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14.2 What are the key components of a business plan? A business plan is actually a compilation of several sub-plans. A simplified business plan can be prepared within the municipality to consist of: title page and dream table of contents; executive summary and business profile; marketing plan; operations plan; human resources plan; and financial plan. Preparing a business plan means developing a comprehensive set of operational activities arising from the underlined strategic plans. It is an essential step in the preparation for PPPs to ensure that municipalities know: what the objectives are; how the PPP option will be managed; and of american essay how the PPP goals will be attained. A. Research Case Study India. Title page and decline dream table of contents. The title page should include the name of the partnership, the period of vs arguing, time that the plan covers, the date that the plan was prepared as well as a contact person, phone number and address. The title page should look professional: it is the decline dream first page a reader sees and first impressions are important.
The table of contents lists the topics covered by the plan. As a road map, it allows the reader to jump immediately to description those sections that are of most interest. B. Executive summary and business profile. The purpose of the executive summary is to capture the essay highlights of the business plan and serve as a quick reference. The summary is description of father usually completed after the remainder of the plan has been written and should preferably be about decline of american essay, 1 or 2 pages long.
It should include: a brief description of the service, potential customers and markets; purpose and concept of the partnership (or why the in essays underlined marketplace needs the services of the partnership); business targets (projections in terms of units and monetary volumes during the time period that the plan covers) and how it can be attained; required financing and sources, how the funds will be used and decline of american dream how the funds will be repaid; and linkages to the partnership’s strategic plan. Along with this, a brief description of the in essays underlined partnership organisation and ownership should be provided. Other useful information includes management, previous financing (by whom), the proposed start-up date of operations, important details of the essay partnership's current market area, customers and trends that the proposed business can build upon. A. Title page and table of contents. B. Executive summary and business profile. The marketing plan describes, in essay menace examination general terms: the industry in which the decline dream partnership intends to operate and the strategy to penetrate or develop the target market; how much is planned to be sold; who the letter resume customers are; how the services will be priced; and how the services will be promoted. A full marketing plan and strategy need not be included in the business plan but a number of decline dream essay, alternatives need to be considered and evaluated in the planning process before the marketing plan is finalised.
There are various exercises that can be helpful in the planning process: SWOT analysis strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats; PEST analysis political, economic, social and technological; Balanced scorecard analysis of the impact of achieving objectives from a financial perspective, a customer perspective and an internal perspective, and of innovation and learning, together with identification of critical success factors and performance measures; and Brainstorming for alternative scenarios, opportunities and strategies. The marketing plan must cover/include: evidence that the partnership is aware of market conditions (size and structure), the general economy and competition; the description of father essay implications of change (or trends), new technologies, new products, different lifestyles, ability of customers to afford the service; the implications of legal or political constraints on how the services are produced and delivered; the competitive advantage of the particular service to be provided or if it fills a particular niche in essay the marketplace; the basis for pricing the case service based on costs, the competition or what the market will bear; the geographic location in which the partnership will concentrate its promotions; and the best way to distribute the service to customers. Decline Of American Dream Essay. In formal terms, the marketing plan should address the four “P's” of marketing: product, price, promotion and place (distribution). It should also identify strategically where the partnership is at, where it wants to go, and how it will get there. A critical component will be a projection of deloitte solutions, sales. Where it is required to make forecasts, at least three sets of projections should be considered: optimistic, pessimistic, and most likely scenarios. The operations plan is a brief outline of the basic operation of the of american dream essay PPP option. This may be obvious to some people, but not necessarily to every stakeholder. Deloitte Studies. The following need consideration: how the service is to be provided; where the supplies and materials will be purchased and how the service is to of american dream be delivered; what after-sales service is required (repairs and so on); what land, buildings, facilities and equipment are required, including costs and financing (for lease or ownership), renovations, local taxes and utility costs; what employee and management plans are required, including how skilled labour can be accessed if required; the business location that is chosen and solutions an explanation of why it should serve the partnership’s needs, proximity to customers, suppliers, transportation costs and location of competitors; and the production capacity, turnover rates or services that can be achieved realistically with the existing or proposed plan and staff.
Management is critically important to the success of any PPP option. Investors or lenders are looking for of american, a balanced team of people to cover the in essays are novels underlined important areas of decline of american dream essay, management, marketing, accounting and the technical skills to deliver on the business plan. Human resource management requires thinking about how the partnership will recruit, screen, motivate, train and discipline the staff needed to deloitte case work. The human resources plan should cover/include the points below: It should name the key people operating the PPP option, and outline the education or experience each of them brings to it. It should explain how key areas of the operation are handled and by whom. An organisational chart may be useful in this regard. Contingency plans should be indicated if a key person cannot work for decline dream essay, an extended period of time.
It should indicate any weaknesses in marketing study india the management team and the strategy to overcome them and in what time frame. Training existing staff, recruiting new employees or hiring outside advisors are some of the possibilities. It should indicate whether salary and compensation of managers and employees are competitive within the industry and whether incentives such as commissions, bonuses or profit sharing are being offered. It should name the decline board of directors or professional advisors and indicate how management will use their experience and guidance. The timing and frequency of board meetings should also be indicated. Recognition of the contribution made by employees to an organisation is one key to the growth and success of a partnership. The plan should outline how the municipal management intends to identify, recruit or promote key people and maintain a strong sense of research, collective achievement with all employees. ◊ A management team. ◊ A PPP taskforce. The financial plan is of american essay a key component of the business plan.
This is because the process of creating financial projections for the PPP option revenue and essaying expenses, cash flow and financial position will force the essay team preparing the menace copying business plan to examine all of the other key components of the dream plan. In doing this, they will be able to describe their plan in monetary terms and research detect any discrepancies, gaps or unrealistic assumptions made earlier. The financial plan is dream essay also a valuable tool for creditors or government agencies when evaluating the partnership’s needs and use of funds. The financial plan consists of: an essaying, income statement; a cash flow summary; the balance sheet; capital sales and purchases; and a financing schedule. The purpose of the income statement is to disclose the annual revenues and expenses of decline of american dream essay, a business over the period of time that the case india plan covers. For an dream, existing business, information for at least the last one or two years is underlined necessary. Of all the supporting documents, the decline of american essay cash flow projection is one of the most difficult to prepare. Basically, it is an educated guess about when and how much money will be coming into essay menace copying examination and going out of partnership option.
The cash flow forecast enables managers to decide what can be afforded, when it can be afforded and how the partnership will be kept operating on a month-to-month basis. This information is useful to indicate the projected increases or decreases of a bank loan that may be required during the year. Quarterly summaries are often adequate, but occasionally monthly summaries are required for the first year of operation. The balance sheet describes the assets, the liabilities and the equity of the partnership at a particular point in time. Of American Dream Essay. It is a widely used accounting statement that indicates the economic resources of the organisation and the claim on those resources by creditors. This information is useful in that it allows management and creditors to compare the partnership’s estimates, as well as its past performance, against industry averages.
Investors and lenders will require detailed information on the capital purchases that are anticipated during the planning period, as well as information on how these assets are to be financed and the expected useful life of the assets. Capital assets include land, buildings and equipment. The financing schedule or loan summary should provide the reader with a snapshot view of existing and new loans that will be held by the partnership. Essay Copying Examination. Information should outline the interest rate being paid, frequency of payments, security given, type of essay, loan (amortised versus non-amortised) and the expected term of the loan. For existing loans, the name of the financial institution should be indicated. No one expects a new partnership to make a profit in the first month, quarter or in essay some cases year.
However, there should be light at the end of the tunnel. Interest on loans is repayable from the first day of operation, and the partnership must show a return on the investment, in terms of both time and money, within a realistic time frame if it is to be viable.
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The Decline of the American Dream …
Meditative Rose Meaning Essays and Research Papers. Salvador Dali: Meditative Rose Salvador Domingo Dali was a Spanish surrealist painter. He was born in Figueres, Spain in the . year 1904 and decline of american dream essay, died in 1982. He can be considered to be one of the truly great all-rounders in case studies, the arena of Arts as he excelled in an expansive artistic repertoire included film, sculpture and photography (“ Meditative Rose ”). Considered to be highly imaginative, he had an eternal urge draw the of american dream attention of in essays, others to himself.
His painting skills are often attributed to the Renaissance. Color , Figueres , Joan Miro 668 Words | 2 Pages. A Rose for essay, Emily is a short story by American author William Faulkner first published in the April 30, 1930 issue of Forum. The story takes . place in Faulkner's fictional city, Jefferson, Mississippi, in the fictional county of Yoknapatawpha County. It was Faulkner's first short story published in case studies, a national magazine. Of American Essay. Title Faulkner described the of father title as an allegorical title; the meaning was, here was a woman who has had a tragedy, an irrevocable tragedy and nothing could be done about it. Fiction , Joyce Carol Oates , Marriage 838 Words | 3 Pages.
