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bad pr case study To cite this article. Young, C. L., Flowers, A. (2012). Fight viral with viral: A case study of paper Domino#8217;s Pizza#8217;s crisis communication strategies. Case Studies in Strategic Communication, 1 , article 6. Available online: Access the PDF version of this article. A Case Study of Domino#8217;s Pizza#8217;s Crisis Communication Strategies.

Domino’s Pizza was embroiled in courses, a viral crisis situation when two rogue employees posted videos of adulterated food on paper YouTube in April 2009. Lower. Tim McIntyre, Vice President of Communications, was part of the internal team that delivered the company’s crisis communication plan through Twitter and YouTube. What makes this story so compelling is the social media aspect of both the crisis itself and the strategy for managing the for gay marriage crisis. Using a case study approach, this paper assesses Domino’s decision to integrate the same medium that sparked the crisis into the strategies to up essay twitter, manage the situation, and thesis marriage it questions the efficacy of thesis best practices and thesis marriage paper principles of crisis management in the age of on the in macbeth social media. Keywords : Domino#8217;s Pizza; crisis communication; social media; YouTube; Twitter; case study; public relations. The way in which companies communicate with stakeholders during a crisis event is rapidly changing with the 24-hour access provided by the Internet, Facebook, Twitter, and YouTube.

Public relations practitioners and other communication executives are struggling to craft messages and maintain control of the flow of paper messages within this dynamic landscape. Thesis On Failure. As Schiller (2007) explains, in “times of crisis, while corporate communication executives are preparing manicured statements, customers are [simultaneously] blogging, e-mailing and posting photos out of rage and desperation because the for gay marriage very people who should be listening to lower drinking, them aren’t” (p. 16). Marriage. Bell (2010) asserts that stakeholders become “interpretive communities in organizational crisis contexts,” capable of cultivating an thesis on failure organization’s reputation through information they receive in cyberspace (p. 148). Social media allow stakeholders to control when, where, and how “reputational meanings are born and disseminated” as “an organization’s reputation is thesis marriage, built on the stories formed by stakeholders and and dissertations spread within networks” (Aula, 2011, p. 28, 30). Nowhere is this dynamic between organizations and their publics more apparent than on video sharing sites, such as YouTube, that encourage citizens and bloggers to be the co-producers of messages.

Burgess and Green (2009) explain that YouTube users engage with this medium “as if it is a space specifically designed for them and thesis for gay that should therefore serve their own particular interests” (p. Thesis. vii). This can have enormous positive or negative impacts for organizations involved in crisis management, including but not limited to the inability of thesis boundary spanners to monitor the vastness of this space; malicious users who might create a crisis; and the leveraging capabilities of this platform to age thesis, enhance a brand during a crisis. Just as consumers can use this social medium to create a crisis for for gay, a company and interpret an organization’s reputation throughout, so too can an organization use this medium to manage a crisis and improve its reputation. Patrick Doyle, President of Domino’s Pizza, would come to drinking, understand this dynamic as his brand suffered a devastating blow when two employees uploaded a vulgar video demonstrating their grotesque adulteration of food. Bob Garfield (2010), a writer for Ad Age Blogs , recounts in an online article how this incident began. On Easter Sunday in April 2009, two Domino’s employees who were bored “working in a North Carolina store figured it would be just hilarious to post a video of themselves, defiling sandwich ingredients” (para. 2). The duo created five videos in thesis, total, one of which showed an individual sticking mozzarella cheese up his nose and lower age thesis then blowing the thesis for gay paper cheese on major thesis of the iliad a sandwich, among other unsanitary and stomach-turning activities. An estimated 1 million people viewed these videos before they were pulled two days later. During the first 24 hours, Tim McIntyre, Vice President of Corporate Communications, surveyed the thesis for gay marriage situation and of the determined that the videos were not a hoax. He then began to communicate internally and externally with “relevant audiences at marriage, that time [including] our social media people, our head of security, senior management team,” according to Amy Jacques (2009) in an article published in screwed up essay twitter, The Public Relations Strategist (para.

4, 7). McIntyre collaborated with the consumer watchdog organization, which first alerted Domino’s of the employee video, to identify the rogue employees as Kristy Hammond and Michael Setzer. By Tuesday, according to McIntyre, the company was responding to customers’ queries on Twitter about whether the company knew about the situation, what the company was doing, and why the thesis for gay marriage company had not issued an official statement (Jacques, 2009). By Wednesday, Patrick Doyle, President of in macbeth Domino’s Pizza, recorded an for gay marriage paper apology that was then uploaded onto YouTube. During this event, bloggers and journalists alike captured this crisis in articles and case studies, offering step-by-step timelines [1] (Jacques, 2009; Peeples Vaughn, 2010) and criticisms of Domino’s responses (Beaubien, 2009; Esterline, 2009; Gregory, 2009; Vogt, 2009; Weiss, 2009; York, 2009).

What follows in age thesis, this case study is an analysis of Domino’s crisis communication strategies, using a blend of best practices for crisis management from the marriage principles of public relations management crafted by Arthur W. Page and from an academic perspective as the framework for analysis. From a communication perspective, according to Jaques (2008), case studies “are generally a narrative of events which are critically examined in relation to recognized public relations theories and models in order to fully appreciate what happened and to thesis of the iliad, consider alternative strategies and outcomes” (p. 194), and are written to thesis for gay marriage, provide practical value to managers and practitioners alike who are struggling to manage and control the flow of messages in the viral/digital landscape (Coombs, 2008; “How Social Media,” 2009; Oneupweb, 2007). The Arthur W. Thesis. Page Society is a professional organization for executives in the public relations and communication industries. Named after one of the first public relations executives to work for a Fortune 500 corporation (ATT), this organization is charged with the goal of “embracing the highest professional standards; advancing the way communications is understood, practiced and taught; and providing a collegial and dynamic learning environment” (“Vision, Mission Goals,” n.d., para. 2). According to the Society’s website, the following principles are designed to guide public relations practitioners’ actions and behaviors and exemplify Page’s philosophy of public relations management: (1) Tell the truth ; (2) Prove it with action ; (3) Listen to the customer ; (4) Manage for tomorrow ; (5) Conduct public relations as if the whole company depends on it ; (6) Realize a company’s true character is marriage, expressed by its people ; and lastly, (7) Remain calm, patient and good-humored (“The Page Principles,” n.d.). These principles are similar to the 10 best crisis communication practices Seeger (2006) generated, based on the work of communication scholars and expert practitioners: Process approaches and on failure policy development ; Pre-event planning ; Partnership with the public ; Listen to the public#8217;s concerns and understand the audience ; Honesty, candor, and openness ; Collaborate and coordinate with credible sources ; Meet the needs of the media and remain accessible ; Communicate with compassion, concern and empathy ; Accept uncertainty and ambiguity ; and paper Messages of self-efficacy . Texas A&m Thesis And Dissertations. Veil, Buehner, and Palenchar (2011) extend Seeger’s best practices, incorporating social media tools by making social media engagement a part of risk and crisis management policies and procedures; incorporating social media when scanning the thesis for gay paper environment; being a part of rumor management to major thesis of the iliad, determine appropriate channels; and thesis for gay paper using social media to communicate updates in an interpersonal manner (pp. 119-120). Compiling and synthesizing these practices is not an easy task as “crises and disasters are relatively unique in online, nature, inherently dynamic, and unpredictable” (Bell, 2010, p. 151). These practices, according the Seeger (2006) “do not constitute a plan, but are the principles or processes that underlie an effective crisis communication plan and for gay effective crisis response” (p.

242). Given the nature of crises, these practices will unfold and evolve differently within each situation. Taking a situational approach to crisis communication, Coombs (2004) offers the Situational Crisis Communication Theory as an online literature explanation for how organizations select a crisis response strategy. Essentially, a crisis triggers attributions of responsibility to the organization from marriage stakeholders, along three dimensions: 1) whether the crisis has happened before or will likely happen again; 2) whether the event was controllable or uncontrollable by an individual or the organization; and 3) whether the crisis occurs within the organization or external to it. In this case, Domino’s as an organization was not directly responsible for iliad, this crisis, as the event occurred internally at thesis for gay paper, the hands of up essay employees, and this type of crisis had never happened before. Based on stakeholder attributions, an organization will respond communicatively by cycling through a four step process: 1) observe events; 2) interpret information for accuracy and for gay marriage relevance; 3) choose a strategy among alternatives; and 4) implement the solution (Hale, Dulek, Hale, 2005). Ideally, the strategy chosen will be aligned with the best practices and principles articulated above and will follow the four step process.

Did Domino’s follow the essay on the in macbeth best practices outlined by Seeger and the Page principles? What were the brand’s overall actions, decisions, and strategies for thesis marriage paper, managing the crisis? In the case of Domino’s, it was not the essay theme of deception in macbeth consumers’ attributions of responsibility to Domino’s that triggered the strategy. Rather, what triggered Patrick Doyle’s decision to deliver a video apology on YouTube was the medium itself, which begs the questions, How did social media impact or influence the decision making process?, and What crisis communication lessons were learned in the process? Strategies and Execution. This first Page principle—Tell the truth—begs a series of questions about whose truth needs to be told and about what in particular.

In crisis situations, multiple truths or social constructions of the event(s) are vying for attention simultaneously: in general, customers, the company, its employees, and the media. In the case of Domino’s, particular watchdog organizations like and were also constructing versions of the event. The truth that Tim McIntyre, VP of Communications, wanted to for gay, convey was that this incident was “a rogue act of screwed twitter two individuals who thought they were being funny. That they do not represent this brand. That they do not represent the 100,000 people who work every day at Domino’s Pizza all over for gay paper, the world” (Flandez, 2009, para. 6). The truth that Patrick Doyle wanted to articulate was that “We didn’t do this. We’re sorry. And we want to online literature, earn your trust back” (Peeples Vaughn, 2010, p. 3). However, in wanting to be honest, open and candid (Seeger, 2006) about the situation, Domino’s needed to take responsibility. However, taking responsibility had the potential of exposing the organization to lawsuits and other legal vulnerabilities (Claeys Cauberghe, 2012), including freedom of speech and copyright claims.

In order to mitigate the consequences of being truthful and minimize the marriage paper damage to the organization’s reputation, the company collaborated and coordinated with credible sources (the watch dog organizations and local authorities) and partnered with the public to observe and interpret the events , so as to not “act too hastily and alert more consumers to the situation it was attempting to contain” (York, 2009, para. 5), and to not “add fuel to the online fire” (Levick, 2009, para. 5). Unfortunately, a consequence of following the principles and thesis on failure best practices was that a 24 hour lag occurred. Because Domino’s hesitated, customers began tweeting about whether the company actually knew what was happening and questioning what it was going to do about the videos. Veil, Buehner, and Palenchar (2011) point to the fact that “The power to communicate remains with the communicating organization and their behaviors and narrative content, not in the technology” (p.

120). A second challenge in telling the marriage truth in the digital age hinges on additional questions (Roberts, 2010): Where in essay on the, cyber and thesis paper virtual spaces does an essay in macbeth organization tell the truth and with what social medium or platform? York (2009) brought this to our attention in her online article, asking “why Domino’s has been lambasted for a lack of social media presence. After all . . Marriage Paper. . the brand is on MySpace, Twitter, YouTube and most visibly on Facebook with nearly 300,000 fans” (para. 18). There is a big difference, however, between how emerging social media are used for marketing and how they work in a serious crisis situation . . . Companies that fail to integrate their marketing efforts with their online crisis response plans before a crisis hits are letting their antagonists have free reign. Lower Drinking Age Thesis. (Levick, 2009, para. 2-4) The first message acknowledging the paper crisis was uploaded onto the corporate website on the day after the offending videos had been posted, but the message hardly yielded any hits. Domino’s did not reach its most popular audience through this social medium. According to McIntyre, prior to this event , [the crisis team had a social media plan] already in place. We didn’t want to just jump in without a strategy.

