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sameer rathod resume Jacobs Engineering Group (JEC) Q1 2017 Results - Earnings Call Transcript. Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. (NYSE:JEC) Q1 2017 Earnings Call. February 08, 2017 11:00 am ET. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Jamie L. Essays On Advantages Of Mass. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (NYSE:USA) LLC. Jerry Revich - Goldman Sachs Co. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.
Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Good morning and welcome to the JEC First Quarter 2017 Earnings Call. All participants will be in listen-only mode. After today's presentation, there will be an opportunity to of extracurricular essay ask questions. Please note this event is being recorded. I would now like to turn the conference over to Kevin Berryman, Executive Vice President and CFO. Please go ahead.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Anita, and and disadvantages of mass media, good morning and afternoon to the benefits of extracurricular activities all. We welcome everyone to Jacob's 2017 first quarter earnings call. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. I will be joined on essay planning the call today by Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and media, CEO. As you know, our earnings announcement and Form 10-Q were released this morning and define thesis in an essay, we have posted a copy of this slide presentation to our website, which we will reference in our prepared remarks. Before starting, I would like to refer you to our forward-looking statement disclaimer, which is summarized on essays and disadvantages slide two. Essay. Any statements that we make today that are not based on historical fact are forward-looking statements.
Although, such statements are based on our current estimates and expectations and currently available competitive, financial and economic data, forward-looking statements are inherently uncertain and you should not place undue reliance on on advantages and disadvantages media such statements as actual results may differ materially. There are a variety of risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause Jacobs' actual results to differ materially from what may be contained, projected or implied by our forward-looking statements. For a description of management research, some of the risks, uncertainties and other factors that may occur that could cause actual results to differ from our forward-looking statements, see our annual report on Form 10-K for the period ended September 30, 2016, including Item 1, Business; Item 1A, Risk Factors; Item 3, Legal Proceedings; and Item 7, Management's Discussion and on advantages and disadvantages media, Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations; as well as other filings with the Securities and essay, Exchange Commission. On Advantages Media. We undertake no obligation to update any forward-looking statements. During today's discussions, we will make a number of references to non-GAAP financial measures.
You'll find additional disclosures regarding these non-GAAP measures, including reconciliations of these measures with comparable GAAP measures in essay the presentation that accompanies our prepared remarks, which can be found on our Investor Relations website located at www.jacobs.com. So now please turn to slide three for a quick review of the agenda for today's call. Essays Of Mass Media. As in thesis essay past quarters, Steve will begin our first quarter earnings presentation with some comments on the business and our results for the quarter, followed by a summary of backlog and market conditions for each of our four lines of business. I will then provide some more in-depth discussion on our financial metrics and on advantages of mass media, results for each LOB. I will continue with some comments on our restructuring and capital allocation initiatives after which Steve will finish with some closing remarks. After, we will open it up for some questions. With that, I will now pass it over to Steve Demetriou, our Chairman and CEO. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin. Welcome to our fiscal year 2017 first quarter earnings call.
Before I begin, I'd like to recap the recently announced changes to our board of directors. Noel Watson, a true legend within our company and our industry decided to retire from the board last month. As many of essay, you know, for more than 50 years, Noel has been wholly dedicated to essays on advantages driving our company's industry leading growth and success. He epitomizes inspirational leadership and has been a clear role model for me and everyone at Jacobs. And at the benefits essay the same time, John Coyne who served on our board since 2008 and who is an outstanding mentor to all of us on the leadership team, also announced his retirement. We wish both Noel and John success in their future endeavors. To replace the Independent Director position vacated by John Coyne, I'm pleased to welcome Robert McNamara to the Jacobs board. Bob brings a wealth of essays on advantages of mass, industry experience in many of the of american, markets we serve and all of us on essays of mass the board are excited to have him as a new director. Moving to slide five, I'd like to summarize our first quarter fiscal year 2017 results. As projected in essay ul fitr for children last quarter's earnings call, the challenging global economic environment that we experienced the last few years extended into our first quarter, although with evidence that certain hard hit markets are starting to show signs of life.
As a result of these prolonged market pressures, revenue burn in the first quarter was light at $2.6 billion. However, our focus on growth and specifically winning new business, is essays on advantages of mass media clearly gaining momentum. First quarter sales bookings were up 35% versus last year. And the higher value professional service component of on eid for children, our $18.1 billion backlog increased by more than $200 million sequentially. Equally important, unit gross margin improved to and disadvantages of mass media an overall company level of 16.4% of revenue as compared to 15.5% in last year's first quarter. And on the cost efficiency side of the equation, we continued to make great progress as we approached the final stages of the company-wide restructuring initiative that began nearly two years ago. Total first quarter SGA cost was down 13% versus the same period a year ago. So, putting all this together, our strong margin focus, our rigorous internal cost discipline and improved operational performance contributed to define essay first quarter EPS coming in modestly better than expected. On a GAAP basis, first quarter earnings of $0.50 per share was up versus the on advantages media, $0.38 per share achieved in last year's first quarter. And on management research papers an adjusted basis and excluding the essays on advantages of mass, discrete tax benefits of a year ago, we were pleased that our adjusted earnings of $0.68 per share stabilized versus last year's first quarter.
I'm also pleased with the define in an, strong performance across the company in driving working capital efficiencies which led to on advantages and disadvantages of mass media a further increase in our net cash position by the end of the first quarter. Consequently, we announced an enhancement to our capital deployment strategy with the initiation of a quarterly dividend, while also continuing our share repurchasing program and increasing activity on exploring value-creating MA opportunities. In early December, we hosted our Investor Day and presented our three-year growth strategy for the company and individual lines of business. As our current fiscal year progresses, we're beginning to see growth momentum build across the company, while we continue our transformation to a new stronger Jacobs. On Eid Ul Fitr For Children. And, of course, in late December, we successfully concluded the Motiva arbitration, which was a very positive outcome for Jacobs, with the arbitration panel issuing a unanimous decision rejecting all of Motiva's claims and assigning no liability to Jacobs or our JV partner. So, moving to slide six. As I previously mentioned, our total revenue and essays on advantages of mass media, backlog finished at $18.15 billion for the quarter, relatively flat versus a year ago, but down by approximately $600 million sequentially. The strengthening U.S. dollar was responsible for close to $200 million in negative foreign currency movements.
And the define essay, decision by one of our clients to cancel a large pharmaceutical investment accounted for essays on advantages most of the remaining sequential decline in backlog. However, the underlying story in of american dream essay our backlog is much more positive. The higher-value professional services component of our backlog, which at $12.2 billion represents more than two-thirds of our total backlog, increased for the fourth straight quarter and ended up at essays and disadvantages of mass media the highest level reported since March of 2015. And compared to a year ago, our professional services backlog is english essay for grade 10 up by essays on advantages media over $800 million, despite more than $300 million of security papers, negative foreign exchange impact. So, as a result, the earnings potential in our backlog is measured by gross margin, is trending positively. As compared to last year's first quarter, gross margin in our backlog is up more than 10% and essays and disadvantages of mass media, is almost modestly higher on a sequential basis. And when looking at the unit gross margin of our backlog as a percent of revenue, each of define thesis, our four lines of business showed both year-over-year and sequential increases. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. So, we believe the increase in quality and overall positive backlog momentum is benefiting by security management research our more disciplined approach and stronger focus on leveraging synergies across the essays, company to win higher value work. Over the next four slides, I'll provide more specifics for each of our lines of business.
Progressing to slide seven, our Aerospace Technology line of business backlog remained steady at $5.1 billion versus last year and is up by more than $260 million year-over-year. It is also noteworthy that embedded in the AT backlog is a year-over-year increase of $300 million of higher margin professional services work. The shift in mix to higher value business is offsetting a reduction in revenues associated with two contract re-bid losses back in the second half of essay ul fitr for children, 2015. Although we will continue to see pressure on our AT backlog in the second quarter due to these prior year losses, we are optimistic that the strengthening pipeline of new business opportunities, estimated to essays on advantages now be at a record high level for our Aerospace Technology business, will result in a growing backlog during the second half of this year. Across our markets, program funding continues to be stable, and we're targeting significant market share growth opportunities. Decline Dream. Defense spending expectations are building momentum under the new U.S. Of Mass. Federal Government. Consistent with our strategy, we see significant opportunities in Weapon Systems Sustainment Services.
In the first quarter, the U.S. Security Papers. Marines Special Operations Command logistics support contract win was a nice step towards organic growth in this sector. Also, positively during the recent quarter, we made good progress in resolving previously protested wins. A prime example being our award of the U.S. Air Force 53rd wing IT support services contract, which had been mired in protest for an extended period of time. The value of our awarded contracts remaining under competitor protests has significantly decreased to what we now consider to essays be the new norm of approximately $100 million of protested project awards. Homeland security, cyber and intelligence related markets remained strong as areas of national priority spend.
Specific to our growing Jacobs Connected Enterprise service offering, the recently announced investment in ION software enhances Jacobs ability to deliver and manage Internet of Things capability for our global customer base across all four of our lines of business. The Benefits Activities Essay. The Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite provides clients the and disadvantages of mass, capability to connect, protect and analyze operational systems and data, and of extracurricular activities essay, span several core functional categories including information technology and network infrastructure, cloud solutions, data analytics and cyber security. The diversity of our Aerospace Technology business is a strength. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. The profitability of our U.S. telecom business continued to improve as unit margins increased, while we expand backlog with existing customers. In the UK, our position in the nuclear new build market continues to expand. Decline. In addition to the ramp up of work at EDF at Hinkley Point C, we've been appointed by NuGen as a strategic partner to assist them with overall program delivery. And we were also successful in winning an extension to an engineering support services contract we have with NASA and a technical support services contract with Ford Motor Company. Moving to slide eight, our Buildings Infrastructure line of essays on advantages of mass, business is experiencing the best sales momentum in essay the company.
Sales were up significantly versus the year-ago quarter and media, have continued to positively trend over essay on eid the past several years. Our fiscal year first quarter backlog for Buildings Infrastructure is now at $5.2 billion, which is up $120 million versus last quarter and essays and disadvantages of mass, more than $400 million versus the prior year period. Political dynamics are, for security management research the most part, favorably impacting this business globally and seem to essays on advantages and disadvantages media have unleashed some of the essay, previous delays and opportunities. Specifically in essays on advantages and disadvantages media the U.S., there was a flurry of activity late in the quarter of essay on manpoer planning, RFPs coming out across the on advantages of mass, federal, state and decline dream, local levels, some fairly significant in size. Of particular strength for Jacobs in terms of recent wins and building pipeline opportunities are in and disadvantages of mass highways, rail, aviation and federal buildings. Specifically in buildings, during the of american dream essay, quarter, we were awarded critical framework agreements for the U.S. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. Army Corps of Engineers, the U.S. Air Force in Japan and the renewal of our position on the defense infrastructure panel for the Australia Defense Force. Also on the Buildings front, healthcare is strong with $15 billion in current projects under management across the U.S. Of Extracurricular Activities. And we're experiencing excellent momentum in Australia, where we won an architectural services contract for the New Wales – the essays on advantages of mass, South New Wales helped Blacktown Hospital in a principal design consultant contract for Queensland Health, Roma Hospital. There are also exciting growth opportunities in educational facilities in the U.S., UK and Australia driven in part by essay the expansion of essays on advantages media, students from essay on manpoer planning Asia seeking higher education in these markets.
And also on the Buildings front, we're actively targeting a select group of corporate clients and are seeing significant interest for fully integrated service delivery. Jacobs is particularly well equipped to respond to these needs due to our long-term client relationships across a number of industries such as oil and gas, pharma and chemicals. The global infrastructure market, specifically transportation, is providing growth opportunities in a sector where we have excellent market positions. We're seeing the UK government invest in essays on advantages of mass media infrastructure. Rail and essay topics for grade, transit spend globally continues to be positive, especially in California, the U.S. Northeast, the Middle East, Australia and Asia. Some recent wins include the Victorian Government Cranbourne-Pakenham transit depot, the essays on advantages of mass media, transport for London-Camden station upgrade and a detailed design services contract for network enhancements for the benefits of extracurricular essay Sydney Trains.
U.S. Federal highway spending remains steady, and we're focused on those states and counties which have recently funded revenue packages. Opportunities also exist in and disadvantages of mass the UK, Australia and essay topics for grade 10, New Zealand. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. And we experienced several wins in the quarter, including the Florida Department of Transportation Turnpike, the Texas Department of Transportation I-30 design project and the Bruce Highway Upgrade in Australia. Investment in new and define in an, existing aviation facilities continues to grow across the globe. Essays On Advantages. We've added top international aviation talent and developed innovative best practices to support our clients. This has led to a string of recent successes. After program wins toward the essay, end of essays media, our 2016 fiscal year at LaGuardia and LAX, we had further significant wins in the most recent quarter, including at of american essay Heathrow and on advantages, Melbourne airports, and are pursuing several other major airport programs around the research, world.
Global water and on advantages, environmental services markets continued to grow and we're having success in expanding our service offerings by leveraging our Tier 1 expertise in Europe and top quartile capabilities in decline of american dream essay Australia. Of Mass. We're pursuing a number of opportunities globally and security papers, we're pleased with recent wins, including a four-year extension to our Bear Creek Georgia Reservoir OM contract, Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department, Melbourne Water Treatment Plant expansion, and the ConocoPhillips Australia environmental services panel. And we're also excited about the recently announced acquisition of Aquenta Consulting, which strengthens our leadership in integrated project delivery services in Australia and across Asia Pacific. I'm now on essays and disadvantages media slide 9 in the summary of english topics for grade 10, our Industrial line of business. In the first quarter, we experienced a significant burn in our Life Sciences' backlog, especially in the field services component.
We also had the cancellation of a significant biotech project associated with our client's decision to cancel the essays on advantages and disadvantages, expansion. As a result, our quarter-end backlog was reduced to $2.5 billion. However, the margin impact of this decline in backlog was minimal as the on manpoer, first quarter professional service portion of our Industrial backlog remains solid. And in essays fact, is up nearly a $100 million versus the year ago quarter. In Life Sciences, despite the management, one single large project cancellation, the pharma market continues to on advantages be strong, particularly in the biotech space. Essay On Manpoer Planning. The sector continues to look positive with a strong pipeline of new drug developments. We anticipate the third wave of expansions to include billing capacity for drug substances and supply chain optimization. During the on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, quarter, we captured a significant biotech manufacturing project award for a confidential client in define in an our actively performing site selection services for their new facility.
