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Opinion essay structure paragraphs

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FreePage (single use) SMS inform (single use) Plagiarism Report (single use) 50$ to your bonus balance which you can use in 365 days 100$ to your bonus balance which you can use in anna requiem essay 365 days. 2. Promotional Period. The promotion begins on 7.18.2017, at essay structure paragraphs, 9:00 am and ends on 7.28.2017 at 10:00 pm. This Privacy Policy (“Policy”) describes how information about You is collected, used and disclosed and provides other important privacy information, describes when and how we may change this Policy, and tells You how to contact us with any questions or comments. We collect information about You and computer(s) You use when You use our Services or otherwise interact with us. “Personal Information” means information that we directly associate with a specific person or entity (for example: name; addresses; telephone numbers; email address; payment information; device location etc.). “Client”, “User”, “You” and “Your” refers to you, the person accessing this Website and accepting these Privacy Policy. Of Forests Essay. Any use of the above terminology or other words in the singular, plural, capitalization and/or he/she or they, are taken as interchangeable and essay structure therefore as referring to same. HOW INFORMATION ABOUT YOU IS COLLECTED. We collect information about You in essay of science of ancient india three primary ways:

Information You Provide. We collect information that You provide to us when You apply for structure paragraphs and use and/or purchase our Services or otherwise communicate with us. For example, some of the ways You may provide information to us include: When You purchase our Services, the payment system will require your personal, contact, billing and credit information. When You establish or modify Your user account online, We may collect user identification information, passwords, and/or security question responses that You will use for akhmatova requiem future sign-on. When You interact with our Customer Service representatives, enter information on essay our Website, submit survey responses, or pay for of science and technology of ancient india Services, we may also collect Personal Information and opinion essay structure other information. Akhmatova Essay. We may monitor and record phone calls, e-mails, live chats, or other communications between You and our Customer Service representatives or other employees or representatives. Information We Collect Automatically. We automatically collect a variety of information associated with Your use of our Services.

Each time You visit the Website, Personal Information is automatically gathered. In general, this information does not identify You personally. Examples of automatically collected personal information include, but are not limited to: IP address, Collection Date, Publisher Name, Connection Speed, Day of Week Time of Day (hour), Language settings, Country, City (relating to IP address, if available). For example, some of the ways we may automatically collect information include: Cookies and similar technologies.

A “cookie” is essay paragraphs a small text file that a web site can place on essay Your computer's hard drive in order, for example, to collect information about Your activities on opinion structure the Website. The cookie transmits this information back to the Website's computer, which, generally speaking, is the farm is power essay only computer that can read it. We need to use cookies on the Website to enhance the user experience and avoid multiple logins or password authentication requests. We may use, or we may engage third-parties to use on our behalf, cookies or similar web tags (small data text files placed on your computer or device) or similar technologies to identify Your computer or device and essay structure record Your preferences and other data so that our Website can personalize Your visit(s), see which areas and features of look like, our Website are popular, and opinion essay paragraphs improve our Website and Your experience. Depending upon Your computer, You may be able to set Your browser(s) to reject cookies or delete cookies, but that may result in the loss of some functionality on the Website. We may also use web beacons (small graphic images on a web page or an HTML e-mail) to monitor interaction with our websites or e-mails. Web beacons are generally invisible because they are very small (only 1-by-1 pixel) and the same color as the background of the web page or e-mail message.

Web Browsing Activity. When accessing our Website, We automatically collect certain information about Your computer and Your visit, such as your IP address, browser type, date and time, the essay web page You visited before visiting our Website, Your activities and purchases on opinion essay paragraphs our Website, and other analytical information associated with the Website. Information From Other Sources. We may also obtain information about You from other sources. For example, We may receive credit information from third-party sources before initiating Your service. We may also purchase or obtain Personal Information (for example, e-mail lists, postal mail lists, demographic and marketing data) from others. HOW WE USE INFORMATION WE COLLECT ABOUT YOU. We use the information We collect for a variety of business purposes, such as: To provide and bill for Services You purchase;

To deliver and confirm Services You obtain from us; To verify Your identity and maintain a record of Your transactions and akhmatova interactions with us; To provide customer services to You; To create, modify, improve, enhance, remove or fix our Services and their performance; To identify and suggest products or services that might interest You; To make internal business decisions about paragraphs current and future Service offerings; To provide You customized user experiences, including personalized Services offerings; To protect our rights, interests, safety and property and that of our customers, service providers and write a convincing other third parties; and.

To comply with law or as required for legal purposes. We may use Personal Information for essay paragraphs investigations or prevention of fraud or network abuse. We may use information we collect to contact You about look like our and/or third-party products, services, and structure paragraphs offers that We believe You may find of requiem essay, interest. We may contact You by telephone, postal mail, e-mail, or other methods. You may see advertisements when You visit our Website. We may help advertisers better reach our customers by structure providing certain customer information, including geographic information, language preferences or demographic information obtained from other companies. This information is used by advertisers to determine which ads may be more relevant to You. However, we do not share Personal Information outside of our corporate family for akhmatova essay advertising purposes without Your consent. WHEN WE SHARE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU.

We do not sell, license, rent, or otherwise provide Your Personal Information to essay paragraphs unaffiliated third-parties (parties outside our corporate family) without Your consent. We may, however, disclose Your information to unaffiliated third-parties as follows: With Your Consent. We may disclose Personal Information about You to third-parties with Your consent. We may obtain Your consent in writing; online, through “click-through” agreements; when You accept the terms of disclosures for certain Services; orally, when You interact with our customer service representatives. We encourage You not to share Your password. How To Write A Convincing. If You provide Your user account password and/or security question responses to third parties they will have access to Your Personal Information when they access Your user account with Your account password. To Our Service Providers. We may disclose information to third-party vendors and essay partners who complete transactions or perform services on our behalf (for example, credit/debit card processing, billing, customer service, auditing, and marketing). In a Business Transfer.

We may sell, disclose, or transfer information about You as part of a corporate business transaction, such as a merger or acquisition, joint venture, corporate reorganization, financing, or sale of how to a convincing, company assets, or in the unlikely event of insolvency, bankruptcy, or receivership, in which such information could be transferred to third-parties as a business asset in the transaction. For Legal Process Protection. We may disclose Personal Information, and other information about You, or Your communications, where we have a good faith belief that access, use, preservation or disclosure of such information is reasonably necessary: to satisfy any applicable law, regulation, legal process or enforceable governmental request; to enforce or apply agreements, or initiate, render, bill, and collect for services and products (including to collection agencies in opinion essay order to obtain payment for our products and services); to protect our rights or interests, or property or safety or that of others; in connection with claims, disputes, or litigation – in court or elsewhere; to facilitate or verify the appropriate calculation of taxes, fees, or other obligations; or. in an emergency situation. We may provide information that does not identify You personally to third-parties for marketing, advertising or other purposes.

HOW WE STORE AND PROTECT THE INFORMATION COLLECTED ABOUT YOU. Protecting Your Information. We use a variety of vs arguing, physical, electronic, and procedural safeguards to protect Personal Information from essay paragraphs, unauthorized access, use, or disclosure while it is under our control. Unfortunately, no data transmission over the internet can be guaranteed to be completely secure. As a result, although we will utilize such measures, we do not guarantee You against the loss, misuse, or alteration of Personal Information under our control, and You provide Personal Information to us at Your own risk.

You should always take care with how You handle and vs arguing disclose your Personal Information and should avoid sending Personal Information through insecure e-mail, social networks or other internet channels. Retention and Disposal. We retain information only for as long as we have a business or tax need or as applicable laws, regulations and/or government orders allow. Essay. When we dispose of vs arguing, Personal Information, we use reasonable procedures designed to opinion structure paragraphs erase or render it unreadable (for example, shredding documents and wiping electronic media). PRIVACY POLICY UPDATES. How We Communicate Changes to This Policy.

We may update this Policy at how to write essay, any time to provide updates to or clarification of our practices. If we make changes we may provide You with additional notice (such as adding a statement to the homepage of our Website or sending You a notification). You should refer to this Policy often for the latest information and opinion essay structure the effective date of any changes. This web site is owned and how to essay operated by Viatta Business Ltd . A Partner is an opinion paragraphs individual who refers customers. A Referral is an individual who requests a service via the referral link given by a Partner. With the first order, a Referral acquires a 15% discount on the order, while a Partner receives $50 to the Referral Balance. With further purchases, a Partner earns 5% of the farm knowledge Referral’s total order price. All money earned with the Referral Program is stored on your Referral Balance. A Partner can transfer the money to the Bonus Balance and use it to purchase a service.

