaves more money in micropropagation thesis, the client’s wallet and much better nutrition in expository essay exemplars, the cat’s food bowl. Regarding making cat food: People often overestimate what it takes to make a nutritious meal for their cat and assume that it means slaving away in the kitchen every day. I can assure you, it is micropropagation much easier than that. Since 2003, I have spent a few hours in essay definition dom, the kitchen 4-6 times a year making food for micropropagation thesis, my cats which is a very small price to pay for the control that I have over what goes into their food bowls. I do not feed any commercial food to my own cats and I would definitely never feed them any “prescription” diets. I would love to see veterinarians stop being so ‘married’ to the diets they reach for every day and and noble learn the basics of optimal feline nutrition and start considering the use of higher quality, lower cost, over-the-counter – or homemade – diets. Their patients – and their clients’ bank account – will be a lot better off for it.
Common Feline Health Problems and Their Ties to Diet. There is a very strong and extremely logical connection between the micropropagation way that we are currently feeding our obligate carnivores and many of the life-threatening diseases that afflict them. Diabetes: Diabetes is a very serious – and barnes essays difficult to manage – disease that is not uncommon in thesis, cats. We do not know all of the causes of this complex disease but what we do know is that many diabetic cats cease needing insulin or have their insulin needs significantly decrease once their dietary carbohydrate level is decreased to i need calculus, a more species-appropriate level than that found in micropropagation, many commercial foods. Given this fact, and given what we know about how the cat processes carbohydrates, it is not a stretch to say that high carbohydrate diets could very well be a significant factor in for and, causing diabetes in some cats. Please see this paper discussing the elevated blood glucose in cats after eating a high carbohydrate meal: There are countless cases of thesis successful diabetic remission when cat caregivers remove all dry food and all high carbohydrate canned food from their cat’s diet. In addition to the issue of carbohydrates and how they affect the blood sugar level of some cats, dry food is very calorie dense, is essays very palatable, and is usually free-fed.
This often leads to obesity . Fat cells produce a substance that makes the other cells in the body resistant to insulin. This promotes the thesis diabetic state. It is very important to understand the impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on expository exemplars the insulin needs of a diabetic cat. If you have decided to start feeding your diabetic cat a low carbohydrate diet, please do not change the diet until you review my Feline Diabetes page – especially the STOP sign section – otherwise you will be putting your cat in danger. Please also be aware that many veterinarians underestimate the favorable impact that a low carbohydrate diet has on the insulin needs of the patient and they do not lower the insulin dose enough. If the insulin is not lowered accordingly, an overdose of insulin will occur which can be life-threatening. I strongly suggest that all caretakers of diabetic cats home-test to monitor blood glucose levels using a standard glucometer as a matter of micropropagation routine. Careful monitoring is especially important when implementing a diet change.
Many veterinarians prescribe expensive diets such as Purina DM (Diabetes Management) and Hill’s m/d but you can do much better for barnes, your cat (and your pocketbook) by feeding other more nutritious – and lower carbohydrate – canned foods. See the Cat Food Composition chart. You should aim for a diet that derives less than 10% of its calories from carbohydrates. The less expensive foods like Friskies, 9-Lives, and Fancy Feast are also fine to feed. Kidney Disease (CKD – formerly called “CRF”) : Chronic kidney disease is probably the leading cause of mortality in the cat. It is troubling to think about the thesis role that chronic dehydration may play in causing or exacerbating feline kidney disease. And remember, cats have a less than optimal water balance – especially CKD cats that are losing a lot of expository essay water via their ‘leaky’ kidneys – when they are on a diet of thesis predominantly dry food. Barnes And Noble! The prescription dry ‘renal diets’ such as Hill’s k/d – which are commonly prescribed by veterinarians – contain only micropropagation thesis, a small amount of moisture ( 10% versus 78% for calculus homework, canned food) leaving your cat in a less than optimal state of water balance.
I have no other word for micropropagation thesis, dry ‘renal’ diets other than “atrocious” given their water-depletion, low protein amount, and the low biological value of the protein (plant vs animal-based) that they are comprised of. I would have to be stranded on a desert island with no other food source before I would ever consider feeding these diets to expository essay exemplars, any cat in my care. Regarding hydration, I must say that I find it truly amazing when I hear about the very large numbers of cats receiving subcutaneous fluids while being maintained on a diet of dry food. This is an extremely illogical and unhealthy practice and every attempt should be made to get these cats on a diet that contains a higher moisture content. Please also note the following list of the first four ingredients of Hill’s dry k/d after reviewing this section on reading a pet food label – and micropropagation thesis bearing in mind that your cat is a carnivore.
This diet (or any other dry ‘renal’ diet) would never find its way into a food bowl owned by any cat in my care. The first three ingredients are not even a source of meat and the fourth ingredient is a by-product meal which is expository not necessarily an unhealthy source of micropropagation thesis protein but it would be nice to see some muscle meat (“chicken”) in university of south admissions essay, this product. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken by-product meal. The purpose of this ‘prescription’ diet is to restrict protein which, unfortunately, it certainly does. However, please understand that there are no studies showing that restricting protein to this level will prevent further deterioration of kidney function.
‘Renal’ diets restrict protein to the point that many cats – those that are not consuming enough of the micropropagation thesis diet to provide their daily protein calorie needs – will catabolize (use for fuel) their own muscle mass which results in muscle wasting and weight loss. This internal breakdown of the smoking for and against cat’s own muscle mass will cause an increase in creatinine (and BUN) which needs to be cleared by the kidneys. The rise in creatinine and BUN, and muscle wasting, can lead to micropropagation thesis, an often-erroneous conclusion that the patient’s CKD is worsening. Of course, the same deterioration can occur in any cat that is not consuming enough protein, but the level of protein in these diets is not only at an extremely low level , it is in an incomplete form for a carnivore . Note that they are often made up mainly of plant proteins – not meat proteins – especially the dry versions. Cystitis (bladder inflammation), Urethral Blockage, Bladder/Kidney Stones: Please see Feline Urinary Tract Health for a more detailed discussion. The first paragraph on that webpage states: If I could have the reader take away just one word from this discussion, it would be “water”.
If your cat is on i need homework a properly hydrated diet of 100% canned food – and no dry food – you stand a very good chance of never needing to read this webpage. Cystitis is an extremely common and very painful problem in the cat. Stones are also very common and can lead to micropropagation thesis, a life-threatening urinary tract blockage. I sincerely hope that these pictures of Opie make a huge impact on anyone who is still not convinced that dry food causes significant suffering in many cats. Rest assured that veterinarians deal with blocked cats extremely frequently which is essay exemplars heartbreaking considering how rarely cats block when on all canned food – especially with added water.
Cystitis can lead to inappropriate urination (urinating outside of the litter box) and stones can cause a fatal rupture of the bladder by blocking the outflow of urine. Any cat that is thesis repeatedly entering the litter box but not voiding any urine is in need of IMMEDIATE medical attention! This is one reason why it is so important to essay, use a clumping (scoopable) litter. Clumping litter allows you to micropropagation, see just how much, if any, urine is being voided. It is important to narrative essays, note, however, that “crystals” are not the same thing as stones.
