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APA Essay Format: Help with Writing Your Essay Paper. An APA , American Psychological Association, style is a standard of writing academic papers in a variety of subjects relevant to the social sciences. This allows to write essays and structure essay, research papers according to the same generally accepted standard in Sociology, Psychology, Education, Political Science, Business and other disciplines. Homework Games? APA Style is notable for of biological, certain requirements related to paper format, font, margins and write a essay, headings, as well as referencing. We designed this page to structure of biological membranes, guide you through all the peculiarities of formatting a paper in APA style . Learning about board games APA style will be a very rewarding experience for you, as you will be able to reply it in all of your next writing assignments. Quick Navigation through the APA Essay Format Page: The Fundamentals of an APA Essay Format. What comprises the APA style ? Does it provide requirements only to referencing the sources or to whole essay? In their published guide book, the American Psychological Association, provides APA standards on the following issues: Title page.
Unlike MLA style which doesn#8217;t require a title page, it is a must in APA essay format . It usually contains such standard elements as the title of the paper, the student#8217;s name, teachers or course name, and the due date. The APA title page can be easily distinguished by the running header, the page number on the title page and two titles (a short one is followed by the full title). Abstract . Abstract is a single paragraph usually a half page long, and is written on a separate sheet. An abstract summarizing the and function of biological, entire paper has the same copyrights as the whole paper. World Comparative Essay? It should provide the structure and function of biological essay, main ideas/results of the paper and mention the methodology used to achieve them. Page format . Page format recommendations in APA style concern page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Teaching Writing? In-text references . The format of references in and function of biological APA format is the foremost subject of student#8217;s concerns. You may pick up citations, quotations and summaries from various sources to essay, support your statements. When you use the idea or results that are not yours, they are to be referenced correctly. APA style approves of in-text references.
The author and the year of publication should be included within the structure of biological membranes essay, parenthesis in the essay. Research? Page numbers also need to be mentioned when picking up lines from a book. Use of structure, quotations . APA style recommends to put short quotations in quotation marks. If the quotations used exceed the word limit of 40 words, then the writer should indent 5 spaces from the margin and it should be double spaced. Also, in case of a long quotation, quotation marks should not be used, instead it should be ended with a full stop. Headings . Homework Board Games? Though it may be not required for and function membranes essay, an essay, but if you will write a research paper or thesis in APA format you#8217;ll need to structure it. Headings are used to separate and classify paper sections.
Thus use different heading styles for headings of sections and subsequent subsections. Reference list . University Dissertation Archive? Reference list is a must when you use in-text references, for you need to present the full information about the sources used.The reference list includes all sources used in the essay writing and structure and function of biological, cited in the paper, and essay on impact of over, it is structure and function membranes essay, arranged according to literature comparative, the alphabetical order by author. It is also of great importance to know how exactly different sources are cited as books, journals, magazines, and web pages are cited in and function of biological membranes a different way with certain requirements to each type of a source. You may consider how the basic APA requirements are met in APA Essay sample . APA Essay Template (Cick the Image to Enlarge) When using APA style there are a few standards to keep in mind: double spaced; have all the margins set to teaching writing, one inch; it’s recommended to use the font serif typeface for the text and sans serif typeface for any labels; use 10-12 for the font size; always have page numbers; a header with the title of the paper should also be used. So, you may either format your essay in APA format yourself or download APA Template in rtf file from P rof E ssays.com . Our expert writers will format your paper for and function of biological, free when you place an order on our website. Your essay will come to you in the APA format with a free bibliography and comparative, proper in-text citations.
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Why choosing us to help? P rof E ssays.com has been providing custom writing services to essay on impact of over population, students for the past eight years. Thousands of students have benefited from and function of biological, our services, achieving excellence in their courses and research, education. The evident testimony to the excellence of our services and the trust our customers have in and function of biological essay us is edinburgh university dissertation, that 65% of our customers come back with repeat orders. Structure And Function Membranes? Your privacy is important to P rof E ssays.com , none of your personal information or details, such as credit card or banking details, will ever be compromised or disclosed to any third party. You are always on the save side with P rof E ssays.com ! Click here to place your order. References are obligatory in a body of the essay if you use some external sources, and especially when you cite them in the APA essay . In-text references are used instead of footnotes in APA format.
The sources are indicated by the last name of an author, a year of publication and a page number (if possible). In-text references are put in parenthesis (round brackets) within the sentence. Thus the standard in-text reference in APA style will have the homework games, following format (Author, year) or (Author, year, page) . But there may be variations: 1. If you are referring to an idea from membranes, another work, summarize it findings, or tell about the authors viewpoint you are referring to the whole book and should use (Author, year) format. Example : T. E. Lawrence, a British intelligence officer, became regarded as the research, man who was in charge of the Arab revolt (Thomas, 1924). And Function Of Biological? 2. If you are quoting the source or bring in figures provided in it, you need to include the page number in your in-text reference. Like: (Author, year, page). Example : Lawrence was compared to #8220;a caliph who had stepped out from the pages of #8216;The Arabian nights'#8221; (Thomas, 1924, 16) 3. Comparative Essay? If the author or the structure membranes, year of publication is already mentioned in the sentence there is on impact of over population, no need to repeat this information in the in-text citation again. Examples: With Lawrence in Arabia was published in 1924 (Thomas).
Lawrence of Arabia became famous due to the book of Lowell Thomas (1924). 4. Multiple authors reference . Structure Of Biological Essay? If the source is write a essay, written by multiple authors, then you should state last names of all of them, at least in the first reference within the essay. Later in the essay, one can use the name of the structure and function of biological essay, first author with et al for others. Example: (Morris, Raskin, 1993) first in-text reference. (Morris et al., 1993) subsequent in-text reference. 5. In case of no author . In some cases the author may be an write a essay, organization or department, so the stating of structure membranes, their name will complete the APA essay format . Or else the mention of the book will also fulfill the need. Titles of books in the in-text references should be italicized, titles of teaching essay writing, articles, chapters, and essay, web pages are in homework board games quotation marks.
Organization: (ProfEssays.com, 2009) Book: (The correspondence, 1914) The reference list includes all sources used in structure membranes essay the course of the essay and cited in the paper. The references should always be organized in alphabetical order . This gives an organized look to the essay. On Impact Population? It is of biological membranes essay, also important to know exactly how different sources, such as books, journals, magazines, and web pages should be shown in the reference list. Write A Essay? As certain requirements differ for of biological membranes essay, each type of source: Book : Author, A. (Year of publication).
Title of work: SUBTITLE. Location: Publisher. Note: if you have several books by the same author in the reference list, you should list them in chronological order. Article : Author, A. (Year). Title of article.
Title of of over, Periodical, volume number (issue number), pages. on-line source : Author, A. A. (Year, Month Date if availiable). Title of article. Name of the web-site. Retrieved from http://www.url/ on structure and function essay, Year, Month Date. Readers and writers alike can find headings as a useful tool in writing. Essay On Impact Population? Aside from providing order, essay headings can function as an ID – in the sense that it can provide identification on structure of biological membranes essay, the ideas that are presented below. Headings function as a guide for your readers, as it will clue them in on your thought flow. The APA style allows five levels of headings when writing. Level one is the first category, while the subsequent levels are provisions for essay writing, succeeding sub-categories. In the structure of biological, APA essay format it is of the utmost importance to use the titles and headings appropriately. World? APA makes recommendations on the APA essay headings format, where information on font, punctuation and position are provided, all of which can be viewed at ProfEssays.com : heading level 1: Centered, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter.
heading level 2: Left-adjusted, Boldface, Each Word with a Capital Letter. And Function Of Biological? heading level 5: Indented, italicized, with a period . Note : in APA format headings #8220; Introduction #8221; and #8220; Conclusion #8221; are not required! Only the parts of the main body should have headings! Title page should be numbered in write a essay APA format. A “running header” should be placed in the right corner at the top of the page next to the page number. A “running header” in APA style contains a short title of the essay. The essay title should be placed one-third of the page down from the top. Of Biological Membranes Essay? APA styles requires to write a short title first, put a colon and write the full title underneath. Author#8217;s name is usually several lines underneath. The name of the course, the name of of over population, professor, and the date of submission are printed at the bottom of the APA title page. APA regulations on structure and function of biological membranes essay, abbreviations, tables and figures. You may not need it in your APA essay , but there are APA regulations on abbreviations, tables and figures.
Abbreviations can be used later in games the essay after the full form is mention in the first time. This saves space, but makes a mention of the author, book or organization each time it is used. In APA papers both tables and figures should be presented on separate pages, with the and function of biological, caption at the bottom of the page. Essay Writing? What to remember with the APA essay writing format. The main thrust of documenting guidelines is to avoid plagiarism. To do so, several citing outlines have been created by many academics or groups – one of which is the American Psychological Association or the APA. As with other documenting guidelines, the APA generally recommends in-text citations. These types are enclosed in a parenthesis and placed immediately after the borrowed thought or idea. When beginning with the APA essay writing format , P rof E ssays.com suggests that the student should always remember to take note of the membranes essay, reference material’s author(s), publication house, publication year and the page number where the idea was taken from.
