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body academic essay The Academic Essay. The academic essay is merely a specific writing genre#150;as is the essay, love letter, newspaper editorial, or pop-fiction. As a genre, it functions within a set of norms, rules, and conventions. The purpose of this discussion is to make clear to you what those rules and norms are, and how to use them to express your argument clearly. The purpose of the leapor an essay on women, academic essay is to persuade by reasoned discourse. Scholars use the essay amongst themselves to advance ideas. Its value as an instructional tool is to assist students in modern age computers, developing their critical thinking skills. As you recall, critical thinking is defined as: the ability to read theory accurately, appropriate it meaningfully, apply it independently, generate results based on that application, analyze the results, and form a clear argument based on those results that can be defended with a specific line of reasoning. Research Paper! A good academic essay engenders this process and clearly demonstrates that the process has been performed successfully. With this in mind let's examine how to write an academic essay.
Do you frequently find yourself struggling with the introduction to your essays? Do you not know how to begin the essay? Do you find yourself searching for a generalizing statement that will get things going, and modern essay trying to leapor find a delicate balance between BS'ing and saying something meaningful? If so, that's because you are not following the norms for age computers the introduction to the academic essay. Following this norm actually makes introductions a piece of cake and gets you right into the body of the essay. Here is the norm: The purpose of the introduction is organizational research paper, two-fold: 1. To introduce the theoretical framework that will guide your analysis. 2. To introduce the thesis statement that will organize your paper. Following this norm allows you to cut to the chase. No more generalizing statements of philosophical speculation that you venture forth hoping that it won't get shot down.
You know, crap like Hemingway was perhaps one of the most visionary authors of his time. or The Western is age computers, perhaps the thesis, most uniquely American of all the genres. Rather, if the purpose of the essay is to demonstrate that you have appropriated a theory and essay applied it independently to produce results, then the function of the introduction becomes more focused: to introduce the theory#150;or theoretical framework#150;that you have decided to use. Hence you will find that many essays begin with such statements as In his book. Or, In her essay. IMPORTANT NOTE: One of the main reasons that the norm of the Introduction developed this way is because of an important rule of the Academic Essay: Avoid making statements that you cannot prove. The problem with the generalizing/philosophical/BS'ing statements like Hemingway. and The Western. is that they cannot be proven through reasoned discourse. Moreover, to even try and do so would require voluminous amounts of discourse for something that is not even your thesis: what you actually ARE setting out to prove.
As a result, the genre of the Academic Essay has evolved into the above norm. It still meets an cavell introduction's purpose of orienting the reader, it just does so in a very specific manner. Modern Age Computers Essay! Having accomplished that, the expectation for an essay is that you will introduce a thesis statement that is directly related to that theoretical framework (or its application). As a result, a major convention of the academic essay is that: The introduction ends with the thesis statement. Having stated a thesis, you are expected to then go and prove it through the body of the essay. That said, it is important to discuss what's at leapor on women, stake in making a thesis statement. There are four basic logical forms for a thesis statement: #149; A banal thesis statement. #149; A simple thesis statement. #149; A complex thesis statement. #149; An impossible thesis statement. Let's discuss each of these quickly before moving on. A banal thesis statement is a statement that does not really say anything#150;it is in fact meaningless because it is either so overly general or so evident as to not be of significance. Here's an example from literature.
A frequent argument students will make is This author used symbolism to age computers essay make his point. The statement, however, is meaningless precisely because it is not of significance: every author writing literature uses symbolism of leapor on women, one kind or another, either using language metaphorically or metonymically. Thus, to attempt to single out age computers essay, or make a distinction of a piece for using symbolism is to not say anything that even needs proving to begin with. A simple thesis statement is not quite what it may sound like. A simple thesis statement means that only one main point or argument is organizational development, going to modern be proved. The term simple argument can thus be misleading because the leapor on women, argument itself can and frequently is very theoretically sophisticated. What makes them simple is that in terms of modern age computers essay, their logical structure, they only take on one line of proof, and development research paper hence, their organization of proof will be simple.
One has to be careful, however, because sometimes one main argument may require SEVERAL supporting arguments. The example here would be the argument that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre. Here the writer has only one thing to prove, but in order to do so will have to establish the elements that comprise the age computers, Western Genre and demonstrate how the film embodies them--not a small task. Simple thesis statements are eminently preferable in terms of writing an resume compose essay for a course. It allows you to focus on modern age computers your points and your proofs rather than getting lost in the organization of your arguments. A complex thesis statement means that the thesis has more than one point to prove. Business Dissertation! In this respect, the essay will have to organize more than one line of reasoning in so far that more than one thing has to be proven. Age Computers! Complex theses are not necessarily more theoretically sophisticated than simple thesis statements, they are only more difficult to cavell thesis organize clearly.
In this respect, they are not worth what they entail and should be avoided. An example of modern age computers essay, a complex thesis statement would be something like: Faulkner's novels critique the ideologies of organizational development research, patriarchy and racism. This would be an appropriate analysis for modern age computers the work of Faulkner, but I'm not sure it would be worth it. To begin with, it is not clear what the writer has to cavell the specificity thesis gain in modern, terms of proving BOTH of these aspects of the work rather than just the one. Instead, with this complex thesis, there are going to be long sections of the essay where half of open university, what needs to be proved will be left suspended while the other half gets discussed.
In addition, the thesis picks the essay, work of open university, Faulkner which necessitates discussing every book, rather than just one. Thus it is that an important convention of the essay, academic essay is that: A complex thesis statement can usually be restructured into a more theoretically sophisticated (if not interesting) simple thesis statement. Making an Argument. As stated earlier, the academic essay is an exercise in research methodology business, reasoned persuasion. In this respect, the thesis statement is an important organizational structure insofar as it establishes how the rest of the essay will be organized. Classical logic maintains that there are 3 basic kinds of persuasive statements: statements of fact, statements of value (or evaluation), and statements of policy (or action, which argue what we should do). Unless otherwise specified, the first of these, the statement of fact, is the form that the thesis statement for an academic essay should take#150;the obvious exception being when you write evaluative criticism (which you will NEVER do in my course). Statements of fact can themselves be grouped into two basic forms: arguments of classification, and arguments of operation or function. It is possible to make other distinctions, like for example, arguments of essay, relationship (how to essay things relate to each other) but these distinctions can be readily subsumed into these two basic groups. Arguments of classification are when you establish some sort of criteria, and then argue that something meets or fails to meet that criteria. Modern Age Computers! The earlier example that Star Wars belongs within the Western Genre is an example of an argument of classification.
Having established what comprises the Western Genre, the writer will then go on organizational research to prove how Star Wars embodies, contains, or possesses those elements. The writer will, in other words, prove that Star Wars meets that criteria. Arguments of operation or function argues in modern, terms of what something does, or how it functions. The earlier argument that Faulkner's work critiques the ideology of patriarchy is an example of function. This statement argues that Faulkner's work DOES something: it criticizes the ideology of patriarchy. Note that unlike the argument of classification, the thesis, writer of this essay SEEMS to have to do more to prove their thesis. They will not only have to define what the ideology of patriarchy is#150;and thus establish criteria#150;they will also have to demonstrate that Faulkner's work DOES something with that criteria. The question of HOW leads to a discussion of the body of the essay.
The Body of the modern essay, Essay. From a conceptual standpoint, the function of the body of the essay is to prove the thesis statement laid out in the introduction. Easy enough. This section discusses how the writer accomplishes that proof. In the discussion of types of argument, I made the point that the writer will have to establish criteria that can be used to prove their argument. The body of the essay is the location where the writer accomplishes that. An introduction is precisely that: It INTRODUCES the theoretical framework and the thesis statement. Leapor! It does not DESCRIBE or DISCUSS these two things. This is modern age computers, a fairly common mistake that beginning essay writers make. They fear that they have not said enough in the intro and as a result, go on to discuss aspects of their theory or elaborate on a thesis. The problem with doing so is that it screws up your organization.
What comes next is no longer clear to the reader. If you keep it clear to yourself that the purpose of the resume compose, introduction to your essay is to only INTRODUCE your theoretical framework, and your thesis statement, then the essay, function of the body of your essay will also become evident to resume compose the reader. They will expect you to establish criteria so that you can prove your thesis. As a result, another important norm of the modern age computers, academic essay is: A primary function of the body of the essay is to establish the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven. Thus it is that having argued that Star Wars is a Western, the body of the paper is going to have to first establish the elements that comprise the Western#150;it will have to establish the criteria by which the thesis can be proven. To argue that Faulkner's work criticizes thee ideology of sythesis of 2, patriarchy is going to require that the writer establish what the ideology of age computers, patriarchy is. Establishing the criteria by which the thesis statement will be proven leads to the next logical step: demonstrating how the object under investigation meets those criteria.
Clearly it is not enough for the Faulkner essayist to just define what the ideology of sythesis of 2, patriarchy is. Their thesis is age computers essay, that Faulkner's work criticizes that ideology. As a result, they will have to point to specific things within the text and argue that they relate to those criteria IN A SPECIFIC WAY#150;in this case through a process of criticism. This process of relating the object of investigation back to the established criteria is methodology, another fundamental component of the body of the essay. Without it, the proof is not complete. As silly as that sounds, I kid you not that the most frequent mistake of beginning essay writers is a failure to age computers relate their analysis back to the criteria they have established. Thus it is that another important norm for the academic essay is: Relate the analysis back to the terms and concepts of the established criteria. The Star Wars example brings up another fundamental logical task to this process.
From the beginning you have probably thought the Star Wars thesis to sythesis of 2 not be very feasible. The film is not set in the West, and it occurs in modern essay, the future. The question becomes, however, whether these are ESSENTIAL criteria to the Western, and if not, what is? In terms of proving that thesis statement, the writer is going to have to clearly establish what the organizational research paper, elements of the Western Genre are, and then relate aspects of the film back to ALL of those criteria. Herein lies the essential importance of completeness to that process. If the Star Wars writer establishes the criteria but can only point to the gun-fighting that occurs in the film, then their essay will fail to persuade. Their essay will fail to modern essay persuade precisely because it inadequately addresses the scope of the criteria. Thus it is that another important norm for the specificity thesis this process is: Fully address the established criteria. It is very important to note that fully addressing the scope of the criteria does NOT mean that the object under discussion has to fully meet ALL the essay, criteria. To stick with the Star Wars example, the writer can not IGNORE the issue of setting and even remotely hope to persuade the audience.
In some way, the writer is going to development research have to modern address the cavell, fact that both time and place are out of the bounds of the Western. This is the point precisely. The author will have to ADDRESS that point#150;those criteria#150;not necessarily MEET those criteria. In this respect, the writer is going to have make a supporting argument about how these criteria relate to essay each other in terms of comprising the genre (or in a logical sense the whole). Open University! The important point is that all criteria are addressed adequately. Failure to address any of the established criteria creates a gap in modern age computers, logic. Subsequently, the reasoning process (and its ability to persuade) fails.
Fully relating the object of the leapor an essay on women, thesis to the established criteria fulfills the logical requirements necessary to persuade reasonably and allows the writer to draw conclusions. Before that process is modern age computers essay, discussed, however, it is necessary to examine an cavell the specificity important component of this relating back process. The Role of Description. Relating the object of investigation or the object of the thesis back to the established criteria is essay, necessarily going to university involve description. Description is frequently an modern age computers unclear and thorny issue for the specificity thesis writers of the academic essay#150;especially in terms of scope (how much is enough?). Modern Age Computers Essay! The purpose of description, however, clarifies the methodology dissertation, issue of scope. The purpose of description to is to make clear, or establish WHAT in the object of investigation (the film, the age computers essay, scene, the shot) relates to resume compose the criteria being used.
It therefore becomes important for the writer to essay use description in such a manner as to essay open university establish the basis of the relationship between the object and modern essay the criteria. Furthermore, the cavell thesis, writer should LIMIT description to accomplishing only this task. Added description is not only superfluous, but distracts from age computers trying to prove your argument. As a result, another important norm for the body of the academic essay is: Subordinate description to research methodology dissertation the purpose of modern age computers essay, analysis. As stated above the process of fully relating the resume compose, object of the thesis to the established criteria has the effect of fulfilling the logical requirements. It is THAT task which ultimately persuades, not the conclusion itself. It is for this reason that, in some respects, the conclusion does not seem to have a FUNDAMENTAL role in the process of reasoned persuasion. That in itself probably accounts for how many dopey tips exist for what to do with a conclusion, like: repeat the age computers, thesis statement (like people have forgotten it despite the fact that you've been working to prove it the entire time) or some other such thing. What to do with a conclusion if the work of proof is already done? The most effective thing to do with a conclusion is to first signal that the work is coming to close, and then close off the discussion itself by stating something definitive about the work.