Crystals are often a normal finding in a cat’s urine and it is not necessarily appropriate to thesis, put the cat on a “special urinary tract” formula when these are found in the urine. Important: I often see too much clinical significance placed on the identification of crystals in with calculus, the urine without regard to how the micropropagation thesis urine sample was handled. It is very important to understand that crystals will often form once outside of the exemplars body within a very short (30-60 minutes) period of time. If the veterinarian does not examine the urine right away and either sends it to thesis, an outside laboratory or uses a free-catch sample that the owner brought from home, an erroneous diagnosis of barnes crystals may be made. This is micropropagation thesis called a “false positive” report and results in unnecessary worry on the part of the owner and often leads to the cat being placed on an inappropriate, low quality diet. With regard to overall kidney and bladder health, I cannot stress strongly enough how important water is in both the essay dom prevention and treatment of diseases involving this organ system.
When a cat is on a diet of water-depleted dry food, they produce a more highly concentrated urine (higher urine specific gravity – USG) and thesis they produce a lower volume of admissions essay urine (often half of what a cat on canned food produces) which means that a higher concentration of thesis crystals will be present in the urine. This increases the chance of these crystals forming life-threatening stones. It is also thought that the highly concentrated urine may be very irritating to the bladder wall in some cats, predisposing them to painful cystitis. Please keep in mind that a cat has a very low thirst drive and is designed to get water with their food. A diet of canned food will keep a proper amount of water flowing through the expository exemplars urinary tract system and help maintain its health. Adding 1-2 TBS of micropropagation thesis water (plain or flavored – such as tuna water, clam juice, chicken or beef broth) per meal is also very beneficial. Essay Definition Dom! Make your own tuna water by taking one can of tuna and mixing the contents into 3 cups of water. Mash it up and micropropagation thesis let it sit for. 15 minutes. Pour the water into covered ice cube trays.
Freeze to prolong the freshness. Use covered trays to help, keep the thesis water tasting and narrative essays smelling fresh. Water fountains may also help cats consume more water but feeding a water-rich diet is much more effective in increasing your cat’s water intake than water fountains or multiple bowls of water sitting around your house. If you are still worrying about small amounts of crystals in thesis, your cat’s urine, consider this analogy: Crystals in essay, cat urine are as normal as the leaves that fall on your driveway. However, if you don’t regularly hose down or sweep your driveway, those leaves will build up and pretty soon you will not be able to get your car out of the micropropagation garage.
This is what happened to essay, Opie above. His ‘driveway’ (urethra) got blocked and he was unable to pass any urine resulting in thesis, a tremendous amount of essay exemplars suffering and a life threatening situation. If you picture crystals as the micropropagation thesis leaves in this analogy, it is easy to see how canned food does a better job of flushing out and noble essays your cat’s bladder – several times each day – than dry food does. To repeat, crystals are not necessarily an thesis abnormal finding in cat urine. However, they can become a problem if Man continues to insist on essays feeding the cat a water-depleted diet. Mindy and Mikie.
Urine pH is also often considered when discussing urinary tract problems but we really need to stop focusing so heavily on pH. Again, a proper amount of water in the diet is the important issue here – not urine pH. Many of the micropropagation often-prescribed feline lower urinary tract diets are formulated to make the urine acidic but it is thought that these low magnesium, acidifying diets may actually exacerbate painful cystitis. Also, these acidifying diets often end up promoting calcium oxylate stone formation and can also lead to hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) which can cause or exacerbate kidney disease. It is also important to note – for those people still stuck on worrying about the urine pH – that there are many factors which determine the pH of urine and only one of them is diet. Urine pH varies throughout the day and using one pH measurement from a single urine sample is very misleading and is not terribly helpful information. With regard to dry food and urinary tract health, aside from the lack of water in this type of diet, there is also a correlation between the consumption of essay for and a high carbohydrate diet and the formation of thesis struvite crystals as shown by this study because carbohydrate diets promote an essay exemplars alkaline urine. Veterinarians often prescribe Hill’s Prescription dry c/d for micropropagation thesis, urinary tract problems but again, these diets are only best narrative, ten percent water and contain a high level of species-inappropriate ingredients and questionable preservatives.
They are also very high in carbohydrates with dry c/d containing 42 percent of its dry weight as carbohydrates. Please note the thesis first few ingredients in c/d while remembering that your cat is a carnivore: Brewers rice, chicken by-product meal, corn gluten meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid),chicken liver flavor, taurine, preserved with BHT and BHA. Brewers rice, corn gluten meal, chicken by-product meal, pork fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), chicken, chicken liver flavor, fish oil, Note that Hill’s removed the with BHA and BHT but are now using more corn gluten meal and micropropagation thesis less chicken by-product meal. Diet is i need calculus homework not the only issue involved with cystitis but it is an important one and one that we can control. Stress is also thought to play a very significant role in cystitis and micropropagation thesis even cats that are fed a 100 percent canned food diet may experience bouts of cystitis. This is a very frustrating disease to deal with and essay against one that the veterinary community does not have all the answers for. What we do know is that decreasing stress and thesis increasing the water content of the diet are the smoking essay for and most important management issues to address. The water content of the micropropagation diet is easy to control – feed canned food with added water. The stress issue is another matter and is not always easy to address since cats can be very sensitive and are often ‘silent’ in their stress.
Cystitis can be extremely painful and it is very important to address pain management in these cats. Florida Admissions Essay! Remember: pain = stress and we are trying to minimize the micropropagation thesis stress in admissions essay, these patients. Buprenex is a good choice for a pain medication and I often dispense it for the client to thesis, have on essay hand for chronic cystitis patients – as long as the micropropagation thesis client understand the critical importance of essay definition dom close monitoring of the patient to make sure he is passing urine and is not obstructed. (I say “he” because males have a long, narrow urethra and thesis are much more apt to block than females but females can also experience an obstructed urethra.) Buprenex is superior to Torbugesic which has been used for pain management in the cat in smoking essay, the past. Thesis! (Burprenex is a prescription medication that you must get from your veterinarian.) Unfortunately, many veterinarians overlook pain medications as a very important part of the treatment of this common feline problem. A very important note on antibiotic usage in best, these cases: Most cases of micropropagation thesis cystitis are sterile. In other words, they are not the result of an homework infection and the patient should not be placed on antibiotics. 1% of cats with cystitis that are under 10 years of age have a urinary tract infection, yet many veterinarians place these patients on antibiotics when these drugs are not warranted . Most cats under 10 years of age produce a very concentrated urine (USG greater than 1.035) and bacteria do not grow well in concentrated urine. In cats over 10 years of age, infections are more common but that still does not mean that older cats with cystitis should automatically be put on antibiotics. The reason that an older cat is more prone to urinary tract infections is because kidney disease is more common in this age group and so these cats will have a more dilute urine which is not as hostile to thesis, bacterial growth. Diabetes and university florida hyperthyroidism are also more common in cats over 10 years of age and thesis both disease render the patient more prone to best, urinary tract infections.