APA essay format may sound tricky and writing, troublesome to some, but is actually an easy way to organize a written work. And Function Of Biological Membranes? The APA Essay Format is entirely designed to structure the homework board games, flow of thoughts throughout the essay. It is said that the structure and function essay, citing is world literature comparative, complicated, but only has a few rules and guidelines that need to be followed. The format can be adapted depending on the nature and and function of biological essay, the topic of a custom essay. It particularly helps in cases where many writers are involved in the writing process at the same time, giving symmetry and a logical presentation without a miss to the readers. When writing an essay, citing your reference(s) is considered a critical part of the writing process. This fundamental element of writing helps students avoid plagiarism.
In an academe, plagiarism is a very serious offense that can sometimes lead to expulsion. The American Psychological Association or the APA style is the formatting guide that is used when writing a paper on the Social Sciences. Games? As with all documenting styles, the APA has recommendations on essay format, headings and citing references. Information on formatting your APA essay now easier because there are a number of structure of biological, on-line sites, such as P rof E ssays.com , which can provide you with key points in documentation. Anyone and bulimia paper research, any company can claim to offer its essay help, but not every company can offer high-quality and result-oriented essay help. The appropriate APA format for your manuscript.
Many professors recommend strict compliance with manuscript formatting guidelines when writing any type of academic paper. Following the format not only ensures organization for of biological membranes, each essay written by an individual student, but it also provides uniformity in board appearance for all students’ academic papers. In writing a paper regarding the social sciences, APA makes several recommendations and guidelines on the format of essays . Though these elements may seem trivialon the and function of biological, use of the title page, the teaching synthesis writing, format of headings, page numbers, margins, indentation and spacing. Though these elements may seem trivial, P rof E ssays.com believes that compliance remains a must. College essay format: writing effectively in structure and function of biological the collegiate level. What differentiates a college essay from edinburgh university dissertation archive, a high school or a junior high school essay is the level of professionalism it exudes. As more complex topics are discussed, the membranes, need for further research becomes a necessity. Another important factor to consider is the edinburgh university dissertation archive, format of the essay. APA college essay format requires thorough referencing and citing as well as structuring of the essay . While college academic papers follow the basic essay format of introduction, body and conclusion, it is important to remember that the APA college essay format must be more encompassing and more extensive.
The APA college essay format differs from structure and function of biological membranes essay, simple APA style so we provide specific essay help in this type of writing. P rof E ssays.com believes that many academes actually require a five paragraph essay on the college level, where the body consumes 60% of the whole essay. P rof E ssays.com is professional and reliable essay writing service which provides 24/7 customer essay help. Write Effectively With the Right Essay Format. A standard essay format provides order to any academic paper.
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Resume Format Guide - Reverse-Chronological, Functional, Combination Styles. By Resume Genius. Making a perfect resume needs more than just error-free spelling and grammar. A resume must be framed and and function membranes formatted to present you in the best way possible, a process that requires combining creativity, composition, and marketing. Therefore, we’ve written this resume format guide to be a comprehensive resource to those looking to format their own resumes. We provide writing tips, expert advice, and homework board sample images covering every resume format for your convenience. Looking for more resume samples? Click the link below. How to membranes, Choose the Best Resume Format.
Use the chart below to get a quick idea of which resume format will be best for presenting your unique job experience. As you may have seen above, job seekers have three options when it comes to write a essay, formatting their resume: Chronological, Functional, and structure of biological membranes essay Combination . Each resume format has their own set of edinburgh archive advantages and disadvantages for different kinds of job seekers, so be sure to choose wisely. Check out the in-depth writing guides below to get every bit of structure of biological membranes essay information needed to create the research best resume for you: To get inspiration and an idea of what your resume can look like, we’ve created three huge libraries of resume format examples . The links below are separated by resume style and include industry-specific samples. Visit each library and find your industry. As the name suggests, a reverse chronological resume presents your work experience information from and function of biological membranes newest (most relevant) to oldest (least relevant). This means the resume will begin with your most recent job, and end with your oldest experience. This structure allows you to present yourself in terms of your promotions and upward career mobility , and comparative essay is therefore particularly useful for and function of biological essay entry to mid level applicants looking to write a essay, boost their careers.
I should use a reverse chronological resume format if… I want to demonstrate a vertical career progression. I want to apply to a job in structure and function membranes essay, a similar field. I don’t have large work experience gaps. I shouldn’t use a reverse chronological style if… I have multiple gaps in my employment history. I am considering working in a new industry I frequently change jobs. To learn more about what should be in included in bulimia, a reverse-chronological resume, click here.
The functional resume format frames the of biological candidate in terms of the skills and abilities he/she believes are most relevant to the job opening . Unlike the reverse chronological resume, the functional resume ignores when and where the candidate learned or performed those skills . The candidate and simply lists them at the top of the resume in order of archive most relevant to and function of biological membranes essay, least relevant skills. Even the “least relevant” skill should still be relevant to edinburgh dissertation archive, the job you are applying for. “Least relevant” here really means “the least relevant of your most relevant skills.” Warning: Many human resources professionals have negative impressions of functional resumes precisely because they do not reveal chronological information, making it seem like the candidate is hiding something. By using the functional format, job candidates can achieve three big goals: provide evidence that they are strong candidates for structure of biological the job, and homework hide work experience gaps (if they haven’t been working for periods of time.) help hiring managers quickly locate specific skills that are required for and function of biological a particular position, which is beneficial. I should use a functional resume format if…
I have unusually large gaps in my employment history. I am in the midst of a big career change into paper a new industry. I want to membranes, promote a specific skill set. I shouldn’t use a functional style if: I want to highlight my upward career mobility. Edinburgh University Archive. I am a student or entry-level candidate that lacks experience. I lack relevant or transferable skills. To learn more about what should be in included in a functional resume, click here. A combination resume is literally a combination of the reverse-chronological and functional resume formats.
Combination resumes will often begin with a professional profile or summary of qualifications that includes skills, abilities, and achievements relevant to and function membranes, the job opening. Research. (This is the functional part.) This introductory section is structure and function of biological then followed by your reverse-chronological professional experience, education, and additional sections. (This is the reverse-chronological part.) I should use a combination resume format if… I want to showcase a relevant and essay of over population well-developed skill set. I want to transfer to a different industry. I am a master at what I do.
I shouldn’t use a combination resume format if… I am a student or entry level candidate. I want to emphasize my educational experience. I lack relevant qualifications and skills. To learn more about what should be in structure of biological membranes essay, included in a combination resume format, click here. If you have any specific questions not answered in this guide please feel free to post them in bulimia paper research, the comments at structure and function of biological essay, the bottom of the page and one of our Senior Resume Experts will be glad to answer them for you! PS. Need that job? Be sure to download our Resume Checklist to ensure that you’ve written a complete, professional resume. Click Here to edinburgh dissertation, Download.
Our Resume Checklist. If I apply a admin. job but I only have relevant experience several years ago, and now in school learning social service. How can I make my resume? Emphasize old skills and membranes transferable skills from social service in a combination or functional resume. Essay On Impact Of Over. Good luck on the job hunt! Yes, if you have several impressive awards/honors then they can definitely be place above your professional experience. Good luck on and function membranes the job hunt! We suggest using a combination format. Archive. Best of of biological luck on the job hunt!
We suggest that you stick with the traditional reverse-chronological format. Good luck! I did a career shift recently to write a essay, teaching after having a graduate degree and 10 years experience in planning and membranes development. I have recently completed a graduate degree in education and have 2 years of teaching experience in a preschool setting and write a essay trying to essay, now make the shift to elementary age. Do you think I should use a combination resume? A combination resume should work for your situation. Check out our combination format writing guide for more info: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/combination-resume-samples. For a chronological resume, if I completed an internship with a past employer — while simultaneously being employed by them — does the internship go above or below the primary employment experience? (E.g., I worked at HSBV from 8/2013 – 12/2015, with my internship — also at HSBV — from 1/2015 – 5/2015, so right in the middle of on impact of over population my employment with them.
Should the internship be listed before, or after?) You should list you internship after your employment. Good luck! I have what I perceive to and function essay, be a unique situation (I understand everyone thinks they are different). I am an army veteran of nearly 7 years and now I am studying to get my BS is Homeland Security.
I joined the army at 19 in 2006 and comparative essay got out in 2013. From 2013 until January of structure of biological this year, I have been trying to make my own way as an write a essay, entrepreneur. I was largely unsuccessful and in order to stay on top of of biological my bills I ended up taking odd jobs during the day while working as a bouncer at world literature essay, various bars and clubs at night. I am currently looking for an internship as part of of biological essay my degree program so i need to create a resume. I thought a functional resume would be ideal so as to blur the world comparative past 3 years.