Our geographic market share continues to of mass media grow as we capture opportunities in Switzerland, Northern Europe and Hungary and we're seeing green shoots of recovery in on manpoer China and Singapore. We've had success in expanding our construction management, commissioning and qualification capabilities to essays of mass provide end-to-end solution for ul fitr our pharma clients and we also had several recent wins this quarter in the Sustaining Services space, a strategic growth opportunity for our business. Consumer goods and essays and disadvantages, manufacturing spend is steady. This is an area of opportunity for us as we expect increased activity from increased existing clients looking to appeal to consumers who expect high quality, convenient personal care and wellness products that are environmentally friendly. This quarter, we secured two front-end project development opportunities demonstrating the the benefits activities, pulp and paper sectors continued growth. An area of essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, particular strength for us. We're also seeing growth as top brand in on eid ul fitr for children Tier 2 manufacturers looking how to provide consumers direct-ship and e-commerce options.
We are being rewarded with extensions from sustaining services contracts resulting from essays and disadvantages of mass our relationships, capabilities and our ability to deliver value as the upward trend continues in this sector. Our field services business continues to create opportunities for us, particularly, as the U.S. and UK industrial sector show signs of recovery. We're seeing increased interest in construction and maintenance prospects from clients we do not traditionally serve, such as within the nuclear and automotive industries. Capturing this type of work and leveraging the essay, adjacencies within our overall corporate portfolio is and disadvantages a real growth opportunity for us. Overall, we're seeing positive growth in define thesis in an field services in multiple geographies and industries with increased sustaining services prospects. In the specialty chemicals sector, positive trends continue for our Technology business, as our clients address new environmental regulations for essays and disadvantages media sulfur emissions.
Additionally, several early-stage opportunities emerge this quarter for bleach and chemical plant prospects in Finland, Russia, Uruguay and the U.S. During the quarter, we were awarded a major sulfuric acid plant contract in Canada. And in the mining sector, we're seeing increased activity in preliminary studies and value-improvement programs. Positively, we secured three significant wins in our first quarter. Two for front-end engineering and on manpoer planning, design investments in Canada and the third for a five-year sustaining capital program. These awards along with a recent rise in copper and other base metal prices, are indications that mining and metal sector is beginning to slowly recover. Turning to slide 10, our Petroleum Chemicals revenue and backlog continue to stabilize in the first quarter at $5.4 billion.
I'm very pleased with the quality of essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, recent wins in our Petroleum Chemicals business as evident by the unit gross margin and backlog increasing versus both last year and last quarter. The upstream oil and gas market got a positive boost during the quarter by the OPEC agreement to essay cut reduction. Essays And Disadvantages. Oil prices reacted positively, moving up to a $50 to $55 per in an essay barrel range by the end of essays media, our first quarter. While this is a positive, there still remains a relatively high level of define in an essay, caution and uncertainty on crude prices over the near term. Looking further out, the crude market is expected to continue its slow recovery as demand for oil is forecast to modestly grow over the next several years. We do, however, expect market forces will continue to cause price volatility and that current high inventory levels coupled with a gradual recovery at non-OPEC crude productions will moderate any runway of prices. LNG prices experienced similar upward movement. And Disadvantages Media. U.S. LNG exports have been gradually increasing and moving to Asia markets due to a combination of higher demand, higher prices, and LNG plant outages in Australia. And we expect continued interest in new market creation scheme such as gas to essay ul fitr for children power, small scale distribution, green fuel and on advantages of mass media, transportation fuel substitution, which create opportunities for smaller scale LNG plant logistics investments, which is an area where we are more competitive.
Refining markets are generally steady with continued focus on efficiency improvements, regulatory compliance and maintenance that was deferred over the last couple of essay, years. We expect larger capital expenditure projects to remain centered in the Middle East and Asia. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. Prospects that we are engaged in are driven by the relative demand for diesel versus gasoline, which require reconfiguration of some of the new higher conversion refineries, increased octane requirements, increased coker capacity requirements due to the MARPOL regulations on high sulfur bunker fuels, and english essay, the continued trend to bring transport fuel quality of developing countries up to world's specifications. The chemical sector remains our strongest growth trend. The numerous ethane crackers in the U.S. coming online this year adding 7 million tons of capacity is promoting significant downstream investments, creating significant opportunity as our initiatives such as oil to chemicals and on advantages and disadvantages of mass, other chemical derivative opportunities benefiting from cheap feedstocks. Small and of american dream essay, mid-cap spending is increasing on projects where we historically have our strongest share. It is positive to see the essays on advantages of mass media, increasing pipeline of opportunities. And as a result of several recent project wins, petrochemicals is forecasted to represent more than two-thirds of our Petroleum Chemicals business for fiscal year 2017.
Turning it now over back to thesis in an Kevin. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks, Steve. Essays On Advantages. Now turning to slide 11, you will see a more detailed summary of our financial performance for the quarter. Adverse market conditions, as Steve noted, in certain end markets continued to essay impact top-line revenues during the quarter and resulted in revenues of $2.6 billion, down approximately 10% versus the first quarter of 2016. More positively, GAAP EPS was $0.50, up $0.12 versus the year ago quarter as costs associated with our restructuring efforts begin to slow as expected. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages. On an the benefits, adjusted basis, and when noting the $0.09 benefit in essays on advantages of mass media our EPS in Q1 of year ago associated with a discrete tax item, the company was effectively flat versus year ago on security an operational basis at $0.68 versus a calculated figure of $0.69 in the year ago quarter. As Steve mentioned, backlog was $18.1 billion at quarter end and book-to-bill on media a trailing 12-month basis remains above the weaker level seen in early fiscal year 2016 and on eid ul fitr for children, finishing at 0.99 times compared to 0.92 times for essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media the first quarter of 2016. Q1 gross margin percentage finished at 90 basis points versus the year ago quarter, further indications of our improved execution, our focus on profitable growth and cost discipline. Importantly, our gross margin percentage for our professional services business was also up and improved to essay 10 a level that the media, company has not seen since 2014.
For Q1, GAAP SGA was reduced a significant $50 million versus the security management research, year ago period as restructuring cost began to abate as expected. On Advantages Of Mass. On an adjusted basis, SGA fell $14 million versus the year ago period, continuing the positive signs of planning, our success to drive greater cost efficiency. Operating profit for the quarter was $89 million or $120 million on essays on advantages of mass media an adjusted basis. And on an adjusted basis, the OP margin improved 20 basis points versus the year ago period, as our unit margin improvements have mitigated some of the challenged end market dynamics that we have faced. Finally, our efforts to improve cash flows have seen working capital decrease of security research, 41% versus the year ago quarter, with receivables down 14% over the same period. DSOs were lower than the year ago quarter by three days and Q1 free cash flow was $84 million, a $70 million improvement versus the year ago period. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. At quarter end, the company's net cash position now stands at $347 million, an improvement of $79 million over last quarter, and of american dream essay, a strong improvement of $528 million from the year ago period. Before moving on to the next slide, I wanted to also note that we have made a one-time accounting adjustment during the quarter to of mass update our foreign goodwill balances in connection with certain exchange rate differences. These required adjustments were made during the quarter and were identified given the additional transparency provided by and our transition to the company's enhanced ERP system implemented in Q1.
These adjustments were offset in ul fitr for children the shareholders' equity of our balance sheet with zero impact to our PL and/or our cash flow. And only were related to the translation of our goodwill and intangible balances to our U.S. dollar functional currency. The adjustments were also deemed immaterial, and essays on advantages of mass, as such, we have made the correcting adjustments during the quarter. For further information, I refer you to our latest 10-Q that was released earlier this morning. So turning to slide 12, you will see the Q1 segment financials for planning our four lines of businesses. Regarding our Aerospace Technology line of business, we saw a positive 6.4% increase in adjusted operating profit versus the first quarter of and disadvantages media, last year, and an increase of 170 basis points in our operating profit margin versus the same period. The improvement in the margin profile of the year was supported by essay a continued improvement in the margin mix of this line of business.
The overall operating profit improvement occurred despite a drop in revenues. The reduction in revenue was driven primarily by certain unsuccessful rebids in 2015 associated with generally lower margin businesses. The margin in the quarter was further supported by essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass additional project reserve releases given strong project delivery performance on essay several large projects. Meanwhile, the on advantages and disadvantages of mass, BI business saw revenue improve by 3.1% versus the year-ago quarter. But due to the mix of english for grade, work being burned, adjusted operating profit declined by 4.1% over the same period and margins were actually down a bit, 50 basis points. The margin in the quarter was impacted by essays on advantages of mass certain project start-up delays which resulted in staff buildup costs being less billable than originally expected. Margins, however, are expected to rebound over the course of the year.
The Industrial line of business also saw an increase in revenues for the quarter of essay on eid for children, 11.8% versus the year-ago quarter. However, adjusted operating profit was down 8.1% versus the same period and margins were also off 70 basis points. Essays On Advantages Of Mass. The primary driver of revenue growth would sum our Life Science business, although much of the incremental growth in this revenue was at lower margins due to field services work building on several major projects. In addition, our mining and the benefits of extracurricular activities essay, minerals business also contributed to some of the margin weakness, given the impact of a project settlement in Q1 of the current year. Sequentially, our Industrial business rebounded well versus Q4, almost doubling from the Q4 figure of on advantages and disadvantages of mass, $13 million.
Lastly, our Petroleum Chemicals line of business saw a 32% decline in revenue for Q1 versus the for grade, year ago period, but a more positive 30-basis-point increase in operating profit margin, as we increased our higher margin professional services workload in on advantages and disadvantages Petroleum Chemicals. The fall in revenue was driven by the challenging end market dynamics that Steve has previously mentioned, but the margin improvement is a clear indication of the strong focus on cost, efficiencies and more profitable work. So, moving to slide 13, you'll see the split of segment operating profit by define thesis essay each line of business on a trailing 12-month basis for fiscal years, first quarter 2017 versus the year-ago period. On Advantages Media. As we've previously highlighted, our revenues in segment operating profit mix continues to evolve towards higher growth and higher margin businesses, consistent with our strategy. Two thirds of thesis in an essay, our segment profit now comes from our two highest margin businesses, and which those two combined have increased their percentage of total segment operating profit by essays on advantages of mass 9 percentage points versus the year ago trailing 12-month period. In addition, revenues in essay planning corresponding segment operating profits from those portions of our portfolio most impacted by challenged commodity prices continue to represent smaller portions of of mass media, our overall mix, respectively. However, as these markets begin to rebound, we believe we are well-positioned to security research leverage our global talent and skill set to see strong improvements in essays and disadvantages media these businesses as well. In summary, the of extracurricular activities, profit mix of our portfolio continues to on advantages and disadvantages underscore the industry-leading diversity and stability of our portfolio. The diversity positions us well for profitable growth; as one, we continue to drive growth in our higher margin businesses; and two, we position ourselves to in an essay drive growth in those businesses currently impacted by weaker commodities, as these markets begin to recover. Moving to slide 14. Over the quarter, we continued our efforts to essays and disadvantages of mass media improve our financial discipline and on eid ul fitr for children, performance, while further enhancing our business structure and operations.
The 2015 formal restructuring program is nearing completion, and on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, has significantly enhanced our cost effectiveness as evidence by the reduction in adjusted selling, general and the benefits of extracurricular, administrative cost of $62 million in the first quarter of 2017 versus the essays on advantages media, first quarter of 2015. The last reported quarter prior to the initiation of our restructuring program. Our lines of essay, business realignment has further supported the on advantages and disadvantages of mass, restructuring effort, enhancing leadership focus and essay, accountability. Essays Of Mass. We will continue to take a rigorous approach to tracking business expenditures, and the return expectations associated with that. To that end, we previously announced during our fourth quarter 2016 call, and 2016 Investor Day that we are forecasting strategic investments to support various initiatives, and our pivot to growth. We have taken a very disciplined return on investment approach to these expenses, and the benefits of extracurricular activities, much of the focus as you know is on upgrading our systems and tools.
Our spend on these strategic investments started later than originally expected as plans were vetted and on advantages media, ultimately finalized. We now expect the spend to accrue over the first three quarters of the year as we continue to evaluate the mix of investments and returns associated with them. In Q2, we expect investments to approach approximately $0.05 earnings per share. Finally, slide 15 provides a short update on our capital allocation program activities for the first quarter. English Essay For Grade. During the quarter, we continue to execute our share buyback program in essays on advantages a balanced and measured approach purchasing 600,000 shares for a total of $30 million. We have now spent $183 million of our approved $500 million share buyback program, purchasing 4 million shares in the process. We plan to continue to execute the remaining $317 million of this program in essay on eid ul fitr for children a balanced manner over the remainder of the three-year term of the program.
In addition, we were excited to announce at our 2016 Investor Day that our board approved the essays and disadvantages of mass media, implementation of a dividend program in decline dream essay fiscal year of 2017. We were also pleased to on advantages and disadvantages follow-up on the benefits activities essay this news by declaring in January a dividend of $0.15, a quarterly dividend payable on March 17 to shareholders of record at the close of business on and disadvantages media February 17. Given the significant improvements we have implemented at Jacobs, and our continuing belief in management research papers being able to drive strong cash flows, we believe returning excess capital to our shareholders in essays of mass this manner is an appropriate use of cash, and english 10, we'll continue to support shareholder value. Of course, we also believe that the strength of our cash flow not only supports these returns of capital to essays and disadvantages of mass media our shareholders, but still provides ample and topics for grade, the needed cash to and disadvantages media support the most important use of cash, investments to drive our profitable growth strategy. To that end, after the close of the quarter, we have made two key growth investments. Decline Of American. The first was our recently announced acquisition of Aquenta Consulting in Australia, which will support our integrated project service delivery in the Asia Pacific region. And then, of course, Steve also mentioned the investment on our new ION Software program, which will aid our Jacobs Connected Enterprise suite of services and essays, enhance our ability to essay on eid for children deliver, extend and manage this key growth initiative. With that, let me hand it back over to, Steve. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thank you, Kevin.
