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Thesis on fdi and economic growth

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A Sample Car Rental Business Plan Template. And Economic Growth! Are you about starting a car rental business? If YES, here#8217;s a complete sample exotic car rental business plan template feasibility report you can use for FREE to raise money . Resume! Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a car rental business. Thesis And Economic Growth! We also took it further by analyzing and drafting a sample car rental service marketing plan template backed up by about travel, actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for car rental businesses. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! So let#8217;s proceed to the business planning section.

Car rental business generally is a competitive business and any entrepreneur who intends to go into this business, should ensure that they carry out thorough feasibility studies and market research so that the risks in the business can be greatly minimized. 9 Songs Resume! What Does It Take to thesis on fdi Start a Car Rental Business Successfully? The first thing to consider before launching this business is the niche of 9 songs resume car rental businesses you intend to operate. You will have to know the niches available – contract hire and daily hire et al, and decide which you want to go on. Contract hire is usually for business customers who hire the vehicles for a set period of time, while daily hire is for thesis and economic growth individual customers who hire the essay class, vehicles usually for a shorter period of time. The next thing to on fdi and economic growth consider before launching a car rental business is how to get your fleet of reliable cars. The options available are outright purchase or leasing; outright purchase is usually more expensive than leasing. You will also have to 9 songs resume decide how many number of cars you intend to thesis and economic growth start with, bearing in art robinson resume mind that the higher the number of cars your business owns, the more earnings your business makes. The cars have to be well maintained, so that you could enjoy a high turnover. You could decide to contract the maintenance out, or hire your own maintenance staff, which could prove more expensive for your start-up business initially.

Here is a sample car rental business plan to help you plan through; A Sample Car Rental Business Plan Template. The car rental industry has grown more strongly in recent time, after previous years of recession. On Fdi And Economic Growth! This was primarily due to the fact that airlines saw a decrease in customers which have now seen an increase too as compared to recent years, thereby linking air travel to car rentals. The car rental industry is expected to experience remarkable growth following an increase in the number of passengers traveling by air, which is essay failure due to a rise in per capita income as well as corporate profit. The largest car rental companies in the industry have a competitive advantage over smaller firms, especially as they have strategic alliances with airlines and hotels, which the smaller car rentals do not have. Basically, players in this industry either rent or lease passenger cars to customers. And Economic! Car rental services typically last a short period of time usually 30 days or less, while car leasing agreements are for resume longer period of time usually 12 months or more.

The major companies in this industry have created strong brand awareness and therefore enjoy its recognition. This helps in retaining customers for these businesses, and creating difficulty for new car rentals start-up towards getting customers and retaining them as well. Also, major companies constantly need to purchase fleets to meet up with customers’ demand, a feat that smaller companies cannot match up with, and yet regardless of the thesis on fdi and economic, number of cars in one’s fleet, maintenance, storage, and then staff the rental location. The Car Rental Industry is indeed a large and re imagine thriving industry in developed countries and in most part of the world. Statistics has it that in the United States of America alone, there are about 2,716 licensed and registered car rental businesses responsible for thesis on fdi employing about essay, 113,499 employees and the industry rakes in a whooping sum of $38bn annually with an annual growth rate projected at 3.0 percent. The car rental companies that are dominating the market are Avis Budget Group Inc., Enterprise Rent – A – Car Company, and Hertz Global Holdings Inc. Apart from the increase in and economic international travel, other key factors that drive the car rental market include the increasing population, as well as increasing internet usage amongst the people.

Most online car rentals are due to the increase in internet usage, which has made it more convenient for customers to access car rentals, and for car rental businesses to increase their revenue. The major restraint in essay this industry especially globally has been the increase in the implementation of thesis and economic growth environmental regulations around the world. The high amount of environmental pollutants that is released by cars is highly responsible for these environmental regulations. Executive cars and MUVs are the leaders in the car rental business globally, followed by economy cars, SUVs, and luxury cars. Essay! Apart from revenue from the thesis and economic, airport segment, other segments that contribute to the car rental business include outstation, local usage, event transportation, employee transportation, and essay self-drive.

Over and above, car rental businesses all over the world are still enjoying good patronage particularly if they are well positioned and and economic growth if they know how to about travel and tourism reach out to their target market. Car Rental Business Plan Executive Summary. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a standard and registered car rental company that will be located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida – United States of America and on fdi we plans to also cover other cities such as Green acres City, Miami, Jacksonville, Clearwater, Tampa, Miami Beach, North Miami, West Palm Beach, Palm Harbor, Deltona, Orlando, Palm Bay and Panama City et al. We chose to operate in these cities because we know that our car rental services will be in high demand due to the growing numbers of corporate organization and increase in business activities in these cities. Pollution 4! McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will offer care rental services such as leisure car rental, business car rental, car leasing, and car sharing services et al. We are set to service a wide range of clientele base in the locations where we choose to operate. We are well trained and equipped to service the market segments that require the services of growth car rental services.

Although our intention of starting McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is to offer only the above stated services, but we will not close our doors to diversification (additional services) as long as it does not affect our core services. At McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. we are passionate in the pursuit of excellence and financial success with uncompromising services and integrity which is why we have decided to start our own car rental business; we are in the industry to make a positive mark. Art Robinson Resume! We are quite optimistic that our values, highly reliable and comfortable fleet of cars and of course the quality of thesis growth service offering will help us drive our car rental business to enviable heights and also help us attract the numbers of clients that will make the business highly profitable. We are a company that will be dedicated to re imagine establishing good business relationship with our clients giving them value for their money and reasons for on fdi growth them to rent and essays about lease our cars over on fdi and economic and over resume again. We are quite aware that in order to become the number one choice in thesis and economic growth our city, we must continue to deliver quality services and that is exactly what we will do. Our overall business goal is to position McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. to about travel and tourism become one of the leading car rental company brands in the United States of America within the first 10 years of operations. This might look too tall a dream but we are optimistic that this will surely come to pass because we have done our research and feasibility studies and on fdi and economic we are enthusiastic and confident that Florida is the right place to launch our car rental business.

Our client’s best interest will always come first, and everything we do will be guided by our values and babak professional ethics. We will ensure that we hold ourselves accountable to the highest standards by meeting our client’s needs precisely and completely. We will cultivate a working environment that provides a human, sustainable approach to earning a living, and living in our world, for our partners, employees and for our clients. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is owned and managed by McElroy Williams and his immediate family members. Thesis On Fdi Growth! He is a notable figure in the automobile industry in Florida.

Aside from this new car rental services business, the family owns an 9 songs resume automobile dealership business and thesis on fdi and economic also auto repair workshop all in Florida. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is babak resume a standard and licensed car Rental Company that offers a wide range of services that revolves around the car rental industry and and economic other complementary services. We intend giving our customers every reason to always rent or lease of cars which is resume why we have customized our services, we want to on fdi and economic growth be known as the trucking company that truly care for her customers. Our intention of starting our car rental company is to favorable compete in the industry and of course to art robinson make profits from the industry and thesis on fdi and economic we will do all that is permitted by the law in the United States of America to achieve our aim and business goal. Our business offering are listed below; Leisure car rental services Business car rental services Exotic car rental Car leasing services Car sharing services. Our Vision is to become the number one car rental company in babak resume the whole of Florida with active presence in major cities in the United States of America and on fdi and economic Canada. Our mission as a car rental company is to develop a highly successful, profitable all round car rental business which provides quality services in our community and to 9 songs resume become a standard for an ideal car rental business not only in the State of Florida but also throughout the thesis, United States of America and art robinson resume Canada where we intend selling our franchise. We are quite aware that the success of growth any business lies in the foundation on which the business is built on, which is why we have decided to build our car rental services company on the right business foundation. As a matter of fact, we are set out to build a car rental services business that will compete favorably with leading brands in the industry such as Avis Budget Group Inc., Enterprise Rent – A – Car Company, and Hertz Global Holdings Inc. and also become a standard for the car rental services business in essay the United States of America and Canada.

We want to build a business of dedicated workforce who will go all the way to ensure that our customers are satisfied and they get value for their money. In other to achieve this, we aware that it takes a business with the on fdi and economic growth, right employees and structure to essay pollution class achieve all what we have set to growth achieve, which is why will be putting structures and standard operating processes in place that will help us deliver excellent services and run the business on auto pilot. 9 Songs Resume! The success of our car rental services business will be anchored on the team not on thesis growth any individual. Art Robinson Resume! With the wide range of our service offerings, we are only expected to employ more than it is required to run a conventional car rental services business. Thesis On Fdi! Definitely, we will have various employees to man the various job roles available in McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. As a means of maximizing operational cost, we will contract the maintenance of fahimi resume all our cars to service provider, we don’t intend to maintain a very large overhead from the onset. But as soon as the on fdi and economic growth, business grow and stabilize, we will assemble our own professional in – house maintenance team. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will employ professionals and skilled people to occupy the following position; Manager (Owner) Accountant / Cashier Marketing and re imagine Sales Executive Client Service Executive Car Washer and thesis on fdi growth Auto Detailers (6) Standby drivers. Roles and Responsibilities. Responsible for providing direction for the business Creating, communicating, and essay implementing the organization#8217;s vision, mission, and overall direction i.e. leading the development and implementation of the on fdi, overall organization#8217;s strategy.

Responsible for fixing prices and signing business deals and payment of salaries Responsible for signing checks and 9 songs resume documents on behalf of the company Evaluates the success of the organization Responsible for managing the daily activities in the organization Ensures that the and economic growth, facility is in tip top shape and conducive enough to welcome customers Prepares budget and reports for the organization Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out resume, staff induction for new team members Responsible for and economic growth overseeing the smooth running of essay HR and administrative tasks for the organization Designs job descriptions with KPI to drive performance management for all employees Regularly hold meetings with key stakeholders (clients and member of the on fdi, board) to review the 9 songs resume, effectiveness of the business Policies, Procedures and Processes Maintains office supplies by checking stocks; placing and expediting orders; evaluating new products. Thesis Growth! Ensures operation of equipment by completing preventive maintenance requirements; calling for repairs. Defines job positions for recruitment and managing interviewing process Carries out staff induction for 9 songs resume new team members Responsible for growth training, evaluation and assessment of resume employees Oversees the smooth running of the daily activities of organization. Marketing and thesis Sales Executive. Identify, prioritize, and reach out to new clients, and art robinson resume business opportunities et al Identifies development opportunities; follows up on development leads and contacts; participates in the structuring and financing of thesis on fdi and economic projects; assures the completion of projects. Writes winning proposal documents, negotiate fees and re imagine essay rates in line with organizations’ policy Responsible for handling business research, market surveys and thesis on fdi and economic feasibility studies for clients Responsible for supervising implementation, advocate for the customer’s needs, and communicate with clients Develops, executes and about evaluates new plans for expanding increase sales Documents all customer contact and information Represent McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. in strategic meetings Help increase sales and growth for thesis and economic growth McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Responsible for preparing financial reports, budgets, and financial statements for the organization Provides managements with financial analyses, development budgets, and accounting reports; analyzes financial feasibility for the most complex proposed projects; conducts market research to forecast trends and resume business conditions. On Fdi And Economic Growth! Responsible for financial forecasting and risks analysis. Performs cash management, general ledger accounting, and re imagine financial reporting for the organization Responsible for and economic growth developing and managing financial systems and policies Responsible for administering payrolls Ensures compliance with taxation legislation Handles all financial transactions for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Serves as internal auditor for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Client Service Executive.

Monitors the locations of cars rented by clients via car tracker software apps Welcomes clients and visitors by greeting them in person or on the telephone; answering or directing inquiries. Ensures that all contacts with clients (e-mail, walk-In center, SMS or phone) provides the babak fahimi resume, client with a personalized customer service experience of the highest level Through interaction with clients on the phone, uses every opportunity to build client’s interest in the company’s products and services Manages administrative duties assigned by thesis and economic, the manager in essay an effective and timely manner Consistently stays abreast of any new information on the organizations’ products and, promotional campaigns etc. to thesis on fdi ensure accurate and helpful information is supplied to clients when they make enquiries. Re Imagine Essay! Car washers and Automobile Detailers (6): Responsible for cleaning, restoration, and finishing of all our cars, both inside and out, to produce a pristine level of and economic detail Handle services that involves cleaning and restoring or exceeding the essays travel, original condition of the surface of the car#8217;s finish (usually a paint with a glossy finish), chrome trim, windows, wheels, and tires, as well as other visible components on growth the exterior and of course interior of a vehicle. Cleans up after customers and clean work area. Maintain a clean working area by sweeping, vacuuming, dusting, cleaning of resume glass doors and windows, etc. if required. Ensures that toiletries and supplies don’t run out of stock Handles any other duty as assigned by the manager. Standby Professional Drivers: Responsible for driving, parking and re parking of cars as required Runs errand for the organization Handles any other duty as assigned by the manager. Car Rental Business Plan SWOT Analysis. Car rental business is one of the many businesses that can easily generate sales with little stress as long as they are well positioned and thesis growth equipped to carry out their services. We are building a standard car rental services business with variety of complimentary services which is why we have decided to subject our business idea (company) to SWOT Analysis.

Ordinarily we can successfully run a normal car rental services business without the stress of going through the required protocol of setting up a new business including writing a detailed business plan, but because of the nature of the kind of car rental business we want to establish and of course the huge start – up capital involved, we don’t have any option other than to follow due process. We hired the services of babak resume Dr. Angela Bozeman, an HR and thesis and economic Business consultant with bias in startups to help us conduct SWOT analysis for our company and she did a pretty job for us. Here is a preview of the result we got from the SWOT analysis that was conducted on behalf of McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc.; Aside from the large fleet of comfortable and highly reliable cars under our rental services, McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is centrally located in a densely populated industrial and residential estate in Fort Lauderdale, Florida; our location is in fact one of our major strength. Another strength that counts for 9 songs resume us is the thesis and economic growth, power of about travel and tourism our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered expert in thesis growth the car rental industry, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is babak resume a new business which is owned by an individual (family), and we may not have the on fdi growth, financial muscle to sustain the kind of publicity we want to give our business. Art Robinson! As a new business, we are also quite aware that it will take time for on fdi growth us to build trust with our clients. We are centrally located in one of the busiest areas in Fort Lauderdale, Florida and we are open to all the available opportunities that the city has to offer. Our business concept also positioned us to be a one stop shop in the car rental line of business.

The truth is that there is essay pollution no standard and on fdi and economic growth well – equipped car rental business within the area where ours is going to resume be located; the closest car rental services company to on fdi and economic our proposed location is resume about 6 miles away. In a nutshell, we do not have any direct competition within our target market area. Some of the threats that are likely going to growth confront McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. are unfavorable government policies, seasonal fluctuations, demographic / social factors, downturn in the economy which is likely going to affect consumers spending and of course emergence of new competitors within the same location where our car rental business is located. Car Rental Business Plan MARKET ANALYSIS. If you are conversant with one of the latest trends in the car rental services industry, you will note that more people now book to rent cars via mobile application, and essay market failure other internet access rather than visiting the car rental office. Car rental mobile application usage has seen an increment in recent time.

The car rental business is also segmented into organized and unorganized labor, with the organized labor expected to provide the and economic growth, highest incremental opportunity going forward. No doubt, the Car Rental Services industry has indeed changed gears over the last five years, growing strongly after being forced into retrogression during the recession period. The fact that air travelers represent the re imagine, industry#8217;s primary market, growth in air travel over the last five years has been most important in driving revenue expansion in this industry. Furthermore, the industry is anticipated to thesis on fdi and economic continue growing going forward, driven by an increase in the number of air travelers, rising per capita income and of course rising corporate profit as well. The industry#8217;s largest companies are expected to retain their competitive advantages over essay market smaller players, such as maintaining strategic alliances with airlines and thesis and economic hotels. The trend in the car rental services industry is that most car wash companies in essay pollution class 4 the bid to survive the thesis on fdi and economic growth, recent global economic meltdown included additional services to their core service offerings. It is much easier for essay pollution 4 car rental companies to and economic growth increase their revenues by diversifying as against increasing the essay, scope of their market. Before choosing a location for on fdi and economic our car rental services business, we conducted our feasibility studies and market survey and re imagine we were able to thesis and economic growth identify those who will benefit greatly from pollution class, our service offerings. Basically those who will benefit from thesis, our service offering are households, traveling agencies cum tourists, corporate organizations and 9 songs resume hotels et al. They cut across different sectors of the economy.

The demographic component of those who need the services of and economic car rental services spreads across the public sector, the organized private sector, and individuals from 9 songs resume, different strata of the on fdi and economic growth, society and essays about from all walks of life. Thesis! Below is a list of the people and organizations that our car rental service is designed for; Traveling Agencies and tourists Organized private sector Households Corporate Executives Business People Hotels Students Household. Our Competitive Advantage. Car rental services business is an easy to set up business that does not require formal training to achieve; anybody can set a car rental services business if they have the required startup capital. It means that the possibility of car rental services business springing up in the location where our car rental company is located is high.

We are aware of this which is why we decided to re imagine come up with a business concept that will position us to become the leader in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Our competitive edge is that we are standard car rental service company with fleet of comfortable cars and affordable services. On Fdi Growth! So also, the power of our team; our workforce and management. We have a team that are considered expert in the car rental services industry, a team of hardworking and dedicated individuals. We can confidently say that the essay class 4, location of our car rental services business will definitely count as a positive for us amongst any competitor that might start a car rental services business in same location where ours is located. For the time being, McElroy® Car Rental Services Inc has no real competitors that can match compete with the quality of services we offer and our fleet of reliable and comfortable cars et al. Our customer service will be customized to meet the needs of thesis on fdi and economic growth all our customers. Lastly, all our employees will be well taken care of, and their welfare package will be among the best within our category (startups car rental services business in the United States) in the industry. It will enable them to be more than willing to build the business with us and help deliver our set goals and achieve all our business aims and resume objectives. Car Rental Business Plan SALES AND MARKETING STRATEGY.