20% – or less – of all older cats that present with lower urinary tract signs (see Feline Urinary Tract Health – Cystitis) actually have an infection so. 80% of this age group exhibiting these clinical signs do not need to be put on antibiotics. A urine culture and micropropagation sensitivity (C S) should be run to check for an infection, especially if the patient has a low urine specific gravity or is essay diabetic. It must be kept in mind that even with a low USG, most cases of cystitis are not due to an infection. This is why it is important to run a C S before placing the patient on micropropagation antibiotics. Antibiotics are NOT harmless drugs and they need to be used with more critical thought than is currently happening in both human and i need help with calculus veterinary medicine. This is especially true of Convenia . Please do not allow that drug to be injected into your cat without reading my Convenia webpage first. A C S test identifies the bacteria (if present) and tells the veterinarian which antibiotic is appropriate. The urine for a C S needs to micropropagation, be obtained by way of for and cystocentesis which involves using a syringe and needle to obtain urine directly from the bladder. This is not a painful procedure for the cat and this method is the only way to obtain a sample for accurate information in order to properly treat with antibiotics. One problem, however, is thesis that a sample may be difficult to obtain without waiting a couple of hours since cats with cystitis urinate frequently and essays often do not have enough urine in their bladder to get a good sample.
To get around this problem, your veterinarian can give the your cat a dose of subcutaneous (just under the skin) fluids. The patient is then put into a cage without a litter box. Within a couple of hours (or less), the bladder is usually full enough to obtain a urine sample via cystocentesis. We have to stop treating all cases of thesis cystitis with antibiotics without supporting evidence of an essay definition dom infection! Cystitis will often recur in thesis, these patients and expository essay exemplars this painful health problem can be very frustrating to deal with.
On a good note, most cats will have their clinical signs spontaneously resolve even without any treatment. Micropropagation! In fact, it has often been said, jokingly, that a cat with cystitis will often stop exhibiting clinical signs within seven days with antibiotics and in one week without antibiotics. Unfortunately, when people don’t understand this issue, antibiotics often get the credit when they had nothing to essays, do with the patient’s improvement. When this happens, the thesis abuse of antibiotics continues. Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): IBD can cause vomiting, diarrhea, and/or constipation in the cat. IBD can also present with weight loss as the essay definition dom only clinical sign. There are many unanswered questions with respect to this disease process, but it is micropropagation thesis logical to start to “treat” a gastrointestinal problem in the cat with a species-appropriate diet considering that it is food that ‘bathes’ the problem area. Too often these cats are treated with a high level of steroids and a prescription grain-laden dry food diet.
I feel very strongly that this common therapeutic regimen dismisses the very significant role that a proper diet plays in our IBD patients. There are an impressive number of narrative essays anecdotal reports of cats that were terribly ill with IBD that exhibit dramatic improvement when all dry food was removed from their diet and thesis a grain-free/low-carb canned food was fed instead. Taking it even one step further, there are many reports of cats with IBD that improved tremendously on best essays a balanced homemade diet. (See Making Cat Food for a balanced recipe.) Some cats do need steroids (temporary or long-term) but we need to micropropagation, focus more heavily on feeding these patients an calculus appropriate diet rather than simply relying on thesis immunosuppressive medications. Robbie had severe diarrhea for two years until put on smoking essay a species-appropriate homemade diet. Hairballs: The frequent vomiting of hairballs can be a symptom of IBD. “Frequent” is hard to define, in this case, but if your cat is micropropagation thesis vomiting hairballs on a weekly basis do not just assume that this is simply normal feline behavior. I often receive emails asking what the best diet is to barnes essays, feed to cats suffering from hairballs. The bottom line is that as much hair as possible should be prevented from getting into the cat in the first place.
This is accomplished with daily brushing or, in some cases, shaving the micropropagation cat if hairballs are creating serious problems. Amber loves going naked in the summertime. I understand that shaving cats is best narrative essays not an easy task and is, therefore, not a ‘quick fix’ for this problem but it is an micropropagation thesis option for serious cases. Amber can only be shaved when she is under general anesthesia. Therefore, almost every summer she gets a dental cleaning and body shave to keep her comfortable during the hot summer months. She never had a problem with hairballs even with a full coat but she is barnes and noble essays a lot happier without her long hair when the weather is thesis hot. Hairball problems are not just associated with long hair coats.
Shorthaired cats – especially double-coated cats – can also have problems with hairballs. However, a healthy intestinal tract should be able to deal with hair normally ingested by the cat. That said, if we want to help our cats out in this area, we need to brush them daily. Trying to essay, ‘chase’ hair after it has gained entrance into the cat’s intestinal tract is futile. Diet is micropropagation not the exemplars answer and neither are any of the ‘hairball remedies’ on the market. As one well-respected feline medicine specialist often states “this is not a grease deficiency!”
Obesity: Obesity is an extremely common and very serious health problem in micropropagation thesis, cats. Overweight cats are four times more likely to develop diabetes than cats that are at an optimal weight. Bennie before being rescued Obese cats cannot clean themselves properly resulting in painful skin inflammation in their perineal area Just after I broke Bennie out of essay against jail Obese cats suffer from painful orthopedic problems Mindy and Molly – just after Molly discovered how good canned food is for thesis, her obese but carnivorous body. Obligate carnivores are designed to meet their energy needs with a high protein, moderate fat diet with little to essay, no carbohydrates. Micropropagation Thesis! Carbohydrates are minimally used for energy and those that are not used are converted to and stored as fat. The so-called “light” diets that are on the market have targeted the admissions fat content as the nutrient to be decreased. The choice is then to raise either the protein or carbohydrate content of the diet, or both.
Since animal-based protein (meat and micropropagation organs) is more expensive than carbohydrates (grains/potatoes/peas), pet food manufacturers raise the carbohydrate levels in these foods making them very species-inappropriate and unhealthy. An optimal weight loss diet should be: high in protein (over 40% of calories), moderate in fat (under 50% of calories), low in carbohydrates (under 10% of best calories), and high in water. When looking at the Cat Food Composition chart, you will note that there are not many examples of this profile. Why? Because fat is cheaper than protein. The calories from micropropagation thesis protein + fat + carbs must = 100%. If the carbs are kept below 10%, that leaves 90-95% of the calories to be divided between protein and fat. Protein is narrative expensive.
Fat is cheap. Thesis! Therefore, low carb diets are usually high in for and, fat. Examples of micropropagation nice profiles include Friskies Classic Pates, some Fancy Feast varieties, Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken, Tiki Puka Puka Luau, and Tiki Koolina Luau. You will notice that many of the essays higher protein diets are fish-based but it is not a good idea to feed fish to cats. Or, at least not as their main diet. Fish can be high in mercury, high in PBDEs (fire retardant chemicals linked to hyperthyroidism), high in phosphorus (not good for older cats’ kidneys) and thesis can be very addicting. Of South Florida Essay! It is best to feed poultry-based diets to cats. Water content of the diet is micropropagation thesis very important. Studies have shown that cats lose weight much easier on canned food versus dry. Dry food is i need very calorically dense and is high in carbohydrates which are not as satisfying to a cat as protein is.
Many cats on micropropagation the commercial ‘light’ or ‘less active’ diets either do not lose weight or do lose weight but also lose muscle mass along with the loss of fat. This is of south florida essay not our goal. The goal is to micropropagation, lose fat while maintaining muscle mass. In several studies, cats fed a high protein/low carbohydrate diet lost weight but maintained their lean body mass in comparison to help with calculus, cats fed a high carbohydrate/low fat diet. Many caretakers feed very small amounts of thesis these “light” diets hoping that their cat will lose weight. However, feeding a small amount of a diet that is inappropriate for the species is essays not the answer! The caretaker often ends up with either a crabby, overweight cat or a thinner cat that may have lost too much muscle mass.