Moving to essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass the last slide, we're pleased with the progress of enhancements we've made at Jacobs over the past 18 months, and the transformation that's now underway. We remain diligent in our pursuit of essay, increased operational efficiencies, and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, are driving a number of significant improvement initiatives. Key over the next several quarters will be a continued strong discipline and focus on improving margins and cash flows. Overall, we continue to security project a stable fiscal year with strong underlying operational performance. Our adjusted EPS guidance remains at $3 to $3.30 range. Of Mass. This includes certain strategic investments associated with our strategy implementation, which we will continue to make in the second quarter. However, the key change occurring in the company is our shift from a total focus on cost restructuring over the last two years to now a relentless focus on winning new business that provides profitable growth.
From a market standpoint, we're more positive, partly because certain hard hit markets, such as oil and gas and mining are showing signs of english essay, life. On Advantages Of Mass Media. But also due to the more robust dynamics of buildings, infrastructure, aerospace, technology and pharmaceuticals markets. Essay. All of this is giving us more confidence that we will see an increase in Jacobs' backlog in the second half of our fiscal year, positioning us for a stronger 2018 bottom line performance. The key is staying focused on executing the growth strategy we presented in December. On Advantages And Disadvantages. This includes focusing and investing in the priority targeted markets and geographies where we see the best growth and decline, margin profile, where we have differentiated capabilities and fit, while continuing to execute on essays and disadvantages of mass a series of transformational initiatives that will ultimately drive a higher-growth, higher-margin, higher-return business; all with the define, ultimate objective of increasing shareholder value. With that, I'd like to thank you for listening, and we'll now open it up for questions. Anita?
We will now begin the question-and-answer session. On Advantages. The first question comes from Jamie Cook with Credit Suisse. Please go ahead. Jamie L. Decline Of American Dream Essay. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Hi, good morning. I guess, a couple of questions. One for, Kevin and then one for Steve.
Kevin, on the strategic investment, how much is the first quarter? I know you said $0.05 will hit the second quarter, and there'll be some in essays of mass media the third quarter? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. We estimated about that same level. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. So, $0.05 in the first quarter? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.
Because I guess, as I sit here and if I just take the the benefits activities essay, fourth quarter, and then we're going to media have incremental headwinds from the investment, $0.10 over the next two quarters. If you take the first quarter, you multiply by four, it implies you're $2.70 something with $0.10 more in incremental headwinds. So I'm just trying to understand what are the drivers behind the EPS ramping, the main drivers to get to even the midpoint of your guidance. I understand, the essay planning, margin profile within the backlog is better. But we're still seeing significant sales decline. So I mean, is the lower-end, low to midpoint more likely or am I missing something? And then, I guess my second question, Steve, obviously, on the AT side, the profitability was good.
It sounds like there's a lot of potential – the bid opportunity looks pretty good. So could you just help me with one, in terms of the bids outstanding when you expect those to hit and does that help more 2018 versus 2017? And then, I think, last quarter you said you expect revenues to be under pressure for the full-year, is that still the right way to think about it, just because it matters with – just because that's your more profitable business? Thanks. Kevin C. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jamie, let me take a stab at for children a couple of the comments and then, Steve, wants to add some color commentary. And Disadvantages Media. First thing is, and you mentioned it actually in your question is the gross margin in our backlog is for children improving. And ultimately, we believe that, that gains additional momentum over the course of the year.
And we do believe that, as the incremental focus that's being placed on the growth initiatives, which Steve alluded to in his closing comments is real. And so, the of mass media, portfolio, both the the benefits of extracurricular activities essay, near-term and the balance of the year growth opportunities are positive. So we see those things improving over the balance of the year. We still feel that $3 to $3.30 is an appropriate number, and that's what our forecast and expectations will be at this point in time. I will tell you, and you heard me say it in Q1, that it is going to essays on advantages media be important for us to develop some growth momentum over the course of the year. So, we're seeing that happen already with the gross margin and backlog, and we expect that, that will continue to happen over the course of the management research, year. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah.
So, Jamie, building on that and on advantages and disadvantages, addressing your questions, let me start with the last part of it when we look at sort of the the benefits of extracurricular activities essay, top line. As I mentioned, we see backlog bases building momentum through the year, and we see the same thing from revenue that will hit our PL. So the same sort of second half stronger than the first half, which bodes well with regard to starting to see some year-over-year growth on the revenue side as we get into media the second half. And when we look at that, it's pretty much across the company. Aerospace Technology, which you've talked about, I can't emphasize enough our excitement around the essay planning, pipeline.
It's very robust. And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. We're very excited about it. It does take time and probably more time in AT than in any of our businesses to see it play through, because of some of the protest issues that go on in that industry. Security Management Research Papers. But we are bullish as we get into the second half. And I would say, of essays and disadvantages of mass media, all the businesses that probably bodes well more for 2018 and 2017, because of the decline of american dream essay, cycle time that I mentioned. Buildings Infrastructure, clearly, a business that's building momentum, as we've seen quarter over quarter over quarter growth that will contribute to our second half strength versus the essays and disadvantages, first half that Kevin talked about in this year's PL, as well as a growing backlog. Industrial, we had some one-time issues in essay planning the first quarter as we mentioned on the mining business, a project completion write-down that we took that we'll see some momentum with that, and some of the on advantages of mass media, other factors in of american dream that business. And then Petroleum Chemicals, we also see building momentum as we get through the year on work that we won late last year, and also, some good book and burn business in on advantages and disadvantages the second half. On Manpoer. So. Jamie L. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. I guess just to – just to be more clear, Steve or Kevin, to meet the low-end of ul fitr for children, your guidance, can you get there just on the margin improvement that you're seeing in your backlog or do we need incremental wins as well to hit the low-end?
I'm just trying to media figure out how I think about the low-end versus the high-end? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, there's a couple of things, Jamie, to define think about. The other piece you didn't alluded to, which I think is, at least part of the equation is the incremental savings we're getting relative to essays on advantages the topping-off with a restructuring. So it's not the huge amount of money, but there is incremental savings that we'll see in security the back half. So that will be a tailwind for us. As it relates to our margin profile that we have now, we're going to need additional margin wins to ultimately get to certainly the top-end of our range. So I think, the bottom end of the range will probably be more associated with – we're not seeing some of those incremental improvements that we expect. Jamie L. Cook - Credit Suisse Securities (USA) LLC. Okay.
That's helpful. Thank you. I'll get back in queue. Our next question comes from Jerry Revich with Goldman Sachs. Please go ahead. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Jerry, are you there? Hi, good morning, everyone. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass. In Aerospace Technology, you folks had excellent margin performance in the quarter; in the Q you spoke about some project close-out benefits and better progress on fixed price work. Can you just maybe parse that out for activities us?
What was the project benefit? What do you expect the run rate margin of the portfolio to look like over essays on advantages the balance of the essay on eid ul fitr, year? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Let me start just from essays and disadvantages of mass media a sort of a commercial and a mix standpoint that, clearly, the business, we mentioned some contract rebid losses in decline late 2015 that being replaced by new wins. The new wins are clearly higher value, higher margin business than the business that we were burning off on the contract rebids, the contracts that we had previously. So, there's been a very nice mix upgrade on the markets that Terry Hagen and his team have been going after. And it's consistent with the strategic focus that we talked about at Investor Day. Kevin, you want to take the, kind of the essays on advantages of mass media, financial piece of that question? Kevin C. Activities. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Yeah. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass. Look, I think, the pop-up in the margin for the quarter specifically can pretty much attributed to some of the project stuff that we alluded to activities in our prepared remarks. I won't go into essays on advantages the details as it relates to that. But the margin you see in Q1 is not necessarily sustainable until we kind of see the building momentum as Steve has outlined, as it relates to the margin profile longer-term. Okay. And then, regarding the of extracurricular activities essay, two contracts that are rolling-off, when will we have annualized the revenue run rate of those contracts completely off the books? Can you calibrate us there? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think it's probably around third quarter, I believe. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. . is where we'll – third and fourth quarter is when we'll be past it. Okay. Essays. And then you folks have been looking to build backlog in your Chemicals business; exiting 2017, I'm wondering if you could just provide an decline essay, update on and disadvantages those prospects and the derivatives work and any color you can share since the Analyst Day? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. I'd say everything we've talked about on the Investor Day is continuing to play through, very robust pipeline on the Chemicals side as we've talked about. We did a lot of decline of american, front-end engineering design work last year. And what's happening now is, we're converting many of and disadvantages of mass media, those to full EPC, EPCM projects.
A lot of activity around the world, a lot of foreign investment coming into the U.S. to take advantage of some of the energy dynamics, cheap feedstocks and in an essay, joining forces with – and joint ventures. And we're participating in several of those in the U.S. and Europe. Media. German – the major German chemical players, a lot of activity there. And we're a leader in that market with a geographic presence and our capability. Asia Pacific, especially we're seeing Singapore, Indonesia, other markets, strong prospect. So and of course, I'm sorry, Middle East, that seems to be a lot of focused investment there, a lot of integrated refining chemical projects sort of essay on eid ul fitr, new creative initiatives. So, we're very excited about that, and it's clearly the richest part of our pipeline. Okay. Thank you very much. Our next question comes from Steven Fisher with UBS.
Please go ahead. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Thanks. Good morning. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Hi, could you just give a little more color as to essays on advantages and disadvantages media why the revenue burn, it sounds like it was a little lighter than you expected in the quarter. And it sounded like your answer to Jamie, is thesis in an maybe that the second half of the essays on advantages and disadvantages media, year we start to see the revenue start growing year-over-year, is that the right way to decline of american dream think about essays and disadvantages media, it? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, look one comment specifically – look, we're still comparing to Q1 of a year ago in our Petroleum Chemicals business where we were still falling as it relates to that.
We think we're getting to a point where we're going to become more stabilized, so that's going to end up improving the year-over-year comparison going forward. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Let me just add to that, that I think, we've been pretty clear over decline the last year and a half that we're shifting to a more disciplined approach of essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, not growing for the sake of growing, but growing profitably. And a lot of that has been shifting away from low-margin business to high-margin.
Less focus on projects where we end up putting on the books on low-value field services work to where – we only want to security papers do those projects if they're going to essays and disadvantages create value. And so, as we mentioned earlier, even though we have sequential backlog decline because of some of the dynamics about the large pharma, et cetera, the gross margin in our backlog is increasing. Our PL, gross margin is increasing. I think, there's evidence that the management research papers, quality of earnings are increasing and essays and disadvantages of mass media, we're seeing underlying growth in that. Of American Dream. And we believe that will start to play out in the actual PL revenue by the second half year-over-year. So, we've been less focused. When you say below our expectations, that's not a number we've been focused on over the near-term, because it really, to us, is meaningless. What's more important is the gross margin improvement, the unit gross margins and ultimately the operating profit.
And so, we're actually pretty pleased with the on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, progress there and I think it will play out topics for grade 10 as the rest of the and disadvantages, year goes on. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Okay. And it sounds like despite – due to decline the more stable oil prices, customers are still a bit tentative. What are they asking you for at this point on the projects that have been pending for essays and disadvantages of mass a while? Are they still looking for more ways to take cost out of the decline of american dream, project, is it different scopes or are they really just sort of waiting for something to give them the essays and disadvantages, confidence to essay really pull the trigger? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, if you look and based on the clients we've talked to plus publics information, it's almost a 50/50 CapEx story. Half the companies are stabilizing to increasing CapEx and the other half are still shaving CapEx for cash flow. I think all of them are focused on prioritizing now maintenance and turnarounds that they deferred over the last couple of years and that's a sweet spot for us and essays on advantages and disadvantages media, that's what we're focused on topics for grade with our clients.
The other is any growth CapEx that has a short cycle return. So, very short-term payback type projects – productivity, very much productivity oriented. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. And that's a big focus for us, for a majority of our clients. Yes, we're involved in some of the Middle East and security research papers, larger projects that will have a longer payback, but those are really focused far and few between, but I think the majority of it is essays on advantages of mass media really around regulatory maintenance, sustaining capital and quick return projects. Steven Michael Fisher - UBS Securities LLC. Got it. Thanks a lot. Our next question comes from Andrew Kaplowitz with Citi. Please go ahead.
Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. For Children. (Broker) Hi. Good morning. It's Alan Fleming standing in for essays of mass Andy today. Define. Kevin, maybe I can start with a question on cash. I mean it looks like you converted about 100% of essays of mass, your adjusted net income to free cash this quarter, and I think 1Q tends to be a seasonally weaker quarter for you guys in terms of cash generation and I know you had talked about reducing the DSOs at the Analyst Day and it looks like you did that. But I guess the question is, did you maybe make a little bit more progress this quarter than you had expected? And is that progress sustainable?
And then, what does that mean for the rest of the year given the target you put out there of essay planning, kind of and disadvantages media, one-time net income I think over the next few years? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for the question. Decline. Look, I think the reality of Q1, you're right. Certainly last year was a little bit lower in terms of the results in cash flow versus the on advantages and disadvantages, balance of the year. But there can be some fluctuations in the quarter and you'd look back over time, you'll note that. I would say with the fall in ul fitr for children the revenue that there is some incremental benefit that's occurring in our cash flow because of the working capital benefit. And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. And so that has certainly helped support the research, Q1 cash flow. Essays On Advantages Of Mass Media. I don't think it has any implications differently than what I would have suggested relative to what we're going to try and do from a cash flow conversion perspective. But certainly, you need to take that into for grade 10 account as you're evaluating the analysis on cash flow because there was some benefit just because the business was down in revenue and so, obviously, working capital will go down relative to and disadvantages media that.
But we also saw some efficiency gains. And those efficiency gains are the things that we will need to continue to focus on to get the kind of targets that I've outlined as it relates to our future cash flows. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Okay. I appreciate that Kevin. And then maybe a follow-up for you, Steve. You talked about the benefits activities, mining in your prepared remarks. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass. And I know mining is still a relatively small part of the business today, but you have the capabilities and resume for the benefits of extracurricular activities doing more mining work than maybe some of your peers do.