A Rose for of american essay, Emily By William Faulkner The possible meanings of both the title and the chronology of William Faulkner’s “A . Rose for essay copying, Emily” have been debated for years. What is not under debate is that the chronology deliberately manipulates and decline of american essay, delays the reader’s final judgment of of father essay, Emily Grierson by altering the evidence. In the same way, the title reveals as much as the of american dream debate over what the in essays are novels underlined rose means. The only rose that Emily actually receives is the rose in decline of american dream, the title, which the author gives. A Rose for Emily , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her , Joyce Carol Oates 787 Words | 3 Pages. Faulkner’s A ROSE FOR EMILY The possible meanings of both the title and marketing research case study, the chronology of William Faulkner’s “A . Rose for Emily” have been debated for years. What is dream essay, not under debate, however, is that the chronology deliberately manipulates and delays the in essays are novels underlined reader’s final judgment of Emily Grierson by decline of american, altering the evidence. In other words, what the chronology does is case solutions, as important as when the events actually take place. In the same way, what the title does reveals as much as the debate over. A Rose for Emily , Allusion , Barn Burning 1848 Words | 6 Pages.
Interpretation of “The Sick Rose ” William Blake’s “The Sick Rose ” is not easily interpreted at first glance. One must look at . the deeper meaning behind the figurative symbols that Blake uses to uncover the essence of the poem. In the poem “The Sick Rose ” the rose symbolizes a mentally unstable woman due to her abusive and decline dream essay, controlling relationship with a man. This is demonstrated by the use of figurative language (symbolism and marketing, imagery in particular), the speaker’s tone, and the two illustrations. Love , Meaning of life , Metropolitana di Napoli 1224 Words | 4 Pages. architecture were pertained and the art of the church was used to essay, educate the public and thus Rose windows were the equivalent to billboards . Case Study India. housing information of the time. They told stories through their symbolism and dream, through the analysis of essaying vs arguing, different examples of decline of american essay, Rose windows it can be demonstrated; with specific reference to the South Oculus Rose window of the Canterbury cathedral, St. Etienne and case study india, Angers Rose window. A great deal of detail, found in the line work of the stone known as tracery, emerged. Astrological sign , Astrology , Gothic architecture 1213 Words | 3 Pages.
providing a powerful mechanism linking the decline dream essay past and the present? To protect and retain their essence, the stories power is reinforced, providing enough . ability to in essays are novels underlined, survive. Exploring the concept, of the power of story, Jane Yolen’s novel, “Briar Rose ” portrays an decline dream essay allegorical story of the Holocaust, hidden within a metaphorical fairytale. Yolen exposes, the historical nightmare, explaining the case world and the forces of evil that are dominant within it, entrapped within a classical tale of decline of american essay, Sleeping. Brothers Grimm , Charles Perrault , Fable 666 Words | 3 Pages. ?Danielle Sherstad Merle Alix English II 30 January 2015 Rhetorical Analysis of essay examination, “The Rose -Elf” The Rose -Elf “Written by Hans . Christian Anderson” is one of his lesser known pieces of literature but like so many of his works he tells quite an interesting and sad story that ends with justice done.
There are many meanings that one could take from the story; ones of revenge, romance or that no matter how small one is they are important, but one of the of american more prominent themes is one of life. Such as the. 2007 albums , Debut albums , Earth 1138 Words | 5 Pages. “A Rose for Emily” Symbolism In “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner symbolism is used throughout the entire story. A symbol . “in literature [is], a person, place, or thing that suggests more than its literal meaning ” (Kennedy 223).
William Faulkner used symbolism constantly in many of his stories, so he was very familiar with creating symbols and giving them meanings that the wanted the readers to understand. There is a main symbol and then there are some symbols that are still important to the. A Rose for cover letter for art director resume, Emily , Academy Award for Best Actress , Linguistics 965 Words | 3 Pages. Analysis on Irony Text: “The Nightingale and decline of american dream essay, the Rose ” by Oscar Wilde Situational Irony is very evident in “The Nightingale and the . Rose ”. The outcome of the story is far from what readers expect. First, the readers would assume that there is actually true love between the student and in essays are novels, the Professor’s daughter and that the in the end of a story lies a happy ending for decline of american, the two.
From the description essay introduction to almost the end of the story (except the last 6 paragraphs from 57-62), the author tries. English-language films , Fairy tale , Happiness 1087 Words | 3 Pages. William Faulkner is one of the decline of american essay most famous American writers in the American Prose since 1945. He writes a lot of novels with reality and experimentation . Vs Arguing. which he has collected from society in his time and from village he has been living in years. “A rose for essay, Emily” is one of in essays are novels underlined, his major works. Faulkner respectively uses ingenious ways to of american dream essay, present his story of horror. He leaves the reader feel Emily Grierson is a pitiful heroine because she always refused to adapt to the changing times and therefore led.
A Rose for Emily , American literature , Joyce Carol Oates 2471 Words | 7 Pages. ?A Rose for Emily William Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily” is based around the essay telling of the life and habits of a fictional . character, Emily Grierson. She is deeply disturbed and decline of american dream, equally provocative in essay, many ways. Of American. The narrator of the story as well as the many different townspeople give insight as to in essays underlined, who Emily is, how she acts and what she does. Essay. Some literary analysts like Elizabeth Kurtz claim that the description essay rose in the story, which is only given to Emily by the title, is a symbol for Emily’s denial. A Rose for Emily , Denial , Joyce Carol Oates 1902 Words | 5 Pages. ENG 151 06/04/14 “ Rose ” In this book of poems, Lee is unafraid to show emotion, especially when writing about his father or his . wife. The images Lee finds, such as the rose and the apple, can refer to the life-span of a human. Life (on the tree branch), falling off tree (life- span), then how death is portrayed by using the ground as the end of life.
Even his father's blindness and death can become beautiful. From what I gathered from the of american dream poems in deloitte studies, Rose , was Lee grew up. Academy Award for Best Actress , Li-Young Lee , Life 560 Words | 3 Pages. A Rose for Emily Essay Title: The Jealous Townspeople I. Thesis Statement: A Rose for Emily is a story of the envy . harbored by the citizens in reaction to Miss Emily’s pride, reclusiveness, and decline essay, heritage. Description Essay. II. A. Topic Sentence: Miss Emily’s heritage is the first and most important reason the town’s people were desirous of her. 1. Supporting Sentence: Miss Grierson was born into a prominent family the residents of decline of american essay, her town recognized as being an old and distinguished family. Character , Envy , Fiction 1832 Words | 5 Pages. craft of the vs arguing writer. Bruce Watson’s Bread and Roses certainly is among this category of books.
The exposition of the American Dream by Watson . is meant to be a learning lesson. There is an old saying that states that there is dream, a likely to repeat history only essaying, because they did not learn the lessons of history. There are many people who have ruined their lives in pursuit of happiness and the American Dream. In this critique of Bruce Watson’s Bread and Roses book, I will discuss the plight of individuals. American Dream , Australian Dream , James Truslow Adams 1430 Words | 4 Pages. is an undisputed fact that roses of emotions are the most beautiful form of expression. Of American Dream. Roses are precious than other ornamental . shrubs because, not only the beauty of flowers is also effective in color.
Roses can be classified into three main categories on the basis of meaning of colors: red roses , white roses and yellow roses . The red roses are the first type of rose that is a symbol of love, romance and description essay, passion. In the 18th century, a special rose language evolved as a means. Color , Friendship , Love 487 Words | 2 Pages. Criticism of The Sick Rose By analyzing more information from different authors, I was able to draw a greater amount contrast from the . Decline Dream Essay. authors. Are Novels. I had a better feel for what they were trying to convey when they wrote their critical essays in their books. Whatever the case, it was easier to decline of american essay, judge The Sick Rose by having more sources to essaying, reflect upon. Michael Riffaterre centers his analysis of of american dream essay, The Sick Rose in The Self- sufficient Text by in essays are novels underlined, using internal evidence only [to analyze. Allegory , Allen Ginsberg , Critical path method 935 Words | 3 Pages. what larger forces -- are in CONFLICT with Emily? The Board of Elderman, Four Men who crossed the Lawn and the Women of the Town are in decline of american, conflict with Emily . 5. Explain how each of these phrases moves the story’s plot along:The original version of “A Rose for Emily” included a two-page deathbed scene revealing that Tobe, Emily’s servant, has shared her terrible secret all these years, and that Emily has left her house to him.
Why do you think Faulkner deleted this scene? Do you think he made the right. 907 Words | 3 Pages. The Nightingale and the Rose by marketing, Oscar Wilde. The Nightingale and the Rose is one of decline dream essay, his most well-known works. This tale reflects the of father author’s glorification of natural beauty, artificial . Of American Essay. beauty and also the letter for art beauty of decline of american, devoted love. Deloitte Solutions. Beauty and art were the measure of decline dream, all things.
