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apa essay sample It’s been my experience that there are two kinds of essay on life insurance, people in this world: those who can handle chaos and essay adverting are happy to let the pieces fall where they may, and those of essay insurance, us who chase those people around trying to prevent disarray in the first place. We like neatness. Masters. Tidiness. Orderliness. On Life Insurance. I covered the ms bi resume, importance of essay formatting and on life insurance what it entails in a previous blog post . So go check it out ms bi resume if you haven’t already. I’ll wait here. In this post, we’re going to drill down into on life, the specifics of APA formatting and how to ensure your essay looks just right . Essay Adverting. “APA” stands for “American Psychological Association,” a professional organization for, well, psychologists. However, the essay, organization’s official style guide, which is called the critical series, Publication Manual of the essay, American Psychological Association , is used by students and professionals in a number of disciplines.
But if you just want to quickly learn the basics and turn in a tidy, well-formatted essay, keep reading! What Are the Most Important Elements of APA Essay Format? There are a couple of little formatting details you can take care of right off the for student council elections, bat as they will apply to your entire paper. Last but not least, the entire document—from the essay, cover page to the reference list—should be double-spaced with paragraphs indented 1/2 an inch. One of the distinguishing features of an APA-formatted essay is the running head. This is a short version of your title—fewer than 50 characters—that appears in the header of essay adverting, your document, justified with the left margin. On the first page of your essay, usually the cover page, the running head is on life insurance preceded by the words “Running head” followed by a colon. On subsequent pages, though, the running head is just the title. If you need help making your header different on the first page, check out this helpful tutorial from Northeast Lakeview College.
Don’t you feel better just thinking about snuggling with it? Pro tip: Make sure that your running head is descriptive enough to give the reader some idea of the content. If the fraser essay, title of your paper is “Never Too Old: The Calming Effects of essay on life, Blankies for College Students,” for essay adverting, instance, your running head should be something like “EFFECTS OF BLANKIES FOR COLLEGE STUDENTS” rather than “NEVER TOO OLD” or just “BLANKIES.” While we’re on the subject of the header, let’s go ahead and talk page numbers. In APA style, you include the page number in the header of on life, every page . Essay Adverting. As you can see in the examples above, the page numbers should be right-justified opposite your running head. Another key element of APA essay format is the essay on life insurance, cover page. While the use of a cover page is not unique to APA, the manual does specify a preferred layout, which includes not only the aforementioned running head, but also the following elements: The full title of your paper Your name The name of your school (or wherever you are doing your research/writing).
These items are roughly centered on the top half of the page and, like the rest of your essay, are double-spaced. APA papers often include an abstract, which is a short (150-250 words) summary of your essay, including brief descriptions of your topic, purpose, methodology, and/or findings. The point of an abstract is to inform potential readers of your essay’s topic and purpose so that they can determine whether the essay is useful or relevant to their own research. Whether you need to include an critical american series, abstract depends partially on on life insurance, the whims of your instructor, so if you aren’t sure, just ask! After formatting the abstract, move to paper look like a fresh, new page to begin the body section of on life, your paper. We’ll combine two steps here to simplify things and save your eyes a little reading. First, you need to restate the title of your paper. This serves as a label to signify the start of the actual paper. I know, it seems sort of silly with the essays american literature series, running head right there for all the world to insurance see.
But silliness aside, it is an APA requirement, so we’ll comply. Then, it’s time to set up the introduction. I’m trying to save you from one of the most common errors I see in APA-formatted essays: a labeled introduction. You see, the folks at the APA assume that readers are smart enough to know that the first section of a paper is the introduction. (And really, aren’t they right?) Besides that, it’s a small detail that will make you look like you really know your stuff. Here’s how the first page of the body of your paper should look: After your introduction, though, there’s a good chance that you will want to use headings for specific sections of your paper. Let’s look at does mla research look how you should handle those. Block quotations (40+ words in length) Sometimes, you’ll find a particularly meaty quote that you cannot resist adding to your paper. Just remember that, if the on life insurance, quotation is more than 40 words in length, you need to create a block quotation. The closing punctuation also goes immediately after the ms bi resume, text of the essay, quote, and ms bi resume no period goes after the parenthetical citation.
Check out these examples from the APA blog to on life see block quotes in action. We’ve covered the formatting of APA references pretty extensively in past posts. Read APA Citation Made Simple (it includes a handy infographic!) or How to Write APA Citations in 4 Easy Steps if you need to review those guidelines. Does Mla Research Paper Look Like. First, center the word “References” (no quotes) at the top of the page—no bold, no italics, not followed by essay on life, a colon. (I see all of these variations pretty frequently.) Let me reiterate: Next, be sure that you list your entries in alphabetical order according to the author’s last name (or whatever comes first in the entry). Double-space the masters thesis+education, list, but do not leave an “extra” space between entries. Basically, there should be one full empty line between each line of text (because of the double-spacing). Essay. Use a hanging indent so that the first line of each entry is aligned with the left margin.
Second and essay adverting subsequent lines are indented ? inch. Here’s an example reference list: APA Essay Format: Putting It All Together (Plus Some Handy Resources) Annnnd … that’s the end of the paper! You’re done formatting. You can totally remember all of this, right? It’s not going to stress you out to comb through this in-depth explanation every time you write a paper using APA essay format? You can print it out, mark it up, doodle your crush’s name in the margins—oh, and check off all of these APA formatting concerns as you revise or edit your paper. To make these rules even clearer, I thought it would be helpful to show you what a short and on life silly—but complete!—essay looks like in APA format.
Click the link below to open the paper in Google Docs. You can compare your essay draft to this example to make sure you’re on the right track as you write. With the does, checklist and example essay I’ve provided, you have the tools you need to format an APA-style paper that would make even the neatest neat freak proud. Need a second set of eyes to make sure everything is just right? Run it by a Kibin editor—most of us are one of those people we talked about at the beginning. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays. Essay Insurance. About the like, Author.
Erin H. has been wowing Kibin customers since her first edit in August 2013. Essay. She is now Kibin's community manager and a regular contributor to Kibin's blog. She lives in Indiana with her husband and daughter. If the service of online writers like paper written com are good, you can easily get best work. These online writers first examine the topic by discussing it and then research the essay adverting, topic widely.
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Graph Databases, NOSQL and Neo4j Like. Estimated reading time: 22 minutes Added to. reading list Add to. reading list View my. If the behaviour persists please contact us.
NOTE: Qcon San Francisco - the 11th international software development conference - Nov 13-17, 2017. 100+ expert practitioner speakers, 1400+ attendees, 18 tracks to cover topics driving the essay evolution of software development today. Get more details or register now! Of the fraser many different datamodels, the relational model has been dominating since the 80s, with implementations like Oracle, MySQL and MSSQL - also known as Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). Lately, however, in an increasing number of on life insurance, cases the use of relational databases leads to problems both because of Deficits and essays council elections, problems in the modeling of data and constraints of horizontal scalability over several servers and big amounts of data. There are two trends that bringing these problems to the attention of the international software community: The exponential growth of the volume of data generated by users, systems and sensors, further accelerated by the concentration of large part of this volume on big distributed systems like Amazon, Google and other cloud services. On Life Insurance! The increasing interdependency and fraser institute essay, complexity of data, accelerated by the Internet, Web2.0, social networks and essay insurance, open and standardized access to data sources from a large number of different systems.
The relational databases have increasing problems to cope with these trends. This has led to a number of different technologies targeting special aspects of these problems, which can be used together or alternatively to the existing RDBMS - also know as Polyglot Persistence. Alternative databases are nothing new, they have been around for a long time in the form of e.g. Object Databases (OODBMS), Hierarchical Databases (e.g. LDAP) and many more. Ms Bi Resume! But during the last few years a large number of new projects have been started which together are known under the name NOSQL-databases.
This article aims to on life insurance, give an overview of the position of Graph Databases in the NOSQL-movement. The second part is an introduction to Neo4j, a Java-based Graph Database. NOSQL (Not Only SQL) really is a very wide category for a group of persistence solutions which don't follow the relational data model, and who don't use SQL as the query language. In short, NOSQL databases can be categorized according to their data model into the following four categories: For Key/Value systems like Voldemort or Tokyo Cabinet the thesis+education smallest modeling unit is the key-value-pair. With BigTable - clones it is on life insurance tuples with variable numbers of critical essays american series, attributes, with document databases like CouchDB and MongoDB the document. Graph Databases model the whole dataset as one big dense network structure.
Here, two interesting aspects of on life, NOSQL databases will be examined deeper - Scalability and complexity. In order to guarantee the essay adverting integrity of data, most of the on life classical database systems are based on transactions. This ensures consistency of data in all situations of essay, data management. These transactional characteristics are also know as ACID ( A tomicity, C onsistency, I solation, D urability). However, scaling out of ACID-compliant systems has shown to be a problem.
Conflicts are arising between the insurance different aspects of high availability in distributed systems that are not fully solvable - known as the essay adverting CAP - theorem: Strong C onsistency: all clients see the essay insurance same version of the data, even on updates to the dataset - e. g. by means of the two-phase commit protocol (XA transactions), and ACID, High A vailability: all clients can always find at least one copy of the requested data, even if some of the for student machines in a cluster is essay down, P artition-tolerance: the thesis+education total system keeps its characteristic even when being deployed on different servers, transparent to the client. The CAP-Theorem postulates that only two of the three different aspects of scaling out are can be achieved fully at the same time. In order to be able to work with big distributed systems, a closer look on the different CAP cahracteristics was taken. Many of the NOSQL databases above all have loosened up the requirements on C onsistency in essay insurance, order to achieve better A vailability and P artitioning.
This resulted in systems know as BASE ( B asically A vailable, S oft-state, E ventually consistent). Ms Bi Resume! These have no transactions in the classical sense and essay on life, introduce constraints on the data model to enable better partition schemes (like the Dynamo system etc). A more comprehensive discussion of CAP, ACID and BASE is ms bi resume available in this introduction. Protein Homology Network, Courtesy of Alex Adai: Institute for Cellular and Molecular Biology - University of Texas. The increasing interconnectivity of data as well as systems has led to denser data sets that cannot be scaled and autosharded in insurance, any obvious, simple or domain-independent way, even noted by ms bi resume Todd Hoff.
More on visualizations of big and on life, complex data sets over at Visual Complexity. Before dismissing the relational data model as outdated, we should not forget that one of the reasons for the success of the relational databases systems is the ability of the relational Datenmodell according to E.F. Codd to does mla research look, model in principle any data structure without redundancy or information loss through - normalization. After the modeling phase, the data can be inserted, modified and queried in very powerful ways via SQL. There are even RDBMS that implement optimized schemas for e.g. insertion speeds or multidimensional queries (e.g. star schemas) for on life different use cases such as OLTP, OLAP, web-applications or reporting). This is the theory. In praxis however, RDBMS hit the constraints of the before-mentioned CAP-problems and have implementation-caused problems regarding high-performance querying of essay, deep SQL queries that span many table joins.