Like the introduction, then, the conclusion has a dual role: to signal the transition to closure, and to close the discussion with a definitive statement. Leapor An Essay! The work of the conclusion should reference the thesis, without necessarily repeating the thesis (or the steps by which it was proven) It should then say something definitive that signals closure by pointing to the implications of what you've discussed, by amplifying what you've discussed, or by contextualizing what you've discussed. In each case, you are striving to close discussion by being definitive, and you are taking caution not to violate rule #1 of the essay, academic essay: avoid statements that you cannot prove. To stay with the resume compose, running examples, the conclusion to the Faulkner paper could look something like this: . it therefore serves as an example of how literary texts structure their criticisms of dominant ideologies. (pointing to modern the implications of proving your argument).
Thus, far from being a portrait of its time Faulkner's work demonstrates that literary works actively engage ideologies. (amplifying your argument) Rather than a story centered exclusively on war, Hemingway's novel instead participates in the reinforcement of dominant ideologies with American culture. (Contextualizing the argument) Note that the essay writing, similarity here is how definitive these statements are. They draw upon the work that has been done, but say something different and final that is logically based upon what has been discussed. There are, of course, variations on the genre of the academic essay--some rather large difference exist, for example, between the social sciences and the humanites. This discussion is based on modern the humanties approach. Sythesis Of 2! Other variations can result from the idiosyncracies of specific instructors. Modern Age Computers! To the degree that what is written here sounds heavy handed and inflexible, I caution instead that such tone is trying to thesis reflect the modern, manner in which your own analysis and writing will need to sound precise and rigorous#150;the standards by which the academic essay is evaluated.
The precision and rigor with which these norms and conventions are applied should function only to open university demand that your own analysis and reason engender these standards. They are thus meant to elevate your thinking, not control it. The principles by which the academic essay structures itself is designed to be a discipline that frees your thinking, not subjugate it. Within its conventions is unlimited creative potential whose only demand, ultimately, is that you say something meaningful that others can be persuaded of via your logic. What I have attempted to do here is make the norms and conventions of the age computers, genre explicit so that you can refine your skills working within it.
Mastering this genre has the benefit of developing your skill to analyze situations using explicit criteria, and be able to make decisions based on writing university that analysis. Essay! More than a few people have found that possession of such a skill is invaluable in life and cavell thesis professional endeavors.
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VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 h3Job Description/h3divpClose date: September 19, 2017/ppStart date: strong10/13/2017/strong/ppEnd date: strong3/12/2019/strongstrong /strong/ppDuration: 17nbsp;months/ppHours per leapor an essay, week: 40/ppTask order #HBITS-05-04847/ppThis is a full-time position./ppHours are: strong8:30-5:00, negotiable/strong/ppJob location is strongAlbany/strong, NY/ppnbsp;/ppstrongJob Description:/strong./ppThe consultant must be able to apply expert knowledge of age computers Java and related technologies described herein to successfully complete the following tasks:br /- Participate in Joint Application Development session to leapor on women, assist in the formulation of Use Case analysis deliverables.br /- Interpret Use Case requirements, seek clarification from age computers, Business Analysts as needed and estimate, propose, prototype and essay open develop a solution that integrates within the existing technology stack and framework.br /- Provide J2EE, JBoss Enterprise Application Server, SOA web services, Red Hat Apache web server, Linux, Oracle 11g, Drools rules engine, MQ Series/Message Broker development expertise.nbsp; Perform development activities as requested.br /- Provide work breakdown structures to articulate tasks, level of effort and dependencies between tasks and report progress.br /- Provide troubleshooting and end-user support/problem resolutionbr /- Provide technical documentation, solution prototypes, conduct demonstrations of work in progress and completed work to business subject matter experts and other technical staff as span class=long-wordrequested/required./spanbr /- Assist in configuration, performance tuning and troubleshooting of modern essay Red Hat Apache web and JBoss application server settingsbr /-- Ensure that projects follow the an essay NYS ITS architecture standards and best practices and conduct technical reviews to ensure compliancebr /- Provide day-to-day technical guidance and hands-on support to the development project teams for activities related to age computers, the definition, design, construction, testing, performance tuning and certification of applications.br /nbsp;/ppnbsp;/ppstrongnbsp;/strongstrongSpecialist/strong/ppstrong- Experience in sythesis of 2, the usage and support of a collection of development platforms, technical architectures, or business applications and products that run on age computers essay, those platforms, beyond that of a Programmer- The Authorized User may seek Specialists in the following areas (list is not exhaustive):bull; Backup and the specificity thesis Recoverybull; Securitybr /Expertbr /84+ Months: Candidate is able to modern, provide leadership of large teams and/or extensive industry experience and is considered at essay, the top of his/her field#x200B;/strong/ppnbsp;/ppstrongRequired Qualifications/strong:/ppstrong1.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;84 months experience developing enterprise level Java web application software solutions in all phases of the Software Development Lifecycle (SDLC).nbsp;br /2.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;84 months experience with Struts or Spring and age computers essay Liferay nbsp;nbsp;br /3.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;60 or more months experience developing Java applications using WebSphere Message Broker flows. nbsp;br /4.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;72 or more months experience in EJB development and research business dissertation transaction management programming in modern essay, a complex, large-scale environment involving the integration of J2EE applications with legacy mainframe environments.nbsp;br /5.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;84 months experience working with a business rules engine, Drools.nbsp;br /6.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;72 or more months experience working with/developing Java solutions with a Web security protocol (preferably using LDAP and SiteMinder) context.nbsp;br /7.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;72 or more months experience implementing design patterns (J2EE, GoF) within complex business applications.nbsp;br /8.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;60 or more months experience with use of XML, JAXB and web services in sythesis of 2, a J2EE environment.br /9.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;72 or more monthrsquo;s experience analyzing business processes and age computers workflows, and resume compose working with non-technical staff to develop system specifications and resolve problems.nbsp;br /10.nbsp;nbsp; nbsp;48 or more months experience in assisting in modern age computers, the configuration, performance tuning and troubleshooting of JBoss EAP and RedHat Apache servers.nbsp;/strong/ppstrongspan class=long-word. Methodology Business Dissertation? /span/strong/ppnbsp;/ppDo you anticipate any absences during the engagement period? If so, please list the start and end date for each absence./ppnbsp;/ppWhat dates can you interview for this position that are at age computers, least 7 days after the due date (see due date above)?/ppnbsp;/ppDo you have a Skype ID? If so, please provide it. If not, please get one ASAP, it is free.
A Skype interview will be required as part of the hiring process./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to start the job within 10 days./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to pass a background investigation (BGI)./p/divh3Company Description/h3divLogic House Ltd., was incorporated in the Commonwealth of research Pennsylvania in 1990. Essay? It is a small business which provides a comprehensive range of management and technical services for the development of information systems. Logic House has experienced continuous growth, due in large measure to research, our history of age computers successful service engagements. Operating from Pennsylvania and California, Logic House has earned a reputation for providing quality professional services in a timely and cost effective manner./div Logic House Ltd Albany NY. Java Websphere Admin Coldfusion Specailist 04912 N. Logic House Ltd. Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 h3Job Description/h3divpClose date: October 3, 2017/ppStart date: 10/30/2017/ppEnd date: 10/29/2019/ppDuration: 24 months/ppHours per week: 40/ppTask order #HBITS-05-04912/ppThis is university, a full-time position./ppHours are: 8 AM ndash; 5 PM EST/ppJob location is Albany, NY/ppnbsp;/ppstrongJob Description:/strong./ppStaff will perform IBM WebSphere Administration and Other Middleware System Administration tasks on Red Hat, Windows and AIX operating systems.brbrbull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Work with various agencies WebSphere middleware to modern, consolidate, on-board, configure and maintain the WAS ND 8.5 environment on Linux, AIX and Windowsbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Provide assistance in migrating and configuring Java applications from Windows environment to WAS ND Linux/AIX environmentbr /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Responsibilities include providing web server support for the agencyrsquo;s developers running mission critical java application. This responsibility includes troubleshooting java errors, java code, web server errors and essay writing database connection issues.br /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Candidate will be tasked with applying software enhancements, security patches and bug fixes to the WAS and other supported middleware environment on modern essay, a schedule basis.br /bull;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp; Work with the development staff and sythesis of 2 other teams on modern essay, a regular basis to determine best approach for resume compose, new application development (ex.
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If so, please provide it. If not, please get one ASAP, it is age computers essay, free. A Skype interview will be required as part of the hiring process./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to sythesis of 2, start the age computers essay job within 10 days./ppnbsp;/ppIf selected, you will need to pass a background investigation (BGI)./p/divh3Company Description/h3divLogic House Ltd., was incorporated in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania in 1990. It is leapor an essay on women, a small business which provides a comprehensive range of management and technical services for the development of information systems. Logic House has experienced continuous growth, due in large measure to our history of successful service engagements. Operating from Pennsylvania and California, Logic House has earned a reputation for providing quality professional services in modern essay, a timely and cost effective manner./div Logic House Ltd Albany NY. Key Business Solutions, Inc.
Posted 1 days ago. VIEW JOBS 10/3/2017 12:00:00 AM 2018-01-01T00:00 strongJava WebSphere Developer/strongbr / strongAlbany, NY /strongbr / strongDuration: 24 Months /strongbr / br / strongJob Description:/strongbr / This position will design and implement software solutions and assure current and essay open new technologies are effectively integrated to fulfill the business needs. This individual will be expected to provide expertise and hands-on participation in the following activities: ul li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Understand and age computers implement Integrated Justice Portal standards related to application technologies, including UI standards, development methodology, and coding and style guides./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Act as the development research primary technical liaison with technical infrastructure teams to resolve problems and implement solutions to technical issues impacting application performance./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Work with the Infrastructure team to age computers, execute activities such as performance test planning and execution failure failover planning and organizational research execution, endurance testing and modern deployment planning and an essay on women testing./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Provide the age computers analysis, design development, and code review enterprise applications using JAVA/JEE, JSF, XML, XSLT and the IBM Portal/WebSphere Application development software./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Perform oversight of cavell the specificity thesis development activities which may include data analysis, data access, data structures, data manipulation, preparing logical database models, testing and implementation./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Prepare, and/or review technical documentation such as designs, schemas, etc., as appropriate./li li style=padding: 0; margin: 0;Provide technical leadership to team of developers./li /ul strongCandidates should have at least 84 months experience and a majority of the following should apply:/strongbr / strongEach candidate should fill out the months of experience they have for each item in the table:/strong table border=0 cellpadding=0 cellspacing=0 style=width:666px; width=666 tbody tr td style=width:115px;height:22px;strong1./strong/td td style=width:347px;height:22px;Minimum 84 months experience developing highly available and scalable multitier applications using Object Oriented or Service Oriented Architecture involving data structures, algorithms, software design, and JEE Design Patterns./td td style=width:102px;height:22px;strong#OF MONTHS/strong/td td style=width:102px;height:22px;strong20/strong/td /tr tr td style=width:115px;height:23px;strong2./strong/td td style=width:347px;height:23px;Minimum 64 months hands-on experience developing and deploying applications in IBM WebSphere Portal 6.1+ and WebSphere Application Server 6.1+./td td style=width:102px;height:23px;strong#OF MONTHS/strong/td td style=width:102px;height:23px;strong20/strong/td /tr tr td style=width:115px;height:22px;strong3./strong/td td style=width:347px;height:22px;Minimum 48 months developing, implementing and integrating systems related to criminal justice processing (including but not limited to: disposition processing, fingerprint identification processing, criminal history updating, Sex Offender management, tracking of essay Wanted/Missing persons, or initiatives related to methodology business, Offender Supervision)./td td style=width:102px;height:22px;strong#OF MONTHS/strong/td td style=width:102px;height:22px;strong20/strong/td /tr tr td style=width:115px;height:20px;strong4./strong/td td style=width:347px;height:20px;Minimum 84 months developing applications that are implemented with JAVA Development Kit (JDK 1.5 or higher)./td td style=width:102px;height:20px;strong#OF MONTHS/strong/td td style=width:102px;height:20px;strong10/strong/td /tr tr td style=width:115px;height:24px;strong5./strong/td td style=width:347px;height:24px;Minimum 72 months performing hands on modern age computers, development of applications developed using JMS, EJB, MQ 6.0 or higher, JSF, JAXB, JAXWS, JPA (or Hibernate)./td td style=width:102px;height:24px;strong#OF MONTHS/strong/td td style=width:102px;height:24px;strong10/strong/td /tr /tbody /table br / divbKiran Kumar/b/div divba href=mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com/a/b/div divbKey Business Solutions, Inc./b/div divb|| Office: 916 646 2080 Ext 224 || Fax: 916 646 2081 || Email:/ba href=mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com/ab|| Website:/ba href=http://www.key-soft.com/ target=_blank title=http://www.key-soft.com/www.key-soft.com/ab||Yahoo: kirankeysoft Gtalk:a href=mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org email@example.com/a/b/div divbNote:/bThis email is not intended to be a solicitation. Research Business? Please accept our apologies and reply in age computers, the subject heading with REMOVE to be removed from our Mailing list./div Key Business Solutions, Inc. Albany NY. Java Websphere Developer 04877 NY. 1. Resume Copy paste or upload your resume. 2. An Essay On Women? Cover Letter (Optional) 2. Cover Letter (Optional)
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The Age of Computers: Essays …
How do I start my discussion chapter? On Twitter this week two people asked me for advice for starting the discussion chapter of their thesis / dissertation (I’m going to use the word thesis from modern age computers now on because I am Australian). I didn’t feel up to answering in 140 characters or less, so I promised a post on it today. If you are feeling anxious about the discussion section rest assured you are not alone . It’s an resume compose, issue that comes up time and age computers time again in my workshops. There’s no one answer that can help everyone because every project is cavell the specificity original, so I thought I would offer a few thoughts on it by way of starting a conversation.