He admired unselfishness, kindness and generosity. In this tale, the marketing study true love is the main theme and the appearance of other characters is to dream essay, show their attitudes towards the essaying vs arguing true love, which are very different. The Nightingale and the Rose was published in 1888. In. English-language films , Hans Christian Andersen , Interpersonal relationship 2410 Words | 6 Pages. techniques to convey distinctive ideas about the Holocaust, humanity and the power of storytelling. This novel is one that needs to be clearly understood to . grasp the of american dream essay true meaning of the story. Yolen uses what could be called a radical structure to get the reader involved with the quest to find out the real history of Briar Rose . Jane Yolen has structured the novel in underlined, such a way that it combines the innocence of a fairy tale with the harsh reality of the Holocaust. The words, “Once upon a time”.
Fairy tale , Fiction , Jane Yolen 797 Words | 3 Pages. A Rose for Emily (Frozen in Time: a Rose Will Never Grow) Frozen In Time: A Rose Will Never Grow Published in 1930 by William Faulkner, A Rose for dream essay, Emily is revealed to be a disturbing . and yet somewhat intriguing tale of murder. The story is set approximately from 1884-1920 in the small, southern, antebellum town of Jefferson, Mississippi. Aristocracy is definitely seen to be the burden within this work, showing that privilege is a prison. Whereas some readers could consider the main character, Emily Grierson, as murderous; she could also be seen as. A Rose for Emily , Aristocracy , Joyce Carol Oates 2043 Words | 6 Pages. McGee Instructor Jester ENGL 1102 January 30, 2010 Deception in “A Rose for Emily” Have you every just watched someone in the . neighborhood that you live in and thought that you knew that person? Did you really know the person personally or did you simply think that you know that them that well?
The answer is usually no and when you realize that, you may be shocked by who he or she really is. Case. In the story “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner, the people in a small town think that they. A Rose for Emily , Barn Burning , English-language films 873 Words | 3 Pages. A r A Rose for Emily Kristina Linseisen-Snead ENG/125 September 26, 2011 Rocquie O'Rourke A Rose for Emily The . first short story published by William Faulkner (1930, 1897-1962), A Rose for Emily, invites the reader into the dark and oftentimes deranged world of Emily Grierson. The Southern Gothic story takes the reader on a transforming journey alongside the main character from a sweet and decline of american dream essay, innocent young girl to a mental-ill spinster. The main character Emily was once a bright and. A Rose for Emily , English-language films , Fiction 920 Words | 3 Pages. ?Vincent Tedford Mackinzee Escamilla ENGL-1302 March 9, 2014 Reclusive Griersons to of father essay, Underdeveloped Lunatics The little town of Jefferson, Mississippi, . is unfortunately acquainted with the Grierson family in William Faulkner’s A Rose for Emily, but the individuals in decline, the family play key literary roles in the story. In both the 1983 film and the classic short story, the Griersons are stuck-up, utterly insane, and case, diminish into a pitiful forename. Decline Of American. However, the two stories display the characters. A Rose for Emily , Joyce Carol Oates , Narrative 1026 Words | 4 Pages.
Qi Chu Professor Durso English 28 Jan 14th, 2013 A Rose For Emily A Rose for are novels underlined, Emily is decline of american essay, a short story by . American author William Faulkner. It tells about an old woman named Emily Grierson lives in the town of Jefferson. Copying Examination. The tale sets in the early nineteen hundreds, it opens with the town finding out decline of american, about Emily’s death. Of Father Essay. Through the whole story, people learn of the life and times of Emily, her relationship with the town, her father and decline dream essay, her lover. People find out the truth that. Death , Gerontology , Joyce Carol Oates 871 Words | 3 Pages. ?The Name of the Rose is the first novel by Italian author Umberto Eco. It is a historical murder mystery set in an Italian monastery in the . year 1327, an intellectual mystery combining semiotics in fiction, biblical analysis, medieval studies and literary theory.Umberto Eco‘s novel The Name of the of father essay Rose was first published in 1980, in its original language, Italian. Shortly thereafter, it was translated into several other languages, helping Eco attain his first global hit. In his old age, Adso.
Jorge Luis Borges , Novel , Semiotics 1854 Words | 5 Pages. Faulkner’s “A Rose for Emily,” contains a wealth of dream, meaning , communicated through various interconnected and somewhat complex . Marketing India. themes. At the decline of american essay centre of the story supposedly stands Miss Emily but beyond that the Old South. Indeed, in this story about the interaction between the past and the present, human loneliness and isolation, the search for love and companionship, the escape from the present and the truth, and death versus life, the research case study true protagonist is the dream Old South, personified in Miss Emily. Death , Future , New South 1487 Words | 4 Pages.
Yoknapatawpha County Collin Brandl AP English Professor Hertzog 2/26/13 A key trait to southern gothic fiction is that it often contains a character . that is in marketing case study, a state of helpless isolation from the people around them. Decline Essay. In the short story “A Rose for Emily”, William Faulkner characterizes Miss Emily Grierson with sexual repression and case studies solutions, a psychological state that keeps her mind in the time before the Civil War. This characterization stems from her father, her boyfriend Homer Baron and the town. A Rose for Emily , Joyce Carol Oates , Sartoris 925 Words | 3 Pages. Mike Rose , in his essay, “I Just Wanna Be Average”, claims that in order to see reality and reach success one must cut ties with all biases and . look at life through a neutral perspective. Of American. He supports his claim with a story about how he got rid of the personal bias he had of himself belonging in voc-ed and moved up to college prep. The Authors purpose was to inform readers of his experience in order to help them see how to reach their success with their outlook on reality. Rose establishes a very.
Anxiety , Bias , Essay 2057 Words | 5 Pages. ?Mohammed Al Maskari Professor Sungjin ENGL 1004.07 April 16/2014 Isolation: A Rose For Emily The human being is a social creature who . Study. depends on others and cannot live by himself. People depend on each other to achieve that happiness that every human being desires. William Faulkner an American writer wrote a story called “A Rose For Emily” in which he talks about a noble women and how she is dream essay, isolated from in essays underlined, her society. Although Faulkner does not present this idea in a clear sentence that directly. Sartoris , William Faulkner 1641 Words | 7 Pages. Baseball legend Pete Rose once said, “I’d walk through hell and gasoline to of american essay, play baseball.” This quote gives anyone unfamiliar with who Pete . Rose is a great understanding of study, how much he loved the game of baseball. Pete Rose’s entire life revolved around the game of baseball. He was a hometown hero and played 24 seasons of professional baseball. From 1963-1986, Rose collected more base hits than any player to ever play the game which would make him a sure first ballot Hall of Famer.
However on August. Baseball , Cincinnati Reds , Major League Baseball 3019 Words | 7 Pages. Symbolism in A Rose for Emily by William Faulkner. English Language and Literature IB Y1 04 September 2012 Word Count: 1087 The Consciousness of decline dream, Symbolism in “A Rose For Emily” “Then we . noticed that in the second pillow was the indentation of a head. One of us lifted something from it, and leaning forward, that faint and examination, invisible dust dry and decline of american, acrid in letter resume, the nostrils, we saw a long strand of iron-gray hair” read the last lines of “A Rose for Emily”, a short story written by dream, the American author and are novels, Nobel Prize laureate William Faulkner, published.
Fiction , Literature , Meaning of life 1084 Words | 3 Pages. How has Jane Yolen made use of the features of a fairytale to decline dream essay, explore the themes in Briar Rose ? Jane Yolen’s novel Briar Rose . (1992) combines enchanting fairy tale elements with realistic historical attributes to create an engaging representation of personal discovery/the horrors that defined the holocaust/OR answer Q. Director Resume. Yolen unfolds her narrative through multiple narrative layers and literary techniques to convey the central ideas of human determination and resilience, and the significance of. Andrew Lang's Fairy Books , Fairy , Fairy tale 928 Words | 3 Pages. A Rose For Emily “A Rose for Emily”, by William Faulkner discusses that change should be recognized by everyone. What was in . the past for Emily, should be left in past. Although her father and Colonel Satoris are dead, Emily refuses to accept the dream essay fact that her loved ones are gone. In Emily's case she wanted to change a number of times but never had the support of her own town. Cover For Art. The townsfolk don't understand why Emily won't change, but in reality she cannot change. Locking herself inside a bubble. A Rose for Emily , Death , Life 937 Words | 3 Pages. A Rose for Emily , Livivng in the Past.
Emily Rose living in the past within isolated realities The theme of a rose for emily How is Emily . stuck in the past ! In “A Rose for Emily, by William Faulkner, the main character Emily Grierson is stuck living in the past within the isolated reality that she’s been forced into and that she herself created. Throughout the story, a major theme, ( meaning what the of american dream story is about) is Emily’s resistance to examination, change which leads to isolation. This Faulkner classic shows us. A Rose for Emily , English-language films , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her 864 Words | 3 Pages. Literary Analysis for “A Rose for decline dream essay, Emily” Sometimes a Rose is cover for art, Not a Rose : A Literary Analysis of decline of american dream essay, “A . Rose for Emily” In the short story “A Rose for Emily”, written by essay menace, William Faulkner, the negative impact of dream essay, Emily’s upbringing by an overprotective father, leads to incredible pattern in of father essay, her life and the obvious mental illness that takes over as she not so graciously ages. Decline Of American. While written in five sections, the first and essay, last section is dream essay, written in for art director, present time, and decline of american dream essay, the three middle sections. Fiction , Joyce Carol Oates , Narrative 874 Words | 3 Pages.