See Molly’s and Bennie’s story of weight loss on this site’s Feline Obesity page to read about how these sweet cats went from inactive obese cats that could barely walk or clean themselves to healthier, happier felines. Molly had great difficulty walking and cleaning herself due to her obese condition which was brought on by the consumption of dry food. Thesis! Kittens, however, loved using her for a pillow. Molly’s veterinarian had prescribed Hill’s Prescription dry r/d for her and instructed her caretaker to dom, feed Molly only thesis, very small portions – and to put a shock collar on her to keep her away from her housemates’ food. This is obviously not sound – or humane – obesity management advice. Hill’s Prescription r/d is a very poor quality, high carbohydrate (35%) diet that contains the smoking essay for and against following inappropriate and unhealthy ingredients including a high level of fiber which a feline intestinal tract is not designed to process: Chicken by-product meal, corn meal, powdered cellulose 18.5% (a source of fiber),corn gluten meal, chicken liver flavor, vegetable oil, taurine, L-carnitine, preserved with BHT, BHA and ethoxyquin.
Brewers Rice, Chicken By-Product Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Chicken Liver Flavor, Soybean Oil. Note that Hill’s removed the BHA and micropropagation BHT but a plant-based protein is now the expository predominant protein source instead of an animal-based protein. This diet is thesis even more unhealthy than it used to be. There are much more species appropriate – and less expensive – ways to exemplars, address feline obesity. Micropropagation Thesis! However, if you are contemplating the barnes and noble essays use of the grain-free, high protein/low carb dry foods, please understand that these diets are very calorie-dense and often lead to weight gain , in micropropagation thesis, addition to being detrimental to and noble essays, urinary tract health because of their water-depletion. Hepatic Lipidosis (Fatty Liver Disease): This is the most common metabolic liver disease of cats. Cats that go longer than. 3 days without eating, for any reason, are in micropropagation, danger of developing this serious, and smoking against often fatal, disease. Even though thin cats can end up with hepatic lipidosis, overweight cats are much more prone to experiencing this disease.
Feeding a high-protein, low-carbohydrate canned diet helps keep cats at an optimal, healthy body weight and, in thesis, turn, makes them less likely to end up with fatty liver disease. Dental Disease: Long-standing claims that cats have less dental disease when they are fed dry food versus canned food are grossly overrated, inaccurate, and are not supported by expository essay studies. This frequently stated (among veterinarians and lay people) myth continues to harm cats by perpetuating the idea that their food bowls need to be filled up with an micropropagation unhealthy diet in i need help, order to micropropagation thesis, keep their teeth clean. The idea that dry food promotes dental health makes about as much sense as the idea that crunchy cookies would promote dental health in a human. First, dry food is hard, but brittle, and merely shatters with little to no abrasive effect on the teeth. Second, a cat’s jaws and teeth are designed for shearing and tearing meat – not biting down on dry kibble. Third, many cats swallow the majority of best narrative essays their dry food whole. There are many factors – known and thesis unknown – that contribute to dental disease cats such as genetics, viruses, diet, and the fact that cats do not brush their teeth like humans do. There remain many unanswered questions concerning the narrative essays fact that cats often suffer from poor dental health but one very obvious answer lies in the fact that humans feed cats a diet that does not even come close to what they would eat in their natural state. When cats consume their prey in the wild, they are tearing at flesh, hide, bones, tendons, and micropropagation ligaments. This is a far cry from the consistency of i need with dry or canned food.
Neither dry kibble nor canned food comes close to mimicking a cat’s normal diet of mice, birds, rabbits, etc. Given what a cat does eat in nature, it makes much more sense to be feeding part of the diet in the form of micropropagation large chunks of meat (as large as you can get your cat to chew on) or gizzards (tough and fibrous) which a cat’s teeth are designed to chew. Raw meat is essay definition dom ‘tougher’ to chew than cooked meat so I prefer to thesis, use raw meat – or lightly baked to dom, kill the surface bacteria – to promote dental health. See Making Cat Food – Dental Health. Notice the phrase “part of the diet” in micropropagation, the above sentence. Exemplars! It is very important to understand that plain meat (ie – without bones or another source of calcium) is very unbalanced since there is micropropagation minimal calcium in meat. Remember that when a cat eats his normal prey, he is of south florida admissions consuming the bones along with the meat. When fed as a supplement to micropropagation thesis, most commercial canned foods, it is safe to feed. 15 – 20% of the daily calories in essay definition, the form of plain meat. Micropropagation! For example, if a cat is eating 6 ounces of canned food per essay against, day, you could feed him 5 ounces of canned food plus 1 ounce of chunked muscle meat per day. When people ask me “how often should my cats be fed chunks of meat?”, I reply “how often do you brush your own teeth?”
And speaking of brushing teeth , this is, by micropropagation thesis far, the best way to promote your cat’s dental health. See this video for more information. Please pay close attention to the statement in the video regarding a thorough dental exam by for and against your veterinarian before starting a brushing program. Many cats have very painful mouths but show no outward signs of this pain. If you try to micropropagation thesis, brush your cat’s teeth in the face of a painful mouth, you will end up with a cat that is help with scared – along with developing a strong aversion to toothbrushes. If this aversion occurs, you may never get him to micropropagation thesis, accept tooth brushing once you have addressed the painful mouth with your vet. With regard to frequency, once-daily is optimal.
By the time 72 hours have passed, the film on the teeth becomes permanent so shoot for at least every other day. Please understand that I am not saying that canned food is essay necessarily better for teeth than dry food. For optimal dental health, a cat should not be eating either canned or dry food since neither food type promotes a healthy oral cavity but we have to work with what is practical in thesis, a typical home setting and feeding a cat a ‘whole carcass prey’ diet is barnes not terribly practical – even if it would be great for their teeth. The compromise is to at least give them some muscle meat to chew on, in addition to brushing their teeth if possible, and to micropropagation, stop fooling ourselves into thinking that dry food promotes dental health in university florida admissions essay, our cats. I am often asked about ‘dental’ diets such as Hill’s t/d but if someone has read to this point on this webpage, it will be understood that these diets represent the thesis epitome of expository exemplars ‘tunnel vision’ nutrition. All ‘dental’ diets are all dry (water-depleted), all are all high in carbohydrates, and all contain species-inappropriate ingredients, and micropropagation thesis as such, even if they do impart any measurable effect on exemplars dental health, they wreak havoc on the rest of the body. It is wise to micropropagation, feed for the health of the *whole* cat, not just one part of him. Hill’s t/d (34% carbohydrates): Chicken By-Product Meal, Brewers Rice, Corn Gluten Meal, Powdered Cellulose, Whole Grain Corn, Pork Fat (preserved with mixed tocopherols and citric acid), Chicken Liver Flavor. Saint Molly never met a kitten she didn’t treat as her own. Feline Asthma/Allergic Airway Disease: Many cats have had their respiratory symptoms (coughing/difficulty breathing) subside considerably, or disappear completely, once they were placed on a grain-free canned food diet, or a meat-based homemade diet.
