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Bellator MMA NYC brings night of unexpected drama and two title belts changing hands. I t was a night of drama, the narrative of the university of chicago, Bellator MMA event here in Manhattan bringing forth two title belt changes, a broken leg, a broken legend, and a broken young debutant. And a long-running dispute settled. Resume Formater! So runs the wheel of fortune in university of chicago essays, fight sports, and what will be looked back on layout, as a very successful event will resonate as the moment the fight league stamped a new authority on university admissions, a sport still burgeoning and developing into the mainstream television sports entertainment landscape. Letters! The new champions at lightweight and light heavyweight, Brent Primus and Ryan Bader, will give Bellator CEO Scott Coker the opportunity to forge new match-ups. Welterweight king Douglas Lima will meet Rory MacDonald, who was there beside the fighting arena, watching intently. That will be some match of huge technical abilities which both men exude with their fighting IQs. Mouth-watering, in fact.

The double knockdown involving Matt Mitrione and Fedor Emelianenko will live long in the memory, but one wonders how long the beaten Russian can continue to make the walk to university the cage. Even Chael Sonnen, who ground down Wanderlei Silva by smothering him and escaping those dangerous hands, called out the great old Russian bear afterwards. Sonnen delights with his word play, but let's not go all WWE about the greatest heavyweight of all time and another era, and devalue and dilute his legacy. Cover! Just a thought. A aron Pico, the star they touted on his debut will go back and rebuild after defeat, and his conqueror, Zach Freeman, is a new star, who goes back to his day job on of chicago admissions essays, Tuesday. Pico will grow from this; and never forget. Freeman deserves to have a badge of honour, and a few lucrative fights. Women's MMA fighter Heather Hardy showed earlier in the evening that she has the heart of a champion, and killer instinct, the South Brooklynite thrilling the 12,000 crowd, while the nerveless Irishman, just 20 years old, dispatched Chinzo Machida with an ability and belief way beyond his years. Essays! That is admissions essays, it for tentpole pay per view in 2017, offered Coker afterwards.

We will come again next year, with a very big card, and that will define them. They have to be stacked, and successful, he said. Resume Formater! This was a success at every turn. Every turn, and in so many details. There are always bumps to of chicago admissions iron out in fight sports. Essays Satire Modest! But if Bellator had not 'arrived' before tonight, on a memorable night at Madison Square Garden, the fight league truly landed. Chael Sonnen defeats Wanderlei Silva on points - 30-27, 30-27, 30-26.

S onnen grinds his way to victory and confirms how much he hates New York. Calls out Fedor. . and says he beat Tito Ortiz. False news. Sonnen lost to Ortiz, who was talking Sonnen down here outside the fighting arena. Sonnen more WWE by admissions essays the event. but a verbal genius. H ave Chael two rounds up as we go into the third and final five minute session.

Silva's corner are screaming at him, the once wrecking ball's desire is sales cover letters, there, but the body is admissions essays, spent and slowed. At the admissions, top level his handspeed is gone. But the memories remain. University Admissions! It is a fun way to end this great night in Madison Square Garden. The crowd loves this drama, though. and want every last drop of fight love from the event. As they commune in the fighting art on the ground, at the behest of safety for Sonnen, Dan Henderson, a legend himself, is up and out of his seat. Sonnen grinds on sales cover letters, top, the wrestler taking over. Admissions! Great rendition of USA anthem by rock guitarist Dave Navarro. Main event time. Chael Sonnen meets arch rival Wanderlei Silva - the 5-year boiling rivalry between the two to be decided. amazing rock guitar rendition of American anthem to get us started. S onnen is resume formater, straight in to the takedown to chants of USA.

USA. University Essays! This could be a 15-minute grinder if Sonnen gets his way over the brilliant old (he is 40, in fact they both are) Axe Murderer. I do fancy Wanderlei has a great chance by guillotine if he can get this done. but my pick is header, Chael. Rd 1 Sonnen 10-9. Great night for Matt Mitrione - beating a veritable MMA legend in Fedor. University Admissions! Off the scale drama - double knockdown of Fedor and Mitrione, but American gets victory over the great Russian heavyweight - check this out. Here#39;s the video moment Michael Chandler had his leg broken by essays proposal Brent Primus. University Of Chicago Essays! Michael Chandler gets topped in Round 1. Medical! Here#39;s the replay! Respect from essays fellow pro Linton Vassell for courage and obduracy of Michael Chandler. OMG man @MikeChandlerMMA true warrior man, I wish you a speedy recovery man, and get that belt back fast.

More drama . Essays Satire! lightweight champion Michael Chandler breaks ankle in university of chicago, opening round and Brent Primus the new champion. Essays Proposal! T hat was horrific. Literally a snapped ankle. TKO doctor stoppage. New champion. wait for the video replay. it's not a great sight. The scoring in Davis versus Bader has divided some people. Of Chicago Essays! You gotta believe, says Zach Freeman. He did. He came.

He conqurered. Picture says it all. Scorecard for Ryan Bader versus Phil Davis fight. Nurse! Here#39;s the Phil Davis v Ryan Bader scoring . I had Davis 48-47 but respect view of @SalDAmato who agreed 49-46 Of Chicago Admissions! Victorious James Gallagher comes over essay, with the legend of MMA Royce Gracie. Shock of the night: Zach Freeman drops and submits Aaron Pico. in 24 seconds. U nbelievable.

Fall guy Zach Freeman just defeated Aaron Pico, who came into his MMA debut as the most touted prospect of all time, with a counter right punch, and guillotine finish. University Of Chicago! Right uppercut. Pico tapped. This is fight sports. . expect the unexpected. AND STILL . Douglas Lima retains the resume, Bellator welterweight crown against Lorenz Larkin 50-45, 48-47-48-47. S ome real intent from of chicago essays Larkin, as the champion, nose broken, responds with counters of his own. That was a more intense round but the fight did not really ignite. Essays Satire Proposal! Last round to Larkin, who loses this 48-47 in my view. let's see. T hey are dancing with their own styles and the dance slightly favouring Lima.

The Brazilian drops Larkin in the final minute. As we go into university essays round 5, I have LL needing a 10-8 or a stoppage for resume formater, victory. Lima vs Larkin: welterweight title fight. Rd 3. L ima kicking cleverly to the body. Larkin has switched to southpaw. Left head kick blocked by of chicago admissions the champion Lima.

Very measured fight, no change in tempo. Larkin did a little more ? Tough to score, that. Thesis Width! Welterweight title fight: Douglas Lima (champion) vs Lorenz Larkin. C agey opening round. Little between them. So little, both great movers and strikers. Lima's work just a little cleaner, more efficient.

Rd 1, 10-9 Lima. Just. Success for of chicago admissions, Larkin in resume formater, the second stanza, and then BOOM, Lima fells LL and goes in for ground and of chicago, pound, and LL survives vicious ground assault. Good round, two terrific fighters. Lima Rd 2, as well. 10-9. Lima leads 20-18 after two rounds on my card. AND THE NEW . Ryan Bader takes the fight 49-46 twice and one judge 48-47 for Davis. T hey lock like two stag beetles both throwing right hands, Davis ends up on the ground but not hurt, simply off balance.

Body kick from Bader, RB lower leg kick. Big right by PD rocks Bader's head back. Full Width Header! Then a takedown by Bader at 2.17 remaining. If this has been judged closely that could be a very significant. Both looking for in-roads in final seconds but NOT A LOT HAPPENING . A nother slow, deliberate round.

Bader making more strides but unable to take over. Bader round, just. D avis turns Superman and lands with a very nice right hand and sends spray arcing from Bader 's jaw and hairline into this great arena. A right felt by Bader into his boots. Of Chicago Essays! Davis more confident in resume formater, owning the space between them. Under he ducks from a shot and another right hand from Davis, now bleeding from the mouth. Lower leg kick and two jabs from Bader.

Davis showing so much improvement in footwork and striking against a very good striker in admissions essays, Bader. Bader takedown, reversed by the champion in dying seconds. B ader out with more head movement. Huge left hook from RB misses. Sneaky little right from Bader glances then a body kick with intent from the challenger. Right wheeling, arcing kick from the medical sales letters, champion. good lead right plants itself clean on the chin of Bader. Battle of the jab. Boxing match. Boos from the crowd. But the dance is of chicago admissions essays, interesting and Davis is winning it 8 minutes in.

They clinch but these two old wrestlers won't afford the proposal, other the upper hand. Deadlock. Left hook Bader. Of Chicago! Glancer from him. Then left to the body of the medical cover, soaking Davis. More concerted attack by Bader in the last 30 seconds but another Davis round for me. Light heavyweight title: Phil Davis defends against Ryan Bader. C agey start.

Good little chopping left hook by Davis. They engage. Davis with show of strength, Bader up to it. chopping lower leg kick by the champion. Great versatility and angles from Davis, Both erudite athletes and combatants. Huge right hook from David wings over an evading Bader . Jab, jab from Bader. Boos - but come on. they are just getting into this and they have fought three rounds in the past. Scenes from this great night at Madison Square Garden for of chicago admissions essays, Bellator NYC and 180.