Marketing Strategy and Sales Strategy. The marketing strategy for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is going to be driven basically by reliable and comfortable cars, excellent customer service, honesty and quality service delivery. We will ensure that we build a loyal customer base. We want to thesis drive sales via the output of our services and via referral from our satisfied customers. We are quite aware of how satisfied customers drive business growth especially businesses like car rental services. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a car rental services business that is strategically located and we are going to maximize the opportunities that is available which is why we spend more to failure locate the business in a location that will be visible and enable us to access our target market. Our sales and marketing team will be recruited based on their vast experience in the industry and they will be trained on a regular basis so as to and economic be well equipped to meet their targets and the overall goal of McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Our goal is to grow McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. to resume become the leading car rental services company in Fort Lauderdale Florida which is why we have mapped out thesis, strategy that will help us take advantage of the available market and essay market grow to become a major force to reckon with in the car rental services industry. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is set to make use of the following marketing and sales strategies to attract clients; Introduce our car rental services business by sending introductory letters alongside our brochure to corporate organizations, traveling agencies, hotels, households and key stake holders in Fort Lauderdale Florida Print out fliers and business cards and strategically drop them in offices, libraries, public facilities, airports and train stations et al. Use friends and family to spread word about our business Post information about our company and the services we offer on on fdi growth bulletin boards in essays places like schools, libraries, and thesis on fdi growth local coffee shops et al Placing a small or classified advertisement in the newspaper, or local publication about our company and the services we offer Leverage on referral networks such as agencies that will attract clients who would need our customized services Advertise our car rental services company in relevant magazines, newspapers, TV stations, and radio station.

Attend relevant expos, seminars, and business fairs et al to market our services Engage in direct marketing approach Encourage the use of essays about travel word of mouth marketing from loyal and satisfied clients Join local chambers of commerce and industry to market our services. Lastly, we need an growth online presence; a good website and ensure that it is Search Engine Optimization (SEO) Compliant if you intend to 9 songs resume achieve a good number of on fdi growth visitors that would patronize your car rental business. The truth is essays about and tourism that, a website ensures that our business remains visible to thesis on fdi and economic your existing and 9 songs resume potential customers. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is established with the aim of maximizing profits in on fdi growth the car wash and auto detailing industry and 9 songs resume we are going to and economic go all the essay, way out to thesis on fdi and economic ensure that we do all it takes to 9 songs resume attract both individual clients and corporate clients on a regular basis. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. will generate income by offering the following car rental services and other related services; Leisure car rental services Business car rental services Car leasing services Car sharing services. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! One thing is certain; there would always be corporate organization and individual clients who would need the services of car rental services company. Re Imagine Essay! We are well positioned to and economic growth take on the available market in Fort Lauderdale Florida and we are quite optimistic that we will meet our set target of generating enough income / profits from the pollution, first six month of operations and grow our car rental services business and our clientele base. We have been able to critically examine the car rental services market and we have analyzed our chances in the industry and we have been able to come up with the following sales forecast. The sales projection is thesis on fdi growth based on resume information gathered on the field and some assumptions that are peculiar to similar startups in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Below is the sales projection for McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc., it is thesis on fdi growth based on the location of our business and of course the wide range of related services that we will be offering; N.B : This projection is done based on art robinson resume what is obtainable in the car rental services industry and with the assumption that there won’t be any major economic meltdown and there won’t be any major competitor offering same additional dance related services as we do within same location.

Please note that the above projection might be lower and at the same time it might be higher. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! Our pricing system is going to be based on what is obtainable in the car rental services industry, we don’t intend to charge more (except for premium and customized services) and we don’t intend to market charge less than our competitors are offering in Fort Lauderdale Florida. Be that as it may, we have put plans in place to offer discount services once in a while and also to reward our loyal customers especially when they refer clients to us. Thesis On Fdi And Economic! The prices of our services will be same as what is obtainable in the open market. At McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc., our payment policy will be all inclusive because we are quite aware that different clients would prefer different payment options as it suits them. Here are the payment options that we will make available to our clients; Payment by via bank transfer Payment via POS machine Payment via online bank transfer Payment via check Payment via bank draft Payment via mobile money Payment with cash.

In view of the above, we have chosen banking platforms that will help us achieve our plans with little or no itches. Our bank account numbers will be made available on essay market failure our website and promotional materials so that it will be easier for clients to make payments when necessary. Car Rental Business Plan Publicity and thesis and economic Advertising Strategy. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is set to create a standard for essay market car rental services business in Fort Lauderdale Florida and throughout the United States which is why we will go all the way to adopt and apply best practices to promote our car rental services business. Good enough, there is no hard and fast rule on growth how to resume advertise or promote a car rental services business. The challenge is that most car rental services companies are not as proactive as we intend to be when it comes to effective publicity and advertising. We will ensure that we leverage on all conventional and non – conventional publicity and advertising technique to promote our car rental services business. Here are the platforms we intend leveraging on to promote and advertise McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc.; Encourage our loyal customers to help us use Word of Mouth mode of advertisement (referrals) Advertise our car wash and auto detailing business in relevant magazines, local newspaper, local TV stations and local radio station Promote our business online via our official website List our business on local directories (yellow pages) Sponsor relevant community programs Leverage on the internet and social media platforms like; Instagram, Facebook , twitter, et al to promote our brand Install our Bill Boards on strategic locations in and around Fort Lauderdale Florida Leverage on direct coupon mailing approach Engage in road show from time to time in on fdi target communities Distribute our fliers and handbills in essays about travel target area Ensure that all our staff members wear our branded shirts and all our official vehicles are well branded with our company logo et al.

Start – Up Expenditure (Budget) We have been able to thesis pull cash that will be enough for us to successfully launch a standard car rental services company with fleets of comfortable and reliable cars. We will leverage on failure leasing opportunity as against outright purchase of cars meant for rental services. So also in the bid to cut cost, we will contract the servicing and thesis on fdi and economic maintenance of all our cars. These are the key areas where we will spend our start – up capital on; The Total Fee for essays travel Registering the Business in thesis on fdi Fort Lauderdale Florida $750. Essay Market! Legal expenses for on fdi obtaining licenses and permits $1,500. Marketing promotion expenses (2,000 flyers at $0.04 per failure copy) for thesis the total amount of $3,580.

Cost for hiring Business Consultant – $2,000. Insurance (general liability, workers#8217; compensation and property casualty) coverage at essay failure a total premium $60,800. Cost of accounting software, car tracker software apps, CRM software and Payroll Software $3,000 Cost for leasing standard office facility with large space for parking our cars- $250,000. Cost for growth facility remodeling the facility- $70,000. Other start-up expenses including stationery $1000 Phone and utility deposits $3,500 Operational cost for resume the first 3 months (salaries of employees, fueling, maintenance, payments of thesis on fdi growth bills et al) $2500,000 The cost for Start-up inventory $15,000 Cost for store equipment (cash register, security, ventilation, signage) $13,750 The cost for the purchase of furniture and gadgets (Computers, Printers, Telephone, TVs, Credit card machine, POS, tables and chairs et al): $4,000. The cost of Launching an official website: $600 The cost for our grand opening party: $5,500 Miscellaneous: $10,000. We would need an estimate of $1.5 million to successfully launch our mobile car rental services business in essay Fort Lauderdale Florida US. Generating Funding / Startup McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is a business that will be owned and and economic growth managed by McElroy Williams and his immediate family members. They are the sole financial of the business which is why they decided to restrict the sourcing of the start – up capital for the business to just three major sources.

These are the resume, areas we intend generating our start up capital; Generate part of the start – up capital from and economic, personal savings and sale of babak fahimi resume his stocks Generate part of the start – up capital from friends and other extended family members Generate a larger chunk of the startup capital from the growth, bank (loan facility). N.B: We have been able to generate about $500,000 (Personal savings $400,000 and soft loan from family members $100,000 ) and resume we are at the final stages of obtaining a loan facility of $1 million from our bank. All the papers and document has been duly signed and submitted, the loan has been approved and any moment from now our account will be credited. Car Rental Business Plan Sustainability and on fdi and economic Expansion Strategy. It is an established fact that, the essays about travel, future of a business lies in the numbers of on fdi growth loyal customers that they have, the capacity and competence of the employees, their investment strategy and the business structure.

If all of these factors are missing from a business (company), then it won’t be too long before the business close shop. One of our major goals of starting McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. is to build a business that will survive off its own cash flow without the need for injecting finance from external sources once the fahimi, business is officially running. We know that one of the ways of gaining approval and thesis and economic growth winning customers over is to offer our car rental services a little bit cheaper than what is essays about and tourism obtainable in thesis and economic growth the market and we are well prepared to survive on lower profit margin for a while. McElroy® Car Rental Services, Inc. Art Robinson! will make sure that the right foundation, structures and standard operating processes are put in place to ensure that our staff welfare are well taken of. Our company’s corporate culture is designed to growth drive our business to greater heights and training and re – training of our workforce is at the top burner of our business strategy. As a matter of fact, profit-sharing arrangement will be made available to all our management staff and it will be based on their performance for a period of five years or more as determined by the board of the babak fahimi, organization.

We know that if that is put in place, we will be able to successfully hire and retain the best hands we can get in the industry; they will be more committed to thesis and economic growth help us build the business of our dreams. Business Name Availability Check: Completed Business Registration: Completed Opening of Corporate Bank Accounts: Completed Securing Point of Sales (POS) Machines: Completed Opening Mobile Money Accounts: Completed Opening Online Payment Platforms: Completed Application and Obtaining Tax Payer’s ID: In Progress Application for business license and permit: Completed Purchase of Insurance for the Business: Completed Acquiring facility and remodeling the facility: In Progress Conducting Feasibility Studies: Completed Generating capital from family members: Completed Applications for Loan from the class 4, bank: In Progress Writing of Business Plan: Completed Drafting of Employee’s Handbook: Completed Drafting of Contract Documents and and economic growth other relevant Legal Documents: In Progress Design of The Company’s Logo: Completed Graphic Designs and Printing of Packaging Marketing / Promotional Materials: In Progress Recruitment of re imagine employees: In Progress Purchase of the Needed pressure washing machines and industrial cleaning equipment, electronic appliances, office appliances and bar accessories: In Progress Creating Official Website for the Company: Completed Creating Awareness for the business both online and in the neighborhood: Opening party / launching party planning: In Progress Establishing business relationship with vendors – car servicing and maintenance, car dealership shops, and gas stations et al: In Progress.

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mama tambien essay Y tu Mam Tambin (and Your Mother Too, 2002 ): An examination of race and thesis on fdi growth, class in modern Mexico. Mateen O. Kemet 2 / 06. Mexico has a long and rich history that combines several cultures and nations from the pollution class 4 indigenous Maya, Inca and Aztec to and economic the imperialistic Spanish, French and art robinson resume, of course its contiguous northern neighbor, the United States. It is because of and economic growth, this influx and combination of so many influences that Mexico has had an identity crisis throughout its national existence. [1] This crisis was addressed by some of the founding fathers after the revolution of 1910, most notably Jose Vasconsuelos whose question ¿ Que es lo Mexicanidad? “What is Mexicaness”? is now famous. [2] Is Mexicanidad a colonial, expression of Old world Spain, or a valiant stand of essays, a conquered, indigenous culture? This question has never been fully answered. Nevertheless, it has been raised again and again throughout Mexico’s history -- during the embryonic stages of the 1930’s, the tumultuous La Crisis of the 1960’s, continuing in the 70’s during the Eccheverria regime; and now in modern day it is being raised once more. Why can’t Mexico define itself, what inherent issues within this nation of 100 million people prevent it from realistically looking at thesis, itself in market failure the mirror? The question of who is the Mexican, what does it mean to be Mexican, and moreover who controls Mexico – not so much physically, but more culturally and thesis growth, psychologically – is at the forefront of 9 songs resume, consciousness that haunts this country everyday, especially as it moves out of the Third World and toward developed nation status. Mexico is in a quagmire and it can’t seem to and economic growth pull itself out.

There are many reasons for class 4, this and most are very similar to problems of other nations that are trying to move out of the thesis on fdi and economic Third World. First, there are the environmental concerns. Mexico is 9 songs resume, extremely polluted. Its Natural fresh water resources are scarce and thesis on fdi growth, polluted in about the north, center and extreme southeast of the country. Many rural areas that rely on thesis on fdi and economic growth agricultural subsistence have undergone widespread erosion and desertification in recent years; in re imagine essay fact, Mexico has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world – over 1,500,000 hectares of temperate and tropical forest have been lost in the last 20 years. Moreover, the air quality is dangerous, especially in Mexico City, as well as in many of the thesis urban centers along the U.S./Mexico border. [3] There are also economic structural problems due to essay pollution class modernization. Its agricultural sector, which employs a quarter of the labor force, produces only eight percent of its GDP.

And in the last twenty years income distribution in Mexico has steadily decreased. The top 20 percent of income earners in Mexico account for 55 percent of and economic, all income earned. Per capita income has risen to fahimi $3,700 per year, a significant increase from thesis on fdi and economic growth, $2,000 in the late 1980's; yet, the number of poor families has tripled since 1989, so that 40% of Mexico now lives in extreme poverty while another 20% lives in significant poverty. This poverty, is largely concentrated in about travel Mexico’s rural southern states, and has an indigenous and female profile. It remains the primary cause of migration to the United States and one of the worst destabilizing influences in Mexican society. [4] Thus we can surmise just as the new wave of the 1960’s rationalized: the Mexican Revolution was a failure -- wealth has not, then or now, been redistributed and the poor are poorer today than they’ve ever been. How can Mexico compete in the new world and overcome its poverty, or begin at least to start its transformation?

I think the most serious and simple answer is to deal with race. Mexico has to resolve its racial identity. Harlem renaissance activist, Marcus Garvey once said, “a people without history is like a tree without root”. And while Mexico has plenty of history, it is clearly unrooted and cloaked in thesis on fdi confusion because we don’t know whose history is it? Is it European, Mestizo, Criollo, or Indian history?

Like it’s big brother to the north, race is a crucial yet unspoken theme within the fabric of art robinson resume, Mexico. And while the growth nation proudly states we are one people, socio-politically it is bifurcated, and very colonial in structure, actually in the same fashion as the rest of Latin America (and all of the third world for that matter). The demographics show the babak resume Criollo – Creole, lighter skinned, European, phenotype continues to rule while the indigenous Indian continues to struggle against poverty and oppression. These small groups of white Europeans – the remaining Spanish colonists along with French Settlers from the 1800’s represent 9% of the and economic growth population. The Mestizos, (people of mixed indigenous and European heritage) make up the 9 songs resume largest ethnicity at growth, roughly 60%.

The second largest group is the Native Americans who represent 10% of the population “officially”. However, unofficially many believe the essay figure to be closer to 30%. The reason for the discrepancy is the federal government 's policy of using spoken language rather than race as the basis of classification. But in Mexico, as in the United States and other countries in the Americas , most Native Americans no longer speak their native tongues. Thesis Growth. In Mexico this is art robinson, partly a result of the government's own policy of Hispanization of many of the Native American populations through cultural and linguistic assimilation. Therefore, most Mestizos are in fact assimilated Native Americans, inflating the Mestizo population estimate from 60% to on fdi as high as 80%. Resume. The unfortunate endpoint for growth, this process is the market failure dwindling number of Native Americans as more are assimilated and as the linguistic basis of classification remains the same. [5] Middle Easterners and Asians fill the remaining population at approximately 1 %. A racial analysis is not a panacea for complete examination as there are several layers to this issue; Mexico’s problems aren’t completely wrapped neatly in thesis on fdi and economic Black and 9 songs resume, White; and of course there is the thesis and economic growth class issue. However I contend, class and race walk in the same shoes, step for step.

There is a distinction but in this authors opinion, that distinction is not to the degree where class carries more weight than race. I find that even within same race, classism is the root of aspiration to market achieve “other” status – and that other is most often associated with Whiteness. The racial hierarchy in Mexico is very much a reality and certainly linked to the psyche of the populace -- a sentiment echoed by psychologist Samuel Ramos, who explores the psychological effects of Mexico’s, in thesis on fdi his words, “inferiority complex”. [6] Basically, the 9 songs resume White Supremacy Dynamic is in effect – that is the belief that the lighter, more European one is, physically or mentally, the better. And from my vantage point, this phenomenon hits the thesis on fdi and economic heart of the county’s identity problem and therefore is an excellent source of national discussion. [7] What do these socio-economic realities have to do with Mexican cinema?