However, I understand from this article that students should use a chronological resume. I need to know how firm that rule is. Also, if anyone has any specific guidance for my resume I am very willing to accept advice. Thanks. In your situation, we would suggest using a functional format. This will allow you to structure of biological membranes, focus on edinburgh dissertation your skills that are relevant to the internship you are applying for. Good luck on the job hunt and thank you for your service! Okay so I am a third year college student looking for a part-time job that fits my class schedule and isn’t in the fast-food industry to structure membranes essay, help me pay rent next year. I have never had to write a resume for any of my other jobs so I’m at a loss as to what to do. I am applying as an of over population, entry-level applicant but I also didn’t work during my freshman year and about half of my sophomore year.
Therefore I’m not really sure how to structure of biological, approach this and teaching synthesis I really need this job. Please help! Thanks! Good luck on structure essay the job hunt! Consider adding a ‘Publications’ section to include your research and write a essay writing experience. Good luck on membranes essay the job hunt. Several positions require a chronological resume be included. I am over homework, 40, most recent position was over structure membranes essay, 5 yrs ago as a Seasonal Tax Professional with HR Block. Recently received my AA degree.
I do not include employment start – end dates on my resume for many reasons but I am not trying to write a essay, look like someone who can not or will not follow directions either. Structure Of Biological. Please share your thoughts. Hi I used to be a pediatric nurse for two years till moved to this country on 2012 and have been working at Walmart since then, recently got my RN license and want to write a essay, start working as a nurse…what type would you recommend me? In your case, we suggest using a functional resume. Best of luck on structure and function of biological membranes the job hunt! Hi, I am presently working as Project Manager in construction company and before this I worked as Operations Manager in a different company.
Now I want to apply for a job (Title : Plant Manager). I am confused which format I should choose to post for this job opportunity. Please recommend. We suggest sticking with the edinburgh traditional reverse-chronological format. Best of luck! Detailing all 18 years of your experience might be overdoing it. With three pages, there is likely some redundant information that you could cut. And Function Membranes. However, if you truly feel that all of your content is relevant and of interest to the employer, then stick with what you have. Best of luck on the job hunt! I am now trying to university dissertation archive, rejoin the full-time workforce after almost a 17 year absence.
Prior to marriage mother hood I was a very successful Director of Public relations for a well known beauty company in NYC (1990-1996). After that I joined a small firm on structure of biological Long Island as their first ever Director of write a essay PR and advertising (1997-1999). And Function Membranes. Then babies came. 6 years later I joined a local firm as their Director of Operations (office manager) from 2006-2009. Then my family and I moved to Switzerland and just returned after 7 years. I was a teacher of English as a Second Language.
I am looking for work in almost any capacity: From Communications manager to administrative assistant. I am struggling with how to essay, present my resume. I’ve been letting my cover letters explain the history and why I would be a good fit for any given position, but I’m sure my resume is holding me back. Any ideas. Thanks in essay, advance! If you’re looking to get back into communications or office management, then it might be better to dissertation archive, use a functional format. This will allow you to emphasize your skills instead of the and function membranes essay dates of bulimia paper research your work experience.
As far as explaining work gaps in your cover letter, check out this how-to guide: https://resumegenius.com/cover-letters-the-how-to-guide/cover-letter-red-flags-solutions. While I was in structure and function membranes, high school I did my internship at bulimia, for State Farm. After I graduated I was offered a job there and stayed there for 2 years. I have recently worked at the National Instituted of Health for membranes essay a year. I currently want to go back to finding an office job or something related and need help deciding what type of resume I should use?
Based on the info you’ve given us, a ‘Chronological’ format would still be appropriate. Best of dissertation luck! If the the position you are applying for structure and function essay is also an administrative job, then stick with the world essay traditional Reverse-Chronological resume format. Good luck on structure and function of biological membranes essay the job hunt! Glad you liked it!
Hi there! This is great. I was just wondering, if I’ve been at the same position for write a essay 3 years (2014-present) but did a second job for 6 months in 2015 that I would like to structure and function membranes essay, list, would I put that first (since technically 2015 is more recent than 2014)? Or would I list that after my current position, since I’m still presently in this role? Thanks! List your current position first. Best of luck! A combination or functional resume would be suitable. Comparative. Best of luck!
It sounds like a functional format would be a good choice. Good luck on the job hunt! Hi there Elizabeth, You have a bit of flexibility with the resume format, but when in doubt go with reverse-chronological. Because you’re lacking in structure and function of biological, transferable skills, I’d recommend working on your resume objective to get your application started on the right foot. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/career-objective-writing-guide. Also consider the edinburgh university dissertation archive soft skills you’ve built during your time working in a call center. Many of these could potentially be transferable. https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume/skills-section-writing-guide. Good luck with your job application! Yes, a combination resume is structure and function membranes perfectly suited to someone of your experience, even with the career change. Good luck making the shift back into write a essay your previous field! If you are aiming for a new industry, you can’t go wrong with the classic “reverse-chronological” resume format.
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The Structure And Function Of Biological Membranes
A for structure, and against essay about the internet. Look at the essay and do the exercises to improve your writing skills. Do the literature comparative essay, preparation exercise first. Then read the text and do the other exercises. What's your opinion? Do you think the internet is bad for young people? For young people it is. They shoud be surervised while accessing the internet, because they might find pornographic content, violent content and such. And Function Of Biological? Internet, an invention which still amazes people in is own way, is university archive, not always good. It has really bad side effects on young adults.
As in of biological membranes essay, the essay, the young people get addicted to teaching synthesis essay online games and they become addicted to the internet quickly. As we can see, there are many more online games being made like Pokemon Go, etc. is really dangerous for young people. I think it really should have a age limit. And also we must be strict about the structure of biological essay, rules of age limit on internet too. I#039;m also a young adult but I find internet uninteresting and dangerous so I approve of it having age limits. For YOUNG PEOPLE yes it is. I think Internet is very useful in bulimia paper research, schools and in work. It#039;s also handy when you need to communicate. On the other hand a lot of people are addicted from sites like facbook, twitter or instagram. I also agree that learning on the internet (like here ont the british council ;) ) is and function of biological essay, very usefull . So in edinburgh dissertation, conclusion internet is possibly the most usefull thing that we ever invented. :) I agree with all of you, but what about learning how to play a musical instrument?
I think internet can be very good for and function membranes essay, teenagers because it helps them a lot especially for essays, projects and homeworks, but it can be also very bad because children spend too much time online. I like internet because I can listen to songs onYouTube and I use British Councile:) Hi BigBen6464. I'm glad to hear that you enjoy practising English here :) Is there anything in particular that you like on the site? Jonathan (LearnEnglish Teens Team) Thanks! I like your reading skills practice, stories about UK and world comparative, What is of biological, it? in Study Break. British Council really helps me with my vocabulary. I love it!
I think the internet is an edinburgh university amazing tool which can be used for equally amazing things, but only in the hands of the right person. One bad aspect of internet is structure essay, that anyone could acess anything anytime. That means there is a lot of inappropriate content out there, but a good person is able to homework avoid it. In my opinion, though internet is structure and function membranes, very good and useful, but some young people use it for bad things. Such as playing computer games and get addict with it.
Many parents has banned the children not allowed to play forever,1 week or a day or so. But they never keep their word because, of course, parents love their kids, that is why after just a while,they let their children play AGAIN with their games, so really though, I think internet is useful with good children,and it is bad with bad children. I totaly agree. It all depends from parents. On Impact Of Over? If they let children to spend too much time online children will get a bad habit when they grow up. You#039;re quite right! I agree with your good comment in point: #039;I think internet is useful with good children, and it is bad with bad children#039;. !! :) In my opinion, Internet is one of the greatest people created. You have an access to billions of libraries from your computer, you are able to and function of biological membranes speak with your friends even if they are on the other side of the world. On Impact? Many people work using the Internet. Now let#039;s mention disadvantages of the Internet and web-technologies.
Firstly, many people nowadays become addicted and can#039;t survive for more than an hour without computer or smartphone. They need to publish their photos in social networks, chat with 7 people in one moment and read new posts in and function essay, their favourite online communities. Young people sometimes find their online-life better than the real one. The second disadvantage is that nobody can guarantee the safety of your personal data. Everyone has heard stories about hackers that published private and scandal photos of edinburgh dissertation, data base of the big company. It#039;s not really pleasant to know that somebody can easily find out structure and function of biological membranes, all your secrets. To sum up, Internrt is a wonderful tool for searching the necessary information, but social networks is edinburgh archive, quite tricky part of World Wide Web. Essay? I think the internet very useful for us .bcz we can get anything without spend alot of time in looking it . everything when we use it excessively and more than usually #039;it will be badthing. Well, we must admit that on this perfectly imperfect planet nothing entirely good or entirely bad exists. Internet is included.
Surely it was meant for connecting people from write a essay all continents, but as the human mind has no border line we found out how to of biological membranes essay use it for different things that provide us either with information or amusement. It is edinburgh, said that the Internet is a good servant but a bad master. Therefore, we can see that the problem isn#039;t in the Internet itself but rather in the humans, as it is us who are using it and structure of biological membranes, who are asked FOR WHAT we are using it. So for our irresponsibility we shouldn#039;t blame the Internet but ourselves as we are unable to use a powerful tool for edinburgh, our own improvement but we use it for our own unwanted degradation. Of Biological? I think that#039;s quite right!! Nowadays, Internet has been the bulimia research, most important thing in mutimedia life.
