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benjis book reports WRITING BOOK REPORTS. It's likely that, whatever your educational goals, you will eventually write a book report. Your instructor might call it a critique, or a summary/response paper, or a review. The two components these assignments have in common are summary and evaluation. Other TIP Sheets on related topics that might prove helpful in developing a book report, depending on the type of book and the specifics of essay on mumbai, your assignment, include the following: How to benjamin ferencz, Write a Summary Writing About Non-Fiction Books Writing About Literature. Essay In Sanskrit. Summary AND evaluation. The following example summarizes in two sentences the plot of Jurassic Park : Michael Crichton's Jurassic Park describes how millionaire tycoon John Hammond indulges his desire to create an island amusement park full of living dinosaurs. In spite of elaborate precautions to make the park safe, his animals run wild, killing and maiming his employees, endangering the lives of his two visiting grandchildren, and finally escaping to mainland Costa Rica. On the other hand, a thesis statement for a book report reflects your evaluation of the work; I really, really liked it is inadequate.

Students sometimes hesitate to doody's review service, make judgments about literature, because they are uncertain what standards apply. Essay. It's not so difficult to evaluate a book in terms of story elements: character, setting, problem/solution, even organization. (See TIP Sheet Writing About Literature for ideas on how to doody's book, handle these standard story elements.) Nevertheless, a good thesis statement should include your reflection on essay on mumbai in sanskrit the ideas, purpose, and attitudes of the author as well. To develop an informed judgment about the work, start by asking yourself lots of questions (for more ideas, see Evaluation on the TIP Sheet Writing About Literature). Then choose your most promising area, the one about which you have something clear to say and can easily find evidence from the book to illustrate. Develop this into a thesis statement. For example, here is vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, what one thesis statement might look like for Jurassic Park (notice how this thesis statement differs from the simple summary above): In Jurassic Park , Crichton seems to warn us chillingly that, in bioengineering as in chaos theory, the moment we most appear to be in on mumbai control of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, events is the exact moment control is already irredeemably lost to us. To develop an informed judgment and essay on mumbai, a corresponding thesis statement about a book, brainstorm by brian, answering questions such as the following: For what purpose did the author write this, and did he fulfill that purpose? What did the main character learn? Does this lesson reflect reality as you know it? Were the essay on mumbai, characters complex and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, believable? What do they reveal of the on mumbai, author? of human nature?

How well did the setting contribute to the mood? How did setting affect character and plot development? The invisible author. Usually the author does not figure prominently in the story unless the book is autobiographical. More often he is the thesis footnotes, invisible persona–invisible, yet not absent. The author leaves traces of essay in sanskrit, himself throughout. Paradoxically, your understanding of the author depends on your deliberate. detachment from the story itself to discover those traces. Imagine standing very, very close to a large painting–inches away. Master Footnotes. Your focus is on on mumbai blobs of color, but you are unable to identify the mcgahan resume, object represented. Essay. When you move back a few steps and alter your focus, the brian mcgahan, blobs take on in sanskrit a recognizable form.

In the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, same way, you have to draw back from the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, story to discern the purpose, ideas , and attitudes of the author. No one goes to the trouble to mcgahan, write something without purpose. Sure, textbooks have purpose, but those who write fiction narratives have purpose, too. Even fantasy writers have purpose. A book report should include your evaluation of whether the author succeeded in essay his purpose. The following writer has made a statement about the author's purpose: Crichton seems not so much to be warning us of the evils of scientific inquiry as begging us, in a very convincing way, to do not, exercise collective moral restraint on scientific research. This writer would then go on to use quotations, examples, and evidence from the book to show why she believes this is Crichton's purpose. To identify and respond to the purpose of an author, try asking questions like these: Was the author's purpose to inform or simply entertain me? Did I learn something?

Was I entertained? Did I lose interest? If I lost interest, was this author, perhaps, writing to a different audience? Is the author trying to persuade me to think or act in a particular way? About what issue? What point of in sanskrit, view would he or she have me adopt? Was I convinced? The author's ideas may be stated by thesis, the author himself in a foreword, or they may show up in the words of a narrator or a principal character. Essay On Mumbai. The character Ian Malcolm, for example, is a primary spokesman for Crichton's criticism of doody's review, post-modern science. Malcolm's words, below, express one of the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, ideas Crichton wishes us to consider: I'll tell you the problem with engineers and scientists.

They are focused on whether they can do something. They never stop to ask if they should do something. On the other hand, a principal character may represent, rather than state, ideas. Hammond's visiting grandchildren, for example, might represent the oblivious, yet threatened, human populations of the mainland and master, the planet itself. When ideas are implied rather than stated, they are called themes. Essay On Mumbai. To discover and evaluate ideas in a book, try asking questions like the following: What was the central problem in the book? Was it a personal, social, or moral problem? Does it relate to life as you know it? What ideas(s) about vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, life and society does the on mumbai in sanskrit, author seem to hold? What did the principal character(s) learn?

How did they change? What does this seem to say about people? About society? About morality? Once you have identified what ideas an author is trying to examine, you must still determine what the author's attitude is toward those ideas. An author's attitudes are revealed in part by the tone, or overall mood, of the work. Ferencz. In writing, as in essay on mumbai in sanskrit conversation, tone is not so much stated as implied. In reading we depend solely on the emotional overtones of the words to infer the attitudes of the author.

For example, suppose you have determined that Crichton wishes to explore the idea of footnotes, how private industry exploits scientific research. You must then determine, as well, what Crichton's attitude is toward this situation. Does he think this is a positive development, or a negative one, or a little of both? Does he think it is inevitable, or preventable? One way to figure out Crichton's attitude about this is to identify the tone he uses to tell the story. We describe the tone of essay on mumbai in sanskrit, a book with adjectives, and more than one if necessary: straightforward, complex, ironic, creepy, pathetic, bitter, comic, tragic. For example, here is a statement using three different adjectives to describe Crichton's attitude toward one of the central problems in Jurassic Park : Crichton strikes an ominous tone in Jurassic Park. Even though this is a cautionary tale, the author nevertheless is powerpoint for research, optimistic that the essay in sanskrit, mainstream scientific community, represented in this story by Alan Grant, can learn restraint and respect for nature. (When identifying the tone of a book, make the effort to distinguish an individual. Master. character's attitude from the on mumbai, author's overall attitude-they may differ.) To begin talking about tone, ask yourself questions such as these: Is there a particular setting or scene that stands out in my mind?

What was the benjamin, mood of in sanskrit, that scene? Is this mood indicative of the entire book? Is the author an do not need, optimist, a pessimist, or a realist? How does he show it? Does a principal character experience one persistent state of mind or emotion? What would I call it? Is it indicative of the on mumbai, work overall?

Did the mood of the work help or hinder my understanding of the author's ideas? Butte College | 3536 Butte Campus Drive, Oroville CA 95965 | General Information (530) 895-2511.

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Ritual and Space in the Middle Ages. Proceedings of the Harlaxton Symposium 2009. edited by: Frances Andrews. Donington, Shaun Tyas, 2011 , ISBN: 9781907730092; 384pp.; Price: ?49.50. University of Cambridge.

Date accessed: 5 October, 2017. This collection of essays, first presented at the Harlaxton Symposium in 2009, brings together a range of researchers interested in the intellectual and cultural history of Europe, under two equally broad and controversial themes. Frances Andrews's introduction goes some way to binding the ideas together. Essay! However, the contributors are strong empiricists, and powerpoint, the wider theoretical references are often lacklustre: the occasional nod to Bourdieu or Lefebvre usually does little more than situate the essay comfortably within the remit of the collection's themes: the real insights are in essay on mumbai in sanskrit, the historical details. Rather than take the essays in order, below I attempt to find some of the parallels between the essays so that their historical accounts might speak a theory of their own. Jill Caskey's essay on the ars sacra of Southern Italy introduces problems between analyses of different media which naturally prevail throughout the volume. Acknowledging the astounding contribution of Bruzelius's The Stones of Naples to medieval architectural studies, Caskey nonetheless argues that buildings and reliquaries should not be treated as having the same potential dynamic with kingly ritual.(1) In particular, she argues that the French character of Sicilian architecture under Angevin rule was less easily manipulated than the smaller, more quickly constructed sacred objects. A memorable image from the essay if is powerpoint that of the essay, Baresi running along the walls of their city, displaying their treasure during a siege. The besieging Normans interpreted the act as a barbaric lack of respect of brian resume such sacred objects – but Caskey reveals that the Byzantine roots of the Baresi culture suggest that in truth the scared citizens were using their artefacts apotropaically.

The construction of artefacts in the late 13th century, Caskey claims, was based on the premise that Capetian power needed to essay, be reflected in Angevin power; that this was the for research paper, strongest claim to sovereignty – not least because of the status of Paris as a new Jerusalem following the incorporation of the relics of Christ by Louis IX. Caskey focuses on the Christological-monarchical rendering of the reliquary of the True Cross, and the locally inspired reliquary bust of St Januarius, a beautiful and excellently preserved example of the genre – and deftly shows how the aesthetics of both place them within the same visual world. Caskey also shows how the construction of these objects accompanied a shift in essay on mumbai, time. The introduction of the Use of Paris into Bari in vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, 1296 caused a ’shift in essay on mumbai, the grid of time and space‘, not least because of the very specific spatial referents in the Parisian calendar, such as the consecration of Notre Dame, which replaced locations and festivities inherent in the Baresi calendar. The analysis of the reliquaries is astute and considered, weaving art historical, Christological detail and political history, noting not only the aggrandising techniques of the Angevins, but also the antagonism this caused to the Baresi: in 1300, three insurgents killed the chaplain in his own church. Master Thesis! The relations between town and church will no doubt be further unravelled through Caskey's future work on the processional role of the relics, perhaps in a manner not dissimilar from the examination of Lincoln by James Stokes in his contribution to the volume. Four essays focus on processions through late medieval English towns. Helen Carrel's contribution, despite the essay in sanskrit, broad claim of its title ('The rituals of town crown relations in post black death England'), centres mainly on the relation of the doody's book, Queen to in sanskrit, petitioners hailing from towns she visited.

James Stokes' essay examines, in fine detail, the ritual of the Ascension in Lincoln, which notably was organised jointly by the town commune and scholarships that, the Cathedral chapter. John McKinnel looks at the Easter week in essay on mumbai in sanskrit, Durham, and the effect of the single source of sovereign power which existed there, the Prince Bishop. Finally Hans Kleineke revisits a monograph from 1932 entitled Some Disputes Between City and Cathedral Authorities of Exeter (2), in light of his extensive research into the records of Exeter in the National Archives, to be published later this year. McKinnel's essay explores the benjamin ferencz essay competition, inside/outside space of the Easter sequence in Durham, and the Christological symbolism. The liturgical rituals peculiar to the city, McKinnel argues, were developed so that lay participation in essay in sanskrit, the rite increased as the week progressed, moving from the cloistered Maundy Thursday feasting, through the display of the brian mcgahan resume, cross to the expectant crowds on Good Friday, the on mumbai in sanskrit, miraculous appearance of the image of Christ and its presentation at the temporary Easter Sepulchre on resume Sunday, and finally Ascension day, and in sanskrit, culminating in the procession of the relics of the northern Saints, including the gigantic relic-banner of St Cuthbert. Carrel, following Anthony Musson, claims that personal contact with and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, petitions of the Queen were not extraordinary events, but were part of the normal process of petitioning. Essay On Mumbai! However, she also claims that gifts (of mercy) from the Queen had to benjamin ferencz, be spontaneous in order to still be considered extraordinary gifts.

These contradictory claims can easily be reconciled through an on mumbai, elementary understanding of the political economy of gifts familiar to anthropologists through Mauss, Malinowsky, et al – and powerpoint for research, thoroughly integrated into medievalism by in sanskrit, Patrick Geary, among others. Nonetheless, while the theory of ritual is unworked, the examples chosen are illuminating, and well summarised. Anne of Bohemia's visit to Shrewsbury and the subsequent Charter (1389) establishing a commune is carefully analysed through the image of the King and Queen in the historiated initial of the document itself. Mcgahan Resume! Nonetheless, the image remains enigmatic: is the queen delivering or receiving a petition, or is it the on mumbai, charter itself? The discussion of the Bristol petitioning is detailed, and Carrel has revitalised many of the otherwise lifeless names involved.

Further examination of the everyday functions of the Royal chambers, how the royal couple acted there, and how petitioners entered it would be central to developing the themes Carrel encounters. In terms of space alone, the fabric accounts of these chambers would expose further the concepts of sexuality, gender, and political space.(3) Royal visits again feature in David Ditchburn's detailed study of the rituals surrounding the marriage of James II of Scotland to Mary of Guelders in 1449. Ditchburn focuses for for research paper, the most part on the tournament which took place several months prior to in sanskrit, the marriage, arguing that this acted as a ritual defeat of the Burgundians by the Douglas knights, with the King acting as ultimate sovereign. This is particularly evidenced by James II's snub of the Livingstones, the one-time regents during his minority. Hannes Kleineke's contribution introduces another royal visit, to book service, Exeter in 1452, and essay on mumbai, describes the pageantry surrounding it. But whereas Carrel and McKinnel present unity and accord, Kleineke moves on to reveal discord and quarrels. The royal visit is presented as part of a move towards regal control, ultimately resolving the benjamin ferencz essay competition, differences between town and church by exerting authority over the mayor and the elect, and thus becoming a new, unequivocal force in Exeter life. This followed in the wake of disputes between the on mumbai in sanskrit, town and the chapter house which manifested themselves, at least on one occasion, in a physical confrontation during the ceremony of Ascension, the accounts of which Keineke deftly deciphers. The Feast of the Ascension is also the focus of review service James Stokes' essay.

Drawing heavily on his own edition of the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, Lincolnshire volume of the Records of Early English Drama series, Stokes provides a good deal of need essays linguistic evidence that the dramatic event involved a procession up the main hill in essay, Lincoln from the guildhall at the base to the cathedral and castle at the summit, and that it involved mechanical elements for the Ascension of Mary at the end of the procession. These details flesh out a wider theory that the need essays, historical development of the ritual was one of an increasing focus on corporeality (in parallel with the increasing popularity of the Feast of Corpus Christi), and that the production became more centred on the mechanical elements. The citizens' guild, that of St Anne, kept a priest at essay, the chantry chapel of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays St Michael on the Hill to organise the annual procession and play. In 1488 the essay on mumbai, priest was described as ingeniosus, from which Stokes makes intriguing, compelling parallels with that other ingeniator , Brunelleschi. The Easter liturgy and ingenious mechanics are also the themes of Andrew Jotischky's rich and fully researched history of the holy fire at the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Resume! While in Durham a temporary structure was built to in sanskrit, mirror the thesis footnotes, tomb of on mumbai Christ, in Jerusalem the church held the relic of the tomb itself, within the building erected on the site reputed to be Golgotha. The tomb and church were the focus of an important and site-specific fire ritual, which Jotischky argues dates back to the 9th century. A lamp, taken into the tomb by the Patriarch of Jerusalem, was miraculously lit from within, and the fire then handed out to the lamps and candles of the attendant bishops and master footnotes, congregation. Jotischky's summary is based on 24 accounts in five languages, if we include the English sources, and spanning the entire history of the rite. He is thus able not only to uncover its peculiarities, but also to suggest reasons for on mumbai in sanskrit, its historical origination and progression.

A potent example of do not essays this progression is the failure of the miracle in on mumbai in sanskrit, 1101 AD, following the expulsion of the Greek Orthodox priests by the newly installed Frankish crusaders. A ritual itself perhaps, this failure encouraged the Franks to welcome the Greek and Melkite Christians back into their fold, after which the doody's book review, miracle was duly functional – possibly, Jotischky argues, because the secrets of its mechanics were held by those same Christians who had been thrust out, placing the ritual within an on mumbai in sanskrit, ethnic and political history. This he also does in his account of the origin of the rite, situating it in vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, the singular intervention of the Carolingians following the conquest of Jerusalem by the Abbasid Caliphate in the 9th century. Like Kleineke's essay, Jotischky's is essay on mumbai in sanskrit partly a revisiting of older secondary works: the Arabic sources are taken from an essay of 1914, and much of the detail on the Church of the scholarships that do not essays, Holy Sepulchre surely derives from Colin Morris' excellent Sepulchre of Christ. Nonetheless, the reworking and amalgamation of sources shows Jotischky to be an excellent historian with a gift for prose, evidenced also by his recent book on monastic fasting.(4) Lucy-Anne Hunt continues discussion of the Frankish control of the church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem, focussing on the carved lintels above the South portals of the church, now in essay on mumbai in sanskrit, the Rockerfeller Museum in Jerusalem.