?“The Meaning of Happiness” Statement of Intent Purpose: To challenge and essay menace copying, persuade the decline dream essay audience that happiness comes from the character, the . inner self Audience: Middle-aged and of father, above. Form: Persuasive Writing – Free-form. Of American Dream. Conventions: Title: Happy. Deloitte Case Solutions. What does it even mean? Of course there’s the simple, boring response that any scientist can tell you. Happiness is an experience that we know happens when there are certain levels of different chemicals in our brains. These chemicals. Anxiety , Do the Right Thing , Existential quantification 1241 Words | 4 Pages. ?The nightingale and the rose 1. Dream Essay. What is the student’s major? His major is phylosophy. 2. Is he experienced in love?
No, he isn’t. The student . is the deloitte case studies symbol of the young and naive person who is, at first, passioned by his philosophy books before he gets attracted in decline essay, the arms of Love. 3. Essaying Vs Arguing. What troubles the young student at the beginning of the story? The student is sad because the daughter of the proffessor promised to dance with him on condition that he brought her red rose , but he did not find any. A Story , English-language films , Interpersonal relationship 2185 Words | 5 Pages. on the whole story that is kind of dream, ironic. Research Study. Q8: I don’t think she is just a simply murderous madwoman.
The author clearly conveyed his sympathy and pity. A . Rose just symbolizes Emily’s intension to love but where the conflict between reality and imagination took place. In section V, she decorated Homer’s room with rose curtain, so that the rose -shaded lights will come in. It’s ironic because her intension of loving was wreck again and again. Decline Essay. Therefore, the traumas made her incapable to love, which.
Comedy , Empathy , For Emily, Whenever I May Find Her 1016 Words | 3 Pages. Chantel Johnson April 13th 2013 SPCM 100-17 Death to Mr. Rose The media and underlined, its relation to dream essay, the American culture can become a slippery . Deloitte Case Solutions. slope into a world of unrealistic exceptionalities. Beside magazines and movies, music videos and video games hold a very large influence over the youth of the American society. Which in dream essay, other words, is the future of the American society.
In his first most popular music video “Rack City”, Tyga takes the focus off of his contumelious lyrics to act out a criminal/love. Advertising , Gender , Gender role 1788 Words | 5 Pages. Giving human-like qualities The Sick Rose * Sick * Songs of copying examination, experience * Badness * Unhealthy * Depressed . * Infected * Imperfection * Aware or not? * The rose is sick. Decline Dream. * Personification * Rose * Nature * Beauty * Exotic * Love * Romanticism * Female * Perfection * Innocence * Smelling good * Corruption of love O Rose thou art sick * Starting with”o” . 2009 albums , Adam and Eve , Human nature 579 Words | 7 Pages. ?THE STUDY OF MEANING 1. The knowledge of systematic study of essaying vs arguing, meaning is…. Of American Dream. a. Phonology b. Grammar c. Copying Examination. Syntax d. Semantics 2. . There are ten aspects of dream, any speaker’s semantic knowledge, except… a. Speakers generally agree when two words have essentially the same meaning – in a given context b. Some sentences have one meaning c. Speakers know whether something is marketing research case india, or is not meaningful in their language d. Speakers know how language is used when people interact 3. Of American Dream. The one of cover director resume, disciplines with the decline of american essay systematic. Grammar , Language , Linguistics 457 Words | 2 Pages.
helotry is happened in the story of description of father, “A Rose for Emily”. Faulkner writing gains its poignancy from the use of his secondary literary purpose. . Faulkner use realistic imagery of his cover years in his novel entitled “A Rose for Emily”. Dream Essay. Where the history of the south it is true based on his novel. Faulkner tells the acumen against the black people, His use of literary characteristics and instrumental in cover letter for art director resume, the success of his primary expressive purpose in the story of “A Rose for Emily”. Of American Dream. His main organizational. African American , American Civil War , Black people 1025 Words | 3 Pages. ?Briar Rose Songvu Vu Mrs Joyce ESSAY: How has Jane Yolen made use of the features of a fairytale to explore the themes in Briar . Rose ? Jane Yolen, author of Briar Rose , combines both fairytale and historical attributes in one work. Marketing Case India. Based on decline dream essay the old tale of in essays underlined, Sleeping Beauty, Briar Rose is a fairy tale within a fairy tale however, the traditional ‘happily ever after’ notion does not apply. Through fairy tale elements of fantasy, recovery, escape and consolation; Yolen has been able to explore. Beauty and the Beast , Brothers Grimm , Charles Perrault 1070 Words | 2 Pages.
the meanings of words and sentences. The triangle of meaning : 1- The thing: refers to the element outside the mind and outsidie . the language. 2- The word: symbol which refers to the thing. 3- The meaning : it is a concept or reference .it is the image, attributes or abstract entity. The lines of relationship among the trio elements may take different directions: 1-thing? meaning ?word==we see a thing then we remember its meaning and then its word. 2- meaning ?word?thing==you recall a meaning then. Connotation , Grammar , Language 743 Words | 3 Pages. Emily’s Rose Owner of two Pulitzer Prizes and a Noble Prize in decline of american dream, literature, William Faulkner has many great poems, novels, short stories, and . screen plays.
Having a strong influence of a southern life style growing up in Mississippi, Faulkner portrays much of it through his writings. Having only read “A Rose for Emily” I have only seen very little of of father essay, his southern influence. But in this short story it engulfs the of american whole story being set in the time period when slavery was still existent “A Rose for Emily”. Joyce Carol Oates , Past , Philip Roth 2172 Words | 6 Pages. Denotative Meaning : Conceptual meaning is also called logical or cognitive meaning . It is the basic propositional . meaning which corresponds to the primary dictionary definition. Essay. Such a meaning is stylistically neutral and objective as opposed to other kinds of associative meanings . Conceptual Meanings are the essential or core meaning while other six types are the peripheral. It is decline dream, peripheral in as sense that it is non-essential.
They are stylistically marked and vs arguing, subjective kind of meanings . Leech. Connotation , Denotation , Linguistics 1674 Words | 5 Pages. The Meaning of Life Christopher Nieves Touro College Life is a gift. It is an honor, a . spark, an excitement. We all have a world of our own.
Albert Camus, once said, “You will never be happy if you continue to search for what happiness consists of. You will never live if you are looking for the meaning of life” (Camus, 1946). Life is about living to your fullest abilities. Why waste our time looking for the meaning of each breath we take? Each. Absurdism , Conceptions of God , Existentialism 1589 Words | 4 Pages. First Name Last Name Professor Mancia English 28 September 27th, 2007 Not A Rose Garden The real world might not be as . beautiful as a rose garden, but roses have a tendency to grow tenaciously in almost any land with a little bit of care, love, and decline of american essay, courage. How wise is nature that our lives are just like roses planted in all sorts of environments. We have the freedom to choose whether we want to daringly grow in spite of the essay menace examination tribulations that we might encounter in the road. California High School Exit Exam , Gang , High school 1066 Words | 3 Pages.
nature of meaning has been one of the decline major issues in the philosophical debate. The issue was first raised in the ancient Greek world, and was . subsequently tackled by numerous philosophers. In the 19th century, meaning also entered the realm of linguistics – first in in essays are novels, the context of diachronic linguistics, later also as a synchronic study. The main concepts in essay, the theory of meaning , apart from solutions, meaning itself, are synonymy (or sameness of meaning ), significance (or possession of meaning ), and analyticity. John Searle , Linguistics , Meaning of life 2508 Words | 7 Pages. December 4th AP Literature A Rose For Emily By William Faulkner 1. Decline Essay. Quote The title A Rose for essaying, Emily Explanation: . Decline. The title A Rose For Emily symbolizes the in essays are novels absence of love she feels, the decline of american roses symbolize love and affection, something Emily wants but never receives. 2. Quote It was a big, squarish frame house that had once been white, decorated with cupolas and spires and scrolled balconies in the heavily lightsome style of the seventies, set on what had once been our most select.
English-language films , Fiction , Joyce Carol Oates 877 Words | 3 Pages. still reflect the reality which surrounds them. Underlined. In Yolen’s Briar Rose , heroes and heroines are inspired by fairy tales still reflecting the . reality which surrounds them. This is dream, seen, for example, in her characters who are inspired by fairy tales. In reality, these characters represent the real life experiences of those who lived through the Holocaust and deloitte solutions, the heroes of World War two. The heroes and heroines in Yolen’s Briar Rose include; Gemma, Becca, Josef and Aron, real people who experience. Charles Perrault , Courage , Fairy tale 1183 Words | 3 Pages. ? Introduction: According to Saint Exupery in The Halo (2006), “Each man must look to himself to teach him the meaning of of american essay, life. It is not . something discovered: it is marketing case study india, something moulded.” The meaning of decline of american dream essay, life has a no specific definition; it depends on how each individual give meaning to their lives. It is a natural thing for an individual to curiously know about their life since their birth till death.
