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Nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay

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Nickel and Dimed by Barbara Ehrenreich Essay Example

Nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay

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ask homework Get via App Store Read this post in our app! How do I ask and ehrenreich essay, answer homework questions? Can and how does one ask about homework, and what guidelines should members use when responding to essays and psalm 23 homework questions? migrated from meta.stackexchange.com Sep 19 '16 at 16:04. This question came from our discussion, support, and nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay, feature requests site for meta-discussion of the Stack Exchange family of essay citing website QA websites. This is an attempt to reconcile two extreme positions in a way that is acceptable to and dimed ehrenreich the majority of the lorax community: Some feel it's irrelevant that it's homework: always just answer with complete code. Essay! Some feel Stack Overflow is not the essay website place for homework: close all homework questions immediately. This post is not the and dimed ehrenreich official position of the Stack Overflow administrators, but rather a community-edited effort to provide clear guidelines on how to ap environmental science lorax essay respond to homework.

Individual community members should, of course, use their own judgment. The guidelines outlined below are rooted in two principles: It is okay to ask about nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay, homework. For one, it would be impossible to stop it all even if we wanted to. Editing! Stack Overflow exists to nickel help programmers learn and provide a standard repository for essay citing programming problems, both simple and complex, and this includes helping students.

Providing an answer that doesn't help a student learn is not in nickel and dimed ehrenreich, the student's own best interest. Therefore you might choose to treat homework questions differently than other questions. Make a good faith attempt to solve the problem yourself first. Ap Environmental Science Lorax Essay! If we can't see enough work on your part your question will likely be booed off the stage; it will be voted down and closed. Ask about specific problems with your existing implementation. Essay! If you can't do that yet, try some more of your own work first or searching for more general help; your professor is likely to be a better resource at this stage than Stack Overflow. Admit that the essays and psalm question is homework.

Trying to hide it will just get the and dimed question closed faster. Do not use a “homework” tag, but mention it in the question text if relevant (you can structure your question this way: “How can I do …? I'm trying to do this as part of … which is a homework problem. Ap Environmental Science! This is my attempt so far: …”). Be aware of school policy. If your school has a policy regarding outside help on homework, make sure you are aware of it before you ask for / receive help on Stack Overflow.

If there are specific restrictions (for example, you can receive help, but not full code samples), include them in the question so that those providing assistance can keep you out of trouble. Never use code you don't understand. It definitely won't help you later (after school, in later assignments, on tests, etc.) and it could be, at best, very embarrassing if you are asked to explain code you turned in. Answering and moderating homework questions. Nickel Ehrenreich Essay! Try to provide explanation that will lead the asker in the correct direction. Genuine understanding is the real goal for students, but trying to provide that is usually appreciated for of education essay any question. It's usually better not to provide a complete code sample if you believe it would not help the student, using your best judgment.

You can use pseudo-code first, and, in the spirit of creating a programming resource, you may come back after a suitable amount of time and and dimed essay, edit your response to include more complete code. This way, the for headers student still has to write their own code, but a full solution can become available after the assignment has ended. Recognize that homework is likely to and dimed essay include artificial constraints, and honor those constraints. Also be aware that these constraints may affect whether or not a question should be closed as a duplicate. Don't downvote others who answer homework questions in essays and psalm, good faith, even if they break these guidelines (unless the answer would merit downvotes even if the question weren't homework related). It's not always obvious at first glance that a question is homework, especially when you're not expecting to see it here. It is ehrenreich essay a good idea to suggest editing the response in a comment. Don't ridicule a student because they haven't yet learned something obvious or developed the good habits you'd expect from a seasoned programmer. Do add a respectful comment or answer that points them towards best practices and better style. Don't downvote a homework question that follows the guidelines and was asked in on essays, good faith.

It's okay to ask if a question is homework, but be polite . As for non-homework questions, questions in the spirit of plz send teh codez might be closed as too broad. Use your best judgment. Remember students are new programmers and often don't yet understand what is expected of them. And Dimed! Help them to get that understanding. I don't answer, because I have higher ranking priorities at role essay the moment I answer the question no matter if homework or not. Nickel And Dimed! If the question is a homework question or shows that the person asking is missing some basic concepts, I do following: I spot on answer the ap environmental lorax question I put myself into the questioners shoes or my own experience and think how I would explain the answer, in a manner he would learn from it easily If I can't give an explanation, I try to link to nickel and dimed ehrenreich sources which are didactic valuable and match the perceived proficiency level of the on essays questioner. And Dimed! I came to stackoverflow because people would answer my questions instead of insulting me by answering go read some books , try harder , use google or even worse I have to stop you from getting the answer because your are trying the gcse essay writing easy way out of this situation . People shouldn't judge circumstances of those who ask, as they aren't morally able to take full responsibility for the consequences of pro active refusal towards a questioner! What if the questioner had an nickel incumbent teacher/school and role of education in women, the assignment and it's understanding critically determines their future?

What if the questioner really put the work into everything else, has no time left and just struggles with this last part? What if the questioners personal circumstances hinder him to perform as a student and nickel essay, successfully passing school is citing their first step out of nickel and dimed essay their misery? What if the questioner is just curious but has very tight time constraints and no help? People helped me out without prejudice in nasty situations and in return I see myself obliged to help others without prejudice.

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Nickel and Dimed Essay Examples

How to Write a Great Business Plan. Every seasoned investor knows that detailed financial projections for a new company are an act of nickel and dimed, imagination. Nevertheless, most business plans pour far too much ink on the numbers–and far too little on the information that really matters. Why? William Sahlman suggests that a great business plan is one that focuses on a series of questions. These questions relate to the four factors critical to the success of every new venture: the people, the opportunity, the context, and the possibilities for both risk and reward. The questions about people revolve around three issues: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known?

As for opportunity, the plan should focus on two questions: Is the market for the venture’s product or service large or rapidly growing (or preferably both)? and Is the industry structurally attractive? Then, in addition to demonstrating an understanding of the context in which their venture will operate, entrepreneurs should make clear how they will respond when that context inevitably changes. Finally, the plan should look unflinchingly at the risks the new venture faces, giving would-be backers a realistic idea of what magnitude of reward they can expect and when they can expect it. A great business plan is not easy to compose, Sahlman acknowledges, largely because most entrepreneurs are wild-eyed optimists. But one that asks the right questions is a powerful tool.

A better deal, not to on essays, mention a better shot at success, awaits entrepreneurs who use it. Few areas of business attract as much attention as new ventures, and and dimed ehrenreich essay, few aspects of new-venture creation attract as much attention as the business plan. Countless books and articles in for headers, the popular press dissect the topic. A growing number of annual business-plan contests are springing up across the United States and, increasingly, in other countries. Both graduate and undergraduate schools devote entire courses to nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay, the subject. Indeed, judging by all the hoopla surrounding business plans, you would think that the only things standing between a would-be entrepreneur and spectacular success are glossy five-color charts, a bundle of meticulous-looking spreadsheets, and science, a decade of month-by-month financial projections.

Nothing could be further from the truth. In my experience with hundreds of entrepreneurial startups, business plans rank no higher than 2—on a scale from ehrenreich essay, 1 to 10—as a predictor of a new venture’s success. And sometimes, in fact, the more elaborately crafted the document, the more likely the mla format on essays venture is to, well, flop, for lack of a more euphemistic word. What’s wrong with most business plans? The answer is relatively straightforward. Most waste too much ink on nickel, numbers and devote too little to the information that really matters to intelligent investors. As every seasoned investor knows, financial projections for mla format for headers on essays a new company—especially detailed, month-by-month projections that stretch out for more than a year—are an act of imagination. An entrepreneurial venture faces far too many unknowns to predict revenues, let alone profits.

Moreover, few if any entrepreneurs correctly anticipate how much capital and time will be required to accomplish their objectives. Typically, they are wildly optimistic, padding their projections. Investors know about the padding effect and ehrenreich essay, therefore discount the essay figures in essay, business plans. These maneuvers create a vicious circle of role of education empowerment essay, inaccuracy that benefits no one. Don’t misunderstand me: business plans should include some numbers. But those numbers should appear mainly in the form of a business model that shows the entrepreneurial team has thought through the key drivers of the venture’s success or failure. In manufacturing, such a driver might be the nickel ehrenreich essay yield on essay citing website, a production process; in magazine publishing, the anticipated renewal rate; or in software, the impact of using various distribution channels. The model should also address the nickel break-even issue: At what level of sales does the business begin to make a profit? And even more important, When does cash flow turn positive?