Following Molly Lindner (1992), Hunt argues that the Passion scenes depicted therein are not only a reflection of the actual pilgrimage route through the Holy Land, but specifically portray the Augustinian sites, the images mirroring a particular and intentional ritual use of space. Two other pilgrimages are brought into the discussion. The first is that of the Icon of the Virgin and Child at Saydnaya, again (as in Jotischky's essay) a Melkite centre during the Abbasid Caliphate. Benjamin Ferencz Essay! The analysis, however, is essay in sanskrit somewhat confused, the scope seemingly to attempt to rationalise the miracles apparent at the shrine. Scholarships That Do Not Essays! The second is the on mumbai, pilgrimage to the monastery of benjamin ferencz essay competition St Shenoute on the feast of the desert, described in on mumbai, an itinerary published in 1998, which also includes visits to other sites, such as a lost icon of St George. Hunt makes an all too brief, tantalising note about the recopying of this text in the 16th century as an assertion of Christian identity, following the disturbance of the relics and the ruining of the scholarships do not need, monastery.

Nonetheless the three examples do not really seem to hang together, though they certainly propose rituals parallel to Jotischky's explication of the Holy Fire. Pilgrimage takes on a new meaning with Rob Meens' engaging discussion of the essay in sanskrit, grave of St Martin of Tours in the early middle ages. Weaving the conflictual elements of Kleineke's discussion of Exeter back into that of saintly tombs, Meens develops the discussion into that of powerpoint for research paper asylum, which he glosses as the tension between reserving access to the sacred for the pure, while still allowing access to the impure for acts of mercy and in sanskrit, forgiveness. Three stories illuminate the need, progression of this discourse. On Mumbai! The first is the refuge granted to Eberulf, a renegade treasurer of King Guntram, attacked in the atrium of the church of St Martin by the envoy of the king.

The account is taken from Gregory, whose letter served as a rapprochement against the king's action. Do Not Essays! Second is the refuge granted to a cleric who had escaped from an ecclesiastical gaol in Orleans. Essay In Sanskrit! King Theodulf's soldiers enter the church with the pauperes of the city and paper, attack the Orleanais. Again, the essay in sanskrit, account is known from doody's, a rebuke, in this case the long exchange between Charlemagne (Theodulf's lord) and his advisor, Alcuin of York. The result of the essay, incident was a long and, literally, tortuous investigation of the people of Tours, culminating in a set of legal clarifications on the law of asylum by Charlemagne. The third incident is given the greatest space: that involving Count Fulk Nerra of Tours, for the understanding of which Meens provides us with an appended document declaring the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, rite of the 'humiliation of saints', with his translation as well. After Fulk invaded the claustrum of St Martin, and demolished a house belonging to the cellarer, the monks of Tours ritually disturbed the bones and relics of their saints, placed them on the ground and surrounded them with thorns. Only once the Count had returned to repent for his sins were the relics replaced.

The humiliatio was also accompanied by a sort of liturgical strike, in which only pilgrims were allowed access to the church. Essay In Sanskrit! Importantly, Meens posits that the origination of Fulk's entrance into the church with his soldiers was the thesis footnotes, pursuit of an enemy – and thus was another act transgressing the right of asylum. Meens' essay involves the violation of a space, and in two of the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, instances the invaded site is not the church itself but a different enclosed area: the atrium or the claustrum . Service! These areas are the focus of Sible de Blaauw's contribution on the early Christian constructions at Tyre and Rome. The essay is a passionate entreaty for early Christian churches not to be seen simply as bastard forms of the Roman basilica, but for the dynamic relation of form and function to be examined. The key spatial concept here, though it is not put as such by on mumbai in sanskrit, de Blaauw, is the binary of inside and outside, already familiar from the relation between procession and sepulchre in the Easter liturgies discussed above. De Blaauw acknowledges the domestic roots of the term atrium, reminding us that the paper, closer parallel is actually with the Roman peristylium, not the basillica – though he also implies that there may have been a dialogue between domestic and ecclesiastic architecture by the late antique period, citing the placement of the atrium at Gamzigrad, Serbia (an active archaeological site). He employs Krautheimer's analyses of Old St Peter's in on mumbai, Rome to show the kind of brian mcgahan resume atria erected throughout the on mumbai, Empire from Constantine's decree onwards. Using texts as well (Paulinus' letters; Eusebius' history) which amply describe an atrium with colonnades, de Blaauw reconstructs the buildings as they were, in all the metaphorical ambiguity of the typological references. Essay! This ambiguity contributes to de Blaauw's argument for the liminality of the atrium, its inbetween role separating the baptised from the uninitiated, but still within a sacred space, still accessible to 'liturgical traffic.' Drawing inspiration from de Blaauw's reconstructions of the papal basillicas in Rome, Donal Cooper's contribution uses Marcia Hall's studies of rood screens and tramezzi to investigate the implications of spatial divides in Tuscan churches.

The mendicant constructions provide a good focus for in sanskrit, the discussions of space for, as Cooper points out, we can assume that the particular examples reflect a generalised pattern for that order – which we can check against the chapter legislation. Cooper uses the 14th–century interior plan of San Francesco in Arezzo, known from the exceptional surviving drawing, to argue that the lateral spaces were left vacant for chantries and essay, personal altars. This hints towards a different notion of essay on mumbai in sanskrit architectural time from that of the projects described by de Blaauw, one in which expectancy of future monuments is built into the initial structure – an observation which will surely benefit from Marvin Trachtenberg's recent intervention.(5) The fresco within San Domenico in Arezzo is also discussed in terms of an inside/outside binary, as it depicts an extramural sermon; Cooper notes that many tramezzi , to which the fresco would have been near, were constructed with access to external pulpits for this very purpose. Using the reconstruction of the spatial arrangement of San Francesco, combined with the surviving frescos from San Domenico, Cooper makes a compelling argument for the mutual reliance of spatial and pictorial elements. Cooper challenges the histories which state that the tripartite division was definitively between the laity, the male laity, and the clergy, instead using the evidence to show that the personal chapels beyond the screens must have been accessible to noble men and women. The extrication of this evidence from the notarial documents in doody's book service, the Florentine archives is on mumbai in sanskrit both imaginative and detailed. As he succinctly put it, ’these sources suggest that lay access beyond the tramezzo screen was already extensive in the later fourteenth and early fifteenth-centuries, and did not result from a later process of 'privatising' church space during the Renaissance’.

Catherine Lawless focuses on three of the secondary tier of female saints in medieval Florence. Turning away from Catherine, Lucia and Mary Magdalene, the essay delves into the role of Saints Agatha, Reparata and brian mcgahan, Anne in the visual imaginary of the commune . Drawing on a her encyclopaedic knowledge of Tuscan images, Lawless sets the popular devotion in the context of Bernardino of on mumbai Siena's vindictive against thesis footnotes, women, and the contemporary restrictions on women's freedom to move through religious space. Of particular note is the on mumbai, recognition that the lack of female saints in the sculpture of Orsanmichele is powerpoint due to the lack of any one female saint acting as the patron of a Florentine guild. Gender, partitions and wall paintings also all feature in Nicholas Rogers's article on the places in which the sacrament of confession took place in late medieval churches. The confessional booth was a Baroque invention; prior to this, other techniques of privacy were employed.

Rogers uses an array of images from manuscripts to depict the ways in which priests made use of church space to construct loci which were personal but not away from public view, an important factor in the confession of women by male priests. Again stressing the interrelation of essay painted and do not need, architectural space in the role of the sacraments, Rogers suggests that images of the Seven Deadly Sins, and also those of gossiping women, could be indicative of places in which the confession was intended to essay, be undertaken. The discussion of images of scholarships need essays death is detailed and subtle, but often strays away from the in sanskrit, subject at hand, and only indirectly seems to connect with the resume, sacrament of confession. Rogers makes reference to Julian Luxford's article on momento mori , and Luxford returns to deathly themes in his own contribution to the volume.(6) His essay examines the large tomb which stood at the heart of the church of the Carthusian convent in London. The resting place of the founder of the essay on mumbai, Charterhouse, Sir Walter Manny, the monument has been gratifyingly reconstructed by Luxford from the two extant fragments. Drawing on this archaeological and art historical evidence, alongside textual sources, Luxford challenges the doody's book review, prevailing belief that such monuments were an unusual blight to the sparse Carthusian aesthetic. On the contrary, Luxford argues that by the 14th century such tombs were common in on mumbai in sanskrit, Charterhouses, the rules having been greatly relaxed. Luxford claims that such monuments played an master, important part in the visual lives of the monks, as ’it is obvious that, in a physical sense, the average monk saw relatively little’. This is not necessarily so obvious, however, given the noble backgrounds from which many Carthusian monks emanated.

While it is certainly true that the conventual life would have provided only a limited range of visual stimulants, this is not true of the monks' whole lives. In this manner, it is perhaps useful to separate the on mumbai, discourse of Carthusian life from its lived reality, in which monks, however self-convinced by their 'new' religious life in the convent, still bore the scholarships do not, memories of their life in the laity. To reinforce his argument of the impact of the tombs on the monks' imagination, Luxford draws on imagery relating the tomb and the monks cell through the metaphor of the deadened life of the Carthusian, of a man 'dead to the world'. Essay! However, the argument would be made stronger by reference to the rich architectural imagery prevalent in Carthusian-produced manuscripts, as studied by Michael Sargent, Ralph Hannah and Kathleen Scott, among others. A more literal dead are the focus of Philip Morgan's overview of medieval memorials on battlefields, encompassing monumentality, place-names and church foundations. His discussion springs elegantly from the mcgahan resume, words of the essay in sanskrit, Roman governor of Britain on the eve of battle, as reported by Cassius Dio: ’Let us, therefore, either conquer them or die on the spot. Briatin will be a noble monument for doody's review, us, even though all the other Romans here should be driven out; for in any case our bodies shall for ever possess this land’. The mechanics by which the land was thus memorialised through death are studied over a thousand-year period, although Morgan is essay on mumbai in sanskrit clearly most at home in the 14th and 15th centuries. Battle Abbey, the relics of St Oswald at Oswestry, the burial pits of Agincourt – the murderous and the sacred sit side by side in this subject, on which there is for research paper clearly still a great deal of essay work to be done. Powerpoint Paper! Encouragingly, Morgan is not obsessed merely with memory, but also sees the benefit in theorising forgotten battles, those which would not be included in essay on mumbai, a 'gazeteer' of place-names.

Forgetting and master thesis, disruption are central to Maurizio Campanelli's discussion of textual accounts of Rome, and the changing quality of time reflected in their historical imaginings of its past. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit! Drawing on a daringly wide range of sources, Campanelli argues that a scholar in that, the high or late middle ages would have been able to understand Rome as a place whose sacredness was mapped onto its spaces, where divine intervention was constantly renewed through ritual, but that for an early medieval scholar, this was absent; there were topographies, but the ritual elements was absent. Campanelli sees this progression as due, in part, to the active intervention of humanists in the construction of Rome's history. An example of continuity given is that the essay on mumbai, ancient right of asylum, discussed above in relation to the church of St Martin of Tours, was invoked by an inscription in the church of 'Sta Croce in Gerusalemme' in Rome, in order to support the shrine of Pope Silvester II. Specifically, the right of asylum was that established by Romulus, and its power is invoked to support the plenary indulgence (i.e. of all sins) granted to Sta Croce. This continuity is in the context of the utterly depleted power of Rome following the mcgahan, move of the Papacy to on mumbai in sanskrit, Avignon. Similarly, the early humanist Cavallini describes the Roman people as the iura of the city, whether ancient or contemporary; the authority of the Roman Senate is transferred to the College of Cardinals. This total continuity which Campanelli elucidates is given a poignant moment of pathos in the recognition that Cavallini wrote his description of Rome while in Avignon, where there was ’little to be done beyond closing oneself in with one's books to dream that, while everything changed in form, in brian mcgahan, Rome nothing had changed in substance’. While Petrarch, Cola di Rienzo and Biondo Flavio would stress a break with what became the 'middle' ages, for scholars like Cavallini and the anonymous author of the Mirabilia romae, continuity with the ancient Roman past was a primary method through which to strengthen the city's Christian auctoritas . Uri Smilansky's contribution on the visual aspect of the ars subtilior teases out many of the more subtle themes of the collection, though its musical focus sets it apart.

The ars subtilior (a disputed historical term) described the 14th–century musical avant-garde, the foci of which were not only an extraordinarily insular and self-referential approach to musical theory, but also to the notation by which it was transmitted. These notational experiments amount to not only on mumbai codes, but enigma and riddles, equally prevalent in the artistic aspect as the linguistic. The music itself, the recordings of which Smilansky provides useful references to, is as eerie and codified as the manuscript pages. Smilansky describes his essay as exploring 'space' in three ways: on the page; performance space; and the space occupied by the ars subtilior in society. The first of these explores, clearly, only two-dimensional space, although the tension between the necessity to reflect the changing song forms and the limitations of the medium, the manuscript, are as relevant today as in the 14th century. Doody's Book! The third use of on mumbai in sanskrit spatial metaphor – the space occupied, i.e. the social function of the art – is unfortunately demoted to benjamin essay, a very base Marxian conclusion, attributing technicality in song-craft to the need for ostentatious skill in essay on mumbai in sanskrit, a precarious financial environment. It is clear that there is far more occurring in such art than merely the magnetism of powerpoint paper capital, for essay on mumbai, this applies equally to the as nova or any remunerated music. There is surely more to review service, the place of labour in cultural production than mere distinction. The kernel which Smilansky surely wants to expose more is the relation between the in sanskrit, notated page and the performance space, as he hints towards with regard to Guillaume Dufay's Nuper rosarum flores , composed for the consecration of Florence Cathedral, and, as Charles Warren and doody's review, more recently Marvin Trachtenberg have attempted to show, relates in its mathematical, musical proportions to those of the architecture in which it was originally performed.(7) The nexus of space on the page and space in the church will surely provide stimulating reassessments of the intellectual history of medieval space. The visual aspects of Smilansky's future edition of the works of Guillaume de Machaut are eagerly awaited, including Machaut's own dedicatory for Rheims Cathedral, Messa de Notre Dame . In sum, the collection is perhaps greater than its parts, with many of the essays illuminating each other. While Andrews makes clear in her introduction that theories of ritual are familiar to – and have been well produced out of – medieval studies, less focus has been placed on original theories of space.

With hope, some of the on mumbai in sanskrit, themes which I have mentioned above can be fleshed out over the coming years, to provide new theories of space and spatiality which do not rely on modernist tropes, but on scholarships an assessment of medieval society as it was. C. Bruzelius, The Stones of Naples. Church Buiding in Angevin Italy, 1266-1343 (New Haven, CT, 2004); see also Claudia Bolgia, review of The Stones of Naples. Church Building in Angevin Italy, 1266–1343 , (review no. 469) http://www.history.ac.uk/reviews/review/469 [accessed 6 January 2012].Back to essay, (1) M. E. Thesis Footnotes! Curtis, Some Disputes Between City and Cathedral Authorities of Exeter (Manchester 1932).Back to on mumbai in sanskrit, (2) P. Binski, The Painted Chamber at Westminster (London, 1986).Back to review, (3) I. Krackovskij, 'Le Feu sacte d'apre le recit d'al-Biruni et d'autre ecrivains musulmans du Xe au XIIIe siecle', Xristianskij Vostok , III/3 (1914), 225–317; C. Morris, The Sepulchre of Christ and the Medieval West. From the Beginnings to 1600 (Oxford, 2005); A. On Mumbai! Jotischy, A Hermit's Cookbook. Brian Mcgahan Resume! Monks, Food and Fasting in the Middle Ages (London, 2011).Back to (4) M. Trachternberg, Building-in-Time. On Mumbai! From Giotto to Alberti and Modern Oblivion (New Haven, CT, 2010).Back to (5) J. Luxford, 'The Sparham corpse panels. Unique revelations of death from fifteenth-century England', Antiquaries Journal , 90 (2010), 299–340.Back to (6) C. Warren, 'Brunelleschi's Dome and Dufay's Motet', The Musical Quarterly , 59 (1972), 92–105; M. Trachtenberg, 'Architecture and music reunited. A new reading of Dufay's Nuper rosarum flores and the cathedral of Florence', Renaissance Quarterly , 54 (2001), 740–75.Back to (7) Interested in reviewing for us?

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3 Resume Trends Stinking Up Your Job Search. Doesn#8217;t matter how pretty the pen. Over half of recent college graduates don’t have full-time jobs. I know why. In Sanskrit! Those words appeared on one of scholarships need essays, a hundred resumes I just reviewed while helping a startup client fill an open position. Essay! Excellent penmanship . Essay Competition! It was not the resume of a shorthand-proficient grandmother trying to get back into essay on mumbai the workforce. It was the resume of a recent college graduate.

A college graduate with impressive accomplishments, buried lower on powerpoint for research his resume. In Sanskrit! A college graduate who will never get a full-time job. Neither will most of the one hundred applicants I just reviewed. Turns out there’s a lot of excellent penmanship on resumes today. This is not because these Millennials don#8217;t have great backgrounds and pertinent experiences. It#8217;s because someone is giving college students very bad advice about benjamin ferencz essay competition, what should, and shouldn’t, go in essay on mumbai in sanskrit their resumes. Need! And it’s costing them jobs. Dude, it#8217;s tiny. Pipe down. Career Killing Resume Advice #1 Trophies and Accolades.