Here#39;s James Gallagher in celebration . and university, rightly so - 7 wins no losses and a real statement. Here#39;s @StrabanimalMMA celebrating right in front of of chicago essays media row after rear naked choke victory @BellatorMMA James Gallagher vs Chinzo Machida. H ere we go. Gallagher hunting, good right hand, takes Machida down. Locks up CM body, from compare behind and stretches him out, looking for university admissions essays, rear naked choke. Medical Letters! And BINGO. the Brazilian is OUT.

Gallagher bows to his defeated foe. fast dramatic, a statement. Irishman James Gallagher up next. here we go. Heather Hardy vs Alice Yauger - real scrap - South Brooklyn wins by essays TKO. S marter fighting in the second and third rounds from Hardy, her team rightly telling her to re-set, and boss the fight from range. After all, HH was an elite boxer and kickboxer. 'Move your head, throw the cross. ' yells the corner. But this is medical, bad. Split eyelid for HH from an accidental head butt. Of Chicago Essays! Minute to go.

Good refereeing by big John McCarthy. Restart after doctor inspection. Then a brutal attack from HH, floors AY with a combo, and essays, the vicious fighter surfaces. Crowd goes wild as HH finishes her foe by TKO. (technical knockout/referee stoppage). Real emotion from university essays HH at the end. T ough first round for Hardy, after a good start on nurse layout, debut. University Of Chicago Essays! Needs to be cleaner and strike and box from range. Scrappy fight suits Yauger. Close but probably AY round. Hard is meant to win this debut. to launch herself. Yauger having none of cover it.

Herschel Walker USA sports legend and NFL great tells me he would have been an MMA fighter today. Ryan Couture is made up. University Admissions Essays! victory at MSG, in front of Dad (Randy, Mr America) Ryan Couture wins with father and MMA legend Randy Couture in his corner. The unanimous decision goes the way of @RyanDCouture. We#39;ll see you on @spike at the top of the hour for more action. #BellatorNYC. Self-indulgent but how could I not do this with the Muhammad Ali vs.

Joe Frazier scales from resume formater 1971 Fight of the Century. Some amazing history taking place this week, the scales from @MuhammadAli vs Joe Frazier --- and I cdnt stop myself #Bellator180 @ScottCoker Of Chicago Essays! Aaron Pico - The kid raised like an thesis full width header, ancient Spartan. Strabanimal James Gallagher made up to be on Madisonb Square Garden event. Of Chicago Essays! Irishman James Gallagher aims to follow in the footsteps of the great Conor McGregor.

N o wonder James Gallagher aped Conor McGregor on the weigh in scales at Madison Square Garden. The template of Irish invasion into American MMA - in this case Madison Square Garden for Bellator 180 - has been etched by 'The Notorious One.' Gallagher, from Strabane, has grown up in the master shadow of McGregor, and unsurprisingly, wants to medical sales cover letters emulate the game-changer from his homeland. The Telegraph can reveal, according to of chicago essays Bellator, that his contest will be shown live and free on YouTube in Ireland. Modest Proposal! He does not want to university of chicago over-egg the narrative of his back story or upbringing, which was wild, the 20-year-old featherweight fighter unbeaten in 6 contests preferring to emphasise that has an ambition which knows no bounds. I'm trying to nurse layout do what he (Conor) does, but a lot better. I'd be disappointed if I didn't achieve what Conor has achieved. Take nothing away from him, in my eyes he is the greatest fighter on this planet. University Admissions! Of all time.

There is no one better. But I want to be better than that. See . ? But you can't deny where the resume formater, fighting spirit has come from. It has a fount. University! It was deep, and probably dark at one time. He makes for a fascinating study and nurse resume layout, interview. It comes from growing up in Strabane. That's where it all started. I was running around as a kid and always fighting, always probably doing shit I shouldn't be doing, explained the fighter whose sobriquet is The Strabanimal, and who carries a wicked glint of fun and admissions essays, focused mischief in his eye. Then it just developed and I wanted to be productive and do something good.

If I'm being 100% truthful I wouldn't have been sat here today if I'd left it much longer. I would have been down a bad road. Thesis Full! He explained, like so many others who have found rhyme and university of chicago admissions, reason in their lives through the decathlete discipline of mixed martial arts gyms, and in this case now the same SBG Gym in Dublin which has taken McGregor to the global heights of thesis width sporting fame, how this life may have been wasted on him. Heather Hardy: Another debutante with a incredible story to relate. A t every turn, there are fascinating tales from the university admissions essays, top to the very start of the card's line-up. Heather Hardy, a single mother in her thirties, has a tale all of her own. Being shadowed this week by The Wall Street Journal, the and contrase, striking blonde fighter has a troubled past, not of her own doing. She took up fight sports in her twenties. Three weeks later, aged 28, Hardy won her first kickboxing match in front of a few thousand people at a venue on Long Island.

To hear Hardy speak, is to admissions be inspired into the many of the reasons why fight sports have a deeper place in our society than we often care to believe. Born and raised in South Brooklyn, in Gerritsen Beach, a working-class community of around 5,000, and sporting Celtic tattoos, the former women's boxing and kick-boxing world champion, has turned her focus on martial arts. Opportunity, she insists, as she makes her MMA debut, to make a living in a sport which treats women more fairly and with more equanimity than boxing has for many, many years. And in many ways, Hardy is fighting for university of chicago admissions essays, her salvation, perhaps. Within and without the of chicago, ring. A dark black cloud entered her life in her early teens. Hardy went public with espnW in recent times about being the victim of aggregious sexual assault as a teenager. She was in with the satire, wrong crowd at the time. Admissions Essays! Her rapist was 29. I never breathed a word about being raped because I knew my aunt went to letters church with his mother, or if I go to admissions the grocery store, I'll run into his cousin, she had told espnW. Women from my neighbourhood stay quiet because they're too concerned about how it will affect everyone else.

I thought it was my fault for smoking pot and hanging out with these people, because I was the one who bought the papers, she says. When in reality, a 29-year-old man should not be giving a young girl drugs. As an adult, with a daughter that age, I now realize how I was raped. It was planned from the beginning of the evening. But as a girl, I thought I was the one who was to essays satire blame. One suspects that fighting forms part of a catharsis here, fighting for of chicago admissions, pride, for a deeper sense of growing out of adversity. I asked Hardy today why she fights. Because I'm good at it, she told me. But there are opportunities, too.

Opportunities not afforded yet to women in the boxing world. Compare! Women's boxing is going in admissions essays, the right direction because of university of chicago admissions essays girls like Claressa Shields, Marlon Esparza, Nicola Adams, but they're still not making money. Women are not making money. There's still that attitude that you should be thankful for that you've got because other girls don't have this. We're settling for smaller pay checks and not bigger opportunities. University Of Chicago Admissions! The idea that just because we're going to put one female on this card isn't enough. We're not just females, we're athletes. We're just like the guys. There are great female boxers and there are terrible ones. There are ones that deserve a lot more than they're getting.

Hardy hits the nail square on its head, like her crunching kicks and compare, strikes. MMA supports women, and university of chicago admissions essays, Bellator may have struck gold with her on the card. I believe they've (the MMA industry) evolved beyond most other sports as far as treating women like athletes and not like female athletes. In a boxing gym those guys are my brothers. They respect me more than some of the women do. Most of my biggest supporters come from some of the toughest, bad ass boxers in Gleasons Gym. I think it's because there are more youthful minds running these MMA organisations and they're changing with the times and realising we're not stuck. In boxing you have the same people who are signing the contracts when Laila Ali and letters, Crissy Martin were fighting. They're making arguments that there's not enough competition and nobody wants to watch it but they're basing this on things that happened 25 years ago.

Hardy fights Alice Yauger (record 4-5) in of chicago admissions essays, the first contest in the second section of the evening. A aron Pico belongs to a bygone age: of the Spartans. The 20-year-old Californian has become the most touted mixed-martial arts debutant in the sport's history and must show what the of chicago admissions, ancient civilization once called its 'agoge', an upbringing in a warrior code. Pico, who has studied fighting forms from the age of seven, like most children study academia, breaks out of chicago, his martial arts moves on the biggest stage on resume formater, Saturday night at the hallowed fight Mecca, Madison Square Garden, the first contest on a pay-per-view card underwritten by millions of dollars as Bellator MMA, owned by media giants Viacom, drive their flag firmly into the heart of Manhattan. It's an arrival moment for the fight league. But for Pico, too. Of Chicago Admissions! Part wrestler, part boxer, part wunderkind. Ambitions to be a world champion in MMA -- and boxing. A genuine champion in both would be a modern first. These things have an resume formater, awful habit of going wrong, yet having spent some time around Pico, the detail is university of chicago, there, as are the sojourns to wrestle in Dagestan (at a time where it was classified as amongst the most dangerous places on the planet), study the compare essay, Noble Art of boxing in the Hollywood Wild Card Boxing Gym under esteemed trainer Freddie Roach, travel to Thailand, Ukraine, and all the time guided by the watchful, masterful eye of 'Crazy' Bob Cook, whose scouting missions in MMA are simply legendary.

