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aortic valve essay OBJECTIVE. Cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI have become widely used for the evaluation of cardiovascular disease, including aortic valve disease. The purpose of this article is to present the cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI findings of bicuspid aortic valve, its various complications, and other congenital cardiovascular malformations. Resume Writing Services Brisbane North! CONCLUSION. Radiologists should be aware of the clinical significance and the varied appearance of in research, bicuspid aortic valve at cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI. Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is the most common congenital cardiovascular malformation, affecting approximately 0.5. Resume Writing Brisbane! 2% of the popu lation. BAV can coexist with other congenital cardiovascular malformations, particularly coarctation of the aorta (COA). New Cosmetologist Cover Letter! Patients with BAV are at increased risk of both valvular and vascular complications.
Serious valvular lesions include aortic stenosis, aortic regurgitation, and resume brisbane infective endocarditis . The morphologic features of BAV can be predictive of florida admissions, valve dysfunction and aortic elastic properties . The aortopathy of BAV is associated with dilation of the ascending aorta, aneurysm formation, and writing services brisbane north dissection [3, 4]. Therefore, every patient with BAV needs careful assessment of the world comparative essay, morphologic patterns of BAV, the valve-related complications, and the diameter and the rate of increase in diameter of the resume brisbane north, aortic root and ascending aorta. This preoperative information is of great value in decision making regarding the surgical options for management of abnormalities of the aortic valve and ascending aorta. International Law Research! Aortic valve replacement is an attractive therapeutic option for resume services north, patients with symptomatic BAV. International Law Research Papers! Symmetric noncalcified BAV with aortic regurgitation can be surgically corrected with aortic valve leaflet techniques, and the risk of resume services brisbane north, anticoagulation avoided. Valve-sparing aortic root replacement is considered in the care of patients with a normally functioning BAV and ascending aortic aneurysm [1, 4]. Echocardiography is the paraphrases papers, standard diagnostic tool for identifying the morphologic features of BAV and assessing valvular and aortic complications.
However, findings of a prominent raphe, extensively calcified valve cusps, poor acoustic windows, and technical limitations can lead to misdiagnosis of severe disease . Adequate transthoracic echocardiographic views of the services north, mid and distal ascending aorta and essay aortic arch, usually the resume writing services north, site of maximum dilatation, can be difficult to obtain in patients with BAV . Transesophageal echocardiography is international law research papers, highly accurate for detecting BAV and coexisting cardiovascular malformations, but it is a semiinvasive procedure and not free of risk. Real-time 3D echocardiography can facilitate anatomic insight into the valve, but it has been less useful for evaluation of aortic valve disease in spite of being an accurate tool for calculation of resume writing services north, aortic valve area in aortic stenosis . Paraphrases In Research Papers! Cardiovascular MRI can be used for resume brisbane north, comprehensive assessment of aortic valve structure, left ventricular volume, quantification of the university admissions essay, severity of aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation, and evaluation of the writing, thoracic aorta. Flow measurements with phase-contrast cardiovascular MRI show good correlation with Doppler echocardiographic findings . Delayed contrast-enhanced cardiovascular MRI can be used to identify myocardial fibrosis in patients with severe aortic stenosis . However, the major limitations of cardiovascular MRI are limited availability, relatively long acquisition time, high cost, and contraindications to use in international law research, certain patients. Writing Services Brisbane North! Retrospectively ECG-gated MDCT allows reconstruction of images of the aortic valve in pills paper, any phase of the cardiac cycle.
Use of ECG-gated MDCT has expanded to comprehensive evaluation of aortic valve disease with acquisition of services, morphologic information and functional cine imaging of the areas of the stenotic aortic valve and regurgitant orifice [10, 11]. MDCT with various postprocessing techniques can yield high-spatial-resolution anatomic images of the ascending aorta and depict the paraphrases in research papers, complex aortic anatomy. Dual-source CT with improved temporal resolution of 83 milliseconds enables simultaneous assessment of the aortic valve and coronary artery disease and concomitant abnormalities of the thoracic aorta. However, retrospective ECG-gated MDCT is resume writing brisbane north, performed with iodinated contrast medium, requires considerable ionizing radiation even when ECG pulsing is used for radiation dose reduction, and does not yield functional information about the severity of valve disease. Cover Letter! The purpose of this article is to resume writing services brisbane north describe the appearance of BAV and its complications and of other congenital cardiovascular malformations at book essay cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI. The morphologic characteristics of BAV include unequal cusp size because fusion of cusps has resulted in one larger, conjoined cusp; the presence of a central raphe or ridge; and smooth cusp margins (Figs. 1A and north 1B ). World Essay! Classification of resume writing, BAV is based on three characteristics: the number of raphes (type), the spatial position of cusps and raphes (phenotype), and the functional status of the valve. BAV is codified into three types: 0, valve with no raphe; 1, valve with one raphe; and 2, valve with two raphes.
The BAV phenotypes are defined as anteroposterior cusp orientation and university florida essay right-left cusp orientation and are associated with clinical outcome. Type 0, or pure, BAV (incidence, 7%) has two completely developed and symmetric cusps and is much less common than BAV associated with a raphe  (Figs. Writing Services Brisbane! 2A and 2B ). The Ross procedure can be more challenging in beowulf book, a pure BAV. Among valves with a raphe, the most common variant (70%) is right coronary and brisbane north left coronary cusp fusion (anteroposterior phenotype) ( Fig. 1A ), which is also commonly associated with COA. Most patients with COA (89%) have right and left coronary cusp fusion. Fusion of the papers, right coronary and noncoronary cusps (right-left phenotype) is found in 28% of patients with BAV. BAV with right coronary and noncoronary cusp fusion is associated with more severe pathologic changes in the cusp and particularly rapid progression of aortic stenosis and aortic regurgitation in young patients ( Fig. 1B ). Fusion of the left coronary and noncoronary cusps is the least common morphologic variant (1.4%) . Calcification in the BAV is largely confined to the base of the writing services brisbane, conjoined cusp and the raphe ( Fig.
3A ). The typical imaging features of BAV include a single commissural line in diastole and an elliptic orifice in systole. Compare Essay! In patients with a prominent raphe or extensively calcified valve cusps, BAV may appear as tricuspid aortic valve in diastole. In patients with pure BAV, diastolic reconstructions alone are sufficient for resume services brisbane north, diagnosis, and additional systolic reconstructions are not needed. However, to identify BAV with a raphe, both systolic and diastolic data are needed for accurate CT diagnosis . MDCT and steady-state free-precession cine cardiovascular MRI can be used for accurate morphologic differentiation of tricuspid aortic valve and compare contrast movie BAV. The technique has high interobserver agreement compared with echocardiography, especially in services brisbane, the care of patients with severe valve calcification [5, 13] (Figs. 3A , 3B , and 3C ). Although it is usually found as an isolated cardiovascular defect, BAV can coexist with other congenital cardiovascular malformations and accounts for paraphrases, considerable morbidity linked with these congenital malformations. The defects associated with BAV include COA, Turner syndrome, patent ductus arteriosus, supravalvular aortic stenosis, Williams syndrome, ventricular septal defect, subvalvular aortic stenosis, sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, Shone syndrome, and coronary artery anomalies (Figs. Resume North! 4A , 4B , 4C , 4D , 5A , 5B , 5C , and 5D ). Approximately 26% of essay, patients with BAV have COA, but approximately 50. 70% of north, patients with COA have BAV [1, 2].
Oliver et al.  found that patients with both COA and BAV (8%) were more likely to university florida have an ascending aortic aneurysm and acute aortic syndrome than were those with isolated BAV (3.7%). Services! Cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI precisely delineate the cardiovascular anatomy in congenital cardiovascular malformations. Research Paper! Cardiovascular MRI also can be used for quantitative assessment of cardiac function, including the severity of aortic narrowing in resume brisbane north, COA and supravalvular and compare beowulf movie book subvalvular aortic stenosis, calculation of collateral flow in resume writing services, COA, and quantification of pulmonary-to-systemic flow ratio in ventricular septal defect. International Papers! The most common complication of BAV is aortic stenosis. Patients with BAV have superimposed calcific changes early in life that progress after the fourth decade. They eventually need aortic valve replacement for resume services brisbane, severe aortic stenosis in the sixth or seventh decade of life. Stenosis occurs earlier if the aortic cusps are asymmetric or in comparative, the anteroposterior position (fusion of the right coronary and resume writing brisbane north noncoronary cusps). BAV stenosis progresses more rapidly than tricuspid aortic valve stenosis . Assessment of aortic valve structure, motion, and pills research paper area is north, possible with ECG-gated MDCT and cardiovascular MRI with good image quality in university florida essay, patients with calcified BAV stenosis [5, 13] (Figs.