Some of help with calculus these struggling cats may have been reacting to storage mites or cockroach antigens that are present in dry foods, or they may have been reacting to micropropagation, the gluten (protein fraction) part of the grains that are present in dry foods. Sadly, many cats exhibiting debilitating lung disease are simply put on an immunosuppressive dose of steroids – while still being fed an inappropriate diet. While steroids are necessary in definition dom, many cases of airway disease, they are not addressing the root of the problem which can, in many cases, be an allergy to proteins in the form of species-inappropriate grains, and thesis insect antigens. Steroids can cause diabetes in cats and of south florida admissions also render them vulnerable to infections from viruses, bacteria, and fungal agents so it is very important to make sure you have ruled out diet as a cause of the cat’s respiratory symptoms. Robbie and Calvin flexing their muscles. Dry food is far from a clean, safe, and pathogen-free source of food for micropropagation, your cat. Please see this section on expository my Making Cat Food page which details just a few of the many pet food recalls due to contamination of micropropagation commercial pet food with deadly chemicals, bacteria (salmonella, etc.), fungal mycotoxins, and calculus homework storage mites. The issue of rancid fats in dry food is also discussed on the Making Cat Food page. Fungal mycotoxins are deadly chemicals produced by molds.
Molds are very common contaminants of grains but molds can be found in many different food sources. In mid January 2011, 200 cows died from eating moldy sweet potatoes that were mixed into thesis their feed. There is no doubt in with homework, my mind that many cats and dogs have become ill from the contaminants that are often present in dry pet foods yet nobody (including the veterinarian and pet owner) puts 2 + 2 together and realizes that the diet is the source of the pet’s illness. Keep in micropropagation, mind that dry foods are not refrigerated and they sit in essays, warm warehouses, on pet store shelves, and in your cupboards for micropropagation thesis, weeks or months before your pets consume them leading to increased bacterial growth and rancid fats. At the very least, dry food should be kept in expository essay, the refrigerator but it is better to just refrain from thesis feeding this type of food completely. Transitioning Dry Food Addicts to essay definition, Canned Food. This is the hard part. Cats, like children, often resist what is best for them.
The two most frequent comments that I hear from people when trying to convince them to feed their cats a healthier diet are “my cat won’t eat canned food” and “but my cat really likes his dry food.” Children really like potato chips and ice cream but that certainly does not mean those food items constitute optimal nutrition. The transition process often involves much more than just plunking down a new food item. Time, patience and tricks are often required. One reason that cats like dry food so much is because the pet food companies do not play fair when manufacturing this sub-optimal food source. They coat the kibble with extremely enticing animal digest sprays which are very pleasing to a cat – making a poor quality diet very desirable to the target animal. In addition to the aforementioned coating of dry food with animal digests, another issue is micropropagation one of exemplars a crunchy texture which is very different from canned food.
Cats are very resistant to thesis, such a drastic change in the texture of their food. If you are convinced that getting your cat off of dry food is the way to essay for and against, go, read on for some tips on how to accomplish this. The key is to do it slowly and with patience and incorporate various tricks for the stubborn cats. The most important issue is actually making the change , not how fast you accomplish it. I must say that my cats tested every ounce of patience I had over a 3 + month period of time during their transition from dry to canned food.
They had been on dry food their entire lives and thesis did not recognize canned food as food. Narrative! My cats ranged in age from 2 years to micropropagation thesis, 10 years at the time of the transition. The single biggest mistake I see people make time and exemplars again is to micropropagation, say that their cat “won’t touch” the new food and then panic and fill up the bowl with dry food. In many cases, it is simply not that easy to get cats off of dry food. Smoking Essay Against! (See Molly’s Story for a look at one very stubborn cat.) There are two categories of cats – those that will eat canned food and thesis those that will be extremely resistant to eating anything other than dry food. Expository Exemplars! If your cat falls into the first category, lucky you. Thesis! These cats will take to it with the attitude of university of south florida admissions essay “finally – an micropropagation appropriate diet for barnes and noble, my species.” In this case, if your cat has been on all dry food, or only receives canned food as an occasional ‘treat’, start by feeding canned food in increasing amounts. Gradually decrease the micropropagation thesis dry, taking about a week to fully switch the i need help calculus cat over to 100 percent canned food. Some cats may experience softer stools during the micropropagation thesis transition. Expository! I do not worry if this happens and tend to micropropagation, ‘ride it out.’ If diarrhea results from the i need homework diet change you will either need to experiment with different canned foods or slow the transition down and do it over thesis, a period of several weeks.
Note that in i need help with calculus, over 40 years spent in this profession, I have never met a cat that needed dry food to stay healthy but some need to be transitioned more slowly than others. The average cat should eat. 180 – 220 calories per day which will be found in 5-6 ounces of the average canned food. However, note that high protein/low fat/low carb foods like Weruva Paw Lickin’ Chicken and some Tiki Cat varieties are very low in calories (see the Cat Food Composition chart – far right column) so you will need to feed much more than 5-6 ounces which can get quite expensive. The necessary daily caloric intake should be split between 3-4 meals/day (or just free-fed if they are not overweight). When determining how much you should be feeding your cat once transitioned to canned food, keep it simple. Too fat? Feed less. Too thin? Feed more. Andy and Calvin.
If you are unlucky like I was, and your cat does not recognize the fact that he is a carnivore and would live a healthier life if eating canned food, (or a homemade diet) then you will have some work to do. Thesis! Some cats that have been on dry food for their entire life will be quite resistant to the diet change and may take several weeks or longer to make the essay definition transition to a healthier diet. For ‘resistant-to-change’ cats, you will need to use the normal sensation of hunger to help with the thesis transition. I Need With Homework! For this reason, it is thesis very important to stop free-feeding dry food. Best! This is the first, and very critical, step.
You need to establish set mealtimes. They are not going to micropropagation, try anything new if their bowl of exemplars junk food is in front of them 24/7. Cats do not need food available at all times. It really is okay for them to experience a hunger pain! That said, it was very hard for me to micropropagation thesis, listen to my cats begging for food even though I was strong in best narrative essays, my conviction that I was heading them in the best direction for optimal health. Thesis! It truly was a stressful time for me and them. Actually, I think it was harder on of south admissions me!
This is where many people fail and just give in and fill up the dry food bowl. Micropropagation Thesis! There were a few times when I had to call my ‘sponsor’ and was instructed to “just leave the house if you can’t take looking into those eyes!” I left the house. Those pitiful little cries of smoking for and “I have not had food for two WHOLE hours!” were hard to micropropagation, take. But, lo and behold, they were just fine when I returned. Not one cat had died from hunger. On the other hand, do not attempt to withhold food for long periods of time (greater than 24 hours) with the hope that your cat will choose the new food. You need to ‘convince’ them that a high quality canned food really is good for them, rather than to try starving them into it – which does not work anyway. Definition! Allowing a cat to go without food – especially an thesis overweight cat – for a long period of time (greater than 48 hours) can be quite dangerous and may result in hepatic lipidosis (fatty liver disease). Hepatic lipidosis can also develop when a cat consumes 50% or less of his daily caloric requirements over a period of many days. The definition of “many” varies from cat-to-cat. For this reason it is important to exemplars, understand that you need to have some idea of the thesis calories from canned food combined with the calories from dry food that your cat is consuming on a daily basis while you are implementing the transition to canned food.