Personally, l consider that the internet is bad or not,which depends on users. I think the Internet is something that we have to know, and we should know what is good and of biological membranes, bad for us, and keep ourselves away from university archive what can damage ourselves in any way. I think it is the same for young people, we have to of biological membranes be responsible, because the Internet is a tool that helps us either with the school, or with any ordinary situation. i think internet is useful for everyone. If it was a bad thing, something awful, it would have changed instead of literature comparative, reaching the whole world. Is something crazy, used 24hrs a day, everyday of the membranes, week, a lot of information, and a lot of people online. Homework Board Games? About teenagers who are addicted to games, that depends on each family. Parents could create rules, so no one would be in a bad position. And that also depends on the teenager#039;s sense of what he or she can or can#039;t do. It#039;s impossible to live without internet in a society like nowdays, it#039;s just so easy to make a research, work on a project. c#039;mon, does anyone here wants to spend hours and hours looking for and function, few informations?
Internet is useful for everyone, for young and old people. There#039;s a lot of sites that can help us a lot. But, today Internet ha gone too far away. Almost, there#039;s no home without the internet(more than 70% in whole world are with internet). Yes, there are a good and a bad sites on the Internet. We have different web-sites(Facebook,Tumlr, Twitter, Instagram. ) that shows us a different world. We can learn a lot of things (English, French. ) and a lot of other things. But we all know that Internet isn#039;t so much safe.Even if we think that we have good hide it our information, we don#039;t. There#039;s a lot of dangerous people in the world. To sum up, I completely agree with essay.
No, i don`t thing internet bad for young people, because there is literature comparative, many information in the internet. In my opinion, I dont think Internet is bad for people. Without the Internet, I cannot learn language (English) by myself and I wouldn#039;t be able to access to lots of useful information that school doesn#039;t teach me. On the other hand, internet is structure membranes essay, bad only when people dont know how to use it wisely. If young people use the Internet for studying and relaxing in proper way, internet would be very useful. To me, the internet#039;s the paper research, most wonderful tool that human had created. In my own perspective, the Internet plays an important role in and function of biological membranes, the communicating barrier. As you can see, people all around the world are using the Internet, including the elderly. We communicate with each other using the literature essay, internet and it really helps us to stay connected with one another. Besides, without the internet, how are the essay, countries going to develop? Our knowledge and edinburgh dissertation, the view to and function of biological membranes essay the outside world, the perspective to on impact population the outside of and function membranes, our comfort zone will be just limited, like a frog in the well.
So, why not? The internet is the best connection between an write a essay individual to the whole wide world. It#039;s definitely a boon. Internet is very usefull for structure membranes, us. Internet is university, particularly useful for membranes essay, everyone, nearly all things are on the internet, you can get anything by only searching on essay population it. Internet seems becoming really important nowadays, it helps people a lot, for structure of biological, example i use internet for essay on impact, learning English, reading news and of biological essay, doing research for my tasks.
However, internet also can give many bad effects, people become so fanatical on social media and often forget about time and population, everything they should do. I completely disagree that internet is structure and function membranes, bad for teenagers, internet can be useful or useless, it depends on the way people use the internet. How does this photo make you feel? Can you write a caption for it? . Bulimia? Look carefully. Structure Of Biological Membranes Essay? What's this everyday object? Play Wordshake and see how many points can you get in 3 minutes. © British Council The United Kingdom's international organisation for cultural relations and educational opportunities.
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cordelia chase essay by Ed Friedlander M.D. This website collects no information. If you e-mail me, neither your e-mail address nor any other information will ever be passed on to any third party, unless required by law. I have no sponsors and do not host paid advertisements. All external links are provided freely to sites that I believe my visitors will find helpful. This page was last modified December 3, 2010. If you are a student assigned to structure and function membranes, read or see King Lear , or an adult approaching it for the first time, your experience will be special. These notes will help you get started. Geoffrey of Monmouth (History of the English Kings, around 1140), who provides our oldest written reference to King Lear (spelled Leir), describes him as a pre-Christian warrior king in what is now southwest England. (Click here to edinburgh archive, read it yourself.) This area now includes Cornwall (origin of structure and function cornish game hens.) Saint Albans (Albany, for which the capital of New York State is edinburgh archive named, is farther away.
In the old story remembered by structure essay, Geoffrey, Lear asked his three daughters whether they loved him. Two claimed to do so extravagantly, while the third said she loved him only as a daughter should. Lear disinherited the essay population, honest daughter. And Function Of Biological Membranes! The story appears elsewhere in world folklore; there is an Eastern European version in which the honest daughter says she loves her father as much as she loves salt. Lear went to live with his first daughter, bringing a hundred followers.
She demanded that he reduce his followers to fifty. Lear then went to live with the other daughter, who reduced the world comparative, number to twenty-five. And Function Of Biological Essay! Lear went back and board games forth between the daughters until he was alone. Then the third daughter raised an of biological membranes essay, army, defeated the other two, and restored him to his kingdom. Homework Board Games! (The story appears in essay Holinshed, who adds that Cordelia succeeded her father as monarch and was deposed by the sons of her sisters.) This tale about essay of over population how actions speak louder than words had recently been played on of biological essay, the London stage in The True Chronicle of King Leir. We have seen the essential story once again in the Japanese Ran , and more recently in A Thousand Acres , an research, intelligent feminist tale, with the structure and function of biological, two older daughters as incest survivors who have spent their lives cajoling a crazy, abusive father and protecting their youngest sister. A different family problem from the Lear's -- the write a essay, Fool says the king made his daughters his mothers (disciplinarians) rather than his wives, the and function of biological membranes essay, rod refers to bulimia research, a stick for and function of biological membranes essay, spanking (spare the rod and essay on impact spoil the child), and in III ii, King Lear calls on the storm to punish the crimes of others that usually go unpunished -- close pent-up guilts -- including incest and perjury but also planning murders and performing elder abuse.) Grigori Kozintsev's 1969 Russian version is called Korol Lir, translated into Russian by Boris Pasternak, (a few copies are usually available at amazon.com, and it is of biological essay now re-released by the BBC). A bit of the fourth act made it into the Beatles' Magical Mystery Tour for some reason. Shakespeare has retold the old story as a vehicle for teaching synthesis essay writing, a strikingly modern message. Many people consider King Lear to be his finest work. Whether or not you agree with his vision of a godless universe in structure and function of biological membranes which our only hope is to be kind to one another, you will recognize the write a essay, real beliefs of many (if not most) of your neighbors.
To find Shakespeare's intent, look first for: changes in the plot sources made by the author; passages that do not advance the plot or have obvious appeal to the intended audience. Shakespeare took a story that had a happy ending, and gave it a sad ending. He transformed a fairy-tale about virtuous and structure of biological wicked people into something morally ambiguous. He took a story of wrongs being righted, and essay on impact turned it into of biological the story of on impact population painful discovery. He included passages that deal with ideas instead of advancing the plot. Lear is king of Britain. And Function Of Biological Essay! He is an old, highly successful warrior king. (War is an institution that we despise, just as Shakespeare clearly despised it. But before birth control or real personal security, population pressures made war and even genocidal conflict a fact of life.) Like Hamlet and Othello, we are impressed with him because of what others say about teaching synthesis writing his background. (You can find examples. At the end of the play, we will learn that despite his advanced age, he can still kill a young, armed man with his bare hands.) King Lear has decided to retire and to divide his kingdom among his three daughters and of biological membranes essay their husbands. His stated intention is to prevent future conflict. This is really not very smart, since it actually invites war between the heirs.
Shakespeare's audience (having just been spared a civil war following the death of Elizabeth) would have realized this. King Lear has staged a ceremony in which each daughter will affirm her love for him. Dissertation! Whether this has been rehearsed, or the structure of biological, daughters forewarned, we can only guess. Goneril and literature comparative essay Regan may have been embarrassed. Goneril says she loves her father more than she can say. King Lear thanks her and essay gives her Third Prize. Regan says that she loves her father so much that she doesn't like anything else. King Lear thanks her and gives her Second Prize. Cordelia says that she loves her father exactly as a daughter should.
King Lear goes ballistic and disinherits her, and banishes the Earl of Kent for speaking in her defense. First Prize is literature comparative divided between the other two daughters. You can decide whether King Lear is showing early signs of and function membranes essay mental illness (as his other daughters think), or whether he just wanted an excuse to give Cordelia the best share of the kingdom and she just spoiled it. Cordelia has been courted by the Duke of Burgundy and the King of France. Burgundy says he will not marry a woman with no property. France is more clever.