Look back over Cook's resume, and 'Crazy' is a misnomer. Crazy good, more like. Ronda Rousey, Daniel Cormier, Cain Velasquez. to name but a few. No, Cook may have unearthed a gem here. Back to university of chicago essays Ancient Sparta, again, for a moment, and Pico.

The Spartans took their boys aged seven to become fighters, under 'agoge' or fighting pedagogy, an essays satire proposal, education instilled in many noblemen's children too, the rigorous regime compulsory for all males. This is university admissions essays, a #39;where were you when#39; moment. at medical sales cover letters Madison Square Garden for of chicago essays, Bellator MMA. University Admissions Essays! T here are so many storylines tonight. on this huge card in a 'where were you when' moment for Bellator MMA, and so many fighting protagonists. Here's a flavour from the week . Aaron Pico, Heather Hardy, James Gallagher. Of Chicago Admissions! just making their names in the sport. A phalanx of resume formater fighting names, ancient and modern legends of mixed martial arts, three title fights, the blooding of young stars, the inclusion of university admissions essays a local fighting woman with a compelling back story: Bellator MMA's first event at Madison Square Garden, in the heart of Manhattan, and within the nurse resume layout, heart of the American media hub here in the Big Apple has brought a real resonance to university of chicago admissions this major pay per view event for the fight organisation this week. Sales! Fighting noise. University Admissions! Bellator has arrived. Big time. In the great hall once renowned as 'the Mecca' for fight nights. Look around you, said Scott Coker, the CEO of Bellator, speaking to Telegraph Sport . We have journalists and width, film crews from all over the world for this. This is the biggest fight card in the history of this company and I can feel it, man.

I can feel it growing. The energy's growing. I think this is a fight card that from top to university admissions essays bottom delivers on nurse layout, many different levels. If you're a fight fan of Pride and Wanderlei Silva and university, Fedor Emelianenko, or if you're a fan of the UFC and nurse resume, Chael Sonnen. This is a fight that has something for everybody, added Coker. There's crews from all over the world here.

We have a crew from Spain, one from Russia, one from Latin America, one from the Netherlands. University Admissions Essays! There's people from all over the world coming in for this fight. It's a big international event. Resume Formater! And keep in mind even though it's just on ppv here in America, it's also being distributed in 163 countries around the world. You can follow a huge night of MMA right here with our man Gareth A Davies in New York. Gallery: UCI WorldTour 2017: Who rides for who and who has won what – team-by-team guide to the season. Manchester City to make ?60m bid for Arsenal forward Alexis Sanchez. Transfer revolution: Window to shut before Premier League season starts next year. Comment: Premier League right to finally put an end to transfer deadline madness.

Revealed: Premier League clubs in #39;obscene#39; failure to pay staff #39;real#39; living wage. It is blindingly obvious that England were not good enough, admits Gareth Southgate. University Of Chicago Admissions! Martin O#39;Neill asked to stay on as Ireland manager despite criticism of World Cup campaign. Premier League #39;Big Six#39; want greater share of overseas TV money because it will soon dwarf domestic income. Tammy Abraham and Dominic Solanke among England youngsters Nigeria could poach for World Cup, says Aidy Boothroyd. England 1 Slovenia 0: Harry Kane confirms World Cup qualification with late goal to rescue dismal performance. England fans were right to be angry after shameful Euro 2016 exit, says FA chief. Scotland 1 Slovakia 0: Hosts leave it late to keep World Cup dream alive. Medical Sales Cover Letters! How to get tickets for the Russia World Cup 2018 and how much will they cost? When is the 2018 World Cup draw, how does it work and what teams have qualified so far? Glasgow glad to include high-profile returnees for clash with Cheetahs.

England vs Slovenia, player ratings: Who enhanced chances of going to Russia, and university of chicago admissions essays, who#39;s on the fringes? Comment: Bored spectators, paper planes and early exits - something is seriously wrong with this England team. Medical Cover! Is this England squad good enough to succeed in Russia? Northern Ireland 1 Germany 3: Hosts dig deep to prevent world champions running riot. Kyle Walker taking free-kick leaves England fans scratching their heads. Tyrrell Hatton tries to put his passion to better use after being told to #39;grow up#39; Castleford Tigers drop Zak Hardaker for Super League Grand Final over of chicago admissions essays, #39;breach of club rules#39; Wales not afraid to resume formater unleash the university essays, youngsters in bid to resume layout qualify for of chicago, World Cup without Gareth Bale. Comment: Gerard Pique’s stand merits applause. Players shouldn#39;t run scared of and contrase contentious issue in case it affects next boot deal. Wembley Stadium to bid for 2023 Champions League final in centenary year. University Of Chicago Admissions Essays! Gatland#39;s Law: With Rhys Webb the latest star to modest proposal leave Wales, can the university admissions essays, rule actually work?

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Lyrical essays trace a woman's short yet rich life. By Carol Iaciofano, Globe Correspondent | June 16, 2004. The Merry Recluse: A Life in university of chicago Essays , By Caroline Knapp, Counterpoint, 256 pp., $24.95. Caroline Knapp had a lot to say on essays modest proposal many topics, and university of chicago, she voiced her opinions with hard-won humor and medical cover letters, grace. University Essays! The essay collection, The Merry Recluse, chronicles 15 years of personal and essays satire modest, cultural changes.

It also creates a powerful portrait of a writer who died much too young, two years ago, at age 42. Boston-area readers may recognize Knapp's writing from the university of chicago, Boston Phoenix in the 1990s. She wrote a regular column, Alice K. (not her real initial), which narrated the highs and lows of an urban single woman's life. Knapp was also the medical, first regular contributor to essays the Phoenix feature Out There, where her features and essays covered anything from the elderly in modern society to a grown woman's need for approval. Readers outside Boston may recognize Knapp's style from her essays in The New York Times, New Woman, online in, and on radio with WBUR. Knapp was a woman of great talent and strong addictions. She memorably described her struggles with alcohol and layout, anorexia in Drinking: A Love Story (1996), and her posthumously published Appetites: Why Women Want (2003). During the decades when she was battling these, she also suffered the loss of both parents, moved to admissions Cambridge and adopted the city as her home, became an aunt twice over, and was in and out of various relationships. With all that was going on in Knapp's life, it's a wonder she had time to write, but writing is of chicago essays, what she did -- very, very well. Memorable essayists read like poets who have chosen a longer form. Much of Knapp's writing often soars into this lyrical realm.

In the university of chicago, essay Letter to Zoe, Knapp reflects on her relationship with her toddler niece. Satire Proposal! Knapp met Zoe hours after she was born, a being with fingernails so small and perfectly formed they looked like they'd been imagined. Even though she adores her niece, this 30-something single aunt does not yearn for motherhood. In Confessions of a Control Freak, Knapp is clear about how important order is in her daily life: The skills I've picked up over the years seem, in several important respects, almost antithetical to the business of becoming a mother. Of Chicago! These include being enjoyably, obsessively organized, and spending long hours at work, at exercise, with friends, and in time alone. Knapp does not want these routines interrupted, but acknowledges: It can be most unsettling to see yourself as a woman who simply won't have kids.

Living with contradiction is a theme in many essays, and makes the voice that governs these pages an essentially female one. She writes -- with humor and without apology -- of wanting to fill emotional spaces with food, yet craving a small, angular body, and university of chicago essays, of needing community, yet longing for solitude. University Essays! The book title is satire modest, from an essay she wrote for on the joys of solitude. Together, these essays are a potent blend of the very serious and the highly comical. There are essays on timeless themes: family, friendship, grief, loss, and sobriety. Of Chicago Admissions! Sobriety as a timeless issue? Here it's woven into all the other matters of the heart, as it's often inextricably linked in real life. It can take great courage to face life without anesthesia: the aid of alcohol or the separateness of anorexia. In a style that is almost distressingly honest, Knapp recounts drinking through the loss of her parents, and of the difficulties and the benefits of shedding alcohol and starvation as mechanisms for essays satire modest proposal, survival. Knapp writes wistfully of the parental grace period -- a small window of of chicago essays freedom, in which you are too old to be dominated by your parents but too young to really worry about medical letters them. On money, she confesses, I hate dealing with it, thinking about it, managing it, planning for it, and accounting for university of chicago, it.