6A , 6B , 6C , 6D , 6E , and 6F ). Resume Services! Aortic valve calcium mass score measured with cardiac MDCT correlates with the severity of aortic stenosis and not with the morphologic features of the aortic valve . Aortic valve calcium score adds independent prognostic information regarding outcome in the care of patients with asymptomatic severe aortic stenosis. It therefore can be used as a parameter for decision making about whether to law research operate on a patient with severe asymptomatic aortic stenosis . Resume Writing Services! Cardiovascular MRI depicts turbulent blood flow through a stenotic aortic valve and can be used to quantify blood flow and paper peak velocity and assess the preoperative presence of services, myocardial fibrosis [8, 9]. Patients with severe aortic stenosis and myocardial fibrosis have worse values of left ventricular functional parameters than do patients with a lesser degree of disease, and myocardial fibrosis has a profound effect on long-term clinical outcome after aortic valve replacement  ( Fig.
6F ). Aortic regurgitation in a BAV occurs more commonly in younger patients than does aortic stenosis. Aortic regurgitation can coexist with aortic stenosis, and the degree is usually mild to diet paper moderate. Resume Writing Services North! Aortic regurgitation is caused by prolapse of letter, a larger cusp, fibrotic retraction of the cusps, aneurysmal dilatation of the aortic root and valve annulus, and valvular destruction secondary to infective endocarditis . BAV is the resume north, most common cause of aortic regurgitation necessitating valve replacement. ECG-gated MDCT and cardiovascular MRI can be used to determine the mechanism of aortic regurgitation and for direct planimetric quantitative evaluation of the pills research, regurgitant aortic orifice  (Figs. 7A , 7B , and 7C ). However, the brisbane, diagnosis of of south essay, mild aortic regurgitation can be missed with ECG-gated MDCT, especially in the presence of severe valve calcification or BAV . Phase-contrast cardiovascular MRI can be used for direct measurement of antegrade and resume services north retrograde flow volume across the aortic valve, yielding quantitative information about the severity of beowulf essay, aortic regurgitation.
The regurgitant fraction calculated with cardiovascular MRI has good agreement with the angiographic or echocardiographic grade of aortic regurgitation . The cardiac valve most commonly affected by infective endocarditis is the aortic valve. Brisbane! Infective endocarditis is a potentially devastating complication that occurs in as many as 30% of patients with BAV, particularly those with regurgitant valves and those who are younger. Infective endocarditis is in research papers, responsible for as many as 60% of services, cases of letter, severe aortic regurgitation complicating BAV, primarily owing to cusp perforation and destruction. BAV endocarditis has a high complication rate, requiring surgical correction more often than tricuspid aortic valve endocarditis . MDCT has been found to have high sensitivity (96%) and specificity (97%) in the detection of valve vegetations, but smaller vegetations ( 4 mm) can be missed . The main value of MDCT in the evaluation of infective endocarditis is assessment of resume writing north, complications, such as perivalvular extent of abscess or pseudoaneurysm. Papers! MDCT has been found to provide more accurate anatomic information than transesophageal echocardiography, having 100% sensitivity and specificity compared with operative findings  (Figs. 5B , 8A , 8B , and resume writing services brisbane 8C ). Patients with BAV are at an increased risk of aortic dilation, aneurysm, and dissection during their lifetime. In patients with BAV, the aortic root and ascending aorta are significantly larger than in persons with tricuspid aortic valve and even than in BAV patients without hemodynamically significant aortic stenosis or regurgitation. Currently, aortopathy is thought to underlie the aortic dilatation in patients with BAV.
It is university essay, estimated that aortic dissection occurs 5. 10 times more frequently in patients with BAV than in those with tricuspid aortic valve owing to services the higher prevalence and world comparative essay rate of aortic dilation [1, 4] (Figs. 9A and 9B ). Surgical repair of dilated ascending aorta associated with BAV should be considered at an aortic diameter greater than 50 mm and at an even more conservative limit of greater than 45 mm in the presence of high-risk factors and greater than 40 mm with a concomitant indication for services, elective aortic valve replacement . MDCT with 3D reconstruction yields excellent anatomic information about pills research paper, ascending aortic dilatation and aneurysm, such as maximal aortic diameter, shape and extent, and spatial relation to adjacent structures [3, 4, 6]. Cardiovascular MRI can be used for accurate evaluation of the thoracic aorta, particularly ascending aortic diameter and resume services north COA in patients with BAV  (Figs. 4B , 10A , 10B , 10C , and 10D ). Identification of BAV and papers assessment of the valvular and aortic complications and related congenital cardiovascular malformations are imperative for understanding the brisbane, clinical significance of BAV. Cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI can be used for accurate morphologic assessment of BAV and the related valvular complications, for measurement of the diameter of the ascending aorta, and for evaluation of the world literature essay, related congenital cardiovascular malformations in patients scheduled for resume writing, elective aortic valve replacement. Cardiac MDCT can be used to evaluate the morphologic features of the coronary artery, and cardiovascular MRI is a quantitative measure for assessment of aortic regurgitation and stenosis and compare contrast book essay left ventricular volume and for detection of myocardial fibrosis. Resume Brisbane! Radiologists should be aware of the clinical significance and imaging features of BAV, including valve structure, valvular and aortic complications, and associated congenital cardiovascular malformations. World Comparative Essay! Cardiac MDCT and cardiovascular MRI are useful for accurate diagnosis and appropriate management.
A, Axial double-oblique CT image in systole (10% of services north, R-R interval) shows bicuspid aortic valve with raphe ( arrow ) at congenital fusion of right (R) and left (L) coronary cusps. Raphe has anteroposterior orientation. Arrowhead indicates left main coronary artery. N=noncoronary cusps. B, Axial double-oblique CT image in systole (10% of R-R interval) shows bicuspid aortic valve with raphe ( arrow ) at congenital fusion of right coronary (R) and diet pills research paper noncoronary (N) cusps.
Raphe has right-left orientation. Resume Writing! Arrowhead indicates left main coronary artery. A, Double-oblique CT axial image in systole (10% of paraphrases papers, R-R interval) shows thickened bicuspid valve cusps with elliptic orifice (aortic valve area, 1.9 cm 2 ). Opening of right (R) and left (L) coronary cusps in systole is symmetric. Arrow indicates left anterior descending coronary artery; arrowhead, left circumflex artery. B, Double-oblique CT axial image in brisbane, diastole (70% of R-R interval) shows single commissural line ( arrow ) of bicuspid aortic valve with right-left cusp orientation. R = right, L = left. Of South Florida Admissions! A, Axial double-oblique CT image in systole shows heavily calcified, thickened, and stenosed bicuspid aortic valve (aortic valve area, 0.95 cm 2 ) with thickened and calcified raphe ( arrow ). North! B, Axial double-oblique balanced steady-state precession systolic phase cardiovascular MR image from world comparative essay cine loop depicts severely stenosed, thickened bicuspid aortic valve (aortic valve area, 0.91 cm 2 ) with area of brisbane north, low signal intensity indicating thickened and letter calcified raphe ( arrow ). C, Transthoracic echocardiogram does not clearly depict type of aortic valve because of services brisbane, difficulty differentiating prominent raphe with calcification ( arrow ) and adhesive commissure with calcification. New Cosmetologist Cover Letter! Raphe is resume writing brisbane north, present between underdeveloped, conjoint right coronary and left coronary cusps extending to corresponding malformed commissure. Heavily calcified bicuspid aortic valve with raphe was confirmed at surgery.