Everything! Film is Art certainly, but film is about travel and tourism, also anthropological as oftentimes we look to cinema to see accurate reflections of society—past and present; however, throughout cinema history there are few instances that tackle, head on, national identity issues – very few films seeking to understand what a country, or a region, or a people are saying about and economic growth itself . One film that embraces these questions for Mexico is Y Tu Mama Tambien (2002) . And while there have been several older films to examine race and class in Mexico, such as La Casta Divina ( The Divine Caste , 1976), Cascabel ( Rattlesnake , 1976), Llovizna (Drizzle, 1977), El Juicio de Martin Cortes ( The Trial of Martin Cortes , 1973), I think Y Tu Mam Tambin represents the issue best, at essays, least within modern times, and does so cleverly, under the creative guise of a genre film. The genre: part road comedy, part adolescent coming of age drama. This film by Alfonso Cuarn is a magnificent study of race and class in Mexico utilizing standard Mexican thematic conventions and archetypes such as the virgin/ Virgin/ Whore, the long suffering wife / mother, the city vs. country, and young love / adolescent sexuality. Cuarn accomplishes this exploration all the while creating a unique style that weaves the characters into national signifiers then unfolds the drama in a very structural manner while also simultaneously presenting a very clear political perspective on the country as whole. He achieves this Herculean feat by on fdi growth, deftly articulating with his camera, the settings of each scene- both the physical, emotional (in essence illustrating a broader perspective in a much more personal technique, rather than simply following the actions and class 4, emotions of the actors, or denoting the place, instead he allows us to gather information cumulatively within a scene, giving description visually and aurally, in the way of a fiction novel). He also uses an audio technique that I’ve never experienced, at least not in quite the same fashion – heterodiegetic narration. [8]

This style of narration is thesis and economic growth, not new, but under Cuarn’s direction it seems very fresh, perhaps because of the intent--to politicize and illuminate the background in addition to 9 songs resume the standard usage of informing the audience to a character’s mindset. The Cohn brothers have used the technique with great success as well as French Filmmaker Jean-Pierre Jeunet with his quirky romance in Amelie (2001) . [9] Most filmmakers use narration homodiegetically as Spielberg did with A.I (2001) . Though, none of these examples of heterodiegetic narration have used the technique to politicize a film. Here is on fdi growth, where Cuarn differentiates himself, not only does he use narration to essays about travel and tourism inform us of character traits, and intent, but the characters, in their actions, clarified heterodiegetically, inform us on the political landscape and many times in on fdi growth doing so it allows us insight into an unseen conflict between what the actors are doing and saying, versus the true meaning or motivation of the market scene—oftentimes creating a sense of irony. Because the narration is used in this manner it makes Y tu Mama Tambien ’s structure very complex. Growth. Where on art robinson one hand it feels like a non-Hollywood film, exhibiting an outline with dual / parallel ideas as the central theme, multiple main characters, and explicit sexual situations; yet, on the other hand it is classically Hollywood exerting a solid, classical, three act, eight sequence, genre based script. The structure is set up in thesis and economic growth classic A / B story, but there is a Co-main theme that is more grand in scope than the re imagine essay individual storylines which allows the thesis and economic narrative to break form. Within the “A” story is the drama of the road trip and essay, the exploits of on fdi growth, 3 characters as friends and lovers, and within the “B” story is the young woman’s, Luisa’s, life and class 4, background. Then there’s the parallel, lets call it the “AA” story which concerns itself with the current socio-political stew that is Mexico and the critical examination of race and class with each character symbolic of a fraction of the country’s troubled history and thesis and economic growth, psyche. Re Imagine. It is in this sense Y tu Mama goes beyond the mainstream or the Art house, performing instead as a solid example of and economic growth, Teshome Gabriel’s Third Cinema whereby film speaks of the people and social conditions of the Third World through unique non-western technique and story. [10]

It begins provocatively with a sex scene between two teenagers, Tenoch and Ana. While they frolic playfully, we are introduced to an unseen narrator, who will visit us all throughout the film. And Tourism. It soon becomes clear that this astute, omniscient narrator is allowing us to thesis on fdi growth see this story unfold. It’s as if he is telling the story visually then periodically interrupts to fahimi give a little more clarity. As Charles Ramirez Berg surmises, in on fdi and economic his discussion of the Juan Oro’s Mexican classic, Cuando Los Hijos Se Van (1941 ) , which also uses a heterodiegetic platform, the narration technique is effective because it reveals a self-consciousness that is rare in art robinson Mexican or Hollywood cinema. [11] We soon find out via the narrator that this is story of Tenoch and Julio. Tenoch is the on fdi son of the Secretary of State, Harvard Economist father and a spacey, bored, wealthy, housewife / Mother.

Julio’s pedigree is not quite as lofty. He is the son of a single mother who has worked for one firm as a secretary her whole adult life. They are best friends and inseparable brothers; yet immediately we see the differences and possible conflict- Tenoch is rich, white, Criollo, and a part of the ruling class and Julio is babak resume, not rich, dark, Mestizo, and working class. Actually we will see that Julio is the only major character in the film that is lower, or working class. He is also is the darkest of all the thesis characters, the exception being perhaps Chuy, a fisherman, and Tenoch’s mother both though are only minor characters. Tenoch’s mother though, holds a tremendous trump card for the story. Initially, the boys are on babak resume their way to thesis and economic the airport to see their girlfriends, Cecelia and re imagine essay, Ana, off to Europe for the summer (clearly an upper class experience for 18 yr old girls). At the airport our narrator sheds more light on the class division of the boys. Thesis Growth. Ana’s father a Criollo greets them and then the narrator gives us the father’s background: a journalist, activists and babak, now a politician for the opposition government. He doesn’t disapprove of and economic, Tenoch but nicknames him “preppie” an obvious dig at 4, his affluence and privilege.

Cecelia’s pediatrician father, on the other hand clearly disapproves of Julio which is thesis on fdi, evident as Julio sits nervously on the living room couch waiting with him for Cecelia to get ready to leave for the airport. This opening sequence is followed by typical teenage male hijinx (fart jokes), and banter (what types of girls are hottest? Etc.), then they drive by resume, a dead man lying in the street. Traffic squeezes by as best it can, undeterred. The narrator again fills in the details. …The traffic jam was caused by Marcelino Escutia a migrant bricklayer from thesis and economic, Michoacon. Marcelino was hit by a speeding bus. Class 4. He never used the pedestrian bridge because of its poor location would force him to walk two miles to his work site.

The Red Cross took his unidentified body to the city morgue. It took four days for the body to be claimed. [12] Who was he? A poor cog in the machine, one of the thousands of migrants from the countryside that flock to Mexico City every year looking for thesis growth, work and a better life. The fact that he is acknowledged by the narrator but not by the characters is interesting to note. He is invisible in a way that only poverty can cloak. Within a city population of 20 million people, the majority of which are extremely poor, it is not very difficult to 9 songs resume disappear into the mass of struggle. Here is thesis on fdi growth, where we also see the director’s vision for the narrator and subsequently the story: to embody political consciousness and bring our attention to the world in which these young people live. Several more scenes ensue where we see the palatial home of Tenoch and his life style, replete with servants -- all of them are dark. Class. In the following scene we arrive at the first crucial point of film, the point of attack - the point in the film where we are subconsciously shown the main idea of the and economic film. [13] We meet Luisa Cortes, Tenoch’s cousin by marriage.

They have gathered for a wedding of another relative. Luisa is a Spaniard from Madrid, a point not to be taken lightly as she is the lynchpin and object of desire of the film, a critical political point that I will detail in the symbolism section of this essay. Also here the art robinson resume plot is initialized – a group trip to a magical (and nonexistent) beach called Heaven’s Mouth. Additionally, at this wedding we find many dignitaries including the President of Mexico. Shortly after the ceremony, the narrator informs us that the President had to leave for and economic, an important meeting. He had an urgent meeting with the leaders of 9 songs resume, his ruling party to appoint the candidates for the upcoming elections. The next day he would express his outrage about the Cerro Verde massacre, and deny that the State Governor was involved with the tragedy. After offering condolences to the victims’ relatives he would fly to Seattle to a conference on globalization. Since this occurs only thesis on fdi growth a few minutes after the art robinson resume Luisa and the Beach trip invitation, I feel comfortable asserting that the presidential information is within the fabric of the point of thesis and economic, attack and as such states that Y Tu Mama’s main idea is also about the politics of Mexico and its place in pollution 4 the globalized Economy. And perhaps illustrates the human costs of thesis on fdi, a Third World, but growing, partner in globalized capitalism. I arrive at this conclusion because of the visuals which accompany the essay market failure voice over showing the huge celebration the behind the scenes.

We see the maid staff, and drivers of the various Limousines eating their meals outside, standing up even, not important enough to and economic have a table or even an area set aside for 9 songs resume, them in the house--an obvious exploration of classism (they are darker skinned Mestizos). Additionally, the fact that there are still political massacres in this country dictate that Human Rights are not a given, moreover, the thesis on fdi President’s trip to travel Seattle for a conference of globalization indicates where the country’s focus lay-- as well as its hypocrisy. ACT II – ON THE ROAD—The Countryside. Once the second act begins they’re on thesis on fdi growth the road. Julio and Tenoch are privy to a secret that Luisa is not, yet she isn’t a total victim here, she has secrets of her own that far outweigh theirs.

Their secret is simple, Heavens Mouth Beach doesn’t exist—at least they have never been and have only heard about it through their stoner friend Saba. It is sort of an urban myth. They’ve told this lie and now have to keep it alive in order to cover their tracks. So they set off, but to where? In almost Twilight Zone fashion I would say: “off to a journey of about travel, self-discovery”. Yet, the discovery is not only about themselves and their friendship, but also of the socio-political terrain and and economic, iconography of modern Mexico. Hear is the triumph of the film. We are also to learn of the true relationship between the brothers Mexico -- Julio and Tenoch -- as well as some poignant universal life lessons through the tragedy and pain of 4, Luisa.

Along the way to the beach, we’re continually filled with information about both Mexico on a macro level and and economic, each of the 9 songs resume characters on a micro level. For example we find out that Luisa is and economic growth, not an experienced woman, never really taking chances (classic virgin /whore archetype). She took care of her sick acerbic aunt, got a job as a dental technician - not her dream job by far (she always wanted to travel), and then married Tenoch’s cousin Jano (also fills the long suffering, joyless wife/ mother archetype). We don’t know her age but I will assume that she is in her early 30’s. She decided to take this chance with the boys because of Jano’s admission of infidelity. Class 4. We assume that her isolated moments of growth, deep sorrow that we are shown are the pain of infidelity, but there is so much more underneath her tears as we find out later in the film.

She is a very sad woman. Director of Photography, Emmanuel Lubeski’s handheld camera informs us of her emotional state by spying on her through broken windowpanes or roaming through her immaculate apartment while she waits for the boys to pick her up for the trip. We are also privy to her audio as she calls Jano after stopping in a small village. Instead of focusing on Luisa speaking into pollution, the phone, we are shown the emptiness of the apartment as she leaves her message in voiceover on the answering machine. This is quite an effective technique, much more than showing the typical shot of growth, her crying into the phone. Travel. In this scene we also see how much she loves Jano because although jilted, she is not scornful. She even lovingly gives him instructions – where he can find the thesis growth phone bill, and that she put his shirts in the cleaners but he should go to a better drycleaner because they mess up his shirts.

She is a nurturer to the end. Luisa talks to him as though nothing has happened but in reality she knows she will never see him again. While at this village she meets an old woman Doa Martinez who sells little trinkets, one of about and tourism, which catches Luisa’s eye, a stuffed mouse with the and economic name Luisa written on the front. Several scenes later as the trio leaves the village we are given the back-story by failure, the narrator. …[the mouse] had belonged to on fdi growth [Doa Martinez’s] granddaughter, Luisa Obregon who had died of essays about and tourism, a heat stroke 15 years ago crossing the Arizona border with her parents, seeking a better life. And although we are feeling the on fdi growth emotional weight and pain of Luisa loss of love, the story of the younger Luisa immediately returns us to the bigger picture, the political economy picture--the poverty of Mexico and the human cost of its struggle out of the Third World. Essay Pollution Class 4. Little Luisa Obregon could be a poster child for the conditions within Mexico. While we watch Luisa in the car, the camera again roams to show mourners walking in a funeral procession during the voice over. Luisa thought that even after people die, they are still present. Growth. She wondered how long she would continue to live in the memory of others. But she preferred not to think about death . We then can see a connection between Luisa and 9 songs resume, her issues around death.

She seems as though she is surrounded by thesis, death, almost as if death is an actual character in class the film, as in Marcel Camus’s Orfeo Negro (1959). Her first love died at and economic, 17 in a motorcycle accident, her aunt who took care of her whom she in re imagine turn took care of when the aunt fell ill, died, then later in the film she meets a little girl Lucero, who while playing in the water she asks to thesis and economic try floating – “…like a corpse”, later she asks the boys, “do you ever wish you could live forever”? All this coupled with the fact that even her namesake died provides a haunting backdrop in between the comedy. Julio and 9 songs resume, Tenoch are the on fdi and economic growth closest of friends. They hang out together, get high together, have their own humor and inside connectivity, their girlfriends are friends with one another, they masturbate together, play sports with and against each other, they are in a word: inseparable. Julio and Tenoch told Luisa many stories.

Each one reinforced their bond creating an inseparable identity. Their stories, although adorned by personal mythologies were true. But as truth is always partial, some facts were omitted. Babak Fahimi Resume. It was never mentioned how Julio lit matches to hide the smell after he used Tenoch’s bathroom. Or that Tenoch used his foot to lift the toilet seat at Julio’s house. Again adding the element of class and race, neither Tenoch nor Julio feeling really comfortable in the others home when private. The road trip moves on comically while continually showing the rural people of the country, illustrating life of the indigenous Indian who seems so far removed from the plan for the new globalized Mexico. It also shows the true country -- militaristic with blockades and checkpoints as well as the extreme poverty.

As for the drama, it reaches a critical point – the midpoint of the thesis on fdi and economic growth script-- when Luisa in her sorrow, one day has sex with Tenoch. 4. This act upsets the trio’s harmony as Julio watches from the doorway and becomes jealous. The jealousy comes to a boil when in an attempt to strike back at and economic, Tenoch he tells him that he slept with Tenoch’s girlfriend Ana. The narrator tells us how Tenoch feels but within the narration is the subtext is of the class status of Tenoch and the political corruption his ruling class creates within Mexico. Tenoch had only felt this pain in his stomach when he was 11 when he saw his father’s photo on essay the front page of a newspaper. The article linked him to a scandal involving the sale of contaminated food to the poor. Tenoch and his family moved to thesis on fdi and economic Vancouver for eight months. He never questioned why. The next day noticing that the boys are angry at each other, Luisa decides to rectify the situation by babak, having sex with Julio in the car. And Economic. Tenoch is now beset with jealousy, acting childlike and immature reveals that he too has crossed the travel and tourism line, sleeping with Julio’s girlfriend Ceci.

This blows up in a wild but comical exchange. However the most telling dialogue is where Tenoch after Julio spits at him, calls him a peasant. Equally interesting is the fact that Tenoch refuses to on fdi get on his knees to 9 songs resume beg forgiveness as Julio had done previously for his transgression. This reeks of elitism. It is trivialized as just a character flaw within the context of the friendship, or perhaps immaturity, or maybe simply for humor, but I think Cuarn is thesis and economic, showing us much more here. Tenoch is privileged and deep down feels superior to darker working class, Julio. At the end of this ACT, the trio angry at each other accidentally find the beach.

There they meet a fourth generation fisherman, Chuy, who along his wife Mabel, and their two children agree to show them the neighboring beaches, one of them ironically is essay class 4, called Heaven’s Mouth. Chuy brings the friends together again, breaks the tension with his carefree attitude and zest for on fdi, life. Essay. He also serves as comic relief. But of course, within Cuarn’s technique that is not all the fisherman represents. Chuy gives us a glimpse into the Mexican “every man”, the Mestizo or Indigenous man that is and economic growth, not of the city. He is the man that constructs Mexico in the same manner that the about travel small town Midwesterner, not the New Yorker or Californian creates the pulse of The US. In many ways so goes Chuy, so goes Mexico. At the end of the year Chuy and his family will have to leave their home to make way for the construction of an exclusive hotel to be built on the nature preserve of San Bernabe. They will relocate to the outskirts of Santa Maria Colotepec.

Chuy will attempt to thesis on fdi and economic give boat tours but a collective of Acapulco boatmen supported by the local Tourism Board will block him. Two years later he’ll end up as a janitor at the hotel. Essays Travel And Tourism. He’ll never fish again. After they break camp at the beach, we see Luisa finally talking to Jano on the phone and on fdi, begging him to understand. After that difficult conversation she joins the boys, who have now made up, drinking and dancing on 9 songs resume the beach. Thesis On Fdi And Economic. During this party the boys have a truth session divulging all their dirt – Julio admits to sleeping with Tenoch’s girlfriend Ana many more times and more vigorously than he’d previously admitted to, Tenoch follows suit with his truths about him and Julio’s girlfriend Cecelia.

Finally, Julio in the spirit of the ultimate one-upmanship tops Tenoch telling him, “Y tu mama Tambien (and your mother too)”. Pollution Class 4. After brief silence, in drunken stupor, they laugh it off and keep partying. The next scene moves to the beach bungalow were Julio, Tenoch, and Luisa top off the night with sexual threesome. The twist is on fdi and economic, Julio and Tenoch, in the heat of the moment, have sex with each other! Upon waking we can feel the tension: everything has changed. Julio announces that he has to return the about travel car to on fdi his sister. Tenoch says he has to return as well. Luisa decides to stay at the beach and about travel and tourism, continue to revel in thesis on fdi and economic growth the beauty of the surrounding islands and coves. Their connection has been severed- maybe forever. FINALE – BACK TO THE CITY. Once they return to essay pollution 4 Mexico City we flash forward 1 year to find out that the tension created on the beach has been maintained, Julio and Tenoch haven’t seen each other.

Everything had indeed changed -- their girlfriends returned from Europe and promptly broke up with them, both Tenoch and Julio found new loves and thesis and economic, went to college, and on 9 songs resume the political front, the PRI party had lost its first election in 71 years. One day on a chance meeting in thesis the street they agree to have coffee as it is too awkward to pollution class 4 put it off. There Tenoch tells Julio of on fdi and economic growth, Luisa’s fate, she is dead. She had cancer and died near Heaven’s Mouth about a month after they left each other. She was aware she was dying all along. The narrator finalizes her story: Luisa spent her last four days in the hospital in Santa Maria Colotepec. At her request Chuy and Mabel never mentioned her adventure with Julio and Tenoch [to Jano]. She gave Lucero the little stuffed mouse named Luisa.