Almost half of the resumes I received began with a list of every achievement, every accolade, and every proud moment in the job seeker#8217;s life. All listed before any actual, relevant, work-related qualifications. “ Doubles tennis champion 2011 ” “ Graduated in only four years ” (Yup, that’s real.) You have excellent penmanship? Really? And tell me about your sewing skills. In Sanskrit! I don’t know if this is a result of growing up in a time of participation trophies, or if it’s an attempt to make a resume look more human. But in journalism it’s called burying the lead. You don’t lead a story about the Elvis Presley officiating a ribbon cutting ceremony at the 7-Elevent with details about it being held after lunch on the southwest corner of the building. The lead is that the King of Rock and Roll is alive and resume well and enjoying a Slurpee. The lead in any job search is what qualifies you for this job . Not whether you’ve got a good backhand at essay, the net. Here’s an example.

One resume I received led with these sections: Profile : paragraph long Education : including details as specific as foreign-language coursework In/OutSchool Activities : another 10 lines of information Skill : leading with #8220;Microsoft Office proficiency#8221; (Which BTW, should be a given, not a special mention. Yikes) All of that information (which took up ? of a page) , was then, finally, followed by work experience. That Do Not! Here’s the in sanskrit problem ; this candidate may have been the most qualified person for the job. They may have had the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays actual, relevant work experience I was looking for. But I wouldn’t know that because I fell asleep somewhere around “ Spanish Culture Courses .” I don’t know who is promoting this look-at-all-my-trophies trend, but I’m guessing it’s someone’s mother. And she needs to stop it. Now. If your resume gets read at all, it will only essay, be read at a glance . Don’t fill that glance with information about your college dance troupe.

Yes, that’s an actual example. Benjamin! I swear. On Mumbai! A candidate actually included details about her college dance troupe before listing anything that remotely related to the position she was applying for. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays! Holy blue tights, Batman. Essay In Sanskrit! Is that really relevant? Career Killing Resume Advice #2: Writer’s Blocks. Whoever decided to kill the bullets on resumes should be shot with one. Another mind-numbingly annoying, and wholly ineffective resume trend is powerpoint paper stream of consciousness summaries. Instead of highlighting pertinent information, job seekers have started writing one long paragraph of copy.

These big blocks of text look like a journaling exercise. You know, where you write in one continuous stream until the time is up. Only these disjointed, excruciatingly dull, blocks of in sanskrit, copy are still written in resume speak. Brian! One job summary I read was 173 words long . Yes, I counted the words. I counted the words because it was less painful than reading a 173-word long paragraph of resume speak.

Poking both eyes out with my own big toe would be less painful. A couple hundred words of copy could be considered a short blog post. But most bloggers would be smart enough to break those words up into little chunks of text to make it easier to digest. Even then, it better be damned enticing copy or no one will read it. Resume speak—sentences usually seen in easy to skim bullets—is not damned enticing copy. Resume speak is essay damned boring copy. “ …customized implementation process. Additional functions include, customer performance tracking, industry analysis, assigned projects. Handle customer questions while providing customer with a clear understanding of both technical and functional aspects of the ferencz essay system. #8230;#8221; Admit it. You couldn’t even get through those two sentences, right? Thirty-two words, and you couldn’t do it.

Now imagine them in the middle of a 200-word chunk of text. One candidate listed all past work experience in paragraph form . One job after the other, all typed out in essay one, impossible to read, paragraph. Master Footnotes! Are you kidding me? The great writers of essay on mumbai in sanskrit, history could not make job functions, or employment history, compelling reading. So stop laying it out like the great American novel. No one is reading that copy. No one. If your resume can’t be scanned so that the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays person hiring can find the applicable information, it won’t be scanned at all.

And here’s a hint, the person hiring wants to find the applicable information. They want to hire someone. They want that person to be you so that they don’t have to on mumbai in sanskrit read another soul-crushingly boring resume. So do them a favor and highlight the that need essays pertinent info. Don’t hide it, Where’s Waldo style, in the middle of a paragraph of in sanskrit, text.

See, you#8217;re not the only one. Career Killing Resume Advice #3: School, School, School. Yeah, we get it. You’ve got a diploma. Like practically every other person who applied for this job. But unless you did something unique while you were at school, unless you started a business, or interned as Zuckerberg’s number two, details about your education belong at ferencz competition, the end of your resume. Essay! Yes, school and the honors you received while there are impressive. Congrats, your parents must be proud.

But this information only belongs at that do not need essays, the top of your resume if you’ve got absolutely nothing else to talk about. And if you’ve got absolutely nothing else to talk about, you’re not going to get the job. If you’ve got nothing else to essay in sanskrit talk about, stop right now and go get an internship . Benjamin Essay Competition! Go volunteer with a company if you have to. Just keep showing up until you’ve got some accomplishment to put on your resume that doesn’t involve a GPA. And while you’re at on mumbai, it, take your GPA off your resume. No one cares. One of the candidates I reviewed for my client’s company led his resume with: “ Dean’s List, Magna Cum Laude Honors, Golden Key International Honor Society, Sigma Epsilon Rho Honor Society ” Impressive. Ferencz! Unfortunately, all I see is in sanskrit that this person is very, very good in structured environments, with standardized systems for measuring his performance. And that makes him proud.

And that makes me confident that he won’t be a good fit for my startup client. Hey, I could be wrong. But there’s nothing about the way he approached this job opening or his resume that tells me otherwise. And that’s all I’m looking for in any of benjamin ferencz essay, these resumes. On Mumbai! Something that tells me why I should hire you. I want to for research hire you. I really, really do. Please, just show me why I should. I would hire the first person that led their resume by simply saying: “ I would rock this job for these three reason: I perfected my ability to [something relevant to the job] while working at [a company]. I absolutely loved doing [another relevant thing] and in sanskrit did it so well that [measurable result].

I already have a list of ideas about how we could do [something super cool and clever] with your brand to make it the powerpoint for research [rock the world]. ” You want to essay on mumbai in sanskrit be unique and standout when you contact a company? Try putting that at doody's book service, the top of your resume. In Sanskrit! But don’t try any of these other silly new formatting trends being tossed around. They won’t get you the job. That Do Not Need! Neither will good penmanship. About the author : Kathy Ver Eecke works with startups in the early stages, where the good stuff happens. Download a free copy of her ebook, The Ultimate Guide to essay on mumbai in sanskrit Getting Any Startup Job, if you’re trying to break into a startup or if you’re hiring employees for your startup.

We were taught in school that adding these details let the employer see our personality which was supposed to be a good thing. Personality IS a good thing. But it#8217;s not a date. Thesis! Win me over on mumbai with a few qualifications for the job, THEN show me you#8217;re a good cultural fit for vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays the company. Essay In Sanskrit! When you#8217;ve got a gazillion resumes to get through, you narrow them down very quickly to the people who have something to for research offer. Essay In Sanskrit! If you miss that first cut, it doesn#8217;t matter how fun you are. Benjamin Ferencz! As a former HR Manager I can verify that Kathy#8217;s advise is spot on. Recruiters and essay hiring managers scan resumes first to find the most relevant before digging deeper. The last thing they care about are your hobbies.

If anything, your hobbies can you land you in the #8216;no#8217; pile. Benjamin! I recently had a dept mgr disregard an otherwise good candidate because one of his listed hobbies was #8220;too weird#8221;. What was the #8220;weird#8221; hobby? I think the best things that applicants should showcase are the qualifications that suits the job (of course those you possess). Exceptional skills that fits the job the employer is looking for is the key in getting hired. I#8217;m resisting the urge to essay on mumbai in sanskrit just respond #8220;word#8221; Great post Kathy. Show them what you can do for them, not what your ego has done for you. Even as a blogger when I look at someones about page. I look for there experience in life not all there education. Yes, education is very important and a must. But at the same time maybe you sat in a class for hours,did the work needed, but never really learned anything.

Just have a degree, etc. No right where you are coming from, show me what you can do for scholarships do not need me and add to my company. Blessings to you Kathy and nice to have you aboard. In Sanskrit! Everything about your response tells me you#8217;re an brian resume, entrepreneur, in particular #8220;show me what you can do for essay me and add to my company.#8221; That#8217;s really it in for research a nutshell. For the client I#8217;m working with now, I would hire someone with a music degree if they would just show me how they can help my client.

Thanks for the comment Debbie. I see this way also, enthusiasm and focus on on mumbai in sanskrit the benefits to the employer once they hire you, gets the job done, meaning gets you the job. At the same time I don#8217;t think anyone who#8217;s gotten (has) a job, let alone a great job, credits his/her resume for doing the trick. It#8217;s maybe where some got it mixed up. The resume is for getting you an interview. The interview is for getting you a job.

That#8217;s why personality works best during the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays interview cycle, not so much in on mumbai in sanskrit the resume. OMG Beat, you are 100% right. Really, when it comes to service getting a job with a startup I think resumes are as useful as a sixth toe. The resume alone will never, ever get you the job. Sometimes however they are a necessary evil, as is the essay case with the client I#8217;m helping now. That said, of the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays 100 resumes I#8217;ve reviewed, you know how many the founder has reviewed?

Three. And that#8217;s after I narrowed the group down to six. Still, he could only bring himself to look at three. Resumes and startups do not mix. Wow! Great and funny post. On Mumbai! Thank you so much for the pertinent information. It#8217;s been so long since I wrote a resume. I#8217;ll definately take your advice! When working in the corporate world one of my responsibilities was taking on new graduates so you can image the different type of resumes I saw! But it is benjamin ferencz just as important for college leavers to have a convincing resume, as someone who is in sanskrit 30 years old with 10 years work experience.

One of the footnotes things I did learn (from the essay on mumbai in sanskrit good resumes) was if the student linked their individual success to powerpoint paper working skills. For instance, one student sold things on essay on mumbai in sanskrit eBay and had a 100% positive feedback record. This showed the student had excellent customer service experience, they are reliable and trustworthy. Scholarships That Essays! All excellent traits that employers are looking for. On Mumbai In Sanskrit! Andrew The ebay example is exactly the type of mcgahan, things most startups would view at pertinent, useful information. They would also find details about essay, growing a paper route interesting and for research entrepreneurial and useful. A smart candidat would Tweet the founder about something like that to get his/her attention, then follow with an emailed resume. Great tip Andrew. thanks! This is a n informative read for those who appear in their best suits, carry their academic credentials without any experience at on mumbai in sanskrit, all.

You#8217;re absolutely right. It#8217;s experience or internship that matters these days and for research paper not the usual school accomplishments that you had. It#8217;s reality. Application is on mumbai indeed better than all theory. Read the job description thoohugrly. Master Thesis! Make a list of the on mumbai in sanskrit qualities they ask for such as team player (yuk!) or confidentiality or whatever their #8220;buz#8221; words are.Prepare your answers to common questions like:What is your best quality or your worst??What would your co-workers say about brian mcgahan, you?What problem did you have with a coworker and essay in sanskrit how did you resolve it?How do you prefer your supervisor to communicate with you?You can find these common questions on the internet somewhere. Type out examples of for research paper, things you have done or happened.Then incorporate these #8220;buz#8221; words from the job description into these answers, i.e., #8220;I am a great team player#8221; and essay helped a coworker with this problem .Use their words and match their job description. Alfredo great tip. Thx for sharing. This article really hits home for master thesis me. Working in essay the medical profession in a busy clinic, we often take on college graduates who want to pursue a profession in vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays medicine.

I view the new hires as to essay on mumbai in sanskrit whether they #8220;get it or not#8221;. A resume can be impressive, but the thesis footnotes skills needed to work in our environment are clearly translated through their work or internship experience rather than GPA. A brilliant person does not necessarily make a good doctor, PA or nurse! OMG laugh out essay on mumbai loud funny. I haven#8217;t had a resume in 20 years or more and it#8217;s a good thing. I can#8217;t write like you. that#8217;s also why I do radio. not writing. and brian mcgahan resume did you know I also grow vegetables in my spare time and hike our local trails and once when I was little I went to the state fair and danced and #8230;. oh I digress. Lesson not learned. OMG laugh out loud funny, right back at ya. On Mumbai! But Michelle, how#8217;s your penmanship? penmanship?

It sucks. I#8217;m bored and in a hurry#8230; hot hot hot. here. H words.. I digress again. Very interesting, I haven#8217;t written my own resume for years but I read a lot n a previous job, but they weren#8217;t nearly as exciting as yours. I guess it#8217;s a matter of benjamin ferencz competition, advice, at essay, one workshop I was told mine was too short and powerpoint paper I should add in essay in sanskrit more detail. Personally I thought one page broken up into powerpoint bullet points was enough, but clearly not for that person. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit! One man#8217;s poison is another man#8217;s nectar I guess! I#8217;ll tell ya, your resume sounds spectacular to benjamin me. Short, bulleted, if it#8217;s full of useful info, I#8217;d drink that poison. #8220;Whoever decided to kill the bullets on resumes should be shot with one#8221;.

LOL. Excellent post, Kathy. I haven#8217;t done a resume in eons (and hope not to in sanskrit need one) but I#8217;m sure I#8217;ll be helping boys someday so this is for research paper darn useful information. YES, YES, YES! Kathy I agree with everything you said. I look at a LOT of resumes, most from essay on mumbai, people who have a lot of experience.

They still don#8217;t strip it down to the things that matter. Start with the top, you don#8217;t need your street address, your email and phone number are enough. If you are putting Resume at the top, then the document isn#8217;t clear enough to indicate what the heck it is. Do check your spelling and don#8217;t use text speak. Think about ferencz essay, that paragraph at on mumbai in sanskrit, the top. 3-4 sentences, boiled down to something that makes you stand out as the doody's book most relevant applicant for the job. In this electronic age, you can change that paragraph for every application you send.

Don#8217;t forget the cover letter (your email), It#8217;s great if it#8217;s warm, personable and on mumbai about them. Benjamin Competition! Tell them why you want to work there. There is nothing more flattering than someone who#8217;s interested in you. There are jobs out there, you just need the right bait for your hook. Clearly said by someone who knows resumes.

Great tips Kathy, thanks for sharing. And yes, don#8217;t forget the cover letter. I think you can get the job with the cover letter alone. I am hiring people now and in sanskrit it is numbing how all these resumes look alike. They don#8217;t help me much and I have devised a test that a candidate has to take before I will even look at master footnotes, the resume. If you can pass the test, I will see what you did to be able to do so. Essay In Sanskrit! Don#8217;t pass, I don#8217;t look at anything more.

Okay, I LOVE that idea. And, of course, I#8217;m dying to master thesis know if I#8217;d pass the test. What kind of test Bruce? Curious#8230; I think resumes are outdateds and on mumbai a good cover letter is more interesting. Tell them how you love their idea and book review how you can benefit the company not what you have done in the past but how you can use it for them would be more effective. I remember interviewing a woman I had in one of my sales classes. She was so smart.

I liked her. But when she came in for the interview she was so nervous. At one point, almost in tears, she said #8220;I want this job so bad and on mumbai in sanskrit I know I am screwing up this inteview.#8221; She started work the following Monday. Actually that#8217;s true long resume with decorated with #8220;trophies#8221; is not really a good idea. People will read them will fall asleep. Its should concise yet eye-catchy.

I read a lot of resumes because I place volunteers at a non-profit. I have not encountered #8220;good penmanship#8221; qualifications yet, but I have seen a large mixture of resumes that break the three rules given above. One of master footnotes, things that bugs me the most is essay on mumbai when the formatting is sloppy. This is probably a personal preference, but if there are extra spaces, mismatch headings/subheadings, and poor bullet/page alignment, then I assume the individual was being lazy. I also don#8217;t know why more people don#8217;t tell you to pdf your resumethen the formatting isn#8217;t editable and will always look the same no matter what version of word it is opened in. Brian Mcgahan! I also recently graduated from undergrad and will wholeheartedly admit that my school #8220;career#8221; advisers were not very helpful. Most of my best resume advice came from essay on mumbai in sanskrit, internship supervisors, coworkers, and professors (who were currently also full time professionals). PDFs are a great suggestion.

Formatting can be thrown off from computer to computer and paper it wrecks the whole impression. I#8217;m with you, visually the wonky spaces etc. just make the whole thing look sloppy and you blame the person#8217;s lack of attention to in sanskrit detail. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays! I second that bit about #8220;career#8221; services. On Mumbai In Sanskrit! The center at my school was useless. By your condescending attitude I would think you would have taken the time to proofread your own article. #8220;You#8217;re parents would be proud.#8221; Obviously excellent grammar is not on your resume. Ouch. No condescension intended. Everyone makes mistakes, and a grammar or spelling mistake would be overlooked in for research a resume that was loaded with all the right other stuff. I#8217;d forgive a lot more than simple spelling errors for the right other stuff. You#8217;ve got a good eye for on mumbai in sanskrit detail. I#8217;m sure you#8217;ll do fine.

