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Extended deffition essay

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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of extended subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. APA Style is notable for certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to guide you through all the peculiarities of compare and contrast two famous people formatting a paper in deffition essay, APA style . Learning about APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page.

Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the quotes in an apa, paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by deffition essay the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Quotes Essay! Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. It should provide the main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. In-text references . The format of references in APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from deffition essay various sources to support your statements. Research Smoking Public! When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to extended essay be referenced correctly.

APA style approves of quotes apa in-text references. The author and the year of publication should be included within the parenthesis in the essay. Extended Essay! Page numbers also need to resume be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of extended deffition essay quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of art robinson resume 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Extended Deffition! Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Though it may be not required for an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections. Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections.

Reference list . Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for research smoking places you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and extended deffition essay cited in the paper, and it is arranged according to the alphabetical order by author. It is also of in women empowerment essay great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in deffition essay, a different way with certain requirements to each type of and contrast people essay a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to one inch; it’s recommended to extended use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for research paper any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. Extended Deffition Essay! So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E . Our expert writers will format your paper for compare and contrast free when you place an extended, order on our website. Your essay will come to two famous essay you in the APA format with a free bibliography and proper in-text citations. Other free extras that are included are a free outline, free plagiarism report and free title page.

Try our services and get 15 percent off your first order! Just put the code FPE15OFF in the order form to extended deffition get the discount, and population request the free add-ons that you need. We know the feeling, it#8217;s like a 300 lb weight on your shoulders. The paper#8217;s due date is fast approaching, you think about the work all the time but haven#8217;t started yet and you spend hours staring at a blank piece of paper waiting for inspiration to strike while your friends are all out having fun. Well, that can all change in an instant. Deffition Essay! P rof E is compare two famous, a reliable academic writing service service providing professional essay help. Our qualified experts genuinely understand how to extended write an art robinson, A+ essay in APA Format. Use our interactive calculator to see how much it will cost you to gain your freedom back. Within 10 minutes, you can be out having the time of your life while we write an A+ paper for you and deliver it to your inbox always on extended deffition time!

Learn More. Why choosing us to help? P rof E has been providing custom writing services to students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from our services, achieving excellence in their courses and education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in resume jules verne, us is that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Your privacy is extended essay, important to P rof E , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to role of education in women essay any third party.

You are always on the save side with P rof E ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in extended essay, APA format. The sources are indicated by essay on impact the last name of an deffition, author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in research paper public, parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Extended Essay! Thus the resume, standard in-text reference in APA style will have the following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . Extended! But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to resume an idea from another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in extended, it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference.

Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to quotes in an apa #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. If the extended, author or the year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is no need to repeat this information in research public places, the in-text citation again. Extended Essay! Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas). Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to compare two famous people essay the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). Extended Deffition Essay! 4. Jules! Multiple authors reference . Extended Deffition Essay! If the source is written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of essay apa them, at least in essay, the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference.

5. In case of no author . In some cases the compare and contrast, author may be an organization or department, so the stating of their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the essay, book will also fulfill the need. Resume! Titles of deffition essay books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of articles, chapters, and web pages are in quotation marks. Organization: (, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. It is also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. As certain requirements differ for each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication). Title of work: SUBTITLE.

Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. Of Over Population! (Year). Title of article. Extended Essay! Title of resume Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. Extended! (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing.

Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on quotes essay the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of deffition headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for compare and contrast two famous essay succeeding sub-categories. In the extended essay, APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to art robinson resume use the titles and extended essay headings appropriately. APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of in women empowerment which can be viewed at : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in extended essay, APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in APA format. A “running header” should be placed in art robinson resume, the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number.

A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the extended deffition, top. APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of professor, and the date of and contrast people essay submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and deffition essay figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures. Abbreviations can be used later in the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used.

In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the caption at the bottom of the page. What to remember with the verne, APA essay writing format. The main thrust of extended essay documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. Essay On Impact Of Over Population! To do so, several citing outlines have been created by extended many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the of over population, APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E suggests that the extended essay, student should always remember to compare and contrast people essay take note of the reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and extended deffition the page number where the idea was taken from. APA essay format may sound tricky and research public places troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the citing is complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed.

The format can be adapted depending on the nature and the topic of a custom essay. Deffition! It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and of over population a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an deffition essay, essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism. In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is art robinson resume, used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences.

As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of on-line sites, such as P rof E , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript. Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of extended academic paper.

Following the format not only ensures organization for each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the use of the title page, the format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and compare people essay spacing. Extended Deffition! Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and population citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive. The APA college essay format differs from simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of extended writing.

P rof E believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E is professional and art robinson resume reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper. Though this is merely a superficial element of essay writing, its importance is undeniable, as many established documenting styles provide recommendations for the format of any academic paper. The American Psychological Association, APA, also has suggestions for your APA college essay format .

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Macronutrients Essays and Research Papers. Introduction The purpose of deffition, this experiment is to public define and classify macronutrients identify macronutrients in solutions of . unknown composition, perform chemical testing methods on foods to essay test for the presence of macronutrients , and jules verne, recognize experimental controls. Nutrients are divided into two categories, micronutrients and macronutrients . Micronutrients are required in small quantities and deffition, include vitamins and trace minerals. Macronutrients are required daily in large quantities and include carbohydrates. Experiment , Glucose , Metabolism 897 Words | 4 Pages. Macronutrients and Micronutrients. Macronutrients and Micronutrients Compare/contrast Essay What are Micronutrients and Macronutrients and and contrast two famous people, why are they . essential to the human body? In my efforts of exploring macro and micronutrients the goal that I will be focusing on will be to extended deffition essay explain what each nutrient is, as well as give examples of each as well as examine why they are essential to the human body. In my efforts of exploring macro and micronutrients the goal will be to public identify the types of both and the reasons why they are.

Essential nutrient , Immune system , Metabolism 1051 Words | 3 Pages. Plants utilize nutrition in the form of inorganic minerals for growth and development. Plant nutrients can be divided into two groups and these are . macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are elements required by plants in relatively large quantities and these include Carbon (C), hydrogen (H), oxygen (O), phosphorus (P), potassium(K), nitrogen (N), sulfur (S), magnesium (Mg) and calcium (Ca) (D.R. Deffition! Decotean, 2005). These elements play different but equally important roles in plant growth. Adenosine triphosphate , Cell wall , Chlorophyll 1568 Words | 5 Pages. Dietary Reference Intakes: Macronutrients Nutrient Function Carbohydrate— RDA based on its Total digestible role as the primary energy . Art Robinson Resume! source for the brain; AMDR based on its role as a source of kilocalories to maintain body weight Life Stage Group Infants 0?6 mo 7?12 mo b ND ND 130 130 45-65 45-65 Males 9?13 y 14?18 y 19?30 y 31-50 y 50-70 y 70 y 130 130 130 130 130 130 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 130 130 130 130 130 130 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 45-65 175 175 45-65.

Amino acid , Dietary Reference Intake , Essential nutrient 3178 Words | 5 Pages. Macronutrients: Nutrition and Carbohydrates. Macronutrients supply our body with energy and are necessary for survival. I found that there are four macronutrients . Extended Deffition Essay! our body needs for survival; they are as follows carbohydrates, fats, proteins, and water. Carbohydrates are available as starches, fiber, and art robinson, various sugars. Sugar provides energy but contains no essential nutrients.

According to McKinley Health Center, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign. Carbohydrates are necessary macronutrients we need in. Amino acid , Carbohydrate , Digestion 891 Words | 3 Pages. Macronutrients: Nutrition and extended, Carbohydrates. Compare/Contrast Macronutrients In today’s society everyone is looking for the next best thing, there are all kinds of fad diets out . there that are consistently making outrageous promises to consumers. The latest in the fad diet trend is the “Low Carbohydrate/High Protein” diet.

To break it down simply proteins are needed to help the of education essay body to grow and extended deffition, repair while carbohydrates provide energy. Both are needed in order for a person to remain healthy, which is art robinson, why fad diets that promote one. Carbohydrate , Diets , Glucose 1045 Words | 3 Pages. Animal Nutrition: Distinguish Macronutrients and Micronutrients. of nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, fiber, minerals, protein, vitamin, and water.

These nutrient classes can be categorized as . either macronutrients (needed in relatively large amounts) or micronutrients (needed in smaller quantities). The macronutrients are carbohydrates, fats, fiber, proteins, and water. Extended Deffition! The micronutrients are minerals and and contrast people essay, vitamins. The macronutrients (excluding fiber and water) provide structural material (amino acids from which proteins are built, and extended deffition essay, lipids from quotes in an, which cell membranes. Essential fatty acid , Fat , Fatty acid 2463 Words | 7 Pages. Macronutrients and Obesity: Revisiting the Calories in, Calories out Framework. Macronutrients and Obesity: Revisiting the Calories in, Calories out extended essay Framework July 19, 2013 Daniel Riera-Crichtona and Nathan Tefftb . Abstract: Recent clinical research has studied weight responses to varying diet composition, but the essay contribution of extended deffition essay, changes in macronutrient intake and physical activity to rising population weight remains unknown. Research on the economics of obesity typically assumes a “calories in, calories out” framework, but a richer weight production model separating. Adipose tissue , Body mass index , Calorie 9640 Words | 112 Pages.

nutrients are classified into two on the basis of quantity required, such as – (a) Macronutrient and (b) Micronutrient . Quotes In An Essay Apa! Macronutrient The elements which are required in relatively large quantity are called macronutrient . The names of extended essay, macronutrients are given below: (1) Carbon , (2) Oxygen, (3) Hydrogen, (4) Nitrogen, (5) Phosphorus, (6) Potassium , (7) Calcium, (8) Magnesium, (9) Sulphur Macronutrient The elements which are required in small quantity are called micronutrient. The. Fertilizer , Manure , Micronutrient 871 Words | 4 Pages. SCI 220 WEEK 2 Three Day Food Intake. achieved. The recommendation to art robinson resume increase the percentage of the overall essential nutrients would be to increase serving sizes as well as take supplemental . vitamins to compensate for the difference. The macronutrients recorded were in acceptable range except for extended the lipids.

When the macronutrients are low the best solution would be to supplement the resume verne body with a meal replacement shake. Extended Deffition! The meal replacement shake is high in protein, carbohydrates and healthy lipids. The “beach body’s Meal Replacement. Amino acid , Essential amino acid , Essential nutrient 1114 Words | 4 Pages. boost the immune system, improve concentration, increase energy, maintain a healthy weight, and slow down the effects of aging. Macronutrients . Paper Places! are nutrients that provide energy for the body.

There are three macronutrients the body needs on a daily basis, carbohydrates, protein, and lipids (fats). Extended Essay! Since “macro” means large, the body needs large amounts of research paper, macronutrients in order to function properly. Deffition Essay! Using the iProfile 3 I recorded my food intake for three days. Using the tools provided on iProfile. Dietary fiber , Eating , Fat 838 Words | 3 Pages. examination to two famous assess the composition (the amount of fat and muscle) and functioning of the body, and deffition, orders laboratory tests to citing measure the nutrient content . of extended deffition essay, blood and tissues. Role Empowerment! Generally, nutrients are divided into two classes: macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients , which include proteins, fats, carbohydrates, and extended essay, some minerals, are required daily in large quantities.

They constitute the bulk of the diet and supply the resume verne energy and building blocks needed for growth, maintenance, and activity. Essential fatty acid , Fat , Fatty acid 874 Words | 3 Pages. ? Macronutrients Report Macronutrients should be consumed in large amounts to sustain a healthy lifestyle. . Essay! Macronutrients consist of the following: carbohydrates, lipids, and protein. In Chapters 4, 5, and and contrast two famous, 6 the macronutrients affect our energy in metabolism and help maintain our cells and tissues healthy. The first macronutrient I learned about was carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are made up of extended deffition essay, carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Carbohydrates are come from role of education in women, plants and provide our bodies with good energy. Digestion , Enzyme , Glucose 866 Words | 3 Pages. Appetite is the external drive that encourages us to find and extended deffition, eat food. Related to pleasant sensations associated with food.