Tenoch excused himself. His girlfriend was waiting for him at he movies. Julio insisted on paying the 9 songs resume check. They will never meet again. Tenoch leaves crossing by Julio in the window of the diner as he walks away. What is the symbolism here? Throughout this essay I have illustrated Julio and Tenoch’s racial / class symbolism, and one can add their symbolic male-ness or machismo which is thesis, evident in their sexual fantasy’s and discussions. This Machismo is referenced in essay class the film during the road trip when they divulge to Luisa that they have named themselves the Charolastras - a sort of Space Cowboy (Cowboys who get high). The Cowboy is a staple of the Mexican cinematic landscape and is the on fdi very definition of machismo. [14] Given then homosexuality angle, this machismo is clearly violated and creates an incongruence that is never overcome throughout the film.

Here homosexuality is re imagine essay, not treated in the same fashion as in Jaime Humberto Hermosillo’s, Utopian tolerance comedy, Doa Herlinda y su hijo (Doa Herlinda and her son, 1984). Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth. All is not well and 9 songs resume, everyone does not accept the reality and live as one big, happy, new age family. In our case the characters, Julio and Tenoch are ashamed, so much so that they can never be friends again, the sexual act fracturing the brotherhood forever which means on a deeper level that Mexico continues to be fractured -- the on fdi growth Mestizo and Criollo brothers simply can’t find the middle ground. Director Cuarn symbolically had them “unite in the bedroom” as they should unite politically, yet because of their pride they cannot stay united thus dooming Mexico in its near future. Chuy’s representation continues the doom forecast for he is essay market, simply washed away -- obsolete. His way of life broken by corporate, capitalist Mexico, forcing him to become a cog in on fdi and economic growth the machine (an uneducated worker, similar to the migrant who was run over by the bus in the beginning of the film), who in 9 songs resume order to feed his family (barely), takes on a janitor job in a hotel, working in an enclosed facility as opposed to being in the fresh air and of the earth as a “free” fisherman and thesis on fdi and economic growth, merchant. The recipe is one for disaster.

What is not shown but certainly readable within the narration is the 9 songs resume mushroom factor. Thesis On Fdi And Economic. Chuy will not be able to make a living from janitor wages. He will have to re imagine get a second or a third job; and instead of his wife and babies accompanying him on his fishing or touring outings, keeping the family tightly woven, she will have to get a job (uneducated and thesis on fdi growth, unskilled), perhaps as a maid or something similar. Without the extended family support, the children grow up poor, largely unsupervised, and pollution class, create the classic inner city youth culture that haunts every poverty-stricken inner city culture [15] . Thus, if Chuy is in fact, as I contend, the average “everyman” Mexican, then Cuarn is making a bold socio political statement – Mexico, en masse, will not succeed. Tenoch and Julio need no further explanation as to their symbolism, Luisa on the other fills three symbolic roles and needs much further scrutiny.

The first as the modern sexualized woman -- The virgin / Virgin / whore, a role she stereotypically has to thesis and economic growth pay for her by dying a horrible death, following a long line of heroines who left their traditional roles only to be brought back to earth in essay market one way or another. And Economic. [16] She also is the class long-suffering, doting lifeless wife, who beyond contentment is most importantly, responsible. She in on fdi and economic many ways is the mythical La Llorona the weeping woman; the only thing here missing is the children to complete the picture. [17] Lastly Luisa (a Spaniard) also represents Spain’s influence on, and pollution, relationship to, Mexico. In her death she is in thesis growth essence emulating Spain’s current relationship to essays about travel and tourism Mexico -- dead and nonexistent; however, it is still the on fdi and economic mother country responsible for essay, the country’s creation. In this instance, Luisa is responsible for revealing to Julio and thesis and economic, Tenoch that their destinies are intertwined, bringing them together in the same fashion that Spain’s colonial conquest brought together the European and Indian which then gave rise to the Criollo and Mestizo. Her importance here goes even beyond the Virgin Guadalupe or the 9 songs resume Indigenous queen La Malinche. Luisa is almost primordial. She is the on fdi growth one who shows the boys their true desire / salvation is with each other; she is the essay market failure one who births their consciousness -- sexual, moral --and makes them contextualize their relationship. Then she dies mythically as Spain has died as the thesis growth Mother country. There can be no Mexico without Julio and Tenoch, the resume darker and thesis on fdi and economic, lighter brother, ruling class and the lower classes, combining.

Which is about, why I feel ultimately the sexual tension and ultimate homosexual union between them is an effective cinema technique providing not only shock value and sensationalism, but also subtext. A reading that illustrates oneness to the extent that they both are necessary and thesis on fdi and economic, symbiotic. They have shared the same mother, literally and figuratively, by birth or in Oedipus fashion, yet their real mother is Luisa whom ironically they share as well. I think Cuarn is saying here that Mexico can no longer look to Spain or the developed world in general, for direction. That Mexico must turn inwards on pollution 4 itself, morphing into on fdi and economic growth, a new Mexican from its many parts in order to move forward. Unfortunately, instead of unifying, Julio and re imagine essay, Tenoch, shamed never see each other again. If they “never” see each other again what happens to thesis on fdi growth modern Mexico? Can the race and class struggle ever be resolved, particularly under the auspices of the new globalization? It seems for essay pollution class 4, director Alfonso Cuarn, the answer is a very clear, disheartening, and resounding, NO! [1] Charles Ramirez Berg, Cinema of Solitude , University of on fdi, Texas press, 1992 p.1-2.

[6] Charles Ramirez Berg, Cinema of Solitude , University of Texas press, 1992 p.3. [7] Francis Cress Welsing, The Isis Papers , Third World Press, 1991 p.1-3. [8] Gerard Genette , Narrative Discourse: An Essay in Method , Cornell University Press, 1983 p.244-245. Narrators, according to the classifications given by babak fahimi, Gerard Genette, can most simply be typed as heterodiegetic (parallel with what is commonly referred to as third-person narration, with the narrator absent from the story he tells) and homodiegetic (parallel with first-person narration, with the narrator present as a character in the story he tells). [9] Fennessy, James, “I ain’t never supposed to do this” – Race and Narration in the films of the Coen Brothers. Thesis And Economic Growth. www.hichumanities.org/AHproceedings/James Fennessy.pdf. [10] Teshome H. Gabriel, Towards a Critical Theory of Third World Films , in Michael T. Martin (Ed.) Cinemas of the Black Diaspora, Wayne State University Press, 1995, p 72-75.

[11] Charles Ramirez Berg, Cinema of Solitude, University of Texas press, 1992 p. 19. [12] All narration taken directly from viewing Y tu Mam Tambin . [13] Paul Gulino, Screenwriting: The Sequence Approach, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2004. [14] Pedro Infante made this role famous and usually the motif of the cowboy is somehow in reference to 4 the beloved revolutionary period. The cowboy is … Charles Ramirez Berg, Cinema of Solitude , University of Texas press, 1992 p.98. [15] This population is represented by many Mexican films featuring Mexico City as its setting, but the on fdi most fascinating recent film that speaks to the youth culture is Amores Perros , (2001). [16] Berg covers the resume woman’s role in Mexican cinema quite effectively, devoting 2 chapters on Mexican female roles in the cinema.

He illustrates not only the stereotypes, but also the feminists struggle against such ideology. ibid, Chapter 4, p.55-71. [17] La Llorona is a legend that seems to thesis on fdi and economic be a combination of Aztec and European folklore. Basically, she is market failure, a wandering woman who walks at thesis on fdi and economic, night, unceasingly, looking for a lost or murdered child, or children. Sometimes avenging an adulterous lover. 9 Songs Resume. It has several variations but the growth consistency is that she is very, very sad.

Ibid, p.78.

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walden dissertations WRITING THE PROPOSAL: An Overview [1] Revised September 2003. Sybil M. Delevan, Ph.D. Used with permission of the thesis on fdi and economic growth, author. As you embark upon essay class 4, the dissertation process, I offer a few thoughts for your consideration.

First, writing the proposal is an iterative process. There will be many drafts. Although most students begin with Chapter 1, bear in mind that this chapter is really a synopsis of thesis on fdi growth, Chapters 2 and 3. Second, crafting the problem statement is the most difficult part of the dissertation process. It is the research you do for Chapter 2 that will ultimately uncover the “gap in the literature,” position your study, and help you refine your research problem. Once you have focused the study vis-a-vis the purpose and the research question(s), you will then be able to settle on the tradition of inquiry. Is your question open-ended (suggesting a qualitative approach) or are you comparing two or more groups or positing a relationship between independent and dependent variables (a quantitative approach)? Third, please remember that a well-developed research proposal is like a blueprint rendered by an architect.

Upon approval, any researcher should be able to conduct the essay, study based on and economic, the proposal you submitted just as any contractor should be able to construct the fahimi, building designed by the architect. I provide this analogy to aid in your understanding of the level of and attention to detail required for committee approval. Lastly, the thesis on fdi and economic growth, dissertation, which is generally five chapters in length, is the competency demonstration for the Doctor of Philosophy degree. Unlike the external examinations required by other professions, for example, the bar exam for attorneys or the medical exam for physicians, the re imagine essay, dissertation process and final oral presentation is administered internally by a committee of your peers. The goal is to demonstrate that you can design, conduct, and report research in your area of thesis on fdi growth, expertise. Part I: The Proposal.

Chapter 1: Introduction. Chapter 1 is an overview of the proposed research; it is titled “Introduction.” Generally speaking, this chapter is heavily cited and does not contain any first person pronouns, except in essay personal or value-based statements set forth in the assumptions or delimitations sections. The latter may be relaxed if your study is a qualitative study. However, be sure to clear this style of writing with your chair/mentor before you commence the writing of the proposal. Also note that this chapter should not be written using language such as “this researcher” or “in this study I will…” For the on fdi growth, proposal, this chapter is written in the future tense—it tells the reader what you are proposing to do. However, upon completion of your research, the first three chapters must be rewritten in the past tense for the dissertation. The dissertation, which includes the revised proposal, tells the reader what you did in the course of the research process. This chapter begins with an introductory section, which should not be subtitled.

The objective of this section is to resume orient the reader. The goal is to provide an overview of why your topic (problem) is important, a brief history of the on fdi growth, barriers related to the problem, for example, cultural limitations or relevant economic issues, and resume, address the social change significance of the research. The two questions that it must address—implicitly—are the on fdi growth, infamous “so what” and “who cares” questions. This section lays the art robinson, groundwork for your problem statement. As for page length, this section should be no more that 2-3 pages in length. Note that some faculty may ask you to combine the thesis on fdi growth, introduction with the background of the problem (see below), followed by the problem statement.

The purpose of this section is to re imagine essay distill the growth, problem under investigation into a single, declarative sentence that neutrally identifies what will be studied. The problem statement is the most important part of your study. The problem emerges from the literature review and the logic for why it is a problem must flow from the introduction. This section may begin or end with “The problem is…” Be sure this section reflects what is problematic. It should be no longer than 200 words. As you develop your problem statement, keep asking yourself what the fahimi resume, rationale is for doing your research. Remember that you dissertation research must make an original contribution to scholarly research. Questions you may ask when reading the literature to flush out the problem include the following:

1. What is the issue that is of concern to on fdi society or in one of the major societal institutions? 2. What important issue in my field or the literature is theoretically unclear or in dispute? 3. What situation is professionally disturbing or worthy of study? 4. What intervention or program is in need of evaluation or assessment? According to Merriam (1997), there are three basic types of essay, research problems: 1. Conceptual problem . At the thesis on fdi and economic growth, core of a conceptual research problem are two juxtaposed elements that are conceptually or theoretically inconsistent. For example, The Equal Pay Act of 1963 requires that men and women make equal wages for equal pay.

Despite this federal mandate, women working in essay failure ABC state government are making 75% of their male counterparts. 2. Action problem . Thesis! This type of problem emerges when a conflict presents no clear choice or alternative course of action. For example, the goal of the welfare reform legislation enacted in 1996 was to market failure encourage personal responsibility by promoting work, reducing nonmarital births, and strengthening and supporting marriage. Thesis And Economic! However, in re imagine many parts of the U.S., the number of full-time jobs that are needed to move people from public assistance to the workforce simply do not exist. IN other parts of the thesis growth, U.S., there are sufficient jobs but transportation and child care are not available. 3. Value problem . This type of problem arises from undesirable outcomes. For example, the growing disparity in health outcomes in the United States between those who have access to medical care and those who do not due to essays travel the linking of health insurance with employment. Lastly, a good problem statement will hint at the nature of your study, for growth, example, is it historical, experimental, correlational, or evaluative research? I offer the following, which has been revised by various Walden faculty (Linda Crawford and Marilyn Simon to name two), as an example: There is a problem in ______________________ (societal organization/institution/policy, etc).

Specifically, the problem is (name the problem). Currently, __________________ (describe the current situation and/or what is currently being done to address the fahimi, problem). However, ______________ (describe continuance of problem). This problem impacts __________ (name population) because ____________ (describe impact). There are many possible factors contributing to this problem, among which are _____________________________ (list possible lines of and economic growth, research related to the problem). This study will contribute to the body of knowledge needed to address this problem by 9 songs resume, _______________________ (identify the study focus which will be specified in thesis on fdi the research questions). Note : Your committee will judge your dissertation on the degree to essay market failure which you find the answer to the problem you pose and, thus, achieve the intended purpose of your research. The purpose of thesis and economic growth, this section is to provide the reader with a history of how the problem has been dealt with in the past and to justify its importance as a pressing social concern or from a theoretical perspective.

It draws on the literature you will review for Chapter 2. A mini synopsis of groupings of key studies that have examined the problem is useful. Try not to focus on single studies. Rather, the goal is to present a broader perspective on the problem and not to review the literature in detail. Identify the 9 songs resume, deficiencies or gaps found in the review of the thesis on fdi and economic, literature. Were key variables overlooked? Is an alternative approach to understanding the problem useful? How would your proposed study remedy the babak, deficiencies you’ve identified?

Remember that this section should be heavily cited as you are drawing on the scholarly research in your field. And Economic! On average, the background section on the problem should be about 3-4 pages. The purpose of your study should mirror the significance of the problem (see later section). Essay! Keep in mind that the purpose is different than the problem. The purpose statement is the central idea or intent of on fdi growth, your study. Essay Pollution! It defines “why you want to do the study and what you intend to on fdi accomplish” (Locke, Spiraduso, Silverman, 2000, p. Essay Market Failure! 9). On Fdi And Economic! A well-articulated purpose statement sets forth the objectives of the study as well as its intent. You may supplement your purpose statement with additional information for clarification, but a single sentence should capture the essence of the study . This statement will be reiterated in each of the chapters. Note that the essays and tourism, purpose statement differs for thesis on fdi, quantitative and qualitative studies. For a quantitative design, you will set forth the relationship between the variables under study (both independent and dependent) in both the problem statement and in re imagine essay the purpose statement.

This section should be about thesis and economic growth 350-400 words. The purpose statement for a quantitative study differs from that of a qualitative study in language and focus. Generally, a succinct quantitative purpose statement will identify the research method, theory to be tested (if applicable), the dependent, independent, and resume, controlling variables to be compared or the relationships to be tested, the participants, and the research setting. Thesis And Economic Growth! A sample purpose statement that illustrates the above elements follows: The purpose of 9 songs resume, this _____ (e.g., experimental) study is to test the theory of _________that _________ (compares/relates) ________ (independent variable) to ______ (dependent variable), controlling for on fdi and economic growth, _____ (if a controlling or intervening variable) for _________ (participants) at re imagine essay _______ (site of study). The purpose statement in a qualitative study will make explicit the central idea of the study and thesis and economic growth, how it will be studied. The focus of a qualitative study is a single idea or phenomenon versus relationships or comparisons.

Qualitative studies seek to explore, describe, or understand a phenomenon, or examine the meaning of an idea or the experience of people. Market Failure! The language, unlike that used in a quantitative study, is nondirectional. Thesis Growth! One of the pollution 4, key components of a qualitative purpose statement is the tentative definition of the central idea or phenomenon to be studied. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! Similar to the quantitative purpose statement, both the participants and the setting should be included. A sample purpose statement that includes the above elements follows: The purpose of this __________ (e.g., case study) study is to ____________ (understand, describe, explore) ___________ (central idea or phenomenon) for _________ (participants) at re imagine essay __________ (site of study). The _________ (central idea) is defined as _____________ (general definition).

§ Significance of the Study. This section defines the contribution of your study to the knowledge base of the discipline, field, or profession. This is a crucial component of and economic, Chapter 1 as it provides the reader with the rationale for pollution, why you are conducting your study and how you anticipate your results will be important. This section is an expansion of the thesis on fdi and economic, problem statement as it sets in context the importance and about travel, implications of your study for researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. Two questions to ask when writing this section are: What contribution would this study make? Who will benefit from the findings of this study? The key to the significance section is to thesis on fdi and economic growth consider how your study will inform research, practice, and/or policy. Three or four well-articulated reasons for how your study will add to the scholarly literature in the field are essential.

This is an ideal place to address the art robinson resume, social significance of your study (social change) as well. On Fdi! Again, this section should be about 350-400 words in length, but no more than 2 pages. § Nature of the Study or Methodology. This section provides a synopsis of the research design as developed in Chapter 3. It distinguishes the tradition of inquiry or methodology selected from other traditions or methodologies that could have been used, for example, quantitative versus qualitative. It also provides the justification for babak, the appropriateness of the approach and further delineates the goals of the study. A concise statement concerning the selection of the on fdi and economic, participants and data collection and analysis procedures should be included. If you are using a survey instrument for babak fahimi resume, data collection, then be sure to add a sentence or two stating the issues related to the reliability and validity of the instrument as discussed in Chapter 3. A word of caution, however, is in order.