I know this is late but I just came across this article and I#8217;d have to agree with Ellie. I recently attended a resume class that turned my perfectly bulletted (is that a word?)resume into boring paragraphs. Do Not! I too thought this was a no-no until it was explained that the majority of essay on mumbai, companies nowadays require your resume to for research be submitted online. And you no longer can get away with one resume for all companies. Nowadays, a computer scores your resume based on key words that match the company#8217;s job posting and on mumbai in sanskrit only the powerpoint for research paper top few ever actually get read by a human. The more words, the better the odds. In order to be seen, your resume needs to kiss a computer#8217;s ass, not the boss#8217;s. And now that a computer does the first cut and essay in sanskrit not a human, a grammatical error will be picked up quickly and and your resume will be tossed out, regardless of brian mcgahan, how impressive your credentials are. Hi Courtney really great point!

And you#8217;re right; these programs are being used by big companies and by HR recruiting companies. So it#8217;s a good thing to be aware of. Essay On Mumbai! However, I can almost guarantee that if you#8217;re sending your resume to benjamin a startup#8230;.they won#8217;t be using these programs, and they absolutely, positively won#8217;t have anything to do with an in sanskrit, HR company. So bottom line, if you#8217;re applying at vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, The Coca-Cola Company you may want to give the paragraph approach a try. In Sanskrit! But if you#8217;re hitting up a startup, stick with a scan-able resume or it will never get read.

Thanks for pointing this out though, it does shed a lot of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, light on essay on mumbai this new trend. This is a well-written and fun article. In the second paragraph above the graduation picture, did you mean #8220;soul-crushingly#8221; rather than #8220;sole-crushingly#8221;? Trying to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays work out a joke about walking a mile in their shoes#8230;can#8217;t make it work. So I#8217;ll fess up; yes, it#8217;s a typo. In Sanskrit! Thanks for catching it! That might have worked! We#8217;ll pretend that you did. Well-played! Very good article.

Have fun reading it entirely, very good helpful informations. Though people got a lot of corrections with your grammar, but all in all it looks really good for me, Thanks for sharing! Great post kathy.I am Akia Johnson.I am planning to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays switch my current job.I haven’t written my own resume for last 2 years.While writing resume i will definitely take your suggestion.I think every one need to understand what we need to essay on mumbai in sanskrit add in scholarships that essays resume or what not.Your sharing is appreciated. Kathy come up with new post like this.I would like to read your new upcoming post. Thanks Akia Glad you enjoyed the post. Good luck with your job search. And good luck writing your resume! Hi kathy, Nice post.Great work on this post.I am Yuth Martin.I have lost my good job opportunity because of wrong resume writing.Right now i am searching a job.From my experience i would like to say,before writing resume,there is need to read more article on resume. your blog is informative.Gives me lot of information. I like your blog.I am giving you +1. Beautiful and to essay on mumbai in sanskrit the point.

It#8217;s like focusing on activities over outcomes. Relevancy and master thesis results speak volumes. I like the directness (and the essay aliteration) of #8216;relevancy and results.#8217; That#8217;s it in benjamin ferencz essay a concise nutshell! Well said J.D. Good advice for newbies. Good opportunity will be at one step if you do it right.:) Funny post. I love how straight to in sanskrit the point you were too. Essay! What I hate when reading resumes is that they all look the same. They start out essay on mumbai in sanskrit with the same #8220;objective#8221; crap and they don#8217;t tell me their #8220;story#8221;.

What can you do for me and brian what did you do to impact the last business before me. If all I see is fluff I am already bored. I can actually careless about the education because these days, it#8217;s experience I want and not the #8220;I graduated from on mumbai in sanskrit, Stanford resume#8221;. Congrats to anyone with those accolades, but if you have no experience in the job you#8217;re applying for, it won#8217;t matter much to me. Different strokes for thesis footnotes different folks, but I don#8217;t have time to hand-hold newbies. My advice: get to the point, tell me how you will solve my problem and don#8217;t come in with a 3 page resume.

You#8217;ve said it all so well, all I can say is AMEN TO THAT! Thanks for reading (and commenting) Sonia! Anytime, I enjoyed this post allot. Recent generations engage in essay in sanskrit resume engineering: joining clubs, engaging in thesis charity, seeking honors, polishing their medals. It#8217;s sad. They are told to do this, kept from harm at all times, ferried to after-school activities, warned to stay hydrated always, and don#8217;t have a clue how to solve problems.

Structured environment? Utterly. Yeah, I#8217;m gonna say that nothing about the on mumbai in sanskrit environment you just described matches with a startup#8230;except maybe staying hydrated. All I can assume is that there once was a time when HR people and college counselors wanted some entertainment, so that started promoting the book inclusion of this utterly useless stuff. Nice Avatar/name BTW.

A little targeting never hurt anyone like doing something radical like actually reading a job description? In my day job, I do pricing strategy and analytics. Number crunching mix of math, computers, and business. So#8230;when I post a pricing analyst job, there might just actually be a few things that potential applications should be able to do. Like maybe#8230;. write code? Have real computer programming experience in one of the half-dozen languages I listed? Maybe have that college degree with some math courses? I mean it#8217;s a pretty binary process people (pun intended) I#8217;ve got a small team and everybody does math and on mumbai in sanskrit codes.

We all work for that do not need a living. Essay On Mumbai! No Tourists. Most of the people in scholarships that my space have to do this. Essay! So if you want a job in my space, why don#8217;t you invest a little time learning the pre-requisites? Or at least show a little hustle, find me on linkedin, and resume cold call me to tell me why you want the job? Not sure if I#8217;d actually *hire* someone into essay my crew based on properly executing that strategy, but you would sure get a referral elsewhere in the company for something if you did it right! But if you can#8217;t code or meet the job requirements, your only pricing experience is at wal-mart (using the master thesis plastic thing that goes ka-chunk and puts tags on essay on mumbai in sanskrit cans), and you don#8217;t have the need essays hustle to seek me out and try to sell me#8230; Seriously, why are you wasting your time sending me a resume? Okay, so next time I#8217;m gonna let you write the post. Essay On Mumbai! Because basically, you got it going on. Thanks for giving the entrepreneur perspective. Scholarships That Do Not! And thanks for including the part about having hussle and on mumbai contacting you directly.

I#8217;ve written about this, and mention it in a lecture I give at universities, but lots of book review service, potential employees don#8217;t believe it. Glad to have a nod from an entrepreneur. So, let me know when you#8217;ve got my next post done. Okay? Thank you so much for the your information#8230; nice information. Short and sweet as far as I#8217;m concerned, something a bit originaland authentic that stands out for me amongst all the essay on mumbai in sanskrit othe resumes, as far as I#8217;m concerned! I have read hundreds of resumes in my time and the one item on do not essays a resume that really annoyed me was pictures. On Mumbai! People attached pictures of themselves on a resume!

I didn#8217;t care what they looked like. Scholarships That Do Not Essays! I just needed someone who could do the job. If you are not applying for a modeling job don#8217;t include a picture. Instant turn off. Shiva @ Blog Writing. I actually recently completed my graduation and essay in sanskrit I think I landed upon a perfect article. I am certainly going to follow the tips mentioned in this article.

I mean you did mention the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays mistakes that most people do, but this comes up as a tip for me as to what I should not do. I think most people add too much of in sanskrit, personal stuffs in the resume while I think a resume must be more of a show professional achievements. But then again I wonder how to come up with a resume if you have not achieved much in the professional field..For example a fresher. Reply December 12, 2012. I totally agree especially with the first point. Master Thesis Footnotes! A candidate that lists all of their accolades and life accomplishments is not needed in on mumbai a professional interview. I believe a candidate should list relevant and important accomplishments that might highlight he loyalty and hard work. Thanks for the great post and powerpoint paper tips for on mumbai in sanskrit my next resume. unik unik dunia. Brian Resume! nice post, we#8217;re always try to improve ours.elves to be qualified for having nice job. Shared on Fb too.

I love this article. Bullet points are exactly what I was taught in school. Tailor your resume for the job. Include what you did (Accomplishments) and not roles and essay on mumbai in sanskrit responsibilities. Critical information should be up top. Less critical (note worthy) information should take second. While in that do not essays school, make sure you have extracurricular activities (Leadership roles)

Your 4.0 earned the essay on mumbai in sanskrit same degree as my 3.5 but I have a job because experience. I have seen, since I have been employed, several professional resumes of those that have extensive backgrounds and experience. Brian! However, they feel the essay on mumbai need to include chunks of text that tell us everything we need to know: You cannot summarize information effectively, and fail to highlight the important parts. Not something you want on your team working on scholarships that essays multi million dollar software applications. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit! My friend asked me to powerpoint for research help write her resume. I looked blankly and honestly had no idea of what to do. I mean, I bounced my way through life from job, to business, to project, to kids, to essay project, to book review service business again. I threw in a little teaching here and essay on mumbai in sanskrit there, and benjamin ferencz competition lots of essay on mumbai, caffeinated business brainstorming sessions. Now how do I put that in a resume? What is vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays more, how do I put my friend on a piece of paper?

I don#8217;t think I ever want to work for somebody else again, but I am dead keen to join a vision, create a community or style a life solution. You give me one of in sanskrit, those balls and I#8217;ll hit them out of the park. Hi, Kathy. Service! I read your article because I#8217;m a resume writer who doesn#8217;t want to piss off the hiring manager reader. I agree with most of on mumbai, what you said, except for scholarships that do not need the bullet points. I don#8217;t like resumes that die under a hail of bullet points anymore than chunky, dense text. If everything is a bullet point, then nothing stands out. I think the focus should be on including relevant material in the most readable way possible. Essay! Sometimes, that story may need a bullet point and sometimes, a key word can be bolded. Thanks for the tips and doody's book review I#8217;m paying attention.

Darlene Great feedback! I agree, straight bullets would be dull. A short summary highlighting primary responsibility, followed by bullets that showcase results is probably the best balance. (Yes?) Thanks for essay sharing your perspective. This might be a dead post at this point, but I#8217;ll give this a shot. That Do Not Need Essays! I#8217;m still in undergrad and will be in law school come next year. I#8217;m trying to get an entry-level job in my projected career field. I have some relevant experience from a professional standpoint, but my schooling is essay on mumbai still a huge aspect of thesis, my potential position. Can I bypass the advice about not including GPA or an extremely short mention of my academic honors? It seems relevant to most of the jobs I#8217;ll be applying to, but I don#8217;t want to come off as unprofessional before I even get in for an interview. Essay On Mumbai! Jenna You can absolutely bypass that tip! In fact for for research paper your situation, I#8217;d absolutely bypass tip #1 and tip #3.

For that matter, forget you read the post. The advice is really meant for those looking for jobs in the startup, or small business, world. I#8217;m hoping that the advice hasn#8217;t been taken to heart by folks in your situation#8230;.In case it has, call me when you graduate. I may need a good lawyer. Good luck with your job search and with law school!

Thanks for essay in sanskrit the quick reply! I just want to say that I found this article on Pinterest, and it actually did help me a great deal! I have things like MS Office listed in brian mcgahan resume my skills section, and on mumbai I always wanted more room but was hesitant to take it out ferencz essay competition because I worried employers would think I didn#8217;t know basic skills. Essay On Mumbai! You were the first to mention that they would assume a young professional has a handle on Word and Excel. Reading this, and a couple of other things along the way, helped me to find better ways of expressing myself and showing off what I have to offer. Reply September 24, 2014. This was very helpful advice ! I#8217;m 22 and have worked ELEVEN -yes, eleven- jobs AND attended college. If these kids can only list penmanship as a skill, they need more life experience. Book Service! [. ] across an interesting article, from last year, that was posted on essay workingforwonka.com.

The writer discusses three resume writing trends that are keeping candidates from winning [. ] Copyright 2017 · Done by scholarships essays Lunch · All Rights Reserved.

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design essays In 1963, Dennis Gabor, Nobel laureate for his invention of the holograph, said The future cannot be predicted, but futures can be invented (Gabor, 1963). This statement has become a mantra in recent times, attributed to many who are simply rephrasing Gabor. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Alas, the slogan, wonderful though it may sound, is false. The most successful inventions transform the world in ways that are impossible to do not need essays, foresee at on mumbai the time of the invention. The statement should really be yet another of my laws: My law of prediction: The future cannot be predicted, not even by trying to invent it. Although inventions can change the for research paper, future, their long-term impact cannot be predicted. So, invent all you like, just don't try to predict the impact several decades later.

Technology Forces Us To Do Things We're Bad At. Essay In Sanskrit? Time To Change How Design Is Done. Distractibility isn't a human problem; it's a design problem, writes usability expert Don Norman. We need to reverse the normal technological strategy of asking people to fill in for gaps in machine performance. Instead, we should require machines to fill in for gaps in vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, human performance. After all, technology was invented to enhance people's lives, not the other way around. Let's build technologies that empower us, allow us to use our creative abilities, and relieve us of the stuff we are not good at.

Design, business models, and in sanskrit human-technology teamwork. As automation and artificial intelligence technologies develop, we need to think less about the design of human-machine interfaces and more about the design of human-machine teamwork. The Future of Design: When you come to a fork in the road, take it. Design started out as a craft, primarily focusing upon the creation of beautiful objects to become a powerful force in industry. Today, design has gone far beyond its simple origins as a craft to develop powerful new ways for people to interact with the world, emphasizing experience, not technology. Moreover, it has evolved into a way of thinking, of problem discovery, and of enhancing the lives of book service individuals, the experience of the on mumbai, workforce, and even the health of the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, planet. Are these new developments compatible with the essay, craft traditions of the essay competition, old? Is this a fork in the road, with some continuing the craft tradition of on mumbai enhancing the emotional experiences of our products and others taking the other path, moving design thinking into all endeavors, but far removed from the history and mainstream practice of doody's book today.

What is the future of design? We are at on mumbai a fork: Which path should we take? I take my answer from the footnotes, famed American baseball player Yogi Berra who said, When you come to a fork in the road, take it. Norman Stappers (2016). DesignX: Design and complex sociotechnical systems. I am pleased to say that the paper by P.J. Stappers and me on DesignX has been published, along with several commentaries and then a response by the authors.

With citation and URL for the package. Vox Media on Norman Doors. 'Bad doors are everywhere' A video that is both instructional and essay on mumbai in sanskrit fun. The article text concludes by saying Don Norman's seminal book on design, The Design of Everyday Things, . (p)ublished 25 years ago, it remains just as relevant today. Doors shouldn't need instructions.

When most people complain about something, nothing happens. But Norman is not most people -- he's a psychologist and cognitive scientist. So his writing about his complaints is so incredibly thorough that he changed the way design works. And the human-centered design revolution he sparked changed not only how designers work, but also how people in master, fields like public health work to make the world a better place. Essay In Sanskrit? This is why Melinda Gates believes human-centered design is one change that could save the world. Brian? To find out essay on mumbai in sanskrit, what all this has to do with crappy doors, watch the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, video. How Apple is Giving Design a Bad Name. Bruce Tognazzini and I document the many shortcomings of Apple's current design philosophy in this Fast Company article. The science in the science of design. Design is a complex field. Some components of design already are based upon good science, usually from the behavioral and essay on mumbai in sanskrit cognitive sciences.

Some are at the pre-scientific level of understanding. I believe that with a proper attitude toward evidence-based studies, these areas can also become either scientific, or at least rigorously proven to be effective when used under well-understood circumstances. Some aspects of scholarships that need design seem primarily based upon essay in sanskrit human creativity, sense of book review service style, and other socially mediated conventions. These may never be scientific, but they do play a critically important role in the quality and essay in sanskrit acceptance of design. So, can design be a science? Sometimes yes, sometimes no.

Can it be empirically based, evidence driven? Yes. Will it have to reply on intuition and the creativity of individual designers? Sometimes, yes. Design is a multi-faceted, complex enterprise. It involves the initial choice of what to make, a deep understanding of people, of materials, and of technology. It requires understanding how people decide upon purchase, and then use products. Powerpoint For Research Paper? It covers an extremely wide range of activities and different disciplines of study and training. It is this depth and richness that makes design such a wonderful, fascinating field. Affordances: Commentary on the Special Issue of essay in sanskrit AI EDAM. The Journal Artificial Intelligence for doody's book, Engineering Design, Analysis and Manufacturing published a special issue on Affordances and asked me to comment on the collection.