Fats are considered both B. . Macronutrients and Organic A. Micronutrients and Inorganic B. Macronutrients and Organic C. Macronutrients and Inorganic D. Essay Of Over! Micronutrients and Organic Define macronutrients Macronutrients are needed in extended essay large amounts in the body. Research Places! If a fudge brownie has 11 grams of carbohydrates, 3 grams of protein and 8 grams of fat. Extended Deffition Essay! How many calories. Eating , Essential nutrient , Food 504 Words | 3 Pages. directly effects one’s health either short term, long term, or both. On Impact Of Over Population! Being more aware of the types of foods you eat and ensuring a healthy balanced diet are . ways to improve health. Completing this assignment allowed a closer view at recorded intake, macronutrient ranges, fiber intake ranges, and possible dietary modifications.

The foods recorded in my daily intake that provided protein were fried chicken, ham, ground beef, milk with added protein, and a protein shake. Foods providing carbohydrates that. Amino acid , Essential nutrient , Fat 711 Words | 3 Pages. Explain the concepts associated with nutritional health. provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life.” Nutrients can then be split up into 2 groups, micronutrients and . Essay! macronutrients . Macronutrients are proteins, fats and carbohydrates; they are called macronutrients as they are required in and contrast people large masses in order to fuel the body.

Micronutrients are vitamins and extended essay, minerals; unlike macronutrients they are required in smaller amounts, they are essential for the normal functioning of the body. There are also substances added to our. Body mass index , Essential nutrient , Food 751 Words | 3 Pages. carbohydrate, lipid, and protein compared to the suggestions of the DRI were not fully met. My usual recorded protein intake was 63g and the suggested intake . was 77g, which was based on art robinson resume, my body weight. Deffition Essay! My protein intake was within the acceptable macronutrient distribution range, but my usual recorded intake for carbohydrates was 286g, and suggested intake was 324g-468g (Jordan.T, 2011). My recorded intake of lipids was 87g, and quotes in an, the suggested was 64g-112g. Deffition Essay! My suggested intake for lipids was reach without. Carbohydrate , Eating , Food 1111 Words | 6 Pages. also a common term for a guideline of reference values used to assess and plan a healthy individual’s nutrient intake (Wardlaw et. Citing Quotes In An Essay! al., 2011, p. 60-61). Extended Deffition! . During a consecutive three-day period, protein intakes, carbohydrate intakes, lipid intakes, macronutrient intake ranges, fiber intake ranges, and citing quotes in an essay apa, dietary modifications are recorded and analyzed in iProfile. Recorded Protein, Carbohydrate, and Lipid Intakes Protein, Carbohydrate, Lipid Foods In my recorded daily intake, the foods consumed that.

Dieting , Food , Fruit 1368 Words | 4 Pages. HEALTHY FOOD . NUTRITION A healthy diet A poor diet NUTRIENTS MACRONUTRIENTS : MICRONUTRIENTS: carbohydrates fats essential fatty . acids protein water minerals vitamins fibers phytochemicals Macronutrients Carbohydrates Fat Essential fatty acids Protein Water Foods Rich in Water! It is important to drink water at the right time! Amazing Effect of Drinking Lemon Water on Empty Stomach! Micronutrients Minerals Macrominerals 1. Potassium () 2. Chlorine () 3. Sodium. Fat , Iron , Milk 297 Words | 24 Pages. recommended 52-91g. I was extremely surprised to discover that my macronutrient intake is sufficient.

Macronutrient intake is . important because they are the nutrients that provide us with calories or energy. “Macro” also means large so macronutrients are nutrients that are needed in large amounts for growth, metabolism, and essay, other important body functions (University of Illinois at resume jules verne, Urbana-Champaign, 2008). A deficiency of macronutrients can affect your health. Extended Deffition Essay! A person who does not consume enough protein. Essential amino acid , Fat , Fatty acid 1130 Words | 3 Pages. daily-recommended protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake did you achieve?

Were you surprised by the number? If your macronutrient intake is people, . Extended Essay! insufficient, what might you do to bring it into the recommended range? Provide specific recommendations. Resume! • Macronutrient intake ranges o Is macronutrient intake within the extended deffition recommended range important? What are the effects of too much or too little of a macronutrient ? What happens if you consistently eat too little protein? What happens if you eat too few carbohydrates. Acid , Amino acid , Biochemistry 768 Words | 4 Pages. Three Days Food-Intake My daily diet should contain a balance of proteins, carbohydrates (carbs), and lipids (collectively called . Citing In An Essay Apa! macronutrients ). Extended Essay! According to Kirby (2011), micronutrients are substances such as vitamins, and minerals that are essential for research smoking public healthy growth and developments. Deffition Essay! The body only requires small quantities of micronutrients and art robinson resume, without them serious problems can arise.

The role of essay, each micronutrient makes proteins, carbohydrates, and lipids equally important in my diet. Proteins. Energy , Fat , Glucose 889 Words | 3 Pages. classified according to the amounts of those required for the human body. Carbohydrate, protein, fat and water are termed macronutrients . . Macronutrients are nutrients that provide calories or energy. Nutrients are generally needed for growth, metabolism, and for other body functions. Since “macro” means large, macronutrients are needed in large amounts. Carbohydrates are the macronutrient that we need in the largest amounts.

According to the Dietary Reference Values (DRV), 45% - 65% of calories should. Carbohydrate , Digestion , Essential nutrient 1283 Words | 4 Pages. height and weight the resume average calorie intake one should consume for an entire day and not just at one meal. The macronutrients in this meal . Extended Deffition Essay! are carbohydrates at 366 grams, fiber at 6 grams, and protein at 36 grams. The recommended daily allowance of these macronutrients in grams are; carbohydrates 130 grams, fiber 130 grams, and verne, protein between 52-60 grams. The amounts of these macronutrients in this meal are over and or contribute to most of the essay recommended daily allowance for any one person; this in.

Fast food , Fast food restaurant , Hamburger 1301 Words | 5 Pages. What impact does nutrition have on our health and athletic performance? vegetables, but due to the very nature of micronutrients, many athletes fulfill their daily requirement through supplements and sports drinks. Verne! . Macronutrients While water and micronutrients are the oils and fluids that keep the engine running smooth, macronutrients is the deffition gasoline which is resume jules verne, ultimately the main energy source. Three main macronutrients exist: carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. Carbohydrates are what our body utilizes the extended deffition most. There are two kinds of carbohydrates, complex and. Amino acid , Fat , Metabolism 663 Words | 3 Pages. dairy products; however the and contrast essay macronutrient distribution report states that I am at an average of 50% of my carbohydrate intake, 20% of protein . intake and 31% of total fat intake. Extended Essay! Perhaps I need to resume consume little more meat products to deffition higher my protein intake. The importance of macronutrient intake is places, vital for the growth and extended essay, metabolism within our body.

Macronutrient are nutrients that are needed in large amounts and the effects of research smoking places, too much or too little macronutrients can range from not having enough. Essential nutrient , Fat , Fatty acid 1272 Words | 4 Pages. become complementary. Extended Deffition! This fact is citing quotes essay apa, very important because it contributes to extended deffition a well balanced diet which is necessary for art robinson health, longevity, and overall . well-being. Macronutrients were below the recommended range on the days recorded. The intake of macronutrients within the recommended range is highly important, because macronutrients contribute greatly to energy levels and support of extended deffition essay, body systems. “As nutrients such as glucose and amino acids are absorbed, their concentrations in blood rise, as. Carbohydrate , Eating , Food 1033 Words | 3 Pages. Research Paper on How Plants Absorb Nutrients. starch is what the plant uses for food. There are thirteen “mineral” nutrients that are dissolved in water in the soil and absorbed through the essay on impact population roots. . There are two groups of the mineral nutrients; macronutrients and essay, micronutrients.

Macronutrients are nutrients needed in large amounts. Macronutrients can be further broken down into research public two groups; primary and secondary. Extended Deffition Essay! “The primary nutrients are nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K). These major nutrients usually are lacking from the soil. Liquid , Nutrient , Nutrition 1228 Words | 4 Pages. for a body to function. Citing! The main function of micronutrients is to essay enable many chemical reactions to occur in the body.

Micronutrients are essential elements . Research Paper! needed by life in extended deffition essay small quantities. Macronutrients A macronutrient is compare people, nutrients that can provide calories or energy. There are three main macronutrients which are Carbohydrates, Protein and fats which are all needed to be able to do activities. Carbohydrates includes sugars and starches. They serve as a major energy source in the diet. Extended! Proteins. Digestion , Digestive system , Liver 2281 Words | 7 Pages. Alternatives Meat and Alternatives Discussion: The relationship to Health Canada’s DRI tables and how dietary changes are to art robinson be made using . Canada’s Food Guide Average caloric intake Average grams and deffition essay, calories of macronutrients Percentage of calories from macronutrients Vitamins and minerals in deficit (less than 90%) or excess (approaching UL, if available) Food items and compare two famous people essay, serving sizes to deffition improve diet Carbohydrates (45-65%) in in an apa range, above or below Protein (10-35%) Fat (20-35%) . Cereal , Cooking , Food 580 Words | 4 Pages.

NTR100- Exam #1 Study Guide Review the following terms/concepts: Chapter 1 1. Calories per extended deffition essay, gram of each macronutrient , including . alcohol and food sources of jules verne, each 2. Sign/Symptoms of alcohol poisoning 3. Extended Deffition! Most common chronic diseases that nutrition plays a role or has a strong nutritional component 4. AMDR, EER, AI, UL, EAR 5. Fat/Water soluble vitamins 6. Difference between nutrients that provide calories and those that do not 7. Moderate alcohol intake vs. binge drinking . Essential nutrient , Food , Health 543 Words | 5 Pages. constituents of food are called macronutrients and micronutrients. Of Over Population! Macronutrients are the major sources of energy and building . materials for humans, while micronutrients are only required in relatively small amounts. Micronutrients can be found in vitamins, minerals and extended deffition, trace elements, and are still required in sufficient amounts to resume ensure proper functioning of all body cells. In addition, micronutrients, like water, do not provide energy. The majority of macronutrients are essential nutrients for deffition essay life. Carbohydrate , Essential fatty acid , Fatty acid 1343 Words | 4 Pages.

whatever we desire and not suffer any negative side effects. Our bodies and minds are not perfect says Pollan, and he argues about resume, how widely we think . that a “healthy” diet is one that is low in fat, or carbohydrates, or low in some other macronutrient while being high in extended essay another. Pollan will critique Maxfield claims in how “Culturally we resist these scientific findings”, that people can be fat and healthy, “in favor of a perspective that considers fatness fatal and thinness immortal. Dieting , Eating , Fast food 885 Words | 5 Pages. The Biogeochemical Cycles of Earth. reused by every living thing on the earth. And then there is the compare two famous essay oxygen cycle. The cycle where oxygen is used, broken apart by animals. Deffition! It is citing quotes apa, then restored . to the globe when it is remade in the respiration cycle of plants.

Micronutrient and Macronutrients interact or move along with theses cycles, supplying nourishment to the plants and animals that rely on these cycles for deffition essay their very life. Both of the nutrients are necessary for health and of education in women empowerment, life, but each one has a varied role. Micronutrients. Earth , Life , Nitrogen 1061 Words | 4 Pages. calorie intake when averaged daily. The macronutrient intake for the college student was sufficient for both protein and lipids. Deffition Essay! A dietician . would recommend that this college student eats more cereals, breads, pasta, and brown rice to empowerment essay increase his carbohydrates to the daily minimum of 45%. He was surprised with the carbohydrates results and will request advice from a dietician.

The college student has a better understanding that the balance of macronutrients in his diet will provide the body with. Blood sugar , Eating , Essential nutrient 1044 Words | 3 Pages. daily-recommended protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake did you achieve? Were you surprised by the number? If your macronutrient intake is . Extended Essay! insufficient, what might you do to citing quotes in an essay bring it into the recommended range? Provide specific recommendations. Macronutrient intake ranges Is macronutrient intake within the recommended range important? What are the effects of too much or too little of a macronutrient ? What happens if you consistently eat too little protein? What happens if you eat too few carbohydrates. Cheese , Diet , Food 1057 Words | 5 Pages.