We wanted to do it right. So the irony for us was that we have a plan and we were going to implement it only a week later, so we ended up having to jump in twitter, [during] a crisis, which was the opposite of how we wanted to thesis for gay marriage paper, do it. (quoted in Jacques, 2009, para. 10) However, after listening to the customers/publics’ tweets , the company was compelled to speed up the implementation of the social media plan. A decision was made to. [change] course and drinking [respond] with a viral video . Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper. . . [that] featured all the elements of effective crisis communication. The company president apologized. Major. He thanked the online community for bringing the thesis for gay marriage issue to his attention. He separated the essay in macbeth company from wrongdoers and announced their prosecution. And he outlined steps that Domino’s was taking to deal with the issue to make sure it never happens again (Levick, 2009, para.

6). This strategy and decision to fight the crisis’ viral nature using YouTube was the tipping point that allowed the marriage paper company “to cull user-generated content from social networking sites and use the platform for distributing information back to users” in order to prove itself with action and to communicate with passion, concern and age thesis empathy (Veil et al., 2011, p. 114). Levick (2009), in an online article for Bloomberg Businessweek , stipulated that “Domino’s not only demonstrated concern for its customers, but also an understanding of the paper critical importance of reaching out to a target audience on its own terms and in thesis on failure, its own preferred space” (para. 7). This strategy and decision also suggests that Domino’s has the ability to manage the crisis for tomorrow : “This crisis happened online. It had to for gay, be dealt with online. By learning that lesson under fire Domino’s broke new ground and opened a new chapter in the ongoing evolution of crisis communications” (Levick, 2009, para.

7). Essay. Arthur W. Page advocated for public relations practitioners to tell the truth, a laudable goal to aspire to, but nonetheless one that is increasingly challenging in thesis for gay, today’s digital era. Lower Drinking Age Thesis. Initially, Domino’s relied on its traditional technology (the Internet) to marriage, upload a video response on literature courses its corporate website to tell the public the truth about the thesis for gay marriage situation. However, the number of people who viewed this video paled in comparison to the number of YouTube viewers who watched the employee prank videos—over one million within 24 hours. This realization accelerated and expedited the implementation of Domino’s social media plan that was still in essay, development. The crucial lesson to be learned about crisis communication comes in the form of extending and aligning the Situational Crisis Communication Theory with best practices for marriage paper, the integrating of social media (Veil et al, 2011). Coombs (2004) stipulated that a crisis triggers stakeholders’ attributions regarding the online literature organization’s level of responsibility. Thesis For Gay Paper. These attributions, in turn, influence the strategy that an organization will use to lessen the damaging effects. Thesis Iliad. In this case, however, it was not stakeholder attributions that dictated Domino’s strategy, but rather it was the social medium in thesis for gay paper, which the crisis occurred that shaped the company’s decision to respond on YouTube as well as its overall strategy. The only way to combat and lessen the impact of a social media generated crises like what Domino’s experienced is to integrate social media into crisis communication strategies and to online literature, create strategies for marriage paper, monitoring social media dialogue (Tinker, Fouse, Currie, 2009). Schiller (2007) agrees that “Brands that get it right will be the ones that will use the same online tools as their customers” (p.

16). Further, Peeples and Vaughn (2010) concluded that Domino’s “effectively leveraged social media – the same channel used by the pranksters – to transparently communicate the company’s efforts to address the situation” (p. Essay On The Theme Of Deception In Macbeth. 1).The end result was that Domino’s emerged from this vulnerability criticized, yet knowledgeable about the reality of crisis communication in the age of social media. The reality of thesis marriage paper crisis communication today is complex and contradictory. The speed at which consumers generate information about organizations is major of the, surpassing the speed by which public relations practitioners can monitor and thesis for gay marriage verify the validity of such content, in order to respond before, during, and after a crisis incident. Because social media users can instantaneously create visual and textual dialogue with an organization, there is a corresponding expectation that organizations should respond just as quickly throughout all phases of a crisis incident. But taking the time to verify information and craft appropriate and effective responses is necessary to avoid legal issues and other complications. This dynamic has several implications for: How often organizations need to communicate with stakeholders: Regular updates across multiple social media should occur, using such platforms as HootSuite or Bottlenose to ensure consistency. How far and wide organizations need to span the boundaries of of the iliad cyberspace and social media for potential crises and for potential stakeholder groups that can be impacted and affected: Johnson, Bazaa, and Chen (2011) conducted a study on boundary spanning, concluding that “organizations should focus on recruiting, attracting, and nurturing those online users with high levels of enduring involvement and social identity,” i.e., highly engaged social media users (p. For Gay Marriage. 15). Up Essay Twitter. How organizations can manage their online reputations through search engine optimization (SEO).

How new principles and best practices need to be developed to for gay paper, determine what messages or images from which stakeholder groups will tip towards a crisis. As organizations grapple with these new directions, employees and consumers will need to up essay, learn how to accept uncertainty and thesis marriage paper ambiguity , and major thesis of the remain calm, patient and marriage good humored. What impact does social media have on public relations practices, particularly crisis communications and reputation management? How significant is thesis, it for organizations today to thesis for gay marriage, monitor content on on failure social media sites, including hash tags and other signs of internal and external dialogue? How should crisis communications preparedness plans address the thesis proliferation of social media outlets? From the perspective of iliad crisis communicators concerned with social media, what else could Domino’s have done or said to prove with action that its key messages are sincere? What other messages could Domino’s have delivered?

What other types of thesis for gay paper traditional media and social media could Domino’s have used to screwed up essay, reach its stakeholders? What other challenges do you think that PR practitioners, marketers, or corporate communicators could have in telling the truth in the digital age? How important is speed of response rate in a digital world, particularly when an thesis organization is texas a&m thesis, facing a crisis situation? Are there any other conclusions that you can draw from this incident? According to its website, Media Curves “is the leader in public perception of topical issues.” This communications research company uses its patent pending technology to evaluate the “believability” of a particular video, such as the apology posted on YouTube by for gay Domino Pizza’s President Patrick Doyle. To see how Media Curves’ technology captured people’s perceptions of Doyle’s apology video, watch Doyle’s apology video here: Discuss the specific moments in the video that people found most believable and least believable and what public relations practitioners can learn from studies like this.

Visit the Media Curves website to essay theme of deception, watch other assessments of video apologies. Using the framework presented in this article, apply the Arthur W. Page Society’s principles (“Vision, Mission Goals,” n.d.), Seeger’s (2006) best practices, and Veil, Buehner, and Palenchar’s (2011) suggestions for integrating social media to United Airlines and its handling of Dave Carroll’s “United Breaks Guitar Video” or to for gay marriage paper, Providence Renaissance and its handling of “Joey Quits” video. What lessons can be learned about social media and crisis communication from analyzing these organizations’ strategies? To see how Domino’s has dealt with this crisis, consider some background information about its Pizza Turnaround campaign. How does this compare with the best practices? How did tweets like #newpizza help? [1] A visual timeline of the first four days is available on the Arthur W. Page’s website: Aula, P. (2011). Thesis. Meshworked reputation: Publicists’ views on the reputational impacts of online communication.

Public Relations Review, 37 , 28-36. Beaubien, G. (2009, April 21). Domino’s YouTube flap: ‘A landmark event in crisis management.’ Public Relations Tactics . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Bell, L. Thesis Marriage Paper. M. (2010). Crisis communication: The praxis of response.

The Review of Communication, 10 (2), 142-155. Online Literature. Burgess, J., Green, J. (2009). YouTube: Online video and participatory culture . Thesis Marriage Paper. Malden, MA: Polity Press. Claeys, A., Cauberghe, V. (2012). Crisis response and crisis timing strategies, two sides of the same coin.

Public Relations Review, 38 , 83-88. Coombs, W. T. (2004). Impact of past crises on current crisis communication: Insights from Situational Crisis Communication Theory. Journal of Business Communication, 41 (3), 265-289. Coombs, W. T. (2008, April 2). Crisis communication and social media. Institute for Public Relations . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Esterline, R. Of Deception. M. (2009, April 25).

Case study: Domino’s YouTube video . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from. Flandez, R. (2009, April 20). Domino’s response offers lessons in crisis management. The Wall Street Journal . Thesis Marriage Paper. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Garfield, B. Of The. (2010, January 11).

Domino’s does itself a disservice by marriage coming clean about its pizza: We like apologies and honesty, but there are limits. Just ask Ford. Ad Age Blogs . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Gregory, S. (2009, April 18). Domino’s YouTube crisis: Five ways to fight back. Time Magazine . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from,8599,1892389,00.html. Hale, J. E., Dulek, R. E., Hale, D. P. (2005). Crisis response communication challenges: Building theory from qualitative data. Journal of Business Communication, 42 (2), 112-134. How social media are changing crisis communications—for better and worse. On Failure. (2009, November 1). Security Director’s Report, 9 (11), 2-5.

Jacques, A. (2009, August 17). Domino’s delivers during crisis: The company’s step-by-step response after a vulgar video goes viral. The Public Relations Strategist . Thesis For Gay. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Jaques, T. (2008). A case study approach to issue and crisis management: Schadenfreude or an opportunity to learn? Journal of Communication Management, 12 (3), 192-203.

Johnson, P. R., Bazaa, U., Chen, L. Drinking. (2011, May). The new boundary spanners: Social media users, engagement, and public relations outcomes . Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, Boston, MA. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Levick, R. S. (2009, April 21). Domino’s discovers social media. Bloomberg Businessweek . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Oneupweb. (2007). Principles of crisis management in a viral age: Integrating the tools and lessons of search 2.0 into a comprehensive crisis response [White paper]. Traverse City, MI: Oneupweb. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from

Peeples, A. Vaughn, C. (2010). Thesis Marriage. Domino’s “special” delivery: Going viral through social media (Parts A B). Arthur W. Page Society case study competition in thesis on failure, corporate communications . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Schiller, M. (2007, March 5). Crisis and the web: How to leverage the Internet when a brand takes a hit. Adweek, 48 (10), 16. Seeger, M. W. (2006).

Best practices in crisis communication: An expert panel process. For Gay. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 34 (3), 232-244. Tinker, T., Fouse, D. Thesis. (Eds.), Currie, D. Marriage Paper. (Writer). (2009). Expert round table on social media and risk communication during times of crisis: Strategic challenges and a&m thesis opportunities [Report]. Thesis For Gay Paper. Washington, DC: American Public Health Association. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Veil, S. R., Buehner, T., Palenchar, M. J. (2011). A work-in-progress literature review: Incorporating social media in risk and crisis communication. Texas. Journal of Contingencies and Crisis Management, 19 (2), 110-122. Vogt, P. (2009, April 24).

Brands under attack: Marketers can learn from Domino’s video disaster. Forbes . Retrieved December 31, 2012, from Weiss, T. (2009, April 22). Crisis management—Domino’s case study research. Trendsspotting Blog . For Gay. Retrieved December 31, 2012, from York, E. B. Essay Of Deception In Macbeth. (2009, April 20). What Domino’s did rightand wrongin squelching hubbub over YouTube video. Advertising Age [Online].

Retrieved December 31, 2012, from CORY L. YOUNG, Ph.D. , is an associate professor of thesis marriage communication management and design in the Department of Strategic Communication, Roy H. Park School of Communications, at Ithaca College in essay theme of deception, Ithaca, New York, where she teaches courses in corporate communication. Email: youngc[at] ARHLENE FLOWERS is an associate professor of integrated marketing communications in thesis marriage, the Department of thesis on failure Strategic Communication, Roy H. Park School of Communications, at Ithaca College in for gay marriage, Ithaca, New York, where she teaches courses in public relations. Email: aflowers[at] This manuscript was made possible in part by a James B. Pendleton grant from the Roy H. Park School of Communications at Ithaca College.

A version of on failure this paper was presented at thesis, the International Communication Association’s pre-conference hosted in Tokyo, Japan, June 2010. Additionally, the following graduate assistants need to be acknowledged for their research contributions: Rui Liu, Savitha Ranga, Nate (Zheli) Ren, and Danielle Clarke.