Other problems include scalability, schema evolution over time, modeling of tree structures, semi strucutred data, hierarchies and networks and many more. Also, the relational model is poorly aligned with the current approaches to software development like object-orientation and dynamic languages, known as the object-relational impedance mismatch. Here, ORM layers like Hibernate for Java have been developed and applied with mixed results. They certainly ease the essay task of mapping the fraser essay object model to the relational data model, but do not deliver optimal query performance. Especially semi-structured data is often modeled as big tables with many columns that are empty for essay most rows (sparse tables) which leads to poor performance. Even the council alternative, to model these structures in essay, lots of joined tables, is having problems, since joins are very performance-expensive set operations in RDBMS. The Graph as an alternative to relational normalization. Looking at the projection of domain models onto a data structure, there are two dominating schools - the relational way as used for RDBMS and graph- und network structures, used for e.g. the essays council elections Semantic Web.
While graph structures in theory are normalizable even in RDBMS, this has serious query performance implications for recursive structures like for instance file trees and network structures like e.g. social graphs, due to the implementation characteristics of relational databases. Every operation over a relationship of a network results in essay insurance, a join operation in the RDBMS, implemented as a set-operation between the sets of primary keys for two tables - a slow operation and not scalable over growing numbers of tuples in these tables. Basic terminology for labeled property graphs. There is no existing general consensus on mla research like, terminology regarding the area of graphs. There exist many different types of graph models. However, there is some effort to create the Property Graph Model, unifying most of the different graph implementations. Essay Insurance! According to it, information in a Property Graph is modeled using three basic building blocks: node (a.k.a. vertex) relationship (a.k.a. edge) - with direction and Type (labeled and directed) property (a.k.a attribute) on nodes and relationships. More specifically, the model is a labeled and directed attributed multigraph. A labeled graph has a label for each edge, that it is used as the type for mla research like that edge.
A directed graph allows for essay on life edges with a fixed direction, from the tail or source node to the head or destination node. An attributed graph allows a variable list of essay, attributes for each node and edge, where an attribute is a value associated to a name, simplifying the graph structure. A multigraph allows multiple edges between two nodes. This means that two nodes can be connected several times by different edges, even if two edges have the same tail, head and label. The figure shows a small labeled property graph. A small graph of the people surrounding TinkerPop. Graph theory has seen a great usefulness and relevance in many problems across various domains. The most applied graph theoretic algorithms include various types of shorest path calculations, geodesic paths, centrality measures like PageRank, eigenvector centrality, closeness, betweenness, HITS, and many others.
However, the application of these algorithms has, in many cases, been confined to research since in practice there has not been any production ready high-performance graph database implementations available. Fortunately, in on life, recent years, this has changed. There are several projects that have been developed with 24/7 production scenarios in mind: Neo4j - Open Source, Java, Property Graph model AllegroGraph, Closed Source, RDF-QuadStore Sones - Closed Source, .NET focused Virtuoso - Closed Source, RDF focused HyergraphDB - Open Source, Java, HyperGraph model Others like InfoGrid, Filament, FlockDB etc. The following diagram shows a positioning of the main NOSQL categories in the context of Complexity and Scalability aspects. For more on Scaling to size vs.
Scaling to Complexity see Emil Eifrem's blog post. Neo4j is series a full ACID- transaction compliant graph database written in Java. The data is essay stored on disk as an optimized data structure for graph networks. The Neo4j Kernel is an extremely fast graph engine with all the characteristics expected of a production database like recovery - 2-phase commit transactions, XA compliance etc. Neo4j has been in 24/7 production use since 2003.
There are good community-contributed bindings to other languages like JRuby/Ruby, Scala, Python, Clojure and others. Typical data characteristics for Neo4j are: Even traditional RDBMS applications tend to contain a number of masters thesis+education, challenging data sets that is insurance best processed with graphs, like folder structures, product configurations, product assemblies and categories, media-meta data, semantic trading and fraud detection in the financial sector and others. Neo4j has a number of optional components surrounding the kernel. Ms Bi Resume! There is support for structuring the graph via a meta model, a SAIL- and SparQL compliant RDF TripleStore implementiation or implementations for a number of on life insurance, common graph algorithms amongst others. In case you want to run Neo4j as a separate server, there are is the REST- wrapper available. This is suitable in architectures that have been built using the LAMP - stack. REST even eases the fraser scaling of bigger read-loads via memcached, e-tag and Apache-based caching and web layers. It's hard to give definite numbers in performance benchmarks, since they are very dependent on insurance, the underlying hardware, the dataset used and other factors. Size-wise Neo4j handles graphs of sizes of several billion nodes, relationships and properties out of the box. It is normal to reach read-performance of 2000 relationship traversals per millisecond (about 1-2 million traversal steps per second) fully transactional, with warm caches, per thread.
With shortest-path-calculations, Neo4j is even on small graphs of essay adverting, a couple of 1000 of nodes 1000 times faster than MySQL, the difference increasing as the size of the graph increases. The reason for this is that in Neo4j, graph traversals are exectued with constant speed independent of total size of the graph. Essay! There are no set operations involved that decrease performance as seen with join operations in RDBMS . Neo4j is traversing the essay adverting graph in a lazy fashion - nodes and relations are first traversed and returned when the essay insurance result iterator is asking for fraser essay them, increasing performance with big and deep traversals. Write speed is much dependent on the seek time of the file system and hardware. The Ext3-filesystem and SSD disks are a good combination and result in transactional write speeds of ca. 100,000 operations per second. As mentioned before, Social Networks represent just a tiny fraction of the applications of graph databases, but they are easy to understand for this example.
To demonstrate the basic functionality of Neo4j, below is a small graph from the Matrix movie, visualized with the essay on life Eclipse RCP based Neoclipse for does mla research paper Neo4j: The graph is connected to a known reference node (id=0) for essay on life insurance convenience in order to find the for student council elections way into insurance, the network from for student council elections, a known starting point. This is not necessary, but has proven very usable in practice. The Java implementation looks something like this: Create a new graph database in folder target/neo Relationship types can be created on-the-fly: or via typesafe Java Enum: Now, create two nodes and attach a name property to essay on life insurance, each of them.
Then, connect these nodes with a KNOWS relationship: Any operation modifying the graph or needing isolation levels for data is wrapped in a transaction, so rollback and recovery work out of the box: The full code to create the Matrix graph the looks something like this: With the essay adverting member function. to create the nodes and relationships.
Neo4j's API has a number of essay insurance, Java-Collections-oriented methods to answer easy queries. Does Mla Research Paper Look! Here, a look at the relationships of the Neo node is enough to find his friends: The real power of on life insurance, Neo4j comes however from the use of the Traverser-API, which enables much more complex traversal descriptions and thesis+education, filters. It consists of a Traverser, which is essay on life insurance evaluating a StopEvaluator for the stop-condition and a ReturnableEvaluator for the inclusion of a node in the result. Also, the types and directions of the relationships to traverse can be specified. The traverser implements the Java Iterator interface, loading the nodes and stepping through the graph lazily first when they are requested in e.g. a for loop. A couple of common Evaluators and Defaults are built in: We first want to visit all nodes at critical series the same depth from the start node before continuing to nodes at more distant levels (Order.BREADTH_FIRST), stop after one depth of traversal (StopEvaluator.DEPTH_ONE), and essay, return all nodes except the critical essays series start node (Neo) (ReturnableEvaluator.ALL_BUT_START_NODE). We only traverse relationships of type KNOWS in both directions (Direction.BOTH).
This traverser again returns Morpheus as the essay on life insurance only direct friend of Neo. In order to investigate who the friends of essay adverting, Neo's friends are, the KNOWS-Kanten need to be followed to essay insurance, a depth of 2 steps, starting at Neo, returning Trinity and Cypher. Programmatically this can be achieved by adjusting the StopEvaluator for essays council our Traverser to limit the traversal depth to 2: Also, the custom ReturnableEvaluator returns only nodes found at depth 2: The friend-of-a-friend traverser now becomes: Which returns Cypher and Trinity as result. Another interesting question could be if there is anyone in this graph being in love, starting with e.g.
The Architect. This time the whole graph should be examined along any relationships starting at the architect (given his node-ID is known, but more on that later) and nodes be returned that have an outgoing LOVE-relationship. A custom ReturnableEvaluator will do this: All relationship types in the whole graph are needed in order to traverse along all relatshionships: This returns Trinity as the only node, since we are only returning nodes with outgoing LOVE-relationships.
While traversing operations along the relationships are one of the sweet spots of Neo4j, often set-oriented functionality over essay insurance the whole graph is needed. Fulltext-search of essays american literature series, properties over all nodes is a typical example. Here, Neo4j is essay on life using external index systems in order not to reinvent the wheel. Critical Essays American! For the essay insurance common case of text-based searches, Neo4j has tight integrations for Lucene and Solr, adding the capability to index arbitrary node properties with transactional semantics in Lucene/Solr. In the Matrix example, e.g. the name property could be indexed with. Lucene is an example of an external index to the graph. However, having a fast graph engine, that are a vast number of strategies to critical essays american literature series, build index structures in the graph itself, shortening traversal patterns for special data sets and essay on life, domains. For instance there are timeline and ms bi resume, B-Trees for one-dimensional data, RTrees and on life insurance, QuadTrees indexing two-dimensional data (very common in for student council, the Spatial and GIS communities) and on life insurance, many others. Thesis+education! Often another useful pattern is to connect important subgraphs directly to the root node in order to shortcut important start-nodes.
Neo4j has a number of good language-bindings that ease working with the graph structure even more. This example uses the essay on life insurance excellent Neo4j-JRuby-bindings, which shrinks the total amount of code considerably: After installing the neo4j gem with. The JRuby codes for the whole Matrix graph and the before mentioned queries looks like: A graph programming language - Gremlin. Until recently, there has not been any query language that covered the large domain of graphs and graph-related projects. In the paper like Semantic Web/RDF domain, there is SPARQL, an SQL-inspired query language that focuses on the description of essay on life insurance, example graphs that are use to match triple sets.
However, there is a large amount of graphs that are not RDF-compatible and take different or more pragmatic approaches to data modeling like for instance the Matrix-example of this article and fraser institute, other domain-specific data sets. Other query language are JSON-oriented, like MQL, the query language for essay Freebase. These languages only work on their own defined data model and provide none or very poor support for fraser essay deep graph algorithms and heuristic analytics methods, that are necessary for todays big graphs. For more complex and interesting queries for various graph data models (including RDF), Gremlin - an XPath-oriented, turing-complete graph programming language - is being developed by the TinkerPop team, primarily driven by Marko A. Rodriguez. Via the introduction of the Property Graph Model, it creates a superset and essay, least common dominator for most of the existing models. Moreover, it allows for the connection of other graph frameworks (e.g. Gremlin using JUNG) and for the expression of graph traversals on different graph implementations.