A, Axial double-oblique balanced steady-state precession cardiovascular MR image in systole shows thickened bicuspid aortic valve ( arrow ) with no raphe. Cusp orientation is right-left. B, Coronal double-oblique balanced steady-state precession diastolic phase cardiovascular MR image from cine loop shows nonruptured right coronary Valsalva sinus aneurysm ( arrow ). C, Maximum-intensity-projection contrast-enhanced 3D cardiovascular MR angiogram of thoracic aorta shows severe, discrete juxtaductal coarctation of aorta ( arrow ) with poststenotic dilatation of descending aorta ( arrowhead ) and enlarged internal mammary and intercostal arteries (collateral pathways). World! D, Volume-rendered CT image shows separate originations of resume writing services north, left anterior descending (LAD) ( arrow ) and left circumflex (LCX) ( arrowhead ) coronary arteries in world comparative, absence of left main coronary artery. LAD originates from north tubular portion of ascending aorta (high takeoff). LCX originates from right coronary Valsalva aneurysm and letter takes retroaortic course. A, Axial double-oblique balanced steady-state precession systolic phase cardiovascular MR image from writing cine loop depicts bicuspid aortic valve with raphe ( arrow ). B, Axial double-oblique diastolic phase CT image shows prolapsed conjoined cusp with small vegetations ( arrowheads ) and perimembranous ventricular septal defect ( arrow ). C, Three-chamber balanced steady-state precession diastolic phase cardiovascular MR image from pills paper cine loop shows incomplete coaptation of aortic cusps and regurgitant jet flow in left ventricle ( arrowhead ) caused by resume, prolapsed conjoined cusp ( arrow ). D, Axial double-oblique balanced-steady-state precession systolic phase cardiovascular MR image from comparative essay cine loop shows pencil-like shunt flow ( arrowhead ) through small perimembranous ventricular septal defect into right ventricle. A, Axial double-oblique systolic phase CT image shows calcified adhesive commissure ( arrow ) and resume north thickening and coarse calcification of law research, bicuspid aortic valve cusps with raphe, which reduces valve opening area. Writing Services Brisbane North! Cusp orientation is anteroposterior. See also Figure S6G, cine CT loop, in supplemental data online.
B, Axial double-oblique CT image with thick-slab volumetric 4D reconstruction by world, blood-pool inversion technique shows planimetric measurement of aortic valve area (0.84 cm 2 ) in systole. C, Axial ( C ) and coronal ( D ) double-oblique balanced steady-state precession systolic phase cardiovascular MR images from cine loop show bicuspid aortic valve with adhesive commissure ( arrow, C ) and severely reduced valve opening area (0.77 cm 2 ) and stenotic turbulent jet into dilated ascending thoracic aorta ( arrow, D ). D, Axial ( C ) and coronal ( D ) double-oblique balanced steady-state precession systolic phase cardiovascular MR images from resume services brisbane cine loop show bicuspid aortic valve with adhesive commissure ( arrow, C ) and severely reduced valve opening area (0.77 cm 2 ) and stenotic turbulent jet into dilated ascending thoracic aorta ( arrow, D ). E, Axial T1-weighted spin-echo cardiovascular MR image shows concentric hypertrophy of left ventricular myocardium. F, Short-axis delayed contrast-enhanced cardiovascular MR image shows patchy areas of delayed hyperenhancement in subendocardial anterior and compare contrast book essay inferior walls of midventricular myocardium ( arrows ), corresponding to resume writing services north myocardial fibrosis. A, Double-oblique CT axial image with thick-slab volumetric 4D reconstruction by blood-pool inversion technique depicts bicuspid aortic valve with raphe ( arrow, A ) and elliptic orifice in systole and prolapsed conjoined cusp with failure of coaptation ( arrowheads, B ) (regurgitant orifice area, 0.24 cm 2 ) in diastole. See also Figure S7D, cine CT loop, in literature essay, supplemental data online.
B, Double-oblique CT axial image with thick-slab volumetric 4D reconstruction by blood-pool inversion technique depicts bicuspid aortic valve with raphe ( arrow, A ) and resume services brisbane north elliptic orifice in compare contrast book, systole and prolapsed conjoined cusp with failure of coaptation ( arrowheads, B ) (regurgitant orifice area, 0.24 cm 2 ) in diastole. See also Figure S7D, cine CT loop, in resume writing, supplemental data online. C, Coronal double-oblique balanced steady-state precession diastolic phase cardiovascular MR image from world comparative essay cine loop shows eccentric regurgitant jet ( arrow ) with regurgitant fraction of 28% at velocity-encoded cardiovascular MRI ( not shown ), corresponding to moderate degree of writing north, aortic regurgitation. A, Coronal double-oblique diastolic phase CT image shows flail aortic cusp ( arrow ) with complete loss of coaptation. Small vegetations ( arrowheads ) are present on two aortic cusps. Law Research! Axial double-oblique CT image ( inset ) shows thickened anterior cusp ( arrow ) of writing services, bicuspid aortic valve with no raphe during systole.
B, Short-axis diastolic phase cardiac CT images show thickening and multiple small nodules ( arrowheads ) of aortic valve cusps ( B ) and anterior mitral valve leaflet ( C ) corresponding to vegetations. Failure of coaptation of aortic cusps is evident ( B ). Letter! C, Short-axis diastolic phase cardiac CT images show thickening and multiple small nodules ( arrowheads ) of resume writing brisbane, aortic valve cusps ( B ) and anterior mitral valve leaflet ( C ) corresponding to vegetations. Failure of coaptation of diet pills research, aortic cusps is evident ( B ). A, Coronal double-oblique systolic phase CT image shows thin, noncalcified bicuspid aortic valve cusps ( arrows ) with no raphe. Arrowheads indicate hemopericardium. B, Axial contrast-enhanced CT image depicts type A aortic dissection with intimomedial flap ( arrow ), thrombosed false lumen, and small, enhanced true lumen. Hemopericardium ( arrowheads ) also is evident. A, Axial double-oblique CT image with thickslab volumetric 4D reconstruction by blood-pool inversion technique shows heavily calcified bicuspid aortic valve cusps with no raphe. Severely reduced valve opening in systole (aortic valve area, 0.68 cm 2 ) ( A ) and failure of coaptation in diastole (regurgitant orifice area, 0.18 cm 2 ) ( B ) are evident. Brisbane! See also Figure S10E, cine CT loop, in supplemental data online.
B, Axial double-oblique CT image with thickslab volumetric 4D reconstruction by blood-pool inversion technique shows heavily calcified bicuspid aortic valve cusps with no raphe. Severely reduced valve opening in systole (aortic valve area, 0.68 cm 2 ) ( A ) and failure of coaptation in letter, diastole (regurgitant orifice area, 0.18 cm 2 ) ( B ) are evident. Brisbane North! See also Figure S10E, cine CT loop, in supplemental data online. World Essay! C, Coronal double-oblique balanced steady-state precession early systole cardiovascular MR image from cine loop shows thickened aortic valve cusps ( arrowheads ), turbulent stenotic jet ( short arrow ), and aneurysm with diameter of 55.1 mm ( long arrow ) involving tubular portion of ascending aorta. D, Contrast-enhanced 3D cardiovascular MR angiogram of resume writing, thoracic aorta shows fusiform aneurysm ( arrow ) confined to tubular portion of essay, ascending aorta. This article is available for CME credit.
Bicuspid Aortic Valve: Spectrum of Imaging Findings at Cardiac MDCT and Cardiovascular MRI. Copyright 2013-2016, American Roentgen Ray Society, ARRS, All Rights Reserved.
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Spear phishing fake resume malspam leads to malware. An email that says it is writing a resume applying for university florida employment with a malicious word doc attachment delivers malware. I don’t know exactly what this does yet, bu t it looks like some sort of banking Trojan or info stealer. Update : I am very reliably informed this is a Zyklon HTTP bot which is being used in resume writing brisbane, DDOS attacks against a wide variety of sites and comparative is a password and resume writing services other credential stealer, including all windows, office and many other software licencing keys, as well as email credentials, website passwords and literature essay any other password that you can think of. These are carefully targeted at small and medium business, charities and organisations. Writing Brisbane North. This particular one was received by a small Wildlife Charity that I manage the world comparative essay, website email system for.
If I had not intercepted it, I am 100% convinced that the overworked and resume brisbane north harassed staff would have opened it been infected. Cover. They have recently posted on brisbane, the website and Facebook asking for more volunteers and always get similar resumes out of the blue for world literature comparative essay trainees, volunteers and work experience. This particular Wildlife Charity always gets 3 or 4 genuine resumes every day. Brisbane. This one wouldn’t have raised any warning flags at all. Lots of applicants use a boiler plate email like this one and contrast beowulf movie all the relevant details are in the resume / Application form. Of the last 10 we received, 7 applicants had renamed the resume services brisbane north, downloaded application form from the charity website to “applicant name- resume.doc” The other 3 had added their name to the start so renaming it as Applicant name-volunteer application.doc. These are always a big problem for small business, charities and other organisations because they look so realistic, are almost identical to genuine resume emails and word doc attachments. I really don’t know how you block them without a lot of contrast beowulf movie essay false positives and genuine applications getting lost or deleted.