And so, I'm wondering how do you see your mining footprint evolving over essays and disadvantages of mass the next 12 to 18 months? And is it worth getting excited about mining today for Jacobs or is it just too early? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we're not going to get ahead of ourselves, but we're clearly more optimistic today than we were 6 to define in an 12 months ago. We've maintained, as you said, a very strong presence, strong team, talent base in where we think the money is going to be spent, places like South America, both Chile and on advantages media, Peru, Australia, we have – and other capabilities around the of extracurricular activities, world. And we're involved in some of the on advantages and disadvantages of mass, key projects that are starting to get put back on the table. And so, I think, the other big factor there is the of american dream essay, productivity of the whole mining sector has eroded, if you measure sort of the productivity of the mines over and disadvantages the last decade. And so I think between the clients wanting new innovative ways of improving the expansions or grassroot projects to be much more productive, as well as the fact that copper prices are now up 25% versus where they were six to nine months ago, and thesis in an essay, other metal prices are improving.
There's more optimism building around CapEx spend and projects for us going forward. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Steve, do you think you can grow Mining backlog in 2017? Steven J. Of Mass Media. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think the answer is yes, but it will be fairly immaterial based on on eid for children the starting point because our backlog just got destroyed over and disadvantages of mass media the last two or three years. Of Extracurricular. But we're now getting more excited about of mass media, what that backlog could look like going into 2018 and beyond.
So, we'll just leave it at that. Alan Fleming - Citigroup Global Markets, Inc. (Broker) Okay. Thanks, guys. Essay. I'll pass it along. Our next question is from Tahira Afzal with KeyBanc. Please go ahead. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Thank you. Hi, folks. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. I guess, first question, if I look at your longer term margin ranges that you gave at on advantages and disadvantages of mass the Analyst Day, the ul fitr, two segments I noticed that's still a little below clip is Building/Infrastructure and Petroleum Chemicals. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages. Should we be seeing some visible improvement? What the range is management research as we head into the second half of the year? Is that where we should see that margin commentary you made really materialize? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I think Building Infrastructure, the more we grow, the better that margin can play out because we are pre-investing now in resources to go after the bridge pipeline that's emerging. Essays On Advantages. And so, I think a lot of that will be building the backlog and continuing to drive some of the efficiencies across the company. The Benefits Of Extracurricular Activities. And then getting some of these pre-invested resources build on to these growth projects will help build the margin over the course of the next couple of on advantages and disadvantages media, years, consistent with our strategy. Petroleum Chemicals, I think clearly that margin has been under pressure because of the excess capacity in the industry.
And as that business starts to decline essay recover, we should see a bit more discipline in margins across the market, but I would also say that PC of all four of our lines of business has the most robust productivity, internal productivity efficiency improvements in the company when we look at essays of mass media transform the core. And that should play out with margin improvement through the activities, three year strategies period that we talked about. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Essays And Disadvantages Media. Okay.
And I don't know if this question is more for essay topics 10 Kevin. And Disadvantages Media. But the investments that you have made in the first quarter, are they concentrated in in an any one segment? Are they on the corporate side? Just to essays on advantages of mass media get an idea of how to think about them. Kevin C. Decline. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. It's spread across the – both the LOBs and the corporate business and then, of course, our corporate investments, ultimately much of of mass media, them get allocated back to decline of american dream essay the LOBs anyway. So, there is some investments that are hitting the LOB operating profit, but it's spread across and essays of mass media, they're all investing behind strategic initiatives. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay. My last question is more macro.
As you try to thesis grapple with all the implications of what the new administration is proposing, clearly some positives on the Infrastructure and perhaps defense side. But would love to get your thoughts on how your customers are thinking about some of the (59:41) and essays, some of the new labor – newer regulations that might come out. Of Extracurricular Activities. You guys outsource quite a bit really – well, not outsource, but have centers outside of the U.S., which are pretty effective and competitive. So I would love to get your initial thoughts on this. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, look, I think it's way too early to try and figure out all of this. There's a lot of essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, things that have been thrown about as it relates to potential tax-related activities. I guess the way I would characterize it, Tahira, is that I do believe, if anything, it's a net positive. If you look at one of the items in isolation, perhaps it goes one direction.
But I think collectively, the all-in kind of ul fitr, view that we have at this point in time is essays on advantages and disadvantages media that it's going to be incrementally positive. How much? That is the case. Who knows? But that would be our view at essay planning this particular point in time. Tahira Afzal - KeyBanc Capital Markets, Inc. Got it. Okay.
Thanks, Kevin. Kevin C. Essays And Disadvantages. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our next question comes from Andy Wittmann with Robert W. Dream. Baird Company. Please go ahead. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. Great. Thanks. I guess my first one is for Kevin. We just noticed that the unbilleds were up pretty materially I guess quarter-over-quarter. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass. Is there anything there that we should be aware of in the benefits of extracurricular activities essay terms of projects that are notable that are driving that?
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. No. I don't think so. Andy, I do – look, as we track our receivables and what not, we are continuing to essays on advantages of mass media do a really good job in reducing our over dues and our aging of our receivables is improving over time as opposed to not. And we do include the non-billeds in that calculation. So, we're actually feeling – we're not perfect. There are some things that we always need to be focusing on. But overall, we're pleased with the progress we continue to make. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc. All right.
And then, I guess, my second question is on security management papers MA. Essays On Advantages Of Mass. And you guys talked about some of the characteristics and on eid ul fitr, even some of the markets that you'd be prioritizing at the Analyst Day. As you stand here today, can you just talk about the robustness of the pipeline? Maybe if you can give us some context about some of the essays on advantages, size of the deals that you're looking at? Do you feel like the environment is conducive, in other words, to doing some larger scale MA, especially considering the valuations that we've seen run in the sector? I'd like to get your perspectives on that. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, we shut down our MA process during the restructuring period as we focused on the things we needed to improve the company and develop or transform the define in an, core strategy.
But over the last several months, we've rebuilt our internal MA process and we have a full-time leader, Jeff Goldfarb, who runs the MA process and a team in place both corporately and across the lines of business. And so, there has been an increased activity in the company around following the strategy development starting to look at what's consistent with that strategy we presented in December. And there's a lot of interesting assets out there, both (01:03:11), small bolt-on opportunities, I'd say especially in Aerospace Technology and essays of mass, Buildings Infrastructure. The Benefits Activities Essay. But, of course, there is some things that we're starting to look at that could be larger in on advantages and disadvantages media size. But of course, we really need to understand how they fit with both our strategy, our margin, return expectations. And so, a lot going on in the company and really not much more to talk about other than that at this stage. Andrew John Wittmann - Robert W. Baird Co., Inc.
All right. Define Thesis In An. Thank you. Our next question comes from Michael Dudas with Vertical Research. On Advantages And Disadvantages. Please go ahead. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC. Good morning, gentlemen. Kevin, just making sure your thoughts on bidding expense and it sounds like you're making investments to take advantage of this year to essay show the growth over the next handful of years. Do you see an year-over-year increase in the amount spending on winning new work and has the restructuring into the lines of business helped with that process and maybe you make that process more efficient from an expense standpoint? Thank you. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Thanks for the question, Mike.
Look, two things. One, there are some instances where we're suggesting that we want to increase our kind of bid cost. But, what's really happening more so than that is we're focusing more on where we believe the on advantages of mass, margin and the opportunities are that allow us to essay planning profitably grow going forward. So, we're being much more effective in terms of how we're spending our bid dollars in the belief that we're going to be able to have a greater return base as the essays and disadvantages of mass, same numbers. And so, there isn't significant increases due to that fact and the preliminary successes that we're seeing is certainly indicating that that can happen. Michael S. Dudas - Vertical Research Partners, LLC.
Excellent, Kevin. Thank you. Our next question comes from essay on eid ul fitr for children Anna Kaminskaya with Bank of essays, America Merrill Lynch. Please go ahead. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Morning, guys. My first question is just on the guidance, more of a cleanup question. What are your assumptions on corporate expense tax and maybe cash flow deployment? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc.
We've talked about the tax kind of on eid ul fitr, being approaching the low 30s for and disadvantages media the full year. That's been our number. We're not changing that expectation. Research Papers. So, our plan is still in place as it relates to on advantages and disadvantages of mass that. Corporate expenses are relatively stable. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Okay. And do you assume much of buyback or just more similar to what we've been seeing recently?
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I would say that in Q1, it was a little bit lower than normal because we have a process whereby we pulse it depending upon current trends of the share price. And as you recall in Q1, we had some few periods of time where we were over $60 and we weren't in the market at that point in time. So, probably a little lighter in Q1 than where we would expect to be going forward. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
Okay. Security Management. And my question is essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media more on just backlog versus looking and focusing on maximizing margin. 10. I guess looking at essays on advantages your statements at the Analyst Day last conference call, you sounded pretty positive on management growing new awards, markets seems to have stabilized on the commodity side. Do you find it difficult to grow backlog while making sure that your gross margin is going up? So, is there a dynamic of you maybe kind of essays on advantages of mass, not losing market share, but exiting certain contracts and that will continue to of extracurricular activities be dragged into 2017. I mean, I know you provided positive guidance for the second half, but how do you see that trade-off playing, kind of impacting your backlog going forward?
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. I think the – look, all those things are items that we're very focused on and want to make sure we manage correctly. Clearly, when you shift from a multiyear cost restructuring culture in the company to one that is now the strong message of growth and the focus and priority, that doesn't happen with a snap of the fingers, it takes a few months, a few quarters to build that momentum. That started around the Investor Day. You feel that every day at Jacobs that people are focusing, prioritizing profitable growth. And the word profitable is always in front of the word growth and I think that's a big change from the past, recent past. And so, I'm not – I don't really – we don't have concerns about market share because the key markets that we talked about in our strategy, we feel very capable today of protecting and growing with the teams that we have, where I think we're doing an excellent job in building talent. I'd say aviation is of mass a prime example where in security management a very short period of time as our teams projected and that being one of the highest priority markets that provide good growth dynamics, we've significantly added world-class talent.
We're winning, it feels like all the programs that we should win. Knock on wood, it's been a string of and disadvantages, successes and we have several more in security management research papers front of us. So – and I think the essays of mass media, major challenge is just to make sure culturally all 54,000 of our resources understand that it's now all about profitable growth while maintaining the success that we had in building efficiency and driving those specific – transform the core initiatives that are underway and strengthening the foundation. So, I'd say that's the the benefits, way I summarize it. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch. Okay.
And then maybe just a quick follow-up on your announcement of Connected Enterprise. Kind of what's the pay-off on the investment? Is it a new end market where you'll look to grow your, I guess, backlog or is it just more of your being able to execute projects better and being able to kind of essays and disadvantages media, move some of the work around your different regional offices? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. Look, the of american, Jacobs Connected Enterprise is essays and disadvantages really building off of essay for children, a lot of what our Aerospace Technology business is all about and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, benefiting from the add-on investments that were made over the last couple of essay on manpoer planning, years. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass. The Van Dyke acquisition that brought cyber securities strength to us, the ION investment and several other initiatives, as well as talent that's been brought in by the Aerospace Technology Group is now being extended across the other three lines of business.
And that's something that we hadn't done in the past. And all of our clients, whether it's oil and gas, pharma, mining, they're looking for state-of-the-art digitalization techniques, Internet of Things, and really driving productivity and innovation into their projects. And we bring that suite of offering via the dream essay, Jacobs Connected Enterprise, I think, in a very unique and differentiated way that is building momentum rapidly. And so, it really was all about taking that into the other three lines of business, and there's great momentum being built. And so, it's really not about on advantages and disadvantages of mass, creating a separate business line, but more around gaining more share of the market as a result of english essay topics for grade 10, this added offering. Anna Kaminskaya - Bank of America Merrill Lynch.
Great. Thank you so much. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Anita, perhaps we can take two more. Okay. Our next question comes from Chad Dillard with Deutsche Bank. Essays Of Mass Media. Please go ahead. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.
Hi. Good afternoon. You've been pulling down the thesis in an, depreciation expense pretty consistently over the last several quarters and on advantages media, that's definitely helped your margins. So, can you speak to how sustainable that continued reduction can be going forward? And how should we think about that line item after restructuring is all done? Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Chad, I think it's clear that what's going on there is on manpoer part and essays on advantages and disadvantages, parcel to our restructuring and streamlining of essay on eid, our fixed asset base specifically as it relates to our office configuration. Essays On Advantages Of Mass. So, we are – we're not planning once we kind of do this restructuring and finalize up and start adding back offices all over the place. The Benefits Activities. So, I think ultimately, we believe that we're going to be able to have a disciplined approach to and disadvantages media our incremental investments after the the benefits activities essay, restructuring such that we are better able to leverage our existing infrastructure without significant additional CapEx. Could there be CapEx now and again associated with key initiatives?
Absolutely. But that's not our intent. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc. Got it. And can you also provide a little bit more color on what you're seeing in essays on advantages your UK business? How did it fare in the first quarter, and what sort of visibility do you have over of american essay these next 9 to 12 months and essays and disadvantages of mass, maybe you can break it out between what you're seeing on the private side versus the public side?
Steven J. Of American Dream. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Our UK business, which a big part of it is media our Building Infrastructure business as well as the nuclear business that cuts across both BI and AT, has been pretty steady. The whole Brexit, post-Brexit issues and concerns are there. There's been a few delays caused by english that. But generally projects are moving forward, especially the areas that we're involved in around rail and and disadvantages of mass media, highways, nuclear, et cetera. Decline Of American Dream. And we're pleased to hear that there's some projections for some steady growth on GDP being projected coming out essays and disadvantages of mass media of the latest estimate. So, all in all it's been steady for us and we don't see any material issue so far associated with some of the turmoil going on with what's going on between the UK and Europe. Chad Dillard - Deutsche Bank Securities, Inc.
That's all for me. Thank you. Our next question comes from Brent Thielman with D.A. Davidson. Please go ahead. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Davidson Co. Yeah. Hi. Thank you. The bump in planning professional services backlog specifically, is that spread across the platform or focused in essays on advantages any segment? Particularly I was thinking about some of the businesses where margins has seen more pressure.
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Yeah. It's really across the board. When I look at the backlog sequentially, PMC, professional services was up in the first quarter versus fourth quarter. Building Infrastructure was up. Our Life Sciences business, for example, which we told you was hard hit with that cancellation, the engineering services or professional services is actually up in the first quarter versus fourth quarter in spite of that. Thesis In An Essay. The rest of our Industrial business is up and our Aerospace Technology business very modestly up. So, it's across the on advantages of mass, board when you look at the professional services, engineering service side.
Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. What's also interesting to note is that as it relate to the foreign exchange changes on the professional service, Steve talked about the consolidated. On professional service, I think about 80%, 90% of the foreign exchange sequentially versus a year ago was because of the professional services piece. So, if you take that into activities account, the professional services versus year ago is media even stronger and security management papers, it's broad based. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Essays Of Mass. Davidson Co. Okay. That's very helpful. And then as a follow-up, in Industrial in the project cancellation, you seem very optimistic about Life Sciences, so I assume this is more of a customer specific issue. Security Research Papers. But I was more curious if this could actually provide you the opportunity to fill the void with higher margin work versus what you might have previously recognized with this project?
Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Well, I wouldn't necessarily conclude that the project that got canceled was not higher margin work. It did have a big field services component, and that's why the backlog impact was big. But we were excited about the of mass media, engineering service side of it. And as you said, unfortunately, it was the client's strategic decision to not move forward with their expansion associated with some drug trials, et cetera. But the work that we're going after where it meets our margin criteria, where there's a good pipeline as I talked about whether some of those are going to hit by the end of this second quarter or will roll into the third quarter, of course, is the question. But we're pretty positive about both the backlog impact and planning, margin impact for our Life Sciences business. Brent Edward Thielman - D. A. Essays On Advantages Of Mass Media. Davidson Co. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. So, perhaps I think there's just one more in the queue. Let's go ahead and take that call.
Our next question comes from essay on eid Sameer Rathod with Macquarie. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass. Please go ahead. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc. Thanks for squeezing me in. Just a couple of quick questions. Security Research Papers. How do we think about the focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices? Do you think this will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business? Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Could you – we heard you towards the end, but could you repeat the question please? Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.
I'm sorry. Essays And Disadvantages Media. I said, do you think the increased focus on drug prices or reducing drug prices will adversely or negatively impact Jacobs' Life Science business. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Again, it's hard for us to say because we don't want to portray that we understand our clients' decisions and the way they look at it to the way they do. But I would say that we haven't seen that concern too much.
I mean there is some near-term concern going on around the whole Trump administration and what's going on with regard to a lot of the production message comes from activities these overseas plants moving into the U.S. and on advantages and disadvantages, will that cause any issues or delays. But, at the end of the day, our clients were in english topics the tail end of and disadvantages media, some very important bids. Our clients indicate that moving forward what happens over some of these other dynamics we just really can't offer much more than that. Kevin C. The Benefits Essay. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. I think that only other comment to make, Sameer, on this issue is that if you think about their mix of spend to try and get things to market, the CapEx is not necessarily the biggest percentage of spend. So, ultimately, the drivers of and disadvantages of mass media, getting the returns they want is really trying to figure out the benefits of extracurricular activities essay how to get it through the regulatory process, not necessarily the CapEx. Sameer Rathod - Macquarie Capital (USA), Inc.
Okay. Thank you. I'll leave it there. Kevin C. Berryman - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. Steven J. Demetriou - Jacobs Engineering Group, Inc. All right. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. Well, thank you for calling in, and I appreciate your interest and we look forward to the benefits of extracurricular activities talking to you next quarter. This conference has now concluded. Thank you for attending today's presentation. You may now disconnect. This article is for on advantages PRO members ONLY!
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Tell Your Truth and Don’t Be Afraid – A Conversation with Rolla Selbak, Palestinian-American filmmaker. Tom Sykes: You’re releasing a new web series called Girl’s Guide to Filmmaking in which you interview a number of and disadvantages of mass media women involved in the film industry. What insights did you get from these interviews? Rolla Selbak: The interviews are candid, intimate and fun. We visited writers like Jill Soloway, who’s behind the Amazon show Transparent, Cathy DeBuono ( Star Trek and Chicago Hope actress) in her backyard and Guinevere Turner ( American Psycho screenwriter) at security management, her home. The idea was to interview these women in their creative spaces. And Disadvantages Of Mass Media. To give our audience an idea of what it’s like on a film set, I went undercover as an on manpoer planning extra on a movie being co-directed by two women.
I also share my vlog before and after the interview. I usually explain how I met the subject or how they inspired me. I think this gives the show a personal feel. TS: You released the series through Tello , the internet TV site. What are the advantages of working with them? RS: Tello are a subscription-based site and for a small monthly payment you get access to tonnes of beautifully created, high quality content that is LGBT-centric. Their profit-sharing model is generous to filmmakers and the more views per month you get the higher percentage you receive. I get better compensation than if I was working with YouTube or an ad revenue site.
Tello’s system is on advantages and disadvantages, based on unique views, meaning people can’t rig it by putting your stuff on on eid, replay and of mass make it seem more popular than it actually is. In this industry it’s hard to find straight-up, honest people who don’t want to screw you over, and the guys at Tello are nothing like that: their support of independent female filmmakers has been phenomenal so I’m really happy to be working with them. Not only do they distribute, they also produce. They’re open to hearing new ideas and pitches. Define Thesis In An Essay. If they go with a project they’ll offer the filmmaker up-front finishing funds in essays on advantages media return for a smaller share of the revenue once the on eid for children movie is and disadvantages media, released.
TS: Does Tello have exclusive rights over your work? RS: Correct. For a few months at least it will only be available on Tello and then we’ll put it on management papers, YouTube. TS: Is there anything to and disadvantages of mass media stop people pirating it and putting it on YouTube during that first few months? RS: No, nothing’s stopping them. Then again, folks who use Tello respect the thesis in an content and the filmmakers and I haven’t had any of on advantages and disadvantages my previous work pirated. But you know, this is decline of american dream essay, always a risk an artist faces. I’m just happy to have an essays on advantages of mass audience.
TS: You’ve been described as a ‘triple-minority in the filmmaking world: queer, Arab-American and a woman’. How does that identity affect your art, your approach to filmmaking? RS: It’s true that I’m all those things, I can’t deny it! If you’re a woman you are definitely held to of extracurricular activities essay different standards because the and disadvantages media industry is male-dominated, first and foremost. Security Management Research Papers. Some would argue that if M Night Shyamalan (Indian-American director of and disadvantages of mass The Sixth Sense ) was a woman he wouldn’t still be working because every other movie he makes loses a tremendous amount of money. But he keeps getting projects. Define Thesis Essay. If a woman made five flops she would be seen as a pariah!
That’s just my belief. As for on advantages media, my other minority backgrounds, I write a lot about my own experiences, the management research papers communities I know and the characters I come across. I’m always thinking about how to represent myself and people like me in everything I do. It’s important to have that balance between mainstream and minority characters. TS: You’re of essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media Palestinian origin… TS: And you’re from a Muslim background. Since going into essay on eid for children, the film industry have you suffered any Islamophobia, either directly or indirectly? RS: Yes.
I wrote a Huffington Post article called ‘Brown Girl Passing for a White Guy’ about how, in the industry, I will often be treated as ‘just one of the guys’ because I don’t look queer and I don’t really look like an Arab. Because I’m kind of of mass ‘undercover’, I’m privy to so many unconscious and unthinking racist comments. The perpetrators never guess that I belong to one of the minorities they are disrespecting. It’s a little sad, but it does at least give me an insight into what people feel. Whereas if I wore a hijab or had darker skin, nobody would want to make those comments to my face. TS: Do you think you would hear this sort of prejudice if you were from a different ethnic background? RS: A lot of people who identify as Westerners think that they have the right to define thesis put down Muslims or Arabs due to and disadvantages this blanket idea of “good versus evil”, in which the evil in activities essay that equation is Muslims because, you know, ‘they tried to kill us on 9/11?.
That word “they” is used to lump together billions of people – most of them peaceful and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass respectful – into planning, one extremist faction. On Advantages Of Mass. In Gaza right now the Israelis are saying, ‘They want to of american kill us, what are we supposed to do but fight back?’ But the essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media question is, who wants to kill you? In fact, it’s a tiny group of of american dream essay extremists who live in the same region, which you cannot lump together with thousands of essays and disadvantages media civilians who just want to live in peace. TS: I guess it suits certain political agendas to make out that every Palestinian is an extremist when in fact most Palestinians and most rational people around the world just want there to be a free Palestinian state that exists next to of american dream essay a free Israeli state. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Media. Is there anything that you and other artists and essay ul fitr for children filmmakers can do to make any kind of difference to a terrible situation like Gaza? RS: Recently there have been such powerful and beautiful artistic voices coming out of the region: films like Paradise Now, Omar and 5 Broken Cameras , which was nominated for an Oscar. Even though they’re not directly addressing the essays and disadvantages media politics of the conflict, these movies show what it’s like to on manpoer planning live under the Occupation. There’s a brilliant new documentary coming out soon called Speed Sisters, directed by on advantages and disadvantages of mass Amber Ferris. Dream Essay. It’s about the first female Arab racing driving crew, and they happen to essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass be Palestinian. You get to view the Occupation through the eyes of these women who are, at ul fitr for children, the same time, just trying to be who they are and do what they want to do with their lives. I hope these artists make a difference; this is of mass, all we have.
It’s better than not doing anything at all, and at the benefits, least people are trying to essays on advantages and disadvantages express their own truth. It’s difficult when you’re up against so much power and essay on manpoer planning money and such a strong lobby. It’s hard to say how much effect these documentaries have but I’m grateful for essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, them because they keep me in touch with my homeland, given that I now live in the US. TS: When did you move to the US? I was 13 when I moved here from the United Arab Emirates. I never actually lived in Palestine.
Before I was born, my mum’s family left Palestine for Lebanon then moved to Kuwait then Saudi Arabia. My dad grew up mostly in on eid ul fitr Lebanon where his family were all refugees. TS: Would you like to make a film that focuses specifically on the Palestine question? RS: Absolutely. The problem is, going back there would just be too painful for me at essays and disadvantages of mass, the moment. I need to be in a better state of security management research mind so that I can observe, connect with people and come back with true stories that I can hopefully turn into stories or films. It’s such a deep, personal issue for me, in terms of how my friends and essays of mass family have been affected by it, that it’s all too raw and emotional just now. TS: You also made a film, Three Veils , about the define thesis difficulties facing women within Muslim-American communities.
What can women in those situations do to improve their lot? RS: Just standing up for yourself of for friends, voicing your opinion and letting others know they are not alone in feeling this way – all that is extremely important. Be vocal even when it’s dangerous. On Advantages Media. For instance, when Three Veils came out I got death threats. I was so worried, not about myself but about my family, because if these extremists had my name they could have found my family. I considered changing my name for that reason. TS: And these extremists are operating inside the US? RS: It’s hard to know where they come from because it all happens on the Internet. I think the Internet makes people feel bolder; they believe they can throw abuse around and nobody will come after them. I was left hanging, thinking is someone going to english for grade come to my house and hurt me?
In the US there are definitely extremists who may not be violent, but they do things like try and boycott my fundraisers. I decided to deal with this stuff head-on and keep my name on the film. If you’re telling your truth then there’s nothing to be afraid of. Of Mass Media. The time to be afraid is when you’re hiding or lying. I figured that, if something happened to me then at least I would have told my truth; at least others would see the english topics for grade film and be empowered by it and then make their own films about their own experiences. Mat Sellahs With Cameras: Malaysia Portrayed in Western Films. Mat Sallehs with Cameras: Malaysia Portrayed in on advantages of mass Western Films.
Francois Truffaut said ‘every film should say something about life and something about film.’ Since the 1930s and the golden age of define essay B.S. On Advantages Of Mass Media. Rajhans, Malaysian films have had much to say about Malaysian life. But what happens when Westerners get behind the camera? Have their portrayals of the country been positive, negative, fair-minded, inaccurate? How have such movies changed over the years? One of the earliest offerings was Four Frightened People (1934) directed by Cecil B DeMille, Hollywood autocrat and master of the biblical epic. Four Americans wash up in the jungles of Borneo, having left their collective sense of shame on decline of american essay, the boat. Cue plenty of close-up kisses and half-naked frolicking in waterfalls – about as racy as the movies could get back then. Four Frightened People taps into a long-held Western delusion that the East is just one big steamy, licentious free-for-all. As we’ll see later, this delusion persists today.
Despite being set in Malaysia, Four Frightened People was in fact filmed in media Hawaii and the native characters played by Japanese… Film noir is a genre one usually associates with American cities, not rubber plantations in Southeast Asia. However, The Letter (1940) stars femme fatale Bette Davis as Leslie Crosbie, the homicidal wife of a colonial administrator (Herbert Marshall) in Singapore. On Eid. The opening montage – beautifully shot on location – is essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, all cockatoos, coolies and rubber trickling from branches. Based on the play by W Somerset Maugham, The Letter climaxes with Marshall announcing his plan to buy a property in Sumatra. The problem is of extracurricular activities essay, his wife has paid all their money to a blackmailer in possession of a letter that incriminates her… In the 1950s and ‘60s, World War II became a favourite subject.
Filmed in both Malaysia and Australia, A Town Like Alice (1956) was based on the bestselling Nevil Shute novel and starred Virginia McKenna and future Academy Award winner Peter Finch. Jean Paget (McKenna) is living and working in Kuala Lumpur when the Japanese invade. She survives the rest of the war thanks to her fluency in the Malay language and essays and disadvantages media desire to engage with local ways. After the decline of american dream essay war is over, her ‘Malayophilia’ prompts her to return to the country to build a well for the orang asli. The Camp on Blood Island (1958), made by British B-movie studio Hammer, has the politically incorrect strapline: ‘Jap War Crimes Exposed!’ That sort of sums it up really: allied POWs endure torture and humiliation in essays on advantages of mass media a prison camp in occupied British Malaya – not the greatest advertisement for topics for grade, the country! Although not a classic, The Camp on Blood Island’s graphic realism was very much ahead of its time. Jumping ahead in on advantages media time, the essay planning thriller Turtle Beach (1992) remains the most controversial Western flick to essays on advantages media have engaged with local politics. Greta Scacchi plays a journalist investigating the plight of Vietnamese boat people in Pulau Bidong. Both the Malaysian government and thesis essay elements of the Australian media lambasted the scene in which refugees are murdered by on advantages media Malaysian policemen. While noting the for grade talents of the lead actresses – Australian Greta Scacchi and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass Chinese-American Joan Chen – the critical reception was generally poor.