The concept of affordances has an interesting history, starting with the keen observations and thoughts of the on mumbai, perceptual psychologist, J.J. Gibson in the late 1970s, moving into the world of design and then into engineering design. Scholarships That Essays? As a result of this disciplinary migration, the concept of in sanskrit affordance leads several rather separate lives within these different fields -- ecological psychology, Design, and engineering design -- with each field barely aware of the work being done in the others. All communities make valuable contributions from their perspective of the issue. I continue to look forward to a merging of disciplines, where the insights of all fields can be brought together to form a new, harmonious whole, with many new and exciting emergent properties. From the very beginnings of time, Ben Shneiderman has been busy photographing all that he sees. Ben was active in the pre-history days of the resume, folks who tried to essay in sanskrit, understand the newly-developed computing machines, especially as they moved into people's homes, offices, and schools. Eventually, that field became known as Human-Computer Interaction, with its major society being CHI. He has finally collected them together: here they are -- all the old folks (such as me). Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays? Such old folks portrayed by in sanskrit photos from their youth, so I can barely recognize some of them: I can barely recognize me. A Product Is More than a Product -- Consider the competition, Chair.

Imagine how the 21st century chair might perk up when guests arrive, autonomously transforming itself as needed. It can become a stepstool when someone needs to stand on it, or a bed, perhaps formed by enlisting other chairs so that they can to support a horizontal body or two or three. When self-organized into neat orderly rows of its collaborators, the chair can accommodate crowds. While awaiting the crowd's arrival the chairs are a memory of the essay in sanskrit, future, reminding us of the event that is to come. After they leave, the same chairs serve as a memory of the past. These 21st century chairs are social, aiming to please. They will be active servants, relationship builders, and enablers of social interactions. In the 21st century designers will produce many things besides chairs, many of which will not be objects. Some will be services and paper experiences, such as healthcare and wellness. Some will be ideas.

Is an on mumbai in sanskrit, idea a thing, a product, a service? Whatever they are called, they need to be designed not as isolated things but as complex, interrelated systems, as total experiences. As relationships. UC San Diego Postdoc in Human-Centered Healthcare. The Design Lab at paper the University of California, San Diego is embarking upon a large, major project in healthcare for essay in sanskrit, complex problems. We are working with the Medical School, various departments at thesis UC San Diego, and several funding agencies in this endeavor. The emphasis is on the processes and structure associated with modern healthcare. We seek a Design Fellow to assist with a project to better understand the complex cognitive ecosystem of healthcare who can help us define, explore, and implement new processes and procedures aimed at improving medical care for complex cases. Positive computing: technology for essay in sanskrit, wellbeing and mcgahan resume human potential (Calvo Peters) The design of human-computer systems used to focus upon the negative, the breakdowns that confused and confounded people.

Now it is time to move to the next level, to focus upon the positive, systems that are enjoyable and pleasurable. We need systems that delight as well as inform, systems that create pleasure along with useful function. We need systems that are resilient, that promote control, understanding, and sometimes just plain pleasure. The design field has responded by examining the role of emotions and in sanskrit pleasure in design. Master Footnotes? We need to move these findings into mainstream computing. Next time someone accuses you of procrastination, say no, I am not procrastinating, I am 'Late Binding.' That should shut them up. Let me argue for late binding - delay, or if you like, procrastination - as a preferred way of life. Delaying decisions until the time for action is beneficial for lots of reason. Essay? Practice late binding. Planning never produces the exact answer for the exact conditions that take place. People always will change their behavior.

In fact, people have no choice when unexpected events occur. And, as I am fond of saying, we know two things about unexpected events: they will always occur; when it does occur, it will be unexpected. So prepare. Study. Get ready. But delay the actual decision as late as possible. Procrastinate. Practice late binding. The technological requirements for brian, self-driving cars are extremely complex, and although we are now able to succeed in a very high percentage of the situations, those last few percentages contain the most difficult, the most daunting challenges. Essay? As automation gets better and brian mcgahan resume better, then the problems of vigilance increase, for the more reliable the system, the less for a person to do, and the mind wandering begins. Do not take people out of the essay in sanskrit, loop: have them always know what is happening.

How do we do this in benjamin competition, a meaningful way? By asking people to make high-level decisions, to in sanskrit, continually be making decisions. Human pattern recognition and high-level statement of goals and plans are good. Scholarships Do Not Need Essays? But here is what we are bad at: the ability to monitor for long periods, to be precise and on mumbai accurate, to respond quickly and properly when an unexpected event arrives where the person has not been attending. Do Not? So, have us do what we are good at.

Have the automation do what we are bad at. Aim for collaboration, not supervision. Why DesignX answers common questions about DesignX. In particular, What is new? What is the role of the designer? What about craft skills? DesignX is a new, evidence-based approach for addressing many of the complex and serious problems facing the world today. It adds to and augments today's design methods, reformulating the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, role that design can play. Modern design has grown from powerpoint for research paper, a focus on products and services to a robust set of methods that is applicable to a wide range of societal issues. On Mumbai? When combined with the knowledge and expertise of specialized disciplines, these design methods provide powerful ways to develop practical approaches to large, complex issues. We seek a radical reformation of design practice, education, and research.

It is time for benjamin essay competition, a new era of design activism. Hill climbing in radical Innovation. John Langrish challenged the analysis of essay Norman Verganti on Incremental and Radical Innovation, arguing that we had ignored the evidence from doody's review, Darwinian evolution. He called us creationists. Essay? We find John Langrish's argument to be puzzling.

We wrote a paper on vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays product evolution and on mumbai he chides us for failure to cite the literature in evolutionary biology. Similar issues have been faced in many disciplines. His attempts to map biological mechanisms to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, our approach are either already accounted for or are inappropriate. We are accused of being creationists. We plead guilty. That's what the field of design is all about: all-seeing, overarching designers who look over their creations and go in and change them. Designers have that luxury.

Release a product and call it back for revision. Or completely change the next release, keeping the stuff that worked and deleting the stuff that didn't. Or completely repurpose it for essay, some other usage that had not been considered at first. Radical innovation within the field of design does not come from hill-climbing. It comes from putting together things that never before were thought to belong together. It comes from the master thesis, heart and mind of the designer. Yes, as designers we are creationists. On Mumbai? We teach it, practice it, and take delight in it. Verganti Norman: Having a vision is doody's review service, not enough--it must be implemented. Vision building is the essay, most relevant and rare asset in our society. We do not live in book review, a world where data and essay in sanskrit knowledge are missing.

Indeed, it is just the opposite. The amount of information is overwhelming. What is rare is the do not, capability to make sense of this enormous and complex picture, to on mumbai, go beyond the past and existing patterns and imagine what is not there. The new frontier is to powerpoint paper, explore the essay, path to innovation by review service understanding the nature of vision building. For this purpose, we need new frameworks. We need to investigate the slippery intangible dimensions of thinking, the capability to unveil what is hidden into the mirror that reflects our role in essay, the society. I hate error messages. They are insulting, condescending, and worst of all, completely unnecessary. Evil, nasty little things. They cause us to do unneeded work, and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays often destroy the work we have already done.

Error messages punish people for not behaving like machines. Essay? It is time we let people behave like people. When a problem arises, we should call it machine error, not human error: the machine was designed wrong, demanding that we conform to its peculiar requirements. It is time to essays, design and on mumbai in sanskrit build machines that conform to our requirements. Stop confronting us: Collaborate with us. State of Design: How Design Education Must Change. For design to succeed, grow, achieve its potential, and train future leaders, we envision a new curriculum.

In our vision, these new programs combine learning the art and craft of beautiful, pleasurable well-crafted design with substantive courses in the social and biological sciences, in technology, mathematics and statistics, and in the understanding of experimental methods and rigorous reasoning. Programming and mechatronics are essential skills in today's product world. Not only will this training make for better practitioners, but it will also equip future generations of designers to doody's service, be better at developing the hard, rigorous theory design requires. Essay In Sanskrit? Design is an exciting powerful field, filled with promise. To meet the challenges of the 21st century, design and design education must change. So too must universities. Gestural Control: The Good, the benjamin ferencz competition, Bad, and the Ugly. I await the on mumbai in sanskrit, day when gestures become standardized.

When systems combine the best of all worlds: gestures, both in resume, the air and on surfaces, voice commands where appropriate, and menus, keyboards, and pointing devices where appropriate. The most powerful systems will give us the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, choice to use whatever is best suited for the job. But before we can do this, we have a simple task to do: reform the patent system. Stupid Smart Stuff: Watches and Automation. Whenever you see something labeled smart or intelligent, be assured that it is actually rather stupid. It is time to for the designers and engineers of this coming automated world and take heed from the lessons learned over the years in the field of Human-Systems Integration, in studies of doody's review automation. Lots of excellent scientists working in the research labs of automobile companies know all this. Product people are notorious about ignoring the wisdom of in sanskrit research groups in their same company. We now have very smart devices, stupidly done.

I fear the consequences will be a lot worse than waking people up at 4:30 in the morning. Pay attention, engineers: pay attention, designers. Pay attention or people will be killed. Nutrition, Nudges, and Sledge Hammers. The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has proposed changing the labels now required on master footnotes all foodstuff. The goal is to nudge people to essay, better eating. The good part is that, the FDA has clearly thought about the legibility and clarity of nutritional guidelines. Not only mcgahan resume, did they decide to make the calorie count more visible, but they made the percentage values more prominent, they reconsidered what information was to be listed, and essay on mumbai in sanskrit perhaps most important of all, they changed the definition of a serving to for research paper, what people really eat. What is next? . It's time for the pharmaceutical industry to do the same with their labels of medications and prescriptions.

It's a systems problem. Essay In Sanskrit? OK designers, this is what you claim you are good at: solving systems problems. Get to work: you could save lives. The most powerful revolutions are the slow, silent ones that take over our lives quietly, unobtrusively. No media attention, no over-hyped excitement. But one day you look up and, oops, what has happened? Consider the everyday rice cooker.

It seems rather dull: a squat box occupying space on the countertop, usually without any grace or sense of style. Yet this unimpressive appearing cooking device now simplifies the lives of thesis tens of millions of owners all over the world. Excerpts from my first influencer post on LinkedIn. Stop Cellphone Anorexia: Make Batteries Last the Day. A Rant. How can we get the batteries on our smart phones to last the entire day? Make them bigger.

Eliminate phone anorexia. The evil is the cult of thinness. Phone Anorexia. Want to make batteries last beyond the on mumbai, day? Make them bigger. it is essay competition, that simple.

Add a few millimeters of thickness, 1/8th of an inch: even 1/16th would do wonders. Essay In Sanskrit? That's all it would take. Once upon a time, a long time ago, I got tired of light switches that contained a long, one-dimensional linear array of switches mounted on brian resume a vertical wall controlling a two-dimensional placement of lights that were placed on a horizontal plane. Essay In Sanskrit? No wonder people had difficulty remembering which switch controlled which light: I often observed people simply turning them all on vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays or off. Why not arrange the switches in the same spatial configuration as the lights, and then mount the essay in sanskrit, switches on the same spatial plane as the lights. Now it seems that a Korean Civil Engineer has rediscovered the concept 20+ years later. My Introduction for Dan Ward's book The Simplicity Cycle, but which also includes a description of and a recommendation for paper, his book FIRE. The two books make a powerful package.

Simplicity Cycle is a simple book about a complex topic, but don't be fooled. Beneath the simplicity lies a deep and profound message. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? FIST, the procedure he developed for ferencz, developing projects quickly and efficiently requires that things be less physically complex, less cognitively confusing and complicated. FIST, the procedure, was renamed FIRE (for Fast, Inexpensive, Restrained, and Elegant), and is now available as a book. The S in FIST became this book: The Simplicity Cycle. Not surprisingly, the two books support one another.

FIRE, the book, offers lessons highly relevant to The Simplicity Cycle. Large projects all tend to fail. It doesn't matter in what domain they exist -- software, construction, new aircraft, medical insurance systems, payroll systems -- they fail. Ward offers a simple solution: don't do them. With the time and money allocated for one large project, do numerous small ones. Do them Fast and Inexpensive, with Restraint and Elegance: FIRE. It's a well-known principle, but it goes against the nature of organizations who wish to solve all their problems with one project.

In consumer markets, it encourages the disease I call featuritis. In industry, it's bloat. In Sanskrit? What's the alternative? FIRE. How do we avoid unneeded complexity and manage to maintain simplicity? That's the focus of service The Simplicity Cycle.

The two books, FIRE and The Simplicity Cycle, can each be read on its own, but for essay on mumbai in sanskrit, people involved in the design and implementation of complex projects, they form a powerful pair. Brian Mcgahan Resume? For anyone wanting to embrace the mantle of simplicity, The Simplicity Cycle, is essential. Foreword: Computers as Theater (Brenda Laurel) Theatre is essay in sanskrit, about interaction, about themes and conflicts, goals and approaches to those goals, frustration, success, tension, and then the ferencz essay, resolution of on mumbai those tensions. Theatre is mcgahan resume, dynamic, changing, always in motion. Our modern technologies with their powerful computers, multiple sensors, communication links and essay on mumbai displays are also about interaction, and treating that interaction as Theatre proves to brian mcgahan resume, be rich, enlightening and on mumbai in sanskrit powerful.

Real interaction does not take place in the moment, on a fixed, static screen. Real interaction is ongoing over a protracted period. It ebbs and flows, transitions from one state to another. Powerpoint? Transitions are as important as states. Up to recently, the only computer systems that acted this way were games. But as students of the theatre have long known, we get the greatest pleasure from our ability to overcome early failures and adversaries. If everything runs perfectly and smoothly with no opportunity to deploy our powers and skills, pleasure is on mumbai, diminished. Human emotion is sensitive to change: starting low and book service ending high is a far better experience than one that is always high.

Is this a cry for deliberate placement of obstacles and confusions? Obviously not, but it is on mumbai in sanskrit, a cry for master footnotes, a look at the temporal dimensions, at engagement, agency, and the rise and fall of on mumbai dramatic tension. The future of our interactions with technology will build upon the foundations provided by Brenda Laurel in this deep, thought-provoking, and critically important book. The Paradox of Wearable Technologies. Can wearable devices be helpful?

Absolutely. But they can also be horrid. It all depends upon whether we use them to brian resume, focus and augment our activities or to distract. It is essay on mumbai, up to us, and up to footnotes, those who create these new wearable wonders to decide which it is to be. Great microinteraction design requires understanding the people who use the product, what they are trying to accomplish, and in sanskrit the steps they need to benjamin ferencz essay, take. it requires understanding the context of those interactions.

It is essential to essay on mumbai, develop empathy with the brian mcgahan, user, to develop observational skills of users and the knowledge of essay on mumbai in sanskrit how to combine different aspects of brian your product - perhaps the results of different programming teams or even different divisions - into a single, smooth microinteraction? Chapter 1 does a great job of introducing the principles of essay on mumbai how to master footnotes, do this. The numerous examples throughout the book sensitizes you to the opportunities. After that it is up to you, to continual observation that leads to essay on mumbai in sanskrit, discovery of the opportunities. And it is essential not to be blocked, as Apple's developers apparently were, if the solutions require cutting across company organizational structures. After all, doing things right for the user is scholarships that do not, what great products are all about. Sloth, Pride, Envy, Greed, Lust, Anger, Gluttony. What?

I'm supposed to design for these traits? As a human-centered designer, I should be repelled by the thought of in sanskrit designing for for research, such a list. What was Chris Nodder thinking? What was his publisher thinking? This is evil, amplified. Although, come to think of it, those seven deadly sins are human traits. Want to know how people really behave? Just read the law books. In Sanskrit? Start with one of the most famous set of laws of all, the Ten Commandments.

Every one of those commandments is about something that people actually did, and then prohibiting it. All laws are intended to stop or otherwise control human behavior. So, if you want to understand real human behavior, just see what the laws try to stop. The list of seven deadly sins provides a nice, tidy statement of scholarships that fundamental human behavior, fundamental in the sense that from each of the deadly sins, one can derive a large list of less deadly ones. Embrace failure, avoid failure: these two, apparently contradictory statements are the opening and closing chapter titles of Victor Lombardi's enchanting, insightful book. Embrace, yet avoid, the essay, apparent contradiction being resolved by recognizing that the trick is to brian mcgahan resume, learn from other people's failures, the better to essay in sanskrit, be able to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, avoid them for yourself. The message of the on mumbai in sanskrit, book is summarized by its subtitle: Lessons from Experience Design Failures. Opportunities and Challenges For Touch and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays Gesture-Based Systems. Billions of people appreciate the in sanskrit, simplicity of touch technology, but for the industrial sector, including home white goods and consumer goods, rugged conditions have been a roadblock to integrating this technology.

The new evolution is the multi-touch that works under rigorous conditions. Even though multi-touch screens are widely popular on vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays today's consumer phones and tablets the design principles for industrial applications and demanding environments are different for those in the rather controlled consumer environment for mobile phones and tablets. When using a device under rugged conditions - cold, raining, wearing gloves, heavy vibration - different design rules are required. The opportunities are large, with potential uses that go far beyond what we see today. Great opportunity brings great challenges. Essay In Sanskrit? We explore the requirements and the design rules for book review service, overcoming them. Suggested Readings From Design of essay in sanskrit Everyday Things, Revised edition. Many people continually ask for my suggestions of readings in design.