Without a doubt, these questions deserve a few pages in any business plan. Near the back. What goes at the front? What information does a good business plan contain? If you want to speak the language of investors—and also make sure you have asked yourself the 23 right questions before setting out on the most daunting journey of a businessperson’s career—I recommend basing your business plan on the framework that follows. It does not provide the kind of “winning” formula touted by and dimed ehrenreich essay, some current how-to books and software programs for entrepreneurs.

Nor is it a guide to brain surgery. Rather, the framework systematically assesses the four interdependent factors critical to every new venture: The People. The men and women starting and running the venture, as well as the outside parties providing key services or important resources for it, such as its lawyers, accountants, and suppliers. The Opportunity. A profile of the business itself—what it will sell and to whom, whether the business can grow and how fast, what its economics are, who and what stand in of education empowerment, the way of success. The Context.

The big picture—the regulatory environment, interest rates, demographic trends, inflation, and the like—basically, factors that inevitably change but cannot be controlled by the entrepreneur. Risk and Reward. An assessment of everything that can go wrong and right, and a discussion of how the entrepreneurial team can respond. Business Plans: For Entrepreneurs Only? The accompanying article talks mainly about business plans in a familiar context, as a tool for entrepreneurs. But quite often, start-ups are launched within established companies. Do those new ventures require business plans? And if they do, should they be different from the plans entrepreneurs put together? The answer to the first question is an emphatic yes; the answer to ehrenreich, the second, an equally emphatic no.

All new ventures—whether they are funded by of education in women empowerment essay, venture capitalists or, as is the nickel case with intrapreneurial businesses, by shareholders—need to pass the same acid tests. After all, the marketplace does not differentiate between products or services based on role of education in women, who is pouring money into them behind the scenes. The fact is, intrapreneurial ventures need every bit as much analysis as entrepreneurial ones do, yet they rarely receive it. Nickel And Dimed! Instead, inside big companies, new businesses get proposed in the form of capital-budgeting requests. These faceless documents are subject to detailed financial scrutiny and a consensus-building process, as the project wends its way through the chain of command, what I call the “neutron bomb” model of project governance.

However, in the history of essay, such proposals, a plan never has been submitted that did not promise returns in excess of corporate hurdle rates. It is only after the new business is launched that these numbers explode at the organization’s front door. That problem could be avoided in essay, large part if intrapreneurial ventures followed the guidelines set out in the accompanying article. For instance, business plans for such a venture should begin with the résumés of mla format for headers, all the people involved. What has the team done in the past that would suggest it would be successful in the future, and nickel and dimed essay, so on? In addition, the new venture’s product or service should be fully analyzed in terms of its opportunity and context. Going through the process forces a kind of discipline that identifies weaknesses and strengths early on and helps managers address both.

It also helps enormously if such discipline continues after the intrapreneurial venture lifts off. When professional venture capitalists invest in essays and psalm 23, new companies, they track performance as a matter of course. Ehrenreich! But in large companies, scrutiny of essay, a new venture is often inconsistent. That shouldn’t or needn’t be the nickel ehrenreich case. A business plan helps managers ask such questions as: How is the essay new venture doing relative to projections? What decisions has the team made in and dimed, response to new information? Have changes in essay citing website, the context made additional funding necessary? How could the nickel ehrenreich team have predicted those changes? Such questions not only keep a new venture running smoothly but also help an organization learn from its mistakes and triumphs. Many successful companies have been built with the citing help of and dimed ehrenreich essay, venture capitalists.

Many of the underlying opportunities could have been exploited by large companies. Why weren’t they? Perhaps useful lessons can be learned by studying the world of medical editing service, independent ventures, one lesson being: Write a great business plan. The assumption behind the framework is that great businesses have attributes that are easy to identify but hard to assemble. They have an experienced, energetic managerial team from the top to the bottom. The team’s members have skills and experiences directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing.

Ideally, they will have worked successfully together in the past. And Dimed Ehrenreich Essay! The opportunity has an attractive, sustainable business model; it is possible to and psalm 23, create a competitive edge and defend it. Many options exist for expanding the scale and scope of the business, and these options are unique to the enterprise and its team. Value can be extracted from the nickel business in a number of ways either through a positive harvest event—a sale—or by scaling down or liquidating. The context is favorable with respect to both the regulatory and the macro-economic environments. Risk is gcse writing, understood, and the team has considered ways to mitigate the impact of difficult events. In short, great businesses have the four parts of the framework completely covered.

If only reality were so neat. When I receive a business plan, I always read the résumé section first. Not because the nickel and dimed essay people part of the new venture is the most important, but because without the right team, none of the other parts really matters. I read the science résumés of the venture’s team with a list of nickel ehrenreich essay, questions in mind. (See the insert “Who Are These People, Anyway?”) All these questions get at the same three issues about the role in women empowerment venture’s team members: What do they know? Whom do they know? and How well are they known? Fourteen “Personal” Questions Every Business Plan Should Answer. Where are the nickel essay founders from? Where have they been educated? Where have they worked—and for whom? What have they accomplished—professionally and personally—in the past?

What is their reputation within the business community? What experience do they have that is directly relevant to the opportunity they are pursuing? What skills, abilities, and knowledge do they have? How realistic are they about the venture’s chances for success and gcse writing techniques, the tribulations it will face? Who else needs to be on the team? Are they prepared to recruit high-quality people?

How will they respond to adversity? Do they have the mettle to make the inevitable hard choices that have to be made? How committed are they to this venture? What are their motivations? What and whom they know are matters of insight and experience. Nickel Essay! How familiar are the team members with industry players and gcse essay, dynamics? Investors, not surprisingly, value managers who have been around the nickel essay block a few times. Science Essay! A business plan should candidly describe each team member’s knowledge of the ehrenreich essay new venture’s type of product or service; its production processes; and the market itself, from competitors to customers. It also helps to indicate whether the team members have worked together before. Not played—as in roomed together in college—but worked . Investors also look favorably on a team that is known because the real world often prefers not to deal with start-ups. They’re too unpredictable.

That changes, however, when the new company is lorax, run by people well known to suppliers, customers, and employees. Their enterprise may be brand new, but they aren’t. The surprise element of working with a start-up is nickel ehrenreich, somewhat ameliorated. Finally, the people part of a business plan should receive special care because, simply stated, that’s where most intelligent investors focus their attention. A typical professional venture-capital firm receives approximately 2,000 business plans per year. Editing! These plans are filled with tantalizing ideas for new products and services that will change the world and essay, reap billions in the process—or so they say. But the editing service fact is, most venture capitalists believe that ideas are a dime a dozen: only execution skills count. Ehrenreich! As Arthur Rock, a venture capital legend associated with the formation of such companies as Apple, Intel, and Teledyne, states, “I invest in mla format for headers, people, not ideas.” Rock also has said, “If you can find good people, if they’re wrong about the product, they’ll make a switch, so what good is it to understand the nickel product that they’re talking about in the first place?” Business plan writers should keep this admonition in mind as they craft their proposal.

Talk about the people—exhaustively. And if there is essay, nothing solid about their experience and abilities to herald, then the entrepreneurial team should think again about launching the venture. When it comes to the opportunity itself, a good business plan begins by focusing on two questions: Is the total market for the venture’s product or service large, rapidly growing, or both? Is the nickel essay industry now, or can it become, structurally attractive? Entrepreneurs and investors look for essays and psalm large or rapidly growing markets mainly because it is often easier to ehrenreich, obtain a share of a growing market than to fight with entrenched competitors for a share of a mature or stagnant market. Smart investors, in fact, try hard to identify high-growth-potential markets early in their evolution: that’s where the big payoffs are.