Balanced Nutrient Ratios Diet History: Balanced nutrient ratio diets hit the extended deffition scene in the mid to late 1990’s. Instead of cutting out role in women essay fat or carbs . completely this theory suggests that you eat each major macronutrient at approximately the same ratio. Deffition Essay! The most common style was to consume 30% of your calories from fat, 30% from protein and 40% from carbs. Research Paper Smoking Public! This was a drastic change from the mainstream diet advice of extended deffition essay, approximately 70% carbohydrate diet mixed with 10% protein and 20% fat. Considering.

Carbohydrate , Dieting , Eating 1062 Words | 3 Pages. using foods with a better micronutrient balance, micronutrients are those nutritional items needed in small quantities for paper smoking example noting that one needs to . increase their protein ( macronutrient ) intake, the micronutrients outlines specifically which proteins are needed. Previously I was more focused on the macronutrient composition, this served an elementary guide to my meals but more of a specific focus needs to be on the micronutrient for a higher over all benefit of the limit diet I can partake. Carbohydrate , Diet , Exercise 801 Words | 3 Pages. body with energy for various functions like beating of heart, activity of deffition, muscles and art robinson resume, brain.

In addition the body needs vitamins, and minerals for deffition essay it’s . optimal functioning. Resume! The importance of balanced diet are: * Optimal macronutrient intake * Total macronutrient intake * Hydration * Eat varied diet gt;gt;gt; Picture of balance diet What is good posture? Posture is the extended position in which you hold your body upright against gravity while standing, sitting or lying down. 19th century , Aroma compound , Essential oil 686 Words | 3 Pages. range with the DRI recommendations. To avoid illness or poor health, this part of my diet should be carefully monitored and modified. According to ., macronutrients such as carbohydrates, protein and fat (or lipids) are essential for growth, health and immune function. Jules! “Too little or too much of any of these macronutrients may result in poor health and essay, a variety of diseases” ( Protein is important for growth and provides amino acids with are very important for building. Burger King , Eating , Fast food 954 Words | 3 Pages. to nutrition science in the kitchen. The macronutrients , Carbohydrates, Fats, and Proteins will be studied thoroughly with attention to art robinson resume its . chemical nature, physical properties, nutritional composition, and basic physiology.

The study of extended deffition essay, each macronutrient will include practices and experiments in various cooking methods, and resume jules, their use in cooking Emphasis will also be given to safe food handling and extended, preparation techniques. Applications of the compare and contrast two famous macronutrients in extended the kitchen will include preparation. 1967 , 1980 , 1988 960 Words | 6 Pages. effects of sweetened beverages, including juice! It is interesting to learn that the thirst and hunger mechanisms are completely different. Fad diets are . also discussed.

Most fad diets advise to eliminate one of the macronutrients , but in reality you need to equally reduce all three macronutrients and eat a balanced meal to maintain weight loss. The Set Point phenomena regarding how two people with the same current weight may have different caloric and metabolic needs is discussed. A gastric bypass surgery. Bariatric surgery , Diabetes mellitus , Hypertension 747 Words | 2 Pages. ?1.

INTRODUCTION Research Topic A comparative study of macronutrient intake between Indonesians 16-18 from two different socio-economic groups . and their links to malnutrition Research Question Is there a significant difference between macronutrient intakes of Indonesians with a high and research, low socio-economic status (SES) in Jakarta, Indonesia? Reasons For Choice of Topic During the essay course of the citing quotes International Baccalaureate program, I was privileged to be able to participate in one of the extended essay CAS projects. Carbohydrate , Food , Indonesia 3422 Words | 17 Pages. Utilization of Biodegradable Kitchen Wastes Into Organic Fertilizer Using Earthworms. additional research material in using earthworms as agents for essay on impact population decomposition of extended, organic wastes. It aims to provide better and simpler means of waste disposal . while producing something useful -- organic fertilizer. This research only tested the macronutrient contents of the harvested earthworm castings and compared them with those of other organic fertilizers. This study, however, did not include tests for micronutrient contents and, other qualities of the castings produced. Also this-study did not.

Earthworm , Fertilizer , Lumbricidae 1239 Words | 4 Pages. as a result of of education in women empowerment essay, synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use.[4] Fertilizers typically provide, in varying proportions: six macronutrients : nitrogen . Extended Deffition Essay! (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and sulfur (S); eight micronutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) (1987). The macronutrients are consumed in larger quantities and are present in plant tissue in quantities from 0.15% to 6.0% on a dry matter (DM). Ammonia , Ammonium nitrate , Fertilizer 784 Words | 3 Pages. (EAR), Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA), Adequate Intakes (AI), and Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (UL). b. Explain the role of education Estimated Energy . Deffition Essay! Requirement (EER) and how it is verne, used to maintain energy balance. c. Discuss the Acceptable Macronutrient Distribution Ranges (AMDR) and how they relate to a healthy diet. d. Utilize the DRI in deffition essay the assessment of a healthy individual. 1.5 Explain how the four assessment methods are used to detect energy and nutrient deficiencies and excesses. Chronic , Dietary Reference Intake , Essential nutrient 1185 Words | 6 Pages. nutrients: carbohydrates, fats, minerals, protein, vitamins, and water.

These nutrient classes can be categorized as either macronutrients . (needed in paper smoking public places relatively large amounts) or micronutrients (needed in smaller quantities). The macronutrients include carbohydrates (including fiber), fats, protein, and water. The micronutrients are minerals and vitamins. The macronutrients (excluding fiber and water) provide structural material (amino acids from extended essay, which proteins are built, and of education empowerment, lipids from which cell. Biochemistry , Digestion , Metabolism 989 Words | 3 Pages. Organic nutrients include carbohydrates, fats, proteins (or their building blocks, amino acids), and vitamins. Inorganic chemical compounds such as dietary . Extended! minerals,water, and oxygen may also be considered nutrients. - Macro vs. Research Smoking Places! micronutrients - macronutrients include carbohydrates, proteins, fats water while micronutrients are vitamins and minerals. - Energy content of macro-nutrients - Carbohydrates - 4kcal/g- Primary source of fuel for the body especially for the brain, CNS and deffition, RBC's. Smoking Places! require. Carbohydrate , Essential nutrient , Glucose 910 Words | 4 Pages.

Alternative Fertilzer made from left-over food. as a result of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer use.[5] Fertilizers typically provide, in extended varying proportions: six macronutrients : nitrogen . (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K), calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg), and sulfur (S); eight micronutrients: boron (B), chlorine (Cl), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn) and nickel (Ni) (1987). The macronutrients are consumed in larger quantities and resume, are present in plant tissue in quantities from 0.15% to 6.0% on a dry matter (0%. Ammonia , Fertilizer , Humus 1083 Words | 4 Pages. exception, In the Zone you'll enjoy optimal body function: Freedom from hunger, greater energy and physical performance, as well as improved mental focus . and productivity, says Barry Sears, creator of the Zone. What is the deffition essay Zone Diet? Macronutrients are simply protein, carbohydrates, and fat. The diet's plan suggests 40 percent of compare two famous essay, your daily food intake come from carbohydrates, 30 percent from protein, and 30 percent from fat. The book will help you to calculate the daily grams of protein.

Adipose tissue , Dieting , Glucose 768 Words | 3 Pages. TMA 01 Y178 Task 1 Part A To maintain good health, you need a regular intake of nutrients. Nutrients take the extended deffition essay form of two substances; . macronutrients and quotes in an apa, micronutrients. Macronutrients are made up of carbohydrates, proteins and fat. Large amounts are needed.

Carbohydrates are divided into deffition two categories; simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are sugar molecules that provide a quick realise of energy, they are easily broken down. Complex carbohydrates take longer to research paper smoking places break down and are either. Cancer , Genetic disorder , Heart 729 Words | 3 Pages. food (No one food provides all essential nutrients) Three major functions: 1. Providing energy for body processes movement 2. Extended Essay! Providing structural . material for body tissues 3. Regulating body processes Essential Nutrients Water Macronutrients Carbohydrates Protein Fats Micronutrients Vitamins Minerals Carbohydrates Composed carbon (C), hydrogen (H) oxygen (O) - simple sugars, starches fibre Essential for provision of art robinson resume, energy to cells Make up approximately 45?65%. Carbohydrate , Digestion , Glucose 336 Words | 3 Pages. Describe Some Psychological Factors That Are Influences on the Health of the Individual. nutrients it need to extended essay carry out compare and contrast its functions. Extended! Nutrients the body needs are divided into two groups Macronutrients and Micronutrients. Essay Population! . Extended Deffition Essay! Macronutrients are Carbohydrate simple or complex, needed for energy, are found in fruit and pasta. Proteins for growth and repair are found in meats and citing essay, nuts.

Fat for deffition energy and immune system are found in oils and oily fish. The body needs lager amounts of these macronutrients . Micronutrients are Vitamins divided into jules Fat Soluble (Vitamin A, D, E and K) and Water Soluble. Belief , Emotion , Need 997 Words | 4 Pages. protein, carbohydrate, and lipid intake did you achieve? Were you surprised by the number? If your macronutrient intake is insufficient, what . might you do to bring it into the recommended range? Provide specific recommendations. Macronutrient intake ranges * Is macronutrient intake within the recommended range important? What are the effects of too much or too little of a macronutrient ? What happens if you consistently eat too little protein?

What happens if you eat too few carbohydrates. Biochemistry , Carbohydrate , Eating 416 Words | 2 Pages. regular exercise. A Balanced and healthy diet according to the NHS Choices (2013), Truswell (1999) and Sattar Lean (2009) should consist of deffition, a variety of . Research Paper Places! macronutrients and micronutrient. Deffition Essay! Macronutrients are carbohydrates, protein, amino acids, fat, cholesterols, fibre and research paper smoking places, water. The eatwell plate (Figure1) shows the quantity of each macronutrient is required. It is necessary to deffition essay have these nutrients in our diet as they are ‘used to build and repair body cell, create hormones, neurotransmitters’ and.

Adipose tissue , Calorie restriction , Diets 1621 Words | 5 Pages. Energy expenditure, intake and balance. factors that affect intake and art robinson, expenditure such as basal metabolism, age, gender, climate and extended deffition, physical activity. Of Education In Women Empowerment Essay! Food is a source of energy intake as it . contains carbohydrates; there main function is to essay store energy in the muscles. Carbs are a macronutrient and come in two different forms, simple which are foods like chocolate and research places, sweets these release energy quickly, the other form is complex which are foods like pasta and rice they release energy slower so are better to extended deffition essay keep energy for a sustained. Adipose tissue , Body fat percentage , Fat 1861 Words | 6 Pages. athletic success. Nutrition provides the on impact of over population energy for sporting events, the nutrients for muscle growth, and deffition, overall performance.

Nutrition allows for art robinson resume optimal . Essay! body fat for our sport as well. Let's start with the guidelines: The Macronutrients Protein: This is the main macronutrient athletes should be concerned with. Protein helps build muscle, and help protein synthesis. This is prevalent in meats and dairy products. Carbohydrate: This is a main energy source for role of education the body. No, carbohydrates are not diabolically. Carbohydrate , Fat , Glucose 1834 Words | 7 Pages. the basal metabolism, voluntary intake, maintaining a balance between livestock numbers and available forage and deffition essay, the nutritional deficiency. In Women! Main points . * Nutrients classes There are seven classes of nutrients divided into two main types.

Macronutrients include carbohydrates, fats, proteins, fibre and water. Micronutrients include vitamins and minerals. * The basal metabolism The basal metabolism is essay, refers to the differences between the animal ages, sexes and body composition. The nutrition. Basal metabolic rate , Energy , Livestock 2140 Words | 7 Pages. Introduction to Nutrition Science Chapter 1. aged food, people call food energy as “calories” when they really mean kilocalories. . The only nutrients that provide energy are carbohydrate, fats/oils, and resume verne, protein. These nutrients are needed in large amounts and as a result are called macronutrients . Although alcohol does contain calories, it cannot regulate body function or support repair and maintenance of tissue. In fact the body handles alcohol (ETOH) as a toxin. Calculating Nutrient Energy Values Nutrient kcal/gram . Calorie , Dietary Reference Intake , Essential nutrient 2755 Words | 4 Pages. biogeochemical cycles.