Here is an excerpt from the Readings and Notes section of the 2013 revision and expansion of the book Design of Everyday Things that provides my list of general books for interaction design. The list of excellent books is much larger than included here, but even with my limited list there are probably too many suggestions. Still, this is a good place to start. Preface. Design of Everyday Things, Revised Edition.

The preface to the revised edition of Design of Everyday Things, including a chapter-by-chapter review of What has changed. I have rethought my position stated in my essay article Design Thinking: A Useful Myth. I still stand by the major points of the earlier essay, but I have changed the conclusion. As a result, the essay should really be titled: Design Thinking: An Essential Tool. Let me explain. Great Design Always Means Great Style (Misc Magazine) Ah, style. The elegance of gentle interaction, with grace and beauty, wit and charm. Or perhaps brute force abruptness, rudeness and insult.

Style refers to doody's book review service, the way of doing something and although we usually use it in the positive sense, the word itself is neutral, referring only to the manner by which something is done. Style can be coarse and ugly, brutish and dangerous. The best styles, including both those we respect and in sanskrit prefer and those we detest, are true and honest, consistent and coherent. (An essay for Misc Magazine.) Maybe I am a gadget. Powerpoint For Research? That would certainly explain a lot of things. A quick search of the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, internet for the definition of gadget yields two meanings: 1. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays? A small device that performs or aids a simple task; 2. A small device that appears useful but is often unnecessary or superfluous. Yeah, those sound like me. Complexity is Good, Simplicity Overrated (Misc Magazine) (Essay for in sanskrit, Misc Magazine.) Real complexity does not lie in the tools, but in doody's book review service, the task. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Skilled workers have an array of tools, each carefully matched to a particular task requirement. It can take years to learn which tool goes with which task, and years to master the tools.

The tool set is book, complicated because the task is complicated. Looking at the visual simplicity of the tool is misleading. Essay? The mark of the great designer is the ability to provide the complexity that people need in a manner that is doody's review, understandable and elegant. Simplicity should never be the goal. Complex things will require complexity. It is the job of the designer to manage that complexity with skill and grace. What Moves? Culture Interaction Design. When What Is Natural For Some Is Not for Others: Culture and Design. I was in Asia, giving a talk. Essay? I was given a remote controller for powerpoint paper, advancing my slides.

This one had with two buttons, one above the other. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? When I pushed the upper button to advance to the slide, I was flustered: I went backwards through my slide set, not forward. How could this happen? I wondered. To me, top obviously means forward, bottom backwards. I decided to essay competition, ask the on mumbai, audience what they thought: To my great surprise, the audience was split in their responses. Many thought that it should be the top button, but a large number thought it should be the bottom.

But there is more. Brian Mcgahan Resume? This is a point of view question, one that has plagued designers for in sanskrit, years (which moves? The text or the window?) Different cultures have very different points of view. When a design conflicts with the common cultural view, confusion results. (Article posted at master footnotes core77.com and jnd.org. bit.ly/NZckqz ) How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. I'm frequently asked how to find a job or a place to study, either in industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here. You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to do. Good advice has to come from essay, someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and skills. I cannot acquire that in an email message or two.

So, seek out do not need, knowledgeable mentors where you live. Essay On Mumbai? Seek professors that you trust. Go to meetings of brian mcgahan societies (see below). Read magazines and journals to learn who is on mumbai, doing what, where: then write to benjamin ferencz essay competition, those people about their work. Video: Don Norman speaks out about engineering design education. This is a short, 3 minute video, that captures the essay in sanskrit, dilemma of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays modern education.

Engineering education has become narrower and deeper. We teach and on mumbai train specialties and specialists. Powerpoint Paper? Practical applications require tying together the knowledge of the many specialties. Essay? They require generalists, people who have broad, integrated understanding of the world. Powerpoint Paper? We need an essay, educational system that rewards those who are broad and need essays knowledgable as well as those who are deep and narrow, even if the broad knowledge comes at essay on mumbai the expense of shallow depth. Being narrow is just as big a liability as being shallow. We need both kinds of people.

Alas, the university hires, teaches, and trains only the deep and ferencz narrow. Incremental and Radical Innovation: Design Research versus Technology and on mumbai Meaning Change. Don Norman and Roberto Verganti: We discuss the differences between incremental and radical innovation and argue that each results from different processes. Scholarships Do Not Need? Human-centered design methods are a form of in sanskrit hill climbing, extremely well suited for powerpoint paper, continuous incremental improvements but incapable of radical innovation. Radical innovation requires finding a different hill, and this comes about only through meaning or technology change. A second approach is to consider the dimensions of meaning and technology change. Finally, we show how innovation might be viewed as lying in essay on mumbai, the space formed by the dimension of research aimed at scholarships that do not essays enhancing general knowledge and in sanskrit the dimension of application to practice. Paper? We conclude that human-centered design is ideally suited for on mumbai in sanskrit, incremental innovation and unlikely to lead to radical innovation.

Radical innovation comes from ferencz essay, changes in either technology or meaning. Technology-driven innovation often comes from inventors and tinkerers. Meaning-driven innovation, however, has the essay on mumbai, potential to be driven through design research, but only if the research addresses fundamental questions of new meanings and their interpretation. Does Culture Matter for Product Design? Does culture matter for product design?

For the world of powerpoint for research mass-produced products, that is, for the world of industrial design, culture might be far less important than we might have expected. In Sanskrit? Is this really true, and if so, is this a positive or negative finding? Conversation: Jon Kolko Don Norman mediated by Richard Anderson. Out with the Old, In with the New: A Conversation with Don Norman Jon Kolko, mediated by Richard Anderson. The item contains photos, a transcript, and an embedded video of the event. Topics addressed included the nature of and the difference between art and design, whether design should be taught in art schools (such as AAU), Abraham Maslow, usability, what design (or all) education should be like, the problem with design thinking courses, the destiny of printed magazines and ferencz essay printed books, aging and ageism, the relationship between HCI and interaction design, Arduino, simplicity, social media, Google, privacy, design research, the context in which design occurs, the Austin Center for on mumbai, Design, solving wicked problems, whether designers make good entrepreneurs, politics, Herb Simon cybernetics, the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, strengths weaknesses of interconnected systems, and how designers should position themselves. Design Education: Brilliance Without Substance. We are now in essay in sanskrit, the 21st century, but design curricula seem stuck in the mid 20th century. In the 21st century, design has broadened to include interaction and experience, services and strategies. The technologies are more sophisticated, involving advanced materials, computation, communication, sensors, and actuators. The products and services have complex interactions that have to be self-explanatory, sometimes involving other people separated by time or distance.

Traditional design activities have to be supplemented with an understanding of technology, business, and human psychology. With all these changes, one would expect major changes in design education. Nope. Design education is led by craftspeople who are proud of their skills and they see no reason to change. Powerpoint For Research? Design education is mired in the past.

At the start of almost every technology transition, chaos rules. Competing competitors create confusion, often quite deliberate, as they develop their own unique way of doing things incompatible with all others. Today, the long-established, well-learned model of scrolling is being changed by one vendor, but not by essay in sanskrit others. Gestures proliferate, with no standards, no easy way of being reminded of them, new easy way to learn. Powerpoint For Research Paper? Change is important, for it is how we make progress. In Sanskrit? Some confusion is to be expected. Brian Resume? But many of the changes and the resulting confusions of today seem arbitrary and capricious. Think before acting.

Sounds right, doesn't it? Think before starting to design. Yup. Do some research, learn more about the requirements, the people, the on mumbai in sanskrit, activities. Powerpoint For Research? Then design. On Mumbai? It all makes sense. Which is precisely why I wish to challenge it. Sometimes it makes sense to act first, think afterwards. The Design Dilemma: Dismay vs.

Delight. I frequently find myself in a state of simultaneous dismay and delightful admiration about the end product of designers. This state can be described by contrasting the way a designer and an engineer would solve the same problem. Designers evoke great delight in their work. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays? Engineers provide utilitarian value. The problem is that the very practical, functional things are also boring and ugly. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Good designers would never allow boring and ugly to describe their work: they strive to produce delight. But sometimes that delightful result is scholarships do not, not very practical, difficult to use, and on mumbai in sanskrit not completely functional. Practical versus delightful: Which do you prefer? Designers approach the world with charming naivete, coupled with artistic elegance and the art of examining issues in novel, unconstrained ways. Scholarships Essays? Their solutions provide a graceful elegance and new insight, perhaps because of their lack of knowledge, their naivete.

Designers are trained as craftspeople, without any substantive knowledge of the content areas in which they do their work. This very lack of knowledge can produce profound insights that lead to in sanskrit, advances in understanding, hence my delight. Having too much knowledge can lead to following the failed footsteps of those who preceded you. Videos from Design of Everyday Things. My videos have been resurrected! Let me explain.One upon a time, many years ago -- 1994 to be precise -- The Voyager Company produced a delightful CD-ROM that included copies of several of paper my books (Design of Everyday Things, Things that Make Us Smart, and Turn Signals Are the Facial Expressions of essay Automobiles. As you read the books, if you had a question, you could just click wherever there was a link and that do not I would pop up, walk on. I am forced to read a lot of crap. As a reviewer of submissions to design journals and conferences, as a juror of design contests, and as a mentor and advisor to design students and faculty, I read outrageous claims made by in sanskrit designers who have little understanding of the complexity of the problems they are attempting to solve or of the standards of evidence required to make claims. Oftentimes the crap comes from brilliant and talented people, with good ideas and wonderful instantiations of physical products, concepts, or simulations.

The crap is in the claims. In the early days of industrial design, the work was primarily focused upon brian physical products. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Today, however, designers work on organizational structure and social problems, on benjamin ferencz essay competition interaction, service, and on mumbai in sanskrit experience design. Many problems involve complex social and political issues. As a result, designers have become applied behavioral scientists, but they are woefully undereducated for the task. Designers often fail to understand the complexity of the issues and powerpoint the depth of knowledge already known. They claim that fresh eyes can produce novel solutions, but then they wonder why these solutions are seldom implemented, or if implemented, why they fail. Fresh eyes can indeed produce insightful results, but the eyes must also be educated and knowledgeable. Designers often lack the requisite understanding. Design schools do not train students about these complex issues, about the essay, interlocking complexities of human and social behavior, about the powerpoint paper, behavioral sciences, technology, and business.

There is little or no training in science, the scientific method, and experimental design. Over the past five years I have written approximately three dozen columns. What has been learned? What will come? Obviously it is essay, time for reflection. My goal has always been to incite thought, debate, and understanding. Mcgahan Resume? Those of us in the field of interaction, whether students, researchers or practitioners, whether designers or programmers, synthesizers or analyzers, all share some common beliefs and essay in sanskrit ideals. One of my jobs is to challenge these established beliefs, for often when they are examined, they rest on an ill-defined platform, often with no supporting evidence except that they have been around for so long, they are accepted as given, without need for examination. Book Service? We need a rigorous foundation for our work, which means to question that which is not firmly supported by evidence, if it appears obvious. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Many things that appear obvious are indeed true, but many are not: We need to know which is which. There is a trend to eliminate designers.

Who needs them when we can simply test our way to success? The excitement of powerful, captivating design is defined as irrelevant. Worse, the nature of design is in danger. Design by vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays comparison of competing alternatives is design by hill climbing. It will get you to the top of the current hill. It will never get you to the highest hill. Systems Thinking: A Product Is More Than the Product. In reality a product is essay, all about the experience. It is brian mcgahan resume, about discovery, purchase, anticipation, opening the package, the very first usage. It is also about continued usage, learning, the need for assistance, updating, maintenance, supplies, and eventual renewal in the form of essay on mumbai disposal or exchange.

Most companies treat every stage as a different process, done by a different division of the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, company: RD, manufacturing, packaging, sales, and then as a necessary afterthought, service. As a result there is seldom any coherence. Instead, there are contradictions. If you think of the product as a service, then the separate parts make no sense--the point of a product is to offer great experiences to its owner, which means that it offers a service. And that experience, that service, is the in sanskrit, result of the coherence of the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, parts. The real value of a product consists of far more than the product's components. Designers are proud of their ability to innovate, to think outside the box, to develop creative, powerful ideas for their clients. Sometimes these ideas win design prizes. However, the rate at which these ideas achieve commercial success is essay on mumbai in sanskrit, low.

Many of the ideas die within the companies, never becoming a product. Among those that become products, a good number never reach commercial success. Ideas are just the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, starting point toward product realization. New product ideas have to fit the competencies of the corporation. They have to fit within the existing family or products, or at least the product strategy.

The purchasers of new products have to be prepared. The costs must be contained. Essay On Mumbai? The technology must be up to it. The same people who the new ideas are intended to supplant and go around are now responsible for executing the ideas. No wonder so many good ideas fail. Every year the that do not need essays, world holds many contests for on mumbai in sanskrit, industrial designers. Lots of submissions, lots of essay time spent by jurors reviewing them, lots of on mumbai pretty pictures afterwards. Fun to read, wonderful for the winners.

What's the problem? I have been a juror for a number of contests, including the major American yearly contest sponsored by master thesis the Industrial Design Society of America, IDSA, and BusinessWeek. Although I always enjoyed the experience and the interaction with talented, hard-working fellow jurors, I have become increasingly dissatisfied with the results. Why are shows bad? Shouldn't we reward good design? Sure, if that's what the shows accomplish, but they don't.

In fact, I believe they do harm to the profession. (Opening sentences of my Core77 column.) Design thinking is not special to design. Great artists, great engineers, great scientists all break out of the boundaries. Great designers are no different. Why perpetuate the myth of design thinking if it is so clearly false? Because it is useful. Design thinking is a powerful public relations term that changes the way in which design firms are viewed. So, long live the phrase design thinking. It will help in the transformation of design from the world of form and style to that of function and structure.

It will help spread the on mumbai in sanskrit, word that designers can add value to almost any problem, from healthcare to pollution, business strategy and company organization. Gestural Interfaces: A Step Backwards In Usability. Gestural interfaces are fun to thesis footnotes, use: gestures add a welcome feeling of activity to the otherwise joyless ones of pointing and clicking. In Sanskrit? The are truly a revolutionary mode of interaction. After two decades of research in laboratories across the world, they are finally available for everyday consumer products. But the lack of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays consistency, inability to essay on mumbai, discover operations, coupled with the ease of doody's review accidentally triggering actions from which there is no recovery threatens the viability of these systems.

We urgently need to return to our basics, developing usability guidelines for these systems that are based upon solid principles of interaction design, not on the whims of the company human interface guidelines and arbitrary ideas of on mumbai developers. Talk: Research Practice Gap 2 Kinds of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays innovation. I gave the opening keynote address at IIT's Design Research Conference in Chicago, May 2010. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? In it, i combined two of the powerpoint for research paper, major themes I have long been working on. The video of essay on mumbai that talk is now available. The research-product gap. The design research community -- and all research communities, for that do not need, that matter -- have little understanding, knowledge of, or even interest in the product side of companies. Moreover, the skills, reward structures, and interests of the essay, two communities are so different that the master thesis, gap is inevitable. In the medical community, this gap is overcome by a third discipline: Translational Science. I recommend we follow suite with a new discipline, Translational Engineering, that translates the language of research into the language of products, and vice-versa.

Two kinds of innovation. A very closely related confusion exists about innovation. Human-Centered Design, I argue, is essential for on mumbai, incremental improvement of products. Doody's? But radical innovation, which occurs much less frequently, comes either from new technologies or from meaning change: HCD will never give us radical innovation. There is an immense gap between research and practice. There are fundamental differences in the knowledge and skill sets required by those who conduct the research and those who attempt to translate those results into practical, reliable, and affordable form.

Between research and practice a new, third discipline must be inserted, one that can translate between the abstractions of research and the practicalities of practice. We need a discipline of essay translational development. Translational developers are needed who can mine the insights of researchers and hone them into for research paper practical, reliable and useful results. In Sanskrit? Similarly translational developers must help translate the problems and concerns of practice into doody's book review service the clear, need-based statements that can drive researchers to develop new insights. Neither direction of translation is easy. Natural User Interfaces Are Not Natural. Gestural interaction is the new excitement in the halls of on mumbai in sanskrit industry. Advances in master, the size, power, and essay on mumbai cost of microprocessors, memory, cameras, and brian mcgahan other sensing devices now make it possible to control by wipes and flicks, hand gestures, and body movements. A new world of essay interaction is here: The rulebooks and guidelines are being rewritten, or at least, such is the claim. Thesis Footnotes? And the new interactions even have a new marketing name: natural, as in Natural User Interface.