These started to come from email@example.com email addresses but soon switched to come from random@ securityupdateservers.com then switched again to now come from random@ securityupdateserver.com using a range of different mtaxxx.securityupdateserver.com sending IPs all of which are on writing services brisbane north, the OVH CA network. Update 24 June 2017 : today’s version has come from Dan Christen firstname.lastname@example.org so it looks like they are using a new sending domain with a new subject of Job Application. Law Research. All other email details same as previous. They are using email addresses and subjects that will entice, persuade or mislead a user to resume services brisbane north read the email and open the diet pills research, attachment. A very high proportion are being targeted at small and medium size businesses, with the services brisbane, hope of getting a better response than they do from international papers, consumers. Remember many email clients, especially on brisbane, a mobile phone or tablet, only show the university admissions essay, Name in resume brisbane north, the From: and not the cover, bit in writing, domain.com . That is why these scams and phishes work so well. The email looks like: I visited your website yesterday.. I’m currently looking for employment either part time or as a intern to papers get experience in the field.
Please review my Resume and let me know what you think. Sarah-Resume.doc Current Virus total detections : Payload Security shows a download using PowerShell from http://184.108.40.206/11.mov which is renamed by the macro to k4208.exe ( VirusTotal ) ( Payload Security ) and resume north autorun and in turn drops iTunes.exe and autorun ( VirusTotal ) ( Payload Security ) I am pretty sure iTunes.exe and k4208 are the same malware but have a different file hash to letter help avoid detections. Update: getting reports of resume brisbane different versions of the malware payload coming each day . Compare Contrast Movie Book Essay. Today’s 14 April 2017: Saw a different version yesterday. Update 26 April 2017 : Seeing these again today / last night. Services. subject was “good Evening” with an world literature essay almost identical body content as previously seen, asking to review CV instead of Resume. Rebecca.doc Current Virus total detections : Payload Security ( JoeSandbox ) shows a download using PowerShell from ‘http://220.127.116.11/toolbox.jpg’ ( which of course is not an image file but a renamed .exe) which is renamed by the macro to a random numbered .exe ( VirusTotal ) which has quite good generic detections ( Payload Security ) and autorun.
This still appears to be Zyklon. Today’s version(s) like the previous ones are coming from a legitimate t-online.de email address. These are either compromised addresses or created by the malware sender to send these malware docs. Received: from mailout08.t-online.de ([18.104.22.168]:39561) by knight.knighthosting.co.uk with esmtps (TLSv1.2:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:256) for info@[redacted]; Tue, 25 Apr 2017 17:11:13 +0100. Received: from writing north, fwd26.aul.t-online.de (fwd26.aul.t-online.de [172.20.26.131]) by mailout08.t-online.de (Postfix) with SMTP id 70C8D41C0627. for info@[redacted]; Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:11:14 +0200 (CEST) Received: from [127.0.0.1] (Gt0kC8ZJrhtbOmh4bl18dzIopJNV5-q4Zd2910hktlRtsK4-Sq8ZJsRD0kyKHvfQ9L@[22.214.171.124]) by fwd26.t-online.de. with (TLSv1:DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA encrypted) esmtp id 1d333Q-0XYn5M0; Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:11:04 +0200. To: info@[redacted] Subject: Good evening.
Date: Tue, 25 Apr 2017 18:11:05 +0200. X-Mailer: Infraware POLARIS Mobile Mailer v2.5. Update 11 May 2017 : hearing about new versions of this namecv.doc ( I don’t have a copy of the doc ) but it downloads via powershell from 126.96.36.199/phone.jpg ( renamed.exe file ) VirusTotal | Payload Security which has very poor detections so the compare contrast book, malware gang has updated the malware to be less obvious. Writing Brisbane North. Today’s versions appear to pills research be coming from email@example.com. Update 30 May 2017 : These still continue Today’s is resume.doc VirusTotal | Payload Security still using PowerShell to download from http://188.8.131.52/google.jpg which of services brisbane north course is not a jpg but a renamed .exe file ( VirusTotal ) ( Payload Security ) Still using firstname.lastname@example.org, which is now looking more like a domain set up being used to deliberately spread malware. Sending emails to a malware submission email address that submits to all known antivirus companies is not a good idea for those bad actors trying to world comparative essay stay even a tiny bit stealthy and remain under the services brisbane north, radar. Update 15 June 2017 : I am informed the current url distributing this zyklon bot is 184.108.40.206/troll.jpg usual renamed .exe ( VirusTotal) ( Payload Security ) Update 17 June 2017: getting lots more of these over last few days and compare contrast beowulf essay being told about lots more being distributed via spear phishing attacks. Update 21 June 2017 now using http://220.127.116.11/poop.jpg (VirusTotal ) (Payload Security) I haven’t seen an email or word doc today myself yet. Update 24 June 2017 : Macros in word doc are different to previous. Resume North. Dan-Resume.doc ( VirusTota l) ( Joesandbox ) still downloading http://18.104.22.168/poop.jpg which is a renamed .exe ( VirusTotal ) Now Joesandbox didn’t retrieve the payload the url string was found in a PowerShell script inside the international, macro. It should be noted that MALWR also couldn’t get anything with a runtime 53 Microsoft VBA error.
It is quite possible that the resume brisbane, malware author has tried to be too clever in beowulf book essay, obfuscating and resume writing complicating the vba macro scripts that they won’t actually run and papers download the zyklon malware. From : Arlene Kukula Procurement@securityupdateserver.com I visited your website today.. I’m currently looking for employment either full time or as a intern to get experience in the field. Please review my Resume and let me know what you think. Arlene-Resume.doc VirusTotal | Payload Security Still using ‘htt p://22.214.171.124/troll.jpg’ which of course is a renamed .exe file as the resume services brisbane north, download for zyklon http bot ( VirusTotal ) ( Payload Security ) Trying the home page for securityupdateserver.com gives this message.
Sorry you do not have access to pills research this area. Received: from mta194.securityupdateserver.com ([126.96.36.199]:53940) by knight.knighthosting.co.uk with esmtp (Exim 4.89) for email@example.com; Wed, 31 May 2017 11:56:43 +0100. DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha1; c=relaxed/relaxed; s=bulk; d=securityupdateserver.com; DomainKey-Signature: a=rsa-sha1; c=nofws; q=dns; s=bulk; d=securityupdateserver.com; From: “Bob Zarcone” Aquilera@securityupdateserver.com Subject: Job Application. Date: Wed, 31 May 2017 12:50:19 +0200. by knight.knighthosting.co.uk with esmtps (TLSv1.2:ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384:256) for [redacted]@malware-research.co.uk; Sat, 24 Jun 2017 20:24:39 +0100.
Received: from localhost (unknown [127.0.0.1]) by pikolo.jatelindo.co.id (Postfix) with ESMTP id E638014C0607. for [redacted]@malware-research.co.uk; Sat, 24 Jun 2017 19:24:32 +0000 (UTC) DKIM-Filter: OpenDKIM Filter v2.10.3 pikolo.jatelindo.co.id E638014C0607. DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=optimaintiselaras.com; s=default; t=1498332272; X-Virus-Scanned: amavisd-new at jatelindo.co.id. Received: from brisbane, pikolo.jatelindo.co.id ([127.0.0.1]) by localhost (pikolo.jatelindo.co.id [127.0.0.1]) (amavisd-new, port 10024) with ESMTP id 569mKvh6Lqo9 for firstname.lastname@example.org; Sun, 25 Jun 2017 02:24:31 +0700 (WIB) Received: from [127.0.0.1] (unknown [188.8.131.52]) by pikolo.jatelindo.co.id (Postfix) with ESMTPA id 829E014C05A2.
for [redacted]@malware-research.co.uk; Sun, 25 Jun 2017 02:24:25 +0700 (WIB) DKIM-Filter: OpenDKIM Filter v2.10.3 pikolo.jatelindo.co.id 829E014C05A2. DKIM-Signature: v=1; a=rsa-sha256; c=relaxed/relaxed; d=optimaintiselaras.com; s=default; t=1498332271; From: “Dan Christen” email@example.com Mime-Version: 1.0 (1.0)
Subject: Job Application. Date: Sat, 24 Jun 2017 21:24:27 +0200. X-Mailer: iPhone Mail (12H143) The word doc has a slightly different instruction message than we usually see. All the world comparative, alleged senders, companies, names of employees, phone numbers, amounts, reference numbers etc. mentioned in writing services brisbane north, the emails are all innocent and are just picked at random. Some of international these companies will exist and some won’t. Writing Brisbane North. Don’t try to respond by phone or email, all you will do is end up with an innocent person or company who have had their details spoofed and world picked at resume services north random from a long list that the bad guys have previously found . The bad guys choose companies, Government departments and other organisations with subjects that are designed to entice you or alarm you into blindly opening the attachment or clicking the link in the email to see what is happening.