Moreover, human beings are also curious to find out why they were put in this earth that is. Existentialism , Individual , Life 1615 Words | 5 Pages. The Meaning of Life The meaning of letter for art, life, defined by Victor E. Decline Of American Dream Essay. Frankl, is the will to find your meaning in life. . It is menace, not the meaning of life in general, but rather the specific meaning of a person's life at a given moment. Decline Of American. He believes that if you are approached with the question of what is the vs arguing meaning of my life or in this case, life is meaningless, then you should reverse the question to that person asking the question. For example: What are you bringing to dream essay, me? What are you as an individual. Alfred Adler , Existentialism , Life 1439 Words | 4 Pages. Two professors of menace copying examination, different backgrounds, Mike Rose of California, and Gerald Graff, of decline of american dream essay, Illinois, discuss the problems college students face . today in America. Though similar in in essays are novels underlined, slight variations, both professors view the essay problem in different regards and prepare solutions that solve what they feel to be the heart of this academic problem. Mike Rose , author of The Politics of Remediation, explains that #8220;linguistic exclusion#8221; is the barrier that prevents many new college students from.
Academia , College , Education 1183 Words | 3 Pages. CULTURAL MEANING The meaning humans give to actions, concepts and marketing study, behaviours is dependent on the cultural milieu and is . Decline Of American Dream. conditioned to marketing india, a great extent by of american dream essay, the underlying meaning systems, values and frames of meaning he/she inherites from the society in general. Socialization plays a direct role in that process. Education, effects of peers and the intellectual atmosphere all contribute to what is called cultural meaning or systems of meaning . Cultural meaning conditions our perception and determines. Anthropology , Cultural anthropology , Culture 1532 Words | 5 Pages.
Stuck in the past in “A Rose for Emily” by Faulkner Change causes a person to do things out of the norm. It is common for people to fear . change. Most people although afraid will accept the changes and description of father, adapt to it. Others will control that change unwilling to adhere to the new and unfamiliar way of things. Many are stuck in the past, in the traditions that guide their lives. Emily Grierson is decline of american dream essay, a product of the Old South, rich in traditions and set in her ways. Description. The New south means change; traditions. 2003 singles , Change , Death 1162 Words | 3 Pages. The Meaning of Life “The Meaning of Life” is an excerpt from Richard Taylor’s book Good and Evil: A New Direction, with this . book Mr. Taylor was thought to have adopted a radical subjectivist view of of american, ethics. In this excerpt he explains why existence and life is meaningless and he sheds light into the meaning of life.
Throughout his explanations Richard uses an example from an ancient Greek myth. The myth is about Sisyphus a Greek man who offended the gods and was sentenced to roll a large stone. Absurdism , Human , Life 1259 Words | 4 Pages. We ask ourselves everyday if our life has meaning . We view our lives and others' lives in different ways. Vs Arguing. I agree with life being viewed as a . game, and life as learning is adding meaning to our life. I disagree with life having no meaning at all.
Every human being views life differently and believes your life is influenced by decline of american dream, different ideas and essay copying, lessons. Life as a game creates a theory that we can't just take our lives too seriously or else we won't be happy and feel as if we have fulfilled. Absurdism , Albert Camus , Board game 1872 Words | 5 Pages. The use of multiple layers of narrative in decline of american essay, Jane Yolen’s- Briar Rose is cover letter resume, highly effective in communicating the decline of american essay story and the story and themes . concerning Gemma’s past experiences of the Holocaust and Becca’s quest for truth and underlined, fulfilment of decline of american, her Grandmother’s legacy. Yolen uses a number of voices or accounts of events to give the reader a dramatic sense of the extent and the horror of Gemma’s experiences.
The fairytale story, Becca’s quest and Joseph Potocki, all add richness of detail to the novel. Fairy tale , Fiction , Jane Yolen 834 Words | 3 Pages.
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essay marcus borg Marcus Borg and decline dream, the Language of the Bible. Reading the Bible Again for the First Time: Taking the Bible Seriously but not Literally. by Marcus J. Examination. Borg. Harper Collins, 321 pp. New Testament scholar Marcus Borg is decline essay a religious thinker who thinks in stages.
A period characterized by certain convictions finally proves inadequate to knowledge or experience and must give way to a new set of convictions. Study. Unlike many modern scholars, however, Borg realizes that these new convictions need not be anti-religious. In an autobiographical essay , one reads of his personal religious development as a progress through stages: he presents the na•ve belief of his youth, followed by a period of troubled atheism, developing in university into a quest to understand Jesus in relation to the political and social problems of his day. For some years Borg has been working out the implications of a recent stage, a Christian faith one might call nascently postmodern. Is the decline of american essay stage he is now pursuing prelude to a new, more spiritually attuned Christianity--as he and likeminded liberal Christians believe--or is it herald rather to marketing case study the demise of Christianity? One may rightly ask this question.
My focus here will not so much be such general questions as the question of how Borg reads the essay Bible. I approach Borg's methods of biblical interpretation by considering his book Reading the Bible Again for the First Time , where he offers readings of important biblical texts, including Genesis, the prophets, Job and Ecclesiastes, the description of father gospels, Paul's letters and decline dream essay, Revelation. Of Father Essay. For my concerns, the most interesting sections of the book come before the specific readings, so I will mainly take up his first chapters, in which he addresses the more general questions of biblical interpretation, i.e.: What kind of book is the Bible? How are we to interpret biblical texts? One can't deny that Borg makes persuasive arguments against decline dream the fundamentalists, those who call themselves Bible-believing Christians and who define their belief via the insistence that everything narrated in cover letter for art resume, the Bible is literally, factually, historically true. Fundamentalists believe their argument for the inerrancy of the Bible is in line with traditional Christianity. Borg demonstrates that it is not: They typically see themselves as affirming the old-time religion--that is, Christianity as it was before the modern period. In fact, however, as we shall see, their approach itself is modern, largely the of american dream essay product of a particular form of nineteenth- and twentieth-century Protestant theology. (5) As Borg explains it, Bible literalists, unbeknownst to of father essay themselves, have been made pawns of the very Enlightenment culture they struggle against.
How could this be? It is a result of the pervasiveness of Enlightenment views of reality and of american dream essay, how we ground our knowledge of reality. All of essaying us raised and educated in modern Western societies have, whether we like it or not, been indoctrinated with generally Enlightenment views. As Borg likes to put it, we are fact fundamentalists. We learn early on that statements of truth must be factually verifiable: any statement that doesn't correspond to the facts cannot be true. Not factually true, it is false, or, worse, simply nonsense. Decline. Our culture's deeply ingrained respect for facts is a result of the success of Enlightenment science, which we credit with all the technological breakthroughs of the modern world. As Borg would point out, however, the pervasiveness of science in our world has made us deaf to other sorts of in essays are novels truth than the merely factual or material. Specifically, we've lost the ability to decline dream essay understand broadly metaphorical truths.
As fact fundamentalists, we assume that anyone intending to say something important will use a fact-based manner of presentation. This, after all, is marketing case india how scientists and researchers state the truth, so it must be the way to state the truth. According to Borg, religious fundamentalists, who also live in the modern world, anachronistically impose this Enlightenment perspective on of american dream essay, the Bible. They mistakenly assume the writers of biblical times shared our fact-based understanding of how to communicate truth. Fundamentalists are thus led to insist on the factual inerrancy of the underlined Bible because, as moderns, they tacitly believe anything not grounded in historical fact will lose its authority. Indeed, given their narrowly modern perspective, they assume it could never have had any authority to decline of american begin with.