Too often students try to write this section before writing Chapter 3. While it may be possible to write a rough draft for your chair/mentor’s perusal if you are working on thesis on fdi and economic, your proposal on a chapter by chapter basis, please remember that most faculty will review this section while reading Chapter 3. Any changes made in Chapter 3—at any point in the research process—must be reflected in Chapter 1. The same applies for resume, any revisions you make in Chapter 1. Remember, research is an iterative process; you will be revising various sections of the proposal and dissertation until final approval of each of thesis, these documents. Generally speaking, there are three basic types of questions that research projects address: descriptive, relational, and causal. § Descriptive : When the primary purpose of essay 4, a study is to describe what is thesis on fdi and economic going on or what exists. § Relational: When a study is designed to look at the relationships between two or more variables. § Causal : When a study is market failure designed to determine whether one or more variables (program or treatment) causes or affects one or more outcome variables. In quantitative studies, research questions are used to focus or narrow the study. A well-written research question will include the variables that will be described, related, or compared in the study.

Hypotheses are predictions that flow from the research questions and may be written in a directional format or stated in the null. The independent variable(s) precede the dependent variable(s). If both descriptive and inferential questions are posed, then the former precedes the latter. Lastly, remember that you must have a hypothesis for each research question. The final questions/hypothesis developed in Chapter 3 must appear in this section of on fdi and economic, Chapter 1 verbatim. In qualitative studies, a single central question is generally followed by a set of subquestions. One or two “grand tour” questions (Creswell, 1994) serve to art robinson resume guide the study so as to not limit the inquiry. Good qualitative questions generally ask “how” or “what.” Remember that well-written qualitative research questions use nondirectional language and relate the central question to the strategy of thesis on fdi and economic, inquiry and focus on a single idea or phenomenon. Exploratory verbs position the question with the strategy, for example, grounded theory seeks “to discover,” ethnography seeks “to understand,” case study seeks “to explore,” phenomenology seeks “to describe experiences,” and narrative research “reports” (Creswell, 1994, 1998) § Conceptual or Theoretical Framework (2-3 pages) This section of the proposal describes the lens through which the problem is viewed by you, the researcher.

The conceptual framework of resume, a study describes the worldviews, theories, perspectives, and/or constructs used in prior research studies, which you will adopt and adapt for your study. Merriam (1997) speaks to this and takes it a step further by making the role of the thesis and economic, researcher explicit: “How the investigator views the world affects the essay, entire process—from conceptualizing a problem, to collecting and analyzing data, to interpreting the findings” (p. 53). On Fdi And Economic! Guba and Lincoln (1985) also discuss the importance of disclosing personal preferences: “It is babak fahimi good medicine, we think, for researchers to make their preferences clear. To know how a researcher construes the thesis on fdi and economic, shape of the social world and aims to give us a credible account of it is to know our conversational partner.” All studies, whether qualitative or quantitative, must have some type of conceptual framework. About And Tourism! For example, the lens can be a worldview, such as Marxism or democracy, or it can be a theory, such as those of Freud, Piaget, Fiere, V.O.

Key, Herbert Simon, and Keynes, that explains certain phenomena in considerable detail. Research perspectives, such as those of social psychologists, cognitive scientists, and thesis on fdi growth, economists, can also serve as a lens. Or, depending on the problem and purpose of a study, constructs can be used to conceptualize the phenomena of interest, such as poverty, social isolation, and leadership. In a quantitative study, theories are usually employed deductively and need to be explicitly stated in Chapter 1. The researcher generally presents a theory, establishes data collection procedures to collect the data to test the 9 songs resume, theory, and then revisits the theory at and economic growth the end of the study to confirm or disconfirm the hypotheses. Although theory can be introduced in various sections of the first chapter—in the introduction or in the background—it is recommended that theory be introduced in this section so that the reader can identify how it relates to essays travel your study. Questions you need to think about when writing this section include: Is there a theoretical framework that can be used to raise questions about the problem under study?

Does a particular theoretical perspective guide the research and suggest the on fdi growth, testing of particular variables? Does the study move from the art robinson resume, general to thesis growth the particular or from the particular to the general? The key is to failure understand that theory is often used as the framework for organizing the research and, as such, drives the types of questions asked and the procedures for collecting data. A theoretical framework is simply a compilation of interrelated concepts, akin to a theory but not as well developed. Researchers use theoretical frameworks to guide research in determining which variables will be measured and which statistical relationships will be tested. In An Institutionalist Take on State Activism in thesis on fdi and economic Economic Development… James J. Wilson develops a theoretical framework from the literature. He critiques previous theory as being inadequate, and then uses the art robinson, literature to develop the thesis on fdi growth, constructs for his framework. Resume! He writes: I develop a theoretical framework of state activism in economic development using constructs from the extant literatures on growth theory, economic policy, and thesis growth, international development. These constructs are then organized within an institutional framework (see http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qa5479/is_/ai_n28756950 ).

Taking this example a bit further, Wilson moved from construct to concept to variable. 9 Songs Resume! The last step would involve measurement of the thesis on fdi and economic, variable developed from the initial construct. Establishment of a strong state. In a qualitative study an inductive mode of development tends to be used and a conceptual (versus theoretical) framework may be appropriate. The qualitative researcher is typically more concerned with building a theory than testing it (Eisenhardt, 1989). Theory can be introduced at the outset of the study, but it will generally be modified and adjusted as the study proceeds. If theory is presented, then it must be consistent with the type of design used. Essay Failure! Remember that in a qualitative study you are building theory—not testing it—this shapes the research process and creates a visual model of the theory as it emerges.

At the completion of the research, you may be able to compare and contrast your theory with existing theories. Bear in mind t hat in thesis and economic some qualitative studies, for example, phenomenology or grounded theory, there may be no explicit theoretical orientation and the goal of a proposed study would be to develop theory. Art Robinson Resume! Accordingly, a quantitative proposal will be organized a bit differently than a qualitative study. Thesis! On average, this section should be 2-3 pages in length, but this will vary. Figure 2. An organizing framework for studying community and health (illustrative factors for re imagine, community social environment and physical environment). Source: Form D.L. Patrick and T.M. Wickizer, Community and Health, p. 67, in Society and Health, B.C.

Amick et al., eds. And Economic! Retrieved 28 August 2003, from http://www.nap.edu/readingroom/books/concept/ In this section, the researcher defines any terms or concepts that may not be understood by someone outside of the field of resume, study. Be sure to briefly define terms when first used in thesis on fdi the proposal; however, reserve the formal definitions for this section of the manuscript. Be sure to define all key terms in this section, not just those used in Chapter 1. Common terms may be defined in essays about travel and tourism the body of the text. For proper formatting, be sure to consult The Proposal and Dissertation Guidebook at http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_4276.htm. This section describes the various assumptions the researcher is thesis making in the proposed study. Be sure to explicitly set forth what it is that you are assuming. Essay Pollution Class! Additionally, you must provide a sound rationale for each assumption, incorporating multiple perspectives when appropriate. Typical assumptions include statements such as “participants answered the questionnaire honestly” or issues related to the generalizability of the study or other pertinent issues not under the control of the researcher.

Read your proposal carefully as assumptions are often stated as you develop the proposal. Be sure to move them to this section (1-2 paragraphs). § Scope, Delimitations, and Limitations. The scope of the study defines the boundaries the researcher has established for the study and provides a rationale for those boundaries. Delimitations are used to on fdi and economic narrow the scope of the study, for example, focusing on specific variables or participants. Limitations are used to alert the reader to potential weaknesses in the study beyond the control of the researcher as such relate to data collection and 4, analysis.

Remember that the variables that are being tested will also set a limit on your findings. Another limitation is thesis time. A study that is conducted over a certain interval of time is a snapshot dependent on conditions occurring during that time. The researcher must explain how the essay failure, limitations will be handled so as not to and economic affect the outcome of the study (1-2 paragraphs each) . The chapter ends with a summary of the re imagine, proposed research and introduces the reader to the remaining chapters. Be sure to summarize each of the key sections of the chapter. Start with a restatement of the purpose statement (verbatim) and tie this to the problem. Then link this to the conceptual/theoretical framework, the nature and significance of the study, and the methods you plan to use.

Lastly, be sure you transition the reader to Chapters 2 and 3 in the proposal. In the on fdi and economic growth, dissertation, this section will be rewritten to 9 songs resume include Chapters 4 and 5. Chapter 2: Literature Review. Each chapter has an introduction that reiterates the purpose of the research study. The introduction refers to the major sections or subsections that will follow in the chapter. Use section headings and on fdi, subheadings to guide the reader through the literature based on how you organized the literature. Be sure to consult the APA manual (5 th ed.) for proper format.

The order of the review should range from the general to the specific and essay pollution class 4, should relate directly to the questions to be answered. Be sure to and economic growth set the essay pollution, review within the topic’s historical context. At a minimum, be sure to include a paragraph that identifies the electronic databases searched and on fdi, the keywords used (e.g., ERIC, EBSCO, Infotrac, ProQuest). The goal of this chapter is to establish the re imagine essay, need for on fdi and economic growth, the study and to provide the reader with a synthesis of the current research on your topic, including the study’s theoretical rationale. The literature review should be an exhaustive survey of prior scholarly work conducted in the area of interest. 9 Songs Resume! It must be structured to support the study’s approach to the topic. Remember that there is a vast body of literature for nearly every topic and any comment suggesting that an area has yet to be addressed is not acceptable. Conversely, be sure to focus the literature review on a narrow topical and/or theoretical area to on fdi and economic avoid extraneous or irrelevant material. Either way, develop some type of babak resume, organizing framework for writing this chapter. You may organize by schools of thought, themes in the literature, or variables. A good proposal will use the literature to establish the need for the study.

It will also describe the historical and philosophical development of the field so the proposal reflects an adequate knowledge of thesis on fdi growth, other research related to 9 songs resume the problem. Thesis And Economic Growth! Unsolved problems and unresolved issues must be identified and any gaps in the literature explained. The literature review explicates the study’s conceptual and/or theoretical framework and the variables. Be sure to include information on methodological issues, for example, sampling (including size and 9 songs resume, method of selection) and data collection and analysis, as well as the findings. Note, too, that the literature review must include studies related to the methodology to be used in the proposed study, especially if instruments will be used to collect the data. Issues related to reliability and validity must also be addressed. Sometimes there is a small amount of literature on a particular topic. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! If this is the situation, then place your topic within a larger context, or, if appropriate, use an interdisciplinary approach. Use quotations sparingly, as this is a synthesis of the research related to the problem.

The literature review is comprehensive in coverage and draws from essay primary, peer-reviewed scholarly professional journal articles. The number of references should reflect sources written within the past three to five years as well as any “classics” on the topic. Although there is no magical formula for the number of references that should be cited, most dissertations usually include 100-200 articles. These should include primary sources, such as journal articles, monographs, papers presented at conferences, specialized indexes, bibliographies, abstracts, and reviews of research, and on fdi, secondary sources, for example, expert compilations, meta analyses, and interpretations of primary information when relevant. The conclusion to re imagine essay Chapter 2 must make explicit how the literature review contributes to your study, what variables are of interest, and the gap in the literature that your study is intended to fill. This concluding section, if well-written, serves as the growth, cornerstone for about, the significance of your study and should be similar to what appears in Chapter 1. A restatement of the purpose of your study or the research question often helps to refocus the reader. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! At a minimum, this chapter must demonstrate: 1. The relationship of the proposed study to resume past and current research. 2. How the proposed study will extend the body of knowledge.

3. How the proposed research is distinctive from thesis on fdi and economic growth previous research. 4. The social change implications. The summary of essay market, Chapter 2 reminds the reader of the major points covered in the literature review and what is important for thesis on fdi, your study. It must also transition the reader to art robinson the Chapter 3. Chapter 3: Methodology. As noted earlier, each chapter has an introduction that reiterates the purpose of the research study and refers to the major sections or subsections of the thesis on fdi and economic, chapter. Essay! The methods chapter is the most specific part of the proposal and should describe the essential steps you will follow in conducting your research. In general, there are three approaches to research: quantitative, qualitative, and mixed method. The following section identifies the format for the quantitative and qualitative proposal. If a mixed-method design is chosen, the format will incorporate elements of both. Numerous texts on this topic are available.

An excellent resource when starting out is John Creswell (1994, 1998, 2003), as he succinctly captures the nuances of the methods in a user friendly way. His references to original works, which you will need to consult once you’ve narrowed your approach, are also excellent. The research design must be fully developed. You must justify the thesis growth, use of a specific quantitative or qualitative tradition (see Appendix 1) of inquiry as well as why you rejected the other approach. Essay! The design selected must flow logically from the problem statement. It must establish the relationships and sequencing among elements and, within the theoretical framework, the study variables (if quantitative or mixed-method design). This section follows the introduction and describes and justifies the on fdi and economic, rationale for the use of the specific tradition of inquiry. It also explains the appropriateness of the class 4, research design selected for achieving the and economic, desired outcomes and explains the nuances of the methodology. Remember, you must discuss why other traditions/designs were not used. The research question(s) must be clearly stated as well as your hypotheses. There must be continuity between the way the questions are written here and in essay pollution class Chapters 1, 4, and 5.

Population and Sample. This section provides an overview of the population and the procedures used in selecting the sample. Be sure to indicate how many participants will be included in thesis the sample and any information that may be unique regarding your participants. Be sure to identify the type of sample you will be using, for example, random, convenience, snowball, et cetera. If you are doing survey research, you must include a paragraph on the logic of how the sample size was determined. This section explains the instruments used to collect the data to about travel and tourism answer the research questions. It must also:

1. Establish the validity and reliability of the instruments. 2. Explain the rationale for each instrument’s selection. 3. Present a justification for any standardized instruments used. 4. Discuss any pilot study of the instrument planned or involvement of a panel of experts. This section identifies the independent and dependent variables set forth in thesis and economic the research questions and hypotheses.

The measurement scale of each variable (nominal, ordinal, interval, and/or ratio) should be noted as well. The relationship between the hypotheses or research questions and the problem must be established. If a model is being tested, the model should be specified in 9 songs resume this section. In this section, a justification for the methods used in data collection and data analysis is presented. You may choose to have two distinct sections, one discussing data collection and the other describing the analysis of the data, or you may choose to thesis and economic growth combine the sections. If statistical software will be used, be sure to identify the program. Threats to Validity. This section explains how the research design achieves its intended purpose.

There are several threats to the validity of a quantitative study. Four commonly discussed threats include (Creswell, 2003): 1. Internal validity. 2. External validity. 3. Construct validity. 4. About! Statistical conclusion validity. Feasibility and Appropriateness. This section explains the thesis growth, means by which the researcher will conduct the research. Be sure to address issues such as research support, services, costs, if appropriate, and any other resources that may be used by the researcher. Informed Consent and Ethical Considerations. This section should outline the steps taken to ensure the protection of the participants and the university as such relates to confidentiality and informed consent.

A complete copy of the Request to the Institutional Review Board for Approval to 9 songs resume Conduct Research must be included as an appendix. You may review the university’s guidelines on Ethical Standards of Research at on fdi http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_597.htm . The summary of Chapter 3 reminds the reader of the major points covered in each section of this chapter. For the dissertation, this section will transition the reader to Chapters 4 and 5. This section is the same for re imagine essay, any of the approaches. The goal is to describe and justify the rationale for the use of the and economic growth, specific tradition of inquiry and market failure, research design. Thesis On Fdi And Economic! It also explains the appropriateness of the research design for achieving the desired outcomes of the study and explains the approach to be used. Be sure to fahimi resume discuss why other traditions/designs were not used.

Sampling Strategy and Participant Selection. This section parallels the “population/sample” section of the quantitative proposal. Generally, participants for a qualitative study are selected for a purpose. It is, however, crucial to delineate the sampling strategy used as this varies with the purpose of the research, for example, purposeful, convenience, or snowball. The Researcher’s Role. Unlike quantitative research, where the researcher maintains distance from the participants vis-a-vis the data collection instrument, the qualitative researcher must acknowledge and address the various logistical, ethical, and personal issues unique to this tradition of inquiry as the researcher collects the data. Some of the on fdi growth, issues to be addressed include biases, values, and one’s personal interest in essay the research topic. Data Collection Procedures.

This section outlines how the data will be collected. And Economic Growth! In particular, the boundaries of the study should be identified as well as the research site(s). The type(s) of babak resume, data to be collected as well as the and economic, form should also be described, for example, observations, interviews, documents, or audio visual materials. Included in this section is a description of how the data will be recorded and stored. Be sure to re imagine identify whether the data will be collected and recorded using handwritten notes, audio taping, or video taping. Data Analysis and Interpretation. This section discusses how the data will be analyzed.

Specifically, you must describe how you anticipate preparing the data for analysis, the different type of analyses to be conducted (e.g., with-in case and cross-case analyses), how the data will be represented (e.g., coding) and interpreted. Thesis On Fdi And Economic! If some type of computer software will be used, then be sure to identify the program. Evidence of Quality. This section explains how the art robinson resume, research design achieves its intended purpose. The phrase “evidence of quality” is used to describe the quality criteria that will be used to and economic ensure the babak, accuracy and the credibility of the findings of a qualitative study. On Fdi And Economic Growth! Remember that validity does not mean the same thing in qualitative inquiry as in quantitative inquiry.

There are eight strategies that are frequently employed to check the accuracy of the findings of a qualitative study. Each must be explicitly addressed. Creswell (2003) lists these as: 3. Thick description. 4. Researcher bias. 5. Essays About Travel And Tourism! Discrepant information. 6. Prolonged time in the field.

7. Peer debriefing. 8. External auditing. Feasibility and Appropriateness. This section explains the on fdi growth, means by which the essay class 4, researcher will conduct the research. Be sure to address issues such as research support, services, costs, if appropriate, and any other resources used by the researcher.

Informed Consent and Ethical Considerations. This section should outline the and economic, steps taken to ensure the market failure, protection of the thesis on fdi and economic, participants and the university as such relates to confidentiality and informed consent. A complete copy of the Request to art robinson the Institutional Review Board for Approval to Conduct Research must be included as an appendix. You may review the university’s guidelines on Ethical Standards of Research at http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_597.htm . The summary of on fdi and economic, Chapter 3 reminds the reader of the major points covered in each section of this chapter. For the dissertation, this section will transition the reader to Chapters 4 and resume, 5. A Few Last Comments. In summary, the methods for data collection and analysis must be appropriate for thesis, the type of research design proposed and a justification offered.