He swears that he loves Cordelia, and marries her. This is an obvious plan to make a claim on the British throne, and Shakespeare's audience would have realized this. We'll see the proof later. France may or may not be sincere in loving Cordelia. Bulimia! We won't know. As the basis of his retirement agreement, King Lear has stipulated that he will live alternately with his daughters, who will support him and structure and function 100 followers. When he leaves, Goneril and Regan express their understandable concern about edinburgh university archive hosting a mentally-imbalanced father and his personal army. King Lear goes to live with Goneril. The first daughter's steward Oswald yells at Lear's jester, and Lear punches the steward. Goneril decides to assert control.
When the play is staged, a good director might have Lear's retinue disrespecting Goneril -- whistles, catcalls, lewd remarks, or whatever. Kent returns in disguise to serve Lear, and we meet the and function membranes, jester (Fool). On Impact Population! For some reason, just like Kent, the jester is loyal to the king. Of Biological Membranes! A court jester might be a comedian-entertainer, or simply a retarded person kept as an object of amusement. Lear's jester is specially privileged to speak the truth, which he does ironically.
Both the king and the jester make reference to the jester being whipped at times -- Ian McKellen makes it clear that this is literature a joke, with the structure and function essay, king tapping the face on the jester's mock scepter (bauble / marotte). You'll need to world literature, decide whether the king has always been kind to the jester, or whether the jester (like Kent) for some reason remains loyal despite past mistreatment. Oswald is structure rude to Lear, and write a essay one of Lear's knights makes an indignant speech about the of biological membranes essay, king not being cared for homework board, properly. (This knight, and all the others, will soon abandon their king.) Lear yells at Oswald, Kent trips Oswald, and structure essay a scene ensues in write a essay which Goneril demands that Lear reduce the number of his followers -- evidently to structure membranes essay, 50. Goneril (rightly) points out that her own people can care for him just as well. (There's a subtlety here. In the world, original story, the daughters send the and function of biological membranes essay, knights away, i.e., refuse to pay to support them. However, if you read closely, the knights are already leaving King Lear, because they can tell what is going to happen. The king is showing lapses in judgement, and has no way of forcing his daughters to honor their promise to support him. In a time of warlords, soldiers will desert when the leader shows signs of archive being unable to lead and/or guarantee their salaries.) Lear curses Goneril and departs for Regan's. He sends Kent before him, and structure and function Goneril sends Oswald.
Regan and on impact of over population her husband have gone to visit the Earl of Gloucester, and when Kent and Oswald meet at the Earl's castle, Kent picks a fight and Regan's husband puts him in the stocks. This is a serious breach of and function of biological membranes protocol, and when Lear arrives, he is paper research furious. (Kent's difficult phrase Nothing almost sees miracles but misery, by its context, seems to mean that when things seem to be going really badly, it's common to receive unexpected, seemingly-miraculous help.) Goneril arrives and Lear curses her again. Regan says she will allow him only structure and function 25 followers. Since Lear no longer has a source of income, his followers are leaving en masse anyway, but Lear evidently does not realize this. Lear says he will return to Goneril, but now she will not even allow 25, and the daughters re-enact the fairy-tale plot by literature comparative essay, alternately reducing the numbers, and asking Why do you need even one follower, when we can care for you ourselves? Of course, they are right, but Lear says that he measures his personal worth in terms of his possessions. Reason not the need! Our basest beggars are in the poorest things superfluous. Allow not nature more than nature needs, Man's life is cheap as beast's. Vanities give meaning to life and structure of biological membranes this is what raises us above the level of animals.
King Lear, now alone except for Kent and the jester, starts to cry and runs off as a storm brews. The daughters lock him out of the castle to bulimia paper research, teach him a lesson. Lecturers who enjoy talking about The Elizabethan World Picture, in which orders of nature reflect human law and membranes essay its breakdown, will tell you that the bulimia paper research, ensuing storm mirrors the chaos in Britain. The Elizabethans paid lip-service to structure and function membranes essay, the idea that kings were magic, and actually knew that a stable monarchy was better for everybody than civil war. Teaching Essay! (Lawful democracy would be devised later.) King Lear yells back at what proves to be a preternaturally severe storm. His whole retinue have abandoned him except the jester, who begs Lear to go apologize to his daughters and seek shelter, and Kent, who sends to Dover, where the essay, French army has landed in expectation of a British civil war. Even though the jester pretends to be foolish, he always knows exactly what is going on, and what's more, he is loyal to the old king. You'll need to decide for yourself whether this is foolishness or profound wisdom. In the first storm scene, which is difficult, Lear is going crazy.
He: first calls on the power of the storm to sterilize the human race; then accuses the storm of taking sides with his daughters against his dignity and teaching synthesis being their degraded slave; then, realizing that people have deceived him, says the storm must be the gods's way of finding and punishing secret evildoers, and and function of biological that he is a man more sinned against than sinning; then comments, my wit begins to turn, i.e., he realizes he is going crazy -- in literature, becoming insane is often a metaphor for homework board games, changing the way you look at yourself and the world; notices the jester is structure of biological membranes cold, and comments that he is also cold; this is the first time Lear has been responsive to the needs and concerns of someone else; accepts Kent's suggestion to take shelter in a hut. Already inside the paper, hut is one of the homeless mentally-ill. The play is probably better if, as it is sometimes staged, there are several lunatics all ranting together. (This one lunatic is actually a sane man in disguise, seeking refuge from private injustice. The extras who served as knights in the first and structure and function membranes second act and who will be in the battle scenes at the end can be the extra lunatics.) When he sees the hut, and before seeing the lunatic(s), King Lear realizes that what is of over population happening to him now is what he has allowed to happen to and function membranes essay, the poor throughout his reign. Oh, I have taken too little care of synthesis writing this. He suddenly realizes that his luxuries have been maintained at the expense of his poorest subjects, and that justice is only now being served on him. When he sees the lunatic(s), Lear cracks, and says he/they must have given everything to their daughters and been turned out and function membranes also. But the onset of madness confers a deeper insight. Lear sees in the naked lunatic someone who has taken nothing wrongfully from anyone, and is the essential human being. Saying that unaccommodated man is bulimia research no more but such a poor, bare, forked animal as thou art, the king rips off his clothes.
In the third storm scene, King Lear holds a trial of structure of biological his two daughters, evidently mistaking a stool for Goneril, something else (I've seen a chicken used) for Regan, and so forth. In one Royal Shakespeare Company production, the king mistook a pillow that the write a essay, jester was holding for structure and function, Regan, and stabbed the jester to death through the pillow. Bulimia Research! The good Earl of Gloucester comes and urges Kent to take the structure and function of biological, king (who has passed out) to Dover, since his daughters' people are planning to write a essay, kill him. At the end, Kent tells the and function of biological membranes essay, jester to follow Lear. As often played, Kent discovers the jester to research, be dead. Essay! The jester has no more entrances or lines, and perhaps the same boy-actor played Cordelia and the jester in the original production. You can read more about Robert Armin, the beloved comedian who played Shakespeare's jesters at the time, elsewhere online. Kent and teaching synthesis writing Lear reach Dover and Cordelia, who loves him. And Function Of Biological! Cordelia accompanies an invading French army. She may not realize this, but sending her is probably a cynical, no-lose move by essay on impact of over population, the King of of biological membranes France.
If his forces win and kill the other heirs, he is now also King of Britain. University Dissertation Archive! If his forces lose, the structure of biological membranes, heirs will kill Cordelia and board games he will be rid of a wife who is no longer of any political value. It seems to me that this is why the King of France suddenly had to return to his own country because of some sudden business that was more important than conquering England. Uh huh. He has left his wife either to do it for him, or be killed. Structure And Function Of Biological Essay! (Shakespeare's English audience mostly did not like the write a essay, French. Structure Of Biological Essay! Obviously Shakespeare couldn't show a conquering French king on his stage. But having the paper research, king land and then leave suddenly lets Shakespeare make the and function of biological, foreign king look machiavellian. You'll have to decide about this for yourself.) Kent tells a friend that King Lear, in his more lucid moments, is too ashamed to see Cordelia. The king reappears in a field where the Earl of Gloucester lies, his eyes having been gouged out by Regan and her husband.
King Lear is now crowned and decorated with weeds and wild flowers. He wavers between hallucinations and accurate perception. At the same time, he talks about essay of over his world, focusing on and function of biological membranes essay, how fake ordinary human society is. When he coins money, only his royal title makes him other than a counterfeiter. People pretend to be modest and virtuous, but in private are as amoral and world literature essay dirty-living as animals. The law is concerned with protecting the rich and concealing their misbehavior, not with promoting justice and fairness.
Regan and of biological membranes Goneril have played and humored him. Homework! He learned the truth only in the storm. And Function Membranes Essay! He says that when we are born, we cry that we are come to essay population, this great stage of fools. Cordelia's people come to bring him back to their camp, and they chase him down. We next see King Lear asleep under the care of Cordelia. He awakes, and thinks -- correctly -- that he recognizes her. But he thinks that they are both dead. Thou art a soul in bliss, but I am bound upon the wheel of structure fire, that mine own tears do scald like molten lead.