Evans, Gruba and Zobel, in their book “How to Write a Better Thesis”, describe the discussion chapter as the place where you: “… critically examine your findings in the light of the previous state of the subject as outlined in the background, and make judgments as to what has been learnt in your work” Essentially the discussion chapter tells your reader what your findings might mean, how valuable they are and why. Age Computers. I remember struggling with this section myself and, looking back, I believe there were two sources of anxiety. The first is research methodology scholarly confidence. At the University of Melbourne we used to talk about modern age computers how a good thesis has a ‘ Ph Factor’ . Business Dissertation. The Ph factor is age computers somewhat elusive and hard to describe, but basically it means you have to make some knowledge claims. You need to have the confidence to say something is ‘true’ (at least, without getting too post modern about it, true within the confines of essay writing open university your thesis). This can feel risky because, if you have been approaching the thesis in the right spirit, you are likely to be experiencing Doubt. The second source of anxiety is the age computers need to think creatively.
Most of the rest of the thesis asks us to think analytically; or, if you are in a practice based discipline, to make stuff; or perhaps, if you are an leapor, ethnographer, to observe the world in some way. Creative thinking involves your imagination , which means you have to switch gears mentally. So the modern problem of the discussion chapter is a problem of creative thinking and confidence, but there are some stylistic conventions and knowledge issues that complicate the task. Every thesis needs to have discussion like elements, but they may do it in different ways. In a conventional thesis, what we call the IMRAD type (introduction, methods, results, discussion and organizational development conclusion) the modern discussion chapter appears a discrete chapter. Before you worry about the discussion chapter too much, consider whether you need to treat the discussion as a separate section at resume compose, all. You need to keep in mind that the IMRAD structure is best used to write up empirical research work (the type where you collect data of some kind).
In the past I have referred to the IMRAD formula as the ‘dead hand of the thesis genre’; a phrase I picked up from essay my colleague Dr Robyn Barnacle. It’s a dead hand because of the role it plays in the imagination of the research community throughout the world. The IMRAD formula is the most widely understood format because it is the type most widely described in the ‘how to’ genre and has a close and sythesis of 2 abiding relationship to the scientific method. Many students try to make their research fit into the IMRAD format, when it is not appropriate to do so. I can be easy to feel ‘blocked’ if you are a non scientist trying to modern essay separate out the discussion from the resume compose rest of what you are writing.
Remember there are many ways to skin the discussion cat . For example, an artist may discuss each project and what it means separately. An ethnographer might devote a chapter to each theory they have built from observation. Likewise a historian may break the essay thesis up into sythesis of 2 time periods and do critique and evaluation throughout the modern whole. So I have diagnosed some of the problems, are there any easy solutions? Well, the best way to start in my view is dissertation just to write, but perhaps start to write without the age computers essay specific purpose of the discussion chapter in mind. An Essay On Women. Write to try and work out what you think and then re-write it later. You can use a couple of basic techniques to modern essay help you with this process: Try the old ‘compare and contrast’ technique. Draw up a table describing where your work is similar to others and where it differs. Use each of sythesis of 2 these points as a prompt to write a short paragraph on age computers why.
Use the “The big machine” trick as suggested by Howard Becker in his book ‘tricks of the trade’ (now only $3.99 on Kindle? Bargain!). Pretend your results are produced by a machine then describe the machine. How would the machine work? What would it look like? What parts would it need? What might make the machine break? Another useful suggestion from Howard Becker is the cavell null hypothesis technique; write down why the results mean nothing.
Sometimes forcing yourself to argue the reverse position can highlight the relationships or ideas worth exploring. Sometimes having an audience can help. Explain the modern essay results to a friend and record yourself, or use voice recognition software to the specificity thesis tell your computer some of your preliminary thoughts. Many people find talking an easier way to get ideas out. Alternatively write them in modern essay an email to someone. Explain the limitations of the work: what is left out or yet to do? Sometimes, like the null hypothesis, talking about the on women limitations can help you better define the contribution your study has made. I hope some of these suggestions help to get you started. Modern Age Computers. Do you have any more?
Are there ‘tricks’ you have used to help you get your creative juices flowing? Interesting and excellent read! Having finished my PhD recently I remember having difficulty writing the discussion(s) and scientific/practical/societal relevance of my study. Reading a lot of papers of previous research by research others made me get the illusion my thesis wouldn’t add anything new or worthy. A long and thorough discussion with my Professor made me realize I did present some new elements, but it took a while before I really believed him. In stead of writing one discussion chapter, each chapter in which I present my results or approach contains a discussion. This had the modern age computers essay advantage that when writing the research methodology dissertation chapter, you are better able to modern age computers consider the differences with other findings and you have the best knowledge of your own findings. The conclusions then summarized the most important elements of these discussions. The null hypotheses was also mentioned by on women my professor, in age computers essay an other form. He asked me if I could falsify my own conclusions with the writing same data, but with other approaches or models, and how I would actually do so.
These questions made me think about the possibilities and other models which I didn’t consider. It really helped me in writing the modern age computers discussion. Congratulations on finishing! Do you have any post PhD plans? Really interesting ideas, since I come from the scientific background, I’d never considered how to frame things from a non-scientific background. Scientists are lucky to have a ‘pre-fabricated’ phd structure. I remember being very jealous of them when i was writing one. I thought I’d chime in from the leapor an essay literature perspective.
I’m describing a new, emerging model for utopian fiction, so discussion is peppered heavily throughout. Each aspect of my methodology has implications for utopianism and essay utopian scholarship, so I discuss that in each chapter. Organizational Research. In the conclusion, I will do a lot of what you called “what is modern left out or yet to do,” since there is no way I can fully explore my new methodology or the novels it’s based on within my page/time limit. I’ve produced the ideas for discussion throughout my writing process because, from the research methodology business dissertation very beginning, I’ve had to age computers justify to my committee and myself that my project is resume compose valid and supportable by the textual evidence, and prove not only age computers essay that my work is cavell the specificity thesis different from existing scholarship but also justify the need for a “new” model and methodology. (The last was a hard sell.) Every time I sit down to age computers write, the question foremost in my mind is, “So what?” Why is this important? How does it add to essay existing scholarship? If I were to write a sequel to this thesis, what might come next? Thanks for a great post! Great ideas – thanks so much for modern essay sharing #128578; Thanks for resume compose your comments, and age computers essay thanks for cavell thesis the post! I am in the process of writing my discussion, and tried the questions of “so what?” and found that i got stumped.
I really think my thesis is boring, not adding anything interesting, and even if its different, its based on data that’s riddled with response and attrition biases! I am finding it hard to ‘pretend’ it says something interesting. Any suggestions would help! Thanks! Hm, so strange – I’m a couple of paragraphs away from finishing my conclusion and shockingly enough, everything’s fallen together just how I wanted and expected it to. Modern Essay. I’ve taken into essay writing open account any contradictory arguments I could think of, and accepted them or suggested alternatives, in addition to piecing together all the arguments I put out in the last chapters to explain how they led me to this conclusion. I might be overconfident right now because I haven’t shown my supervisors yet but I expect they’ll find something to point out that brings me down #128550; Radhika: I know exactly what you mean. I’ve written material that I thought was insightful, only to modern age computers have it “shot down” by one or more members of my committee. The most traumatic example was a poorly-theorized section of my prospectus. The Specificity. I ended up spending the age computers whole summer researching, taking notes, and thinking about the new material my prof required me to read, then the entire fall semester figuring out what it meant for my thesis.
But now that I look back at my original material, I absolutely cringe. Resume Compose. The new research may have added months to essay my work, but it also improved it dramatically. I still cringe at the fear of a negative reception from my committee, but at least I know they criticize in order to help. There’s another side to that, though. Essay Open. It’s a joke around my house that my committee chair probably thinks I have oppositional-defiant disorder because every time I’ve pitched a paper to age computers essay him, he’s told me it was a bad idea, and then I went ahead with it anyway. Dissertation. The thing is, he has always ended up liking the result. I’m sure the problem is that I don’t articulate my ideas well in the beginning, so they don’t sound viable. Age Computers. I’ve learned to recognize a certain sense of confidence that, yes, this is a good idea and I can pull it off, given enough time to think, research, and write.
I guess it’s a balancing act between understanding your own capabilities and development research paper the level of tolerance you can expect from your prof/committee. I wish I was as close to being done as you are! Totally jealous over age computers here. #128521; I still have trouble pitching ideas to development paper my colleagues until they have made it into writing. Modern Essay. I guess we learn to resume compose think through writing. now I write abstracts to clarify my thoughts first – there’s a coupke of modern age computers essay tips for writing abstracts in my prezi ‘write that journal article in 7 days’ Being so close to organizational development paper finishing makes it worse!
I had my soups shoot down entire chapters in modern the past but then I had enough time (or so it felt) to fix things and not take things too personally or, you know, panic! My last meeting had them telling me to research methodology business switch around my entire chapter structure. However NOW the bother is that all the chapters refer back to each other so even a little change e.g. one in essay structure will be a mighty task! Also, don’t be jealous, please! This is just a Master’s degree, I only have 2 years to do it! PhDs never end, I hear #128578; Hey thanks for this. In my last month, can you do something on introductions and conclusions?
This is all really useful as I write my findings chapters as it reminds me of leapor an essay on women what needs to be in the discussion chapter. enjoying reading about procrastination too. Hmmm must get back to writing #128578; Thank you so much. Modern. I was very stuck on what to do with my discussion since my paper is qualitative with no research at all and I need to make the discussion and limitations discrete sections. Thank you very much for this. Writing. My results are mostly the dreaded ‘n.s.’, so the first and third bullet points were very useful for me.
Now that I have whacked out a rough discussion chapter, it’s just tying up the loose ends now. *not looking forward for it to be shot down though* thanks a lot #128578; surely helped a lot! currently writing the modern age computers discussion for my undergrad thesis… it’s been tough even if it’s just undergrad thesis #128528; how I wish my thesis professor was just like you in trying to sythesis of 2 alleviate the stress of going through thesis writing. Thank Inger, this is modern age computers essay brilliant. Sythesis Of 2. I’ve just sat down to write my discussion chapter. I have several stand-alone chapters with analysis and age computers essay discussion in each, and was wondering if I needed an research business, overall thesis discussion chapter. Your first few lines convinced me that I do, and after jotting down the ‘state of the subject’ and what I’ve added, I’m excited about modern writing the chapter and feeling positive about thesis my work.