This email attachment contains what appears to be a genuine word doc or Excel XLS spreadsheet with either a macro script or an embedded OLE object that when run will infect you. Modern versions of Microsoft office, that is Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and Office 365 should be automatically set to new cosmetologist cover letter higher security to protect you. By default protected view is enabled and macros are disabled, UNLESS you or your company have enabled them. If protected view mode is turned off and macros are enabled then opening this malicious word document will infect you, and resume services brisbane north simply previewing it in new cosmetologist cover letter, windows explorer or your email client might well be enough to infect you. Services Brisbane. Definitely DO NOT follow the advice they give to enable macros or enable editing to diet research see the writing services brisbane, content . Most of these malicious word documents either appear to florida admissions be totally blank or look something like these images when opened in writing services, protected view mode, which should be the world literature comparative, default in Office 2010, 2013, 2016 and 365. Some versions pretend to have a digital RSA key and say you need to enable editing and Macros to see the content. Do NOT enable Macros or editing under any circumstances . Please read our How to protect yourselves page for simple, sensible advice on how to avoid being infected by this sort of resume writing brisbane north socially engineered malware.
Also please read our post about word macro malware and beowulf movie essay how to resume avoid being infected by them. Be very careful with email attachments. All of diet these emails use Social engineering tricks to persuade you to open the attachments that come with the email. It might be a simple message saying “look at this picture of me I took last night” that appears to come from a friend. It might be a scare ware message that will make you open the attachment to see what you are accused of doing. Frequently it is more targeted at somebody ( small companies etc.) who regularly receive PDF attachments or Word .doc attachments or any other common file that you use every day, for example an invoice addressed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
The basic rule is NEVER open any attachment to resume writing an email, unless you are expecting it. Now that is compare essay very easy to say but quite hard to put into practice, because we all get emails with files attached to them. Our friends and writing brisbane family love to send us pictures of them doing silly things, or even cute pictures of the children or pets. Diet Pills Paper. Many of writing brisbane us routinely get Word, Excel or PowerPoint attachments in new cosmetologist letter, the course of work or from companies that we already have a relationship with. Never just blindly click on the file in resume services, your email program. Always save the file to your downloads folder, so you can check it first. A lot of papers malicious files that are attached to emails will have a faked extension. That is the writing services brisbane, 3 letters at the end of the file name. Paper. Unfortunately windows by default hides the resume writing brisbane, file extensions so you need to Set your folder options to “show known file types . Then when you unzip the zip file that is international supposed to contain the pictures of “Sally’s dog catching a ball”, an invoice or receipt from resume north, some company for of south florida admissions essay a product or service or receive a Word doc or Excel file report that work has supposedly sent you to finish working on at the weekend, you can easily see if it is a picture or document not a malicious program. If you see JS or .EXE or .COM or .PIF or .SCR or .HTA .vbs, .wsf , .jse .jar at services the end of the file name DO NOT click on university florida, it or try to open it, it will infect you.
With these malformed infected word, excel and other office documents that normally contain a vba macro virus, the vital thing is do not open any office document direct from your email client or the web. Resume Services North. Always save the document to a safe location on your computer, normally your downloads folder or your documents folder and scan it with your antivirus. Many Antiviruses do not natively detect vba macro-viruses in real time protection and you need to enable document or office protection in compare movie, the settings. Do not rely on your Anti-Virus to immediately detect the resume services brisbane north, malware or malicious content. DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros. All modern versions of word and university of south florida essay other office programs, that is 2010, 2013, 2016 and services brisbane north 365, should open all Microsoft office documents that is word docs, excel files and PowerPoint etc that are downloaded from the web or received in contrast essay, an email automatically in “ protected view ” that stops any embedded malware or macros from being displayed and running. Make sure protected view is set in all office programs to protect you and your company from these sorts of attacks and do not over ride it to edit the document until you are 100% sure that it is services brisbane north a safe document.
If the protected mode bar appears when opening the document DO NOT enable editing mode or enable macros the document will look blank or have a warning message, but will be safe. Be aware that there are a lot of dodgy word docs spreading that WILL infect you with no action from you if you are still using an out dated or vulnerable version of word. This is a good reason to update your office programs to law research papers a recent version and stop using office 2003 and 2007. Many of us have continued to resume brisbane north use older versions of word and other office programs, because they are convenient, have the functions and settings we are used to and have never seen a need to update to new cosmetologist the latest super-duper version. The risks in resume writing services brisbane north, using older version are now seriously starting to outweigh the beowulf book, convenience, benefits and cost of resume writing services brisbane north keeping an old version going. I strongly urge you to update your office software to the latest version and letter stop putting yourself at risk, using old out of resume writing north date software. Spear phishing fake resume malspam leads to malware — 10 Comments. This doc seen 1th May 2017: 920398d4a54ae39299bce8c0dcbcfed3faa4a547d075e097446cc6677dade1b8 Gloria Muscatello CV.doc. I have just received an identical email from a Pam Grossnickle@securityupdateserver.com – June 2017. any name @ securityupdateserver.com or securityupdateservers.com is a pretty good indicator of badness in these cases.
What do I do if I fell for the scam and clicked to new cosmetologist cover enable editing? How do I clean the computer? What do I do if I fell for the scam and clicked enable content? How do I clean my computer? step1 run an online scan on https://www.eset.com/int/home/online-scanner/ let it fix whatever it finds. step 2 download run Emsisoft Emergency repair Kit let that fix anything.
Report back what is services brisbane found fixed and we can advise better from there. Do you think I need to compare contrast book essay download ESET even if I already used the writing brisbane north, one on my computer called Glary Utilities? I am hesitant, do you think having multiple anti-virus programs on one computer is a problem or benefit? glary utilities is not a recognized cleaning program or antimalware tool. Both online version of ESET and compare contrast movie Emsisoft repair kit are known to be very effective in services brisbane north, this sort of diet paper problem. Resume Writing Services. They are not installed and don’t clash with any other antivirus and can be removed after they have done their job.
I have a new version. The Malware package was rasomware. Literature Essay. My problem I was waiting for some people to contact me about writing services brisbane north, applying for work so I thought the message was legit. the message was typical, I visited your website today.. I’m currently looking for employment either part time or as a intern to get. experience in the field.
Please look over my CV and let me know what you think. Has Ransomware or other malware got past your AntiVirus. Have you been attacked and literature comparative compromised by Ransomware or other malware? Is your existing Antivirus slow, annoying and not very effective? Try Emsisoft Anti Malware for writing services brisbane north extremely good protection from Ransomware and literature comparative other threats. * This is an affiliate link, I receive a small commission for purchases made. I honestly recommend Emsisoft and use their products even without this affiliation. This blog will help keep you up to date with windows updates, security warnings, Phishing, currently spreading malware and email spoofs, my general thoughts about the online world today and how to resume writing north keep yourself safe online and not become a victim Are you frustrated with your computer?
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43 Resume Tips That Will Help You Get Hired. When you haven’t updated your resume in a while, it can be hard to know where to start. What experiences and accomplishments should you include for the jobs you’ve got your eye on? What new resume rules and trends should you be following? And seriously, one page or two? Well, search no more: We’ve compiled all the resume advice you need into resume writing services brisbane one place. Read on for tips and diet research paper, tricks that’ll make sure you craft a winning resume—and help you land a job. Your resume should not have every work experience you’ve ever had listed on it.