I have never seen a cat develop hepatic lipidosis when consuming at dom, least 15 calories per pound per day. This number is figured on lean body weight , not fat weight. If your cat weighs 18 pounds but really should weigh 12 pounds, please make sure that he is consuming. 180 calories per micropropagation, day. (12 pounds lean body mass X 15 calories/pound/day = In reality, the narrative essays cat in the above example would probably be completely safe at only 150 calories per day. If you have a small female cat that should only thesis, weigh 9 pounds, please make sure that she is consuming at least 135 calories per day. Canned foods never list the calorie content on the can but many dry foods do list this information on the bag. A rough guideline for the calorie content of most canned foods that are 78% moisture is. 30 calories/ounce but can range from 20 to 40 calories/ounce as shown by the chart linked above. Most cats will lose some weight during the transition to canned food. Given that a very high percentage of cats are overweight to begin with, this is a favorable result of the diet change – as long as they do not lose too much weight too fast.
A cat should never lose more than 1-2% of essay against his body weight per week. I highly suggest that all cat caregivers weigh their cats periodically especially if they are over 10 years of age. This will help ensure a safe transition to a healthier diet and, in general, weight loss is often the first sign of ill health for any reason. I make it a point to weigh my cats at thesis, least once each month especially since they are now over 10 years of age. Here is a scale that is i need help with reasonably priced: Salter Baby and Toddler scale. It weighs to the nearest 1/2 ounce and has a ‘hold’ button on it that helps obtain an accurate weight even for thesis, a cat that is florida admissions essay moving around a bit. Here is another scale that may be even better because its base is as long as the scale.
Red Cross Baby Scale. This is important for cats that are trained to thesis, walk onto it otherwise, scales like the Salter one linked above may tip. This would scare the cat and harm the scale. All of my cats lost weight during the three months that it took to switch them to canned but none of them became too thin. Smoking Essay For And Against! They slimmed down to a nice lean body weight – losing fat while maintaining their muscle mass. They also became much more active. If your cat is thesis overweight, please see the Feline Obesity page. Resign yourself to the fact that you will be very frustrated at times and of south admissions you will be wasting canned food as they turn up their nose at it. Also, you may want to immediately switch your cat to a dry food that has fewer calories from carbohydrates than most dry foods. (e.g., EVO) The low-carb dry foods are very high in thesis, fat and therefore are very calorie dense.
These foods must be portion-controlled otherwise, your cat may end up gaining weight. Note that dry Innova EVO has 612 calories per cup. One quarter of a cup contains 153 calories so be very careful to pay attention to how much of these high calorie dry foods you feed. The caloric needs of an average cat can range between 150 – 250 calories/day depending on their lean body weight and essay exemplars activity level. The low-carb dry foods are also very high in micropropagation thesis, phosphorus. This is help especially detrimental for cats with compromised kidney function. And, of micropropagation course, these low-carb dry foods are water-depleted – just like all dry foods – putting your cat at risk for serious urinary tract problems. They are also cooked at very high temperatures in order to essay for and, dry them out. I do not recommend these dry foods for long-term feeding for all of the micropropagation reasons stated above.
Please use them only as transition diets. Be sure to stay away from any “light” varieties since those types of foods are very high in carbohydrates. Here are some various tricks for the stubborn ones. Keep in mind that different tricks work on different cats: If your cat has been eating dry food on a free-choice basis, take up the food and establish a schedule of expository exemplars 2 – 3 times per day feedings . I really do prefer just twice-daily feedings when trying to transition them. A normal, healthy hunger response after 12 hours goes a long way to convince them to try something new.
If you want to take the transition very slowly, you can feed the amount that your cat normally consumes in a 24 hour period – split up into two feedings to get him used to meal feeding. Many people, however, are unsure as to how much their free-fed cat really eats so I would start off by figuring out the calories that your cat needs to micropropagation, maintain his weight if he does not need to lose any weight. Leave the dry food down for 20 minutes, and then remove any uneaten portion. Repeat in 8-12 hours depending on if you are feeding 2 or 3 times per day. During the smoking against first few days of transitioning to a set schedule, you can offer canned food during the dry food meals, or in-between meals. The stubborn ones, however, will not touch it. Do not despair – all cats will eventually eat canned food if their caregiver is determined, methodical, and micropropagation thesis patient enough.
Once your cat is on a schedule you will notice that he is more enthusiastic about i need food during his proper mealtimes and micropropagation thesis will be much more inclined to try something new. Again, most cats only essays, need 150-250 calories/day. The dry food bag should tell you how many calories are in micropropagation, a cup of and noble essays food but if it does not, you can call the company. Once the cat has transitioned to canned food, I prefer to either free-feed them (if they are not too fat) or to put out a meal 3-4 times per micropropagation, day. Best! Small cats in the wild eat 8-10 small meals per thesis, day. Definition! I do not worry about micropropagation leaving canned food out for up to florida admissions essay, 12 hours at a time. Keep in mind that a lion is micropropagation thesis not going to eat his entire prey immediately. Of South Admissions! Once you have established scheduled mealtimes, you will most likely need to start feeding a bit less at micropropagation thesis, each mealtime in order to get the normal sensation of hunger to of south, work in your favor.
Again, we are trying to use the normal sensation of hunger to help us out. We are not trying to starve the cat into the diet change. Once your cat is on a schedule of meal-feeding instead of thesis free-feeding, try feeding a meal of canned food only. If he will not eat it – and the very stubborn ones won’t – try not to get frustrated – and do not put down dry food. Try some of the other tips listed below. If he still will not eat the canned food, let him get a bit hungrier. Offer the help calculus canned again in a couple of hours – or just leave it out. Some cats will be more apt to try something new if they keep walking by it and micropropagation seeing/smelling it. Try a different brand/flavor or a different ‘trick.’ Once it has been. 18 hours since he has eaten anything, give him just a small amount (1/4 of a cup – or less if it is EVO) of his dry food – keeping track of his daily caloric intake . Remember to be patient. Exercising your cat with a tassel toy before feeding can also help stimulate his appetite.
Cats’ noses are much more sensitive than ours are. They can smell the dry food in the cupboards. I suggest either putting it in the refrigerator or putting it in a tightly sealed container. If they can smell it, they will hold out for it. University Of South Admissions! Some people recommend getting it out of your house completely, but this is not possible when you are dealing with a very stubborn cat that needs a bit of time and patience to micropropagation, make the transition happen. The following worked for my cats: Sprinkle a very small amount of tuna – or any other favorite treat (some cats do not like fish and exemplars would prefer cooked chicken) – on top of the micropropagation thesis canned food and then once they are eating this, start pressing it into the top of the new food. Smoking! (The “light” tuna is better than the micropropagation thesis fancy white tuna because it has a stronger smell. Or, Trader Joe’s makes a Cat Tuna that is very stinky.) Be careful to decrease the amount of fish as soon as possible. Health problems can occur with a predominantly fish-based diet. Plus, you do not want to essay exemplars, create a situation where your cat will only micropropagation, eat very fishy foods. Exemplars! Make sure that any refrigerated canned food is warmed up a bit. Cats prefer their food at ‘mouse body temperature’.
Try offering some cooked (or raw – whole meats, rinsed well or partially baked) chicken or meat baby food . One of the micropropagation goals is to get your cat used to eating food that does not crunch. He needs to expository, get used to a different texture. Also, chicken is a great source of protein to point him in the proper direction toward a high protein, low carbohydrate diet. If he eats the chicken, he may head right into eating canned food. Then again….he may not. Try sprinkling some parmesan cheese on micropropagation thesis the canned food. Most cats love parmesan cheese and definition dom this trick has been very successful for micropropagation thesis, me.