On the other hand, I don't have too many problems spending it, which complicates matters considerably. Lest you think she's just being irresponsible, she shares her overwhelming fear of money's equal power to satire proposal protect or devastate. The only times the essays appear thin are when Knapp rummages deeply in the women's magazine closet: the of chicago admissions essays, few musings on why men like air guitars and why women have bad hair days seem drained of her voice, interchangeable with any glossy feature. But she is unforgettable when writing about the intricacies of female friendship, about being shy, about the power of exercise for making women strong in many ways, about subtle power relationships in resume formater work and academia, and about truly creating a home. As you read these essays, what you may be aware of university admissions more than you'd like to admit is nurse layout, that this writer will not write anymore, even though she had so much more to say.

Her voice is so clear that you will miss her even if you have never met her. EXCERPT FROM THE BOOK. Appetites: Why Women Want. by Caroline Knapp. I ate nothing but cottage cheese and rice cakes. I was a set of bones hunkered over a tiny saucer. What was I feeling? What was I trying, so desperately, not to feel?

May 22, 2003 | What is this drive to be thinner, prettier, better dressed, other ? Who exactly is this other and what does she look like beyond the jacket she's wearing or the food she's not eating? What might we be doing, thinking, feeling about if we didn't think about body image, ever? These are the questions that pain me when I think of myself at university of chicago, twenty-one and twenty-two and nurse, twenty-three, a set of bones hunkered over a tiny saucer, nibbling at those miniature squares of apple and cheese. University Of Chicago! What was I feeling? What was I trying, so desperately, not to feel? I have probably grappled with the matter of appetite my whole life -- a lot of women do; we're taught to do battle with our own desires from resume formater a tender age, and reinforcements are called in over time on virtually every front -- but if I had to pinpoint a defining moment in my own history, I'd go back twenty-three years, to an otherwise unmemorable November evening when I made an essays, otherwise unmemorable purchase: a container of cottage cheese. Innocuous as it sounds, this would actually turn out to be a life-altering event, but the kind that's so seemingly ordinary you can't consider it as such for many years. University Admissions Essays! Certainly, I didn't see anything remarkable happening at the time. I was nineteen years old, a junior at of chicago admissions, Brown University, in thesis width Providence, Rhode Island, vaguely anxious, vaguely depressed.

I was also, less vaguely, hungry. University Of Chicago Admissions! This was 1979, Thanksgiving weekend. I'd gone home to see my family, then returned to campus the next day to write a paper. Nurse! My roommates and most of my friends were still away, I didn't especially feel like slogging over to the campus cafeteria to eat by myself, and so I put on my coat and walked up the admissions, block to a corner grocery store, and that's what I bought: a small plastic tub of Hood's cottage cheese and compare essay, a solitary package of rice cakes. Cottage cheese, of course, is the food God developed specifically to torture women, to make them keen with yearning. Of Chicago Admissions! Picture it on a plate, lumpy and proposal, bland atop a limp lettuce leaf and half a canned peach. Consider the taste and feel of it: wet, bitter little curds. Now compare it to the real thing: a thick, oozing slab of university admissions essays brie, or a dense and silky smear of cream cheese. Cottage cheese is one of admissions essays our culture's most visible symbols of self-denial; marketed honestly, it would appear in of chicago admissions essays dairy cases with warning labels: this substance is self-punitive; ingest with caution. I didn't know this back then, which is important to nurse note.

Naturally thin, I'd never given my weight much thought before, and although I knew plenty of women who obsessed about their thighs and fretted over calories, I'd always regarded them as a rather alien species, their battles against fat usually unnecessary and university of chicago, invariably tedious, barely a blip on my own radar. I, in thesis width header turn, had very little personal experience with cottage cheese. I'd never bought cottage cheese before, I'm not sure I'd even eaten cottage cheese before, but on some semiconscious level, I knew the university admissions, essential truth about full width cottage cheese -- it was a diet food -- and on some even less conscious level, I was drawn to it, compelled to buy it and to put it in the mini-refrigerator in my dorm room and essays, then to eat it and medical cover letters, nothing else -- just cottage cheese and rice cakes -- for three consecutive days. And a seed, long present perhaps but dormant until then, began to university essays blossom. A path was laid, one that ultimately had less to essays satire modest proposal do with food than it did with emotion, less to of chicago essays do with hunger than it did with the mindset required to satisfy hunger: the sense of entitlement and agency and initiative that leads one to say, first, I want, and then, more critically, I deserve. Thesis Full! So as inconsequential as that purchase may have seemed, it in fact represented a turning point, the passage of a woman at university admissions, a crossroads, one road marked Empty, the other Full. Not believing at the core that fullness -- satiety, gratification, pleasure -- was within my grasp, I chose the resume formater, other road. One of the lingering cultural myths about gender is that women are bad at admissions, math -- they lack the confidence for it, they have poor visual-spatial skills, they simply don't excel at sales letters, numbers the way boys do. Essays! This theory has been widely challenged over medical, the years, and there's scant evidence to suggest that girls are in any way neurologically ill-equipped to deal with algebra or calculus. But I'd challenge the university of chicago essays, myth on different grounds: Women are actually superb at math; they just happen to full engage in their own variety of admissions it, an intricate personal math in satire which desires are split off from university admissions essays one another, weighed, balance, traded, assessed.

These are the mathematics of desire, a system of self-limitation and monitoring based on the fundamental premise that appetites are at best risky, at worst impermissible, that indulgence must be bought and resume formater, paid for. Hence the rules and caveats: Before you open the university of chicago essays, lunch menu or order that cheeseburger or consider eating the cake with the frosting intact, haul out the and contrase essay, psychic calculator and university of chicago essays, start tinkering with the budget. Why shouldn't you? I asked a woman that question not long ago while she was demurring about whether to order dessert at a restaurant. Immediate answer: Because I'll feel gross. And what would happen if you felt fat? I hate myself when I feel fat. Resume Formater! I feel ugly and of chicago admissions essays, out of control.

I feel really un-sexy. I feel unlovable. And if you deny yourself the dessert? I may feel a little deprived, but I'll also feel pious, she said. So it's worth the cost? These are big trade-offs for full, a simple piece of cake -- add five hundred calories, subtract well-being, allure, and self-esteem -- and the feelings behind them are anything but vain or shallow.

Hidden within that thirty-second exchange is an entire set of university of chicago admissions mathematical principles, equations that can dictate a woman's most fundamental approach to hunger. Mastery over the body -- its impulses, its needs, its size -- is paramount; to university of chicago admissions lose control is to risk beauty, and to risk beauty is to risk desirability, and to risk desirability is to risk entitlement to sexuality and love and self-esteem. Desires collide, the wish to eat bumping up against the wish to university of chicago admissions be thin, the desire to full width header indulge conflicting with the injunction to restrain. Small wonder food makes a woman nervous. The experience of appetite in this equation is an experience of admissions essays anxiety, a burden and a risk; yielding to hunger may be permissible under certain conditions, but mostly it's something to be Earned or Monitored and Controlled. e = mc 2 . During the acute phases of my starving years, I took a perverse kind of pleasure in these exhibitions of satire modest personal calculus, the anxious little jigs that women would do around food. Every day at lunchtime, I'd stand in line at a cafe in of chicago admissions essays downtown Providence clutching my 200-calorie yogurt, and essays, while I waited, I'd watch the other women deliberate. I'd see a woman mince edgily around the glass case that held muffins and cookies, and university of chicago, I'd recognize the look in resume formater her eye, the longing for something sweet or gooey, the of chicago admissions essays, sudden flicker of No. I'd overhear fragments of conversation: debates between women (I can't eat that, I'll feel huge), and cajolings (Oh, c'mon, have the fries), and collaborations in surrender (I will if you will).

I listened for compare and contrase, these, I paid attention, and I always felt a little stab of superiority when someone yielded (Okay, fuck it, fries, onion rings, PIE). I would not yield -- to do so, I understood, would imply lack of restraint, an university of chicago, unseemly, indulgent female greed -- and in my stern resistance I got to feel coolly superior while they felt, or so it seemed to me, anxious. But I knew that anxiety. Full Width! I know it still, and I know how stubbornly pressing it can feel, the niggling worry about food and calories and size and heft cutting to admissions essays the quick somehow, as though to fully surrender to hunger might lead to mayhem, the nurse layout, appetite proven unstoppable. If you plotted my food intake on a graph from that initial cottage cheese purchase onward, you wouldn't see anything very dramatic at first: a slight decline in consumption over my junior and senior years, and an increasing though not yet excessive pattern of university rigidity, that edgy whir about food and nurse layout, weight at only the edges of consciousness at first. Admissions Essays! I lived off campus my senior year with a boyfriend, studied enormously hard, ate normal dinners at home with him, but permitted myself only a single plain donut in nurse layout the morning, coffee all day, not a calorie more. The concept of permission was new to me -- it heralded the introduction of rules and university of chicago admissions, by-laws, a nascent internal tyrant issuing commands -- but I didn't question it. I just ate the donut, drank the sales letters, coffee, obeyed the admissions, rules, aware on some level that the resume formater, rigidity and restraint served a purpose, reinforced those first heady feelings of will and university of chicago essays, determination, a proud sensation that I was somehow beyond ordinary need.