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15 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services. A company's business processes drive the integration of systems and people that participate in it. The business process and associated systems have a life cycle and certain behavior. The users who participate in the business process have roles and privileges to perform tasks in the business process. Using the workflow services of Oracle BPEL Process Manager, you can blend the integration of systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow, while providing visibility and enabling exception handling and optimization at various levels. This chapter contains the following topics: Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for the organizational hierarchy of the demonstration user community used in examples throughout this chapter. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemxmllibworkflow for workflow service WSDL files. 15.1 Oracle BPEL Process Manager Workflow Services 10.1.2 and 10.1.3.1.0 Compatibility. Workflows that you designed in 10.1.2 with the persuasive, workflow wizard can be deployed and run in 10.1.3.1.0. Essay Structure! However, you must use the old worklist URL to essay of science and technology india access these tasks: For release 10.1.3.1.0, the workflow wizard has been replaced by a Human Task editor. This editor enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and opinion essay structure so on. You cannot use the Human Task editor to edit 10.1.2-based workflows. How To! To use any new 10.1.3.1.0 functionality, the task scope of the workflow must be manually migrated to use the new workflow metadata. Note also that this is the last release in which you can deploy workflows designed with 10.1.2. 15.2 Overview of Workflow Services. Workflow services enable you to interleave human interactions with connectivity to systems and services within an end-to-end process flow. As shown in Figure 15-1, workflow services are linked to opinion essay structure paragraphs a BPEL process through a WSDL contract, like any other Web service. The process assigns a task to a user or role and waits for a response. The users act on animal knowledge essay the task using Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Figure 15-1 High-Level View of Workflow Services in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Terms used in workflow services include: Task#x2014;work that needs to be done by a user, role, or group. Notification#x2014;an e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) message that is sent when a user is assigned a task or informed that the status of the task has changed. Worklist#x2014;an enumeration of the tasks, or work items, assigned to or of interest to a user. Human Task editor#x2014;A tool that enables you to specify task settings such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and opinion paragraphs escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. .task file #x2014;The metadata task configuration file that stores the task settings specified with the Human Task editor. routing slip#x2014;Contains information about the flow pattern for the workflow, assignees, escalation policy, expiration duration, signature policy, sequence in and wildlife, which the participants interact in the task, and so on. Features of opinion essay, workflow services include: Standard work queues #x2014; high priority tasks, tasks due soon, new tasks, and so on. Custom work queues #x2014; Users can define new work queues based on specific search criteria. Proxy work queues #x2014; can grant access to other users to selected work queues. Other users can act on your behalf on those tasks. User rules #x2014; can define custom delegation, auto-approval, or vacation rules. Group rules #x2014; can define auto-assignment rules for roles or groups; for example, round-robin, least-busy, and so on. Vs Arguing! Task assignment and routing#x2014;includes creating tasks from the business process and assigning the tasks to users or roles. Other task assignment and routing features include: Support for task expiration and automatic renewal. Support for task delegation, escalation, and reapproval. Storage of task history information for auditing, extending workflows to include other workflows, and the ability to archive and purge task details based on specified policies. Support for essay structure paragraphs creating custom task escalation rule functions. Override and restrict default system actions. Specify callback classes on task status. JSP-based forms for viewing and updating task details. Dynamic assignment functions. Built-in reports #x2014; Priority reports, productivity reports, cycle time reports, and unattended tasks report. Participant types#x2014;consists of single approver, group vote, management chain, sequential list of approvers, FYI assignees, and external routing services. Identity service#x2014;interacts with back-end identity management systems to capture all user information from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) and how to write LDAP. The identity service provides role-based access control; you can assign permissions to essay structure paragraphs roles and look link an organizational hierarchy to a role model for authorization. You can also do the following: Assign worklist privileges to users, roles, or groups. Maintain user properties such as name, location, phone, fax, and e-mail. Capture organizational hierarchy (reporting structure) and group information. Opinion Essay! Integrate with standard (for example, LDAP-based) directory services for user and role provisioning. Identity Service for identity service concepts. Send notifications to specified users on specified task changes. Notifications through different delivery channels (e-mail, phone, fax, voice, and SMS) Ability to customize content of notifications for different types of essaying vs arguing, tasks. Perform actions on tasks through e-mail. Notification Service for opinion essay structure paragraphs notification service concepts. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Vs Arguing! Out-of-the-box fully customizable worklist. Support for various user profiles #x2013; end user, supervisor, task owner, group owner, administrator. View tasks based on user or role ability to perform authorized actions on tasks in the worklist. Ability to filter tasks in worklist view based on essay various criteria. Ability to acquire and check out shared tasks. Support for custom work queues. Define custom vacation rules and delegation rules. Provide access to selected worklist views to other users (proxy support) Complete workflow history and essay of science of ancient india audit trail. Out-of-the-box productivity reports. Structure! 15.2.1 Workflow Functionality: A Procurement Process Example. The functionality of workflow services can be illustrated using a simple order approval business process to approve or reject an paper like order, as shown in Figure 15-2. requested items. Approval and rejection is a two-step process involving an initial approver and the manager of the initial approver. The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Once a user belonging to opinion structure the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to this user's manager for final approval. Figure 15-2 BPEL Workflow. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Order Booking Tutorial for instructions on designing an order approval business process to look approve or reject an order. Opinion Essay Structure! 15.2.2 Workflow Services Components. Vs Arguing! Figure 15-3 shows the essay structure paragraphs, following workflow services components: The task service provides task state management and persistence of tasks. How To Write A Convincing Persuasive! In addition to these services, the task service exposes operations to update a task, complete a task, escalate and reassign tasks, and so on. The task service is used by the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to retrieve tasks assigned to users. This service also determines if notifications are to be sent to opinion users and groups when the state of the how to write a convincing persuasive, task changes. The task service consists of the following services. Task Routing Service. The task routing service offers services to route, escalate, and reassign the task. The service makes these decisions by interpreting a declarative specification in the form of the routing slip. Task Query Service. The task query service queries tasks for a user based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Task Metadata Service. The task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. The identity service is a thin Web service layer on opinion structure top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. How To Write A Convincing Persuasive Essay! The notification service delivers notifications with the specified content to the specified user to opinion essay structure paragraphs any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, pager, fax, and SMS. See Notifications from Workflow Services for more information. User Metadata Service. Essaying! The user metadata service manages metadata related to workflow users, such as user work queues, preferences, vacation, and delegation rules. Runtime config service. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in paragraphs, the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of how does paper like, task payload flex field mappings. Figure 15-3 Workflow Services Components. Figure 15-4 shows the opinion, interactions between the services and the business process. Figure 15-4 Workflow Services and Business Process Interactions. 15.3 Use Cases for Workflow Services. Using workflow services is demonstrated in the VacationRequest, AutoLoanDemo, ExpenseRequestApproval, LoanDemoPlus, DocumentReview, HelpDeskServiceRequest, and OrderApproval demos. The following sections describe multiple use cases for how to write workflow services. 15.3.1 Assigning a Task to a User or Role. A vacation request process may start with getting the vacation details from a user and then routing the request to opinion essay paragraphs their manager for approval. User details and the organizational hierarchy can be looked up from a user directory or store. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-5, is described in anna akhmatova, the OrderApproval sample. Figure 15-5 Assigning Tasks to a User or Role from a Directory. 15.3.2 Using the Various Participant Types. A task can be routed through multiple users with a group vote, management chain, or sequential list of approvers participant type. For example, consider a loan request that is part of the loan approval flow. The loan request may first be assigned to a loan agent role. After a specific loan agent acquires and accepts the loan, the loan may be routed further through multiple levels of opinion essay structure, management if the loan amount is greater that $100,000. This scenario, shown in Figure 15-6, is described in farm knowledge is power, the LoanDemoPlus sample. Essay Paragraphs! Figure 15-6 Flow Patterns and Routing Policies. See Participant Types in essay, Workflow Services for the various flow types supported by workflow services. You can use these types as building blocks to create complex workflows. 15.3.3 Escalation, Expiration, and Delegation. A high-priority task can be assigned to a certain user or role based on the task type. However, if the user does not act on it in a certain time, the essay structure, task may expire and in turn be escalated to the manager for further action. Conservation Of Forests And Wildlife! As part of the escalation, you may also notify the users by e-mail, telephone voice message, SMS, pager, or fax. Similarly, a manager may delegate tasks from structure, one reportee to another to balance the load between various task assignees. All tasks defined in BPEL have an associated expiration date. Additionally, you may specify escalation or renewal policies, as shown in Figure 15-7. For example, consider a support call, which is part of the HelpDeskServiceRequest process. A high-priority task may be assigned to a certain user and if the essay and technology india, user does not respond in two days, then the task is opinion essay structure, routed to the manager for further action. Figure 15-7 Escalation and Notification. 15.3.4 Automatic Assignment and Delegation. A user may decide to of forests essay have another user perform tasks on opinion essay structure paragraphs their behalf. Tasks can be explicitly delegated from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application or can be automatically delegated. For example, a manager sets up a vacation rule saying that all their high priority tasks are automatically routed to one of their reports while the animal farm is power essay, manager is on vacation. In some cases, tasks can be routed to different individuals based on the content of the task. Another example of automatic routing is to allocate tasks among multiple individuals belonging to essay paragraphs a group. For example, a help desk supervisor decides to allocate all tasks for the western region based on a round robin basis or assign tasks to the individual with the lowest number of outstanding tasks (the least busy). 15.3.5 Work Queues and essay of science and technology Proxy Support. It is often required that one user be provided with access to part of another user's worklist. For example, an essay structure executive decides to provide access to expense approvals within a certain limit to their secretary. Work queues allow you to create a custom view to group a subset of tasks in the worklist (say high priority tasks, tasks due in 24 hours, expense approval tasks, and so on). These work queues can then be granted to other users who can then act on the task owner's behalf. For example, in the scenario described above, the executive can create a delegated expense approvals work queue for expenses below $5000. 15.3.6 The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Users typically access tasks assigned to them by using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, as shown in Figure 15-8. A worklist consists of tasks assigned to the user as well as the groups to which they belong. Animal Knowledge! A task may also include forms and attachments in addition to other task details such as history, comments, and approval sequence. The worklist may also be accessed from OracleAS Portal or other clients to essay paragraphs act on tasks as well as get productivity reports. The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application can be customized and extended based on the specific needs of an of forests application. See Chapter 16, Worklist Application for details about worklist functionality and the sample Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Opinion Structure! Figure 15-8 Oracle BPEL Worklist Application#x2014;Access Tasks, Forms, Attachments, and Reports. 15.4 Participant Types in Workflow Services. Vs Arguing! Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides a library of participant types (known in previous releases as workflow patterns). You can choose a participant type that meets your business requirement and model your workflow based on the participant type. Oracle BPEL Process Manager supports the following participant types: Single Approver #x2014; used for a single user to essay structure act on farm knowledge is power a task. If the opinion essay structure paragraphs, task is assigned to a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. Group Vote #x2014; used when multiple users, working in parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. Essaying! You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to structure paragraphs take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Management Chain#x2014;used to route tasks for conservation of forests essay approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. Opinion Essay! You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of users. Sequential list of approvers (extension of a sequential workflow)#x2014;used to create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. This type is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Akhmatova Requiem! FYI assignee #x2014; used when a task is sent to a user, but the essay structure paragraphs, business process does not wait for how does paper a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the outcome of opinion essay paragraphs, a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. External Routing Service #x2014;used to configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and so on) at run time to determine the routing of the task. 15.4.1 Continuing Workflows from Other Workflows. You can have situations where you need to continue a previous workflow task in the current workflow task. Oracle BPEL Process Manager enables you to include the task history, comments, and attachments from the essaying, previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. 15.5 Overview of the Modeling Process. The modeling process consists of opinion essay structure, creating a human task, associating it with a BPEL process, and generating the format for displaying the human task during run time in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This section provides a brief overview of essay of science india, these modeling tasks and provides references to specific modeling instructions. 15.5.1 Create a Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to paragraphs define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. This information is saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. 15.5.2 Associate the akhmatova requiem essay, Human Task Definition with a BPEL Process. Opinion Essay Structure Paragraphs! You associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. Association is requiem, made with a human task activity that you drag and drop into your BPEL process for configuring. You also define the task definition, task initiator, task priority, and map the task parameter that carries the input data to a BPEL variable. You can also define advanced features, such as the scope and global task variables names (instead of accepting the default names), task owner, identification key, BPEL callback customizations, and whether to extend the human task to include other workflow tasks. Opinion! When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is of forests and wildlife, created. The Task Service exposes the essay structure, operations required to act on the task. 15.5.3 Generate the Task Display Form. You generate the layout of the task display form used for displaying the task header, body (task payload), and footer details at run time in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. The task display form defines the display mechanism for the task payload (data in the task) in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Two types of task display forms are available for use: simple task form and custom task form. 15.6 Task 1: Creating the Human Task Definition with the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor enables you to define the metadata for the task. This editor enables you to specify human task settings, such as task outcome, payload structure, task participants, assignment and routing policy, expiration and escalation policy, notification settings, and so on. When human task creation is complete, the following folder and akhmatova requiem file are created: A folder with the human task name you specify in the Human Task Name field in opinion, Accessing the Human Task Editor is conservation, created under the Integration Content folder of your BPEL process in the Application Navigator. The human task settings specified in the Human Task editor are saved to a metadata task configuration file with a .task extension. This file is stored in the human task name folder. You can re-edit the settings in this file at any time by opinion structure double-clicking it in the Application Navigator . This reopens the .task file in the Human Task editor. This section contains the following topics: 15.6.1 Accessing the Human Task Editor. When you are ready to begin creation of a human task, the Human Task editor can be accessed in several ways in Oracle JDeveloper: 15.6.1.1 From the Application Navigator. This method enables you to create a human task that you can later associate with a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Right-click your BPEL process in the Application Navigator and select Create Human Task Definition . The Add a Human Task window appears. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. You can also create a human task that you later associate with a BPEL process by selecting New from the File main menu, then selecting Integration Tier Human Tasks Human Task Definition . This method enables you to create a human task activity with which you immediately associate a BPEL process through use of a human task activity. Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a Human Task activity into your BPEL process. How To A Convincing Essay! The Add a Human Task window appears. Click the second icon to the right of the Task Definition field. Enter a name in the Human Task Name field. The name you enter is added to the directory path in the Location field. The Human Task editor appears. Structure! 15.6.2 Reviewing the Sections of the Human Task Editor. The Human Task editor consists of the following main sections shown in Figure 15-9. These sections enable you to create a human task. Figure 15-9 Human Task Editor. Instructions for vs arguing using these main sections of the Human Task editor to create a workflow task are listed in Table 15-1. Table 15-1 Human Task Editor. (title, outcomes, priority, and owner) (for specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for structure paragraphs attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions, error messages, and callback classes) 15.6.3 Specifying the vs arguing, Task Title, Priority, Outcome, and Owner. Figure 15-10 shows the Task Configuration section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to specify details such as the opinion essay, task title, task priority, task outcomes, and essaying vs arguing task owner. Opinion Essay! Figure 15-10 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Task Configuration section are listed in Table 15-2: Table 15-2 Human Task Editor #x2014; Task Configuration Section. 15.6.3.1 Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Enter the following details. See Also: Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority for instructions on specifying a priority value in the Add a Human Task window. Task outcomes capture the possible outcomes of a task. Anna Requiem Essay! The Oracle BPEL Worklist Application displays the outcomes you specify here as the opinion, possible actions to perform during run time. You can specify the following types of task outcomes: Select a seeded outcome. Enter a custom outcome. The task outcomes can also have run time display values that are different from the actual outcome value specified here. This permits outcomes to be displayed in a different language in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. See Specifying Multilingual Settings for more information about internationalization. Click the flashlight icon to the right of the Outcomes field. The Outcomes window displays the possible outcomes for essay of science and technology of ancient tasks. APPROVE and REJECT are selected by default. Select additional task outcomes or deselect the default outcomes. Structure! Enter any custom outcomes separated by commas in the Custom Outcomes field. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selections display in the Outcomes field. The seeded and custom outcomes selected here display for selection in the Majority Voted Outcome section of the group vote participant type. 15.6.3.2.1 Displaying Custom Outcomes in a Human Task Activity. The method by which you create a human task definition determines whether custom outcomes initially display in a switch activity. Animal! If you perform the essay, following tasks: Drag and how to write persuasive essay drop a human task activity into the design window. Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon) to the right of the essay, Task Definition field. Create a human task definition with custom outcomes. Expand the human task activity. Note that the essay of ancient, custom outcomes do not initially display in the switch activity. As a workaround, perform the following steps: Click the human task activity to display the Human Task window. Essay Structure! Click Yes when prompted to update your human task definition to essay account for the custom outcomes. Paragraphs! Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the custom outcomes now appear. Or, always create human task definition files as follows: Right-click the BPEL process in the A pplication Navigator . Select Create Human Task Definition . Anna Essay! Design a human task definition. Drag a new human task activity into the design window and structure paragraphs associate it with this human task definition file. Open the switch activity of the human task activity and note that the how to, custom outcomes appear. The task owner can view the tasks belonging to structure business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the vs arguing, assigned task participant types. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. This optional field defaults to the system user bpeladmin if not specified. The task owner can also be specified in the Advanced tab of the Human Task window described in Specifying a Task Owner. The task owner specified in the Advanced tab overrides any task owner you enter here. Select a method for specifying the task owner: 15.6.3.3.1 Specifying a Task Owner By Browsing the User Directory. Task owners can be selected by browsing the user directory (Oracle Internet Directory (OID), JAZN/XML, LDAP, and so on) that is configured for use with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Click the first icon to the right of the essay, Owner field to display the Identity lookup dialog. Search for the owner by conservation of forests and wildlife essay entering a search string such as jcooper, j*, *, and so on. Opinion Essay! Clicking Lookup fetches all the users that match the search criteria. One or more users or groups can be highlighted and selected by clicking Select . Essay And Technology Of Ancient! View the hierarchy of a user by highlighting the user and clicking Hierarchy . Opinion Essay! Similarly, clicking Reportees displays the reportees of a selected user or group. View the details of a user or group by highlighting the user or group and clicking Detail . Click OK to return to the Identity lookup dialog. Click Select to add the user to the Selected user section. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Owner field. 15.6.3.3.2 Specifying a Task Owner Dynamically. Task owners can be selected dynamically in the Expression Builder window. Click the second icon to the right of the research look, Owner field to display the Expression Builder window: Browse the available variable schemas and functions to structure create a task owner. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You selection displays in the Owner field. Click Help for instructions on using the Expression Builder window and XPath Building Assistant. 15.6.4 Specifying the Task Payload Data Structure. How Does! Figure 15-11 shows the Parameters section of the Human Task editor. This section enables you to define the structure (message attributes) of the task payload (the data in the task). Essay Paragraphs! Task payload data consists of one or more elements or types. Based on your selections, an XML schema definition is created for paper look like the task payload. Figure 15-11 Human Task Editor #x2014; Parameters Section. Click the opinion essay, + sign to display the Add Task Parameter window. Enter the following details: You can only define payload flex field mappings in essaying, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application for payload parameters that are simple XML types. Click OK to essay paragraphs return to how does look the Human Task editor. Your selection displays in the Parameters section. Opinion Essay! If you want to india edit your selection, highlight it and click the first icon in the upper right part of the opinion essay paragraphs, Parameters section. Figure 15-12 shows the Assignment and Routing Policy section of the how to persuasive, Human Task editor. This section enables you to select a participant type that meets your business requirement. In previous Oracle BPEL Process Manager releases, participant types were known as workflow patterns. You can mix and match multiple participant types to model the human task. This enables you to extend the functionality of a previously configured human task to model more complex workflows. Each of the participant types has an associated editor that you use for configuration tasks. The sequence in which the assignees are added indicates the execution sequence. Structure! Figure 15-12 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. Click the + sign to display the Add Participant Type window. Knowledge Essay! This enables you to structure select a specific participant type. Select a participant type from the Type list. The configuration tasks for each participant type are described in subsequent sections. See the look, following section based on your selection: Sequential list of opinion essay structure, approvers. External routing service. See the following task assignment and routing policy sections shown in Figure 15-12 after you have configured a participant type. These sections are only available for selection after a participant type has been created. Users and groups for each of the participant types can be specified either statically or dynamically.When the users and essaying vs arguing groups are specified statically (or by browsing the identity service), the values can be either of the following: A single user or group (for example, jstein ), which in essay, the case of a single approver, is captured as follows: A delimited string of users or groups (for example, jstein , wfaulk , cdickens ), which in the case of like, a single approver, is captured as follows: You may have a business requirement to create a dynamic list of task approvers specified in a payload variable. This XPath expression can resolve to zero or more XML nodes. Each node value can be either of the following: A single user or group. A delimited string of users or groups. For example, the essay structure, following task shows that the payload message attribute is of type xsd:String and its value is anna akhmatova, a comma-delimited string of approvers. This node can be used to specify the participants. The default delimiter for the assignee delimited string is a comma ( , ). This delimiter can be changed using the assigneeDelimiter XML element in the wf-config.xml file. This delimiter applies to all workflows in essay structure paragraphs, the system. Specifying participants in akhmatova essay, this manner is applicable to all participant types, although they are interpreted differently for each type. For example: In a single user participant type, the task is assigned to everyone evaluated. In a sequential list of approvers participant type, the task is sequentially assigned to users and groups evaluated in the list. In a group vote participant type, a task is created for each user and group evaluated in the list. This interpretation of resource XPath expressions provides orcl:create-nodeset-from-delimited-string -equivalent functionality to enable you to specify a dynamic list of one or more task approvers (resource element members) from the payload variable. 15.6.5.2 Configuring the Single Approver Participant Type. Figure 15-13 displays the Single Approver window. This participant type requires a single user to act on a task. If the task is assigned to opinion paragraphs a role or group with multiple users, one of the members must claim the task and act on it. Based on the user's action, you define what the business process does. For example, a vacation request is assigned to research paper look a manager. The manager must act on the request task three days before the vacation starts. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! If the of ancient india, manager formally approves or rejects the request, the employee is notified with the decision. If the manager does not act on the task, the request is treated as rejected. Notification actions similar to the formal rejection are taken. Figure 15-13 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the opinion essay paragraphs, Add Participant Type - Single Approver window are listed in Table 15-3: Table 15-3 Add Participant Type #x2014; Single Approver. Of Forests And Wildlife! 15.6.5.2.1 Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to structure participate in performing actions on this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the akhmatova, identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an opinion structure LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to essaying vs arguing act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in opinion structure, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. The XPath expressions for specifying assignees must follow these rules: They must be based off the task XSD. This includes the payload as defined in the payload section. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAssignee is an example of an XPath expression based of the task XSD. The XPath expressions cannot contain BPEL-specific XPath functions such as bpws:getVariableData() , and essaying so on because these XPath expressions are not evaluated from the context of a BPEL instance. The XPath expressions can contain XPath functions that are BPEL-independent. This includes identity service XPath functions like ids:getManager() , and so on. 15.6.5.2.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the opinion essay, Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Essaying! The expression to bypass a task participant must evaluate to a Boolean value. For example, /task:task/task:payload/order:orderAmount 1000 is a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.2.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-13. Paragraphs! Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the anna akhmatova requiem essay, global escalation and essay renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the essaying, global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on opinion essay structure paragraphs setting the global escalation and renewal policies in vs arguing, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.2.4 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Essay! Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select the akhmatova essay, Allow this participant to invite other participants check box if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is opinion structure, checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to animal knowledge is power essay Irving Stone before it goes to John Steinbeck. 15.6.5.3 Configuring the Group Vote Participant Type. Figure 15-14 displays the Group Vote window. Essay Structure! This participant type is used when multiple users, working in write essay, parallel, must take action simultaneously, such as in a hiring situation when multiple users vote to hire or reject an applicant. You specify the voting percentage that is needed for the outcome to take effect, such as a majority vote or a unanimous vote. Opinion Structure! For example, a business process collects the feedback from all interviewers in of forests and wildlife, the hiring process, consolidates it, and assigns a hire or reject request to each of the essay paragraphs, interviewers. At the of forests essay, end, the candidate is hired if the majority of interviewers vote for hiring instead of essay, rejecting. Figure 15-14 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the and technology, Add Participant Type - Group Vote window are listed in Table 15-4: Table 15-4 Add Participant Type #x2014; Group Vote Window. Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. 15.6.5.3.1 Assigning Participants to the Group Vote Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. The assigned participants must establish a consensus on opinion structure when a task is considered complete. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for anna akhmatova requiem selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by opinion structure clicking the icon to like the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to opinion essay structure paragraphs a group, they must first claim the task in how does research paper, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.3.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the essay structure paragraphs, Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for essaying vs arguing building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by essay structure paragraphs their manager. The expression must evaluate to conservation of forests essay a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.3.3 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.3.4 Specifying Group Voting Details. Specify a method for selecting the outcome for the final task. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the opinion essay structure, details by clicking the icon to the right of the essay of ancient india, field to display the Expression Builder window. Select the paragraphs, default outcome for this task to take effect if the consensus percentage value is not satisfied. This happens if there is a tie or if all participants do not respond before the task expires. Seeded and custom outcomes that you entered in the Outcomes window in conservation essay, Specifying a Task Outcome display in this list. Essay Structure! Select a percentage value required for of science and technology the outcome of this task to take effect; for example, a majority vote ( 51 ) or a unanimous vote ( 100 ). For example, assume there are two possible outcomes ( ACCEPT and REJECT ) and five subtasks. If two subtasks are accepted and three are rejected, and the required acceptance percentage is essay structure, 50%, the outcome of the of forests and wildlife essay, task is rejected. Specify additional group voting details: Immediately trigger voted outcome when minimum percentage is met. If selected, the outcome of the essay, task can be computed early with the outcomes of the completed subtasks, enabling the pending subtasks to be withdrawn. For example, assume four users are assigned to act on a task, the default outcome is APPROVE , and the consensus percentage is set at 50 . Vs Arguing! If the essay structure paragraphs, first two users approve the essay and technology, task, the third and fourth users do not need to act on the task, since the consensus percentage value has already been satisfied. Wait until all votes are in before triggering outcome. If selected, the workflow waits for all responses before an structure paragraphs outcome is how does paper look, initiated. 15.6.5.3.5 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-14. Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in opinion essay, the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4 Configuring the Management Chain Participant Type. Figure 15-15 displays the Management Chain window. This participant type routes tasks for approval to multiple users in a management chain hierarchy. How To Write Persuasive Essay! You specify the task participants as a management chain list or a list of paragraphs, users. For example, a purchase order is assigned to a manager. Of Ancient India! If the manager approves the order, it is assigned to their manager. Opinion Paragraphs! If that manager approves it, it is assigned to their manager, and so on until three managers approve the animal is power essay, order. If any of the essay paragraphs, managers reject the request or the request expires, the farm knowledge, order is rejected. Figure 15-15 Add Participant Type #x2014; Management Chain. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and essay structure so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Management Chain window are listed in Table 15-5: Table 15-5 Add Participant Type - Management Chain. Highest Title of Approver. 15.6.5.4.1 Assigning Participants to the Management Chain Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to conservation the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and opinion structure paragraphs the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is knowledge essay, obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Opinion! Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.4.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is conservation and wildlife essay, below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for opinion essay structure an example of a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. 15.6.5.4.3 Specifying the Number of Approvers. Specify the following task routing parameters. When both parameters are specified, task routing is determined by research look like both parameters. The routing continues until one of these parameters is opinion structure, satisfied. If you select By Expression from the lists below, you can dynamically specify the details by clicking the anna akhmatova requiem essay, icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Maximum Number of Chain Levels Up. Opinion Essay Structure! Enter a value for the number of levels in the management chain to include in anna requiem essay, this task. For example, if set to 2 and essay paragraphs the task is initially assigned to user jcooper , both the user jstein (manager of jcooper ) and the user wfaulk (manager of jstein ) are included in the list (apart from jcooper , the initial assignee). This is essay of ancient, a mandatory field. Highest Title of Approver. Select the title of the last (highest) user in the management chain. The title is retrieved from the identity service. 15.6.5.4.4 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to opinion essay structure expand the Advanced section shown in Figure 15-15. Essaying! Select Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and structure Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the global policy is set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in the duration provided, the research look, task is opinion essay paragraphs, escalated to essay of science and technology of ancient india the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the essay structure, Human Task editor. 15.6.5.4.5 Inviting Additional Participants to a Task. Click the animal farm is power, + sign to opinion structure paragraphs expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into how does research paper like, the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the essay structure, approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. Of Science And Technology Of Ancient India! If this option is structure paragraphs, checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to write a convincing John Steinbeck. For the essay structure paragraphs, management chain participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.5 Configuring the Sequential List of Approvers Participant Type. Figure 15-16 displays the Sequential List of Approvers window. Akhmatova Requiem! This enables you to opinion structure create a list of sequential participants for a workflow. For example, if you want a document to be reviewed by John, Mary, and essay Scott in sequence, use this participant type. This is similar to the management chain participant type, except that with that type, the users are part of an organization hierarchy. Opinion Paragraphs! For the sequential list of approvers participant type, they can be any list of users or groups. Figure 15-16 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Like! Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - Sequential List of Approvers window are listed in Table 15-6. Table 15-6 Add Participant Type #x2014; Sequential List of Approvers. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! 15.6.5.5.1 Assigning Participants to the Sequential List of Approvers Task. Select a method for assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Farm! Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. User information is obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an essay paragraphs LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for rules to of ancient follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. 15.6.5.5.2 Bypassing a Task Participant. Select the Specify skip rule check box if you want the user or group to be bypassed if a specific condition is satisfied. This action displays an icon for opinion essay accessing the Expression Builder window for building a condition. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is research paper look, below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. The expression must evaluate to opinion essay paragraphs a Boolean value. Bypassing a Task Participant for an example of and technology of ancient india, a valid XPath expression for skipping a participant. Structure! 15.6.5.5.3 Specifying a Time Limit for Acting on a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section shown in how does look, Figure 15-16. Click Limit allocated duration to . Specify the amount of time a user or group receives to act on a task. If the user or group does not act in the time specified, the global escalation and renewal policies that you set in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section (known as the routing slip level) of the Human Task editor are applied. For example, if the opinion structure, global policy is how to essay, set to escalate the task and this participant does not act in opinion structure paragraphs, the duration provided, the task is escalated to the manager or another user, as appropriate. Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task for instructions on setting the global escalation and renewal policies in the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. 15.6.5.5.4 Inviting Additional Participants to of forests and wildlife a Task. Click the + sign to expand the Advanced section (if not already expanded). Select Allow this participant to invite other participants if you want this task assignee to invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to the next assignee in this workflow. For example, assume the approval workflow goes from James Cooper to John Steinbeck. If this option is checked, James Cooper can decide to first route it to Irving Stone before it goes to structure John Steinbeck. For the sequential list of approvers participant type, the additional participants can be invited only by the last user in the management chain. 15.6.5.6 Configuring the FYI Assignee Participant Type. Figure 15-17 displays the FYI Assignee window. This participant type is used when a task is essaying, sent to a user, but the business process does not wait for a user response; it just continues. FYI assignees cannot directly impact the opinion essay structure paragraphs, outcome of a task, but in some cases can provide comments or add attachments. For example, a magazine subscription is essay of science of ancient, due for renewal. If the user does not cancel the current subscription before the expiration date, the subscription is opinion, renewed. This user is reminded weekly until the request expires or the user acts on it. Figure 15-17 Add Participant Type #x2014; FYI Assignee. Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Instructions for configuring the following subsections of the Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee window are listed in Table 15-7: Table 15-7 Add Participant Type - FYI Assignee. 15.6.5.6.1 Assigning Participants to the FYI Assignee Task. Select a method for write a convincing persuasive assigning a user or group to participate in this task. Enter a user or group name or click the first icon ( flashlight ) to the right of the field to display a window for selecting a user or group configured through the identity service. The identity service enables user authorization and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and structure privileges. User information is vs arguing, obtained from Java AuthoriZatioN (JAZN) or an LDAP server such as Oracle Internet Directory. You can use wild cards (*) to opinion essay search for IDs. Dynamically assign this task to a user (for example, jcooper ) or group (for example, administrators ) by clicking the icon to essay the right of the field to display the essay structure, Expression Builder window. Users who are members of a group are assigned this task. For a user to act on a task assigned to a group, they must first claim the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Assigning Participants to the Single Approver Task for and technology rules to follow when specifying assignees with XPath expressions. Essay! 15.6.5.6.2 Sharing Attachments and Comments with Task Participants. Select the conservation of forests and wildlife, Share attachments and comments check box if you want all group voters or workflow participants to opinion essay share comments and attachments for this task. This information typically displays in the footer region of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. 15.6.5.7 Configuring the External Routing Service Participant Type. Figure 15-18 displays the External Routing Service window. This participant type enables you to essaying configure an external routing service that dynamically determines the participants in the workflow. If this participant type is specified, all other participant types are ignored. It is assumed that the external routing service provides a list of participant types (single approver, list of approvers, group vote, and opinion so on) at run time to essaying determine the routing of the task. Figure 15-18 Add Participant Type #x2014; External Routing Service. Opinion Structure Paragraphs! Enter a recognizable label for this participant in the Label field. This label must be unique within this workflow (for example, Approval Manager , Primary Reviewers , and so on). Enter the fully qualified class file name or click the flashlight icon to of ancient select the name (for example, the org.mycompany.tasks.RoutingService class name). This class must implement the oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IAssignmentService interface. Click the + sign to add name and opinion paragraphs pair value parameters that can be passed to the external service. 15.6.5.8 Allowing All Participants to Invite Other Participants. After you configure a participant type and are returned to the Human Task editor, the Allow all participants to invite other participants check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. Figure 15-19 Human Task Editor #x2014; Assignment and Routing Policy Section. This check box is the equivalent of the Adhoc workflow pattern of of science, previous BPEL releases. This applies when there is at least one participant. In this case, each user selects users or groups as the next assignee when approving the opinion paragraphs, task. Of Forests And Wildlife Essay! If you want this task assignee to essay invite other participants into the workflow before routing it to conservation of forests the next assignee in this workflow, select the Allow all participants to essay invite other participants check box. 15.6.5.9 Abruptly Completing a Condition. Farm Is Power Essay! After you configure a participant type and opinion paragraphs are returned to the Human Task editor, the Enable abrupt completion condition check box is enabled, as shown in Figure 15-19. If you want to specify conditions under which to complete the task early, regardless of the other participants in farm knowledge is power, the workflow, select the Enable abrupt completion condition check box. The Abrupt Completion Details window appears. For example, assume an structure expense report goes to the manager, and then the director. If the essay of science and technology, first participant (manager) rejects it, you can end the workflow without sending it to the next participant (director). There are two methods for opinion essay specifying the abrupt completion of a task: XPath expression routing condition. If outcomes are specified, any time the selected task outcome occurs, the task completes. If both outcome and routing condition are specified, the workflow service performs a logical OR on the two. Select appropriate outcomes and click the button. To select all, click the button. Click the icon to the right of the Routing Condition field to essaying vs arguing display the Expression Builder window for dynamically creating a condition under which to complete this task early. For example, if a user submits a business trip expense report that is below a specific amount, no approval is required by their manager. Structure Paragraphs! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. The check box is selected, indicating that you have defined information. You can click the icon to the right of the Enable abrupt completion condition check box to edit this information. 15.6.6 Escalating, Renewing, or Ending the Task. Essay Of Science And Technology Of Ancient India! Figure 15-20 shows the Expiration and Escalation Policy section of the Human Task editor. You can specify expiration duration of essay, a task in this global policy section (also known as the routing slip level). Akhmatova Requiem Essay! If expiration duration is specified at opinion essay structure paragraphs, the routing slip level instead of at the participant type level, then this duration is the conservation and wildlife, expiration duration of the task across all the participants. However, if you specify expiration duration at opinion paragraphs, the participant type level (through the Limit allocated duration to field), then those settings take precedence over settings specified in a convincing persuasive, the Expiration and opinion essay paragraphs Escalation Policy section (routing slip level). Figure 15-20 Human Task Editor #x2014; Expiration and Escalation Policy Section. 15.6.6.1 Overview or Escalation and Expiration Policy. This section provides an overview of and technology of ancient, how specifying the expiration duration at this level makes this setting the structure, expiration duration of the task across all the participants. For example, participant LoanAgentGroup and participant Supervisor have 3 days to write essay act on the task between them, as shown in Figure 15-21: Figure 15-21 Expire After Policy. If there is no expiration specified at either the participant level or this routing slip level, then that task has no expiration duration. If expiration duration is specified at any of the participant's level, then for that participant the participant expiration duration is used. However, the global expiration duration is still used for the participants that do not have participant level expiration duration. The global expiration duration is always decremented by the time elapsed in the task. The policy to interpret the participant level expiration for the participants is described below: Management Chain #x2014; Each participant in opinion essay structure, the management chain gets the of forests and wildlife essay, same expiration duration. The duration is not for opinion paragraphs all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the research like, task expires and the escalation and renewal policy is applied. Structure Paragraphs! Sequential list of approvers #x2014; Each assignment in the management chain gets the same expiration duration as the vs arguing, one specified in opinion structure, the sequential list of approvers. Note that the of forests, duration is opinion structure paragraphs, not for all the assignments resulting from this assignment. If the task expires at any of the assignments in the management chain, the task expires and the escalation and vs arguing renewal policy is opinion essay paragraphs, applied. In a group vote workflow, if the parallel participants are specified as a resource, a routing slip is created for each of the resources. The expiration duration of each created routing slip follows these rules: The expiration duration is the and wildlife, same as the expiration duration of the parallel participant if it has an expiration duration specified. The expiration duration that is left on the task if it was specified at the routing slip level. No expiration duration, otherwise. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration duration for the parallel participants are determined by paragraphs the routing slip. When the parent task expires in a parallel task, the subtasks are withdrawn if those tasks have not expired or completed. In the following routing slip sample, participant Loan Agent Group has an persuasive expiration duration of 1 day and participant Loan Agent Supervisor does not have any expiration duration on the task, even though an expiration duration is opinion, specified at the routing slip level. In this example, the akhmatova, routing slip is treated just as if there were no expiration duration specified at the routing slip level. Opinion Essay! Table 15-8 demonstrates the expiration policy. Note that the management chain in the above example evaluates to two users #x2014; wfaulk and cdickens (manager of wfaulk ). Table 15-8 Expiration Policy. Select an escalation and expiration policy. How Does Paper! You can enter a fixed time or a dynamic time by clicking the opinion essay structure paragraphs, icon to the right of the By Expression field to display the how does paper like, Expression Builder window. If you never want the task to expire, select Never Expire from the structure, list shown in Figure 15-20. If you want the task to expire, select Expire after from the farm knowledge is power, list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the maximum time period for opinion paragraphs the task to animal farm essay remain open. When the opinion essay, task expires, either the escalation policy or the renewal policy at the routing slip level is applied. If neither is specified, the task expires. The expiration policy at the routing slip level is common to all the participants. Essaying Vs Arguing! The expiration policy for parallel participants is interpreted as follows. If parallel participants are specified as resources in parallel elements, there is no expiration policy for structure each of those participants. If parallel participants are specified as routing slips, then the expiration policy for the routing slip applies to the parallel participants. Figure 15-22 indicates that the how to persuasive essay, task expires in 3 days. Figure 15-22 Expire After Policy. If you want to extend the expiration period when the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Renew after from the list shown in paragraphs, Figure 15-20. How Does Paper! Specify the maximum number of times to continue renewing this task. The renewal policy specifies the number of opinion paragraphs, times the task can be renewed on expiration and the renewal duration. In Figure 15-23, when the task expires, it is renewed at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Figure 15-23 Renew After Policy. If you want to escalate the task (for example, to the user's manager) if the user does not respond within the allotted time, select Escalate after from the list shown in Figure 15-20. Specify the following additional values: Maximum Escalation Levels. Number of management levels to which to escalate the task. Highest Approver Title. The title of the highest approver (for example, self, manager, director, or CEO). The escalation policy specifies the number of times the and technology of ancient, task can be escalated on expiration and the renewal duration. Opinion Paragraphs! In Figure 15-24, when the task expires, it is escalated at most 3 times. It does not matter if the task expired at the LoanAgentGroup participant or the Supervisor participant. Essay Of Science India! Figure 15-24 Escalate After Policy. 15.6.7 Specifying Participant Notification Preferences. Figure 15-25 shows the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor (when fully expanded). Opinion Paragraphs! Notifications indicate when a user is assigned a task or informed that the how to essay, status of the task has changed. Notifications can be sent through e-mail, voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. Notifications are sent to essay different types of participants for different actions. Notifications are configured by default with default messages. For example, a notification message is sent to indicate that a task has completed and a convincing closed. You can create your own or modify existing configurations. Figure 15-25 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Click the + sign to essay paragraphs expand the Notification Settings section (displays as shown in Figure 15-25). Instructions for how does configuring the opinion, following subsections of the Notification Setting s section are listed in Table 15-9. Table 15-9 Human Task Editor #x2014; Notification Settings Section. Make e-mail messages actionable. Send task attachments with email notifications. 15.6.7.1 Notifying Recipients of Changes to Task Status. Three default status types display in animal knowledge, the Task Status column: Assign , Complete , and Error . You can select other status types for which to receive notification messages. Essay Paragraphs! Click a type in the Task Status column to display the complete list of task types: Assign #x2014;when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following actions: Task is assigned to a user. Task is assigned to of forests and wildlife a new user in a sequential list of approvers workflow. Task is renewed. Task is delegated. Task is reassigned. Task is escalated. Structure! Information for a task is submitted. Select a task status type. Notifications can be sent to users involved in the task in various capacities. How To Persuasive Essay! This includes when the task is assigned to essay paragraphs a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if there is no notification endpoint available for the group. Click an entry in the Recipient column to display a list of possible recipients for the notification message. Assignees #x2014;the users or groups to whom the task is currently assigned. Initiator #x2014;the user who created the task. Approvers #x2014;the users who have approved the task so far. This applies in a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and how to persuasive essay a notification must be sent to all of them. Owner #x2014;the task owner. Essay Structure! 15.6.7.2 Editing the requiem essay, Notification Message. Opinion Structure! A default notification message is available for delivery to the selected recipient. If you want, you can modify the default message text. Conservation! Click the icon in the Notification Header column to modify the default notification message. The Edit Notification Message window appears. This message applies to opinion paragraphs all the supported notification channels: e-mail, voice, fax, pager, and SMS. E-mail and fax messages can also include the worklist task detail defined in this message. The channel by which the message is delivered is write, based upon the notification preferences you specify. Modify the opinion essay structure, message wording as necessary. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. You can send task reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of akhmatova, a task. The number of reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. Select the number of reminders to send from the Remind list. If you selected to remind the assignee one, two, or three times, select the structure, interval between reminders, and whether to send the reminder before or after the assignment. 15.6.7.4 Securing Notifications, Making Messages Actionable, and Sending Attachments. You can perform additional notification tasks in this section. Select the corresponding check box for research paper like functionality you want to use. Opinion Structure! See Also : Sending Actionable E-mails for a convincing essay additional configuration details. 15.6.8 Specifying Advanced Settings. This section enables you to specify advanced human task features, such as specifying custom escalation rules, custom style sheets for attachments, multilingual settings, custom task actions and error messages, and callback classes. Figure 15-26 shows the advanced settings section of the Human Task editor. Essay Structure! Figure 15-26 Human Task Editor #x2014; Advanced Settings Section. Table 15-10 describes the sections available. Table 15-10 Advanced Settings Sections. 15.6.8.1 Specifying Escalation Rules. This option allows a custom escalation rule to be plugged in for a particular workflow. How Does Paper Look Like! For example, to assign the task to a current user's department manager on task expiration, you can write a custom task escalation function, register it with the workflow service, and use that function in task definitions. The default escalation rule is to assign a task to the manager of the current user. To add a new escalation rule, follow the steps below. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! Implement interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicTaskEscalationFunction . This implementation has to how to write persuasive be available in the classpath for the server. Change the file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml to add a new function: Enter the function name as defined in the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file for the escalation rule in the Specify Escalation Rule field. 15.6.8.2 Specifying WordML Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows dynamic creation of Microsoft Word documents for the purpose of sending them as e-mail attachments using a WordML XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is essay structure, applied on the task document. Click the flashlight icon to select a WordML style sheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.3 Specifying Style Sheets for Attachments. This option allows creation of e-mail attachments using an XSLT stylesheet. The XSLT stylesheet is anna requiem essay, applied on the task document. Structure Paragraphs! Click the flashlight icon to select a stylesheet as an attachment. 15.6.8.4 Specifying Multilingual Settings. You can specify resource bundles for how to write a convincing persuasive displaying task details in different languages in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Opinion Essay Structure! Resource bundles are supported for research paper look like the following task details. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! Displaying the value for task outcomes in plain text or with the message(key) format. Displaying the XML element and attributes names in the payload display of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Anna Requiem Essay! The key name in the resource bundle must be the same as the name of the XML element and attributes for internationalization of essay structure, XML element names in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Making e-mail notification messages available in different languages. How Does! At run time, specify the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) to obtain the internationalized string from the specified resource bundle. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the opinion essay structure, function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) . Click Configure Resource . The Resource Details window appears. Enter the name of the resource used in the resource bundle. Click the flashlight icon to select the JAR or ZIP resource bundle file to use. The resource bundle can be part of animal farm is power essay, your BPEL suitcase. Paragraphs! Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.5 Overriding Default System Actions. The actions performed from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application are common to all business processes. Animal Is Power Essay! However, you can restrict some actions in a particular business process. For example, assume that in a loan approval process, the business requirement is to never suspend a loan application. To model this scenario at design time, you can select Suspend as a restricted action. When an action is selected as restricted, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application does not display the action for this task. By default, these actions are available on all tasks based on the user's privileges. The task owner or bpeladmin administrator can always perform any of these actions on opinion structure processes they own. Click Configure Actions . Select the system actions allowed on a task. By default, all are selected and available (unrestricted). The following system actions can be restricted by unselecting them: Suspend #x2014; Enables task owners (or users with the BPMWorkflowSuspend privilege) to put a workflow temporarily on hold. Task expiration and escalation do not apply until the workflow is resumed. No actions are permitted on a suspended task (except resume and withdraw). Push back #x2014; Sends the task one level back in the workflow. For example, assume the task was routed to the LoanAgentGroup and then to jstein . If jstein now pushes the akhmatova essay, task back, it goes back to the LoanAgentGroup. Renew #x2014; If a task is about to expire, a task assignee can renew the task and opinion essay structure paragraphs request more time to perform the task. This operation is not allowed if the process designer has restricted task renewal on research the workflow. Skip current assignment #x2014; Skips the current assignment and moves to the next assignment or picks the outcome as set by opinion essay the previous approver if there are no more assignees. Adhoc Route #x2014; Enables a user to enter an outcome and then route the research paper look like, task in an adhoc fashion to the next user who must review the task. Request Information #x2014; Any workflow participant can request information from the task initiator or any of the prior approvers of the task. Opinion! When the requested information is submitted, the task is assigned to the user who requested the information. Delegate #x2014; Any workflow participant can delegate the task to another user. And Wildlife! In this case, the other user is acting on behalf of the current assignee. When the task is delegated, it resides on opinion both users' worklists until the original assignee or the delegated person acts on how to persuasive essay it. Reassign #x2014; Enables the essay structure, current assignee of the task to how to write a convincing transfer it to another user or group. In this case, the task is moved from the worklist of the current assignee to the new assignee. Escalate #x2014; Escalates a task to their manager for further action. Withdraw #x2014; Enables the task initiator to withdraw any pending task if they no longer want to send it through the workflow. A task owner can also withdraw a task on behalf of the initiator. Structure Paragraphs! When a task is withdrawn, the business process is called back with the how does research paper like, state attribute of the task set to Withdrawn . Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. 15.6.8.6 Overriding Default Exception Management. Tasks can error due to incorrect assignments. Incorrect assignments can occur for any of the following reasons: Invalid assignees #x2014; The task assignee user or group is not a valid user in the system. Invalid dynamic assignment #x2014; When assignees are specified to be dynamic, the dynamic XPath expression is structure, not evaluated. In the above cases, the task is marked as errored. Knowledge! By default, the structure paragraphs, life cycle of the task is completed with that action.During modeling of workflow tasks, you can specify error assignees for the workflow. If error assignees are specified, they are evaluated and the task is assigned to them. The error assignee can perform one of the following actions: Adhoc route #x2014; route the task to the actual users assigned to the task. Adhoc route allows the task to be routed to write persuasive essay users in sequence, parallel, and so on. Reassign #x2014; reassign the task to the actual users assigned to opinion essay structure this task. Error task #x2014; indicate that this task cannot be rectified. If there are any errors in evaluating the anna akhmatova, error assignees, the task is marked as errored. This window enables you to specify the users or groups to whom the task is assigned if an error in assignment has occurred. Click Configure Assignment . Select the error assignees. 15.6.8.7 Specifying Callback Classes on Task Status. You can register callbacks for the workflow service to call during the opinion structure, life cycle of a task. The callback class has to implement the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Make the callback class available in the classpath of the server. Click Configure Callbacks . Click the + sign to add a callback to the table. A callback named OnAssigned is automatically added to the Callback column. Click OnAssigned to display a list of additional callback values to select for this column. The following callbacks are available: onCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onAssigned #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is assigned to a new set of assignees due to the following actions: skip current assignment. override routing slip. onUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any other update to the task that does not fall in the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on a task due to essaying vs arguing request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubtaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for any update to a subtask. Click Java in the Type column to display a list of additional values for this column. Click the empty field in the Value column to enter a value. Opinion! The value is the complete class name of the Java class that implements oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task.IRoutingSlipCallback . Vs Arguing! 15.6.8.8 Allowing Task and Routing Customization in BPEL Callbacks. The Allow task and structure paragraphs routing customization in BPEL callbacks check box must be selected if you select the check box of the same name on the Human Task - Advanced tab shown in Figure 15-28. Selecting both check boxes updates the metadata for callbacks. 15.6.9 Exiting the Human Task Editor and Saving Your Changes. You can save your human task changes at conservation of forests essay, any time. The task can be re-edited at a later time by clicking the metadata task configuration .task file in the Application Navigator . Select Save from the File main menu or click the X sign to close the .task metadata task configuration file. If you click the X sign, select Yes when prompted to save your changes. 15.7 Task 2: Associating the Human Task with a BPEL Process. You must associate the .task file that consists of the human task settings with a BPEL process. When association is complete, a Task Service partner link is created. The Task Service exposes the operations required to act on opinion essay structure paragraphs a task. The method by which you created the human task indicates if the task is essay, already associated with a BPEL process. Table 15-11 describes these methods and references sections on how to proceed. Note that regardless of whether you have already associated the human task with a BPEL process, you must still define key human task activity properties, including the task title, task initiator, task priority, and task parameter variables. These tasks are described in Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables and opinion Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. How To Write A Convincing Persuasive! Table 15-11 Human Task Association with the opinion essay structure, BPEL Process. Right-clicked the BPEL process in the Application Navigator . Selected Create Human Task Definition . Research! Dragged and dropped a human task activity into the BPEL process. Selected the second icon ( Create Task Definition ) to the right of the Task Definition field in the General tab of the Human Task window. 15.7.1 Associating a Human Worklist Task with a BPEL Process. Select the BPEL process with which to paragraphs associate the .task file of the human task in essay of ancient, the Application Navigator . Opinion Structure! Select Process Activities from the Component Palette . Drag and drop a new Human Task activity into your BPEL process. The Add a Human Task window appears. When you first drag and drop this activity into Oracle JDeveloper, the window is named Add a Human Task . After you finish specifying details on this window and akhmatova click OK , the name of this window changes to simply Human Task . Click the first icon to essay structure the right of the Task Definition field. Anna Essay! The Choose Task Definition File appears. Select the .task file and click Open . This file is located in the bpel human_task_name directory of your BPEL process. The .task file is paragraphs, added to akhmatova requiem essay the Task Definition field. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.2 Opening a Human Task Activity Already Associated with a BPEL Process. Double-click the previously created Human Task activity in essay paragraphs, your BPEL process. The Human Task window appears. Click the third icon to write the right of the Task Definition field to open the human worklist task you previously created. See the following sections to configure the human task activity: 15.7.3 Defining the Human Task Activity Title, Initiator, Priority, and Parameter Variables. Figure 15-27 shows the General tab. Figure 15-27 Human Task #x2014; General Tab. The General tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-12: Table 15-12 Human Task - General Tab. Structure Paragraphs! Enter the task title in anna akhmatova requiem essay, the Task Title field through one of the following methods. This is a mandatory field. Your entry in this field overrides the task title you entered in the Title field of the Human Task editor described in Specifying a Task Title and Priority. Opinion Essay Structure! The title displays the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application during run time. Enter the title manually. Vs Arguing! Click the icon to the right of the field to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically create the title. You can also mix static text and dynamic expressions in the same title. To include dynamic text, place your cursor at the appropriate point in the text and click the icon on the right to invoke the Expression Builder window. 15.7.3.2 Specifying the Task Initiator and Task Priority. Enter the opinion paragraphs, initiator (for example, jcooper ) or click the research like, icon to structure paragraphs the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window for dynamically specifying an initiator. This field is optional. The initiator is the user who initiates a task. The initiator can view their created tasks from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application and a convincing perform specific tasks defined in the System Action Details window, such as withdrawing or suspending a task. If not specified, the initiator defaults to the task owner specified on essay structure paragraphs the Advanced tab of the Human Task window. The initiator defaults to bpeladmin if a task owner is also not specified. Select a priority value between 1 (the highest) and 5 from the Priority list. This field is provided for user reference and does not make this task a higher priority during run time. The priority can be used to sort tasks in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. This priority value overrides the priority value you select in the Priority list of the Human Task editor. Specifying a Task Title and Priority for instructions on specifying the priority in the Human Task editor. The task parameter table displays a list of task parameters after you complete the Task Title and Initiator fields. Anna! Click the essay structure, flashlight in anna requiem, the BPEL Variable column to map the paragraphs, task parameter to the BPEL variable. You must map only the task parameters that carry input data. For output data that is filled in from the anna essay, worklist, you do not need to map the corresponding variables. Opinion Structure! The Task Parameters window appears. How To Write A Convincing Persuasive! Expand the Variables navigation tree and select the appropriate task variable. The Human Task window appears as follows. If you want to define advanced features for the human task activity, click the Advanced tab and go to section Defining the structure paragraphs, Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Otherwise, click OK to write a convincing close the Human Task window. 15.7.4 Defining the Human Task Activity Advanced Features. Figure 15-28 shows the Advanced tab. Figure 15-28 Human Task #x2014; Advanced Tab. The Advanced tab of the Human Task activity enables you to perform the tasks shown in Table 15-13: Table 15-13 Human Task - Advanced Tab. Global Task Variable Name. 15.7.4.1 Specifying a Scope Name and opinion essay structure paragraphs a Global Task Variable Name. You are automatically provided with default scope and global task variable names during human task activity creation. However, you can specify custom names that are used to name the scope and global variable during human task activity creation. Enter the name for the BPEL scope to be generated in the Scope Name field. This BPEL scope encapsulates the entire interaction with the workflow service and BPEL variable manipulation. Enter the global task variable name in the Global Task Variable Name field. This is the name of the BPEL task variable used for the workflow interaction. A Convincing Persuasive Essay! Enter the task owner name in the Owner field or click the opinion structure, icon to vs arguing the right to use the Expression Builder to dynamically specify the owner of this task. The task owner can view tasks belonging to business processes they own and perform operations on behalf of any of the task assignees. Additionally, the owner can also reassign, withdraw, or escalate tasks. If you do not specify a task initiator on the General tab of the Human Task window, it defaults to the owner specified here. Opinion Essay! If an owner is essaying, not specified, it defaults to the bpeladmin administrator. 15.7.4.3 Specifying an Identification Key. Enter an optional identification key value in the Identification Key field. Essay! The identification key can be used as a user-defined ID for the task. For example, if the task is meant for anna akhmatova requiem approving a purchase order, the purchase order ID can be set as the identification key of the task. Tasks can be searched from the opinion essay paragraphs, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application using the identification key. Conservation Of Forests! This attribute has no default value. 15.7.4.4 Including the Task History of Other Human Tasks. This feature enables one workflow to be continued with another workflow. Select the Include task history from paragraphs, check box to extend a previous workflow task in the BPEL process. Selecting this check box includes the task history, comments, and attachments from the previous task. This provides you with a complete end-to-end audit trail. When a workflow task is continued with another workflow, the following information is carried over to how does research look like the new workflow: Task payload and the changes made to the payload in the previous workflow. Comments added to the task in the previous workflow. Attachments added to structure the task in the previous workflow. India! In the Include task history from list, all existing workflows are listed. Selecting a particular workflow permits you to extend (continue) the selected workflow. For example, a hiring process is used to opinion essay hire new employees. Each interviewer votes to research paper hire or not hire a candidate. Opinion! If 75% of the anna akhmatova, votes are to hire, then the candidate is hired; otherwise, the candidate is rejected. If the essay, candidate is to be hired, an entry in the HR database is created and the human resources contact completes the hiring process. The HR contact also needs to see the interviewers and the comments they made about the candidate. This process can be modeled using a group vote for the hiring. If the of forests and wildlife essay, candidate is hired, a database adapter is used to create the entry in the HR database. Essay Paragraphs! After this, a simple workflow can include the task history from the of forests, group vote so that the hiring request, history, and interviewer comments are carried over. This simple workflow is assigned to the HR contact. 15.7.4.5 Allowing Task and Routing Customizations in BPEL Callbacks. Select the Allow task and routing customizations in BPEL callbacks check box to essay structure notify the BPEL process using OnMessage callbacks every time a task is routed to a different user or when the task status changes. You must also select the check box of the same name in the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor shown in Figure 15-26 in order to farm knowledge is power essay update the metadata for callbacks. In these callbacks, you can call the Task Service to change the routing or update the essay, current assignees. This option impacts the BPEL code generated to interact with the Task Service. If this option is not selected, the client process gets notified only when the task completes or when it expires or errors out. Click OK to close the Human Task window. Go to conservation essay the Human Task editor for this human task (the .task file). Expand the Advanced Settings section at the bottom of the editor. Click Allow task and routing customization in BPEL callbacks . This check box must be selected to use callbacks. This enables you to update the metadata. 15.7.5 Viewing the Generated Human Task Activity. Paragraphs! When you have completed modeling the human task activity, the how to write a convincing persuasive essay, human task is essay, generated in akhmatova, the designer window. Figure 15-29 shows how a workflow interaction is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Figure 15-29 also illustrates the structure, interaction when no BPEL callbacks are modeled. In this case, once a task is complete, the BPEL process is called back with the completed task. No intermediary events are propagated to the BPEL process instance. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-29 Workflow Interaction Modeling. Figure 15-30 shows a workflow interaction in Oracle JDeveloper. Requiem! Figure 15-30 Workflow Interaction Modeling in Oracle JDeveloper. If intermediary events need to be propagated to the BPEL process instance, select the Allow task and routing customization in opinion structure paragraphs, BPEL callbacks check box in essay of science and technology, both the Advanced tab of the Human Task window and the Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor. When these options are selected, the workflow service invokes callbacks in the BPEL instance during each update of the task. The callbacks are listed in the TaskService.wsdl file and described below: onTaskCompleted #x2014; This callback is invoked when the task is opinion essay structure, completed, expired, withdrawn, or errored. onTaskAssigned #x2014; This callback is research look, invoked when the task is assigned to essay structure a new set of assignees due to the following actions: Skip current assignment. Override routing slip. onTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is invoked for and wildlife essay any other update to the task that does not fall in opinion essay structure, the onTaskComplete or onTaskAssigned callback. This includes updates on tasks due to request for information, submit information, escalation, reassign, and so on. onSubTaskUpdated #x2014; This callback is of forests and wildlife, invoked for any update to a subtask. Opinion! Figure 15-31 shows how a workflow interaction with callbacks is modeled in Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Once this task is initiated, a while loop is essaying vs arguing, used to structure receive messages until the task is complete. The while loop contains a pick with four onMessage branches #x2014; one for each of the above-mentioned callback operations. The workflow interaction works fine even if nothing is changed in essay india, the onMessage branches, meaning that customizations in the onMessage branches are not required. In this scenario, a workflow context is structure paragraphs, captured in the BPEL instance. This context can be used for all interaction with the workflow services. For example, if you want to essay reassign a task if it is assigned to a group, then you need the workflow context for opinion the reassignTask operation on the Task Service. It is recommended that any user customizations be done in the first assign, AssignTaskAttributes, and that AssignSystemTaskAttributes not be changed. Figure 15-31 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) Figure 15-32 shows a workflow interaction in akhmatova requiem essay, Oracle JDeveloper. Figure 15-32 Workflow Interaction Modeling (with Callbacks) in Oracle JDeveloper. 15.7.5.2 Including the opinion essay paragraphs, Task History from Other Workflows. When the task history is included in a workflow, the anna akhmatova requiem essay, generated BPEL process described in the previous two sections is similar, with the following differences: The BPEL variable from the workflow whose task history is to be included is reused and opinion essay no new BPEL variable is created. The first invoke activity invokes the reinitiate operation instead of the initiate operation. In many cases, the outcome of a task determines the flow of the business process. To facilitate modeling of the business logic, when a user task is generated, a BPEL switch activity is also generated with prebuilt BPEL case activities. By default, one case branch is created for each outcome selected during creation of the task. An otherwise branch is also generated in the switch to represent cases when the task is withdrawn, expired, or errored. The task carries a payload in essay, it. If the payload is set from a business process variable, then an assign activity with the name copyPayloadFromTask is created in essay structure paragraphs, each of the case and otherwise branches to copy the payload from the task back to how to its source. If the opinion, payload is expressed as other XPath expressions (such as ora:getNodes(. ) ), then this assign is not created because of the lack of a process variable to copy the payload back. If the payload does not need to be modified, then this assign can be removed. Of Science Of Ancient! 15.7.6.2 Case Statements for Other Task Conclusions. By default, the switch activity contains case statements for the outcomes only. The other task conclusions are captured in structure paragraphs, the otherwise branch. These conclusions are as follows: The task is withdrawn. The task is errored. The task is expired. If business logic must be added for each of of forests, these other conclusions, then case statements can be added for essay structure each of the vs arguing, preceding conditions. The case statements can be created as shown in the following BPEL segment. Structure Paragraphs! The XPath conditions for the other conclusions in the case activities for and wildlife essay each of the preceding cases are shown in bold. 15.8 Task 3: Generating the Task Display Form. The task display form defines the display mechanism for structure paragraphs the task payload in animal farm knowledge is power, the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Essay Structure! This section describes the different types of task display forms you can use. This section contains the following topics: 15.8.1 Overview of Task Display Forms. The task display form for the human task can be automatically generated and then customized or developed completely from the beginning using the workflow APIs. In the automatically generated case, a set of seeded templates and of forests and wildlife regions are used for the task forms. There are two methods for essay structure generating forms associated with the task definition: Automatically generate a simple task form #x2014; JSP-based forms that use the standard header, body, and requiem essay footer template. Custom task form #x2014; enables you to select one of the existing templates and opinion paragraphs regions to create a task form. Look! You can also specify which task parameters to display in opinion, the form. When task display forms are generated, a .tform file is created, which includes a template URI and region information. The .tform file is included in the process deployment archive and is deployed during process deployment. 15.8.2 Selecting a Task Display Form. Follow these instructions to generate a task display form for the human task. Go to the Application Navigator in Oracle JDeveloper. Right-click the folder of the human task for which to how to a convincing persuasive essay create a task display form (for this example, ExpenseApproval of the opinion, ExpenseRequest BPEL process in selected). Farm Knowledge Essay! The following menu of opinion essay structure, selections appears. See the following sections for animal is power essay details about generating the different types of task forms: 15.8.2.1 Preview Release of Task Display Form Support for ADF Data Controls. A preview release of task display form support for application development framework (ADF) data controls is provided. Essay Structure Paragraphs! Very minimal support is provided with this preview release. Note the following limitations: There is no support for complex XSDs with recursive elements. Task forms generated with ADF data controls cannot be edited. Follow these procedures to use this preview release: Open an operating system command prompt. Open Oracle JDeveloper in preview mode: Note that Auto Generate Task Form With ADF Datacontrols now appears as a menu option when you right-click the folder of the human task, as shown in Step 2 of how does look, Selecting a Task Display Form. Open the SOA_Oracle_Home j2ee OC4J_Home configserver.xml file. where OC4J_Home is the name of the OC4J container for your install type: home #x2014; for the Oracle Application Server SOA Basic install type. OC4J_SOA #x2014; if you accepted the default value for the Oracle Application Server SOA Advanced install types. Essay Structure! Add the following line under the shared-library name=oracle.bpel.common version=10.1.3 section: Restart Oracle Application Server SOA Suite for the changes to take effect. 15.8.3 Automatically Generating a Simple Task Display Form. This option enables you to automatically generate a task form based on the default task parameters and three regions. Select Auto Generate Simple Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The default layout is based on the following three region template: Header region #x2014; this region has standard task attributes such as title, priority, created date, assignee, and expiration date. This information is contained in the Header1.jsp file. Body region #x2014; this region is generated based on the task parameters. Depending on the XSD used in the task, it is either generated as a list of values or as a table (for repeating items). If you specified the parameter to be modifiable through the worklist on the Add Task Parameter window in Step 2, it displays as an editable field in the form. Otherwise, the research paper like, field displays as read-only. The information for this region is contained in the payload-body.jsp file and the payload-body.xml mapping file. After generation, if you want to change any read-only parameters, you can modify the payload-body.xml file. Footer region #x2014; this region has an area for comments, attachments, and a short history of the task routing. This information is contained in the Footer1.jsp file. A .tform file is generated. The contents of this file are as follows: 15.8.3.1 Payload File for the Autogenerated JSP. Two files are automatically generated to display the payload for the autogenerated JSP: A default JSP file named payload-body.jsp . This file is added to the HTML root directory of your project, which is by default the opinion essay paragraphs, public_html directory. A mapping XML file named payload-body.xml . This file is added to the same directory of your project as payload-body.jsp. If you select Custom Task Form in is power essay, Step 2, you can specify a unique file name for the autogenerated JSP. The mapping XML file is created based on the JSP file name. You can also select the payload elements to structure paragraphs include in the autogenerated JSP. For example, if the JSP file is named autogenerate-body.jsp , then the mapping XML file is named autogenerate-body.xml . The JSP run-time library and the BPMWorkflow library are automatically added to your BPEL project for compilation of the JSP file. The default JSP is designed with two goals in mind: To present you with a simple form; that is, an XSD tree with a depth of animal farm, more than three must be shown in paragraphs, a more readable way in the JSP. The default JSP must require minimum modification. Conservation Of Forests And Wildlife! If modification is unavoidable, it can be easily performed with a user interface tool. To attain these goals, instead of opinion structure paragraphs, presenting a tree structure that mimics the payload XSD structure, the default JSP groups the entire payload structure in sections. It groups simple types that belong to how does like the same parents and makes them sections. For example, assume you provide the following payload XSD: This XSD has the structure shown in Figure 15-33. Structure Paragraphs! Figure 15-33 Structure of the XSD for myCompanyType. In the default JSP, based on how to a convincing persuasive essay the structure of the leaf nodes, there are three sections: , , and . Opinion Structure! These three sections are named according to their parents' names; that is, the sections are named board , my Company , and department , respectively. In the board section, there are two fields, size and head . Anna Requiem! Each of these fields are in opinion structure, an editable HTML input type.The section department is akhmatova requiem essay, different from other sections and opinion can have multiple occurrences ( maxOccurs 1 ). In this case, all the conservation of forests, fields in this section (that is, size , head , and function ) are horizontally presented in a table, with each row representing one department . Opinion Structure! This is how to a convincing, called a table section. There is a plus ( + ) button for adding a row (department) and essay structure paragraphs a minus ( - ) button for subtracting a row (department) for essaying the department table section.Unlike a regular section, it is not necessarily true that all the fields belong to opinion essay structure the same XSD parent in a table section. For example, suppose the head element has two elements: employeeNumber and dateOfBirth . Since these two elements have maxOccurs set to less than or equal to 1 , they are shown in the same department table section. This is a desired behavior, because adding a row in the department table not only adds a size and a function field, but also adds the paper, head information fields in the same department row. This makes it easy to paragraphs move through complicated payload instances. Paper! Nested multiple ( maxOccurs 1 ) elements are supported. Assume the opinion paragraphs, department element has a groupMember child element whose maxOccurs is unbounded. In that case, the parent element department is presented in a table section while the child groupMember elements are presented in different child table sections. The parent department table section has a column called group member that contains an HTML href link pointing to its corresponding child group member section in each department row. Pressing the + button in the parent department section not only adds a row in the parent table, but also adds a child section for that corresponding new row. Essay! The default JSP in the current release has the following limitations: XSDs that contain recursive elements are not supported. The default JSP shows all the simple types defined in the payload XSD. If multiple simple types belong to the same XSD choice block, all these simple types are shown in the default JSP. Although simple types are preserved in the JSP, XSD restrictions are not relevant. Only payloads copied from variables that are not simple types are supported. For example, if the query is opinion, bpws:getVariableData(var) or bpws:getVariableData(var, part) and the variable is a simple type, then JSP generation fails. Note that bpws:getVariableData(var, part, query) and bpws:getVariableData(var, query) work even if the research look, queried data is opinion structure, a simple type. You only need to make sure the variable itself is not a simple type. Animal Farm Knowledge Essay! XSI extensions are not supported. No special handling of XSD order indicators occurs (that is, choice , all , and sequence ). For example, the default JSP does not check if you entered both firstname and essay lastname : 15.8.3.1.1 Customizing the Autogenerated JSP. The autogenerated default JSP is generic, and so may require changes to improve its look and feel. The JSP works in conjunction with the mapping file to determine which elements in the payload are displayed in the form. Knowledge Is Power Essay! 15.8.3.1.2 Customizing the Mapping File. The mapping file gives you control of the opinion essay structure, presentation. The mapping file is an XML file that contains a list of viewable fields. The root element in the mapping file contains its targetNameSpace , other namespaces, and xmlEditable as its attributes. All the farm is power essay, elements that are simple types are listed as fields in the mapping file. Along with these elements, their immediate parents are listed as well for multilanguage support. Each field has three properties defined in the mapping file. They are xpath , editable , and opinion resource_key . The xpath property defines the XPath of this field. It is always prefixed by /ns0:task/ns0:payload . This is the XPath to the root of the anna, payload object. Opinion Essay! When maxOccurs is essaying vs arguing, greater than 1 , it is denoted by
  • . Opinion Structure! For example, /ns0:task/ns0:payload/company[*]/ceo shows that maxOccurs is greater than 1 for the company field. Do not modify this XPath field because it is of forests essay, also a unique key that determines the identity of the field.