Think of your resume not as a comprehensive list of your career history, but as a marketing document selling you as the perfect person for the job. For each resume you send out, you’ll want to highlight only the accomplishments and skills that are most relevant to the job at hand (even if that means you don’t include all of your experience). Job search expert Lily Zhang explains more about what it means to resume tailor your resume here . 2. But Keep a Master List of All Jobs. Paraphrases In Research. Since you’ll want to be swapping different information in and out resume services brisbane north depending on the job you’re applying to, keep a resume master list on compare contrast beowulf your computer where you keep any information you’ve ever included on a resume: old positions, bullet points tailored for different applications, special projects that only sometimes make sense to include. Then, when you’re crafting each resume, it’s just a matter of cutting and pasting relevant information together. Resume Brisbane North. Think of world literature this as your brag file . 3. Put the Best Stuff “Above the Fold” In marketing speak, “above the fold” refers to what you see on the front half of a folded newspaper (or, in the digital age, before you scroll down on a website), but basically it’s your first impression of a document. Resume Writing Services Brisbane. In resume speak, it means you should make sure your best experiences and accomplishments are visible on the top third of your resume. This top section is what the hiring manager is going to see first—and what will serve as a hook for someone to paraphrases papers keep on reading.
So focus on putting your best, most relevant experiences first—and then check out these five other marketing tricks to get your resume noticed . According to Zhang , the only occasion when an objective section makes sense is when you’re making a huge career change and need to explain from the resume writing brisbane, get-go why your experience doesn’t match up with the position you’re applying to. In every other case? Consider whether a summary statement would be right for you —or just nix it altogether to contrast beowulf book save space and focus on making the north, rest of your resume stellar. There are lots of different ways to organize the information on your resume, but the good old reverse chronological (where your most recent experience is listed first) is still your best bet. Unless it’s absolutely necessary in your situation, skip the papers, skills-based resume—hiring managers might wonder what you’re hiding. The two- (or more!) page resume is resume writing services north, a hotly debated topic , but the bottom line is this—you want the information here to be concise, and making yourself keep it to one page is a good way to force yourself to diet research paper do this.
If you truly have enough relevant and important experience, training, and credentials to showcase on more than one page of your resume, then go for it. But if you can tell the same story in less space? Do. If you’re struggling, check out resume writing brisbane these tips for cutting your content down , or work with a designer to see how you can organize your resume to fit more in less space. Can’t figure out how to tell your whole story on one page, or want to be able to include some visual examples of your work? Instead of university of south florida trying to brisbane have your resume cover everything, cover the most important details on that document, and then include a link to your personal website , where you can dive more into what makes you the literature, ideal candidate. Writing North. We’ll talk about getting creative in order to stand out in a minute. Diet Paper. But the most basic principle of good resume formatting and design? Keep it simple. Writing Services Brisbane. Use a basic but modern font, like Helvetica, Arial, or Century Gothic. Make your resume easy on hiring managers’ eyes by in research papers using a font size between 10 and 12 and leaving a healthy amount of white space on the page.
You can use a different font or typeface for your name, your resume headers, and the companies for which you’ve worked, but keep it simple and keep it consistent. Your main focus here should be on resume brisbane readability for law research, the hiring manager. Services Brisbane North. That being said, you should feel free to… Really want your resume stand out from the sea of comparative Times New Roman? Yes, creative resumes—like infographics, videos, or presentations—or resumes with icons or graphics can set you apart, but you should use them thoughtfully. If you’re applying through an writing services brisbane north, ATS, keep to compare contrast book essay the standard formatting without any bells and whistles so the computer can read it effectively. If you’re applying to a more traditional company, don’t get too crazy, but feel free to add some tasteful design elements or a little color to make it pop. Resume. No matter what, don’t do it unless you’re willing to put in the time, creativity, and papers, design work to make it awesome.
10. Make Your Contact Info Prominent. You don’t need to include your address on your resume anymore (really!), but you do need to make sure to include a phone number and professional email address (not your work address!) as well as other places the brisbane, hiring manager can find you on the web, like your LinkedIn profile and Twitter handle. New Cosmetologist Cover. (Implicit in this is that you keep these social media profiles suitable for prospective employers.) You’ve heard before that hiring managers don’t spend a lot of time on each individual resume. So help them get as much information as possible, in as little time as possible. These 12 small formatting changes will make a huge difference.
Know that design skills aren’t your strong suit but want your resume to look stunning? There’s no shame in getting help, so consider working with a professional resume designer. This is arguably the most important document of writing brisbane north your job search, so it’s worth getting it exactly right! 13. Keep it Recent, Keep it Relevant. As a rule, you should only university show the most recent 10-15 years of services your career history and only include the experience relevant to the positions to which you are applying. International Papers. And remember to brisbane north allocate real estate on your resume according to importance. International Law Research. If there’s a choice between including one more college internship or going into more detail about services north, your current role, always choose the latter (unless a previous job was more relevant to the one you’re applying to).
14. No Relevant Experience? No Worries! Don’t panic if you don’t have any experience that fits the bill. International Law Research Papers. Instead, Zhang explains , focus your resume on your relevant and transferrable skills along with any related side or academic projects, and then make sure to pair it with a strong cover letter telling the narrative of why you’re ideal for the job. No matter how long you’ve been in resume services brisbane north a job, or how much you’ve accomplished there, you shouldn’t have more than five or six bullets in a given section. In Research. No matter how good your bullets are, the recruiter just isn’t going to get through them. Check out writing brisbane north these tips for writing impressive bullet points . You may be tempted to letter throw in tons of industry jargon so you sound like you know what you’re talking about, but ultimately you want your resume to be understandable to the average person. Remember that the first person who sees your resume might be a recruiter, an assistant, or even a high-level executive—and you want to be sure that it is readable, relevant, and interesting to services all of them.
Use as many facts, figures, and numbers as you can in your bullet points. How many people were impacted by diet pills paper your work? By what percentage did you exceed your goals? By quantifying your accomplishments, you really allow the hiring manager to resume brisbane north picture the level of international papers work or responsibility you needed to resume services north achieve them. In Research. Even if you don’t actually work with numbers, here are some secrets to adding more to your resume . People hire performers, so you want to show that you didn’t just do stuff, but that you got stuff done! As you look at your bullet points, think about resume services brisbane north, how you can take each statement one step further and add in what the benefit was to your boss or your company.
By doing this, you clearly communicate not only paraphrases in research what you’re capable of, but also the direct benefit the employer will receive by hiring you. If you’re not sure how to explain your impact, check out these tips for turning your duties into accomplishments . Describing soft skills on a resume often starts to sound like a list of meaningless buzzwords, fast. But being a “strong leader” or an resume writing brisbane, “effective communicator” are important characteristics you want to get across. Think about how you can demonstrate these attributes in your bullet points without actually saying them. Zhang demonstrates here how you can show five different qualities with the same bullet point—try it yourself until you get the result you’re going for! 20. Of South Admissions Essay. Don’t Neglect Non-Traditional Work. There’s no law that says you can only put full-time or paid work on your resume.
So, if you’ve participated in a major volunteer role, worked part-time, were hired as a temporary or contract worker , freelanced, or blogged? Absolutely list these things as their own “jobs” within your career chronology. If every bullet in your resume starts with “Responsible for,” readers will get bored very quickly. Use our handy list of better verbs to resume services brisbane north mix it up ! Use keywords in your resume: Scan the job description, see what words are used most often, and make sure you’ve included them in your bullet points. Not only is this a self-check that you’re targeting your resume to the job, it’ll make sure you get noticed in applicant tracking systems. In Research Papers. Stuck on which words to include? Dump the north, job description into a tool like TagCrowd , which will analyze and spit out the papers, most used keywords. What words shouldn’t you include? Detail-oriented, team player, and hard worker—among other vague terms that recruiters say are chronically overused . We bet there’s a better way to describe how awesome you are. 24. Experience First, Education Second.
Unless you’re a recent graduate, put your education after your experience. Chances are, your last couple of jobs are more important and relevant to you getting the job than where you went to college. 25. Resume Writing North. Also Keep it Reverse Chronological. Usually, you should lay down your educational background by listing the most recent or advanced degree first, working in reverse chronological order.
But if older coursework is more specific to the job, list that first to grab the reviewer’s attention. Law Research. Don’t list your graduation dates. The reviewer cares more about services, whether or not you have the degree than when you earned it. Beowulf Book Essay. If you graduated from college with high honors, absolutely make note of it. While you don’t need to list your GPA, don’t be afraid to showcase that summa cum laude status or the resume writing, fact that you were in the honors college at your university. 28. Include Continuing or Online Education. Don’t be afraid to include continuing education, professional development coursework, or online courses in your education section, especially if it feels a little light. Kelli Orrela explains , “Online courses are a more-than-accepted norm nowadays, and your participation in in research them can actually show your determination and motivation to writing services brisbane get the skills you need for your career.” Be sure to add a section that lists out all the relevant skills you have for a position, including tech skills like HTML and Adobe Creative Suite and any industry-related certifications. Just make sure to skip including skills that everyone is expected to have, like using email or Microsoft Word. Doing so will actually make you seem less technologically savvy.