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Idioms Essays and Research Papers. ?An idiom (Latin: idioma, special property, f. Greek: ????? – idioma, special feature, special phrasing, f. Greek: ???? –idios, one’s . own) is for gay marriage paper a combination of words that has a figurative meaning owing to its common usage. An idiom's figurative meaning is separate from the literal meaning. There are thousands of idioms and they occur frequently in on the of deception in macbeth, all languages. There are estimated to be at least twenty-five thousand idiomatic expressions in thesis for gay, the English language. Online Literature! In linguistics, idioms are. Collocation , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 1138 Words | 5 Pages. Equivalence above word level: The lexical patterning will be dealing with falls under two main heading: Collocation Idioms and fixed . expression Collocation: - It is the tendency of certain words co-occur regularly in a given language It is the relationship between two words that often go together and thesis for gay marriage paper, if the lower drinking age thesis expression is heard often it becomes glued in our mind Lexical patterning Recurrent patterns in the language When it comes to equivalence across languages we will find for instance.

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V. Saraswathi ( Anu Chitra Publications) Rs.52/- . Arthur Conan Doyle , Collocation , English grammar 474 Words | 3 Pages. ?An idiom is an expression consisting of a combination of words that have a figurative meaning. The figurative meaning is comprehended in . regard to a common use of the expression that is separate from the screwed literal meaning or definition of the words of thesis marriage paper which it is made.Idioms are numerous and they occur frequently in major thesis of the, all languages. There are estimated to be at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in the English language. For Gay! (source : Idiom ) Can I Use Idioms In My Essay. Idiom , Idiom dictionary , Idioms 701 Words | 2 Pages.

What is figurative language? Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language. Types of Figurative . Language Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms Imagery Language that appeals to the senses. Online! Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. 1. Simile A figure of speech which involves a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example. Figure of speech , Idiom , Language 928 Words | 3 Pages. Typology of Phraseological Units in English. Typology of phraseological units in thesis for gay marriage paper, English Difference in terminology (“set-phrases”, “ idioms ” and “word-equivalents” [1]) reflects certain . differences in the main criteria used to distinguish types of theme in macbeth phraseological units and free word-groups.

The term “set phrase” implies that the basic criterion of thesis for gay marriage paper differentiation is courses stability of the thesis for gay lexical components and essay on the of deception, grammatical structure of word-groups. There is a certain divergence of opinion as to the essential features of thesis for gay paper phraseological units as distinguished. Collocation , Idiom , Linguistics 868 Words | 3 Pages. students may think that using idioms makes their English more “native” and use them excessively. They may have difficulties in which context . and situation a colloquial language is appropriate.(Headway) Possible solutions and lower drinking age thesis, exercises Association of the “red” as a color of thesis “anger” can help students to remember the meaning. Age Thesis! Explain the students that at this level they are exposed to thesis for gay marriage paper, colloquial language with recognition purposes and they are not expected to major of the, use idioms . Advise them when in doubt. Gerund , Grammatical tense , HarperCollins 803 Words | 5 Pages. Analysis of the Use and thesis marriage paper, Abuse of Figurative Language in Communication. discussed in this essay are idioms , analogies, metaphors, similes, and cliches. In addition, you will read about amphibolies, flame words, . hyperboles, euphemisms, and colloquialisms. Idioms are special expressions that can enhance your conversation.

Instead of using a statement such as “You understand my point”, you might proclaim “You’ve hit the nail on the head”. Or instead of noticing, “That man is online deceased”, you might declare “He has kicked the bucket”. Thesis For Gay Paper! When you use idioms you language appears more. Analogy , Dialect , English language 1486 Words | 4 Pages. Idiom An idiom (Latin: idioma, special property, f. Greek: ?????? – idioma, special feature, special phrasing, f. Greek: . ????? – idios, one’s own) is an of the, expression consisting of a combination of words that has a figurative meaning. The figurative meaning is comprehended in regard to a common use of the expression that is separate from the literal meaning or definition of the thesis for gay words of which it is made.[1] Idioms are numerous and online, they occur frequently in all languages. There are estimated.

Final examination , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 717 Words | 3 Pages. citaty People use idioms to make their language richer and for gay, more colorful and to convey subtle shades of literature meaning or intention. . Marriage! Idioms are used often to replace a literal word or expression, and many times the essay on the theme of deception in macbeth idiom better describes the full nuance of meaning. Idioms and idiomatic expressions can be more precise than the literal words, often using fewer words but saying more. For example, the expression it runs in the family is shorter and more succinct than saying that a physical or personality. Collocation , Idiom , Linguistics 607 Words | 2 Pages. Definition of Idioms and Collocations. whose meaning is often different from the normal meaning of the words is marriage called an idiom . Of the various definitons of . ‘ idiom ’, therr criteria, both semantic and screwed twitter, syntactic, emerge as predominant. Thesis! The first is of the semantic opacity, or what has come to be known as ‘noncompositionality’, the fact that the meaning of an idiom cannot be deduced from a sum of the meanings of for gay marriage its parts: in this sense, the meaning of an idiom is literature not ‘motivated’(bussmann 1996: 316). Thus, the meaning od ‘die’ cannot be produced. Collocation , Idiom , Lexical item 515 Words | 2 Pages.

intended to mean something else. Thesis For Gay Paper! The use of idioms has a great influence in thesis on failure, the teaching and learning process of language, because it could be . one of the ways to give better conditions to improve communicative skill in the daily context. English and Spanish have their own way of thesis implementing this technique. Here in our country Tagalog also has a lot of these expressions in its vocabulary. Philippine idioms make a language more interesting and vibrant. Using idioms means you understand the language more. Camera , Filipino language , Filipino people 855 Words | 3 Pages. Figurative Language Versus Literal Language. careless in using figurative language that can cause confusion and misunderstanding. Screwed! Below are some examples of the most common types of figurative language . Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper! as well as their examples.

Idiom Idioms are common in the English language but may pose problems if someone is not familiar with the idiomatic expression used. Idioms are words that hav a different meaning other than its literal meaning ( Thesis! One example of thesis for gay paper idiomatic expression is, “on pins and thesis of the, needles”, which means excited or nervous. Analogy , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 1122 Words | 5 Pages. in using figurative language that can cause confusion and misunderstanding. Below are some examples of the most common types of figurative language as well . as their examples. Idiom Idioms are common in the English language but may pose problems if someone is not familiar with the for gay idiomatic expression used. A&m Thesis And Dissertations! Idioms are words that hav a different meaning other than its literal meaning ( One example of idiomatic expression is, “on pins and for gay, needles”, which means excited or nervous.

Analogy , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 689 Words | 3 Pages. Yerevan State Linguistic University after V. On The In Macbeth! Brusov Theme: Idioms in newspaper style Faculty of foreign languages 3th coarse, 4th group . Marriage Paper! Student: Grigoryan Victoria Supervisor: Nina Mnatsakanyan Yerevan 2009 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction…………………..…………………………………………………..……3 Chapter 1: Idiom , general characteristics……………….…………………….…..5 Chapter 2: Newspaper style …………..….… ……………………………….……13 Conclusion…………………………….…………………………………..………….23 Bibliography…………………………….………………………………………….…25 . English language , Free daily newspaper , Idiom 7435 Words | 20 Pages. Idiomatic Errors Among English Learners. Idiomatic errors of Arab learners. First, idioms are one of the most important aspects in English. They are the most frequent and widely used . in many situations, such as, daily conversation, meeting and written context. The definition of major thesis of the iliad this aspect according to Kharma, Alhajjaj (1997), An idiom is a fixed phrase, such as keep something under one's hat, whose meaning can't be predicated from a knowledge of the meaning of the for gay marriage individual words. So, an a&m thesis and dissertations, idiom is a group of words, in which has a different. Arabic language , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 1957 Words | 6 Pages.

IDIOMS IN BILINGUAL DICTIONARIES A dictionary is a collection of words in one or more languages, and it reflects the for gay paper vocabulary of a . language. Its purpose is to screwed up essay, provide information on the meaning of words, combinations with other words, sometimes also pronunciation and other aspects of a language. Dictionaries can be classified by many different aspects – for example, a dictionary can be monolingual, bilingual, bilingualised or even multilingual. If the dictionary is bilingual, it can be either. Bilingual dictionary , Collocation , Dictionary 3057 Words | 8 Pages.

David W. Miller Learn English Idioms I Learn English Idioms I The title needs work but it . describes best what is inside. Thesis Marriage Paper! Send this to whomever you like. It’s FREE! This ebook covers, in order of appearance, the entire Idioms poster (approximately 1050 idioms ) located at the idioms site. Additional learning resources are also on the site. I’ve made this ebook as small as possible so that you can help send it around the world!

Remember, it’s free to share. Blue-collar worker , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 8343 Words | 21 Pages. The Study on English Idioms by age thesis, Western Culture. culture, either. It is for gay paper impossible to study a foreign language text without considering the culture it embodied. Idiom is the essence and . Major Of The Iliad! crystallization of for gay marriage a language and culture. It is the literature summary of thesis marriage paper life experiences of the people in a particular district. Thesis! Usually, it is short but it can reflect the special features of a certain culture.

Therefore, the accurate understanding of the English idiom does not only involve the for gay marriage paper phonetic conversion but also involve the western cultural conversion. Courses! It requires. British Isles , England , English language 4294 Words | 12 Pages. The Centrality of Christ in Christian Discipleship. word meek used in this text is defined as quiet, gentle, and submissive.3 Christ teaches us to be as . humble as He is in order to serve others in the church, community, as well as the paper community. “? War”. ? The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer? . Online! Houghton Mifflin Company. ? (accessed: January 25, 2015). 2 Meek. Merriam­Webster.

Accessed January 28, 2015. Accessed January 28, 2015 http://www.merriam­ Barry O'Callaghan , EMPG , Houghton Mifflin Harcourt 1376 Words | 7 Pages. IDIOMS |Group of thesis marriage paper words with a meaning of its own that is different from the twitter meanings of each individual word in the group (for example, | . |‘It's raining cats and for gay, dogs’ means ‘It's raining heavily’ and kick the bucket means ‘to die’); also a style of expression in | |writing, speech, or music that is thesis on failure typical of thesis paper a particular period, place, or person (for example, ‘a piece of music composed in | |the modern idiom ’). . Idiom , Idiom dictionary , Idioms 21297 Words | 186 Pages. Idioms: Meaning of Life and screwed, Wild Goose Chase. IDIOMS An idiom is an paper, expression whose meaning is different from the meaning of its constituent words. Online Literature! Below is a list of some . idioms with their meaning and for gay paper, usage.

IDIOM | MEANING | TURN OVER A NEW LEAF | Changing for the better | After Atif was released from a&m thesis and dissertations prison, he decided to thesis for gay marriage, turn over a new leaf and become an honest man. IDIOM | MEANING | HIT BELOW THE BELT | To act in major, an unfair matter | The candidate of the for gay marriage opposition party spread false rumours. Idiom , Leader of the Opposition , Meaning of life 331 Words | 2 Pages. Useful Idioms for on the in macbeth Lower-Intermediate to Advanced Students (Teacher's Resource) My students often tell me that they want to thesis marriage paper, . learn idioms . But, in the past, I always found it difficult to find a list of thesis of the iliad idioms /phrases that was general enough to be useful for everyone. So, I finally broke down and made my own idiom and phrases list. Below is the marriage paper result of hours of idiom compilation and writing. Item example: off the top of your head He asked me to lower, tell him a joke, but I couldn’t think of. A Good Thing , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 5704 Words | 16 Pages. Contents 1. Thesis Marriage Paper! Introduction 2.1. Thesis On Failure! Aim * Idiomatic Phrases * What is an idiom ? * Idioms and culture * . Different aspects of an idiom * Idioms pragmatics and context 2.2.

Practical Value * When we use idioms ? * Idioms with a body part component 1. Body idioms connected with senses 2. Body idioms connected with limbs and limbs’ elements 3. Other body parts idioms 2. Calculation 3. Some Examples 4. Reference 1. Introduction . Human anatomy , Human body , Idiom 6996 Words | 22 Pages. An Investigation into English and thesis for gay marriage, Vietnamese Idioms. 1 2 MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING UNIVERSITY OF DANANG ----------------- This thesis has been completed at the University of essay on the Danang D?NG TH? BICH . Thesis Paper! HU?NG Supervisor: NGUY?N TH? QU?NH HOA, Ph.D. AN INVESTIGATION INTO ENGLISH AND VIETNAMESE IDIOMS CONTAINING WORDS DENOTING WEATHER Examiner 1: Assoc. Prof.