A nutrient is a chemical that organisms need to live and grow and are substances an organism's uses for metabolism which must be taken . in from its environment that enrich the deffition essay organism. Two types of compare and contrast two famous, nutrients are macronutrients and extended, micronutrients. Of Education In Women Empowerment Essay! Macronutrients are needed in large quantities while micronutrients are needed in smaller quantities. A biogeochemical cycle moves chemical element between living, and nonliving parts in the environment. I will describe the water cycle, explaining.

Biogeochemical cycle , Earth , Evaporation 496 Words | 2 Pages.

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Action Verbs #8212; By Skills Categories. Remember to extended deffition essay, use the resume verne below action verbs when describing your skills and accomplishments in a resume or cover letterby doing so, you’ll maximize the essay effectiveness of research paper smoking places your accomplishments, and make potential employers take notice. Deffition Essay! Be sure to use these action verbs in their proper context. Resume Verne! Always use action verbs in the past tense when describing responsibilities and accomplishments from a previous job . Extended Deffition! Here’s an example: Trained, led, and supervised a team of content editors in the development, structuring, and writing of online classes. Always use action verbs in the present tense when describing responsibilities and accomplishments in research smoking places a current job . Remember, these are leads words that start off each descriptive bullet point of a job description. Extended Essay! Train, lead, and supervise a team of content editors in the development, structuring, and two famous people essay, writing of extended deffition essay online classes. Addressed Advertised Arbitrated Arranged Articulated Authored Clarified Collaborated Communicated Composed Condensed Conferred Consulted Contacted Conveyed Convinced Corresponded Debated Defined Developed Directed Discussed Drafted Edited Elicited Enlisted Explained Expressed Formulated Furnished Incorporated Influenced Interacted Interpreted Interviewed Involved Joined Judged Lectured Listened Marketed Mediated Moderated Negotiated Observed Outlined Participated Persuaded Presented Promoted Proposed Publicized Reconciled Recruited Referred Reinforced Reported Resolved Responded Solicited Specified Spoke Suggested Summarized Synthesized Translated Wrote. Acted Adapted Began Combined Composed Conceptualized Condensed Created Customized Designed Developed Directed Displayed Drew Entertained Established Fashioned Formulated Founded Illustrated Initiated Instituted Integrated Introduced Invented Modeled Modified Originated Performed Photographed Planned Revised Revitalized Shaped Solved. Administered Adjusted Allocated Analyzed Appraised Assessed Audited Balanced Budgeted Calculated Computed Conserved Corrected Determined Developed Estimated Forecasted Managed Marketed Measured Netted Planned Prepared Programmed Projected Qualified Reconciled Reduced Researched Retrieved Slashed Sliced. Adapted Advocated Aided Answered Arranged Assessed Assisted Clarified Coached Collaborated Contributed Cooperated Counseled Demonstrated Diagnosed Educated Encouraged Ensured Expedited Facilitated Familiarized Furthered Guided Helped Insured Intervened Motivated Prevented Provided Referred Rehabilitated Represented Resolved Simplified Supplied Supported Volunteered.

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Film Noir: A Study in Narrative Openings, Part 1. Film noir is extended deffition, one of those filmic terms which critics lovingly use, but if forced to could not give a unified meaning. Resume! Like other borrowed terms (mise en scene, genre, realism), when applied to extended deffition essay film the definition becomes hazy. Film noir has been referred to essay on impact of over population as a genre, a cycle, a movement, a mood, and a style. Extended Essay! In a more recent study James Naremore refers to film noir as belonging to a history of “ideas” tied to “commercial strategies and aesthetic ideologies,” an idea we have “projected into art robinson resume the past” (as a retro genre term, like horror, which is usually referred to critically prior to its use by the industry as a term, i.e. pre-1930). Those referring to extended it as a genre are inclusive, stretching the definition to include contemporary films ( Chinatown , Roman Polanski, 1974, Night Moves , Arthur Penn, 1975, Body Heat , Lawrence Kasdan, 1981, Dead Again , Kenneth Branagh, 1991), The Last Seduction , John Dahl, 1994, The Usual Suspects , Bryan Singer, 1995, Bound , Andy, Larry Wachowski, 1996, L.A. Quotes In An Essay Apa! Confidential , Curt Hanson, 1997, and The Black Dahlia , Brian De Palma, 2006); those referring to it as a cycle or movement are exclusive, restricting the films to a specific period (usually somewhere between the years 1940 and 1960). Within this group there is a further distinction, with some critics being more inclusive than others. When defined as a mood the films are selected cross generically ( The Lost Weekend , Billy Wilder, 1945/The Problem Picture, Leave Her to deffition Heaven , John Stahl, 1945/Melodrama, Val Lewton’s nine RKO films from 1942 to 1946/Horror, Pursued , Raoul Walsh, 1947/Western, Beat the Devil , John Huston, 1954/Comedy, Bladerunner , Ridley Scott, 1982/Science Fiction, Sin City , Tarantino/Rodriguez 2005/Science-Fiction/Animation.

If one were to make a list of citing essay apa, every film referred to as film noir by one critic or another the total would certainly exceed 300. My predilection is to define film noir as a specific period, a movement, between the years 1940 and 1958, which gives weighted balance to social/cultural issues and industry factors (post-World War 2 malaise/uncertainty, changes in the family structure, Cold War paranioa, exodus of extended, German/Austrian talent to the US during the rise of Nazism, etc.). There is little reason to role empowerment essay go over this area since it has been treaded over to extended essay death. It is important, however, in my structural account of film noir openings, to discuss it in an historical context. I have decided to narrow my area of study to the years 1940 to 1950 –which could be considered as the classic period (or moment) of compare and contrast two famous people essay, film noir. Essay! My reason here is that this period is resume, more representative of the classic film noir because it remains closer to its original sources and impetus and had not yet attained the extended essay status of retro/neo-noir. (See Paul Schrader’s seminal article on the film noir for a list of the motivational factors and phases.) Discussing the films in context implies a consideration of film noir’s relationship to of over classical Hollywood cinema. In analyzing the films closely various common schemata became apparent. Extended Essay! Contextualizing them only seemed natural.

My decision to resume verne study film noir openings was not approached a priori but discovered itself when a concerted viewing of over forty film noir revealed a pattern of forceful and emphatic openings. Therefore the aim of the extended deffition essay essay is not only to contextualize film noir but to add insight into role in women empowerment its aesthetic by approaching film noir in a new and (hopefully) illuminating way. Extended! I will elaborate on my definition of “opening” a little later. To define film noir as classical or anti-classical is a risky endeavor. A case in point is David Bordwell’s writings on the subject. According to his unbiased sampling of 100 classical films only 20% of classical cinema employs the flashback, and usually for brief exposition ( The Classical Hollywood Cinema , p.42). Resume! How does film noir fit in to this model? Realizing Bordwell’s shifting paradigm which allows for large variances of extended, “bound alternatives,” both linear and non-linear narrative structures are to be considered as part of the classical style. [1]

This is understandable, since both linear and non linear narrative structure have appeared in classical cinema, but it is also apparent that the flashback structure is citing quotes in an essay, used more often, and elaborately, in the film noir. Hence it is a schemata more common to deffition essay the film noir than, say, the comedy. Compare Two Famous Essay! Does this make film noir less classical? Bordwell discusses film noir under the section “Bounds of Difference” and lists four ways in which film noir is seen to challenge classical cinema ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.76). He then states his belief that these four elements are not really anti- classical but exist on the most extreme side of the bound alternatives. He concludes: “These films blend causal unity with a new realistic and generic motivation, and the result no more subverts the extended classical film than crime fiction undercuts the orthodox novel” (p.77). In his book Narration in the Fiction Film he is even clearer on this:

In sum, film noir is not outside the pale, as many of its admirers prefer to think. It is of over population, a clearly codified option within classicism, a unified set of syuzhet tactics and stylistic features no more disruptive of classical principles than the deffition essay conventions of art robinson, genres like the musical or the melodrama (p.198). I agree with Bordwell in this respect. Although certain noir elements may strain classical form they remain codified. Therefore the extended motivation for the deviant schemata still falls under one of the four pertaining to classical cinema: compositional, realistic, intertextual, or artistic ( The Hollywood Classical Cinema , p.19). Art Robinson Resume! The elements which diverge most from classical style fall under the most common type of intertextual motivation: generic. Deffition Essay! Hence a typical downbeat noir ending is no more anti-classical than the song and dance which interupts the narrative in compare and contrast two famous people essay a musical or the direct camera address in the 1930s ‘Anarchistic comedy’ (according to Henry Jenkins, a form of comedy derived from the ‘Vaudeville Aesthetic’). So why is deffition, it that film noir is art robinson, seen by many as a challenge to classical style? The answer lies in an earlier comment: that most noir schemata exist on extended the most extreme side of the ‘bound alternative.’ Take for example film noir’s consistent and complex use of the flashback, its (at times) baffling narrative structure, its intricate and symbol laden lighting patterns, compositions, and role of education in women, camera movements, its ambiguous morality, and its assault on deffition clearly defined story/character motivation.

These elements remain within the bounds of compare and contrast essay, classicism because they are motivated realistically and generically, but they appear anti-classical because they counter the dominant style and hence force the extended deffition essay spectator to work harder by searching for paper smoking places, less used or more complex schemata. Also, although these schemata were not invented by film noir they do find their highest concentration within it. To quote Bordwell: Of course, the classical style defines certain spectatorial activities as salient, and the historical dominance of that style has so accustomed us to the activities that audiences may find other schemata more burdensome ( Classical , p.8). Bordwell’s inclusive system may lead one to ask the question, if indeed classicism encompasses such broad stylistic variance then is deffition essay, it really saying anything as a classification? Defining classical cinema is not an easy task. When dealing with such a vast body of work an exclusive method would result in too many omissions. The inclusive method, while saying less about individual films, remains the only system capable of managing such a vast undertaking.

I have accepted Bordwell’s system, faults and all, because of its implications. Research! Bordwell feels strongly that classical cinema is not as illusionistic and formulaic as many would believe. Watching classical cinema involves the spectator in deffition essay an active process where deductions and inferences are made based on incoming information. This is a participation necessary to the completion of the artwork. Art Robinson! Bordwell also believes, as I do, that despite film noir’s unified mood (in a general sense), it is extended, not as homogeneous a body of work as many critics would lead you to believe. An example is the role of education in women empowerment essay fine essay by J.A.

Place and L.S. Peterson, “Some Visual Motifs of the Film Noir which tends to homogenize the visual style of film noir (concentrating on lighting and extended essay, composition), while acknowledging that they are ‘diverse films’ that can not be grouped together through “pat political or sociological explanations” (p. 325). Bordwell’s definition of public places, classicism ranges far enough to include the baroque/mannerist strain of extended essay, any art form. Other genre critics, notably Jack Shadoian in Dreams and Dead Ends: The American Gangster/Crime Film and Tom Schatz in Hollywood Genres have discussed the evolutional quality inherent in film cycles and genres.

Each genre/cycle has various stages it undergoes, from the formative stage where conventions are realized, to essay population the classical stage where they are honed and perfected, to a baroque stage where formal and stylistic experimentation occurs, to a final reflexive and parodic stage. In a sense, Bordwell’s inclusive definition of classical cinema (all Hollywood films made between the years 1917 to essay 1960) can be understood through Noel Carroll’s reworking of George Dickie’s Institutional Theory of Art. Carroll states that something qualifies as a work of research paper, art if it can be appreciated as a repetition, amplification, or repudiation of an earlier artwork (1979). With respect to Bordwell any film which repeats, amplifies, or repudiates classicism, while remaining within the said parameters, belongs within the classical style. In effect, this becomes the bound alternative. In discussing classical narration Bordwell says: “Typically, the extended deffition essay opening and closing of the film are the most self conscious, omniscient, and resume jules verne, communicative passages” ( Narration in Fiction Film , p.160). Keeping in mind film noir’s tenuous relationship with classicism I aim to discuss the noir opening and how it is an amplification of the typical classical opening. All openings in classical narration are important, but in film noir they seem to take on an added importance, thereby remaining within the classical paradigm but amplifying it. The importance may rest on several levels: dramatic (quickly pulling us into the diegesis), narrational (retarding/withholding information or setting the story in motion), stylistic (setting the tone for the balance of the film), and thematic (revealing the themes and currents underlying the film).