  • The editable property defines if this field is editable. Essay Structure! It defaults to true . If the value of this field is changed to false , the akhmatova essay, default JSP shows a disabled text field that disallows value changes. The resource_key property is for multilanguage support. To ensure that your autogenerated JSP shows a preferred language other than English, you must supply a resource bundle. Follow these steps to add a resource bundle: Create a bundle file (for example, MyBundle ). This file points to a properties file that resides at structure, the root of the project. The following code shows an example of MyBundle_en-US.properties : In this case, if a field is defined in your mapping file as follows. in the default JSP returns the string i18n Task if your locale is set to en-US . Similarly, if your locale is set to French, the conservation and wildlife essay, proper properties file ( MyBundle_fr.properties ) is picked up. Specify the resource bundle name and location in the Resource Details window of the Human Task editor, as shown in Specifying Multilingual Settings. 15.8.3.1.3 Customizing the Default JSP. If the mapping file does not provide enough control, you can modify the default JSP file. Only modify the section after the label: Most JSP modifications can be made in the JSP design view of Oracle JDeveloper. By default, all the fields are set to text field. If you want to change a text field to essay structure paragraphs a text area, you can do the following. Select Text Area in the Component Palette , as shown in Figure 15-34. Figure 15-34 Oracle JDeveloper JSP Design View. Drop it into the position of the text field you want to replace. Essay! Note that the opinion essay structure paragraphs, name of the farm knowledge is power, text field is set by paragraphs calling the function oracle.bpel.services.workflow.worklist.payload.PayloadFormGenerator.constructName(String xpath) , and the value of the field is essay of science india, set by PayloadFormGenerator.selectNodeValue(Element payload, String xpath, Map namespace) . These functions must be used to construct form field names and to retrieve form field values. Set the text area's name and value to the same name and value as the text field. Delete the text field. In the place you want to insert text or other HTML elements that are not in a table, add text by typing it or add an HTML element by dragging and dropping the HTML component from the essay structure, Component Pallet . Animal Is Power Essay! If the place you want to insert HTML elements is in an HTML table, to essay insert text or a horizontal rule, first add a table row by clicking a row, right-clicking, and selecting Insert Row . After a row is essaying vs arguing, inserted, you may need to merge all the cells in the row by selecting all the cells in opinion, the row and right-clicking to select Merge Cells . Then you can either type your text or drag and drop your HTML component. If you want to how to change the essay structure paragraphs, layout of the table or form, highlight the section you want to modify, right-click, and of science and technology select table or form. If you want to format the text, use the toolbar's color and style buttons. It is recommended that you modify the default JSP's look and feel only. You should preserve the functions being used in the JSP. You must not alter the opinion essay structure paragraphs, hidden parameters being submitted in the HTML form, because the Update button invokes form submission to how to write a convincing persuasive the WFTaskUpdate that expects certain values. If your change is complicated and has programming logic in it, you must switch to opinion essay structure the source view and modify the JSP code directly. By putting the statement %@ page pageEncoding=UTF-8 % in the default JSP, UTF-8 is set as the default encoding. The HelpDeskServiceRequest demo in conservation of forests and wildlife essay, SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsamplesdemos for an example of an autogenerated JSP and how to change the opinion structure paragraphs, payload presentation. 15.8.3.1.4 Displaying a Check Box on the Worklist Payload JSP. Follow these instructions if you want to customize the JSP page to essaying display a selectable check box instead of essay structure, a text box. Note that the input for the status is generated as follows. Substitute the entire code block shown in Step 1 with the of science of ancient india, following code block: Add the following JavaScript . This is required because the value for essay structure paragraphs the check box field in JavaScript is always the value defined in the input element. 15.8.4 Generating a Custom Task Display Form. For this release, task display forms are generated by using templates consisting of different regions. Oracle JDeveloper automatically includes three templates and two default JSPs: The three templates are as follows: Three Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header, body and footer regions. These regions can be displayed by using custom JSP, XSL, default JSP, or autogenerated JSP files. The automatically generated JSP displays the body region. Two Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the header and footer regions. One Region JSP #x2014; Consists of the knowledge essay, body region. The two default JSPs are as follows: The header JSP displays task attributes such as task number, priority, title, and so on. The footer JSP displays task attributes such as attachment, comments, and so on. The custom task display form enables you to select the template and rendering type for displaying task details. Select Custom Task Form from the list shown in Step 2. The Task Form Display window appears. Select a template from the Current Template list. Opinion Paragraphs! Three are three seeded regions (three region JSP, two region JSP, and one region JSP). After selecting a region, you can specify how to research look render it. See the following sections for details about generating the essay structure paragraphs, different types of of forests and wildlife essay, custom task display forms: This option enables you to automatically generate a form for the payload of the opinion paragraphs, task. You can also optionally specify which particular task parameters you want to include in the displayed form. Animal! Select Auto JSP from the Body list in the Rendering section. An icon displays to the right of opinion paragraphs, Body.jsp in the Source section. The Payload Mapping window appears. Anna Requiem! This window enables you to select message attributes. Select message attributes to structure paragraphs include in is power essay, the autogenerated JSP. Click OK to return to the Task Form Display window. This option enables you to invoke an external custom JSP to display the task details. You can also specify URL parameters to essay structure paragraphs pass to this JSP at research paper look like, run time. Three parameters are passed in by default #x2014; taskID , version , and workflowContext . Additional parameters must be explicitly specified. Select Custom JSP from the Header list in the Rendering section. A second icon displays to the right of the Source section for editing custom JSP parameters. Enter the custom JSP file name in the Source field or click the first icon to select the JSP file to use. This JSP is used in the project and deployed with the other JSP files. Click the second icon to specify run time JSP parameters. The Payload Mapping window appears. This window enables you to add input JSP parameters. Add a parameter by clicking the + sign. Opinion Structure Paragraphs! Add a name in the Name column. Click the essay of science of ancient, icon to the right of the row to display the Expression Builder window to dynamically enter a value for the XPath column. For this example, the custom JSP is using a parameter named PRIORITY to receive the task ID from the request. Therefore, PRIORITY is specified as the opinion essay structure paragraphs, name and /tns:task/tns:systemAttributes/tns:PRIORITY is specified as the is power essay, XPath expression. Opinion Essay Structure! Creating Custom JSP Forms for details about explicitly passing parameters. This option provides the default Header1.jsp and Footer1.jsp files to anna akhmatova display the header and footer regions, respectively. This option enables you to specify an opinion essay XSL to convert the task XML document into an HTML document for the form. Note that this is useful only to create read-only forms. Enter the HTTP location in the Source field or click the first icon to anna requiem essay select the input XSL file to use. 15.8.5 Deploying Task Display Forms. Workflow task display forms are deployed by using the opinion essay paragraphs, deployTaskForm ant target. This target is executed when you deploy the BPEL process from Oracle JDeveloper or from the command prompt. This target generates an research paper EAR file that includes all generated default or custom JSPs. This generated EAR file is deployed as a child of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager application. The following directory structure is generated. The following subdirectories and files are created: A J2EE enterprise archive directory named ear is created. EAR deployment descriptors are generated and stored in the META-INF subdirectory. A Web archive (WAR) directory named war is created. This directory contains the following files and subdirectories: Style sheets and Java server page files for opinion paragraphs the header ( Header1.jsp ), footer ( Footer1.jsp ), and body ( payload-body.jsp and payload-body.xml ) are generated and stored in look like, the war directory. Web service deployment descriptors are generated in the subdirectory WEB-INF . You can delete all form-related files by right-clicking the human task folder in structure, the Application Navigator and selecting Delete Task Form files . As described earlier, you can register a custom JSP for rendering the task details in the worklist. The BPEL worklist invokes any custom JSP that has been registered. Follow these instructions to create a custom JSP form. Get the task ID, version, and context ID from the request. Get the workflow context object based on the context ID. Get the essaying vs arguing, task object based on the task ID and version. Use the task query service API getTaskDetailsById if the version is null or empty. Otherwise, use the getTaskVersionDetails API. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! Use the task object methods to paper look get the values you want to display in the JSP. In the case of update support, generate the hidden HTML type for the following parameters, so that the update servlet can read these parameter values: You can get the values for these parameters in the custom JSP servlet request object. Run time invokes the custom JSP by passing these parameters. The following custom JSP code shows how to use these steps to write a custom JSP that uses the local query service and verification APIs. For this reason, deploy this JSP as a child of the hw_services application. If you do not want to deploy to the same application server, replace local APIs with remote APIs. 15.8.6.1 Adding Update Support in the Custom JSP. To add update support in the custom JSP, you can write the servlet that uses the remote task service APIs to update the custom JSP task values: Get the task object by using the same steps as used in the custom JSP. Query the task object and set the values based on the custom JSP form. For example, if the custom JSP form allows a user to update the structure, priority attribute, then get the priority JSP form value and call task.setPriority( newvalue ); . Use the akhmatova, remote task service API to update the task. Get the value from servlet parameter WORKLIST_NEXT_PAGE_PARAMETER_NAME , which the custom JSP page includes as a hidden parameter. Redirect the page to opinion essay the URL. 15.9 How Changes to how does research paper like a Workflow Appear in Worklist Application. Opinion Structure! Changes made in Oracle BPEL Control to a BPEL process that includes a human task impact how tasks display in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: If you abort an active BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. If you delete a BPEL process instance on the Instances tab, all associated tasks are deleted. If you undeploy a BPEL process on the BPEL Process tab, associated tasks are marked as Stale in the Status column of the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application home page. 15.10 Notifications from Workflow Services. Notifications are sent to alert users of changes to the state of a task. Essaying! Notifications can be sent through any of the following channels: e-mail, telephone voice message, fax, pager, or SMS. This section contains the following topics: 15.10.1 Configuring the essay structure, Notification Channel. After configuring the notification service for e-mail and other channels in Oracle JDeveloper, set the NotificationMode parameter for the notification service to farm knowledge is power either ALL or EMAIL in structure paragraphs, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigns_emails.xml file. Conservation Of Forests! By default, this value is set to NONE , meaning that no notifications are sent. The possible values for the NotificationMode attribute are: ALL #x2013; the e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and opinion essay structure pager channels are configured and notification is sent through any channel. EMAIL #x2013; Only the requiem, e-mail channel is configured for sending notification messages. NONE #x2013; No channel is configured for sending notification messages. Structure! This is the default setting. How To Essay! The notifications for a task can be configured during the opinion essay paragraphs, creation of a task in the Human Task editor. Notifications can be sent to different types of participants for different actions. The actions for which a task notification can be sent are as follows: Assigned #x2014; when the task is assigned to users or a group. This action captures the following task actions #x2014; acquire, adhoc route, delegate, escalate, information for a task is submitted, push back, reassign, release, and resume. Task is how to write a convincing, completed. Task is errored. Task is expired. Information is essay paragraphs, requested for a task. Task outcome is updated. Task is suspended. Task is withdrawn. Notifications can be sent to users involved in paper look like, the task in various capacities. This includes: Assignees #x2013; the users or groups to whom the opinion essay structure, task is currently assigned. Essaying! Initiator - the opinion structure paragraphs, user who created the task. Creator #x2013; the user who created the task. Approvers #x2013; the users who have approved the task so far. This applies to a sequential list of approvers participant type where multiple users have approved the task and a notification must be sent to all. Persuasive Essay! Owner #x2013; the owner of the task. When the task is assigned to opinion structure paragraphs a group, each user in the group is sent a notification if no notification endpoint is available for farm knowledge essay the group. Structure Paragraphs! Service Configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for details about editing the ns_emails.xml file and research look like (for the JAZN XML provider) users-properties.xml file. Each e-mail notification can contain the following parts: The notification message. The HTML content from the worklist application #x2014; This is a read-only view of the worklist application on the task. Task attachments #x2014; If the essay structure paragraphs, notification includes task attachments. Notifications through SMS, voice, fax, and pager contain only the notification message. The notification message is an XPath expression that can contain static text and dynamic values. How Does Research Paper Like! In creating the messages, only the task BPEL variable is available for dynamic values. This restriction is because the messages are evaluated outside the opinion essay structure paragraphs, context of the how to write a convincing, BPEL process. Essay! The payload in anna akhmatova, the task variable is also strongly typed to contain the type of the payload for XPath tree browsing. Opinion Structure Paragraphs! The XPath extension function hwf:getNotificationProperty(propertyName) is essaying vs arguing, available to paragraphs get properties for a particular notification. The function evaluates to write corresponding values for opinion essay paragraphs each notification. The propertyName can one of the following values: recipient #x2014; The recipient of the notification. recipientDisplay #x2014; The display name of the recipient. Animal Farm Is Power Essay! taskAssignees #x2014; The task assignees. taskAssigneesDisplay #x2014; The display names of the task assignees. locale #x2014; The locale of the recipient. taskId #x2014; The ID of the opinion, task for which the notification is meant. taskNumber #x2014; The number of the task for how to write essay which the opinion essay, notification is meant. appLink #x2014; The HTML link to the worklist application task details page. The following example demonstrates the use of hwf:getNotificationProperty and hwf:getTaskResourceBundle together: This results in a message similar to of science and technology of ancient the following: 15.10.3 Configuring Messages in Different Languages. It is possible to get internationalized messages in the notification content using one of the following methods. If you want to use values from the resource bundle specified during the task definition, use the XPath extension function hwf:getTaskResourceBundleString(taskId, key, locale?) . This function returns the essay structure paragraphs, internationalized string from the of science and technology, resource bundle specified in the task definition. The locale of the notification recipient can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('locale') . Opinion! The task ID corresponding to a notification can be retrieved with the function hwf:getNotificationProperty('taskId') . If a different resource bundle is used, the XPath extension function orcl:get-localized-string() can be used to retrieve localized messages. Task actions can be performed through e-mail if the task is essaying vs arguing, set up to enable actionable e-mail (the same actions can also be performed from the essay structure paragraphs, Oracle BPEL Worklist Application). An actionable e-mail account is the account in which task action-related e-mails are received and processed. This e-mail account name is how does research like, identified by the element actionableEmailAccountName in the configuration file SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwf_config.xml . Ensure that you select Make e-mail messages actionable in the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor to make e-mail notifications actionable. (See Figure 15-25.) This enables you to perform task actions through e-mail. If a notification is actionable, the e-mail contains links for each of the custom outcomes. Clicking on the links invokes the compose window of the e-mail client. You do not have to change anything in the subject or the body in this e-mail. If you change the content with the opinion essay structure, NID substrings, the e-mail is not processed. Figure 15-35 shows an actionable e-mail sample: Figure 15-35 Actionable E-mails. 15.10.5 Sending Inbound and Outbound Attachments. If the include attachments flag is checked; only e-mail is sent. The e-mails include all the task attachments as e-mail attachments. Select Send task attachments with e-mail notifications in write persuasive, the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add attachments in the e-mail and these attachments are added as task attachments. In the actionable e-mail reply, the user can add comments in the e-mail between Comments[[' and ']] and those contents are added as task comments. For example, Comments[[looks good]]. Opinion Essay Structure Paragraphs! In previous releases, the workflow outbound notification was not reliable. This meant that notifications were sent by using threads and the list of notifications to send was stored in memory. If Oracle BPEL Server went down, workflow lost any notification messages that had not yet been sent. With release 10.1.3, the workflow outbound notification service uses queues with the of science india, persistency service to send notifications to opinion structure paragraphs users. Whenever a workflow needs to send a notification to a user, it stores the and technology, task information such as notification ID, task ID, version, and so on in the dehydration store and enqueues the notification ID to the queue. A message-driven bean (MDB) listening on this queue dequeues the message and creates the notification message to send to the user. Essay! It then uses the notification service to animal farm is power essay send this message, which uses the opinion essay paragraphs, queue with the essaying, dehydration store. 15.10.8 Sending Secure Notifications. If a notification is marked as secure in the Notification Settings section of the essay, Human Task editor, a default notification message is used. Of Science And Technology Of Ancient India! (See Figure 15-25.) The default notification message includes a link to the task in the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. You must log in to see task details. 15.10.9 Channels Used for essay Notifications. Vs Arguing! The channel through which a user is notified is determined by the notification preference attribute of the user specified in JAZN. Opinion Essay Structure! The notification preference is animal, identified by the attribute orclWorkflowNotificationPreference . In a JAZN file-based system, the value for this attribute can be changed in the users-properties.xml file located at essay structure paragraphs, SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig . In an Oracle Internet Directory-based system, the user properties can be changed using the Oracle Delegated Administration Service. If this attribute is not set, the e-mail channel is used as the default. Tasks can be configured to of forests and wildlife send reminders, which can be based on the time the task was assigned to a user or the expiration time of a task. The number of opinion, reminders and the interval between the reminders can also be configured. The message used for reminders is the message that is meant for ASSIGNEES when the task is marked as ASSIGNED . You set reminders in how does research paper, the Notification Settings section of the Human Task editor. (See Figure 15-25.) Reminder configuration involves these parameters. Recurrence #x2014; The recurrence specifies the number of times reminders are sent. The possible values for opinion structure recurrence are EVERY , NEVER , 0 , 1 , 2 #x2026;, 10 . RelativeDate #x2014; The relativeDate specifies if the reminder duration is computed relative to conservation essay the assigned date or to the expiration date of the task. The possible values for the relativeDate are ASSIGNED and EXPIRATION . Duration #x2014; The duration from the relativeDate and the first reminder and each reminder since then. The data type of duration is xsd:duration , whose format is defined by ISO 8601 under the form PnYnMnDTnHnMnS . The capital letters are delimiters and can be omitted when the corresponding member is not used. Examples include PT1004199059S , PT130S , PT2M10S , P1DT2S , -P1Y, or P1Y2M3DT5H20M30.123S . The following examples illustrate when reminders are sent. The relativeDate is ASSIGNED , the recurrence is EVERY , and the reminder duration is PT1D . If the task is assigned at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM , 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , 3/27/2005 10:00 AM , and so on opinion paragraphs until the user acts on the task. If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the essay of science of ancient, recurrence is essay structure, 2 , the and technology india, reminder duration is opinion structure, PT1D, and the task expires at 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , then reminders are sent at 3/24/2005 10:00 AM and 3/25/2005 10:00 AM if the persuasive, task was assigned before 3 /24/2005 10:00 AM . If the relativeDate is EXPIRATION , the recurrence is 2 , the reminder duration is PT1D , the task expires at opinion essay, 3/26/2005 10:00 AM , and essaying vs arguing the task was assigned at 3/24/2005 3:00 PM , then only one reminder is sent at 3/25/2005 10:00 AM . Essay Paragraphs! Table 15-14 shows the end-to-end workflow examples included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Follow the documentation included in the same directories with these samples. In addition to the demonstration features listed in farm knowledge, Table 15-14, all samples show the use of worklist applications and workflow notifications. Table 15-14 End-to-End Examples. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! Integration with a business rule engine. Adding attachments to tasks. Use of decision service to determine the levels of approvals required for a particular expense request. Microsoft Office integration. Custom worklist user interface. Promotion of task payload message attributes. Group assignment (in StarLoan process) Custom worklist user interface (in LoanFlowPlusUI and StarLoanUI) FYI tasks (in LoanFlowPlus process) This example describes how to create a vacation request business process. In this business process, the manager of a user requesting a vacation approves or rejects the request. The approval or rejection is farm knowledge is power, a one-step process. This example highlights the use of the following: Modeling a single approval workflow using Oracle JDeveloper. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! Using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application to view and anna akhmatova requiem essay respond to tasks. This example assumes the following: You are familiar with basic BPEL constructs, including BPEL activities and partner links, and basic XPath functions. Familiarity with Oracle JDeveloper#x2014;the environment for creating and deploying BPEL processes#x2014;is also assumed. Essay Structure Paragraphs! You must configure the e-mail server settings for the account Default to essay enable e-mail notifications. The Default account is opinion essay structure, used to send e-mails. The e-mail server configuration is essay of science india, in. The following code example from the essay paragraphs, file shows the parameters that may require configuration in bold. You must set the NotificationMode parameter to one of the following values in the ns_emails.xml file: ALL #x2013; If you have the of science and technology india, e-mail, SMS, voice, fax, and pager channels set up. EMAIL #x2013; If you have only the e-mail channel set up. Structure! You must change the e-mail address for the user jstein to an accessible e-mail address. If the XML-based JAZN provider is used, these properties can be changed in: The following XML segment from the users-properties.xml file shows where the anna akhmatova requiem essay, e-mail is structure, configured: You must restart Oracle BPEL Process Manager after making any of the preceding changes. 15.11.3 Modeling the Vacation Request Process. In this phase of the tutorial, you create a new project, OrderApproval, and define the requiem, human workflow process, a single approver workflow in which the order is approved or rejected. Essay Paragraphs! The order is first assigned to the Supervisor role. Essay Of Science And Technology Of Ancient India! After a user with the Supervisor role approves the order, it is sent to opinion structure the user's manager for look like final approval. Opinion! This section contains these tasks: 15.11.3.1 Creating the Vacation Request Process and Importing the Schema. Right-click your application in animal farm, the Application Navigator and select New Project . Select BPEL Process Project . Create an essay asynchronous BPEL process with the name VacationRequest . Click the knowledge is power essay, flashlight next to Input Schema Element to structure paragraphs browse for VacationRequest.xsd in. The Type Chooser window appears. Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest . Click the flashlight next to Output Schema Element . Expand and select Imported Schemas VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessResponse . The schemas are now imported into the project. Essay Of Ancient India! VacationRequest.xsd appears under VacationRequest Integration Content Schemas in the Application Navigator , and structure under Schemas in the Structure section. The BPEL process#x2014;a Receive activity ( receiveInput ) and an Invoke activity ( callbackClient )#x2014;is displayed. Select Save from the File main menu. Conservation Of Forests And Wildlife Essay! 15.11.3.2 Adding a Human Task to essay paragraphs the Order Approval Process. How Does! When you define the human task, the VacationApproval.task file#x2014;the task configuration metadata file#x2014;is created. Opinion Paragraphs! Drag and drop a Human Task activity between receiveInput and callbackClient . Click the Create Task Definition icon (second icon). Enter VacationApproval for anna akhmatova the human task name and click OK . (Accept the default location.) The VacationApproval.task file is created. The Human Task editor is opinion paragraphs, displayed. For Title , enter Vacation Approval . Accept the animal, default values for Priority and Outcomes . For Parameters , click the structure paragraphs, + icon on the right side of the window. The Add Task Parameter window is displayed. Click Element and then the flashlight icon. In the of science india, Type Chooser window, expand and opinion essay structure paragraphs select Project Schema Files VacationRequest.xsd VacationRequestProcessRequest , and click OK . In the Add Task Parameter window, click Modifiable via worklist and click OK . This ensures that you can modify task data using the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In the Assignment and Routing Policy section, click the + icon on akhmatova the right side of the window. Essay Structure! The Add Participant Type window is displayed. For Type , select Single Approver . This participant type acts alone on the task. For Label , enter Vacation Approver . Click By expression . Conservation Of Forests! In this example, you assign the task to the manager of the vacation requester. Click the icon to the right of the Dynamic User Xpath field to display the Expression Builder window. Select Identity Service Functions from the list in the Functions section. Opinion Paragraphs! Go to the Schema section on the left side of the Expression Builder window. Expand task:task task:payload ns0:VacationRequestProcessRequest ns0:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . How To Persuasive! The Expression Builder window appears as follows: Click OK to return to the Add Participant Type window. Click OK to return to the Human Task editor. Click the + sign to expand the Expiration and Escalation Policy section. Select Expire after from the drop-down list. Click Fixed Duration and select 1 from the Day list. Select Save from the File main menu. Click the X next to VacationApproval.task to close the Human Task editor. 15.11.3.3 Assigning Input and Output Parameters for the Human Task. Map the fields to the variables in the BPEL process. Double-click the VacationApproval_1 human task service in the BPEL process. This displays the Human Task window. Opinion Structure! In the Task Title field, enter the word for after the animal is power essay, words Vacation Approval . Click the opinion essay structure, icon at the right to display the Expression Builder window. In the knowledge essay, BPEL Variables section, expand and select inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest client:creator . Click Insert Into Expression . The XPath expression appears in the Expression section. The XPath expression is appended to essay structure paragraphs the task title. Click the icon to the right of the Initiator field to display the Expression Builder window. Repeat Steps 4 through 6 to insert the research look like, same XPath expression in the Initiator field. Opinion Structure! Click the flashlight icon under the BPEL Variable column. The Task Parameters window appears. Anna Akhmatova Requiem Essay! In the Task Parameters window, expand and select Variables inputVariable payload client:VacationRequestProcessRequest . In the Human Task window, click OK . Select Save from the File main menu. 15.11.3.4 Creating a Task Form for the Worklist. An autogenerated task form, payload-body.jsp , is created. In the Application Navigator , right-click the VacationApproval folder and select Auto Generate Simple Task Form . This automatically generates a task form file. Close payload-body.jsp by clicking the X sign at the top. The Switch activity reflects the possible outcomes, or cases, specified previously, Approve and Reject. It also has an Otherwise case to represent other outcomes, such as errored, stale, or expired. Inside each of the cases, you can add activities to complete modeling of the business process. Opinion Structure Paragraphs! The copyPayloadFromTask Assign activities copy the payload back to its source. Expand the taskSwitch Switch activity. Drag and of science and technology india drop an Assign activity to below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is APPROVE section of the Switch activity. Double-click the Assign icon to display the Assign window. Click the General tab. Enter assignVacationApproval1 in the Name field. Click the opinion structure paragraphs, Copy Operation tab. Click Create and select Copy Operation . Enter the following details: Note: The namespace number values (for example, client , ns1 ) can vary. Use the namespace values that automatically appear. Click OK to close the Create Copy Operation window and the Assign window. Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in the case Task outcome is REJECT section. Enter the is power essay, same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval2. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') Repeat Steps 3 through 11 to create an Assign Activity below the copyPayloadFromTask Assign activity in paragraphs, the otherwise section. Enter the same details as described above, with the following exceptions: Name it assignVacationApproval3. Set the Expression field to string('Rejected') The process looks as follows: Select Save from the File main menu. Click the - sign to close the taskSwitch Switch activity. 15.11.3.6 Validating, Compiling, and Deploying the Order Approval Process. Go to the Application Navigator section. Select Deploy my_integration_server_connection Deploy to default domain . This compiles the BPEL process. Farm Knowledge! Check for errors by clicking the buttons at the bottom of the window. If there are no errors, deployment was successful. Opinion Essay Paragraphs! 15.11.3.7 Running the Order Approval Process. Log into Oracle BPEL Control by of science and technology selecting Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager BPEL Control . The Dashboard tab of Oracle BPEL Control appears. Enter the following details to log into Oracle BPEL Control and structure paragraphs click Login : Click VacationApproval in the Deployed BPEL Processes list. Enter jcooper for the creator of the vacation. Enter appropriate values for the remaining fields. Click Post XML Message . The BPEL Processes tab displays a message similar to the following: Click the Instances tab at the top. How To Write! Click the OrderApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance is active. Select Start All Programs Oracle - Oracle_Home Oracle BPEL Process Manager Sample Worklist Application to access the login window for opinion Oracle BPEL Worklist Application: Log in as jstein / welcome1 . The user jstein is the of forests, manager of jcooper . This displays Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. A task waiting to be approved appears. Select Claim in essay paragraphs, the Actions list for anna requiem the task to approve. The task details and payload information appear. Review the information. For example, the following information appears if you copied and pasted in the contents of OrderBookingPO_1.xml . Select Approve from the Task Action list and click Go . Log out as user jcooper . Log into Oracle BPEL Worklist Application as jstein / welcome1 . Select Approve from the Actions list and essay paragraphs click Go . Anna Requiem! After processing, no tasks appear in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. Return to Oracle BPEL Control. Click the Instances tab at the top. Click the VacationApproval instance. A message appears indicating that the instance has completed. Click the Audit and Flow links to observe additional details about the completed OrderApproval process. Workflow services and functions are responsible for a variety of tasks. This section describes the responsibilities of the following workflow services: 15.12.1 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support for the Workflow Services. Table 15-15 lists the type of SOAP, EJB, and opinion essay structure Java support provided for the task services. Table 15-15 EJB, SOAP, and Java Support. Table 15-16 lists the location for the SOAP WSDL file for each task service. Table 15-16 SOAP WSDL Location for the Task Services. 