There are already a couple of does look like, implementations supported, from simple ones like the in-memory TinkerGraph, to others via an on life insurance, RDF-SAIL-adapter for AllegroGraph, Sesame and the ThinkerPop LinkedData SAIL (originally developed by does mla research Josh Shinavier for the Ripple programming language) all the way to Neo4j. Gremlin's syntax is based on essay on life insurance, XPath in order to be able to express even deep path descriptions through the graph with easy expressions. Essays American Literature! Many easy cases look almost like normal XPath. After installing Gremlin or trying it online, a Gremlin session on the Matrix-example graph could look like this: Deep graph algorithms - Value in Relationships. The Matrix example is a very naive use given the power of Gremlin. More interesting is the development and testing of insurance, algorithms over big graphs. Exhaustive algorithms like Eigenvector Centrality and critical essays literature, Dijkstra do not scale to these graphs since they need to touch every vertex in the network. Heuristic approaches are more appropriate with concepts like Grammar Based Random Walkers and Spreading Activation (deeper explanation by Marko Rodriguez here) for these problems. The Google PageRank Algorithm is such a heuristic and can be modelled in Gremlin with the following code (an example over the graph of songs, concerts and albums by Greatful Dead loaded from here, 2500 loops and on life, an energy loss of 15% on mla research paper like, each repetition):
Which returns the following weighted list of songs: Another interesting example where the insurance underlying graph is the LinkedData graph live from the Internet is a recommendation algorithm for music over LinkedData and DBPedia. Graphs are not the silver bullet for all problems, much like RDBMS and all other persistence solutions. The most important aspect is the data, it's and the type of queries and operations structure that is to institute essay, be dealt with, and what requirements exist regarding scalability and CAP. To take the High Scalability aspect of NOSQL databases as the only argument for the use of non-relational solutions is essay on life insurance often neither required nor desirable. With Neo4j and todays hardware, it is in most cases with whole domain model can be held and queried within billions on domain objects in one single instance. If that is not sufficient, there is always the ms bi resume possibility to introduce domain-optimal sharding concepts without the need to introduce the hard data modeling limitations of essay on life insurance, documents or key/value systems. Whether this results in a dokumenten-model, a domain specific object database or something else depends on the domain context and the application scenario. The code for this article is available here. For the critical essays series excellent feedback and the helpful advise I want to thank Michael Hunger and Marko Rodriguez. Peter Neubauer is COO of Neo Technology.
Peter is co-founder of a number of Java-and graph based Open Source projects like Neo4j, Gremlin, LinkedProcess, OPS4J, Qi4j. Peter can be contacted at email@example.com. Fastly’s edge cloud platform powers secure, fast and reliable online experiences for essay on life the world’s most popular digital businesses. See for yourself. You need to essay adverting, Register an InfoQ account or login to essay insurance, post comments.
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Power Management S3 Tricks and Tips. This document is intended to explain how S3 (suspend/resume) works and has some tricks and tips to help debug and diagnose S3 issues. S3 is the ACPI sleep state that is known as sleep or suspend to RAM. It essentially turns off most power of the system but keeps memory powered. When the user hits the sleep key, this generates a hardware interrupt which is caught and handled by the embedded controller (EC). ACPI defines two approaches to handle power buttons - fixed hardware or generic hardware.
In the fixed hardware scheme, EC triggers a low-pulse to the PWRBTN# pin and Southbridge (SB) sets PWRBTN_STS bit in PM1_STS register to indicate to the operating system that a power button event occurs. In the generic hardware scheme, EC triggers a change to a GPIO pin to generate a general-purpose event to BIOS, and insurance BIOS issues a Notify(PWRB, 0x80) to the operating system. You can observe which GPE is triggered by examining the ms bi resume, files in /sys/firmware/acpi/interrupts and essay see which one increments when the critical essays series, event occurs. The kernel handles the GPE and based on which GPE gets triggered it then executes the essay, appropriate handler in the ACPI DSDT table (the DSDT, Differentiated System Description Table, contains AML bytecode that is mla research look executed in the kernel context by the kernel's ACPI driver. For example, if GPE 0x1e is triggered then AML bytecode method _GPE._L1E() or _GPE._E1E() is executed depending on it being Level or Edge triggered (the method name has a L or E prefix corresponds to Level or Edge triggered events). Typically the method just creates a Notify() event which gets passed over to insurance user space via the /proc/acpi/event interface and handled by acpid and ultimately this calls /etc/acpi/sleep.sh which in turn calls pm-suspend. Note: Level-triggered or edge-triggered depends on the design and essays for student council the configuration of the SB, and essay insurance firmware (BIOS) must implement it correctly. The pm-suspend script prepares the machine for paper like, suspend, typically this involves unloading broken modules that don't suspend well and then finally writing the text mem to /sys/power/state. Writing to /sys/power/state initiates the kernel side of the suspend. First it suspends all user space tasks (freezing them).
Next the kernel traverses the insurance, device tree and for each driver it calls the registered suspend method. It is the responsibility of each driver to ensure the correct state is saved to institute allow the hardware to resume correctly and essay on life insurance this is where a lot of bugs can occur. The kernel then executes the ACPI methods _PTS() (Prepare to does mla research like sleep) and/or _GTS() (Going to Sleep) which are again in then DSDT. This byte code generally does platform specific magic, such as writing magic values to the embedded controller and even calling System Management Mode (SMM) code in the BIOS via the use of System Management Interrupts (SMI). The kernel has no knowledge of what is essay on life insurance happening while these methods are executing - the byte code controlling the BIOS and Embedded Controller interactions are out of the essays for student council elections, kernel's control. Obviously if the essay, AML byte code or BIOS code being executed in SMI is buggy it can cause S3 issues and there is little can be done to easily fix this in the kernel. When the methods return control back to the kernel the system is almost ready to suspend. The kernel writes the address of the resume wakeup code into a data structure and ms bi resume the address is written into the Firmware Waking Vector (as specified by the Fixed ACPI Description Table (FADT)). The kernel fetches the addresses of the PM1a/PM1b control registers from the FADT and writes the sleep type (SLP_TYP) and sleep enable (SLP_EN) bits to on life insurance the registers and this triggers the sleep.
The kernel will sit in a wait loop until it gets put to institute essay sleep by the pending action of writing to the PM control registers. After kernel writes SLP_TYP and SLP_EN, it is common a SMI is generated by essay on life, SB (called Sleep SMI as it is invoked after the kernel considers that the look, system is in S3). Note that it is up to the BIOS to save specific BIOS and Embedded Controller state. This is normally done in the _PTS/_GTS Method calls and in insurance, Sleep SMI. Sometimes this is mla research paper were weird BIOS or EC state issues cause suspend/resume to fail. A break down of the calls in the kernel is as follows:
Eventually the user wants to wake their machine up from S3 suspend. The user presses a power button which wakes up the CPU and it jumps to a known BIOS start address. The BIOS does some setup to get the memory controller, restore some device states, and essay on life then reads the for student council elections, ACPI status register to tell it if it was in a suspended state. The BIOS then jumps to the wakeup address saved in the Firmware Waking Vector. The kernel resume code pointed to by the essay, Firmware Waking Vector is some real mode x86 code that sets the CPU back into normal kernel protected mode and then restores CPU register state and pops back down the call suspend call chain to do the resume. Does Paper Like? At this point the kernel calls the ACPI _WAK() method, it then resumes drivers, unfreezes threads and user space processes and we return back to point where mem was just written to /sys/power/state.
To user space, nothing has really changed, apart from essay, a jump forward in time by masters thesis+education, the clock. The first bit of insurance magic to be aware of is in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S. this directly maps to the wakeup_header defined in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.h: during suspend, header-pmode_entry is set to wakeup_pmode_return() in function acpi_save_state_mem() and kernel state is saved into a wakeup header which is ms bi resume a real mode copy (to acpi_realmode) of a chunk of code and data in wakeup_code_start..wakeup_code_end. Essay? acpi_wakeup_address points to the real mode code + data and acpi_sleep_prepare() uses this to set the waking vector before suspending. To understand resume, we need to examine the final phase of suspend. Assembler function do_suspend_lowlevel in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S performs the final phase of suspend, it basically does the following: saves cpu state + registers calls acpi_enter_sleep_state() which ultimately ends end suspending and CPU halts. If this fails, the essay adverting, registers + cpu state are restored and we return from do_suspend_lowlevel(). The wakeup from S3 works as follows: BIOS (realmode) inspects the ACPI waking vector and jumps out of BIOS real mode into wakeup_code() in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/realmode/wakeup.S. Recall that this code is a copy in real mode memory - this code then ljmpl's to wakeup_pmode_return(). wakeup_pmode_return() in arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S restores registers, the essay on life, gdt, idt and ltd (hence comes out of does mla research paper real mode), and restores the stack pointer does a final sanity check to see if a saved magic value is as expected and if all is OK resturns back to pop the stack and return from insurance, do_suspend_lowlevel() as if nothing has happened.
As you can now see, suspending and resuming is rather non-trivial. The following sections explain how where to look for S3 bugs: We rely on drivers behaving correctly in their suspend/resume methods, if state is not saved/restored correctly then broken drivers can break in subtle and mysterious ways. Ms Bi Resume? Drivers may oops during suspend or resume, which causes headache for debugging since these normally happen while the console is suspended. Essay Insurance? The first thing to try is to critical essays literature boot the kernel with kernel parameter: no_console_suspend. Next switch to VT1 and insurance suspend/resume using Ctrl-Alt-F1 or: login on VT1 and suspend using: Repeat several times to see if you can capture a kernel oops.
Use a digial camera to photo graph the oops message or if it scrolls too quickly off the mla research look, screen limit the kernel oops message by hacking dump_stack() (arch/x86/kernel/dumpstack.c) to dump out essay less off a stack trace. If you know the bug exists in a driver but you cannot get an oops and you have no console then things get tricky. The PC does can only save state in critical essays american literature, the real time clock (RTC) over essay on life insurance reboots, so we have to result to saving a hashed state of the device suspend details in the RTC. We use the /sys/power/pm_trace interface to enable PM debugging as follows: If resume fails, quickly reboot the machine as you have. 3 minutes before the updates to the RTC corrupt the saved hashed state. Once rebooted, look for the Magic numbers: text in the kernel log, use dmesg, and look for something like: You may even get lucky and critical literature series get a device being mentioned as the problematic driver, e.g.: Device numbers sometimes are show, use lspci to track down the problematic device.
The next trick is to remove the module and repeat the essay, suspend/resume to mla research paper like see if this was the problem driver or not. If a driver is not suspending/resuming correctly one workaround is to on life then add the name of the modules to the MODULES= list in /etc/default/acpi-support. Essay Adverting? However, the best approach is to find out why the driver is breaking suspend/resume and fixing it. However, /sys/power/pm_trace is known to be a little temperamental and may yield false positives. An alternative approach is to remove all modules and do a suspend/resume cycle. Essay On Life? If this works, then start loading modules one by one until you find one that causes the hang.
As you may now be aware, we are very reliant on essay adverting the BIOS + ACPI for suspend/resume and more often than not these cause the bugs. The issues fall into several categories: In this scenario, the kernel passes control over to BIOS, and we BIOS never returns control back to essay insurance the kernel. This can occur when the ACPI _PTS() or _GTS() methods call into the BIOS via SMIs - these are rare, but possible. In this case, one needs to enable ACPI AML code execution tracing and see if these methods are being executed at the time of the thesis+education, hang. One may also want to check whether the system hangs after kernel writes SLP_TYP and SLP_EN. If so, BIOS may hang in Sleep SMI.
More likely though BIOS either never jumps back to the Firmware Waking Vector or it jumps to the wrong location, or has really screwed up the processor state and returns to the kernel via the Firmware Waking Vector but does not execute in the kernel correctly. At this point one should sanity check to see if the BIOS actually made it back into essay, the kernel. One of a handful tricks can be used: 1. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to ms bi resume flash the LEDs on to indicate the BIOS jumped back to the kernel. Example code below: unfortunately a lot of the newer machines don't seem to even have the luxury of a keyboard LED, so you may need to try the following strategies:
2. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to dump state in on life, port $80 and use a port $80 debug card. You need to boot with io_delay=udelay or io_delay=0xed so not to clobber port $80 on port I/O delay operations. 3. Write some code in wakeup_pmode_return() (arch/x86/kernel/acpi/wakeup_32.S) to zap the CMOS settings on resume. When the machine hangs, reboot. Your BIOS may beep and complain about the fraser, CMOS being cleared, and/or you may need to go into the BIOS set up to re-set the BIOS config back to a sane state. Insurance? If this happens you at least know that the BIOS transitioned from a S3 wakeup and jumped back into the kernel. We are very reliant on ACPI to essays for student council do things right, sometimes it just does not.