And, indeed, many will not invest in a company that cannot reach a significant scale (that is, $ 50 million in annual revenues) within five years. HBR Guide to Building Your Business Case Ebook + Tools. As for in women attractiveness, investors are obviously looking for markets that actually allow businesses to make some money. But that’s not the no-brainer it seems. In the late 1970s, the computer disk-drive business looked very attractive. The technology was new and exciting. Dozens of companies jumped into the fray, aided by an army of professional investors. Twenty years later, however, the nickel and dimed ehrenreich thrill is gone for managers and investors alike. Medical Editing Service! Disk drive companies must design products to meet the perceived needs of nickel ehrenreich, original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) and end users. Selling a product to OEMs is complicated. Citing! The customers are large relative to most of their suppliers.

There are lots of competitors, each with similar high-quality offerings. Moreover, product life cycles are short and nickel essay, ongoing technology investments high. The industry is subject to major shifts in technology and mla format for headers on essays, customer needs. Intense rivalry leads to lower prices and, hence, lower margins. In short, the disk drive industry is simply not set up to make people a lot of money; it’s a structural disaster area. The information services industry, by contrast, is paradise. Companies such as Bloomberg Financial Markets and First Call Corporation, which provide data to the financial world, have virtually every competitive advantage on their side. First, they can assemble or create proprietary content—content that, by the way, is nickel, like life’s blood to thousands of money managers and mla format for headers on essays, stock analysts around the world.

And although it is often expensive to develop the service and to acquire initial customers, once up and running, these companies can deliver content to customers very cheaply. Nickel And Dimed! Also, customers pay in advance of receiving the service, which makes cash flow very handsome, indeed. In short, the structure of the information services industry is beyond attractive: it’s gorgeous. The profit margins of Bloomberg and First Call put the disk drive business to shame. The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It? Nine Questions About the Business Every Business Plan Should Answer. Who is the new venture’s customer? How does the in women empowerment essay customer make decisions about buying this product or service? To what degree is the product or service a compelling purchase for the customer? How will the product or service be priced? How will the venture reach all the identified customer segments?

How much does it cost (in time and resources) to acquire a customer? How much does it cost to produce and and dimed ehrenreich, deliver the essay techniques product or service? How much does it cost to support a customer? How easy is it to retain a customer? Thus, the first step for entrepreneurs is to make sure they are entering an industry that is nickel ehrenreich essay, large and/or growing, and essay website, one that’s structurally attractive.

The second step is to make sure their business plan rigorously describes how this is the ehrenreich essay case. And if it isn’t the case, their business plan needs to specify how the venture will still manage to make enough of a profit that investors (or potential employees or suppliers, for that matter) will want to participate. Once it examines the new venture’s industry, a business plan must describe in gcse essay writing techniques, detail how the company will build and launch its product or service into the marketplace. Nickel And Dimed Essay! Again, a series of gcse essay writing, questions should guide the discussion. (See the insert “The Opportunity of a Lifetime—or Is It?”) Often the nickel and dimed answers to these questions reveal a fatal flaw in the business. I’ve seen entrepreneurs with a “great” product discover, for example, that it’s simply too costly to find customers who can and will buy what they are selling. Economically viable access to customers is the role essay key to business, yet many entrepreneurs take the Field of Dreams approach to this notion: build it, and they will come. That strategy works in the movies but is not very sensible in the real world.

It is not always easy to answer questions about the likely consumer response to nickel and dimed ehrenreich, new products or services. Essay! The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. (Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell?) One entrepreneur I know proposed to essay, introduce an electronic news-clipping service. He made his pitch to a prospective venture-capital investor who rejected the plan, stating, “I just don’t think the dogs will eat the dog food.” Later, when the entrepreneur’s company went public, he sent the venture capitalist an anonymous package containing an ap environmental science, empty can of dog food and a copy of his prospectus. If it were easy to predict what people will buy, there wouldn’t be any opportunities. The market is as fickle as it is unpredictable. Who would have guessed that plug-in room deodorizers would sell? Similarly, it is and dimed essay, tough to guess how much people will pay for something, but a business plan must address that topic. Sometimes, the dogs will eat the dog food, but only at role, a price less than cost. Investors always look for opportunities for value pricing—that is, markets in which the costs to produce the product are low, but consumers will still pay a lot for it. No one is dying to invest in a company when margins are skinny.

Still, there is money to be made in inexpensive products and services—even in nickel ehrenreich, commodities. A business plan must demonstrate that careful consideration has been given to the new venture’s pricing scheme. The list of questions about the new venture’s opportunity focuses on the direct revenues and the costs of producing and marketing a product. That’s fine, as far as it goes. A sensible proposal, however, also involves assessing the business model from a perspective that takes into account the investment required—that is, the balance sheet side of the equation. The following questions should also be addressed so that investors can understand the cash flow implications of pursuing an opportunity: When does the business have to buy resources, such as supplies, raw materials, and people? When does the business have to pay for essay them? How long does it take to acquire a customer? How long before the nickel and dimed essay customer sends the medical business a check?

How much capital equipment is nickel and dimed, required to support a dollar of sales? Investors, of course, are looking for businesses in which management can buy low, sell high, collect early, and pay late. The business plan needs to spell out how close to that ideal the science lorax new venture is expected to come. Even if the answer is “not very”—and it usually is—at least the truth is out there to discuss. The opportunity section of a business plan must also bring a few other issues to the surface. First, it must demonstrate and analyze how an opportunity can grow—in other words, how the new venture can expand its range of products or services, customer base, or geographic scope. Often, companies are able to create virtual pipelines that support the and dimed essay economically viable creation of new revenue streams.

In the publishing business, for gcse writing techniques example, Inc. magazine has expanded its product line to include seminars, books, and videos about and dimed essay entrepreneurship. Similarly, building on the success of its personal-finance software program Quicken, Intuit now sells software for electronic banking, small-business accounting, and tax preparation, as well as personal-printing supplies and on-line information services—to name just a few of medical essay editing, its highly profitable ancillary spin-offs. Now, lots of business plans runneth over on the subject of the new venture’s potential for nickel ehrenreich growth and for headers on essays, expansion. Nickel And Dimed Essay! But they should likewise runneth over in explaining how they won’t fall into some common opportunity traps. One of those has already been mentioned: industries that are at their core structurally unattractive. But there are others. The world of essay, invention, for example, is fraught with danger. Over the past 15 years, I have seen scores of individuals who have devised a better mousetrap—newfangled creations from inflatable pillows for use on airplanes to automated car-parking systems.

Few of and dimed, these idea-driven companies have really taken off, however. I’m not entirely sure why. Essay Citing Website! Sometimes, the inventor refuses to spend the money required by or share the rewards sufficiently with the business side of the nickel ehrenreich company. Other times, inventors become so preoccupied with their inventions they forget the customer. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Another opportunity trap that business plans—and entrepreneurs in general—need to 23, pay attention to is the tricky business of nickel essay, arbitrage. Basically, arbitrage ventures are created to take advantage of some pricing disparity in mla format on essays, the marketplace. MCI Communications Corporation, for instance, was formed to nickel and dimed ehrenreich, offer long-distance service at a lower price than ATT.

Some of the industry consolidations going on today reflect a different kind of arbitrage—the ability to buy small businesses at a wholesale price, roll them up together into a larger package, and take them public at gcse, a retail price, all without necessarily adding value in the process. Whatever the reason, better-mousetrap businesses have an uncanny way of malfunctioning. Taking advantage of arbitrage opportunities is a viable and potentially profitable way to enter a business. In the and dimed final analysis, however, all arbitrage opportunities evaporate. Role Of Education Empowerment! It is not a question of ehrenreich essay, whether, only when.

The trick in these businesses is to use the arbitrage profits to build a more enduring business model, and business plans must explain how and when that will occur. As for 23 competition, it probably goes without saying that all business plans should carefully and thoroughly cover this territory, yet some don’t. That is a glaring omission. For starters, every business plan should answer the and dimed ehrenreich essay following questions about the competition: Who are the new venture’s current competitors? What resources do they control? What are their strengths and weaknesses? How will they respond to the new venture’s decision to enter the business?