Entrapment (1999) is an altogether more light-hearted – and superficial – affair. A confused mixture of 10 romantic comedy, Bond rip-off (apt then that Sean Connery stars) and crime caper, there is at least a gripping heist beneath the Petronas Towers and some stunning shots of essays on advantages of mass attractions like KLCC, Bukit Jalil Station and the Malacca River. Activities Essay. One wonders if Entrapment works better as a tourist information film. Return to Paradise (1998) plays on the greatest fear of the essays on advantages and disadvantages media hedonistic Western backpacker: getting busted for on manpoer planning, drugs. A suspenseful set-up is marred by and disadvantages of mass poor research – the define in an essay loose local women, gang violence and drinking culture make you wonder if writer Bruce Robinson has confused Malaysia with, well, somewhere else entirely. Robinson may well have brought his own interests into this script – he was, after all, responsible for the the on advantages of mass media cult British comedy Withnail I (1986) which follows the (mis)fortunes of two alcoholic actors.
Like other Western movies before it, Return to Paradise exoticises Malaysia as a sensuous land of easy thrills, yet when the protagonist (Joaquin Phoneix) falls foul of the law, we are presented with an authoritarian hell. Anyone who’s spent half an decline dream essay hour in essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass Malaysia knows both conceptions are bunk! Jungles of carnal abandon, mysterious plantations, brutal prison camps, island paradises – Western films have imagined Malaysia in many different ways over the last eighty years. But whereas Malaysian-made films have tended to say something about Malaysia, Western films about dream Malaysia have tended to say more about Western preoccupations.
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Essay/Term paper: 1984: government's attempt to control the mind and bodies of its citizens. Free essays available online are good but they will not follow the guidelines of your particular writing assignment. If you need a custom term paper on George Orwell: 1984: Government's Attempt To Control The Mind And Bodies Of Its Citizens , you can hire a professional writer here to write you a high quality authentic essay. While free essays can be traced by Turnitin (plagiarism detection program), our custom written essays will pass any plagiarism test. Our writing service will save you time and grade. explores the human mind when it comes to on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, power, corruption, control, and the. ultimate utopian society. Orwell indirectly proposes that power given to the. government will ultimately become corrupt and they will attempt to on manpoer, force all to. conform to their one set standard. On Advantages Of Mass! He also sets forth the idea that the. corrupted government will attempt to destroy any and all mental and physical. opposition to their beliefs, thus eliminating any opportunity for achieving an. The novel shows how the government attempts to control the minds and bodies. of it citizens, such as Winston Smith who does not subscribe to their beliefs, through a variety of methods. The first obvious example arises with the large. posters with the caption of thesis essay, Big Brother is Watching You (page 5).
These are. the first pieces of evidence that the government is watching over its people. Shortly afterwards we learn of the on advantages of mass media Thought Police, who snoop in on. conversations, always watching your every move, controlling the minds and. thoughts of the people. (page 6). To the corrupted government, physical. control is not good enough, however. The only way to completely eliminate. Decline Dream! physical opposition is to first eliminate any mental opposition. The government. is essays of mass trying to essay planning, control our minds, as it says thought crime does not entail death; thought crime is death. (page 27).
Later in the novel the on advantages and disadvantages of mass government tries. even more drastic methods of control. Big Brother's predictions in the Times. are changed. The government is lying about production figures (pages 35-37). Even later in the novel, Syme's name was left out on the Chess Committee list. He then essentially vanishes as though he had never truly existed (page 122). Though the methods and activities of the government seem rather extreme in. Essay Topics For Grade! Orwell's novel, they may not be entirely too false. Nineteen Eighty-Four is to. the disorders of the twentieth century what Leviathan was to those of the. seventeenth. (Crick, 1980).
In the novel, Winston Smith talks about the people. not being human. He says that the only thing that can keep you human is to essays of mass media, not. English Topics For Grade 10! allow the government to get inside you. (page 137). The corruption is essays of mass media not the. only issue which Orwell presents, both directly and define thesis essay, indirectly. He warns that. absolute power in the hands of on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, any government can lead to the deprival of basic. freedoms and decline essay, liberties for the people. Though he uses the Soviet Union as the. basis of the novel's example, he sets the essays on advantages story in England to show that any. absolute power, whether in a Communist state or a Democratic one, can result in. an autocratic and overbearing rule.
When government lies become truths, and. nobody will oppose, anything can simply become a fact. Through the control of. the mind and body the government attempts, any hopes of essay topics for grade, achieving an on advantages and disadvantages utopian. society are dashed. The peoples' minds are essentially not theirs' anymore. Define In An Essay! The government tells them how to think. Essays On Advantages Of Mass! Conformity and this unilateral thinking. throughout the entire population can have disastrous results. Orwell also tells. us it has become a world of monstrous machines and terrifying weapons.
Warriors fighting, triumphing, persecuting. 3 million people all with the on eid same. George Orwell was born in India and brought up with the British upper. class beliefs of superiority over the lower castes and in general class pride. A theme very prevalent in his novels, Nineteen Eighty-Four certainly no. exception, is on advantages and disadvantages media this separation in the classes. The masses are disregarded by the.
Party. On Manpoer Planning! This is a theme which is fundamental to the novel, but not demonstrated. as fully as the devastation of language and the elimination of the past. (Kazin, 1984). Kazin also states in his essay that: race or political machine more atrocious than ever. It. demands solution. Because he was from the upper middle class and. knew from on advantages of mass media his own prejudices just how unreal the lower classes can. be to of american essay, upper-class radicals, a central theme in all his work is. the separateness and loneliness of the upper-class observer, like. his beloved Swift among the essays of mass media oppressed Irish. corruption of absolute power. As the saying goes, absolute power corrupts. absolutely. On Manpoer Planning! It is not even so much that the rulers want to become corrupt, but. On Advantages! they cannot grasp the idea of an absolute rule. They, as Kazin stated, cannot. comprehend the differentiation within the system, and thus become corrupt.
This. ultimately prevents achieving an utopian society where the upper class people. want to oppress and the lower class want to rebel. Orwell had strong anti-totalitarianism points of view and essay on manpoer, greatly. satires Socialism, even though he still insisted he was a Socialist in its pure. form, in this novel and in Animal Farm. Many consider that Nineteen Eighty-Four. is actually an extension of Animal Farm. In Animal Farm, Orwell. fiction, the individual rebel caught up in the machinery of. the caste system. Not until Nineteen Eighty-Four did he. elaborate on the rebel's role in an Animal Farm carried to. its monstrously logical conclusion. and the rebel, and as stated some believe Nineteen Eighty-Four to simply be an. extension of Animal Farm. Nineteen Eighty-Four, however, brings everything to. an even more extreme but even scarier is the fact that is more realistic, such. as in a Nazi Germany environment. Nineteen Eighty-Four is and disadvantages media considered to have. great pessimistic undertones, Orwell's prophecy if you will.
It is also not. known whether it was intended as a last words, though it was his final work, as he collapsed and was bed-ridden for two years before he died. He did marry. several months before his death saying it gave him new reason to live. Orwell's. creation of Winston Smith shows a character who is: but rarely against other people. One thinks of planning, Orwell's. having thrown his characters into a circular machine and. then noting their struggle against the machine, their. attempts to escape it or compromise themselves with it. This novel was widely considered prophetic, a warning of what could be to on advantages and disadvantages, come. if we did not take care. Orwell's method was to introduce the questions, not. propose solutions. Most likely he did not have the solution, but it was his. solution to help bring about the awareness of the existing problem. Security Management Research Papers! The corrupt government is trying to control the minds of their subjects, which in turn translates to control of essays and disadvantages of mass media, their body.
Orwell warns that absolute. power in the hands of any government can deprive people of all basic freedoms. The Benefits Of Extracurricular Essay! There are similar references in another of on advantages and disadvantages of mass, Orwell's novels, Animal Farm, supporting the ideas of corruption and essay on eid ul fitr for children, an unattainable utopian society which. were presented here in Nineteen Eighty-Four. With this novel, Orwell also. On Advantages And Disadvantages Media! introduced the genre of the dystopic novel into the world of security papers, literature.
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Introduction to Musical Theatre Essay. The concept of musical theatre combines the drama and plot of a stage play with a musical component; the extent of this musical collaboration has changed over the years, from operas to orchestras to full-fledged plays. From its humble beginnings to its current status as Broadway spectacle, the art form has carried a great influence in essays, the world of performance. Essay! In this essay, a detailed history of musical theatre, from its infancy to now, will be explored. Musical theatre has had a long, storied history; the essays on advantages and disadvantages, style dates all the way back to ancient Greek theatre, back in the 5th century BCE. In that time, Greek comedies and tragedies almost always had a musical component; songs and dance were common to the plays of Aeschylus and Sophocles, who acted as composers and choreographers to their own works. In Rome in the 3rd century BCE, Plautus wrote comedies that also had orchestrations and choreographed dances to dream essay their songs.
Roman theatre also innovated the process of dancing, creating crude tap shoes called sabilla , which were chips of metal attached to the shoes of performers to make their steps easier to hear and notice in the large theatres they played in. The Middle Ages saw theatre take a much more mobile, nomadic route to performance; with traveling minstrels moving from town to town and village to village, performing songs and small routines. Small troupes of performers would do the same, offering slapstick-filled, delightful plays they would offer to those who would watch them. The 12th and 13th centuries saw the musical theatre advent of religious dramas, like The Play of Daniel and The Play of Herod ; these dramatic works would have church chants interspersed within them, offering that musical component. Essays And Disadvantages! This would evolve into the mystery play, which told a story of the Bible in a musical manner. The mobility of thesis in an, performing troupes would also be made more efficient through the essays and disadvantages of mass, advent of management, pageant wagons. These were mobile stages the troupe would bring with them to provide added production value to their plays; they would settle down, perform their show, and pack up. These shows often consisted of poetic forms, prose dialogue, and musical numbers.
In the Renaissance, musical theatre took a giant leap forward with the development of commedia dell’arte, a type of musical theatre where well-known stories were improvised by actors using the art of clown to create broad humor throughout. Music became a large part of Jacobean and Elizabethan plays; lutes, organs, pipes and more would play during these performances in order to enhance a scene. Often, if a play was a tragedy or a heavier historical, it would be interrupted with short plays filled with music to on advantages of mass media add levity. This is the benefits where the jig was created; jiggs were broad, farcical afterpieces that followed these heavier works. In the Tudor period, court masques were created, where the first inklings of essays and disadvantages media, modern musical theatre were created. Of Extracurricular Essay! In these masques, elaborate set designs were combined with elegant and detailed costuming, as well as performances that combined singing, dancing and and disadvantages media acting to music. The purpose of these masques were often to flatter a royal patron or nobility that was in essay on manpoer planning, the audience at the time.
The masques were popular types of theatre created by playwrights such as Ben Jonson and William Shakespeare. Soon, just the musical components of masques would be made into operas altogether; acting as sung plays that would be the first templates of musical theatre. Essays On Advantages Of Mass! The famous French playwright Moliere created farces that would have musical components to essay them (song and dance numbers interspersed within the work). These developments led to the creation of English opera; some of the more famous playwrights were Thomas Shadwell, John Blow, Henry Purcell, and more. By 1685, however, English opera started to on advantages and disadvantages of mass media lose its luster. In the 1700s, musical theatre in England developed into two distinct varieties: ballad operas and comic operas. The Beggar’s Opera by John Gay is the quintessential example of the of american dream, ballad opera; it offered new lyrics spoofing the popular songs of the time, the olde English equivalent of a jukebox musical. Comic opera, on the other hand, carried a romantic plot set to essays on advantages and disadvantages original music; The Bohemian Girl by Michael Balfe is a fine example of decline, a comic opera. In the meantime, lighter, more fleeting forms of opera were being created, like Comedie en vaudeville and opera comique, which led to the notions of burlesque, melodramas, vaudevilla, and the notion of the music hall. Since many London theatres only got a license as a music hall, plays had to have music in them; therefore, musical theatre became a more popular part of on advantages and disadvantages media, theatrical life in England, and this led to the popularization of essay on eid, melodramas and burlettas.
In Colonial America, the essays on advantages media, first real presence of theatre to be found did not happen until 1752, when a theatre was formed in Williamsburg, Virginia by essay on eid for children, William Hallam, which performed classic English plays. Soon after, however, they moved to The Beggar’s Opera and other ballad operas and farces in New York. This theatrical presence slowly morphed into what would become Broadway in the 1920s and 1930s. These early plays were the first to be widely recorded and toured, with hundreds of performances in on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, a single run for many musical plays. The further evolution of of extracurricular activities, musical theatre came with the development of the operette, which was created in 1850 by the French composer Herve.
These were light musical comedies that would often provide broad satire and wit to the stage, combined with bright melodies and high energy. These would be the model for all musical theatre that would come after it. After Jacques Offenbach and Johann Strauss II would develop the style further, it would become popularized in the works of Gilbert and Sullivan, Irving Berlin and Rodgers and Hammerstein. The music hall and musical burlesques would comprise the majority of musical theatre in on advantages, 19th century England. The Black Crook proved to be the very first play that would fit the modern conception of the musical – this combined dance and research original music which would supplement the straightforward story being told.
In 1866, this play premiered in New York and became a staggering success. Other musical comedies came out around this year, and the late 19th century saw comedic musical theatre that spoke to the common man, adding legitimacy to the theatrical proceedings. The stories were no longer broad, royal farce; they were meant to essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass be more legitimate, with complex plotting and significant characters. By landing more reputable singers like Vivienne Segal, Fay Templeton and more, they offered significant credentials to those who put on these plays. Once the modern musical was developed, there were other changes to research theatrical procedure that allowed for longer runs. With street lights and electricity, it was safer to come out at night; therefore, night shows became the norm, adding a larger number of performances for each show. With the money that came from the added revenue these extra shows afforded them, production value of Broadway and West End shows increased substantially. Gilbert and Sullivan began producing large comic opera shows that would become extremely popular around this time; shows like HMS Pinafore and The Mikado , as well as The Pirates of Penzance , were family friendly and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media very accessible, leading to worldwide success.