In this way Borg shows that fundamentalists are duped by the very modernity they struggle against: insisting on the literal truth of the Bible, they risk shrinking the Bible down to the size of a high school science textbook. The problem is very clear: the Bible's manner of conveying truth is not and never was that of a textbook. Biblical writers did not share our obsession with fact-based presentation: their palette was more varied, and their works wove history and metaphor with a boldness we no longer appreciate. Though Borg doubtless somewhat overstates his case, he is here generally persuasive. Vs Arguing. He shows throughout how biblical texts often contain internal cues as to their metaphorical intent. And he stresses that a literal reading was not necessarily the normal way of approaching the of american dream essay Bible even in the early centuries of Church history. Description Essay. Consider the following quote on the Genesis narratives: What intelligent person can imagine that there was a first day, then a second and third day, evening and morning, without the sun, the moon, and the stars? [Sun, moon, and stars are created on decline of american dream essay, the fourth day.] And that the first day--if it makes sense to call it such--existed even without a sky? [The sky is created on the second day.] Who is research foolish enough to decline of american believe that, like a human gardener, God planted a garden in Eden in the East and placed in it a tree of life, visible and physical, so that by biting into its fruit one would obtain life? And that by eating from another tree, one would come to essay copying examination know good and evil? And when it is said that God walked in the garden in the evening and that Adam hid himself behind a tree, I cannot imagine that anyone will doubt that these details point symbolically to of american dream essay spiritual meanings by in essays underlined using a historical narrative which did not literally happen. (70-1)
These words do not come from a modern liberal Christian seeking to water down the decline of american essay Bible's authority, but from the distinguished 3rd century Church father Origen. To men and women who lived before modernity, a story didn't necessarily have to be factual to merit reverence. They recognized other modes of deloitte studies truth. Though Origen affirmed that he saw much of the Bible as historical, he also insisted many things were recorded as having occurred, but which did not literally take place, and that even the gospels themselves are filled with the same kind of of american dream essay narratives. Such statements may seem odd coming from one of the greatest of ancient Christian writers. But, according to Borg, it is we moderns who have become odd. He writes:
The modern preoccupation with factuality has had a pervasive and distorting effect on how we see the Bible and vs arguing, Christianity. . . . Christianity in the modern period became preoccupied with the decline essay dynamic of description essay believing or not believing. For many people, believing iffy claims to be true became the central meaning of Christian faith. It is an odd notion--as if what God most wants from us is essay believing highly problematic statements to be factually true. And if one can't believe them, then one doesn't have faith and isn't a Christian. (16) For Borg the Bible is neither infallible nor somehow a transcription, written down by dictation, of the cover resume words of God. Rather it records the decline of american dream experiences of God of the in essays ancient Israelites and the early Christian movement. The Bible is thus a record made by human beings, a human product, but one that nevertheless communicates a reality. Essay. According to Borg, God is not a fiction or a lie but a real presence known in human experience: To see the Bible as a human product does not in any way deny the are novels reality of God. Indeed, one of the central premises of this book is that God is real and can be experienced.
I have put that as simply as I know how. At the risk of repetition, I mean that God (or the decline sacred or Spirit, terms that I use synonymously) is studies solutions a reality known in human experience, and not simply a human creation or projection. That God is real, however, does not mean that there can be any perfect human explanation of God or God's will. And this includes the Bible. Of course, whatever we say about the sacred is a human creation.
We cannot talk about God (or anything else) except with the words, symbols, stories, concepts, and categories known to us, for they are the only language we have. Nevertheless, we also have experiences of the holy, the numinous, the sacred. Of American Essay. These experiences go beyond language, shatter it, relativize it. Case Studies. (22) For Borg, the sacred is of american mainly to be found in these experiences of God. If any scripture results from marketing study such experiences, that is necessarily a secondary phenomenon. If the Bible is sacred, then, it not because it is the Word of God in the sense of decline of american dream essay a Word that came directly from God, but rather because it is recognized as sacred by the community of Christian believers. Essaying Vs Arguing. The sacred character of the of american dream Bible is deloitte case studies solutions grounded in its status as record of the ancient experiences of God most valued by the Christian community. The Christian community, in turn, is constituted by decline of american the Bible through constant dialogue with its texts, which dialogue Borg understands as one of the essay copying examination central sacraments of Christian faith. To put all this another way, one might say that the Bible is not sacred in origin (it is not a direct product of divine composition) but only in status (it is a crucial ground of Christian experience of the sacred).
Borg writes: The older, conventional way of seeing the Bible grounded scripture's authority in decline essay, its origin: the Bible was sacred because it came from in essays are novels God. The result was a monarchical model of biblical authority. Like an ancient monarch, the Bible stands over us, telling us what to believe and do. But seeing the Bible as sacred in its status leads to a different model of biblical authority. . . Essay. . The result: the are novels monarchical model of biblical authority is replaced by a dialogical model of biblical authority. Decline Dream. In other words, the biblical canon names the primary collection of ancient documents with which Christians are to be in essay copying examination, continuing dialogue. This continuing conversation is decline of american dream definitive and constitutive of Christian identity. . . . Yet because the Bible is a human product as well as sacred scripture, the marketing case continuing dialogue needs to of american dream be a critical conversation. There are parts of the Bible that we will decide need not or should not be honored, either because we discern that they were relevant to ancient times but not to our own, or because we discern that they were never the will of God.
To be Christian means to live within the world created by the Bible. Borg elaborates on are novels, what such living entails in his discussion of the decline of american dream essay Bible as a sacrament: a vehicle by which God becomes present, a means through which the Spirit is experienced. Essaying. (30-1) Borg's arguments are powerful and well thought out, particularly as regards the blindess induced in modern Christians by our fact-obsessed modernity. Though there are directions in which I wouldn't follow Borg, I agree with him on decline of american essay, much. Still, I believe in vs arguing, this work he has not adequately addressed the decline of american dream issue of language and the divine. For Borg--it is a point to which he returns repeatedly--the language of the Bible is human : both its glories and limitations come from its being a human product. As educated Christians, we admire the brilliance of biblical writers even as we recognize their (sometimes obsolete) culturally determined prejudices. According to Borg, humanity most quintessentially encounters the marketing research case study divine in experiences of God, which are understood to be somehow separate from the language in which they are (later?) recorded. Thus the biblical writers' strictly human language is placed on decline of american, one side as an instrument used to record what is seen, on the other, as the more essential experience. There are various problems raised by this model.
One is that it simplifies how biblical texts came to be written. For instance, we cannot really say that the marketing research case study india writer of the Gospel of essay John experienced the content of his gospel one day and then wrote it down the next, as if taking belated notes on a meeting he'd had earlier. Cover Letter Director Resume. I would argue instead that the interplay between experience and language is much more complex--even that language itself is in decline of american dream essay, many cases a bridge to experience. Borg's model underestimates both the power and centrality of language: he puts language too exclusively on the human side of a divide between God and humanity. I myself believe (and of course I know it is not a widely shared belief) that our linguistic faculty is essaying itself already partly divine. Decline Dream. Through language, and particularly at certain privileged moments, the divine speaks in essay copying, us. This is how the biblical prophets experienced language, and decline essay, it explains, in my own understanding, a crucial part of the meaning of Christ as the Word made Flesh. The Bible is not entirely a human product; to some degree, the language of the Bible came about description, across a bridge between God and ourselves. Though sharing much with other species, we human beings are endowed, very mysteriously, with the power of language.
Neither does any other species have anything approaching the complexity and essay, power of human language, nor does any human community have a language that is less than fully developed: i.e., there is no such thing as a human group with a simple or primitive language. Language, in essay examination, all its complexity, is part of the human makeup. And with the power of decline essay language come other characteristics unique to our species, such as self-consciousness, reasoning ability, and religious sense. But where did our linguistic faculty itself come from, or, in evolutionary terms, how did it develop? Linguists, anthropologists, geneticists and brain scientists have struggled to answer this question, but a satisfying answer remains elusive. I would insist that this extraordinary faculty is the sign of some fundamental difference between us and cover director, other species, and that it is in this faculty, more than in our apelike shape, that we should see the meaning of the line in Genesis: So God created man in decline of american dream, his image, in the image of of father essay God created he him; male and of american essay, female created he them. (Gen. 1:27) For me, to be created in the image of God is to marketing research india be created as linguistic, thinking beings. (NB: Although I use the language of creation here, I do not reject the theory of evolution.
On the contrary, evolution is the essay most compelling explanation of the physical origin of species, including our own. Description Of Father. But evolution is not necessarily the most compelling explanation of everything that concerns the universe and life. Creation in my thinking was an oblique event: we are the of american dream species evolved to a point at which the linguistic and spiritual bridge to God opens. That this opening may be in part the result of a multitude of case chance mutations does not mean there is no God or no creation; it only means that the material universe was set to throwing the decline dream essay dice until such an opening should be made. After which. . . .) Our religious tradition, its understanding of God, forefronts language like no other. According to the first chapters of Genesis, creation itself was effected through language: And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. (Gen. 1:3) The God who created through language is subsequently shown ordering the human world through it.
The first human beings were expelled from the Garden of deloitte case Eden because they ignored God's express verbal command (and it was the verbal wiles of the serpent that undid them); the Tower of Babel story shows human pride defeated through a newly instituted multiplicity of languages; the patriarch Abraham is decline of american essay not given a kingdom or some special power but is rather made party to a covenant (a verbal agreement); both Mosaic law and the prophets are a matter of getting the in essays underlined correct verbal expressions of God's will for of american dream essay humanity. In the New Testament, Jesus comes teaching like the description essay prophets, and is called the dream essay Word made Flesh. His common refrain is: He who has ears to hear, let him hear. At one point in his presentation, Borg argues against seeing the Bible as a part-human, part-divine product: [A]ffirming that the Bible is both divine and human leads to the attempt to separate the divine parts from the human parts--as if some of it comes from God and some is a human product. Of Father. The parts that come from God are then given authority, and the others are not. But the parts that we think come from God are normally the parts we see as important, and thus we simply confer divine authority on what matters to us, whether we be conservatives or liberals. (27) I agree that this will happen. Decline Of American Dream. Nonetheless the Bible is certainly such a divine/human product: the text is both shot through with divine formulations--expressions the Spirit forged in the crucible of the human mind--and inflected throughout by deloitte case studies the dross of dream essay human mania and error. There is letter doubtless no single section of the Bible that is not in this way an admixture of the essay divine and human. Yet though we recognize the Bible is essay such a work, we will still be forever unable to separate out what comes from God and what is merely our own prejudice about God. This, however, is an attendant part of the human condition: we see though a glass darkly.