How can the new venture respond to its competitors’ response? Who else might be able to observe and and psalm 23, exploit the same opportunity? Are there ways to co-opt potential or actual competitors by forming alliances? Business is like chess: to be successful, you must anticipate several moves in advance. A business plan that describes an insuperable lead or a proprietary market position is by definition written by naïve people. That goes not just for the competition section of the business plan but for the entire discussion of the nickel ehrenreich essay opportunity. All opportunities have promise; all have vulnerabilities. A good business plan doesn’t whitewash the citing latter. Rather, it proves that the entrepreneurial team knows the nickel essay good, the bad, and the ugly that the venture faces ahead. Opportunities exist in a context. At one level is the ap environmental science essay macroeconomic environment, including the level of economic activity, inflation, exchange rates, and interest rates.

At another level are the wide range of government rules and regulations that affect the opportunity and how resources are marshaled to exploit it. Nickel Ehrenreich! Examples extend from gcse writing techniques, tax policy to nickel and dimed ehrenreich, the rules about raising capital for a private or public company. Essay Citing! And at ehrenreich, yet another level are factors like technology that define the limits of what a business or its competitors can accomplish. Context often has a tremendous impact on every aspect of the entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to essays, harvest. In some cases, changes in some contextual factor create opportunity. More than 100 new companies were formed when the airline industry was deregulated in the late 1970s.

The context for financing was also favorable, enabling new entrants like People Express to go to the public market for capital even before starting operations. Conversely, there are times when the context makes it hard to start new enterprises. The recession of the nickel ehrenreich essay early 1990s combined with a difficult financing environment for new companies: venture capital disbursements were low, as was the amount of capital raised in the public markets. Writing! (Paradoxically, those relatively tight conditions, which made it harder for new entrants to get going, were associated with very high investment returns later in the 1990s, as capital markets heated up.) Sometimes, a shift in context turns an nickel ehrenreich, unattractive business into an attractive one, and empowerment, vice versa. Consider the case of and dimed ehrenreich, a packaging company some years ago that was performing so poorly it was about to be put on the block. Then came the Tylenol-tampering incident, resulting in multiple deaths. The packaging company happened to essays 23, have an nickel ehrenreich, efficient mechanism for installing tamper-proof seals, and in a matter of citing website, weeks its financial performance could have been called spectacular.

Conversely, U.S. tax reforms enacted in 1986 created havoc for companies in the real estate business, eliminating almost every positive incentive to invest. Many previously successful operations went out of ehrenreich essay, business soon after the essays 23 new rules were put in place. Every business plan should contain certain pieces of evidence related to nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay, context. Essays 23! First, the entrepreneurs should show a heightened awareness of the new venture’s context and nickel essay, how it helps or hinders their specific proposal. Second, and more important, they should demonstrate that they know the venture’s context will inevitably change and describe how those changes might affect the business. Further, the business plan should spell out what management can (and will) do in the event the context grows unfavorable. Finally, the business plan should explain the ways (if any) in gcse essay writing, which management can affect context in a positive way. For example, management might be able to have an nickel ehrenreich essay, impact on regulations or on role of education in women empowerment, industry standards through lobbying efforts. The concept that context is fluid leads directly to the fourth leg of the framework I propose: a discussion of risk and how to manage it. I’ve come to think of a good business plan as a snapshot of an event in the future.

That’s quite a feat to begin with—taking a picture of the unknown. But the best business plans go beyond that; they are like movies of the future. They show the nickel ehrenreich people, the opportunity, and the context from essays, multiple angles. They offer a plausible, coherent story of what lies ahead. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich! They unfold possibilities of action and reaction. Good business plans, in other words, discuss people, opportunity, and essays and psalm 23, context as a moving target. All three factors (and the relationship among them) are likely to nickel essay, change over ap environmental essay time as a company evolves from nickel and dimed essay, start-up to ongoing enterprise.

Therefore, any business plan worth the time it takes to write or read needs to focus attention on gcse writing, the dynamic aspects of the and dimed ehrenreich entrepreneurial process. When it comes to the matter of risk and essay citing, reward in a new venture, a business plan benefits enormously from the nickel and dimed ehrenreich inclusion of two graphs. Perhaps graphs is the wrong word; these are really just schematic pictures that illustrate the most likely relationship between risk and reward, that is, the relationship between the ap environmental science lorax essay opportunity and its economics. High finance they are not, but I have found both of these pictures say more to investors than a hundred pages of charts and prose. The first picture depicts the amount of money needed to launch the and dimed new venture, time to positive cash flow, and the expected magnitude of the payoff. This image helps the investor understand the depth and duration of negative cash flow, as well as the relationship between the investment and mla format, the possible return. The ideal, needless to say, is to have cash flow early and often. But most investors are intrigued by and dimed ehrenreich essay, the picture even when the cash outflow is high and long—as long as the cash inflow is more so. Of course, since the world of medical service, new ventures is populated by and dimed ehrenreich, wild-eyed optimists, you might expect the picture to display a shallower hole and a steeper reward slope than it should. It usually does. But to be honest, even that kind of picture belongs in the business plan because it is a fair warning to investors that the essays new venture’s team is and dimed essay, completely out of touch with reality and should be avoided at all costs.

The second picture complements the first. It shows investors the range of essay website, possible returns and the likelihood of nickel ehrenreich essay, achieving them. The following example shows investors that there is ap environmental lorax, a 15 % chance they would have been better off using their money as wall-paper. The flat section reveals that there is a negligible chance of losing only a small amount of and dimed ehrenreich essay, money; companies either fail big or create enough value to achieve a positive return. The hump in the middle suggests that there is a significant chance of earning between 15 % and 45 % in the same time period. And finally, there is a small chance that the initial outlay of mla format on essays, cash will spawn a 200 % internal rate of return, which might have occurred if you had happened to invest in Microsoft when it was a private company. Basically, this picture helps investors determine what class of investment the business plan is presenting. Is the new venture drilling for North Sea oil—highly risky with potentially big payoffs—or is it digging development wells in nickel and dimed, Texas, which happens to writing, be less of a geological gamble and probably less lucrative, too? This image answers that kind of question. It’s then up to the investors to decide how much risk they want to live with against what kind of odds.

Again, the people who write business plans might be inclined to skew the picture to make it look as if the nickel probability of mla format, a significant return is downright huge and the possibility of loss is negligible. And, again, I would say therein lies the nickel ehrenreich essay picture’s beauty. Essay Citing Website! What it claims, checked against the investor’s sense of reality and experience, should serve as a simple pictorial caveat emptor. Of course, the future is hard to ehrenreich, predict. Still, it is possible to give potential investors a sense of the kind and essay, class of and dimed ehrenreich, risk and reward they are assuming with a new venture.

All it takes is a pencil and two simple drawings. (See the insert “Visualizing Risk and role of education empowerment, Reward.”) But even with these drawings, risk is, well, risky. In reality, there are no immutable distributions of outcomes. It is ultimately the responsibility of management to change the and dimed ehrenreich essay distribution, to increase the likelihood and consequences of success, and to decrease the likelihood and implications of problems. One of the great myths about entrepreneurs is on essays, that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. Nickel Ehrenreich! As Harvard Business School professor (and venture capitalist) Howard Stevenson says, true entrepreneurs want to capture all the reward and give all the risk to others. The best business is a post office box to which people send cashier’s checks. Yet risk is unavoidable. Lorax Essay! So what does that mean for a business plan? It means that the nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay plan must unflinchingly confront the risks ahead—in terms of people, opportunity, and in women, context. What happens if one of the new venture’s leaders leaves?

What happens if a competitor responds with more ferocity than expected? What happens if there is a revolution in Namibia, the source of a key raw material? What will management actually do ? Those are hard questions for an entrepreneur to pose, especially when seeking capital. But a better deal awaits those who do pose them and then provide solid answers. A new venture, for example, might be highly leveraged and therefore very sensitive to interest rates. Its business plan would benefit enormously by stating that management intends to hedge its exposure through the financial-futures market by purchasing a contract that does well when interest rates go up. That is the equivalent of offering investors insurance. (It also makes sense for the business itself.)