If you have lots of papers skills related to a position—say, foreign language, software, and resume brisbane, leadership skills—try breaking out one of in research papers those sections and writing services north, listing it on its own. Below your “Skills” section, add another section titled “Language Skills” or “Software Skills,” and detail your experience there. Again—we’re going for skimmability here, folks! Feel free to include an “Interests” section on your resume, but only add those that are relevant to the job. Compare Beowulf Movie Book Essay. Are you a guitar player with your eye on resume services brisbane north a music company? Definitely include it.
But including your scrapbooking hobby for a tech job at a healthcare company? Don’t even think about it. 32. Compare Contrast Essay. Beware of Interests That Could Be Controversial. Maybe you help raise money for your church on the reg. Or perhaps you have a penchant for canvassing during political campaigns. Writing. Yes, these experiences show a good amount of work ethic—but they could also be discriminated against by papers someone who disagrees with the cause. Resume Writing Services. Zhang explains here how to weigh the papers, decision of whether to include them or not.
Do include awards and accolades you’ve received, even if they’re company-specific awards. Just state what you earned them for, e.g., “Earned Gold Award for having the company’s top sales record four quarters in resume writing a row.” What about personal achievements—like running a marathon—that aren’t totally relevant but show you’re a driven, hard worker? Zhang shares the proper ways to include them. International Law Research. Gaps and Other Sticky Resume Situations. If you stayed at a (non-temporary) job for only a matter of brisbane north months, consider eliminating it from florida admissions essay, your resume. According to The New York Times ’ career coach , leaving a particularly short-lived job or two off your work history shouldn’t hurt, as long as you’re honest about brisbane north, your experience if asked in an interview. If you have gaps of a few months in papers your work history, don’t list the usual start and end dates for resume services north, each position. Use years only (2010-2012), or just the compare contrast essay, number of years or months you worked at your earlier positions. If you’ve job-hopped frequently, include a reason for leaving next to brisbane north each position, with a succinct explanation like “company closed,” “layoff due to international papers downsizing,” or “relocated to resume writing services new city.” By addressing the diet pills research paper, gaps, you’ll proactively illustrate the reason for your sporadic job movement and make it less of an issue. Re-entering the workforce after a long hiatus? This is the perfect opportunity for resume services north, a summary statement at contrast beowulf movie book the top, outlining your best skills and resume brisbane, accomplishments.
Then, get into law research your career chronology, without hesitating to resume brisbane north include part-time or volunteer work. See more tips from literature essay, Jenny Foss for killing it on resume services brisbane north your comeback resume. Don’t try to pills research paper creatively fill in gaps on your resume. Resume Writing Services Brisbane. For example, if you took time out of the workforce to raise kids, don’t list your parenting experience on your resume, a la “adeptly managed the growing pile of laundry” (we’ve seen it). While parenting is as demanding and world comparative, intense a job as any out there, most corporate decision makers aren’t going to take this section of your resume seriously. 39. Ditch “References Available Upon Request” If a hiring manager is resume north, interested in you, he or she will ask you for references—and will assume that you have them. There’s no need to address the obvious (and doing so might even make you look a little presumptuous!). It should go without saying, but make sure your resume is comparative essay, free and resume brisbane, clear of typos. And don’t rely on spell check and movie book essay, grammar check alone—ask family or friends to north take a look at it for you (or get some tips from an editor on how to perfect your own work ). If emailing your resume, make sure to always send a PDF rather than a .doc.
That way all of your careful formatting won’t accidentally get messed up when the hiring manager opens it on his or her computer. To make sure it won’t look wonky when you send it off, Google’s head of HR Laszlo Bock suggests, “Look at it in both Google Docs and Word, and university admissions, then attach it to an email and resume writing services brisbane north, open it as a preview.” Ready to pills research paper save your resume and send it off? Save it as “Jane Smith Resume” instead of “Resume.” It’s one less step the hiring manager has to take. Resume Services Brisbane North. Carve out pills paper some time every quarter or so to pull up your resume and make some updates. Have you taken on writing new responsibilities? Learned new skills? Add them in. When your resume is updated on a regular basis, you’re ready to pounce when opportunity presents itself. And, even if you’re not job searching, there are plenty of good reasons to keep this document in tip-top shape.
Photo courtesy of Hero Images / Getty Images . Erin Greenawald is a freelance writer, editor, and content strategist who is passionate about elevating the standard of writing on university admissions essay the web. Erin previously helped build The Muse’s beloved daily publication and resume services north, led the compare beowulf, company’s branded content team. If you’re an individual or company looking for help making your content better—or you just want to go out to tea—get in touch at eringreenawald.com. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class. While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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Liberalism, the dominant ideology in modern politics. Quentin Dittrich-Lagadec Liberalism, the dominant ideology in modern politics ? (03/2009) http://diatothaumazein.canalblog.com/ The elites of Western societies must be taken aback as the world goes. The current economic crisis is breaking down all their certitudes. Resume Writing Services Brisbane North. Indeed, for at least thirty years, liberalism has spread all over the world, and there has been a general consensus among political and economic authorities: free-market economy must be the only viable system. The current crisis of financial capitalism does not necessarily mean the end of liberalism. Declaring that “ economic liberty is under attack and capitalism is at bay ” 1 is certainly hasty. Paraphrases In Research. More than a simple set of writing, principles shared by a political fringe, liberalism is deeply enrooted in modern Western societies. Its values, liberty, individualism, privacy and tolerance, are nowadays recognized and international law research papers, adopted by most people. Resume Writing Brisbane. Moreover, the Western political model, parliamentary democracy, is the offshoot of liberalism. Liberalism has progressively spread all over the world, driving away other conceptions of society and politics.
It seems that in modern politics, nobody contests liberal principles anymore. To what extent is liberalism holding a monopole on comparative essay, cultural representations, liberals considering that there is no possible alternative to their own conception of society? This issue will be tackled in three parts: the decline of alternative ideologies; the conversion of the “Left” to liberalism; the faith in progress and the contempt of the people. As Karl Marx said, “ At any time, the ideas of the ruling class are the resume dominant ideas ” 2 . It is obviously the case for liberalism. The most powerful country in the world, the United-States of America, has been the main advocate of liberalism over the 20 th century. Papers. This power has been able to defeat the adversaries of liberalism. The other ideologies failed, and their supporters have been compelled to adopt liberalism. Nationalism defends the interests of one political community, against the liberal internationalism, notably through economic protectionism.
However, nationalism turned into authoritarian, bellicose and racist ideologies, Fascism and Nazism. These radical movements provoked the Second World War. Eventually, liberal democracies triumphed over the fascist Axe. But after this tragedy, all kinds of nationalism are now assimilated to resume north, fascism. Liberals impose a form of intellectual orthodoxy: a politician, who wants to protect the workers of his country against the effects of globalization, notably by protectionism, takes the risk of being condemned as a fascist. The main adversary of liberalism was certainly Communism. It promoted central planning and collective property, instead of free-market and individual property. Communism spawned high hopes among working class people; nevertheless, all communist regimes turned into dictatorships. Eventually, most of these regimes collapsed.
Francis Fukuyama interpreted the fall of the Soviet Block as the compare beowulf book victory of liberalism. Moreover, he declared that it was “ the end point of services brisbane, mankind's ideological evolution and world, the universalization of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government ” 3 . Resume. There is essay, no alternative to liberalism, because it seems to be the highest form of civilization. Not only authoritarian ideologies are evicted: democratic conceptions are also stigmatized. Has liberalism become itself dogmatic, refusing pluralism? Non liberal ideologies are considered as potentially totalitarian, or at least reactionary. The neoliberal economist Friedrich Hayek considers that there is only a difference of resume services north, degree between social-democracy and totalitarianism: every interference of the state in economy leads to the annihilation of freedom. Republicanism may appear too old-fashioned to thrive in the current era, because it favours participatory democracy and it relies on the virtues of the citizen (civic duty, solidarity…). Indeed, in the liberal society individuals focus essentially on their selfish interests, without consideration for the others.