Dr. TR?N VAN PHU?C Examiner 2: NGU THI?N HUNG, Ph.D. Field: THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE Code: 60.22.15 This thesis will be defended at the Examination Council for the M.A. Time: 16/1/2011 Venue. English language , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 5725 Words | 48 Pages.

= Easy English = ESSENTIAL ENGLISH IDIOMS Elementary = Easy English = 1 LESSON 1 t o get in/to get on thesis on failure, : to thesis for gay marriage, enter or to board a . Online! vehicle To get in is used for cars, to get on is used for all other forms of transportation. - It's easiest to get in the car from the driver's side. The door on the other side doesn't work well. - I always get on the bus to work at 34th Street. t o get out of/to get off : to leave or to descend from a vehicle To get out of is used for cars, to get of. 2006 albums , 2007 singles , Debut albums 14437 Words | 60 Pages. application form and told me to thesis for gay, fill it out. (c) She got into the car and drove off. Qs.4: (I) Fill in literature courses, the blanks to complete the paper given . idioms and proverbs. (a)Put your nose to the __________________________. (b)You must not cry over spilled _____________________. (II)Answer the following in and dissertations, the spaces provided. (a) What do you mean by the idiom , “Pull strings”? _________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Cliche , Collocation , Figure of speech 346 Words | 2 Pages. The Art of Speech-Arabic Idioms Chapter Arabic-English dictionary for idioms , proverbs, politeness expressions, religious and . Islamic expressions, slang and comparative spoken-written Arabic vocabulary. ??????? ???????? The Arabic Idioms Written by for gay marriage paper, Hussein Maxos Arabic for non-natives series by Hussein Maxos©, Damascus 1995-2003. Texas And Dissertations! ;;;;;;;;;;;;;; Index • Introduction…………………………………………….page 3 • Symbols and abbreviations………………………………. 6 • Section ?6 .……………………………………??? ???? ?? • Section. Arabic alphabet , Arabic language , Classical Arabic 3478 Words | 14 Pages.

Translation Strategies of Culture-Specific Items Turkish - English. ‘B?y?k alt?ndan guldu’ is an idiom in Turkish. Translator chooses translating this idiom with literal translation. Paper! And it turns . to ‘He smiled beneath his moustache.’ • “Gozunuzu ac?n tay?nc?lar, sonunculuk yok!” “Tay?n carps?n yok!” “Wake yourselves up! We are not going to arrive last again!” “Never again!” The term ‘Tay?nc?’ which is translated as ‘idle’ in another parts of the text isn’t translated here. It is on failure omitted.

A similar strategy is used for thesis for gay marriage the idiom ‘Tay?n carps?n’. This is a promise. Dynamic and formal equivalence , Idiom , Language 2559 Words | 9 Pages. learn them is to memorize them, and to practice their use. Below, you will find a series of Spanish idiomatic expressions grouped by types, according to the . verb or the theme of deception in macbeth preposition they contain, and their English counterparts. Expresiones con DAR ( Idioms with DAR) dar a dar a conocer dar a luz dar un abrazo dar asco dar la bienvenida dar brincos dar los buenos (dias, tardes) dar calabazas dar la cara dar carta blanca dar con dar con la puerta en las narices dar cuenta de dar cuerda a dar de alta. Argentine films , Black-and-white films , Dar la cara 4095 Words | 12 Pages. The Analysis of Translator's Dilemmas Concerning the Translation of „Friends” „Friends” I. For Gay! INTRODUCTION According to Agnieszka Szarkowska “translation does not take place between words but rather between cultures.” I totally . agree with this statement, which, in my opinion can be applied especially to translating cultural idioms . Lower Drinking Age Thesis! Rewriting them word by word just changing the language, which we can come across very often, preserves idiom’s literal meaning but makes it loose the metaphorical one.

That is marriage why we should rather look for the most accurate equivalent in the target. Friends , Idiom , Language 3189 Words | 8 Pages. misrepresentation, misstatement, prevarication, tale, untruth. Informal fish story, tall tale. Slang whopper. See true/false.

American . Heritage Dictionary of Idioms : story Top HomeLibraryLiterature Language Idioms Idioms beginning with story: story of my life, the In addition to the idiom beginning with story, also see cock and screwed twitter, bull story; cover story; fish story; hard-luck story; make a long story short; old story; same old story; shaggy dog story; sob story;. Dictionary , Fiction , Folklore 553 Words | 4 Pages. The Translation of Idioms in the Glorious Qur'_ninto English. The Translation of Idioms in thesis for gay, the Glorious Qur’an into lower drinking English Lecturer Yasir Younis Abdulwahid College of Political Science University of . Mosul This research investigates the translation of idioms in the Glorious Qur'an into English. It attempts to for gay paper, show how translators deal with the verses in which idioms play a significant role in age thesis, understanding verse meaning, and then, based on the accredited Qur'anic interpretations, correcting the thesis marriage translations of the verses concerned. The research . Dynamic and formal equivalence , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 7185 Words | 45 Pages. Running head: COMPARISON IDIOMS Comparison Idioms Between English And Vietnamese Dinh Lan Khanh Class 4B07 University of major thesis of the iliad . Pedagogy Abstract As a foreign student learning English, comparison idioms are really a big problem for me as well as other learners. There are over 3000 idioms in the dictionary, so understanding and memorizing all of them are a hard issue. Some students, even though, live in America or England for thesis such a long time, they are still unable to understand what the native. English Canadian , English language , English people 4904 Words | 14 Pages. Miss: Educational Years and English Language Development.

Hueneme Elementary School District English Language Development Idioms by Grade Level (June, 2010) The following list of essay theme of deception in macbeth . idioms (proverbs, expressions, sayings) is by marriage, no means exhaustive. Essay Theme Of Deception In Macbeth! The initial list was taken from Core Knowledge and expanded to include more common idioms . The intent is to support English Language Development through deliberate instruction and student practice/production of for gay marriage idiomatic expressions. Kindergarten A dog is man’s best friend A little bird. Educational years , Idiom , Primary school 2159 Words | 11 Pages. LVIV ENGLISH DEPARTMENT SIMILE VERSUS COMPARATIVE IDIOM : TYPES AND FUNCTIONS IN THE TEXT COURSE PAPER PRESENTED BY Hotsur A.M., . Drinking Age Thesis! a fourth year student of the English department SUPERVISED BY Lototska K. J., an assistant professor of the English department LVIV - 2009 Contents Introduction………………………………………………………………………….

3 Simile: types and functions in the text……………………………………………..4 Comparative idiom : types and functions in thesis, the text. ……………………….….10. Charles Dickens , David Copperfield , Idiom 4343 Words | 13 Pages. broth», while sayings are as a rule non-metaphorical, e.g. «Where there is a will there is a way». COMPILING A LIST OF PHRASEOLOGICAL UNITS By . surveying four idiom dictionaries (CCDI, LDE1, LID, OD1), I collected a total of 91 expressions, selecting the essay on the in macbeth units labelled as 'British' or without any geographical label: 69 idioms , 5 binomials, 11 similes and 6 formulae, l or each unit, I provided usage labels, when found in dictionaries ('derogatory', 'euphemistic', 'humorous', 'colloquial/informal'. Collocation , Idiom , Language 2172 Words | 9 Pages. Deffiniton Essay - I Meant to Say Good Luck. meaning as “Break a leg”. Most people use them without considering their literal meaning and thesis marriage paper, history.

The Oxford dictionary describes the phrase “Break a . leg” as slang for good luck. Lower Age Thesis! This idiom relates to theatre performers as they are extremely superstitious. According to a website “Wise Geek” the origins of this idiom can be found in Greek performances, as audience didn’t clap but stomped its feat. If the play was really good the audience would break their leg from too much stamping, as the AUBG student. Curse , Idiom , Luck 663 Words | 2 Pages. New York. 1997. For Gay Paper! Rogers, James T.. Major Iliad! The dictionary of thesis marriage cliches. Lower Age Thesis! New York, . N.Y.: Facts on File Publications, 1985. bite the bullet - Idioms - by thesis for gay marriage, the Free Dictionary, Thesaurus and Encyclopedia.. Idioms and phrases.

N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Oct. 2013. . Baseball , Bullet , Dictionary 585 Words | 2 Pages. TEACHING IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS TO LEARNERS OF EFL THROUGH A CORPUS BASED ON DISNEY MOVIES. for the teaching of online literature idioms to thesis for gay marriage, learners of EFL through a corpus based on Disney movies. Adopting a cognitive approach, idioms are . seen as being motivated by conceptual metaphors which tend to be grounded in our embodied experiences and which very often involve mental imagery. This imagistic component, in turn, is brought to the fore by lower, means of thesis for gay marriage Disney movies which very often commingle the pictorial, linguistic and embodied elements associated to essay on the theme in macbeth, an idiom . Key words: idioms , learners of EFL, conceptual.

Analogy , Communicative competence , Conceptual metaphor 6437 Words | 21 Pages. Phraseological Units in Sommerset Maugham's The Moon and Sixpence and It's Translation Into Armenian. actions, objects, qualities, etc. Unlike words proper, however, phraseological units are word-groups consisting of two or more words whose combination is . integrated as a unit with a specialised meaning of the whole. Phraseological units also called idioms are non-motivated word-groups. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper! An indispensable feature of the twitter idiomatic (phraseological) expressions is their figurative, i.e., metaphorical nature and thesis, usage. (Ginzburg 1979) Functionally and semantically inseparable units are the subject. Collocation , Idiom , Lexicology 5115 Words | 20 Pages. DEVIL AND THE DEEP SEA” A common idiomatic expression in online literature courses, use in many English speaking countries is the thesis for gay marriage paper reference to being caught between the devil and . the deep blue sea. Among the most popular of English sayings, the texas a&m thesis and dissertations origin of this particular idiom is routinely debated, with some tracing the for gay marriage paper saying back to the days of Roman and Greek mythology. Whatever the origin, the expression has come to refer to being caught in screwed up essay, a dilemma involving only thesis for gay marriage paper, two options, with neither option offering any clear.

Idiom , Phrase 684 Words | 2 Pages. specifications of phraseology…9 Chapter 2 Semantic groups of idioms in modern English…16 2.1 Idioms and their . peculiarities……16 2.4 Semantic groups of idioms and their classification…..18 Chapter 3 The translation of phraseological units……25 3.1. Transformation of idioms in the context…..25 3.2. Phraseological problems of translation…….49 Conclusion…..53 The list of used literatures….58 INTRODUCTION Idioms it is one of the disputable and online courses, important problems of lexicology. Collocation , English language , Idiom 16356 Words | 47 Pages. day in the life of Squeeky. The tone of the story is bright, brave, a little arrogant.

The vibrant idiomatic language and upbeat tempo, are compelling . Thesis! features of the online courses story. Thesis Paper! The ability to capture, translate and play in and out of the thesis on failure voices and idioms of marriage paper black communities has been widely admired. The composition of a story is usual, all of the events going after each other. The climax of the on the in macbeth story is then Squeaky saw her brother Raymond's run. The narrator is Hazel, known in her neighborhood.

A Story , American novelists , Conflict 762 Words | 2 Pages. speakers. Conversely, the corresponding expression for computer, powerful computers is preferred over *strong computers. Thesis Paper! Phraseological collocations should . not be confused with idioms although both are similar in that there is a degree of meaning present in screwed, the collocation or idiom that is not entirely compositional. With idioms , the meaning is completely non-compositional whereas collocations are mostly compositional. The processing of collocations involves a number of parameters, the most important.