A few things worth checking are: Method _PTS(). This ACPI Method needs to exist and is required to on life transition the machine to the suspend state correctly. Unfortunately we rely in the ACPI AML code and the underlying BIOS code (if used) to do the essay adverting, right thing. Method _GTS(). This ACPI Method is not required, but needs to work correctly if it does exist. Essay Insurance? Like _PTS() it is platform specific and institute essay may interact with the BIOS/Emebedded Controller in a closed and proprietary way. PM1a/b register settings from FADT. These are tweaked to set the PM power type and suspend enable at S3 suspend time, so if the essay on life, addresses are incorrect the kernel may be just twiddling the fraser essay, wrong registers. These can be dumped out using one of the following: and the edit FACP.dsl and check that the PM1A/PM1B event and control blocks look sane.
You need to consult the chipset specific data sheet to sanity check these register addresses. Pressing the insurance, suspend hot key should in theory trigger a suspend. The easiest thing to check is institute that the ACPI events are being passed down to acpid to kick off the suspend. Essay On Life? Use the following to spy on mla research like ACPI events: If this fails, then next thing to check is for on life insurance, any GPEs occurring. If you don't observe any GPEs then there could be a problem with the key waking up the Embedded Controller and the Embedded Controller poking the Southbridge which in fraser essay, turn causes the GPE. To observe the essay insurance, GPEs, use: then press the button and see if any of the GPE event counters increment.
If not, you have a button + Embedded Controller issue. Finally, if acpi_events to occur then make sure pm_suspend is being run. Look? This is a shell script, so you can add in debug and write it to a log file to observe if it's being called. If it's not, then there is a problem with acpid calling the on life, sleep script which calls pm-suspend. If pm-suspend is being called, then the final issue is most probably the kernel attempting to suspend by fails because of broken ACPI Methods such as _PTS(). For Student Council? These need to be debugged by enabling the essay, ACPI driver debug and observing the AML byte code being executed for these methods. The following power management kernel messages are a little terse and it's instructive to know what they really mean: Usually means dpm_suspend_noirq failed because some devices did not power down. dpm_prepare() failed to prepare all non-sys devices for a system PM transition.
The device should be listed in the error message. sysdev_suspend failed because some system devices did not power down. It has been known for machines to essays elections sit in resume for 300+ seconds before finally completing resume. Normally this means that during resume the kernel is reconfiguring some hardware, for essay, example, the PCI configuration spaces and needs to do a short delay. Sometimes the CPU can pop into a very low C state and essay adverting the HPET cannot wake it up - the timer interrupt gets lost. Essay On Life Insurance? For example, the essay adverting, AMD C1E idle wait can sometimes produce long delays on resume. This is a known issue with the failed delivery of interrupts while in deep C states. Essay Insurance? If you have a BIOS option to disable C1E then first disable this and retry.
Alternatively, re-test with the kernel parameter idle=mwait - this will disable the masters thesis+education, more power optimal C1E idle, so it's not energy star friendly. If this is essay successfully then you should look at more optimal workarounds such as disabling the local APIC or disabling the APIC completely, so boot with nolapic or nolapic_timer kernel parameters. Finally, it may be worth exploring the kernel HPET parameters to see if this helps stop or work around the delay. Kernel/Reference/S3 ( alexhung 2011-09-15 10:12:23) The material on this wiki is available under a free license, see Copyright / License for details.
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SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips. What time is essay on life it? It's essay time! In this article, I'm going to essay adverting get into the details of the newly transformed ACT Writing by discussing the ACT essay rubric and how the essay is graded based on that. You'll learn what each item on the rubric means for your essay writing and what you need to do to on life meet those requirements. If you've chosen to take the ACT Plus Writing, you'll have 40 minutes to write an essay (after completing the English, Math, Reading, and Science sections of the ACT, of course). Your essay will be evaluated by two graders, who score your essay from 1-6 on each of 4 domains, leading to scores out of 12 for each domain. Your Writing score is calculated by essay adverting, averaging your four domain scores, leading to a total ACT Writing score from 2-12.
NOTE : From September 2015 to June 2016, ACT Writing scores were calculated by adding together your domain scores and essay on life, scaling to a score of 1-36; the change to an averaged 2-12 ACT Writing score was announced June 28, 2016. Based on essay adverting, ACT, Inc’s stated grading criteria, I've gathered all the relevant essay-grading criteria into a chart. The information itself is available on the ACT's website, and essay on life, there's more general information about each of the domains here. The columns in fraser institute essay this rubric are titled as per the ACT’s own domain areas, with the addition of another category that I named (Mastery Level). ACT Essay Rubric - Scoring Guide. Ideas and Analysis. Development and Support. Blank, Off-Topic, Illegible, Not in English, or Void. demonstrate little or no skill in writing an essay on life insurance argumentative essay.
The writer fails to generate an argument that responds intelligibly to the task. Masters? The writer’s intentions are difficult to discern. Attempts at analysis are unclear or irrelevant. Ideas lack development, and claims lack support. Reasoning and illustration are unclear, incoherent, or largely absent. The response does not exhibit an organizational structure. There is little grouping of essay insurance ideas. Ms Bi Resume? When present, transitional devices fail to connect ideas.
The use of language fails to demonstrate skill in responding to the task. Word choice is imprecise and often difficult to comprehend. Sentence structures are often unclear. Stylistic and register choices are difficult to identify. Errors in grammar, usage, and on life insurance, mechanics are pervasive and often impede understanding. demonstrate weak or inconsistent skill in writing an argumentative essay. Essays American Literature? The writer generates an argument that weakly responds to multiple perspectives on the given issue.
The argument’s thesis, if evident, reflects little clarity in thought and on life, purpose. Attempts at mla research like analysis are incomplete, largely irrelevant, or consist primarily of restatement of the issue and its perspectives. Development of ideas and support for insurance, claims are weak, confused, or disjointed. Reasoning and illustration are inadequate, illogical, or circular, and fail to fully clarify the argument. The response exhibits a rudimentary organizational structure. Grouping of ideas is inconsistent and often unclear. Transitions between and masters thesis+education, within paragraphs are misleading or poorly formed. On Life Insurance? The use of language is inconsistent and often unclear. Mla Research? Word choice is rudimentary and frequently imprecise.
Sentence structures are sometimes unclear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are inconsistent and are not always appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. Distracting errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics are present, and they sometimes impede understanding. demonstrate some developing skill in writing an argumentative essay. Essay On Life? The writer generates an argument that responds to multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects some clarity in thought and purpose. The argument establishes a limited or tangential context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. Analysis is simplistic or somewhat unclear. Essay Adverting? Development of ideas and support for claims are mostly relevant but are overly general or simplistic.
Reasoning and essay on life insurance, illustration largely clarify the elections, argument but may be somewhat repetitious or imprecise. The response exhibits a basic organizational structure. The response largely coheres, with most ideas logically grouped. Essay? Transitions between and within paragraphs sometimes clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of language is basic and only somewhat clear. Word choice is general and occasionally imprecise. Sentence structures are usually clear but show little variety.
Stylistic and register choices, including voice and fraser, tone, are not always appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. Distracting errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, but they generally do not impede understanding. demonstrate adequate skill in insurance writing an council elections argumentative essay. The writer generates an argument that engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects clarity in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and essay on life, employs a relevant context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis recognizes implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and essays american literature series, assumptions. Development of ideas and support for claims clarify meaning and essay on life, purpose. Lines of clear reasoning and illustration adequately convey the significance of the essays for student council elections, argument. Qualifications and complications extend ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a clear organizational strategy. The overall shape of the response reflects an emergent controlling idea or purpose.
Ideas are logically grouped and essay, sequenced. Transitions between and within paragraphs clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of language conveys the argument with clarity. Word choice is adequate and sometimes precise. Sentence structures are clear and masters thesis+education, demonstrate some variety. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are appropriate for the rhetorical purpose. While errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics are present, they rarely impede understanding. demonstrate well-developed skill in writing an argumentative essay.
The writer generates an argument that productively engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects precision in thought and purpose. The argument establishes and employs a thoughtful context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. On Life? The analysis addresses implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Masters? Development of ideas and support for claims deepen understanding. A mostly integrated line of purposeful reasoning and illustration capably conveys the on life, significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a productive organizational strategy.
The response is mostly unified by mla research, a controlling idea or purpose, and insurance, a logical sequencing of ideas contributes to the effectiveness of the argument. Transitions between and within paragraphs consistently clarify the relationships among ideas. The use of language works in service of the argument. Word choice is precise. Sentence structures are clear and varied often. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are purposeful and productive. While minor errors in critical essays american series grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. demonstrate effective skill in writing an argumentative essay. The writer generates an on life insurance argument that critically engages with multiple perspectives on the given issue. The argument’s thesis reflects nuance and precision in thought and critical essays american literature series, purpose.
The argument establishes and employs an insightful context for analysis of the issue and its perspectives. The analysis examines implications, complexities and tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Development of ideas and support for claims deepen insight and broaden context. An integrated line of skillful reasoning and illustration effectively conveys the insurance, significance of the argument. Qualifications and complications enrich and bolster ideas and analysis. The response exhibits a skillful organizational strategy. Fraser Institute? The response is on life unified by a controlling idea or purpose, and a logical progression of ideas increases the look like, effectiveness of the writer’s argument. Transitions between and essay on life, within paragraphs strengthen the relationships among ideas. The use of language enhances the argument.
Word choice is skillful and precise. Paper? Sentence structures are consistently varied and clear. Stylistic and register choices, including voice and tone, are strategic and effective. While a few minor errors in grammar, usage, and mechanics may be present, they do not impede understanding. ACT Writing Rubric: Item-by-Item Breakdown. On Life Insurance? Whew. That rubric might be a little overwhelming - there's so much information to process! Below, I’ve broken down the essay rubric by domain, with examples of what a 3- and a 6-scoring essay might look like. The Ideas and Analysis domain is the rubric area most intimately linked with the basic ACT essay task itself. Here's what the ACT website has to masters thesis+education say about this domain: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to generate productive ideas and engage critically with multiple perspectives on the given issue.
Competent writers understand the essay on life insurance, issue they are invited to address, the purpose for writing, and the audience. They generate ideas that are relevant to the situation. Based on this description, I've extracted the four key things you need to do in your essay to score well in the Ideas and Analysis domain. Choose a perspective on this issue and state it clearly. Evaluate how true (or untrue) each (of the three given) perspectives is Analyze each perspective. Compare the remaining two perspectives to the perspective you have chosen. There's no cool acronym, sorry. I guess a case could be made for ACCE, but I wanted to list the does like, points in the order of importance, so CEAC it is.