The closest Borg comes to my own view of biblical language is in a discussion of the Bible as the World of God, where he writes: Word is being used in a metaphorical and decline of american dream essay, nonliteral sense. As with metaphors generally, this one resonates with more than one nuance of meaning. A word is a means of communication, involving both speaking and hearing. A word is a means of disclosure; we disclose or reveal ourselves through words. Words bridge the distance between ourselves and others: we commune and research india, become intimate through words.
. . . . The Bible is a means of divine self-disclosure. (33-4) By evoking speaking, hearing and a distance to be bridged, Borg is getting close to contradicting himself. According to dream essay his repeatedly stated principle, it is not God we hear in the Bible, but men speaking of God. Copying. How then is the Bible a means of of american dream divine self-disclosure? Though I find Borg's solution to the problem of the origin of the essaying vs arguing Bible to be unsatisfactory, his chapter on basic reading approaches, in which he explains the historical-metaphorical method, is excellent. Many of his points here have long been understood by readers, going back even to ancient times, but in our world of atheist materialists on the one hand and biblical literalists on the other, such ideas need the kind of clear presentation Borg gives. He concludes the chapter by presenting three stages Bible readers may go through: precritical naivete ; critical thinking ; postcritical naivete . I believe his stages are roughly right for many modern Christians, but think he'd be better served calling the third stage postcritical belief . Perhaps he doesn't because of his stress on the experiential and sacramental over the, for him, more fraught term belief . In any case, for me a postcritical belief would imply a belief in the sacred character and central importance of the essay Bible, not a belief that all its narratives were factually true. As Borg points out, many pre-Englightenment cultures accepted that factually untrue stories could nonetheless be profoundly true:
Postcritical naivete is the ability to hear the biblical stories once again as true stories, even as one knows that they may not be factually true and that their truth does not depend upon deloitte their factuality. This way of hearing sacred stories is widespread in premodern cultures. In Arabia, traditional storytellers begin their stories with This was, and this was not. . . . A favorite of mine is the way a Native American storyteller begins telling his tribe's story of creation: Now I don't know if it happened this way or not, but I know this story is true. If you can get your mind around that statement, then you know what postcritical naivete is. (50) There are many aspects of Borg's book I haven't addressed. Most obviously, I haven't referred to any of of american essay his readings of biblical texts. As stated above, the marketing study bulk of Reading the Bible Again for of american the First Time is deloitte studies solutions given to explicating important biblical books in terms of essay his historical-metaphorical method. Case Study. Much of it is well worth reading, especially the dream essay chapters on the Pentateuch, the gospels, and in essays, his well-balanced poetic defense of Revelation. In an epilogue, Borg writes: [This] book reflects my personal perceptions.
I do not have an objective vantage point outside of my own history. . . . For me, this book comes down to what I have been able to see thus far about dream essay, how to read the Bible. (297) Such disarming statements are ultimately true, of in essays underlined course, but they are also somewhat belied by the amount of scholarship behind Borg's readings. After all, he has decades of study shaping his perceptions of the Bible; his personal interpretations are, to no small degree, a matter of what modern scholarship has allowed him to see. Borg struggles to be responsible both to his Christian faith and to what modernity has revealed to him. Whether he has been successful in this double allegiance is up to the reader to decide. Borg himself might argue, of course, that it is not a double allegiance and that it is not up to the reader to dream essay decide in any case. He might insist that success or failure here is a matter to be worked out in his personal relationship with God, in his own experience of the copying Christian tradition as a multifaceted sacrament. According to such a vision of the Christian life, this--and not forced adherence to dream essay any creed--would be the truth of Christianity for the (post)modern faithful.
Many discard the essaying lot of Borg's perceptions, some embrace him as a brother in the Spirit; others, like myself, toss back some of Borg's catch, but keep a few fine fish. NB: An excellent book for further pursuing Borg's thinking--and in which one can read some. very pointed criticism of that thinking--is The Meaning of Jesus: Two Visions. Borg co-authors the. book with N.T. Wright, Bishop of Durham for decline dream essay the Church of England and a leading conservative Jesus scholar.
The liberal Borg and deloitte case studies solutions, the conservative Wright take turns penning chapters on. crucial elements of the biblical Jesus traditions from the messianic vocation to the resurrection. Both are cutting-edge scholars, and each, in my judgment, wins certain parts of decline dream their extended debate. For newcomers to deloitte studies solutions these two writers, I'd recommend first taking up Reading the Bible. Again for the First Time , then going on to The Meaning of of american dream essay Jesus .
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The Decline of the American Dream …
cant write a check Your Options / Tutoring. X Scroll down for a list of DO s and Don'ts to help with Spelling. It was the construction of the first dictionaries by Dr. Johnson (1755) and later Noah Webster that set correct spellings 'in stone'. Before the 18th century people spelt phonetically 'by ear'. They would often spell the same word in different ways in the same piece of writing and this was considered perfectly correct (you can see such variable spelling in of american, Shakespeare's original scripts for research case study india example).
If Johnson had standardized the spelling for phonemes at decline, the same time that he standardized the cover director spelling for words, and in doing so created a 'transparent' (one spelling for each sound in the language) English alphabet code, we would not have the difficulties with English reading and spelling that we do today. It's commonly assumed that learning to spell (and to read) follows biologically determined developmental stages e.g. Gentry, a typical given developmental sequence: precommunicative- semiphonetic- phonetic- transitional, and, finally, correct. However, writing (spelling) is a recent human invention, not part of our biological development, and decline dream essay therefore cannot be properly acquired except through teaching. Whole-language philosophy expects children to vs arguing, discover how to spell for themselves.This is decline of american dream, called invented or emergent spelling. Mistakes are not corrected as the assumption is that children will learn, naturally, to make closer and closer approximations to correct spelling (Hempenstall.thesis) Children are unlikely to learn to studies solutions, spell accurately with this method. Instead, they will practise and reproduce their spelling errors again and again, producing poor quality writing with confidence-sapping results. The myth of developmental stages for decline spelling: ''Saying there are developmental stages in spelling is a bit like saying there are developmental stages in essaying vs arguing, learning to cook, fix a car or program a computer''. See Early Reading Instruction p250-265 for McGuinness' dismantling of the various developmental (stage) spelling theories. Australian educationalist Misty Adoniou affirms, ''Spelling is a learned skill, not an innate ability, and therefore, it can and should be taught.
English spelling is of american, systematic, contrary to popular perception and therefore, it can be taught'' (Adoniou) Look, Cover, Write Check (LCWC) is a widely used but unproductive whole language strategy for learning lists of words. ''It is a visuo-motor method , involving eye and deloitte case studies hand. Of American Essay? It eschews the sounds of words , concentrating on letters, letter names and letter patterns'' (Kerr p135) . ''For teaching spelling I would use as a starting point the breakdown of the spoken word into its component phonemes and writing a spelling for each phoneme (saying each 'sound' as it is written to reinforce kinaesthetic memory of each 'sound spelling') . For Art? Once the word has been written it should be sounded out and blended to check that it 'says' what it is meant to say. Of course there is an element of discrete word learning in this as children have to learn which spelling of a particular phoneme will be needed in a particular word; this is dream essay, usually done by practising a number of cover letter resume, words together which contain the same phoneme spelling or by sorting words containing the of american same sound but different spellings of it. But, there is frequently only are novels underlined one ''tricky' sound spelling in a word (usually the vowel sound) so the fact that only one part of the word has to be learned also reduces the decline dream load on menace examination, memory.
Once mastery of individual words is achieved one can move on to adding prefixes and suffixes'' Maggie goes on decline of american dream essay, to say, ''I would never encourage the use of letter names for pupils who find spelling difficult. I think that they need to be kept aware of the intimate connection between the sounds in words and for art director the letters which spell the sounds. Using letter names introduces another layer of learning for children who are already finding learning difficult. Of American Dream? I also appreciate that as skilled adult spellers we tend to use letter names when telling someone a spelling, but that can come at deloitte studies solutions, a much later stage (and really isn't ever particularly necessary, though it's convenient)'' Misty Adoniou points out that, ''(S)trategies such as 'look cover write check' and activities where words are written repeatedly in different fonts or in different colours reflect a belief that spelling is predominantly a visual skill and decline dream essay that English spelling is somewhat chaotic and illogical. and research case india can only dream essay be learned through memorisation.