Due to their unparalleled success, the standards for theatrical popularity changed dramatically. Gilbert and Sullivan also pioneered several conventions of the modern musical as well; in their shows, the dialogue and the lyrics were combined to make the story more understandable and sensible, even with the integration of music into essay ul fitr, the performance. P.G. Wodehouse, Ira Gershwin, Irving Berlin, Andrew Lloyd Weber and more would take this particular style of comic opera and media develop it further. The Savoy operas in the 1880s began to essay on manpoer planning enjoy considerable success in America as well. Unlike the tawdry sensibilities of of mass media, previous musicals, these shows were thought to be family friendly and respectable, something that was harder to management research look down upon.
Before these developments, musical theatre was often thought to be for perverts, a much seedier audience; now, theatre was for everyone, especially musical theatre. Broadway saw its fair share of essays on advantages media, musicals in the 1890s as well; attempting to ape Gilbert and Sullivan, many copycat productions took place, like El Capitan by John Philip Sousa. Ragtime became more popular as a freeform style of the benefits of extracurricular activities, theatre, a different, more fast-paced and modern variety of essays on advantages, vaudeville. Musical comedies continued throughout the of american essay, early 20th century, through Tin Pan Alley-composed songs. Essays Media! In Broadway, the runs were shorter than in the West End (never reaching thousands of performances like some Gilbert and Sullivan shows), but often would have longer tours with the original cast. In the “Gay Nineties” (the subjectively wonderful 1890s in England, as they were known), musicals were becoming more popular on the London Stage. George Edwardes took over the Gaiety Theatre, seeking to decline of american dream change it from the bawdy burlesque show that it was and essays of mass media providing a straightforward, light musical alternative to the heavy, absurdist and of extracurricular politically charged Savoy operas that were the flavor at the time. He decided to essays on advantages media try doing family friendly, breezy, lighthearted comic romances, combined with style and spectacle. While there were burlesque elements to them, there were also comic opera traditions sprinkled throughout, and the replacement of dream, low-class burlesque dancers with respectable dancers and singers. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass Media! These types of plays were such a success, they would determine the next thirty years of musical theatre in London. Many of these plays, like The Shop Girl and A Runaway Girl , followed the tropes of management research, romances where the poor maiden falls in love with royalty, and faces many obstacles before finally winning him.
These set the tone for musical comedies that would sweep across the face of musical theatre in both England and essays on advantages of mass America, as many other theatres would copy these shows with increasing complexity, including Sidney Jones’ The Geisha and San Toy . During this time, the operetta had been essentially removed from the English stage due to the prevalence of Edwardian musical comedies, but it made a comeback in define thesis in an essay, the early 20th century with the operetta The Merry Widow, which premiered in 1907 in of mass media, London and Broadway. Essay For Children! This success led to the direct competition of musicals and operettas for the next few years, with new and old operettas being brought out on the stages of both American and England. New operettas that premiered at this time included the works of Victor Herbert ( Babes in Toyland, The Red Mill, The Fortune Teller ), and modern musical plays that were a bit more intimate. In an attempt to cash in on the still-popular Gilbert and essays and disadvantages media Sullivan-style musical, P.G. Widehouse, Jerome Kern and planning Guy Bolton all came out and disadvantages of mass media, with “Princess Theatre shows,” which offered light entertainment while remaining continuous with its songs and plot, offering a complete, detailed and complex story throughout. Unlike the broader comedies of the time, and which had come before, situational comedies had a much greater influence, and the characters were more realistic. The songs were actually used to develop the characters or move the plot along; this was a breakthrough in the plotting and development of musical theatre. With the advent of the Princess Theatre musicals, these lighter shows proved they could integrate song and story just as well as Gilbert and Sullivan could. The theatre experienced a boom in business with the start of World War I; given the devastation of the battlefield and the front, audiences flocked to the stages in papers, order to on advantages of mass get some escapism. Irene , a play by Harry Tiernet and Joseph McCarthy, premiered in 1919 to widespread popularity, holding the Broadway record for security management research longest run (670 performances) for essays and disadvantages media a long time. While those were impressive by American standards, they held nothing to thesis essay the British capacity for holding a musical run; Chu Chow Chow ran for over two thousands performances.
Revues started to become popular, as they incorporated light, multi-act performances that offered variety. As the 20th century chugged along, American musical theatre began to take dominance in both popularity and essays on advantages quality. Essay! The Theatrical Syndicate, led by Charles Frohman, spearheaded the development of shows like the Princess Theatre shows and many other Tin Pan Alley-inspired musicals. Jazz and ragtime became a much more popular component of modern musicals at essays, the time, and of extracurricular the Gershwin brothers, as well as Irving Berlin and others, started to get shows produced. On Advantages And Disadvantages Media! This shift in American musical theatre’s popularity was due to the changes in society that were happening at the time; the increase in vernacular and naturalism that was desired by audiences of the modern era led to a slow death of the broad, the in an essay, theatrical and the operatic. On Advantages And Disadvantages Of Mass Media! Shows and decline dream essay musicals were more direct with their plot, their characters and their intentions, and tradition gave way to innovation. The Roaring Twenties saw the advent of the motion picture, and on advantages and disadvantages media its rise in popularity; this proved to be a challenge for theatres. Even though they were silent at first, and so could not offer the audio component of theatre, the creation of talking films like The Jazz Singer meant that it offered a real threat to live theatre.
Musicals in that era started to english essay topics for grade bring in bigger stars and greater spectacle, offering loudness and essays and disadvantages of mass music hall sensibilities in lieu of complex plotting and security management research papers character development. Despite the fact that there was not a whole lot tying these glorified revues together, they proved extremely popular and light entertainment. And Disadvantages! Theatre writers began to transition into popular music, as most of the music people were listening to at the essay ul fitr for children, time was what they heard in on advantages of mass, these reviews and essay for children vaudeville shows. Production values increased substantially during this time, making the musical more expensive to produce than ever. The concept of of mass media, standards became popular in the 1920s; the lighthearted shows were never that memorable ( Sally, Oh, Kay! ), but their songs would stick in the public’s mind. As a result, they would be covered by a variety of popular music artists, like Cole Porter, Marilyn Miller, Fred Astaire. Operettas also came back into the limelight for a time, and Noel Coward and other composers started to enjoy newfound popularity. Show Boat in 1927 proved to be one of the most complex mixes of score and book that there had been to date; even the of extracurricular activities essay, Princess Theatre musicals lacked this level of sophistication.
There existed dramatic themes that were told with every component of the on advantages media, show, from the movement to the setting. Essay On Eid Ul Fitr! This integration of essays media, production value with narrative complexity that rivaled anything that had come before. While this was popular, events like the Great Depression led to people going back to lighter entertainment. When the Great Depression hit, it left people with little money to entertain themselves with; this mean substantially reduced ticket sales. It was also cheaper to go to the ‘talkies’ than see a show, making it even more challenging for theatres to find an audience. Vaudeville was eliminated by musical films, as they agreed to papers be filmed for one-off shows that effectively killed future live performances of their work. There were still Show Boat -like shows that were great hits for those who could afford the ticket price; Of Thee I Sing was the first musical that was given the essays of mass, Pulitzer Prize. Anything Goes cemented singers like Ethel Merman, who would become the queen of musical theatre due to define in an her loud, booming voice. The first Broadway show to star a black person (Ethel Waters), was 1933’s As Thousands Cheer . Porgy and Bess proved to be a very popular musical, created by media, George Gershwin and released in 1935. Modern musicals like Knickerbocker Holiday by Kurt Weill provided satire of FDR and security papers detailed the essays and disadvantages, history of New York City. With these more complex works, there were still lighter hits on Broadway, like I’d Rather Be Right and The Dancing Years . Cole Porter came into of american, popularity with Anything Goes and DuBarry Was a Lady . All of these contributions led to essays on advantages the overall success and survival of musical theatre, which was a miracle in a time when economic destitution was the define thesis, worst this country has ever experienced.
The evolution of musical theatre at this time allowed for essays and disadvantages of mass media fast-paced music, staging, choreography and more naturalistic dialogue, a far cry from the overt theatricality and melodrama of previous eras. Musical theatre in the 1940s would hit a new zenith with Rodgers and Hammerstein’s musical Oklahoma! Continuing the of extracurricular essay, Show Boat tradition of on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, having complex plotting and serious storytelling amongst musical numbers, the show offered dream ballets and essay 10 integrated the music more cohesively into and disadvantages of mass, the story, rather than providing dance as an excuse for men to see barely-dressed women. Agnes de Mille was the choreographer for this show, and it revolutionized the in an essay, format of musical theatre by providing a decided lack of tawdriness and an earnest desire for storytelling that was not present at this level before. In the and disadvantages of mass, opening number, there were no showgirls, but instead the actual play began with “Oh, What a Beautiful Mornin'”. This earnestness and quality of essay on eid ul fitr, production gave the show rave reviews and unexpected popularity. It got the Pulitzer Prize, and essays on advantages of mass the musical achieved new narrative heights. It turned into the first Broadway show to english 10 be considered a “blockbuster,” and on advantages and disadvantages was even adapted into film. In the canon of musical theatre, it was the first extremely successful Broadway musical, and it holds a beloved place as a milestone of theatrical history. The success of the decline of american, play sent Rodgers and Hammerstein into incredible popularity, coming out with a string of further hits, like South Pacific, The King I and The Sound of on advantages media, Music. Management Research! In all of essays and disadvantages of mass, their shows, dark themes were presented in a way heretofore unseen in musical theatre; Oklahoma’s villain was a murderer, and Carousel tackled the research papers, theme of media, domestic abuse.
Due to their vast creativity, everyone else wanted to emulate them, which meant a string of successive musicals in that vein; this led to the Golden Age of American musical theatre. The war itself was brought to the theatre, with many war-themed shows becoming popular; On the Town showcased a shore leave between soldiers and their women, bringing wartime uncertainty and pathos to the big stage. Annie Get Your Gun, Finian’s Rainbow, Kiss Me, Kate and other such plays were modeled after the Oklahoma! trend of having complex plots with integrated music within, enhancing the essay ul fitr for children, overall quality of the musical theatre canon. In the 1950s, shows like Guys and Dolls, Paint your Wagon, My Fair Lady and more continued the tradition of complex characters within musicals; records continued to be shattered, with My Fair Lady running a record 2,717 performances. Each of essays on advantages of mass, these popular musicals would have film adaptations made of them as well, bringing in a newfound collaboration between Broadway and Hollywood. Stars like Julie Andrews and on eid for children Judy Garland dominated musicals at essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media, this time. Off-Broadway musicals also came to prominence, with shows like The Threepenny Opera and The Fantasticks proving that a show does not have to be part of the Broadway system to be critically and financially successful. The orchestras were smaller, and define in an the scale was toned down, but they could still work. West Side Story adapted Romeo and essays on advantages Juliet into a modern New York City setting, and brought home significant box office returns and myriad Tonys. This cemented Stephen Sondheim’s reputation as a master composer for musicals. The 1960s saw even greater popularity and experimentation on the part of musicals.
More blockbusters, such as Fiddler on the Roof, Hello Dolly!, Funny Girl and Man of ul fitr, La Mancha would be created, and some of the overt sexuality of the burlesque would come back with the essays and disadvantages media, popularity of Cabaret . The rock musical would then usurp these musical styles by the end of the the benefits activities, 1960s. Stephen Sondheim and on advantages and disadvantages media Jerry Herman would significantly shape the pattern of musicals in this decade and the next, through the darker themes that he would explore in works like Sweeney Todd and A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Forum . These plays were bloody, cynical, and gritty, eschewing the sunny dispositions of essay ul fitr for children, earlier musicals to essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass make plays about singing surprisingly dark and brooding. Define In An! Into the on advantages, Woods and Assassins explored these themes further, showcasing a sophistication in lyrics and music that belied the overall exclusiveness of some of the plays’ themes. Essay On Eid Ul Fitr! Soldheim tried a number of new things during this time, including reverse-engineering shows and on advantages and disadvantages of mass media breaking the fourth wall to on manpoer the audience, all things that made musical theatre challenging and intriguing again. With the start of the musical Hair , rock music would be incorporated into musicals.
Also, the Vietnam War was brought up as a theme, something which would prove controversial and also indicative of musical theatre’s propensity to challenge societal attitudes at the time. Racial tolerance was found in many Golden Age musicals, which were then resurfaced ( The King I, South Pacific , and essays and disadvantages of mass media more). Racial integration finally occurred in the end of the 1960s; homosexuality was first openly explored as a theme in Hair , and then moved onto other shows. In the on manpoer planning, 1970s, with the advent of the rock musical, The Rocky Horror Show, Jesus Christ Superstar, Godspell and more started to on advantages and disadvantages media bring in this rapidly popular style of music to the theatrical realm, bringing with it an added edge that was never before seen onstage. Some of these plays, like the Who musical Tommy , tended to work more towards concepts of security management, opera than they did musicals, with little spoken dialogue and essays and disadvantages of mass most of the story and character conveyed through song. African-Americans got their own musical representation onstage, portraying the black experience through The Wiz, Dreamgirls and more. As the Broadway canon expanded, more and more variation occurred, with musicals of every genre coming into prominence. A Chorus Line proved to be a giant among contemporary musicals; released in 1975, the play, which was about an audition for a musical, broke narrative conventions in a fascinating way, also providing with it amazing music and spectacle, busting box office records and reaching incredible critical acclaim. This led to more plays along that same style, such as Chicago, Pippin, Nine, Evita and of extracurricular activities essay more. These were risque, tawdry yet liberating pieces, bringing sensuality to the stage without it being classless or inaccessible. In the 1980s and 1990s, pop music began to invade musicals to a larger degree, and essays larger production values brought incredible spectacle to these productions, like falling chandeliers in security management research papers, The Phantom of the Opera . Novel and literary adaptations were beginning to be the and disadvantages, norm, and European influences were more and more prevalent.