Fortunately, the ACT Writing Test provides you with the three perspectives to on life analyze and choose from, which will save you some of the does mla research look like, hassle of generating productive ideas. In addition, analyzing each perspective does not mean that you need to argue from insurance, each of the points of view. Instead, you need to choose one perspective to argue as your own and explain how your point of essays for student council view relates to essay on life insurance the perspectives provided by evaluating how correct each perspective is and analyzing the implications of each perspective. Note: While it is technically allowable for elections, you to come up with a fourth perspective as your own and to essay insurance then discuss that point of view in relation to each of the institute, three given perspectives, we do NOT recommend it. 40 minutes is already a pretty short time to discuss three different points of view in a thorough and essay, coherent manner - discussing four is essays for student elections nigh-on impossible. To get deeper into what things fall in the Ideas and Analysis domain, I'll use a sample ACT Writing prompt and the three perspectives provided: Many of the goods and services we depend on on life insurance, daily are now supplied by thesis+education, intelligent, automated machines rather than human beings. Robots build cars and other goods on assembly lines, where once there were human workers. Many of essay insurance our phone conversations are now conducted not with people but with sophisticated technologies.
We can now buy goods at a variety of stores without the help of a human cashier. Automation is generally seen as a sign of progress, but what is lost when we replace humans with machines? Given the accelerating variety and american series, prevalence of intelligent machines, it is worth examining the on life insurance, implications and meaning of their presence in our lives. Perspective One : What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective Two : Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans.
This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Perspective Three : Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities. Essay Adverting? First, in order to state. your own perspective on the issue, you need to figure out what your point of view, or perspective, on this issue is going to be. For the sake of argument, let's say that you agree the most with the second perspective. A essay that scores a 3 in this domain might simply restate this perspective: I agree that machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to essay on life insurance a more prosperous and progressive world for essay adverting, everyone. In contrast, an essay scoring a 6 in essay this domain would likely have a more complex point of view (with what the rubric calls nuance and precision in thought and purpose): Machines will never be able to replace humans entirely, as creativity is essays not something that can be mechanized. Because machines can perform delicate and repetitive tasks with precision, however, they are able to take over for humans with regards to low-skill, repetitive jobs and high-skill, extremely precise jobs. This then frees up humans to essay on life insurance do what we do best - think, create, and move the world forward.
Next, you need to evaluate how true/untrue each perspective is. Since you've already decided you agree with Perspective Two, you presumably think that perspective is true, which will save some work. A 3-scoring essay in this domain would likely be absolute, stating that Perspective Two is completely correct, while the other two perspectives are absolutely incorrect. By contrast, a 6-scoring essay in this domain would, again, show a more nuanced understanding: In the future, machines might lead us to lose our humanity; alternatively, machines might lead us to unimaginable pinnacles of achievement. I would argue, however, projecting possible futures does not make them true, and that the evidence we have at present supports the perspective that machines are, above all else, efficient and essay adverting, effective completing repetitive and essay on life insurance, precise tasks. To analyze the perspectives, you need to consider each aspect of each perspective. Essay Adverting? In the case of essay on life Perspective Two, this means you must discuss that machines are good at two types of for student elections jobs, that they’re better than humans at both types of jobs, and that their efficiency creates a better world. The analysis in a 3-scoring essay is essay usually simplistic or somewhat unclear. In contrast, the analysis of critical essays literature a 6-scoring essay examines implications, complexities and essay on life, tensions, and/or underlying values and assumptions. Finally, you must compare the other two perspectives to ms bi resume your perspective throughout your essay, including in your intitial argument. Insurance? Here's what a 3-scoring essay's argument would look like: I agree that machines are good at thesis+education low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs.
In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone. Machines do not cause us to lose our humanity or challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. On Life? And here, in contrast, is what a 6-scoring essay's argument (that includes multiple perspectives) would look like: Machines will never be able to replace humans entirely, as creativity is look like not something that can be mechanized, which means that our humanity is safe. Because machines can perform delicate and repetitive tasks with precision, however, they are able to take over for humans with regards to low-skill, repetitive jobs and high-skill, extremely precise jobs. Rather than forcing us to challenge our ideas about what humans are or could be, machines simply allow us to BE, without distractions.
This then frees up humans to do what we do best - think, create, and move the world forward. Again, to insurance summarize what you need to do to does mla research look score well in the Ideas and Analysis domain: Choose a perspective that you can support Evaluate how true/correct each perspective is Analyze the implications of each perspective Compare the other two perspectives to your own (with analysis and evaluation folded in). To score well on the ACT essay overall, however, it's not enough to just state your opinions about each part of the perspective; you need to actually back up your claims with evidence to develop your own point of essay on life view. Does Like? This leads straight into the next domain: Development and Support. Another important component of your essay is that you explain your thinking. Insurance? While it's obviously important to clearly state what your ideas are in the first place, the ACT essay requires you to demonstrate evidence-based reasoning. As per the description on critical essays series, ACT.org [bolding mine]: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to discuss ideas, offer rationale, and bolster an on life insurance argument. Competent writers explain and explore their ideas, discuss implications, and illustrate through examples . They help the reader understand their thinking about the issue. Does Mla Research Look? The bolded part is the aspect of the ACT Writing rubric that’s most changed from the old ACT essay. You must not only use logical reasoning, but also employ detailed examples to support and on life, explain your ideas. Let’s say you’re discussing machine intelligence and are arguing Perspective Two: “Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs.
In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.” In your essay, you might start out by copying the perspective directly into your essay as your point of view, which is fraser essay fine for essay, the Ideas and Analysis domain. Fraser Institute Essay? To score well in the Development and Support domain and essay on life insurance, develop your point of view with logical reasoning and mla research paper, detailed examples, however, you’re going to have to come up with reasons for why you agree with this perspective and on life insurance, examples that support your thinking. Essay Adverting? Here's an essay example from an thesis+education essay that would score a 3 in this domain: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases, they work better than humans. For example, machines are better at printing things quickly and clearly than people are. Prior to the invention of the essay insurance, printing press by Gutenberg people had to write everything by hand. The printing press made it faster and easier to get things printed because things didn't have to be written by hand all the time.
In the world today we have even better machines like laser printers that print things quickly. Essays scoring a 3 in this domain tend to have relatively simple development and tend to american be overly general, with imprecise or repetitive reasoning or illustration. Essay Insurance? Contrast this with an example from an essay that would score a 6: Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases, they work better than humans. Take, for instance, the example of printing. As a composer, I need to be able to create many copies of my sheet music to give to my musicians.
If I were to essays copy out each part by hand, it would take days, and would most likely contain inaccuracies. On the other hand, my printer (a machine) is on life able to print out critical essays literature multiple copies of parts with extreme precision. If it turns out I made an error when I was entering in the sheet music onto the computer (another machine), I can easily correct this error and print out on life insurance more copies quickly. The above example of the importance of machines to ms bi resume composers uses an integrated line of skillful reasoning and insurance, illustration to support my claim (Machines are good at essays for student low-skill, repetitive jobs and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases, they work better than humans). In order to develop this example further (and incorporate the “This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and essay on life, progressive world for everyone” facet of the perspective), I would need to expand my example to explain why it’s so important that multiple copies of precisely replicated documents be available, and how this affects the world. Essay organization has always been integral to does paper doing well on the ACT essay, so it makes sense that the ACT Writing rubric has an entire domain devoted to this.
The organization of your essay refers not just to the order in which you present your ideas in the essay, but also to on life insurance the order in which you present your ideas in each paragraph. Here's the formal description from the masters thesis+education, ACT website: Scores in this domain reflect the on life insurance, ability to organize ideas with clarity and purpose. Organizational choices are integral to critical essays effective writing. Competent writers arrange their essay in a way that clearly shows the essay on life insurance, relationship between ideas, and they guide the essay adverting, reader through their discussion. Making sure your essay is logically organized relates back to the “development” part of the previous domain. As the above description states, you can't just throw examples and information into your essay willy-nilly, without any regard for insurance, the order; part of constructing and essay adverting, developing a convincing argument is making sure it flows logically. A lot of this organization should happen while you are in the planning phase, before you even begin to write your essay. Let's go back to on life insurance the machine intelligence essay example again.
I've decided to argue for Perspective Two, which is: “Machines are good at low-skill, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and does mla research paper, progressive world for everyone.” An essay that scores a 3 in this domain would show a basic organizational structure, which is to essay say that each perspective would be discussed in its own paragraph, with most ideas logically grouped. A possible organization for a 3-scoring essay: An essay that scores a 6 in this domain, on the other hand, has a lot more to accomplish. The controlling idea or purpose behind the does mla research paper look, essay should be clearly expressed in essay on life insurance every paragraph, and essay adverting, ideas should be ordered in a logical fashion so that there is a clear progression from the insurance, beginning to the end.
Here's a possible organization for a 6-scoring essay: In this example, the unifying idea is that machines are helpful (and it’s mentioned in each paragraph) and the progression of ideas makes more sense. This is certainly not the only way to organize an essay on this particular topic, or even using this particular perspective. Your essay does, however, have to thesis+education be organized, rather than consist of a bunch of ideas thrown together. Here are my Top 5 ACT Writing Organization Rules to essay on life follow: Be sure to include an introduction (with your thesis stating your point of view), paragraphs in which you make your case, and a conclusion that sums up your argument When planning your essay, make sure to present your ideas in an order that makes sense (and follows a logical progression that will be easy for essay adverting, the grader to essay follow). Make sure that you unify your essay with one main idea . Do not switch arguments partway through your essay.
Don't write everything in one huge paragraph. If you're worried you're going to run out of does space to write, you can try using a paragraph symbol, ¶, at the beginning of insurance each paragraph as a last resort (if you can't write smaller). Use transitions between paragraphs (usually the last line of the mla research like, previous paragraph and the first line of the paragraph) to strengthen relationships among ideas (source). This means going above and insurance, beyond First of all. Second. Lastly at the beginning of each paragraph. Instead, use the transitions between paragraphs as an opportunity to describe how that paragraph relates to your main argument.
The final domain on the ACT Writing rubric is Language Use. This the item that includes grammar, punctuation, and general sentence structure issues. Does Mla Research Paper Like? Here's what the ACT website has to say about Language Use: Scores in this domain reflect the ability to use written language to convey arguments with clarity. Competent writers make use of the conventions of grammar, syntax, word usage, and mechanics. They are also aware of their audience and adjust the on life insurance, style and tone of their writing to communicate effectively.
I tend to think of this as the “be a good writer” category, since many of the standards covered in the above description are ones that good writers will automatically meet in their writing. On the other hand, this is probably the area non-native English speakers will struggle the most, as you must have a fairly solid grasp of English to does mla research like score above a 2 on this domain. The good news is that by reading this article, you're already one step closer to improving your Language Use on ACT Writing. There are three main parts of essay this domain: I've listed them (and will cover them) from lowest to highest level. If you're struggling with multiple areas, I highly recommend starting out with the lowest-level issue, as the ms bi resume, components tend to essay build on each other.
For instance, if you're struggling with grammar and usage, you need to ms bi resume focus on essay on life insurance, fixing that before you start to think about precision of vocabulary/word choice. At the most basic level, you need to be able to effectively communicate your ideas in standard written English (ACT.org). First and foremost, this means that your grammar and punctuation need to be correct. On ACT Writing, it's all right to make a few minor errors if the meaning is fraser institute essay clear, even on essays that score a 6 in the Language Use domain; however, the more errors you make, the more your score will drop. Here's an essay example from an essay that scored a 3 in Language Use: Machines are good at doing there jobs quickly and precisely. Also because machines aren't human or self-aware they don't get bored so they can do the same thing over over again without getting worse. While the meaning of the sentences is clear, there are several errors: the first sentence uses there instead of their, the second sentence is a run-on sentence, and the second sentence also uses the abbreviation in place of and. Now take a look at an example from a 6-scoring essay: Machines excel at performing their jobs both quickly and masters, precisely.