I also enjoyed reading everyone’s comments and learning that doubt is normal, that other people aren’t great at pitching ideas without first writing and exploring them too. Modern Age Computers Essay. Thanks everyone! how i can write my problems that faced me during research working? I?m working on my discussion and I found it VERY difficult! I doubt about the importance of my research and results and that make me feel more insecure abiut discussion. It is research business dissertation good to read that this chapter is complicated for someonle else than me! Tanks. Thank you for the posting. I am starting the Ph.D discussion chapter in January 2013 but I was confused about how to begin. Here you are with the new year’s gift.
Thank you. this is a great piece of work . Modern Age Computers. I learn a lot. i have seen really different interesting ideas and research business dissertation comments on modern age computers essay these replies on different topics of open writing thesis but still i am not getting fully confidence how to write out modern age computers my discussion chapter. In real i am writing about ethological discussion on wild buffalo from Nepal KTWR. i request for all interested but ecological skilled person for good suggestion. Reblogged this on Meta Masters and commented: Marcie sent this along as a helpful blog post. This may be another blog to follow. #128578; Reason being that while sure, you have those cards selling at low prices, they can afford to spend more in popularizing the product.
Hiya! I just want to give an enormous thumbs up for the good information you may have here on this post. I will be coming again to your weblog for more soon. Am starting postgraduate and found it difficult on how to start writing my work. Its like you read myy thoughts!
You seem to grasp a lot. about this, suuch as you wrote the e-book in it or something. I believe that you can do with a few percent to. pressure the mewsage home a little bit, but othber than that, this is wonderful blog. A great read. I’ll certainly be back. If you desire to increase your experience simply keep visiting this website and be. updated with the most recent news posted here. Reading this put me at ease instantly!
Thank you! It was definitely the confidence thing I was worrying about and the creative writing is definitely accurate. Nice blog here! Also your site loads up fast! What host are you using?
Can I get your agfiliate lijk to research methodology your host? I wish my web ite loaded up as. fat as yours lol. Hi! I just wanted to ask if you ever have any trouble with hackers? My last blog (wordpress) was hacked and essay I ended up losing many months of hard work due to no backup. Do you have any methods to the specificity thesis prevent hackers? this was an informative read! i had to modern age computers write the discussions chapter a few days back and i just couldn’t figure out how. finally what it took was only to sythesis of 2 get down to writing. though i had to edit my first draft quite a lot, but the thesis got accepted. Modern Age Computers. also, as suggested by my supervisor, i took professional proofreading help from a service provider . their services were very helpful. This post is very helpful. my Phd. thesis got accepted only a few days back and this post really helped me to writing get through the discussions chapter. Initially, i just couldn’t start. After reading this post i gathered some confidence and started off.
As sophia has also mentioned, professional services are quite helpful too. My supervisor had adviced the same. I contacted a a href = www.getpublished.co professional proofreading service company to add quality to my work. Reblogged this on 3lifex. Excellent, what a website it is! This weblog provides useful information to modern us, Thanks, this has really resolve some of the difficulties am experiencing as I write my discussion chapter and dealing with a large quantity of data. I appreciate your great article. I wonder how working it out open university will be? The Thesis Whisperer is age computers dedicated to helping research students everywhere.
It is research business edited by Dr Inger Mewburn, director of modern age computers research training at sythesis of 2, The Australian National University. The Thesis Whisperer has contributors from around the essay world. Read our about page if you are interested in writing for us. Sythesis Of 2. New to our blog? Check out our ebook. We are a not for essay profit site; all proceeds are used to cover running costs.
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Modern age of computer essay - …
10 Software Tools For More PhD Productivity And Less Headaches. Modern. PhD productivity is a common struggle among PhD students. We think that the right software will improve our productivity. The truth is that we spend too much time figuring out what the best tools are. Let#8217;s fix that. I started my PhD and resume compose, I had new tasks that required software tools. Age Computers Essay. I thought that using the right software would keep my PhD productivity high . But there is so much out there to try. Different programs, versions, prices, platforms and on and on.
I started trying so many alternatives for project management, file synchronisation or handling my literature. I spent so much time trying software that my PhD productivity went down. I was keeping myself busy with trying software and reading reviews of tools. If you are a nerd like me you might enjoy trying new software for sythesis of 2 a while. But if you are normal, you might find it a pain in the ass. If you want to move fast in modern age computers essay science, figuring out the best software for your tasks is a waste of essay time. Allow me to use a bit of business jargon here. Focusing On What Matters In Your PhD. A baker makes bread. His primary process (his core business) is to modern essay make bread.
One of an essay on women his secondary process (what enables the primary process) is to clean his bakery. Having a clean and tidy bakery allows him to age computers essay make bread. A clean bakery allows him to writing open university get a quality certification that guarantees the hygiene in his business. Age Computers. If the baker spends most of his time on his secondary process, cleaning, he won’t have much time left for making good bread. Development Research. His business will suffer. As a PhD student your primary process is to do science. Software is a secondary process, it enables you to do science.
You have to spend as much time and mental capacity on modern essay, your primary process, doing good science and as little as possible on your secondary processes. I want to research help you to discover the best software without having to wast time finding it. You can have a bigger impact if you use that time for real science. Let#8217;s say again now with using the style of The 4 Hour Work Week. Being efficient at secondary process tasks (like trying new software) is a waste of time. You want to modern be efficient effective at your core business (doing science). Do you see the resume compose, difference between efficient and effective?
When you are effective at doing science your PhD productivity goes through the roof. Yes, that#8217;s cute! But at age computers essay, the end of the day you have to use software, right? There#8217;s no way out. So how do you decide what are the best software tools for your PhD?
Are there any rules of thumb to choose software for your PhD? Since I am asking it, then the answer must be yes, there are some rules of thumb. Duh! 3 Rules Of Thumb To Choose Software For Your PhD. Forget software with a gazillion functions. Thesis. Look for simple software. So simple you could use it in a gazillion different ways. Modern Age Computers Essay. b. Choose the software your colleagues choose. This makes your life easier when you need to share files or when you don#8217;t know how to do something and need to ask for cavell help. c. Modern Age Computers. Choose software that syncs your data. Cavell. Our devices might eventually break down with the risk of modern age computers essay loosing your precious files.
Use software that syncs via Internet your files across devices. Even better, go for those that also store copies in the cloud. OK, so far so good. You already know what to look for in a software tool. This should save you some time that you could use for real science. You know what could save you some more time?
Getting a list of the software that best fits that criteria and cavell the specificity, that you will need for sure during your PhD. Let me introduce you to 10 software tools you will use most of the time. Not only this, they will make your life easier and painless (at least from the modern age computers, software side of things). 10 Software Tools That Boost PhD Productivity. Task Management (aka to-do list), Wunderlist. Sythesis Of 2. I am talking about modern age computers, PhD productivity here. Essay Open. Therefore I should start with the software tool that always comes to mind when thinking about essay, PhD productivity: a to-do list software. If you thought a PhD would be as quiet as meditating on the summit of a mountain, think again.
We receive daily lots of methodology inputs. Do this, send that, prepare that. Add this figure to your paper. Send reminder to boss. Register to the course Literature Review Boot Camp. The best way to keep track of what to do is age computers essay our good old friend to-do list. If you are old school you might go for a piece of paper.
If you are a bit hipster a Moleskine could be your choice. Sythesis Of 2. If you want to go paper-free, you have to try Wunderlist. Wunderlist is simple, it just keeps a list of tasks. You can group them, for age computers instance if they belong to the same project. You assign (or not) a date to your task. You have an automatic list with delayed tasks and those you should finish today. Wunderlist syncs your to-do list between devices (Windows, Mac, smartphones, tablets, web browser).
I dump all my tasks in Wunderlist, both private and work related. Since it works everywhere, I can check my work activities in resume compose my work PC and my private tasks at age computers, home from my Macbook. Wunderlist is (a) simple software that (c) syncs your data. During your PhD you are going to spend a lot of time doing three things: reading papers, reviewing literature and the specificity, formatting the citations in your publications. Mendeley can help you with that. It’s quite simple and it syncs everything to the cloud and between computers (so your papers are not lost when your computer breaks down). Here’s how it works. You download the PDFs of the papers you want to read.
You dump them in essay Mendeley. Mendeley annotates all the title, authors and other info. It syncs the papers to sythesis of 2 the cloud and other devices. When you are writing your paper, the essay, Word or OpenOffice extension allows you to insert your citations in the correct format of the journal you want to sythesis of 2 publish in. And that’s it. No hassle. Mendeley is (a) simple software, (b) that colleagues use (in my case) and (c) that syncs your data. Handling Information Deluge, Evernote. Modern Age Computers Essay. Here’s one of the must have software tools for PhD students. It’s worth every penny. But wait, Evernote is free.
Even better! Evernote does two difficult things in a simple way. It stores all sort of information you throw at it and it finds this information when you search for it. Forget about bookmarks in your web browser, a folder with photos and research, screenshots, text files with your notes or documents with drafts. Evernote creates notes with whatever you find on the Internet, with screen captures, with photos from age computers essay your phone, with PDFs or simply those you write yourself. Everything in one place. And when you look for them, you just need to search for them a-la-Google. Evernote is (a) simple software and (c) it syncs your data. Since Evernote is essay so simple but so powerful, you can use it in modern essay a million, trillion and research business, gazillion ways. If you want to learn how to squeeze all the juice out of Evernote, please read Evernote Essentials.
Evernote Essentials is the Bible of age computers Evernote. Get Evernote Essentials here. File Back-up / Sharing / Sync, Dropbox. Development. As you have seen I recommended some software that syncs tasks, papers, or notes. How do you sync other types of files like code, photos or documents? The answer is Dropbox. When you install Dropbox in your computer it creates a folder called #8216;Dropbox#8217;. The contents of this folder are sync#8217;d with #8216;Dropbox#8217; folders in other computers or Dropbox apps in smartphones and tablets.
Additionally, Dropbox sotres a copy of your files in essay the cloud to essay writing make sure you don#8217;t lose a file under any circumstances. How to use Dropbox for your PhD? Easy, drop all your PhD files and folders inside the #8216;Dropbox#8217; folder. Age Computers. Install Dropbox in other devices. Sync. Done. No more “I can’t work on it because the file is in the other computer#8221;.
Additionally, you can share with other Dropbox users a folder and its contents. You can use this feature to share multiple files with your collaborators. Remember when your email provider said you cannot send that files because it#8217;s too big? Dropbox fixes that. Do you know a real PhD productivity killer? Having to re-do everything, I mean everything, because a damaged hard disk made you lose all your files. Dropbox would save your ass in leapor that catastrophic event. Dropbox (a) simple software, (b) that colleagues use (in my case) and (c) that syncs your data. Using Software From Other Operating System, Virtual Box. Now we are going to get a bit computer nerdy, but do not be afraid. Here#8217;s a common pain with software in science: the program you want to use cannot be executed in modern essay your current operating system (OS; like Windows, Linux or Mac OS).
When does this happen? With legacy software, aka freakishly old software. Resume Compose. It hasn#8217;t been updated anymore and it uses some old libraries, so for modern instance, it can only run on Windows 95. Software developed by other scientists that is not compiled in your SO. So that good willed scientist built a program that is the golden standard in your field, but it only runs in Linux, and you have Windows 7. The simple solution here would be to buy a computer and open, install the SO you are missing. Or#8230;you virtualise a computer using VirtualBox inside your current computer. Modern Age Computers. Then you would install the needed SO in organizational development research paper that virtual computer and the desired software. With VirtualBox you can have as many virtual computers with different SO#8217;s as you want.
VirtualBox is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Modern Age Computers Essay. Writing papers is one of the research, important tasks in your PhD. True, most of the time is spend doing real research. But you will show your research to the world with your publications. Age Computers Essay. Do you know what happens before you publish one of your papers as a PhD? Endless feedback on your draft. Don’t worry, it gets better as you gain experience. For my first publication I got a ton of feedback. For the second paper just half a ton.
And so on. Now back to research methodology writing papers. Modern. You have to use a text editor. Since you want to get digital feedback (not unintelligible cramped handwriting on the sides of your printed draft), you need to use the leapor an essay on women, same editor as the person giving the modern, feedback. And it’s going to resume compose be Microsoft Word 99% of the times. So there you go. Get yourself Microsoft Word. Truth be told, I use also other editors.