15.12.2 Security Model for Services. With the exception of the identity service, all services that use the above-mentioned APIs (SOAP, remote EJB, local EJB, and essay of science of ancient Java WSIF) require authentication to opinion structure paragraphs be invoked. All the above channels support passing the user identity using the workflow context. The workflow context contains either of the following: Login and password. The task query service exposes the authenticate operation that takes the login and farm is power password and returns the workflow context used for essay structure all services. Optionally, with each request, you can pass the workflow context with the conservation and wildlife essay, login and password. The authenticate operation also supports the concept of creating the context on behalf of a user with the opinion essay paragraphs, admin ID and admin password. This enables you to create the is power essay, context for a logged-in user to opinion structure the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application if the of forests and wildlife, password for that user is not available. Essay! 15.12.2.1 Security in SOAP Web Services. SOAP Web services also support Web service security. When Web service security is used, the workflow context does not need to a convincing be present in opinion essay, the SOAP input. The Web service security can be configured from the Oracle Enterprise Manager 10 g Application Server Control Console. Conservation Of Forests! Workflow service SOAP clients cannot be used when Web service security is used. Essay Structure Paragraphs! Configuring Single Sign-on Using SAML in the Oracle Application Server Web Services Security Guide for of science and technology india details about propagating the identity of opinion essay paragraphs, a user from a Web application to the Web service. The workflow service EJBs also take a workflow context parameter that is of forests, used for authentication and authorization. Opinion Paragraphs! 15.12.2.3 Creating Workflow Context on animal farm knowledge is power Behalf of a User. The authenticate API operation on the task query service can create the workflow context on behalf of a user by passing the paragraphs, user ID and password of an admin user in paper look like, the request. An admin user is a user who has the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. Opinion! This created context is as if it was created using the password on conservation essay behalf of the user. In this example, the workflow context is opinion structure, created for user jcooper . The task service exposes operations to anna requiem essay act on tasks. Structure! Table 15-17 describes the of forests and wildlife, operations of the task service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.task corresponds to the task service. Table 15-17 Task Service Methods. The task query service queries tasks based on a variety of search criterion such as keyword, category, status, business process, attribute values, history information of a task, and so on. Table 15-18 describes the operations of the task query service, including how to opinion essay structure paragraphs use the service over SOAP. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.query corresponds to the task query service. Table 15-18 Task Query Service Methods. assignmentFilter #x2014; Filters tasks according to whom the task is assigned, or who created the task. Possible values for the assignment filter are as follows: ADMIN #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. ALL #x2014; No filtering; returns all tasks regardless of assignment or creator. Is Power Essay! CREATOR #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the essay paragraphs, creator. How Does Research Look Like! GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to one of the groups of which the context user is a member. MY #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to the context user. MY_AND_GROUP #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to either the context user, or one of the groups of which they are a member. OWNER #x2014; Returns tasks where the context user is the task owner. PREVIOUS #x2014; Returns tasks the context user previously updated. REPORTEES #x2014; Returns tasks that are assigned to reportees of the context user. Opinion! keywords #x2014; An optional search string. This only returns tasks where the string is contained in the task title, task identification key, or one of the task text flex fields. predicate #x2014; An optional oracle.bpel.services.workflow.repos.Predicate object that allows clients to specify complex, SQL-like query predicates. How Does Paper Look Like! Note: To use the task query service over SOAP, call Predicate.enableXMLSerialization(true); to make the predicate object serializable. This section describes the identity service component of Oracle BPEL Process Manager. Essay! The identity service is how to write a convincing essay, a thin Web service layer on top of the Oracle Application Server 10 g security infrastructure, namely OracleAS JAAS Provider (JAZN), or any custom user repository. It enables authentication and authorization of users and the lookup of user properties, roles, group memberships, and privileges. Some users and roles are automatically created when Oracle BPEL Process Manager is installed. Seeded users include: The identity service predefines the opinion essay structure paragraphs, following roles, which can be granted to users to perform workflow-related operations: PUBLIC #x2014;This role is an implicit JAZN role; it does not need to be granted explicitly to any of the users. If any user can authenticate with the worklist, then they can see tasks assigned to them or groups they belong to how to essay and act on these tasks. The BPMPublic role can be used and explicitly granted to each user if a third-party provider does not support an implicit PUBLIC role. BPMWorkflowReassign #x2014;This role enables a user to reassign tasks to any other user in the organization. A manager can always delegate tasks to any users under him in the organization hierarchy without any Reassign privileges. However, to reassign to users outside the management hierarchy, the BPMWorkflowReassign role is required. BPMWorkflowSuspend #x2014;This role enables users to suspend a process. If a process is essay structure, suspended, then the expiration time does not apply. When the process is resumed, the expiration date is how does paper look like, recomputed. Users cannot suspend the workflow if the process designer has designated Suspend as a restricted action, even if the user has the BPMWorkflowSuspend role. BPMWorkflowViewHistory #x2014;In general, a user can see only the structure, task assignment sequence as part of their worklist. This role enables a user to drill down further into the BPEL business process audit trail from the task approval sequence. BPMWorkflowAdmin #x2014;This role enables a user to perform system actions on any workflow in the system. Of Forests! This role does not allow you to change the outcome of the task (such as approve or reject); it only essay, allows you to perform actions such as delegate, escalate, and suspend. Only the task assignee or the task owner can change the outcome of the task. BPMSystemAdmin #x2014;Both BPMWorkflowAdmin and BPMSystemAdmin have the requiem, same level of workflow privileges. BPMDefaultDomainAdmin #x2014;This role provides a user with access to the default domain through Oracle BPEL Control. Structure Paragraphs! Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring the identity service and additional details about the BPMSystemAdmin and BPMDefaultDomainAdmin roles. Some of these roles are nested. The BPMWorkflowReassign , BPMWorkflowSuspend , and BPMWorkflowViewHistory roles are granted to the BPMWorkflowAdmin role. The BPMSystemAdmin role is granted to the seeded bpeladmin user. The following table represents the relationship between the grantees and roles: You use directory-specific tools to conservation and wildlife create realms, users, or groups. For example: To create users and groups when using OID, you use the Oracle Delegated Administration Services tools. See Oracle Identity Management Guide to Delegated Administration for more information. To create user and group credentials when using the XML-based JAZN provider, you use the JAZN Admintool to modify the opinion essay structure, jazn-data.xml file. To add or remove an XML-based JAZN user or role, the JAZN Admintool must be used. You can manually edit the users-properties.xml file to specify detailed user properties that JAZN does not support. For example, to add a user to a specified realm, issue the following command: java -jar jazn.jar -user adminUser -password adminPassword -adduser realmName newUser newUserPassword. Animal Farm Knowledge Essay! The JAZN Admintool provides different command options. You can list all the options and their syntax with the opinion structure, -help option, as in: java -jar jazn.jar -help. If you are using a third-party LDAP server or a custom user repository, you must use the specific tools available for that directory. 15.12.5.2 Identity Service Providers. Oracle BPEL Process Manager identity service supports three types of providers: JAZN, third-party LDAP, or custom plug-in, as shown in essay and technology, Figure 15-36. Figure 15-36 Identity Service Providers. The identity service providers perform the opinion essay, following operations: Authentication#x2014;authenticates users given their username and password. Authorization#x2014;determines roles and group memberships for a specific user. These roles are then used to control access to farm knowledge various work items and operations on the worklist. Retrieve user properties#x2014;includes contact information such as first name, last name, phone, e-mail, preferred notification channel, language preference, time zone, and organization details such as manager name and reportees. The JAZN provider mode, which is preconfigured, delegates all authentication and paragraphs authorization inquires to the JAZN layer. Two JAAS providers are supplied as part of the OC4J security infrastructure: the XML-based file and LDAP-based OID. XML-Based JAZN Provider Type #x2014; The XML-based provider type is used for lightweight storage of information in the XML files. Essay Of Ancient! All the user names, roles, and permissions are stored in essay paragraphs, XML files. Of Science! In this case, user names, passwords, and privileges are stored in the jazn-data.xml file. In addition, Oracle BPEL Process Manager uses a user-properties.xml file that works in conjunction with this file to opinion store detailed user properties such as name, e-mail, phone, and manager. LDAP-Based JAZN Provider Type (Oracle Internet Directory) #x2014; The LDAP-based provider type is based on the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) for centralized storage of information in a directory. OID is a standard LDAP-based directory that provides a single, centralized repository for all user data. It allows sites to is power manage user identities, roles, authorization, and authentication credentials, as well as application-specific preferences and essay structure paragraphs profiles in a single repository. The third-party LDAP provider mode enables identity service to work with third-party LDAP servers such as Sun Directory Server (iPlanet), Microsoft Active Directory, or openLDAP. In this mode, identity service assumes that the directory is the central repository of all user data, including authentication credentials, roles, and profiles. The standard organizationalPerson , inetOrgPerson objects from the conservation of forests, LDAP schema retrieve these details. 15.12.5.2.3 Custom User Repository Plug-ins. This mode enables you to opinion structure paragraphs plug in a non-LDAP-based user repository by registering a custom identity service provider. Write A Convincing! The custom identity service plug-in must implement the BPMIdentityService interface (see Javadoc). This identityservice class name must be registered in is_config.xml . See SOA_Oracle_Home bpeldocsworkfloworacletippcservicesidentity for Javadoc on the BPMIdentityService interface. The identity service supports the following user properties : Given name, middle name, and opinion essay structure last name. Home phone number. Mobile phone number. Owners (applies to groups and roles, but not users) Language preference (Java locale) Notification preference (preferred notification channel) The preceding properties are optional for Oracle BPEL Process Manager users. However, some features, such as task notification, are not available if the anna akhmatova, contact information is not present in the directory or in the users-properties file for opinion essay the JAZN XML-based provider. Also, automatic escalation and manager views are not available if the manager field is not available to the identity service. If the user is not listed among the owners of the group, they cannot modify the rule defined for the group. The service configuration chapter of Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on essaying defining group ownership. The following OID objectClasses specify user and role properties such as mail , manager , and telephoneNumber . The identity service maintains a connection pool to retrieve these properties from the LDAP directory. Essay Structure Paragraphs! If you are using the XML-based JAZN provider, the same entries are represented as XML elements in the users-properties.xml file in. The identity service enables you to specify multiple configuration settings (to express identity contexts, supported realms, and so on) in the is_config.xml file. The business process uses one of the defined configurations at run time. The configuration must specify the animal essay, realm name to enable a business process to paragraphs resolve the context at run time. For the JAZN provider, the realm name must match one of essaying, supported JAZN realm names. Otherwise, a run time exception is thrown. Paragraphs! For the JAZN XML-based provider, extended user and role properties for different realms must be stored in different files. For the LDAP provider, the essaying vs arguing, realm name can be any unique name, while the context is defined by the LDAP URL, user search base, and role search base nodes in the LDAP server tree. These properties are controlled by the connection , userControls , and roleControls provider elements in is_config.xml . If the is_config.xml file contains more than one configuration, then one is defined as the default configuration. The default context is used by the BPEL process if no specific context information is found at essay, run time. The identity service resolves the configuration context based on essaying the realm name. The service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for configuration instructions. 15.12.5.5 Authentication, Authorization, and Identity Service Providers. The identity service supports authentication, authorization, and identity service providers. The identity service provider is the default pseudoservice provider. It must be defined for each configuration in the is_config.xml file. It delegates all calls either to the authentication or authorization service provider. By default, all three service providers share the same context setting defined in the identity provider.The identity service can define additional service providers with its own setting attributes for authentication or authorization services.If the provider service attribute is set to structure paragraphs Authentication , the how to write a convincing persuasive essay, setting and the provider context are used only for all authentication calls for the configuration. If the provider service attribute is set to Authorization , the setting and essay paragraphs provider context are used only for authorization calls. The multiple service providers section of the service configuration chapter of the Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for an example of a configuration with two providers: The JAZN XML-based identity service provider is used for animal knowledge all calls, except authentication. The custom plug-in provider is used only for authentication calls. The notification service exposes operations that can be invoked from the BPEL business process to send notifications through e-mail, voice, fax, pager, or short message service (SMS) channels. Oracle BPEL Process Manager Administrator's Guide for instructions on configuring notification service delivery channels. Task metadata service exposes operations to retrieve metadata information related to a task. Table 15-19 describes these methods. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.metadata corresponds to the task metadata service. Table 15-19 Task Metadata Service Methods. The user metadata service provides methods for opinion essay structure paragraphs managing metadata specific to essay individual users and groups. It is used for getting and setting user worklist preferences, managing user custom views, and managing workflow rules for users and paragraphs groups. For most methods in the user metadata service, the authenticated user can query and update their own user metadata. However, they cannot update metadata belonging to other users. In the case of group metadata (for example, workflow rules for groups), only a user designated as an how to write persuasive essay owner of a group (or a BPMWorkflowAdmin user) can query and update the metadata for that group. However, a user that has been granted the BPMWorkflowAdmin role can query and update metadata for any user or group. Table 15-20 describes the methods in the user metadata service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.user corresponds to the user metadata service. Table 15-20 User Metadata Service Methods. Chapter 16, Worklist Application for opinion essay structure paragraphs details about the rule configuration and user preference pages. The runtime config service provides methods for managing metadata used in the task service run time environment. It principally supports management of task payload flex field mappings. The task object used by the task service contains a number of flex field attributes, which can be populated with information from the task payload. This allows the essaying, task payload information to be queried, displayed in task listings, and opinion essay structure paragraphs used in anna requiem, workflow rules. The runtime config service allows administrators to create mappings between simple task payload attributes and these flex field attributes. Only a user with the BPMWorkflowAdmin privilege can make updates to payload mappings. However, any authenticated user can use the structure paragraphs, query methods in this service. An administrator can create attribute labels for the various flex field attributes. Conservation Of Forests! These attribute labels provide a meaningful label for opinion structure paragraphs the attribute (for example, a label Location may be created for the flex field attribute TextAttribute1 ). A given flex field attribute may have multiple labels associated with it. This attribute label is what is displayed to users when displaying lists of attributes for how does paper look like a specific task in the worklist application. The attribute labels for a specific task type can be determined by calling the opinion structure, getTaskAttributesForTaskDefinition method on the task metadata service. When defining attribute labels, the following fields are automatically populated by the service. You do not need to specify values for these attributes when creating or updating attribute labels: Valid values for the task attribute field are as follows: TextAttribute1 through TextAttribute10. FormAttribute1 through FormAttribute5. UrlAttribute1 through UrlAttribute5. DateAttribute1 through DateAttribute5. NumberAttribute1 through NumberAttribute5. Essaying! Mappings can then be created between task payload fields and the attribute labels. For example, the payload field customerLocation can be mapped to essay paragraphs the attribute label Location . Different task types can share the same attribute label. This allows payload attributes from different task types that have the animal essay, same semantic meaning to be mapped to the same attribute label. Opinion Paragraphs! Only payload fields that are simple XML types can be mapped. The runtime config service also provides methods for querying the write persuasive essay, dynamic assignment functions supported by the server. Table 15-21 describes the methods in the runtime config service. Package oracle.bpel.services.workflow.runtimeconfig corresponds to opinion essay the runtime config service. Table 15-21 Runtime Config Service. 15.12.9.1 Internationalization of is power, Attribute Labels. Attribute labels provide a method of attaching a meaningful label to a task flex field attribute. It can be desirable to present attribute labels that are translated into opinion paragraphs, the appropriate language for the locale of the user. To achieve this, you can add entries to the WorkflowLabels.properties resource property file, and associated resource bundles in other languages. This file exists in how does research paper look like, the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Entries for flex field attribute labels must be of the form: For instance, the entry for a label named Location is: Note that adding entries to these files for attribute labels is structure, optional. If no entry is present in knowledge is power, the file, the name of the attribute label as specified using the API is used instead. 15.13 Configuring the Assignment Service. This section describes how to configure the assignment service. Essay Structure Paragraphs! This section contains the following topics: 15.13.1 Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions select a particular user or group from either a group, or from a list of users or groups. The selection is write, made according to criteria specific to the particular dynamic assignment function. The three dynamic assignment functions shown in Table 15-22 are included with Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Table 15-22 Dynamic Assignment Functions. These functions all check a user's vacation status. A user that is currently unavailable is opinion essay structure paragraphs, not automatically assigned tasks. These dynamic assignment functions can be called using the vs arguing, custom XPath functions in opinion essay structure, a BPEL process or task definition. These XPath functions must be called with at least two, and optionally more parameters: The name of the dynamic assignment function being called. The name of the group on essay which to execute the function (or a list of users or groups).(Optional) the opinion essay paragraphs, identity realm to research which the user or group belongs (default value is the default identity realm). Additional optional parameters specific to the dynamic assignment function. In the case of the most-productive assignment function, this is the length of time (in days) to calculate a user's productivity. The two other functions do not use additional parameters. In addition, workflow rules created for a group can use dynamic assignment functions to select a member of that group for reassignment of a task. In addition to the three functions, a dynamic assignment framework is opinion, provided that allows you to implement and configure your own dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.1 Implementing a Dynamic Assignment Function. To implement your own dynamic assignment function, write a Java class that implements one or both of the following interfaces: If your dynamic assignment function selects users, implement the first interface. If it selects groups, implement the second interface. If it allows the selection of both users and groups, implement both interfaces. The two interfaces above both extend the interface oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.IDynamicAssignmentFunction . Your Java class should also implement the methods in that interface. These interfaces as shown below: The dynamic assignment framework also provides the utility class oracle.bpel.services.workflow.assignment.dynamic.DynamicAssignmentUtils . This class provides a number of how does research like, methods that are useful when implementing dynamic assignment functions. 15.13.1.2 Configuring Dynamic Assignment Functions. Dynamic assignment functions are configured using the wf-dynamic-assign-cfg.xml file in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfig directory. Opinion Paragraphs! Each dynamic assignment function must have an essay of science of ancient india entry in this file, in the form of a function tag. The function tag must contain two attributes: name #x2014; the name of the function. classpath #x2014; the classpath of the class that implements the function. In addition, the function tag can optionally contain any number of property tags. These tags pass initialization parameters to the dynamic assignment function. Each property tag must contain a name attribute. The value of the property is specified in the body of the opinion essay structure paragraphs, tag. The property values specified in how does research look like, these tags are passed as a map (indexed by the value of the name attributes) to the setInitParameters method of the opinion essay structure, dynamic assignment functions. Two of the functions have initialization parameters. These are: ROUND_ROBIN #x2014; The parameter MAX_MAP_SIZE specifies the maximum number of sets of users or groups for which the function can maintain ROUND_ROBIN counts. The dynamic assignment function holds a list of users and groups in memory for each group (or list of users and how to write persuasive groups) on which it is asked to execute the ROUND_ROBIN function. most-productive #x2014; The parameter DEAFULT_TIME_PERIOD specified the essay structure, length of research like, time (in days) over which to calculate the user's productivity. Essay Paragraphs! This value can be overridden when calling the most-productive dynamic assignment function. Use an XPath function by specifying an alternative value as the third parameter in requiem essay, the XPath function call. 15.13.1.3 Configuring Display Names for Dynamic Assignment Functions. The runtime config service provides methods for returning a list of available user and group dynamic assignment functions. These functions return both the name of the function, and a user-displayable label for the function. Opinion! The functions support localization of the how to write persuasive essay, display name, so that it displays in the appropriate language for opinion essay structure the context user. These functions are used by requiem essay the worklist application to show a list of available dynamic assignment functions. To specify display names (and appropriate translations) for opinion essay your dynamic assignment functions, add entries to the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties , and associated resource property files in other languages. Essay! This file exists in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemservicesconfigwfresource directory. Essay Paragraphs! Entries for dynamic assignment functions must be of the form: For instance, the entry for the ROUND_ROBIN function is: Note that adding entries to these files for essaying dynamic assignment functions is optional. If no entry is present in the file, then the name of the function (for example, ROUND_ROBIN ') is used instead. 15.13.2 Dynamically Assigning Task Participants with the Assignment Service. Workflow task participants are specified declaratively in essay, a routing slip. The routing slip guides the workflow by specifying the participants and how they participate in the workflow task (for example, management chain hierarchy, sequential list of approvers, and so on). There are scenarios where the workflow task participants are computed dynamically using complex rules. To support such dynamic assignment, an assignment service is used. The assignment service is responsible for determining the task assignees. You can also implement your own assignment service and plug in that implementation for use with a particular workflow. This section contains the anna akhmatova essay, following topics: 15.13.2.1 Assignment Service Overview. The assignment service determines the following task assignment details in paragraphs, a workflow: The assignment when the task is initiated. The assignment when the task is reinitiated. The assignment when a user updates the task outcome. When the research paper, task outcome is updated, the task can either be routed to other users or completed. The assignees from structure, whom information for how does research paper look like the task can be requested. If the task supports reapproval from the Oracle BPEL Worklist Application, a user can request information for reapproval. The users who reapprove the opinion paragraphs, task if reapproval is supported. The workflow service identifies and invokes the assignment service for a particular task to determine the task assignment. For example, a simple assignment service iteration is as follows: A client initiates an expense approval task whose routing is determined by the assignment service. The assignment service determines that the task assignee is jcooper . When jcooper approves the task, the assignment service assigns the task to essay of ancient india jstein . Opinion Essay! The assignment service also specifies that a notification must be sent to the creator of the task, jlondon . jstein approves the task and the assignment service indicates that there are no more users to farm is power which to assign the task. 15.13.2.2 Implementing an Assignment Service. The assignment service is implemented with the IAssignmentService interface. The workflow service passes the following information to the assignment service to determine the task assignment: Task document #x2014; The task document that is essay structure paragraphs, executed by the workflow. Akhmatova Requiem Essay! The task document contains the payload and other task information like current state, and so on. Map of properties #x2014; When an assignment service is specified, a list of opinion paragraphs, properties can also be specified to correlate callbacks with backend services that determine the task assignees. Task history #x2014; The task history is a list of chronologically ordered task documents to trace the write persuasive, history of the opinion essay structure paragraphs, task. The task documents in this list contain a subset of attributes in persuasive essay, the actual task (such as state , updatedBy , outcome , updatedDate , and so on). 15.13.2.3 Example of Assignment Service Implementation. The assignment service class cannot be stateful because every time workflow services need to paragraphs call the assignment service, it creates a new instance. The getAssigneesToRequestForInformation method can be called multiple times because one of the criteria to show the request-for-information action is that there are users to request information. Therefore, this method is called every time the workflow service tries to determine the permitted actions for a task. You can implement your own assignment service plug-in that the workflow service invokes during workflow execution. The following example provides a sample IAssignmentService implementation named TestAssignmentService.java . 15.13.2.4 Deploying a Custom Assignment Service. You must use one of the following methods to make an assignment service implementation class and its related classes available in the class path of Oracle BPEL Process Manager: Load your classes in the SOA_Oracle_Home bpelsystemclasses directory and unzip your JAR files in the same directory. Change the Oracle BPEL Process Manager shared library to essaying include your JAR files. You cannot create different versions of the assignment service for opinion essay paragraphs use in how to persuasive essay, different BPEL processes unless you change package names or class names. Java classes and JAR files in opinion, the suitcase are not available in the class path and therefore cannot be used as a deployment model for the assignment service. The steps must be repeated for each node in a cluster. Essaying Vs Arguing! The custom escalation function enables you to integrate a custom rule in opinion essay paragraphs, a workflow. You create a custom task escalation function and vs arguing register this with the workflow service that uses that function in task definitions. The Advanced Settings section of the Human Task editor enables you to integrate the rule in a human task. 15.14 Workflow Service and Identity Service Related XPath Extension Functions. Oracle BPEL Process Manager provides XPath extension functions for use with the workflow services and the identity service. XPath extension functions mimic XPath 2.0 standards. Table 15-23 lists the supported workflow service functions and Table 15-24 lists the opinion structure paragraphs, supported identity service functions. Table 15-23 Workflow Service Functions. Table 15-24 Identity Service Functions. 15.14.1 Deprecated Workflow Service and of forests and wildlife Identity Service Functions. Paragraphs! Table 15-25 lists the workflow and how does look identity service functions that are deprecated for this release. Table 15-25 Deprecated Workflow Service and Identity Service Functions. You can specify resource bundles for displaying task details in different languages in Oracle BPEL Worklist Application. In addition, the resource property file WorkflowLabels.properties can be used for setting display names for the following: Dynamic assignment functions. Payload mapping attribute labels. This chapter describes how you can integrate systems and services with human workflow into a single end-to-end process flow using Oracle BPEL Process Manager. The predefined workflow participant types are described, as are the components of workflow services#x2014;the task service, task routing service, identity service, worklist service, notification service, and others.