Marc Vernet describes the extended deffition essay opening of film noirs as being marked by a disarming ‘quietude’ which seems paradoxical when compared to the violence and brutality which follows. In An Essay Apa! “Without doubt, this air of safety is more or less relative since one may identify the deffition essay distinctive traits of the film noir in paper smoking public places its very first images” (Vernet, p. 3). Of course not all film noirs come shooting out extended deffition essay of the starting gate. As is the case with any cluster of films there will always be divertions, exceptions, and inclusions which are less representative. To quote Jack Shadoian: The gangster/crime genre is an involved system of family relationships. Specific films tend to violate, extend, adapt, and sometimes dismiss the conventions that in art robinson resume part color and motor them even as they are evoked and put into play. (p. x) Returning to the earlier discussion of Bordwell’s broad definition of classicism, if you replace the extended deffition words “gangster/crime genre” with “classical Hollywood cinema” this quote serves the Bordwell/Carroll parallelism of repetition, amplification, and repudiation very well. Before beginning the analysis a definition of citing essay, what I mean by “opening” is in order. Extended Deffition Essay! In trying to come up with a working definition I attempted to keep it as simple and sensible as possible by allowing the openings to describe themselves. Essay! I came up with the essay following: an opening is the of education empowerment essay first completed action, event, or important exposition rendered by the film.

For example, the train ambush in White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949), the murders in The Dark Mirror (Robert Siodmak, 1948), and The Spiral Staircase (Robert Siodmak, 1946), the hired killing in This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942), and the pardoning of Roy Earle in High Sierra (Raoul Walsh, 1941). Although the variances are great in terms of essay, length (from 45 seconds to art robinson 17 minutes) and manner of extended deffition essay, assembly (one shot/several shots, one scene/several scenes) they are almost always clearly demarcated by fades, dissolves, or wipes and usually have a microcosmic Aristotlean structure (beginning, middle, and end and, yes Godard, in that order). In the majority of the films with a flashback structure the complete “prologue” leading to the flashback constitutes the opening. At times this meant having a lengthy opening, but for the following reason I felt this was inevitable: since the prologues functioned as complete sequences it seemed natural to keep them intact. Subsequently (with the exception of Knock on Any Door , Nicholas Ray, 1949) I could not find a comfortable “out” point.

What would become of the remaining portion of the prologue? The most difficult film to establish an opening for was Mildred Pierce (Michael Curtiz, 1945). The brief 35 second murder scene which opens the film may appear to be a cohesive scene, an opening, but the manner in which it fuses to of education essay the next scene, in tone and deffition, temporal order, suggests otherwise; and, once the subsequent scene begins it must be followed to its conclusion: the role essay beginning of the deffition flashback. It’s common knowledge that the beginning of a narrative must have a magnetic lure. In discussing the insulation and “public privacy” accorded to us by the darkened theatre house V.F. Perkins suggests that film is self consciously aware of the psychological distance between the film world and population, the real world “…by allowing the spectator time at the beginning and end of the extended deffition essay movie to shed and reassume his self consciousness” (Perkins, p.134). Indeed many films draw us into their world with slow, inviting camera movements, usually beginning from and contrast people afar and extended essay, then moving forward (sometimes in conjunction with dissolves), often literally bringing us into of education empowerment essay the diegesis through the frame of a window or door: The Bride of Frankenstein (James Whale, 1935), Journey Into Fear (Norman Foster, 1943), The Big Clock (John Farrow, 1948), Conflict (Curtis Bernhardt, 1945), Nocturne (Edwin L. Marin, 1946), Body and Soul (Robert Rossen, 1947), Night of the Hunter (Charles Laughton, 1955), Psycho (Alfred Hitchcock, 1960).

The dramatic pull of openings is in no better evidence than the film noir. Seeing film after film it became apparent that the emphatic opening is a film noir convention. (And my study did not include The Killers (Robert Siodmak, 1946), and Touch of Evil (Orson Welles, 1958)! Based on my findings the openings can be divided into four general types: Group A consists of films with a flashback structure. It is subdivided into two types: the framed flashback (Group A1), where we begin in the present, go to an extended flashback and then return to the conclusion in the present (the classic A B A structure), and the interspersed flashback (Group A2), where the narrative oscillates between the present and the past. The majority of the framed flashbacks are of the A B A variety. Essay! The transitions from present to quotes essay apa past and back are clearly demarcated by a dissolve, wipe, or fade, and from a story standpoint we never actually leave the initial location (a police station in D.O.A. , Rudolph Mate, 1949, The Dark Past , Rudolph Mate, 1948, and Murder, My Sweet , Edward Dmytryk, 1944, an armored truck in Criss Cross , Robert Siodmak, 1949, and a swimming pool in Sunset Boulevard , Billy Wilder, 1950) because the flashback has taken place inside a character’s mind. Although cued subjectively, by extended deffition essay, the lead protagonist, once the flashback begins the narration takes on citing an objective or omniscient point of view. As Bordwell says:

Character memory is simply a convenient immediate motivation for a shift in chronology; once the shift is accomplished, there are no constant cues to extended remind us that we are supposedly in someone’s mind. ( Classical , p.43) The variances within the second type, the interspersed, depend on the number of times the narration returns to the present. The slight variances from the A B A model will be mentioned in context. The films from Group B1 maintain a linear narrative in of education in women essay accordance with classical Hollywood style. All the deffition openings are revelatory in some way. At the least, they all introduce the lead protagonist in their milieu and/or dilemma. Many of them go further by revealing important emotional and psychological character traits and a few go a step further by interweaving them with the theme(s) of the film. In classical Hollywood style (if you want a message call Western Union) this is motivated by essay on impact of over population, the need to deffition start and move the story forward (narrationally). The films in Group B2 also have a linear structure but begin more emphatically with a highly expressive/stylistic opening which functions as a microcosmic prologue to the film’s style and/or theme(s) and currents. In these openings thematic and stylistic revelation dominate over art robinson resume character/story revelation. Since space prohibits a close reading of all the extended deffition essay openings I have selected one or two representative films from each group which I will discuss in depth in Part 1 of the essay ( The Dark Past , Sorry, Wrong Number , This Gun For Hire , White Heat , The Set-Up , The Letter ), and will then continue with a greater sampling of films treated in less detail, in the second part of this essay ( Journey Into Fear , Murder, My Sweet , The Strange Love of Martha Ivers , Body and Soul , Criss Cross , Champion , D.O.A. Essay! , Sunset Boulevard , Laura , Double Indemnity , Mildred Pierce , Out of the Past , Knock On Any Door , High Sierra , The Maltese Falcon , The Glass Key , Cornered , Scarlet Street , Gilda , The Stranger , The Big Sleep , The Lady From Shanghai , Key Largo , Caught , The Spiral Staircase , Notorious , The Dark Mirror , and The Asphalt Jungle . Extended Essay! The thrust of my analysis will be to describe the action and formal elements of the opening and interpret them in terms of stylistic and thematic intent.

Broken down, there are general questions I asked of all the openings: what can we infer from them and what is the art robinson resume driving motivation behind them? For the latter question I was guided by Bordwell’s system: 1) compositional: common sense elements which are required for a particular narrative to function, for extended deffition essay, example, “a story involving a theft requires a cause for the theft and an object to be stolen” (p. 19) 2) realistic: the plausability factor 3) intertextual: factors relating to the conventions operating within that type of art, with generic being the most common, and 4) artistic: when aspects of the art form call attention to itself through technical virtuosity, showmanship, or strategies that expose the ‘invisibility’ of classical style through reflexivity, parody, etc. (Classical, p.21-23). In support of and in addition to these motivational factors I employed a triad of broad semantic and syntactical parameters: narrational (when an citing essay apa element relates directly to the plot and its ordering), sensational (an element which is less concerned with plot than spectacle and exploitation), and reverberational (elements which are laid out for the expressed purpose of setting up (or foreshadowing) a mood, atmosphere, tone, or motif). [2] I am also indebted to the theoretical insights of E.H. Gombrich, Noel Carroll, and V.F. Perkins. Some of the more specific questions asked include: Is the opening reflexive? Does it have a symbolic or structural link to the conclusion?

What is the relationship between directorial and essay, generic style? From group A1 have selected Rudolph Mate’s The Dark Past (framed flashback) and Anatole Litvak’s Sorry, Wrong Number (interspersed flashbacks). Case Studies. Of Education Empowerment Essay! Group A1: Framed Flashback. The Dark Past (Rudolph Mate, 1948)

Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from an overhead shot of the city, to tall buildings, to extended deffition essay a crowd of people. The images are cued by L.J. Cobb’s (Dr. Andrew Collins) voice-over narration. The camera follows people boarding a bus. The V.O. comments on verne the routine daily activities we all must endure. Inside the extended deffition essay bus the camera tracks left to right along the research smoking public faces of the passengers while the V.O. interprets their thoughts. As the bus stops and deffition, passengers disembark the V.O. informs us “this is where I work.” Cut to an optical point of essay on impact, view [3] tracking shot toward a building. Several police officers greet Dr. Collins/camera as they walk by. Two dissolves bring us into extended the police station.

The camera continues to dolly forward through a corridor, tilting up to capture the respective departmental signs above each door. We arrive at his office, “Police Psychiatrist” just as he says “… experts at understanding people.” The camera tilts down from the resume jules sign, the door opens and the camera enters the room. Moments later the doctor enters the frame to extended essay pick up a sheet of paper from his desk, ending, for the moment, the subjective narration. Citing Quotes In An Essay! As the doctor and police officer speak Dr. Collins looks out the window at a new group of prisoners being escorted into the precinct (seen as his POV ). His V.O. begins and bridges a cut to the viewing room. Extended! As each prisoner is identified he externalizes their thoughts in research public places V.O. The fourth prisoner, an 18 year old, catches his interest. After he analyzes the extended young prisoner we shift back to objective narration and he attempts to convince the arresting officer that the young prisoner be sent to art robinson the psychiatric ward.

They return to the doctor’s office and the officer asks: “Doc, why should you care about a kid like Larrapoe?” To prove his point the doctor begins to relate the deffition story of Al Walker (William Holden), an infamous criminal. The camera dollies in slightly to the seated doctor and his voice bridges the dissolve to art robinson resume the flashback: “Wasn’t too long ago, not more than a couple of years ….” Interpretation and Insights : Bordwell distinguishes two types of spatial establishing paradigms: immediate and extended deffition, gradual ( Classical , p.63). The former begins within the locale, usually on a small detail, then pulls back to reveal the entire space. The latter takes us into the space incrementally (the series of dissolves being the classic example). The Dark Past establishes its location gradually. This opening is smoking, important stylistically and thematically. Stylistically the subjective POV shot which brings us into the police station and into extended deffition essay his office primes us for the film’s most important and impressive scene, Al Walker’s surrealist/subjective recollection of the childhood incident which triggered his Oedipal Complex. This scene, however, is much more distanced stylistically from the film than the subjective POV shots in the opening. The subjective strategy in the opening is similar to the opening of Rouben Mamoulian’s Dr.

Jekyll Mr. Hyde (1932). The oscillating point of quotes in an, view in the opening primes us for extended deffition, the rest of the film. The point of view in of over the opening shifts from subjective to objective. This also occurs in the flashback, which is triggered subjectively (by Dr. Collins) but takes on an omniscient point of extended essay, view and a subjective POV of another character (Al Walker). We can infer many of the film’s themes from the opening. Its documentary tone (partly on location photography, V.O. narration, deglamorization of the police, “This is where I work”) cues us for the social commentary.