Try a product called FortiFlora – feline version. Most cats LOVE FortiFlora and help calculus homework this has recently become my favorite trick . This is micropropagation thesis a probiotic made by Purina but you are not going to use it for its probiotic properties. You are just going to use it as a flavor enhancer. The base ingredient in FortiFlora is animal digest – the smoking essay for and very substance that makes dry food so very enticing to cats. Thesis! The directions say to essay exemplars, use 1 package/day – and you can use this much if you want to – but this amount is not usually necessary. You may only need.
1/4 of a package – or much less – with part mixed into the food and part sprinkled on top of the micropropagation thesis food just as you would use salt and definition dom pepper on your own food. FortiFlora can be purchased online but an easier product to thesis, find is Temptations treats . I trap a lot of feral cats for spaying/neutering purposes and this is one of the best baits that I can use. These tasty treats can be found at most pet stores. University Of South Admissions! Put a few in thesis, a baggie and dom crush them with a hammer. Use the crushed treats as described for the FortiFlora above. There are numerous freeze dried meat treats on thesis the market that you can also sprinkle on top of the canned food. Halo’s Liv A Littles is a popular choice. Speaking of texture, a common question is “can I just soak the dry food in water?” I hedge more than just a bit at this question. Dry food often has a very high bacterial content. Mold is also often found in dry food.
Both organisms flourish in moist environments. Help! There have been many deaths of dogs and cats secondary to eating mold mycotoxins, vomitoxins and aflatoxins which often contaminate the grains found in dry food. If you want to try the trick of thesis wetting down the dry food to alter the texture, please leave it out for only 20-30 minutes then discard it. Essay Definition! Try dipping some dry food pieces in the juice from the micropropagation thesis canned food. Some cats may refuse to eat it if the dry food even touches the canned food. But if he will eat it with a bit of canned juice on it, try the ‘chip and dip’ trick . Scoop up a tiny bit of canned food onto the piece of essay dom dry food. Put them on a separate plate from micropropagation thesis his small portion of dry food. Some cats will eat their small portion of dry and then go investigate the dry food with a tiny bit of canned on it. Going one step further, try adding a few small pieces of the canned food to the small portion of dry food. Your cat may pick around the canned food but will get used to the smell – and essay exemplars texture – even if he does not eat any pieces of the thesis new food. Crush some dry food and sprinkle it on the top of the barnes and noble essays canned food.
If you do not think it will upset your cat, try gently rubbing a bit of canned food or juice on the cat’s gums This may get him interested in the taste and micropropagation thesis texture of the exemplars new food – but do it gently . You do not want to make this a stressful situation and thesis create a food aversion. (This trick is definition dom commonly used to get just-weaned kittens used to eating canned food.) If you do not think it will upset your cat , use your finger to put a tiny bit of canned food or juice on his paw for micropropagation thesis, him to best narrative, lick off. This has not worked for me in the two cats I have tried it on micropropagation but it is another idea. Make sure you do it without stressing your cat. Again, you do not want to create a food aversion. If you have a multiple cat household, some cats like to eat alone in a less stressful environment, so you may need to take these cats into a separate, quiet room to think about the error of their ways – their carbohydrate/dry food addiction. University Florida Essay! Once in thesis, a quiet setting, away from the other cats, two of expository exemplars my cats would eat canned food/tuna ‘meatballs’ by hand. Not from a bowl, mind you, but only from my hand. I’m not sure who was being trained. They did eventually start eating from a bowl after a few hand feedings. Micropropagation! Try various brands and flavors of canned foods.
Try Friskies, 9-Lives, Fancy Feast, etc. Many cats prefer the foods that are all by-products and turn their noses up when offered the by-product-free diets like Wellness, etc. You can worry about feeding a a different canned food later if you want to i need with, and you can always mix different types of food together. The initial goal is just to micropropagation thesis, get your cat used to eating canned food and not dry kibble. And remember what I said above. I would much rather see a cat eating a canned food like Friskies, 9-Lives, or Fancy Feast rather than any dry food.
Syringe-feeding is essay exemplars also another option but has to micropropagation thesis, be done with finesse and patience so as to avoid a food aversion. If you choose to syringe-feed, your goal is not to feed him a full meal. Barnes Essays! Sometimes just syringing a 1-2 cc’s can ‘jump-start’ your cat into eating the canned food – maybe not the first time but it will at thesis, least get him to taste the new food and experience a foreign texture. And Noble! The best way to syringe-feed is to kneel on the floor with your cat between your legs so he is facing the same way as you are. Then, using a small (1cc/TB) syringe, slip it in the side of his mouth and give about 1/2 cc at micropropagation thesis, a time. He may spit it out university florida admissions essay but you are just trying to micropropagation, get him used to the taste and texture, not stress him.
Few canned foods will make it through the tip of a syringe but human meat baby food works well for essay for and against, this trick. You can also water it down a bit if you need to. If you want to thesis, use canned cat food instead of definition baby food, you will need to thesis, cut the end off of the expository essay exemplars syringe so that the opening is as big as the barrel. Make sure that the tip is smooth. If you do not want to cut the tip of the syringe off, you will need to puree a pate (versus chunks) type of micropropagation food. I puree Wellness for this. Help With Calculus Homework! I run it through the blender with a small amount of water ( 3-4 tablespoons/5.5 ounce can). Then I strain it to thesis, remove anything big enough to clog the small tip of the syringe. Wellness is also a balanced diet – unlike human baby food. Even though human baby food is not a balanced diet for long-term use, it is a great tool that can be used to help transition a cat to narrative essays, a texture that he is thesis not used to.
I did have to take drastic measures for a foster cat named Molly. Essay Dom! She was dangerously obese (20 lbs – double what she should have weighed) and would not eat canned food even after two weeks of micropropagation thesis syringe-feeding her. She needed to go in for a dental so while she was under general anesthesia, I put in a feeding tube. For And! This took the thesis stress off of both of help with us. After two weeks of feeding her via the tube she started licking the canned food from my fingers then suddenly decided it was time to eat it. She then started to thesis, finally lose weight. Before the 7 lbs weight loss, she could barely walk, could not clean herself, and was quite possibly headed for diabetes. Don’t give up. One of my barn cats ate dry food for i need with calculus, the first 12 years of her life. She would never touch the canned food that the other cats ate.
Then, one day, she found her ‘inner carnivore’ and started eating canned food out micropropagation of the essay blue! I was shocked. That was 4 years ago and she has been on a 100% canned food diet since she made the switch. These are just a few tricks that you can try. Micropropagation! Different tricks work on different cats. The key is to be patient. Essay! Remember, it took me three months to thesis, get my cats on 100% canned food. Essay! Most cats, however, will not take this long. Calvin and Andy are at a much healthier weight since discontinuing all dry food. Homemade Diets and Commercial Raw Meat Products. Many people have a strong negative reaction to the idea of feeding their cat raw meat but this is micropropagation what a carnivore is designed to eat.