The presentation of the research design and the study’s implementation must be sufficiently thorough to enable replication of the proposed study. Be sure to discuss the social impact of your study. How will your findings be used? Who will benefit from babak your study? How will your findings affect the research problem? What could be done after the study to thesis and economic growth ameliorate certain conditions? What further studies will most likely need to be done after yours is complete? How will the information you obtained affect your sample, the babak fahimi, population, or society?

With the exception of research that uses secondary data, all research involving human participants must be done with great care. The philosophical underpinnings for thesis growth, the current laws governing human subjects research are set forth in essay class 4 The Belmont Report (1979). Unlike the thesis on fdi and economic growth, Nuremberg Code or the Helsinki Declaration , which delineate guidelines or rules, The Belmont Report establishes three fundamental ethical principles that are relevant to all research involving human subjects: 1. Respect for babak fahimi, Persons. These three principles provide a comprehensive framework for ethical decision-making in research involving human subjects or participants. For institutions that receive federal funding of thesis and economic growth, any kind, federal law requires that all proposed research be approved by an authorizing board. Babak Resume! This board is often called an Institutional Review Board (IRB).

Research reviewed by an IRB is thesis on fdi growth classified as being exempt, or as research requiring an expedited or full board review. The risk levels and types of review required are set forth in the table below. Determining the Level of Review. Less than minimal. Expedited or Full board. Greater than minimal. Vulnerable participants are subjects like children under the age of 19, mentally incompetent participants, pregnant women and 9 songs resume, fetuses, prisoners, and others with conditions that might compromise their well being. Exempt studies are common in many work place settings, for growth, example, when a researcher solicits information from professional adults in a working setting. Market Failure! If the participants are 19 years old or younger and and economic, if there is risk associated with participating in a study, then a more detailed review processes are required. Remember that all studies involving human participants require informed consent. Essay Pollution 4! Be sure to review Walden University’s IRB policies and procedures for growth, conducting research.

PART II: THE DISSERTATION (This section is a draft only and needs to be more fully developed.) The quantitative dissertation is typically comprised of pollution 4, five chapters. On Fdi And Economic! A qualitative dissertation, however, may have six or more chapters. The latter is determined based on research design considerations and in consultation with your chair/mentor. Note that the final manuscript must be written in babak fahimi resume the past tense. Thesis On Fdi! This requires the rewriting of Chapters 1, 2, and 3. Chapter 4: Analysis of the Data. This section begins with an introduction that is not subtitled. The purpose of this chapter is to report the analysis of the study and to verify the results. The major themes of the research should be introduced. This section opens with a restatement of the purpose statement and essay, research questions/hypotheses followed by thesis and economic, a step-by-step report of the data gathering process.

The data can be organized to 9 songs resume relate results to the research questions or, if qualitative, by on fdi and economic growth, categories or themes. If quantitative, this chapter reports the analysis of all data from descriptive statistics to essay class the findings of the statistical tests. It ends with a summary and transitions the reader to Chapter 5. Chapter 5: Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations. This chapter concludes the dissertation, positioning the and economic, findings of the study within the broader literature on art robinson resume, the topic. It is not an afterthought or appendage; rather, it is the culmination of the investigation issuing from the research questions and the research design and analysis. It should provide scholars, practitioners, and policy makers with an overview of the insights into the implications of the growth, inquiry as well as the recommendations, supported and travel and tourism, justified, that emerged from the analyses and findings. The researcher can introduce interpretations and discussions that highlight the importance, significance, and meaning of the inquiry to various constituents such as administrators, managers, employers, business leaders, government agencies, communities, government agencies, business leaders, and others. The broader social significance of the research should also be addressed.

The references should reflect research written within the last three to five years. As noted in the section on the literature review, your reference list must include primary and secondary sources and be formatted per the guidelines set forth by the university. Specific formatting is required for materials obtained from the internet. All links must be updated as of the submission date of the final document to the university. Each reference cited in thesis on fdi and economic the manuscript must appear in the reference list. Be sure to include copies of all instruments and 9 songs resume, authorizations in this section. A complete copy of the Institutional Review Board materials should also be included as well as a copy of the researcher’s CV. Campbell, D.T.

Stanley, J.C. (1993). Experimental and quasi-experimental designs for and economic growth, research . Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Co. Creswell, J. (1994). Research design: Qualitative and quantitative approaches . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Creswell, J. (2003). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and multi-method approaches , 2 nd ed.

Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Creswell, J. (1998). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among the five traditions . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Galvan, J. (1999). Writing literature reviews . Art Robinson! Los Angeles, CA: Pyrczak. Glatthorn, A. (1998). Writing a winning dissertation . Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.

Locke, L.F., Silverman, S.J., Spirduso, W.W. (2000). Growth! Proposals that work: A guide for planning dissertations and and tourism, grant proposals . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. American Psychological Association. Thesis Growth! (2001). Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association , 5 th ed. Art Robinson Resume! Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Babbie, E. (2001). The practice of social research , 9 th ed.

Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Publishing Co. Booth, W.C., Colomb, G.G., Williams, J.W. (1995). The craft of research . Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. Coffey, A., Atkinson, P. (1996). Making sense of on fdi growth, qualitative data . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Denzin, N.K. Lincoln, Y.S. (Eds.). (1998). Collecting and interpreting qualitative materials. Resume! Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Duff, A. (1996). The literature search: A library-based model for information skills instruction. Thesis On Fdi! Library Review, 45 (4), 14-18. Isaak, D.J. (1999, April). Catalyzing the class, transition from and economic student to scientist. BioScience . Katzer, J., Cook, K. Crouch, W. (1998).

Evaluating information: A guide for users of social science research , 4 th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill. Kerlinger, F.N. (1986). Re Imagine Essay! Foundations of behavioral research, 3 rd ed. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Locke, L.F., Silverman, S.J., Spirduso, W.W. (1998). Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! Reading and understanding research . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Silverman, D. (1997). Qualitative research, theory, method, and practice . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. ________. Pollution 4! (2001). The proposal and dissertation guidebook . Minneapolis, MN: Walden University. Retrieved 31 May 2002, from on fdi and economic growth http://inside.waldenu.edu/c/Student_Faculty/StudentFaculty_4276.htm . The list that follows highlights some of the research methods that can be used to solve the problem you are investigating. Essays Travel And Tourism! It is not an exhaustive listing; rather, it is a list of basic descriptions of research types. At the thesis on fdi and economic, end of this listing are some websites that you may consult for further information.

Once you select a methodology you will need to obtain textbooks on the method as well as articles from methodology journals that explain the essay, approach in greater detail. § Action research: Research is thesis on fdi growth based on a grass-roots problem negotiated between the researcher and the researched. § Case study research : The background, programs, current conditions, and babak fahimi, environmental interactions of one or more classrooms, communities, schools, or institutions are observed, recorded, and analyzed -- all attempting to find patterns of internal and external influences. § Causal-Comparative research : The objective is to identify causal relationships among variables that cannot be manipulated. Variables that cannot be changed normally are variables such as sex, origin of birth, ethnicity, etc. Causal research is and economic growth used to determine whether variables cause or affect one or more outcome variables. This study involves no direct manipulation. § Comparison research : Two or more existing situations are studied to determine their similarities and essay market, differences.

For example, two programs may be contrasted with each other to see which works better. § Content analysis : The researcher quantifies and and economic, analyzes the presence, meanings and relationships of such words and concepts, then make inferences about the messages within the 9 songs resume, texts, the writer(s), the audience, and even the culture and time of which these are a part . § Correlation-prediction research : Statistically significant correlations are sought and interpreted between and among a number of organizational causes. § Design based research or Decision analysis: (see**) The practitioner and researcher models merge to produce meaningful change in context of practices. It is a way to link process to outcomes in a particular setting. The decision analysis field has often encountered difficulties in transforming theoretical ideas into practical decision support tools. § Delphi research : The focus is future-oriented. The Delphi technique was originally used to thesis on fdi target future problems and travel and tourism, foresee solutions. It utilizes the on fdi and economic growth, knowledge of experts, combining it and essays travel, redistributing it, the thesis and economic, study opens up doors and forces new thought processes to emerge. It also allows for respondents to see how closely they responded to 9 songs resume the rest of the thesis on fdi and economic growth, field of experts and to essays about and tourism justify their train of thought (McKillip, 1987). § Descriptive research: This does not fit neatly into the definition of either quantitative or qualitative research methodologies, but instead it can utilize elements of thesis on fdi growth, both, often within the same study.

Descriptive research involves gathering data that describe events and then organizes, tabulates, depicts, and describes the data collection. § Evaluation research : Research is undertaken to determine whether a program or curriculum followed the prescribed procedures and achieved the stated outcomes. § Ethnographic : The researcher looks at an entire group—more specifically, a group that shares a common culture—in depth and essay, studies the group in its natural setting for on fdi growth, a lengthy period of 9 songs resume, time, often several months or even several years. The focus of investigation is on the everyday behaviors (e.g., interactions, language, rituals) of the people in thesis on fdi and economic growth the group, with intent to identify cultural norms, beliefs, social structures, and other cultural patterns. § Experimental research : One or more variables are manipulated and the results analyzed in, hopefully, a scientific manner. § Factor analyses: The researcher analyzes interrelationships within a set of variables or objects to construct a few hypothetical variables (or objects), called factors, that are supposed to contain the re imagine essay, essential information in a larger set of observed variables to obtain a small number of on fdi and economic, factors will usually account for approximately the same amount of information as do the much larger set of original observations.

§ Hermeneutic research: Activities and events are seen as a text, and studied for what they mean, what they mean to those involved in them, and what they mean to art robinson resume others. § Historical research: The life activities of an thesis on fdi and economic, organization or person are related, with insights about their significance and essay, meanings being explicated . § Meta-analysis research : Data are collected from several studies on a similar area to on fdi and economic growth find patterns and essay, formulate principles whose goal is to guide future organizational decisions and on fdi and economic growth, actions. § Organizational design research : New systems or programs are constructed, demonstrated, tested, and evaluated. § Phenomenology : The meaning of an experience is narrated using story and description. The research is very personal—and the resume, results are written more as stories than as principles, yet the research stays somewhat detached. In Heuristic Research: the thesis, researcher remains intimately connected. § Repertory grid analysis: This is based on the theory of personal constructs which posits that individuals interpret the world in terms of their own personal set of constructs—bipolar abstractions that a given individual uses to distinguish between similar and different elements in the world.

The extent to which two individuals share a similar set of constructs indicates the extent to which they experience and understand the world in similar ways. The repertory grid technique is fahimi resume a method for exploring an individual's personal construct system and its organization in order to understand the world of meaning in which that individual lives. § Semiotics : Language and activities of organizations are studied for thesis, their symbolic meanings. § Survey-questionnaire research: Behaviors, beliefs, perceptions, attitudes, and 9 songs resume, opinions of specific groups are identified, reported, and interpreted. § Theory construction research: The researcher attempts to describe and explain how things work the way they work that way.

§ Trend analysis research : The researcher attempts to predict or forecast the future direction of organizational activities.

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17 Ways to Make Your Resume Fit on One Page. You may look at your resume and think that everything on on fdi, it is too important to be left off. But let#8217;s get real. You#8217;re looking for an internship or entry-level job, which means you have just a few years experience. While we#8217;re all about making your experience relevant, there isn#8217;t a single recruiter out there who thinks it#8217;s ok to have a resume longer than one page for an internship or entry-level job.

You may have plenty of experience for your level, but you don#8217;t have that much experience. Resumes longer than a page are only appropriate for those who have been in their industry, say, 10 years. So how do you cut down your resume to something readable, while still getting across how awesome you are? These easy tips will help you easily achieve such a lofty goal. 1. Only talk about relevant experience. Even if you have a ton of internship experience, it probably doesn#8217;t all need to be on your resume. Read the job description carefully and highlight keywords and skills they#8217;re looking for. Then, look over your experiences and only include the essay failure ones that demonstrate your ability in those areas. If you#8217;ve had similar roles at different companies, you probably had some similar tasks. That#8217;s great!

It means you have lots of experience in those areas. However, recruiters do not need to on fdi and economic, read #8220;Strategized social media content for resume, various clients#8221; or #8220;Wrote and thesis growth, distributed press releases#8221; two or three times. If you had the same responsibilities at two different jobs, only mention the one where you had the best results. Art Robinson Resume! 3. Leave out #8220;References available upon request.#8221; Many people will use an entire line (and probably a blank space above it) to write this phrase. If you#8217;re struggling to fit your resume to a page, those two lines are valuable real estate. If an employer wants references, they#8217;ll request them.

It#8217;s rare for an applicant not to have a single reference available, so don#8217;t waste precious resume space with this phrase. Many people choose to write their name across the top of their resume in 13940292 pt font. We get it it#8217;s dramatic, eye catching, etc., etc., but it#8217;s a total waste of thesis on fdi growth space. It#8217;s plenty attention-grabbing to write your name in bold, maybe one or two font sizes larger than the rest of 9 songs resume your resume. Recruiters know they can find your name at the top of the page, so you don#8217;t need to make it so obvious for them. We#8217;ve heard plenty of mixed feelings from recruiters on thesis on fdi and economic, the objective. Some find it helpful, some say it#8217;s a waste of space. We happen to side with the latter. Let your experience show your objective.

If your experience doesn#8217;t seem obviously relevant to the position, then use your bullet points to demonstrate how those roles apply. 9 Songs Resume! Review the thesis on fdi and economic growth job description and reshape your bullets to show your relevant skills. Essay Pollution Class 4! Plus, your cover letter is the perfect place to elaborate on how your experience fits. A #8220;widow#8221; is one word that has it#8217;s own line. In resumes, this is often seen in the #8220;skills#8221; section, and it#8217;s a major waste of on fdi growth space. Try reformatting sections like that to essays about and tourism, make the most of your space. On Fdi And Economic! For example, write your skills on one line and separate them with dots, slashes, or lines. If you do this, however, be careful when uploading to application systems that pull the 9 songs resume content of your resume into a text box.

The system may mess up your formatting, so be sure to check it over and update it before submitting. Very rarely is and economic, your high school going to be relevant to a position you#8217;re applying for. Unless you went to a very specialized high school, or you know that the recruiter reviewing your application also went to your high school, there#8217;s no reason to include it. Your work experience and college education say a lot more about you than where you went to babak fahimi, school when you were 16, so just leave this out. 8. Put information about thesis on fdi and economic each position on one line.

You might like the way your resume looks when the resume company, duration of your position, location, and your title each have their own line. But if it#8217;s pushing your resume over a page, it#8217;s time to thesis and economic growth, move things around. Play around with ways to fit this information on one or two lines. Resume! Doing this for each of your positions will save you a ton of and economic space. 9. Format relevant leadership experience under work experience. Having a separate #8220;leadership experience#8221; section uses more space than necessary.

Evaluate your leadership and see which roles are truly relevant to the position you#8217;re applying for. Then, move the most relevant ones into your #8220;work experience#8221; section. Cutting out that header and selecting only the roles that are actually relevant will free up some room on the page. It might seem scary to have tiny margins it#8217;s against everything you learned in school but it actually makes your resume look much more impressive. Try making your margins 0.5#8243; and resume, see how much space you suddenly have. Thesis On Fdi Growth! You can also play around with spacing between bullet points and sections. Single spacing your bullets but putting slightly larger spacing between sections will keep your resume readable without sucking up the fahimi resume space that double spacing does. Just based on the formatting which is all you see at first glance which of these is more likely to catch your eye? Spacing can make a huge difference. 11.

Put your contact information on thesis on fdi and economic growth, one line. The traditional address format is not your friend when putting together your resume. Use the same trick we used earlier for putting your skills on one line, and market, separate your contact information using dots, slashes, or lines. Just because 12 pt font was standard for on fdi and economic, your college essays doesn#8217;t mean the same goes for pollution, your resume. Play around with 11 or 11.5 pt font instead.

You#8217;ll find that it#8217;s readable and gives you more room to and economic growth, play with. 13. Don#8217;t feel pressure to put three bullets. 9 Songs Resume! It may look nice to have at least three bullet points under each title you#8217;ve held, but it#8217;s not necessary. If you didn#8217;t have three separate and relevant roles in each position, then you don#8217;t need three bullets. If two of your bullet points are similar, try combining them into one line. 14. Thesis On Fdi Growth! Use bullet points that make you stand out. Forget the bullets that everyone in that sort of role performed. Only include ones where you had great results (#8220;Increased ticket sales by 200%#8221;) or the context is impressive (#8220;Worked the essay class door for a 500+ person event#8221;).

15. Only mention self-explanatory awards. Having awards on your resume is and economic, nice, unless you#8217;re using up all your space explaining what they#8217;re for. If the name of an babak resume, award doesn#8217;t obviously explain what it#8217;s for, and on fdi and economic growth, you find yourself adding bullets under it to re imagine essay, explain, then just leave it out altogether. 16. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth! Leave off irrelevant experience (yes, again!). Seriously.

This one is essays travel, so important, it#8217;s worth repeating. If I#8217;m considering you for an editorial internship, I don#8217;t need to on fdi and economic growth, know that you were a member of fahimi resume your school#8217;s ballroom dance club. Unless you can clearly show in your bullets how the on fdi and economic experience applies to the role, don#8217;t include it. 17. Submit it as a PDF unless otherwise specified. Once you#8217;ve made all these changes, save your resume as a PDF. Employers want to market, see PDF resumes 99% of the growth time, so unless the 9 songs resume application specifically says to thesis on fdi and economic growth, submit it as a Word Document, you should save it as a PDF. Nothing says #8220;careless#8221; like submitting a Word document that highlights typos, and you never know if the art robinson formatting will change on the recruiter#8217;s computer, making it look sloppy and possibly over one page. And Economic! Submit a PDF so you know exactly what they#8217;ll see when they open it. Remember, you can always add more to your LinkedIn to cover additional experiences. Make sure you include your custom LinkedIn link in the contact section of your resume so employers can easily find out more about you.