One of the film’s most blatant statements is the need to jules verne recognize the individual within the mass. At two points in the opening the V.O. Extended Essay! narration interprets the resume thoughts and feelings of various people. From this we can infer the subsequent importance that psychoanalysis will play in solving the deffition story’s obstacle (Al Walker’s Oedipal block) and research paper public, the significance placed on psychiatry as a means of correcting and preventing deviant social behavior. Extended Deffition! Dr. Two Famous People! Collins places the burden of deffition essay, such control squarely on the back of role empowerment essay, society. From this vantage the extended essay motivation for the opening is jules verne, narrational, slightly artistic (didactic) and essay, also reverberational, since many of the film’s themes are established in the opening.

Comparing the opening of art robinson, The Dark Past with that of deffition, Mate’s other film noir, D.O.A. , becomes interesting because it exposes the link between form and content. Both films begin with a similar action: a man making his way through a police station. In The Dark Past the on impact of over population camera POV is subjective. In D.O.A. Deffition Essay! it is not; instead the camera follows the man from behind his back. The reason for this strategy is to keep the research paper smoking places man’s identity unknown, thereby emphasizing the theme of fate and coincidental tragedy.

The character’s anonymity could likewise have been withheld with a subjective camera position, but that would have taken away from the randomness and universality of the protagonist/event. Therefore the camera style which opens D.O.A. indicates the film’s central theme: fate and chance happening. Extended Deffition! In The Dark Past we need a character to lead us. Dr. Collins becomes our authority figure (as he says, “It takes an expert to catch another expert”), informing us and convincing us of the importance of society’s role in the prevention and reformation of art robinson resume, crime and extended essay, criminals. Group A2: Interspersed Flashbacks. Sorry, Wrong Number (Anatole Litvak, 1948) Length of Opening : 9’15” (After a 25 sec. On Impact Population! intertitle prologue)

Description : The film begins with a dissolve from the prologue to a shot of the city at night. A subsequent dissolve brings us into a dark, deserted office. The camera dollies toward a door; the words “Henry J. Stevenson Vice President” become visible. Another dissolve brings us inside the room. The camera continues to dolly forward toward the desk; on it rests a telephone, with its receiver off. Deffition! There is a dissolve to another location. Leona Stevenson (Barabara Stanwyck) is lying in her bed, phone in hand, attempting to reach her husband, Henry J. Stevenson (Burt Lancaster). The camera pans to her night table as she reaches for art robinson resume, a cigarette and lighter (a marriage photo and small clock are visible). Her behavior toward the operator is forceful, demanding, and impatient.

Before hanging up she accidently connects into another line. The camera dollies to a close up as she realizes that the two men are planning a murder. Extended Deffition Essay! Before the victim’s address is given the connection is lost. Leona hangs up. Cut to a medium shot. She graps the phone again and calls the of education operator, insisting that the operator trace the call.

She reaches for a tissue paper on her other night table; the camera pans with her but remains on the table long enough to reveal a crowd of medicine bottles. Cut back to deffition essay Leona. The camera now becomes assertive. Paper Smoking! (An omniscient camera movement unmotivated by character or any other classical motivation, i.e. reframe, follow a character, a moving vehicle, etc.) It dollies to her open window, across the length of her room (dissolve) down her staircase, and to a bell high up on essay the downstairs wall which she uses to summon her servants. Throughout this assertive camera movement we hear her offscreen voice complaining that she has been left alone for the night and that nobody cares for her. Resume! We cut back to Leona. She receives a phone call from her father in Chicago. A painting of her father bridges a dissolve to him. The camera pans around the den while they talk. He tells her daughter that the house is essay, like a morgue without her, meanwhile there is a party going on in the next room. Compare People Essay! After their talk we dissolve to a clock in Leona’s room and to another location. Interpretation and essay, Insights : This powerful opening is extremely evocative of the film’s themes and primes us, with its visual style, for the harrowing conclusion.

The use of the mobile camera is its most striking feature. However, it is not used for showmanship but to enhance the character’s mental and physical claustrophobia, her isolation, to complement the dialogue, and to expose subtle visual clues. For example, one of the several clues overheard by Leona about the murder plan is that it is to take place at 11:15 PM because the 11:15 train that passes on the nearby bridge will camouflage any screams. Resume! After the disturbing phone call the camera leaves her bedside and tracks to the open window. Deffition Essay! It is dark, but visible in the distance is a lit bridge. The camera continues to dolly across her room and then down the staircase leading to quotes essay apa the bell on the wall. The movement not only establishes the space but emphasizes her isolation. It is deffition essay, simply mirroring her emotional state as she complains to the operator about her loneliness. This camera movement around her room and down the stairs foreshadows the even more complex 1 minute 45 second crane shot in the final scene. The shot opens on a clock. It pans to a close up of Leona on her bed.

She is talking frantically on the phone. The camera slowly cranes up and away from Leona, out of the citing quotes in an second story window, down around a tree and to extended deffition essay the ground, capturing the dark silhouetted figure searching and then entering through a side window. Compare And Contrast Two Famous People Essay! Litvak employs the Bazinian schemata of the moving camera to maintain the “integrity” of spatial unity. However, in extended this case its function is not to suggest the resume jules “ambiguity” of extended deffition essay, reality but rather to stress its very reality –a killer stalking its helpless victim. Rather than crosscutting, the uninterrupted camera movement from Leona in her deathbed to the killer visualizes the two famous essay exact distance between them, augmenting the extended essay suspense by showing us both the spatial and temporal contiguity of killer/victim, life/death. Like the later Rear Window , the opening of Sorry, Wrong Number visually reveals important character and story elements. Within the first few moments we infer that she is married (the photo), bedridden and ill (the medicine bottles), alone and isolated (the slow tracking shots), and wholly dependent on the telephone. The moving camera captures her physical isolation in her immediate spatial environment; the telephone captures her emotional as well as physical isolation from the citing quotes in an essay apa outside world. The operator, her link to extended essay the world, the police officer, society’s symbol of protection, and her father, her own personal protector, all prove utterly useless in paper smoking realizing her pleas for help. Extended! (Her father says that the conversation she overheard was probably a radio program, a reflexive allusion to Lucille Fletcher’s original radio play.) It is resume, no coincidence that she is murdered while on extended essay the telephone with her husband. According to Noel Carroll, one of the reasons why movies hold such a powerful attraction for audiences is because of of education empowerment essay, its “erotetic” (question/answer model) narrative (1985). Movies generate a variety of questions which are answered during the progress of the film.

This question/answer model engages the audience in an inductive process whereby they must absorb incoming information and infer what may happen. Carroll distinguishes between two of many types: the micro question and the macro question. A micro question is extended deffition essay, one which is answered in the same scene or in one of the immediately succeeding scenes. A macro question remains unanswered for jules, the majority of the film, often until the final scene. The most obvious example being Citizen Kane ‘s “Rosebud.”

The opening of Sorry, Wrong Number poses one of each. Extended Deffition! The micro question –where did Henry J Stevenson go after work?– is quotes in an, answered in extended deffition the subsequent scene (the first flashback). The more important is the macro question: who is the victim of the planned murder? Although the resume conclusive answer only comes toward the end, we are certainly encouraged to infer a guess. The opening provides two noteworthy clues: the visual emphasis on Leona’s isolation and helplessness, and the pointed delineation of her overbearing, domineering nature, her illness, and extended, her wealth: plenty enough motivation for murder in the film noir world! This Gun For Hire (Frank Tuttle, 1942) Description : The film begins with a fade in to a dingy hotel room, an immediate establishing of the space.

A man, Raven (Alan Ladd), is lying on resume his bed. The camera is at a slight low angle. Deffition Essay! In the on impact foreground hangs a coat and extended deffition essay, just below an alarm clock on a night table. The alarm clock rings. Raven awakens, shuts the alarm and sits up on his bed. Role Of Education Empowerment! Diegetic piano music is heard. Extended Deffition Essay! He looks at his watch, removes a letter from his coat pocket and checks an address (insert shot). Role Of Education! Cut back to a low angle medium shot of Raven.

After securing that his gun is loaded he places it and extended deffition essay, the letter inside his briefcase and begins to leave. The sound of the window shutting draws his attention to a kitten. He pours the kitten some milk then leaves to role of education essay wash his hands. In the meantime a young maid enters. The kitten spills a can, prodding the maid to frighten the kitten. Raven returns; angered, he slaps the maid and extended essay, forces her out of the room. And Contrast People Essay! He pats the essay kitten then gets up to and contrast leave. Extended! Two dissolves later he is entering an apartment building. A young girl seated on the stair case greets him as he makes his way upstairs. He meets with a man, a blackmailer who is resume verne, under the impression that Raven is there to give him money in exchange for an incriminating letter.

A woman is extended, also present. Art Robinson! She leaves the room. After listening to the man ramble Raven removes the gun from essay his briefcase and shoots the man once. The woman enters the room. Raven remarks, “They said he’d be alone.” She runs back into the bedroom but Raven shoots her once through the door. Resume Jules Verne! He checks to make sure she is extended deffition essay, dead, confirms the letter, places it in his briefcase and leaves. In the hallway the innocent girl says, “Mister, I dropped my ball.” Two shot counter shots lengthen the paper smoking public places moment. Raven makes a movement to go into his briefcase for his gun, stops, and decides to essay retrieve the ball. The scene fades out. Interpretation and resume, Insights : Here is an example of film noir excelling within the classical paradigm. This opening has all the earmarks of the classical Hollywood sequence: clearly demarcated scenes (in the hotel room, in extended the apartment, and in art robinson resume the hallway), transitions (fade in and fade out) and one completed action, culminating in a beginning, middle, and extended deffition essay, end.

There is nothing excessive or overtly symbolic, as every action has a narrational purpose. However, the resume opening remains richly evocative of extended, noir character, environment, and visual and aural schemata. Role Empowerment Essay! The noir visual look is established as early as the extended deffition essay first shot of the film. The low angle and cluttered frame immediately suggest the compare two famous essay claustrophobic noir environment. Extended Deffition Essay! Several of the subsequent shots are again framed from a low angle, emphasizing the enclosing ceiling and walls. The room, replete with harsh shadows (they seem painted), murky walls and on impact of over, chipped plaster, characterizes the extended ‘seedy’ noir world.

The deathly still aura lingering within the room foreshadows the people essay impending murder. Not even the repetitive piano music can cut through the essay aura of silence. The opening establishes not only Raven’s character but, since this was his first starring role, Alan Ladd’s screen persona. Research Paper Smoking Public! Raven, the hired killer, is awaken by an alarm clock: just another day at the office. His demeanor is quiet and gestures graceful and calculated. A loner, Raven has a stronger affinity for cats than humans. (As he says later, “they’re on deffition essay their own, they don’t need anybody.”) He is the consumate professional, always turning in population a “neat” performance. While the blackmailer rambles on Raven remains silent. Before revealing his gun he flashes the blackmailer a sardonic half smile, a hired killer’s confident, fond farewell. Raven’s professionalism and “neatness” is evident in his style: one bullet per victim.

He is thorough, making sure that the deffition woman is stone cold dead and that the letter is research smoking public places, authentic before leaving. On the way out he is interrupted by the young girl. The shot counter shots establish that the essay girl has seen Raven’s face well. The completist, Raven contemplates killing her but decides against it. This conclusion plants a provocative rhetorical question in the audience’s mind: would he go that far? As Willard Cates (Laird Cregar) later finds out, Raven is a man you do not want to paper smoking places double cross. By the essay end of the opening Raven’s (and Ladd’s) screen persona is indelibly carved: the laconic “cold angel” with boyish good looks masking a tough, uncomprimising interior. White Heat (Raoul Walsh, 1949) Description : The film begins with a series of dissolves from art robinson resume macro to micro: an aerial pan of the city, to a “California Highway State Line” sign, to a long shot of a train. From the extended train there is resume, a L-R swish pan capturing a car in transit. Cut to the interior of the car.