I like Pages and Evernote for preparing my blog posts. Modern. Scientific fields with a high formula to essay writing university text ratio in their publications use LaTeX as editor. Social sciences PhDs have recommended Scrivener, which I used to write my ebook 17 Simple Strategies To Survive Your PhD (don’t forget to modern age computers download it, it’s free) Word is leapor on women (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Age Computers Essay. Get Microsoft Word here.
During your research you are going to produce some data and essay open, store it as a table. Next you might want to calculate percentages, or counts of something, or ratios. I don’t know, something. You might want to make some plots comparing X and Y, or some line charts showing some trends. Those plots will be some of the modern age computers essay, figures in leapor an essay on women your next publication. I know, Excel images in a scientific paper are not very sexy.
But hey, who hasn’t done it at least once in their career? Excel is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Get Microsoft Excel here. Let’s talk now about making slides. Modern Essay. It’s not the first task that comes to mind when thinking about science, is it? Well, during my PhD I have made plenty of slide decks. Mostly for conferences or little group meetings. You know the cavell thesis, drill. You attend a conference to present your scientific results. You go on modern essay, stage.
You first slide is on the main screen. Your legs are shaking. Thanks to research business dissertation the organisers for inviting me. You think everybody is smarter than you and will tear you off as soon as you make a mistake. Essay. My name is #8230; You feel the sweat drops sliding in methodology your back. The title of my presentation is age computers #8230; Your vision gets blurry. 4 years of work summarised in 20 slides. The will laugh. Writing Open University. You pass out.
Sometimes it’s like this otherwise it’s not if you developed the presentation skills of PhD students. But the important part are the modern, slides. They are made in PowerPoint. Why? Well, everybody uses PowerPoint.
Many conferences only allow presenters to use PowerPoint slides. They say that they cannot guarantee that other formats will work well. But Julio, Keynote on a MacBook always works well at cavell, the first attempt. Age Computers. But Julio, I heard many PowerPoint presenter saying “Ooops, this is not displayed as I expected”. Essay Writing Open University. You are right, but if you want to essay present at conferences you have to swallow it. Sythesis Of 2. PowerPoint is (b) software that colleagues use (in my case). Get Microsoft PowerPoint here.
Browsing the Internet can destroy your PhD productivity. Modern. It can also help you find the information you need and cavell the specificity, answers to some questions. It’s time to essay talk about the software tool that is going to help you answer a question. The Specificity. It’s a big question. Probably the most interesting question in the course of your PhD. Is the new lab intern single? That scientific curiosity should be addressed. And you should do it by checking her out in Facebook using a web browser: Google Chrome. Essay. Sick and sad stalking jokes aside, if you have to use the Internet, do it via Chrome.
It’s a clean, beautiful and easy to leapor an essay on women use browser. I have used most of the browsers and I can say that Chrome feels like it was developed by people who like to spend time on the Internet. Modern Age Computers. A last tip: install the Evernote plugin for Chrome so you can create a note from any website directly from Chrome. Chrome is (b) simple software and (d) better that Internet Explorer. Download Google Chrome here. I don’t know how I would have gone through my PhD without music. Music to cheer me up on a grey day. Music to an essay focus while writing. Music to modern keep me awake while doing repetitive tasks. Music to stream to resume compose my smartphone.
Music to boost my PhD productivity. Music to activate my resourcefulness while programming. Music to survive a PhD. All this music came from Spotify (and a bit from Youtube). Age Computers. But mostly Spotify. Leapor An Essay. I gladly pay for the Premium version. For me it’s worth it. I got tired of modern downloading music, and loading it in a MP3 player, and updating my playlists. Essay Writing University. Spotify was just so convenient.
Let music boost your PhD productivity! Spotify is (a) simple software that (c) syncs your data. Julio Peironcely, PhD is the age computers, founder of Next Scientist and a PhD by sythesis of 2 Leiden University. He helps PhD students to stay motivated, be more productive and finish their PhDs. Age Computers. Follow him on Twitter (@peyron) or read more from him on JulioPeironcely.com. I use most of organizational development research them, but EndrNote x6 for modern writing the bibliography and citation which is very convenient. I highly recommend it for you guys.
Yeah, EndNote is widely used in Academia. In my case, the open university, free Mendeley was good enough compared to the paid version of EndNote. qiqqa is age computers essay nice. I like it so far. its free-ish, you can use the free version but if you want to use their cloud you gotta pay a small fee. Also if you are buying office , oneNote comes with it and its awesome and you get free skydrive space. For browsing I started using maxthon cloud browser, its one option for bookmark syncing. I use Kanban Tool (http://kanbantool.com) to cavell plan activities and modern age computers, collaborate with my colleagues on on women, research projects. The tool is based on modern age computers, Kanban method, it helps organize tasks, documents and so on.
It facilitates cooperation between people that are in different, distant locations as it allows to share tasks, documents and comments. Though I am a bit late to read your article, but to be honest I had the the same situation during my PhD. I am gonna recommend it to my research students. By the way how could you forget Qiqqa and Google Drive.! I would also like to recommend another app Proofhub (http://www.proofhub.com/) to plan activities and on women, collaborate with my colleagues on research projects. Productivity is one such aspect that needs rigorous dedication to modern meet the business, deadline. In order to have a great reach of productivity, it is very much necessary to have the main points to be considered, and among all the concerned points, I prefer time as one of the major aspects of a good gain in modern productivity. To have a good control of time and resume compose, be specific on that I have specifically use the hours tracking software from Replicon ( http://www.replicon.com/olp/hours-tracking-software.aspx ) which practically manage the time with the tasks management as well. I would like to modern age computers essay recommend this software here over. I was using Mac (sometime Linux and Window) for my Ph.D. Therefore, I used this set of tools that work on all such platforms: 1) RTextDoc LaTeX editor with grammar checking and BibTex database: http://jwork.org/rtextdoc/ 2) SCaVis to make graphs in EPS format that can be included to my LaTeX documents http://jwork.org/scavis/ And all of this can be installed using one-click approach using jPort portable desktop (http://jwork.org/jport/) All of it corporative software.
You dont give any reference to open source software. Organizational. Even a simple browser#8230;. why not Modzilla?, what makes Chrome so special?. Julio, I spent more than 4 hours on your awesome plug today, all the information is exactly what I was looking for before starting the real work. Thanks for modern essay your time and effort and resume compose, keep it coming #128521; Disagree in you recommendation about Word. Scrivener is far much better, it gives you much better overview, both when you write an article and the final thesis. Of course, you have to you use Word to wrap it all up at age computers essay, the end. [#8230;] Does your PhD productivity need a push? Stop looking for the perfect software tools for PhD students. Use these and supercharge your PhD productivity [#8230;] [#8230;] wants more PhD productivity, right?
Well, I think we should be productive in things that are important, like doing research. [#8230;] [#8230;] wants more PhD productivity, right? Well, I think we should be productive in things that are important, like doing research. [#8230;] [#8230;] 10 Software tools for more PhD productivity and less headaches [#8230;] [#8230;] 10 Software tools for more PhD productivity and less headaches [#8230;]
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Role of computers in modern age essay
Free Information Technology essays. Over the past century, communication and modern age computers essay communication systems have developed enormously. The massive growth in bandwidth demand has led to various technologies in communication facilities in today’s network. One of the main factors for continuous research to create more efficient communication systems is the need to resume compose, send more data (information) through a communication medium (channel) , communication through fiber optic is one of them. Fiber optic communication is a communication method that uses light pulses to modern, transmit information (data) from one point to another. Figure 1.1 represents a block diagram of optical communication system which consists of an optical transmitter, a communication channel, and an optical receiver. Optical communication system can be categorized to guided and unguided syetem. Open University. In guided lightwave system, the transmitter emits optical beam through a fiber optic which in that case the beam remains spatially confined. Unguided ligtwave system is similar to modern age computers essay, the spreading of the specificity thesis microwave system because the optical beam spreads in space but in forward direction because of its short wavelength.
Unguided optical systems are less proper for broadcasting applications than microwave systems because of beam short wavelength they need very accurate pointing between the transmitter and receiver . However, this thesis does not consider unguided optical communication system but will focus on the guided optical systems. Figure 1.1: a generic optical communication system . A guided optical fiber is a cylindrical waveguide that made from low-loss materials, in general silicon dioxide. The waveguide core has a refractive index a little higher than that of the outer medium (cladding), so that light pulses is directed along the axis line of the fiber by total inside reflection. Generally a guided fiber optic communication systems consist of an modern, optical transmitter to change an electrical signal to an optical signal for transmission through inside the optical fiber, a cable has several bundles of optical fibers, optical amplifiers to amplify the power of the optical signal, and leapor an optical receiver to essay, reconvert the received optical signal back to the original electrical signal . Figure 1.2: guided optical communication system . Optical fiber technology development is considered as a major driver to the revolution of the information technology and sythesis of 2 tremendous progress on telecommunication that has been seen in recent years. Moreover it the modern most adequate unique transmission medium for research paper, data signals, voice and video.
Indeed, at present optical fibers have entered virtually in modern age computers all sectors of telecommunication networks . By year 1930, Heinrich Lamm introduced one of the leapor an essay on women first attempts to use optical fiber to send image by using a short bundle of optical fiber for possible medical imaging. However, no additional works were done after the demonstration phase, because the technology for manufacturing low-loss fibers with acceptable light confinement was not yet done . Further work and tests for image transmission via fiber optic continued till 1960 when the attenuation of glass-clad degraded to age computers, about1 dB/m. Resume Compose. Although this attenuation makes fibers to age computers, be used for medical imaging, it is too high for communication until 1970 when it decreased less than 20 dB/km by using a novel fabrication technique. At the same period, GaAs semiconductor lasers, running continuously at room temperature, were revealed. Cavell Thesis. Low loss (attenuation) optical fibers together with optical so- urces led the efforts for enhancing the modern age computers fiber-optic communication systems . At that time it was revealed on open university the fabrication of age computers first single-mode fiber with an attenuation of 0.017dB/m at the 633-nm helium-neon line and that declaration was considered a great breakthrough with many others developments which opened the door to fiber optic communication. In the beginning of 1980, first terrestrial optical system became available commercially with less than 0.1 Gb/s as a data rate. Within period of less than quarter of a century the development has been rapid as by an increasing in the system capacity by a factor of 100,000 . To increase the benefits of fiber optic many technologies have been developed to get more network capacity, reliability, scalability and research methodology less cost and one of the essay first technological advances was the the specificity thesis capability to carry multiple light channels through one fiber optic cable.
It achieves buy combining (multiplexing) different optical frequencies (wavelengths) onto a single fiber and that what is known Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) . First WDM created in the late 1980s by using the two widely spaced wavelengths in the 850 nm and 1310 nm (or 1310 nm and 1550 nm) regions. The a second generation of WDM saw in early 1990s, occasionally called narrowband WDM, in which 2 to 8 channels were used. These channels were now apart at an interval of about 400 GHz in the 1550-nm window. With 16 to 40 channels and spacing from 100 to 200 GHz Dense Wavelength Division Multiplexing (DWDM) systems were emerging in mid-1990s , since year 2000 when the number of wavelengths reached to over 100 per fiber and that number provides massive network capacity . Currently, most of modern optical telecommunication networks composed of a plenty of various devices. Working such a network is a challenge task. It needs an accurate planning; taking into account all technological needs and offers of the optics, to age computers essay, end up with an leapor an essay, operating network which provides the modern age computers essay best return on resume compose the spent investments. Fiber optic has vast advantages over other transmission media because:
Unlike the copper that depletes the natural earth resources, it is made of cheapest resources in the earth (sand). The information travels with the speed of light. Optical pulses are immune to the Radio frequency interface (RFI) and electromagnetic interface (EMI). It is not affected by atmospheric conditions. Very low Bit Error Rate (BER) 10^-11. The only limitation that limits the modern age computers essay bandwidth of an paper, optical fiber is modern age computers essay, dependent on the equipment that creates the light in the fiber . Optical Fiber Structure. In its simplest form an optical fiber consists of cladding that surrounds the cylindrical core that is made of silica glass. The core which is a central part of the fiber, has a refractive index (refractive index term refers to the change in light speed in vacuum to resume compose, its speed in modern age computers other media) of N1, is resume compose, higher than refracting index N2 of cladding. So when the age computers essay light beam enters the fiber, the cladding forces it to remain in the core, and the beam travels down the fiber because of internal reflection between of cladding and the core .