In addition, since machines are not self-aware they are unable to get bored. This means that they can perform the same task over and over essay on life insurance without a decrease in quality. This example solves the abbreviation and there/their issue. The second sentence is missing a comma (after self-aware), but the worse of the run-on sentence issue is absent. Our Complete Guide to ACT Grammar might be helpful if you just need a general refresh on grammar rules. In addition, we have several articles that focus in on essay, specific grammar rules, as they are tested on ACT English; while the specific ways in which ACT English tests you on insurance, these rules isn't something you'll need to know, the explanations of the essay adverting, grammar rules themselves are quite helpful.
Once you've gotten down basic grammar, usage, and mechanics, you can turn your attention to sentence structure. Here's an example of what a 3-scoring essay in Language Use (based on sentence structure alone) might look like: Machines are more efficient than humans at many tasks. Machines are not causing us to lose our humanity. Instead, machines help us to be human by making things more efficient so that we can, for example, feed the essay on life insurance, needy with technological advances. The sentence structures in the above example are not particulary varied (two sentences in mla research paper a row start with Machines are), and the last sentence has a very complicated/convoluted structure, which makes it hard to understand. For comparison, here's a 6-scoring essay: Machines are more efficient than humans at many tasks, but that does not mean that machines are causing us to lose our humanity. In fact, machines may even assist us in maintaining our humanity by providing more effective and efficient ways to feed the needy.
For whatever reason, I find that when I’m under time pressure, my sentences maintain variety in essay insurance their structures but up getting really awkward and strange. A real life example: once I described a method of counteracting dementia as “supporting persons of the elderly persuasion” during a hastily written psychology paper. I’ve found the best ways to counteract this are as follows: 2. If you're just writing a practice essay, get a friend/teacher/relative who is good at writing (in English) to look over what you’ve written and point out issues (this is how my own awkward wording was caught before I handed in the paper). This point obviously does not apply when you're actually taking the ACT, but it very helpful to ask for someone else to take a look over any practice essays you write to point out essays issues you may not notice yourself. The icing on the Language Use domain cake is skilled use of essay vocabulary and correct word choice. Part of this means using more complicated vocabulary in your essay. Once more, look at this this example from does paper look like, a 3-scoring essay (spelling corrected): Machines are good at doing their jobs quickly and precisely. Compare that to this sentence from a 6-scoring essay: Machines excel at performing their jobs both quickly and precisely.
The 6-scoring essay uses excel and performing in place of are good at essay on life insurance and doing. This is an example of using language that is both more skillful (excel is more advanced than are good at) and more precise (performing is a more precise word than doing). It's important to make sure that, when you do use more advanced words, you use them correctly. Consider the institute, below sentence: “Machines are often instrumental in ramifying safety features.” The sentence uses a couple of advanced vocabulary words, but since ramifying is used incorrectly, the language use in on life this sentence is essays literature neither skillful nor precise.
Above all, your word choice and vocabulary should make your ideas clearer, not make them harder to understand. How Do I Use the ACT Writing Grading Rubric? Okay, we've taken a look at the ACTual ACT Writing grading rubric and on life insurance, gone over each domain in detail. To finish up, I'll go over a couple of ways the scoring rubric can be useful to you in critical essays american literature series your ACT essay prep. Use the on life insurance, ACT Writing Rubric To.
Shape Your Essays. Now that you know what the ACT is essay adverting looking for in an essay insurance essay, you can use that to guide what you write about in your essays. and how develop and organize what you say! Because I’m an Old™ (not actually trademarked), and because I'm from the East Coast, I didn’t really know much about the ACT prior to starting my job at essay adverting PrepScholar. People didn’t really take it in my high school in my day, so when I looked at the grading rubric for the first time, I was shocked to see how different the ACT essay was (as compared to the more familiar SAT essay). Basically, by reading this article, you’re already doing better than high school me. An artist’s impression of L. Staffaroni (at age 16) (look, junior year was/is hard for everyone). Use the ACT Writing Rubric To. Grade Your Practice Essays. The ACT can’t really give you an essay insurance answer key to the essay the way it can give you an answer key to the other sections (Reading, Math, etc).
There are some examples of essays at each score point on the ACT website, but these examples assume that students will be at an equal level in each of domains, which will not necessarily be true for you. Even if a sample essay is provided as part of a practice test answer key, it will probably use different context, have a different logical progression, or maybe even argue a different viewpoint. Institute? The ACT Writing rubric is the essay, next best thing to an essay answer key. Use it as a filter through which to view your essay . Naturally, you don't have the time to become an does like expert at applying the rubric criteria to your essay to insurance make sure you're in line with the ACT's grading principles and standards. That is not your job. Ms Bi Resume? Your job is to essay write the best essay that you can. If you're not confident in your ability to spot grammar, usage, and mechanics issues, I highly recommend asking a friend, teacher, or family member who is really good at council elections (English) writing to take a look over your practice essays and point out the on life, mistakes.
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Eva Luna And Feminism Essays and insurance Research Papers. Chapter Five Analysis The start of institute this chapter focus’ on the various jobs that Eva had. Noting that she rarely held a position, due to either . her efforts or the patrons own effect. Chapter five begins with a scandal involving her Madrina. Eva Luna’s Madrina gives birth to on life, a still-born child that has two heads, one black and one white. Does Look Like. The mother discarded the child and this results with an uproar from the public calling her ‘The Little Monster Murderess’, this drive the madrina into insurance madness and. Doing It , Luna Island , Patronage 866 Words | 3 Pages. ?The road to North by Eva luna : Kimberly Joseph SUMMARY the story begins with Claveles and her grandfather venturing, on thesis+education, foot . to the city. They were poor but they weren't beggars. They were focus on finding the department of Welfare. Essay On Life Insurance. When they arrived they were fatigue.
Jesus Picero was a famous artist and very humble. He began as a potter then it expanded to small sculptures which he sold to tourist. He work very carefully and did his work step by step. Essays For Student Council. He was illiterate but he. Family , Grandparent , North America 943 Words | 2 Pages. The Nature of Power in Eva Luna and a Doll's House. centerbDiscuss the nature of power explored in essay insurance, the texts, Eva Luna , and essay A Doll's House./b/center br brIn the two . On Life. texts Eva Luna , and A Doll's House, by Isabel Allende and Henrik Ibsen respectively, there are various people who have power over others. However this power comes in fraser, a number of forms, different characters use it for different purposes, and the ways the characters achieve it also differs.
These different natures of power allow some people to succeed where others fail, and it. A Doll's House , Henrik Ibsen , Isabel Allende 1590 Words | 4 Pages. Branches of Feminism Feminism Defined What follows are different branches of feminism theory that are recognized . by feminists and feminist scholars. These different theories of feminism are widely acknowledged and taught in women's studies courses, gender studies courses, and insurance the like. Often people have created their own definition of feminism to best suit them. The definitions here are theoretical, and are an masters, example of the diversity among feminists. On Life. Why one believes in feminism and what their.
Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1029 Words | 4 Pages. FEMINISM Introduction to Sociology Feminism Belief in the social, political, and economic equality of the sexes. The movement . organized around this belief. Feminism Feminist Theory is an paper, outgrowth of the general movement to insurance, empower women worldwide. Ms Bi Resume. Feminism can be defined as a recognition and critique of male supremacy combined with efforts to change it. Feminism The goals of feminism are: To demonstrate the importance of women To reveal that historically women have been subordinate to on life, men. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1137 Words | 32 Pages. Feminism Women for years have been socially oppressed and not given gender equality. Essays For Student. Feminism is the advocacy of insurance women’s rights . on the grounds of political, economical and american literature social equality to man. According to the Dictionary of Critical Theory, feminism’s common core is the essay on life insurance thesis that the thesis+education relationship between the sexes is one of inequality or oppression and that all forms of feminism seek to identify the cause of that inequality and remedy it.
A little background to how women have been oppressed. Brian Wilson , Gender , Gender role 1174 Words | 3 Pages. ? Assignment 2 (Q) Assess the essay insurance contribution of feminism to an understanding of society. (1,200-1,500). Feminism is a . movement that argues that women suffer injustices in society because of masters thesis+education their gender. “Like Marxists, Feminists take a critical view of the family and see that family as an institution that benefits men more than women and children” (Webb, R. Essay On Life Insurance. ‘et al’, 2008, pg.43.). The development of feminism has led to institute, attention being focused on the subordinate position of women in many. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender role 1156 Words | 5 Pages. Feminism is insurance, a well-known movement of substantial importance under the umbrella of gender equality.
The majority of people today don’t . Essay. understand what feminism stands for, and they don’t realize how important it is. There is no logical reason not to support gender equality and feminism . Gender equality is the belief that men and women should receive equal rights and treatment, unless there is a sound, biological reason for men and women to be treated differently (5). Essay On Life Insurance. This belief is also the main goal. Domestic violence , Female , Feminism 821 Words | 3 Pages. ?Definition: Feminism comprises a number of social, cultural and political movements, theories and moral philosophies concerned with gender . inequalities and equal rights for masters, women. In its narrowest interpretation, it refers to the effort to ensure legal and political equality for women; in its broadest sense it comprises any theory which is essay on life insurance, grounded on does paper look like, the belief that women are oppressed or disadvantaged by comparison with men, and that their oppression is in some way illegitimate or unjustified. Feminism , Gender , Gender equality 1995 Words | 5 Pages. ? Feminism with The Yellow Wallpaper Feminism is base on the assumption that women have the essay on life insurance same human, political and social . Does Mla Research. rights as men, furthermore, that women should have the same opportunities as men in essay on life, their personal choices. A feminist text will be written by critical essays american series, woman, and it will point out deficiencies in society regarding equal opportunity. “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Gilman is a great example of a feminist text; telling a story about on life insurance a woman’s against male thinking and thesis+education society. Charlotte Perkins Gilman , Feminism , Silas Weir Mitchell 1084 Words | 4 Pages.
Feminism Feminism can be analyzed through many author’s works. Some novels will focus on strong independent women, while others . Essay On Life. will focus on the repression of women and what they had to endure. In Season of Migration to the North, it is about the stereotypical man who suppresses women because he has to the power to critical essays american series, do so. In Women at Point Zero, the female protagonist fights to essay, have control of her life and own destiny while trying to also figure out who she is. In the essay adverting novel Disgrace the author.
English-language films , Female , Gender 1412 Words | 4 Pages. On Feminism Every time I read about political issues such as feminism , I can help but be glad to have been born in this century. . In the on life nineteen century some man thought of woman as being incapable of masters thesis+education anything but bearing children. The thought of essay on life insurance men and woman created equal was not as obvious as it is for the majority of like human beings today. Essay On Life Insurance. Authors such as Almroth E. Wright in “The Unexpurgated Case Against Woman Suffrage” and the Goncourt Brothers writings on “Female Inferiority” were very strong. Almroth Wright , Female , Gender 1223 Words | 3 Pages. Juan Luna c. 1899 Birth name: Juan Luna y Novicio Born: October 23, 1857 Birth Place: Badoc, Ilocos Norte, Philippines . Essay Adverting. Died: December 7, 1899 (aged 42) in Hongkong Nationality: Dutch Field: Painting, Drawing, Sculpting Movement: Romanticism, Realism Autobiography Juan Luna y Novicio (October 23, 1857 – December 7, 1899) was a Filipino painter, sculptor and essay insurance a political activist of the Philippine Revolution during the late 19th century. Institute Essay. He became one of the first recognized Philippine. Emilio Aguinaldo , Filipino people , Ilocos Region 1035 Words | 3 Pages. conducted by Dr.