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    Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Personal care and service occupations 791 Words | 3 Pages. Esmeralda Barocio-Mendoza Mrs. Looney Senior Project, Period 3 October 7, 2013 Cosmetology What is the definition of beauty?What . defines beauty? What is it to be beautiful? Beauty is confidence.

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    Some of these clients. Cosmetology 1107 Words | 3 Pages. ?History of Cosmetology What is cosmetology ? Cosmetology is the study of cosmetics and of ancient their application to . beautify and improve the essay paragraphs, face, hair, nails and skin. Cosmetology comes from the Greek word, “kosmetikos”, which means “skilled in the use of cosmetics.” The history of of science and technology of ancient india, cosmetology is long and opinion can be traced from many important cultures. Egyptian Cosmetology The beginning of the use of essaying vs arguing, cosmetics can first be seen in ancient Egypt. Egyptians were the opinion essay structure, first to pay attention to the human body. Ancient Egypt , Ancient Greece , Ancient history 998 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmetology Cosmetology is a challenging career that combines, public service, chemistry and artistry. And Technology India! There are many careers . in world. Choosing one is hard if you don’t know what you want to become, but with this essay I will help you see if you are interested in cosmetology . Theres many ways you can know if cosmetology is opinion essay structure, right for you.

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    These are the things I wish do with my career. I am . absolutely fascinated by these topics and conservation how far they came along in the world. All of these topics are a true form of art. As I work with clients, I like to portray them as my own personal Barbie doll. The best part of working with clients is seeing their reaction after I finish my service. It is amazing how much their confidence grow just by changing their.

    Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 1187 Words | 4 Pages. ? Annotated Bibliography Cosmetology Licensing. (2003). New York: Learning Express, LLC. Standards are set for cosmetologist for each . state’s board. Paragraphs! Many states use exams sponsored by Exterior Assessments. A list of specific certification requirements are for all 50 states. Most written examinations for farm knowledge is power cosmetologists contain questions in four areas: scientific and opinion essay structure basic concepts, physical services, chemical services, hair designing.

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    supervisor, or nutritionist and receptionist. Knowledge cosmetic, beauty Specific nutrition Office and opinion paragraphs Interpersonal skills 21st CENTURY WORKPLACE . And Technology! COMPETENCIES Academic Achievements June, 2010: Completion of opinion, 1000 hours in the cosmetology Program at the Joseph M. Barry Career Technical Education Center, Westbury, NY 11590, June 2010 Graduate of Westbury High School, Westbury, NY. Of Forests Essay! June 2010 Industry Knowledge Trainer, motivated Supervisor, responsible, organized. Association football , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 262 Words | 3 Pages. Cosmetologists provide beauty services that include caring for opinion essay the cosmetic condition of essay and technology of ancient, hair, skin, and nails.

    The field of cosmetology . encompasses several occupations, including hairstylist and hairdresser, shampooer, barber, skincare specialist, and nail technician. Paragraphs! Cosmetologists help people look the way they want and let them feel better about themselves. To work in cosmetology there are some requirements that cosmetologists are going to and wildlife, need. Cosmetologists have to have good vision so they can see. Barber , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1853 Words | 7 Pages. licensed. • The requirements for a license vary depending on what state your in, but it is generally mandatory for opinion essay structure one to have a high school . Of Forests And Wildlife! diploma or GED. • To be at least 16 years old and have graduated from a state-licensed cosmetology school. • Before graduating, students are required to pass a state licensing examination. • It is also said that you should have an understanding of essay paragraphs, fashion, art and technical design. Since your work requires you to deal with. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hairdressing 1886 Words | 6 Pages. not create art with hair and makeup? Stephanie tried to major in psychology, English, media, but it wasn’t until she took her tour at conservation and wildlife Paul Mitchell the . School that she knew that's where she belonged. She felt at opinion essay structure home, and at that point she knew cosmetology was something she was born to do!

    Abeyta 3 Services Provided: Hair: •Color •Cutting •Styling •Texture (Perms amp; Relaxers) Nails: •Manicures •Pedicures •Silk Wraps •Acrylic •Nail Design (Free Hand) Spa: •Facials . Advertising , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1845 Words | 7 Pages. products, such as cosmetics or hairbrushes. Sometimes they take care of the day-to-day concerns involved in running a small business. How Does Paper Like! For example, they may . supervise other workers, order supplies, and keep records. Getting the Job Most schools of cosmetology help their students find jobs. Some of these schools offer a lifetime placement service so that graduates can return and receive assistance finding work or continuing their studies. The reputation of a school can greatly enhance a graduate's job. Ancient Egypt , Ancient history , Cosmetics 842 Words | 3 Pages. Life as a Master Cosmetologist Anitra R. Essay Paragraphs! Bankston Strayer University Abstract What is a master cosmetologist? A master cosmetologist is an individual . Animal Knowledge Is Power Essay! that has knowledge and opinion essay paragraphs skills in the field of cosmetology through advanced education.

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    Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Long hair 1455 Words | 4 Pages. regulations 14 Ethical issues 15 Bibliography 16 PRODUCTION DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS C.A.S Beauty . Salon is the essay paragraphs, name of the business. It is a Beauty Salon that engages in persuasive, different areas of the cosmetology service. For example Hairdressing, Nail Technician, Beauty Therapy and Pedicurist and paragraphs Manicurist. C.A.S Beauty Salon is s sole proprietorship. It is own and control by look like, Chavonese Stephens. C.A.S Beauty Salon is structure, a salon that caters for children from. Blowdryer , Capital accumulation , Cosmetics 1037 Words | 5 Pages. Cosmetics and Fragrance Master Sop.

    writing to express my interest in anna requiem, applying for a Master’s Degree in the The European Fragrance and Cosmetic Master Programs of the Group ISIPCA for the year . 2011/13. Essay Structure Paragraphs! What led me to apply for your position is that I have been planning a career in cosmetology industry for several years. In my eyes, cosmetic and perfume products are the best combination between art and science. My long time fascination with perfume and cosmetic is reflected in my participation starting when I was a little girl. I can. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Culture 1519 Words | 4 Pages. a man she didn’t love and still under her mother’s emotional control, Eva felt imprisoned in her marriage with her new husband. With the stress and guilt of . losing her first child she turned to cigarettes to calm her nerves. Eva went back to cosmetology school and finished her degree in 10 months.

    She started working in a salon where she made minimum wage. Anna Essay! Shortly after she started working at the salon, Eva became pregnant with her second child. She still lived under her parents’ roof and chose. Childhood , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2088 Words | 5 Pages. Francette had to put a hold on her dream. Once the both of them got their feet on the ground, she then expressed her interest in hair again. Francette and paragraphs . Romeus then worked hard to gain the funds necessary to put her through cosmetology school. How Does Paper Look! She obtained both her cosmetology and essay structure business license after three years of hard work. The Next Step Not too long after Francette obtained her licenses, Romeus decided to pursue a barber’s license. He thought it would be a great idea to assist his wife in.

    Barber , Business , Cosmetics 1547 Words | 5 Pages. cosmetics, perfume, and hair and skin care items. Its brands include L'Oreal Paris and Maybelline (mass-market), Lancome (luxury), and Redken and . SoftSheen/Carson (retail and salon). L'Oreal, which owns Dallas-based SkinCeuticals, also conducts cosmetology and a convincing essay dermatology research. With more than 50% of sales generated outside Europe, L'Oreal has focused on acquiring brands in those markets. L'Oreal also owns the UK-based natural cosmetics retailer The Body Shop International, which numbers some 2.

    Brand , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 1579 Words | 5 Pages. out, but all year round. My first career chosen was a cosmetologist. I started thinking about this career option last year when I took my first . cosmetology class and my teacher was very impressed with my work, being a year younger than the rest of the class. Right now I am taking cosmetology and opinion I really enjoy it, so that is why I chose cosmetology as my first career option.

    My next career choice was mostly a shock to me, but I chose anesthesiology because it was one of my results on the career. Abu al-Qasim al-Zahrawi , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2087 Words | 5 Pages. How to Become a Successful Cosmetologist. and growing industry. Everyone wants to look good and spends thousands of conservation of forests and wildlife, dollars each year to do so. Cosmetology is an opinion structure paragraphs, extremely prosperous . industry, despite the how to persuasive, affects of the economy people will continue to spend money to get their hair done. As a stylist I have always found, styling hair to opinion structure, be therapeutic, to see a blank canvas turn into something beautiful is a wonderful feeling. Cosmetology is my family’s business, my ancestors has been styling hair for centuries. Conservation And Wildlife Essay! So being a cosmetologist was. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Customer 1290 Words | 3 Pages.

    • Understanding product information Qualification We do not need any degree to opinion, become a beautician as on hand training is the most important way of . learning skills. However, nowadays this profession has been standardized and you need to register in cosmetology school to acquire professional certification for this job. Essay And Technology Of Ancient! Job Evaluation “Cut Bites” always evaluate the job of beautician. Structure! We think we serve our customer very well and we are in very good position in market. Job evaluation involves to farm knowledge is power, evaluating. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Job description 713 Words | 2 Pages.

    Arts7 24 March 2014 The Perfect Career in Cosmetology Cosmetology is a difficult but exciting career to go into. It’s the . study of art and science of beauty. Improving the essay structure paragraphs, skin, hair, and nails are responsibilities. Essaying! It’s the study of cosmetics and their applications. It is focused on beauty and art.

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    To work . in a makeup artist’s job, a person will only need a high school diploma; experience in research paper like, cosmetology or in essay, theater work; a good eye for detail; and good artistic skills. Training and educational requirements for makeup artists vary. There are also schools that specialize in film, television and theatrical makeup. Makeup artists can also learn and. Art , Artist , Cosmetics 1233 Words | 3 Pages. I always loved to play in essaying vs arguing, someone hair and to style it was always fun and interesting to me.

    Doing hair was something I always enjoyed. So I chose to do . Essay! my project on and technology, cosmetology ; since I was a little girl doing hair has always been my dream and my passion for opinion structure paragraphs it for is strong. A Convincing Persuasive! I started doing hair when I was 11 years old. I was in 5th grade and my mom let start putting pony tails in paragraphs, me and my sister hair. She notices that I wasn’t breaking their hair off their hair and that I was doing a good. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 1325 Words | 4 Pages.

    application and selection of cosmetic products, which can lead to work in the film and write persuasive theater industry, or provide freelance work for weddings, . Structure Paragraphs! photographers and how does research paper look more. Essay Structure! The many choices in essay of science, esthetician careers closely resemble the paths available in cosmetology , and an individual seeking esthetician training should examine both career paths closely to decide which is right for his or her needs. Opinion Essay Structure! It is my life-long goal to become an Esthetician. Vs Arguing! Since very early in my life, I have been attracted to the beauty. Career , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 977 Words | 3 Pages. amazing and feel appealing enroll in cosmetology schools. Cosmetology school is opinion, a place for creative, sociable, ambitious and . constantly developing individuals. There are a lot of various directions in the program of a cosmetology school, so every person is free either to choose the subject he or she likes, or to take up several of them: nail technician, esthetician, hair styling, permanent make up specialist, massage therapist, etc. The sphere of cosmetology is multisided and very perspective and.

    Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Massage 896 Words | 2 Pages. you client unattended while electrical equipment is of forests and wildlife, being used on them. * Always hold onto the plug not the opinion essay paragraphs, cord when taking a plug out of an outlet * . Never use electrical equipment around water. Alyssa Doppke 8/19/12 Classroom 1 Session 2 Cosmetology is the study and application of beauty treatment. Branches of animal, specialty including hairstyling, skin care, cosmetics, manicures/pedicures, and electrology. Anyone that is in the beauty industry uses electricity. Electricity is the science, engineering. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 575 Words | 2 Pages. enjoy that pays less than a job I dislike and pays well. The careers that I chose are Cosmetology and Photography. Essay! I choose . Of Science And Technology! Cosmetology as a career I would like to essay structure paragraphs, pursue for many reasons, one of them being because cosmetology takes a lot of essay of science and technology, work not just with your hands but also your mind because for cosmetology you have to be very creative.

    To be a cosmetologist you have to structure paragraphs, be really artistic and creative. Cosmetology takes more than just listening to your client and anna essay what they have to say you have. College , Cosmetology , High school 717 Words | 2 Pages. What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? What is the Difference Between a Cosmetologist and an Esthetician? Although a cosmetologist (with the opinion, right training) is sometimes also an esthetician, an research look, . esthetician is not usually a cosmetologist. Opinion Essay Structure! That's because cosmetology incorporates general care for hair, skin, and nails whereas esthetics, as a career, is solely about specialized skin care.

    Licensed estheticians, in general, have received more advanced training than cosmetologists in various facial beauty treatments, makeup application. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Massage 2221 Words | 8 Pages. My career interest is cosmetology . I have always wanted to essay of science, own my own beauty salon and become a cosmetologist. Essay Structure Paragraphs! I am interested in . cosmetology because I love to do hair and being an African American, I need to of forests and wildlife, have my hair done to look nice and essay paragraphs presentable. As a child, I always wanted to do others and conservation of forests essay my own hair. My mother had a license in cosmetology for fourteen years and I always wanted to be just like her. My strengths are that I can do wraps, straighten and curl hair, relax and perm hair, shampoo. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Personal care and service occupations 540 Words | 2 Pages.

    shampoo and conditioner called fast; it is a product that makes your hair grow faster. I was always interested in the field of cosmetology I . am still a little indecisive on what I want to be, a cosmetology teacher or a hair dresser. Opinion Structure! If I had to how does research look, pick what I want to become now it would be a cosmetology teacher, but you have to be a hairdresser before you are a cosmetology teacher, they both have to essay paragraphs, deal with hair and makeup and anna some cases nails. The interview did help me understand more about the. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Learning 597 Words | 2 Pages. Esthetician Opportunities and Future. History and Opportunities chapter 1 16152_01_Ch01_001-011.qxd 7/31/06 12:47 PM Page 3 CHAPTER OUTLINE Brief History of . Cosmetology Career Paths for a Nail Technician A Bright Future LEARNING OBJECTIVES After completing this chapter, you will be able to: 1. Describe the origins of appearance enhancement. 2. Structure! Describe the write a convincing, advancements made in cosmetology during the 19th, 20th, and early 21st centuries.

    3. List the career opportunities available to a licensed nail technician. 16152_01_Ch01_001-011. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair coloring 3084 Words | 11 Pages. decided to return to opinion structure paragraphs, school, get my degree in communication and start a career that I enjoy. I was most motivated to finish school, because I made a promise . to my mother before she passed with liver cancer in 2003. At that time, I was going to cosmetology school and had two little girls.

    I remember her looking weak and frail in her hospital bed. I could see how tired and almost sedated she was, but still she worried about write a convincing essay how my future was going to turn out. Structure! She looked at me with tears running from. Cancer , College , Cosmetics 641 Words | 2 Pages. Summarise the key aspects of current legislative requirements and codes of practice relevant to your subject and the type of organisation within which you would like to work.

    legal requirement, this code may be used in criminal proceedings as evidence of improper practice’ (Nordmann P.120) while it is not the law to follow these . rules to become a member of an anna, awarding body like British Association of opinion essay structure, Beauty Therapy And Cosmetology (BABTAC) you must follow their guide lines. Being a member of an awarding body shows competence and high standards. As the head therapist it is anna akhmatova requiem essay, my responsibility to ensure the code of conduct is paragraphs, followed. Two laws the a convincing, code includes are not to disclose. Acts of the Apostles , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 600 Words | 2 Pages. cosmetics’ market • Blossoming (rapid development) of cosmetics for men As it was said before, the market of cosmetics, at the beginning, interested . just a few brands and structure paragraphs also, few men. Initially, this world is attributed to women only.

    In fact, cosmetology is synonymous of seduction, beauty, healthiness, or pleasure. Those words represent what the how does research look, women are looking for when it comes to cosmetics. But, finally, the market of opinion essay structure, men cosmetics takes off after years of waiting thanks to different changes. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , L'Oreal 2723 Words | 8 Pages. you think? I think generally we sometimes don’t appreciate the kind of love and support we get from family members. Roman looked up to her father as an . inspirational and wanted her children to how does like, look up to opinion structure paragraphs, her as the same. Roman finally concluded cosmetology school, she felt in her heart that she would be successful in her own business. Requiem! “so that`s something I was proud of because I did it, Thanks to my father and mother, of course, because they helped so much” (816).She got what she wanted, she was. American films , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 812 Words | 3 Pages.

    not as colorful as makeup. If I were to become a makeup artist I would be dealing with cosmetics, which is not as messy as food. Going in to paragraphs, Culinary . School and becoming a chef has its benefits and its complications. Even though culinary and cosmetology are both a form of art the culinary world has a lot to do with food and how to a convincing persuasive messes in the kitchen. This art is structure paragraphs, shown when you decorate a dish with a simple flower or taste in food. When becoming a professional chef I would have to deal with recipes. College , Cooking , Cosmetics 744 Words | 2 Pages. from now?

    I could be six feet underground, I could be a cosmetologist, I could be a homeless person living outside of Wal-Mart for conservation goodness sakes! You never . know until you get there. Hopefuly I will be a cosmetologist, that's what I'm planning on. Cosmetology runs in my family pretty much, my grandmother can cut hair like a pro, my mother can do hair and makeup like she's gone to school for it for years and years, and myself, a 14 year old girl, can do all of opinion structure paragraphs, these things, I cut my own hair, I even cut. Cosmetics , Cosmetology 815 Words | 2 Pages. High School and Tina- Silence Yeah. Tina- Really?? No I didn’t know.

    Counselor- So how do you think you will get in conservation of forests, if you don’t finish seventh grade. Tina- I guess I do need to finish . seventh grade. Counselor- Alright, how about opinion essay structure paragraphs we look for a good technical school that offers cosmetology so you can work on conservation of forests and wildlife, becoming a hair dresser? Does that sound like a good idea? Tina- Yeah that sounds good, I like that idea. Opinion Structure! Counselor First we need to get through the end of 7th grade and move on to 8th. Tina- I can do that, but getting. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Educational years 607 Words | 2 Pages. Success Factors of Selected Beauty Salon Business Along Layunan Binangonan, Rizal.

    business. It sells itself. Of Science! However, because there are so many stylists, hair dressers and essay beauticians in business now, competition is fierce. First, make . sure you are trained in all necessary skills needed to run a successful salon and that your cosmetology license is current. How To Write A Convincing! There are various factors that define the success of a hair salon. The most significant and key factor is high level of essay structure, customer satisfaction. In case of a salon there is no better marketing tool than word-of-mouth. Beauty salon , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 16426 Words | 52 Pages.

    lots of practice. Vs Arguing! I also think it's beautiful the way you can make your body both graceful and limber at one time; which is why I see yoga as an art. Opinion Essay Structure Paragraphs! I . Conservation! believe by me taking multiple visual art classes I am even more ecstatic to be going into cosmetology school. Opinion Essay! I love that makeup, hair and fashion in general is research look, always changing. I love that there's always something new to learn, and new ways to do things. I love that you must practice and that your work is actually being showcased by people who. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Creative writing 768 Words | 2 Pages. content has undergone several changes over the past 10 years. The beauty industry has continued to grow nationally through the economic downturn, with an essay, 18 . Animal Farm Knowledge Is Power! percent increase in opinion essay paragraphs, the number of salons nationwide over the past three years. “The cosmetology industry never dies down, even in a recession,” says Michelle Woodard, admissions coordinator for essay Douglas J Aveda Institute in Grand Rapids. “Everyone will always want to look beautiful.” At the outset of this period there was little demand.

    Change , Cosmetics , Cosmetology 2146 Words | 8 Pages. bank accepts to debit their accounts. This will not lose money as much as the credit facilities which are only built and opinion essay structure dependent on the customer to come . and honor their bills. 2.7 INDUSTRY 10 years younger Hair and Beauty salon falls under cosmetology industry and is where it will operate. It is a growing industry compared to other industries and has bigger share in the market. How Does Research Look! The salon will adopt modern technology and will employ few employees whose number will increase as the business expands. Cosmetics , Cosmetology , Hair 8673 Words | 36 Pages. Cosmetology: Massage and Nail Technician. ?Erika Suprunchik Mr. Justen English IV 24 May 2012 The Beauty Within You Cosmetology is the structure paragraphs, professional skill and practice of . beautifying the hair, face, skin and body. Cosmetologists bring out the beauty within each person by working on the human body. (Allure) The process is essay, not easy, it involves many practice, talent, and patients.

    Each category has its own steps and techniques. Opinion! Cosmetology is not only to beautify but also to heal the human body. They are like doctors without the conservation of forests and wildlife essay, doctor’s. Acupressure , Cosmetics , Hairdressing 2371 Words | 7 Pages. How to Do a Manicure 1. Essay Paragraphs! Find a work space. Consider: * Protection. Nail polish and remover can damage many surfaces such as cloth, wood finish and . plastic. So, wear an expendable t-shirt and no valuable accessories, sit at akhmatova a desk or table, protect it with scrap paper (not newsprint, which smudges), and make sure the table itself and anything near it is not particularly valuable or important to keep perfect because there might be a spatter or spill soaking through.

    You might not want to work. Acetone , Finger , Manicure 1800 Words | 5 Pages. ?Dorothea Dix Dorothea Dix brought the introduction of mental asylums and hospitals for the mentally sick. Opinion Structure Paragraphs! She encouraged the poor and sick people to get . better as soon as they can. Since Dorothea Dix has taken this opportunity to help, it has changed the vs arguing, lives of many mentally ill children and essay adults. Dorothea Lynde Dix was born on April 4, 1802, in Hampden, Maine. Anna Akhmatova! She was the eldest of essay structure paragraphs, three children, and her father, Joseph Dix, was a religious fanatic and distributor of religious tracts who. Dorothea Dix , History of mental health , History of psychiatric institutions 1142 Words | 5 Pages. Why Cosmetology ? To begin, my name is Michelle Fenstermacher and anna essay I am in Cosmetology . Which is essay, a large and animal knowledge is power essay creative field that . I chose to become a part of at ICTC. I chose to attend ICTC due to opinion essay structure, myself liking to help others and farm knowledge is power make people look and feel their personal best.

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