About the author of art robinson this article, Christina Madsen. 2 comment on “ 17 Ways to Make Your Resume Fit on One Page ” My question on this is that if you aren#8217;t applying to on fdi and economic, a entry level position or an internship does the re imagine lack of introduction summary on thesis on fdi and economic, your resume still apply? As I am applying to different jobs and I have heard that most of the time when you write a cover letter, it gets seen by the first person to receive your application but then they discard it and just keep the resume, sometime being the person who looks at the cover letter will say, #8220;she/he meets the criteria we are looking for based our advertisement#8221; then hands it to the person without the cover letter who actually does the hiring. I am trying to get used to the different ways to fahimi resume, present a resume at this moment being originally from australia where some things in terms of the application process differs. Thoughts or advice? Thank you. On Fdi And Economic! Hi Johanna! That#8217;s a great question. Unfortunately, the short answer is that it#8217;s different for art robinson, every company. Some recruiters love to read cover letters, others never read them.

I would say that if you#8217;re trying to growth, make your resume fit on 9 songs resume, one page and thesis on fdi growth, have to make a choice between including really great work experience and including an objective/summary, go with the experience. It will show why you#8217;re right for the job better than a brief summary. About Travel! Again, that#8217;s a personal opinion and everyone will have a different view on the matter. On Fdi And Economic Growth! But go with your gut and include what you think shows that you#8217;re the 9 songs resume best candidate! Since forming in 2011, FindSpark has become the largest Meetup group for thesis growth, interns and recent grads in the country, hosting over 250 events for essays, more than 25,000 members.

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Laboratório Responsável Pelos Ensaios. Os ensaios laboratoriais foram realizados pelo Instituto Nacional de Controle de Qualidade em Saúde - INCQS, laboratório oficial da Anvisa/MS, localizado no Rio de Janeiro. A análise foi precedida por uma pesquisa de mercado, realizada pela Rede Brasileira de Metrologia Legal e Qualidade - Inmetro, constituída pelos Institutos de Pesos e Medidas Estaduais (IPEMs), órgãos delegados do Inmetro, em 04 Estados (Rio de Janeiro, São Paulo, Pernambuco e Bahia). Tabela 1 - Marcas que tiveram amostras analisadas. Tintura Creme 6.45 Granado - com algas marinhas. Creme 1.0 Preto Natural Niasi. Coloração Creme - Castanho Claro. Creme Colorante Louro Escuro 6. Tintura Líquida Louro 7.0.

Máscara Nutricolor 666 - Rubi (Louro Escuro Avermelhado Muito Intenso) Color Creme - Louro Cinza Marfim 9 ½ - 1. Creme - 4.56 Acaju. Tintura Creme 60 Louro Escuro. Creme 6.34 Chocolate Biokur. Coloração Creme - Queratina e Proteção UV - Louro Claro 8_8N. Lumin-E-4 Castanho Natural. Coloração Creme - Cor e Brilho - 8 Louro Claro.

Ensaio Realizado e Resultados Obtidos. Os ensaios e verificações foram divididos em 04 classes, de modo a facilitar a compreensão dos resultados. Growth? A seguir, são relacionados os resultados obtidos em cada ensaio: 6.2. Market Failure? Determinação do teor de metais pesados. Tabela 2 - Parâmetros para metais pesados estabelecidos na legislação.

*Cabe destacar que um valor acima do limite máximo permitido indica a possibilidade de dano ao consumidor. Resultado: Todas as marcas analisadas tiveram amostras consideradas Conformes neste ensaio. Pode-se dizer que o ensaio de determinação de pH tem dois objetivos: detectar se as tinturas capilares apresentam ou não potencial corrosivo, ou seja, se as tinturas têm a capacidade de lesionar o consumidor e ainda, verificar se o pH apresentado pelo fabricante no momento do registro na Anvisa corresponde ao que o produto comercializado de fato apresenta. A título de exemplificação, cabe destacar que a presença, na tintura capilar do microorganismo Staphylococus aureus, pode causar cegueira. Thesis On Fdi Growth? A contaminação, neste tipo de produto, normalmente advém do processo de produção de água, da inobservância de boas práticas de fabricação e da falta de cuidado no armazenamento. Tabela 3 - Resultado do Ensaio de Determinação do pH. pH declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário.

Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso, não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso, não o fez;

O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. Não declarado pelo fabricante. O fabricante não é obrigado a declarar o valor de pH do seu produto à Anvisa e, neste caso não o fez; O valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário.

O fabricante colocou à disposição do consumidor um produto com pH diferente do registrado na Anvisa; Entretanto, cabe destacar que o valor encontrado não se encontra na faixa de corrosividade e, portanto, a amostra analisada não é capaz de causar dano à segurança do usuário. 6 http://www.oecd.org - Organisation for about travel Economic Co-operation and thesis on fdi, Development. - número de registro do produto (para cosméticos, o número de registro inicia-se M.S.-2 , seguido de, no mínimo, 8 algarismos); - tonalidade da tintura; - prazo de validade; - nome e endereço do fabricante e/ou importador; - advertências e restrições de uso (prova de toque); - ingredientes da composição do produto; - letra utilizada na embalagem (1 milímetro para os textos); - folheto explicativo com informações técnicas e de aplicação do produto; - composição frente às listas negativa e restritiva (caso existam) e validade do registro e etc. O Inmetro enviou à Gerência Geral de Cosméticos da Anvisa, órgão regulamentador do produto, uma embalagem de cada marca de tintura capilar analisada, de modo a verificar se os fabricantes/importadores colocavam à disposição dos consumidores produtos para os quais haviam obtido o registro para comercialização, além de verificar se os mesmos encontravam-se válidos. . Resume? Embalagem primária: é a embalagem que acondiciona o produto, ou seja: bisnaga, flaconete, frasco e etc.; . Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth? Embalagem secundária: é a embalagem que acondiciona a embalagem primária, ou seja, o cartucho de papel, a cartolina, o plástico e etc. . Babak Fahimi? Lista negativa: existem, na legislação, ingredientes que não podem constar da formulação das tinturas capilares. Thesis On Fdi Growth? Estes ingredientes estão dispostos numa lista e a esta dá-se o nome de lista negativa. . About? Lista restritiva: a legislação prevê, para certos ingredientes que podem constar da formulação das tinturas capilares, um limite permitido.

Estes ingredientes, bem como suas variações e limites, encontram-se determinados na legislação, numa lista denominada lista restritiva. Os resultados da avaliação de rotulagem, bem como a de registro, realizadas pela Anvisa, encontram-se na tabela a seguir. Tabela 4 – Resultado da Avaliação de Registro e Rotulagem – Fonte: Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária. Posicionamento da Gerência Geral de Cosméticos/Anvisa. O produto sofreu alterações na fórmula e dizeres de rotulagem e estas não foram declaradas a esta gerência, estando assim em desacordo com a legislação vigente. A rotulagem encontra-se perfeitamente de acordo com o aprovado. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente daquela apresentada no ato do registro (lauril sulfato de amônio X lauril sulfato de sódio). Thesis On Fdi? Faltam dados da empresa fabricante (nome e endereço da empresa) nos dizeres de rotulagem do produto analisado. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente da apresentada na modificação de fórmula a esta gerência.

Há diferenças nos dizeres de marketing , mas as mesmas não impactam em risco sanitário. Essay Pollution 4? Produto de acordo com o aprovado. Esta denominação não se refere ao número de registro que consta na embalagem. On Fdi And Economic? Este produto pertence ao produto Tintura Líquida Lilás, e o nome da Coloração Instantânea para Cabelos Flávia Louro tem outro número de registro. 9 Songs Resume? Tais irregularidades configuram infração sanitária, não podendo ser o produto comercializado. Foram encontradas divergências do texto aprovado nesta gerência, porém o texto está mais completo e não oferece risco sanitário. On Fdi? A empresa será chamada a apresentar à Anvisa/GGCOS as alterações feitas na rotulagem do produto.

Não foi feita a avaliação da rotulagem considerando que o registro encontra-se vencido desde 20 de janeiro de 2005, o que significa que o produto nem poderia estar sendo comercializado, já que não foi solicitada a sua revalidação. Apesar do prospecto interno apresentar algumas informações além das aprovadas, estas são favoráveis ao consumidor, podendo o rótulo ser considerado de acordo com a legislação. Pollution Class? A empresa será chamada a esclarecer as alterações feitas sem peticionar à Anvisa. A rotulagem encontra-se perfeitamente de acordo com o aprovado. Na composição da tintura constam as substâncias óleo de semente de Bertholletia excelsa e amido de mandioca, eritorbato de sódio que não foram identificados nos dados técnicos do produto aprovado por esta gerência. On Fdi? Na composição do condicionador não consta a substância Queratina, que está na fórmula aprovada no processo e constam do rótulo analisado as substâncias Laurdiamonio hidroxipropil e proteína de trigo que não foram identificadas nos dados técnicos do produto aprovado por esta gerência.

Está claro que a fórmula do produto foi alterada, da originalmente aprovada, sem que tenha sido peticionada. Essay? Existem ainda, divergências no texto, algumas delas até complementando informações ao consumidor, entretanto não foram submetidas à Anvisa. And Economic Growth? A empresa será chamada a esclarecer. A composição descrita no cartucho do produto analisado difere quanto às substâncias Hidróxido de sódio, Queratina e Resorcinol, declaradas no ato do registro aprovado por esta gerência. Essays Travel And Tourism? Da mesma forma no cartucho explora a substância Queratina e a mesma não consta nos dados técnicos no produto aprovado por esta gerência.

A rotulagem encontra-se totalmente em desacordo com o aprovado nesta Anvisa/GGCOS e a empresa será chamada a apresentar esclarecimentos. O produto encontra-se em desacordo com a legislação por apresentar a descrição da fórmula divergente daquela apresentada no ato do registro. Thesis On Fdi? Declara ainda no cartucho do produto analisado o claim Proteção UV, porém, nenhuma substância com esta função foi detectada. As informações encontradas no cartucho encontram-se com algumas divergências do texto aprovado por esta gerência, porém mais completas e favoráveis ao consumidor. Class 4? Portanto, consideramos a rotulagem de acordo com a legislação e a empresa será chamada a apresentar à Anvisa/GGCOS as alterações efetuadas. No cartucho e bisnaga há divergência nos nomes apresentados quando comparado ao nome do produto registrado. Resultado: Das 15 marcas analisadas, 09 (60%) tiveram amostras consideradas Não Conformes neste ensaio. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth? São elas: marca A, marca C, marca D, marca F, marca H, marca K marca L, marca M e marca O. A tabela apresentada a seguir descreve os resultados obtidos na análise em tinturas capilares: Tabela 5 – Resultado Geral da análise em Tinturas capilares.

Determinação do teor de metais pesados. Avaliação de Rotulagem e Registro. Observa-se que, das 15 marcas analisadas, 09 (60%) tiveram amostras consideradas Não conformes em, pelo menos, um dos critérios estabelecidos pela legislação vigente. Os cosméticos são produtos largamente utilizados pela população, uma vez que se relacionam diretamente com a busca constante da beleza e também no intuito de encobrir as marcas de acidentes e do envelhecimento natural. Pollution Class 4? Como são normalmente aplicados sobre a pele, cabelos e unhas, apresentam risco de produzir efeitos indesejáveis ao usuário. On Fdi? Por este motivo, são produtos submetidos ao controle da Vigilância Sanitária e devem ser adquiridos, armazenados e utilizados com alguns cuidados. a) Cuidados na compra: - só adquira produtos cuja embalagem esteja intacta e limpa; - os cosméticos são divididos em duas categorias, dependendo do risco que o produto pode impor à saúde. Re Imagine? Os de maior potencial de risco são considerados de GRAU DE RISCO II como, por exemplo, alisantes, tinturas e ondulantes que necessitam registro junto ao Mistério da Saúde. On Fdi Growth? Já os de menor potencial de risco, GRAU DE RISCO I, como os batons, cremes hidratantes, pós faciais e xampus, são produtos que devem ser notificados à Anvisa; - a embalagem dos cosméticos deve conter, dentre outras informações: nome de Marca; componentes presentes; finalidade, cuidados especiais, precauções e instruções de uso; número de registro dos cosméticos de grau de risco II, junto ao Ministério da Saúde; nome do responsável técnico e respectivo número de registro junto ao Conselho Regional de Farmácia (CRF) ou de Química (CRQ). b) Cuidados para armazenar: - mantenha os cosméticos sempre protegidos da luz, umidade e calor; - mantenha os cosméticos fora do alcance das crianças, qualquer descuido pode ter conseqüências imprevisíveis; - nunca armazene os cosméticos junto a alimentos, bebidas, medicamentos e saneantes. c) Cuidados no uso: - não utilize cosméticos com prazo de validade vencido.

Podem não fazer efeito desejado ou prejudicar sua saúde; - siga sempre as instruções contidas no rótulo e observe as frases de precauções, como por exemplo: Cuidado com a área dos olhos, Mantenha fora do alcance das crianças, etc.; - faça a prova de toque segundo as instruções de uso, você pode ser alérgico ao produto; - cuidado com tinturas capilares e clareadores. Babak Resume? A aplicação direta em sobrancelhas ou cílios pode causar irritação nos olhos e cegueira. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth? Não se recomenda o uso deste produto em gestantes; - caso haja contato de produtos com os olhos, lave imediatamente com água corrente e, assim como no caso de ingestão, procure socorro médico; - não utilize alisantes, tinturas e ondulantes caso tenha feridas no couro cabeludo; - não faça aplicações consecutivas de tinturas, alisantes e ondulantes em curto espaço de tempo pois, isso danifica e provoca queda de cabelo; - quando sentir qualquer alteração durante a utilização do produto, interrompa o seu uso e lave imediatamente com água corrente o local de aplicação. 4? Sentindo-se mal ou com irritação persistente, procure socorro médico; - não deixe produtos como tintura, alisantes, ondulantes, clareadores, depilatórios e outros sobre a pele e couro cabeludo por tempo superior ao indicado nas instruções; - cuidado com o uso de cosméticos em crianças. Thesis On Fdi And Economic? Utilize somente as linhas infantis, destinadas exclusivamente a elas. Após a conclusão dos ensaios, os fabricantes que tiveram amostras de seus produtos analisadas receberam cópias dos laudos de seus respectivos produtos, enviadas pelo Inmetro, tendo sido dado um prazo de 05 dias para que se manifestassem a respeito dos resultados obtidos. Em relação ao Laudo de Análise 37.07.00/2005 referente ao produto da marca M, passamos a esclarecer: Inmetro: É de fundamental importância e de interesse dos consumidores a intenção da empresa, de acordo com seu posicionamento, em proceder com as adequações informadas, o que contribui com um dos objetivos do Programa de Análise de Produtos, que é justamente fornecer subsídios para que a indústria nacional melhore continuamente a qualidade de seus produtos e serviços. De acordo com o disposto no Ofício acima referido, ´Não foi feita avaliação da rotulagem considerando que o registro encontra-se vencido desde 20 de janeiro de 2005, o que significa que o produto nem poderia estar sendo comercializado, já que não foi solicitada sua revalidação.´ Fabricante: K (Produto: K) Em relação à inexistência da utilização do temo CUIDADO na frase de advertência do folheto explicativo do produto em avaliação, informamos que o folheto encontra-se de acordo com o processo aceito pela ANVISA.

Porém, para adequar o produto comercializado pela empresa em questão à legislação vigente, ele foi registrado novamente, com os dizeres de rotulagem em acordo com a legislação vigente. Inmetro: Com relação à frase CUIDADO. Babak Fahimi? Contém substâncias passíveis de causar irritação na pele de determinadas pessoas. Thesis On Fdi Growth? Antes de usar, faça a prova de toque, a mesma encontra-se definida na Resolução 79/2000. Essay Class 4? Corroborando com o disposto na Resolução 79/2000, cabe ainda ressaltar o disposto no art.

6º incisos II e III, do Código de Defesa do Consumidor, que dispõe que são direitos básicos do consumidor a educação e divulgação sobre o consumo adequado dos produtos e serviços, asseguradas a liberdade de escolha e a igualdade nas contratações e a informação adequada e clara sobre os diferentes produtos e serviços, com especificação correta de quantidade, características, composição, qualidade e preço, bem como os riscos que apresentem. Estamos enviando o rótulo aprovado junto à Anvisa, assim como a publicação de deferimento, ambos referentes ao produto da marca D nuance 9.0. Também segue a matéria e o link, que afirma que a queratina é uma fonte de proteção capilar contra os raios UVs. And Economic Growth? Lembramos que a queratina é uma das substâncias do produto da marca D 9.0. Inmetro: As considerações do fabricante foram submetidas à apreciação da Gerência Geral de Cosméticos da Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária - Anvisa, que emitiu o seguinte parecer: Relatório do INCQS: O produto é exclusivo para uso profissional e a informação suprimida não agrega nenhum diferencial quanto ao modo de uso e sua finalidade. Inmetro: A análise do rótulo é definida tanto na legislação de produtos cosméticos quanto na legislação sanitária (Decreto nº79.094/77), em seu art. Essay 4? 94, parágrafo 1º, item VIII que define como obrigatórias as informações relativas ao responsável técnico, número de inscrição e sigla da respectiva autarquia. (. Thesis And Economic? ) Especificamente quanto ao laudo de análise em epígrafe urge ressaltar antes de qualquer coisa que o produto da marca A, POSSUI REGISTRO VÁLIDO JUNTO A ANVISA/MS, DEVIDAMENTE INSCRITO SOB O Nº 2.1248.0109/019-3, VALIDADE DO REGISTRO 10/2007, PUBLICAÇÃO NO DIÁRIO OFICIAL DA UNIÃO NO DIA 25/10/2002 - SEÇÃO 1 - FLS 58, consoante se comprova pela documentação anexa, razão pela qual sua fabricação, distribuição e comercialização atendem as disposições legais vigentes. (. About And Tourism? ) Diante dos argumentados acima esposados, bem como da documentação encartada, temos que se impõe a realização de EXAME DE CONTRAPROVA, no que couber, sendo o que desde já se requer, a fim de que o DIREITO DE DEFESA da Empresa Requerente seja exercido em sua plenitude, sendo imprescindível para a confirmação do resultado em razão da divergência da referência do ensaio pH solução a 1% e ainda para que se possa verificar de onde partiu o suposto equívoco que deu ensejo à alteração da média (referência), já que a média de pH aprovada pela ANVISA tem seu teto em 10,5 sendo certo que mesmo assim não se proporcionou qualquer risco ao consumidor, já que o resultado se enquadra nos padrões permitidos pela legislação sanitária.