Four men are seated in the car. James Cagney (Cody Jarrett) is in the front passenger side. The camera dollies in slightly to frame on Cody. He nudges the driver, motioning him to extended essay speed up. Three cuts ensue, from the car to the train and back to the car. The camera pans to follow the car screeching around a bend. Cut to compare and contrast people a head on deffition essay shot of the train as it chugs past the camera left. The scene momentarily changes to the interior of the train to observe the other half of Cody’s gang at work.

The scene returns to essay the exterior. The men quickly exit the car and execute their respective duties. In the ensuing shots the train comes to a halt, the mail compartment is dynamited open and the heist a success except for a few casualties. Two train employees are ruthlessly shot down by Jarrett simply because they know his name. After the second man is shot he falls onto a lever, which accidentally releases hot steam into the face of one of Cody’s men. Deffition Essay! Cody looks down at resume jules verne, him writhing in pain and then yells out, “Come on, let’s get outta here.” He runs off screen right and the other men pick up the injured man.

There is a dissolve to a radio newsman reporting the hold up. Interpretation and Insights : The motivation for this opening is narrational (animates the narrative) and compositional (logical causal factors). Extended! In the in women essay first few shots director Raoul Walsh relies heavily on audience’s mental set. Any person who has seen at least one or two gangster films recognizes the connotative meaning of the fourth shot in the film. The car, the dress code of the four men and the presence of James Cagney cue us into the crime milieu. This shot, in combination with the previous shot of the train, are all we need to deffition infer that a hold up is in progress.

This fourth shot is the of over population most important single shot in the opening. Not only does it cue us to the crime milieu, but it subtley hints at Cody’s psychosis. Cody is framed in medium shot. He looks at his watch. The camera dollies in slowly to a close up as he nudges the driver and motions for him to speed up. After this action is completed the camera remains on the close-up for an extra beat. Knowing director Walsh’s classical style, where each camera movement has a function, the nature of this shot has an emphatic purpose above any immediate narrational function. For example, the lingering close up may inform us that this character is the leader of this gang, but, being James Cagney in extended 1949, the audience undoubtedly know this already.

There is an intense look on Cody’s face, and he even looks away once, suggesting unease and restlessness. This lingering close-up has no other function, therefore we can infer that it must signify something. I will submit that this is a subtle nuance but, is paper smoking places, it too subtle for Hollywood? In the deffition essay Carrollian sense this opening challenges us, at this early point, to infer Cody’s psychosis (or in the least his viciousness) from the close up and Cody’s behavior during the hold up. If interpreted in a certain way, the opening can be seen as a reflexive commentary. White Heat has as much in common, if not more, with the 1930’s gangster cycle as with the resume jules film noir. Cody Jarrett, like Roy Earle in High Sierra , is a throwback to the prohibition era: a man behind the times; it is extended essay, 1949 and the gangster collective has given away to the individualistic noir anti-hero. Two Famous People! The train hold up is reminiscent of the era of the deffition western, when train hold ups were common. If this allusion is conscious, then it is a reflection of the anachronistic current running throughout White Heat . I will now move on to the two examples from Group B2 (linear/powerfully emphatic), The Set Up and The Letter . Group B2: Linear/Powerfully Emphatic.

The Set-Up (Robert Wise, 1949) Description : (There is a title sequence of a boxing fight. All that is visible are the boxer’s legs. One of the fighters collapses to the canvas. Fade out.) Fade in.

The opening shot begins high above street level, parallel to a street clock in the right foreground; it reads 9:05. On the extreme right we see a hotel’s neon sign. Resume Verne! On the deffition essay street level in the background is another huge sign: “Paradise City” (the wrestling/boxing arena). The camera cranes forward past the art robinson clock and toward street level. Another neon sign becomes visible: “Dreamland.” On the essay soundtrack we hear jazz music and a loud teenager selling the evening paper complete with fight card. There is a cut to a man selling only fight cards. (From his drawl we can correctly infer that he is an of over ex-boxer.) The youngster walks in screen right, directly in extended deffition front of the man and continues selling his paper. The camera dollies in to paper places a two shot.

The man pleads: “Hey, I gotta make a buck too.” The brash youngster replies: “Ah, go take a walk.” Cut to the dejected man. Camera pans with him as he exits frame right and fixes on a group of people purchasing tickets. The central figures are a blind man and his male companion. Camera pans with them left as they enter the arena. Another man enters frame left and the camera follows him to another group of people. A quick reframe settles on a shot of two women. The following conversation takes place: First Woman (without hat): I don’t know why I let George talk me into deffition essay coming. Second Woman: (very sarcastically) Why Harriett, I thought you liked the fights. First Woman: Like them, last time I kept my hands over my eyes the whole time.

The camera reframes right (the corner of the building) to another shot of two men standing at the fight poster discussing who to place bets on. Stoker Thompson’s (Robert Ryan) age is the butt of a joke. They exit frame left and the camera turns slightly and dollies in to the poster. The Stoker Thompson vs. Tiger Nelson fight line commands center frame.

An arm enters frame left and in women empowerment, strikes a match over extended deffition essay Thompson’s name. Camera reframes left to follow the match to the cigarette. Another two shot, of a short, balding man and role essay, a taller, sweaty and unkept man. (The taller man is Tiny, Stoker’s manager and the other Red, his corner man.) They enter the “Ringside Cafe.” Tiny meets alone with another man and in deffition a series of shot reverse shots we discover that he has thrown the night’s upcoming fight for the short money ($50.00). Tiny and Red leave the cafe. Tiny cheats Red on his cut by telling him that their share was only $30.00.

We also find out that to citing quotes essay save Stoker’s cut Tiny has not informed Stoker about the set up. Red remains unsettled at essay, the idea of Stoker being kept in essay of over population the dark. The camera follows them to a point then dollies in quickly to Stoker Thompson’s name on the fight poster. (The camera then pans 90 degrees to a hotel across the street, signalling the extended deffition subsequent scene with Stoker and his girlfriend in the hotel room.) Interpretation and Insights : This impressive opening is art robinson, motivated narrationally and deffition, reverberationally. It informs us of the major drama and poses a central macro question: will Stoker follow suit and role of education in women, lose as usual or will he upset the balance with a victory? One of the extended deffition interesting features of this opening is that it introduces several minor but key characters.

The punch drunk vendor for example, who we later find out is one of Stoker’s biggest fans, remains a constant reminder of where Stoker may be heading. More importantly perhaps are the host of characters who will reappear during the fight scene as key spectators. Throughout the fight scene there are reaction cuts to the spectators. Director Robert Wise does not paint a pretty picture of the citing in an apa boxing fan (or human nature). Wise portrays the fan as a blood thirsty savage who vicariously indulges his/her deep, primordial urges (catharsis?). For example, the blind man, who has the fight recounted to extended deffition essay him blow by blow by his friend, remarks in role of education in women empowerment essay a viscious tone: “Why don’t he work on that eye.’ The worse culprit is the extended essay hypocritical woman who in the opening laments going to the fights and then behaves like an animal during the essay of over population fights. Whereas most of the noir openings introduce the lead character in the flesh, in The Set Up Stoker’s presence is felt equally strong through other means: his name on the fight poster, the people who discuss him, and extended, the punch drunk vendor. The expositional nature of the opening goes beyond plot advancement (narrational motivation) to the more complex reverberational motivation.

Most of the jules film’s themes are echoed within the opening: corruption, lost dreams, father time, and deffition essay, the cruel and hypocritical side of human nature. The opening shot cranes past a large clock, establishing the “real time” structure while symbolizing the inevitable reality every aging boxer must face. Visible are the essay apa signs “Paradise City” and deffition essay, “Dreamland,” a not too subtle reference to the washed up boxer’s lost dreams. The punch drunk vendor trying to compare and contrast two famous people eke out a living selling fight cards is extended, overshadowed by the aggressive youngster, exposing the capitalist version of Social Darwinism. Stoker’s manager Tiny has a highly dubious moral and essay on impact of over population, ethical system.

Not only does he cheat Red, in deffition essay all likelihood his only research public friend, but his fighter. The boxing world once again stands in as a micrososm of corruption in society. The first few shots establish the space of the film: hotel, fight arena, and extended essay, cafe. Outside of on impact population, a few scenes with Stoker’s girlfriend Julie, the film is extended deffition, confined to this area. Research Places! Metaphorically, Stoker’s own life has also been confined to a similar “space”: dingy hotel rooms, arenas, and bars/cafes. A recurring camera movement during this opening, the quick pan and/or reframe, will play a key role in extended deffition another of the film’s great scenes. Resume! After winning the fight Stoker is left by himself to answer to the irate gamblers. He tries to elude them but is eventually cornered in a dark alley. Extended! He struggles but is in women empowerment, pinned to the ground by several men. The leader, Little Boy, gives the extended essay signal to commence the savage beating and the camera quickly pans to a shadowed reflection of a jazz band on a nearby wall, the frenzied music standing in for the beating. (This exact same tactic is used in The Sweet Smell of Success (Alexander Mackendrick, 1957) and, with variation, by Sam Fuller in Underworld USA , 1961.) An unusual feature of the film is its strict accordance to “real time.” The film is 72 minutes.

The credits last just under one minute. The clock in the opening shot reads 9:05. Role In Women! The final shot cranes back past the same clock, now reading 10:16, perfectly accounting for the remaining 71 minutes of extended deffition, screen/story time. There is a fade out at the end of the credit sequence, a fade in to the film and a final fade out at the end. (Since the credit sequence is bridged by fades it is temporally distanced from the film and hence its action –a boxer being knocked out– serves as a metaphor for Stoker’s less than successful boxing career.) Outside of these three fades all other transitions in the film are straight cuts. Essay! At that period in the evolution of the language of film style the fade/dissolve/wipe were common transitional schemata depicting varying time lapses. Extended Deffition Essay! The unadorned cut was used to join shots which succeeded each other in continuous temporal order. This usually meant either shots within one established locale or scenes occurring simultaneously (crosscutting). Being a former editor Robert Wise was as conscious of this as anyone.

Therefore, to emphasize the temporal structure of the film (screen time=story time) Wise begins and ends on a clock and uses the ‘straight’ cut exclusively. Two Famous! I can not be sure, but would be willing to bet that The Set-Up is the extended deffition only Hollywood film of the and contrast two famous 1940’s not to employ a fade, dissolve, or wipe (excluding the essay beginning and end). What intrigues me the most about this realistically motivated aesthetic choice is the rhetorical question of whether or not the audience at that time consciously made the compare and contrast essay connection between the exclusive use of the cut and the temporal structure of the film. It is obvious that this was a conscious choice on the part of the filmmaker’s, but how did the audience react? The use of the extended deffition fade/dissolve/wipe was a part of the 1940 audience mental set, but how closely attuned to their own mental sets were they? They could perceive their presence but how about their absence? Were they conscious of the lack of a fade, dissolve, and wipe and accord that to the strategy of real time, or was it something they felt intuitively? My guess is that the latter would be more likely, hence certain mental sets may be intuitively felt more than cognitively realized. In fact I would say that, on a cognitive level, the opening and closing shots of the art robinson resume clock trigger the temporal strategy of the film more than the exclusive use of the deffition essay cut. (That is, to an average viewer.)

On one of my viewings of The Set-Up I kept track of the on impact of over population cuts and counted 630. Allowing for a margin of error, this works out to an approximate average shot length of 6.8 seconds, faster than the average of that period (9) but well within Bordwell’s bound alternative. My brief research reveals the limitations of such studies. The 6.8 ASL might persuade someone who hasn’t seen the film to infer that The Set-Up does not employ much mise en scene (long takes, depth of field, mobile camera, intricate blocking) but rather that it derives more of its stylistic meaning from the editing. The cutting in The Set-Up is excellent, and used for more than just moving the story along, but the ASL does not reveal that a great percentage of the cuts, (approx. 311) occur during the fight scene, which takes up approximately 24 minutes (one third) of screen/story time.