Finally, one important area in ehrenreich, the realm of risk/reward management relates to essay citing, harvesting. Nickel Ehrenreich! Venture capitalists often ask if a company is “IPOable,” by which they mean, Can the company be taken public at some point in the future? Some businesses are inherently difficult to take public because doing so would reveal information that might harm its competitive position (for example, it would reveal profitability, thereby encouraging entry or angering customers or suppliers). Some ventures are not companies, but rather products—they are not sustainable as independent businesses. One of the ap environmental lorax greatest myths about entrepreneurs is that they are risk seekers. All sane people want to avoid risk. Therefore, the business plan should talk candidly about the end of the process. Nickel Ehrenreich! How will the citing website investor eventually get money out and dimed, of the business, assuming it is successful, even if only marginally so? When professionals invest, they particularly like companies with a wide range of exit options.

They like companies that work hard to preserve and mla format for headers on essays, enhance those options along the way, companies that don’t, for example, unthinkingly form alliances with big corporations that could someday actually buy them. Investors feel a lot better about risk if the venture’s endgame is discussed up front. There is an old saying, “If you don’t know where you are going, any road will get you there.” In crafting sensible entrepreneurial strategies, just the opposite is true: you had better know where you might end up and have a map for getting there. A business plan should be the nickel and dimed ehrenreich place where that map is drawn, for, as every traveler knows, a journey is a lot less risky when you have directions. Once a business plan is written, of course, the goal is to land a deal. Medical Essay! That is a topic for nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay another article in itself, but I will add a few words here. When I talk to young (and old) entrepreneurs looking to finance their ventures, they obsess about the of education in women essay valuation and terms of the deal they will receive. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich! Their explicit goal seems to be to minimize the dilution they will suffer in raising capital. Implicitly, they are also looking for investors who will remain as passive as a tree while they go about building their business. Essay! On the food chain of investors, it seems, doctors and dentists are best and venture capitalists are worst because of the ehrenreich essay degree to which the and psalm latter group demands control and a large share of the returns. That notion—like the idea that excruciatingly detailed financial projections are useful—is nonsense.

From whom you raise capital is often more important than the terms. New ventures are inherently risky, as I’ve noted; what can go wrong will. When that happens, unsophisticated investors panic, get angry, and often refuse to advance the company more money. Sophisticated investors, by nickel and dimed, contrast, roll up their sleeves and help the company solve its problems. Often, they’ve had lots of experience saving sinking ships. They are typically process literate. They understand how to craft a sensible business strategy and a strong tactical plan. They know how to recruit, compensate, and motivate team members.

They are also familiar with the Byzantine ins and outs of going public—an event most entrepreneurs face but once in a lifetime. This kind of essays, know-how is worth the money needed to buy it. There is an old expression directly relevant to entrepreneurial finance: “Too clever by half.” Often, deal makers get very creative, crafting all sorts of payoff and option schemes. That usually backfires. My experience has proven again and again that sensible deals have the following six characteristics: They do not blow apart if actual differs slightly from plan. They do not provide perverse incentives that will cause one or both parties to behave destructively. They are written on a pile of papers no greater than one-quarter inch thick.

But even these six simple rules miss an important point. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich! A deal should not be a static thing, a one-shot document that negotiates the disposition of a lump sum. Instead, it is incumbent upon citing website entrepreneurs, before they go searching for funding, to think about capital acquisition as a dynamic process—to figure out how much money they will need and when they will need it. How is and dimed, that accomplished? The trick is for the entrepreneurial team to treat the empowerment essay new venture as a series of experiments. Before launching the whole show, launch a little piece of it.

Convene a focus group to test the nickel product, build a prototype and watch it perform, conduct a regional or local rollout of a service. Such an science essay, exercise reveals the true economics of the business and can help enormously in determining how much money the new venture actually requires and in what stages. Ehrenreich Essay! Entrepreneurs should raise enough, and investors should invest enough, capital to fund each major experiment. Experiments, of mla format for headers on essays, course, can feel expensive and nickel ehrenreich, risky. But I’ve seen them prevent disasters and help create successes.

I consider it a prerequisite of putting together a winning deal. Among the many sins committed by business plan writers is arrogance. In today’s economy, few ideas are truly proprietary. Moreover, there has never been a time in recorded history when the supply of capital did not outrace the essay supply of opportunity. The true half-life of nickel and dimed essay, opportunity is decreasing with the website passage of time. A business plan must not be an nickel and dimed ehrenreich, albatross that hangs around the neck of the entrepreneurial team, dragging it into oblivion. Science! Instead, a business plan must be a call for nickel ehrenreich essay action, one that recognizes management’s responsibility to fix what is science lorax essay, broken proactively and in real time. Risk is inevitable, avoiding risk impossible. Risk management is the key, always tilting the and dimed essay venture in favor of reward and away from risk.

A plan must demonstrate mastery of the entire entrepreneurial process, from identification of opportunity to harvest. It is not a way to ap environmental science lorax, separate unsuspecting investors from their money by hiding the nickel fatal flaw. For in citing, the final analysis, the only one being fooled is the entrepreneur. We live today in the golden age of entrepreneurship. Although Fortune 500 companies have shed 5 million jobs in the past 20 years, the overall economy has added almost 30 million.

Many of those jobs were created by entrepreneurial ventures, such as Cisco Systems, Genentech, and nickel and dimed essay, Microsoft. Each of those companies started with a business plan. Is that why they succeeded? There is no knowing for sure. But there is little doubt that crafting a business plan so that it thoroughly and candidly addresses the editing service ingredients of success—people, opportunity, context, and nickel ehrenreich essay, the risk/reward picture—is vitally important.

In the absence of a crystal ball, in editing service, fact, a business plan built of the ehrenreich essay right information and analysis can only be called indispensable. William A. Sahlman is the Dimitri V. D’Arbeloff-MBA Class of ap environmental science lorax essay, 1955 Professor of Business Administration at the Harvard Business School.

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1309 Words Essay on Global Warming: Causes, Effects and Remedies. Global warming is the essay greatest challenge facing our planet. It is, in fact, the increase in the temperature of the earth#8217;s neon- surface air. Ap Environmental! It is one of the ehrenreich essay most current and widely discussed factors. It has far-reaching impact on biodiversity and climatic conditions of the essays planet.

Several current trends clearly demonstrate that global warming is directly impacting on rising sea levels, the melting of ice caps and significant worldwide climate changes. In short, global warming represents a fundamental threat to all living things on earth. image source: c1.staticflickr.com. Global average temperature rose significantly during the past century. The prevailing scientific view is nickel and dimed ehrenreich, that most of the temperature increases since mid-20th century has been caused by mla format for headers increases in nickel and dimed essay atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations produced by human activity. Most scientists agree that planet#8217;s temperature has risen 0.5 degree Celsius since 1900 and will continue to increase at an increasing rate. Of Education In Women Essay! As a result, the nickel ehrenreich world is getting warmer. The year 1990 was the hottest year in the last century.

Together with 1991, the years of 1983, 1987, 1988 and 1989 have been measured to be the warmest six years in the last hundred years. The year 1991 was the essays and psalm 23 second warmest year of the past century. Nickel And Dimed Essay! The consequences of the rise in temperature is being felt all over the globe the findings of scientific research done in this field reveal that the temperature of the earth is likely to for headers on essays rise from 1.4°C to 5.8°C within a period of 100 years. Unfortunately, the imbalance which we have created between our life and earth is already showing the signs disasters in the form of flood, cyclones, landslides, tsunami, drought, etc. If the imbalance continues to essay rise, one day this will pose a question mark on the existence of in women essay this planet. Carbon dioxide (C02) which is an important constituent of environment is causing a warming effect on and dimed essay, the earth#8217;s surface. It increases the medical essay service evaporation of water into the atmosphere. Since water vapour itself is a greenhouse gas, this causes still more warming. The warming causes more water vapour to and dimed ehrenreich be evaporated. Mla Format! The C02 level is expected to rise in future due to ongoing burning of fossil fuels and landuse change.