Cordelia kneels, Lear tries to do the same (as in the older play), but Cordelia prevents him. Lear says he knows he is not in his perfect mind, and essay that he is bewildered, and that if Cordelia wants him dead he will drink her poison. Structure Membranes Essay! When Cordelia says she has no cause to be angry, but merely wants to essay, help him, Lear says Pray now, forget and structure and function of biological forgive. I am old and foolish. King Lear is not about edinburgh university wrongs being righted.
If Shakespeare were a Hollywood writer, his king might have returned to rulership and (having learned to be sensitive, and that it is structure and function membranes essay all right to cry) become a champion for the poor in his own country and set up a social agency to deal effectively with other dysfunctional families. In contrast to the happy ending in the source, Shakespeare has the French army defeated by university dissertation, the British, and Lear and and function essay Cordelia are captured. King Lear looks forward to happy time with his daughter in write a essay prison, merely laughing at the rest of the world. As the subplot concludes, all the villains are dead, but Cordelia has been hanged in prison. King Lear kills the and function of biological essay, hangman with his bare hands. He comes onstage, carrying Cordelia's body and howling. King Lear's surviving heir, Goneril's good husband who is now sole head of the world literature comparative essay, victorious army, returns Lear's royal power, but Lear does not notice. And Function! Suddenly uncertain whether she is alive or dead, King Lear bends to dissertation archive, examine Cordelia, believes she is alive, and falls dead himself. The good survivors see the structure and function of biological membranes, passing of a man who was larger than life. The secondary plot. King Lear's story is paralleled by the story of the Earl of Gloucester.
We meet him at the beginning, introducing his illegitimate son Edmund with some smutty jokes. We do not need to see Edmund's face to imagine how often this must have happened, and how Edmund's feelings must have been hurt by it. Perhaps this is comparative essay part of how he got his attitude toward the structure and function membranes, world. Alone, Edmund soliloquizes that he is as talented and world literature essay as loved as his legitimate brother Edgar, and that the accident of structure of biological membranes his birth is unjust. He professes allegiance to university archive, nature rather than law or love, and decides that he will try to gain control of the earldom by of biological, removing his father and university brother. Edmund takes a minute to ridicule astrology. We can ask ourselves whether Edmund is essay simply making fun of superstition, whether he is teaching essay talking about self-empowerment like a 1990's person, whether he is structure of biological membranes essay disavowing a role for heaven (God, the supernatural, transcendent values, the ideals of religion, whatever) in his life, or whether he is of over denying their reality altogether. Later, the good Kent will look to the same stars to explain the structure essay, differences in attitude among King Lear's daughters. Edmund forges a letter, deceives his father into believing Edgar has first asked him to help murder Gloucester, then pretends to have been injured by the fleeing Edgar. Gloucester declares Edgar an outlaw and Edmund his heir. Edgar finds refuge among the homeless mentally ill and later meets King Lear there.
When France invades, Gloucester talks to Edmund about taking King Lear's side, and Edmund betrays him to Goneril and Regan. Edmund shows Cornwall an incriminating letter to Regan's husband and pretends to be uncertain about whether his father is a traitor. True or not, is Cornwall's cynical reply, it hath made thee Earl of board games Gloucester. Pretending both moral outrage and the desire to follow proper legal procedure (the form of justice), Regan's husband carves out Gloucester's eyes. Of Biological Essay! He stomps one eyeball flat on the ground for fun, but is stabbed to death by one of his own horrified servants, who is killed in turn by Regan's backstab. The dying husband calls on Regan for help, but Regan likes Edmund instead. Homework! As the scene is often staged, she merely walks off and lets him die.
The director may even have her stab Cornwall again herself. Gloucester's servants tend his wounds and Edgar leads him, without revealing who he is, to Dover, where he meets Lear and structure and function of biological essay laments his own foolishness. Then Oswald finds Gloucester and attacks him, but is killed by bulimia paper, Edgar, who finds a letter incriminating Goneril for of biological, her adultery with Edmund. During the battle, Edgar finally reveals the truth to literature comparative essay, Gloucester and structure the old man dies happy. After the battle, Edgar defeats Edmund in a duel (Albany makes Edmund fight), jealous Goneril poisons Regan and then suicides, the edinburgh dissertation, brothers forgive each other, and structure membranes Edmund's last act is an attempt to do good despite his own [evil] nature.
He calls -- too late -- for Lear's and Cordelia's lives to be spared. The subplot seems to have been inspired by an episode in Sidney's Arcadia about the teaching synthesis essay writing, King of Paphlagonia. Many details match, including the good son persuading the blinded father not to jump to structure and function of biological membranes, his death off a cliff. Some commentators, including Edgar, have seen Gloucester's physical torture as punishment for his sexual sin. Be this as it may, King Lear contains the oldest torture scene that you'll see on the stage. Sensitive Victorians cut it from production. Even by on impact population, today's movie standards, it is a shocker.
Since setting up this page, I've heard from a few students that their instructors said Today we consider Edmund admirable but in Shakespeare's time his actions might have made the audience angry. I am not making this up. Evidently Edmund is admirable because he has a grievance and talks about illegitimate sons being discriminated against, and membranes essay is some kind of nature-worshipper. This overshadows the way he treats everybody around him. Homework Board! An authentic liberal would wish that Edmund had shown a little real kindness to the genuinely needy people on his father's estate -- as King Lear ultimately wishes he had done. Admiring someone primarily for his grievances is the politics of extremism.
Feel free to speak up in class. Your decent-minded classmates will appreciate it. Themes and of biological membranes essay Image Patterns. Who is it that can tell me who I am? -- King Lear. The Elizabethans believed, or pretended to believe, that the natural world reflected a hierarchy that mirrored good government and stable monarchy. This is a common enough idea in old books from various cultures.
Even our scientific age talks both about literature laws of and function membranes nature and good government through good laws, although of essay of over course we know the essential difference. Shakespeare's era contrasted nature and art (i.e., human-made decorations, human-made luxuries and technologies, human-made artistic productions), just as we talk about essential human nature contrasted to culture. Shakespeare's era also contrasted natural and unnatural behaviors; the latter would include mistreating family members, opposing the government, and various sexual activities not intended for procreation. King Lear deals with how children and parents treat each other, whether human society is the structure and function essay, product of nature or something we create so as to edinburgh dissertation, live better than animals do, and whether human nature is fundamentally selfish or generous. Not surprisingly, you can find various ideas about the relationship between human beings and the natural world.
You already know that 57 different animals are mentioned in the play. Lear tells Cordelia that neither human nature nor royal dignity can tolerate the way she has insulted him. Lear tells the King of France that nature is ashamed to have produced a child like Cordelia, whose lack of love is structure and function of biological membranes so contrary to nature. King Lear expects people to be naturally virtuous, in other words, to tell him the lies he wants to hear. The King of France suggests that Cordelia has a tardiness in nature, i.e., that sometime's it's natural to be inarticulate. France sees nature as the source of human frailties, rather than vice. Edmund begins, Thou, Nature, art my goddess.
Human law and custom have treated Edmund unfairly because his parents were not married. Edmund intends to homework games, look out for himself, like an and function membranes essay, animal. Edmund sees nature as the opposite of human virtue. Stupid Gloucester, deceived by Edmund, considers Edgar's supposed plot to murder him to be contrary to on impact of over population, nature (unnatural, brutish). Gloucester believes in astrology. Gloucester thinks that the eclipses, which result from natural causes, still have unnatural effects, causing the breakdown of human society. Edmund doesn't believe in structure and function of biological astrology. He says he was born rough and self-centered, and that the stars had nothing to do with it. Later, Kent believes the stars must account for the inexplicable differences in people's attitudes. Some Elizabethans believed that the stars affected nature as supernatural agents.
Others believed that they were powerful natural forces. Edmund remarks that Edgar's nature is gentle and naive, and write a essay (at the end) that he will do one last good deed in spite of mine own nature. (Do you think that Edmund realized -- for the first time, after the deaths of structure and function membranes essay his two girlfriends -- that he COULD be loved, and this made him do something good? Edmund's remark about acting against essay on impact of over population, his nature reminds us of the ongoing scientific and political controversies over structure of biological membranes essay how much of an homework games, individual's behavior is genetically programmed, how much is learned and conditioned, and how much one is responsible. (Nature vs. nurture; innate vs. Membranes! cultural, and so forth.) King Lear, thinking of Cordelia's most small fault, laments the way it scrambled his mind (wrenched my frame of nature from its fixed place). King Lear also calls on nature as a goddess, to punish Goneril with infertility, or else give her a baby that grows up to hate her (a thwart disnatured torment). Lear says as he leaves Goneril's home, I will forget my nature, perhaps meaning he will begin crying again. Gloucester jokes that Edmund is loyal and natural.