Co-occurrence , Collocation , Idiom 4666 Words | 37 Pages. Homework Should Be Abolished for Students. Partner with us [pic] | |The idiom dictionary is compiled from the Cambridge International Dictionary of Idioms and the . Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms . The Cambridge International Dictionary of Idioms explains over 7,000 idioms current in British, American and for gay marriage paper, Australian English, helping learners to understand them and use them with confidence. The Cambridge Dictionary of American Idioms , based on lower age thesis, the 200 million words of marriage American English text in the Cambridge International Corpus. Collocation , English language , Idiom 267 Words | 2 Pages. expression An idiom (Latin: idioma, “special property”, f. Greek: ?????? — idioma, “special feature, special phrasing”, f. Greek: ????? — . idios, “one’s own”) is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning that is literature courses comprehended in regard to a common use of for gay marriage that expression that is major thesis iliad separate from the literal meaning or definition of the words of for gay paper which it is made.[1] There are estimated to be at least 25,000 idiomatic expressions in the English language.[2] * In linguistics, idioms are usually. Cat , Cliche , Collocation 1305 Words | 8 Pages. Among the reasons, the on failure way people perceive and use idioms seems striking. Idioms are used to express ideas in figurative way. . They bring the thesis paper vividness and screwed twitter, richness for thesis for gay paper the speaker’s speech.

Moreover, they do provide a whole new way of express concepts linguistically. Without them, it can be said that English might lose its color and vitality. On Failure! Forming an indispensable part in the stock of idioms in thesis, both English and essay in macbeth, Vietnamese, comparative idioms contain much interesting knowledge about mankind ad. Collocation , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 3168 Words | 9 Pages. it is used. Idioms exist in every language. Thesis Marriage! An idiom is on failure a word or phrase that is not taken literally, like “bought the farm” has . nothing to thesis for gay paper, do with purchasing real estate, but refers to dying. Idiom also refers to a dialect or jargon of a group of people, either in a certain region or a group with common interests, like in science, music, art, or business. Common Idioms Some idioms are used by most people that speak English; others are used by courses, a more select group.

Common idioms that refer to. Idea , Idiom , Idiom dictionary 5920 Words | 20 Pages. Hold your tongue. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper! This idiom does not actually mean that you should stick your fingers in your mouth and . grab a hold of your tongue. It means that you should not talk. People hold their tongues when they are in situations where they want to on the theme, talk, but it would be better if they didn't. So, while their tongue is ready to do some talking, they hold it and don't say anything. Every language has idioms , and they can be difficult to learn if you are not a native. Cliche , Figure of speech , Idiom 1409 Words | 8 Pages. Truth and Lie in English Discourse. includes: I should be on thesis paper, television?

Cut out the banana oil! (Davies). We use the expression Cut out the banana oil! mostly in texas a&m thesis, Slang and has a . meaning Insincere flattery; nonsensical exaggeration (Collins). Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper! Compare this phrase with the idiom a snake oil (Slang deceptive talk or actions; hooey; bunkum) (The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language). The conducted cognitive onomasiological analysis gave us an opportunity to make a conclusion that from the lower drinking age thesis point of informal. Concept , English language , HarperCollins 3025 Words | 8 Pages. AMERICAN IDIOMS - to hear sth. by word of mouth/by the grapewine = jedna pani povidala, klepy atd. - to call the shuts in the . family = byt hlavou rodiny - hen peck husband = podpantoflak - don?t be chicken = nebud srab - to for gay marriage, chicken out = ztratit kuraz - to on failure, clound around = delat neco neuzitecneho - to cook up = vymylet - to paper, cry over twitter spilled/spilt milk = brecet nad rozlitym mlikem - to be in the red = she is in thesis marriage paper, debts - to be in the black = to be. A Hard Road , Eating crow , Humble pie 1321 Words | 5 Pages. The Sage Encyclopedia of Human Relationships Personal Idioms by Sandra Metts, Illinois State University Sylvia Mikucki, University of . Illinois “Raining cats and texas, dogs.” “Green with envy.” “Easy as pie.” What these odd expressions share in thesis for gay, common is the classification as cultural idioms . Texas A&m Thesis And Dissertations! They are colloquial expressions that use the English language in creative ways to for gay, capture an attitude, image, or a feeling. A person who came to America from another country would have to study the sky during.

Communication , Friendship , Human sexual behavior 1335 Words | 4 Pages. in the eye of the beholder means that different people will find different things beautiful and that the differences of opinion don't matter greatly. 5. . Better late than never This idiom suggests that doing something late is better than not doing it at all. 6. Better safe than sorry This idiom is used to recommend being cautious rather than taking a risk. Thesis! 7. Between a rock and a hard place If you are caught between a rock and a hard place, you are in thesis for gay marriage, a position where you.

A picture is worth a thousand words , Doing It 535 Words | 3 Pages.

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resume twilight 4 Disclaimers : Tout l'univers des Cullen appartient a Stephenie Meyer. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper. L'histoire que vous allez lire appartient a DeydreamBeliever. Iliad. Quand a moi, je ne suis qu'une humble traductrice. Notes : Pour ceux que ca interesse de lire cette histoire en version originale, le lien se trouve dans mon profil. Ce probleme etait regle. For Gay Marriage. Alice surveillerait les Volturi et aucun d'entre nous ne mettrait les pieds en Italie. Screwed Up Essay. Je ne savais pas vraiment pourquoi Edward etait si inquiet que je leur ai dit. Paper. Il soupira a nouveau. Online Courses. Bien sur, apparemment, avoir des secrets etait dans sa nature. Thesis Marriage. En tout cas, dans les livres, il me cachait toujours quelque chose. Essay On The Theme Of Deception In Macbeth. J'etais vraiment heureuse de connaitre tous ses secrets maintenant.

Je pris quelques minutes pour me demander ce qu'il se serait passe si Edward avait ete le seul a lire les livres. Thesis For Gay. Etrangement, je ne pense pas que les choses se seraient aussi bien passees que maintenant. Essay On The Theme In Macbeth. De meme, si j'avais ete la seule a lire les livres, ca n'aurait ete guere mieux. Marriage. Je pouvais facilement imaginer a quel point il aurait panique si j'avais ete le voir le premier jour, ou meme la semaine suivante pour lui raconter tout ce que je savais. Courses. J'etais vraiment heureuse que Stephenie Meyer nous ait informe tous les deux en meme temps. Marriage Paper. Hmmm.

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Alice trouve Nahuel en Amerique du Sud et le ramene pour qu'il temoigne. Screwed Up Essay Twitter. Lui et ses soeur sont des hybrides mi-humain, mi-vampire. For Gay Marriage Paper. Ils atteignent leur maturite en sept ans, puis vivent pour toujours comme les vampires. Literature Courses. Les Volturi repartent, nos amis repartent, nous sommes amis avec les loups-garous, mon pere sait que nous sommes differents mais ne veut connaitre aucun details, il veut juste connaitre sa petite fille. Marriage Paper. Fini.

Okay, voila qui resume environ 2500 pages. Online. Oh, sauf que je n'ai pas mentionne que je suis la Chanteuse d'Edward. For Gay Marriage Paper. Mon sang est cent fois plus attirant pour lui que pour n'importe qui d'autre, donc il combat continuellement l'envie de me tuer, mais il finira par arriver a surmonter cela. Ils etaient tous entrain de me fixer. Online Literature Courses. Hey, je pensai avoir fait du bon boulot en resumant deux ans en cinq minutes. For Gay Paper. J'avais deliberemment laisse de cote le fait que Jasper m'avait attaque le jour de mon anniversaire, sachant que cela ne ferait que blesser ses sentiments. Jasper se tourna pour regarder Edward.

L'autre nuit, quand tu etais dechaine, c'est parce que tu l'avais sentis ? Edward eut l'air honteux. On Failure. Um, en fait, je voulais voir si la theorie du livre etait reelle, donc j'ai ete chez elle. Thesis For Gay Paper. Je savais d'apres les livres que je reagirais tres mal la premiere fois que je sentirais son odeur, donc j'ai a peine entrouvert la porte de la voiture dans laquelle elle etait venue de l'aeroport. On Failure. Meme si elle remontait a la veille, son odeur fut suffisante pour m'affecter a ce point. Alors comment peux tu t'asseoir si pres d'elle maintenant ? Je savais d'apres les livres que j'apprendrais a ignorer son odeur de la meme maniere que Carlisle si je m'entraine, donc j'ai prit un vetement a elle et je l'ai sentis pendant des heures pour me forcer a ignorer la brulure. For Gay. Je sais que ca a l'air bizarre et inquietant mais au moins elle comprend. On The Theme Of Deception In Macbeth. Ca me rappelle d'ailleurs. Thesis. Bella a une theorie, et j'aimerais faire un essai pour voir si c'est exact. Major Thesis Of The Iliad. Emmett, Carlisle pourriez-vous retenir Jasper pour moi ? Jasper eut l'air offense mais se laissa retenir. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper. Edward appuya son nez contre mon cou et inspira profondement, autorisant son esprit a reconnaitre a quel point mon sang lui donnait soif. On Failure. Jasper commenca immediatement a grogner et a gronder, en essayant de m'attaquer.

Edward arreta rapidement de respirer et se reconcentra. Marriage. Les femmes se placerent devant moi alors que Carlisle et Emmett repoussait Jasper sur le canape. Tout le monde, projetez votre amour vers Jasper, faites-le lui sentir, criai-je. Essay Theme. Pas de colere ou de deception, juste de l'amour. Marriage Paper. Je vis leurs corps se detendre et leurs expressions changer. Essay Of Deception. Alice s'approcha de lui et mis ses mains sur son visage avant de plonger son regard dans celui de son compagnon. Thesis Marriage Paper. Jasper reprit rapidement ses esprits. Drinking Age Thesis. Il me regarda avec horreur puis baissa la tete de honte. Thesis Marriage Paper. Je suis desole, tellement desole.

Je ne sais pas ce qui m'a prit. Moi je sais, admit tristement Edward. Lower Drinking Age Thesis. C'etait ma faute, Jasper releva la tete, surpris. Toutes ces fois ou nous t'avons donne l'impression que tu etais le maillon faible. For Gay Marriage. Nous t'avons vu lutter contre ta soif plus que nous, et nous t'avons excuse en disant que c'etait parce que tu etais celui qui nous avait rejoint en dernier et parce que tu avais bu du sang humain pendant plus longtemps que nous, expliqua Edward. Online. La verite c'est que tu es l'un des plus forts. Marriage. C'est nous qui te rabaissons. A&m Thesis. Tu ne luttes pas juste avec ta propre soif, tu luttes contre notre soif a tous les sept.

Je viens de le prouver. Thesis For Gay Marriage. Tu allais parfaitement bien jusqu'a ce je m'autorise a ressentir ma soif pour le sang de Bella. Major Of The. Tu reagissais a ma soif, pas a la tienne. Je serrai la main d'Edward et souris a Jasper. Thesis For Gay. Il regardait Edward d'un air abasourdi, essayant de comprendre et de realiser la revelation d'Edward.

La famille entiere commenca a regarder Jasper differemment. Je n'arrive pas a croire qu'on ait vecut avec toi pendant toutes ces decennies et que l'on ait jamais realise cela. Twitter. Bella est celle qui a comprit. Marriage. Chaque fois que l'un d'entre nous attendait trop longtemps avant de chasser, c'etait encore plus dur pour Jasper de maintenir son controle. Online Literature. Chaque fois que l'un d'entre nous lutte, il lutte plus.

Je suis desole, Jasper. Thesis Marriage Paper. Je suis desole pour toutes les fois ou j'ai rendu les choses plus dures pour toi, et je suis desole de t'avoir juge en fonction de tes difficultes, en me considerant meilleur que toi. Screwed Up Essay Twitter. S'il te plait pardonne moi, Jasper, pour tout cela et pour t'avoir fait douter de toi-meme, le supplia Edward. Marriage Paper. Jasper se precipita vers nous et nous etreignit tous les deux. Texas A&m Thesis. Nous repondimes a son etreinte. Thesis For Gay. Puis il se recula, souriant joyeusement.

Bien sur que je te pardonne, Edward. Online Courses. Merci, Bella. Thesis. Je ne peux pas te dire a quel point ca compte pour moi. On Failure. Edward et moi pouvons nous entrainer ensemble, pour que nous puissions tous les deux devenir plus fort. Thesis Paper. Je n'ai jamais voulu te blesser. Thesis Iliad. Maintenant que nous savons, je pense que toute notre famille pourra chasser un peu plus souvent pour nous assurer qu'aucun de nous ne sera jamais trop assoiffe lorsque tu seras la, offrit-il.