The rate of rise will depend largely on uncertain economic, sociological, technological and natural developments. Other gases such as methane, CFCs, nitrous oxide, tropospheric ozone are also responsible for global warming. Increases in all these gases are due to explosive population growth, increased industrial expansion, technological advancement, deforestation and growing urbanisation, etc. Trees play a significant role in the global carbon cycle. They are the and dimed ehrenreich largest land-based mechanism for removing carbon dioxide from the air. Deforestation is checking these positive processes.

It is the second principle cause of atmospheric carbon dioxide. Deforestation is responsible for 25 per cent of all carbon emissions entering the atmosphere, by the burning and cutting of 34 million acres of trees each year. Everyday over 5500 acres of rainforest are destroyed. As a consequence of of education massive loss of forests, global CO, levels rise approximately 0.4 per cent each year, the levels not experienced on this planet for millions of years. As we know the and dimed ehrenreich forests are the great absorbers of CO.

There is a close relation between global warming and population growth. Today the large population on earth is science, using the technologies which are destructive for the earth. Approximately, 80 per cent of atmospheric C02 increases are due to man#8217;s use of and dimed ehrenreich fossil fuels either in the form of coal, gas or oil. A large portion of carbon emission is attributed to the burning of gasoline in internal-combustion engine of vehicles. Vehicles with poor gas mileage contribute the most to global warming. Besides, the sulphur group gas is the most harmful for this. Its contribution is 30 per cent in global warming. Essay Citing! This gas is also emitted from the burning of nickel ehrenreich fossil fuels.

Increase in global temperatures will cause rise in sea level. It will lead to melting of glaciers, changes in rainfall patterns, increased intensity and frequency of extreme weather. As per the latest survey report the rate of melting of glaciers has seen sharp increase in recent times. Even those glaciers are affected from global warming which have been considered permanent. The shrinking of glaciers is going to pose a major problem of drinking water.

The sea levels as a result of melting of glaciers have risen from 0.35 mm to 0.4 mm. Scientists have warned in their reports that most of the glaciers will disappear within a period of 15 to 25 years. It will create problems of drinking water and food grains in most of the North American countries. India is not unaffected from it. The Himalayan glaciers have shrunk about 30 per cent after 1970. The rise in sea levels is a major cause of concern. A large number of essay cities located in coastal areas will submerge in the sea. Besides, many island countries will ultimately #8220;lose their existence and will be washed away from the surface of the ehrenreich essay earth. The damage of rising sea levels is diverse.

Buildings and roads close to the water could be flooded and they could suffer damage from hurricanes and tropical storms. Experts believe that global warming could increase the intensity of hurricanes by over 50 per cent. In addition, as the sea rises, beach erosion takes place, particularly on steep banks. Wetlands are lost as the essays and psalm 23 level rises. Rise in atmospheric temperature will lead to the outbreak of air¬borne and water-borne diseases. And Dimed Ehrenreich! It would also contribute to the rise in death caused by heat. The problem of drought would be frequent. Consequently, malnutrition and starvation will pose serious challenge before humanity. Global warming is a great threat to the flora and fauna of the earth. A large number of species of them may become extinct.

The expanse of desert would increase. Low rainfall and rising temperature could add to the intensity and frequency of dusty storm. This in turn will immensely affect the essay quality of agricultural land, ultimately causing adverse effect on agricultural produce. It would have far-reaching socio-economic impact. In Indian context, the impact of global warming is a matter of grave concern. As is well known, India is mainly an agricultural country and agriculture here is gamble of the nickel and dimed essay monsoon, e.g. Gcse Essay! largely depending on rainfall. Though it is to ehrenreich affect the whole country, the worst likely impact would be on and psalm, central and northern India which is high-yielding parts of the country. These are the regions which produce the nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay largest agricultural yield. The rise in atmospheric temperature and fall in rain would naturally result in decline in crop production. Moreover, it would have great effect on biodiversity as well.

The growing concerns over global temperatures have led to the nations, states, corporations and individuals to draw out a plan of action to avert the essay situation. As a result the world#8217;s primary international agreement on nickel, combating global warming was reached in Kyoto in 1997 which came to be known as Kyoto Protocol. However, ten years have passed; the situation does not appear to be very changed. It seems that the member countries are not very serious about its devastating effects. In addition, forestation can be of great help in this regard. Planting more trees and reducing timber cuts worldwide will help restore the imbalance.

Secondly, we must follow on environmental policy of #8216;reduce, reuse, recycle#8217;, i.e. promoting the reuse of anything. Thirdly, the use of essay citing fuel-efficient vehicles should be promoted as these vehicles have lower emissions of harmful gases. Fourthly, every individual should be aware of the importance of the protecting environment. Besides, eco- friendly technologies must be promoted, and must be substituted with the nickel essay technologies which cause great emission of global warming gases. Public awareness campaign can be of great help in this regard because unless each and every individual is aware only governments#8217; effect cannot bring desired difference. And Psalm! Welcome to Shareyouressays.com!

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case studies on adhd U.S. kids are, by far, the most drugged kids in the world. How many of our kids are being drugged? The number would shock any objective observer with disbelief: Between 13 million to 16 million kids at any given moment. The vast, vast majority of these drugs are cocaine-class amphetamines, methamphetamines, antipsychotics, deadly neuroleptics, mind-altering anti-depressants, and ehrenreich essay powerful sedatives. Kids in incarceration are drugged at extremely high rates, while kids in foster parent programs are drugged more than four times as often as kids who live in their own homes. According to investigative reports, thousands of of education essay, kids are restrained or held down on the floor while being forced to take drugs that will modify their behavior, stunt their development, and start them on nickel the pathway to mental health problems that can last a lifetime.

The list of such atrocities is mla format, as real as it is and dimed ehrenreich essay, disgusting. Suicides, suicide-ideation, and homicides are many times higher in gcse techniques, this group AFTER they have been forced into dependence on these drugs. No matter what conflict-of-interest research shows, substance abuse in this group is several times higher than in the non-drugged kids. The most common type of drug forced on these kids are extremely addictive and mind-altering ADHD stimulants that are also sold on the street, where they are injected, snorted, and abused just like their illegal counterparts. Their effects occur on nickel ehrenreich essay the same brain receptors as cocaine. The results, in time, are the same. Once dependent on these so-called medications, unbelievable, excruciating violence, both privately and publicly, occurs during withdrawal. Citing Website? Interaction with high caffeine intake is nickel ehrenreich, rampant, yet virtually ignored in labeling. Essays? Almost every single case of extreme youth violence since the Columbine Massacre has involved these drugs in nickel and dimed essay, some way.

An estimated two thousand kids have died in incidents related to these drugs, since they were brought to market. Uncountable hearts have been damaged, physical growth stunted, emergency room visits required, mental development delayed, and permanent neurological damage are found in the wake of kids being forced on these drugs, all the way down to 18 months of age. Science? The more mentally underdeveloped (e.g., autistic spectrum kids) the more these senseless drugs are administered. The cascade often looks like this: Johnny takes his ADHD Psychostimulant as ordered. After he cannot can't sleep for days afterwards, he is given a sedative to make him sleepy. When his body's nervous system adapts to the stimulant, and his mind is now clouded with the sedative, he begins plunging into depression, and is given an ostensibly safe SSRI/SNRI anti-depressant. until that terrible time he is diagnosed bi-polar, psychotic, or other troubling mental condition. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich? As motor problems develop, he is then prescribed a neuroleptic or antipsychotic, and develops dyskinesia and other terrible side effects reminiscent with (young) Parkinson's. Dependency becomes a never-ending treadmill. This is the beginning of of education empowerment, a life of polypharmacy-created pathologies.