Keep in mind that there are no hibachis or stoves in the wild. Also, wild cats do not always consume their prey in its entirety immediately upon killing it so the meat that they eat is not always from a fresh kill. Cats are very different from humans with respect to their susceptibility to ‘food poisoning’. Cats have a much shorter transit time through their intestinal tract than humans do (about 12 – 16 hours for the cat versus 35-55 hours for the human). This is a very important point because the essays more time bacteria spend in the intestinal tract, the more they multiply, eventually leading to intestinal upset. That said, not all sources of raw meat are created equal.
For instance, I will not feed pre-ground supermarket meat in a raw form. I buy only whole cuts of meat which can be thoroughly rinsed prior to grinding or they can be partially baked to kill the surface bacteria. Please see the micropropagation Safety section on best narrative essays my Making Cat Food page for micropropagation, more information. A properly handled and prepared raw or semi-cooked meat diet has much less bacteria in definition dom, it than many commercial dry foods. Micropropagation Thesis! Commercial pet foods may also contain high levels of mold toxins from grains which are never a danger in a grain-free raw meat diet. Please see the i need with homework Dangers of Dry food section on my Making Cat Food page that discusses the common contamination issues associated with dry food. There are several ways to prepare a homemade diet which are discussed on my Making Cat Food page.
My cats have been thriving for thesis, the past 11 years on a diet that I prepare using either ground whole carcass rabbit (fed raw) from a reputable farm, or whole meats (chicken thighs) from essay definition dom Whole Foods Market that I grind myself after partially baking. I add just a few supplements and water to thesis, complete the diet. Note that the picture of the blue containers below is an old one. I now use Ball or Kerr Wide Mouth pint-size canning/freezing jars because I am trying to get away from essay plastic. Robbie waiting for dinner Cat food headed for the freezer. People are often overwhelmed or intimidated by the idea of making their cat’s food but, in micropropagation thesis, reality, it’s quite simple – as long as you follow a balanced recipe . Best Narrative! I make cat food once every few months and freeze it.
Making your own cat food doesn’t mean slaving in the kitchen every day–trust me, if it did, I wouldn’t be doing it. A few hours in the kitchen 4-6 times a year is a very small price to pay for having complete control over what goes into micropropagation your cat’s food bowl. If you are interested in preparing your own cat food, see Making Cat Food. Interestingly, the Making Cat Food page is the second most visited page on this website – second only to this home page. I am very pleasantly surprised to barnes, see that so many people are willing to make their cat’s food. One common mistake people make when feeding a home-prepared diet is thinking that a cat can live on meat alone – without bones as a source of micropropagation thesis calcium.
While meat must be the primary component of a feline diet, there is not enough calcium in meat (without the bones) to provide a proper calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. Always remember that calcium is not an optional ‘supplement’ but is a very critical component of the diet. The bones must be ground with the meat (preferable), or bone meal must be added to the recipe. (I am a stickler for using fresh bone – not bone meal.) Another way to feed a raw meat diet is to purchase ready-to-feed frozen commercial pet diets. Many people feed these diets with great results. Expository! Unfortunately, as is micropropagation thesis also true with canned foods, these products vary a great deal with respect to essays, quality and micropropagation ingredients. Many of these products use only poultry backs and necks which have a very high bone:meat ratio and, subsequently, a very high mineral load . Some products also contain items such as vegetables in a much higher quantity than would be found in definition dom, a cat’s natural diet. Micropropagation! Plus, the vegetables in these diets are obviously not predigested as they would be if consumed with the cat’s prey.
This is a very important point that many people seem to forget when deciding to feed vegetables to carnivores. Cats do not have a physiologic requirement for vegetables and actually lack the enzymes needed to break down this food source for efficient utilization. If you choose to feed a commercially prepared raw pet food, you must do some homework – including calling the company to see if they have had their food analyzed for and noble essays, things like phosphorus amount and thesis the calcium-to-phosphorus ratio. The Ca:Phos should not be any higher than 1.8:1.0 and the overall phosphorus level should not be above. You should also look at the percentage of help with vegetables and thesis fruits. Less than 5% is reasonable. Personally, I won’t feed commercial raw diets since there are too many unknowns in terms of bacterial content and mineral composition. Expository Exemplars! I prefer to make my own. Congratulations if you have made it to this point in this article.
You must really care about micropropagation thesis feeding your cat a healthy diet and are open to new ideas regarding their nutritional needs. Essay For And! This paper has outlined what constitutes optimal nutrition for micropropagation, an obligate carnivore in a home environment as well as discussed some diseases that a poor diet can cause. The most common complaint that I hear from people is that their cat will NOT eat canned food and will ONLY eat dry food. My cats fell into dom this category which was not surprising since they had been on micropropagation a 100 percent dry food diet their entire lives and ranged in age from 2 -10 years at the time of the transition to narrative, a healthier diet. It took me several months to thesis, convince them that they are carnivores and need meat – and expository exemplars not in a dry, overly processed form that also includes far too many carbohydrates and too little water.
It was a little rough, at times, since two of my cats get very crabby with their housemates when they are hungry. Micropropagation Thesis! These boys were occasionally taken into a separate room during the transition period and fed some dry food because I do not like unrest in my home. Surprisingly, one of my most stubborn dry food addicts is now happily eating a homemade raw or partially baked meat/bones/organs diet that he actually likes better than the narrative essays canned food. To be very honest, it does my heart good to see my little carnivores gnawing on micropropagation thesis meat – eating a diet that was meant for their species. My cats are now eating a species-appropriate diet consisting of raw or partially baked meats (chicken, turkey, and barnes and noble rabbit), finely ground bones, and organs using a properly balanced recipe. Some people feed part homemade and micropropagation part commercial canned for barnes and noble, variety and thesis convenience. However, I prefer to dom, stick to only what I make for them and do not feed any commercial food.
I have not fed any dry food to my cats for micropropagation, 14 years and I can’t imagine ever feeding my cats this type of diet again. Smoking Essay For And Against! Cats do not need, or benefit from, any dry food in their diet. They also do not need access to food 24 hours a day although my cats are pretty much free-fed. Many people who are at micropropagation, work all day worry that their cat will suffer without access to food continuously. A healthy cat will not perish if she does not have food available at all times.
However, I routinely left canned food out for up to 12 hours at a time for narrative essays, my foster cats and kittens when I was involved in rescue work. Keep in mind that a cat’s gastrointestinal tract is much different from ours. If you are worried about leaving canned food out, you can always leave part of the food out at a normal (‘mouse body’) temperature and thesis part of for and against it frozen . The frozen portion will thaw within a few hours and micropropagation will add some time to the freshness of the food. This is also a great trick if you need to calculus, be gone for 24 hours or if your pet sitter can only come every 24 hours when you go on thesis vacation. There is university of south florida essay never any reason to micropropagation thesis, revert back to putting out a bowl of dry food since cats should be checked on – including having their litter box cleaned – at least once every 24 hours anyway. Normally litter boxes should be cleaned at least twice-daily so if they are only going to be cleaned once-daily, you should consider adding another box or two….keeping mind that once there are more than 2-3 ‘items’ in a box, it is dirty and expository exemplars needs to be scooped in order to be fair to your cat(s). Everyone’s lives are different and there are several ways to successfully feed your cat high quality nutrition. The goal of this paper is to arm you with knowledge regarding the special dietary needs of micropropagation your cat so you can make an informed decision on how and what to feed while striking a balance that works for both of essay for and you.
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