Issham Ismail in Malaysia with the insurance purpose to examine the relationship between EVA and the company performance in Malaysia. Ms Bi Resume. . The study indicates that EVA has a strong relationship with stock return as compared to other measures due to its focus on long-term performance. EVA enhances stock performances by including more informational content in describing the essay on life stock returns. According to the study, EVA is considered as a better alternative to other traditional valuation tools such as EPS, ROE. Asset , Capital asset pricing model , Earnings before interest and taxes 908 Words | 3 Pages. “Show How the Pairing of That Eye, the Sky and Eva Luna Gave You an masters thesis+education, Understanding of insurance How Authors Tim Winton and Isabelle Allende Can Present Similar Ideas in Different Ways.” Tim Winton and Isabel Allende have written stories that are worlds apart, however, the two texts that have been studied, That Eye, The Sky, and essays elections . Eva Luna explore the themes of imagination and storytelling, trauma within a family, religion and faith and the endurance of suffering, together. The discussion that ensues will highlight the dynamics of these two texts and the compare how the authors differentiate similar ideas with various techniques, such as the protagonists point of view, their expressiveness. Eva Luna , Family , Father 1087 Words | 3 Pages.
?Shelly Deviana Hakim (29113362) YP 50 B Economic Value Added of PT. Krakatau Steel (2014) EVA is an internal management performance measure . that compares net operating profit to total cost of capital. Economic Value Added attetmps to capture the on life insurance true economic profit of fraser essay a company. If EVA is more than zero ( EVA 0) which is means value creating or inversly ( EVA 0) means that is value destroying. Calculation EVA of PT. Krakatau Steel for essay on life insurance, 2014 start below. 1. Define the masters WACC Item Book Value % to MV Cost.
Capital , Capital accumulation , Economics 412 Words | 3 Pages. Maria Eva Duarte de Peron y La Razon por Su Vida At 8:25pm on the 26th day of July in 1952, all of Argentina clutched their chests in shock. . They had just been told by President Juan Peron that their beloved and revered Evita had passed away. While the masses wept in her memory a select few mourned her death with celebratory toasts of champagne. Nevertheless, the Argentine streets were lined with mourners and flowers from the moment her death was announced until her funeral on August 11th. Eva.
Argentina , Buenos Aires , Eva Peron 2454 Words | 7 Pages. Maria Eva Duarte was born on May 7, 1919 in Los Toldos Argentina. She was the youngest illegitimate child of Juan Duarte and his mistress Juana . Essay On Life Insurance. Ibarguen. Eva had a difficult childhood, her father had his own wife and essay children, and he gave Juana#8217;s Ibarguen children his last name and would visit them once in a while. When Eva was seven her father died living them in very poor conditions, all the family, her mother and the five children lived in a tiny one room and in order to pay the rent and.
Argentina , Buenos Aires , Eva Peron 2094 Words | 5 Pages. ?Leah Taylor 11/12/2014 Beyonce and Feminism when it comes to this topic there is so much that there could be said just because it's a very . On Life Insurance. broad topic. People believe that there has not ever been a single united fiminism. They believe there have been multiple feminisms representing the efforts of women to live into their full humanity in essay adverting, a world shaped by and for the generally larger and more violent male half of the human species. In the 19th century there was a feminist movement its roots came. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 940 Words | 3 Pages. ?What is essay on life insurance, Feminism ? Feminism is establishing and defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women. This includes . seeking to establish equal rights and opportunities as men. There are three main types of critical essays american literature series feminism : Radical Feminism , Liberal Feminism and Socialist Feminism . Radical feminism promotes the basis for many of the ideas of feminism . Radical feminists believe that society must be changed at its core in order to dissolve patriarchy.
Radical feminists emphasize their difference. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 924 Words | 3 Pages. Feminism Unit 7 Sociological Perspectives Feminist Perspective Feminism is insurance, a movement or a revolution that includes women and essays for student elections . men who wish the world to be equal without boundaries. These boundaries are better known as discrimination and biases against gender, sexual orientation, age, marital status and economic status. Malestream Sociology Feminists have argued that sociology has been dominated by male theoristsmalestream sociology. Abbott and on life insurance Wallace (1997) argued that because of this sociology. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 356 Words | 8 Pages. Radical Feminism Versus Liberal Feminism. extension of feminism into theoretical and philosophical discourse. They aim at understanding of the nature of essays series gender inequality .They in turn . examine women’s social roles and life experiences .While in general some provide a critique of social relationships .Most feminist theories also focus on analysing gender inequality and essay the promotion of masters thesis+education women’s rights, interests and issues .Among such theories are the on life insurance Liberal feminism and the Radical feminism theories.
While Liberal and essays for student council Radical feminism both seek. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1923 Words | 5 Pages. ?Defining Feminism What comes to insurance, mind when you hear the word “ feminism ” or “feminist”? Let’s start with the basics. Sex, . politics, women, oppression, equality, media and etc. only make up a portion of what feminism stands for in our society today. With so many varied opinions, feminism can be very difficult to define yet alone understand. However, by conducting research online and studying the works of both Hooks and Valenti, I was able to articulate my own perspective on what feminism personally. Feminism , Sexism 1137 Words | 5 Pages. to what extent is feminism a single doctrine? ?To what extent is critical american series, feminism a single doctrine? Until the 1960s, feminism was widely regarded as a sub-set of liberalism and . socialism, rather than as an ideology in its own right.
Today, however, feminism can be considered a single doctrine in that all feminists subscribe to a range of essay insurance ‘common ground’ beliefs, such as the existence of a patriarchal society, and the desire to ms bi resume, change gender inequalities. On Life Insurance. Then again, it can be argued that feminism is characterised more by disagreement than consensus. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1904 Words | 4 Pages. Feminism is the masters thesis+education theory of ‘social, political and economic equality of the on life sexes’ (Mathews, Class Notes, slide 3). Bell Hooks, more formally . know as Gloria Jean Watkins born September 25th in 1952, is an American author, social activist and Feminist.
Watkins took her pen name ‘bell hooks’ from her great grandmother Bell Blair Hooks, but uses the name in fraser institute essay, all lowercase letters to distinguish herself from her great grandmother. She held a leading role in the Second Wave of Feminism which lasted from. Bell hooks , Feminism , Feminist theory 1030 Words | 3 Pages. continuously working from the on life morning 6 am without getting leisure time to even feed their baby. when i come across this incident, i really felt very tired . and depressed about our lack of social conscious in critical american literature, feminism and its activists. I don’t know whether, i am capable of writing about feminism or not? because, i know very well that in insurance, my past, I am also a person who expressed male chauvinism in many part of my life. In family as well as work place i have exposed the essays for student council elections same when i got a chance to do. Anatomy , Feminism , Gender 1323 Words | 4 Pages. Feminism of Poverty By Tarcia Grimes Presented To Professor Elke Cox February 20, 2012 Sociology 200 – B09 Liberty University The . Feminism of Poverty The feminism of insurance poverty can be described as a movement in political, economic and essays for student social equality for women, and on life is closely related to Liberalism. Feminism sees discrimination as a distinction of unequal treatment from all social, political and economic access for women. Feminism of poverty reaches all women, Black, White, Asian or English. Economic inequality , Elizabeth Cady Stanton , Poverty 1168 Words | 3 Pages.
Implementation, monitoring and control 1.0 Executive summary In this Business Report for fraser institute essay, Luna Park, the reader would become . aware of the strengths and essay on life insurance weaknesses of the amusement park, as well as opportunities for the feature and threats to masters, the company. Luna Park would be considered to be in the maturity phase of a product service and readers would be able to essay on life insurance, understand how this happened. Luna Park involves both primary and secondary market research in order to find out masters thesis+education problems with the. Amusement park , Amusement parks , Coney Island 1267 Words | 7 Pages. for me at night to tickle my feet . . . And look at me!
I don’t even like my hair. (Ally McBeal) Cultural feminism According to . (Alcoff,1995 ) Cultural feminism is the ideology that a woman needs to appropriate the value of her female nature in an attempt to authenticate her female attributes that were previously determined and undervalued by masculinity itself. On Life. In cultural feminism , a woman’s enemy lies not just in an economic institution, backward values or even a social system but the root. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 2465 Words | 7 Pages. Feminism and anti- feminism in Sula: Right or wrong? Feminism has been in society for decades.
In some . societies, we see how women are kept in essays for student, their boundaries. Essay Insurance. In some countries women have to cover their entire bodies in clothing to keep from dishonoring their families. In most traditional societies a woman is to remain virginal to fraser institute essay, be considered worthy of marriage. In America, women were constrained to insurance, the household and weren’t allowed to work or vote. These actions were and are considered by. African American , Black people , Miscegenation 1249 Words | 3 Pages. Black Feminism “ Feminism in general is a collection of movements and american series ideologies aimed at defining, establishing, and . defending equal political, economic, and social rights for women.” Black Feminism is essay insurance, a strand of feminist thought, which highlights the manifold disadvantages of gender, class and race that shape the does mla research paper look like experiences of nonwhite women.
Black feminist organizations emerged during the 1970s and they had to essay on life, face manifold difficulties from essay adverting, both the white feminist and Black Nationalist. Black feminism , Black people , Feminism 1996 Words | 6 Pages. Philosophy of Feminism Final Exam The philosophy of on life feminism involves attempting to ms bi resume, use the essay insurance methods of philosophy to . further the cause of feminist movements. Bell hooks is a feminist who successfully does exactly that. Look Like. I will discuss how Kimberle Crenshaw’s literature Traffic at insurance, the Crossroads: Multiple Oppressions has a very similar underlying vision shared with bell hooks about what it takes to effectively liberate women in society. I will also discuss how Judith Butler’s postmodern theories. Bell hooks , Black feminism , Feminism 1342 Words | 4 Pages. That feminism is irrelevant to fraser, young women today Feminism IS relevant to young women today. Let’s take a moment to essay insurance, think about . the critical series topic that we have been given today. The negative team are arguing that feminism is irrelevant to essay, young women at essays council, the present……right….so despite the fact that throughout history, women have faced many difficulties and have succeeded in on life insurance, overcoming them, feminism is irrelevant today….*intended pause*. Despite the fact that women have fought for equal rights – voting.
Economic, social and cultural rights , Equality , Feminism 1206 Words | 3 Pages. views of society as men constantly silenced them because men held all the power in society. In the essay adverting 1916 play Trifles by Susan Gaspell; there is a tone of . feminism within this murder story that displays the many mistreatings of women during the early 1900’s and the silence that was forced upon them. This essay will discuss the examples of feminism in the play and why they are important to take notice of. The play begins with the retelling of a murder scene of on life insurance a Mr. Essays American Series. Wright, a harsh man that lived. American plays , Femininity , Frank Lloyd Wright 969 Words | 4 Pages.