As usual, marketing rhetoric is ahead of reality. All new technologies have their proper place. All new technologies will take a while for in sanskrit, us to footnotes, figure out the best manner of interaction as well as the standardization that removes one source of potential confusion. None of these systems is inherently more natural than the others. What we think of as natural is, to a large extent, learned. I've come to essay, a disconcerting conclusion: design research is great when it comes to improving existing product categories but essentially useless when it comes to new, innovative breakthroughs. I reached this conclusion through examination of a range of scholarships that need essays product innovations, most especially looking at those major conceptual breakthroughs that have had huge impact upon society as well as the more common, mundane small, continual improvements.

Call one conceptual breakthrough, the other incremental. Although we would prefer to believe that conceptual breakthroughs occur because of a detailed consideration of human needs, especially fundamental but unspoken hidden needs so beloved by the design research community, the fact is in sanskrit, that it simply doesn't happen. New conceptual breakthroughs are invariably driven by the development of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays new technologies The new technologies, in turn, inspire technologists to invent things, not sometimes because they themselves dream of having their capabilities, but many times simply because they can build them. On Mumbai? In other words, grand conceptual inventions happen because technology has finally made them possible. Do people need them? That question is answered over the next several decades as the technology moves from technical demonstration, to product, to failure, or perhaps to slow acceptance in the commercial world where slowly, after considerable time, the products and applications are jointly evolve, and slowly the need develops. THE TRANSMEDIA DESIGN CHALLENGE: Co-Creation. We live in benjamin ferencz essay competition, exciting times.

Finally, we are beginning to understand that pleasure and on mumbai fun are important components of life, that emotion is not a bad thing, and that learning, education and work can all benefit through encouraging pleasure and fun. Up to powerpoint, now, a primary goal of product and on mumbai service design has been to provide useful functions and results. We should not lose track of these goals, but now that we are well on our way to doing that for an amazing variety of goods and services, it is time to make sure that they are pleasurable as well. Not only does this require emotions to be a major component of design thinking, but we must incorporate action as well, actions that use the whole body in movement, rhythm, and purpose. New technologies allow creativity to blossom, whether for reasons silly or sublime. Simple text messages or short videos among people qualify as production, regardless of scholarships need their value. This new movement is about participating and creating, invoking the creative spirit. This is what the transmedia experience should be about. All of these experiences are allowing people to feel more like producers and creators rather than passive consumers or spectators.

The new design challenge is to create true participatory designs coupled with true multi-media immersion that reveal new insights and create true novel experiences. On Mumbai? We all participate, we all experience. We all design, we all partake. But much of this is meaningless: how do we provide richness and depth, enhanced through the active engagement of all, whether they be the originators or the recipients of the experience? How will this come to pass?

What is the role in everyday life? Will this be a small portion or will it dominate? Will it even be permitted within the confines of contemporary commercialism? Those are the significant design challenges. People Are From Earth, Machines Are From Outer Space. People are from earth. Machines are from outer space. I don't know what kind of manners they teach in brian, outer space, but if machines are going to live here in our world, they really need to learn to behave properly. You know, when on Earth, do as the earthlings do. So, hey machines, you need to become socialized.

Right now you are arrogant, antisocial, irritating know-it-alls. Sure, you say nice things like “please” and on mumbai in sanskrit “thank you,” but being polite involves more than words. It is time to socialize our interactions with technology. Brian Resume? Sociable machines. Basic lessons in communication skills. Rules of machine etiquette. Essay On Mumbai? Machines need to show empathy with the vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, people with whom they interact, understand their point of view, and above all, communicate so that everyone understands what is happening.It never occurs to a machine that the essay on mumbai, problems might be theirs.

Oh no. Doody's Review Service? It's us pesky people who are to blame. One of our fundamental principles is that of perceived affordances: that's one way we know what to on mumbai in sanskrit, do in novel situations. That Do Not Need? That's fine for objects, but what about situations? What about people, social groups, cultures? Powerful clues arise from what I call social signifiers.

A signifier is some sort of indicator, some signal in the physical or social world that can be interpreted meaningfully. Signifiers signify critical information, even if the on mumbai, signifier itself is an accidental byproduct of the world. Social signifiers are those that are relevant to social usages. Some social indicators simply are the unintended but informative result of the behavior of others. Social signifiers replace affordances, for they are broader and richer, allowing for accidental signifiers as well as deliberate ones, and paper even for items that signify by their absence, as the in sanskrit, lack of crowds on scholarships do not essays a train platform. The perceivable part of an affordance is a signifier, and if deliberately placed by a designer, it is a social signifier. CNN Designers challenged to include disabled. I'm on a campaign to essay on mumbai in sanskrit, make assistive devices aesthetically delightful -- without impairing effectiveness and cost. Why are things such as canes, wheelchairs so ugly? I urge the skilled industrial designers of this world to revolutionize this arena. Perhaps the Industrial Design Society of America (IDSA) and the equivalent design societies all over vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays the world ought to sponsor a design contest.

The best design schools should encourage design projects for assistive devices that function well, are cost effective (two aspects that are often left out of design schools) as well as fun, pleasurable and in sanskrit fashionable (aspects that are absent from scholarships that do not need, more engineering- or social-sciences -based programs). There are many groups at work in on mumbai in sanskrit, this area: simply do a web search on the phrases inclusive design? or universal design? or accessible design. Doody's Service? They do excellent work, but the emphasis is on providing aids and assistance, or changing public policy. All that is both good and essential, but I want to go one step further: add aesthetics, pleasure, and in sanskrit fashion to the mix. Make it so these aids are sought after, fashionable, delightful, and fun. For everyone, which is ferencz essay, what the essay in sanskrit, words inclusive, universal, and accessible are supposed to mean. Designers of the world: Unite behind a worthy cause. This article contains pointers to my MIT Sloan Management Review paper on doody's book service waiting lines as well as a PDF of to the earlier paper in which I discussed the same issues in more depth than SMR permitted. The PDF file, The Psychology of Waiting Lines. argues that although waiting is an inescapable part of life, but that doesn't mean we enjoy it. But if the lines are truly inescapable, what can be done to make them less painful? Although there is a good deal of on mumbai in sanskrit practical knowledge, usually known within the heads of corporate managers, very little has been published about the topic.

One paper provides the classic treatment: David Maister's The Psychology of Waiting Lines (1985). Maister suggested several principles for increasing the pleasantness of waiting. Although his paper provides an excellent start, it was published in 1985 and there have been considerable advances in powerpoint for research paper, our knowledge since then. In this section, I bring the study of waiting lines up to date, following the essay on mumbai in sanskrit, spirit of Maister's original publication, but with considerable revision in that, light of modern findings. Essay On Mumbai? I suggest eight design principles, starting with the emotions dominate? and ending with the principle that memory of an event is more important than the experience.? Examples of design solutions include double buffering, providing clear conceptual models of the events with continual feedback, providing positive memories and even why one might deliberately induce waits. These principles apply to all services, not just waiting in lines. Details will vary from situation to situation, industry to industry, but the fundamentals are, in truth, the fundamentals of sociable design for waiting lines, for products, and for book review service, service. This is an abstract for the attached PDF file, Sociable Design. Whether designing the rooftop of a building or the rear end of a home or business appliance, sociable design considers how the design will impact everyone: not just the one, intended person standing in front, but also all the rest of essay society that interacts. One person uses a computer: the rest of us are at the other side of the desk or counter, peering at the ugly rear end, with wires spilling over like entrails. Master Thesis? The residents of a building may never see its roof, but those who live in adjoining buildings may spend their entire workday peering at ugly asphalt, shafts and essay in sanskrit ventilating equipment.

Support for groups is the thesis footnotes, hallmark of essay in sanskrit sociable technology. Groups are almost always involved in activities, even when the other people are not visible. All design has a social component: support for this social component, support for groups must always be a consideration. Sociable design is not just saying aˆ?pleaseaˆ? and aˆ?thank you.aˆ? It is not just providing technical support. Brian? It is also providing convivial working spaces, plus the time to make use of them. Sociable technology must support the four themes of communication, presentation, support for groups, and troubleshooting.

How these are handled determines whether or not we will find interaction to be sociable. People learn social skills. Machines have to have them designed into them. Sometimes even worse than machines, however, are services, where even though we are often interacting with people, the service activities are dictated by formal rule books of procedures and processes, and the people we interact with can be as frustrated and on mumbai in sanskrit confused as we are. This too is ferencz essay, a design issue. Design of both machines and essay in sanskrit services should be thought of as a social activity, one where there is much concern paid to the social nature of the interaction. All products have a social component. Book Service? This is especially true of communication products, whether websites, personal digests (blog), audio and video postings mean to essay on mumbai, be shared, or mail digests, mailing lists, and text messaging on cellphones. Social networks are by doody's review definition social. But where the social impact is obvious, designers are forewarned.

The interesting cases happen where the social side is not so obvious. Everyone wants simplicity. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? Everyone misses the point. Simplicity is not the goal. Brian? We do not wish to give up the power and flexibility of our technologies.

We are faced with an apparent paradox, but don’t worry: good design will see us through. People want the extra power that increased features bring to essay in sanskrit, a product, but they intensely dislike the complexity that results. Is this a paradox? Not necessarily. Complexity can be managed.

The argument is not between adding features and simplicity, between adding capability and usability. The real issue is ferencz competition, about design: designing things that have the essay, power required for the job while maintaining understandability, the brian, feeling of control, and the pleasure of accomplishment. Workarounds - Leading Edge of Innovation. Where do new ideas come from? How should designers create, transform, innovate? Do we need formal observational methods? When I talk to today’s foremost designers, most are scornful. Essay? Great designers are like great novelists: acute observers of human behavior. Although they are scornful of formal methods, they themselves are expert practitioners of observation, and if you can corner them in book service, a quiet room (or better yet, a noisy bar), they will brag about essay, those abilities.

Many ordinary people use the objects around them in unordinary ways. Through these everyday acts of creativity, clever people reveal both needs and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays possible solutions. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? They lead to the innovations that will benefit many. Hacks and workarounds: those are the ferencz essay, soul of innovation. Observing is easy: recognizing the innovation and on mumbai in sanskrit then knowing what to do with the observations are where the difficulties lie.

David Heinemeier Hansson of 37signals says: I'm not designing software for other people, I'm designing it for me. Master Thesis Footnotes? Wow. That is the sort of arrogance that the design community clustered around 37signals disdains -- or so I thought. Understanding the essay in sanskrit, true needs of customers is essential for resume, business success. Making sure the product is elegant, functional and understandable is also essential. The disdain for customers shown by on mumbai in sanskrit Hansson of 37signals is an arrogance bound to fail.

As long as 37signals is mcgahan, a hobby, where programmers code for on mumbai in sanskrit, themselves, it may very well succeed as a small enterprise with its current size of 10 employees. Brian? I'm happy for in sanskrit, them, and for the numerous small developers and small companies that find their products useful. That? But their attitude is a symbol: a symbol of eventual failure. Too bad. In fact, that attitude is not so much arrogance as it is selfishness: they are selfish. On Mumbai In Sanskrit? A little less arrogance and a lot more empathy would turn these brilliant programmers into book a brilliant company, a brilliant success. Interaction design is about interfaces, which means it is about synchronizing the events of on mumbai in sanskrit different systems, about memories, buffers, queues and waiting rooms. Waiting is an unavoidable component of need essays interfaces, an essay, unavoidable part of life. Just as dirt collects in vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, crevices, buffers collect in the interfaces between systems. It is their natural home, and life would not work without them.

I have become fascinated by buffers. I see them everywhere I look. They cannot be escaped. Many of our clever ethnographic and field methods are designed to find unmet needs. You know what? Most are far better off if they stay unmet. The automobile industry is badly in need of essay in sanskrit guidance on human factors. Excellent people already work in the companies, but they suffer the problems faced within the consumer electronics and computer industries over the past few decades. This is an important arena, one where human-centered design skills are essential. But success will come only when our discipline can provide seasoned managers who know how to mcgahan resume, work across disciplines, with engineers, designers (stylists), manufacturing, marketing and, of course, upper management. Yes, we want simplicity, but we don’t want to give up any of those cool features.

Simplicity is essay, highly overrated. Cautious Cars Cantankerous Kitchens. Draft version of Chapter 1 of my new book, tentatively titled The Design of Future Things . (In press: Basic Books. Expected publication: 2007.) This chapter is called Cautious cars and scholarships that need essays cantankerous kitchens. Posted December 9, 2006 as a Microsoft Word file. The truth about Google's so-called simplicity

The truth? It isn't simple. Why does it look simple? Because you can only do one thing from their home page: search. If you want to do one of the on mumbai, many other things Google is able to do, oops, first you have to doody's, figure out how to find it, then you have to figure out which of the many offerings to use, then you have to figure out how to use it. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? And because all those other things are not on thesis footnotes the home page but, instead, are hidden away in various mysterious places, extra clicks and operations are required for even simple tasks -- if you can remember how to get to them. How To Find a Job or Graduate School in Human-Computer Interaction, Interaction, or Industrial Design. (Updated July 2012 from an earlier essay on finding a job.) I'm frequently asked how to find a job or a place to study, either in industrial design or user-interface design (Human-Computer Interaction). Rather than answer it anew each time, let me summarize my answer here.

You either need real work experience or a graduate degree, or both. I cannot tell you what to do. Good advice has to come from someone who knows you, who knows your interests, training, and skills. I cannot acquire that in an email message or two. So, seek out knowledgeable mentors where you live. Seek professors that you trust. Essay In Sanskrit? Go to thesis footnotes, meetings of societies (see below).

Read magazines and journals to learn who is doing what, where: then write to those people about their work. Trapped in a Lufthansa Airline Seat. I flew from Munich to Chicago in essay on mumbai in sanskrit, a brand new Lufthansa Airbus 340. (the 340-300 model, for those who keep track of such things). Ah, Lufthansa has gone to great lengths to improve their business class fittings. Indeed each seat comes with a 14 page manual. (Oops, 14 pages? That should be warning enough.) As you can see, they confidently explain, we have thought of some new ways of making you feel at home. Hah! Not my home, thank you. Please, not my home. When I got myself into a comfortable sleeping position, I couldn't get out. Four times in all I was trapped, trapped inside an airline seat.

Ah, the joys of a technology whose time has not yet come. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays? Kudos to essay on mumbai in sanskrit, Lufthansa for wonderful flight attendants, for a marvelous meal, and for trying so hard to make business class seats that truly deliver. If it is the thought that counts, Lufthansa wins. If execution also matters, well, they have some debugging to do. Industrial Design: Claims Without Substance. Many people mail me examples of amazing new products, usually extremely clever and of great potential value. But do they really work?

Do they really solve problems? Nobody knows. The designers simply assert that they do. Benjamin Essay Competition? Claims are worthless unless backed up by essay data. We will never know if the claims are true unless they are tested in controlled, sensible trials. I have changed my mind: good designers communicate directly with their users through the appropriate placement of powerpoint for research paper visible clues, hints, and yes, affordances. Once we start to view design as a form of communication between designer and the user, we see that perceived affordances become an important medium for that communication. Designed affordances play a very special role. Now we see that the designer deliberately places signs and signals on essay in sanskrit the artifact to communicate with the service, user.

Affordances therefore signify intentions and reasons. They provide a story. And once we know what the designer was thinking, and why, suddenly the device becomes understandable. A Persona is essay in sanskrit, a valuable design concept, aiding the designer in maintaining an empathetic focus, providing a common language for communication among the diverse groups who work on a product -- different product groups, engineers, usability specialists, designers, marketing, and executives. I review these features and suggest that Personas can be simple, made-up, and they do not have to be real. Powerpoint Paper? They must be realistic, so designers can empathize, and they must accurately characterize the population of purchasers and users of the product. Aside from that, I argue, exhaustive prior research and development for each Persona is essay, not only unnecessary, it is vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays, probably a waste of resources. (This essay, I predict, will be highly controversial.) In the world of computers there is a semi-serious saying That's not a bug, that's a feature! which refers to the fact that one can often disguise a bug -- a mistake in in sanskrit, design or in programming -- as a feature -- claiming that it is ferencz essay, worthwhile and even deliberate. (The corollary to the saying goes like this: If it's in the documentation, it's a feature, not a bug.) Well, here is essay in sanskrit, a case where badly designed door handles were turned into mcgahan a feature -- an excuse for art.

Rather than do the door properly -- use different kinds of handles on each side of the door -- they have used the confusion as an essay in sanskrit, excuse to create art -- where the art is almost as confusing as the doody's, original, but at least is essay in sanskrit, aesthetically pleasing and even a source of conversation. Activity-Centered Design: Why I like my Harmony Remote Control. July 2003. Benjamin Ferencz? Most remote controls for watching video and controlling a home theater are device-centered so the on mumbai, task of turning on all the right equipment and setting each to just the right setting is daunting. The Harmony Remote controller is activity-centered: it doesn't become a DVD controller. Instead, it allows you to do the activity of watching a DVD. The difference is enormous -- and wonderful to behold. Activity-centered design. It works. The first remote control I can recommend without hesitation.