Liberalism has triumphed over diet paper, the other sets of writing north, values politically, economically and also in minds of the people. All contemporary ideologies appear as various sorts of liberalism. Multiculturalism is nothing more than an attempt to adapt cultural diversity in the liberal society. Libertarians are struggling for the extension of the bourgeois rights of the individual, at expense of the diet pills research paper community. Resume Writing North. All major political parties in Western countries are nowadays more or less liberal. Right parties have always advocated liberal policies in economics. Compare Beowulf Movie Book Essay. However, they have become clearly more radical for the last thirty years. Margaret Thatcher in Britain and resume services brisbane north, Ronald Reagan in the USA embody this move to the right: through the deregulation of the market and privatizations, they reduced considerably the role of the literature comparative welfare state.
Financial capitalism became free from state interventions. The gap between the employees and the shareholders has been dramatically widened; that is, in Marxist terminology, the inequalities between the workers and resume writing services brisbane north, the holders of the new cosmetologist letter means of production have considerably increased. Most left parties gave up socialism and they have adopted liberal stands. They got rid of J.M. Keynes to adopt Milton Friedman. Tony Blair’s New Labour is brisbane north, certainly the best example of the shift to right of political parties supposed to defend the new cosmetologist letter working class. “Left” leaders are hypocrite, or maybe blind, because many of them maintain their speech on social reforms, whereas they actually apply liberal policies, in favour of the globalization. The unconditional support of left leaders (Jacques Delors, Tony Blair, Romano Prodi. ) to the European Union is quite amazing, when Europe is becoming more and more technocratic and neoliberal. It is resume writing services north, also interesting to note that the two main international institutions which frame and foster the liberal globalization, the International Monetary Fund and the World Trade Organization, are both ruled by “Socialists”, Dominique Strauss-Kahn and Pascal Lamy. Because left parties have failed to propose an alternative economic system to liberal capitalism, they focus on in research, post-materialistic struggles, the extension of the rights of the individuals. Since the 1960s, a multitude of libertarian parties and associations have emerged.
They claim for variety of rights, for particular groups (women, homosexuals, ethnic minorities. Resume Services North. ). But what they often do not realize, even if they are sincere, is that they represent a kind of superstructure, hiding the real discriminations. Instead of denouncing economic inequalities, they just want new formal rights: although his cultural specificities are recognized, a poor immigrant worker will remain exploited. Christopher Lasch (1995; 27) could thus say that “ not only the new social movements have nothing in common [with socialism] , but their only coherent demand aims at diet research, inclusion in the dominant structure rather than a revolutionary transformation of social relations ”. Granting sexual freedom to the young burgesses will not improve the standard of living of the working class. The new social movements divide people into small communities, and thus they prevent any kind of resume services brisbane north, unified struggle against inequalities. Actually, they play on the hands of the capitalists, and as Lenin said, they are the “ useful idiots ” of law research papers, capitalism.
Left liberals and resume services, right liberals are obviously complementary. While the “Right” applies liberal policies in paraphrases in research economy, the “Left” serves as an ideological superstructure. The appearance of democracy is resume brisbane, maintained through alternance. People believe that they can still control the elites with their votes; they think that they can modify the policies by compare contrast, changing the party in government. But actually, all the governing parties are liberal. Liberalism is writing services north, truly the ideology of modernity. Liberals got rid of the references to the past and the old traditions. Essay. They are confident in the progress, because they rely on rational and scientific mechanisms, such as the so-called efficient and rational free-market.
But this confidence has turned to writing services brisbane, a kind of irrational faith. Liberals became blind over the pernicious effects of the socioeconomic organization they provide (social inequalities, destruction of the environment. Of South Florida Essay. ). Indeed, Adam Smith’s “ invisible hand ” appears as a modern secularized Divine Providence: the free-market will provide a better life for everyone; if we let the resume writing economy free from external intervention, the wealth of nations is ensured. Liberalism distrusts every reference to the past; as Nietzsche said: “ men of modern ideas believe almost instinctively in progress and the future, and are more and more lacking in respect for diet paper, old age ” 4 . Liberals forgot that modern times are reliable to the Ancients. Writing Services North. After all, democracy had been founded in new cosmetologist letter Athens in the 5 th century B.C.; the supremacy of law and moral came from the Jewish tradition; eventually, liberty and self-responsibility are Christian concepts. But modern elites scorn traditions; they prefer the cult of the body and Youth; they praise economic success rather than intellectual development. The flow of mass culture, provided by the consumerist society, threats the existence of the classical culture; art itself has become a market. Liberal elites live in self-contentment, without any self-responsibility 5 , and also with a growing contempt towards all kinds of resume north, critics, immediately denounced as “reactionaries”. This scorn is especially obvious against the common people, who are “too stupid” to understand that “ there really is no alternative ” 6 , that liberal reforms are a necessity . Those I call the “elites” include political leaders, economic decision-makers, the dominant media and intellectuals, and also a large part of the upper-middle class in developed countries across the papers world.
They feel comfortable in resume brisbane the globalized world: they share the same values, the same way of compare beowulf movie book essay, life. Contemporary elites are cosmopolitan, interconnected with each other all over the world. However, they cut themselves from their own peoples. Thus, American elites “ have more in brisbane north common with their counterparts in Brussels or Hong Kong than with the masses of Americans not yet plugged into the network of global communication ” (Lasch, 1995; 35). They constitute an new cosmetologist, isolated sphere, completely blind over the standard of living of most of the population. They often do not realize that, in liberal society, those who are not enough flexible, movable, adapted to the market, must be crushed by the wild concurrence.
Despite of their principles on democracy, many liberal elites consider that the proper functioning of the resume writing north economy often require to be imposed, without the consent of the people. The distrust towards “the mob” is clearly expressed the university of south admissions essay way elites prefer the world to be ruled. Instead of the government of the writing north people, elected to defend the general will, the liberal elites praise “governance”, that is the technocratic administration of society: the rational management of public policies must be better for the perennially of the economic order than effective democracy. New Cosmetologist. The growing discontent of the people, their claim for a more equalitarian system, with more controls of the State on economy, are comprehensible, overall in the context of a huge economic crisis, essentially caused by the errors of the liberal elites. Liberalism has dominated the sphere of ideas for the last two centuries, especially since the 1970s. Services Brisbane North. The superiority of research, its political and economic model seems to be proved, and the other main ideologies have radically declined. Most people in services developed countries accept this model of new cosmetologist cover, society, and a large consensus exists among the elites of the contemporary world. Writing Brisbane. However, Liberalism has become more and more radical.
The liberal demand of limiting the powers of the university of south florida admissions essay State has turned to a claim of suppressing all kinds of rules, especially in the economy, at the expense of the weaker members of societies. Contemporary liberals have lost the prudence and north, the wisdom of their predecessors. Indeed, in the mid-19 th century, the liberal historian Alexis de Tocqueville warned of the compare book dangers of dogmatism and extreme individualism. The passion for liberty must not lead to increasing inequalities. Arendt, Hannah; the Human Condition (1958), Between past and future: eight exercises of political thought (1961, 1968)
Fukuyama, Francis; “ the End of writing brisbane north, History? ” in The National Interest (1989) Hayek, Friedrich August von; the paraphrases papers road to serfdom (1944) Lasch, Christopher; the revolt of the elites and the betrayal of Democracy (1995) Marx, Karl; On the writing services brisbane Jewish question (1843), the German Ideology (1845), Manifesto of the Communist Party (1848) Michea, Jean-Claude; l’empire du moindre mal (2006) 1 The Economist , volume 389 number 8602, October 18th 2008.
2 Karl Marx, the university florida admissions essay German Ideology (1848), in Karl Marx, Philosophy p.338. 3 Francis Fukuyama, « the End of History? » in National Interest (1989) 4 Friedrich Nietzsche, Beyond Good and Evil (1885) §260. 5 Whereas the resume writing north old Liberals (Constant, Mill…) advocated the extension of self-responsibility, as the main expression of Liberty and individualism, nowadays total freedom means a total absence of consideration for the others. Contemporary liberals have adopted Max Stirner’s credo “ I am owner of essay, my might , and I am so when I know myself as unique. (…) All things are nothing to me” ( the Ego and its Own , 1844). The multiplication of financial frauds, caused by individual traders, is clearly a symptom of the resume writing services brisbane north modern egotism and new cosmetologist letter, selfishness. 6 Margaret Thatcher, Press Conference for American correspondents in London (25/06/1980)
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