I wrote a prize-winning honors thesis on two hundred calories a day. The following year, my first out of college, the compare and contrase essay, line on the graph would begin to waver, slowly at first, then peaking and dipping more erratically: five pounds up, five pounds down, six hundred calories here, six thousand there, the dieting female's private NASDAQ, a personal index of self-torture. Who has the best features? This was a little game, conducted several times and always with the same results, in seventh grade, the time when so many of life's little horrors begin. A very pretty and popular girl named Jill, a leader of the in-crowd, organized the event during recess, gathering seven or eight of us around her on the steps by of chicago, the school's entrance and width header, beginning the scrutiny. Of Chicago Essays! My friend Jen always got best skin, rosy and resume formater, smooth. My friend Nina got best hair, thick and admissions, blond.

Jill gave herself best eyes, I think, but I may just be guessing (she did have beautiful eyes, large and dark and framed with the most naturally thick lashes). Me, I got prettiest hands, which felt bitterly disappointing at the time. Hands? Hands didn't matter. Who cared about hands? If you could change any one thing about your looks, what would it be?

We played this, too, frequently: Oh, I'd have Jen's skin, we'd say. Resume Formater! I'd have Nina's hair, I'd get rid of these freckles. Once, I mentioned something about wanting curly hair instead of straight hair, and a girl looked at me and said, If I were you, I'd get rid of those little nostril veins. I didn't even know I had little nostril veins, but as soon as I got home from school that day, I looked in the mirror and sure enough, there they were: several tiny distinct red squiggles, horrifyingly visible, creeping down the skin from inside my nose to university of chicago the base of each nostril. These were early exercises in gaze-training, a way of coaxing the eye outward instead of inward, of learning to experience the body as a thing outside the self, something a woman has rather than something she is. From seventh grade on, we would hone this skill, breaking the essays satire modest proposal, body down into increasingly scrutinized parts, learning to see legs and arms, belly and breasts, hips and hair as separate entities, most of which generated some degree of of chicago essays distress, all of which were cast in hierarchical and comparative terms, viewed in relation to others: my hair versus Nina's hair, my eyes versus Jill's eyes; this needs fixing, that needs hiding. Pore by pore, we learned to take ourselves apart.

There's no question that this way of thinking is reinforced in the world beyond seventh-grade school yards, that the art of self-dissection receives constant visual support, that it's part of consumer culture's lifeblood. Thick auburn tresses cascade across a magazine page, shiny and rich with Pantene shampoo. An enormous Maybellined eye stares out from a TV screen, each lash glossy and distinct. A calf stretches across a billboard, lean and taut in an $800 Jimmy Choo pump. American companies spend more than $200 billion each year hacking women's bodies into bits and pieces, urging comparisons between self and other, linking value to air-brushed ideals, and essays satire modest, as the girls in my seventh-grade class graduated to high school and university essays, beyond, the imagery around us would only grow more specific, more pummeling, more insidious. Resume! Models would become more thoroughly eroticized, presented in more states of obvious arousal, with more full-out nudity and of chicago, more undertones of violence; the ideals they presented would become more specific and out of reach, with more and more body parts exposed and subject to critique (butt, arms, hips, and abs as well as the traditional breasts and legs) and ever more Byzantine configurations of beauty presented (bodies with no fat but huge breasts; delicate bodies with muscular limbs; fifty-year-old bodies that still look twenty-five). Even more dramatic would be a shift in the pitch of imagery, the level and nature of the bombardment. Around the time I began starving, in thesis width header the early eighties, the visual image had begun to admissions essays supplant text as culture's primary mode of communication, a radical change because images work so differently than words: They're immediate, they hit you at levels way beneath intellect, they come fast and essays satire proposal, furious.

When televisions first appeared in university essays the 1950s, the image on the screen used to change every twelve to fifteen seconds. By the eighties, the resume layout, speed of change had increased to about seven seconds. University Of Chicago Essays! Today, the image on the average TV commercial can change as quickly as once every 1.5 seconds, an assaulting speed, one that's impossible to thoroughly process or integrate. Header! When images strike you at that rate, there's no time to essays register the split-second reactions they generate, no time to analyze them or put them in their proper place; they get wedged inside, insidious little kernels that come to feel like truth.

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7 Ways To Tailor Your Resume For A Leadership Position. #1 Thing Recruiters Want You To Know About Getting A Job AppDynamics. How To Land A Job At Northside Hospital. 3 Tips For Getting A Job At Medidata Solutions. The Secret To Networking When You Don#039;t Have Any Time. 3 Ways Emotionally Intelligent Leaders Make The Most Of Online Collaboration. Are you a prime candidate for a mid- to senior-level leadership role? Before you apply, make sure you leverage these seven strategies to tailor your resume for maximum impact. As you (hopefully) know, the computer databases, or Applicant Tracking Systems, that store and analyze incoming resumes for job board, employer, and recruiter sites, count the admissions, number of times certain words are used in your resume. These keywords are industry-specific and modest are unique to each role in each company.

Your resume ranks higher if you include more of these words in university essays, the document. Include a keyword section in your summary and essays modest proposal stock it full of essays 12 to 15 keywords pulled from the job description of the role you are pursuing. Even more importantly, use these keywords in each relevant job listing you include in your document. Compare And Contrase Essay. They can be easily woven into sentences in of chicago essays, your position overview statements as well as your achievements. If you’re a new grad, have recently attained an MBA, or don’t have all of the experience sought in the job posting you’re submitting for, try listing relevant coursework in your resume’s education section. Resume. This will boost your keyword count. University. Fairly universal keywords include terms such as strategic planning, operations leadership, business management, cross-functional, cross-cultural, global, talent management, organizational restructuring, and PL accountability. 2. Reposition Your Resume’s Summary. Each time you apply for a new role, you need to full header tweak your career summary to university of chicago maximize the number of keywords and ensure you are laying emphasis on resume the right capabilities. When you apply for a leadership role, it is imperative to showcase your strategy skills and university admissions essays experience.

In lower-level jobs, you have to modest proposal demonstrate your tactical execution strengths; in director-level plus positions, designing and essays implementing strategic plans is absolutely critical. Compare. Briefly describe the essays, highpoints of your leadership experience in your summary. Relevant details you may want to include are things like key industries, sizes of companies you’ve worked for, the largest team size you’ve led, and thesis width header the largest budget or PL you’ve managed. Include brief descriptors of university of chicago admissions essays your leadership and communication style. These are less hard-hitting issues which deserve more attention on and contrase essay executive resumes. Be sure to include your strategy experience in addition to listing strategic planning as one of your key skills.

Consider including 2-3 brief but impactful career achievements as part of your summary. Choose accomplishments which demonstrate your core leadership strengths and ability to deliver top- and bottom-line impacts on sales, revenue, productivity, efficiency, and university of chicago expense management. 3. Of Chicago Admissions Essays. Clarify The Context Of Each Position, Promotion, Or Achievement. One of the university, resume’s key tasks is to tell the story of resume formater your career. Yours must convey the importance and relevance of each position change you’ve made while simultaneously clarifying the key challenges you faced in the role. University Of Chicago Admissions. Include a brief position overview or introduction to each role on your resume. Resume Formater. If the position was a promotion or special assignment, make that clear. Showcase the context of your hire or promotion. Were you the first sales person in a new territory or the newest manager in a series of 5 within a short timeframe? Were you hired or promoted with specific challenges in mind? Were you hired or promoted based on specific skills or experience you possessed?

If you were placed in the role to resolve specific challenges, it’s vital to note the university admissions essays, circumstances at your entry into the position. Satire. For example, if you were hired to turn around declining sales, what was the sales level when you started? What sales level did you attain or position during your tenure? Keep it brief – your position introduction should take up only 2 to 3 lines of text. Make every word count! Do the same thing with your achievements by including key details that reveal the university, larger context of your actions. If you averted a division closure by thesis width header turning around sales, that’s vital to essays highlight. If your marketing efforts helped open new market sectors which paved the way for a mission-critical merger, say so. Don’t just focus on thesis full width header results – put your results in a larger context that makes your overall contributions more clear. 4. Front-Load Your Resume’s Achievements With A Strategic Focus.

Most job seekers assume that recruiters read resumes the same way that they do. Not so. Many recruiters read a resume “out of order” or in pieces and parts in order to of chicago nail down their big picture perspective of the prospective candidate’s career. This often includes reading achievement statements differently than you and university of chicago admissions essays I do. University. Before reading them in university, their entirety some recruiters briefly review the university, first few words of each bulleted statement to test the waters, so to speak, and compare and contrase see if the university admissions essays, accomplishments are more tactically or strategically focused. It thus imperative that you front-load your achievements with the width header, strategic focus they’re looking for, assuming you have that experience. In leadership positions, your strategy influence is often a bigger deal than your monetary impact. Begin your bulleted statements by clarifying your strategic impact, then note the specific impacts you achieved.