Le reste de la famille acquiesca, murmurant des excuses a Jasper et promettant de lui faciliter la vie. Comme d'hab, un teaser si vous me le demandez ! Commencez a etre rodes non ? J'vais arreter de vous le rappeler alors ! Prochain chapitre : Gerer Papa. Vous voulez la suite ? Moi, je veux des reviews. Marriage. Vous savez ce qu'il vous reste a faire !

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essays gcse How to marriage paper, write your best essay ever! English biz has separate guides for essay of deception each of the types of thesis paper, writing you'll meet on your course but this particular guide is probably the most important of them all. It will show you how to construct an thesis on failure effective, well-structured argument-based essay. How do you feel when you're given an essay to write? Do you fill with f-f-fear? W-w-wobble with worry? P-p-pour with perspiration?

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These are those based on 'mis-readings' of your texts. But what your teacher or examiner wants is for gay, a reasonable, informed, explained and well-supported view . In a nutshell, that's it. An essay requires this from you: a succinct opening in which you give an overview of your response to the essay question. This is courses, a kind of 'super-condensed' response that sums up your whole response in a line or two. you can add to the opening sentences, a very brief explanation of wh at aspects of the text brought you to this view . If you can give, say, four - six aspects, then you are setting out the coming structure of your essay . For Gay Marriage? There is no better way to begin an essay than like this. From this point on you will never be left scratching your head wondering what to write next. the remainder of the essay is merely a series of and dissertations, PEE paragraphs that, point by point, argue the case for what you have just stated. Each point (P) needs its own paragraph and to thesis, have support (E) from the text (either a quotation, or an explanation of some aspect of screwed twitter, form or structure ) along with with an explanation (E) of how the text brought you to such a view, the effects it created, the methods the author used to create the effects and, finally, its relevance to the text, that is, the author's purposes . That's it. Done and dusted! More detail below if needed.

The secret of a good essay? Make it an argument ! An effective essay is a piece of writing that makes a strong and marriage paper, well-supported case for a stated viewpoint . The view it makes the case for online is your response to the essay title or question . You'll have arrived at after a couple of readings of the thesis text, more if a poem, and one of which will be a so-called 'close-reading' when you annotate the text carefully in line with whatever the essay question asks, seeking out support as quotations or explanations of useful effects created by form and structure . So your essay starts with a clear statement of your opinion . It could be something like, as an example: 'Shakespeare's theme of violence in age thesis, Romeo and Juliet is shown especially effectively through the opening scene, as well as through the thesis for gay marriage characters of online, Mercutio and Tybalt and thesis paper, an analysis of these three dramatic aspects will form the basis of this essay.' The opening overview is sometimes called a thesis statement . The 'thesis' is your response, i.e. the heart of your 'argument'. It's what the essay goes on to explain and support to show that it is online literature, a view that is well - considered, based on the text and reasonable to for gay paper, hold . Essays are about online opinions, not facts. This point is crucial to take on board. There is never a straightforward right answer to an essay q uestion or title. There are wrong answers, of course - caused through, for example, misinterpreting the text; but the 'answer' to an essay question will always be a point of view . Essays deal in opinions, not facts . This is why your teacher is looking to read your views and why you have come to think in this particular way. How do you arrive at for gay a 'thesis' or overview? This is the tough part - there's no getting away from that. Major Of The? Not least, this is because it puts to for gay paper, the test your knowledge of the thesis text and your understanding of the marriage essay title or question . The good news is that when it's done and done well, the remainder of the essay becomes much more straightforward and far more interesting to write, perhaps even a little exciting! The Outline Structure for an Effective Essay.

As already stated above, this first paragraph needs to open with a clearly stated summary of your whole 'answer' along with an equally brief summary of the aspects of the text you'll be analysing to show your stated view is on the, sound . It is these early sentences that provide the major 'signposts' that give your essay and its general direction. Importantly, you need to set a confident tone early on in the essay. Thesis Marriage Paper? This can be done by adding in a very few details to show you've grasped the text's big picture . This should be a brief comment (brevity is everything in the opening paragraph) on the major details of the story (poem or whatever) along with an online equally brief statement of any relevant context , (that is the situation you feel brought the marriage writer to screwed twitter, want to write their text, including key aspects of their social , cultural and literary contexts ). This will, though, always need to thesis for gay marriage paper, be focused on the needs of the essay question . Notice how you are constantly seeking to thesis on failure, avoid waffle and marriage paper, generalised 'bolted on' comments ; instead, you need to lower drinking age thesis, keep all you write tightly focused on the needs of the essay title or question. This is the paper bulk of the essay. It is up essay, a series of paragraphs each introduced with a new clear important and thesis for gay paper, wholly relevant point . Sadly, it's all too easy to open a in a way that inspires little confidence and which drifts from the essay question or argument. Avoid this by opening each and every paragraph in age thesis, a way that is clearly and directly developing the thesis paper essay's 'answer' or argument . If you started by stating the four-six aspects you'll be covering in of the iliad, your essay, then you'll have no difficulty knowing what to write in these body paragraphs. This is where you restate, in a different form, your opening argument and give a brief list of the thesis marriage paper major points you have made along with a comment about the wider implications and relevance of what you have found.

It will help to think back to the imaginary classroom situation. On The Theme Of Deception? What would follow on from the highly condensed 'answer' you gave to thesis paper, your teacher? Your teacher might say, 'Good, that's a fair view to hold - but why do you think that? Show me from the text itself what made you think that way.' In the written essay, you'll need to be providing a whole lot more 'evidence' mainly in the form of quotations each one itself supported by a commentary derived from an analysis of the quotation's literary and linguistic content . However, with a central and guiding argument starting off and flowing through the thesis entire essay, it now becomes much easier to search the text for aspects and quotations that will provide good quality evidence to support the essay's points. Each point and supporting quotation needs to be followed by an analysis and comment . Some teachers call this the P.E.E. ( point example explanation ) or P.Q.C. Marriage? ( point quotation comment ) system.

This is texas, needed to explain how and why the aspect of the text or the quotation 'works' within the context of the thesis paper essay question and the originally stated argument. Certain key questions need to be answered concerning each quotation used: What techniques have been used to up essay, make the thesis for gay marriage language of the quotation effective? This means discussing the writer's methods , e.g. through the creation of realistic dialogue; the use of an effective metaphor; through vivid description; onomatopoeia; alliteration; effective stage directions, etc. How does the method used affect the major thesis iliad reader's understanding of the text and thesis, its themes (e.g. 'the effect of this passage is to create a sense of really being there for the reader. ')? Why was this method used (i.e. what was the of the writer's purpose )? E.g. For Gay Marriage Paper? 'At this point on the story the author wants to gain the online courses reader's attention in order to begin exploring the overall theme of injustice. ' MARK GRABBING TIP No. For Gay Paper? 1! Begin all of major thesis of the iliad, your paragraphs in such a way that it is absolutely clear you are focused on the essay question and marriage, its requirements, thus building up your overall argument.

This will keep the essay on track and avoid the plague of poor essays: wandering, digression and waffle! What if your essay title isn't in literature courses, the form of a question? When considered as a question, you will often find it is easier to thesis, generate that all-important single main point of essay on the theme of deception in macbeth, view to it - the thesis main idea upon which you will then base the remainder of and dissertations, your essay . Here is an example of a main idea succinctly stated (i.e. thesis statement ) that could be used to create an argument essay from the above question: The remainder of this - or any other - essay must then be no more than a linked series of thesis paper, points with each point explained , developed and supported in lower, a paragraph of its own . These points must all be directly related to the main idea you have already explained in the opening paragraph, which itself is your response to the essay title or question. Remember that each point - each paragraph - must set out to thesis for gay, explain , develop and support some aspect of your over-riding main idea and nothing more . In this example, the paragraph that follows the opening paragraph - the first of what is called the texas and dissertations body paragraphs of for gay paper, your essay - could be based on the point that the theme of ambition is shown through what Macbeth and Lady Macbeth are given by Shakespeare to twitter, say and do in marriage paper, Act One of the on the theme play. The third paragraph of your essay - its second body paragraph - might then explore, develop and support how the for gay marriage theme of ambition is lower, shown through these two characters in some part of thesis for gay marriage paper, Act 2, and so on. Below you'll find lots more detail and ideas for writing an literature courses effective essay but with luck, the above will have given you the basic idea. Aim to 'integrate' words or phrases from the text you are studying directly into your own sentences (still using quotation marks, of course). Don't overdo this effective technique, but used sparingly, this use of 'embedded' quotations can help create a very impressive style, one that suggests you have a good grasp of the for gay marriage paper text and the essay question. Here are some examples of how to use embedded quotations.

The first is from the opening of John Steinbeck's novel, 'Of Mice and Men': 'Small and quick' George is presented by Steinbeck as a character in complete contrast to online literature courses, his friend, the lumbering and 'shapeless' Lennie. Here is a similarly embedded quotation from J B Priestley's 'An Inspector Calls': As the Inspector says, 'We don't live alone' and this is an thesis for gay important message Priestley gives his audience. Finally, see how this can be done using John Agard's poem, 'Half-Caste': Perhaps Agard also wants his reader to 'come back tomorrow' with a different attitude towards those they might feel are in thesis on failure, any way different from themselves. MORE TIPS AND MORE DETAIL!

Essays take a great deal of effort and time and so deserve careful preparation. T he most common failing examiners find is a lack of understanding of the text on which the essay is based. This is to take the road signpos ted 'Failure'. But you're heading elsewhere. So. get to know your text well. Thesis For Gay Marriage? You won't succeed if you don't! I f you struggle with the a&m thesis text, read it through again with a study guide to hand. For Gay Marriage? Also, talk the text over with friends or your teacher.

There is more help with specific texts here . Many essay writers fail to create an initial main viewpoint or drift from this single focus. This loses marks as it leads to waffle , vagueness and generalisation . As you've read above, another common pitfall is to focus too much on the surface features of the text you are writing about. This happens when you write at length about the up essay meaning of the text, i.e. by telling what happens in for gay, it. In effect, all you are doing when you do this is to retell the story of the lower drinking age thesis text. You need to be discussing how and why the author has created an effective text through careful, interesting and effective choices of style and language as well as structure . M ore marks are lost if you forget the need to support the thesis for gay marriage points you make in each paragraph. A good idea is to try to thesis on failure, use at least one quotation - or reference to the text - per paragraph.

Remember, too, that this is an English essay and this means you need to reflect how authors use language and for gay, literary techniques in effective ways in their writing . Aim only to choose quotations that contain important elements in them that will allow you to discuss in depth aspects of, for example, their literary style , language or structure. Consider discussing, for example, how the major thesis of the iliad quotation acts to build tension , mood , character , a sense of place or how it helps explore one of the text's themes . Discuss, too, how the quotation works both at the point it occurs and as a contribution to the whole , i.e. the for gay marriage paper way it helps the writer achieve his or her purpose . This means you need to discuss aspects of the quotation such as its effectiveness - which means discussing aspects of language , structure and style . 1. DEVELOP A STRONG INITIAL FOCUS FOR YOUR ESSAY. The word 'essay' comes from a French word meaning 'attempt': your essay is your attempt to argue for your point of view , a view that when succinctly expressed is thesis, called a thesis statement . This 'thesis statement' needs to thesis paper, be an idea you developed based on an interpretation of whatever aspect of the text is asked in twitter, the essay question. Interpretation means considering how a text operates at different levels ; it is your interpretation of the text that will be at the heart of the essay: an interpretation that must supports the overall thesis statement. 2. FIND SOLID SUPPORT FOR YOUR VIEWPOINT. You will need to search through the text and thesis, note down a series of aspects and quotations that can be used to support the overall view you have developed. Use 'post-it notes' to help with this or write the on failure aspects/quotations down separately. Choose aspects or quotations that you can analyse successfully for the methods used , effects created and thesis, purpose intended . 3. Online Literature Courses? WRITE AN EFFECTIVE OPENING PARAGRAPH. Use your introductory paragraph to state your point of view , i.e. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper? your thesis statement. The purpose of your opening paragraph is to make clear your thesis statement - response to drinking age thesis, the essay question: that is, to marriage paper, explain the focus of your argument - your main idea or point of view.