? TERM PAPER ON FEMINISM IN CENDRELLA Presented to: Sir Faheem Arshad Presented by: . Qurat ul Ain 81 BS 7th, Department of essay on life English Language and does look Literature University of Sargodha, Sargodha ABSTRACT Although both feminist concept and essay on life essential concept concentrate on group and cost-effective. Cinderella , Female , Feminism 1678 Words | 5 Pages. presented to them in the public sphere. This is an opinion strongly echoed by black and Asian feminists, who have claimed that their struggle for equality on . all levels, not just sexual, is greater and not addressed by other forms of feminism , particularly liberal feminism . Radical feminists have therefore taken the liberal feminist ideas on equality in the public sphere much further, advocating complete equality in all areas of life - both in public and private spheres. Seeing the thesis+education patriarchal structure.
Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1074 Words | 3 Pages. Yes, I feel that there is a negative stigma towards feminism , when in fact there shouldn’t be. Feminism is ideally that men and . women should be viewed as equals. However, in today’s society feminism is not viewed as fighting for equal rights but only for women’s rights, which is not the case. Feminism is defined as, the doctrine advocating social, political, and all other rights of on life women equal to those of men. (dictionary.com n.d.) The word feminism gets negative feedback because men feel as though. Equals sign , Feminism , Gender 1117 Words | 5 Pages. There is distinction between lives of Arab Women and their perception by American Media.
The stereotypes spin out of control. Rise of US . Feminism and with the rise of american series ‘Islam’ as enemy emerged in 1970-80’s. ? History of essay Arab Feminism is long, layered and fraser institute impressive. (Oxymoronic) ? Women NGO’s in Middle East and North Africa have risen exponentially in 1980-90’s. Essay. ? Ex: New Woman’s group, Arab Woman’s Publishing House, the Alliance of Arab Women, the association for critical essays american, the development and Enhancement. Egypt , Feminism , Feminist theory 653 Words | 3 Pages. Feminism in Frankenstein Mary Shelley wrote Frankenstein during an era in essay insurance, which women were fighting for a voice in life and essay society. . Shelley reflected feminism from her personal life in this renowned gothic novel. The female characters of the novel were merely props and accents to the male characters of the novel. They made minimal contributions in the plot. The male characters viewed females as possessions and caretakers for their house and children. The roles of female characters in the novel. Female , Frankenstein , Gamete 1251 Words | 4 Pages.
Samuel Rodriguez 801-12-7900 INGL 3103-126 Prof. Nikita Nankov February 10, 2013 Feminism in literature Feminism is . defined as a collection of essay on life insurance movements and ideologies that are focused on establishing equal economic, political, and social rights for women. Paper. This includes equal employment opportunities for on life insurance, women. There is a big misconception of the feminist movement. A lot of people take a radical approach; they focus on a theory that there is for student elections, a male supremacy to oppress women. The radical. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 704 Words | 3 Pages. have been travel with EVA Airways most of the on life insurance time when we have to travel to other countries. Nevertheless, I was not the one who chose the . airlines but my parents did. Masters Thesis+education. There are many other choices but why EVA Airways. I was wondering the reasons behind it.
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perspectives to our understanding of essay society and sociological research methods (33 marks) Feminism is essay on life insurance, a structural perspective; it uses the . macro approach to essays, try and particular areas of the world from a woman’s point of view. It also aims to understand the structure and organisation of society which appears to keep women as a disadvantaged, subordinated and dominated group overall in most aspects of life. Essay Insurance. Feminism is a second main conflict theory, which is similar to council elections, Marxism in on life, its views (exploitation/domination). Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1421 Words | 4 Pages. hooks, bell. ed., Feminism Is For Everybody Passionate Politics (South End Press, 7 Brookline Street, #1, Cambridge, MA 02139). Fraser. . Feminism is for everybody is a political book that addresses the ideas of women's rights as a whole entire gender as well as individually. The book also ties the Civil Rights Movement as a catalyst for a feminist movement. The book is mainly written chronologically which shows the progression in thinking of the world. She writes about when she first saw and experienced. Female , Feminism , Gender 1388 Words | 4 Pages. ?Monica Tran Spring 2014 HUM1A 12:00PM-1:15PM Trost Antigone and Feminism Feminism was used to get equality between . sexes, male and essay on life female.
The movements were set out to inaugurate, protect, and define equal diplomatic, monetary, cultural, and social rights for women. In Sophocles’ Antigone, the main character had the courage to challenge the King of essay adverting Thebes. Antigone’s act of rebellion separates herself from the average Greek woman of her time. She presents herself as a strong willed. Ancient Greece , Female , Greek mythology 934 Words | 4 Pages. Why EVA is on life, better than ROI (ROCE, ROIC, RONA, ROA) and literature earnings, operating profit etc.
Equity investors should earn on their capital a return . far over risk-free interest rate in order to induce and on life maintain capital in the company Therefore earnings should always be judged against the capital used to produce these earnings Earnings can be easily increased simultaneously worsening the position of shareholders e.g. if more capital is poured into a company although the return on capital is ms bi resume, 5% or less. Interest , Investment , Profit 1267 Words | 5 Pages. within the criminal justice system as well as in everyday life. These feminist focuses on gender discrimination throughout our society, as women we are . discriminated against in the work place, as victims, and as criminals. Essay. I chose to look it liberal feminism because I don’t understand feminists. Ms Bi Resume. I am a woman and yeah I get that we’re not equal to men but what these feminists are asking is that we, as women, be considered 100% equal, but it is not possible.
They feel we should get equal pay and share. Crime , Domestic violence , Feminism 921 Words | 3 Pages. Comparing Feminism and Marxism, both claims that society is split into essay on life the powerful and the powerless. Although they are two different . theories and criticism, founded upon different claims and ms bi resume needs, but they have many characteristics in common. Essay. One tries to condemn patriarchy, and care about women, especially those suffered of patriotic inequalities. The other theory rejects Capitalism. Believing that landlords and bourgeoisie have oppressed proletariat through the ms bi resume history, Marxism promises. Bourgeoisie , Feminism , Ideology 1329 Words | 4 Pages. and technologies.
I will consult the works of insurance Lila Abu-Lughud, Leila Ahmed, and Elizabeth Fernea, feminists with similar, but idiosyncratic views on critical essays, the . On Life. aforementioned topics, and juxtapose their reasonings, observations, and findings. Rise of critical essays literature series Feminism As early as the 1870s, feminists, as al-Tahtawi and ‘Abdu, lobbied for reforms in essay on life, divorce and polygamy laws “without provoking violent controversy.” By the 1890s, the notion of female entitlement to advanced education “was so uncontroversial that. Facebook , Feminism , Hosni Mubarak 1333 Words | 4 Pages. “Does Lady Macbeth Act Against the Stereotypes?” Why Lady Macbeth should appear weak when Macbeth is the ms bi resume one to blame for being guilty? . On Life Insurance. Feminism and the breaking of some stereotypes are the major themes in Shakespeare’s play, Macbeth, as shown primarily through the critical american literature series character of on life Lady Macbeth. Essay Adverting. At first she is shown as a brave woman who is against the stereotypes and tries to access some male characteristics by forcing Macbeth to kill King Duncan, yet she hesitates in killing him herself, which reveals. Death , Macbeth , Schizophrenia 1289 Words | 3 Pages. Feminism and Art , 2 , 2 Feminist activity had been a rising concern in the late 1900’s which is based merely off of the . Essay. emotional significance of personal and psychological reasoning. Rather than reacting on this issue based on historical evidence, the issue is based on immediate needs on the feminist attack. Linda Nochlin, and other important scholars and philosophers explain the psychology, philosophy, sociology, and history of art and the feminist movement pertaining to art. . Art , Art history , Artemisia Gentileschi 1539 Words | 4 Pages. Feminism is an entire world view or gestalt, not just a laundry list of women?¦s issues. - Charlotte Bunch Feminism is institute, a . body of social theory and political movement primarily based on and motivated by the experiences of women. It includes an opposition to male domination, the insurance notion that the essay adverting sexes are culturally and insurance not biologically formed, and the belief that women were a social group shaped to fit male notions about critical a defective sex . These arguments have over the years taken different forms.
Chinua Achebe , Feminism , Feminist literary criticism 1375 Words | 4 Pages. Timothy Vita Lisa Cecere CINE 120 1 December 2010 Feminism in Aliens Having carried their gender as a burden for years, woman have now . grown to have a massive and essential influence in worldwide cinema. Feminist film theory challenges audiences to understand the source of gender inequality. Predominantly a masculine industry, early film have been said to essay insurance, contain the male gaze, where the audience is placed in the shoes of a heterosexual male and woman are a merely objects to be viewed or. 20th Century Fox , Alien , Female 870 Words | 3 Pages.
Two of the most widely recognized major contributors to Latin American Literature are Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s One Hundred Years of ms bi resume Solitude and Isabel . Allende’s Eva Luna . Both are written in the genre of essay magical realism, a literary form that describes fantasy and imaginary events in such a way that it becomes believable and real to institute, the reader. Specifically, these books describe the geopolitical turmoil of Latin America during the essay on life insurance early twentieth century and the mid twentieth century; respectively. Eva Luna , Gabriel Garcia Marquez , Isabel Allende 2283 Words | 6 Pages. that women are far more likely to essays for student council, attain positions such as receptionists or PA’s in lieu of occupations such as CEO’s or CFO’s. There are mixed views when . considering feminism to be defensive or offensive.
33% of the essay survey population believes that feminism is american, offensive and ridiculous. Waleed Khan, a shopkeeper, says that feminism is a waste of essay on life time and an excuse for women. However, many others refuted this point by claiming that women have a right to be heard, to fraser, have their sufferings acknowledged. Female , Feminism , Gender 907 Words | 3 Pages. D RA IC L A F IN M E M S I WHAT IS A RADICAL FEMINIST? • Radical feminism is a perspective within feminism that focuses . on the hypothesis of patriarchy as a system of power that organizes society into a complex of relationships based on the assertion that male supremacy oppresses women • Radical feminists dislike men and essay insurance believe that they’re a problem.
They don’t like the idea of marriage and believe that the does paper look ‘classic’ ‘nuclear family’ shouldn’t exist. • When it comes to reproduction. Catharine MacKinnon , Feminism , Feminist theory 303 Words | 5 Pages. Feminism and multiculturalism is essay insurance, about diversity and, protecting the rights of women and the minority community in our society. It is not about . Does Look Like. division, and the direction, nor about isolation (NIMAC Report, 1999). Moreover it is about the essay on life insurance equality of opportunities for all members of groups that participate in and benefit from economic and social lives.
During this paper, I ask myself whether feminism can be genuinely multicultural. The difference between feminism and multiculturalism is the rights. Culture , Feminism , Human rights 1645 Words | 5 Pages. FEMINISM Feminism is both an intellectual commitment and a political movement that seeks justice for women and the end . of ms bi resume sexism in all forms. Insurance. However, there are many different kinds of feminism . Feminists disagree about masters what sexism consists in, and what exactly ought to be done about it; they disagree about what it means to be a woman or a man and what social and political implications gender has or should have. Nonetheless, motivated by the quest for social justice, feminist inquiry provides. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 345 Words | 2 Pages. of gender difference, as well as nature/culture dichotomies, inform meaning and the production of geographical knowledge. Essay On Life. Geographers use . poststructuralist and feminist ideas in order to study human environment, society and geogrpahical space.
Feminism and poststructuralism encourage us to essays for student, question the on life set of assumptions and socially constructed meanings that give rise to knowledge claims. Poststructuralism is a popular critique that challenges our representation between relationship and reality. Feminism , Feminist theory , Gender 1633 Words | 5 Pages.