(. And Economic? ) Não obstante ter sido demonstrado acima que o produto analisado possui registro válido junto a Anvisa/MS e que se encontra dentro dos padrões exigidos pela legislação sanitária vigente quanto ao pH e a rotulagem, cabe informar a Vossa Senhoria que já foi instalado o competente procedimento de investigação das causas de possível desvio de qualidade, quando se tem notícia ou indícios de quaisquer irregularidades, especialmente na linha de produção. Inmetro: O resultado para a amostra da marca A indica não conformidade ao Código de Proteção e Defesa do Consumidor, em virtude do valor encontrado para o pH, no ensaio laboratorial, não corresponder ao valor informado no rótulo do produto. Re Imagine? Além disso, a Anvisa considerou, na avaliação de rotulagem, que o produto sofreu alterações na fórmula e dizeres de rotulagem que não foram oficialmente registradas, estando, portanto, em desacordo com a legislação vigente. Em resposta aos laudos emitidos pelo INCQS e pelo CEPAD, a empresa vem esclarecer as não conformidades citadas. Inmetro: Com relação à necessidade de inclusão de data de fabricação no rótulo do produto, cabe destacar que, de acordo com o Decreto 79.094/77, de 05/01/77, da Presidência da República (Regulamenta a Lei 6.360/76, de 23 de setembro de 1976, que submete a sistema de vigilância sanitária os medicamentos, insumos farmacêuticos, drogas, correlatos, cosméticos, produtos de higiene, saneantes e outros), esta informação por parte do fabricante tem caráter obrigatório e não facultativo, diversamente do estipulado nas Resoluções nº79/00 e 211/05 da Anvisa. Paralelamente, cabe destacar que a legislação sanitária brasileira, na Resolução n.º 79/2000 anexo III, item 2, estabelece os limites seguros de metais pesados somente para substâncias corantes de produção artificial. On Fdi? Sendo assim, os produtos do tipo Henna registrados na Anvisa e disponíveis no mercado deverão atender esta condição e, portanto, a empresa não pode fazer a afirmação de que seu produto é o único que não contém metais pesados em sua composição. Quanto à descrição de ingredientes da composição do produto, a Não Conformidade foi verificada uma vez que a legislação sanitária, em seu anexo VII , item B, sub-item 11 da resolução n.º 79/2000 estabelece : Descrição qualitativa dos componentes da fórmula através de sua designação genérica , utilizando nomenclatura internacional em vernáculo . Os demais fabricantes não enviaram posicionamento.

Os resultados obtidos nessa análise revelaram uma tendência de não conformidade nas Tinturas Capilares disponíveis no mercado nacional. Essay Market Failure? Apesar de não terem sido detectadas não conformidades nos ensaios microbiológicos e de metais pesados, apenas as amostras de 06, das 15 marcas analisadas, atenderam a todos os critérios da legislação vigente. Divulgação no Programa Fantástico da Rede Globo de Televisão. PABX: (21) 2563-2800. Rua Santa Alexandrina, 416.

Rio Comprido - Rio de Janeiro - RJ. PABX: (21) 2679-9001. Av. Thesis On Fdi? Nossa Senhora das Graas, 50. Xerm - Duque de Caxias - RJ. Superintendncia de Gois - Surgo. PABX: (62) 3237-3500. Setor Sul - Goinia - GO.

Superintendência do R. Babak Fahimi? G. Growth? do Sul - Surrs. PABX: (51) 3342-1155. São Geraldo - Porto Alegre - RS. PABX: (61) 3340-1710. Setor de Indústrias Gráficas - Quadra 1, lote 985, 1º andar, Edifício Centro Empresarial Parque Brasília.

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Foreign Investment in Agriculture in Eastern Africa

lisa man wvu thesis The Mona Lisa is quite possibly the most well-known piece of painted artwork in the entire world. It was painted by the Leonardo Da Vinci, the famous Italian artist, between 1504 and thesis and economic growth 1519, and is a half body commission for a woman named Lisa Gherardini. Her husband, Francesco Del Giocondo requested the art robinson, work by Da Vinci just after the turn of the century. It is perhaps the most studied piece of artwork ever known. Thesis On Fdi Growth. The subject’s facial expression has brought about a source of debate for centuries, as her face remains largely enigmatic in the portrait. Class. Originally commissioned in thesis and economic, Italy, it is now at home in the French Republic, and hangs on display in re imagine, the Louvre in Paris. The Mona Lisa is famous for a variety of reasons.

One of the reasons, of course, for the popularity of the and economic growth, painting is the artist himself. Leonardo da Vinci is perhaps the about travel, most recognized artist in the world. Thesis And Economic Growth. Not only was Da Vinci an artist, but he was also a scientist, inventor, and a doctor. His study of the human form came from the babak fahimi, study of actual human cadavers. Because of his ability to study from the thesis on fdi growth, actual form of the human, he was able to draw and about and tourism paint it more accurately than any other artist of his time. Thesis On Fdi And Economic Growth. While the Mona Lisa may be revered as the greatest piece of artwork of all time, Da Vinci was known more for his ability to draw than to travel and tourism, paint. Currently there are only a handful of paintings of thesis on fdi Da Vinci’s, mostly because of his largely experimental style of market art, and growth his habit of procrastination. Essays About Travel And Tourism. Among his most famous sketches is the Vitruvian Man, which anybody who has ever studied anatomy, human biology, or art knows very well.

But most prominently Da Vinci has been known throughout the centuries as a scientist and inventor. Amongst his ideas were a rudimentary helicopter and a tank. Some of his more notable paintings include the Mona Lisa , of course, as well as The Last Supper. Thesis Growth. He used a variety of different surfaces to paint on, attributing to a lot of his failures (and a lot of his successes) as a painter. About. Many of his paintings are biblical in on fdi and economic growth, nature, but as his talent and notoriety grew, he was commissioned more regularly for portraits. The Mona Lisa is an oil painting, with a cottonwood panel as the surface. It is unusual in that most paintings are commissioned as oil on canvas, but the cottonwood panel is part of what has attributed to the fame of the painting. Art Robinson. Because of the medium used for thesis the image, the fahimi resume, Mona Lisa has survived for six centuries without ever having been restored–a trait very unusual when considering the time period of the piece. While most of the on fdi and economic, artwork of the Renaissance period depicts biblical scenes, it was the style and technique of the paintings of this period which make them distinguished from other eras of resume artwork. Anatomically correct features are one of the identifiable marks of this period of history in art, and the Mona Lisa stands out and economic, amongst the great paintings for the detail in her hands, eyes, and lips.

Da Vinci used a shadowing technique at the corners of her lips as well as the corners of her eyes which give her an extremely lifelike appearance and look of amusement. Pollution 4. Her portrait is thesis on fdi and economic such that to an observer, they are standing right before Lisa Del Giocondo, with the arms of her chair as the barrier between the observer and the subject of the painting. Da Vinci also created a background with aerial views and a beautiful landscape, but muted from the vibrant lightness of the subject’s face and hands. The technique Da Vinci used in executing the painting left behind no visible brush marks, something that was said to make any master painter lose heart. It is truly a masterpiece. The Mona Lisa disappeared from the Louvre in France in essay failure, 1911. Pablo Picasso was on the original list of suspects questioned and jailed for the theft, but he was later exonerated.

For two years, the masterpiece was thought to thesis on fdi and economic growth, be forever lost. However in 1913, Italian patriot Vincenzo Perugia was arrested for the crime of stealing the famous painting, and the original artwork returned to its home at about and tourism, the Louvre in Paris. Perugia was an employee of the Louvre at the time, and he believed the painting belonged to Italy. For two years he kept the thesis on fdi, famous piece of art housed in his apartment, but was discovered when he tried selling to market, a gallery in and economic, Florence, Italy. Over the re imagine, centuries, the famous painting has withstood attempts at vandalism as well. The first occurrence of vandalism was in 1956 when somebody threw acid at the bottom half, severely damaging the timeless masterpiece. That same year, another vandal threw a rock at the work, removing a chip of on fdi growth paint from near her elbow. 4. It was later painted over. Thesis And Economic Growth. Afterwards, the piece was put under bulletproof glass as a means of about and tourism protection has kept the painting from on fdi and economic growth further attempts at vandalism and destruction. This painting has long been caricaturized in cartoons, has been replicated all over essay failure, the world, and has been studied by scholars and on fdi growth art enthusiasts alike.

The painting is the most widely recognized work of art in the entire world. The oil on cottonwood panel commission of Francesco del Giocondo’s used such precise detail to give an unbelievably lifelike appearance to the painting’s subject. This piece of Renaissance artwork completely changed the techniques and style of painting, and is revered around the world as the greatest masterpiece of fahimi resume all time. The mona lisa is the best painting in the world and Leonardo da vinci is the best artist, people just take the mona lisa and change it for on fdi and economic fun guys LEAVE IT ALONE because shes beautiful xx. this is the best painting that was painted. This has amazing facts but yes there is a mistake with the date. I am not positive but I have used a couple of resources and 9 songs resume it was allegedly painted in 1503-1506. Beauty is in the eyes of the and economic growth, beholder as the art robinson, saying goes !Mona Lisa is one of the paintings that withstood in the hands of time ,You can almost feel her not only looking at you but one can feel the mischief in her smile coupled with her irresistible charm She possess.It is so mystifying and haunting a reason for me to go to thesis on fdi and economic growth, Paris and travel and tourism see the original portrait and become a believer of how great a master piece it has been and done by the greatest oil painter of all times.And may i add the other famous artwork ,”The Last Supper “executed by Leonardo Da Vinci an Italian who was dubbed. the Universal Man of the Renaissance Period.

I see you like my painting. Thank you. so..what was you intention of on fdi and economic this painting? i mean..the smile says so much. SEEMS LIKE SHE HAS SO MUCH ONHER MIND..what were your thoughts at the time of painting it? its one of the most well known paintings in the world.BEAUTIFUL3..Im doing an essay on the facts of The Mona Lisa in reality and in The Da Vinci Code… Dude, Leonardo da Vinci died on May 2, 1519 · age at essays about, death: 67 years so……. no. yea i mean that was so dump n which dumbo pretends to thesis and economic growth, be leornado da vinci…and this person cant see how long ago this painting was done. Leonardo da Vinci. You are not Leonardo da Vinci because he died long long years ago.

Al right LEO, if she were a merchants wife where is the wedding ring? MONA LISA IS A VERY GOOD PAINTING. I think the Mona Lisa is a really good painting. Leonardo da Vinci is re imagine awesome =D. how dare you call leonardo da vinci infamous.

Correction made, thanks. I think this is the best painting ever!! #128578; One of my favorites!! LOVE THIS PAINTING. #128512; monalisa painting is a very glorious and sence ful painting its so cute. i like this painting.

monalisa is a good painting by leonardo da vency is a good artist………………… monalisa is a good painting by thesis growth leonardo da vency is a good artist………………… can anybody tell me the article’s author? Someone told me that Mona Lisa is the female version of Da Vinci. Was Leonardo Da Vinci gay. =O. Those would be rumors, would you appreciate the work of Leonardo Da Vinci more, or less whether or not he was? YES HE IS REALY GAY PEOPLE SREACH IT UP.

can you imagine the time and about and tourism skill it took to make this piece? i find the fabric on her forarms and her facial bone structure to be the most impressive. the eyes also give off a very enigmatic feel. i wish i had this artistic skill. may this painting bring my essay many good fortunes. I think you like my painting, thank you! BUT I AM DEAD. how are you dead and your are talking to us and who are you thinking you are. Leonardo da Vinci.

its just a painting. i love this painting its so eyecatching. I found the copying of Mona Lisa on canvas very challenging. Thesis On Fdi And Economic. The more you study it, the more you realise the intense subtleties in it’s detail. The copy I made was twice the dimensions of the original painting and it was still extremely difficult, actually impossible to resume, imitate. Very much the same as the growth, self portrait etchings made by Rembrandt in the 17 th centuary.The perfect artwork technically, and in concept. Yes Mr. Essay. Dawie..I totally agree with you that it indeed is very difficult to imitate… I have been trying to do it on a canvas with almost same dimensions( Just 2 cms short)…And with each day her beauty seems more enigmatic than ever…I feel the expression forms the most difficult part of the painting …After having read some literature regarding the techniques used in the painting I am re doing it ( I havent had any formal education in fine art…but can copy well so thot of giving it a try!!) this painting is so amazing. This was an thesis and economic, interesting article with many cool facts.

I wonder why people tried to steal it.I’m just glad that it is safe now. This was an interesting article with many cool facts. I wonder why people tried to steal it.I’m just glad that it is safe now. I want to know in 9 songs resume, this painting any secret message if yes , so what is thesis on fdi growth ? Who is Mona Lisa? Don’t go into essay market, mental contortions any more, and forget all those “Lisas”, “Isabellas”, “Pacificas”, “Salais” … The mystery has finally been solved. Mona Lisa is thesis growth Caterina Sforza, says Magdalena Soest, an expert in Renaissance art history. She provides a chain of art robinson clear and crucial evidence (see her book: ‘Caterina Sforza ist Mona Lisa. Die Geschichte einer Entdeckung’). … Soest’s Mona Caterina was Italy’s most beautiful, brave, enigmatic, fascinating, libidinous, feared and famous ‘virago’. Men worshipped her, singers and growth poets praised her, but her enemies damned her. She kept smiling.

I wanted to know that what is the main point of monalisa’s picture which make this picture very famous and great….plz reply me first…I wanted to know…. Dear Piyush Suthar, I’d like to answer your question. Indeed there is a secret message in babak, the Mona Lisa painting. On Fdi Growth. Magdalena Soest, the said German researcher (who leads a very secluded life), discovered that message ten years ago. HERE IS THE CODE:

Soest analysed the embroidery on the neckline of essay class Mona Lisa’s dress – to discover a combination of Sforza emblems (‘fleur de lis’) and of Medici emblems (‘fleur de lis’, oval, interwoven rings) there; likewise Soest analysed the winding road of the landscape – to identify it as the thesis on fdi growth, heraldic serpent of the travel, Sforza arms, the major emblem of the House of Sforza: In the Mona Lisa painting there are represented the very symbols and emblems of Caterina Sforza, who was an illegitimate daughter of the Milanese duke Galeazzo Maria Sforza, and growth the widow of 9 songs resume Giovanni de’ Medici! Caterina Sforza is Soest’s “Mona Lisa”. The monalisa word has two components; Mon meaning man in English and alias in English too. The word is indicative of a man alias the figure depicted in thesis, this portrait.Monalisa is the portrait of a man. can’t say whether he was gay. But someone rightly analysed the essay pollution, painting and said the correct one to you based on his research.

It is thesis really the feminine model of Da Vinci. Babak. It might be the reason for which Da Vinci carried this portrait with him to France kept with him till his death. There are four words embedded in this painting; two on the embroidery line on the upper chest area and one each on the arms. The words are,god,cod,MR Vinci. Cod literally means ‘a foolish person’. The painter of this painting appears to have commented ‘ god a foolish person Mr Vinci’. Find out and economic growth, yourself. Download an original image in full resolution, zoom it sufficiently and trace out the words in the indicated areas. I think you can find out your answer. We believe in evidences; not on historical narrations. One thing missing that is no eyebrows.

Da Vinci appeared to have shaved his eyebrows, moustache beards in order to assume a beautiful ‘monalisa’ look. It is art robinson also the reason for the enigmatic smile of Monalisa; a famous male painter like Da Vinci himself assumed a feminine form to create one of the world’s best paintings. love it, good picture. Leonardo davinci is a famous guy Amy so I agree with you a lot ok talk to you later! I want to know what are the on fdi and economic, key feathers of fahimi resume style, objects convey and thesis and economic growth symbols involved. I like how you gave me a lot of information on and about the Mona Lisa and what all was surrounding her. it takes a lot of time to sit down and actually look and interpret and resume analyze the amazing piece of thesis on fdi growth art. You state that the re imagine, Mona Lisa is and economic growth painted on re imagine, a cottonwood panel. Others say on thesis on fdi and economic, a poplar panel. Cottonwood is 9 songs resume a very open grained wood, unsuitable for woodworking of any kind, whereas poplar is thesis growth tight grained and tends to be very even… ideal for a painting panel. Please, what is your source. I love how you answered all of the questions that I needed.

any idea on what materials Leonardo Da Vinci used to make the Mona Lisa? I sometimes do not understand people. why is the essays travel, left side of her hair curly and the right straight as can be. hi this is an amazing painting why would anyone want to steal it i wonder why. What is the Mona Lisa. hi bob look out thesis growth, your window who do you see? Leonardo Da Vinci? if you don’t he has already made it to your mum! if he is not with your mum I would run to your room and lock your doors because someone is coming for you. ha ha ha ha jokes your cool bob. Leonardo Da Vinci is the coolest guy I have ever heard of. you should really learn more about him.

I would just like to know what materials he used to make the mona lisa. thanks a lot.