Stated clearly at the opening to your essay, this shows how you intend to answer the essay question and what general direction your essay will take. Following your thesis statement, it's a good idea to add a little more detail that acts to 'preview' each of the major points that you will cover in the body of the essay. This opening paragraph will then act to show - succinctly - where you stand regarding the questions and how you intend to answer it. Importantly, in the opening paragraph of your essay you will also need to of the, write an overview of the text, one that gives a succinct summary of the ' big picture ' of the text; importantly, too, of course, this must be focused on marriage, the requirements of the essay question. Giving a succinct account of the big picture of the text in literature, the opening paragraph will show that you have engaged with and thesis for gay marriage, digested the detail of three key aspects of the essay: the essay question, the texas text and its author - perhaps also, a brief account of the author's context . Giving an overview suggests a confident approach and thesis, is a hallmark of the best essays. TIP: It is always impressive to incorporate into your own sentences, using quotation marks of course, a short suitable quotation taken from the text. Some teachers call this using embedded quotations. Keep all references to the biographical background of the author and any aspects of his or her context entirely relevant to the essay question and - brief! Remember that this is not a history or a sociology essay so very few marks are awarded for this kind of background information (although that does not mean it might not be useful). The majority of a&m thesis, marks in an English essay are awarded for the quality of analysis and thesis marriage, interpretation you show - that is, an awareness of the author's uses of the English language and drinking age thesis, literary uses of this. If your essay title does concern aspects of context try hard to discuss context by deriving your comments from quotations rather than by merely discussing aspects of context; in other words allow the text to introduce the paper context.

TIP: avoid making simplistic and irrelevant value judgments of the text or its author. A&m Thesis And Dissertations? Saying that Shakespeare is 'a wonderful author' or that you think 'Of Mice and Men' is 'really good' will gain no marks whatsoever - this is no more than a kind of waffle that fills space with empty words that add nothing useful to marriage paper, your essay. 4. Lower? USE THE REMAINING PARAGRAPHS EFFECTIVELY. Follow the opening paragraph with a number of paragraphs that form the 'body' of the essay. Each of these paragraphs are there purely to expand on and support your originally stated overall viewpoint.

Having stated your main idea in for gay, your opening paragraph, now you need explore this, develop it and provide support from the age thesis text for this. In the essay's body paragraphs your aim is to: follow the analysis system called P.E.E. or P.Q.C. Thesis Marriage Paper? For more on this see here ; work through the text's structure logically and, highlighting via the use of texas a&m thesis, quotations, explain how these led you to develop your point of view; comment on marriage, how the language of each of these parts led you to on the in macbeth, form your interpretation: why did the author choose this particular type of language to make this point in this way? How does it help a) the audience and b) the writer's purpose or theme ? discuss how this individual part of the text forms a useful structural part of the text by leading the reader towards an overall understanding of the themes, messages or purposes of the text; CRUCIALLY. each paragraph needs to develop a separate and individual point - one that will help to show how different parts and aspects of the text helped you develop your interpretation and viewpoint (this is the marriage paper POINT part of P.E.E.); A useful tip is to open each paragraph with a topic sentence . This is on the theme, a sentence that clearly makes a point that is thesis marriage paper, developing your argument - your answer to the essay question - and, because it is, therefore, clearly focused on the essay question, it will keep your writing on literature courses, track; Always aim to provide support for each of the paper points you make by referring directly to the text (this is the EXAMPLE part of P.E.E.). You normally do this by quoting briefly from a relevant part of the text but you might choose to courses, describe an event. It's very important NOT to write a long description of WHAT happens.

If you do you are merely 'retelling the story' - this loses many marks. In a play you also lose marks if you do not discuss aspects of the staging and stage action. You will need to follow each quotation with an explanation of and a discussion on aspects of the language the author used in the quotation; this means discussing, for example, how aspects of the quotations literary, poetic or dramatic language works, including mentioning the thesis for gay paper method the major thesis iliad writer used, the effect the language creates and the reasons this might have been done (this is the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). You should also aim to marriage paper, show how the quotation helped you develop your overall interpretation of the text (this is also the EXPLAIN part of P.E.E). 5. CREATE A LOGICAL STRUCTURE. Always work in a clear way through the text, from beginning to end.

Avoid starting your essay by literature discussing a point that occurs half way through your text: ALWAYS begin at marriage paper the beginning! Many students begin discussing a text half way through or even near the end then go back to an earlier point. This ignores the work the writer puts in to develop an effective structure to their text - and loses marks! 6. CONCLUDE EFFECTIVELY. The conclusion to an essay is important but causes problems for many students. It should leave your reader with a pleasant and logical sense of 'closure' - a 'wrapping up' of the main ideas behind the essay . 1. Re-state in a different form (using rather different words) your opening argument. 2. Now bring together your main points (again, avoiding simple repetition of the same words): list or summarise the main points from the iliad preceding paragraphs (use the topic sentences from each paragraph to for gay, give you an idea). 3. End by identifying some of the wider implications and relevance that arise from what you have found and essay theme of deception, explored. The conclusion should consist of thesis for gay marriage, just a few sentences but these will need to be made to sound convincing and authoritative . It's crucial to keep the conclusion brief and to the point and, above all else, to introduce no new material at all. ALWAYS WRITE ANALYTICALLY , NEVER DESCRIPTIVELY.

Here is an example of how many students go wrong; don't worry, you won't - but this is a very common mistake: In William Shakespeare's play, 'Romeo and Juliet', these are the first two lines of the 'Prologue' as spoken by and dissertations 'The Chorus': 'Two households, both alike in dignity, In fair Verona, where we lay our scene. ' What follows is a typical 'retelling': an thesis 'overview' or 'translation' that gains no marks : 'Here, Shakespeare is saying that the play is twitter, set in Verona where there are two dignified families.' Compare the above 'description' with this analytical and insightful interpretation : 'The opening lines of the Prologue are important because they paint a picture for the audience of what could and should be - fairness and for gay, dignity. These words set up a powerful contrast to what is: the violence, hatred and bloodshed shown in the coming scene. It will be against essay on the of deception in macbeth this violent backdrop that the pure love of Romeo and Juliet will have to struggle.'

Which approach and style would gain the higher mark? STUCK FOR WHAT TO WRITE ABOUT? THERE ARE FOUR KEY ASPECTS THAT APPLY TO ALL TEXTS AND WHICH SHOULD FORM THE BASIS OF ANY LITERATURE ESSAY. FORM, CONTENT, STRUCTURE AND STYLE. This is so very often ignored despite the fact that it provides the basis for the very best essays because it provides a subtle response. For Gay Marriage Paper? And subtlety always receives the highest marks ! When you write about lower drinking a text at the level of for gay, its form , you analyse how aspects of it other than the meaning of its language have been used by the writer in important and effective ways. To give you an idea of the importance of form to a text, you yourself make use of the form of language when you speak loudly or softly , or when you chat or text a friend and use CAPS LOCK. Also, when you create short or long sentences or paragraphs you are affecting the look - the form - of your writing. This, albeit subtly, affects the way the writing is received and interpreted. A novelist makes use of form by writing in sentences and paragraphs of varying lengths (you can imagine the on failure effect a very short sentence, or a one-line paragraph, for example).

The use of thesis marriage paper, dialogue (spoken words shown inside speech marks) is online literature courses, also an effective use of form, as is the use of underlining , bold or italics - or, in non-fiction texts, the inclusion of marriage paper, bullet points or sections. Poets are acutely aware of and very creative with the use of drinking, form. A poet makes use of form, for example, by consciously splitting up sentences into the lines of poetry . This allows the poet to exaggerate a particular word by placing it at the end of a line, or by rhyming it with a similar sounding word. A non-fiction writer makes use of form by using layout and appearance and by adding illustrations and photographs , and so on. All writers use form by using patterns of sound , such as by thesis using alliteration , rhyme , rhythm , onomatopoeia , assonance and so on.

A playwright, of lower drinking age thesis, course, uses form very differently. When your essay concerns a play, therefore, you'll definitely be losing marks if you ignore aspects of form. In a play, much of the 'meaning' is created not from language but from for gay, what you see happening on the stage - the staging and on failure, stage action. Thesis For Gay Marriage Paper? This includes not just what the actors do but what they wear , where they stand and so on - all potentially important formal aspects of the play that should find their way onto your essay. Form is always worthy of comment when (but only when ) if it adds usefully to the meaning, i.e. the lower age thesis content of a text. Every word and phrase has a literal meaning . This is its basic dictionary meaning. It's sometimes called a word's denotation . E.g. 'In this story, the author's detailed description of darkness denotes the coming on of a storm'. This is a way of 'playing' around with a word's meaning that makes writing more vivid , emotional and interesting . Marriage Paper? Words and online, phrases can be used differently from their literal context and thesis for gay, given what is called a connotation . Using connotation or figurative language , a writer can introduce layers of meaning - especially emotional meaning (don't forget that many words can create both meaning and feeling ). The most common way this is done is to use a word not for its literal meaning but for its metaphorical or figurative meaning. Another way is to use a word that acts as symbolically and represents something very different from its literal meaning.

E.g. Courses? 'As well as suggesting the coming of a storm, the darkness also acts to suggest a metaphorical darkness is taking over the character's mind. In this way the darkness seems to be symbolising a kind of evil'. Using a pun - a witty play on words - is another way that meaning can be played with in an interesting way. Punning works because some words, in a certain context, can have an ambiguous meaning - two possible meanings - one of which might be humorous. Irony is thesis marriage, a key way that writers use to major of the iliad, create layers of for gay, meaning. Sarcasm is essay theme of deception, irony, but this is a spoken form of irony that is intended to hurt someone's feelings by ridiculing some aspect of them. It's a crude, easy kind of irony not really subtle enough for writing.

Irony is usually subtle , sophisticated , edgy and thesis, witty ; an altogether more intelligent use of language. Thesis Of The? But irony can also be difficult to recognise - yet it is probably true to say that irony is one of the most common means by which a sophisticated writer creates layers of meaning in a text . Irony works because when it is recognised, it engages the reader very much more closely with the text. This is because, rather like solving a puzzle, there is a real enjoyment and satisfaction in unpicking the thesis for gay marriage various levels of meaning created by the irony. Creating an 'ironic tone of voice' in writing is much harder than in speech because the courses original sound of voice and thesis marriage paper, facial expression or body language of the up essay speaker are absent. To create an ironic tone (or any tone, for that matter), words have to be chosen with great care.

It is paper, a key reading skill to be able to detect this as it tells you what attitude the thesis on failure writer is paper, taking towards their subject matter. An example of irony occurs in an old story by O. Henry called 'The Gift of the and dissertations Magi'. This story of poor young lovers ends with the boyfriend selling the one thing he owns of value, his pocket watch, in thesis marriage paper, order to buy his girlfriend an expensive hair comb; equally secretly, she has all of twitter, her long hair cut off to sell to a wig maker so she can afford to buy him. a chain for his watch. Structure is the way a writer consciously 'shapes' a piece of writing in an attempt to thesis marriage, make it as effective as possible for their audience and literature, their purpose. It is important to comment on the structure of a text, e.g. 'The way the marriage paper author slowly builds up the tension throughout this chapter helps create a feeling of real excitement and up essay twitter, mystery'. Style is the way a writer or speaker consciously chooses language and language features to suit a particular audience to achieve a specific purpose . When you aim to convince your mum that Friday's party cannot be missed, you will consciously adapt your style to one that is more emotional and persuasive!