Here’s my revamp which shifts the emphasis to strategy: Roadmapped Greenfield plant start-up from university of chicago admissions essays, strategic planning to on-time, on-budget rollout in 1 year. Medical Cover. Outcome: Doubled throughput and university of chicago increased revenue by $42M. For example, here’s a typical “homemade” bullet written by a real job seeker: “Working on a green field project that would double the capacity of the plant.” 5. Align Your Education Extra Sections With A Leadership Focus. It’s always vital to include up-to-date listings of your educational credentials, of course, including certifications, relevant affiliations, and professional development coursework. Satire Modest. But don’t overlook other details that can bolster the university essays, leadership focus of your resume. Nurse Resume. Any evidence of your present or past leadership experience may be relevant. Thus, consider adding present or past volunteer leadership roles in university, professional or community organizations. Make sure you include any for profit or not-for-profit board or committee roles you have fulfilled. And if space permits, include key initiatives you have contributed to during your tenure on nurse layout these boards or committees. Leadership courses completed at major grad schools deserve emphasis as well. When you list industry-specific certifications, include them in acronym form as well as spelled out because either form is a keyword.

If you have won leadership awards or been selected for of chicago admissions leadership development programs with any of resume your employers, make sure you note these. 6. Use The Job’s Title As Your Resume’s Title. This is a quick change but a critical one: make sure you insert the exact title of the position you’re pursuing into your resume as its title. This will of course add more keywords to your resume, but, more importantly, it will shape the perception of your resume’s readers to see you as qualified for the position you are targeting. Now, this won’t work if you apply for a leadership role for which you have few, if any, qualifications. But if you are well-qualified for the position you’re targeting and admissions meet 75% or more of the compare essay, role requirements, then this is a wise and admissions essays appropriate thing to do.

7. Harness Your Career Brand In A Tagline. Whether you call it a tagline or a power statement, these single-line headlines are the perfect length to university of chicago essays encapsulate a key leadership trait you possess along with your most impactful and university of chicago essays important career-long impacts. Medical Sales Letters. These kinds of statements are big picture by nature and thus encompass the whole of your career rather than just your most recent role. Secondary or tertiary power statements can be used to spell out additional role-specific achievements. University Of Chicago. For example, here’s the tagline I used for an executive resume I recently wrote: Fueled $12B in university of chicago admissions essays, revenue career-long while delivering 3X investor returns. As you can see, short statements are more powerful when used as headlines; key details can be provided in the work history section of your resume. Let’s say you’re a leader with a turnaround history – that would be important to note in a key location. Hence, a tagline such as this might be beneficial: Reversed the performance of 4 mid-size companies from negative to up to +$124M in 6 months.

All of the foregoing are content shifts you need to make in your resume to properly position yourself as a leadership candidate. In addition, consider overhauling your resume’s “look and feel” to call attention to executive-level experience. Take a look at some formatting makeovers in this blog post. This post was originally published on an earlier date.

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construct art essay Are magazines for young men likely to reinforce stereotypical, 'macho' and admissions essays sexist attitudes in their readers? Men don't define themselves as men in what they read, they define themselves as people who are into cars, who play golf or fish. Successfully launching a general men's magazine would be like finding the Holy Grail -- Zed Zawada (campaign 29/8/86 p.41)[1] If this was the case in 1986 what has changed that has resulted in the men's magazine market becoming one of the fastest growing magazine sectors? The number of general interest magazine titles for men, such as Loaded , FHM , Men's Health , and GQ to name a few, has risen from obscurity over medical sales letters the past 10 years. Previously, the term 'men's magazine' referred to publications designed to interest men, such as car, fishing or DIY magazines. The new breed of of chicago magazines were aimed directly and nurse layout overtly at university of chicago, a male readership, using masculinity as a marketing tool. Compare And Contrase? These magazines are seen by some to be a negative force in society as they objectify women and are openly sexist.

This essay will argue that the emergence of such titles is in response to a change in masculinity in society, reflected in university, both the possibility of producing such magazines and within the magazines themselves. The reasons for the inclusion of of chicago controversial material, besides that of entertainment, will become evident through looking at the development of men's magazines. This essay will then look both at essays, the style and content of the magazines in terms of the of chicago admissions essays, construction of masculinity they express, 'macho' or otherwise, and the visual and admissions essays rhetorical representations of women. Examples from two titles on the market, GQ and Loaded , will be analysed. GQ or Gentlemen's Quarterly is thesis full width header supposed to be at the top end of the market, and Loaded is leading the tabloid bunch! Do both represent women as sex objects and exhibit a particularly 'macho' masculinity, reinforcing negative stereotypes? If stereotypes are rife, this essay will finally consider whether this has any effect on the attitudes of the readers of men's magazines. Outlining several theories on how and why such magazines developed, will help explain why stereotypical and objectifying material is included within the publications. Theorists Judith Butler and Foucault argue that gender is fluid, and can change within different contexts and over of chicago time.

A shift in the attitudes and lifestyles of British men over the past 10 years opened up a market for men magazines. Tim Edwards asserts that it is the expansion in the concept and practice of men's fashion since the mid-1980's, which resulted in the emergence of style magazines such as GQ and Arena aimed specifically at the new style conscious male readership.[2] Nixon states that the advertising/publishing nexus focusing on new male readers was an important site for the public formation and development of general interest men's magazines.[3] In order to create revenue, magazines have to attract advertisers and to attract advertisers they have to have a high readership. Magazines have found the Loaded formula i.e. Satire Modest? beer, sex and babes, to be the most successful, consequently even the more upmarket titles are beginning to turn more 'laddish'. Others argue that the emergence of university admissions essays such magazines is an attempt to regain male dominance. Lacey suggests that it is the diminishing of men's power that has resulted in such publications.

The celebration of medical sales letters 'laddishness' is a desperate attempt to grasp what is left of traditional male identity. He states that the loss of power is a positive issue, but is worried that the danger is a reactionary backlash where angry men attempt to put 'their women' back in the kitchen.[4] Further to this point Stevenson and Kenny ask 'do we live in an era of greater risk' ? stating that feminism disrupts the certainties of the university of chicago, gender order. And Contrase Essay? This, along with the disappearance of jobs for life and the increased visibility of diverse sexuality's, are proving problematic for the once dominant male.[5] The magazines are currently caught between an attempt to construct masculinity as a form of university of chicago fundamentalist certitude, while simultaneously responding to a world where gender relations are changing.[6] Men's magazines can therefore be seen as a cultural response to social change. It has been argued that men's magazines are not solely responding to gender changes, but are a reaction to feminism and an attempt for men to regain some of the power they lost through this movement, in other words to return to a pre-feminist masculine ideal. As Stevenson puts it 'a 'blokelash' against feminism.' [7] Southwell, former editor of Loaded , admits otherwise, he insists Loaded was never conceived as an anti-feminist backlash, with the resume formater, swaggering loutish lad ousting the feminised new man.[8] Immaterial of whether these publications were the result of a backlash against feminism, or whether there was merely a gap in market, masculinity is in crisis.

Roger Horrocks is one critic who believes that masculinity in western culture is in deep crisis. With the benefits masculine gender can bring, with it comes a mask or disguise. The emphasis on male dominance in public areas of of chicago essays life has tended to obscure the emotional poverty of many men's lives.[9] Magazines tend to reflect this in that they portray only one side of masculinity, leaving out the emotional bit, and concentrating on the outward display of masculinity. Here one can see that the stereotyping of men within these magazines as macho male and ignoring the stereotypical 'emotional male' or even 'soft lad', can lead to resume formater problems and criticisms. Horrocks asserts that little attention has been paid to university admissions essays the stereotypes that are attached to men, or there has been the satire, unspoken assumption that these are preferable.[10] 'In this world, 'real men' are fearless and invulnerable, unburdened by emotion or sensitivity to others.'[11] Buckingham is asserting that to be seen as a real man, you can not show emotion, and so men's magazines exclude sensitive issues and emotions in order to be seen as magazines for 'real men'. In discussing the release of university a new magazine 'Deluxe' in an article for the media guardian, John Dugdale writes 'even though banning babes sacrifices the resume formater, one sure-fire sales-boosting device in essays, today's men's market, not least by of chicago reducing horny schoolboy appeal. Are there really 150,000 soft lads out there.' [12] There appears to be a widely held assumption that if you don't mind the absence of of chicago scantily dressed babes from your magazine, then you are a soft-lad. 'What is obviously missing from this celebration of one-night stands, obsessive consumerism and satire male bonding is how men's needs for reciprocity and emotional warmth are to be met.'[13] (Stevenson et al, 2000) Metcalf and Humphries in their 1985 book ' The sexuality of essays men' describe a masculinity that doesn't seem too far removed from what magazines are portraying today.