Figure 1.3: Optical Fiber Structure . Optical signal can travel through the fiber in many ways and cavell thesis that corresponds to a particular mode. Each mode is determined by the angle of incident of the optical beam. Internal reflection can take place at any angle greater than the critical angle but optical light may not propagate through the fiber on all angles and that because some of modern essay incident angles result in sythesis of 2 destructive interference and that leads to prohibit light propagation, in contrast with other angles that cause constructive interferences which allows the light to propagate. The mode of the fiber is the number of paths for modern age computers, the light rays inside the cable and according to that numbers and structure, fiber cables can be classified as a single mode and multimode fiber. Single mode fiber permits propagation of light beam by no more one path and its core size (diameter) is around 9-10 ??m. Multimode term refers to the matter of fact that many light beams (mode) are carried at essay open, same time through the waveguide (over more than 100 modes at a time) with size of its core diameter around 50??m or 62.5??m. In general, the diameter of the single mode is smaller than multimode diameter and because of essay that the business dissertation number of reflections in single mode for a light passes inside the core is lesser than in multimode. Such reasons leads to fact that optical pulses experience very low attenuation and makes the signal to modern age computers essay, travel further (long distance) and faster and higher bandwidth compared to multimode fiber that is used in short distance because of high dispersion and attenuation .
Figure 1.4: Single mode and multimode fiber optic. The main advantage of multimode fibers over the single mode is that a light could be inserted simply on bigger core and allows lesser coupling loss for example, through an cavell thesis, LED. But injecting the light in the single mode is essay, difficult process because of thinner core diameter and that is one of essay writing open its drawbacks. The one of problems in multimode fiber is intermodal dispersion. Modern Age Computers. This is due to the inequality in velocities of light for each incident angle. So instead of sythesis of 2 a sharp ray, multiple light beams are received at the far end, with separated in the time domain. This result increases with the modern essay distance between the two ends, therefore offering a lower bit rate. However dispersion problem can be lessen by an essay on women, decreasing the number of modern modes which can be reduced by diminishing the research core radius, reducing numerical aperture, and increasing the light wavelength and that can be seen in the following equation: To find the number mode m in multimode fiber :
Where V is the normalized frequency. Ko =2 ??/?? , and age computers a is the core radius. ?? represents the an essay wavelength of light in a vacuum. There are numerous impairments that affect signal propagation and modern shorten transmission distance in fibers. The major impairment that affects signal propagation is attenuation. It is a property of the fiber and sythesis of 2 it is a consequence of the several material, structural, and modular impairments in a fiber. It is given as a specification for a particular fiber type. Attenuation means loos of light energy (It is called optical loss) when the light pulses travel through fiber from modern age computers essay one point to the other point and it is directly proportional to the length of the cable . An intrinsic fiber loss and extrinsic bending loss are two components that optical loss (fiber loss) consists of. Intrinsic loss can be characterized to  :
Material absorption loss: it results of organizational development research paper imperfection and impurities in the fiber. Raleigh scattering loss: it is modern age computers essay, because of the resume compose collision of light quanta with silica molecules in the core and that causes a scattering in different directions. Extrinsic bending loss includes  : Microbending loss: due to imperfection in the cylindrical geometry of fiber through the manufacturing cycles. Macrobending loss: bending of fiber (core and cladding) in small radius leads to certain modes not to age computers essay, be reflected and causes loss. Figure 1.5: Extrinsic bending losses type . Attenuation factor ?? represents the loss in dB per fiber length in kilometer. Power attenuation can calculate by the specificity thesis, using : dp/dz Represents the power change with respect to essay, the length. So, if P1 is considered input power and L is the length of the fiber cable, the output power P2 can be calculated by using equation 1.4. ?? in dB/Km can be calculated by using equation 1.5. Typically ”’??0.25 dB/km for leapor, a single mode fiber in the 1550 nm band.
?? = 0.5 dB/km for modern essay, a single mode fiber in the 1310 nm band. Attenuation was considered the biggest obstacle at beginning of optical communication technology. It was very high (was more than 1000 dB/km) in the glass optical fibers but new process was invented by using silica as the cavell the specificity thesis main material, reduced the attenuation to less than 20 dB/km at carrier wavelength about 1??m. Progressing the optical fiber manufacturing technology decreased the attenuation quickly to the typical values that can be seen in the figure 1.6. The curve in the figure refers to the region around 1300nm and 1550nm where the attenuation at these region has minimum values whereas at region between 800nm and 900nm the attenuation at maximum value and that refers to the historical values before the development when the light source operated at the wavelengths from modern age computers essay that region . Figure 1.6: attenuation curve of silica based optical fiber . Dispersion is resume compose, another impairment that effects on the optical signal when travel through fiber optic cable. Each optical pulse has various spectral components or multiple frequencies and each of modern age computers them has its own velocity that can pass through fiber cable in different paths.
Such reason leads each component to reach at the end of fiber in resume compose different interval time. The time differences depend on different spectral components that lead to a longitudinal spreading of the pulse along the Z-direction (direction of propagation of the optical pulse) of the fiber (cylindrical waveguide). The optical spread amount depends on modern age computers the length of fiber and cavell the specificity thesis the bite rate  Over adequately long fiber the dispersion may cause intersymbol interference (ISI) whereas in high bit rate, two consecutive pulses are adjacent to each other causing difficulty in detecting the pulses and that means increasing in bit error rate (BER).There are two dispersive effects affect the optical pulse in the fiber: intermodal dispersion and chromatic dispersion . Intermodal dispersion: Takes place in multimode fiber only since different modes have various group velocities. Chromatic dispersion: Is named group velocity dispersion (GVD) and occurs in modern age computers single mode type because of frequency dependence of the group velocity. Leapor An Essay. The sources of age computers essay chromatic dispersion are : 1- Material dispersion: Occurs because of variation on account of refractive index of core as a function of wavelength and takes place even when different wavelengths pass at same path.
2- Waveguide dispersion: in general, any optical signal travels through the optical fiber; practically eighty percent of optical power is confined inside the core and rest of the power into cladding. Absorption is other type of loss that may affect the business dissertation light propagation. Age Computers. This type comes when some molecule of the hydroxide anion OH. which is called hydrogen water molecules are combined in silica fiber during manufacturing process. Because OH anion of water can absorb light at 950nm, 1240nm and 1380nm but this absorption is less at higher wavelength. Practically, it can be avoided by resume compose, changing the transmitting wavelength to 1550nm because the attenuation reduced from age computers 0.5 dB/km at1300nm to development research, 0.001db/km at 1550nm . Since fiber cable is considered practically as an imperfect cylinder and perfectly without constant physical dimensions, the lack resulting from the manufacturing process are the causes for the differences in the cylindrical geometry. This difference also leads to what is known birefringence whereby a fiber with birefringence causes a propagating pulse to lose the balance between the polarization components. This leads to a point where different polarization components pass at different velocities creating pulse-spread, and this spread is polarization mode dispersion PMD . Generally, modern fiber-optic communication systems contain an optical transmitter, amplifiers, and receiver.
Transmitter is used to modern essay, convert an electrical signal into an optical signal to send into the optical fiber, and use multiple kinds of amplifiers to resume compose, recover and boost the weak optical signals that experience from different loses that mentioned before. At the end of optical fiber and age computers before optical signals reach to destination an optical receiver is open, used to detect and convert signal to an electrical signal. The information transmitted is typically digital information generated by computers, telephone systems, and cable television companies. The most widely used optical transmitters are semiconductor devices like laser diodes and light-emitting diodes (LEDs). The main difference between LEDs and age computers essay laser diodes is that LEDs produce incoherent light output, whereas laser diodes produce directional coherent light output. When it in optical communication, it is necessary be efficient, supply high optical output power, compact, and reliable, when operating in leapor an essay on women an optimal wavelength range, directly modulated at high frequencies . Commonly, optical communications LEDs are made from gallium arsenide (GaAs) or Indium gallium arsenide phosphide (InGaAsP). Since InGaAsP LEDs work at modern age computers, a longer wavelength than GaAs LEDs (1.3 micrometers vs. 0.81-0.87 micrometers), both output spectrum, while equivalent in on women energy is broader in wavelength terms by modern, 1.7.
The spectrum width of LEDs is resume compose, function to higher fiber dispersion, and that leads limit their bit rate-distance relationship. LEDs are used with local area network applications with bit rates of 10-100 Mbit/s and transmission distances of a few kilometers, local-area WDM (Wavelength-Division Multiplexing) networks with multimode fiber cable since this type of fiber accepts large angle light . Laser diodes are frequently directly modulated because the age computers essay light output is controlled by a current applied to the device. A photodetector, typically is a semiconductor-based photodiode, is the resume compose main component in the optical receiver which uses photoelectric effect to convert light source into electrical signal. There are different types of photodetector, the first type was made from Indium gallium arsenide, then several type follows the first generation like p-n photodiodes, p-i-n photodiodes and modern age computers essay Metal-semiconductor-Metal (MSM) photodetectors which are used for leapor on women, circuit integration in modern age computers essay generators and wavelength-division multiplex as a result of their stability .
A converters (Optical to electrical) are usually connected with a limiting amplifier and a transimpedance amplifier to the specificity thesis, produce a digital signal ( electrical domain) from the incoming optical signal, which may be attenuated and distorted during travelling through the modern essay fiber optic cable. Before the data is passed on, additional signal processing applied like clock recovery from data (CDR) achieved by a phase-locked loop . Because of the limitation of sythesis of 2 nonamplified fiber span to approximately 200 km for age computers, bit rate in the Gbs, using optical amplifiers in the optical networks are very important to work perfectly. Optical amplifier used in three different places along fiber transmission link. On Women. Amplifiers operating as power amplifier, their function are to amplify the power signal before it is launched on the line to extend the transmission distance before further amplification is modern age computers, required. As line amplifier are placed at particular points along the transmission link to open university, restore the signal to its original power level. Modern Age Computers Essay. Finally, as a preamplifier, it increases the signal level at the input of an optical receiver to improve the cavell detection performance for the signal . Optical amplifier has same functions of electrical amplifier or repeater. Optical Repeater is known 3R generator and that means it reshapes, reamplifys and retimes the optical signal but after O-E-O signal conversion. In contrast the optical amplifiers amplify data stream totally in the optical domain and that make them entirely transparent to signals and protocols .
There are three types of amplifier: Doped fiber amplifiers: they amplify light at specific wavelength and make use the cores of fibers which are doped with elements. They amplify an optical signal by a doped optical fiber as a gain medium. Doping fibers with the rare earth erbium are effective at wavelength range between 1520 and 1560 nm. Erbium doped fiber amplifiers or EDFAs ( Figure 1.6) is common example for doped fiber amplifier and has gain up to 30 db and that means it outs 1000 photon for each 1 photon in . In past before EDFA deployment, individual wavelength through fiber had regenerated one time each 40 km long by using expensive electronic device and increased to age computers, 1500-2500 km long when use more recent EDFA system . Figure 1.7: Erbium doped fiber amplifiers . Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers: These types make use of an adapted semi-conductor laser. When photons of light pass through the active region some of extra energy of organizational development paper electrons loses in the form that more photons match the initial wavelength. So any optical signal travel through the essay active region is boosted as it can be seen in figure 1.7 .
Figure 1.8: Semiconductor Optical Amplifiers  Raman Amplifier: the cavell the specificity thesis amplification process is taken place by nonlinear interaction. between a pump laser and the signal within an optical fiber. Two types Raman amplifier has: distributed Raman amplifier and lumped Raman amplifier: A distributed type uses the transmission fiber as the gain medium by modern, multiplexing a signal wavelength with a pump wavelength. Lumped Raman amplifiers use shorter, dedicated length of fiber for thesis, amplification process. The gain providing by Raman amplifier depends mainly on the optical frequencies, polarization and pump frequency. It is essay, noticed from the figure 1.8 that maximum gain when pump-signal frequency difference 13.2 THz . Figure 1.9: Raman Amplifier gain .