Some famous writers have a particular style of their own that is quickly recognisable. John Steinbeck, Charles Dickens and William Wordsworth are three such writers - here, a writer's individual style is sometimes referred to as the writer's 'voice'. Your primary job when analysing and discussing a text is to comment on its style - on what are called the stylistic or language choices its writer has made, especially those that seem to you to have been chosen to create a particular effect to achieve a certain purpose. So. if you are commenting on the form and content of a writer's language, you are commenting on the writer's style . COMPARING TWO OR MORE TEXTS. Even though it's a central part of the mark scheme, and always made clear in marriage, the essay question or title, each year many students still manage to online courses, write their comparison exam answer or coursework essay and forget to compare and contrast the texts . Aside from not knowing the texts sufficiently well, failing to compare and thesis for gay, contrast is the number one reason marks are lost in this kind of essay. When writing about twitter more than one text, your opening paragraph should be used to give the briefest details of each text (i.e. For Gay Paper? your writing needs to be succinct !). This will mean being even more careful and sparing when you write an overview of each text, in which you give the big picture . There are two methods you can consider using when comparing texts: 1) Write about the first text fully before moving on to the second - still using the techniques outlined above; but when you go on to write about the second text, you must compare and contrast it with the first. 2) Alternatively, and this makes the most sense when thinking about the argument essay, you write about both texts as you proceed . This allows you still, as shown above, to create a central argument , one in which examples to support the points are taken from one or both texts as relevant to the point.

This second method is the thesis more complex and sophisticated of the two.

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How to: critique artwork like a pro. Does the thought of an impending art critique bring tears to your eyes? Does it make you feel like crying in your Wheaties?–(who came up with that phrase, anyway?) For a lot of art students, it certainly does, and can be very intimidating, especially if we’re not accustomed to speaking in front of an audience. But with a little practice, you too can sound edu-ma-cated in front of others! In order “properly” to thesis paper, critique any given artwork (in a way that is acceptable by any institution assigning four-digit numbers to its classes), you need only online, remember the acronym “DAIJ.” It stands for “ Description , Analysis , Interpretation , Judgment ,” or as a clever student in thesis for gay my highschool art class once said, “Dem Apples Is Juicy.”

For an on the theme of deception in macbeth example, I have randomly chosen an artwork to critique by taking a lame, five-second-long quiz, entitled What Famous Work of Art Are You?…the result of which, for me, was Salvador Dali’s “Landscape With Butterflies.” (Okay, so I’m not crazy about for gay marriage butterflies, but the opinion part comes later.) In order to perform a criticism on any type of art, you simply carry out the 4 steps of essay on the theme, DAIJ–remember, it’s “Description, Analysis, Interpretation, Judgment.” Or, if you’re really lazy, you could just use this handy Instant Art Critique Phrase Generator that I came across today. Sure, no one will be the wiser… But if you really want to be intelligent, follow the darned steps already! Just as it says, first you describe the for gay, facts, including the name of the drinking age thesis, work, artist, medium, etc. Next, what does the paper, art look like, what is it made of, what objects do you see in it? What textures, shapes, or colors are there? Are the colors vivid and bright, or subdued? Remember, all of these are straight facts, with no opinions added yet. If you wanna be really thorough, look for and describe each of the courses, “elements” of art: line, shape, form, color, space, texture and value. (I’ve also seen “time” and paper “mass” included in others’ lists, but they seem superfluous to on the theme of deception, me at this point.) Be very general at first, then get more specific later on. The first step goes something like this:

In this painting, I see butterflies (obvious, but necessary). There are two of them, and thesis marriage paper they are in flight with their wings open. I also see what appears to major of the iliad, be the thesis for gay marriage, side of a cliff, or a flat wall that has been broken off. Texas A&m Thesis And Dissertations. It is daytime because the sky is blue, but there is also another drastic light-source coming from the right side, creating harsh shadows. The landscape appears to be outdoors, because of the sky and because of the vast desert in thesis marriage the distance. The colors are very intense, especially the blue and the orange. There is drinking a strong contrast between light and dark, and overall, the lines are very defined. The viewer is for gay marriage paper either very close in proximity to the butterflies, or the butterflies are rather large. As the viewer, we appear to be standing in front of this scene, looking straight at it, and texas a&m thesis and dissertations the overall effect is realism.

Etc. *Note: Through all this, you are not supposed to say whether or not you “like” any of the things…you’re just describing at this point. Next, tell how all the answers from the description you just made are related to each other, ie, how the above facts are organized, compliment one another, or create harmony or distress. For Gay. This step can often be the most confusing, because it is very similar to on the theme of deception in macbeth, the first and thesis can easily overlap. A good suggestion is to twitter, think about some of the “principles” of art: movement (or rhythm), variety, proportion, emphasis, balance, contrast.

(I have seen some people list “scale” as an art principle, but again this seems redundant to thesis for gay marriage, me–it’s basically a more detailed word for what we mean by twitter “proportion.” The Wikipedia entry on design elements and principles is a valuable resource if you need specific help sorting out and defining all of these terms.) So put on your detail goggles and dive in… As I view this piece, my eyes are occasionally led over to thesis marriage paper, the vanishing point on the left (in the distance), but keep coming back to drinking, the focal point around the butterflies. This movement happens largely because of the shadow that the thesis marriage paper, rock casts in that direction. The blue of the sky and the orange of the literature courses, rock are very intense and bright (highly saturated), and their opposition with each other also contributes to the back and forth motion of our eyes as we view the painting. If the for gay marriage paper, blue color was not as saturated, more focus would be on the right side of the painting, it would have too much “weight,” and our eyes would linger there more.

As a result, the painting’s composition would be less balanced. Also, because the butterflies appear to lower drinking, be abnormally large (in comparison to what we assume is a rock face or cliff), we do not have a concrete sense of scale or proportion. Thesis For Gay. This creates an interesting sense of ambiguity, and as a viewer we’re not sure if in fact we are very small, or simply lying close to the ground, or if these are mutated giant butterflies next to a huge cliff. Who can be sure? There aren’t even any pebbles on the ground or other recognizable objects in the paintings to give us clues about lower scale. Thesis. The bottom-most butterfly shadow (as well as the butterflies themselves , and the shadow cast by the rock ) has a sort of glow around it caused by the lighter orange color surrounding it. This causes the shadow to further “emerge” from the surface it’s supposed to be cast on, making it appear more three-dimensional and adding focus to it. We know that actual, “real-life” shadows do not have this effect, and so it creates a surreal feeling–one of the things Dali’s paintings are most famous for.

Basically, how does the painting make you feel? What does it make you think of? (Don’t say you think the artwork “sucks”…Not yet! That comes in the next step!) What do you think the artist is trying to communicate to you as a viewer? But just because this step is more open-ended than the previous two, and screwed up essay there aren’t really any “right or wrong” answers, in my opinion it’s the most important (and fun) step. I don’t feel either sad or happy when looking at this…The colors are nice ‘n bright, and butterflies usually make people feel happy, but I mainly feel “curious,” and maybe a bit confused.

I’d like to have more details about for gay marriage paper what’s going on that are not available in the painting. The colors to me feel very cool, and even the oranges and twitter browns have a lot of light “coolness” to them, but the surrounding visuals suggest a desert of thesis for gay marriage, some-sort, or somewhere very dry. Thesis Iliad. The butterflies are painted fairly realistically, and are beautiful, but the thesis, wings on both are stuck in the same exact position, like they are pinned onto online courses, an entomologist’s board. Not to mention their somewhat unrealistic shadows and highlights. So this is thesis paper what I think Dali probably did: I think he found some recently dead butterflies and wanted to paint them, like one would paint a still-life with fruit or flowers or something. But to make them less boring than a typical still-life of butterflies pinned to a board, he added an imaginary background to essay on the theme of deception in macbeth, make it into a “landscape” instead.

That way, as a viewer, we could have the sense that these creatures are alive and paper kicking, in their own little colorful world. To me, I think this is a great concept, and on failure a creative way of for gay marriage paper, approaching a painting and making it more intriguing than a plain old still-life. Of course, I have no idea if this is really what Dali intended people to feel when they viewed his painting. But it’s my interpretation, and online I’m entitled to give it during this stage of critique. Okay, so whether or not in the previous step you interpreted the painting as “reminding you of dog crap,” you NOW get to say whether it is marriage a success or a failure in texas your opinion. Also, do you feel it is original or not original? Would you hang it on your wall at home? Here’s the thesis for gay paper, place for all the gut feelings that you had when you first looked at the artwork. In general, I think this is an interesting and unique artwork.

I enjoy the bright colors and would hang it up in my house if someone gave it to me for my birthday, but I probably wouldn’t buy it myself unless it was on sale. (Dali doesn’t do “bargain basement” prices?–oh well, never mind then.) As an artist myself, I appreciate the technical skill it took to create such a painting, and might be inspired to create a painting similar to this in the future, but perhaps with another subject. Major Thesis. I certainly recognize the elements of “surrealism” that Dali’s artworks are famous for, and I think it succeeds, representing this category of art fairly well. (EDIT: 2012-08-07: the links below are out of date. Please allow me some time to change them. Thanks!) If you’re interested in viewing some other valuable resources about paper critiquing, may I suggest: * Keystone Central School District (in PA)has a web page with some very basic instructions for teachers, which are targeted towards younger students. There’s a “process” link to drinking, steps/instructions for critique, but there’s also a link to some really cute student art critiques written by some of their sixth-graders.

Worth the entertainment if you’ve got an thesis marriage extra minute. 47 Responses to How to: critique artwork like a pro. Hello! I came over to check out your blog after you left a comment on iliad my Art-o-mat entry and thesis paper had to subscribe. You have some very interesting and and dissertations well-written entries and create really neat art. I loved your critique examples in this particular entry.

Great article! Its so hard to me to remember the elements and principles of design when Im critiquing. I really love the thesis marriage, “Dem Apples Is Juicy.” I think that will help me out a lot. Thank you so much. This is a really excellent resource for art students especialy, or just anyone looking to learn a little about how to look at drinking, art. Personally, I find it interesting how you can see a potential meaning in for gay something you may never have even seen before once you’re forced to actually look at everything in the artwork, even if you created the online courses, piece yourself!

Thanks for the help. I’m troubled by how the internal dynamic of the Egyptian motifs seems very disturbing in the light of the accessibility of work. Thank you lord for this website. Fantastic article! This DAIJ technique is thesis for gay really helpful. With it it’s much easier for me to critique art. THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU for writing this article, it saved me when I had to write my critique.

Thanks a million for writing this article!! I was having a hard time determining what to put in my critique and how to arrange them. You made it so much easier! Thank you thank you thank you!! I thank you for on failure sharing this. Thesis Paper. I’m in an art class and our teacher gave us homework: to critique a chosen artwork.

I don’t know what to of the iliad, write in for gay marriage my paper so I searched the Internet and found your article. It really helped me a lot. Thank you so much for this article. Im an art student at courses, the University of Tennessee(UTC). We have been studying the nature of critique and i have had a wonderful time with learning to really judge and analyze art. This post was so helpful. really learning to break it down step by step. I first i was smudging them all together. I really didnt understand how some of the steps could be done in paper such a way( verbally) that anyone would notice? but what helped me out was when you mentioned the progression from general to more complex. Texas A&m Thesis And Dissertations. Thank you and i will constantly make references to this to help myself out and will reference this to thesis for gay paper, some peers.

I have a sophomore review in thesis on failure sping of thesis for gay marriage paper, 2012 and it will determine if i can proceed through the art department.( kinda sucks because alot of it deals with space) But im trying hard. Essay On The Theme Of Deception. Alot of money and time has went into this major. Thesis Marriage. Which right now its a pre art but will be graphic design if i make it through. Anyways im done rambling, thank you. I’m SO glad that I’ve been able to lower drinking, help you (and so many others!) by sharing my knowledge here…and I very much appreciate that you took the thesis for gay paper, time to provide feedback to me. *Cheers* from myself to all of essay, you! I like this. Please do a critique of graphics and drawing as well. That’s an excellent idea, Rosie … You can use DAIJ to for gay paper, critique most anything, including drawings and paintings, and even things that are not “ART”! But, it *would* be a good idea to have a critique of graphics and other design projects as another example. I’ll put it on my “to-do” list! I found your post while looking for online literature courses help to write an art critique for my finals.

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I will try to update this post if I get a chance! (I wrote it so long ago…) Wow! I’ve been searching high and low for thesis for gay paper a critique and i finally found one! Yay! I’m so “A”ing this test on Monday! Thx so much. This is online literature courses exactly what our teacher told us but it’s much clearer. This is thesis marriage a perfect example and these are perfect instructions! Whoever wrote this article thank you. =D. wow! really good article,this has helped me alot with my art homework.

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