Andrew Lloyd Webber became an the benefits of extracurricular, incredible mega-hit musical creator with Cats and Evita , The Phantom of the Opera and more. A greater emphasis on adaptations has been put forth as the 1990s rolled along; corporations began to essays and disadvantages of mass media get into the Broadway game, with the Disney Company allying with Broadway to adapt their musical films to the stage; Julie Taymor’s production of define in an, The Lion King stands out among that canon. With the greater opportunities available for smaller playwrights to create small-scale musicals, musical theatre split into larger, spectacle-based musicals of Broadway, and the quirkier, smaller musicals of essays of mass media, off-Broadway. Little Shop of Horrors , Bat Boy: The Musical , and others provided smaller scale but interesting stories that eschewed overly elaborate set pieces for management papers small sets of characters and developed storylines. Incredible innovations would come from shows such as these, and on advantages of mass a new niche audience was created for them. In order to attract younger audiences, Rent was released on dream, Broadway and of mass the West End, a dramatic tale of planning, New York bohemia, rock music, and AIDS. The incredible success of the musicals invigorated the theatre scene with a much younger demographic, leading to the advent of interesting, new and unusual shows.
Urinetown and Avenue Q brought modern, crude but wacky humor to smaller stages, Spring Awakening and other shows doing the same. Essays On Advantages Of Mass Media! While Broadway continued to the benefits essay play it safe with their familiar shows, the rise of adaptations began to surface. Wicked , The Producers, Spamalot, Hairspray and others indicate a modern, ongoing trend of taking an established property and essays and disadvantages of mass making it into decline of american dream, a musical. The point of this is to offer something familiar, which audiences already know from established material and have a fondness for, and offer a musical component to it. The jukebox musical, exemplified by Mamma Mia! and others, continues this trend of offering familiar songs framed around a new story.
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Make him think and feel that it would be worth his while by the benefits of extracurricular activities making the letter feel more genuine and positive. There are a few things you need to remember though before you submit your cover letter for manuscript publication. You need to and disadvantages media, be absolutely sure that your work has been proofread, edited and checked at least 2 times by you and by a professional proofreader. It makes the job of the decline dream agent easier. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass! Nothing can be as frustrating as having to of american essay, go through a manuscript that is replete with spelling and grammatical errors. Another important thing to do is to research, research and research.
You have to understand that each editor or agent is unique and may have their own preferences at the moment. The publishing industry is undergoing tremendous changes and essays of mass they’re feeling a lot of competition from independent book writers and other publishers. They will usually go with whatever is in high demand now or in the near future. Introducing yourself should be done on a professional basis. Please, don’t mention anything that’s too personal or unrelated to your manuscript.
That’s a part of the writing game. You need to be open yet at essay the same time mysterious enough to provoke further attention. The information that you should provide about yourself should be the of mass information that provides these three: credibility, character and authority. These prove that what you’ve written is something that would be useful, entertaining, enticing and in an essay most of on advantages and disadvantages all gives the define reader something that they haven’t had before. In the eyes of an and disadvantages media agent, the presence of these could correlate later on to book sales which are good for their business. On Manpoer Planning! Making a cover letter for manuscript submission is crucial in your goal to finally be published. Keep it simple and professional.
Nobody cares that your mom thinks your book is on advantages and disadvantages of mass, great, or that you “really really really” want to be published (I’ve actually received query letters with these and the benefits essay other ridiculous statements!). Don’t get cute with weird fonts and colors (I’ve received queries in red italic, among other things…). Paragraph one: Who are you, how did you here about me, and what do you want? Example: My name is Jane Doe. I found your company’s listing at The Writer’s market Weekly. Enclosed please find my 300 page mystery novel, The Mystery of Me, for your review. paragraph Two: What is the essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass book about? Example: The Mystery of Me tells the story of in an essay Russ Williams, a police academy student who finds his dormmate dead and himself the prime suspect. As Russ struggles to prove his innocence, he begins to uncover strange clues about his own past.
And when another body is essays on advantages and disadvantages, found not far from Russ’s childhood home, he begins to come to a terrifying realization that he may very well be the killer. paragraph Three: What qualifies you to management research, write this book? Example: My current field of study is psychology, and this is my first attempt at novel writing. And Disadvantages Of Mass! However, as a student of psychology and a long-time fan of the mystery genre, I feel I can bring a unique perspective to define thesis in an, the work. And Disadvantages Media! I have published several short stories in The Local Literature Review and The Main Street Press. I also run a mystery book club at the MyTown Library. Paragraph 4: closure. I have enclosed a self-addressed stamped envelope for your convenience. Should you require more information, please feel free to contact me directly at email@example.com or by phone at 555-555-5555. I look forward to hearing from you. Sorry that I can’t be of much help, BUT, I’ve seen some publishers/literary agencies refer to security papers, the query letter as the cover letter.
So, they might mean query letter. I guess it won’t hurt to email them and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media ask for clarification. See if anyone at for grade 10 http://www.absolutewrite.com/forums has any experience submitting to or working with this publisher and they can tell you what you need on the cover letter. ADDED: It sounds like they want a query letter. Of Mass Media! Queries usually follow this format (3 short paragraphs of what your story is define, about and 1 small paragraphs about on advantages of mass, your story’s stats and yourself; one page total). Define Thesis Essay! It’s best to get feeback for your query, and and disadvantages you can do so at the forum I liked. Queries can be harder than writing the essay on eid for children novel itself, because you can easily find other things to focus on rather than what your novel is about. A good, efficient query, according to one literary agent whose blog I visit, is about 350-400 words. You need to on advantages media, also make sure within your query that you focus on what’s unique about your novel (how it’s different than every other novel in topics for grade 10 the genre).
If you make your novel sound like a run-of-the-mill romance, fantasy, or what have you, then you can be rejected. You can find examples of successful query letters on AbsoluteWrite and you can get help with writing yours. Query letter can make or break you with a publisher or agent, so make sure it’s a perfect as it can be. Don’t worry about not having experience. On Advantages Of Mass Media! Unless the ul fitr publisher explicitly states that they want people with publishing experience then in on advantages media the paragraph were you talk about yourself, just say something like “[title of novel] is a 40,000-word YA sci-fi novel and is the debut novel by [your name].” That’s not perfect of course, but you get the gist of it. The word Debut will let them know that it’s your first novel and that you don’t have any publishing experience.
A query letter goes out alone. Its sole purpose is to get an agent or publisher to ask to see the define in an essay manuscript. Essays On Advantages And Disadvantages Media! It should not be sent until the novel is complete and polished, rewritten and revised until it cannot be improved. It should include the title, genre, word count, a paragraph about the plot, a paragraph about your qualifications to write it (including any writing awards or experiences used in your plot), and your thanks for their time. Enclose a self-addressed stamped envelope (SASE) for a reply. If and only if their submission guidelines ask for more would you enclose anything else, such as a bio, or the first 50 pages. If your query letter worked and the benefits of extracurricular they ask to see the essays media manuscript, congratulations.
Now you send the manuscript with a cover letter. Essay For Grade! Its purpose is to remind the on advantages media agent or publisher that this is material s/he asked to see, not something being sent unsolicited by of extracurricular activities essay someone hopeful but unprofessional. (Don’t you feel smarter for asking before committing a faux pas?) A cover letter can be as simple as “Enclosed you will find my novel, TIMEPIECE, as requested in your letter of April 15, and my SASE for your reply. I hope you enjoy it.” First of all, Harper Collins and all major publishers will reject you unread. They do not accept unsolicited queries. You should know that if you have read their listing in essays on advantages Writers Market. They only deal with agents.
I would never submit to more than two publishers at a time. Sending to five is just unprofessional and amateur and all five will just reject you. You should just say I have simultaneously submitted this query to another publisher. You mention sending a cover letter with your manuscript. That is english essay, absolutely NOT how it is media, done.
Your manuscript will become lunch for somebody’s papershredder. You must check each publisher’s submission requirements and send them EXACTLY what they request. That doenst mean a manuscript. Topics For Grade! Usually it means a query letter along with a summary. Sending a manuscript is a sure sign of an unprofessional amateur author and a guaranteed form rejection letter. You say you have a bunch of books, but it doesnt seem like you have read them. Do you have a copy of Writers Market? That is really the only book you need. All the essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass media information you require is right there. Not following guidelines will get you rejected.
So will sending your letter on cutsey stationary, including “presents” and of extracurricular using cute stamps on the envelope. Your letter should be professional – on matching stationary with simple flag stamps. Trust me, people get rejected just for essays on advantages and disadvantages, their choice of stamps on the envelope. The only publishers you can query are small publishers who deal directly with authors. The A List publishers dont. Define In An! DEFINITELY cross Harper Collins off your list. I had a chance recently to sit down and talk with an exec at Harper Collins. We discussed the children’s market. 40% of all childrens’ books today are written by celebs – Madonna, Jamie Lee Curtis, Billy Joel etc. Another 40% is media, already established children’s authors – Eric Carle etc. 15-20% is reprints of essay for grade 10 children’s classics – Curious George, Dr Seuss, etc.
That leaves approximately 5% for and disadvantages, new authors. Management Research! Publishers like Harper Collins have large backlogs of previously purchased children’s books that are getting printed a few at a time. And to make matters worse, adult fiction authors like Carl Hiaasen and several others are now entering the children’s market too — eating into that 5% of new authors. That is why you have been burned by agents. Most agents dont read children’s anymore – there just isnt any profit in it for them.
They cannot sell the books and it’s a waste of on advantages and disadvantages media their time. Your only hope is to go to Writers Market and look through the ul fitr for children small presses for essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass, ones still publishing children’s books. And trust me – there are not many. Of Extracurricular Activities Essay! There are a lot of and disadvantages media frauds and scams among smaller presses so make sure you go through Preditors and Editors and Absolute Write Water Cooler Bewares and Background Checks and research any company you intend to query. If there have been problems in the past, both sites will have details. As for essay ul fitr for children, your bio, if you are an unpublished inexperienced author, you should say so. Of Mass Media! Dont artifically pump up your bio – it will be discovered. Ask James ‘Frey. I do not mean to be so negative, but these are the facts in the children’s book world. It is tough – very tough. .I have a close friend who recently published a children’s book that went all the on eid ul fitr way to #1 on the NY Times children’s list.
But it was an exceptional book, on an exceptional subject and he had some very important people backing him – namely the NY Yankees. If the book isnt exceptional, it wont go anywhere. Essays! And if it is a holiday book, Christmas, Chaunakah, Halloween etc – forget it – they get thousands a week and reject them all. The market is essay on manpoer, glutted. Reread Writers Market. You need to review how to and disadvantages, send in the benefits of extracurricular activities a submission before you do it.
Good luck. Pax – C. You should be up front about it if that is what you are going to do. Some agents really disapprove of on advantages and disadvantages media multiple submissions and others don’t, so it’s best to just be honest. I’ve also heard that, while multiple submissions may be frowned upon by many agents, multiple queries are just fine. So send those letters out to as many agents as you can! Don’t pay to get it “appraised” or whatever.
I think what Kitty was refering to was the essay process of essays on advantages media querying versus submitting. Papers! If you send your entire manuscript to a publisher, they most likely won’t look at a page of it. If you send a query letter and essays on advantages media short summary, they may request sample chapters. That’s what was meant by “approved” Is it ok to submit a novel manuscript to several agents simultaneously?
I’ve always heard it’s bad form, but if an agent takes several months to read my submission I need to be able to send it to three or four at once. Define In An Essay! If I do simultaneously submit, should I mention that in my cover letter? Thanks for your advice. KItty rogers, do I need to send my manuscript to an appraisal agency first? Is that the magic trick – pay to get it appraised? Please tell me. The work is good. Does anyone know how or what to on advantages of mass, put in a cover letter for a manuscript (book) submission? I am submitting my novel to a publisher and they require a cover letter to essay planning, accompany my submission. I have never had to essays on advantages and disadvantages, include a cover letter so I’m not sure what should go in this particular type of cover letter. I’ve looked online, but most information is so conflicting that it’s becoming frustrating.
Can anyone help me out? I need help understanding publishing terms? I wrote a childerns picture. I know i well get rejections. English Essay For Grade 10! I want to be rejected because of essays of mass content not because i wrote up the decline of american dream cover letter wrong.I have a bunch of books on how to get it published. my problem is how to write up some of the terms.. and what it means. Of Mass Media! I am going straight to the publisher first.i tried the agent path and got burned a few times. For Grade! some require a cover letter with your manuscript. 1) how do i write up simultaneous submissions of a cover letter. they ask for you to include that you have done it. ( i have not been able to find a sample letter to see.) which of the following is correct. A) I have submitted my book to many other publishers. B) I have submitted my book to 5 other Publishers.
C) i have submitted my book to the following Publishers: Harper Collins, Walden Books, Greenbrook Publishing and Tenspeed Publishing. 2) What is on advantages and disadvantages, Biographical material ? ( i am thinking it is a basic Bio about me). On Manpoer Planning! Any tips on how to write it would help. the publishers i used where just exsamples…some publishers incourage you to submitt to more then one publisher but would like you to on advantages of mass media, mention it in your cover letter with your manuscirpt or qurrie letter ( each publisher wants it different).. and for following guidelines i have.. Of American Essay! i have gone to some web sites and what they want for childern picture books.certain amount of on advantages of mass words, cover letters or qurrie letters.. that is why i have a few questions about essay, it..and some big publishers according to there web sites still want unagented submissions..there where a few things they wanted done a certain way and and disadvantages that is why i am asking….the 2 above questions…… the few agents i have dealt with where just crook.. they wanted me to pay and some of the contracts made my lawyer fall over management, laughing.. that is why i am tring to do it without an essays and disadvantages media agent…if it dont workout then all i lost was a few months and a couple of essay on manpoer hundred dollars…the book is not about holidays or cute bunnys.
When presenting a manuscript submission for the first time, do you need to send a query and on advantages of mass cover letter? I’m writing a book for the first time and I’m confused between writing a cover letter and a query. Do I need to send both? If so, what are the main things I should have in each? I’d really appreciate it if someone could answer my questions. What do I put on my cover letter for a manuscript submission? This is my first time writing a children’s book. Security Management Research! I intend to send it to a publisher. I have found a publisher that is accepting unsolicited manuscripts but they require a cover letter. On Advantages And Disadvantages Media! I have no idea what or how to write one of essay these. Essays And Disadvantages Of Mass Media! I don’t have any prior experience, so that even makes it more difficult to write this cover letter.
Any help or samples would be great! Thanks for the help. This is essay on eid for children, what they require: A cover letter introducing myself and essays on advantages and disadvantages of mass experience, a summary of the story, and three chapters. Also, the submission has to ul fitr for children, be made via email and I have searched on there website and I don’t see the essays on advantages of mass media editors name. Is including their name a must on security management papers, cover letters?