The main advantages of Raman amplifier are possibility to amplify variable wavelength and sythesis of 2 can be used to extend the Erbium-Doped Fiber Amplifiers EDFAs and it is used with single mode fiber. But high pump power needs is the main disadvantage of age computers Raman amplifier also the need of complex gain control and noise are two points add to thesis, the disadvantages . Wavelength Division Multiplexing (WDM) Generally, multiplexing term refers to techniques which combine multiple signals for modern age computers essay, transmission over a scarce resource. Resume Compose. The principle idea is to essay, divide a shared resource into equal smaller parts to be used in resume compose parallel to achieve a specific task. In this method, the utilization of modern resource is multiplied without expanding the cavell the specificity resource itself. Multiplexing technique is also applied in optical networks by age computers, combining many fibers into one cable. Leapor. TIME Division Multiplexing (TDM) is prominent example of that method . Wavelength-division multiplexing (WDM) is a method of age computers multiplying the available optical fibers capacity by using parallel channels, each channel uses a dedicated wavelength of light as it cleared in figure 1.9. WDM and Frequency Division multiplexing ( FDM) both share same principles, where WDM relates to light wavelength in fiber cable FDM corresponds to analogue transmission but WDM is more reliable than FDM since it is totally passive.
The main advantage of WDM is increasing a transmission speed without increasing the capacity of the resume compose connections, and that done by age computers essay, dividing a high bandwidth bitstream into several time slots which each one carries traffic on paper a lower bitrate. Modern Essay. In other words, upgrading to higher capacity does not need to change the backbone of fiber optic network but just needs to implement WDM and upgrade the transmitters and the receivers of the network. This technique allows new optical advance generation to resume compose, be applied without laying new fiber . Usually, WDM system based on light spectrum between 1460 nm to 1625 nm because optical signals experience relatively low attenuation at this region as shown in figure 1.1x. This region is divided into 3 regions: short band (S-band), congenital band (C-band), and long wavelength band (L-band). Most of WDM systems use C-band and extended to use L and S bands to increase capacity of system .
Figure 1.1x WDM regin. Figure 1.10: Wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) Before proceeding to examine different type of modern essay WDM, it will be necessary to summarize the usage of WDM technology advantages: Upgrade the capacity of current fiber networks without adding new fibers. Add transparency feature to optical channels since they can transport any transmission format: analog, digital at different a synchronize bit rate.
Add scalability feature since any additional demand, it is required to buy and install equipment at the fiber’s end. Use wavelengths for routing and research switching and that adds another dimension to time and space. Depends on wavelength pattern, WDM is divided into two types: Dense WDM (DWDM): It is chosen for transporting very large amounts of modern data traffic over long distances in the telecommunication system. From the methodology business size of data that can carry it is considered an optimal way of combining advanced technology functionality with cost efficient transport. DWDM able to transport 76-96 lambdas (channels) in conventional band (C-band) in the 1550nm region with 50 GHz spacing and supports 120-160 wavelengths (called ultra-dense WDM) in the L-band with 12.5 GHz spacing. In general, DWDM channels can carry data with 10-100 Gb/s as a bit rates and essay can reach to thesis, 3000km as maximum distance and in age computers essay transoceanic system, transparent link can reach up to 20,000km.
Recently, commercial systems have ability to transport accumulated traffic capacity in the range of 100 Tb/s . The long distances that DWDM can reach comes from the advantage of the operating window of the EDFA Amplifier to cavell thesis, boost the essay optical channels . Coarse WDM (CWDM): it is research paper, similar to modern age computers, DWDM by using light wavelength to send signals over a single fiber. It uses 20nm wavelength spacing and it is business dissertation, wider than DWDM and that is why CDWM is modern essay, less costly than DWDM. In addition CDWM supplies only eight or 16 out of 18 lambdas (in c- band) between any two CDWM multiplexers, which are usually passive, over a pair of single fiber. Wavelengths of CDWDM can carry payload 1.2, 25, 4, 5, or 10 Gb/s which . The maximum distance link that CWDM supports is 100km and resume compose that because of CWDM uses a specific wavelength range that cannot be amplified by EDFA amplifier . CWDM is suitable for low-latency and modern age computers high bandwidth but it is low scalable, complex installation, cost, and operation than DWDM . WDM enabling equipment. DWDM systems consist of several main components as show in figure : Figure 1.11 DWDM system structure.
Optical Transmitters and Transponders. To increase the number of wavelengths in the specificity 1550nm band and minimize the signal impairments effects like dispersion, the optical transmitter should be very high resolution, accuracy narrow-band lasers. Modern Age Computers. Such lasers allow close channel spacing. Organizational Development Research. The optical transmitter lessens loss of power and attenuation which to allow optical signal to pass long distances through fiber optic and a high level of signal integrity. Optical amplifiers can be used by these lasers to amplify the signal strength to extend the modern age computers transmission distance  .
The design of the laser systems should be: Follow the ITU-T wavelength frequencies for interoperability and organizational development research paper component selection issues . Laser system should be tunable to control the modern age computers emission wavelength on demand . Some of DWDM systems use a component called a transponder, which uses optical-to electrical-to optical(O-E-O) conversion to convert a broadband optical signal to specific wavelengths (1330nm or 15550nm to a precision narrow-band wavelength). Business Dissertation. This conversion is age computers, necessary for devices which are not equipped with precision narrowband lasers to multiplex onto a single fiber, like ATM switches, routers . They used to paper, amplify optical signals to decrease the effects of power loss and attenuation that coming from passing light pulses through optical fiber. Use the optical amplifier or not in the DWDM depends on the optical transmitter technology and fiber optic long because not all DWDM network types need to boost the optical signals before sending since the signal reaches to fiber end’s terminal at level which photodetector at receiving side can detect and age computers recover. Resume Compose. Additionally, optical amplifier technology is the essay key to achieving the high-volume transmission, DWDM high speed to occur . Optical Multiplexers and Demultiplexers.
Optical multiplexers and demultiplexers are very important devices and they are considered a core of DWDM technology. Optical multiplexers are used to combine transmit optical signals that have different wavelengths into a composite signal which have boosts by optical amplifier if need to amplify before sending onto an essay on women single optical amplifier. Optical demultiplexrs have opposite modern age computers essay, function to multiplexer by splitting the composite optical signals into their component wavelengths at the receiving terminal .  Typically, optical multiplexers are passive devices, and work like high precision prisms to cavell, split up the modern age computers essay individual colors of the DWDM signal . Optical receivers are used to detect arriving optical signals and convert them to a suitable signal for processing by the receiving device . Typically, optical receivers are passive wideband devices that have ability to paper, detect light over essay wide range of wavelength between 1300 to organizational development, 1550 nm region . Remote Optical add/remove Dense multiplexer (ROADM) Remote Optical Add/Drop Multiplexers (ROADMs) are essential devices in DWDM for adding or dropping specific wavelengths (channels) from a fiber that is dense wave division multiplexed and bypass other remaining wavelengths. Usually, they are installed in a multi wavelength fiber span . ( Figure 1.12: Remote Optical add/remove Dense multiplexer (ROADM) . Hierarchy of optical network. Geographically, optical networks are segmented into four tiers, each one depends on the number of users served, demand capacity, geographic area which the tier covers.
Figure 1.13 presents 4 tiers that optical network serves: metro access, metro-core, regional, and age computers essay backbone tier . Metro access partition is at the network edge where the leapor end-users can exchange traffic (collects/distributes) with the network; it serves 10-100 users with few kilometers distance long. The main reason to build this network is to serve the end-user in direct way . Moving up the hierarchy, metro-core tier aggregates the traffic from thousands of customers that relate to access networks and interconnects number of central offices of telecommunication or cable distribution head-end office by passing 10s to100s of kilometers. Jump to regional networks which interconnect multiple of metro-core networks, each network in this tier is responsible for carrying portion of traffic that passes several metro-core areas. The entire regional networks serve about100s to 1000s of users who cover hundred to a thousand kilometers . Last tier in the four-layer is modern, Backbone (long-haul) networks which span 1000s of kilometers and share millions of users because of carrying the inter-regional networks traffic .
Figure 1.13: Hierarchy of optical network . There is writing open university, other network architecture based on three-layer as in figure 1.14. Application layer is the top of this model which contains voice, video, and modern data services. The next layer is called intermediate layer which based on electronic technology such as Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) switches, SONET/SDH switches, and IP routers. These electronic devices pass their payloads to Optical layer (configurable WDM layer) to be carried into wavelengths and routed dynamically through optical nodes by using WDM technology and optical switches . Figure 1.14: three layer model . According to sythesis of 2, , multiwave optical network can be divided into modern age computers, two layers: logical layer and physical layer and each layer is resume compose, expanded to sub- layers as introduced in figure 1.15. Logical layers can be acted as a packet/cell-switched client logical network (LN) and all electronic components are contained in this layer, while physical layers contain optical components and acts as a server for only one logical network or more. The interface between two layers in term of hardware can be noticed in figure 1.16 which is located at external port of Network Access Station (NAS). NAS is considered as a cut line between optical and electronic domain and each NAS connects to Optical Network Node (ONN) via one or more pairs of age computers fiber which is called access link. Physical layer is spitted to: Optical layer and Fiber layer.
Optical layer focuses on generation and transmission of writing university optical connection, routing, and survivability and has four sub-layers: Optical/waveband path, ?? channel , Optical connection, and Transmission channel. Logical connection (LC) is established between external ports (electronic domain) of two NASs through optical nodes and carries logical signal in electronic format like IP packets, ATM cells, or analog video. Every LC is age computers essay, carried by what is research methodology business, called a Transmission channel that is used to convert logical signal in electronic domain (logical layer) to transmission signal (Optical domain) which is part of optical layer (figure 1.15). The conversion process usually happens in the transmission processor (TP) that exists in modern age computers NAS with taking into account the requirements of the optical device that transports it for example the bandwidth of the optical transmitter (OT), optical receiver (OR), and spectrum channel. Optical connection (OC) is a connection established according to the organized actions between nodes (ONN) and stations (NAS).
It is used to tune the transceiver of NASs to the assigned wavelength of the ??-channel. Fiber layer encompassing the features of the supporting the infrastructure of fiber. Cavell The Specificity. The fiber layer is subdivided further into the fiber link sublayer and fiber section sublayer. Virtual connection (VC) is created between two end systems and based on logical path LC which is sublayer from logical layer. In this case Logical path has two logical connections (LC) terminated by Logical Switching Nod (LSN). Figure 1.15: Optical network layer . Figure 1.16: Layered view of optical network connections . Figure 1.17:Typical connection with multiple hope . Optical network concepts. A network using fiber optic as a transmission medium provides a connections for users to enable communication between them by transporting data from a source to a destination. Age Computers Essay. To perform this process, it requires an intermediate stage which data can be processed for sythesis of 2, control operation and modern age computers follows the essentials of optical networking functions.
For successful transportation of optical signals, it essentially follows the methodology of interconnection different optical devices altogether and operational procedures. The structure of simple optical network can be seen in the figure 1.18 which depicts number of interconnected nodes with link of optical fibers. Each optical node may act as a transceiver unit with multifunction. It can receive, transmit and research processing/switching (if necessary) the traffic. Modern Age Computers. Generally, the physical connections of writing university optical fiber is point-to-point when connects nodes together. Such links are populated by one or more pairs of fiber and modern age computers essay each fiber in pair carries traffic in one direction (unidirectional) or in both directions (bidirectional) and last one is essay writing university, not common . Logical link can be established by using fiber links when optical signal traverses through one or many nodes (uninterrupted optical signal) to reach the destination. Ideally, a single wavelength ?? is age computers essay, assigned to sythesis of 2, each channel (link) to travel from source to modern essay, destination across multiple optical nodes (uninterrupted link). Essay. Lightpath is a term used to refer to the signal carried on a specific wavelength, data can be transmitted over essay these lightpaths in time of the connections set up and apply controlling mechanism to validate the whole data transmission between each transmitting and receiving node .
As a result, optical transport networks are considered circuit-switched which preconfigure optical circuit path to the bitstreams directly from source to destination between nodes. Research. Bitrate of any bitstream is determined by the transmitter and receiver devices. Although there are different devices operate on different bitrate available in modern the market such 2.5Gb/s or 10Gb/s, different bitrate circuits can be used with each other on the same WDM network because of its transparently for different bitrates. This important property of DWM is called grooming which means combining different lower bitrate bitstreams into one with higher bitrate as a shared connection part . Figure 1.18: Optical network structure . Optical network node and switching elements. An optical node plays main role in WDM network since it achieves several tasks depending upon network requirements and its type.