The authors described a masculinity characterised by aggression, competitiveness, emotional ineptitude and coldness and dependent on an overriding and exclusive emphasis on penetrative sex. What also emerged was the side of masculinity that the magazines try to compare and contrase essay avoid, a sense of the fears, anxieties and pain expressed by these men in relation to established script of essays masculinity; anxieties about sexual performance, estrangement from emotions, and poor relations with fathers.[14] By looking at the style and content of two major men's magazines, the extent to which stereotypes, sexist attitudes and 'macho' masculinity's are used will become evident. Loaded , launched in May 1994, is evidently more anti-style conscious than the other titles, due to a more working class emphasis. It played a large part in the social construction of the nurse, New Lad, a masculinity which Edwards describes as: 'Selfish, Loutish and inconsiderate to a point of infantile smelliness. He likes drinking, football and fucking, and in essays, that order of preference. in short he is that most ghastly of medical cover all configuration, defensively working class which also means defensively masculine'.[15] (Edwards, 1997)

GQ 's catch phrase is 'the magazine for men with an IQ,' in which it takes pleasure in of chicago admissions, the more traditional masculinity, including coverage of executive concerns and pitching itself at a more serious minded conservative older reader than the modest proposal, other titles. At it's release GQ was organised around menswear and university admissions style, popular music was absent and the kind of compare and contrase essay figures interviewed or profiled in GQ tended to be traditional professionals rather than the media-fashion-art based individuals of other titles. University Admissions Essays? Visualised representation of women were marginal. It is full now evident that it has moved closer towards titles such as Loaded , taking on a more populist approach, but still trying to hold onto its glamour element, and maintain an interest in essays, health and fashion. Edwards believes the sales cover, primary role of men's style magazines is to encourage and university of chicago admissions perpetuate spending amongst its readers, evident through the emphasis upon consumption as a means to join the new style elite, the high-profile advertising, and the visual attention paid to commodities. Sales? One must wear the right suit, visit the right shops, and get seen in the right apparel.[16] This leads to the construction of admissions masculinity in terms of admissions essays commodities, leading ultimately to essays masculinity as a matter of how one looks and not what one does. Although Edwards was talking about width header a previous ilk of magazines in admissions essays, the late Thatcherite era of rampant consumerism, the emphasis on commodities is university of chicago still very apparent in today's magazines. There is a difference between the commodities promoted by each magazine.

GQ includes a section on 'motoring', 'interiors' and a 'style plus' feature, a fashion spread including a further commodity. For example 'Tooled up' (April 2000) features the latest DIY tools. Figure 1 reveals two aspects of GQ , firstly their target market. Of Chicago Admissions Essays? The garden furniture featured is aimed at the high earning, garden-proud individual. Secondly the feature uses women to make it more appealing to the reader. The subtitle states 'Garden feature doesn't have to be strictly for the birds once the summer is resume formater over.' The bottom picture includes an abandoned bikini top, and the top photograph features the bare legs of a women. Here one sees that GQ also objectifies women and insinuates sex to try and sell it's product, and make a feature on university admissions, furniture more appealing. Loaded on the other hand focuses on entertainment items, such as computer games, fashion accessories, such as watches and trainers, and personal items such as mobile phones. Figure 2 reveals the accoutrements of the Loaded man.

The model is young with large, innocent eyes staring straight into the camera, he is rather self-assured. His pose, with his hands raised, suggests he is essays satire modest proposal admitting he is guilty of being a bit of a player (sexually), suggested by admissions the pack of cards and the play boy wallet. His facial expression, which is rather cheeky, suggests he is unperturbed by this revelation. This man is a ladies man, and he is not ashamed, in fact he is prepared with his condom carrying case, and his toothbrush! Theodor Adorno (1903-69) would be extremely disgruntled with men's magazines. Firstly, he would suggest that it is the culture industries that churn out these unsophisticated magazines, replacing the more critical art forms which might lead people to resume formater actually question social life. Further, he would say that it is the culture industries that cultivate false needs in people. These are needs that can be fulfilled by the capitalist system, and university of chicago essays replace and suppress the nurse layout, true needs of creativity, independence and genuine happiness. Adorno would be unhappy with the admissions, commodities that the magazines promote, and the idea that you are the man you are through what you buy. Not only is this satisfying ones false needs, but it also displays commodity fetishism, in that social relations and cultural experiences are objectified in terms of money. The readers are delighted by university admissions products because of how much they cost.[17]

Sexism is an infamous trait of of chicago essays men's magazines, and essays satire modest it is believed that this will inevitably produce sexist attitudes amongst the readers. The April 2000 edition of Loaded includes 'The Stockings World Cup' (Figure 3), a competition to find the winning stockings from university admissions essays '32 qualifiers played over 64 legs' . The judges objectify the winner remarking 'Karen showed us how much they make us fancy her'. The only worth of this article was that readers got to satire modest see 32 pairs of stockings photographed. Southwell states that a lot of what could be called sexism in essays, Loaded is university admissions essays just a joke, he continues 'if some reader takes it as normal conversation then they don't get it and university of chicago admissions they're never going to get it' .[18] But isn't this the problem? Those who take these derogatory comments concerning women at face value will think this is normal behaviour and so transfer such attitudes into resume the real world. Lacey believes so, 'whether the distancing effect provided by irony legitimises Loaded , and its ilk, is doubtful; irony appears to be lost on the bog standard 16 year old.' [19] Peter Howorth, the of chicago admissions, previous editor of Esquire attempts to justifies the objectification of women by saying 'Any good magazine must offer a balance of content, and part of that balance, if it is to reflect the interests of men, will inevitable be articles on beautiful women' .[20] This suggests that the magazines are just reflecting the readers interests. Feminists have argued that whatever the psychology of the modest, men who rape, the background to its prevalence must be located in societies which define 'masculinity' at least in part, in terms of the assertion of heterosexual power, and which continue to produce images across all forms of representation depicting women as the prototypical object of sexual desire, men as its prototypical subjects.[21] This can be seen in figure 4, where Jordan, merely famous because she is beautiful, is seen staring at the viewer in a pose which could be seen as soft porn. Admissions? Segal argues in response that masculine power may be privileged in our culture, but men are not merely sexual predators, nor women merely sexual prey, and that this view fails to accommodate contradiction and diversity.[22] A further characteristic evident through the essays modest proposal, style and content of both magazines, and all men's magazines in general, is that they assert the university admissions essays, heterosexuality of and contrase essay their readers.

Edwards states this is due to university of chicago essays the high level of anxiety concerning the possibility of off-putting their heterosexual readers if homosexuality is medical letters too overtly or openly condoned.[23] The magazines stress the virtues of a single lifestyle, as Stevenson et al state 'The great prize of bachelor hood is university represented as a life where one has little responsibility for others and where one is truly free to do as one chooses, further, marriage is viewed as a form of social constraint, preventing men in their early 30's from living a life of consumption and sexual freedom.' [24] This could be seen as merely reflecting society rather than truly advocating single life. Whereas Edwards sites consumption as the major site of satire modest masculinity's in magazines, Sean Nixon believes that it is within the fashion photography that the new coding's of masculinity, and there is more than one, are most extensively elaborated.[25] Menswear is seen primarily in terms of utility. The main example is the suit, both a symbol of masculine sexuality and a uniform of respectability. GQ focus quite strongly on the suit within its fashion pages.

Figure 4 depicts Brett Anderson, the lead singer of suede, modelling Gucci's latest collection. By using Brett as a model it raises the profile of the shoot immediately, and involves an university, element of aspiration. In this photograph Anderson is situated in nurse resume layout, a large, panelled room. Many signifiers within the picture go against the 'macho' male mould. Anderson looks introspective and pensive, and the full body shot reveals a vulnerability.

Figure 6is a sharp contrast to the previous photograph, it depicts a fashion shoot titled 'lounging' which featured in Loaded (April, 2000). It depicts casual wear, as opposed to the respectable, working suit featured in GQ . All that is featured of the model is his feet, but he is obviously relaxing on a sofa with his feet up, suggesting an untroubled, relaxed man. The main element of the photograph is the extreme close up of the women's face on the television screen, her lips are parted and her eyes are closed. Essays? It is a very sexual face, again highlighting the letters, fact that women are used throughout the of chicago admissions, magazine, even within fashion shoots, as objects for men to look at, and highlighting the laddish masculinity of the thesis width, male. Edwards believes that Loaded is taken too seriously by university of chicago those who don't know better. Modest? But does the content of admissions essays Loaded effect its readers? Adorno would argue that such material keeps its audience passive and preserves the dominant of capitalism at the expense of true happiness for the reader.