This position allows teachers to abandon a notion of teaching spelling and essentially leave the task of learning to spell up to director resume, parents and children through the decline distribution of take home spelling lists'' (Adoniou) X Teachers: How to in essays are novels underlined, make helpful homework spelling lists of words. The brain ''is particularly adept at storing recurring patterns, and very inefficient at of american dream essay, remembering randomness'' (D.McGuinness.WCCR) '(A) printed word is a time-chart of essay menace copying examination, sounds' (Diack p59) Whole language banded books, ''(M)ake no attempt to decline of american, introduce only simple regular words in solutions, the early stages; thus children do not become familiarised with some basic patterns of of american dream, English orthography before they encounter the irregularities. In Essays? The result is that many children fail to understand that spelling follows patterns and are consequently daunted by what they see as the need to learn every word separately'' (Chew p12) ''To be effective for spelling as well as for reading, phonics teaching needs to be thorough and systematic: in reading, children need to be taught to sound out of american essay every letter or letter-group from menace beginning to end of decline dream essay, a word so that they will be sensitised to both regularities and irregularities in the letter-sound correspondences.'' (Chew p13) ''If children are taught to sound out all letters and letter-groups in words, some unconventional pronunciations may result, but these are easily corrected and are, in essay copying examination, the meantime, extremely helpful for decline of american dream spelling The child who first sounds out the 'ch' in chemist like the 'ch' in chop, or sounds out 'vague' as two syllables, the second rhyming with 'due', is much more likely eventually to spell tricky words correctly than the child who learns to read by memorising words as wholes'' (Chew p13) Spelling skill is influenced by IQ (approx. 25% of variance), sex (girls are usually superior spellers) and decoding ability. Poor spellers often have the correct spelling in mind but are unable to recall it accurately from memory.
Diane McGuinness points out that, ''Reading and spelling are reversible processes, and should be taught in of father essay, tandem so that this reversibility is obvious. but they draw on different memory skills. Decoding, or reading, involves recognition memory, memory with a prompt. The letters remain visible while they are being decoded. Decline Of American Essay? Encoding, or spelling, involves recall memory , memory without prompts or clues, which is considerably more difficult'' (D.McGuinness ERI p37) What kind of knowledge is essay, needed for good spelling? English spellings don’t obey rules. Instead, they are heavily context dependent and probabilistic. That is, it matters what a particular spelling sits next to in a particular word : b ea n, h ea d, g r ea t. Diane McGuinness explains it like this: ''The pronunciation of a word is often dependent on the vowel being affected by the consonants around it, as in the example above. Decline Of American Dream? Thus you must process every sound/spelling in are novels, the word to read the word correctly. Furthermore, you cannot assume that every vowel/vowel digraph is decline of american dream essay, read (or written) the same way in every word. This is the essay most critical problem with our code.
The letters ea are not always decoded one way, but many ways. It is not enough just to know that there are many ways - but also the context (the surrounding sounds/spellings) which determine how that spelling is pronounced. i.e. you have to know the of american essay probability of cover letter for art resume, how a particular spelling in a particular word is likely to be decoded. And ditto for spellings being encoded. Decline Of American Essay? The brain will automatically set up these probabilities, if they are made obvious to the learner .'' See Seindenberg's book Language at description of father essay, the speed of sight Ch5 for comprehensive coverage of the statistical and probabilistic nature of English spelling. X Spelling and statistics. Linguistic phonics tutor, Alison Clarke, illustrates how she makes the main spelling patterns of the sound /er/ memorable through 'controlled exposure and varied repetition' using a variety of linguistic phonics resources. Focus attention on the target GPCs by getting the children to underline them in a variety of real words.
Do teach reading and spelling in tandem, in every lesson, from the very beginning of instruction. Don't teach the alphabet letter names - ay, bee, see, dee..etc. to beginning readers. Letter name learning is seriously detrimental to the teaching of early reading and essay spelling as it forces children to menace examination, translate from of american dream letter name to sound, impeding instant recall of the cover letter for art director sound-letter correspondences. Letter names also focus children's attention on the syllable unit of sound, rather than the phoneme, impeding their understanding of the alphabetic principle. Do introduce letter names once the links from dream essay phoneme to grapheme for all the common spellings have become completely automatic. Vs Arguing? At this stage letter names become a harmless and useful short cut for relaying multi-letter spellings to students. Don't ask students to use letter names when spelling for themselves as this fails to model, or make explicit, what proficient spellers do themselves when spelling longer and more challenging words and adds an extra hurdle to the spelling process -see above (Hepplewhite/D.McGuinness ERI. p117) Instead, ask students to say the individual phonemes audibly as they write down the graphemes forming a word- for example, to say / f / i / sh /, not 'eff' 'ie' 'ess' 'aich'. Hearing their own voice acts as a powerful cue. Older students may prefer to whisper the sounds sub-audibly to essay, their pen/pencil. Do get students to write down the words that they need to remember how to menace examination, spell. The physical act of writing helps to bind words in memory. Decline Of American Essay? ''(M)otor activity promotes memory'' (D.McGuinness.
ERI p114) ''Experimental studies have shown that copying words by in essays are novels underlined, hand is the best way to learn them. copying spelling words halves the decline learning rate compared to using letter tiles or a computer keyboard'' (RRF 49 p21, also see handwriting links ) 'Writing helps in many ways. First the physical act of forming the letters forces the child to deloitte solutions, look closely at the features that make one letter different from another. Second, writing letters (left to right) trains the ability to read left to right. Third, saying each sound as the letter is written helps anchor the sound-to-letter connection in the memory.'' (D.McGuinness GRB p239) . Do help students to devise, write and illustrate their own 'silly sentence' as each grapheme-phoneme correspondence (GPC) is taught, to aid their memory of common spellings in everyday words- for example: The th ir sty b ir d wore a sw ir ly sk ir t and a d ir ty sh ir t' to decline dream, the g ir l's th ir d b ir thday party. Underline the focus spelling in all the words. Marketing Case Study? Do ensure that children in KS1 routinely write simple dictated sentences that consist of decline dream essay, words with the cover director spellings taught so far. This ''gives pupils opportunities to apply and practise their spelling'' (NC 2014 KS1 ) Do say that all words, without exception, have a vowel spelling and that it can consist of 1- 4 letters consecutively, or 2 vowel letters 'split' around a consonant spelling e.g. tr y , p ie , kn igh t, h eigh t, sl i m e Don't confuse sending home lists of words to dream essay, learn for a spelling test with teaching spelling skills. They are not the same thing.
See the link below for John Walker's advice to are novels, parents on how to teach the lists of dream essay, High Frequency Words (HFWs) sent home from school. Don't teach syllable rules. When 'chunking' a multi-syllable word for spelling, don't split the essay menace examination letters forming a GPC e.g. pillow splits into pi/ ll ow or pi ll /ow, not pi l / l ow, as the dream ll is one sound, ladder splits into ladd / er or la / dder, not lad / der. Do avoid describing letters as 'silent': ''(S)ince all letters are clearly silent, silence cannot therefore be a distinction. This has already been implied by the treatment of ie,oa etc. as single symbols'' (Albrow p.19) Do teach the menace copying examination approximately 100 most common (HFWs) words which have unusual spellings directly and systematically (see D.McGuinness.ERI p58 for a list ) using a phonics all-through-the-word approach, not as sight words to be memorised as whole shapes. Decline Of American Dream Essay? Don't include words that are infrequent in in essays, print and have rare spellings such as sa pph ire and sol di er on spelling lists. Decline? Wait until they are encountered in text or are wanted for a piece of writing. At that point teach using a phonics all-through-the-word approach, highlighting the rare spelling in some way to make it memorable. Discuss the menace copying word's etymology with older pupils.
''The process of putting pen to of american, paper and reading from director resume a book seems to imprint knowledge in the brain in a better way than using a keyboard and computer screen''. X English spelling explained -for kids, but a clear and concise guide for puzzled adults too. X The Hydra of of american dream, Spelling!: John Walker offers advice for menace helping young children with spelling. The ill-conceived idea of decline dream essay, 'regular' and 'irregular' spelling. X How to teach any HFW including those with a tricky (unusual) spelling. Spelling Latin endings. 'Have a go' spelling - warning about viewing misspelt words. Explaining split vowel spellings.
Are spelling rules useful? Spelfabet's advice on spelling plurals. How words cast their spell: Spelling Is an Integral Part of Learning the Language, Not a Matter of of father, Memorization. How spelling supports reading: And Why It Is More Regular and Predictable Than You May Think. Don't use 'spot the deliberate spelling mistakes' activities.
Spelling results from two primary schools which use the of american essay same advanced linguistic phonics programme. They ignore developmental spelling theories and teach spelling and reading in tandem using phonemes and cover director graphemes from the very start of instruction.