Sending, receiving, resending or redirecting optical signals to node’s neighboring connected nodes are the main functions of optical node. It can also function as a router or a switch when resend or redirect optical signals to desired networking nodes, and as a router when directs an input signal wavelength to a specified output port . When the resume compose desired signal can be isolated from an incoming multiplexed signal and routed by the router to a specific port then it is called wavelength router. But if the wavelength of the isolated signal is changed before routing to modern age computers essay, the output port, then router is known wavelength converting router and in other case is wavelength routing switch( optical switch) in essay writing open university case of switching the wavelength to the complaint signal wavelength . MEMS methods connecting arrays of modern age computers micromirrors that can deflect an optical signal to leapor on women, the appropriate receiver. Search our thousands of essays:
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Cashier Resume: Sample Complete Guide [+20 Examples] Imagine that you’re applying for a part-time cashier job at your local mall. And lo and behold, you have to turn in a resume. What gives? When you applied for a cashier position at Walmart, you only had to fill out an application. Such a simple job as taking money from customers and hiding it in a drawer can’t merit a professional resume, can it? Well, if you’re here, it must. There’s a way to write a cashier resume sample that’s as simple as ringing people up at modern, the grocery store. At the same time, you want to sythesis of 2, make sure that you’re the person who gets the modern age computers essay, job.
That’s why this guide will show you: How to make a cashier resume for a part-time cashier job that reflects the skills you need. Resume tricks that will skyrocket your resume for a cashier job past the competition. University! Simple and easy resume writing tips that you can use later in life. Here’s a sample resume for modern age computers essay, a cashier made using our resume builder. Want to save time and have your resume ready in 5 minutes? Try our resume builder . Research Paper! It’s fast and modern age computers, easy to writing open, use. Plus, you'll get tips and essay, right vs. wrong examples while writing your resume. Resume Compose! See +20 resume templates and create your resume here . What’s the Best Format for modern, a Cashier Resume? Most cashier positions are entry-level roles. You plan to ring up shoppers at the local mall to help pay for college.
Or you want that part-time cashier job at sythesis of 2, the supermarket or movie theater for age computers, some extra pocket money. On the flip side, let’s say you do have experience. You’ve held a couple of cashier positions. In either case, which resume format should you choose? Regardless, you’ll want to use a simple, traditional resume format. That’s why the business, reverse-chronological resume format works best in both scenarios.
Let's start with an entry-level cashier resume with no experience. The benefit of the modern age computers essay, reverse-chronological format is that you can play with the layout. The education or experience sections can come first. Organizational Paper! Then you list each item in the reverse-chronological order. That way your most recent experiences come first. If you have experience, the reverse-chronological format emphasizes your work history. Modern Age Computers! The result is a clean and natural flow for your cashier resume template.
Pro Tip: Your most relevant skills and resume compose, experience should always go in age computers the top third of resume compose your resume. That way, the hiring manager sees your value first. Not sold on age computers essay, the reverse-chronological resume format? Want to see more sample cashier resume formats? Read our guide: “ 3 Resume Formats: How to Choose the Best One [Examples] ” Cashier: Resume Summary or Resume Objective? After your contact information, what comes next? The best resumes for cashiers open with a resume summary or resume objective. But what’s the resume compose, difference? Entry-level Cashier Resume Objective. A resume objective is a quick introduction at the beginning of essay your resume.
It tells the employer who you are now and why you would be a great cashier. It’s short and to the point. A resume objective is better suited to entry-level cashier resumes. Try to show relevant skills gained through other experience. Go for skills learned at school or previous jobs. Friendly Psychology major with 2+ years experience delivering excellent customer service as a Server. Quick learner with excellent time management skills, can prioritize tasks.
Seeking to develop my experience as a Cashier at Le Cote Boutique. Hospitality undergraduate with an sythesis of 2 understanding of customer service. Looking for a cashier job. Don’t tell the hiring manager what you want, tell them what you can give them. A resume summary has a bit more meat on its bones. It’s suited to essay, professionals with experience.
So, a cashier supervisor should use a summary instead of an essay on women a resume objective. Essay! To write an excellent resume summary, include a brief overview of your best skills most relevant to the job. Personable Head Cashier with 5+ years experience with large department stores and essay open, boutique retailers. Can process various types of transactions while delivering excellent customer service. Age Computers! Seeking to sythesis of 2, expand sales skills as Head Cashier at your company.
Experience training junior staff. I am seeking a position as a Head Cashier at your department store. I wish to develop my sales skills before graduating. Pro Tip: Think of your resume objective or resume summary as an elevator pitch. Age Computers Essay! If you had to sum up your experience and aspirations in research paper a couple of sentences, what would you say? How to Put Cashier Experience on a Resume.
Let’s say you’ve held jobs in the past. After your introduction, you’ll want to lead with your experience. Let’s say you’ve even held lots of part-time cashier jobs in the past. You don’t have to include every job in your cashier resume experience section. Age Computers Essay! Instead, choose those that had similar responsibilities and sythesis of 2, skills. Just be careful not to modern, leave large gaps on an experienced cashier resume, as this can raise red flags with the sythesis of 2, hiring manager. June 2016 - September 2016.
JC Penny’s Department Store. Trained 5 new members as full-time cashiers. Modern Essay! Managed 3 junior staff members in the Accessories Department. Leapor An Essay On Women! Dealt with customer requests and issues, helping the store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rate in the region. June 2016 - September 2016.
JC Penny’s Department Store. Head cashier on department floor. Greeted customers and dealt with requests. Helped junior members of the team. Notice how the “right” candidate uses achievements to essay, illustrate the value of her work.
Her customer service skills helped the store achieve the highest customer satisfaction rating. The hiring manager will now imagine that she can do the same for them. Also, notice the sythesis of 2, addition of modern essay numbers. The Specificity Thesis! She trained five employees and managed three. Using numbers gives the modern, hiring manager a realistic idea of what you can handle. Plus, it draws the eye of the recruiter to the item. So, use numbers when you want to sythesis of 2, highlight a skill and show what happens when you use it.
But what if you’re a teenager applying for your first job? What can you put in the experience section of your teen cashier resume? You can include non-traditional work. Examples of non-traditional work include: Internships Student Organizations Practicums (Student Teaching) Volunteer Work Babysitting Personal Projects Work Study. October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly.
Greeted all residents in a friendly, polite manner. Age Computers Essay! Patiently listened to resident requests to help make them more comfortable. Participated in leapor on women daily priorities, taking responsibility for cleaning tasks. October 2016 - March 2017. Daisy Care Home For The Elderly. Visited a care home once a week to help staff with various tasks.
List responsibilities that use skills that can translate to modern essay, a cashier job. For example, the “right” candidate has listed greeting residents as a responsibility. That responsibility translates to customer service skills in action. Pro Tip: Include powerful action words instead of starting every responsibility with “responsible for.” Action words can make your cashier resume sample shine. Your Education Section Underperforming? It Might Be.
I know what your thinking. Is the education section necessary for a basic cashier resume template? After all, some cashier jobs have no educational requirements. Well, you’re not wrong. But if you’re a student, your education is your strongest experience. So, you’ll want to consider putting your education section after your introduction. Plus, hiring managers may favor candidates with high school diplomas for full-time roles. So, it’s best to put what education you have on your resume.
Here’s how to add your high school education to cashier resume: River Creek High School, River Creek, PA. Here’s how to add your education as an ongoing college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. Expected to graduate in 2019 with a BS in Athletic Training.
Here’s how to add education that you did not complete as a college student: Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. 2010-2012 Completed 50 credits toward a BS in Athletic Training. Pro Tip: You can add awards and a coursework description to this section to fill out your resume for a cashier position. How to essay university, Put Skills on a Resume for age computers essay, a Cashier.
For a cashier resume, including a skills section is sythesis of 2 crucial. A skills section shows hiring managers that you have the skills and abilities to be a cashier. But which skills should go on a resume for a cashier? Start by listing any cashier skills that you have that the hiring manager also listed in the cashier job description. Then consider adding a couple of your best universal cashier skills to modern, your resume.
What are universal cashier skills? They are skills that you use as a fast food cashier at McDonald's one day and an essay on women, as a pharmacy cashier clerk the next. A good example is cash handling. No matter what, you have to know how to handle cash to be a cashier. One of the top universal skills for modern age computers, a cashier is active listening. And you don't need cashier experience at a restaurant or department store to list active listening on your cashier resume. Here are some more universal hard and soft skills that are great for cashier resumes:
Of course, the list is not exhaustive. Resume Compose! And you can use these cashier skills whether you’re applying at modern age computers essay, a gas station or a Target. Just remember to writing university, start with the skills you find in the cashier job description. Now, you have a list of modern essay lead cashier resume skills, but how do you add them? Excellent active listening and communication skills. Methodology! Efficient with customer complaints and requests. Modern Age Computers! Operate cash registers and various POS systems.
Math - can make most calculations mentally. Research Paper! Handle cash, checks, and returns. Speak intermediate Spanish and French. Remember to be specific. The hiring manager will have a clearer idea of what you can do. Would you rather hire someone who can do math in their head or someone who can do “math?” Pro Tip: You will want to go beyond adding a skills section. Often, hiring managers scan resumes looking for skills mentioned in the cashier job description. Modern! That's why you'll want to sprinkle cashier resume skills throughout your document. How to Add Other Sections for resume compose, an Effective Resume. Let’s face it.
You're going to compete with other qualified candidates. So, what do you have that other candidates don't? One way to set yourself apart from the competition is to include a hobbies and interests section. Adding hobbies can help you in two ways: Hobbies can show that you fit in with the culture of the company. Your interests will show the hiring manager a bit of modern essay your personality. Try to choose hobbies that either fit with the organizational research, company’s brand or work culture. And, in the case of a customer service cashier resume, you can choose hobbies that show you have a social personality. Let’s say you’re writing a retail cashier resume for a women’s retailer. Here are some examples of modern age computers essay hobbies and interests to methodology, include: I enjoy pairing accessories with outfits and keeping up with the latest fashion trends.
I do volunteer work at my local second-hand clothing store. Pro Tip: Your hobbies can be great icebreaker topics during your interview. Make sure you only add things to your cashier resume in age computers which you have a genuine interest. That way you can talk about them with passion if they come up in conversation later. Here’s the Most Common Myth About Cover Letters. You might assume that cashiers don't need to write cover letters. Resume Compose! A resume is modern age computers more than enough. At this point, you’re surprised you have to turn in a simple cashier resume in the first place. So, a cashier cover letter would be overkill, right? Well, not always.
Some hiring managers still want cover letters. Resume Compose! And sending one can only help your chances of landing the job. Cover letters can show you have excellent communication skills. You get a chance to essay, tell the hiring manager more about your personality. You can explain inconvenient gaps or shortcomings in your work history. The good news? Cashier cover letters don’t need to be very lengthy. All you have to do is use your letter to an essay on women, tell the hiring manager why you want the age computers, job. Show some enthusiasm. But let’s be honest.
Let’s say you only organizational development, want the age computers essay, job for the extra cash. Do you believe in cavell the specificity thesis the products they sell? Would you be proud of essay representing the company’s brand? If yes, go with it. Selling products is one of the thesis, responsibilities of a cashier. And that's especially true in a retail environment. Pro Tip: Always address the hiring manager by name if you know it. If you’re not sure, call the company or ask in essay person who will read your resume.
You won't often find yourself in open university a position where you must turn in a resume for a cashier job. But when you do, resist the temptation to send a weak, generic document. Use the opportunity. Set yourself apart from the competition. Even if you only modern age computers essay, want to be a cashier to bridge the organizational paper, gap between school and “real work,” don’t say that. Treat your entry-level cashier resume as a serious, professional document. And when you do, that could open a lot of modern age computers essay doors for you. The least it will do is land you that cashier job you want right now. Did we miss anything?
If you are still struggling with how to write a cashier resume, let us know in the comments, and we will do what we can to sythesis of 2, help. Age Computers! Thanks for resume compose, reading! Simran is a UK based freelance researcher and modern age computers, writer covering careers and self-development. She has spent over six years in headhunting and talent insight and has a Masters in Social Research.