Granted, this example is among the extreme, but the and dimed ehrenreich, crime is that it happens, albeit legally, and especially if he is a ward of the role of education in women empowerment essay, State. Thankfully, the vast majority of kids recognize (and fear) the way they feel while on nickel ehrenreich essay these drugs, and usually do not comply long enough to gcse essay writing, go the entire cascade. But some, especially those in and dimed ehrenreich, foster care or in 23, the juvenile justice system where such drugs are routinely court-ordered, are not so fortunate. They become the most abused victims in this terrible collusion between education, government agencies, medicine, and and dimed essay Big Pharma. Following are two true stories, both with tragic outcomes. Essay Techniques? They begin with the same note from the school stating that their boy could not go back to class until he was on his prescription. In truth, their names are many, even millions of others, who experienced a similar fate:

Ten-year-old Robbie awoke thinking about the fun he was going to and dimed ehrenreich, have at school with all those kids to play with on the playground, when his mother walked-in and said, Now, Robbie, take your pill or they won't let you go to school today. In her hand was one of essays and psalm, those little white pills called Ritalin (methylphenidate). Robbie's parents had been sent a note from the school nurse saying that Robbie had attention deficit with hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) according to ehrenreich, the teacher's Behavioral Checklist. A simple call to the family doctor got the ap environmental essay, prescription called into and dimed ehrenreich essay the corner pharmacy, sight unseen. But, Mom, groaned Robbie, in protest, Those pills make me feel weird. I don't like how I feel with them, scrunching up his face in obvious objection.

Sorry, son, but the principal made me promise, as Mom handed the pill and a glass of water to Robbie. She pushed it all out in ap environmental, front of the whining boy again and ehrenreich essay he got the message that there was no use arguing with Mom. So, he quickly changed his tune and of education empowerment essay said, almost cheerily, OK taking the dreaded medication and essay glass of water from his mother's hands. But there was something about the citing website, boy's sudden OK that concerned Mom. So, she feigned being busy doing other things while Robbie proceeded to take a sip of the water and, when he thought she was not looking, quietly spit out the pill into the trash compactor. Little did Robbie know that Mom saw the stunt and was ready to counter his evasion by having him take another Ritalin, crushing it with a spoon and stirring it into his bowl of Fruit Loops.

But little did Mom know that Robbie saw that slick maneuver, and after a few bites of his favorite cereal--carefully draining the and dimed, milk from gcse writing, each teaspoon of cereal--he quietly placed the and dimed, bowl down on the floor under his chair, so that his 12-pound puppy would happily lap up the remainder. However, neither Mom nor Robbie had to acknowledge awareness of each other's evasive maneuvers, until one normally playful but floppy pup became a hyperkinetic whirlwind of energy running in circles and essay techniques slamming into walls and doors. Finally, the pepped-up puppy ran straight through a pane of glass of the French doors that led out onto the patio. Unfazed by shards of essay, glass imbedded in his face and for headers tears that hid the bleeding, the whirlwind pup ran and ran and ran in ever-shrinking circles. Ehrenreich Essay? Robbie had to get to school. Ap Environmental Science Lorax? Helplessly looking out the essay, French doors, he wanted so much to stick around to see if his puppy would slow down. But Mom, who at this point thought the pup had been stung by a bee or some other invasion, shouted, It's time for school, Robbie! Now get your ackpack and go. Gcse Essay? I'll take care of the puppy. And Dimed Ehrenreich? But Mom. his voice trailing off as he hung his head and marched out the front door toward school.

When school was out, Robbie skipped all the way home, happy as lark that he got to play with the kids, his teacher didn't give him a hard time, and gcse essay writing he didn't get in trouble all day. without any help from that pesky pill! He ran to the front door and burst through the house with gusto. Mom, I'm hungry. Do you have any cookies? But Mom was not in and dimed essay, the house to hear his pitiful plea. He looked around, saw Dad replacing the broken pane and editing service remembered his little pup's plight that morning.

Where's Mom? Dad gave a grim expression and nickel ehrenreich motioned with a nod of his head toward the backyard. There was Mom, chasing a non-stop puppy that made the Energizer bunny look like a slouch. Gcse Essay Techniques? Dad, how long has the puppy been running around like that? Well, son, you should know. He's been running like that since you put your cereal bowl down under your chair. Robbie wasn't too happy about that, but now he felt terrible that his puppy was still running just as he was that morning before school---not slowing down for nickel, one second. Mom was finally able to catch the role of education empowerment, puppy, and held his shaking body in her arms, its heart beating a mile-a-minute.

She tried to nickel essay, give it a warm bath, but he kept slipping right through her hands, sloshing water from one end of the house to the other. Shaking off the water was as violent as a hundred sprinklers going off at once. Role? Dad came to the rescue--holding him tighter in a vice-grip for a quick bath. But the puppy would not quit shivering and shaking. All we can do now is try to get him to drink some water, find a safe place for him to sleep through the night and nickel and dimed essay take him the vet in the morning. Next morning, everyone peeked into gcse essay writing the laundry room that was lined with old blankets and a spilled bowl of water, hoping to essay, see a puppy lying down all tuckered out. But instead they were greeted with a squeaking, shivering pup that couldn't be calmed down. As Dad carried the still shivering, but now-wheezing pup in in women, his arms into the vet's front room, he could barely contain himself, We don't know what to do. our puppy got into some our boy's medication. Nickel Ehrenreich? he has been running in circles. we can't calm him down. can you help? The vet assistant took the puppy and, as she hurried down the hall, said, I'll be back in a minute! Minutes turned to editing service, hours as Dad sat there waiting.

Robbie was at school; Mom didn't want to see what happened next, so Dad came alone. Sir, I have some bad news for you. Your puppy is having cardiac arrest. We are going to have to put him to sleep, because he is nickel and dimed, not going to recover. Is there nothing you can do? Dad asked, feeling helpless. Well, his lungs are full of fluid, he has several broken ribs and infection has already set in.

Really, we have no choice. Dad hung his head and website muttered for them to and dimed ehrenreich, go ahead and do what needed to be done to put the puppy out of gcse essay, his misery. Nickel Ehrenreich Essay? Then, he went home, the bearer of medical essay, bad news. Dad couldn't save the puppy. All the nickel and dimed essay, way home, Dad could not help but have one recurring thought: If a mere half or less of gcse, one of those little pills could do this to a good-sized pup, what does taking an nickel and dimed essay entire pill taken twice a day do to their 90-pound 10-year old son? Death as a Result Long-term Psychostimulant Use. It is estimated that between 3,000 and 4,000 deaths among American young people occurred from 1990 to 2010 in the United States.

These figures do not count the thousands of deaths due to suicide, presumably as a result of SSRI/SNRI anti-depressant medication, nor the many more deaths due to high risk behaviors while under the influence or during withdrawal from these and other prescribed medications. Here is another true story that resembles many others' experiences. It is told in the young man's parents' own words (shared here by ap environmental, written permission): Our fourteen year old son Matthew died suddenly on March 21, 2000. The cause of death was determined to be from the long-term use of Methylphenidate, a drug known as Ritalin. According to Dr. Ljuba Dragovic, the nickel ehrenreich, Chief Pathologist of Oakland County, Michigan, upon autopsy, Matthew's heart showed clear signs of small vessel damage caused from the ap environmental lorax essay, use of Methylphenidate (Ritalin). Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich? The certificate of death reads: Death caused from Long Term Use of Methylphenidate, Ritalin. I was told by one of the medical examiners that a full-grown man's heart weighs about 350 grams and that Matthew's heart's weight was about 402 grams.

Dr. Dragovic said this type of heart damage is smoldering and not easily detected with the standard test done for mla format for headers on essays, prescription refills. Nickel? The standard test usually consists of blood work, listening to the heart, and writing techniques questions about nickel and dimed ehrenreich school behaviors, sleeping and eating habits. *What is important to note here is essay, that Matthew did not have any pre-existing heart condition or defect. Matthew's story started in a small town within Berkley, Michigan.

While in first grade Matthew, 7, was evaluated by the school, who believed he had ADHD. The school social worker kept calling us for meetings. And Dimed Essay? One morning at one of these meetings while waiting for the others to arrive, the school Social Worker, Monica, told us that if we refused to take Matthew to the doctor and mla format for headers on essays get him on Ritalin, Child Protective Services could charge us for neglecting his educational and emotional needs. My wife and and dimed essay I felt intimidated and scared. We believed that there was a very real possibility of losing our children, if we did not comply with the school's threats. Monica further explained ADHD to essay writing, us, stating that it was a real brain disorder.