The latter means both illegitimate, and that he cares for his own flesh-and-blood as a son should. Regan's husband speaks of world literature comparative essay Edmund's nature of such deep trust, i.e., his trustworthy character is inborn. Kent tells the steward that nature disclaims thee; a tailor made thee, ridiculing his unmanliness and his obsequiousness. When Regan pretends to be sick, King Lear remarks that you're not yourself when natural sickness affects you. We are not ourselves when nature, being oppressed, commands the and function of biological, mind to suffer with the body. Essay! There's a foreshadowing here. Regan tells King Lear that nature in you stands on the very verge of her confine. In other words, you're getting too old to structure and function of biological essay, make your own decisions, and Regan's behavior is literature comparative only that of a good, natural daughter. We've already seen (allow not nature more than nature needs. ) King Lear says that it is superfluous luxuries that raise us above the natural level of animals. He will soon change his mind. Kent and structure and function membranes essay the other basically good characters see the treatment of essay on impact Lear and Gloucester as unnatural.
Albany says to and function, Goneril, That nature which condemns itself in games origin cannot bordered certain in itself -- i.e., if you mistreat your own parent, what kind of person must you be? Writers who talk about the Elizabethans believing in cosmic hierarchy and so forth will see a moral warning against structure and function membranes, deviating from nature: If you have violated nature by being less than generous to your parent, your self-centeredness will grow and you will become morally worse than an world literature essay, animal. King Lear calls on and function essay, the storm to crack nature's moulds and end the human race. Kent urges King Lear to seek shelter, since man's nature cannot carry the affliction nor the force and the tyranny of the literature essay, open night's too rough for nature to endure. King Lear, crazy, asks whether Regan's hard-heartedness is the result of natural disease or chemistry or something perhaps cultural or perhaps supernatural. Is there any cause in and function membranes nature that makes this hardness? When Lear falls asleep in the last storm scene, Kent sees his madness as oppressed nature sleeping. Cordelia is said to university, redeem nature from the general curse brought by structure, the other two daughters.
With people like Cordelia in the world, one could not say the edinburgh dissertation archive, human race is generally bad by nature. The physician calls sleep our foster-nurse of nature. Structure And Function Of Biological Essay! Readers may remember Macbeth, who after committing the teaching synthesis, unnatural crime of killing a king, becomes an insomniac. King Lear, with the insight of and function of biological madness, decorates himself with wild flowers. You can use these various ideas about what's natural and what's not to literature essay, develop a good paper. Thomas Hobbes observed that the lives of structure of biological membranes wild animals and primitive people are mostly nasty, brutish, and short. Despite romantic depictions, it would be hard nowadays to find anyone who would disagree. Nowadays, most people believe that culture is something that we invent so that we can fall in love, create works of art and music, remember the past, and enjoy a reasonable prospect of good health, personal security, and choosing our own paths through life. Teaching Writing! If most of us no longer believe that a king's sovereignty mirrors the harmony of a well-run natural world, we can still find fundamental human issues treated in structure membranes King Lear . King Lear tells Regan that you're not human unless you have more than you need. (Allow not nature more than nature needs. Teaching Synthesis Essay Writing! ) Then in the storm, King Lear cries out that only the poorest person, who owes nothing to anyone (not even the animals), is truly human (. the thing itself.) Which do you think is right? In I.iv., King Lear himself introduces the question, Who am I? in the passage that begins Doth any here know me. and ends with Who is it that can tell me who I am? And if you want to keep it very simple, just notice this.
King Lear and the mostly-good characters talk about nature as making us care about one another, especially our own families. Edmund talks about nature as making us care only structure membranes about ourselves. Who is right? I can't tell you. You have a lifetime to decide for yourself.
Many people approaching King Lear decided Edmund is their favorite character. Shakespeare presents characters rather than caricatures, and our sympathies are always divided. Edmund is charming, clever, clear-headed (when others are not). And we see at essay on impact population the very beginning how hurtfully and thoughtlessly his father has treated him. And Function Membranes! In keeping with the theme of the play, Edmund decides at on impact of over population the beginning that human nature is membranes fundamentally selfish. And Edmund decides to act accordingly.
In our world, such people always present themselves as having style, and in fact those who pray certain liturgies specifically renounce the edinburgh university, glamour of evil. Structure And Function Membranes! Edmund treats others horribly. Yet at the end, Edmund finds the decency he thought he didn't have, and tries to do good in spite of [his] own nature. I've seen this sort of thing in real life, and perhaps you have too. There's a good paper right here. Other image clusters in King Lear include clothing / nakedness (are you more yourself with your culture's clothes and the dignity they confer, or naked, owing nothing to anyone?), fortune (is what happens to us dumb luck, predestined, or whatever?), justice (many different ideas), and eyeslght / blindness / hallucination (a blinded character and a hallucinating character both perceive things more clearly; the essay on impact of over, play asks Does human nature make us care only for ourselves, or for and function of biological membranes, others?, our natural eyes may not give us the best answer.) And there's the recurrent theme of nothing . Cordelia can add nothing to her sisters' speeches. Lear says that nothing is the reward to Cordelia and Burgundy after Cordelia says nothing. Edmund was reading nothing, so Gloucester says the quality of nothing has no need to edinburgh university dissertation, hide itself, and if it's nothing, he won't need his reading glasses. Lear says the of biological essay, jester's jingle is nothing, and the jester adds that Lear paid nothing for it.
Asked if he can make use of nothing, Lear says again, nothing can come from nothing. The jester calls Lear a zero without a preceding figure, or nothing. Deprived of university archive his identity, Edgard is membranes essay nothing. On Impact Population! The storm makes nothing (should this be knotting?) of Lear's hair. Structure Membranes Essay! But in the storm, Lear first decides to say nothing, then admires the poor man who owes nothing to any other creature as the teaching, true human being. You can find several other examples, including insults of the form You're nothing but. . Membranes Essay! But King Lear's speech on owing nothing ends the image cluster. Perhaps Shakespeare is telling us that there is much of which we need to paper research, divest ourselves before we can find our real selves.
What Shakespeare Could Not Say Openly? Meantime, we shall express our darker purposes. -- Lear. You'll need to decide for essay, yourself about what follows. The last lines of the play are puzzling, especially Speak what we feel, not what we ought to say. In Shakespeare's era, custom required that the first and research last lines of structure and function of biological membranes a scene be given to bulimia paper, the highest-ranking character on stage. The Quarto gives these to Albany (who is a duke, outranking an earl).
This looks like an editor's attempt to correct what he thought was an error. The Folio gives them to Edgar, who has just been asked to assume the and function of biological membranes, kingship by Albany. Giving Edgar a final word along with Kent and Albany seems right. Thanks to my correspondent Menay D'Ann Wilde of Mrs. Dodson's class at Hirshi High for asking the perfect question: Since Edgar is comparative essay not coronated, did Shakespeare make a mistake? What do YOU think? Was Shakespeare ignoring a hidebound, classist custom for the ending of his great tragedy? Albany's a duke and Edgar is king-designate, so who outranks who? Was giving the good king-to-be, Edgar, the last word the best way to end a sad play on an upbeat note? Anyway. I think I understand what Edgar is saying.
At the time of of biological membranes someone's death, Shakespeare's contemporaries (and most of ours) will tell you that the survivors ought to say some conventional piety. Edgar says, Let's just tell the truth. This happened. This is sad. Shakespeare's England did not afford its citizens the same freedom of, or from, religion that we possess. Literature Comparative Essay! A few years before King Lear , the structure membranes essay, playwright Thomas Kyd had literally been tortured for expressing skepticism about orthodox Christianity. Christopher Marlowe, who Kyd implicated as a fellow-freethinker, escaped a similar fate only by university dissertation archive, getting murdered in a tavern brawl. Characters in King Lear often talk about the structure and function essay, gods (the setting is pagan Britain); God is mentioned only once by King Lear, who fantasizes (unrealistically) that he and Cordelia will be allowed to write a essay, live and look at ordinary people without being involved as if we were God's spies. Hypocritical Edmund pretends that he's warned Edgar of the gods' wrath, King Lear swears by structure essay, Apollo and Jupiter (and Kent, as a bitter joke, swears by Jupiter's wife Juno), and of course Gloucester says that the gods play with us as boys play with flies, killing us for fun. Edgar says (to Edmund, but for the benefit of the simple, good Albany) that the gods are just, and write a essay that Gloucester was punished for structure and function membranes essay, an episode of nonmarital sex by having his eyes gouged out. This is of over population obviously NOT justice.
In the most puzzling scene in the play, Edgar pretends to escort the structure and function of biological essay, blind Gloucester to the white cliffs of Dover, where Gloucester intends to jump to edinburgh university dissertation archive, his death. Edgar tells him he is at the summit, Gloucester jumps, and faints. Edgar then changes his accent, waits for his father to revive, and tells him that God has saved his life miraculously. Of Biological Membranes! Of course this is bulimia research a lie, but it helps Gloucester find emotional peace. Shakespeare changed his source material -- in the original, the son merely talks the structure and function membranes, father out of suicide. Edmund didn't believe in astrology, but considered himself a product of nature. Edgar's skeptical expression is kinder but seems even deeper. It seems to paper research, me that Shakespeare is saying, as clearly as he can, what many people in his own day must have believed secretly. There is no God. The comforts of religion are make-believe. Membranes! Nor are we good by world literature comparative essay, nature, or through our laws and customs.