Away from the essay fight scene –and fight scenes are always cut quickly– the ASL is resume jules, much higher. Indeed there are several intricate and important long takes in The Set-Up . Therefore the deffition essay ASL is not always an accurate indication of shooting style for compare and contrast two famous people essay, someone who has not seen the film in question. A better assessment of the film’s statistical measures would be a scene by scene average, which would then reveal precisely where and when the average shot length varies. The Letter (William Wyler, 1940) Description : Although the opening lasts 15’45” I will only describe the most important section, the first 5’45”. The film begins with a night shot of the moon. The shot dissolve to a sign –“Rubber Co. Extended Deffition! Singapore, Plantation No. 1”– and then to a tree trunk.

The camera tilts down the trunk to a bucket collecting sap. The camera cranes up and away from the tree and left to right across the worker’s sleeping area. Workers are seen lying on hammocks, sleeping, resting, playing chess, etc. The camera cranes up to a second level and jules, continues over the straw roof; (Dissolve) the camera is still tracking L-R. A cottage is extended essay, visible in the background. A gunshot is heard. A man stumbles out of the door onto the front porch; a woman is seen following behind him. A second gunshot is heard and (cut) to dogs awakening to the sound. Three shots of the workers ensue. The third gunshot is followed by research places, a closer shot of the incident. The man, in the foreground, falls down below the frame while the woman (Bette Davis as Leslie Crosby), dressed in black, follows him down the stairs, emptying out the extended deffition revolver.

She slowly brings her gun hand down and drops the gun. The camera dollies in to a close-up. Her face is still, emotionless. Cut to the disturbed workers. The fourth shot is a close-up of a man looking out from behind bamboo bars. He glances upward and there is citing quotes essay apa, a cut to his POV : the moon moving behind a dark cloud. Cut back to the close-up. The frame is now considerably darker and growing increasingly darker. Cut to a medium shot of extended, Leslie, also in high angle and in partial darkness. Compare People Essay! Cut to a reverse shot above her left shoulder; Leslie looks down at the corpse lying at the bottom of the steps. During the course of the shot the light pattern and essay, intensity alters according to the position of the of education empowerment moon and the clouds.

As the frame lightens Leslie’s harsh shadow becomes visible across the corpses’ back. She turns quickly and deffition essay, glances up to the sky. Cut to art robinson her POV of the moon coming out from behind the extended deffition essay clouds, with a cut back to Leslie. She returns her attention to the corpse. Jules! Cut to a frontal shot. The back lighting casts her in a semi-silhouette. Cut back to the reverse shot; Leslie exits frame left (up the stairs). Cut to a servant running toward the extended cottage and stopping at the sight of the corpse. Leslie invites the servant into the cottage.

She orders the servant to send someone to inform her husband, working on a nearby plant, and the district officer about the incident. Resume! The servant remains in the living room. Leslie walks to her bedroom, opens the deffition Venetian doors and of education in women essay, calmly shuts them behind her. The camera remains fixed on the Venetian doors long enough to extended deffition essay capture the nuance as Leslie turns the lights on. And Contrast Essay! This brings us up to the 3’45” mark of the opening. The next few shots are of her husband and district officer being summoned and their arrival at the cottage. Extended Essay! The husband, Robert Crosby (George Marshall) attempts to open the bedroom door but finds it still locked: “Leslie darling, its Robert.” Seconds later the door slowly opens and Leslie cautiously exits the room. My reason for ending at this point will soon become apparent. Interpretation and Insights : This is one of the rare openings where reverberational motivation overpowers all else.

The murder, which triggers the story and sets the drama in gear, is quotes in an apa, secondary to extended deffition essay the overlaying symbolism. The symbolism centers on the timeless theme of the doppelganger, a common motif in resume jules verne expressionism and film noir. Extended! It pervades the entire film and is animated in a variety of interesting ways (to varying degrees of originality and subtlety). The moon, the image on which the film opens and closes, is used as a symbol of essay on impact of over population, both oncoming death and the imminent duality of human nature. Its position in relation to the clouds establishes the light/dark, good/evil patterning which dominates the film in nearly every facet: actual shifts in lighting intensity, lighting patterns, chiaroscuro, clothing, characters, and narrative structure. In one way or another these elements are established in the opening. The opening and closing scenes of the film mirror each other.

One begins and the other ends with a shot of the moon; also, the death of Mr. Hammond in the opening is visually linked to Leslie’s death in the final scene by extended essay, the same moon/clouds lighting pattern. The shift in light intensity within a continuous shot occurs several times in the opening (close-up of the worker behind the bamboo bars, the reverse shot of Leslie, the Venetian doors) and is repeated throughout the film. Symmetrical shadows are also used to reflect the splintering of the soul. The light/dark patterning is also reflected in the clothing. This will become most evident later in the film but is cued in the opening. During the murder Leslie is wearing a long, dark dress. The victim, Mr. Essay! Hammond, is wearing a dark top and deffition, white trousers. All the other characters surrounding Leslie wear either all white (or light) or predominantly light clothing (her servant, the workers, the district officer, her husband, and the lawyer).

Allowing for obvious symbolism, what has been established thus far is citing, that Leslie is all evil, Mr. Hammond “grey” and the others all good. This may seem too facile, obvious, or coincidental, until a subsequent event resoundingly confirms the symbolism. Moments after the murder Leslie sends for essay, her husband and compare and contrast essay, district officer and waits inside her locked bedroom. We do not see her again for two minutes as the scene switches to the exterior. Deffition Essay! In story time this intervening period is not long, perhaps fifteen or twenty minutes.

Her husband arrives and she exits the bedroom. Leslie is now wearing a white blouse and a black skirt, the reversal of Mr. Hammond’s clothing pattern. Citing Quotes In An Essay Apa! I did not detect this subtle change until the extended deffition fourth or fifth viewing. The probable reason is compare and contrast two famous people essay, that the intervening two minutes obscures one’s memory for extended deffition essay, such detail. The color coded symbolism becomes obvious in the scenes between Leslie and Mrs. Hammond (Gale Sondergaard): Leslie dressed in white and Mrs. Hammond in black. Leslie’s shifting color pattern is an externalisation of her immediate mental state.

It is no coincidence that the final two shots of the film are of a veil hanging over a chair and of the moon. The fact that there is only one micro/macro question in this opening (Is Leslie a murderess?) is emblematic of its motivational factor. A narrational or compositional motivation deposits salient questions. The more subtle reverberational motivation can also expose concrete questions, but when it dominates as strongly as in The Letter it establishes mood and foreshadowing elements, rather than obvious narrational/plot questions. It relies heavily on intuition, retroactive thinking, and, sometimes, repeated viewings. 1 For instance, in on impact of over a Hollywood film you will never encounter a shooting style as radical as an Eisenstein (short shots) or Jansco (excessive long takes). The bound alternative Bordwell speaks of essay, rests somewhere in between the extremes ( Classical , p.62). 2 This triad of semantic and syntactical parameters was developed in conversation with Ian Jarvie while a graduate student at York University.

3 A subjective camera shot is described by Edward Branigan as “a shot in which the essay on impact of over population camera assumes the position of a subject in order to show us what the subject sees” (p.103). There are many nuances when dealing with a subjective POV , but for my purposes this is fine. Branigan calls this an optical POV . Throughout the paper I will use subjective and optical interchangeably. For complete bibliographic references see end of Part 2. Donato Totaro has been the editor of the online film journal Offscreen since its inception in essay 1997. Totaro received his PhD in Film Television from the University of Warwick (UK), is resume, a part-time professor in Film Studies at essay, Concordia University (Montreal, Canada) and a longstanding member of AQCC (Association quebecoise des critiques de cinema). A Left-Handed Form of Human Endeavour: Narrative Comparisons Contrasts Between the Noir Heist Films The Asphalt Jungle and The Killing.

Film Noir: A Study in Narrative Openings, Part 2. Singapore Sling : Postmodern Noir, Narrative, and resume, Destructive Desire. History and Time as a Fork in the Square. “Notes” on deffition Notes on resume verne the Cinematographer. Susan Sontag: Against Interpretation?

1997 2017 Offscreen, ISSN 1712-9559.

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Extended Definition Essay - Davis School District / Overview

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How to Write a Great Cover Letter. Landing a job is resume jules verne undoubtedly difficult in today’s economy. Writing a great cover letter is probably the extended essay most important step you can towards landing the job of their dreams. Why is writing a cover letter so important? It is the first thing a potential employer sees, and it will dictate whether or not the employer even looks at your resume. Even the most polished, professional resume doesn’t stand a chance against resume jules verne a poorly written cover letter. How do you write a cover letter that not only a potential employer to read your resume, but also gets you invited for essay, an interview? Writing a winning cover letter is not difficult if you follow a few simple steps: Just like an employer won’t look at a resume that’s attached to essay on impact of over population a poorly written cover letter, the employer won’t even bother to extended deffition read the cover letter if it’s a messy jumble of text. To create a professional-looking cover letter, be sure to use plenty of white space.

You should have, at a minimum, one inch margins and double spaces between paragraphs. Compare And Contrast Two Famous Essay. Follow the guidelines for writing a basic business letter and be sure to include a simple, text-only letterhead. Your letterhead should be the same letterhead that appears on your resume. This is your one and only chance to name drop, so take advantage of it. Deffition. Potential employers want to know how you heard about the of over population position. You should also identify the specific position that you are seeking, and state that you are applying for this position.

Yes, it’s obvious, but cover letters follow a long-established pattern, and this isn’t the time to be a rebel. Finally, set the tone for the rest of the letter, and extended, briefly state what you will be discussing.. If you have more than a few years of experience in the field to which you are applying, your professional experience should be presented before your educational experience. First, write a topic sentence that presents one unified idea. If you’ve held several jobs in this career, find the one aspect that these jobs have in common that will most impress your potential employer. Paper Public. You also need to link this paragraph to your educational experience. Similar to your employment paragraph, you need to develop one unified idea rather than simply presenting a list of all the schools you’ve attended and deffition, courses you’ve taken. Determine which aspect of your education is most important to the position you’re applying for and present it here.

A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to present additional relevant information. Just remember to jules verne develop one idea per paragraph, and to keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to extended essay tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to resume verne an interview. You need to reference your resume and deffition, any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to be invited to an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to art robinson resume reach you, referring to extended deffition the phone number and e-mail address in your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and grammar check. Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and look at art robinson, it with fresh eyes. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously. As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to extended read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview.

The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in resume the necessary time and effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the extended deffition essay buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to people sell yourself.

You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in a cookie-cutter neighborhood. Extended Deffition. Assume your resume and cover letter is in a pile on a desk with plenty of others, therefore you must find a way to role of education rise to the top. You need to put yourself in a stronger position, instead of you trying to chasing the job, make them convince you to take it. Your mindset dictates the demeanor you portray. If you seem too desperate, you don’t make it to the next step, however, too arrogant and extended deffition essay, doors will close. You have to people essay put yourself in extended deffition essay the shoes of the essay of over interviewer and determine your moves every step of the way. Spend about extended five hours preparing for each hour of interview, you want to investigate how you can deliver value to the organization. By researching and role in women, probing how you can make an impact in extended deffition essay the position, you are going beyond the resume canned responses of extended deffition most candidates. Your resume should announce that you are qualified for the position. Jules. After the interview, you want to leave the impression that you can start the job tomorrow.

You want to contact somebody who does the same job at the organization or similar enterprise and ask several questions. It’s a must that you discover the current challenges for the position within the organization and the industry as a whole. Extended Deffition Essay. The next step is succeed where so many candidates fall short, you want to show initiative by suggesting ideas for the position. Hiring managers have so many job functions to perform, by proving that you not only did research concerning the position, but proposed suggestions, you show tremendous potential. You would be surprised how those that have been performing the job for years have not expressed such aptitude. Be prepared to go beyond lip service, you want to demonstrate the homework you have done. Reaching out to a current employee performing the same job function puts you over the top. Resume Jules. Don’t be shy or feel like you are intruding. Extended Deffition. Many employees have innovative ideas about how to perform their jobs better, tap into smoking places, that information for free and then add your own spin. Use the power of imagination to stand out from the crowd, everybody else is going to be following the same job interview tips that get recycled over the web. If you want to extended essay make a lasting impression, you must put in the sweat and effort.

Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. On Impact. If you can demonstrate you can make an impact in your interview, your name will rise to extended deffition the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at your disposal without any guaranty.

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