She also went on to tell us that the Methylphenidate (Ritalin) was a very mild medication and would stimulate the brain stem and help Matthew focus. We gave into the school's pressure and took our son to a Pediatrician that they recommended. While visiting the doctor with the school's recommendation for ehrenreich essay, Methylphenidate (Ritalin) in hand, I noted that he seemed frustrated with the school. He asked us to essays 23, remind the school that he was not a pharmacy. We could only conclude from and dimed essay, his comment that we were not the first parents sent to him by essay, this school. The doctor officially diagnosed Matthew with ADHD.

The test used for the diagnosis was a five minute pencil twirling trick, resulting in Matthew being diagnosed with ADHD. *It is important to note that the nickel and dimed ehrenreich essay, school's insistence and role in our son's drugging was documented in a letter written by Monica to the Pediatrician, stating: We would have hoped you would have started Matthew on a trial of medication by essay service, now. At no time were my wife and I ever told significant facts regarding the issue of ADHD and nickel and dimed essay the drugs used to treat it. These significant facts withheld from us inevitably would have changed the road that we were headed down. Medical Essay Service? We were not told that The Drug Enforcement Agency had classified Methylphenidate (Ritalin) as a Schedule II drug, comparable to Cocaine. We were not told that Methylphenidate is also one of the top ten abused prescription drugs. At no time were we informed of the unscientific nature of the essay, disorder. We were not told that there was widespread controversy among the medical establishment in regards to the validity of the disorder. Furthermore, we were not provided with information involving the dangers of essay service, using Methylphenidate (Ritalin) as treatment for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

One of these dangers includes the fact that Methylphenidate, Ritalin causes constriction of veins and arteries, causing the heart to work overtime and inevitably leading to damage to ehrenreich essay, the organ itself. We were not made aware of the citing, large number of children's deaths, that have been linked with these types of drugs used as treatment. And Dimed? While Matthew was taking Methylphenidate (Ritalin), at no time, were we informed of essays, any test: echo-cardiogram, MRI. These types of tests could have detected the damage done to his heart. And Dimed Ehrenreich Essay? These test are not considered standard in monitoring treatment of ADHD they are usually never administered to medical essay, children. Sadly death is inevitable without the nickel ehrenreich essay, possibility of detection. *We want to ask every parent to ask themselves these important questions: How different would your decisions be if information was withheld from you?

How different would your decisions be if you receive only medical service, distorted data? Informed Consent, which states in part A the person's agreement to allow something to happen (such as surgery) that is based on a full disclosure of the facts needed to nickel ehrenreich essay, make the decision intelligently; i.e. knowledge of risks involved, alternatives etc. and the probable risks against the probable benefits. The violation of medical essay editing service, parents' rights is nickel and dimed essay, when they are not told of the unscientific nature of so-called disorders such as ADHD or the risks of the treatments involving drugs like Ritalin, and essay citing website when they are not told of alternatives to their child's behavior, such as undiagnosed allergies or food sensitivities, which could manifest with the symptoms that psychiatry calls ADHD. *Here are some facts that are being withheld from and dimed ehrenreich essay, parents that could possibly alter their life decisions and ap environmental lorax outcomes. Did you know that schools receive additional money from the state and essay federal government for every child labeled and drugged? This clearly demonstrates a financial incentive for schools to label and drug children. For Headers? Did you know that parents receiving welfare money from the government can get additional funds for every child that they have labeled and drugged? In this way, many lower socio-economic parents (many times single mothers) are reeled into the drugging by these financial incentives waved in front of them in nickel and dimed ehrenreich, hard times, making lifestyle changes possible.

Did you know that by labeling your child with ADHD, you are actually labeling them with a mental illness listed in the DSM-IV, the billing reference in psychiatry? Did you know that a child taking a psycho-tropic, psycho-stimulant drugs like Ritalin after the age of 12 is ineligible for military service? Did you know that the subjective checklists that are being used as criteria for diagnosis are very similar to in women essay, the checklists used to determine Gifted and Talented Children? These two checklists are almost identical. The Drug Enforcement Administration clearly states in their report on Methylphenidate: However, contrary to popular belief, stimulants like methylphenidate will affect normal children and adults in the same manner that they affect ADHD children.

Behavioral or attentional improvements with methylphenidate treatment therefore is not diagnostic of ADHD. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich? (p.11) This statement thoroughly contradicts what is being told to many parents by the many professionals that have a vested stake in lorax, the diagnosis itself. The DEA further states that: Of particular concern is that most of the ADHD literature prepared for public consumption by CHADD and other groups and available to and dimed ehrenreich, parents, does not address the abuse potential or actual abuse of methylphenidate. Instead, methylphenidate (usually referred to as Ritalin by these groups) is and psalm, routinely portrayed as a benign, mild substance that is not associated with abuse or serious side effects. In reality, however, there is an abundance of scientific literature which indicates that methylphenidate shares the same abuse potential as other Schedule II stimulants. And Dimed Essay? (p.4) Did you know that groups like CHADD and others available to parents are being supported financially by pharmaceutical companies? This is a red flag and demonstrates a conflict of interest in essay citing website, the role that these groups have regarding our children's health and well-being?

Did you know that there are studies such as the Berkeley Study that contends that Ritalin and other stimulants further raise the risk of nickel essay, drug abuse? From the essay citing, Wall Street Journal, Monday, May 17, 1999 by Marilyn Chase: Nadine Lambert, a professor of education, followed almost 500 children for 26 years. She argues that exposure to Ritalin makes the brain more susceptible to the addictive power of ehrenreich essay, cocaine and doubles the risk of abuse. This study seems to never make it into the hands of mla format for headers, parents because it doesn't support the theories of those using the diagnosis to profit off of our children. What does seem to make it into many parents' hands is research indicating that if children go untreated, which corresponds with unmedicated they will self-medicate or end up as juvenile delinquents. Sadly many of these parents are not aware that many of this biased and unproven research (one such is the Beiderman study) infiltrating our schools are actually being distributed by pharmaceutical companies, such as Novartis. This in itself is another red flag and conflict of interest surrounding our children's health.

We leave you with this question: How many more 11 year old Stephanie Hall's, 14 year old Matthew Smith's and 10 year old Shaina Dunkle's need to die before we realize what is happening and speak out and nickel and dimed essay act to for headers, put an nickel end to it? One toy is recalled if one or two children die from it. How many children have to mla format for headers, die from and dimed ehrenreich essay, these drugs before we realize and put an end to this horror. Why should hundreds or thousands have to die before we are outraged and act? Is the profit of so many, worth more than our children's safety and lives? Sadly the deaths of these children have remained unexposed and suppressed for so long because there is a tremendous amount of money and profit at mla format for headers, stake for and dimed ehrenreich, so many. My son's voice will not be one of those suppressed and essay website quieted. *Below is nickel and dimed ehrenreich, a copy of a letter sent to the doctor by our sons school social worker and psychologist asking the doctor for essay, our six-year-old to be put on Ritalin.

IEP will be on December 6. Ehrenreich Essay? We have recognized his learning difficulties. We'll likely give him maximum time in a resource room (3 hours/day). Our concern is essays and psalm 23, that his psychological testing has shown strong average intelligence. Nickel And Dimed Ehrenreich? Sub-scores are weakest in the areas of attention and memory (which our psychologist believes are indications of ADHD) He has had a long history of essays, impulsive over-activity. And Dimed Essay? We (social worker-psychologist witnessed this in Matt's pre-school at Miss Molly's, That's why we certified him eligible for PPI - pre- primary-impaired. He had his PPI year, then kindergarten year and now 1st grade. Many environmental changes have been tried to help Matt concentrate and focus, yet he is still at a beginning kindergarten readiness. Essay Citing? We believe his high level of distraction is even more of a handicap than his learning deficits. We had hoped by nickel ehrenreich essay, September you and Matt's parents would have begun a trial of medication so that we could assess whether his learning would have benefited by increased focus and concentration. Would you consider simultaneously having Matt begin his 3 hours in a resource room with a prescribed medical therapy?

Parents indicate they would feel comfortable with this decision if you do. We are so concerned that Matt has begun to see himself as bad and essay doing bad things I, as the school social worker, will continue to work with Matt on nickel ehrenreich self-esteem and social skills. In closing we would hope this website about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity disorder, ADHD or Attention Deficit Disorder ADD. and role in women essay just how lethal these psychotropic can be. Sincerely,