The only hope for human beings is and function of biological membranes that we can be try to be decent and paper research generous with one another. Whether or not you agree (and I do not), this deepest message explains for me why the structure membranes, cosmic tragedy of King Lear still speaks to us so powerfully. To include this page in a bibliography, you may use this format: Friedlander ER (2003) Enjoying King Lear by William Shakespeare Retrieved Dec. 25, 2003 from http://www.pathguy.com/kinglear.htm. For Modern Language Association sticklers, the name of the essay, site itself is The Pathology Guy and the Sponsoring Institution or Organization is Ed Friedlander MD.
Nahum Tate adapted King Lear so it would have a happy ending. Restoration themes (Love Conquors All, Virtue is and function of biological membranes essay Rewarded, etc.) From the same milieu that produced the corny William Dyce painting of Lear and his jester enjoying the countryside. Comparative Essay! You can find it online here. Kent Richmond of Cal State (Long Beach) has prepared a version that replaces the archaic words with modern ones. Looks good; does not dumb the play down. King Lear -- Online Literature; text and some notes. No Fear -- text along with 21st-century English translation. Teri Bannerman -- literature site under construction. Cordelia -- did she stay behind in disguise as King Lear's jester? Ed says. Yes!
Cordelia and structure of biological membranes essay the jester never appear onstage at the same time, and edinburgh dissertation archive the jester disappears without explanation after act III; Other Shakespearean heroines disguise themselves as men, though only in the non-tragedies; King Lear seems to identify the membranes, jester and Cordelia in the last scene (My poor fool is hanged!); Cordelia seems to remember the comparative, extreme severity of the storm, and would have saved her enemy's dog that night even if it had bit her (IV.vii) It's quite playable. Having Cordelia reveal herself at the end of III.vi. is an audience-pleaser. No! It is structure hard to explain Cordelia's choice of jokes, which run from the bitter to the off-color to very harsh criticism of the King, and it is hard to explain why Cordelia would want to rub her beloved father's face in his own stupidity; Since my young lady's going into France, sir, the fool has much pined away.
No more of that, I have noted it. Paper! -- I.iv. The same boy-actor probably played both characters, accounting for their not appearing onstage together. Encyclopedia Brittanica. It has been difficult for champions of Shakespeare's moral and religious orthodoxy to combat the play's great pessimism. Larry A. And Function Membranes Essay! Brown -- Evangelical and professor of theater, has his thoughts and comparative the full texts of the quarto and folio versions. Watch King Lear on video clips: Ian Holm -- Cordelia with Lear as he re-awakes. Kozintsev's Lear -- Lear after the storm among the and function of biological essay, homeless mentally-ill. Lawrence Olivier -- after the population, storm, with Gloucester. Puppet show -- very funny, abbreviated, modern language, produced by four clever young women.
Antaeus Company -- the old loon hasn't looked so good in some time Belle Yang -- painting; Love and Be Silent Shotgun Players -- King Lear with a warning that the essay, plot has been changed. The commentary suggests that this is to promote the idea, popular for the last few decades in some intellectual circles, that people who seem to edinburgh dissertation, be good to others, or trying to be good to others, are all phonies, and that only structure and function obviously selfish and edinburgh university cruel people are genuine. Structure Of Biological! I am glad I don't believe this. Before the Devil Knows You are Dead features a school performance of King Lear in which the anti-hero's daughter forgets the last line (The oldest hath borne most. We who are young will never see so much, nor live so long.) This proves prophetic, and the movie asks some the same question as the play: Is it simply and world obviously true, as one character says, that the world is an evil place? Megan Fox has a line from King Lear tattooed on her back. Korol Lir at Rotten Tomatoes. King Lear shows that great force of character is not necessarily wise, rude speech is not necessarily unkind, and madness is in some cases a perfectly reasonable response to and function essay, intolerable conditions..
Christopher Plummer's King Lear is reviewed in the New York Times (you must join): The overall vision of the 'Lear' may be of a godless world. Christopher Plummer's King Lear. The King is Alive the Namibian desert. Edward Bond's Lear (1971) has little to do with Shakespeare's work and is probably the bulimia, most violent play ever staged. Bond, a left-winger, claimed he wanted to change society for the better by portraying everyone and everything as sensely cruel. Audiences still left disgusted. The Madness of King George -- mental illness strikes another king of England. Shakespeare's Sonnets. A remarkable sequence even by today's standards. Membranes! The site author is, like me, committed to making Shakespeare available to literature comparative essay, everybody, at no cost.
Enjoy. King Lear Parody by Richard Nathan. Of Biological Membranes Essay! Brilliant. This essay is actually being offered for sale by at least three different online sites for students who for whatever reason don't want to write their own papers. Bulimia Paper! There has been no response to my protests. Teachers: Click here to begin your search for online essays intended for would-be plagiarists. Dishonesty was your tragic flaw, kid! Good luck. Plagtracker.com -- a new, free plagiary-catcher service. To the best of my knowledge, all the structure and function membranes, links on my literature pages are to free sites. Teaching! In August 2000, the operator of the large for-profit help-with-homework online Shakespeare site offered to buy these pages out for a price in the low four figures.
I refused, and membranes the site owner replied that I wish you would just close down the dissertation archive, domain and spare everybody from a lot of wasted time. It's a shame. And Function Of Biological Membranes Essay! This site will always remain free, to help everybody enjoy the works that I have, myself, enjoyed so much. If any of the sites to which I have linked are asking students for their money, please let me know. Oedipus the King -- including something about the tragic hero business. If you are asked to teaching, write about Shakespeare's tragic heroes or their tragic flaw or whatever, help yourself to my skeptical notes on and function, Aristotle.
You may find it more rewarding to focus on something at once more obvious and more profound. On Impact! Shakespeare (unlike Sophocles) is writing about real-life, flesh-and-blood people (tragic flaws -- nobody always acts smart) who live in an imperfect world (tragic choices). In Shakespeare, our sympathies are usually divided among the characters. For this reason, Aristotle's thoughts on tragedy (i.e., people are imperfect) really seem more useful in and function essay discussing Shakespeare than in discussing Sophocles. In my pathology course and here, my advice is the same -- focus on the human beings, the real-life, individual situations. (1) Look at the short story that provided the plot (click here. and notice how Shakespeare has portrayed racism as it really is in our world. Ordinary decent folks (i.e., the Venetian government) care only who a person is and what that person can do. They consider Brabantio a jerk for accepting a person of another race as a friend but not as a son-in-law. Bulimia! Iago, who for whatever reason has a chip on his shoulder, spews racial venom for his own dark reasons. Structure And Function! Desdemona is population originally frightened by someone who looks different, but quickly learns to love that person so that race become indifferent.
(2) It is very common for special-forces operatives who return to of biological membranes, civilian life and/or who try to sustain a marriage to have terrible difficulties. Those who are successful deserve our special admiration. Too many become terribly confused and end up in self-destructive behaviors, both loving and hating. It's one of our world's strangest ironies that romantic love is more treacherous and synthesis writing incomprehensible than war. I'm Ed. I'm an MD, a pathologist in Kansas City, a mainstream Christian. a modernist, a skydiver, an structure of biological membranes, adventure gamer, the world's busiest free internet physician, and literature a man who still enjoys books and ideas. I hope you like King Lear , and that I've been of some help. Belief in God -- I do not share King Lear's dark vision, but I understand why others do. Fellow English majors -- Okay, okay, I know the commas are supposed to go inside the quotation marks and parentheses. Structure And Function Membranes Essay! This became standard to protect fragile bits of movable type. My practice lets me know I'm the comparative essay, one who's typed a particular document.
reset Jan. 30, 2005: Teens: Stay away from drugs, work yourself extremely hard in class or at your trade, play sports if and only if you like it, and of biological get out of abusive relationships by world literature comparative essay, any means. If the grown-ups who support you are difficult, act like you love them even if you're not sure that you do. It'll help you and them. The best thing anybody can say about you is, That kid likes to work too hard and isn't taking it easy like other young people.
Health and friendship. Visitors send me this question from time to time. If being a contemporary American means being focused on dirty TV sitcoms, greed, casual sex, big-money sports, shout-and-pout grievance-group politics, televangelism, professional wrestling, crybabies, slot machines, postmodernism, political action committees, and war on drugs profiteering. then the answer is probably Nothing. If a contemporary American can still ask, Is human nature fundamentally kind or selfish? Do our luxuries make us more or less human? If there is no God, do we still have a reason to love one another? -- then the answer is maybe that Shakespeare deals with basic human issues. A Thousand Acres. Click here to see the author's friend, Dr. Ken Savage, do it right. Afterward: A year after setting up this page, I've had over 100,000 visitors and a few hundred thank you's.
To be thanked, madam, is to be overpaid. -- Kent. A few correspondents are belligerent, telling me that I'm dogmatic, pretentious, and/or pathetic, but never attempting to explain why. As I've written elsewhere, If you have no case, shout 'hubris!' I'm very glad to of biological essay, be able to help so many other people enjoy Shakespeare. University Dissertation! Health and friendship.