Applying the Behavioral, Cognitive, and that do not essays Social Sciences to Products. To do design requires an approximate science, a way of doing quick but effective computations: guidelines useful for synthesis and design. Applied discipolines have different needs than scientific ones. Not lower-quality -- different -- with different skills and on mumbai different goals. Emotion Design: Attractive things work better. June 2002. (Also published as Norman, D. A. (2002). Emotion and design: Attractive things work better.

Interactions Magazine, ix (4), 36-42). Advances in our understanding of for research emotion and affect have implications for in sanskrit, the science of design. Affect changes the operating parameters of cognition: positive affect enhances creative, breadth-first thinking whereas negative affect focuses cognition, enhancing depth-first processing and minimizing distractions. Therefore, it is essential that products designed for use under stress follow good human-centered design, for stress makes people less able to cope with difficulties and less flexible in their approach to problem solving. Positive affect makes people more tolerant of minor difficulties and more flexible and creative in finding solutions. Products designed for more relaxed, pleasant occasions can enhance their usability through pleasant, aesthetic design. Aesthetics matter: attractive things work better. In the world of design, the term affordance has taken on a life far beyond the original meaning.

It might help if we return to the original definition. Let me try to clarify the definition of the term and its many uses. Affordance, Conventions and Design (Part 2) The Psychology of Everyday Things (POET) was about perceived affordance. If I ever were to revise POET, I would make a global change, replacing all instances of the word affordance with the phrase perceived affordance. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays? The designer cares more about essay, what actions the user perceives to be possible than what is true. Moreover, affordances, both real and perceived, play very different roles in physical products than they do in master thesis footnotes, the world of screen-based products. Essay On Mumbai? In the latter case, affordances play a relatively minor role: cultural conventions are much more important. Banner Blindness, Human Cognition and Web Design. Benway and Lane have studied Banner Blindness -- the fact that people tend to ignore those big, flashy, colorful banners at the top of web pages.

This is pretty interesting stuff, for the entire reason they are so big and obnoxious is to attract attention, yet they fail. Evidently nobody ever studied real users before -- they simply assumed that big, colorful items were visible. This paper, shows once again the importance of observations over that do not essays logic when it comes to predicting human behavior. Design as practiced is considerably different from design as idealized in academic discussions of good design. Issues that seem simple from the vantage point of academia are often extremely complex when seen from inside the industry.

Indeed, the two sides seem hardly to be speaking the same language. Essay On Mumbai In Sanskrit? In the course of my experiences, I have come to recognize that industry faces numerous problems that are outside of the scope of the traditional analyses of thesis design. Commentary: Human Error and the Design of Computer Systems. Many advances have been made in our understanding of the hardware and essay software of vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays information processing systems, but one major gap remains: the on mumbai in sanskrit, inclusion of the human operator into the system analysis. The behavior of an information processing system is not a product of the design specifications: it is a product of the interaction between the human and the system. The Post Disciplinary Revolution: Industrial Design and Human Factors?Heal Yourselves.

Outline of an invited keynote address at scholarships that do not need essays the 1998 annual meeting of the Human Factors society. They hated it. If the customer can't find it, then the customer can't buy it. This simple statement explains why usability is the essay on mumbai, lifeline of e-commerce.

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Synonim Naming

Welcome visitors to your blog with an essay on mumbai, About page. Whenever I visit an interesting blog that is new to me, I always look for an About page. Review! Unfortunately, too many newer food blogs lack this critical feature. A well written and organized About page is like a one-page resume for on mumbai in sanskrit, your blog. It acts as a welcome mat that leads them comfortably into the rest of mcgahan resume your site. New visitors to your site may click through to it to find out more about on mumbai in sanskrit, you and master your blog — if they like what they see there, they are more likely to come back again. On Mumbai In Sanskrit! I believe that the more a person is ferencz essay a regular reader of blogs, the more likely they are to click through to an About page.

Potential advertisers or clients will most likely look for an About page too. How to set up an About page. There are two ways to go about setting up an About page. One way is to. simply make a blog entry that is designated as your About page. Place a. prominent link to this page on your sidebar or below your page header, clearly labeled About or Info.

Incidentally, I don’t consider the Blogger User Profile feature. to be adequate for in sanskrit, a complete About page. Since Blogger always places a. link to the Profile page in your sidebar (unless you edit it out of the. template manually), you can place a link to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays your real About page/blog. blog’s sidebar also has a link to the About. If you are using a blogging platform that allows for static (non-blog) pages, you can designate one as an About page. For example, Typepad has a. Pages feature to essay use for such content.

WordPress default templates. handily come with a link to an About page, which you can click through. About page essentials. Here are the 5 items that I believe should be on doody's book service, any food blog About page. 1. Contact Information. The one critical piece of information on any site, to be featured. prominently on on mumbai, an About page, is a way to resume contact you. This can be a.

link to a separate contact form, a mailto: email link (though be. careful to obsfucate your email address to avoid being spammed), or. your email address written out in a human-readable yet spam-deterring. 2. Essay On Mumbai! The mission statement: State the topic or theme for your blog. Blog readers tend to have short attention spans. When they visit your. site, they want to know what it’s about right away. Try to describe.

what your site is about as consisely as possible, in one or two. sentences if possible, to grab their attention. In website development. speak this is called the mission statement; salespeople might call it. the elevator pitch. Writing this can help you to clarify what your blog. is about for yourself too. Ferencz Essay Competition! I feel that this is particularly important. for newer food blogs. You can optionally put a short misson statement on your sidebar.

For. example, the essay front page of scholarships that need Simply Recipes does. this, with a link to the comprehensive About page. 3. Your bio: Tell your readers about you. Blog visitors are much more likely to become regular readers if feel. that they know a little about the people behind it, and can relate them. in some way. The About page is the perfect place to put this.

information. However, don’t put in essay any information that is too. personal, or that you otherwise don’t want to reveal to the general. public. Book Service! Try to put in information that might be relevant to a food. blog, such as what draws you to the subject of food, your professional. cooking experience or training, culinary cultural heritage, and essay on mumbai in sanskrit so on. 4. An inviting photo of yourself can speak volumes. A photo can literally put a face to for research paper your words. If you don’t have a. good portrait photo, consider having one taken professionally or by essay in sanskrit a.

skilled photographer friend. If you’d still like to keep your face off the internet though, you can. still have a relatable photo of yourself. For instance, I’ve used a. funny photo of myself. for my Just Hungry About page, which only vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays shows half of my. face. (That’s a bowl of properly whipped egg whites there by the way!) A well executed caricature can be used in some circumstances. 5. Set the tone for on mumbai in sanskrit, your blog.

An About page doesn’t have to be staid and boring. Writing the About. page in the same tone that you establish for your blog can help to set. the tone, and tell people what to expect. In other words, be yourself! page on brian resume, The Girl Who. Ate Everything is essay in sanskrit a great example – it has the same bouncy, enthusiastic voice as her blog posts. Optional items to include on your About page. 1. Your press mentions and brian mcgahan resume other accomplishments. Were you featured in a newspaper article?

On TV? A prominent blog? Did. you win a (legitimate) blog award? Do you write for essay on mumbai in sanskrit, magazines or for. other, well known sites or blogs? Have you authored or contributed to a. cookbook? Do you have a book deal? Let the world know on your About. page, or link to a separate page listing these.

If you have tons of. press mentions and such though, try to be selective and mention only. the ones you consider to be important. 2. Thesis Footnotes! State your site policies. The About page can be a good place to clearly state your policies for. things like comment moderation, advertising, paid or unpaid product. reviews, use of your images or text and on mumbai in sanskrit other matters pertaining to. copyright, and powerpoint for research paper so on. If you choose to essay on mumbai in sanskrit put these policies on separate.

pages, link to them from the About page. For example, on my Just Bento. About page I have a mix of policies that are stated right. there on the About page, as well as links to more detailed. 3. Highlight some of scholarships that do not need essays your best posts, or create a representative site tour. If you think that there are posts or posts that show off your blog at. its best, you might consider linking to them from your About page. You. can also create a small guided tour – that is, pick out posts that tell.

the whole story behind your site in some way. 4. Route your incoming inquiries. As your site grows, you may get a lot of redundant inquiries. You can. use your About page to try to on mumbai manage where these go. For example, David’s About. page directs different kinds of inquiries to appropriate. pages on his site, or to specific people.

5. Footnotes! Answer some FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions) Invariably people will ask the essay on mumbai in sanskrit same questions over and over, in. comments or via email. You can answer some of them on your About page. or link to a more detailed FAQ page or section. The Orangette About. page has some typical FAQs for master footnotes, a food blog, with friendly yet. firm answers – where she says she does not do memes, or explaining why. she doesn’t always answer emails, for essay on mumbai in sanskrit, example. Start simply, and let it evolve along with your blog.

Last but not least, don’t get too hung up about trying to include. everything I’ve mentioned on your About page. The first step is to vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays just have one! Start with something. short and simple, and expect to go back and edit it many times as the. needs of essay your blog change.

Tracking changes to your About page can even. provide an interesting look at the growth of that do not your blog as it matures. 24 thoughts on “ Welcome visitors to your blog with an About page ” Great post! This is something I always intend to work on more, but never quite seem to get to! One of the things that you forget to essay in sanskrit mention is not to put ALL of the optional items on the about page – if you did, it would end up looking pretty cluttered. If you get the feeling this is happening to brian resume your blog, a good idea would be to create links from the about page for press, FAQs, policies, etc. You make some really great points. It was the very first thing that I set up on my blog and its a feature I look for on essay on mumbai in sanskrit, almost every new blog I read. I always find it just a bit frustrating when a blog I am visiting contains little, or no information about its author.

Thanks for the reminder about the usefulness of an About page! I don’t know how I never got around to making one, but now I have. #128521; Thanks also for the tips on how to that need essays do this best for on mumbai, the different blogging platforms. Great information. I have an About page on for research paper, my site. Essay In Sanskrit! Struggled with photo v. Vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays! no photo but went with it. Looks like it will evolve with the blog and new developments. I really liked the idea of highlighting significant posts. GREAT IDEA. Essay! I’ll be tweaking my About page in the next few days.

I do have an about page, although it’s actually just a link to my first ever post. I think I’ll have to re-arrange things as my bog grows, since at the moment I am unsure of what direction I’m going to take. It makes sense though, good point! About pages are the first place I go once I’m intrigued by a post. One thing that bothers me is benjamin essay competition that many people write about themselves in third person. I find it a disconnect, because I’ve just finished reading posts in essay on mumbai first person. Doody's Review Service! Suddenly I’m switching from “I” to essay on mumbai “Mary,” which creates more distance between me and the writer. I find this when I’m reading book proposals as well, where the Author Bio suddenly switches to “Mary.” People feel like it’s bragging, I guess, to write about their accomplishments with I instead of “Mary.” But I think it would be worth the effort to be consistent. I have really been thinking about this, and vietnam-war-and-the-media-essays so took some photos and updated today. I do feel that although my ‘about’ page isn’t something immediately visible on the front page, people who click through will get a better site experience now.

Great advice. My blog is brand-new, a work in on mumbai in sanskrit progress. But I do have an About page! #128521; I’m wondering: do you think it is presumptuous to include things like a “no link exchange” policy or copyright info on my About page, since my blog is master footnotes so new? Considering that I have maybe 5 readers at the moment, I’m not TOO concerned about in sanskrit, it. But certain family members are already hinting around that I “should” list their blogs, promote their products/businesses, etc., on my blog. Um… no.

That’s not what I’m about, but I don’t want to hurt their feelings. Suggestions? Thanks, Dawn. Hi Dawn. I don’t think it’s a bad idea to set your policies early on at all. If you need some third party backup for your reasons why you won’t do link exchanges and so on, you could point to the posts here.

Though linking to benjamin competition your family members’ blogs/sites is not exactly the same as a link exchange, ultimately you should do what you think is essay right for your own blog. My little blog has been on service, the net for years and I made an “About Page” like a week ago when I moved it to a new domain name. I think I’m one of the few food bloggers who doesn’t have ads and is really happy with her 5 regular readers. #128512; Because everyone who reads it already knows me, I just never bothered. I didn’t realize the importance of the about page until I began using google analytics. I was surprised at the number of people who clicked on this page and added more information to it. Hi Makiko – thanks for the reply, and the advice.

I actually don’t mind linking to on mumbai my family’s blogs (of course – I love them!). That Do Not Essays! But the “promotion” aspect of some of their requests made me uncomfortable. On Mumbai! I think it’s because my blog is a labor of love, so I am probably a bit protective of it. Footnotes! Thanks again. Happy holidays! Thanks so much for this article. I took your advice and added an about page. I’ve already seen quite a few people check it out, so I’m definitely glad I added it. I’ve also found myself clicking over to other people’s about essay on mumbai in sanskrit, pages as well. Thanks for book review, the suggestion and tips!

Great post! I always want to read more about the blogger behind the blog. Especially when I really enjoy their writing. In Sanskrit! It’s one of the first things that I go to. They’re usually kind of fun and brian mcgahan resume give a feel for the personality of the writer. Recently, I set up a FAQ page on my blog. I’m not sure how many people actually read it, but it gives a lot of answers.

I like Dianne’s point about writing in on mumbai the third person. Book! I feel the same disconnect and prefer something written in in sanskrit the first person. I’m enjoying these comments and plan to go check out doody's book review some of essay on mumbai these About pages. Happy New Year to master thesis footnotes you! All the best in essay on mumbai 2010! ; ) The About page of our food blog is pretty straightforward and no frills. Doody's Book Review Service! I don’t know if it’s enticing enough. We’re scientists, used to on mumbai doing technical writing, so we are not exactly experts in pitching our stuff. Nonetheless it’s been there since the book review service very beginning and on mumbai has been clicked many times by people who chanced upon our blog via search engines. We can’t put a photo in it yet but the contact information will be put up immediately.

Thanks for the tips! Thanks for thesis footnotes, this. I’ve been working on my About page and think it’s getting there. It’s a good exercise because if you don’t know what your blogs about that who is anyone else supposed to get it. Becci is spot on. Treating the “About” page as a mission statement for the blog, and ideally writing it before drafting the essay in sanskrit first recipe, can be a useful (but painful) exercise. In one motion, it helps you clarify a number of brian essential questions for yourself: Who am I in on mumbai a culinary sense and what’s important to for research paper me? Why the essay on mumbai in sanskrit heck am I blogging? What’s this blog supposed to be about and mcgahan resume why is it needed? The “About” page also serves as a useful (but sometimes painful) reality check as one’s blog progresses.

Am I getting off track in my posts? Has my purpose evolved? Should it evolve? Many thanks to Makiko for this thought provoking post. I completely agree. My “about us” page is the number 3 most visited page. That tells me I’m still in the stage where people are getting to essay know me and master footnotes my culinary style. Hopefully, it’s compelling enough to keep them coming back. I think an About page is essential, but I more think it should only in sanskrit contain the information you want people to see. It should tell a bit of who you are and especially go into what this site is scholarships that need essays all about and why you’re doing it. I usually look for an “about” page because I want to know if this site is on mumbai worth my time or not…meaning is it in brian resume a subject of food I am interested in.

Like I’m interested in traditional recipes, but not so much the wild fusions, and I am not very interested in sites that simply tell what the writer is eating or where he/she is eating at. Not saying everyone is like me, but a good about page does tell me if this is essay on mumbai in sanskrit a blog I’d want to read or not. Thank you so much for the pointers. I have an About page where I gave the benjamin essay background, but forgot the essay on mumbai mission statement! Looks like I know what I will be working on this evening. Couldn’t agree more! I’m not a new blogger but my food blog is still a baby. That Do Not! It’s a hobby but I have landed jobs for my business directly from the info on its About Page. A good thing to essay on mumbai in sanskrit remember is, this page shouldn’t be static – revisit every quarter and see if it needs updating. Life and your blog evolve so make sure your About page does too!

Blogger/Blogspot also has a pages functionality, with up to 10 stand alone pages, useful for an “about me” or an essays, index of the recipes on your blog. I removed the Gadget in the sidebar pretty early on in favour of essay on mumbai in sanskrit using a stand alone page as my “about me”, people can still access my personal profile as I have a link to book review my profile from on mumbai in sanskrit, my “about me” page, so nothing is really lost. It is a little more difficult to reach my blogger personal profile, but very easy to reach my “about me” page via the link at the top of scholarships do not my blog. That said, this is essay on mumbai in sanskrit a really nice post with lots of paper helpful information, and essay in sanskrit of course I now feel like changing my “about me” page to benjamin ferencz essay incorporate more of the ideas presented here. Thank you so much, Makiko, for in sanskrit, the very helpful advice!

When I very recently started my blog, my first post was a “Welcome to My World” with a bit of master thesis what I am about; however, now I will creat an actual “About Me” page that readers can easily locate refer to.