Foucault, would structure his argument around power. University Of Chicago Admissions? In 'The History of Sexuality' he argued that people do not have power implicitly, individuals engage in it. He argues that there is no hierarchical power establishments stating: 'power comes from below; there is no binary and admissions all-encompassing opposition between rulers and ruled at the root of power and serving as a general matrix - no such duality extending from the cover, top down and reaching on more and more limited groups to of chicago admissions essays the very depths of the social body'. [26] (Foucault,1981) Further, he would argue that the individual person has power to resist the media, 'where there is power there is resistance .'[27] This rejects the elitist view of the sales letters, Frankfurt school, who believed the culture industry had an effect of anti-enlightenment, Adorno asserts 'it impedes the development of autonomous, independent individuals who judge and decide consciously for themselves.' [28] John Fiske is another theorist who would reject Adorno's notion of admissions a mass negative effect on the audience of medical sales mass media, and would see the audience as individuals who read their own meanings into a text. In his work 'Moments of Television' Fiske discusses his theories in relation to university essays television, but these can also be applied to other media. 'Making sense of popular television, then, is the process of resume formater activating meanings from it, and this process is controlled within more or less determined boundaries by admissions the socially situated viewer. adequate space for different people to make different meaning'.[29] (Fiske, 1989) Further he would reject Adorno's notion of compare and contrase essay corporations deciding what is popular culture and stress that popular culture is made by the people for the people.

'It cannot conceive of the text as a site of struggle for the power to make meanings, or of the of chicago admissions, notion that what finally determines the meanings and pleasures provoked by a text is the social situation of the viewer-reader, not the essays satire proposal, interests of the producers and their ideological investment in consumer capitalism.'[30] (Fiske, 1989) It is evident that magazines for young men do include stereotypical images of both men and women. They depict a fearless, competitive, 'laddish' masculinity, ignoring the emotional, sensitive male, and women are depicted as objects for men's contemplation and enjoyment. But it should be remembered that Stereotypes can be seen as an unavoidable part of mass media representation. Further these magazines are merely trying to entertain the reader, they are not seriously on a crusade to return to a pre-feminist ideal, or to harm anyone in an attempt to provide entertainment. University? Former editor of Loaded James Brown describes the magazine as 'all about having the best fucking time of your life.' [31] Further, the inclusion of sexist material and resume formater stereotypical images are enjoyable to the reader but are not likely to admissions essays change their attitudes towards society. The readers have the power to reject such material and resume formater are able to make their own, individual meanings from the university admissions, messages within men's magazines. Therefore, men's magazines can be seen merely as entertainment for, and an escape for, the heterosexual male. Buckingham, D. Reading Audiences: Young People and university of chicago admissions essays The Media (Manchester, 1993)

Carter, H. 'New Man, Old Myth?' in 20:20 Media Magazine , winter 1996, pp.14-15. Dugdale, J. Of Chicago Admissions Essays? 'Middle Man' in resume formater, Media Guardian, March 30 1998. Dugdale, J. 'Time to Reload' in Media Guardian, November 30 1998. Edwards, T. Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and of chicago admissions Consumer Society (London, 1997) Fiske, J. 'Moments of Television: Neither the text nor the audience' in Seiter, E, et al, eds., Remote Control: Television, Audience and Cultural Power (London, 1989) Foucault, M. 'The History of Sexuality' p.92-102 in Storey, J ed. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture, A Reader (Hemel Hempstead, 1981) Horrocks, R. Masculinity in Crisis: Myths, Fantasies and Realities (London, 1994) Kenny, M. and Stevenson, N. 'Masculinity: A Risky Path to header Take?' in Rutherford, J, ed. The Art of Life: On Living, Love and Death (London, 2000)

Lacey, N. Of Chicago Essays? ' Loaded Lads and Lasses', in In The Picture , no. And Contrase Essay? 29, winter 1996, pp. 16-17. Nixon, S. 'Exhibiting Masculinity' in admissions, Hall, S, ed., Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices (London, 1997 ) Nixon, S. Hard Looks: Masculinity's; Spectatorship and Contemporary Consumption (London, 1996) Stevenson, N; Jackson, P and resume formater Brooks, K. 'The Politics of 'new' men's lifestyle magazines' in European Journal of Cultural Studies (London, 2000)

Strinati, D. University Of Chicago Admissions Essays? 'An Introduction to Theories of resume popular Culture' (New York, 1995) Van Zoonen, L. 'Gender and Media Reception', in Feminist Media Studies (London, 1994) Jones, D, ed. University Admissions Essays? ' GQ ' magazine, April 2000. Jones, D, ed. ' GQ ' magazine, July 2000. Southwell, T ed. ' Loaded ' magazine, April 2000. [1] Edwards, T. Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and Consumer Society (London, 1997) p.72. [2] Edwards, T. Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and Consumer Society (London, 1997) p.5.

[3] Nixon, S. Resume Formater? Hard Looks: Masculinity's; Spectatorship and Contemporary Consumption (Essex, 1996) p.145. [4] Lacey, N. ' Loaded Lads and Lasses', in In The Picture , no. 29, Winter 1996, pp. 16-17. [5] Kenny, M and Stevenson, N. 'Masculinity: A Risky Path to Take?' in university, Rutherford, J, ed. The Art of nurse Life: On Living, Love and Death (London, 2000) p.135.

[6] Stevenson, N; Jackson, P and university admissions Brooks, K. 'The Politics of 'new' men's lifestyle magazines' in university essays, European Journal of Cultural Studies (London, 2000) p.377. [7] Kenny, M and Stevenson, N. 'Masculinity: A Risky Path to essays Take?' in Rutherford, J. Medical Letters? ed. The Art of Life: On Living, Love and Death (London, 2000) p.137. [8] Dugdale, J. 'Time to Reload' in Media Guardian, November 30 1998, p.2. [9] Horrocks, R. University Admissions? Masculinity in Crisis: Myths, Fantasies and Realities (London, 1994) p.26. [11] Buckingham, D. Reading Audiences: Young People and The Media (Manchester, 1993) p.89. [12] Dugdale, J. 'Middle Man' in Media Guardian, March 30 1998, p.4. [13] Stevenson, N; Jackson, P and medical Brooks, K. 'The Politics of 'new' men's lifestyle magazines' in European Journal of Cultural Studies (London, 2000) p.379. [14] Nixon, S. 'Exhibiting Masculinity' in essays, Hall, S, ed., Representation: Cultural Representations and Signifying Practices (London, 1997 ) p.295. [15] Edwards, T. Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and full width Consumer Society (London, 1997) p.82.

[16] Edwards, T. Admissions? Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and Consumer Society (London, 1997) p.74. [17] Gauntlett, D. Essay? 'Theory, gender and university of chicago admissions essays identity resources - Theodor Adorno' at (accessed: 9 November 2000) [18] Carter, H. 'New Man, Old Myth?' in 20:20 Media Magazine , winter 1996, pp.14-15. [19] Lacey, N. ' Loaded Lads and Lasses', in In The Picture , no. 29, pp. 16-17. [20] Stevenson, N; Jackson, P and Brooks, K. University Of Chicago Admissions Essays? 'The Politics of essays 'new' men's lifestyle magazines' in European Journal of Cultural Studies (London, 2000) p.376. [21] Segal, L. 'Sexualities' in Woodward, K. ed., Identity and satire modest Difference (London, 1997) p.208. [22] Segal, L 'Sexualities' in Woodward, K, ed., Identity and Difference (London, 1997) p.208.

[23] Edwards, T Men in the Mirror: Men's Fashion, Masculinity and Consumer Society (London, 1997) p.75. [24] Stevenson, N; Jackson, P and Brooks, K 'The Politics of university of chicago admissions essays 'new' men's lifestyle magazines' in European Journal of Cultural Studies (London, 2000) p.378. [25] Nixon, S Hard Looks: Masculinity's; Spectatorship and Contemporary Consumption (Essex, 1996) p.4. [26] Foucault, M. 'The History of Sexuality' p.92-102 in Storey, J ed. Cultural Theory and Popular Culture, A Reader (Hemel Hempstead, 1981) p.166. [28] Strinati, D. 'An Introduction to Theories of popular Culture' (New York, 1995) p.54. [29] Fiske, J. 'Moments of Television: Neither the nurse layout, text nor the audience' in Seiter, E, et al, eds., Remote Control: Television, Audience and university of chicago essays Cultural Power (London, 1989) p.58. [30] Fiske, J. 'Moments of and contrase essay Television: Neither the of chicago essays, text nor the audience' in Seiter, E, et al, eds., Remote Control: Television, Audience and Cultural Power (London, 1989) p.61. [31] Dugdale, J. 'Time to Reload' in Media Guardian, November 30 1998, p.2. Unfortunately, most of the images from the original essay could not be reproduced here. This is what they were:

Figure 1 GQ interiors 'Keep off the thesis header, grass' in GQ July 2000. Figure 2 Loaded fashion article 'Picked Pockets' in of chicago admissions, Loaded April 2000. Figure 3 'The Stockings worldcup' in Loaded April 2000. Figure 4 'Who is Kate Price' article on Jordan in resume formater, Loaded April 2000. Figure 5 GQ fashion spread 'He's in Fashion' in GQ April 2000. Figure 6 Loaded Fashion Spread 'Lounging' in Loaded April 2000.

This essay was written in autumn 2000, when Lucy Brown took the module 'Communications Theory' at the Institute of Communications Studies, University of Leeds, UK.